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Jackson herald. (Jefferson, Jackson County, Ga.) 1881-current, February 25, 1881, Image 1

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ROBERT S. HOWARD./ Editor and Publisher. s VOLUME I. <|)rofc ,'iimnf & fin- dank Join *i. btishki. \^2>, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, DaNJKU- VILLE, Ga., Will promptly attend to all business entrusted to him. dec 17, ’BO. Dm. :v i*. NICHOLSON, (JA., Tenders his professional services to the surround in'' country. Rheumatism, Neuralgia and the dis cuses of women a specialty. Feb.l3th, 1880. ly ntm iui> i A TTOIIN E Y-A T-L A W, Gainesville, (Ja. l'ronipt and faithful attention given to all busi ness placed in his hands. >NT/v HI YfTTvg Ik I J&. V, V Jg)#% 1 J h^li m v ttM %■ - ill I IJ: L c UTm- I<-:mllh£ NeiniliNls ol* to-flay agree that most diseases are caused by disordered Kid neys or Liver. If, therefore, the Kidneys and Liver are kept in perfect order, perfect health will be the result. This truth lias only been known a short time and for years people suffered great agony without being able to find relief. The dis covery of Warner’s Safe Kidney and Liver Cure marks anew era in the treatment ol'these troubles. Made from a simple tropical leaf of rare value, it contains just the elements necessary to nourish and invigorate both of these great organs, and safely restore and keep them in order. It is a II for all the diseases that cause pains in the lower part of the body—for Torpid Liver—Headaches—Jaundice—Dizziness -—Gravel —Fever, Ague—Malarial Fever, and all difficulties of the Kidneys, Liver and Urinary Or gans. It is an excellent and safe remedy for females during Pregnancy. It will control Menstruation and is invaluable for Leucorrhcea or Falling of the Womb. Asa Blood Purifier it is unequaled, for it cures the organs that make the blood. KEil) THU RIICORIh “ltMvml ,ny KV R U T„l.>l u Selma “ It is the remedy that will cure the many dis eases peculiar to woman.” — Mothers' Magazine, “ It has passed severe tests and won endorse ments from some of the highest medical talent in the country.”— New York World. “No remedy heretofore discovered can be held for one moment in comparison with it.” — Rev. G. A. llarvey\ D. D ., Washington. D. C. This Remedv, which has done such wonders, is put up ill the LARGEST SIZED BOTTLE of any medicine upon the market, and is sold by Drug gists and all dealers ot 81.iiJt per bottle. For Diabetes, enquire for WARNER’S SAFE DI ABETES CURE. It is a POSITIVE Remedy. H. H. WARNER & CO., Rochester, N. Y. •iWOQ 'xnmi3ivA\. as ’ TA NARUS:" h’joa mw ‘ioaaus ajaawviD gi •0l& ‘S9A!U>J ‘SAfJOJ ‘SUQOCS§ P©P|d- jaA S?S AJLVIVnZ) XSAKIA AO SUAimJLO VAAxvir hxoos ‘ecHEOTTOH ENCOURAGE HOME MANUFACTURES. Maysville Shoe Factory. "We manufacture all kinds of SHOES; mens* uogans and Hoots, ladies’ High and Low Quar io es ’ cl'Hdrens’ Shoes, HARNESS and OiE.S. AN o are prepared to make all kinds ot tine work. Vi e work the best material in the most popular styles, and 11 arrant our If 'uric Equal to any Goods on the llcirhet. AVc have experienced workmen. employed, for both coarse and line work. As wc defy competi tion in quality, ju ices and service, w'o hoj>e to have the pleasure of supplying you with Hoots and Shoes. DROWN & RILEY. Maysville, Ga. also keep constantly on hand a select ,stock of Groceries and Provisions. Racon, Lard, Sugar. Coffee. Syrup. Dry Goods. S.c.. &e. Sermon by Rev. T. DeWift Talmage. THE WORK AND INFLUENCE OF A CHRISTIAN MOTHER. Moreover, his mother made him a little coat, and brought i f to him from year to year, when she came up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice. 1 Samuel ii., 10. The story of Deborah and Abigail is very apt to discourage a woman’s soul. She says witiiin herself, “ It is impossible that I over achieve any such grandeur of character, and I don’t mean to try asthoughachild should refuse to play the eight notes because she cannot execute a “William Tell.” This Hannah of the text differs from the persons I just now named. She was au ordinary woman, with ordinary intellectual capacity, placed in the ordinary circumstances, and yet, by extraordinary' piety, standing out before all the ages to come, the model Chris tian mother. Hannah was the wife of Klkanah, who was a person very much like herself— nuromantic and plain, never having fought a battle or been the subject of a marvelous escape. Neither of them would have been called a genius. Just what you and I might be, that was Klkanah and Hannah. The brightest time in all the history of that family' was the birth of Samuel. Although no star ran along the heavens pointing down to his birthplace, I think the angels of God stooped at the coming of so wonderful a prophet. As Samuel had been given in answer to prayer, Klkanah