FARM AND ALLIANCE.
This department U devoted to the interest*
- b the view* of the He**to.
The Alliance In a substantial and apparently
endnrin* institution. which i» doe the care
ful connderation of all thoughtful men.
T. H. Morton. President: G. F. Kronen.
Vice-President; F. H. C. John*. Hecreury;
H. W. Reed. Trwurarer; 8. I~ Bi-hop.
Lecturer; David Mnsgruve. Assistant Lect
urer: J. i. Davis, explain; W. \V. < a*on.
Hergeant-at-arms; A. Wondanl. Htewanl :
M. J. Mock. Itoor Keeper; F. D. Todd.
Port office Way crow.
H. C.Willlanw, President; H. L. Bishop.
Vi«e-President; K. It C. Johns. HerreUry;
J. G. Clough, Treasurer; J. M. Freeman;
Chaplain; M. J. Mock. Door Keeper; C- It,
Todd, Assistant Door Keeper; T. II. Morton,
Waycmas Bub-Alliance meets in Bay-
crosa the 4th Saturday In each month at 10
o'clock, a. rn.
fourth Sunday i
G. F. Hmqxtox,
Treasurer; P. II. Kaki
Post office Folk)
er; J. I».
Leetnrvr; X. N. Mixed,
, Business Agent.
List of HtaU* officers elected at the re
cent meeting of the State Alliance :
C. II. Ellington, president, W. E. II.
Herarey, Tice-prealdent; W. A. Ivey,
secretary ; W. A. Broughton, treasurer;
Kev. H. A. Walker, lecturer; I. I*. Gil
more, asst, lecturer. The Kxecntiv
Coiinnittee is composed of Felix C-orpul
W. H. Dorman, J. W Taylor, J. .1. Ste
vena and A. F. Pope.
of tha Nat—It* Oil
■ Tha present uses of this valuable nut
lire varied, but not to such an extent
that Its commercial possibilities h
been fully developed. The following
general outline affords hut a slight in
dication of Its economic value:
The commercial supply abroad is fur
bished. almost exclusively, by the
French and Portuguese colonies on the
western coast of Africa. Marseilles is
the largest market in the world—han
dling from fifty to sixty thousand tons
hulled, each year. Norfolk, Va., is the
Marseilles of America. Tills market
annually receives from one million live
hundred thousand (1,.100,000) to two
million (2.000,000) bushels.
The flavor of the foreign-growth nuts
limits their use to manufacturing pur-
poets—the oil entering extensively Into
the manufacture of soap. The adulter
ation of aalad-oils with peanut-oil is a
common and profitable practice, as is.
also, the adulteration of coffee and
chocolate with the nut.
With the production of so raluublc
an oil-nut it is possible for us to discon
tinue our large importation of sulad-
Jill* and produce our own, with greatly
reduced cost to the consumer.
During the fiscal year ending June 30,
I MM, we imported 005,000 gallons of
olive (salad) oil, at a cost of $1.20 per
gallon—making the aggregate value
Quo bushel ot peanuts will produce,
under cold pressure, one gallon of oil.
Tlu- cost of producing the nuts is forty
cents per bushel, including labor; add
to this the cost ot having the oil ex
pressed, and allowing for a lil*cral
profit to the producer and retailor, we
could place on our tables an oil for
forty eenta less per gallon, which equals
in every respect the olive-peanut oil
that we now consume. It is an a!>-
Kurdlty that we should waste thousands
of dollars in importing an oil that Ls so
largely adulterated with American
products—I mean cotton-seed and pea
nut oils. The cotton-secd oil outrage
that the American consumer has al
lowed to be imposed upon him is
too familiar to all to need any
rehearsing. Let It suffice to say
that we export our cotton-seed
oil at thirty-six cents per gallon, and
then import one-third of it in the form
of adulterated oils, at the average value
of 91.00 per gallon. The enormity of
this evil is none the less, because it Ls
indulged In a smaller degree, as regards
Conclusive evidence is found in every
line of economic investigation that we
**are not fully aware of our commercial
capabilities, and have only to a limited
extent developed the multiplicity of re
sources within our borders.
Peanut-oil in the south has partly
supplanted the cheaper grades of lu
bricating oil, and in the north, along
the Atlantic coast, it is used frequently
instead of cotton-seed oil for packing
There is no nut so universally con
sumed as the peanut. In traversing the
streets of our cities we have conclusive
evidence furnished by the thousands of
venders, who, seemingly, eke out a very
comfortable existence by their sale, and
also in thousands of shop windows,
where they are accorded the most ad
vantageous places for display. This de
mand alone insures to the producer
ready sales and large profits, but should
other uses for the oil be discovered,
which does not seem at all unlikely, the
present product would be insufficient to
meet the demand, and better prices
would rule in consequence.
