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ROMANCE OF A WAITRESS.
MARRIED A RICH GENTLEMAN OP
Cnßlxier in Mills Hotel No. 2 Married
Her While She Was Employed
There—An Heir to Great Estate.
liaised to Opulence by Death of an
I ncle—Entertained at Court and
Showered With Honors.
From the New York World.
Announcement was made yesterday by
her sisters in the village of Patcbogue,
L. 1., of the death of Nancy Homan. The
villagers who knew her. and who had told
their children, as though narrating a fairy
tale, the 6trange 6tory of her life, were
stunned by the tidings. Knowing that
grief should not be disturbed, they shun
ned the little cottage where Nancy Homan
had spent her girlhood days and where
her sisters mourned.
In a manor house in Germany lay the
body of Nancy Adelaide Louise von Ran
ken, its mistress. She and Nancy Homan
were one and the same, and as for the
weight of woe which her death had
brought over one of the oldest and richest
estates in the Fatherland and over a hum
ble Long Island cottage, the balance
The story of Nancy Homan reads like
fiction. The events of three year® took
her from poverty and hardship to riches
and happiness. A tragedy closed her life
when it was brightest.
Nancy Homan was born twenty years
ago at Yaphank, L. I. She came of good
family. Her father Capt. Mordecai Homan,
made and lost three fortunes and ended
his days in poverty—poverty which he be
queathed to his daughter.
Nancy was frail of figure, but of courag
eous spirit. She was the youngest born
of Captain and Mrs. Homan. When four
years old her mother died, leaving her
to the care of the child’s sister. Mrs. Isaac
Monsell, of Patehogue. Nahcy attended
the district school while her sister toiled
for her support.
Her Joylen* Childhood.
Before Nancy had reached her teens she
resolved to ease the burden of her sister
and take care of herself. She had enjoyed
few of the pleasures of childhood, and her
stern lot had matured her rapidly. In
later years she often said, though uncom
plainingly. that she had never seen the
world through young eyes.
Shortly after her twelfth birthday she
became a servant for one and another
of the villagers. Among her employe*
were Mrs. John M. Conklin, wife of the
village druggist, and Prof. J. Ortho Lan
sing. Later she worked at the summer
home of the late James M. Thorburn.
In her efforts to provide for herself she
overtaxed her strength and her health
gave way. Again she was taken by her
sister, Mrs. Monsell, who was then house
keeper at the country estate of William
Platt Pepper, a Philadelphia millionaire.
Mrs. Monsell, however, found it was im
possible to give Nancy the care her con
dition demanded, and the girl was pla:ed
in a hospital in this city. After long
months of sickness she recovered and re
turned to Patehogue.
While in New York she had seen enough
6f city life to believe that it offered
greater opportunities for her progress.
Throughout her early struggles she had
talked with her sisters of rising above
her then condition and resuming the
station that the wealth of her father had
once made possible. In her letters home,
after her rise to wealth, she described as
dearest memories the hours she had
shortened while working over pans and
spoone by building eaytles. in which home
comforts, a loving husband, children, and
the means to succor her sisters were fixe
In the summer of 1898 Nancy came to
this city end found employment as a
waitress in Mills Hotel No. 1. After a
few months she was transferred to Mills
Hotel No. 2. John von Ranken. a tall,
manly fellow, whose bearings was elo
quent of patrician lineage, was employed
in the hotel as cashier and bookkeeper.
He. had been reared in luxury, but mis
fortune had overtaken him, and, coming
to this country, he had sought for a live
lihood and taken the first chance to work
that came to hand.
He was born in Baden and was a grad
uate of a German University. One of the
accomplishments which had been a pas
time. in his old life, but which he put
to practical use in the new, was bis
skill as a musician. To add to his in
come he gave up his evenings to playing
And They Were Married.
Nancy Homan and van Ranken became
acquainted. She was different from other
girls employed in the hotel, end friend
ship quickly ripened into love. Nancy was
of medium hight, with dark, wavy hair
md brown eyes. Her face was demure
and sweet in its simplicity. Her form was
elight and of graceful bearing.
It was but 4 hort time after their
acquaintance that von Rauken told her
of his love. He did not tell her, how
ever, of his former life, of his family,
nor yet of his hopes. Their positions in
life were on a level, and each took the
other for the other’s self alone. Neither
mingled with others in the hotel, nor
did they betray the tie between them.