and all his family, save Hannah, started up to Shiloh to offer sacrifices of thanksgiving. The cradle where the child slept was altar enough for Hannah’s grateful heart, but when the boy was old enough she took him to Shiloh and took three bullocks, and an ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine, and made offering of sacrifice unto the Lord, and there, according to a previous vow, she left him ; for there he was to stay all the days of Ids life, and minister in the templo. Years rolled on, and every year Hannah made with her own hand a garment for Samuel, and took it over to him. The lad would have got along very well without that garment, for I suppose he wa3 well clad by the ministry of the temple ; but Hannah could not be contented uuless she was all the time doing something for her darling boy'. “ Moreover, his mother made him a little coat, and brought it to him from year to year, when she came up with her hus band to offer the yearly sacrifice.” Hannah stands before you, then, in the first place, as an industrious mother. There was no need for her to work. Elkanah, her husband, was far from poor. lie belonged to a distinguished family ; for the Bible tells us that he was the son of Jeroham, the son of FHihu, tho non of JollU, the SOI! of Zupll. “ Who were they ?” you say. Ido not know ; but they were distinguished people, no doubt, or their names would not have been mention ed. Hannah might have seated herself and her family, and, with folded arms and dis heveled hair, read novels from year to year, if there had been any to read ; but when I see her making that garment, and taking it over to Samuel, 1 know she is industrious from principle as well as from pleasure. God would not have a mother become a drudge or a slave ; 110 would have her employ' all the help possible in this day in the rearing of her children. But Hannah ought never to bo ashamed to be found making aeoat for Samuel. Most mothers need no counsel in this direc tion. The wrinkles on their brow, the pallor on their cheek, the thimble mark on their finger, attest that they are faithful in their maternal duties. The bloom and the bright ness, and tho vivacity of girlhood have given place for the grander dignity, and usefulness, and industry of motherhood. But there is a heathenish idea getting abroad in some of the families of Americans; there are mothers who banish themselves from the home circle. For three-fourths of their maternal duties they prove themselves incompetent. They arc ignorant of what their children wear, and what their children eat, and what their chil dren read. They intrust to irresponsible persons these young immortals, and allow them to be under influences which may cripple their bodies, taint their purity, or spoirtlieir manners, or destroy their souls. - rom the awkward cut of Samuel's coat, you know his mother, Hannah, did not make it. Out from under flaming chandeliers, and off from imported carpets, and down thegranite stairs, there have come a great crowd of chil dren in this day, untrained, saucy, incom petent for all practical duties of life, ready to be caught in the first whirl of crime and sensuality. Indolent and unfaithful mothers will make indolent and unfaithful children. You cannot cxjiect neatness and order m an}- house where the daughters sec nothing but slattcrness and upsidc-downativencss in their parents. Let Hannah be idle and most certainly Samuel will grow up idle. Who are the industrious men in all our occupations and professions ? Who are they managing the merchandise of the world, building the walls, tinning the roofs, weaving the carpets, making the laws., governing the nations, making the earth to 'quake, and heave, and soar, and rattle with the tread of gigantic enterprises ? Who arc they ? For the most part they descended from industrious mothers, who, in the old homestead, used to spin their own yarn, and weave their own carpets, and plait their own door-mats, and flag their own chairs, and do their own work. The stalwart men and the influential women of this day, ninety-nine out of a hundred of them, came from such au illustrious ancestry of hard knuckles and homespun. And who are these people in society, light as froth, blown every whither of temptation and fashion— the ped dlers of filth} r stories, the dancing-jacks of political parties, the scum of society, the tavern-lounging, the store-infesting, the men of low wink, and filthy chuckle, and brass breastpins, and rotten f&sociations ? For the most part, they catne from mothers idle and disgusting—the scandal-mongers of so ciety, going from house to house, attending to everybody’s business but their own, be lieving in witches, and ghosts, and horseshoes to keep the devil out of the church and by a godless life setting their children on the very verge of