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BRYAN S PLANS ARE IN SHAPE.
HE HAS AllOt T FINISHED HIS NOTI
ill I'robnhl j tnnonnre 111* Itiner
ary to Imllnnnpolt* To-day-Time
n ml Place of Notllicntlon by Popn-
H*t* Not Vet Settled ou—Likely the
Place Will He Topeka, Knn.-Not
True That He NVn* Aliiioml Hit by
a Golf Hall.
Lincoln, Neb., July 29.—Mr. Bryan is so
well along with his notification speech
on 1 his plans are so well developed that
he hopes to-morrow to be able to an
nounce his itinerary for the trip to In
dianapolis and return.
He has no knowledge of the time and
place for his notification by the Popu
lists and Free Silver Republicans, and it
is not believed his present itinerary takes
into consideration that function. Local
politicians had hoped that if it was to
be in the West, Mr. Bryan's home, in
Lincoln, would be the place selected, hut
H is now thought Topeka, Kan., probably
will secure the meeting.
It is possible the trip to Chicago of
Secretary Edgerton of the Populist Na
tional Committee may have some bearing
on the question. Mr. Edgerton left this
evening and will remain several days. He
expects to see Charles A. Towne while
Mr. Bryan and his family attended
union services at the First Presbyterian
.hureh this morning and listened to a
-ermon on “The Divine Oraior,” by Rev.
Mr. Rowlands of the Firs* Baptist
Church. Later, he and Mrs. Bryan en
tertained friends who called.
Mr. Bryan says that there is not the
slightest foundation for the story sent
out from here that he narrowly escaped
injury by being struck by a golf ball.
STEANIEIFS CARGO ON FIRE.
llt lie Liner Reached Philadelphia
Philadelphia, July 29.—The Clyde Line
creamer Goldsboro arrived here to-dav
from New York, with a portion of her
. argo in flames. The fire started in the
forehold. and is supposed to have been
the result of spontaneous combustion.
As the Goldsboro came up Delaware
bay. her distress signals were seen by
the tug Alkins Hughes, which went to
her assistance, and pumped water into
her hold. At Chester the fireboat Edwin
S. Stuart drew’ alongside and proceeded
up the river with her.
Whn the Goldsboro arrived opposite
her docks she was tow’ed to the Camden
fide of the river and beached in the mud.
Her cargo is still burning and the fire
boat and several tugs are playing streams
of water upon the flames.
The steamer is loaded with general mer
chandise, and the forward hold contains
a large amount of dry licorice root. It
is impossible at this time to estimate
the amount of damage.
The fire was extinguished late to-night
after the hold had been filled with water.
It is thought that the damage to the ship
will be comparatively light, but the lo<s
on the cargo doubtless will be considera
After the water has been pumped out of
the Goldsboro’s hold efforts will be made
to pull her out of the mud. She may
have, to be lightered before this is accom
MADE THE CROWD FI RIOI S.
'lonroe Called Off anil Given tlie
Race Over Hiclincl.
Providence, R. 1., July 29.—Jimmy
Michael, the bicycle rider, was declared
defeated by the referee, in his match with
Den Monroe of Memphis, at Crescent Park
this afternoon. The trouble grew out of
terms of the contest for the. race, by
which Michael’s manager, J. C. Kennedy,
controlled everything. The local track
could get Michael here only by agreeing
to Michael’s requirements for pace, and
"hen the referee called Monroe off the
track and awarded him the race, the big
crown, which had paid double admission
price to see Michael, was furious.
WAS KILLED Dl LIGHTNING.
Fitzgerald Struck While Walking
\ lonji the Street.
Little Rock, Ark., July 29.—James L. Fitz
gerald, paymaster in the office of the
treasurer of the Choctaw, Oklahoma and
Gulf Railroad was instantly killed by
lightning during a terrific storm this af
ternoon. He was walking along the street
with his brother and Patrick Sullivan
when struck. Sullivan was badly injur
ed and Fitzgerald’s brother was knocked
down. Fitzgerald's clothes w’ere entirely
torn off and his body disfigured.
NO NEED OF A DIVORCE.
Man Committed Suicide Before Wife
Cincinnati, July 29.—0n account of do
mestic troubles the wife of Albert Kipp,
a hrakeman, recently left him and return
ed to her parents. Kipp yesterday got
notice of divorce proceedings. He took
the papers to his wife to-day, and told
her there would be no need of serving on
him. Calling for water, he swallowed
•wo ounces of carbolic acid and died in
grfat agony with his wife and three small
children clinging to his body.
TEN EYCK WILL NOT GO.
Pay* He nml Hi* Cliihmate* Have
Ficon Shabbily Treated.
Worcester, Mas#., July 29.—Edward H.
Ten Eyck. amateur champion single scul
ler of the world, has decided not to repre
***it this country at the regatta at the
Paris Exposition. Ten Eyck makes this
decipion on account of what he calls the
shabby manner in w’hich he and his club
mates of the Wachusetts Boat Club of
this citj have been treated by the com*
mitten, and national officers of the Na
tional Association of Amateur Oarsmen.
Hr*ii>(it for Harry Wclilon.
Cincinnati, July 29 During the past
wef -k a permanent organization was ef
fected here with Judge Ferris as presi
dent and other Judges of (he courts ns
v *' president, Mayor Flelschman ns treas
urer and M. Isaacs of the Enquirer as
rriary for a benefit to Harry M. Wel
don ii j* Earned from the letters rec*eiv
*l that there will be co-operating com
mltfr** j n several cities, composed of
fi porting editors, baseball men, turfmen,
hnxi-rs and others.
Heath of an Ex-Congressman.