Nothing is wasted in the cultivation
of this crop. The nuts that have es
caped the vigilance of the gatherers fat
ten the swine more readily and cheaply
thaw any other food; the vine, if gath
ered at the proper time, makes good
hay, and the nut has many valuable
In view of the above facta, and in
operation that few crops now being
cultivated approach it in cash value per
acre, it would seem that sufficient rea
son exists for its extended cultivation.
—E. M. Thoman. in Farm and Fireside.
HERE AND THERE.
SOME POINTS ON CURING TOBAC
“Tahorco. How ts Raise and Make U Pay,"
By MmJ. R. L Baglaa*.
Continued from last week.
Too much heat reddens the leaf, first
around the edge and then in spots, which
are visible on both sides. Now, to pre
vent sponging on the one hand and
spotting on the other, is the aim of the
; experienced curcr. No definite thne can
lie laid down to run from one hundred
ten to one hundred and twenty de
grees. Sometimes four hours will suffice,
then again eight hours is fa*t enough.
While it is usual at this stage to advance
about five degrees every two hours for
medium tobacco, the condition of the to-
hacco often indicates, to the practiced
eye, the necessity for slower or faster
movement. But it is safe not to ad
vance above one hundred and ten de
grees until the tails begin to curl up at
the ends. Arrived at one hundred and
twenty or one hundred ami twenty-five
degree*, this is the curing process. The
heat should remain at or near these fig
ures until the leaf is cured, which will
repuire from six to eight hours, accord
ing to the amoiiut of sap in the leaf to
lie expelled. When the leaf appears t>
he cured, advance five degrees every
hour up to one hundred and seventy de
grees and remain until stalk and stem
are thoroughly cured. To run above
one hundred and eighty degree-
danger scorching the tobacco, and per-
h:i|*s burning Isitli barn ami tol
First. Yellowing process, Kd degrees
from 24 to 30 hours.
Second. Fixing color, 100 degi
hours; 100 to 110, 2J degrees e
hours; 110 to 120, -1 to 8 hours.
Third. ('tiring the leaf, 120 to
Chamberlain’s Eye and Skin
A certain cure for Chronic Sore Eyes,
Tetter, Salt Rheum, Scald Head, Old
Chronic Sores, Fever Sores, Eczema,
Itch, Prairie Scratches, Sore Nipples
and Piles. It is cooling and soothing.
Hundreds of caser. have been cured by it
after all other treatment had tailed.
It is put up in 25 and 50 cent boxes.
For aale at the Cash Drug Store.
Fourth. Curing stalk a
170, 5 degrees an hour,
meat one hundred amlsei
until stalk ami stein art
killed and dry, which usus
»in 12 to 15 hours.
TIIE SEW MKT III
The curing process for ye
id stem, 12-
S3 SHOE cix-fflSurN,
m best shoe nuitrauKsfiKwia.
MMurab awtd«rau*ta*a—yw«*M mm
•old *t in* price. Equals cuuom mod* ibOMCOttlac
SSjUifts g*o$ —wtl, fiaaertf aboaa. Tha
94 moat atylua. aasy and darabto akoaa arar aokt
at tb* prtea."Tbay aqnal flna lmpoctad Bboaa coatlag
CO AO fibs.Calf, S2.&3 and 4TJ.00 Wsrk.
Tice. Tha menacing aalaaabow
Boys’gjf&! ^ ^
They are very »t rluh. comfortobla and dura-
•gX&lsboocqtuascuatofn made aboea costing
JOtoltm Ladle* who wish to economize la
r era finding this out.
■W. L IXHisUs' name and tha
lb* bottom ot eachMhoa; loo_
FOIL SALK BY
B. H. LEVY BRO. &CO
GEORGIA SOUTHERN AND FLORIDA R. R.
Suwannee lllver Route.
Stferdnlr In KfTrct April 17111, 1ROS.
NO NAME FOR IT!
This Gentleman has found the
most extensive and complete es
tablishment of any kink in Way-
cross. A regular
MULTTJM IN PARVO.
Where they make anything in
wood from a Pine Plank to an
to an Elaborate Sideboard in the
highest style of art.
GOOD SOLID ICE
_ k V Delivered at your door or shipped
3 in any quantity, anywhere.
El jECTRIC lights
For Street, Store or Dwelling. We refer to the
Satilla Manufacturing Company,
WHOSE OFFICE AND WORKS ARE IN WEST
Fancy Furniture, Moulding, all kinds of Wood Carving and
Turning. Two immense dry kilns. Bone Dry Lumber
Dressed and worked. Sto\ e wood at your door at $1.00 for
for two-liorse wagon load. Agent for Fay’s manilla building
J. V. NORTON,
DRY GOODS, SHOES AND HATS.
