Published Every Friday.
J. DOYLE JONES, Editor and Pub.
Subscription $1 a Year
Telephone No. 166.
Communications ar 'velcomed. Oor
jespomlents will please confine them
■elve* to ;>OO -vonls, as communications
•ver that length cannot be handled.
Write on one side of the paper only,
■ign your name, not for publication,
but as an evidence of good faith.
Official Organ Butts County
And the City of Jackson.
This is also the open season for
It will take more than a coal
of whitewash to clean up things
at the state prison farm.
If the mosquito would only be
silent when shooting his little
torpedo we’d think better of the
When the mercury climbs to
300 in the ice box and then ex
plodes what are you going to do
Now is the best time in the
jworld to plan for a vigorous ad
vertising campaign this fall, Mr.
Business Ma /
All things cIR to him who
waits—and hustles like h—l while
waiting —chimes in one of our
friends who knows.
If we’re ever called on to move
another newspaper outfit with the
thermometer batting around 100,
we are going to renig.
"When some old hens try to
maintain certain very ordinary
pullets in a high strata of socie
ty it often makes father scratch.
Curing this hot weather be
kind to the dumb animals. See
that the faithful beasts that can’t
xpeak for themselves are well
taken care of.
Jackson needs more manufac
turing enterprises and pay rolls.
We have the cheap electric pow
er and can get the other things
&y going after them.
A mixture of cabbage, lemon
ade, butter milk and watermelon
gave a fellow ptomaine poisoning.
3hat concoction is enough to sink
is German submarine.
One year of the European war
has passed and this country has
not gone to the dogs yet The
country can stand a lot more than
aome people thought it could.
Atlanta is never happy without
a sensation. The latest wrangle
w in the police department with
Chief Beavers in the spotlight
Atlanta ought to wash her dirty
9m at home.
A lot of two-Jsy-four towns are
song to iwanain in that class un
til the titisens get together, de
ail* wh*| ttterpnM are needed
t***ke th* tofm gaow Md then
fMO topeihti until get thenar
The legislature is a tremen
ttenuly expensive luxury when it
I* mb entered that that Jbody de
ewtaa at least two-thirds zl the
jp to quibbling ©var local bills
&at the communities
eoght to nettle theaaefn^^
With tax values decreasing as
a result of present business con
fiitens and the people less able
Id bear the increased burdens, a
raise in the tax rate will be nec
<aaaa~y to take care of the increas
ed appropriations made by the
iaghdature. Where is the econ
omy that was to be the watch
word of this administration ?
Macon is after the capital once
more. A bill was introduced in
the house last wee/t by Represen
tative Fowler, of Bibb county,
ment allowing the people of the
state to vote on the capital re
moval. Macon thinks her chances
of winning this time are better
than ever. Atlanta is getting so
rotten that a lot of people really
want to see Macon win the stat;
Business is now due to get bet
ter. The war scare has passed
and farmers, merchants and oth
ers have had a full year to adjust
themselves to conditions. Now
is no time for the calamity howl
er to be abroad.
Brakeman Was Cured
F. A. Wootsey, Jacksonville, Texas,
writes, “I was down w ith kidney trou
ble and rheumatism; had a backache
all the time and was tiied of living. I
took Foley’s Kidney Pills and was
thoroughly cured.” Thousi nds have
written similar letters. Foley Kidney
Pills are tonic in effect and act
promptly. The Ow l Pharmacy, adv.
PAUL NOLEN & COMPANY
IMPROVE STORE BUILDING
A number of substantial im
provements are being made this
week to the store room of Paul
Noten &'Company. The entire
front ef the building is being
worked over and plate glass win
dows put in. These improve
ments will add a great deal to
the appearance of the building
and will give this popular and en
terprising firm one of the pret
tiest store rooms in the city.
Mr. E. I. Rooks is doing the
His Back Hurt •
• When He Stooped
"Jmi IboMboici FoWt Kidney PUb re
Keyed my bekub.—J. W. Etris, Etris, Go.
"Last year I was suffering with a
terrible backache/' writes J. W. Etris
cf Etris, Ga. "Every time I’d lean
or stoop over or to one side, I’d have
a painful catch in my back just over
my kidneys. I tried medicines with
no good resv’ts. I bought a bottle of
Foley Kidney foils, and just the one
box entirely relieved my backache.
It has been some time since I took
them, so I think I am well.”