Manaseas, Va., July 29—Bx-Uongress
?' an E. E. .Meredith died at his home
nr ’ r this afternoon, from an acute ob
*r 1 Mon of the bowels. Dr. J Ford
J ' mpson of Washington, and Dr
‘ ’i n of Alexandria, 'were summoned
to i>erform an operation, but death
ued while they were making prepara
• os for the operation.
Kev. Horace Porter May Die.
■fw York. July 29 Rev. Horace Por-
Tr " Jlr* assistant pastor of Plymouth
( hureh. Brooklyn, is dangerously ill it’
0 Private sanitarium, Brooklyn, and hi*
u 'very j# doubtful. His condition is the
r ' ‘ult of being thrown from his bieycl■*
° r ! Hro< >hlyn bridge about six weeks ago,
n is believed to have Buffered an
injury t 0 the spinal cord.
WARRANT FOR E. L. SWAZEY.
*old n Mortgage on Cattle Belong
ln K to Another Party.
Kansas City .July 29.—A warrant has
been issued for the arrest of Edward L.
Swazey, charging him with intent to de
fraud by selling to the Third National
Bank of Springfield, Mass., a mortgage
of $7,250 on 261 head of cattle owned by
J- H. Kenney of Hemphill county, Texas.
It is alleged that Swazey represented
that the mortgage was a first lien, where
as it was a second lien. If true, the op
eration is identical with those pursued by
Grant Gilrette, the Kansas plunger, who
remortgaged cattle to the amount of over
a million dollars. Gillette crossed to Old
Mexico, where he has since resided.
According to a report from the office of
the Bankers’ and Cattlemen’s Protective
Association, the Swazey irregularities ap
proximate $70,000. Until the time of its
financial collapse three months ago Mr.
Swazey was a member of the local com
mission firm of Lass, Penny & Swazey.
The firm did a general cattle commission
business at the stock yards. The loss is
said to be generally distributed among
banks, some of them In the East, so that
it is not heavy on any one person or con
cc-rn. Swazey is said to be on board the
steamship Hprmas, sailing for Buenos
Ayres, South America, having gone on
board July 5, just two hours ahead of De
The Journal will say:
Later development in the alleged em
bezzlement of E. L. Swazey indicate that
he has been operating on a much larger
scale than was at firs* supposed, and that
the alleged fraud may run into the hun
dreds of thousands. Stockmen and others
w’ho know the staius of the case compara
tively well say that other arrests will fol
low if Swazey is taken.
FATALITY IN A COLLISION.
One of IliitVnln 111 If* Trains Ran Into
by a Freight.
Detroit. July 29.—Section one of the Buf
falo Bill W ild West Show’s train suffered
a severe collision near Milwaukee Junc
tion shortly before daylight to-day, result
ing in the smashing of a show' employes*
sleeping car containing some forty sleep
ing inmates. One of the latter, Edward
Sullivan, aged 37, of Bridgeport, Conn.,
porter of the canvas car, is dead, and
nine are in hospitals here more or less
The Wild West Company gave its ex
hibition at Ypsilanti on Saturday, and
show-s at Pontiac to-morrow. At the time
of the collision the train, consisting of
twenty w'agon and stork cars, four of the
show sleeping cars and a Grand Trunk
caboose, were* being transferred from the
Michigan Central to the Detroit, Grand
Haven and Milwaukee road. The train
was being pushed backward from the “Y”
at the Milwaukee junction, when it was
struck by an outgoing Grand Trunk
freight train. All the victims will recover
shortly excepting three.
LONG’S SECRETARY IS DEAD.
Finney** r>emt*e Wan Due to nn At
tack of Fever.
W ashington, July 29.—News was received
here to-night of the death of Lewis Har
vie Finney, private secretary to Secretary
Long, at Warm Springs, Va„ this fore
He had been away from the office for a
month and more as the result of an at
tack of fever. He was a native of Vir
ginia, where his people are well known.
He had been private secretary to Assist
ant Secretary Soley and to Secretarv
Herbert, and was highly thought of by
naval officers and public men. The inter
ment will te in Washington.
FIFTH WILL GO Tt> f lint.
Second llattnlioa Will Leave Santi
ago tie tuba To-dav.
Santiago de Cuba, July 29.—The second
battalion of the Fifth United States In
fantry, Maj. Borden commanding, will
leave to-morrow for the United Slates by
the transport McPherson. The companies
at Guantanamo and Baracoa will be taken
aboard en route.
The officers have received instructions
to prepare warm clothing for a hard win
ter campaign, and to be ready to embark
shortly after arriving at New York.
All the men are enthusiastic at the pros
pect of active service in Chinn.
Cl HA'S DECREE IS APPROVED.
Cnbono Says United States Have
Been Frank and Honest.
Havana, July 29.—The decree calling the
constitutional convention and providing
for the election of delegates meets with
almost universal approval at the hands
of the Cubun press. The element which
has always clamored for Independence
sees in the convention the probable con
summation of the plans of a lifetime. The
Cubano says that the United States gov
ernment has been "frank and honest In
declarations that are of vital imiortance
Transfer Steamer Sunk.
Memphis. Tenn., July 29—The transfer
steamer General Pierson, plying between
Memphis and Hopefleld. struck a hidden
obstruction to-night and sank in eight feet
of water. The boat cost $65,000 and is own
ed by the Choctaw, Oklahoma and Gulf
Railroad Company. It is believed the boat
can be raised.
Dentil of Cnpt. .folin I.title.
Washington, July 29.—Gen. Brooke, at
New York, has informed the War Depart
ment of the death at Governor's Island
last night of typhoid fever of Capt. John
Little of the subsistence department.
Capt. Little was a native of Tennessee,
and graduated In ISSo. He married a niece
of • e late Gen. Sherman.
