THE WEEKLY liAZKTTE.
Ist DLtrict Hon. A. H. IIANSELL
, f Thomas •aunty.
:1 Distiiet —If on. NELSON TIFT,
of Dougherty comity.
SI District — lion. HUGH BUC
HAN AN, of Coweta county.
4th District—lion. TUGS. G. LAW -
SON, of Putnam county.
District—COL. WIER BOYD,
of Lumpkin county •
7th District—P. M. B. YOUNG, of
Lesson iu Music. I
Soles in General.
Question. What do notes of music
Answer. Sounds, with their differ
ence in pitch, and their duration in
Q. What are these two qualities
A. The time and time of notes.
Q. W 1 era to any scries of the sev
en letters representing the seven
sounds in nature, the eighth is added,
what is the whole number termed?
A. An octave, and the word is fre
quently used to express the two ex
treme notes of the series—the first
and the eigblb.
Q. What were the seven letters
formerly called ?
A. Septenaries ; but as they are
incomplete, and imperfect in their mel,
ody, or tune without the eighth they
are now termed octaves
Q. What series of eight letters is
most satisfactory to the ear ?
A. That series which begins and
ends with C ascending or descending.
Q. On keyed instruments how are
these notes represented, and how by
those letters performed ?
A. By striking the long white keys
throughout the key-board.
Q. How are the names of these
long w hite keys known ?
A. They are known by their sit
a!ion with respect to the short black
Q. now are the black keys plac
v and ?
A. In alternate divisions of two
and three throughout tho key-board.
Q. What is the name of the long
key between the two short ones ?
A. Always D. The other six may
le readily found from that; E being the
next long key toward the right hand.
(J tlie next toward the left, &c.
Q. What are the letters that en
close the division x/f the two short
A. (J. D. E. and the remaining four
I*'. G. A, 13. have tbe other division of
throe short ones between them.
Q. Are the number of keys the
same on all instruments?
A. The number varies in different
instruments, but tbe C nearest the mid
dle. is always the centre of the hu
Q. If C nearest the middle of the
instrument is the centre of the human
voice, to wiiat part in music does it be
A. do the Tenor or leading part
and is termed by the Germans the
J enor oef Note as they anciently
used the C Clef for their Tenor, as
expressed in our second chapter on
tlie subject c f Clefs.
G What is the next Gto theright
of the centre C cailed ?
A. The Treble Clef Note.
Q. W hat is the nearest Fto the
left of centre C called ?
A. 1 lie Bass Clef Note from the
Q- hen was this German Tub*
1 hire invented ?
A, In the loth century.
Q hero may a specimen of it
A. In the fiact entitled Monochoi*-
duui AnJrfffi lleinliardi Lipsire, 1004
(!•.’;.>) in the Suille collection, Ox
fod. Dr. B. ii. 121.
Q- How do the Germans in I heir
1 allature distinguish notes of the
b ane letter from eacli other ?
A- 1 hey have adopted a literal
notation, which from its ingenuity aud
utility, deserves to he more universal
ly known than it is at present.
Q. "\\ hat is the lowest series of
eight notes w hich includes both the
divisions of short keys iu the key
A. The lowest series by the Ger
mans is called the great Octave, being
expressed by capital letters, thus: C,
D ’ L, F, G, A, B, C.
Q wi iat i.s the next series called ? j
1 lie small Octave, expressed
"!tlt small letters, thus : c, and, e, f, g a,
b, c. j
Q- How is the next higher series ex*
A. Ihe next series commences
with the C Clef, German Tenor, cen
tre of the human voice, and express- I
1 * a small stroke over each letter,
is culled the once marked Octave.
*1- W hat is the last series in gen
eral use by instruments called ]
A. The twice maiked small letter.
Q- Are four Octaves performed by
any ordinary voice?
A. There must he a union of male
•mi tamale voices and well cultivated
u> perform the four.
Q. Have we not iu a former chap*
tai alluded to nine Octaves being p er .
on instrument* ?
