THE GEORGIA MIRROR,
IS PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY,
By B. Gardner A J. ft.. Bull,
4 Editors and Proprietors.)
At IHIREE DOLLARS a year, if paid in
advance, or FOUR DOLLARS, if not paid
until the end of the year.
Advertisements will be conspicuously
inserted .it One Dollar per square, (15 lines
or less,) the first, and 50 cents for each sub.
All advertisements handed in for publi
cation vithout t limitation, will be published
till forbid, and charged accordingly.
Sales of Land and Negroes by Execu
tors, Ad ninistrators and Guardia us, are re
quired by law 10 be advertised in a public
Gajtette, sixty days previous to the day of '
'Hie sale of Personal property must be
•dver ise< 1 in like manner forty days.
Notice to Debtors and Creditors of an
estate must be published forty days.
Notice that application will be made to
the Court of Ordinary for leave to sell Land
and Negroes, must be published weekly for
yy All Letters on business must be
post i’Ain to insure attention.
(CONNECTED with the office of the
J MIRROR, is a splendid assortment of
s&J* *£ ■JfifiSj
And we are enabled to excute all kind of Job
work, in the neatest manner and at the sliort
et notice. „
of every description will constantly be kept
on hand,such as
S fieri Facias,
< la. Si.
Tax Collector Executions,
Blank Notes. <Ve
y'cnr Cfidkinhtiioit Il4>ii*e.
‘ f a s 11E subscribers have as-
9f JL sociated themselves to
pgjnviw;®*® getlier as COMMISSION
MERCHANTS, under the
.BOSBX BP. t’BTTS JT Cos.
Tlu‘v have purchased the commodious
\V V'tK-HOOSK and CLOSL S J ORK,
lately occupied by Jernigan, Laurence & Cos
where they will receive CO 1 ION or
GOODS instore, and advance only upon cot
ton in their possession and under their con
trol. Their charges will be as customary.
The business wilt be conducted by John
I). Pitts. We solicit the patronage of the
public, and arc prep ired to give Columbus
prices for Cotton. p ITTS ,
M. J. LAURENCE.
Florence, Nov. 10 3d
J. B. ST Alt It,
F3IWARIIM j A V H COMMISSION
SI. Jo*e;»h, Fla.
January 10, 1833-
riA'lE subssriber having recently rnplen-
X ished bis stock, invites his custom
ers and the public generally, to call and ex
amine for themselves. His goods are neic
and well selected and lie is offering them on
as good terms as any in the market. His
stock consists in part of the following:
A variety of Broad Clotlrs,
Bombazines and Bomba/.ettes,
Red and White Flannel,
A good assortment ot
Bteadtj JtMarte Clothings
A large supply of 800 PS and SHOES,
° sexteuen’s a9i> L\ntt:s
SADOLES, BRIDLES AND MARTINGALS.
Crockery, Hardware and Cutlery,
With a variety <>l other articles suitable
to the season, which he takes great pleasure
in offering to his customers and the pub
lic, at his uew store ou the North side Cen
Jan 12 40 THO : GARDNER.
\cn Good* ! I\ew Goods ! !
riMIE Subscribers have just received, per
X Steamer SIREN, a fresh supply of
STAPLE AND FANCY DRY GOODS
AND READY MADE CLOTHING.
Broad Cloths. Sattinetts, Cassemeres, Cam
bists, Merinos, ShaHeys, etc. etc. Low
for cash or to undoubted creditor*.
HARVEY & CHASTAIN.
July C, 1839 13
' Ors Walton A: Laiir
HAVE united thomsclvcs in tin Prae
MEDICINE AND SURGERA.
and tender to the public their services in the
various branches of their profession.
When not professionally engage I, they
may be found at their officr, (occupi ;d also,
by Maj. J. L. Bull, as a Law office,' oppo
site Mr. T. Gardner's store.
