Newspaper Page Text
' TH e morning news.
•vt.hlisheri 1850. .- - Incorporated 1883
E * ° J H. ESTILL. President.
assured minister conger is alive
Cipher Dispatch Was Receive!! From Him Through the
officials satisfied the message is genuine.
He Was at British Legation, Which Was
Then: Being Bombarded.
jrprrd That nelnlorcements Be Sent nt Once to Relieve the Foreign
Minister*— Minister Wo Gives Assurance That the Dispatch Is Gen
uiiii —London I* Inclined to Doubt—Message Was Wired to All
the Foreign Governments—lt Is Said China Will Try to Af
ford SuOlcjent Protection—Troops W ill Go Fomnrd .lust
the Same— Berlin Also Doubts the Conger Dispatch.
Washington, July 20.—Minister Conger
is aliv< Through the medium of the Chi
nese minister he has been able to reply ,
to the cipher dispatch sent him ten days
by Secretary Hay.
The reply was delivered to Secretary
Hay this morning by the Chinese minister
ar.d its authenticity is accepted by Secre
ts, v Hay and all the officers of the gov
As an evidence of Secretary Hay's faith
In the reply of Minister Conger, all the
foreinn governments and the foreign rep
resentatives of the United Slates have
been officially notified that our minister
to China was alive on the 18th, safely
boused, with his family and immediate
friends, in the British legation at Pekin.
Secretary Long, who has from the be
ginning. refused to believe in the reported
massacre of the foreign ministers, official
ly notified the naval commanders on the
foreign stations of the receipt of Minister
In certain quarters an effort was made
to throw a doubt over the dispatch be
muse it contained no date. It was sug
gested that it might be an old dispatch
warmed over for the purpose of subduing
the rapidly growing feeling of resentment
against China in the United Stat*.
It was further suggested that the Chi
nese authorities, in disposing of Minister
Corger ar.d destroying the American lega
tion, might have secured the American
code by which they were enabled to reply
to the cipher dispatch transmitted by
Secretary Hay through the agency of the
Chinese minister. .
When these various suggestions were
made to the Secretary this evening, he
emphatically rejected them as improv
able under the circumstances. He added
that lie was too old not to know that he
might he fooled. Under the circumstan
ce?, however, he felt assured that the re.
plv he nad received to-day from Minister
Conger was genuine. He added that It
was perfectly reasonable to suppose tu.it
Minister Conger, when obliged to seek
refuge in the British legation, naturally
took with him his cypher code, which is
probably the most precious official prop
erly he possesses.
Diapntcli Was in Cipher.
The original dispatch prepared by Sec
teiary Hay was written in cipher, and it
was so worded that only Minister Congee
could hove sent the reply which glad
dened the hearts of the American people
to-day. Secretary Hay says he can hardly
credit the suggestion that even if the
Chinese authorities are in possession of
the cipher code of the United S‘tate3,
they could have framed a dispatch sim
ilar to that forwarded by Minister Con
It is quite likely that the Chinese au
thorities may have restricted Minister
Conger to a prescribed limit, for he would
have doubtless been only too glad to
transmit a more detailed statement of his
surroundings. Of course, his dispatch was
probably censured to the extent that the
thinese authorities were enabled to know
<he Import of the dispatch without pos
sessing the exact language.
in addition to the dispatch bearing all
fi e legitimate evidence of reliability. Its
authenticity Is vouched for by high offi
cial representatives of the Chinese gov
ernment who profess to still entertain
friendly relations with the United States.
Will Be No Relaxation.
" hile Secretary Hay admits that the
cp fial knowledge that Minister Conger
and hie fellows are being protected as far
a * possible from the mob in and around
Pf-kln (here will he no relaxation on the
Wri of the United States and the allied
,0r r, s | n p regf | n g on to peinn nn d rescu
ln * I,lf foreign representatives now sup
■">fl i | 0 | n n ,. c( j Q f immediate relief.
this end numerous conferences wore
1,1 H between the Secretaries of State, War
B| d N’avv relative to withdrawing troops
f m fi" Philippines and forwarding them
M “fit’s to China.
11 >’ understood that arrangements are
fig forward by which it is proposed to
nl fiom three to fl\o thousand troops
m ,l 1 Phlllrplnra In addlt'on to thoss
0 ly “fdered to China to augment the
fi column now pressing on to Pekin.