The Largest, Stock in this Market.
LADIES SLIPPERS & HOSIERY
Call and Examine the Dress Goods Department.
GIUUON & HUDSON,
FOUNDERS AND MACHINISTS.
H AVING added all necessary Machinery to our shop, wc
are now prepared to do all kinds of easting, repairing
and general work on Locomotives.
We also carry in stock Stationary and Saw Mills, Piping,
Belting, Pulleys, Hangers and Brass Cocks of alt kinds. We
make a specialty of
SYRUP MILLS ANI) KETTLES, j
ALL WORK GUARANTEED. DIVE UK A TRIAL AND HE CONVINCED.
ae of the best subsoilera.
The roots penetrate the soil to a great
depth, loosen it and carry down plant
food. Yon can afford to use it if you
can not afford s subsoil plow.
—If you feel that yon must have
land, will it not pay you to increase in
depth rather than in breadth? Such a
method wUl not add to either your
taxes or interest
—Summer fallowing is of some value
in restoring worn or weedy land, but
the same result can be accomplished to
much better purpose by growing and
blowing under jrreen cron*.
i for yellow tolwc
iwn, wan first pnb-
liidifd in the year 1871, ai
fir>t systematic’ treatise giv
public’ on the difficult art of curing yel
low tobacco; and it has remained sub
stantially unaltered through six' edition
of the pamplet, aggregating largely ove
100,000 copies. Thousands in severs
States have taken it for their guide am
been enabled to learn to cure success
fully, without any other assistance. Iiu
the yellow tobacco industry has greatly
progressed and extended during the
past decade, and new light has
through experience to further perfect
the art of curing.
The following is given as the latest
improvement in curing tobacco:
House the tolincco its soon as cut, and
after warming up the barn for two or
three hours at a temperature ot about 90
degrees, advance the heat rapidly up to
125 degrees—or as high as it will bear
without scalding the tobacco—letting
the heat remain at 125 degrees only a
few minutes, and then, by drawing the
fires and turning the danqiers, cut oil'
the heat and let the temperature of the
barn descend to !H» degrees.
This is generally called “sapping.”
The rationale of the process is this: The
heat, by expansion, opens the sap
and starts the water to the surface, facili
tates evaporation ami hastens the yel
This “linilieriiig up” process of high
heat at the start must 1h‘ of short dura-
great injury will lie done
Following this mode the yellowing
process is greatly shortened, requiring
from four to eight hours less to yellow
sufficiently, and also hastens the second
degree of curing, fixing the color.
It is well to state that there is so
great a difference in the diameter of to
bacco grow n in different localities that
rule can be given for the yellowing
process applicable to all. The tobacco
of middle and western North Carolina
will yellow in much less time than that
grown in Virginia. Then again, tobacco
will bear higher temperature iu the yel
lowing process during some years than
others. Notably the season of 1884,
is so dry, and tobacco held so little
sap when ri|»e, that many commenced
yellowing at 100 degrees, and had the
leaf cured in fifty hours. But this i-
ceptional, and for general practice would
spoil both color and tobacco.
The season, therefore, i
borne in mind, greatly determines the
amount of heat the tobacco will require
to be yellowed and cured.
Some of the patented flues are sr
constructed that the heat is easily con
trolled, and the tobacco smoked or
steamed, or both, as may l*e necessary
in the yellowing stage. Some tobacco
will require neither to yellow right,
while some other will dry up green or
red without yellowing, if smoke or steam
be not used to assist the yellowing pro
cess. Smoke or steam will facilitate the
yellowing of thin, |»oor tobacco, holding
No. 3 leaves Mac
ing afternoon train
at 1‘alatku fur St. I
n (Vntral. Southwestern,
**ee, Virginia and Geor-
them and Macon ami
it after arrival of im-oin-
id South Florida, ami with the St.
We are Wholesale Southern Agents
for tbeae celebrated Instrument*, anil you van l>uy from us as
rosily, cheaply, and safety by mail, as In person.
LUDDEN & BATES, Savannah, Ga.
We are opening up the liest select ed| stock of Flours, Sugars, Meats, Ferris
Meats, Can Hoods, Coffees, Teas, Jlice, Hams, Breakfast Bacon, and everything
usually kept in a
First Glass Grocery Store.
At Prices never before named i
spect our goods and get our pr
R. B. KEENE,
Plumbing, Gas Fitting,
TIN. SHEET IRON AND COPPER WORK.
STEAM FITTING A SPECIALTY.
TIN ROOFING AND J0R WORK.
Pumps, l*ipe, Steam, (jiasi
hikI Water Fitting.
