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Macon daily telegraph. (Macon, Ga.) 1905-1926, December 30, 1908, Image 1

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The Macon Daily Telegraph WEATHER FORECAST FOR GEORGIA—RAIN WEDNESDAY ANO POSSIBLY THURSDAYi COLDER THURSDAY NIGHT; FRESH TO SOUTHEAST WINDS. ESTABLISHED IN 1*28. MACON, GA., WEDNESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 30, 1908 Latest Estiamte Places The Death List At 100,000 MOUNT AETNA IN ACTION’ ON ISLAND OF SICILY Over Severe Seismic Disturbance Southern Italy and Sicily Followed by Mammoth Tidal Wave Which Swept Along the Strait of'Messina—- Flames Break Out in the Stricken Cities and Countless Numbers .of In habitants Are Cremated—Powers of France, Great Britain and Ruseia Are Rushing Warships to Scene. ROME. Dec. 20—One hundred thous and -aftnirWsBnmin'SlcUy.-and Reg gio ppd.a score of .other totyns in southern Italy overwhelmed; the en tire Calabrian region laid waste—ttys la the_ earthquake record so far as is at present "known 'from the reports that are coming slowly Into Rom© on account of the almost complete de struction ot.lines of communication to the stricken placaa# The death list In Messina ranges from 12,000 to 50,000; that of Reggio, which with Its adjacent villages, num bered 45,000 -people. Includes almost tho entire population. At Palm!, 1,000 aro reported dead; at Cassano 1,000; at Cosenza 500. and half of the population of Ragbara, about 4,000. The Mon teleone region has been devastated, g’id Rlposto. Semlnara. San Giovanni, r Lazzarro and Cannitcllo and Mil 'communes and villages border- ou tho straits arc in ruins. King and Queen on Way. The king and queen of Italy are now on their way to Messina, having sailed tonight from Naples aboard tho battle ship Vittorio Emmanuele. The pope has shown the greatest distress ut the calamity and he him self was the first to contribute a sum amounting to $200,000 to the relief of the afflicted. British, French and Rus sian warships are steaming toward the south and already several of the whips of Great Britain and Russia havo reached Sicily. Officers and men of these ships have perform**! heroic service in the work of rescued Many Foreigners KillecV It Is feared that many foreigners have been killed as a number of the hotels at Messina and doubtless at other places which were crowded with tourists. Little is known of the fate of tlio diplomatic representatives of the for eign powers stationed ’at these posts, although the Italian government is using every effort to relievo the anxie ty felt on their account. There Is the gravest danger that a pestilence will follow tho destruction of the towns where, on account of tho vast havoc wrought, bodies will He unburled for days and weeks. Those who escaped death, many of whom aro badly Injured, are making their way by the thousands to tlio nearest placo of refuge. Their sufferings oven now must he intense-as they aro without food or clothing. ROME. Dec. 29—Tho minister of ma rine et 5 o'clock tty* afternoon re ceived a .wireless dispatch estimating the dead at Messina at 50,000. No news has yet been received from Reg gio. City After City Wrecked. ROME. Dec. 29—Tho earthquake In South Italy «nd Sicily yesterday morn ing wrecked city after city, and oblit erated smaller towns and villages with out number. Then a tidal wave swept along the strait of Messina and added to the horror, drowning the people in their helplessness and panic. Fires Add Terror. Flames broke out In the devastated cities and countless numbers of wound ed men. women and children were burned to death. Any adequate estimate, of the total casualties is as yet quite Impossible, but the Rome Tribuna places th* number at between sixty thousand and seventy thousand. Mesaina Suffers Heavily. Messina has been fire swept. The death there alone will run into tho tens of thousands. Reggio !h a sepulchre of the dead. Catania suffered heavily. Mount Etna, the volcano on tho Island of 8icily, is active. France, Great Britain and Rusfl.iarj hurrying warships to the scene. Troops arr* being pdured Into tho zon?. ROME. Dec. 29.