hell. .The mothers of Samuel John son, and of Alfred the Great, and of Isaac JEFFERSON. JACKSON COUNTY, GA.. FRIDAY. FEBRUARY *25, 1881. Newton, and of St. Augustine, and of Rich ard Cecil, and of President Edwards, for the most part were industrious, working mothers. Now, while I congratulate all Christian mothers upon the wealth and the modern science which may' afford them all kinds of help, let me sav that every mother ought to be observant of her children’s walk, her chil dren's behavior, her children’s food, her chil dren's looks, her children’s companionships. However much help Hannah may have, I think she ought every year, at least, make one garment for Samuel. The Lord have mercy on the man who is so unfortunate as to have had a lazy’ mother! Again, Hannah stands before you as an intelligent mother. From the way in which she talked in this chamber, and from th& way she managed this boy, you know she was intelligent. There are no persons in a community who need to be so wise and well informed as mothers. Oh ! this work of cul ture in children fortius world and the next! This child is timid, and it must be roused up and pushed out into activity. This child i3 forward, and he must be held back and tam ed down into modesty and politeness. Re wards for one, punishments for another. That which will make George will ruin John. The rod is necessary in one ease, while the frown of displeasure is more than enough in another. Whipping and a dark closet do not exhaust all the rounds of domestic discipline. There have been children who have grown tip and gone to glory without ever having had their ears boxed. Oh ! how’ much care and intelligence is necessary in the rearing of children ! But in this day, when there arc so many books on the subject, no parent is excusable in being ignorant of the best mode of bringing up a child. If parents knew more of dietetics there would not be so many dyspeptic stomachs, and weak nerves, and inactive livers among children. If parents knew more of physiology’ there would not be so many curved spines, and cramped chests, and inflamed throats, and diseased lungs as there are among children. If parents knew more of art, and were in sympathy with all that is beautiful, there would not be so many children coming out iit the world with boor ish proclivities. If parents knew more of Christ, and practiced more of Ilia religion, there would not be so many little feet al ready starting on the wrong road, and all around us voices of riot and blasphemy would not come up with such ccstacy of infernal triumph. The eaglets in the eyrie have no advantages over the eaglets of a thousand years ago; the kids have no superior way of climbing up the rocks than the old goats taught hundreds of years ago ; the whelps know no more now than did the whelps of ages ago—they 7 are taught no more bv the lions of ILiu Oeacit ; but It Is a SUainu that in this day, when there are so many opportuni ties of improving ourselves in the best man ner of cultivating children, that so often there is no more advancement in this respect than there has been among the kids and the eaglets and the whelps. Again, Hannah stands before you as a Christian mother. From her praj'ers, and from the way she consecrated her boy to God, I know that she was good. A mother may have the finest culture, the most brilliant surroundings ; but she is not fit for her du ties unless she be a Christian mother. There may be well read libraries in the house ; and exquisite music in the parlor; and the canvas of the best artists adorning the walls ; and the wardrobe be crowded with tasteful appa rel ; and the children "be wonderful for their attainments, and innopent mirth; but there is something woeful looking iu that house, if it be not also the residence of a Christian mother. I bless God that there are not many prayerless mothers—not many of them. The weight of responsibility is so great that they feel the need of a divine heart to sympathise. Thousands of mothers have been led into the kingdom of God by the hands of their little children. There were hundreds of mothers who would not have been Christians had it not been for the prattle of their little ones. Standing some day in the nursery, they be thought themselves, “ This child God has given mo to raise for eternity. What is my influence upon it ? Not being a Christian my self, how can l ever expect him to become a Christian ? Lord help me !” Arc there anx ious mothers, who know nothing of the infi nite help of religion ? Then I commend to them Hannah, the pious mother of Samuel. Do not think it is absolutely impossible that your children come up iniquitous. Out of just such fair brows, and bright eyes, and soft hands, and innocent hearts, crime gets its victims—extirpating purity from = the heart, and rubbing out the smoothness from the