Newspaper Page Text
FIRE OF THE CHINESE.
Continued from First Page.
renewed from several new positions, j
' n j .-lulls fell in the British naval quar
" Killing iwo and wounding two. The •
ari.ilery duel was in progress July 8, when 1
ir„ dispatches left.
TUOOPS MADE A SORTIE.
t Report That Show* the Foreigners
Brussels. July 15.—The minister of for.
, n affairs, M. de Fevreau, has received
~lli ml dispatch from Shanghai, dated
Saturday. July 14, saying:
vng (taotai of Shanghai) communi
lr - (he following from the governor of
Sr „ Tung, dated July 7:
Ihe European troops defending the
ugitions made a sortie, killing 200 sol
|Vrf of Gen. Tung Fuh Siang. The
: oxers have been unable to take the le
gations, but the situation is very criti
riieng considers the situation danger.
missionaries ask prayer.
Those in China Want American
Church People to Pray.
- inuhal, July 13.—The American mis
,i,.h ities a-k the Associated Press to pub
lish the following:
To the Christian people of the United
■ The missionaries in China ask a spec
i,jj prayer from every pulpit for the guid
ali oi the government and the speedy
, or of American and native converts
In extreme peril."
expressed grave fears.
Missionary Wrote From Pekin About
Munclt, lnd., July 15.—A letter has just j
been received by Mrs. Mary F. Howeil
from her niece, Miss Nellie Russell, of
Chicago, dated Pekin, China, June 7, in
which the young woman stales that the j
legation was surrounded by rebels who (
are seeking to murder all foreigners and j
Christian Chinese. She writes that this j
probably will be the last letter received !
from her. She states that the lives of *
Minister Conger and hitj family were in
great danger, and that within a few
Meeks from that time, at the most, they
would all be dead, owing to the impossi
bility of getting relief to them from the
foreign nations in time.
The writer seems to have little concern
for her own safety, expressing great pity
for "our people," meaning the converted
Chinese. Miss Russell is a Presbyterian
and has been In China five years.
THREATENED A CHINAMAN.
Men mid Boys of Kansas City Threw
Kansas City. July 15.—A crowd of men
and boys gathered to-day about the
laundry of A. H. Sing, a Chinese laundry
man. and started a demonstration that
. uu.'< 1 Sing to call on the police for pro
tection. The crowd threw stones into the
In undry and threatened to kill the Inmates.
A squad of police finally dispersed the
crowd and guarded the place during the
ALL FOREIGNERS KILLED.
So itn Offlelnl Dispatch From n Gov
Shanghai. July 13.—An official telegram
was received to-night from the Governor
of Shan Tung, stating that a breach was
made in the wall of the British legation at
Pekin. after a gallant defense, and when
ail the ammunition had given out. All
foreigners were killed.
LI RING IS SICK.
lint He Ordered 50,000 Wen to March
London, July 16.—Canton dispatches say
that Li Hung Chang had planned to start
for the North on July 18, but he is much
debilitated by catarrh of the stomach. He
ordered the loader of the “Black Flag" to
march with 50,600 men overland to Pekin
against the Boxers.
AMERICANS WILL LEAVE.
Two llnttnlions and a Battery Get
Away for China.
Manila. July 14.—Two battalions of the
Fourteenth fhfantry and Daggett’s bat
tery of the Fifth Artillery will leave for
China to-morrow by the transport Indi
ana. Flintshire and Wyefield.
Killed mi Italian Bishop.
Home, July 15.—The Italian consul at
Shanghai cables that the Italian mission
in Hu Nan has been destroyed and Bishop
Fantosati and two missionaries killed. He
< so reports that the Italian missions in
lio Non and Hu Pe have been assaulted.
Biofinu. in Mug l*o.
Shanghai, Friday, July 13.—There has
1 ” n serious rioting in Ning Po, where the
iCmnn Catholic mission has been burned.
No details have yet been received.
Thone 50,000 Hunnliiiim.
Petersburg, July 15.—1 t is semi
officially denied that 30.000 Russian troops
' marching to Pekin from the north.
111,000 Troops Em harking.
I'Ondon, July 16.—A Tokio telegram an-
i -’Ounces that 19,000 troops are now tin-
Marking at Hiroshima.
ERNE AND M’GOVEHN.
Will Fight Ten Hounds To-night nt
Mudison Square Garden.
New York, July 15.—'Two of the great
' ! little fighters in the world—Frank
Hrne of Buffalo and Terry McGovern of
Brooklyn, will meet in a ten-round bout
<" mororw night under the auspices of the
1 A nneth Century Athletic Club at Mad
*'Q°n Square Garden.
They finished their preparations for the
, !< Hle to-day. Erne, who. it was expect
' would have considerable trouble In
nuking the weight—ll*B pounds—weighed
o-dny a half-pound under the figures.
( id he felt perfectly strong and
H r 'I i>l of giving n good account of him-
Gf when he faces McGovern.
< OM.MITTKD SUICIDE.
FA -Llputrnant Governor Grew Tired
of 111 Health.
1 ffipoila, Kan., July 15.—C. 'S. Eskridge,
f 1 ’or of the Emporia Republican and for
,rur lieutenant governor of Kansas, died
* his home here to-day from self-inflicted
v 1 f, s Ho told his wife that he was
1,1,1 of living in ill health.
.’buries V. Eskridge was born In Vir
‘ 1 iii 1833 and came to Kansas in 1835.