Btfr Hares at Columbus,
Columbus. 0.. July 30.—The grand cir
cuit meeting opens to-morrow. The big
race will be the free-for-all trot for stal
lions for a purse of $5,000. Thursday. Six
horses will probably start, Charley Herr,
Crosceus. Gayton, Tommy Britton, Dare
Devil and GratCan Boy.
Miners Given nn Incrrnse.
Huntington. W. Va.. July 29.—One thou
sand miners in the Davy coal fields to
morrow will be granted 10 per rent, of In
crease In wages. The mines throughout
the state are running at their fullest ca
pacity and unable to keep up with orders.
Well-Known German Dead.
New York, July 29.—William Kramer, a
millionaire real estate owner, founder of
the Atlantic Garden Music Hall, owner of
the Thalia Theafer, and one of the best
known Germans In New York, died to
day. aged 66 year*.
Good llninfnll In Indin.
Bombav. July 29.-The rainfall in Guxe
rat is good, an<l general prospecl* have
greatly Improved. The crops already
sown will be saved.
Commissioner IJuell In Hesign.
Syracuse. N. Y., July 29 — Commissioner
of Patents Charles H. Duel!, contem
plates resigning at an early day. *o d’-
vote his entire time to his private busl
lldwnrd K. Poor Is Dead.
New York, July 29.—Edward Erie Poor,
ex-president of the National Park Bank,
died to-day in Liverpool, ages! 63 years.
THE MORNING NEWS: MONDAY. JULY 30. 1009.
GEN. GORDON'S BOYHOOD.
Life in Georgia in tile Old Days "Be
fo* do With.”
From fhe Youth’s Companion.
My birthplace was my father’s planta
tion in Upson county. Ga., on the banks
of the Flint river, and there my early
boyhood was passed in the days before
the war, when there were no railroad*,
no telegraphs, no daily newspapers, and
few mails in that portion of the country.
The cost of postage on a letter was 5
or 10 cents, according to its size and the
distance it was to go. The mails were
carried in well settled districts on horse
back, and between important towns in
stage coaches. As the coaches, drown by
teams of four horses, with bugles sound
ing their approach, swept along the roads,
they aroused in the country people more
interest than would now be excited by the
finest train of Pullman cars. The driver,
mounted on their lofty seats, were the
envy of aspiring boys.
The building of the first school that I
attended stood in a woodland not far from
the main highway. It was built of hewn
logs, but was well finished inside and out.
At each end of the room there was an im
mense chimney, and in those broad fire
places during the winter months great log
fires were kept burning. The logs for this
purpose were cut and brought in by de
tails of the larger boys.
The schoolmaster was an Irishman
named Doster. with ruddy complexion,
clean shaven face, and hair as black a*
n raven. He was a man of medium size,
but when engaged in his favorite amuse
ment of flogging, he seemed to grow to
huge proportions. His seat was near the
center of the room, and he kept eager
watch over the whole of it. The larger
students were seated at desks arranged
about the center. The small boys sat on
a bench which extended from one end of
the room to the other.
At specified hours all the small boys
were required to spend a certain length of
time in writing with pen and ink. The
pen was a goose quill, converted into
proper shape by Foster's sharp penknife.
During the time given to writing lessons,
we little penmen turned our faces to the
wail in order to use a sloping desk which
was attached there. Thus our backs were
turned toward the teacher.
Instead of requiring us to write words
and sentences. Doster compelled us to
fashion fishhooks, tongs, acissors and
other objects of utility. The master
moved quietly behind this long line of
youngsters and peeped over their should
ers. If be discovered a boy forming his
fishhook upside down or making some
other mistake, he would storm nt him
from behind, “what are you doing?’’ Of
course the culprit’s pen and the pens of
half a dozen other startled hoys shot
across the whole page. This nervousness
and waste of paper furnished Doster with
•he opportunity for teaching greater skill,
self poise and economy by the rod.
On (he plantations of that day there was
no machinery for compressing cotton into
bales. The long bag was hung under a
platform with a large round hole in the
floor, through which the lint cotton was
thrown by hand into the swinging bag
below. The packing was done by the most
faithful and stalwart negro on the place,
who stood inside the bag and tramped the
cotton with his feet as it came down, and
then pounded it with an iron bar.
The packer on my father’s plantation
was the negro foreman, known only as
“Captain’’—a very impressive i>ersonage.
tall and straight, with side-whiskers, and
of austere bearing. He seemed to “boss”
not only the negroes. bu everybody and
everything on the plantation. He would
come out of this packing process covered
from head to foot with a thin coating of
lint cotton, looking like a man of snow
with a black face. His habit was to get
rid of that fine fleecy lint by burning it
off. Applied near his ankles, the flames
ran over him in a second, cleaning off the
lint with no perceptible damage to his
When about six years ol<l 1 was stand
ing by the fire, when Captain came out of
the cotton bag covered with an unusual
amount of lint, and ordered me. "Touch
me off now'!’’ I obeyed. The blaze swept
over him, cleaning off the lint from foot
to head—and the sidewhiskers, too! This
cured him of that habit.
Several years after this my father mov
ed to North Georgia. Although planta
tion life there differed somewifrat from
that peculiar to the cotton belt, there
were fhe same ivatriarchal and kindly re
lations of the white master to his black
slaves, the same free intercourse between
the white and black boys on ihe planta
tion. The young white masters felt
themselves responsible for the protection
of their black followers in case of con
flicts with other boys; and I may add (hat
the. black companions of my* boyhood drew
me into a large number of pitched battles
in their defense than I afterward fought
In my four years of service in the Con
The smaller boys, black and w r hlto
hunted rabbits in the daytime and ’pos
sums and coons at night with dogs. The
larger boy’s rode in the fox chase W’ith
packs of carefully bred hounds, and In the
exhilarating pursuit of wolves when these
ravenous beasts had stolen into the sheep
folds at night. Thus Southern boys gen
erally became expert riders.