In chapter 2nd we think it was al
1 uded to, ami would remark again that
Organs have the lowest note on the
left hand, the great C, but in general
Harpsichords extend downward to
FF. Tho six Octave Grand Piano
Fortes reach to CC below and as far as
V four times mai ked in the Treble on
right. In ancient scales the. letters be
low lire Bass A were made double;
and those above the Treble Staff term
ed in Alta ; but the Octaves were then
reckoned from A, not from C ; hence
C is new termed natural Major Key,
most important letter or key. and A
natural Minor Key, lese important and
a derivative from C.
Q. It these different series of
scales were arranged by Septenaries
or Sevenths from G on the first line of
Bass, would it not appear then that
the appellation of Bass, Tenor and
Treble, would be more appropriate ?
A. It would, because a seventh
from G, first line of Bass, foundation
part, would bring us to F Clef, tho
sealed Key for Bass, and G, next Sep
tenary would be tho Clef for Tenor,
the cen*re part iu music, the letter C
being iu its centre, Tenor, from tenoo
to hold firmly, the most important part
n music and the third Septenary would
again commence with G Clef for the
Trebl’s, (female voice,) and is literally
the third part in music.
Q. What is the most ancient ac
count of the syllables used by the
French in running the scale ?
A. We learn that Guido, a Monk
of Arezzo in Tuscany, in the year
1022, introduced six syllables, called
by his followers the Hexachord.
Q. What are those six syllables ?
A. Ut, Re, Mi, Fa, Sol, La.
Q. Do the French yet retain the
original six syllables introduced in
A. They do, with tho addition of
Si, for the seventh, hence with them
Ut becomes the eighth.
Q. Who made the change, the
French or Italians, from Ut to Do fur
no. 1. or Do to Ut ?
A. The Italians at a later dato
for the sake of a softer pronunciation
have changed Ut iuto Do as has al
ready beeu noticed, in the sixteenth
century their Tablature was introduc
Q, By whom was the addition of
Si, the seventh, introduced among the
A. By LeMaire.
Q. What was this scale of notes
formerly called ?
A. This succession of syllables in
vented by Guido, was applicable to F
& G, (which form our Clefs) aud their
following sounds, heuco arises the
word Gammut, or Gamma Ut, it being
the Ut or first sound of the G Hexa
chord, denoted by the Greek letter F,
See Butler, pa 17,• Oruil hopurcus.
(Dowling's Translation, 1609, page
Q. Has any other set of syllables
been introduced in any age, or clime,
of any importance besides those al
ready mentioned ?
The celebrated Chapel Master, C-
H. Graun, of Prussia, employed the
folio wing syllables : da, me, ni, po, tu,
la, he, which are adopted by Hiller in
his Anweisung zum Gesange, (2nd
edition 1758.) not like those of Guido,
to ascertain the intervals of the pcale,
but merely to accustom the vocal stu
dent to sing upon all the vowels inter
mixed with the principal consonants.
Q. Upon what docs the tune of
notes depend ?
A. 'l iie tune of notes depends upon
their lelation to each other, aud upon
tho distances between them.
Q. Are the intervals between the
Degrees of the scale equal or unequal?
A. Tho intervals between the de
grees of the scale are unequal, and
the words Tone and Semitone are em
ployed to express them.
Q. What is the distance of those
keys on the key-board from each oth
er, which are not separated by a short
A. They are said to be distant
from each other one semitone , and those
which have a short key between them
are distant two semitones or one trine.
Q What letters in the natural
scale are one semitone or half step from
each other ?
A. The distances between B and
C, and between E. F. are semitones ax
llow many tones and semitone dc•
grees has every’ series of the eight reg
ular sounds, or of the Octave ?
A. Five To'ics and two Semitones.
Should not the greatest care be ta
ken not to misunderstand tho Words
Note and Tone ?
A. 1 here should be the greatest
care. A Tone is a musical sound,
while a Note is a written or printed
Q. We have a number of works
of eminent authors now before us
w hich differ on the term Tone. Some
yav a lone is the distance between
two notes, and others say that a Toue is
a sound—an appreciable pitch, and if
Tones and Semitones aro sounds, or
appreciable pitches, and not the spaces
between them to ho considered, will
some of our readers enlighten us on
this point l
A. We presume they will, and
hope they will consider themselves
cordially invited to write for us.