In December, 1898, Nancy again was
stricken with weakness under the strain
of her hard life, and was compelled *o
give up her place. The hotel physician
advised that she return to a hospital.
Von Ranken heard the physician's orders.
Hastening to his sweetheart he placed his
arms about her and told her she must
not go to the hospital. They would t>*
married at once, he said, and he would
nurse her back to health. They were
married Dec. 31.
Von. Ranken was then forty and Nancy
twenty. With his bride Von Ranken re
mained in this city for a few months to
fillow her to regain her strength, and then
the couple started for Chicago, where the
husband had a wealthy aunt. Mrs.
Charles Steinecke, whose son, Edward R.
Steinecke. has an office at No. 195 Sixth
avenue, this city. Mrs. Steinecke took
the young couple to her summer home
among the Wisconsin lakes to spend their
honeymoon and Von Ranken and
bride enjoyed to the fullest a long season
©I rest and happiness.
Alter their return from the lakes Von
Ranken followed the profession of a mu
fclciun in Chicago. A son was born, and In
accoidance wi # h the fathers wish the
hoy was christened Lionel Gordon von
Ranken. Lionel boing a family name in
the house of Von Ranken and Gordon a
token of the mother’s family.
I 4 V|| Heir to a Fortune.
In a newspaper one day the young wife
saw an advertisement calling for the ad
dress of John von Ranken. It announced
the death of hm uncle end gave notice
that the Von Ranken manor at Sfortzheim
In the province of Baden, Germany, would
be turned over to John von Ranken upon
identification. The uncle, William von
Ranken. had made his nephew hia sole
heir. Since coming to this country John
had had no communication with his fam
ily, and all trace of him had been lost.
For the first time Von Ranken tod his
wife of his distinguished lineage and the
birthright that awaited little Lionel. The
mother’s heart beat quick and she was im
patient to reach the Fatherland and give
to her son hia own.
Von Ranken. with his wife and child,
came to this city, and during the two
weeks’ preparation for the sea voyage
remained at the Marlborough House. They
engaged passage M.irch 21 last, aboard
the steamship Kensington for Antwerp.
The voyage was completed safely, and
they reached Sfortzheim April 3
In her letters to Mrs. Monaell and to her
other sister, Mrs. George Cortson. of
Patehogue, Nancy told of the splendor of
*ha home-coming. The manor house Into
which she went as mistress was of white
marble. A park four miles long and three
broad surrounded the house. About the
house also were broad gardens heavy
with the fragrance of spring flowers and
the green of budding shrubbery. Marble
fountains were on either side of the ap
proach to the massive entrance.
As the new head of the house of Von
Ranken drove up to the lolgekeeper’s
gate he stepped from his carriage with
Mrs. Nancy bearing Baby Lionel in her
arms. Then through a long line of
cheering servants they walked slowlv up
the winding drive, through the gardens
and past the fountains. Mistress Nancy,
too overcome to notice the proud glances
cast toward her of her husband as he led
her into the ancestral home.
In a letter to her sister dated June 8 i's
new mistress described the interior of the
manor house. She said the estate had
been handed down for generations, and
was cared for by a host of servants,
lodgekeepers and gardeners.
They Give a Grand Ball.
“It is beautiful,” she wrote, “and I am
the first American who has ever been mis
tress of the manor. We entertain exten
sively. We gave a ball to which the elite
of Sfortzheim came to the number of over
250. I cannot describe the‘beauty of the
scene. Imagine a large room, almost as
long as the Pepper house, with waxed
floors and flowers in banks and pyramids
and brilliantly illuminated with ekctric
lights. A stiing orchestra of 150 pieces fur
nished the music. Beautiful gowned wo
men flashing with jewels filled the place.
In The conservatories fountains splashed
in basins of marble and roac trees and
palms were esconqed behind banks of mai
den-hair ferns. No one ever saw such ear
nations in America. The lights low,
giving the scene in the conservatory a
That the splendor of her new surround
ings did not cause her to forget home ties
was proved not only by her letters, hut
also by gifts sent to her sisters on m,my
“Baby grows so cunning and has two
teeth,” she wrote another time. “He
creeps ell over and I can hardly wait for
him to talk.”
Then she told of the long line of an
cestral paintings hung in the high-ceiling
ed hall and how the picture of Lionel, a
man grown, would some time hang beside
one of her own.
