the hut in a.iv,
I« PUBLISHED MEEKLY,
OVER J- D. WINN’S BRICK STORE
COTTON AVENUE, MACON, GA.
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RATES OF ADVERTISING, Sic.
One square. of 100 words, or less, in small type,
cents lor the first insertion, and 50 cents lor each
All advertisements containing more than lOOand
than 200 words, wil Ibe charged as two squares.
T*> yearly advertisers, a liberal deduction will he
Sales of Land, by Administrators, Executors,
or Guardians, are required by law to be held on the
first Tuesday in the month, between the hours of
lon in the (orenoon, and three in the afternoon, at
the Court House in the county in which the pro
perly is situated. Notice of these must be given
in a public gazette, sixty days previous to the day
Notice to debtors and creditors of an estate,
must be published forty days.
Notice that application will Is; made to thcCourt
of Ordinary for leave to sell land, must be publish
ed four mouths.
Sales of Negroes must bo made at public nuo
nion, on Ibe first Tuesday of the month, between
the legal hours ot sale, at the place of public sales,
in the county where the letters testamentary, ol
adminislraN.oi of guardianship, shall have been
granted, sixty days notice being previously giveu
in one of the public gazettes of this Stated and at
the door of the Court House where such sales are
to he held.
Notice lor leave to sell Negroes must lie pub
dished lor four months before any order absolute
shall be made thereon bv the Court.
All business of this nature will receive prompt
attention at the office of THE REPUBLIC.
All letters of business must be addressed to the
Editor, post paid.
Si us in css S)i rectory.
" aria ijsamsr is*
Saddle, tinmens, anti IV .ip,
A X UFA CTO it v.
Dealers in all. kinds of Leather, Stuldleru '
Harness and Carriage Tiimmivgs,
Dii Cotton Avenue and Second street, Macon, Ga.
Oct. 25, 1844.
Juooh at this!
L. J. CROSS
HAS FOR SAl.lt
DRY COOPS t y C ROGER IKS,
BOOTS, SHOES, CATS. AND liATS,
.it John D. Winn's Old Store.
Macon, Oct. 25, 184 1.
J. M. BOA RDM AN,
OKA IAS w
LAW. MEDICAL, MISCELLANEOUS
and School Rooks; Blank Books ami Stationery
ol all kinds; Printing Paper, Ike. Sue.
Sign of the Large I,ib V, ixro doors abr.ee Shot
irrtl s corner, »rest side of .Mulberry Street.
Macon, Georgia. Oct. 19,1844. l-ts
NIS BET & WIND El ELD,
ATT OR S EV * AT L A « .
Office on .Mulberry Street , oeer Kimberly's Hot
Macon, Georgia. Or.!. 19,1844. l-ts
DOC TORS J. M. & H. K. GREEN,
Corner of .Mulberry and I'hird Streets.
Macon, Georgia. 0ut.19, 1844. 1-tl
JOSEPH N. SEYMOUR^
DRY ROODS, OROfFRIfS. HtRD
WA RE, &.C.
Reich Store. Cherry Street, Holstein's Range, first
door brloie Russell Ik. Kimberley's.
Macon, Georgia. Oct. 19, 1844. l-ts
GEORGE M. LOGAN,
14 ACT AMJS i IHM; DRY WOODS
/1 ird-1 Core. Croekery, Glass-Ware , Sir. Stc.
Corner of Second and Cherrv streets.
Macon, Georgia. Oct. 19, 1841. l-ts
S T A I* I. K l> It Y GOODS,
Groceries , Hardueare, Croekery, Stc.
Macon, Georgia. Ocl. 19, 1844. l-ts .
~SAMLEI. .1 RAY sTcoT~
DEA T.F.RS IN
FANCY IK) STAPLE S>StY WOODS,
Ready .Made. Clothing, Hats, Shoes, &c.
Second street, n lew doors from the Washington
Macon, Georgia. Oct. 18, 1944. l-ts
REDDING &' WHITEHEAD,
FUCY ANO STAPLE I)KV GOODS,
Groc.er.es, Hard Ware, Cutlery, Hats, Shoes,
Croekery, &.o. Sun.
Corner of Cotton Avenue and Cherrv streets.
Macon, Georgia. Oct. 19, 1944. l-ts j
B. F. ROSS,
WRY GOODS AND GROCMtISN.