brow, and quenching the lustre of the eye, and shriveling up, and poisoning, and putre fying, and scathing and scalding, and blast ing, and burning with shame and woe. Every child is a bundle of tremendous possibilities; and whether that child shall come forth in life, its heart tuned to the eternal harmonics, and after a life of usefulness on earth go to a life of joy in Heaven ; or whether across it shall jar eternal discords, and after a life of wrong doing on earth it shall go to a home of impenetrable darkness, and an abyss of immeasurable plunge, is being decided by nursery song and Sabbath lesson, and even ing prayer, and walk, and ride, and look, and Lfrown, and smile. Oh! how many children in glory, crowding all the battlements, and lifting a million-voiced hosana, brought to ■God through Christian parentage. One hun dred and twenty clergymen were together, and they were telling their experience and their ancestry ; and of the one hundred and twenty clergymen, how many of them do vou | suppose assigned as the means of their con i version the influence of a Christian mother ? i ; One hundred out of the one hundred and j | twenty ! Philip Doddridge was brought to ! j God by the Scripture lesson on the Dutch tile j of a chimney fireplace. The mother thinks; she is only rocking a child, but at the same j time she may be rocking the fate of nations. j rocking the glories of Heaven. The same maternal power that may lift the child up may press a child down. A daughter came to a worldly mother and said she was anx ious about her sins, and she had been praying all night. The uiuther said: “Oh, stop FOR THE PEOPLE. j praying! 1 don’t believe in praying. Get j over all these religions notions I'll give i you a tlrc3s that will cost S3OO, and yon may wear it next week to that party.” The daugh i ter took lhe.dre3S, and she moved in the gay T ■ circle, the gayest of all the gay’, that night; and sure enough all religious impressions | were gone, and site stopped praying. A few months after she came to die, and in her | closing moments said : •* Mother, I wish you would bring me' that dress that cost $500.” The mother thought it a very strange request, I but she brought it to please the dying child, j “ Now,” said the daughter, “ mother, hang j that dress on the foot of my bed,” and the I dress was hung there, on the foot of the bed. (Then the dying girl got up on one elbow and 1 looked at lie: mother, and then pointed to j the dress, and said : “ Mother, that dress is the price of my soul!” Oh, what a momen t ous thing it is to be a mother! Again, and lastly’, Hannah stands before yon the rewarded mother. For all the coats she made for Samuel, for all tho prayers she offered for him, for all the discipline exerted lover him, she got abundant compensation in i the piety, and tho usefulness and tho popu | larity of her son Samuel; and that is true in j all ages. Every mother gets full pay for all I the prayers and tears in behalf of her chil- I dren. That man useful in commercial life ; that man prominent in a profession; that master mechanic —why', every step he takes in his life lias an echo of gladness in the old heart that long ago taught him to be a Chris tian, and heroic and earnest. The story of what you have done or what you have writ ton, of the influence you have exerted, has gone back to the old homestead—for there i3 someone always ready' to carry good tidings —and that story makes the needle in the old mother’s tremulous hand fly quicker, and the flail in the father’s hand come down upon the barn floor with a vigorous thump. Pa rents love to hear good news from their chil dren. Do you send them good news always ? Look out for the young man who speaks of his father as “ the governor,” the “squire,” or the “ old chap.” Look out for the young woman who calls her mother her “ maternal ancestor,” or the “ old woman.” “ The eye that mocketh at his lather, and refuseth to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it.” God grant that all these parents may have the great satisfaction of seeing their children grow up Christians. But oh 1 the pang of that mother who, after a life of street-gadding and gossip-retailing, hanging on the children thefipperies and follies of the world, sees those children tossed out on the sea of life like foam on the wave, or nonen tities in a world where only bravery and stal wart character• can stand the shock! But blessed be the mother who looks upon her children as sons and daughters of tho Lord Almighty. Oh! the satisfaction of Hannah i"n seeing Samuel serving at the altar; of Mother Eunice in seeing her Timothy learned in the Scriptures. That is the mother’s re compense, to see children coming up useful in the world, reclaiming the lost, healing the sick, pitying the ignorant, earnest and useful in every sphere. That