Weakened, overworked, stopped-up
kidneys cause stiff joints, sore mus
cles, rheumatism, sleep disturbing
bladder' ailments, biliousness and
various other ills. Foley Kidney Pills
are a scientific medicine, compounded
to clear the kidneys and restore them
to healthy action by dissolving and
driving# out of the system# the
waste products and poisons that cause
kidney trouble and bladder ailments.
You wfH like their tonic and restor
ative action, ready effect and quick
THE OWL PHARMACY
MR. EDGAR MGMIGHAEL
60ES WIIH J. C. KINARD
Announcement is made that
Mr. C. E. McMiehael has become
associated in business with Mr.
J. C. Kinard, the change becom
ing effective Tuesday of this
wtek. The name of the new firm
will be J. C. Kinard & Company.
Mr. McMiehael has recently
been connected with the grocery
department of Etheridge, Smith
& Cos., and is regarded as a cap
able and experienced grocer. He
is well liked and popuar through
out the county and will doubtless
■add strength to the firm.
Mr. Kinard is an experienced
grocer and has built up a satis
factory business through his un
failing, courtesy' and honest deal-'
ings. The new firm xuilprwfcir
bly continue to receive a liberal
share of patronage.
Two Common Summer Ailments
Thousands of hay fever and asthma
vicUinß who are not able to go to
the mountain! tiud relief in Foley’*
Honey and Tar Compoaud. It allay*
the infiamation, soothes and heala raw
and raaping broncbal tubes and helps
So overcome difficulty in breathing,
ana' .makes sound, refreshing sleep pos
sible. The <.lyrl Pharmacy, adv.
ML POPE TO PRfiAf.ll
t . *v ' -e
Rev. C. Pope will conduct ser
vices at the Presbyterian church
next Sabbath evening. The peo
ple of the community are invited
WANTS CHANGE AT STATE
COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE
(Continued from first page)
Soule had occasionally allowed beer to be served in the College it
self. Probably he was within his rights. That is not the point.
The question is whether those professors who voted to have lock
ers in the club were quite as much within their rights as he was
when he permitted beer to be served in the College.
Another cause of discontent is the lack of representation be
fore the Board. On one occasion Dr. Soule represented to the Ex
ecutive Committee that I had bought articles for my department
without authority from him. What I had done was to make the
regular applications for authority to buy some articles and I had
been to see him about them when I found there was a hitch. Af
ter he had hindered the work of my students for some weeks, he
signed those requisitions, thereby proving that he had them in his
possession. When the President represents to the Board that a
professor has bought articles without authority when those articles
have not been bought, and the applications for authority are in his
possession the professors could hardly be said to have fair repre
sentation. Curiously enough this is a point on which I was care
ful; and during the six years of my service I never took final action
in anything but routine matters without first consulting the Pres
dent or mentioning it in my regular reports to him. Some of the
other professors have told me their exp3riences along this line.
There used to be a way of access to the Board thru the Board
of Visitors. One of the objects of this Board was to give profes
sors a chance to make complaints if they had any. While I was
connected with the College I was allowed to be alone with the Vis
itors only once. The other times either Dr. Soule or some other
person was present. But even if the Visitors were not personally
conducted, such representation could not take the place of direct
appeal. If the members of the Board realized what a professor’s
work means to him I am sure they would prefer to have him pres
ent when information about his department is desired even if it did
take a little longer to go thru with a session, or else they would
prefer the system to be suggested further on in this letter.
To make a long matter short, the professors find out that they
are repressed, that they are to surrender rights that are inherent
in their citizenship, that they are not adequately represented be
fore the Board, that the President wields the authority of both the
Board and thd Faculty and side-steps, the responsibilities of both,
that they are subject to discharge in secret session without formal
charges and without a hearing, that even their loyalty and patrio
tism are to be interpreted by one man and he a man in whom they
do not have confidence. They cannot do their best work in such
conditions; and they go. Since Dr. Soule came, J. F. Hart. J. W.
Hart, Johnson, Richardson, Nixon, Early, Hite, McLaren, Minear,
Carpenter, Bishop, DeLoach, Hollingshead, Jones, Creswell, Holt,
Pike, and Rothe have gone, not to mention persons in more subor
dinate positions. It would be unfair to infer that all the changes
are traceable to Dr. Soule. Some changes are to be expected even
in the best conditions. But the number is abnormal. The faculty
has been likened to a kaleidoscope. Again and again Dr. Soule has
blamed the State for stinginess and imputed mercenary motives to
the professors; but the State has provided liberally as compared
with other institutions and the professors as a whole are not a mer
cenary lot; and those explanations will not stand inspection.