Shortly after she had been established
in her new home Mistress Nancy went
with her husband to Berlin, where they
were presented to the Emperor and Em
press of Germany The occasion was the
coming of age of the Crown Prince. When
her sisters at Patehogue read of the mag
nificence of the scene described by Nancy,
they told the villagers of it, and It was a
“My gown was of ivory white satin,”
Nancy wrote, ‘‘with high bodice and made
entrain. It was festooned at the bottom
with garlands of lilies of the valley, and
>eal duohesse lace was in cascades all
down the frent I wore emeralds and dia
monds. My hair wa% done in the latest
style, parted at the right side and brought
back to the left where It was caught in
a double coil. I wore a diamond tiara. I
forgot to say my gown was made by
Worth and cost $450.”
Then she told of the magnificence of
the German court, of Che throne room
and of the silver throne.
‘‘John says I carried myself beautiful
ly,” she said. “Being an American, I
had very little to say. A great many of
the German officers danced with me and
I managed to waltz very well.”
Then and Now.
Reverting to her own beautiful home,
‘‘To think that I, the poor, despised
Nancy Homan, am the mistress of all
this splendor! Imagine me decked out
in jewels worn by the fairest ladies in
Europe. Of course, they are the family
heirlooms. My housekeeper relieves me
of a great deal of care and I spend
hours in study, as you know my educa
tion was no-t befitting my present social
standing. I get on very well, though,
as our guests are German and speak
English only brokenly, so that I do not
appear to disadvantage.”
Soon after Von Ranken and his wife
reached their new’ home, they sent for
Mrs. Steinecke. She sailed June 6 on
the Noordland, and arrived safely at
Sfortzheim. She lightened many of the
burdens of the young mistress, and,
having been accustomed to wealth and
the management of a large house, she
soon taught Nancy much that only long
experience and perhaps many heartburn
ings otherwise would have given her.
During the two weeks that Von Ran
ken and his wife spent In this city be
fore sailing for Germany Nancy had vis
ited her.old home at Patehogue and tak
en with her Baby Lionel to show her sis
ters. At heart she was he same Nancy
Homan who had been reared among the
villagers, but the latter nevertheless were
awed by her elegant gowns and remem
bered her best in gingham frocks.
Thrown From Horse anil Killed.
A cablegram was received July 7 by
Mrs. Monsell telling of the death of her
sister, Nancy. Details of the tragic man
ner in which the mistress of Von Ran
ken Manor mot her death were not re
ceived until yesterday. She was thrown
from a horse while riding over the estate
and died scon after the accident.
She was accompanied by Count Disdas
ieo. They were far from the manor hou.se
when her horse, a spirited animal, took
fright. Count Distasieo and the grooms
attempted to restrain the horse, but she
was thrown heavily to the ground and
injured internally. Mrs. Steinecke had
cautioned h*r to be careful, as the horse
Grea*t was the sorrow in the manor
h use when a groom announced the ac
cident. Celebrated physicians were sum
mon and, but despite their efforts the mis
tress of Von Ranken Manor died. The
shock of her death to her husband
brought on an attack of brain fever and
for a wtek his life was despaired of.
In accordance with her wish she was
laid out in a white silk gown and placed
in a white casket. The funeral services
were attended by many of the nobility.
Awaiting her husband’s recovery the body
was pieced in the Vcn Ranken family
vault. It will be cremated In Berlin. The
ashes are to be forwarded to her sis
ters, as was her wish, and will remain
In her last letter home, the unfortunate
young mistress of Von Ranktn manor
“Yfiars after we are dead. I think the
Von Ranken descendants will look upon
our picture.- as we now upon the
pictures of our predecessors. High on the
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THE MORNING NEWS. TUESDAY - . JULY 31. 1900.
Pond’s Extract ipo jfl
CAUTION! Refuse the weak, watery Witch IT at el
preparations represented to be “the same as” POND'S
EXTRACT, which easily* sour and generally contaiu Pl 3|
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is sold ONLY in SEALED bottles, enclosed in buff x-jt-
walls of ihe ceiling I think my picture
will be hung, painted by some famous
artist, and be there among the ladies of
the manor. This will be the inscription.
Nancy Adelaide Louisa, wife of John
Herman von Ranken.’ Then, under John’s
will be the inscription. ‘John Herman von
Ranken, fifteenth descendant to the Royal
von Rank* n Manor, succeeded by his
young heir, Lionel Gordon von Ranken.’