Macon, Georgia. Out. 19, 1841. l-ts
B R. WARNER,
AUCTION AND COTI.TISSION .TIER- I
Dealer in enery description of .Merchandise.
“ Hie Public's Servant,” and subject to receiving i
consignments at all times, by tbe consignees pay- !
inir 5 per cent, commissions for services rendered.
Macon. Georgia. Oct. 19,1844. l-ts
WHITING & MIX,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN
MOOTS AND SHOES,
Near tbe Washington Hall, Second street.
Macon, Georgia. Oct. 19, 1944. l-ts
MFLOVD HOUSE, 4bA
fLATE CENTRAL HOTEL. 1 IHlffl.
FBBHIS Spacious and convenient establishment,,
” has been by its new proprietors entirely reno- 1
vated and repaired. The rooms have been thor— ;
•nighty cleansed. Plastered and Painted,and newly !
furnished throughout. Particular care has been
taken in procuring civil and atvntive servants, and
the choice of the Northern and Southern markets
will constitute the daily bill of fare. No trouble or
expense will he spared to make the Fcovd House
one of the best conducted Hotel* in the country.
B. S. NEWCOMB fit. CO.
Macon, Oct. 19, 1844. 1-ts
BY B. S. NEWCOMB &. CO.
Macon, Georgia. Oct. 19,1844. 1-ts
flargains in prints, shirtings,
THE subscribers with the view of reducing a
large stork of the abo -e articles, will sell prints,
shirtings, tickings, &c. at unusually low prices.
S. J. RAY &. CO.
Nov. Bth, 1841.
SiA.VX J. RAY & CO. have removed to the
~ store a few doors south of the Washington
Hall, adjoining the office of the Georgia .Messenger,
and oiler lor sale a large and general stock of F.i V
CY.ISrDST.IPLE DRY GOODS, at unusu
ally low prices. Purchasers are invited to cal' and
examine the stock ; great inducements will be of
fered to buyers hy the piece or otherwise.
Nov. 8, 1841. ’
TIDE KEPI IILIE.
SAMUEL M. STRONG,]
“ MUCH YET REMAINS unsung.”
rhe !ollowing is a translation from an ancient
Spanish poem, which, says the Edinburgh Review,
is surpassed by nothing with which we are ac
quainted in the Spanish language, except the Odes
of Lewis de Leon .•
Oli! let the soul its slumbers break,
Arouse its senses and awake,
l'n see how soon
Life like its glories, glides away,
And the stem fimtstips of decay
Come stealing on.
And while we view the rolling tide,
Down which our fl oving minutes glide
Away so last,
Ler us the present hour employ,
And deem each future dream a jov
Let no vain hope deceive the fniud—
No, happier let us hope to find
To morrow than today—
Our golden dreams of vore were bright,
Like them the present shall delight
Like them decay.
Our lives like hastening dreams must be,
That into one engulfing sea
Are doomed to fall—
The sea of death, whose waves roll on,
O’er king and kingdom, crown and throne,
Ami swallow all.
Alike the river’s lurdlv tide,
Abke the humble l iv’lel’s glide
To that sad wave—
Death levels poverty and pride,
Ami rich ami poor sleep side by side
Within the grave.
Our hiitli is hut a starting place,
Lile is the running of the race,
Ami death the goal;
There all these glittering toys me brought,
The path alone, ••fall unsought,
Is found of all.
Say then how jioor and little worth,
Are ail those glittering toys of earth,
Tb it lure us here?
Dreams of a sleep that death must break!
Alas l before it hills us wake,
Long ere the lamp of death can blight,
The cheek’s pure glow of red ami white
Has passed away;
Youth smiled, and all was heavenly fair;
Age came and laid his finger there.
And where are they?
Where is the strength, that spurn’d decay,
1 be step that roli-ai so light ami gav,
The heart’s blithe nine?
The strength is gone, the step is slow,
And jov grows wearisome and wo
When age comes on.
From Arthur's Magazine.
THE CANNON OF THE I* VLAIS-KOV AL.
FROM Till'- Fttr.NCH OF UUUKXF. GUI.NOT.
On tt fine spring morning, which whs
lit tip by the stui’s richest rttvs, a troop of
little vagabonds wore ploying in tin* gar
den of I lie l’nlais Roytd. Hanging upon
the iron balustrades, which surround the
flower-pots, i lev were tcazing the sparrows
throwing stones tit the flowers, end con
stantly seeking for some mischief in which
to engage, the moment tho backs of the
guards were turned. Under such circum
stances, the imagination of the Parisian
bov is never til fit nil.