I'hsT.ndlng the dissenting opinion of
" McArthur to such a course, it Is
e fited advisable to adopt this course lo
Jlatoannalj iilofmmj ffrto#.
view of (o-day’s developments. It is pro
posed to replace the troops thus with
draw frem the Philippines by additional
regimi nts in ihe United States under or
d rs to proceed diiect to China. After due
del.beration it was concluded that it
would be safe to take this step.
RECEIPT OF THE MESSAGE.
WASHINGTON REJOICED OVER THE
GOOD NEWS FROM CONGER.
(By Associated Press.)
Washington, July 29.—Like a flash of
sunlight out of the dark sky came the
intelligence at an early hour to-day that
Unit,d states Minister Conger had sent
a cipher cable dispatch frem Pekin to
the state department at Washington mak
ing known that two days ago he was
alive and that the foreigners were fight
ing fer their lives.
The message was received by the Chi
nese minister, Wu Ting Fang, at 8:20 a. m.
Within an hour the welcome intelligence
that Conger had been heard from, after
weeks of silence and evil report, was
flashed throughout the country and in
deed throughout the world, dispelling the
gloom which had prevailed everywhere
and bringing to officials and to the pub
lic generally a sense of profound relief.
The dispatch was in reply to Secretary
Hay's cable inquiry to Minister Conger
oft July 11, and as both messages were
in the American cipher code, they were
regarded by the officials as above the sus
picion of having been tampered with in
the course of transmission through Chi
n se channels.
Mr. Wn promptly communicated the dis
patch to the state department, where the
translation was made from the cipher fig
ures and soon all Washington was astir
with tne intteligence.
It was telegraphed by Secretary Hay to
the President, who responded with a
wholesome expression of gratification and
word of it was sent to the various cabinet
ofiicers. They gathered in Secretary
Hay’s office and an impromptu cabinet
conference was held in the diplomatic
chamber, mainly for the purpose of ex
changing congratulations and of taking a
survey of the situation to see if it had
been materially changed by this import
Tire Most Welcome Feature.
First of- all, from the standpoint of the
administration officials, the most wel
come feature of the message was its as
surance that the American minister him
self was alive two days ago. But with
this cheering news came the ominous
statement of Minister Conger that the be
sieged foreigners were in the British le
gation under continued shot and shell
from Chinese troops, and that only quick
relief could avert a general massacre.
After the first flush of thankfulness this
grave feature of the message began to im
press itself upon cabinet officials most
deeply. As one of them remarked:
"There are the poor creatures, penned
up under fire of shot and shell and ap
pealing lo us for help.”
The consultation brought about no pro
nounced change of policy, for it was felt
that already every energy had been spent
toward meeting the situation and that
there was absolutely nothing more that
sould be done. After all, the cabinet offi
cials felt, and so stated, that the message
was an evidence of friendliness and good
faith of the pro-foreign clement of the
Chinese and that wisdom dictated a course
which would continue to utilize this friend
Accepted n* Authentic.
The government accepted themessage as
authentic, and Secretary Hay transmitted
It to all our ambassadors and ministers
abroad with Instructions to lay It before
the respective governments to which they
are accredited, and to urge upon them the
necessity of co-operation for the Imme
diate relief of the foreigners at Pekin.
A message was sent by Secretary Long
to Admiral Remey conveying the intelli
gence of the desperate situation In Tekln
and instructing him to "use and urge ev
ery possible endeavor for relief.'*
This mesaage, Secretary Long explain
ed, meant for Admiral Remey himself to
"use” and to ‘'urge" upon the command
ing officers of the other Powers the use of
every endeavor for the relief of Pekin.
SAVANNAH, GA„ SATURDAY, JULY 21. 1900.
Secretary Root sent a similar notifica
tion to Col. Coolidge, the senior American
officer ashore at Tien Tsin, but without
This action was the result of the confer
ence of Secretaries Hay, Long and Root.
It was realized that the land and naval
forces of the United States now In China
could not single-handed push on to Pekin
and the other Powers, accordingly, were
appealed to, on the basis of Minister Con
ger's message, to co-operate for inetant
Secretary Hay explained his reasons for
placing reliance in the authenticity of
Minister Conger's dispatch, saying that it
was a complete reply in code to the code
message sent to him and that Us authen
ticity was vouched for by the Tsung-li-
“Of course," said Secretary Hay, smit
ing, "I am not omniscient and may be
fooled, but I cannot see how the authen
ticity of Minister Conger's cable can be
Secretary Hay said he attached no sig
nificance to the use of the words, "Chl
/nese troops” in the message. They did
not. in his opinion, mean that the Chi
nese government troops were besieging
the foreigners. He seemed to entertain
little doubt that the Chinese government
itself was doing all in its power to sup
press the Boxer insurrection.