THINGS A HAH REII NOTICES.
Men Afraid of Being: Struck by
Lightning in the Chnir.
From the Baltimore AmerKtnn.
“A great many men refuse to be shaved
during a thunderstorm or when it looks
threatening.’’ said a Lexington street bar
ber the other day, when the sky was black
and there had been a few ominous growls
of thunder. “They have the idea that
steel attracts lightning, and fear that the
blade of the razor on their faces will bring
sudden death by means of a shock. I nev
er beard of a man being struck by light
ning while in the chair. I have had men
make me stop shaving them when a
thunderstorm came up suddenly. The
same is true when they are having their
hair cut, for they are afraid that the scis
sors may attract the thunderbolt.
“Some of our customers have the belief
that the hair should only be cut between
the time of the new moon and that of the
f U H—never when (he moon is on the wane
—and they never have their hair cut ex
cept then. They hold that it makes the
hair thick and darkens its color. I never
noticed that It did, however. There is a
belief (hat barbers are superstitious about
a razor that has been dropped on (he floor
That may be the case with some of them,
but the only thing that keeps me from
using one after T have dropped it is that
it is likely to have a few nicks in the
blade when I pick it up. Then I send
i( to be ground, but the chance* are that
it will not be good for anything after
wards. Grinders very often burn (he
edge and take all the temper out of It.
so that it can never be sharpened again.
However, it is worth taking (he chance.
You may lose the thirty or forty cqits
that you pay for having the blade ground,
while, nn the other hand, you may get
hack the use of a razor worth $1.50 or
“It Is, of course a well known fact (hat
a razor needs a rest every now and then,
and I had a funny experience in that way
once. I had nicked the edge of a razor by
dropping it, and sent it to be ground.
When it ram o back I honed it and honed
It, hut it wouldn’t cut a hair. I thought
I (Was ruined, and threw it into a drawer.
Fully a year after I found it again, and
determined to make one more effort to get
an edge on it. Now It is the beet razor T
“It is a funny thing, but there is such a
thing as getting n blade- too sharp for
,ome beards. A comparatively dull edge
will cut them much better thon a sharp
one. 1 suppose that it is because when
the blade is sharpened the teeth are larger
and farther apart, and the hair gets (an
gled up In them, as it were.”
AN EMPIRE OF KINGLETS.
CHINA IS SOMETHING I.IRE A CON
Each Viceroy Almost King Pro
vincial Official* Keep in Their
Own Hand* Army, Navy, anil Coin
age Subject to Tribat • to Pekin.
From the London Telegraph.
What Lord St well called “the usage
nd practice of nations’’ gives no rule or
guidance for the vague and informal ar
rang mints which have b en made by the
great Powers of Europe for (he break-up
of the Chinese empire, all anxious to
maintain the balance of Eastern Influence,
or, in some cases, to upset it to their own
profit. The partition of China is in the
first stage of dangerous uncertainty. In
the Yang-ts’ Yal ey, by the letters of
February, 1898, we have by the hand of
‘ the English in nister laid claim to the
'Yang-tse region” and the provinces ad
j ining the Yang-ise as the English
“sph< res of interest.” This is the new’ and
indefinite term of European diplomacy,
supp sed to connote something less than
ch equally indefinite “sphere of in
fluence.’’ These provinces may be six or
j eight in number, but in cither case they
contain a majority of the Chines© peo
ple and the test of its agricultural and
n.ineral lands. At present no move has
been mad** (o change our status in this
part of the empire, the old heart of (he
Middle Kirgdcm Things are as they were
and one of our China consuls infeormed
me that the only tffecl of the letter had
hi en to make the Mandarins more stiff
necked and unpleasant than ever to deal
with, because they had begun 10 fear that
(h ir sph re cf pew or and profit might be
curtailed by further British interference.
Before long, however, occasions are bound
to arise when Great Britain § ill have to
show what she meant, if she meant any
thing, by the Yang-tse declaration, and ii
is as well (hat the public at home should
git cut of their mind the notion that the
Tsung-li-Yamen, or any other Yamen, can
make its writ run in all this vast terri
tory. Not long ago Lord Salisbury spoke
of the. Chinese government as “u going
' concern, which must b* treated as such."
If he bad talked of Ihe dozen viceregal
governments as “part going concerns’’ he
would have been nearer the mark.
Viceroy 1 !inng-< 1 i-Tung a* nn Ex
To illustrate the general statement by
an example, le-t him take the leading case
of the provinces of Hupeh and Hu Nan,
and their Yiceroy, Chang-chi-Tung. This
statesman is one of the oldest and mo**
| powerful Chinese provincial officials, and
the sent of his government is at Wu
chang, opposite the great trading city of
Hankow. He is said to be the one hon
est mandarin in the empire—a man who
has spent all his “squeeze” on the prov
inces that he has governed, and has left
them as empty as he came. In the las*
extremity, and when the “gunboat argu
ment” is in use, he is subordinate to Pe
kin, like any other of his class; short of
j that, he exercises most of the attributes
\ of an autonomous ruler, and he would
he a clever man w r ho could do much in
i his provinces against the Viceroy’s
j wishes. He has his own army, his own
j navy, and his own mint, and. except in
| regard to foreign trade, (he regulations
of which are dependent on foreign gun
boats, he is to all intents and purposes
supreme! The ships of his fleet are now
lying on the broad bosom of the Great
! river, and there -they w’ere. for (he all
important duty of official salutes, in 1895,
but in that year the Chinese government
happened (o be at war wfith Japan, and
an order came from Pekin that the Yang
tse fleet was lo proceed north and join
forces with the Pe-chi-Li fleet, drawn up
nt Port Arthur. Did Chang-chi-Tung.
then Viceroy of Kiang-Tsu, obey? Not
a. bit of it. He said that it was Li Hung
Chang’s war, and he did not mean to
send his ships north -to be destroyed by
the Japanese. Probably they were safer
in the river than they would have been
in the gulf, but if the navy is in this
decentralized state, it does not tend to
strengthen -the central power.