The Germans, who tire, at this moment,
singing the couplets ol their poet Becker,
of which the refrain is; ‘‘The French
shall not have the Rhine,” —a prophecy
we regard as somewh.it hazardous*— (lie
Germans, who refuse to sell us their hor
ses for our rsivalrv, have, iu return, con
ferred upon us a sufficiently ordinary pro
duction of their national industry; we
moan their friction matches. The Pari
sian boy makes good use of these little ar
ticles; lie always carries a supply in his
pockets, and they assist in the perform
ance of all kinds of mischievous tricks.
The leader ol die Palais-Royal band,
watching an opportunity when no one
was looking, sealed the balustrade, crept
along the turf on bis hands nod knots to
the cannon, which is fired offj at noon, by
the sun, the rays of which are at that mo
ment concentrated upon the priming. It
was only half past eleven ; but the lucifer
match in die hand of the gunner played
i the part of the sun, and the camion gave
out its official detonation.
On all sides, in die walks, in the galle
ries, in the coffee-houses, in the shops,
every one immediately drew forth his
watch to prove its exactitude. There
was a general movement of surprise,
! which translated itself into tacit reflections.
“That is singular! I thought [ was
“What! a half hour 100 slow! A
watch warranted not to vary a minute a
“ This is the lirst time my Briguct has
The watchmakers were more astonish
ed than any one else ; most of them, how
ever, yielded conviction to the evidence.
But amongst the matadors of watch ma
king, some two or three free thinkers dared
to advance this presumptuous proposition:
“ It is the sun which goes wrong!”
Saving these rare exceptions, every per
son within the sound of the report of the
cannon, set their watches and clocks Ibr
ward according to the time indicated.—
The infallibility of the sun could not fail
to find a great number of partisans.
At first glance no great crime appears
in this prank of a boy with a friction
match ; grave consequences, however,
owed their otigin to it. A mistake of a
half hour in the course of time is no tri
fling malter ; a watch too fast or too slow
frequently throws us into a train of errors,
fertile, in disaster, and adventures more
nr less grave.
■ “Already noon? Boy; my bill!’’
MACON, GEORGIA, FRIDAY, YOVEXBEK 22, ISM.
. • sT
These words were uttered by a gentle
man who breakfasted at Vefour’s and who
appeared a prey to a most torturing anx
iety. This was M. I) , a banker,
whose business appeared to the public to
be in a most flourishing condition ; but
who bad lately met with some reverses,
which he was no longer able to conceal.—
After he left the restaurant, he. drew a let
ter from his pocket, and read as follows:
“My dear friend: You have confided to
me your disastrous position, and say you
have no hope, except in me. My own re
sources, you know, are insufficient to ren
der you any assistance and l go to the
country with little hope, f must confess to
see \\ hat I can do. It is possible, howev
er, that the means you have indicated
may be productive of a good result. Rest
assured that I will omit no effort to save
you from bankruptcy. If I succeed in re
alizing the sum, which is absolutely ne
cessary for you to have to-day, I will 1
bring it, at half past twelve, to the gallery
| d’Orleans, whete you will wait for me.—
j I do tint propose to meet you at your own
I house, because 1 think you will not remain
I there, tor fear of some troublesome call,
j If I am not at the place appointed, at the '
precise hour indicated, it will lie because i
I have failed in my attempt; and you must
then entry' into execution vmi r project of
flight ; when you are at a distance from
them, your creditors will be more accom
modating. You comprehend why I do
riot myself bring you the bad news. I
should not like to be seen with you at this '
critical moment, ns you owe, l believe, a
score of thousands ol francs to mv uncle,!
a miser who would never forgive me il he
suspected that I had aided you invour!
flight. In case of misfortune, believe me
at your disposal. Your friend, let what
may hiyppen, Luc tux B .”
“ This is the critical moment at which \
my fate is to be decided,” said M. D—, as
lie walked in the gallery. “ l have reach
ed that steep declivity down which so ma
ny fortunes ; nothing yet has been suffi
cient to stay my course and I have achie- j
ved mv ruin through vanity, in desiring to!
.hide my situation, when there was still!
time to have made an honorable failure.— !
All the pranks to which I have looked fori
safety are broken under mv steps. If the '
intervention of Lucien prove powerless;!
if he do not bring me, within the hour, the
sum of one hundred thousand francs,
which I have to pay to-rlny, I am ruined.”