More Welcome Intelligence.
In this connection the message from
Counsel Fowler that Gen. Yuan Shih Kai,
governor of Shan Tung province, report,
ing that the Chinese authorities were do.
ing all in their power to put down the in
surrection. is exceedingly xveicome intel
ligence. it not only confirms the theory
of the state department that the position
of the Chinese government is correct,
but it is assumed to indicate
that Yuan Shih Kai has thrown the weight
of his influence on the side of the gov
ernment. Yuan is considered one of the
ablest, if not the ablest, general in China.
He has, according to a statement made
by Lord Charles Beresford to a prominent
state department official when Lord Beres
ford was here last fail, the best drilled
and best equipped army in China under
Some doubt was entertained as to which
side, he would ally himself with In the
present insurrection and the fact that he
appears to have cbme out on the side of
the government is accepted as evidence
that his best judgment is that Prince
Tuan's rebellion is destined to fall.
The Absorbing Topic.
Throughout the day the Conger message
remained the absorbing topic of discus
sion. Secretary Hay was congratulated on
the success of the step3 he had adopted
to epen up cemmunication between Pekin
and Washington, for while the chanceller
ies of the whole world stood hesitating
and inactive, he had adoptei a course
• which had brought a message from our
minister. The Chinese minister. Mr. Wu,
shartd also in the universal approbation
of what 1 ad leen clone. He seconded Mr.
Hay’s effort f.om the outset and it is due
to the official machinery set in motion by
him that the communications were gotten
It is appreciated by the officials, both
American and Chinese, that there wil be
suspicion in some quarters. Against this
it Is dec ared that a message au.hent cit
ed by the American e pher code, and
backed by the integrity of the officials
through whom it has passed, must be ae
c pted as authentic until something tet
ter than mere suspicion is brought forth.
Later in the day several messages were
received from United States Consul Fow
ler at Che Foo, ail strongly confirmatory
of the news that the foreigners were
Credence Not Shaken.
The fact that the cablegram from Min
ister Conger, was given scant credence in
London official circles had no dampening
effect on the optimism of the administra
tion officials. Ii was pointed out by one
of the officials most interested that the
weight of internal evidence in the dis
patch was in favor of .its genuineness.
Besides, there were several strongly cor
roborative dispatches from Consul Gen
eral Goodnow and Consul Fowler.
The fact that Minister Conger mentioned
the bombardment of the British legation
was considered good evidence that the
dispatch was written subsequent to the
6th, as the best information here is that
the bombardment of the legations did
not begin prior to that date, it was said
at the state department that it was not
thought expedient to give out either the
text or a paraphrase of the message'sent
by the state department on July 11th, to
FAILS TO CARRY CONVICTION.
ENGLAND THINKS CHINA FORGED
London. July 21, 4 a. m.—The Conger dis
patch falls to carry conviction lo either
the British press or public.
Its genuineness is not disputed, for, as
Is pointed out here, the Chinese must pos
sess quite a sheaf of such messages, which
the ministers fruitlessly endeavoreij to get
transmitted, from which they could easily
select a non-committal dispatch to serve
the required purposes.
It Is supposed that Mr. Conger omitted
to destroy the cipher code and that this
is now in the possession of the Chinese,
In which event the selection or concoction
of Ihe dispatch would not be difficult.
It Is argued that (he dispatch, If It were,
a genuine reply to the Inquiries of the
American government, would go more in
to details. A slight ray of hope is admit
ted In the fact that both Mr. and Mrs.
Conger are known lo have been on very
friendly terms with the Empress Dowager,
but Ihe universal opinion here Is that If
the dispatch is genuine the date Is falsi
The bare possibility that the newe of the
massacre was premature, however, haa
had Us effect and the government has Is
sued a aemi-official disclaimer of respon
sibility for the proposed memorial service
In Bt. Paul's Cathedral, while the newspa
(Continued on Sixth Page.*
POWERS FORETOLD IT
NOAKS CLAIMS HE SAID GOEBEL
WOULD BE KILLED.