The London streets, placed iu a sin
gle straight line, would reach from
Liverpool to New York. It takes
300,000 street lamps to illuiniuuto
is?r^A£rrrz± !^!=±r^az_brrzcr: ll ki-h— 1 h I— r-sj— 1 H rr U
Fax- wll vain world, I’m go - ing home To play on tl e Golden Harp.) m , . _,, TT , „
My Saviour smiles ar.d b.ds me come To play oi the Golden Harp, y I lls J Cn Golden Ilarp, To play &c.,
FINK. CllO. D. C.
cho.—l want to be where Jesus is To pay on the Gol - dm Harp.
f=*^^j^ \j a j- H ! * k B :l = . ff
Sweet An - gels beck -on me away To play on the Gold -en Ilarp,
To sing God’s Praise in end • less day, To play on the Gold -en Harp.
(p-ii-So-:-—aTb—*T a aTP —0-a Pi- Tp4-hTb—IT p ~ II
For iho Gazette.
The great misfortune of fanatics
lias been in all ages of the world to
embrace falsehood rather than truth ;
sophistry rather than sound logic;
some new revelation of man rather
than that of divine authority. With
charity and mercy they hold no com
muuion / forgiveness is no part of their
i creed ; persecution is thoir Moloch.
I They have shed rivers of blood un
der the pretence of loving God, and
under the banner of the cross. The
Crusades were an illustration of the
awful consequences of fanaticism.—
I'hey were six in number, undertaken
for the recovery of the Holy Land
from the Mahometans.
The first was undertaken in 1090,
and was excited by Peter the Hermit,
and Walter the Moneyless. All
Europe was in commotion, and seemed
detertniued to exterminate the Turks
at one bold stroke.
An army of over one million march,
ed to Jerusalem, took it by’ storur
and spared neither sex nor age.—
Notwithstanding this victory most of
this immense army found a premature
grave iu Asia, and the remnant that
returned brought with them the pes
tilence, leprosy, and smallpox. A
second crusade was undertaken in
1145 by Lewis VII. of France; a
third by Richard I. of England, in
1190; a fourth by Philip 11, of France,
in 1204 ; a fifth by Lewis IX. of
France ; against Egypt in 124S ; and
the sixth by the same king against
Tunis, in 1270, where ho was killed.
1 lie loss of life iu these crusades is
variously estimated by different histo
rians, but by none less than thiity mill
ions— a sad commentary upon humane
nature, a solemn warning against blind
zeal and infatuating fanaticism.
Fanatics are inexorable to all en
treaties for mercy; all who are not
with them they treat, as enemios / con
sidering all heterodox who do not
embrace thoir dogmas. Fauaticisrn
arrays father against son, mother
against daughter; disregards all the
ties of consanguinity, all the bonds
of former friendship, and whom it can
not control endeavors to destroy.—
1 anatics are light iu their own conceit,
and detest all who think differently.
It is lamentable to find fanaticism is
prevalent on this continent. The in
telligence of tho present day has stoped
the effusion of blood among Christian
nations by fanatics to some extent, and
dispelled much of the darkness of
fanaticism; but among the nations
who still sit in gross darkness it has
lost none of its original features. The
Turk would consider the Sacred cities
of Mecca and Medina polluted was a
Christian to step his foot in either.
I he 1 artar believes tire lama to be
immortal, and to eat certain parts if
him heaven is secured. The inhabi
tants of Mount Bata believe the eating
of a roasted cuckoo makes a 6aint;
and all those would sacrifice those who
believe differently if in their power.
I he Mermans and Miilerites of our
time and country hare drunk largely
at the fountain of fanaticism, aud most
of our religious sects have a slight
tincture of it—enough sometimes to
ridicule what tney conceive to be
error in others, instead of preaching
nothing but Christ, and him crucified.