throws anew light back on the old family Bible whenever she reads it, and that will bo ointment to soothe the aching limbs of decrepitude, and light up the closing hours of life’s day with the glories of an autumnal sunset! There she sits, the old Christian mother, ripe for Heaven. Her eyesight is almost gone, but the splendors of the celestial city kindle up her vision. The gray light of Heaven’s morn has struck through the gray locks which are folded back over the wrink led temples. She stoops very much now tin der the burden of care she used to carry for her children. She sits at home too old to find her way to the house of God ; but while she sits there, all the past come3 back, and the children that forty years ago tripped around lica arm-chair with their griefs, and joys, and sorrows—those children are gone now. Some caught up into a better realm, where they shall never die, and others out in the broad world, testing the excellency of a Christian mother’s discipline, Her lust days arc full of peace ; and calmer and sweeter will her spirit become until the gates of life shall lift and let in the worn-out pilgrim into eternal spring-tide and youth, where the limbs never ache, and'the eyes never grow dim, and’ the stair of the exhausted and decrepit pilgrim shall become the palm of the immortal ath lete ! Cotton Picking by Machinery. Cotton picking by machinery has long been a dream of the Southern planters. The risk of planting revolves about the picking season. The bolls open irregularly, but they must be plucked when at a certain stage of ripeness, or be lost in whole or part. 8. R. Cockerill, Vice President of the Mississippi* Valiev Planters’ Association, believes he has arrived at a solution of the problem. lie says it is a fact that the bolls will continue to ripen and open in due time if the plant is cut up by the roots and stacked. There is no practical difficulty in separating the cotton from the bqll by machinery, if the stalks can be gathered and fed at one time. The ap paratus for this process has been invented and works well. But everything depends ou the truth of Mr. Coekerill’s assertion that cotton in its last stages will ripen in the stack. Cash vs. Credit. People who buy for cash always buy cheaper than those who buy on credit. They buy also more closely, and select more carefully. Purchases which are paid for when made, arc limited more exactly to the purchaser’s wants. There is nothing like having to doubt the money out when the article istoughtto make people economical. The amount of indebted ness incurred is not much considered when the pay day is far ofT. Real wants arc few and can be gratified for cash. llow much of anxiety, how many heart burnings, disap pointments, and regrets would be avoided if this rule was strictly adhered to ? About $7,500,000 has been expended on the Mississippi river, aside from the jetties, since the formation of the Government. How they Live. In a thoughtful mood a bov one flay His father asked how printers live ! “ My son. why do you talk that way? l)o you them something wish to give ?” “Oh no !” replied the boy’quite grave. “ I 011I3* wondered how they live. Since you for two years nothing gave To pay for receive.” The boy thus to some purpose spake ; The father, mindful of his sin. Resolved at or.ee amends Unmake, And sent the printer’s moteiV in. Mother’s Empire. The light, the spell-word of the heart. Our guiding star in weal or woe. Our talisman—our earthly chart-- The sweetest word that earth can know. We breathed it first with lisping tongue When cradled in her arms we lay ; Fond memories round that rfttmc arc hung That will not. cannot pass away. We breathed it then, we breathe it still, More dear than sister, friend, or brother; The gentle power, the magic thrill, Awakened at the name of Mother. Yankees in Russia. Hating the Germans, looking down on the French, and disliking the English, the Rus sians seem to reserve ajl their good-will for Americans. With them “American” or “ Yankee” is the synonym of indomitable cnerg}', of intrepid enterprise, of wonderful ability, and of frank truth tolling. They call their own ablest engineers, inventors -and discoverers “ Yankees” by way of compliment. M. Gablochkolf, the inventor of the electric candle, and Col. Prjevalsky, the bold Asiatic explorer, arc sample Russian Yankees. Once I was talking with a Russian friend about the possible destiny of our globe. “ There is no need of worrying ourselves about the fate of the globe,” he said, “ for there can be no serious danger for her so long as she has on board our transatlantic friend. If a collision with some other planet should threaten her, the Yankees would at once rig up a rudder, sails, or some other device, and get her out of the scrape.” The Russians aro particularly charmed with the democratic