Wells Driven at Short Notice, and Every Well
Plant Avenue, Near Canal
E. H. GRAWLEY, Sr.,
11K A IMll' AI IT KUS FOK
R.,M.A X.R. R.,
ival fast West
nneets at Ma-
> C. It. H.
meets at Macon with
ns C. It. It.. S. \\\ R.
It. It. and E. T. V. A
M. A It. It. ft. and M. A X. It. It.
Now Open to the Public.
TERMS SPOT CASH.
Don’t Ask for Credit. We Don’t Keep It.
Highest Prices Paid for Country Produce.
A. R. BENNETT,
4th Door in Owens Block, Opposite Depot
ml depart from Un
No. 3 and No. 4.
s. Tieket Agt.. Mi
Mknt.ies, tJen'l H
uv. Pass. Agt.. Mi
n'l Agt., Palutka.
. t., Macon.
H4C0N UD BIRMINGHAM RAILROAD.
Schedule In KlTret April 17, lNVi.
r UCnrnge I
i Union Depot. Macon. (Ja..
P. R. It. fi»r Valdosta, Bkt
. t. Augustine and Points in
Florida: ('. It. R. for Savannali. Miliedge-
ville and Katonton; S. W. R. B. for Aineri-
ens, Albany and Eufaula; M. A X. R. It. for
Madison. Athens and Lnla. and points be
yond: Georgia Railroad for Sparta, Milk-dge-
ville and Augusta, and all points beyond.
At YatesviRe with A. A F. R. R. fi*r stations
on that line, and at LnGrange with A. A W
I*. It. It. for Montgomery ami beyond an
For further information apply to
L. II. Harris. Tieket Agt.. Macon.
R. Swsx Tieket Agt.. I^iGnmge.
II. Brass, Trav. Pass. Agt.. Macon.
A. C. Kx.vrr, Traffic Manager.
very little saj». Wetting the bam floor
from time to time will assist in yellow
ing tobacco. Then there is an occasional
barn of tolwcco that defies all the known
modes and appliance* to yellow or cure
But for all practical purpoae*. when
ever the carer ha* mastered a knowledge
Concluded on fourth pace.
The cures which arelieing efleoh-d by Brs.
Starkey A Palen.1529 An-h ^..Philadelphia,
l‘a.. in Consumption. CaUirrh, Xenralgia,
Bronchitis. Rlieumatistn. and all chronic
diseases by ilieir tVunpouml Oxygen Treat-
If yon are a sufll-rer fmm any disease
which your physician lias failed to cure,
write ft* information about this treatment,
ami their Utok of A«J pages giving a history
of Compound Oxygen, its nature and effects,
with numerous testimonials from patients
to vvlkom y«4i may refc-r for still further in-
formation. will L- promptly
This Link, aside from i
t does, the result
uietiical work, giving, —
of year* of study and experience, yon will
find a very interesting
Drs. STARKEY &PALEN,
1529 Arch St.. Philadelphia,
Furniture, Stoves, Dry Goods, Notions,
ALSO A COMPLETE I.1XK OF ^
SHOES, HATS, CROCKEB;Y AND HARDWARE.
As I desire to give the people the lJ^fit of my
le, all Furniture ami
purchase these good*
t the benefit of Cash
Court House Square.
Brunswick and Western Railway.
In Effect May 8tb, 1892. Subject to Change Without Notice.
Western Furniture Co.
§ Furniture, Bedding, Carpets, etc.
.Special Prices For Cash.
From Albany to Bnir
B. A W. Shop*-
-Bruns ' ’
V. AG. Crossing—
.Eleven Mile Turnout...
. ...._Schlatten ille
ijd 2o Wareslioro—
10 4»s M ill wot m]
10 a»l McDonald..
M Mile Post
Gray’s . ,
- WitUcoochee— |s T IOjf - j*
Brookfk-Id. ,s 0 24 3 15
niton— L- * 45s, 3 00 , s 4 ^
Ty-T r L r, 3>| 2 41 ;» 4 151 54.5
—Sunmer s 5 03;f 2 29, 7 IffiA. M. s 5 05
_ ..... Ponlan is 4
p 2 ini
Willingham _. s 4 ::2.f 2 <»:
..... DavL... ^ 4 17 f
.........105 Mile Post j .^.|
3 55 1 40i 6 ft, ..
3 so i 3rc r, «nl..
Ia. m.Ia. m.Ip. m.L
i spttmn - - -
- - AT THE HERALD OFFICE.
AN INTERESTING EVENT
THE SECRET OF SUCCESS
la Fruit Growing, is to Get Good Frait Trots from Reliable Dealers.
THE CHEROKEEE FARM AND
Have a Half a Million of the best Pear, Peach, Plum,
Japanese Persimmon, Apple and a hundred other kinds of
trees and plants at the lowest prices. Write them for cata
logue and price list.