Thus they will look upon our pictures
when we are dead.”
Facts About an American Product
Sold in China.
From the New York Sun.
“I noticed not long ago a dispatch in
the newspapers from Corbin. Ky„” said
a Kentuckian of pretty general infor
mation, ‘‘to the effect that the Chinese
disturbances had interfered eo eeriously
with the business of shipping ginseng that
the ‘sang’ diggers of that part of the
state had about lost their occupation. Pos
sibly you do not know it, but I can tell
you that China uses our entire product
of ginseng, and while you may never
have given the subject any thought, the
fact remains that for more than a hun
dred years we have been shipping gin
seng to the Chinese and that the Celes
tials in that time have consumed in the
neighborhood of twenty-five millions of
dollars’ worth of a root that the majority
of Americans never saw and a good
many never heard of. Since 1820 we have
never shipped less than 46.000 pounds year
ly, and shipments have reached as high
as 753,000 pounds annually'. These large
shipments, however, occurred in the earl
ier history of the trade and before the
supply began to diminish. Values have
changed accordingly, also, and the 753,717
pounds shipped in 1822 represents a value
of $313,943, as against a value of $840,000
for 179,000 pounds shipped in 1897. Ship
ments for 1898 amounted to about 175.000
pounds, valued at $500,000, and for 1899,
125,000 pounds, worth, say $600,000. show
ing a continual decrease in quantity and
increase in price. The Chinese disturb
ances, however, have knocked the trade
all out of kelter, and a? the demand for
ginseng has ceased, dealers are not buy
ing and the ‘sang’ digger la out of a job
Such a condition has never before occur
red in the ginseng trade, and as it can
not continue the wise dealer will buy up
the roots at the present low prices and
realize on them later.
“More or less mystery has always at
tached to the use of ginseng by the Chi
nese, and while some persons assert that
it is a tonic of rare powers, the general
belief is that its use is influenced rather
by superstition than by science. Ginseng
is supposed to be a corruption of the Chi
nese word ‘jenshen,* which means man
wort, the root of the plant much resem
bling the figure of a human being. The
more nearly It resembles the humai form
the more powerful it is considered to be,
and when of extra good quality the China
man will balance the scales with gold for
his ‘sang.’ Physicians and chemists in
this country' have made, a study of gin
seng from a therapeutic standpoint, and
they have concluded that about the only
virtue the root has is the high price it
will bring among the heathen Chinese, the
figures ranging ordinarily from $8 to >25
a pound. The same being worth in this
country, from 51.75 to $3.50 a pound, dry.
Green ‘sang,’ that is the fresh roots, are
worth only about 40 or 50 cents a pound
to the digger, and they are not often cold
in that shape.
“Ginseng prevails all along the eastern
sections of the United States and Canada,
but it is found now only in the remoter
parts, as the root needs sandy soil in the
deep woods. Kentucky and Tennessee fur
nish large quantities, although of an infe
rior grade, and I fancy that the typical
‘sang digger’ does not exist elsewhere as
he does in these states and in West Vir
ginia and North Carolina. Here he is at
his best, and when he can scratch around
all day in the cool shadows of the primeval
forests and get a dollar for the sang he
dig’s he is perfectly content. During the
Civil War the ginseng trade was disturb
ed be reason of the mountaineers going
off to fight, and for four years the roots
were left to grow in the fastnesses of the
hills. That made a fine crop for the re
“Some efforts have been made in various
localities to cultivate ginseng, but so many
difficulties are encountered that not a
great deal has been done. Kentucky has
several fairly successful ginseng farmers,
and Prof. Garman of the Kentucky Agri
cultural Experiment station at Lexington
has written a bulletin on the nature and
culture of ginseng which Is an interesting
and valuable work. Kentucky has no laws
protecting the ginseng farmer, hut West
Virginia has, and there Is also such a
law in Canada where ‘sang’ has been pro
duced since 1716. There is not a state east
of the Mississippi river in which some
ginseng Is not produced, but the hulk of
it comes from the less settled or moun
tainous states. China raises a lot of her
own ‘sang,' and some comes from Japan
and Russia, the Japanese using a con
siderable quantity themselves; but. as far
as statistics ehow, the hulk of the 'sang'
used in the Orient comes from North
America. What the results of the present
disturbances In China will be cannot lie
known for some time yet, hut If 'the for
eign dog must go, and China's ports be
closed, you may soon expect to see 'sang'
schooners headed to the westward and
hear stirring stories of the 'sang' smug
glers, for John Chinaman must have his
ginseng and we’ve got it to spare for the
next few years anyway.”