' had been identified with Kansas poli
-1 > ince before the Civil War. He was
* 'tenant governor from 18bl to 1871. Since
he has owned and edited the Emporia
k * publican, one of the strongest Republl
can newspapers tn the state.
Hnlu in Arlsonn.
J ucson, Arlz., July 15.—Mining and cat
interests, which have suffered untold
[ ' f rom lack of water, were relieved
. ' a heavy rain to-day. The drouth had
t destroyed vegetation in the south
ln Part of the territory.
BAPTIST YOING PEOPLE.
Dr. Gauge's Address nml Missionary
Services the Feature.
Cincinnati, 0., July 15.-The features of !
the last day of the tenth international
convention of the Baptist Young People’s
Union of America were the annual sermon
by the great Spurgeon's successor, Dr. E. |
G. Gauge of London, England, and the
missionary services. Even the overflow
meetings did not satisfy the demands to
hear the many distinguished visiting mis- ,
6ionaries and extra meetings were arrang
ed for them between the afternoon and
In the afternoon. Music Hall was pack
ed to hear Dr. Gange, and special efforts
mere made to have the Chautauqua ai>-
plause (waving of handkerchiefs), bu. the
audience broke out in loud applause at
the close of the discourse.
In the afternoon at the Music Hall, af
ter addresses by Rev. W. A. Stanton of
Pittsburg and Dr. D. B. Purington, the
latter president of the Dennis University
at Granville, 0., the event, of the week
occurred. It was the annual sermon on
“Apostleship,” by Rev. E. G. Gange, F.
R. A.SSf. f of London.
In the evening there was a praise ser
vice, in which the chorus of 300 trained
voices led the 5,000 in the audience. Dr.
W. E. Hatcher of Richmond, Va., and
Dr. L. L. Henson of Fort Wayne spoke
LOOKED FOR NELSON.
Hut the Search of the Detective*
St. Louis, July 15.—A dozen St. Louis
detectives, armed with riot guns and re
volvers, made an excursion into St. Louis
county and searched several houses and
barns in the vicinity of Bridgeton and
Florissant early to-day in quest of Nel
son, the alleged Kentucky train robber
who escaped from officers in this city
Friday morning. The effort to locate
him was futile.
It was learend to-day that “Nelson” is
Channing B. Barnes, and that he is a
brother of Charles Barnes, now under ar
rest here. The Barnes boys formerly lived
in Austin, Tex., where their father con
due is a grocery.
Chief Desmond announced to-night that
he hod obtained a written confession from
Charles Barnes, implicating his brother
and Mike Conley (under arrest in Cairo,
111.) in the train robbery. The chief says
he learned where the valuable papers
stolen from the express company’s safe
are hidden. It Is said Channing Barnes
was once sentenced to thirty years in Cal
ifornia for complicity in train robbery
near San Quentin. He is said to have
disappeared while out on bond.
ROOSEVELT FOR ST. PALL.
Going: to Address the League of Re
New York, July 15.—Gov. Roosevelt left
this city to-day for St. Paul, where he
will address the National League of Re
publican Clubs at the annual convention.
Gov. Roosevelt said before starting that
he would positively not make any speech
between here and St. Paul, either going
or coming, and that he would make but
one speech in St Paul, and that before
the convention. He denied that he would
stop off a Cleveland to confer with Sen
ator Hanna He said he expected to be
home by Thursday.
Gov. Roosevelt expects to address the
Hebrew Chautauqua Society in Atlantic
City July 23. Beyond that he said he had
no definite plans.
DRIVEN 11V POVERTY.
A Shoemaker Killed Himself, Hi*
Wife anil His Child.
Baltimore. July 15.—Poverty, coupled
wifh ill health and a weak-minded wife
for a helpmate, were probably the causes
which impelled Louis Eieen, a shoemaker,
early to-day to kill himself, his wife and
a 13-months-old babe, and to wound al
most unto death his 3 l i-year-old son. He
used a razor.
A minute search of the apartments fail
ed to discover a crust of bread or a scrap
of meat. A little salt and e small quanti
ty of milk were the only edibles in the
place, while the amount of money discov
ered after a careful search was ten cents,
which Eisen’s pockets contained, and
thirty-two cents, which lay upon the tob
bler’s little counter.
HEAVY HAIMS IX TEXAS.
A Deltifte Sweeps Down l iron North
ern Portion of the State.
Dallas, Tex., July 15.—Northern Texas
has been deluged by ruin for some twelve
hours, and the indications are that the
storm has only begun.
The downpour here was terrific most of
the day. The streets were like creeks,
and many basements were flooded. Trin
ity river is rising, and bulletins from Fort
Worth and other points indicate that large
volumes of water are coming from the
upper parts of the river. Wire reports
show that the rain has been general. Kail
road ojieralions are delayed because of
washouts and water-soaked roadbeds.
GEORGE f'HAXC'B DEAD.
Il<> XVn* Well-Known Throughout
Philadelphia, July 15.—George Chance,
well known throughout the country at a
labor leader, died here to-day, aged 57
years. He was one of the most promi
nent members of the International Typo
graphical Union and six years ago came
within one vote of being electe<j president
of that organization. He was also promi
nent in the Knights of Labor during mat
organization’s most prosperous ’days.
WILLI AM II VItX IE DE AD.
He find Mutinied Ball Team* for
Brooklyn and Hnltlmore.
Hartford, Conn., July. 15.—William Bar
nle. manager of the Hartford buseball
team of the Eastern League, and one
of the best known baseball men in the
country, died in this city to-day of pneu
monia, aged 46 years.