As pare and undefiled religiou iu
cre-.ses, when charity’ shall become
the crowning glory of every Christian
when the gospel of peace, in its
native loveliness, primitive purity aud
Bible simplicity ; shall shed its glori
ous rays over tbe nations of the earth ;
fanaticism shall recede until it shall be
finally lost in the Hood of light that
shall radiate from the son of righteous
Let Christians banish all prejudices
against sects, and warm their hearts
in the melting sunbeams of charity—
this will sooner make them of one
heart and mind.— I “Love irorkcth no ill
to his neighbor,' 1 lhat is genuine
•Teffekso.m Davis.— The case of
Jefferson Davis, the President of the
late Confederacy, was called for trial
at the Circuit Court in Xiichmond yes
terday. On motion of the counsel for
the Government, it was postponed
until the next term of the court.
It is clear that Davis will never bo
tried, and also that if he should be
brought to trial he would be acquitted.
Is it not time that the ceremony of call -
ing his case and putting it off should
cease ? \\ hat is the use of keeping
up a formality so destitute of mean
ing ? Why not enter a nolle prraenui
and dismiss the defendant to the iudp
ment of history. J °
| Aim’ York Sun, Nov. 24//*.
for tlie Gazlttb.
THE GOLDEN DART.
For tha Gazette.
Compiled by a Subscriber at Cola par
English Grammar is a body of prin
ciples deducted from the practice of
the best speakers and writers in the
use of the English language anrl
teaches us how to speak and write it
Note.—We defined “ spoken language”
1 to consit of articulate sounds of the bu
, man voice, so combined as to express our
thoughts and ideas to each other; the
Alphabetic system of “artificial language,”
(the one now in use, called commonly
writing or printing,) is no more than
characters called letters representing these
sounds, likewise combined for the same
purpose. We readily perceive then that
any rule applicable to the one will also
necessarily apply to the other; for the
combined sounds are no more than the
combined letters —since both form the
satr.e word expressive of the same idea.—
Hence Grammar teaches how to speak as
well as write &c,, <fcc.
English Grammar is divided iuto
four great divisions :
I. Oithography’, which treats of the
sounds of the human voice, and of the
characters, called letters, representing
these sounds ; their nature and pow
er; and of their combination iuto
syllables and words.
11. Etymology, which treats of the
vaiious classes, modifications, and de
rivations of words, and of their analy
111. Syntax, which teaches the
proper arrangement of words into
IV. Prosody, which teaches th®
principles of punctuation, and the laws
From the Nashville American, 25.
A Confederate Prisoner Just
Getting lloane— Captured in
Hood s 14**il and Taken to
Usnira, N. Y,
During Hood’s raid into Tennessee,
among the many captured in front of
Nashville was a soldier belonging
originally to Foster s company of Bat
tle's 20th Tennessee (rebel) regiment,
named G. W. Selfiidge. After his
capture lie was taken to Elmira, N.
Y., since which time he has been in
the hospital at that place, suffering
from chronic dysenteiy. lie is about
forty nine years of age, and arivei
here on Tuesday evening in seaicb oi
the loved ones at home. He received
transportation over the Northern rail
roads to Louisville, and being refused
a free trip over the Louisville and
Nashville railroad, he set out on foot,
and walked all tbe way to Nashville,
lie proceeded down Market street
until ho reached the Gordon House,
where he was takeu iu by the propii
etor and kindly treated, lie had a
bundle on his hack, containing a quilt
and coverlet. Ho told his story, aud
afterwards was provided with lodging
for the night, and blept soundly, but
was too much fatigued to eat anything
until yesterday, when his manner
at table showed that he appivc ated
the good tilings set before him. His
home is about five miles from Laver
gne, where he lias a wife and tlnee
or four children. Alter appeasing his
appetite, he fortunately met with an
old comrade in arms, who took him in
charge aud conveyed him by last
evening's train to bis home. His mind
is somewhat impaired, and when tell
ing his story lie would frequently
wander away from the subject. He
expiessed himself as very desirous ot
seeii g his children, and no doubt the
meeting around his own fireside of
family and friends was a scene of
more thau ordinary pleasure to those
who had not seen him for years.