Knglsrrri for Speed.
From the New York Press.
I believe ail locomotive engineers are
for speed. Certainly there is none who
boasts of going slowly. The proudest
man on the New York Central is he who
takes out the Empire. Slates Express, and
he who has the most top-loftlcal air on
the Pennsylvania is the driver of the
Chicago lambed between New York and
Philadelphia. There was a short road
In a distant stale on which a schedule
of twenty miles an hour was established,
but every day the engineer stopped half
way between terminals to make believe
something had happened to the machinery.
He would lie under lire boiler and ham
mer away for an hour or two, then clam
her lazily back Inlo the cab, "pull her
wide open” and reach home on time.
He played this trick for over n year with
the connivance of the regular passenger*
iwho picked blackberries to while away
ihc tim'd, but without the knowledge of
the company’s officials, who were always
abusing the engine for breaking down
whenever they happened to bo on board. 1
CHINESE BOAT Bl ILDERS.
They Turn Oat I ply Craft, With
Flimsy Material, but Most Sen
From the London Mail.
The main features of Chinese ship and
boat building are the light, atul apparently
frail nature of the material with which
vessels of every size and ah ape are con
structed; the clumsy form given to his
work by the Celestial artificer, and the
marvelous ease and safety with which
craft, both large and email, ride out the
roughest weather on sea and river.
This last is no rash statement, the writer
well remembering witnessing, when him
self sailing the China sea in the teeth of
a typhoon, the total wreckage of more
than one European vessel, while the junks
and even small native boats in sight
simply reefed or struck their mat sails,
and triumphantly passed with the British
ship through the Ly-ee-moon Pass, into
the sheltered harbor ol Hong Kong.
The reason for all this Is not far to
seek. The beam of the junks is usually
broad; they sit upon the water like a flat
Moorish arch. Their sterns are round,
and by consequence, icsistive ol any ten
dency to "take aback.”
A peculiar and noticeable thing about
them is the Brobdingnagian “eye” which
glares out from each side of the piow.
This is an ancient superstition.
The ship’s bamboo plunks, if such a
term be allowable, are in many parts put
together with vegetable rope, nails, I be
lieve, being used only in the hull pioper.
Right aft, a large cabin is appropriated
to religious purposes. Here is enthroned
the image of the God of Waters, before
which the aromatic Joss stick is forever
burning. The Chinese sailor is nothing if
not a slave to his faith in omens, and all
and sundry the supernatural beliefs ot
He is, when he likes, a fairly good
hand on board ship, but, being by nature
and educative example a coward,, he
more often than not seeks to save his skin
at the expense of his duty. There is very
little difference in form and fitment be
tween the war junk and the commercial
The weapons are not of the same de
scription as are those in the few Euro
pean-built steam warships possessed by
the Chinese government. Of a long obso
lete pattern, they are not very formidable
except to themselves. China has not as
similated Western ideas with the eager
ness and rapidity of the Japanese, at any
rate in the matter of naval progress,
whatever she may have done of late, as
we are told, in the acquisition and mighty
laying up of advanced types of land arm
Piimitlveness is still writ large upon her
marine, warlike and domestic, and al
though the present widespread revolution
may fond to bring about a certain Gilber
tinn “topsy-turveydom.” the Chinaman
may perhaps accomplish that “upside
down,” which in his normal position he
has for centuries failed to appreciate and
The Yang-tse-Kian river boats; the
quaint “sampan,” seen by the new arri
val rooking on the gentle swells In Hong
Kong bay; the barbaric gorgeousness of
the mandarin’s barge—each and nil are
dear to the native soul, and will be im
proved away only when improvements can
no longer be resisted. That John China
man can learn much of his Western
brother in this connection is, of course,
beyond question or argument, but that
the Occident may not find something in
teresting ar.d instructive in the methods
of the Orient.as exemplified by its oldest
and vastest community, only the most
bigoted devotee of European civilization
will venture to deny.
CYCLE* OF CATHAY.
From the Chicago Times-Herald.