At different limes he managed the
Brooklyn and Baltimore teams of the Na
tional League, beside other prominent
teams throughout the country.
Tli* lt*|Milliean Club*.
St. Paul. July 15.—Tlie National Conven
tion of the Republican league will liegln
Tuesday morning. Gov. Roosevelt will ad
dress the convention. Among those looked
for on the Monday trains arc Col. A. T.
Bliss, candidate for Governor of Michigan;
11. L. Uemmell, candidate for Governor In
Arkansas, W. F. Poston and H. Clay
Pin ii* for n llillel Mill.
Youngstown, 0., July 15.—The Republic
Steel and Iron Company, which has just
completed a large Bessemer steel plant
here, ia having plans prepared for bil
let mill with a. capacity of 1,200 to 1,500
tons per day, to be built before he close
of the year. These improvements will
represent an outlay of $1,500,000.
De Prllleux Devil.
Paris, July 15.—Gen. de Pellleux. who
figured prominently in connection with
the Dreyfus affair, died this morning at
THE MORNING NEWS: MONDAY, JULY 16, 1900.
EIGHT OUT OF TEN.
Continued from First Page.
maik. England. Fi..nce, Austiiu and the
United States. Messrs. David C. Hall of
Brown University and John Bary of
Williams College were the two
American entries. Almost from the
sdrat the race seemed a con
test between •Bennett (English) and
De Loge (French.) These two raced
around the turns close together, and, as
they entered the stretch, they drew away
from the others and had a hard tussle,
which Bennett won by two yards, with De
Loge second, and Bray third. Time 4:06.
Christensen, Dane; Kraschtil, Austrian;
Louis, French; Rlmmcr, English, and
Pukl, Austrian, also ran.
The II aiming Hijgit Jump.
Although William P. Remington of the
University of Pennsylvania and Carroll j
entered, I. K. Baxter of the University of i
Pennsylvania was the only American in j
the running high jump. He easily leiain- j
ed his reputation, winning tirst place with j
190 centimeters. He made an effort to I
clear 197 centimeters, which would have I
given him the world’s championship, but j
he failed. During Ills efforts all the spec- j
tators swarmed about the space In which
the jumping was going on and gave vent
the greate-st enthusiasm. In fact, the
American victories were quite popular
throughout the day with all present.
Leahy, Irish, was second in the high
jump, with 176 cemimeteres, and Goenzy,
Hungarian, third, with 175 centimetres.
Angersen, Norwegian; Steppin, German;
Bloem, Swede, and Monnier, French, also
Tlie Hurdle Hnoe.
The Frenchmen were loud in their shouts
as the contestants for the 400 metres
hurdle came upon the track, as M. Tau
zin, who has held the French record for
years, was considered a sure winner.
There were only three in the final. Tew
kesbury went to the front as soon as the
pistol was fired, and was never headed.
He jumped clearly, followed closely by’
Tauzin, Orton bringing up the rear. Tew
kesbury won rather easily, but Tauzin
was only a yard ahead of Orton. Time
57 3-5 seconds.
The 2.300 metres steeplechase handicap,
which included stone fences, a water
jump, hurdle? and other obstacles, created
greater enthusiasm than all the other
events of the day.
Six men came to the scratch. With
Messrs. Alexander Grant and Edward R.
Bushnell of the University of Pennsyl
vania, declining to participate, the duty
fell upon Mr. Orton or Mr. Norton to win
the event for Americans, and right well
ihe former did it. England felt confident
with Robinson, while France had Chas
tanie. Duhnoe represented Germany, and
England and France made nearly all
the running, with Orton resting at fourth
place at the first take-water. On the sec
ond round America, France and
England took the water jump
abreast. On the third and fourth rounds
England, France and the two Americans
were the only ones remaining in the race,
so hot had been the pace. Orton was last
and, as many’ thought, virtually out of
it; but, on turning for home he woke up,
passing Chastanie. Robinson succumbed
when about one hundred yards from the
tape. Orton crossing the tape five yards
ahead of him, Robinson being about the
same distance in from of Newton. The
time was 7 minutes 34 2-5 seconds. Both
Orton and Robinson fell after crossing
the line, but they were soon about again.
The Pole Vault.
Although Johnson and Dvoraek were
out of the pole vault, the Americans felt
certain of winning there. The contest
was long drawn out. Finally Baxter.
Colkett and Anderson (Norwegian) alone
remained. They tied several times, Bax
ter finally winning by three metres and
thirty centimetres, with Colkett second,
three metres and twenty-one centimetres,
and Anderson third, three metres, twenty
The running broad jump brought the
day to a close. Kraenzlein, in better
form than yesterday, outjumped Prin
stein’s record and won with seven metres
and eighteen and one-half centimetres,
Priasteln coming second with seven
metres and seventeen and one-half centi
metres. and Leahy third with six metres
and eightv-three centimetres. Da Hon y
(French) also jumped.
Prinsteln felt very badly over the out
come. and offered to jump against
Kraenzlein to settle the question of supe
riority to-morrow, but the latter declined.
THE WHIST COXTESTS.
Those Wli< Won the Trophies nf
\ inKnrii Falls.
Niagara Falls, N. Y., July 15.—The
American Whist League will meet at Mil
waukee next year and will close the con
gress here Monday morning at the ex
Fergus Fails, Minn., won the Minneapo
lis trophy. H. M. Wheelerk and Thomas
N. McLean of that place being the vic
tors. Hamilton, Chicago, and the Chica
go Whist Club tied for the Hamilton tro
phy. They will play off at Chicago to
suit their own convenience.