A Punctuation Puzzle.—The
following article forcibly illustrates
the necessity of punctuation. It can
be read in two ways, making a very
bad man or a very good man, the re
sult depending on the manner in which
it is punctuated :
He is an old and experienced man
in vice and wickedness he is never
found opposing the walks of iniquity
lie takes delight in the downfall of
neighbors he never rejoices in the
prosperity of any of his fellow-crea
tures lie is always ready to assist in
destroying the peace of society he
takes no pleasure in serving tire Lord
lie is uncommonly diligent in sowing
disorder among his friends and ac
puaintances he takes no pride in la
boring to promote the cause of Chris
tianitp be has not been negligent in
endeavoring to stigmatize all public
teachers he makes no exertions to sub
due his evil passions ho strives hard
to build up Satan’s kingdom lie lends
no aid to the support of the gospel
among the heathen he contributes
largely to the evil adversary he pays
no attention to good advice lie gives
great heed to the devil he will never
go to heaven he must go where ho
will receive the just recompense of re
Sitka has less than a thousand
\\ hy may a druuken man fall into
a river with impunity ? Because he
won't drown as long as his head swims.
The publishers of the German mag
nziues are overwhelmed with letters
from their subscribers to publish more
uuc better articles on American topics
A Smusvvn Italian Brigand.—
Everybody has heard of Fra Diavolo,
the brigand. His daring was only
equalled by his wit. The following is
tho ingenious mode by which the cel
ebrated robber escaped for a time from
the hands ot Colonel Hugo, who was
in pursuit with a large force of sol
Escape seemed absolutely impossi
ble. Ou one side of the road was a
precipice which no man could scale ;
on the oilier Hugo was advancing
toward the road. Flight towards
Apulia would throw him into the
toils of his unwearied hunter. His
inventive genius supplied a remedy
for this net of difficulties. lie turned
to his men, aud said : “Tie my bauds
behind my back. Do tbe same by
The men were astonished, but
obeyed in silence, using handker
chiefs instead of cords.
“Now/’ said Fra Diavolo, “let us
move down the r.oad and meet this
cavalry. They will ask you who we
are. You will answer, “These are
two biigands of tbe band of Fra Dia
volo, whom we have taken and are
conducting to Naples in order to ob
tain the premium.”
“But suppose they should wish to
take you themselves.’ 7
“Then you will retire, protesting
agaiust the injustice they do you.—
You, at least, will be safe "
The stratagem was excellent. Fra
Diavolo’s men figured as the militia
of the district. The premium offered
for the brigands at Naples was a capi
tal pretext for asking permission to
pass on their way, and to gaiu the
rear of the cavalry. The artifice suc
Whoever has heard of a Neapolitan
can imagine the affect
ing sadness of Fra Diavolo and his
lieutenant, tli6 serious and solemn
vivacity of the spokesman for the false
militia. A story of tho capture was
invented on the instant, so probable,
and so perfectly cousistant in all its
details, that one must have beer, dead
to tho voice of truth and inuoceucc to
Fra Diavolo gained the rear of the
cavalry. His false eniinies bade good
bye to their new friends, and m .ved
<>it thme iiutidrutl jiftcoH. Uu,c tL v .
two leaders slipped off their handker
chiefs, and shot into the woods; the
pretended militia fired their muskets
into the air, aud all went off pell-mell
into the depths of lire forest. The
cavalry saw the affair, but they did
not know the importance of the es
caped prisoners, and naturallly left
the pretended militia-men to continue
From the N. O. Picayune.
A Big: Haul,
The Reason for the Recent Arrest of
Chicago Thieves — Sixty-Jive 'Thou
sand Dollars Taken from a Safe.