May 6 4
__ For Sale.
seuSMjh T■ 1H B subscriber offers for sale
•t&EjgSS. -L on reasonablo terms, Lot of
Land No. 133, in the 22d dis
trict of Stewart county, with 6-
•her lands adjoining, 65 acres well improved
with good buildings. Any one desirous of
purchasing a good settlement of Land would
do well to call and view the premises,
■nd tialf miles from Ftorenr*
5. B- STRICKLING.
July 5 31 0
fid HE exercises of the Mule De| artu ent
A of the F'orcuce Academy, will com
urence on Monday next, 7th iust. unucr tbe
superintendence of Mr. George J. Mc-
Cleskey, who comes well recommeudcd
as an instrueter of youth. The follown g
will be the rates of tuition, por quarter:
Orthography, Reading and Writing $4 0,
do do do with Arithmetic, SOC
English Grammar and Geography, 6 Os
Higher English Brauches, g o r
Languages, 10 Oi
The. Female Department will commenc*
on the same day, under the direction oi
Miss Margaret Harvey. Os Miss Har
vey’s qualifications the Trustees deem it ua*
necessary to speak, as they are too wall
known to require auy reconnneudation froj
them. The terms of tuition, will be tii
same as stale . above, and for
Drawing and Painting, I*2 0'
Needlework an extra charge of ( 3 0
Board can be had, for males and famalee
in the most respectable houses, at reasons
Jau. 5 39 BY THE TRUS.E.Iu.
CABINET FUKNI TUBE.
George h. & wm. j. willeas
respectfully inforni the citizens of
Florence and the surrounding country,'hat
they have permanently located themselves in
Florence, and arc prepared to execute in
tin; most neat and workmanlike style, Side-
Boards, Bureaus, Tables, Chairs, Work
and Wash Stands, and Furniture of every
description used in this section of the coun
try. They flatter themselves, from their
long experience, that they will be able to
give general satisfaction to those who may
favor them with their patronage.
April 9 52
J. A. H. UIACOIV,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
STARKSVILLE. LEE COUNTY. GEORGIA.
W1 L L attend the Courts of the CIIAT
T A HOOCH EE CIRCUIT.
Nov. 25 35 ly
WILLIAM It MAY,
Attorney at Law,
STARKSVILLE, Lee county, Ga. wil’
practice in all the counties of the Chat
March 10 48 ly
I>r. Win. Tl llartUvi
(TAN, at all times be found by those wish-
J ing his services, at kis office, er tDe
house of M. McCuliar, Esq. wlicu notpro-
Jan 20 42
L A \\T NOTICE.
riTIIE undersigned have associated them.
X selves in the PRACTICE OF LAW,
under the firm of Bull ft Mitchell, and
will attend promptly to all business entrus
ted to their care in the Courts of the fol
lowing counties, viz.
Muscogee, Lee, Ga. and
Randolph, Barbour, Ala.
J. L. Bum. maybe found at his office ii
Florence, and J. M. Mitchell, at his office
in Lumpkin, Stewart co. G».
JESSE L. BULL,
JAMES M. MITCHELL
Feb 1. 47 er
JW t ice—BP is sol u tion.
THE late partnership existing between
tbe subsetibers in the mercantile bu
siness in the county of Stewart, in the State
of Georgia, has been dissolved, by mutual
consent, ever *inc® the 4th day of the pre
sent month. John S. Rice is authorised to
close the business of said concern.
JOHN S. RICE.
June 11,1839. 11 6t
J Oil SALE.
AT HALF 9 14 30
i-N . s. half 4 14 30
N. half 8 14 30
N. half 7 14 30
S. half 7 14 30
S. half 6 14 30
S. half 11 14 29
S. half 20 18 28
S. half 34 19 28
N. half 36 19 29
S. half 36 19 29
W. half 29 .16 26
N. half 6 16 30
K. half 21 22 26
K. half 22 13 28
N. half 33 20 26
S. half 32 18 28
W. half 26 15 24
S. half 29 16 25
E. half 2 18 25
Any of the above Lands will be sold on
terms to suit purchasers- by application to
John D. Pitts, Esq. Flor* .ice, Ga. or to the
subscriber, at Macon.
July 26 18 J. COWLES.
S2OO Kli WARD.