Dr. S. Cole and Mies M. H.
Campbell of New York won the finals in
the mixed-pairs contest. C. P. Johnson
and C. P. McDiarmid of Cincinnati won
the final pairs. Mrs. H. A. Walker and
C. B. Flint of Buffalo, North and South,
and W. A. D. Montgomery and M. Mc-
Cohen of Chicago, East and West, won
the open pair contest.
XEW ORLEANS FAULTY.
Report I pon the \ e**el Unde by Her
Washington, July 15.—1n answer to an
order from the navy department to report
upon the Now Orleans, Capt. Ide and
his officers have submitted lot of data
showing that the ship suffers from a lack
of proper ventilation; that her magazines
are dangerously overheated and her en
gines are defective in several respects.
The magazine temperatures run from
95 fo 98 degrees, near the danger poin< of
cordite, which Is carried as ammunition.
There arc only 180 cubic feet of air space
per man, instead of 1,000 feet, allowed by
our naval constructors. The ship is with
out ventilation, and the officers nnd men
nre obliged to sleep on deck. The engines
do not “balance-up” m low speed and
four minutes is needed to reverse them.
TRAIN TIIROLGH 4 111 ILDIXG.
Occupant* of the llonne Narrowly
St. Joseph, Mo., July 15.—A Rock
Island passenger train to-day pushed a
freight (rain off the track and through
a building seventy feel square, owned by
the St. Joseph Plow Company, complete
ly dcstroylnfg the structure. J. M. Ford,
president of the plow company, and a'.ho
president of the First National Bank.
Secretary McPowell and Superintendent
i*. J. Borden, who were holding a con
ference In (he building, narrowly escaped
death, Ford being Injured allghtly.
To Try Police Officer*.
Atlanta, July 15.—A special meeting of
Hu- Police Commissioners has been call
ed for to-morrow night In order to try
seven members of the force, against
whom charges have been preferred. The
aceuj-cd are one captain, one detective
and five patrolmen. Avery lively session
To Notlf> Woolley.
Chidngo, July 15.—John <l. Woolley of
Illinois. Prohibition candidate for the pres
idency of the United Siatea, will l>e offi
riaily notified in Chicago next Friday
evening of hia nomination
LOOKS LIKE BECKHAM.
But He AA 111 Hu,,* to Fiitlit for the
Lexington, Ky., July 15.—The Demo- i
cratlo mate Convention will meet here j
Present indications are that there will
be a lively contest for a successor to the
late William Goebel. Gov. Beckham Is
strongly lrt the lead, according 4o the re
turns from the county conventions of
yesterday, but it Is dented that he has a
majority, ami it Is stated the held will
c'ombtne against him. The field includes I
ex-Gov. McCreary, Judge James P. Tar
vin, James D. Black. Judge Joseph H.
Lewis, W. B. Smith and James B. Gar
YERKES FOB GOVERNOR.
Believed the Kentneky Republicans
Will Name Him.
Louisville Ky,. July 15.—Everything, it
Is expected, will be done unanimously at
the Republican State Convention, which
will meet in Louisville Tuesday afternoon
to nominate a candidate for governor.
John W. Yerkes of Danville, it is be
lieved, will be unanimously nominated.
The Republicans propose to make this
convention a Republican ratification meei
ing. It is expected to attract large
crowds, in addition to the delegates, and
anti-Goebel Democrats will be admitted
without credentials. It is the present
plan that the platform shall endorse the
Philadelphia convention and its nominees
and contain only one more plank—de
nouncing what the Republicans describe
DYNAMITE NA AS 1 SED,
And Far AVus .Blown From (he
Track and rnhsengers Hurt.
St Louis, Jujy 15.—As a Union line car
of the Transit Company was passing the
intersection of Twenty-second street and
Bremen avenue at 11 o’clock to-night the
wheels struck a charge of dynamite, whitth
exploded with terrific force. The car was
blown from the track, the flooring and
sides were rent asunder nnd all the win
dows were demolished.
There were four t-assengers on the car,
two of whom, Edward English and Mob
lie Sheere. were so badly injured that
they had to be taken to the city dispen
sary. The others, although badly shaken
up, were able to go home. The explosion
was by far the worst that has occurred
on the St. Louis Transit Company’s line
since the strike began.
cow ON THE TRACK.
Uernlled Train on the Rueen and
Cresent With Serions Results.
Lexington, Ky., July 15.—There was a
freight wreck on the Queen and Crescent
at Glendale to-day, six miles from Lex
ington. A cow ran in from of the engine
of a double-header. It derailed the en
gine, and fifteen freight cars rolled down
a fifteen-foot embankment and were al
most totally destroyed. Both engines were
injured. One turned over.
The injured are: Clifton Stout, thirteen
years old, seriously; Engineer J. S. Marde
Mnrde, Fireman Joe Lanahan, Pat Mate
non and Ed Norman, slightly bruised.
Phoenix, Arlz.. July 15.—John Torrence,
an actor, died this morning from sun:
FITTING THE MAHOGANY TUBES.
Experienced Woodsmen Alone Can
Kind Salt it hie Timber for Market.