PREPARATIONS MADE FOR IT.
STRONG TESTIMONY IMPLICATING
When Noak* Asked Abont the con
tests, Powers Said They Would
Amount to Nothing When Goebel
Wn* Dead and in H —He lind
Rained a Company Bat Objected to
Serving When lie Henrd Goebel
Would Be Seated.
Georgetown, July 39.—Annie Wetst of
Louisville. Auditor of State Sweeny’s
stenographer, was the first witness called
in the trial to-day of Caleb Powers, charg
ed with complicity in the Goebel shooting.
She heard only three shots and the sound
came from the direction of the office of the
Secretary of State.
Witness said Henry Youtsey came into
her office the day of the Van Meter-Berry
contest and told her she had better leave
the state house as trouble was likely to
occur. Youtsey had a rifle in his hand at
Shortly after the shooting Assistant Sec
retary of State Matthews stationed two
men with guns at the door of the building
with orders to allow no one to enter or
leave the building.
Robert Noaks, a railroad conductor, was
called. Noaks said John and Ca
leb Powers and Charles Finley
conferred with him in November after
the election relative to bringing
armed men to Frankfort at the time of
(he meeting of the state election commis
sion board. They told him they wanted
him to bring as many men as he could,
and that when they reached Frankfort
they should act in such a manner as to
give the Governor a chance to call out the
militia. The object was explained <o the
witness as an effort to intimidate the elec
Noaks told of being asked by Caleb
Powers to get accompany of militia com
posed of men who would fight. He also
asked Noaks to get smokeless powder
cartridges. He secured a company and it
was mustered in. Then Powers directed
him to capture tw’o trains and bring his
company to Frankfort. Charles Finley ob
jected and warned Noaks not to do that
and proposed to hire the trains.
Created n Sensation.
Noaks next statement created a sensa
tion. He was asked:
"Did Powers ever say anything to you
“Yes, he was on my train one day and
“ 'The contests wont amount to any
thing, and when Goebel is dead and in
h there is not another man in the state
who can hold his party together.’
"Finley sent us a train from Louisville,
which carried the men on Jan. 23. At
Richmond Culton got cn the train and told
us when we arrived at Ftankfort we
should say we were going to petition Ihe
Legislature. I told the boys to carry their
guns as naturally as if hunting and not
in a military position. After we got to
the state house John Powers told me to
stand closer to the executive building, as
I might get hurt. He said:
" ‘Some of our men are up stairs and
when Goebel and those other fellows come
in they are going to do the waive for
"4 told him this must not be done. He
told, me to keep cool. I went back into
the Secretary of State's office. Caleb
“ Bob. I understand you have two m<n
in your company tvho would kill flr man If
you wanted them to do it.'
Said He Had No Such Men.
“I told him I did not believe I had such
a man and he mentioned Chadwell and
Jones. I told him I did not believe they
were men of that kind. That afternoon
when the men were being sent home. Pow
ers again told me to keep ten or twelve
of our best men and to keep Chadwell and
Jones. My military company was* taken
with me. They wore citizens’ clothes with
their uniforms under them. We were told
by Pow'ers to do this so we would he ready
for military service. W. H, Cullon told
me I must keep six of my men under arms
all the time. I went to Assistant Adjutant
General Dixon and told him I wanted to
turn over my company as I had become
satisfied they were going to seat Goebel
as Governor and I did not want to serve
Said Goebel W ould Be Killed.
"Dixon told me not to be discouraged as
Goebel would not be Governor. I was
tired and asked Powers how long this
was going on. He said not much longer as
Goebel would be killed and that would set
tle It. That morning I checked two large
pistols and a rifle for Berry Howard. I
saw Gov. Taylor that morning. I went
Into his office and look my pistols off
and put them into a bookcase. I passed
some words with him at that time.”
Noaks will be crose-examlned to-mor
row. , J 1 1 - !i’.
NOT A DECLARATION OF WAR.
Ambassador Tower Talk* of Rus
sia’* Attitude Toward Chinn.
Washington, July 39.—Mr. Charlemagne
Tower, United States ambassador to Rus
j sla, arrived at Washington this morning
and went directly Lo the state department
j to pay his respects to Secretary Hay. Mr.