—Stunned at the magnitude **f the ir.lamlty whi h has overtaken their fellow-countrymen, all Italy mourns tonight for the stricken province <.f Cnlahil-i anl the inland of Sicily. Accustomed for centuries to earthquakes, Italy stands ever in dr* ad, but rmw w.i.j vr- pared for the disaster which In the fraction of minute yesterday devastated cities a towns, and caused the death of thou sand" Mc'.'-i.m. uagi hi t< rv ha* been marked by tMal waves and war and which waa the center yesterday’* terrestrial maelstrom, t Shaken to ruins. Flam* s burst forth to complete the city’s destruction and to hum alive untold numbers hope, lesiilv pinioned beneath fallen walla effects of tho earthquake of 1905, Reg gio was the center of the earth's up heaval. The seaport of Reggio is re ported as no longer existing and tho city proper is in ruins. The loss of lift* on both sides of the strait and in eastern Sicily was enormous. One of the refugees from Reggio, who was the first to bring tho news of the city's destruction, tried to make his way to Sicily in a sail boat, but was compelled to return and finally found safety at a penin sula port. Sea Strangely Disturbed. In describing his experience, ho said; "The sea waa strangely, mysteriously agitated end the heavens were ablaze. Nearing Sicily tho clearing smoke re vealed the mystery; Messina was in flames. In tho frenzy of despair. I turned my boat back to CaIab»*I«." Starving, bleeding from injuries, and almost insane from their terrifying ex periences. Messina's survivors aro flee ing in all directons. The spectacle presented by the ruined seaport is de scribed as terrifying. Hundreds of tho injured. Imprisoned in' tho wreckage, were abandoned to their fate by, the fleeing populace. One of those who escaped said: Earth 8eemed to Drop. “Tho earth seemed suddenly to drop and then turn violently on Its axis. The whole population, who practically were precipitated from tho houses rent in twain, were spun around like tops as they ran through tho streets. Many fell, crushed to death, and others, be wildered, took refuge for breath be side tho tottering walls, where they soon met the fato of their compan ions.” Assistance Arriving. Already British and Russian squad* Tons have arrived at Messina. Sail ors and marines have been disembark ed and they have performed courag eous acts in rescuing the injured and removing the wounded. A large mini her of survivors havo been transferred tp the warships, which are transform ed into great floating hospitals. It Ib Imperative that the dead be removed from the ruins in order to avoid pestilence. Steamers with doctors, druggists, firemen and workmen have arrived at Messina from Catania and other places. People of Rome in Grief. Special dispatches received here from Calabria, confirm the destruction of Reggio. They report that the situation there is as bad If not. worse than at Messina. The streets In Romo are jammed with people, who Bnatch tho special editions from the newsboys. The people are plunged in grief and la mentations are heard on all sides. Here and thero one asks another, "When will end this awful repetition of devastation and death in our coun try?” Condolence From All Nations. - ■ The hands of all. nations have been extended to Italy In her affliction. From rulers have.come messages of, condolence and “from the* people spon taneous promise of that aid which brings the world'"closer together In times of great calamity. Great Britain. France and Russia . have sent -their warships quick us the Hash of tho tel egraph could carry the orders to Nrtid assistance to the stricken cities. Rc-. lief funds have already been started, and a hundred ships and trains are on the'.r way carrying supplies and re inforcements to the feouth. Rome, Mi lan, Florence. Naples and other clt'cs aro sending physicians, police and fire men. Today ail the ambassador nnd ministers expressed sympathy with Tittoni, minister of foreign affairs, whose emotion was profound. The bourses and theaters have been closed throughout Italy, and patches of sympathy continue to pour In from all quarters of the globe. At the time of tho earthquake tho torpedo boat Sappho was lying in tho harbor at Messina and one of the of ficers told of tho occurrencos as fol lows: Sea Becomes a Tempest, “At half past five in the morning, the sea suddenly became