Saturday the Chief of Police received
information by telegram from Jackson,
that a number of thieves from Chicago
and other w stern cities, were on the
train of that day for this city, and re
quested their arrest. At that tirre no>
thing dtfinite was stated, and aside from
the general supposition that a rolberv
had been coiinnitted, nothing was
It now, however, appears that the safe
in the store of Mr. Fell, in Ilazelhurst,
Miss., was broken open on Thursday
uight, and robbed of a large sum of
money, variously estimated at from ten
to sixty-five thousand dollars. After
the robbery had been committed, the
store building was set on fire, and the
contents, embracing an extensive stock
of goods, damaged to no iuconsiuerable
The parties engaged in this robbery
were the live men arrested oh the train
Saturday afternoon, and three others
who have not yet been apprehended. It
appears from the confessions of one of
ti e parti s, that these m >n left Cl icjgo
and St. Louis some weeks ago for a
winter’s campa-gn in New Orleans; but
learning that a large sum of money
m'ght possibly be realized by robberies
along the line of the Jackson railroad,
have been operating in various places
including Jackson and Ilazelhurst.
r i hey effected an entrance to the store
at Ilazelhurst by breaking open the side
door of the building. Once in, they
proceeded, after the most approved
fashion of professional's, to break epen
the safe. This was done by insertin'-*
powder in the tube of the keyhole and
applying a match. The use of blankets
of course deadened the reports, and the
treasure was at the disposal of the bur
As soon ns the robbery was effected
they got on the train and weut to Jack
son. Here their carefully instituted in
quiries about other members of the
gang hist excited suspicion, which an
abditional robbery in Jackson of $2500
still further confirmed.
As soon as the train left with them
for New Orleans, intelligence, as previ
ously stated, was forwarded here. The
whole gang would have beer arrested
but for the fact that the telegram omit
ted to state names of but five. It is
true that none of the stolen property
has been found in the possession of these
men, but from facts in bis possession the
Chief of Police assures the reporter
that there is no doubt of their guilt.—
They are represented as shrewd, daring
burglars and thieves; and such,, if turn
ed loose on the community, would add
still more extensively to the repeated
number of robberies that are nightly
being perpetrated in the city.
.Fay. for the G> zkttk.
13 y J. F. Rees.
Interesting and Patriotic Cor.
rcspondence Between Sena
tors Hill and Hiller.
The following correspondence has
been placed on our table by the" Hon.
Joshua Ilill, our patriotic and able
United States Senator elect. We be-,
speak for it a careful perusal fey every
reader of the Era —-Atianta Era.
Madison, November 17, 1868.
Hon. 11. V. M. Miller, Atlanta, Ga :
Dear Doctor—l heard after we
parted at Washington that some news
paper correspondent had written that I
represented you as a friend of Gen.
Grant. I never saw anything of the
article, nor gave it any consideration. I
knew that you would not believe the
The statement may have had this
foundation : When asked what was your
true position, I answered that you were
an old Whig, but had not been acting
with the Democratic party. That you
were independent in your course; re
counting what yon had done for the
Convention, in the Convention, and in
defence of the Constitut on prepared
by the Convention. And I ventured
to say of you, that from my knowledge
of yon, you would support any mea
sure of the new administration that
met your approval ; that you would
not consider sourself bound to follow
the lead of any set of politicians. Xu
this I thought I did you no injustice.
Such was and* is my confidence in the
good and patriotic purposes of Gen.
Grant, and such my reliance upon your
manly determination to do whatever
you tLink right, that I venture to hope
.that you will give a generous support
to many of the leading measures of
the incoming administration.
The nation and the civilized govern
ments of the world are not prepared
to find in General Grant a relentless
partizan. They expect something el
evated and grandly patriotic of him ;
something above a party schemer. 1
feel a conviction that lie will not fall
short of the general expectation.—
Soould 1 be right in toy conjectures, 1
know we shall not be wid fy separ
Drop me a lino in reply, and tell mo
what you think of my speculations in
regard to General Grant, and likewise
no reej ect-s yewreelf. VYnn tllgilCSl
regard, Yours most truly,
Atlanta, Ga., November 18, ISCS.