J Tower Is on a three-monlha’ leave of ab
sence from his post. This leave was ap
plied for four months ago, so that his re
turn at this time cannot be connected with
the Chinese situation. -
“As far as the report of war between
Russia and China is concerned." said Mr.
i Tower, In reply to a question, "I think
i It Is totally unwarranted. What I have
underetood Is that the Ruaelan govern
ment has declared a state of siege, which
is equivalent under its procedure merely
<o amilltary government for the, purpose
of restoring order. It Is not a declaration
. ot war in any sense."
GOV. BECKHAM NOMINATED.
RESOLITIONS CALL FOR AMEND
MEXT OF GOEDEL LAW.
Lexington. Ky., July 20.—Gov. Beckham
was nominated by the Democratic State
Convention of Kentucky by acclamation nt
3:05 o'clock this morning and the conven
tion adjourned at 3:40 o'clock.
After the names of Judge Black of Bar
boursville and Judge Tarvin of Newport
were placed in nomination a roll call of
the convention was begun*.
When McLean county was reached
Beckhan had the 547 votes necessary to
nominate. Then Black and Tarvin’a
names were withdrawn and the latter
moved that the nomination of Beokhatn
he made unanimous. The motion carried
and Beckham was escorted to the plat
form. where he made a speech of accep
It was 2 a m. when Senator Blackburn
presented a report from the Committee on
Resolution's. The report was adopted and
is in part as follows:
e heartily indorse the magnificent
platform adopted by the National Demo*
cratic Convention at Kansas City July 5.
1900, and also the splendid ticket named
by said convention, and pledge the Democ
racy oi' Kentucky to an earnest, corvli.il
and active .support of said ticket.
To Amend tin- (iiuhtl Lau.
“The Demrcratic pafty recommends that
the election law of 1808, known as the
Goebel law, which was enacted to pre
vent the repeiltion of well known Re
publican frauds in certain districts of this
state, and which was a marked improve
ment upon the then existing law, but
which has not proved sufficient for that
purpose, bo amended io secure this end so
thoroughly that the most hyp rcridc.il can
l nd no excuse for charging fraud or un
fairness to our party in the conduct of
“Until such amendments can he enact
ed by the general assembly, we declare
that the Republican party shall have io -
resentatlon on both the state and all coun
ty hoards of election commissioners.
“The mob and the assassin shall not be
the arbitrators of the cltiz ns of Ken
tucky, nor shall ihe penalty of an appeal
to the law and the regular au
thorities be death at the hands of assas
AftNn*M6iintinn of Goebel.
“Law and order must and shall prevail
in Kentucky. We present to* the people
of K*n.ucky the picture of an army of
intimidation, unlawfully quartered in the
public buildings of the state; a state sen
ator in the discharge of his duty to the
state, stricken down by an assass'n's
bulle , fired frem ambush in the executive
building, then occi pied by hb political ad
versary, who hoped to profit by his death;
that same pcliti al advfr.ary and Re
publican pretender, by force, dis
solving the legislature in viola
tion of the comtiiuticn, attempting by
military power to force the Legislature
to meet in a veritable slaughter pen for
the Democratic members, driving its
members through the streets of Frankfort
ot the point of the bayonet, forcibly pre
venting the legislature from meeting in
its lawful and proper place; keepihg
armed rioters and disorderly men und-r
the very window of the room where lay
dying the assassin’s victim; driving the
Court of Appeals from the capitol; aid
ing with the soldiery and spurious par
dons those lawfully accused of capital
crimes to flee from justice and by mil
itary force defying the writ of habeas
corpus; the same Republican pretender
fleeing from Ihe. state after indictment and
remaining a fugitive from justice,
protected by an open violation of tiie con
stitution of the United States after hav
ing declared to the people of the state ‘1
am a citizen of this state and amenab’r
to the laws, I am not a criminal, neither
shall I ever be a fugitive from justice.
Whenever indicted I shall appear for
Bradley** Action Denounced.
Gov. Bradley’s alleged use of the militia
to control the election of November, 1890,
Sinceresl grief is expressed over tho
death of Gov. William Goebel.
Every sincere lover of civil and personal
liberty is invited to Join in a campaign
against ihe forces under the banner of a
“government by assassination.’’
In conclusion the administration of Gov.
J. C. YV. Beckham was s-trongly indorsed.
CAFE FARM A MEM' OFEXED.