terribly agl tated, seeming literally to pick up our boat and shake it. Oth*-r craft nearby were similarly treated nnd tho ships looked like hits of cork bobbing ubout in i tempest. Almost Immediately tidal wave of huge proportions swept across the strait mounting the coasts and carrying everything beforo Scores of ships were damaged and the Hungarian mall *boat Andrassy parted her anchors and went crashing into other vessels. Messina Bay was wiped out and the sea was soon covered with masses of wreckage which was carried off in the arms of the receding ters." > Eight sailors from the Sappho were landed and took up the work of rescue. Offlcors end men from Italian and British steamers also went ashcre as soon as possible, the Britishers saving a family of five who were Imprisoned in a burning house. Many prisoners from Jails made their escape and loot ed right and felt. Hundreds engaged In the work of robbing the banks and business houses. In the opinion of the officers of the Sappho, half tho population of Messina perished. Graphic 8tory of Eye Witness. CATANIA. Dec. 2 9. Tin- following graphic atory is told by a woman who arrived here from Messina this morning, badly Injured: *' 'Inferno' Is the only word that will adequately describe the fearful and terrl- TAFT TO SPEAK ul hr and twtr for insrln beyond villages PMlUn i dated an <•>4*1* *> Strait Is Tw ited. * ol ra swayed and rattk-d and crockery I glass crashed to the floor. The next . >ut doors. The streets were filled. Everybody had rushed out in their night clothes, heedless of tho rain falling tr» torrents. Terrified shrPks arose from all sides, and we heard heart rending appeals for help from the unfor tunates pinned beneath the ruins, m Walls Fall Everywhere. "Walls were tottering all around) and not one of our party expected to ©s-l cape alive. My brothers and sisters were with mo. nnd In a frenzy of terror we groped our way through tho streets, holding our own against the pan Is— en people, clambtrlnjc over rib* until we finally reached a placo I _ JP paratlve safety. But this waa not dona ' i was struck down and badl^ jn- iiraiture of a 1m , half flail like JoMl In Atlanta Will Again Make Plea For Less Sectionalism. WILL SET FORTH POLICY AS TO SOUTHERN PATRONAGE R.gyio In Rui v-ri ^ I• - tli.' i , ,-t iaS olti.r bulls- uctf on P.g, Nln«4 I^rpsldcnt.Elwt to Mnke Two Speeches in Atlanta-—Ono ’White Citizens; tho Other to Ne groes—Expected . Ho Will Set Forth Clearly What Hi* Position Will be on Queations Peculiar to Tills Section—Banquet at Which 300 Plates ’ Will bo Bald to be Feature Event of Judge Toft’s Visit—Will bo Itoyibly Enter- tuiued at Piedmont Hotel. ATLANTA, Ga„ Dec. 29.—(Tele graph Bureau, Kimball House) When- Judge Taft cornea to Atlanta from Augusta on January 15, it Is probable that ho will set forth clear ly and definitely what Ills position will be during Ills term as president, on questions peculiar to this section of the country. Judge Taft will malce two Impor tant speeches on the occasion of hts vitslt here—one t6 an audience of leading white citizens and another to an audience of the best negroex. Both will bo awaited with much In terest; for, according to rumors, the president-elect will mako himself plain as regards his official and fu ture personal attltudo toward south ern problems. It Is said that to the whlto audi ence he will in part repeat pleas heretofore made at meetings of southern people—that thoy abandon what 13 termed sectionalism and be come a part of the union, political ly as otherwise. It Is stated that he will express himself regarding the race question, disfranchisement nnd other matters which have heretofore contributed to the- erection and sup port of a solid south. His views on these matters, it Is said, will not differ from those previously given except, possibly, they will be ex pressed with, greater clearness. IL Is probable, also, that he will set forth a forecast of his Intended pol icy relative to southern patronage, and will, of course, express a feel ing of sincere friendship towards the people of tho south, despite their political opposition. To the negroes, It Is stated, he will tell of his feelings toward them as a race, his Interest In their wel fare and