Th“ mahogany hunter is the most im
portant and best jad laborer in ihe ser
vice, for upon h i skill and actUl y*la:ge
ly depend the success of the season. Ma
hogany tre's do not grow In clusters, hut
ere scattered promiscuously through tha
forests and hidden in a dense growth cf
underbrush vines and ere'p-rs. and it re
quires an experienced and skillful wood
man to find them. No progress can be
made in a tropical forest without the aid
of a machete, for the Vay must be cut
step by step. The mahogany Is one of Ihe
largest and tallest of (rets, and the hunt
er. se king the highest ground, olimbfi to
the top of the tallest tree and surveys
the surround'ng country. His practiced
eye soon detects (he mahogany by its pe-
I euliar foliage end he counts ihe trees
w tMn the. soope of h's vision, notes the
dPectlons and distances and then dese nd
ing cuts a narrow trail to eaoh tree,
which he carelully blares and marks, es
pecially if there he a rival hunter in the
vicinity. The axmen follow the hunter,
and after them come the sawyers and
To fell a large mahogany tree is one
day’s task for two men. On account of
the wide .spurs which project from the
’trunk at its base scaffo'ds must be erect
ed and tho tree, cut off above the spurs,
which leaves a suimp from ten to fifteen
feet in hiaht—a sh< ar waste of the vety
best part of (be tree and one which Amer
ican Ingenuity would certainly devise
s--me means to nreveeVt. While the work
of felling and hewing is In progr ss oMipt
gangs are busy making roads add bridges
over which the logs may be hauled to the
river. One wide ’’truck pass.” as it is eal'-
ed, is made through the center of the dis
trict occupied by the works, and branch
roads are opened from this main avenue
to each tree. The trucks employed ar?
clumsy and antiquated affairs which no
American would ttiink of using. The axles
and boxes are imported from England
while the olher parts are made upon tha
j ground. The wheels are of stlld wood
| made by sawing off the end of a log and
[ fitting iron boxes In the c-enttr, no spokes
or (ires be ng us and. Now wheels are In
<onslant requisition, and repairs cause
frequent and expensive delays.
Most of the Ducking Is done at night
by torchlights cf pitch pine. The oxen are
f and on the haves and twigs of Ihe bread
nu 1 tree, which glv. i them in re st ength
and tower of endurance than any other
obtainable f od. The truck ng being done
In the dry season, the logs are oolleciel
on the bank of the river and merle r aly
for the floods. On the longest r vers these
begin In June and July and on others In
October and November. The logs are
turned adrift and when they reach tide
water are caught by means of booms ln-
loggr rs—usually Oarlbs—follow the
togs down the river in order to release
ihose which are caught by obstacles. No
little Juelgmenl and expert nee Is required
lo determine at what exact stage of the
flood the logs should be set adrift Should
the water r se lo what Is called "tipgal
lant flood” before Ihe logs rear-h Ihe
boom many of them would he carried over
the harks and left high and dry In eanc
breaks and thickets or covered up by
sand and rubbish. From the boom Ihe logs
are rafted to the embarcadero and "man
ufactured” for shli ment
Mahogany frets give from two to five
logs each, meosurlng frem ten to elvhnon
fe< t In length and from twenty to foity
four Inches In diameter after being hew
ed. Thn "manufacturing" process emelsts
of sawing off the log ends which have bean
b tils and and spl ntered In transit down the
river and in relining and rehewlng the
1 gs by skillful workmen, who give them
a smooth and even surface The logs are
then measured, rolled back Into the ua’er
at the mouth of the river and mode In’o
raftr, to be tak n to the vessel anchor© 1
outside th her.
—lra D. Sankey. the evangelist, Is to
visit England early In September nex',
and has been asked by the Rev. Thomas
Spurgeon to take part In the reopening
of the Metropolitan Temple, London.
THE OTY OK TIEN TSIN.
Its Importance to the Coinmrrrs of
H. W. Lawson. In the London Telegraph.
Tien Tsin Is the commercial capital of
Northern China, the |K>rt of IVkin, and
the great exchange tend mart of Mongolia
and Tartary proper. Situate on the flat, j
alluvia! plain that rune up from the mud- I
banks of the coast to the foothills of Ihe
Mongolian plateau, there is nothing in the
site or plan of the native city to distin
guish it from any other collection of squat,
Hie roofed, ramshackle buildings Imer
secied with fllth-laden ditches to be seen,
with slight variations for soil and til
mate. from one end of China to the other.
The ferocity and turbulence of the Tien
Tsin mob have been notorious since the
lamentable massacre of 1870’. which began
with the murder of the French consul and
his wife and culminated fit unspeakable
outrages upon the wretched Sisters of the
religious orders. Unfortunately.those were
the days of imperial forgetfulness, and
but little was done to bring the jgqtonsi
ble authors and abettors of the crime to
account. It was about the time when the
foreign office is said to have remonstrate 1
with our minister in China because no
dispatch had been received for six months
on any single subject. “Write anything
you like, but write something,” was the
A waterside population in China, as
elsewhere, embraces the toughest classes
of the community, and the character of
the people is not improved by the pres
ence of the great army of Yameir runners
and parasites, the small fry of the oiticiai
world, who hang on to ihe viceregal Yu
men of Chi-Lt, of which Tlen-Tsln is the
seat of government. The city Is said,
according to the rough tests of calcula
tion which serve for the Chinese census
to contain over a million Inhabitants.
Packed and compressed into the stone
boxes tlvat serve for houses, tt is impos
sible for a stranger to make any estimate
of the number of those who dwell in
them, but as one passes through the foul
and narrow streets and slimy alleys they
seem literally to swarm and fester with
coolies, beggars and parti-colored soldiers.