•ax pANAW A Y from the subscriber,
XX on the 21st of March, ult. ane
gro maunanied STEPHEN a r.ar
penter, by tradesaid negro is a
bout five feet 10 inches high, and is about
forty years of age, dark complected, speaks
very quick when spoken to, and has a large
sear over his left eye, and another on his led
shin occasioned by the kick ot a horse,
lie has a small white speck on his right eye
I and is a very intelligent negro, lie has. no
dou K * urocured free papers from some white
person. I purchased him from Mr. David
’’lice, of Stewart cou” ,v ,D l * ie ,a ** 18 i7 ’
* i.- . * „bt cone to Stewart
and he has no u,,.. * , „ a wi f e ar >,l
county, where he says he ■>..
children. When he ranaway he had on «
new beaver hat, a pair of old boots, a red
flannel shirt anil saftinet pantaloons, apd he
also, took with him a bag containing many
other different kinds of clothing. Any per
i son who will apprehend and deliver said ne
gro to me in Hamburg S. C. or lodge him
in some safe jail so that 1 can get him again,
Shall have tlje above reward.
T. G. SALDAVIA.
Hamburg fS. ip, fc| 24 1839, 52
Tfce Den lit of Wro.
Bt EDWARD MATUKI.N.
CHAPTER V—THE FLIGHT.
The goading* of crime, the apprehen
sion of instant death, and the iticapability
ol satiating vengeance ou those whom wrongs
aud persecution had invested with a superi
or power, rose within the tyrant, as, in
flight, he cast a lingering look upon the
palace of his pride, his power and his guilt.
Mingled with the ceaseless cries of a.san
guinary and determined mob, rosethe sweet
and silvery tones ol Iter whose attachment
had, for the moment, subdued the horrors
of his fate, and lent a respite to i»s p.un It
fell on his anxious and nervous sense like
the music of the Mermaid's voice, when she
sports amid the strife of the waters, ami braids
her tresses that float on the wing of the
tempest. “He leaves me,” dwelt on his
memory with a melancholy, anticipative of
a separation, he felt, would be final. Still,
on he rushed: he knew, he cared not whith
er. In the delirium olthe moment he sank
on his knees, aud supplicated Jupiter that
the earth might yawn, and Curtius like, that
he might sink into her womb. The drtail
silence which prevailed around, giving to
prayer the mockery of its own echo, fell on
iiim witlt the appalling sense that even the
gods had fojsaken him. He started front
his knees, and uttered a shriek of wildness
and terror. He clasped his hards to his
eyes, as amid the shades of evening he des
ciied a figure rapidly apnroach'iig. lie flew
from the spot ; he stopped for a moment,
but could not summon resolution sufficient
even to look behind. The footsteps became
still more audible. He was evidently pur
sued. Flight was his only refuge, t.nd his
last hope was to anticipate the blow of his
enemy. Fear and despair lending rapidity
to his flight, he darted onwards, lie was
not far from the Tiber, and on the moment
resolved that its waters should be histomb.
He was already on its banks—-the foot
steps rapidly gained on him—he stopped
over the edge, the clear cold stars were
sleeping on its bosom—he involuntarily
started back, as, in the attit jde to plunge,
his reflected image met his eye. A momen
tary courage throbbed within Ids heart, like
the deceptive gleam of hope which lights
the eye of the dying man; he drew his
sword, and resolved to withstand the comer.
Tears and surprise for the moment sus
pended the power of utterance, as he re
cognized in the voice of the stranger, his
freedman, I’haon. The faithful servant,
kneeling, pressed to his lips his masters
“Rise, rise,” said Nero, hastily, “this is
no time for the cold forms of duty. Save
thy Prince; or even where he stands let
thv hand end Ins pain.” As he spoke the
tears gushed freely, and with a treinenoous
hand and averted face, he presented I’haon
with his sword. “Strike!” cried Nero, in a
hollow, trembling tone.
In silence he awaited the fatal blow, and
turning round, beheld the sword at his freed
ntati's feet. “How is this I” he exclaimed
his voice scarcely strong enough to assume
the tone ofanger, “how isthis ? Said I not
to thee, strike! YVouldst see thy master
hunted like a beast, when thor couldst save
him from their fangs ?”