development, and Ills views as to how both may bo best pro moted. It Is not Improbable that he will make clear to them tho atti tude ho will tako as presidoat, and In such a manner as to leave no false hopes or beget any bitter dis appointments. The committee which went to Au gusta to make formal presentation on Judge Taft of the Invitation to visit this city, returned today and express delight with the genial reception giv en them. They have already began preparations for receiving and enter taining the distinguished visitor. The president-elect will arrive hero early In the afternoon in a prlvato car to be furnished by the Atlanta Chamber of Commerce. He will be met at Stone Mountain or Decatur by a committee from the chsmber who will escort him Into the city. From the old union depot he will be taken In an automobile to the Piedmont Hotel, where headquarters will be established for his stay. The visitor will make a short address at a public meeting to be held at tho Grand Opera House or tho capltol shortly after his arrival. Then he will be entertained at a banquet to which will be invited about 600 guests. This will bo tho main event. , He has expressed a desire to grant tho request of many prominent ne groes to address an audience of their race while here. The matter has been left In the hands of tho committee of arrange ments who will see that the desire Is granted. Ho will speak to the negroes probably on the doy following his ar rival. on which day he will also visit leading places of Interest. Including Fort McPherson and the old Civil War battle grounds. Near Beer Tax Won't Down. ATLANTA. Go., Dec. 29—"No offi cial, of the state has authority to de mand that ordinaries collect the license tax placed on near-beer dealers by the Wise act." declared one of the leading state capltol tax authorities this morn ing. in discussing the odd situation now confronting the authorities. "No ordinary Is under obligation, morally or otherwise, to collect tho tax. Those who accept it when offer ed do so and make returns merely A matter of courtesy and as far as any one at the cspitol con go in regard tn the matter is to request them to mak the collections or accept payment*. Thi ordinary Is not a tax official and he 1 »•* » k *'k ' l » • illrcM-t'on ., r U.ztrijrtloi 1 from any state tax offioAl. Further tho, i that the Iaw provides no return to hln | for time and expense devote*! to c ar I tying out the law. He in '*p«< t•**> t* even print the blanks on which tin* |l censes are Issued, assume thi risk o handling the money and give it hli min nnd Attention, end turn even cent collected Into the elite treasury Jfe gets no commission as would be th< ©-•♦ If the ut collectors were au thorlzed to issue the licenses. All he can get Is (1 registration fee, which he may collect from th#» dealer taking out the license.” When the near-beer license law was passed, the ordinary was made collec tor In order to disassociate It from a tex. for. If It had been so denoted, the money derived would have hud to have been devoted to the public schools. No state official was authorized to direct the Issuance of the licenses. Aft er the bill became a lew, it was de cided <o place the matter In the hands of the comptroller general. He sent out instructions to the ordinaries, but. According to the authority quoted above, has no right to demand Hint they be followed. He has no statutory authority over the ordinaries and the act gives non© and gives It to no one else. It Is probable that if the governor takes up the matter for tho purpose of compelling a more liberal contribu tion on the part of near-beer dealers to the finance* of the state, he will work through the solicitor general or special counsel, it haft-' been rumored that he may appoint Assistant attor ney generals to look Aftei tho matter In the larger cities and. pay them fees from the executive contingent fund. Payments to date amount to-, only $17,360. Two checks for $100 wore re ceived from the ordinary of Columbia county this morning, but before they were cashed he telegraphed a request that they be held up until January 6. Excepting Bibb, none of the larger counties has made any payments. Local dealers are to pay tlio tAx to morrow', but It will bo pAld under, pro test, pending another fight in the courts. Attorneys representing the dealers are to bring a test caso. and force the issue before a Jury, They will claim that, thero in no such thing as a "substitute for malt or spirituous liquors” being sold; that the beer on tin* market in an entity, a product of itself and not an Imitation of some thing discountenanced by the law*, and Is therefore not taxable under'the Wise law. 80 Counties Take Convicts. ATLANTA. Ga„ Dec. 29.