Like all other Chinese cities. Tien Tsin
has lis miles of encircling walls, with the
inevitable four gates anti Ihe regular suc
cession of towers and bastions. Strongly
built of mud. with a facing of gray stone,
these walls may have served their pur
pose against hows and arrows in the days
of chronic rebellion and civil tumult, but
they will prove useless to resist tire small
est gun of a modern armament.
k retclietl Hiitlxxay Service.
The railway to Pekin, although con
structed according to English plans, and
under English direction, belongs to tile
Chinese, and is miserably managed, so
fur as its finance, goes, by Chinese offi
cials of the normal type, corrupt, wrong
headed and full of self-importance. In
the trains which run to Pekin the only
carriage decently sweet or clean is that
of the Imperial Maritime Customs, in
which Europeans are usually allowed to
travel. The railway station at Tien Tsin
is not in the European settlement, but
lies on the further side of ihe great
wooden pontoon bridge which separates it
from Ihe native quarters. In the attack
made by the Boxers the other day oh the
Russian force, it seemed that the rivet
formed the dividing line between the two,
and it must have been in the attempt to
cross the bridge that the Chinese ma
rauders lost so heavily. The European
settlement is second to none in China in
the breadth and cleanliness of its streets
and in the solidity and comfort of Its
houses. Like ail Ihe other ’’Bunds” it is
an "imperium in imperio," with its own
municipal arrangements and Its own po
lice. In no part of the empire is local
goternmeni better understood or admin,
istered than in these so-called concessions
of Chinese territory. Each has its own
city council, with officers and staff, reg
ularly appointed and adequately paid, on
the exact mode of an English municipal
borough of the- first class. In fact, a
town clerk of Birmingham would find
himself perfectly nt home In the town hall
of far away European China.
The severity of the climate, which cuts
off Tien Tsin from the sea for four months
of the year, has.made the merchants put
heavier weight of stone Into the construc
tion of their houses here than further
south, and the general appearance resent
bless nothing so much as an Important
Scotch town, even In the character of its
architecture, which the great Scotch firms
who farm out the Far East have brought
with them from their native land. The
Police force is composed of Sikh* and
I’atbans—the "black devils.” the Chinese
call them—who look funny enough in the
thick blue clothing and white woolen
gloves of a London "Bobby” hut do thefi
work to perfection. It wlll.be o shock
ing catastrophe in the East, quite at,art
from the horrid probability of massacre,
and outrage, If the Boxers, or their pro
tectors, the Chinese soldiery, are able to
lay their hands on this admirable <Asis
of Western civilization which strikes the
eye so curiously in ti e midst of the de
cadent corruption of the Manchus. Tien
Tsin trades In all the products of the
northern province and of Mongolia, and a
prominent feature In the streets of the
Chinese city Is the fur and *kin shop,
which supplies the natives with every
sort of coat, from costly sable, sewn and
put together from a hundred scraps and
pieces, to the humble sheepskin for
The Picturesque Tiirtnr.
The Tartar travels with his family and
his followers. Wives riding straddle-leg
ged and children in baskets are mounted
on camt 1 hark, anti only thp actual lead
ers go afeot, with the long string of tln-lr
charges following in single file; tuj to
getlmr in line Warmly dad In heavy
wadded underclothes, topped by enormous
sheepskins, their h, ads covered with
long-eared fur cop-, in addition to which
they put on fur earluigs. and on their
legs "Mongol socks,” that is, soft, high
boots off hc-pskln, under felt overshoes,
thickly studded with iron nails, these peo:
pie look to the life (he Tartar of the ehil
drtn’s book of types. Beyond Kalgan th
plat-au rises to an eleva’lon of four thou,
sand feet, and the icy blast that sweeps
across It cuts into the skin and pierces
through the stoutest cloth. The Tartar
differs considerably from the Chinaman,
or even from his kinsman the M tnchu
in the ruddy yellow of his face and the
ple-s.int frankn-ss of his glance. He
set ms to favor bright colors, and on the
lop Of his fur hood he often s-lcks the
gold buttoned cap of Chinese official rank,
wlilla his women’s jackets are of yellow
and scarlet, as well as of Chinese blue.
Mongolia Is the great stud farm of the
emj lie, and drov-s of ponies are thence
brought down to Tien Tsin and the north
on ports, to be shipped to the settlements
of the south - r sold for commercial pttr-
I poses to the Chinese merchsfnt. Just out
ride the north gat cf Pekin is a large
mark'd w here these ponies- griffins they
are called—are sold by auction, as they
come to hand from their Tartar breeders.
In shape and make they are not attrac
tive to the western eye. and they look,
as they are, coarse and underbred. Their
heads, in particular, are square and
clumsy, but they have great qualities of
means dlsoroierfrl flißestlon, and If not
promptly attended to will develop into
chronic dyspepsia. Hostetler’s Stomach
Bitters will Improve the appetite hy
strengthening the stoma, h, and prevent,
as well as cure. Indigestion. Constipation,
General Debility. Nervousness, Sleepless
ness, and all disorders arising from ar. lm
poired digesetlon. If you have any of
these troubles, den’i fail to try It at once.
Our Private Revenue Stamp covcres the
neck of the bottle.
The Best Hostetter’s
of all Stomach
We move back to Broughton street Oct. 1. Our lo
cation will be 112 west.
We don’t want to spend much money on drayage.
Therefore have decided to sell entire stock at
ZERO PRICES FOR CASH,
and will make accommodating terms to time purchasers.
Our summer specialties are Awnings, Mosquito Nets,
Odorless Refrigerators, the only kind; the Puritan
Wickless, Oil Stoves (Blue Flame) for cool cooking.