“My lord,” replied Phaon, “I will save
thee, but uot at the point of thine oivn
sword. Nor shall it be said, I showed my
love by an act of bloodshed.”
As Nero heard ’.lie last word his face be
came still more ghastly, In avy drops course
his contracted brow, at and hi • whole trained
was affected by a violent shudder. He tot
tered to the shoulder of his freedman, and
leaned on him for support. In that one
word, as in a mirror, the guilty man review
ed his whole life of cruelty and horror.
“My io r d trembles;” said Phaon, as the
emotion of Nero rendered it difficult to pre
serve his station.
“I—l- -it will «oon pass,” rejoined his
master, with hesitation,' endeavoring to sup
press the agitation which ootrayed his tears.
“Speak, speak! ” contin jed Nero, alter a
pause, “save me if thru caiist. Whither
wilt thou lead me ? W here can 1 hide till
this Rtorm subsides, and Tty pursuers weary ?
Speak, speak !”
Hi* eyes, glowing ard dilated, were fixed
upon Phaon in the agony of suspense and
fe.tr; and as the freedman inet iheir glance
he involuntarily shuddered at their wild and
“I will lead thee,” replied Phaon, after a
pause, “where hatred cr.ln.ol pursue, nor
suspicion find thee—even to iny own villa.
The obscurity ofthe place will favor thy
concealment. It is but four miles distant
from Rome. Cassar shall be safe beneath
his fieedman’s roof. I will watch thee by
night, and desert thee not through day.
Fear ine not,” continued the freedman, with
afi lelity worthy of a better object. “I will
maintain a secret communication with the
city, and thou shall know as well the pro
ceedings of the Senate as the People.’!
‘‘Thanks, thanks !” exclaimed Nero, seiz
ing his favorite’s hand, tlie terrois and hu
initiation of the moment mergina all sense
of distinction; “thauks---l fly with thee
this moment. We ran enter the palace
privately. Wc must provide ourselves with
On entering the gate of tlie p lace in dis
guise and haste, tii-y found no impediment
to their progress, nor any disposed to ques
tion their purpose. The palace in the ab
sence of its master, seemed to have forgot
ten its splendor and pride, and had even al
ready assumed an air of loneliness and de
solation. It resembles, to its awestricken
monarch as he stood within the solit'ry
space before it, a temple, in whose destruc
tion and neglect the wrath of the Oods had
anticipated the decay of Time. Huge and
dark it rose against the midnight sky, the
starlight but faintly depicturing the irregu
larity of its outline, or brightening the dense
shadow which slumber ou it like a cloud.
T>i ß a l 7r“ , '°n and revolt were evidently pro
_ • Wul cr.'-»«inty f for the gates
grPMiflg wpn a,— -ns hau al
were and (}ip f'reu,,....
rearjy joined their associates it) the camp-
Nero paused (or n *nomcn}’ to contem
plate the surrounding wreck npd detail itiotl.
Uriel and despair could 'do longer he res-
deep groan 1 burst f»oii> him.; it
rolled through the surrounding B|Ui*t ---it e
ehoed like the lamentation of }t>jip, when
sht weeps apid the solifudf s}it jrr^ple.
CHAPTER VI.—THE TYRANTS
At dawn of day The Tyrant commenced
his last aud feariul journey. The decay of
power was marked in the scantiness ol his
retinue. No courtiers followed in his train
to flatter ami vatut his praises to the sky.
Not a Pnetoriau followed the blighted for
tunes ol his master, lie whose minstrelsy,
poetry, and dramatic attainments had called
lurth the exulting shouts of his people, and
extorted even decrees from a Senate, scarce
ly less debased and servile, was now fly ing
as a slave from the very city where he had
ruled as Lord ; and compamonless, save in
two attendants, was glad to abandon the
pride ol a palace for the humble security of
an obscurity of an obscure villa.
M ith the mysteriously silence of men
whose errand may be death, the forlorn par
ty slowly emerged from the palace gale.