Dear Sir : In your note of the 17th
inst., (just received,) you very correctly
state my position iu relation to the in
Asa citizen or as a Senator, I will
offer to it no factious opp">si f ion. On
the contrary, so far as may be consist
ent with my duty to the country, and
my obligations to the Constitution, l
expect to support it. Of General
Grant, personally, I know nothing;
but in common with the whole country
I indulge the hope that, availing him
self of his independent position, guided
by bis own magnanimity and sound
judgment, he will rise above mere par
ty interests and make his administra
tion so “grandly patriotic’ 7 as to com
mand the admiration of all men.—
Should I find exhibited by him the de
sire to the whole country the tranquil
ity which results frem the observance
of the Constitution and obedience to
the Kws, and the liberty secured by
both, he will have no more earnest sup
porter than myself.
From my knowledge of your public
aud private character, I have no doubt
that you recoguize other and higher
duties for an American Senator than
the maintenance of a party and distri
bution of the emoluments of office, and
I share with you the expectation that,
upon questions which may arise in tbe
future, we shall not be widely separ-*
ated. Very respec fully,
11. V. M. JVil LLER.
Hon. Joshua Hill.
A Cure for Lockjaw.— The Hum
boldt Medical Archives mentions sev
eral cases of tetanus (vulgarly called
lockjaw) which had been successfully
treated by a local application of chloro
form to the entire 6pinal column by
means of cloth saturated with it, and
evaporation prevented by covering the
cloth with oiled silk. The application
was made just at the approach of a par*
oxysm. Asa result of the application
the paroxysm was averted, and the pa*
tient fell into a ealm and natural sleep.
On feeling a returning paroxysm the
same application was made, and the
paroxysm averted. For forty-eight
hours the occasionally threatening te
tanic symptoms immediately yielded to
the application of chloroform, and the
subsequent convalescence was very ra
The First Greenback.—Mr. Ellis,
on Vine street, has in possion the first
greenback issued by the government.—
It is No. 1, A series, signed in Chase’s
own hand, and is in a good state of pre
servation. It was received the other day
in payment for goods by a merchant in
this city, who presented it to Mr. E.—
Mr. Ellis has sinee refused SSO for it.
Some curiosity collectors would pay a
big price for the first greenback, but
there are those who would give much
more to see the last one. The “first
greenback” is handsomely framed.
The ex-Queen of Spain left behind
her 170 carriages, several splendid
Arab and English horses, as well as
finest collection of mules extant, in
the coach-house and stables cf her
ry al palace at Madrid.
j , ’ r#m
, Wamiiiotm, Kovamlw . ,
stated that the debt sutementw iT 11 '
000-ii.i. .h. *iu*;
ury continues low. e "r^,
The Metropolitan Police ft
reporicd oufHvorabl, in '“N 1,,
dred applicants to .-tail J* h "i%
orgamaaiiwns of Sons 0 f Ten, *
by resolutions, urge the Bo a H?J Ce i
firm, while those disappoint ° S N
curing licenses threaten r 0 .!Qse
position in Securing a ’>
by Congress or l la*
Sir John Young, the new fi
of the Dominion, has arrived
tawa. ' from Ou
. on - F. McMu'len prc cn te*
tition from citizens of Virgj nia P*
against the extension of the rant ,
beyond January Ist, 1869. ‘ a^
pressed himself favorably • k.., raDt,®X
to consult Schocfield before act'
Stoneman, it is understood
a further extension and advise,, 03 ® 8
who can’t pay their debts to tal- °**
bankrupt act and start afresh p tI)J
petitioners represent th^ 8
extension of ihe stay law irnLl th ®
credit of the State, and win
pajmcDtof the .attract on tb £
The State Department urjes tr
ers r in vtew of the disturbed enmv
of foreign countries, to carry Da^J[‘° a
They cost five dollars and are
en to citizens. ° ° D, I ***
Import duties from the lGth to tv
21st, inclusive, are two and a
millions. Uartfi r
General Grant will attenj ,h e Wed .