It was much the same thing with the
army. Pome soldiers were, it is true,
sent down by boat to join the imperial
forces, but they were not real soldiers.
The Viceroy refused to let what dlsci
; plined forces he had go, on the ground
1 that it was wanted for home service. AH
he sent were the coolies, dressed up to
look like soldiers in coats of many colors,
whose lives were cheap, and who, in
fact, were even ready (o srll their chance
of life for a small consideration, pnid
to their families principally, for the
propert transportation and burial of -their
corpses. This was not a difficult or out
of-the-way proceeding, for every Chinese
commander employs coolie soldiers for the
purpose of inspection and drawing pay.
Out of n given force of 500 men on the
pay sheets of (he provincial war bureau,
not more than half at the outside would
have any existence; the rest would he
made up of the lowest class of coolie, en
gaged for one day only. When the in
specting mandarin appears on the parade
ground (hey shout and rush about ns
hard as their regular brethren, bu* they
are. in fact, merely playing what they
call here “fool pidgin.”
( lieck* Upon Independence.
Nothing in China must ever be pressed
to* a logical conclusion, or at least to the
conclusion of Western logic. Tt does not.
therefore, follow' that provincial king
dom** make provincial Kings, or that in
dependence lends to rebellion. Our ex
amples of Chinese history are not encour
aging to *he ambitious Viceroy. Two cen
turies ago the Prince who played the pa *
o' Gen. Monk to (be Manchu dynasty
was. after a long struggle, hunted to sui
cide. and hie family rooted out of the
land. Every Viceroy is. in theory, obso
lutely the creature of bis Emperor. By
edict he may be degraded to he rank
of a coolie, or brought before the Board
of Punishments. In practice every Vice
roy has his party at court; his friends,
who, like the undertaker* of the eighteenth
century, take his poy to defend his inter
ests. In (he palace, too. the imperial
policy has ever been to play off magnate
against magnate, and never to allow any
one official to become too strong. The
advantages of a balance of power are well
understood in the Forbidden Pity.
Then, n Viceroy can pay the pa!a<e
“squeeze,” and everything In China has
its price. Of recent times only one or
two Viceroys have actually been degraded,
and that w’as due solely to the insistanr
pressure of the great Powers. On the
other hand Viceroy and Governor have a
very renl liability in person and family;
hev have given, outside (heir govern
ment. so many pledges of good behavior.
No official is set over the place of his
birth, for by one of the earliest of the
fundamental lows he mc<t not he ap
pointed to any office within 200 miles of
it. For example. TJ Hung Chang is from
Nganhui. and his family are still there.
In them he would always be vulnerable,
and it is not only n case of the vicarious
sacrifice of his cousins and aunts. An
official has to think of the shades of his
ancestors. If they were disgraced and
their bones scattered he is from that mo
ment on utter abomination. It comes to
this. A Viceroy does not fac© the risks
of open resistance, but he has nt his
command, infinite forces of obstruction.
There are always reasons why it would
be dangerous to carry out this or that
reform, to allow the “foreign devil” this
or that franchise, and these reasons can
be stated at interminable length in i**ti
(ions to the throne Only the highest of
ficial * have the right to direct petition
to (he throne. Like the procedings of the
i o'd Court of Chancery, the rebutters at>l
the surrebutters may go on •<> the end
i o'time Unless the Pekin nn*horlties have
; the strength of the early Mings, or the
(great Manehus. official ev avion and pro
crastination are invincible. The stress
In these days of China’s weakness only
comes when a gren: European power puts
down the maiU*d fist.
Chang-chi-Tung is in many ways an en
lightened ruler, and he lias now' at his
call .i regular force of cavalry ami in
fantry some thousand strung. In the up
per part of the city at Wuchang they
have had built for them military bar
rackis and a large military school close
by. with gymnasiums and classrooms
tached. Over them have been placed
German officers, and lately some Japa
nese have bH-ll ndded to the s-fuff of
instructors. These German officers have
b- en secured from the German Army,
and are in receipt of annual s.ari*s
from the Viceroy, mid they wear a
curious mixture of German and Chinese
uniforms -blue cloth, with many dragons
embroidered on it. Their dally round is
hard and continuous, for they have to do
the work of sergeants as well as that
proper to thrir rank. They drill the sol
diers, both horse and foot, and instruct
them in shooting; they superintend the
gymnastic exercises; they have nfilit ary
classes on ail subjtvts for the officers and
cadets, and, in addition, they have ihe
duty of making plans for all (he fortitb-.i
--i floras in the provinces. What struck me
j as (lie most tiresome task of all was the
necessity of translating ihe manuals and
I classbooks into Pekinese. The system in
j vogue, like all German systems, is well
I thought out and elaborate in detail, and,
as regards the men in (raining, a fair
amount of time—a year or so—is given for
carrying it out.
Wheiehr (he result is worth all the care
and expense involved is another matter. 1
saw ihe men at drill, and was courteously
shown something of (he various depart
ments. Needless to say that the appear
ance of the regiment was vastly different
from anything of purely native brand. The
Yang-tse soldier Is merely n coolie, armed
on high days with an ancient rifle and
clothed in a brilliant cotton jacket of due
and red or orange and green. Asa rule,
he is equipped vvih nothing more formida
ble than a Chinese umbrella. Compared
with this soldier a riro the Gerrhan trained
man is the pink of perfection. He has a
neat dark blue uniform of (Chinese cut,
with a black cap bound by a black pugga
ree that looked not unlike a small turban.