Some years ago a paragraph ran
through the American press which sum
med up in a few words the peculiarities
of education in China, railing attention to
their ancient method of employing char*
a< ters in p!a e of letters, the r w riting
from right to left, in direct opposition to
our own plan, and closing with this vague
personal phrase, "a lb He creature wit h
out an alphabet.” The leading educational
Journa soflh s coun ry copied the para
graph without comment, but it proved a
“bee in the bonnet” for one reader, who
was more and sturbrd over the curious Eng
lish of the phrase than *he lack of Inte li
gence among the Chinese. A flash 1 of men
tal searchlight solved the problem and
suggested the true meaning of the pl< 1
sentence: ‘‘A literature without an al
The meaning of Tennyson's verse.which
bor.d frachtrs have explained to worse
bored children by times and season* ever
since they were written, takes on anew
"Better fifty years of Europe than a cy
cle of Cathay.”
Sitting on the tombs of their ancestors
and meditating, or Imbibing the slow
fumes of opium, has not been conducive
to progressive methods, and it is rot sur
prising that< hna has net advanced any
111 a hundred years, and is prejudiced in
favor of her own costumes and her relig
ion, which would be a very fair religion
for the hea'hen If hvd up to as a dally
law. They had their Confucius five hun
dred sears before our Christ came. He
"Do unto another what sou would he
should do unto you. and do not to an
other what you would not should he done
unto you. Thou only needest ihls law
alone; It is the foundation and princ pie
of all the rest."
An Intelligent Chinaman who has lived
ill Chicago thirty years and sp'-aka Eng
lish unite fluently, In discussing things
past and present of China, said:
‘Vonfuclous fall down In China— ha no;
pick up—loo long past out.”
Although wearing the full garb of his
people, with the shoes and queue, he is
In sympathy with this country In Its ad
verse relation* with China, iind declares
that his own relatives there are fighting
the Boxer*, hut he accounts for the dis
like to the fereigner* and Americans by
declaring they “too much bo**.”
"Why they kill German minister—he
like King or Emperor—he hear ot fight
ing ansi ride out all military style—go
seven or eight miles—say, ‘You stop
fighting go back!' How you like here 1
go In eourl—strike the Judge with a cane -
tell him elo like my do? Americans wont
to be boas—that make ail the trouble. He
want to build house—he say, 'You give
me land for to build fine home.’ He not
gel, then he take.”
This Chinaman did not believe any
tactual harm would he done to the lega
tions If they obeyed orders and stayed
within wall*. Then he resumed his
dusting of small Ivory gods, rickshaws
of tortoise shed cunningly carved and the
1 other Innumerable pieces ot bric-a-brac
which his artisans have been making for
us ever since the days of the ark.
Miehle, who lived long in China, says
that there prevails there a superstition*
belief thut the missionaries bewitch the
people and kidnap the children. This is
not n belief of the Ignorant classes alon-.
but of the high caste Chinamen, and if
houses fail to sell, or shrubbery to grow,
or any evil happens in a family. the
cause is laid at the door of the missions.
The Chinese ore firm believers in ghosts
of a malignant sort, who are endlessly
punished by being compelled to stay on
this earth. The greet teat fear is of en
countering the ghost of a person who com
mitted sui ide in front of a look ng glas,
such ghosts being fiercer and more dan
gerous than any others. They employ
music to render those ghosts harmless.
Any one who has ever listened to Chinese
music will understand its power not only
to lay a ghost but to create one as well.
If Dr. Johnson had lived in far Cathay
he would have named music as the most
instead of the least, disagreeable of
sounds. They have no harmonies in com
mon. and two performers will play the
same tune together in different keys. The
nearest they reach to sweet strains is the
plaintive flute like notes of fhe birds,
which they learn from nature and repro
duce from bamboo whistles In clever im
Their songs and tomtom? have not the
slightest affinity for musical sound, but
fascinate and attract by their hideousness
and play a part in their ware like the war
whoop of the Indians.
Was it a Chinaman who first discovered
America? Chinese imperial annals record
the account of some Chinese mariners who
were wrecked 3,000 \ ars ago on tbui part
of our coast which is now California and
Oregon. The Chinese were then a jp±.uri
time people, and among their crew W- re
five Buddhist monks. Wo have trace of
them in prehistoric times by coin of their
country found by the Indians, and their
strange implements of worship and sacri
fice have been unearthed in America,
where they hud been buried for centuries.
It was an American who advised Li
Hung Chang to move the railroad that
skirted the sea near Sban-kal. It was
within two miles of the coast, and the
guileless American showed the Chinaman
how exposed it was to attacks from the
sea, and that high caste official had it
moved inland far enough to be hidden
from coast craft, adding $125,000 to the or
iginal expense of construction.