Not a word was exchtnged. They even
shuddered to look upon each other, lest
fear, too palpable in the visage of each
might daunt the courage despair had given.
The small body followed in a line. Phaon,
with an attachment which might have bor
rowed lustre from a better cause, led the
way, his arm prepared for any causal resis
lance, and his eye vigilant for any enemy
who might oppose their expedition. The
wretched fugitive, divested of all imperial
insignia and wearing nothing save a close
tunic, covered by an old and tattered cloak
lor (he purpose of disguise, followed his
freedman. His head was partially covered
by the cloak aud his lace oencnaled by a
hamlktrchiefhe held before it. In this sor
ry and degraded plight followed the Em
perior oj Rome. The rear was closed by Ep
nphroditus, his Secretary, whose fidelity
shrank not from sharing the vicissitudes of
his master’s' fortunes.
They had just cleared the palace, as the
rising day flung its cold grey mist on its
huge and sombre mass. A dismal gloom
hung on every object, which even the reno
vating touch of light, seemed unable to clear
or dispel. The spirit of darkness-still 'sib in
hered there, as though light, and life, and all
the refreshing influences of day, refused to
bestow their gifts where guilt and blood
shed had so long fixed ifieir abode. A mist,
deeper and heavier than the gathering shades
of evening spread like a curtain, blending
into one vast, iudisiinguishable pile the va
riations of shape nod outline. He checked
his steed for a moment, and flung on it a
ist look, in which memory painted the re
vival of many a scene of horror; and, as un
able any longer to endure the strife within,
waving his hand to Phaon, the troop push
ed their horses to a gallop.
Rigid and immoveable as statues, they
bestrode their steeds. The hands of his at
tendants were braced to their sword-hilts.
Not a word escaped them, as they sped
their wav. The ristid firmness of the horse
man bespoke his resolve not to quit his seat
As thus they advanced, a wild and dis
cordant shout broke the surroumline silence.
The horses pricked their ears, and the firm
ness of their riders was disconcerted by sur
prise and uncertainty. They checked their
steeds abruptly, while Ph 'on and Epaphro
ditus unsheathed their swords. The st°a
dincss and resolution ofhis followers, was
strongly contrasted by the fear and coward
ice of their Prince. The bridle fell from
his hand, and his steed becoming unruly,
was seized a“d checked by Phaon. Ihe
shout had died away, and a stillness deep
'and gravelike'succeeded. It wasonce again
broken by a clantor from the same quarter,
wilder and louder than the last, and accom
panied >y expressions so plainly heard, as at
once to announce to the tyrant the certainty
of his doom and the inutility of flight. The
words “Gaiba ! Gaiba !” came distinctly on
the wmd Animation seemed to forsake his
check, and uttering with difficulty, “It is
the Prsetorians —fly!” their journey was
resumed at a quickenwl pace.
They were not far from the free'man’s
villa; their horses, at the same time, push
ed almost to full speed. On a stidtleri the
steed Nero drew up abruptly, his ears were
drawn back, and he snuffed the air with vio
lence. The faithful Phaon dismounted, and
seizing the bridle, endeavored to lead him
forward. The animal only retrograded more
violently, and rearing, almost dislodged lus
rider from his seat. The Emperor could
uot restrain liis impatience and fear, but
vented both in words of threat and exec ra
don. The delay seCmedotiiinoUs of advan
tage to the speed of his pursuers. Phaon,
unable to account for the obstinacy of the
animal, relinquished the bridle for a moment
and cast liis eyes searchingly around him.
The cause at length met his view, and he
started back with instiuetive horror. As
Nero looked 011 his terror-strickeu counten
ance, fear suppressed curiosity; at length,
in a muffled and indistinct lone, scarcely
removing the handkerchief from his tace,
he said, “Speak—quick—whatseesl thou ?’
“The form of death,” replied Phaon;
“unburied lies a corse by the road side.”
‘Curses on this steed!” muttered Nero,
“tliev may be on us even now.”
As he spatte, he lashed the horse violent
ly, the noble animal reared as before, and
casting' a side-long glance where lay the ob
ject of its timidity, plunged forward.