At drill he moves like clockwork. Whether
lu* would even now be a good fighting ma
chine it is hard io sa>. The German
officers complain of want of (self-reliance
and independence of character, and (he
grade of non-commissioned officers has
J>een done away with because the Chinese
’mind could not appreciate the distinction
between commissioned and non-commis
ioned. In tine, these instructors lean to
the opinion that their men would only bo
valuable as part of a mixed force with
European stiffening. One curious point
was mentioned. They have, it seems, an
armament composed partly of German and
partly of Chinese made rifles. The latter
look like the real article; they are cer
tainly very clever reproductions in slock
and barrel; but to use (hem for firing any
thing Inn blank ammunition would be dan
gerous in the extreme. Such a farce re
minds one of the. torpedoes fillet! with coal
dus( that were put down in the lower riv
ets during the period of the Japanese war.
“AH fool plggin,” the old Chinese pilots
Some Queer Minin.
In all provincial governments there is n
piovincial mint turning out coinage oc
c- rding to the “tael” standard of the dU
trb’t, and L rd Charles lb re ford suggests
a uniform coinage as one of his cures tor
th.- sick man of the Far East. When the
Mandarin gives up his *v q ue ze,“ then
there may be a uniform coinage, but not
before. It ;s unnecessary to demonstrate
how rich u harvest is provided for thi>
subordinate official by the operations of
the mini, akin to the old clipping and cb -
baring tricks of (he Stuart Kings. At
Kurkin, which is the city of another vice
• egal administration, was a delight
ful arrangement. Until recently the Nan
kin mint was entirely in the hands of na
tives, nd in order to incr ase and equal
ize the “squeeze” a much as possible,
the master refused to crd< r any improv
ed ma- bines, and by adhering to tin- old
principles of hand labor, th - amount al
lowed for wages out of the provincial ex
chequer was kepi at its original figure.
For stamping the copper “cash,” which
i ’ the current small coin of China, none
hut the simph st (appliances wer* used.
Ihe metal was put under a punch work
ed by a strap, and to every strap t her**
was a workman Unfortunately, in order
to make up the offic al salary, it was
found impossible to engage more than a
quarter of the. men rturned o employed
In milling, so that when the annual In
spe. fion by a h>gh-prc-d Mandarin took
place it was necessary to s-ar h out som<-
<f the coolies of the disirict In order to
make a decent show. At the exact moment
when the Mandarin entered <;very coolie
pulled his s rup, ard all the copper was
instantaneously stamped. To look at th**
output would hav. been beneath the dig
nity of th** inspector, sj he wnt away
happy, the |ay was drawn, and it was
only the coin that suffered from being
punch and in so many unaccustomed spots.
There Is now an English as ay or as ’ho-s’
and this gentleman has to be on hisguord
agalrit-t the p-rverted ingenuity with
which the c ins are light*ned and adulter
■at* and. As with Nankin, so with other pro
vincial exchequers. Tin* coinage of China
is a magnificent rerqulsite of the Manila
rins, against the loss of which they would
struggle with far greater obstinacy than
against the loss of the dynasty.
OliNtuelcM to HnforuiM.
Granted that the provincial officials keep
in their own hands army, navy and coin
age, subject to the payment of tribute to
Pekin, and the possibility of removal so
soon as they are no longer able to bribe
• heir partisans at (he palace, it is at once
apparent how fatuous are (he schemes for
the reform of China baaed upon the sov
ereignty of the Man 'hu and the Six
Boards, when provincial rights and priv
lieges are in question. The principal of
home rule is conse<*ra(ed by long ages of
Chinese administration. It is bone of the
hone of Chinese government, and all pro
jects to tlie opening up of the empire must
proceed on separatist lines. There is not
a single man of experience or authority,
be he consul, missionary or trader, that
has come into actual contact with the
Chinese outside the treaty ports where
ih<* comprador, or Chinese agent, | all in
all, who l>elieves in (he possibility of re
forming China by way of Pekin or by Chi
nese machinery. Edicts may be issued
and punishments Inflicted for non-compli
anJe, but the bureaucracy of the rnnnda
rlns has its own way of meeting them by
carrying out the time-honored maxim
“that the secret of all government is in
action.” Chang-chi-Tung has often b?en
summoned to I’ekin. but, somehow or
other, he never gets there, He finds him
self detained by Illness, or recalled to his
apltal by a sudden and alarming confla
gration. His diffi* ulties ar* peculiar. A
viceroy or high official has no scruple
about going to I’* kin, if he have the where,
withal to pay the clue amount of “black
money,” o: they term It, to the- mandarins
of ih< palace and t* the Dowager Empress
herself. The dollar hushes up ever of
fensc. 11 will even insure a “reformer"
a merciful execution, by a single sirok
of the sword, instead of an indefinite
nurniKT of small cuts. Chang-chi-Tung,
however, has no money to give**, for he has
been the pattern governor of the empire
In one respect. All the “squeose” that he
has had to take he hos given hack to his
provinces. “He can handle treacle, rind
not lick his fingers,” said a Chinese Tal
pan. Consequently, for him to go to Pekin
would be Indeed to walk inf * ihe spider's
bailor, especially when Li Hung Chong,
with his £IO,OOO,CuO, is ever on the* watch
to trip him up.