The Chinese Sunday School class in
American churches will probably be abol
ished—it should never have been Institut
ed. The youngest and prettiest or most
charming of American society girls were
the instructors, and each Chinaman must
have a teacher to himself. He made
handsome present? to his instructor, fell
in love promptly, and bee towed his at
tentions until father or brother interfered
and stopped further demonstration. Their
education proceeded as far as reading a
verse from the Bible in an unknown dia
lect. After Sunday School they finished
the day playing i>oker—they were heath
ens. A lady who had seen one of the Ce
lestials in gorgeous clothes at the C street
church called at his laundry to have him
send to her hotel for the weekly wash,
when this dialogue ensued:
“You stlanger?” “Yes.”
“Then bling policeman—he know you—
A MAMJAIIIVS BCTTOKH.
IlSglicst Honors lii‘N(oiTod I'pon
From the London Mail.
The hosiilities in China cause us to hoar
so much about mandarine, and we in Eng
land are so apt to look upon thorn as Chi
nese officials of great importance and
wealth, that it will be news to many to
know that practically every Chinese gov
ernment civil servant is a mandarin, and
that there are thousands of them scatter
ed about the Celestial Empire whoso offi
cial salaries do not exceed £1 per month.
These are of the lowest, or ninth class of
mandarins, and have Just passed their
first examination and are usually petty
officials in one of the numerous custom
houses. When promotion follows in due
course our budding viceroy, provided his
peculations have not exceeded the bounds
of moderation, becomes successively a
mandarin of the eighth and seventh
These two steps, however, mean very lit
tle advance in rank, and before the sixth
division ran he entered another examina
tion has to he passed. A little knowledge
and a great deal of bribery having been
successful in getting him through this,
our mandarin is now a person of some
lmi>ortance, a sort of district magistrate
probably, and his button is of pure white
quartz. In this capacity he can supple
ment his income gloriously by substantial
presents from both plaintiffs and defend
ants alike, and in a few years has prolv
ably extorted enough from unhappy liti
gants to join the ranks of the fifth eJas
and wear a transparent crystal button on
his cap. Yet another grade, by the same
moans, he may advance in due course,
and upon attaining to the dignity of a
fourth-class mandarin a turquols button
is substituted for the crystal one.
Here it is that many Chinese stop in
their upward career, for before another
step in advance may bf made another ex
amination has to be '‘passed,” and this is
i terribly expensive process. Should the
resources of our mandarin, however,
prove equal to the occasion, he proudly
enters the third class, and his button,
though still blue, is transparent like ame
By diplomacy and cringing, still more
bribery and cunning, the second class is at
last open to him, and with a carved red
coral button upon his cap he proudly gov
ersn one of China's great cities.
He can now go no higher, save by ob
taining the good will of the Emperor or
of the Empress. The mandarin ship of
the first class is the direct gift of the
reigning monarch, and t arries, with it *tlll
a red coral button, but quite plain and
smooth instead of being carved, as in the*
There is a title. “Kting,” which Is very
rarely bestowed, and which is practically
equal to a dukedom. Instead of descend
ing from ftither to eon, however, it goes
hack to his ancestors, aI! of whom are en
nobled eti bloc*.
The examinations referred to In this ar
ticle are usually held in large halls. The
Examination Hall, or Koong Yuin, as it is
called, at Canton contains 7,800 ceils. Each
cell measures 4 feet by 3. and is high
enough to stand up in. The furniture con
sists of two hoards, one to sit on and the
other for writing at.
The cells arc arranged around a number
of open courts, so that the soldiers who
guard the place can look In ami see that
no student communicates with another.
The characters on the cells indicate each
student's particular plat**. Confinement
In so cramped an area, where it is
slble to lie down, is said to cause the death
of many students, some of whom are quite
old men. A
A Strong Fortification.
Fortify the body against disease
by Tutt’s Liver Pills, an abso
lute cure for sick headache, dys- I
pepsia, sour stomach, malaria,
constipation, jaundice, bilious- j
ness and all kindred troubles.
“The Fly-Wheel of Life”
Pr.Tutt; Your Liver Pills are
the fly-wheel oflife. I shall ever
be grateful for the accident that
brought them to my notice. I feel
as if I had anew lease of life.