—Officials of eighty counties have notified tho prison commission that they w*Ill use their quotas of convicts on the public roads after April 1 next. The major ity want "overa" as well as their own supply. Requisitions to date dispose of between three and four thousand prisoners. It Is expected that ubout twenty-flvi more counties will decide to aval themselves of tlio privileges - of the now convict law before tho no\f sys tem is put Into effect. Monument Dealers Meet. ATLANTA, (in.. Dec. 29.—About fif teen retail monument dealers of Oenr- glu, Florida, Aiubuma ami Smith Caro lina held an Informal meeting at tho Piedmont Hotel this morning, for tho purpose of making preliminary plans * r an organization. Tho meeting was called by a trado paper, and the organization is to be a branch of the National Retail Monu ment Dealers’ AsAoclntioft. Agricultural College Cheeks. ATLANTA, fin,, Dec. 29...-The state department of agriculture bones to bo able to forward checks of about 12,000 each to th* 1 district agricultural school* by January 1. Cape. Joseph Johnson, who has charge of the tax bureau, is making strenuous efforts to sell enough fertilizer tags to supply tho needed funds. Under the law adopted at tho last session of tho legislature, all fee fl aris ing from fertiliser Inspection after the cost of the work Is deducted, goes to the district colleges, amounting In all to about $7,000 for each of them. Miss Nannie Harris Attends. ATLANTA, Go., Doc. 29.—Among tho delegates to the Routhern Educational Association convention lure Is Miss Nannie Harris, musical director of the public schools of Augusta. • Miss Harris Ib one of tho best known teachers In the state, and her work In the Augusta schools has brought her much commendation. E. M. Osborne, principal of the fifth ward school, and Lawton B. Evans, county superintendent, are among the others attending from Augusta. IN BLAZING MINE SIXTY ENTOMBED Lick Branch Scene Of Disaster-Rescuers Un able To Render Aid. ROANOKE, Va.. Dec. 29.—Meager news of & coal mine disaster at Lick Branch, Va., readied here tonight. Between for ty and sixty men are said to be imprison ed and about « o'clock this evening res cuing parties had been unable to go Into the shaft because of fire and smoke. Lick Branch Is tho name of a coal operation on the Pocahontas division of the Norfolk and Western Railway and Is without commercial telegraph facilities. Because of the Isolation of the scene of the reported disaster no particulars have been learned here. Norfolk and Western headquarters here say that owing to the fact that tnlnera are taking a holiday this week In large numbers that It is not likely that more than fifty or sixty men were at wotlc In this particular mine at the time of the explosion, which occurred about 4 o'clock In the afternoon. It Is stAtcd that the Lick Branch mine has a connection with another mine on the other side of the mountain and that It Is possible this mine has been affect ed. The cauae of the explosion lias not yet been determined and cannot be learned until an exploration can be made. DAILY, *7.09 A YEAR. ■ a ■ RELUMES Alleged Cause of Annis’ Death Is Told By Witnesses. “I DO LOVE BILLY ANNIS,” CONFESSES CLAUDIA HAINS Misses Lillian and Nannie <5rr. Miss Ber tha Jordon, Mieses Wllheftnlna, tleorgla uml Helen Kettrell. Miss Kadio Grubbs, Miss Lula* Brown. Miss Nina Kennedy, Misses Bell and Mtggln Kirk man, Mlsa Beil Collins, Mies Alice Diggs. Miss Oulda Nunn, Miss flusle Ivey. Miss Hal- lto Road Waters. Miss Mary Cox, Miss Roughton, Mr; C. C, Adams, Mr. * * - ** W. L. Adams, Mr. Defense in Trial of Thornton Haina Attempts to 8how Reason Why Capt. Halns Returned From the Philip pines—When Reproached For Her Allegfd Misconduct Mrs, Halns Con fessed to Her Husband, According to Hairis' Statement to Witness—Cook in the Hains Household Tel's of Ac tions of Mrs. Halns and Annis While the Captain Was Away. FLUSHING, N. Y., Doc. 29.