ding of Major Benjamin and
ter of Gov. hi6h,on December Bth fj
on the same evening, the recenti™ i
Mrs. Marshall O. BobertH!?” J
honor of the President elect It - a
aimed that at these two reunion, til
President elect will see the ercmedel
creme of Gotham City. 3
The following paragraph in the Her.
aid's version of Gen. Rousseau’s report
does not appear or. the copy at ij* %
Grant’s headquarters : ‘‘Of this string
were some of the members of the he
publican. Campaign Committe. a
consult a-ion at my headquarters, at
which Dr. Southworth, a
member of that Committee took part°
at which consultation I, myself, was not
piesent, but 000 if mv staff officers was
it was contended by some of the repub
licaiiS present, that the negroes should
be advised not to go to the polls; the
idea being, that if they did go'they
would be slaughtered. Southworth re*
phed, ‘that bis Committee would advise
the negroes to vote,’ adding, ‘let them
be slaughtered, the more there is killed
the.better it will be for our part?/
This spirit, I am sorry to say, but too
often controls the aetion and conduct of
many who assume to act in the name
and in the interest of the Guverpment
ol the Uni ed States, and who use the
cloak of loyalty as a ecver for their
misdeeds. I have found that men of
this description, though wiling to see
tne blood of others shed, at a distance,
conceal themselves with marvelousalat
r.ty and tkill at the approach of any
real or fancied danger. Southworth,
who wanted the negroes slaughte: ed at
the polls, <8 a shiuiug example of this
kiud, and was actually hiding at mv
tientrqrrarters-xt the nine ne made the
remark I have quoted/*
Ihe Ilcrald publishes the following
special: In conversation, a few days
ago, General Grant expressed his im
pression that the result of the late elec
tion 1a 1 quieted down. The state of
feeling throughout the country had pro
duced a condition of sober ami content
ed acquiescence in the declared will of
the majority, and that in improve! tone
in the political as well as in other re!a
tions ot life, will soon he made manifest.
When he made use of the expression,
‘‘Let us have peace," he Binoerely
meant it, and he apprehended no trou
ble in any section of the country under
his administration, while at the same
time the rights of all classes and of nil
communities ahall he protected and
preserved. Referring to the Four
teenth Amendment be said Kentucky
and Maryland would suffer a loss of rep
resentation after the nrxt census, if
they refused to allow negro suffrage, in
accordance with the provisions of that
Amendment. It will be n bitter pill*to
them, observed the General, laughing,
but they will have to stand it.
Richmond, November 28. —Dr Ar
thur E. Petticolas, Superintendent ot
the Easton Lunatic Asylum at Wil
liamsburg, committed suicide at three
o’clock this morning, by leaping from a
window of the Asylum and dashing his
brains oat on the pavement below. The
deceased was a distinguished physician
and a former professor in the medical
college here, flis mind has been un*
settled for some time past.
The Richmond Circuit Court to-day
gave judgment against the city for
$15,000 worth of whisky, destroyed
by order of the City Council on the
night of the evacuation in 1865. —
About three thousand barrels were
destroyed that night, for all of which
the city will have to pay.
The Daily r New Nation, a Republi
can paper here, announces that owing
to its unexampled proscription, it will
not be published again.
Gen. W. C. Wickham has been
elected President of the Chesapeake
and Ohio Railroad.
Fatal Acdidrnt —As a freight
train on the Selrna road was coming
iuto Rome last Thursdoy morning, a
negro named Sam Shropshire was run
over by the entire train, breakiag
both legs in two places, in the most
shocking manner, and almost serving
them from his body. He lived a few
hours in the most extreme agony and
The circumstances attending the
accident were a3 follows: from
the bridge to the depot is down grade.
After passing the bridge, they cut the
engine loose from the train, aud it
was switched off on to the depot track,
thus keeping the remainder of the
train on the main track. Sao> was
walking cm the main track* and see
ing the engine coming on the side
track, supposed the whale train was
following it, aud so felt safe in Ids
position. The engine passed him
about the time ho was knocked down.
Ibe Emperor of Russia has pro
hibited the entry into Poland ot all
journals contain.Bg the Emis fatbruus