You know where to find us.
FINE GRADES OF WHISKIES.
The R. G. Whiskey gallon $ 2.00
Glendale Whiskey gallon $ 2.50
Crystal Spring Whiskey gallon $3.00
Goiden Wedding Whiskey gallon $3.50
IN CASES OF J 2 LARGE BOTTLES:
The Antediluvian Whiskey bottled by Osborne of New York 1H.50
The Peerless Whiskey bottled In bond in Henderson, Ky J 12.00
The Peoria Whiskey bottled In bond by Clark Brothers 112.00
Meredith Rye Whiskey, bottled u their distillery in Ohio .J 11.50
Golden Wedding Whiskey, our bottling JS-5J
Lippman Block, - - - Savannah, Ga.
sturdiness and hard condition, and It is
found in pracilce that their legs will
stand any amount of rattling over the
hard ground and the stony roads. It is
almost needless lo say that they arc won
derfully sure of foot and cl-v rr ill avoid
ing the holes and drops of a "trappy”
country. In and near the caplial twenty
or thirty taels go a long way toward buy
in* the best that are brought to the
hammer, and the.r keep does n t conic
to more than about five China dollars a
month. All they have for food is chopped
straw and miilel, with plenty of hot wa
ter, making up a sort of gruel, which
they eat at odd times by night and day.
Their natural pace, agreeable to the Chi
rn so taste, is a slow jog trot, but under
European hands they soon learn to gal
-1 op at a respectable rate. Unluckily, tin
breaking is of the roughest; their mouths
are as hard as iron, and accustomed to
be tight held by the head, the reins must
be takfn short to make them go at alt.
Moreover, when owned by Chinamen they
arc ill-kimpt and scraggy, almost man
gy in their coats. Nothing Is done to Im
prove the stamp, and, unlike the native
princes of India, the high officials do
nothing to help the farmers and carriers
by introducing better strains of blood.
Efficiency of Labor.
Labor In China varies In Its efficiency ac
cording to place, and. curiously un.tke
Europe, seems to vury Inversely with the
temperature* of the climate. At Tt n l ulu
and the northern ports tt takes much long
er'to load and unload cargo than at the
ports of the Yang-Tse, arid the husbandry
of the soil shows less care lit the northern
provinces thun it does lower down. In
fact, the northerners seem Inclined to hi
bernate, and allow the rigor of the win
ter to uman them instead of spurring
them to activity. Still, after watching
gangs of coolies working in many places,
it may safely l>e asserted that the average
zest and genuineness of Iheir labor are su
perior to those of any nation, with, per
haps, the exception of our own. From
this tt does not follow that the Chinaman,
like the London “docker," does not know
how to play ’Va' canity” when he choose*.
1 had the experience of being aboard one
of the last of the China merchants' steam
ships to leave Tongku before the Peiho
was closed by Ice to water traffic, and the
coolie* employed happened to be in receipt
of monthly wages. It was neither their
object nor their desire to shut down for
the winter 100 quickly, so they rcsolv-st
to take full lime and something more in
getting the cargo aboard, laith from Ihe
wharf and al Tongku and outside the Ta
ku bar from lighter*.
It chanced that (ill* cargo mainly con
sisted of peanuts from Canton, packed in
matted bags of the roughest make. Each
bag was passed to ihe comprador's clerk,
who stuck a tally into the sack, and It
was then hooked on by a row of coolies in
to the ship's hold. Not only was it possi
ble to make all this a very slow proc-ss.
but the fingering could be turned to a
practical purpose. The hook, if judicious
ly inserted, caused n constant stream of
peanuts to fall out, and these were in
stantly stored iri handkerchiefs and taken
as "perks" by the hungry workmen. It
may he imagined how easily twenty-four
hours were consumed in this pleasant
pastime. When, however. It Is a question
of piecework, either directly or Indlrt-tly
through the labor contractor or gang mas
ter, who plays so large a [>art In the in
dustrial organization of the Celestial em
pire. the hours are miraculously short' a
, and. and the ships seldom exhaust the given
time In |oit before they are ready to go
lo sea or up-river, as the case m'ay be.
Tilt- Finest Sport In the AV hole Line
of Initllng Pastimes.
From London Truth.
Of all angling—lndeed, or nil sport of
any kind, some enthusiasts will tel) you
salmon angling is the grandest. The fis t
combines all the qualities which make t
fish worth catching—beauty, size,
strength, courage, shyness, and delicacy
Every man who goes allshing pines for
a “big fish" at times—not a fish big mere
ly as a half-pound trout Is big lit water?
where fingerlings constitute the ordinary
catch, but a fish that would be accounted
big anywhere and everywhere. With the
"exception of the salmon there are not
many fish In fresh waters that will an
twer this requirement, and what monsters
them Hre In fresh waters too frequently
are like such fish as Ihe pike, which Is
not game In pro|>orilon to his size.
Another beauty In salmon angling Is,
that he defies (ho pot fisherman. Every
rcol angler aims always to catch his fish
with tackle, as light os possible. Wiih
many fish, however, lightness of tackle
Is necessary only from ethleal considera
tions. They strike at clumsy rigs, clum
sily offered. The salmon Is ideal because
h I* 100 sjiv and too crafty to take hold
o' any tackle that is not gossamer. Jo
heaving of anchor-like hooks and lines
tvlll find him; no stiff club of a “fish
pole" wifi hold him; no wild chowder
party fisherman call get within reach of
film. He is a gentleman and a king,
■and who wishes his acquaintance must
be that real and true gentleman—a red
and true angler.