—Tho de fense of Thornton J. Halns, Indicted ith IjIh brother, Capt. Peter C. Halns, Jr„ for tho killing of William E. An nis. called two witnesses in today's session of the trial to show certain alleged acts of Mrs. Claudia Hains which the lawyers for the defendants claim so affected Capt. Halns that ho became mentally unbalanced. Hnmut‘1 Chester Reid, of Chicago, n friend of the Hains family, swore that Capt. Halns told him of all his mari tal misfortunes and that tho enptutu evinced signs of being Irrational. , Servant on Stand. Before the closo of tho day’s session tho defense called to the stand a ser vant in Capt. Haina' household, Minnie Rohrer, who related certain alleged in cidents In which Mrs. Claudia Hains nnd William *E. Annis figured at tho Haina homo while Capt. Halns was in the Philippines. These incidents, tho witness said, she told the captain on Ills return. Sho was still under ex amination when court adjourned for the day. She said that Mrs. Halns hud declared her affection for Annie and told of alleged ofgles held ut the Hains home at Fort Hamilton. "I Wish I Was Dead." Samuel C. Reid, <l building Inspector, of the United State H training qtatfon at North Chicago, waa called. Tho wltncsK related a conversation with Capt. Hnins, who, the witness nukl used such expressions as "My life is rulnod" and "I wish I was dead." Mr. Reid said: •'Capt. Halns nnld ho went to FoM Hamilton and found his wife, who wanted to know why ho had returned home. 'Why, Claudia, your reputation is at stake. I have come from tho ut ter ends of tho earth to save you. I havo heard gossip of you and Annis.' Tho captain said bis wife told him that the gossip waa ridiculous." 4, l Do Love Billy Annis." Mr. Reid said the captain stated ho Invited Annis to dinner to show ho did not believe tho gossip. Wltnoss sold Capt. Halns said his father told him there wero things to bo Investigated, And that ho (Capt. Halnr.) again spoltd to his wife, and she replied, "I do leva Billy Annis." Mr. Reid further testi fied:' "Tho captain said his wife then told him nil, that she loved Hilly Annis nnd not him. 'I could not understand It,’ said Capt. Halns. ‘Tho night before she gave mo caresses and told me tlmt It was not ho.’" Halns Wanted To Die. Witness said Capt. Halns frequently expressed a dcslro to die and said Thornton had boon to good to him Mr. Reid said tho eaptnln sighed, moaned and quoted from KIplInTs “Vampire," and said he never under stood the poem before, hut did so now. licid was excused, nnd Mlnnlo Roh rer, a negreus of Washington, D. C., took the stand. She Is the cook In tho Hains household. The cook re lated tho occurrences in the Halns home of which, she said, she told Capt. Ilalna on hln return from the west. The witness snid Mrs. Hnins was intoxicated at tho house with Mr. Annis. Tho rook said sho told the captain that his wife smoked clgar- ettea and that she went out uuto rid ing with Annis nnd stayed away all night. "What did tho captain do when you told him that?" The witness jumped from her seat and gave an exht'tVion of how the captain acted, crying out: "Oh, my God l" "When did you tell Capt. Haina cl! thla?” naked Justice Crane sternly. “Tiii* night lie came home from the Philippines," was the reply. Loved Annie Five Yoars, The witness said sho told Capt. Halns that Mrs. Halns hfld told her that sho loved ''Billy'’ Annis for five years and that sho did not know what Jove wag when she married. The cook further testified that Mrs. Rains call ed Annie "PKllft N end her "affinity," and on ono occasion Capt. Halos* young son called Annis "papa." The witness said she told this to Copt. Halns. Bho said she told the captain that Annis made himself at home In the house and that he hid when some one called at the house. At thla point the court adjourned until tomorrow. 