Imprisonment Proposed n* PuuUh
ment for Kclicl*.
Colony, July 20.—The Cape Colony
Parliament opened to-day with an Impres
sive scene. The speech of Sir Alfred Mil
ner, governor of the colony, prophesied
an early close of the war and subsequent
ly a united and prosperous South Africa.
He proposed disfranchisement and impris
on mem for rebels.
Amid profound silence Mr. Merriman,
a member of the opposition, gave notice
that he would move that the actions of
the military in districts where opposition
had terminated was contrary to the inher
ent rights of British subjects and that
martial law should be repealed.
METHI EX TOOK HEC K POOR !*.
Operation* of Other Force* to the
En*t of Pretoria*
London. July 20.—The following dis
patch from Lord Roberts has been receiv
ed at the war office:
“Pretoria, July 19.—Methuen occupied
Hcckpoort to-day without opposition to
rpeak of. lan Hamilton and Mahon con
tinued their march along the country
north of the Delagoa Bay Railroad. Hun
ter is roeonnlering the position occupied
by the Free Staters between the Bethle
hem and Fieksburg.”
TWO HUNDRED WERE KILLED.
Mount Aininn In .Japan Wn* In
Eruption l.nst Tuesday.
Yokohama. July 19.—Mount Azuma, near
Bandaisan, which was the scene of a vol
canic disaster ir 1888. broke Into eruption
Tuesday, July 17. Two hundred persons
were killed or injured.
Several vllluges were engulfed by the
streams of lava from Azuma and great
damage, was done in adjacent districts.
MINISTER SHOWS GOOD FAITH.
Auk* Russia to Examine Kls Dis
pntches From Chinn.
London, July 20.—With a view to show
ing his good faith, the Chinese minister
at St. Petersburg has begged the Russian
foreign secretary to examine all dispatches
arriving for the legation before their de
Indian troops are daily arriving at Hong
JCong cn route to Taku.
COL. SRYAN'S CHINESE VIEWS.
IT IS (U K DUTY TO PROTECT AMER
Lincoln, Neb., July 20.—William J.
Bryan gave out 10-day the following in
terview In regard to the situation in
"Everyone ilerlorcs the destruction of
life in China and is horrified at the bar
barities practiced. Everyone believes that
it Is the duty of our government to pro
tect the lives and property of American
citizens residing in China, and I have no
doubt that the administration will do so. I
also take it for granted that all American
citizens will withdraw from China tem
porarily or take refuge in some feaport
where they can be protected by American
ships until the excitement is over.
"If the Chinese government has tried in
good faith to ported our citizens, suitable
punishment for the guilty and reparation
and Indemnity (or those who have suffer
ed can doubtless be secured. If upon in
vestigation it Is found that the Chinese
government has not acted In good faith.
Congress has power to deal w ith the mat
For several years European nations
have been threatening to dismember
China, and It Is not strange that their
ambitious designs should nrottse a feel
ing of hostility towards foreigners. That
feeling, however, ought not to be direct
ed against American citizens, and will
not if our nation makes it known that it
has no desire lo grab land or to tres
pass upon the right? of China. A firm ad
heronce to the American policy of justice
and fair dealing will not only set an ex
ample to other nations, but will give to
our citizens residing In China the best
promise of security, it wil! be better for
our merchants to have It known that they
seek trade only when trade is mutually
advantageous, it wifi he better for our
missionaries to hove It known that they
ore preaching the gospel of love and are
not forerunners of fleets and armies.”
COMING ELEI TION IN Cl BA.
President nnd Gov. Gen. Wood Have
(greed on Sc|t. 1.1.
Washington, July 29.—1 tis understood
that the President and Gen. Wood have
agreed upon Sept. 15 ns the time for hold
ing the election in Cuba for delegates to
the Constitutional Convention th at Is to be
called for the purpose of formulating a
constitution for an independent govern
ment for Cuba. .
On the return of Oen. Wood to Cuba
he will confer with the loaders or the
Cuban people as lo the details of the elec
tion, and as to what restrictions, if any,
should be placed upon universal suffrage
in the Island. It is now hoped that the
constitutional convention will be held be
fore the end of the year, and If possible
as early as Oct. 15.