The suddenness of the motion jerked the
veil from Nero’s-Hand, which he hitherto
held to his face- Misffirnine seemed to in
sert hei threads in the very web which hope
was weaving. At that moment a veteran,
who had been dismissed the service, passed.
He at once recognized Ins master, and salu
ted him by name. Nero hastily waved liis
hand—he was discoveredt—bis flight would,,
no doubt, soon reach the city. “Forward:”
he exclaimed, at the very top of his voice.
Their horses were now at full speed.
The expected asylum at length rose to
view. Within a short space* of it they dis
mounted, and counselled as to the policy of
“It were not safe to enter it by the public
gate, my lord," said Phaon, “your person
may be recognized. Informers are frequent.
Servant* are seldom proof against the gold
which buys their m3? ,Pr ‘ , . ,
-- "ood Phaon, rejoined
“lamintnypm—;*■ , f niy sa f e .
Nero, ‘ resolve, and quickly tor my
entice ipto the house,” said
rhy ent. , nrivale* Cfoss
Phaon, hastily, “must be J
that field, and lie concealed till I hav* tna e
i for thee in that remote walloftbe
house. Leave thy steed with me. Epa
phrobroditus and 1 will do all.”
The wretched man listened to the strata
gem with the meekness of a child, who bears
submissively from his elders what he dares
not resist or dispute, lie cast on them a
look, more expiesslve from its silence, and
hasteued to the appointed spot.
Faint with excitement and tear, the wietch
.stooped and raised in the hollow if his hand
some impure water from a ditch. “Is this,
then the cup they have reduced Ctrsar to
drain?” he said while the tears mingled
with the water. “Well, well, sothe draught
is no bitterer, f am content.”
As he raised his eyes to the appointed
quarter of the house, he observed a hand
waving him onward. It was Pbaon’s. He
darted to the spot with the precipitancy of
one to whom speed was life, and with diffi
culty was squeezed through the excavation
they had made.
The field lie had quitted was scarcely more
barren or desolate, than the apartment to
which he was now conducted, and which
was destined to witness the last struggles of
Rome’s Emperor. The walls and floor were
nofonly destitute of covering, but befaced
with squalor and filth. He surveyed itfor
some moments in silence, but could no longer
restrain the bitterness of insulted pi ide, and
'the degradation which met him at every step.
He burst violently into tears, and fell on a
mean and tattered touch, the only furniture
in the apartment. While he lay alternately
the victim of cries and passio-, his atfend
iants, who had withdrawn to the remote end
of the chamber for the purpose ofconference
"Danger presses, my lord.” said Phaon,
kneeling, “and there is but little hope.—
They who have met us ou the road will
•conjecture thy retreat, from beating my
company.” He paused to observe the ef
,fect of-li is words, and the tone of his mas
ter’s feelings. “It is but a moment,” he
proceeded with hesitation, “and the cares
of life are forgotten, and with them the
hatred of thine enemies.”
“Must I then die ?” said the tyrant, slow
ly rising from the couch, surveying the
naked chamber with a wild and glassy eye,
“Must 1 then die? Is there no hope?”
“None,” replied l’liaon.
Courage and resolution seemed to rise
with the answer. He hastily dashed the
tears from his eyes—his manner became
firm and collected. “If they hum they shall
not reacli me,” he said, “this day shall be
my last. Let my pile be collected, and
mark, let not a Cicsar sleep without a lnou
ument—-I would have some marble on iny
His momentary firmness forsook him, and.
turning his face to the couch, the violence
ol his giief sent a dull and heavy echo
through the chamber.
immcVf'iaYeYy a , *nesßenger."nc , corduig to the
private instructions of Phaon entering, pre
sented him with papers. “From Rome ?'
said Phaon, in a subdued tone.
The words acted with the power of a
talisman on Nero, who recognized in them
the consummation of hope or despair ; and
starting from the couch, he seized the
packet. lie perused it with eagerness,
but the tears which fell, and the trembling
of his hands and frame, fully interpreted
the nature of the intelligence.