• ■rent I* “Sijorei.e,**
Old Chang-chi-Tung has spent his
money in u curiously Oriental fashion;
with the best of intentions ho has squan
dered most of It through want of an ele
mentary knowledge of the Iswk of trride.
||. wished o develop th* resources of his
province/ as against the* foreigner, and so
he has set up cot<on mills and iron works
I at Wuchang and Hanyang, but with the
' most unfortunate results. In order to de-
I feat the foreigner he began by employ-
Scotch and Irish Whiskies.
We are agents for the most celebrated Scotch and
Irish whiskies, imported direct from the distilleries of
Scotland and Ireland.
These Scotch whiskies are the blend of the finest
Highland whiskey matured many years in wood before
bottled. The expert Analyist describes this Scotch whis
key as the perfection of Highland whiskey, and is special
O. V. H., selected Old Yatted Highland whiskey from
Glasgow, Scotland. The latest novelty in Scotch whiskey
is distilled by Rutherford of Leith, Scotland, and is called
Scotch Cherry Whiskey, and very palatable indeed. We
are also agets for the famous old Irish whiskey, imported
bv us from Wheeler, Belfast. Ireland.
, Agents for Scotch and Irish Distilleries.
We move back to Broughton street Oct. 1. Our lo
cation will be 112 west.
We don’t want to spend much money on drayage.
Therefore have decided to sell entire stock at
ZERO PRICES FOR CASH,
and will make accommodating terms to time purchasers.
Our summer specialties are Awnings, Mosquito Net*,
Odorless Refrigerators, the only kind; the Purita*
Wickless, Oil Stoves (Blue Flame) for cool cooking.
You know where to find us.
iK LINDSAr&tfOROAN -J
lug him, and foreign engineers w’ere con
pultofi on the working of the iron. They
advised him to tlx his works where the
deposit was found, bu< this was against
the old man’s fixed idea that the foun
dry should be under his own eye. in fhe
very center of his city. So he built it on
a swamp and had to pay more for the
foundations than for the rest of the
building, and in addition he has to bring
all •he Iron ore a distance of fifteen miles
for smelting down the Han river. Then,
the Viceroy never gives any European
manager his confidence for a sufficient
lime to allow him to make a succees of
his position, and continual changes in
management do not tend to commercial
profit. As it is with the iron works, so
it is with (he cotton mills, in the first
year more than £4,500 had to be paid for
missing parts of machinery, especially
brass cops and plates, which had been
stolen by the employes for want of prop
er an*i honest supervision. "Squeezing
himself, the high official—this old gentle
man always excepted is always afraid
that he is being “squeezed” by Ids Euro
pean assistants, and 4hat not on the prop
er scale. A great deal of moral plafltu
dtnlzing has been, very properly, expend
ed on tin* universal Fhlnese principle of
“squeeze" or what the Americans often
call “hoodie.” That it Is a had sys
tem. and a demoralizing one. goes with
out saying, but what else can the poor
Chinaman do? He pays more for his of
fice than he run ever get out of his ofli
The Taotai of Shanghai pays more to
his head clerk than he receives from his
,-ity, and yet he is expected to give 100,00')
taels, equal to some £14,000, for a tenure
not exceeding three years. If a Chinese
official did not “squeeze” he would starve.
As regards (he vast mass of the people,
"squeeze” is n regular and anticipated
Impost, and the scale Is almost as well
known and fixed as a lawyer’s charges.
They pay and grumble, but they consider
it. if It he not of an exceptional kind,
a matter of course, and they talk of it as
the ra4e payer in London does of his de
mand note. In (he ease of rich men
plunging In litigation, it may he quite
another matter, and at Nankin T was told
of a right clalmnnt to a large Inherit
ance who was kept out of It by
ho bribes gi-cn To (be Yamen by his
wicked nephew, the man in posses
sion with the nine points of law
in his favor. What Is quite cer
tain is that the ordinary Cinna
mon is not squeezed out f the means of
existence. For his protection the trade
guilds ore a powerful agency. Sometimes
they will go *o the length of a generil
strike until some individual <use of in ■
justice or oppression is set right, and even
the Governor is too much frightened of
riot and disturbance to brave them for
long, when he has no case worth speak
ing of. As in many more advanced coun
tries than China, it is the hangers-on or
the courts, the smaller! officials and *it
rendnivs, whom the average man fears
and suffers from most. In every Chin*
oily (here is countless crowd of stud
ents. who have token their degrees and
ar e waiting for appointments under the
government, some of which never come.
Hoping against hope for a i*ire living,
they attach themselves to the nearest
Ynmen and batten and breed on (he ex
tortion of palm-oil. These Yamen run
ners. like the petty tchnivniks of Russia,
ire (he curse of the poor when they get
i hem Into their net. It is n common say
ing that it is not the big devil that U* to
hr feared—lt Is all the little devils.
“Whoever knew (he people of the Flow
ery [■and leoru anything from the barbar
rlan. but often have (he barbarians learn
<•■<l from the people of the Flowery Land.”
This quotation from the sophist Mencius
Is ever in the mouths of the educated
Chinese when they come Into controversy
with missionary zeal. Verily, there is one
of facts that they can teach us. and
(hat is the futility of talking about and
acting upon the government of China ns
If It hod any 11 ken res to the centralized,
and sovereign power* of the Western
World How often is !• assumed in pub
lic speeches, nnd even In diplomatic pa
pers, that the hierorehy of Pekin can and
does impose its will and enforce it* au
thority upon provincial governments. In
spite of the long lesson given us by the
Viceroy I>*h between 1856 end IfiSO. In whn*
would i>e styled In parliamentary lan
guage, “the warlike operations” round
Canton? The reality of eovereign power
hiis some simple testn, and If these be ap
plied to the relations between the Impe
rial nnd Viceregal government* of Chinn,
It will be found that the whole *<>hem**
is one vast mass of confusion nn*l pro
crastination. What makes a proper un
derstanding of the condition* so intense
ly important at the present time is that
every mouth we or** contracting nornc
new obligation or sanctioning some fresh
concession, the burden of which will have
to be borne in due season.