The cost of these changes is large. Dr. Soule himself refers
to it in commenting on Prof. Pike’s leaving. It takes time for a man
to adjust himself to any new work. This is especially true of the
agricultural arts and sciences. It would cost something to change
even a teacher of Latin, Greek, or Pure Mathematics. It costs'
more to change a teacher of Animal Husbandry, Horticulture, or
Forestry. In such subjects it takes several years to get a compre
hensive knowledge of local conditions. Even if we allow eight
changes or one a year as normal and then calculate the cost of the
rest it will approach $50,000. Indeed it has been suggested that
it would be cheaper to pay Dr. Soule to stay at his home in Canada
than to have him mismanaging the affairs of the College.
Another item of cost is the discontinuance of experiments and
research. It is hard to reduce this loss to dollars and cents; for
none can tell when a discovery of value will be made. That work
of this kind is of value has been shown by one of the professors at
the University whose discoveries have saved the State more than
the total cost of the University from its founding.
Another item of cost and one that is still harder to reduce to
dollars and cents, but which nevertheless is a cost, is the stinging
sense of injustice and the dampening of enthusiasm which the pro
fessors who stay often feel as well as those who go.
The situation at the College calls for a change in the system of
managemement. While Dr. Soule has caused a part of the trouble,
the system of which he is partly the author and partly the product
is wrong. The government of the institution is vested in a board
of eleven trustees. These Trustees are busy men. They meet on’y
on<e or twice a year. They have appointed an Executive Commi’-
tee of three with ad interim powers, and this Committee meets sev
eral times a year. Feeling that they can exercise only a general su
pervision of the College the Board and the Executive Committee
have placed the President in charge, the idea being to concentrate
authority in him and to hold him responsible for results. The casual
observer would call this a good arrangement. It is the system
used by the directors of many manufacturing plants. The fault
with it is that it fails to recognize the difference between the ob
jects of a factory and a college. The object of a steel plant is to
make steel; if men are developed or discoveries made, they are
incidental to the production of steel. The object of a college is to
educate men, to discover new truths and to disseminate them thru
the class-room, out side lectures, and printed publications. Just
as the building and laboratories of a college are designed for its
objects, so its organization should be designed with its objects in
view. The vital point in education is the contact of student with
professor, and the professors carry on the research and experi
mentation of the college. They, after the students, are the neces
sary factor in college production. More valuable than grounds and
buildings, more valuable than officers of administration is a faculty
of capable professors. By capacity we should, understand not only
capacity in their specialties but also the possession of those qual
ities Which make for citizenship.
In a word, education is of the mind and spirit Any system
j’hat retards the of the professors.s is ba^; .m
system thatXenfisto dwarf their Bpints is little short of criminal;
for these effects are ticaaemitted thru them to the generation of
young men whom they educate and who are in a sense their men
tal and spiritual offspring. The system of government at the Col
lege tends to do both of those things. Few, if any; of the profes
sors can do their beet work or attain their highest development in
the existing conditions. They hold oflfree atthe will of the Preai
dent, their work is advanced or retarded at the will <&4he Presi
dent. The President has favors to grant: at all costs fcheWeaider.t
must be pleased. The President is one man. No matter how wiae
and how good, the President has the whims and frailties of one
man. When he is less wise and less good it makes a bad matter
worse. As one commentator puts it “Autocracy is a* hazardous
expedient and is likely to prove ultimately as pernicious in a college
as in a state. It induces too great reliance upon the distinctive
characteristics of a despot and too little upon those of a gentleman.”
It is-had for the President as for.the professors.
The remedy could lie applied by the Trustees without changing
the law creating the College. They could make the professors as
a body responsifc.’* for the conduct of the College. The objection
that might be urged x& this is that it might mean diffused respon
sibility and laxness in administration. In reply one has only to cite
the conditions which have resulted from centering authority in the
President At present the President wiVJHg the authorithy of both
There’s None So Good
It is a great consolation to our
friends and customers to know
there is more than ONE, for we
are bottling and selling three
thousand per day. Substitutes
are always inferior.
Is superior to anything ever
Try one and be convinced
Chero-Cola Bottling Company
Trustees and Faculty and he side-steps the responsibility of both.