9- H. Aduir.’i, Mr. «», u. auriui. jar. Cleveland Globe. Mr. Jim Arnold. Mr. Henry Grubbs. Mr. Harvey Holloway, Mr. ('Iyd# Jlollowav. Mr. Ib'iimr '-ir. Mr. Julian Orr, of Thompson. Mr. 8ld Taylor, Mr. Whlto Kitchens. Mr. Kettrell. Mr. Leroy Thompson, Mr. Klntnan Brown, all of Dnvlsboro. Mr. Byrd Lovett, of Fan- dersvlllc, and Mr. Ben Armstrong, of Sa vannah. Judge Lindeay to 8peak. AiHERHEHN. S I» . lb »■. ,M' Jud;;o Ben Lindsay, the famous "k'd's Jedgo” of tho Denver juvenile court, is among tho distinguished speakers who will address tho teachers of Bouth Dakota during tho convention opened today. State Supt. Schaffer, of Pennsylvania, nnd Dr. Thomus Nicholson, secretary of the New York board of education, arc also slated for addresses. FOUR MEN SHOT BY STAKE LOSER In Quarrel Over Scoring at Target Shoot, Fight 'I. Results. STATU AM, Ga.. Dee. 29.—Word has reached hero that In a quarrel over the Mooting In a turget shout for a stakn of $10 In thla county. Sol Flanigan, his Arthur Flanigan,- Charley Hammond Thomas llolfiday wero shot by LI Thurmond who had lost his part of the stako and declared ho had been treated unfairly. At tho end of tho target shoot Thur mond had tho target pistol nnd began to Death Lilt Heavy. ROANOKE. Va.. Dec. 29.-Tha meenfe I rr*c#|ved at 19 o’clock tonight at tho gen eral offices r.f the Norfolk nr.d Weetrrn railway In this cltv save that fourteen men hava been taken out of the mlno and that four of this nuiix r are dead, lit lx now practically Milled that fifty father was shot In tho chin, Hammond received a shuttered thigh bone that may cauae the loss of his leg nnd Holliday was uhot through the hand. Thurmond escaped, but notified the sheriff ho would surrender. SOUTHERN NO. 35 HAS HARD LUCK Engineer Satterfield Killed And Four Others Bad ly Hurt. WABHINOTON, Use. 29.—A ml„- plufi'd Switch fftinoJ.Oifl derailment of mall Itnd patsenKCr 1 rain So, :15, on tho Southern Hallway, ntTBroTros- land, Va., six miles south of I)an ville, at 5:50 p. m, lodny. Engineer Satterfield was killed and I'troiMHM lisvU, colored, and threo postal-clerks, were Injured. Tho train wliloh loft WashlnRton ut 8:16 this moralnt; for the south ran Into n switch Hint was turned into the Dnnvlllo and Western tracks which connect at that point with tho Southern, Although tho slgnnl light wnn properly displayed. The engine, hnggago car nnd mall car turned over. There was no In terruption to traffic, according to nn official report received at Southern headquarters. It Is not known at this time wliat caused tho switch to bo turned. REVIEW OF YEAR BY BRADSTREET Business|Conditions of 1908 Summarized With “A Look Ahead” STATISTICAL STORY OF CAR MANGLES TWOGHILDREN Crew Threatened With Vi- olenee-Story Filled With Pathos. SAVANNAH, On.. Dec. 29.— Threats of vlolenco wero mado against tho crew of a heavy Thun derbolt enr that at noon today man gled six-year-old Josephine Whalen, crushing out her life Instantly, and Injured her four-year-old brother, William. The accident occurred on Drough- ton street In the heart of the busi ness district. *" The children had Just been given a few cents by their mother to buy candy and In their gleo ran under tho car, not noticing their danger. The little girl was leading and tho few Inches that ahe was In advance of bor brother saved his life- Won’t Invito President-Elect. SAVANNAH, On., Deo. 29.—No delegation will be sent to ask Pres ident-elect Taft to visit Savannah before be goes from Charleston on his trip to Panama. This haa been decided alnce It aeema certain Taft'* program la mapped out and will not be changed. MR. AND MRS. ROUGHTON GIVE 8™™ WARNRE MOORE CHARMINGJNTERTAINMENT i TOWED TO HAMPTON ROJOS ,,0°^ Va-. Dm Jr-TP. d. re- •OH in iutviHburo mss ib* rtc<*b!lmi to. "ft wknowr Wwnvr -I”.", V* .fitly Year Partook of Most of the Phenom ena of an Aftor-Panio Year With Its' Full Quota of Early Weakneae, Doubt And Uncertainty, But Ultimate Re sults Were Toward Recuperation and Repair—Outlook for Future Not En tirely Clear, But All Things Consid ered the Country is in Better Shape Than a Year Ago—Confidence Ex pected But No Boom is Looked For, NEW YORK, Dec. 29—Nineteen hun. dred and eight purtook of most of the phenomena of after-panto year with its full quota of early weakness, doubt and uncertainty, but guiding forces and ultimate results were toward re cuperation und repair. This, at first very slow, later hastoned to a point Where conservative optimism ruled general business. It