In making these painful reflections, the'
banker looked at his watch twenty times
The time to his anxious soul rolled slowly ;
on. Each moment bore away a hope.—
The hand of his watch marked the hour I
of one and the wretched banker felt a cold ■
pc rs pi rat ion start out upon bis brow.
“One o’clock and Lucien not come!!
It is all over then !”
He still waited, however ; lie went from
one end of the gallery to the other, looking
anxiously down all the entrance, desiring
every moment to leave, hilt still lingering,
ft was not till his watch showed twenty
five minutes past one that the unfortunate
D— left the Palais-Royal. At the same
instant Lucien entered the gallery d’Or-(
leans, five minutes before the time, fbr it j
still really wanted five minutes to one ; but j
the banker had set his watch forward on
bearing the repoit of the cannon.
In putting his foot out of the Palais-.
Iloyal, M. D—stepped into bankruptcy.
A postchaise waited, into which lie leaped
and left at a gallop, whilst Lucien, who
bore with him a check upon the bank for!
a hundred thousand francs, remained con- 1
lbunded, not knowing to what motive to !
attribute his absence. Uould Lucien di- 1
vine the secret of the friction-match, the j
first effect of which was a commercial dis
At the same hour a lady, elegantly
dressed, entered the passage Delorme;’
she made two turns with a quick step and
an observer would have remarked upon
her lovely countenance an expression of
surprise, impatience and vexation.
“ It is strange,” said she; “ my watch i
is surely right, for I have just obtained it
from my watchmaker of the Palais-Royal;;
it is ten minutes past one. M. Leopold
was to have been here at one o’clock, pre
cisely, to accompany me to the museum ;
and I see nothing ol’hitn !”
The expression of surprise, impatience,'
and vexation became, every moment, i
more apparent, and, surely, there was suf
ficient cause. Young, handsome, rich, j
and a widow, surrounded by adorers,
Madame de Luceval had distinguished
from amongst them M. Leopold de \ ersy. '
She had given him reason to hope that lor i
his sake, she would, ere long, take upon j
herself the chains of hymen, and, in the
meantime, she had desired to accept his
arm to visit the exhibition at the Louvre ;
a precious and envied favor which M. Le
opold gratefully accepted. But at the;
time appointed he was not at the place of
“ I hoped to be anticipated,” added
Madame de Luceval, “but I have decci-j
ved myself; it was presumption! M.
Leopold does not pride himself upon his!
punctuality. But if he allows himselt to 1
l>e tardy under existing circumstances,
what will he do when he becomes a hus
band ? M. Luceval bad this defect, and
I know what I have suffered in conse
quence of it. To fall into the same incon
venience in marking again would be mo
notonous ! I desire that my second hus
band should be a little different, and it is
absolutely necessary that these gentlemen 1
hould do us wrong. I wish at least, to
have the benefit of vat icty.”
PRO PATRIA ET LEGIBUS.
1 You will agree that Madame de Luce
val was not too exacting
The watch, consulted for the last time,
indicated eighteen minutes past one.
. “My patience is exhausted,” said the
handsome widow; “ the most rigorous
politeness accords but a quarter of an hour
to the indifferent, and here, where I have
expected eagerness, to have exceeded this
period of delay is too much. To wait
longer would he unseemly.”
(Saving which, Madame de Luceval re
turned to her home, and Leopold who ar
rived ten minutes before the time appoint
ed for the meeting, waited her arrival in
“ Has she forgotten ? Will she come ?
Is she pleased tfvitli me, or is another
more happy? But no! however! oh!
these widows! you can make no calcula
tions upon them ; they have so much ex
perience! find they are so wilful!”
Four o’clock struck.
“ I shall at least find her at her house
where she has invited me iodine. I shall
have lost hdt half of this good tlay. A
dinner, almost We a Me, for no one will
be present but an old uncle, and he will
enable me to make up for lost time.”
And Leopold hastened to Madame de
“ Madame is gone out,” said the wait
ing ntaid to him.
“Very well! 1 will wait. I have done
nothing else since morning.”
“ But tnadutne will not return, perhaps,
until very late.”
“ She always returns to dinner?”
“Not at all; tnadutne went away at
one o’clock, saying she would dine out.”
“Well! that’s decisive !” thought Leo
pold, as he left the house.