—A Ridiculous Fad -Mrs. Jackson—Dat
hi faint in Mrs. Y\ a shtubb am puttin’ on
lot* o’) airs, lately; trying to act J<a’ like
Mrs. Johnson—U’m! Wot a:n her latest
Mrs. Jackon-Whv, do mot redlkilous
flng yo’ evah heerd oh! She am suin’ her
hutband fo’ nen-suppoht!—Buck.
Mr. Hau-kecp My wife broke a fairy
lamp. two vases, and a cut-glass flower,
stand in our r*rlor las evening, but she
u *. mi llsht and h r purp re.
Mr Asctim- For goodness’ sake, what
wat her puri ore?
Mr. Hauskecp—To capture a clothe*
moth she saw flying around.—Philadelphia
ALWAYS ON DECK.
BALL PLAYERS ORGANIZED.
WILL DEW AM, THEIR BIGHTS
FRO,I <U R OWNERS.
They Shj Tliej lo Not lu(cn<l to An
(iiKonlze the Mugniten, tint They
Waul < linn gen In (lie Contract, and
Wont to Stop (lie .Selling and
I’firming Out of Player*—‘•Chief’*
/.fruitier of Pltlnliurg Wan Mnda
New' York, July 29. -The Baseball Play
ers’ Protective Association was formed
in this city to-day. A permanent or
ganization was effected, constitution and
by-laws adopted and officers elected.
“Chief” Zimmer of the Pittsburg Club,
was (‘boson president; Hugh Jennings of
the Brooklyn Club, secretary, and Wil
liam Clarke of the Boston Club, treas
urer. The meeting to-day was the second
held by the new organization. Unlike th©
first, however, when only three delegates
from • ach (dub were allow* *1 nt •he meet
ing, to-day’s session was open lo any
members of the association, and nearly
100 [ layers attended. The delegare* pres
ent were: Jennings, Keeler and Kelley,
Brooklyn; Burkett, Young nnd Donovan,
St. Louis; Beeliley and Corcoran, Cindn
naH; Griffith, Ryan and Callahan, Chi
cago; Delahanty, Murphy and Donohue,
Philadelphia; Zimmer, O’Brien and Ely,
Pittsburg; Duffy, Clarke and Collins, Bos
ton; Doyle, Freeman and Smith, New
The constitution wan prepared by Henry
Taylor of Buffalo, the organization'* coun
s* '. It was adopted unanimously, but Just
wli.it (lie constitution contains none of
those present would divulge. Mr. Taylor
stated that the principal object of tha
players’ orguiizatlon would be to fight th©
magnates in the matter of selling and
farming player*. The present system of
contracts will also 1• bitterly fought by
the | layers’ organization.
Piny era Want Tli*lr ltl*lit*t.
"There are many things that ore in
equitable in (tie contra i* presented to
players now,” said Mr. Taylor, “and wo
propose to i- medy them. Well, we will
probably draw up a form of contract and
present it t* the magnates (his fall. I
shall lake th* * < ntrnets used (n the Na
tional, Eastern, Western and American
Leagues, and after modifying them, draw
up anew form. That will In- presented
to the mug nates for consideration."
“And supposing the magnates should ig
nore your body?" was asked.
“Well, this Is a conservative organiza
tion. There Is nothing revolutionary
about it (in<l w* don’t propose to keep men
from playing ball. But the magnates
have ground* and grandstand© and they
want bill games. They can't afford to
have (heir property He idie. Our demands
are Just and modest and we don’t antici
pate trouble. A grievance committee has
been appointed, but (heir names will b%
kept secret for the present.”
“How Hrong is your organization?”
“Well, there ar • just two players in the
big lea go* who are not numbers, aid
they will he members in a day or two.
We have received word from the Eastern
and Western League and American
L* ague and every player In those two
organizations Js anxious to Join. We ex
pert to have as members • very profes
sional ball player in the country.”
At th* conclusion of the meeting Hugh
“Our organization to-day is strong, and
we are ready to talk bu*ln<*. It is not
our objt ( to bring atxxit a tight with ths
club owners. We want Justice, and In
tend lo get it in a straight, above-board
and businesslike way. All of the players
are with the organization, and we are
chockful of enthusiasm. We are only
fighting against methods in the contract
system and the scheme of selling and
Tnllnhitne© News Note*.
Tallahassee, Fla.. July 27.-The Tampa
Foundry and Machine Company has been
incorporated by letters patent Issued
from (he office of the Secretary of State,
with a capital of $40,000.
William T. Damon succeeds Charles O.
Dyer In the office of the St. James, the
la tier going to Jacksonville a* landlord of
ihe New Geneva.
Iter llnd> Sent lo SI. Louln.
N* w York, July 29.—Th** body of Nellie
Blair, or Ogle, (he young woman who
committed suicide at the Presbyterian
Hospital on Friday, was to-day sent to
81. I xml* on order of the dead girl’z
mother, Mrs. Ogle of St. Ix>ule.
%rreefed for Homicide.
Richmond. Ind., July 29.—George Jenkins
and William <lh ** were arrested to-day
for killing Rarlden Meek. The latter
ordered blackberry hunter* off his prem
ise* and was killed in the altercation
Ilnse Hall Game*.
Milwaukee Milwaukee. 4; Cleveland. 0.
Kan* City Kansas City. 5; Detroit, 4.
At Chicago— Chocopo, 6; Buffalo, 8.
English papers have It that Henry
James his been offered an associate pro
fes.sorshlp of English at his alma matar.