early months wit nessed a very heavy volunio of Insol vencies, the aftermath of tho financial storm of 1907; saw business sharply, roduced In volume, an Immense amount of transportation facilities .of tho coun try unused, public buying ability great ly reduced, low levolsr touched for most securities, a vast number of Idlo operatives In all lines, a glut of money in tho banks, nnd a feeling of weak ness akin to that felt by the human patient after a wasting fever. Recovery Developed* . * Later, particularly in the last half of the year a marked recovery of strength developed, confidence wjh largely re stored, monoy was easier to borrow, I ml w: t r iii \vli.-< Is I’.'VilV'il f 11 k t M!A cars decreased in mtatbar, buying b*< came more confident, larger crops sold it good pricao haloed to swell col- Icrttons, employment was m*.if plenti ful, wago reductions and' ruinous strikes were largely avoided, labor proved more efficient, and altogether • tho contrast ■ between the cnrly and kite months of . tho year was very striking. Indeed, those "1"* took coun sel of the loafs whlelThiid been awak- ened-bp thp crash of 1907 were agree ably surprised nt tlio spoed nnd tho ap parent Hmimlm-'H «if th.* re cowry. The 1907 Trouble. Explanatory of this, tho early diag nosis of the 1907 troublo needH to be homo In mind. To all appearances the muse of tho collapse was largely finan cial, though perhaps partly political In. that hostile legislation and legal pro ceedings against corporations were additlonaly disturbing factors. In. dustry nt tho beginning of the panto was not widely Involved, but became unsettled through dislocation of finan cial affairs. Btocks of commodities were not large, nnd fortunately the trouble ;iffecled tlio agricultural infer- enln of the country only in u rrmoio degree. Most of tho damage was vis ited upon, first, the financial communi ty, and secondly, nnd lator, the manu facturing and commercial ofcinents of the country. Agricultural Values Large, Through It all the great food-pro ducing Interests, aided by good domes tic and foreign demand and extremely remunerative prices, felt the effect* only imilrcUly. ami lu re, with restored confidence In financial lines, wero fur nished firm foundations for tin- later revival, the recuperation and tho re* newed upbuilding so notable In tho second half of the year. The Ameri can farmer, with flittering profits In 1907, found lurgo and insistent de mand for his surplus products at good prices In 1908. Agricultural values as a whole were the largest ever known, anil the prosperity of this basic indus try, uncommon' In a year following a panic, proved, as never before, that America's eggs were no longer in one or two baskets. — Differences From Other Year*. It will be seen from the above that 1908 was not exactly like tlio years which followed those of 1837, 1857, 1878 or 1893, periods of immense stress, end years, moreover, when American Interests were more largely centered In a few things, and whan industry was not dlvenrfled as It Is now. For Instance there wn» no parallel thla year to the depressed conditions of | agricultural pricej which ruled In 1893 to 1811. Perhaps th<j olosest analogy to the recently past depression Mas tho period following the financial panic of 1884 which was severe whllo It lastod —bout from which recovery was rela tively rapid. Our most recent upheav al was severe and acute enough, how- ver. In that Industrial outputs wero sharply and suddenly reduced at an early date, and Ithls fact, together I with the promptness of the later re covery, which was made possible by tho absence of underlying weakness and depressing stocks of all klnda of I commodities, places 1908 In a clas* by. Itself. Yet there were many drawbacks to bo surmounted. Labor Dissatisfied. .. There was a very unsettled feeling In labor lines regarding possible wago reductions, the -spring was . «nd I wet, while tho summer an.] f hot and dry, and the appro.i. I presidential election of tha r th*r«* .ml ph. w| doubt. thirty- ,h J?! ' .ami lb. | II.'* j'i H*f»nt sws III—s I u I • r l»..« iflhrl Mbit mt.lfl. *» Mi.I , * * 1 * f **' * ' I' 1 i sJgsville, mim EU.ciidgf, at Dublin, 1 lumber ladtn, is cvmplsUIy wmui tVoutlnuM on l'egs Tc