Each was piqued with the other, and,
instead of coming to a clear explanation,
they held themselves upon their wounded
dignity. W hat was the result of this dis
cord ? the projected marriage was irrevo
cably broken off, and Madame de Luceval
is, at this moment, seeking a husband
whose punctuality is unshaded by the
slightest suspicion.—An admonition to
punctual bachelors !
See what was brought about by the re
port of a cannon lirpd to soon! Not be
tween two powers which are watching
each other; not between two armies of
fleets drawn up in order of bailie ; but the
simple little cannon of Palais-Royal, fired
by tbe young blackguard, who wished to
mystify the sun with a German friction
xl provincial who had breakfasted on
this day and set his at the Palais-Royal,
was invited to dine at the house of a
young lady whom he sought in marriage.
He had promised himself that he would
make the demand lor her hand this even
ing ; it was expected, and as there tv,-is u
fitness of things on both sides, no doubt
was entertained of the result. Six o’clock
was the hour named, hut the provincial,
believing that he would be wattling in po
liteness if he did not arrive a quarter ol
an hour before they took their seats at ta
ble, presented himself at ten minutes past
lie was hardly expected to make his
appearance so early. L'jion the stair-case
he encountered his intended father-in-law
with a basket in one hand and a candle
in (he other, whilst the wife, above, was
scolding the good man in a harsh and ill
natured voice, lor his slowness, which
was somewhat justified hy his obesity.—
The wife stormed, tho husband retorted
and the dispute continued, growing more
and more bitter as they drew near to each
other. At the foot of the stair-ease, the
provincial fount! himself between the two
adversaries just in the nick of time to pre
vent a conflict. But soar this, -another
scene was enacting not less animated,
which after a number of apostrophes
and interesting replies, was terminated
by a great crash of breaking dishes. It
was the daughter of the house, the mar
riageable young lady, chatting with the
servants. Tuken in an unexpected mo
ment the actors in this domestic drama
showed themselves in the charming aban
don of private life. The young lady, who
had ueilli r time to conceal Iter excite
ment nor repair the disorder of hertoilette,
appeared before her intended with signs
anti accessories which gave evidence to
the voting provincial, that fiis dinner was
prepared by the hand of the graces.
It had been remarked to him that A/ad
emoiselle clglae was very amiable.
‘ I believe she is furwuiltj amiable !’’
A half hour later and no trace of the
storm would have remained, till would
then have become calm, gentle and at
tractive. But the alarm gun had laun
ched our young man into the thickest of
the melee. When an intended is now ex
pected to dinner, Mademoiselle Aglae
lakes die tone, the modest grace and the
neat apparel of the marriageable young
lady at five o’clock. But never, perhaps,
will so g<Hxl a chance again present it
The report of the Palais-Royal cannon
on this particular occasion, produced
without doubt, other grave and dramat
ic consequences ; but we will not push
our inquiries any further, ami will par
don the gunner who was not aware of
what he was (doing. Some allowance
must be made for die thoughtlessness of
vou'h. The same boys who abuse the
German friction matches so much, at pres
ent, may go, perhaps, one day, in spite
of the prophecies of the song, to take
this Rhine which the Germ ins guard, «o
[Editor avo Proprietor.
well, iu poetry. Anti who knows but
that the one who fired tbe Palais-Royal
cannon, a half hour too soon, may not,
some day, after a more serious cannon
ade, drink the Johannes, of M. de Mett
ernicli, from the golden cup, presented by
the king of Bavaria, to the poet Becker ?
Splendid Speech oMVlsniuli.
GRAND SOIREE AT MANCHESTER.
October 4, 1544.
The Manchester Athenaeum, which is
so prominently connected with the meet
ing we have to report, was established in
IS-fO, for the purpose of affording to“ the
youth of the middle classes,” those intel
lectual iidvantages which can only be
obtained by wealth or the combination of
numbers. Tbe institution possesses a no
ble building in Bond-street, erected from
the designs and under the superinten
dence of Mr. C. Barry, and has a li-i
brary of a very extensive and useful char-!
acter. Its present number of members
(upwardsof 1,700,) is a large increase;
upon tbe numbers shown in former and ;
less prosperous years. Last year a great
effort was made to redeem the institution
from a debt accumulated during seasons
of distress. This effort was projected
and conducted, we believe, by two mem
bers of the institution—Mr. P. Berlyn
and Mr. K. Watkin, who were deter
mined that an association possessing so
many attractions should, il possible, be
saved to the town in ils entire usefulness.