There Is no doubt that any‘constitution
which may be formulated will be scrutin
ized with greitest care by the President
(Hid possibly by Congress, before It Is al
lowed to go into operation, for It Is the
settled conviction of the officials that
Cuba should not Ire permitted to make
treaties with foreign nations except
through the United Slates, nor should the
people be allowed to involve the Island in
debt unless authorized to do so by this
MAY ll\\ E BEEN ANIMIE.
Wreckage anil Bodies of Men Found
on Hudson Buy Const.
Fort Williams, Ont., July 20.—Indians,
hunting on the east coast ot Hudson bay,
have brought word to the Hudson Bay
Company's |>osL that they found last
spring a vast quantity of wreckage, the
bodies of two men and a man in the last
stage of death struggle. The Indians re
ported that they could not understand the
language he spoke, but that it was not
English. It is believed by the officials
of the company that the Indians witnessed
Ihe ending of Andre's attempt to reach
the north pole by balloon.
OREGON IS BEING REPAIRED.
Sentiment Against the .luiiniiese Do
ing Too Much,
Yokohama, Thursday, July 19.—The
United States battleship Oregon arrive!
at Kure, where she will undergo tempo
The leading papers still urge (he dis
patch of more troops to China, but there
Is a growing sentiment against the Ja
panese engaging in extended operations.
The decision of the government In the
matter is not known, but a division from
Sendai In on Its way to emoaik at UJina.
Many refugees from China are arriv
ing In Japan.
•MISSIONARIES ARE SAFE.
Cablegram Received by Bn 1111*1 For
eign Mission Hoard.
Richmond, Va„ July 20.—The Foreign
Mission Board of the Southern Baptist
Convention, with headquarter* In this city,
this morning received n cablegram from
Che Foo, China, as follows: ,
“Rev. R. J. Willingham, D. D.t Lives
saved. Plngtu looted. Christians fearful
ly persecuted. Hartwell."
This means that all the Baptist mission- ;
arles of the Southern Convention now In
Northern China are safe. Rev. and Mrs.
J. W. Lowe, who were In Plngtu, an!l
for whose safety grave fear* were fell,
CAVALRY GOING TO THU EAST.
MnJ. Allen Smith Ordered to Gel
Ready for Service.
Chicago, July 20.—MaJ. Allen Smith, of
tho First Regiment of Cavalry, who has
iern In charge since July 1, of one of the
United Sluts army recruiting salient
located here, received orders from Wash
ington to-day to Join his regirnc.it Imme
diately and be pr< pared for act.ve service
in the field.
The companies of the First Cavalty have
I een setvlng In Ar zona, Nor.h and South
Dakota and other Western spates and
hive he n ordered to mobilize at Seattle,
to be transported to the Orient.
Marines to Go to Chins,
Norfo k, Va.. Jtn’.y 29—Lieut. R. Y.
Rhea, o', the United Sta es marine corps,
arrived from Washington on the stramer
Norfolk this morning with forty recruit*,
principal y Chicago men. who will be
d-ill. dat the mar.ne barracks In the navy
yard for service in China.
DAILY, 88 A YEAR.
5 CENTS A COPY
WEEKLY 2-TIMEB-A-WEEK.BI A YEAR
WAS RIFFLED BY A SKYTIMKVr
SPOKEN BY GES. SHAW
AT BLUE AND GRAY MEETING.
SAID SHOULD STOP TEACHING
SOUTH WAS RIGHT.
Gen. Gordon Said He Fought fop
AVhnt He Relieved Was Right, and
Wonld So Teach His Children— Gen.
Mtatv It es|ioiiile<l Grneefnlly and
the Incident Wns Closed—Speech
of the Grand Army Commander.
Atlanta, July 20—A genuine Georgia
barbecue this afternoon closed tho reun
ion 111 this city of the Blue and Gray.
Although It was given out at Its incep
tion that the reunion was for the benefit
only of those who participated In the bat
tles around Atlanta, and tho city's invit
ed guests, veterans from all parts of tho
South were present, swelling the crowd*
to large proportions.
Gen. John B. Gordon, commander in
chief of the United Confederate Veteran*,
disobeying his physician's orders, was
present with the other distinguished
guests, and sat side by side with Gen.
Albert D. Show, commander In chief of
(he G. A. R.