The Trustees could let theprofessors
sident, subject always to the veto of the Board.. This is not anew
idea. In some of the largest universities cf the world the faculties
nominate their own officers. It is nothing but the application of
the doctrine that government should be by consent and not by
force. Thomas Jefferson insisted on its application in the Stater
It has been objected to on the ground that the masses are too igno
rant and too vicious to rule themselves. Could this be advanced as
an argument against self government by college professors?
They could let the Faculty nominate men for vacancies and for
new professorships as they are created and recommend discharges
and promotions. Since the professors must work together it is only
right that they should have a voice in naming their associates. This
again is not anew idea. It is done to a greater or less extent in
They could let the Faculty make up the budget, subject to the
revision of the Board. Dr. Soule has boasted that the only limita
tion that the Board has put on him in making up the budget is that
he should stay inside the appropriation. If one man has the wis
dom to lay out a hundred thousand dollars of the State’s money,
twenty men ought to be able to do it; and judging from the way it
has been laid out, it is safe to say that they , could do itbetter than
it has been done. As to spending the money after the budget is
made up, the same checks that are now used to prevent fraud could
The suggested remedy may be summed up in a few words. It
is to transfer the management of the College from the President to
the Faculty. And if those professors do not have enough wisdom
and virtue to govern themselves and manage the College, I do not
want my sons to go to that College. Ido not want them to learn
citizenship from men who are too ignorant, tod weak, and’ too vi
cious to govern themselves.
The impression that I have of them is that, with perhaps two
exceptions, they are honest, capable men who could if given the
chance govern themselves and the College better than the man who
is doing it now; and with the responsibility thrown on them they
would rapidly develop into stronger men and larger men than they
I would not give the impression that the Trustees are to be
beamed for the conditions which exist at the College. They serve
the State at a personal sacrifice; and they deserve our gratitude.
It would be unjust to them to suppose that they know the condi
tions at the College. The system which they adopted with the best
intentions has been used to keep them from knowing. If they knew
the conditions the chances are that they would have made some al
t nations long ago.
I regret that in describing the conditions I have had to criticise
Dr. Sou'e. It is impossible to discuss those conditions without crit
icising him. In doing so I have gone over my statements several
times to insure that .they are as temperate as is consistent with ac
curacy. Even when suffering at the College I did not belong to
the group, fortunately small, who relieved their feelings by apply
ing obscene and blasphemous epithets to the President. I did,
however, sympathiza.with those who thought that the condiditions
could and ought to be bettered.
It is easy to say that if a professor does not like the conditions
at the College let him get out. That does not cure the evil. It is
our duty to ourselves, to the professors, and to our sons to give
those professors better conditions. It is only thru criticism and
protest from the outside that they will be bettered. Criticism and
protest from the inside are practically prohibited.
IT IS SERIOUS
Some Jackson people Fail
to Realize the' serious
ness of a bat) back **-•
Tb constant aching of a bod back,
The weariness, the tired feeling,
The pains and .aches of kidney ills
may result seriously if neglected.
Dangerous troubles' often
A Jackson citizen shows you what
Mrs. J. R. Thurston, Brookvood
Ave., Jackson, says: U I strained my
bock while house-cleaning and my kid
neys bsc*me overtaxed. I suffered so
that I'bkd -to put pillows undsr m? j
back and I was so sore that I couldn’t
stoop over. Mv kidneys felt as though
they were kidney sscre
tionscHUseu me nfUb annoyance, i
procured Doans' JWlney pjjl6 f?m
Slaton DrugCcC and they relieved the
pains in my back and all symptoms of
kidney trouble disappeared. ”
Price 60c at all dealers. Don’t sim
ply ask for a kidney remedy—get
Doan’s Kidney Pills—the same that
Mrs. Thurston had. Fo6tei-Mi(burn
Cos., Props., Buffalo, N. Y. adv
Wanted to Buy
Good sized and
sound Mutes for
Leach & Cos
• How’s This ?
We offer gne Hundred Dollars Re
ward lot any ease of Catarrh that
cannot be cured fcf Hall’s Catarr
F. J CHENET A CO, Toledo. O-
We. the undersigned, have known V. /#-
Cheney tor the last lyywtr*. anff beUt-e
hips perfectly honorable in alt **' , “ arr y_
transactions and financially ah'® *2__
out any obligations made by his nr
NATIONAL BANK OF COMMERCE.
Hail’s Catarrh Cure Is mi
acting diryetly upon the Io^ g “^ d C nia!*
cous surfaces of the system. Tes
sent free. Price 75 cents per bot,
by all Druggists, .
-Tt*e BrU’s rasMy TJUm tot oOßStipauoo