“A public enemy”—“aucient usage"—-
were the only words they could hear.—
“They have outlawed me from mine own
realm,” he said at length, with difficulty
summoning courage to speak of his late,
“and the Fathers have condemned me to die
recording to the rigor of ancient usage."
His voice failed him, and the tears which
choked it, were exchanged for a violent
transport of rage. He tore the papers into
fragments, and trampled on them. He fol
ded his arms with sternness, and his figure
for the moment assumed a rigid composure
“What is aucient usage?” lie asked after
The attendants, as unwilling to disclose
the severity ofthe punishment decreed, ex
changed sileni looks. The task at length
fell on Phaon.
“Pardon, my lord, the question and
your condition demand truth for the answer.
It was the law of the old Republic, that
every traitor should die a lingering death
beneath the rod ofthe Lictor; his head fas
tened between two stakes, and his body en
An agonized expression, combining shame
and pain, overspread the countenance of
Nero, as he heard this detail. He started
from the spot, as though he already writhed
beneath the stripes of Ibe Lictor. He stop
ped short again—his respiration became'
short and hysterical—he drew ffOrfi his bo
som two poignards, and feeling their sharp
ness gazed on them intently. He suddenly
turned to his attendants, and extending the
daggers—“ Has none," he cried, with bit
terness, “the courage to show me how to
The words were no sooner uttered, than
the trampling of horses was heard at hand,
A troop of soldiers instantly entered the
room, and surrounded the door. Nero saw
that hope was at an end---the inonarslMucJ
indeed fallen from the high estate, which
once commanded the flattery of men. Jhe
officer disregarded all obeisance, and procee
ded to disclose the nature of his mission.
“The Fathers," he said, “have decreed
Cirsar as a traitor, and ordered him into my
custody, to be conveyed Back to Rome to
sutler punishment. Soldiers, your duty!’’
Two or three advanced to seize him, hut
despair at length nerving resolution, he
stabbed himself in the throat. 1 lie blood
flowed copiously, but the wound was not
mortal; he tottered fora moment, and 1 fell
to the ground, llis eyes wandered aiouud
the chamber with the 'languor of exhaustion
as imploring some friendly hand to complete
the work. “Will ve,” he at length exclaim
ed in tears, “will ye see Cscsar without a
friend ?" .
Epaphroditus rushing forward, seized a
dagger, and having previously uiavked the
fata! spot, with averted face plunged it luto
A violent shudder convulsed his frame,
and, raising himself slowly from the ground
and casting on the officer a smile oftriumpli
and derision* the last of the Csesar wasuo
“So great,” says Suetomius, “wax the
.07 exhibited at Rome the intelligence
l of his death, that the people ran to and fro '
through the city, with caps on their heads.”
The ominous acclamations of the Piaelo
rians werj realized, and Gaiba. shortly af<*
terwards entered Rome us ita future Empe
WHAT IS EDUCATION. n
The great end of education is not to train
a man to get a living. This is plain, because
life was given for a higher end than simply
to toil for its own prolongation. A com
fortable subsistence is indeed very important
to the purposes of life, be it what it may.
A man Half fed, half clothed, and fearing to
perish from famine or cold, will be too crush
ed in spirits to do the ptoper work of a ma*-
He must be set free from the iron graap of
want, from the constant pressure of painlul
sensations—from gripding. ill-requited, toil.
Unless a man be trained to a comfortable
‘support, his prospects of improvement and
happiness are poor. But if his education
aims at nothing more, hisjjlile will turn to little
account. . 1 ?.
To educate a man is to unfold his faculties
—rto give him the free and full U6e of hie
powers; and especially of his best powers.
It js first to train the intellect, to give him a
love of truth, and to instruct him in tbe pro
cesses by which it may be acquired. -It is
to train him to soundness of judgment, to
teach him to weigh evidence, and to guard
him against the common sources of error.
It is to give him a thirst for knowledge, which
will keep his.faculties in action throughout
life, it is to aid him in the study of the out
ward world, to initate him into the physical
sciences, so that he wilt understand the prin
ciples of his trade or professions, audnwiU
be able to comprehend the phenomena that
are continually passing before his eyes. It
is to make him acquainted with his own na
ture, to give hiei that most important means
of improvement, self comprehension. ,t- .