All the invited guests made speeches,
but tho second on the programme, that
of Gen. Shaw*, did 1 not please Gen. Gor
don, and for a time reconlclllatlon was
forgotten. Gen. Shaw’s speech was for
the most part conciliatory in tone, and
wns well received, and Jbet his reference
to the manner In which all memories of
the great struggle should be blotted out
in the families of the South was not re
ceived with the favor hoped for. In his
speech lie uttered these words, and they
went deeply Into Gen. Gordon’s heart:
"What I am anxious to see is the dis
appearance of all unworthy reminders of
the terrible conflict, and all the culture of
present unity and righteousness over all
the Union. There can now be but one Ideal
American citizenship, one Stars and
Stripes, one bulwark ot future national
glory and one line of patriotic teachings
for all and by all. in this view the keepw
Ing alive of sectional teaohlnss as to the
Justice and rights of the cause of the
South In Ihe hearts of the children of the
South is all out of order, unwise, unjust,
and utterly opposed to the bond by which
the great chieftain Lee solemnly bound
the cause of the South In hie final sur
render. I deeply deplore all agencies of
this sort, because In honor and in chival
ric American manhood and womanhood
nothing Of Hit* nature should be taught or
tolerated for an Instant."
Gen. Gordon Took Exception.
At tho close of Gen. Shaw's speech, Gen.
Gordon came forward. He had spoken
briefly before and his appearance again
caused considerable of a surprise. The
enthusiasm quieted Instantly.
Gen. Gordon said he could not teach hi*
children that tie fought for what waa
wrong. He entered battle for what he
believed was right, and "only the Judg
ment day and God Himself will ever de
cide who was right.”
"Let us cherish the memories," contin
ued Gen. Gordon, “and history will rec
ord and hetvf n Judge, that both sides
were right in fighting for what they be
lieved was right. Let us settle once and
for all this question on a basis commen
surate with the manhood of the sides en
gaged in the great struggle; let us settle
It on a basis of that immaculate truth
that both sides were fighting for the con
stitution of their forefathers."
Gen. Shaw responded gracefully to the
He stated that he had prepared his
speech with care and much of the mater
ial therein was gained from speeches
made by Gen. Gordon in the North.
"Our children should be taught,” said
Gen. Shaw, "the true glory and sublimity
of our one country; their fathers will
teach them this. Let them be so alike,
the children of the North and of the
South, that no difference will be percepti
The Incident closed with three cheer*
for the Blue and the Gray.
Speech of Gen. Bhnn.
The speakers of the day were Gen. Al
bert D. Shaw, Gen. John B. Gordon, Gov.
James A. Mount of Indiana, Hon. W. C.
P. Breckinridge, Gen. J. C. Breckin
ridge, Inspector general U. S. A.; Gen.
A. P. Stewart of Chattanooga and Gen.
O. O. Howard.
Gen. Gordon spoke briefly In Introducing
Gen. Shaw, who spoke in part as follows:
"I am proud to be present on ths hat
tp-fleld of Ihe great war, and to meet and
greet comrades and veterans of the
North, and of the South, on this anniver
sary of the Peach Tree Creek Battle of
the 60's. I am net here to speak of Its
details, for others will recount the rem
iniscent fealuns of this famous fight,who
were iartlc pants on either side; but I am
present as a Union veteran, to show my
fu 1 sympathy with ro-unions/>f this sort,
where brave former fees once engaged In
(he hot rush of contending armies, now
meet as fil nds and fellow citizens, with
common a ms and in common loyalty to
the greatest republic of the world. I am
to speak to-day not officially as the eom
mander-in-chlef of the Grand Army of the
Reoubl c, hut a* a veteran and a private
soldier of Company A, Thirty-fifth New
York Volunteers, in which I carried &
gun for two years—what wells up In my
heart on this great occasion I believe
the time has come when plain words
should be spoken of a past that will for
ever witch the world by Its great deeds
and great men, covering the p riod of
American history between 1861 and 1866.
The Cavalier and the Puritan,
"The md came at Appomattox, and ths
Cavalier Lee and the Puritan Grant fac
ed each other on the closing scene* of the
most pathetic and bloody drawn of ail ths
rges. 'lhe hslf drawn sword was motion
ed back, and the vlctorl us leaders' words
sounded forth the death knell of past na
tional division—mid grezted the glorious
dswn of anew destiny, when he said:
"How many tatlcns do your hungry sol
di is need?” And then followed the bless
ed assurance that horses and side arms
could be retained, the fermer as helps In
the new life of peace, and the latter a*
(Continued on Fifth Fags.)