manners of Americans. These appeal to a characteristic national trait of the Russians themselves. They despite from the bottom of their hearts all pretension, arrogance, and walking on stilts. That is why tho Russians stretch friendly hands to the people across the ocean, in spile of the abyss that lies between their Govern ment and that of the Union. My personal experience is that American citizens in general, and American business ineu in particular, aro warmly welcomed in Russia. On the part of tho Czar’s Govern ment there is not the least fear that they will inoculate the Russians with republicanism. Once I asked a Colonel of gendarmes whether he had any apprehension of dangerous results iroin the close relations of the Russians and the Americans. “ Not the least,” he an swered, promptly. “ Y’our citizens are too sensible and practical to be dangerous to our G overnment. To imagine a practical Yankee indulging in theorizing with idle Russians would be to suppose the most improbable of all improbable things.” The Russian capitalists and business men in general arc apparently glad to have Ameri cans come here, and closely observe their ways of doing business. They prefer to invite American engineers to Russia instead of sending their engineers to study in America. — St. Petersburg letter. Spanish Murders and Brigandage. In Spain there is not much actual murder, but there is rampant brigandage, which only stops short of murder providing it can rod without it. Even in Madrid it3elf, in one of the finest and most frequented streets, a member of the Senate was, only two years ago, kept prisoner in his own bedroom and threat ened with death until lie paid the ransom demanded of him. Bauds of robbers, as is only too well known, haunt the mountain districts even in the neighborhood of the capital. The brigands are said to have friends in very high places; they exercise a terror which prevents quiet people from daring to give evidence against them ; they walk out of prison if they are put into it, and when they hold land they pay to the Government just the amount of taxes that they think convenient. Justice again is slow in most countries, but in Spain it scarcely moves at all. Every process is secret, and everything is carried on in writing. The pile of papers heaped up in reference to the murder of Gen. Brim ten years ago mounts up and up ; but it is not even yet thought high enough, and a trial seems as far off as ever. The Government is as unable as any one else to insure a speedv conviction, and if it really wants to get rid of notorious criminals, it shoots them on the pretext that they are trying to escape. Something Inside a Pig. Said Edward Everett once, “The common people will always understand a speaker who understands himself and uses simple lan guage.” But some speakers seem to possess the incurable faculty of always shooting over the common people’s heads. The story is told of a city minister who, after preaching for a friend in the country, was told by the latter: “ You have given 113 a very good sermon, with one exception, and that is, you used some words our people don’t* understand.” The former thought the latter was certainly mistaken, and asked what single words he had used that all could not easily unders tand. “Why,” replied the other, “you said 4 felicity’ instead of 4 happiness.’ Now, all oar people know what * happiness’ is, but a great many of them, I arn sure, do not know the meaning of * felicity.’ ” As tfie preacher doubted this, the country minister said : “ There comes one of our plain, sensible farmers t we will ask him.” And as the farmer came up lie said : “We were just speaking about a word—the word 4 felicity can you tell us what is its mean ing ?” “ Why, yes,” said the farmer ; “ certainly I know what 4 felicity’ is ; it is something inside a pig, though I don't know exactly what Baptist. \ TEEMS, $1.50 PER ANNUM. r'" ? - SI.OO for Six Months. \\ Cuv\\v.tvv\ws. Austria has a petroleum region one cighth the size of that of the United States, The first census of the United States was taken in 1700. The population was 3,929,- 329. Russia this year is importing grain, tallmv ami wool, the very things with which she has been accustomed to supply half the would. The Scientific America}), estimates that more than $35,000,000 was brought into the United .States last year by foreign immigrants. Over 25,000 tourists are reported to have visited the Yosemite Yalley since its discovery in 1855, and it is estimated that each of them, on an average, left SOOO mi good money in California. A couple of Cincinnati servant girls liavo recently fallen heirs to a fortune estimated at from sßo,o(Xfc to SIOO,OOO. The property comes through an aunt who has deceased in Philadelphia. An English doctor says that in large cities night air is often the