Asa consummation of this effort, a grand
soiree was held in October, 1843, under
the presidency of Mr. Charles Dickens.
The soiree last evening was on the same
plan, but was intended to draw the atten
tion of the public more forcibly to the im
portance of increasing the number and
efficiency of institutions having in view
the advancement and diffusion ol useful
Mr. DTsraeli, in a most handsome
and ready manner, complied with the
earnest wishes of the committee that lie
should preside ; and the attendance was
most numerous and gratifying.
The following noblemen and gentlemen
were u iron the platform: Lord J. Mann
ers, M. I’., Lord Ranleagh, the Flort. (7.
S. Smythc, M. P., Mr. C Kemble, Mr.
M. Gibson, M. P., Mr. R. Cobden, M. I*.,
Mr. J. Peel, Mr. Brotherton, M. P., Mr. J.
Bright, M. l\, Mr. R. Hill, Mr. \V. C
Taylor, L. L. D., Mr. S. C. Hall, Mr. J
Atherton, President of the Athenanim,
the Rev.’Cnnon Clifton, the Rev. R. Vaug
han, tbe Rev. J. J. Taylor, B. A., the
Mavor of Manchester, the Mayor of Salf
ord, Sir T. Potter, Kut., See.
A meeting was held in the Athenasuin
room in the morning to receive deputa
tions from the local societies in the district.
The number of tickets for the soiree sold
was 8,(76, and. including the guests,
about 3,200 ladies and gentlemen were
A full military band was in attendance,
and altogether tbe hall presented a most
brilliant ttnd magnificent spectacle.
SPEECH OF D’ISRAELI.
I think it is some seven or eight years
ago that some of the leading members of
your community, remembering perhaps
that theirs was a time when they regret
ted that lor them such advantages did not
exist, thought they would establish in this
greut city some institution that might offer
to the youth of Manchester relaxation
which might elevate, and a distraction
which would save them from a senseless
dissipation. They thought that die lime
had arrived when u duty devolved on
those who took a leading part in commu
nities that they should sympathise with
die wants of the rising race, and therefore
they resolved to establish an institution
where those advantages that 1 have refer
red to might he supplied. With those
views they resolved, in the first instance,
that some place should he supplied where
the youth of Manchester might become
perfectly acquainted with the passing
mind and passions and feelings ami intel
ligence of the age. That idea was the
foundation of vour news room. They
rightly understood that the newspaper was
the most effective arm of the press. It
may indeed he considered as the infantry
of die press. It is not a complete battal
ion, you require ordnance and artillery, a
brilliant cavalry, above all you require the
staff of the commander-in-chief, that with
out absolutely or actively interfering in
the fray, surveys all that occurs, and is
ready at all times to apply itself to the
quarter which requires counsel, but still
you may consider the journal as the most
efficient arm of the press. Willi these
views they furnished a chamber, in which
the members of the Athenaeum might per
fectly he acquainted in the perusal of the
chief journals of the empire with all that
was passing in the country —all that was
agitating and interesting the public mind,
which might supply them with that infor
mation, and guide them in forming those
opinions, which it was the duty of every
eitizen of a free community to be acquain
ted with, and to entertain. But, consci
ous that however qualified the journal is
to stimulate curiosity, to assist investiga
tion, to guide opinion, the knowledge of
that individual the* limited only by the
press is in danger of becoming superficial,
3'ou thought that the members of this in
stitution should have some means of con
sulting the more mature opinions, the
more accurate researches of the liternrv
mind of this and other countries, and
wisely you made ihe chamb r iu which
they might read the newspaper an ante
, room only to the library. (Cheers.) Yon
j formed a rnUecttdft which is now not con
temptible in numbers, fbr you may count
il by thousands. What* however, is not so
I great as many of you most desire, w hich,
jin passing, lmay be permitted with great
humility to say is deficient in one respect,
i which is no disgrace to if, because it is a
; deficiency which is shared by every great
; collection in this country, and I believe in
j Europe—but which 1 should be glad and
j you would be proud to be. supplied in
j Manchester—l mean in that department
which tnay be described as a commercial
1 library. (Cheers.) Manchester, that was
once merely an assemblage of manufaetu
| rers, is now a great mercantile emporium,
and at slight expense, and with no great
difficulty, if there were sufficient zeal, you
might make a collection of all those inter
esting tracts on commerce, which, at va-
NI VBIIR 6.