You eannoi "catch” a salmon. You
might as well tolk of “catching" a wild
duck or “bagging" a lion. To get him
you must fight him and kill him. An l if
you essuy to fight that glorious fish yon
must be in trim to fight for your life;
your muaclea must be those of an ath
lete; vour motions must be those of un
Indian! your tread must be os jjght ts
ALWAYS ON DECK.
tha; of iUp <lwhen it stalks to
uaf r*i<lo to drink; your eye mu**t be
swift as the light that gJances from fhe
salmon'? silver .^tde; your wrist mut bo
an supple ns the best greenbeart that
over Rr \v, ns delicate ns a woman’s and
as tireless ns steel.
The salmon is the fly-caster's fish, and
his alone. Trout may and are taken
with bait. Blaek bass bi(e at the trolll
or skittered spoon or live bait. The sal
mon disdains it. It is true that on some
pans of ihe Pacific and Bast Atlantic
coasts he may be taken with a trolling
?pootr, but that is in sea waters, where
there is no salmon angling properly so
called. Kipling was caught 1n a mistake*
not long ago concerning this Pacific coast
tlshmg when he told of catchin# one of tha
big sen run fish in British Columbia with
. fly. There woe a storm*of protest it
pr.ee, and he had to take it back and ad
mit that though, he hud used fly it w<m
not oust, hut sunken In the water, and
that it hud a spoon-attached to It. No
salmon angler would so angle for hl
The ideal salmon angling of this hemi
sphere i. in this land of ihe maple, but
the ideal snlmon angling of all the world
is in Ireland and Scotland. There the
sport has been a national institution for
centuries. I’arllament busies itself an
nually with grave laws designed to pre
serve It and improve it. Vast country
seats are maintained almost wholly for
its sake in many cases. Advertisements
of angling privileges or of “salmon
rights" for sole or to lease are o com
mon almost us advertisements of hous**
to let or sell. Men drop business and
social pleasures annually and regularly
a the open season draws on. The daily
newspapers devote columns to It. An
army of gillies live altogether from the
Income derived from catering to it. %
salmon poacher gets short shrift, and iu
viewed with horror. His social standing
is no better than that of a pickpocket its
Thus far tlie fishing has been wonder
fiUJv good this year in both Ireland And
Scotland, though the fish have not been us
inrge as usual. Still, .several forty
pounders have been taken, and, as every
salmon Angler knows, u forty-pounder is
tlie dream of men who follow the shining
STIFF HITS CAtSK IIALD>BSS.
Mon** Head won r ItoMponNildo for
TlioSr Lorn of Hair.
From the Philadelphia Telegraph.
Are you predisposed to baldness? If so,
don’t wear a stiff hat. A doctor, a wig
maker and a barber have said that the
stiff liatk commonly worn are reaponsibie
for the increasing blight of baldness.
The hair, they say, depend* for its Nu
trition on Umj blood supply that flows in
he fin* veins running over the scalp.
Some of the veins that supply the hair
follicles with food come through the skull,
uifi those veins extending up around the
JKutslde of the skull are most important.
Analogously, ii is pointed out that if a rose
tree were to be bound lightly around the
trunk a grout deal of nutrition would be
<ut off from the bulk. If, in addition to
this, you were to cover the tree with a
gnat bag and tie the mouth tightly around
the trunk, the dec would die. The result
of wearing the stiff hat is similar to this.
Kvery time you pull your hat from your
head and it comes loose with h Jerk you
are overcoming the pounds of pressure it
is exerting on the skull.
The dodtor says it Is not at all improb*
able that the increase of baldness is due
in great measure to the stiff hat. Partic
ularly is (hat the ease where men wear
stiff hats indoors. Any covering which
• onfines the head will work havoc with
the hair, but the difference in rigidity be
tween the sweat-band of the stiff hat and
that of the sofi hat would make the lat
ter preferable for many reasons.
The old cavaliers wore great soft hats
and their hair was always long and lux
uriant. Women wear their hats high on
the crown of their heads and they ai a
seldom bald. Women wear no hats that
bind Hie scalp and they are not troubbl
wbh their hair. Primitive man did not
wear a hat. His hair grew- long and thick.
Nature gave it to him as a protection from
the elements. It shed snow and rain and
it kept bis head warm, yet It gave ventil
ation to (he scale.'
Ub in evi<!*-h • t<-dsiy. Those peoples
p nitive conditio*
giv up their hdr the slowest. The wig
makers of the world draw’ their supply of
hair from the peasants of Europe. The
KskJmo shows how nature still looks to
the needs of the primitive man. On tha
other ht nd. the negroes of the tropics need
less j rotection than the natives of cold
climates, theiefore (hey have lew hair.
To piesem his hair man needs to go
back i* r atine. He needs to use his hair
more than he does, lie should go without
* h.u . rd particularly without a stiff one.
The idea i.. to give any part of the body
work to do if you want to preserve it. Na
ture weakened in the long run all organs
u#*t in healthy use. Women use their ha r
is it was intended'to be used more than
lo men That is the reason why they uie
Man should follow the example of wo
rn m In this respect. At any rate, he
should no! covet his head with u oon
trkllng band that prevents ventilation
und completes the veins of the scain eo
hat tn: b'ood cannot supply the hair
roots with nutrition. Particularly h
should not wear his stiff hat in the house.
The whole question centers upon th? nt
o sally of giving the scalp a chance tq