best and purest air to be had in twenty-four hours, and that fully one half of all the diseases alliicting humanity are occasioned bv people. M. dc Lesseps counts on Italian laborers to dig the Panama Canal. They bored the Mounts Ccnis and Gothard tunnels, and are considered the most steady, frugal, and in telligent in such undertakings. The cultivation of cinchona, which lias been proceeding satisfactorily for some time past in Jamaica, has now reached a stage that will shortly enable that island to become one of the chief producers of this valuable commodity. The manufacture of brick is one of the most important industries of Macon, Ga. Tho material furnished by tho land below the city in the Oemulgee swamp, and a tract extending across the Brunswick Railroad, is said to be unexcelled in the world for purity and firm ness. At Princeton, 111., two couples went sleigh riding. A bottle of whiskey was frequently passed around, and the sport was further enlivened by the firing of pistols. They were found lying in the road, the two men insensi ble from drink, one girl dead from a bullet wound, and the other badly wounded. A clergyman’s daughter at Napa, Cal., went to a circus. On the following Sunday her father preached on sinful amusements, and used her case as an illustration. In tho Sunday-school that afternoon he said that sho was impenitent, and moved her expulsion ; but a rote being taken all the pupils voted . to retain her. - * Bayard Daily, of Logansport, Ind., shot his betrothed wife, Annie Beckly, last month, because she refused to give him a dirk with which to kill a rival. She was given up to die, but surprised everybody by slowly re covering ; and a few da} r s ago, as soon as sho . could stand on her feet, she was married to the man who had so nearly murderod her. Man’s inhumanity to man was well illustrat ed in St. Louis the other day, when Win. Fanning, a Superintendent on the Missouri Pacific Road, was run over by one of the trains of that route. Mr. Fanning was not liked by his employes, and after the great wheels had crushed his legs nearly off from his body, and he lay on the ground in liis death agony, the inhuman men stood around looking at him and refusing to lend a helping hand in his removal from the track. The irrepressible conflict erop.3 up again in Washington, I). C. Two colored students from Howard University attended a lecture in Providence Hospital on Sunday, together with white students from the Georgetown College and from Columbia University. The white students thought tho negroes were patients on whom operations were to bo per formed, but when they found that they wore students they arose amt left the room. Some of the physicians uphold the white students. Rudalp Chapman, a little negro boy, found a box in a vacant lot in Washington the other day, and carried it home to his father, who opened it and saw that it contained valuable jewelry. The Chapmans are very poor, there was not much to eat in the house, and the children needed bread. But Mr. Chapman did what all white men would not do. lie sold some ragg for 25 cents, and with the money advertised tho treasure in his possession. It proved to be jewelry stolen from Col. Roger Jones, of Pennsylvania Avenue, two days previous. What is known a3 cut glass Is glass with incisions and ornaments with smooth surfaces, appearing as if cut by a sharp instrument. The cutting of the glass consists entirely in grinding away successive portions by holding them upon the surface of wheels of stone, metal, and wood, which are made to revolve rapidly. The first or rough cutting is some times given by wheels of stone, resembling grindstones. Afterward wheels of iron arc used, having their edges covered with sharp sand or with emery. To prevent heat by fric tion small streams of water are applied. The last polish is given by brush. The United States is the only country that has materially reduced its debt iu tho past fourteen years, except the Netherlands, which owed in 18G5 above $411,000,000, and lias reduced it to $390,000,000. We have paid off the astonishing sum of nearly $1,100,- 000,000, or have reduced our debt from $2,056,000,000 to $1,880,000,000. We owe less than Franco, Great Britain, Spain, Austria or Italy. The Italian debt is larger than ours by $50,000,000. France has the largest debt-in tho world, or $3,027,000,000. It costs to run our government, including tho payment of interest, $300,000,000 a year, It costs Germany $14,000,000 more than us; Franco $107,000,000 more; Great llritain $100,000,000 more, arid Russia $211,000,000 more ; and our expenses, omitting war ex pensos, are almost precisely the same as those of Italy, or $207,000,000. The United States is, therefore, the most economically admin istered country in the world, and with lar^i debt-paying ability. - NUMBER 1.