i rious times during the last century, have
| appeared in England, which with difficul
ty you can refer to, but which would form
in your collection a peculiar and interest
jing body of commercial literature, and
j which, by the by, you cannot find in the
national repository of this country.—
(Cheers.) You who had thus furnished
! tlie members of this institution with the
journal which gave them the information
and feelings of the man, the library w-herc
they might correct the hasty opinions
which perhaps that passing criticism is apt
to engender—you knew there were many
not deficient in ability, not deficient in apt
ness or feeling, to whom thevery ceremony
of reading is irksome, and who require jo be
appealed to by another means perhaps ai
first sight more captivating. Therefore Vtm
formed a theatre where lectures were giv
en, where the experiments of philosophy,
the investigation of literature, and the pro
lusions of art, were rendered agreeable to
the audience by the charms of the human
voice. You were not content with having
raised an institution, where the journal, the
library, and the lecture-room were always
prepared to enlighten or to amuse—you
remembered those wise words of Charles
V., who said that “ the man who knew
two languages had two souls and two
lives,” and therefore, yon established clas
ses by which the youth of the city might
initiate themselves in a knowledge of the
modern languages. (Cheers.) Your plan
was comprehensive; but it was not limit
ed even by this fourth division. You
know well that in a free country, in a coun
try that prides itself upon the science and
practice of self-government, it is the duty,
til least it is the interest of all men, to be
aide to express themselves in public
with perspeeuity, and, if possible, with
eloquence ; therefore you established
a discussion society, an institution in har
mony with the political life and the social
manners of England. Having thus amply
provided for the formation of the mind of
your new and rising community, you still
remembered (borrowing a happy idea
from those races ofantiquity to whom you
owe your name) that any education which
confined itself to sedentary pursuits was
essentially imperfect, that the body as
well as the mind should be cultivated—
lyou wisely, and iu no common and ordi
! nary spirit, established a gymnasium.—
(Cheers.) These are the principal cliar
| iicteristics of your institution. There are.
others on which it would he wearisome to
dwell; but I have placed before you six
principal objects that you had desired to
Having taken this large and comprehen
sive view of the wants ofyour society, and
meeting them with a spirit so liberal and
large, you took the brst and wisest step.
You know well the effect that architecture
produces on the human mind; vou deter
mined therefore, that your establishment
ishould be embodied in an edifice that,
i should please the imagination and satisfy
the taste. You invited the most eminent
jof modern architects. Under the root of
;a noble elevation you applied the means
for pursuing those studies that I have in
dicated; ami this is u simple account of
[the Manchester Atherunum.—(Cheers.) It
! is dillcult to conceive how a nobler purpose
iiflbr a moment we dilate upon it, could
I have animated your intentions. When
we remember the class ofyour communi
ty for which this institution was particu
larly adopted—when we conceive, diffi
cult as it is, surrounded as we now are
with luxury and pleasure—when we at
tempt to picture to our imaginations what
is the position of a youth, perhaps of a ve
ry tender years, sent as I am informed is
very frequently the case, from a distant
!district, to form his fortunes in this great
; metropolis oflaborand science—when we
think of that youth, tender in age, with no
domestic hearts to soothe and stimulate,
to counsel or control—when \vc picture
him to ourselves after a day of indefatiga
ble toil, left to bis lonely evenings and his
meagre lodgings withouta friend and with
out a counsellor, flying to dissipation from
sheer want ofdistraction, and perhaps in
volved in vice before be is conscious of the
very fatal net that has surrounded him—
what a contrast to his position does it of
fer when we picture him toourselves with
a feeling of self-consciousness, which sup
! ports and sustains him after his day of toil
entering a great establishment where eve
ry thing that can satisfy curiosity that can
tbrm taste, that can elevate the soul of man
and lead to noble thoughts and honorable
intentions, surrounds him! When we
think of the convenience and the comfort,
the kindness and the sympathy which,
with a due decorum of manners, he is sure
to command, this youth, who but a few
hours before was a stranger, viewing an
! institution like the present only in this li
mited aspect, one must regard it as a great
harbour of intellectual refuge and social
There are some amongst us now, I know
who believe that the period has arrived
when a great effort must be made to eman
cipate this country from the degrading
thraldom of faction (long and continued
cheering)—to terminate if possible, that,
extreme, that sectarian, and limited view,