In the next place to educate a man, is to
train the concience, to give him a quick,
keen discernment of the right, ts teach him
duty in its great principles and minute ap
plications. to establish in him immoveable
principles of action. It is to show, his true
position in the world, his true relation to
God, and his follow beings, and the immu
table obligations laid en him by these. Jt
is to inspire him with the idea of perfection,
to him a high moral aim, aud to show how
this may he maintained in the commonest
toils, and how every thing may he made to
contribute to its accomplishment. - ;
Farther, to educate a man in this country
is to train him to be a good citizen, to es
tablish him in the principles of political
science, to make him acquainted with our
history, government, and laws ; to teach him
our great interests ns a nation, and the policy
by which 'hey are to be advanced, and to
impress him deeply w \ hhis resppgjsUliJj/.Vci ll
ested patriotism as the citizen of a free
state. • . , s
Again—to educate a man is to cultivate his
imagination ,taste, to awake his sensibility to
the beautiful in nature and art, to give him the
rapacity of enjoying the writings of men of
geuiiis, and to prepare him for the innocent
and refined pleasure of literature.
1 will now add, that to educate a man Is'
to cultivate his power of expression, so that
lie can bring out his thoughts with clearness
and s'rength, and exert a moral influence
over his fellow creatures. This is essential
to true enjoyment aud improvement of soci il
According to these views the laboring
classes may as yet be said to have few mear.s
of education, excepting those which Provi
dence furnishes in the relations, changes,
occupations, ami discipline of Rfe. The
great school of life, of Providence, is indeed 1
open to all. But what, 1 would ask, is dose
by our public institutions for the education
of tbe mass of the people ? In the mechani
cal nature of our common schools, is it ever
proposed to untold the various faculties of a
human being, to prepare for self improve
ment through life ?. Indeed according to
the views of education now given, how de
fective are our institulioi s for the rich as
well as the poor, and what s revolution is
erquired in our whole system of training the
young ?— Chavning.
Our Revolutionary Sires The follow
ing is an extract from John Neal’s Fourth of
‘When the young alone ’rear sway, rash-'
ness and headlong presumption prevail.
When the old have exclusive dominion,
there is always a want of courage and liopa
of generous adventure and heroic enter
prise. There should be a mixiure of both
the young and tile old, to carry us and our
beloved country through the storm that
is gathering about her. Cast your eyes o
ver records of her greatness, and while- you
find that Alexander Hamilton was hardly of
age when he began to play his part in the
awful drama ofthe revolution, being - only .
twenty when he was taken into the family-of
our commander in chief, with the rank of
lieutenant colonel; you will find also, that
Benjamin Franklin was 50 be lore he be
gan to be heard of; Samuel Adaufts 44,;
Janies Otis 48; Josiali Quincy 40 ; John
Hancock 38; and Thos. Jefferson 32 ; be
fore tliev were grea’iy distiguished. And
so with "all the actors of this age. They
were full grown men—working men—rip
ened with toil aud strengthened with long
habits of endurance and independence. Let;
it be forever remembered that the men of
the revolution were all working met*--
those of New England especially—Greene
was a blacksmith, Frauklioa printer, Roger.
Sherman a shoemaker, Putnam a Farmen
They were doctors and Preachers, attorneys
and shoptkeeps, and not a man of them a
bove hi* busiues* or ashamed of his- cal
“A Tougher.” —Some one was telling
Sam Hyde about tbe longevity of the mud
turtle—" Yes,"said Sam, "I know all about
that; for. lionce found a venerable old fellow
in my meadow, who wa* so old that lie could
hardly wriggle his tail, aud on his back was.
carved (tolerably plain considering all
things) these wordat Parudis*, EWr 1.
The Penitentiary about being erected ifi,
the neighborhood ofWetnmpka, has beefg
contracted lor by a Mr. Thomas, of NasW
vitie, at 384,939 Western