J. Fairleigh, Platte Cannon, Col.
Tutt’s Liver Pills I
v— > -
for Infants and Children.
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare-
gorie. Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. It destroys Worms and allays feverishness.
It cures Diarrhoea and Wind Colie. It relieves Teeth
ing Troubles and cures Constipation, It regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children’s Panacea—The Mother’s Friend.
The Kind Yon Have Always Bought
Bears the Signature of
In Use For Over 30 Years.
Smashing All Price Records.
The entire stock ol Summer goods is headed for the doors
No effort will be spared to make them go! 111!: ladies Will TRIP
the advantage of Great Price Reductions by buying Now.
at 8 cts.
All our 10c,
Never sold as Cheap! An absolute SliUijllter! A pick Saif.
$7 Ladies' Silk Waists $3.98
gl cts. dt 4 cts.
Nice Handkerchiefs Bleached Roller Crash. I
For Ladies and Men. Heavy twill, 18 inches wi4e. j
sl2 Ladies' ™ii: Soils $5.44
Ladies’ Tailor-made Cloth Suits. A veritable Gift.
They were sls, $lB, and S2O. Sale is Positive.
$lO Ladies' Silk Waists $5.98
I “$3,88 I ST IOI I
Ladies Silk Petticoats, Ladies Macintosh Cloaks.
Reduced from $7.50. Prices marked down. Were $5,
$2.50 Lawn Wrappers al 11.50
50c Ladies' Laundered Percale Waists! A gift! 25c.
75c Ladies’ Laundered Percale Waists! A gift! 39c.
SZOO Ladies’ Clean White Lawn Waists! Selling at SI.OO
S.IOO Waists at $1.50. TH; $4.00 now $2 00 The $5.00 now $2.50
15c While Linon Clair at Bc.
15c Infants’ Caps at 7c. 50c Shopping Bags at 29c.
15c Solid Col. Lawns at 7C. 50c Lisle Hosiery at 29c.
12c White Dimity at 7c. $1.50 f.loria Umbrellas at 98c.
50c Linen Towels at 25c.
Irish Dimities, Irish Linen Lawns. IrentU (.illgUdllh at 19c.
Green, Red, Blue. Pink, Vertical Corded Piques at 10c.
25c White Dimities at 15c; Sheer Batiste Mulls at 19c.
Black China Silks at 99c, at 69c, at 49c, at 39c, at 33c.
10c Dress Ginghams at 6J4C. 60c Men’s Shirts at 39c
10c Printed Percales by+C. 69c Men’s Shirts at 44c
15c English Percales 10c. 75c Men’s Shirts at 50c
GUSTAVE ECKSTEIN & CO.
NOTHING LIKE IT!
There is nothing - on earth to equal “Infants’
Friend Powder.” Where it has been tried it has
taken tbj place of all other preparations for the
face, heat, and a thousand and one uses to
which lacfies put it. The baby needs nothing else.
Try nothing else for it
READ IRE FOLLOWING TESTIMONIALS
Broughton and Drayton Sts.,
July 6, 1900.
Columbia Drug Cos.,
Dear Sirs—Please sand me half
gross Infants' Friend Powder. 1 have
sold it for some years and It has
been a gore] seller-give satisfaction;
package unique, and from personal
use I can recommend It highly for
chafing and prickly heat. Yours
EOBT. A. BOWLINSKI.
This Is unsolicited.
| A High-Grade Institution CUfIDTCD Afll I CPC HOME,
tor lames. onUnltn uULLCUC, (ihoRGiA.
4 unparalleled llowe< aft.ns ri n f m 1 ••i(>arvialon V 'Hi* elfla received All'
1 _ Uv with the faculty In tha college llullillnuß worth SIAO,OW> luulpmeat
i r_-vTfyß #l* ••••tlntol. well euMlntod late .rater lag, uvd fywMgluie, etc Faculty, large.
' t,iL"viia' 4 and c imposed of a' la and etjwrlonred professors CuurMi eßtensUe eud i
! /-J,. ml-A* ‘ 4jT\ JL thorough, In ling will. th ee giver < the Irwllag universities A large Kndww- (
* Iwent. •> miring st iiaula a*| erlative advantages at moderate coat The Trustees , 1
mlhl/i’ *< h f f * n% "■ *' " 1 •■•ti' larshipr to rlrsErv.u* young ladies Art and Klw utU*
I WpISPi 1 1 ei>'l‘t' •••!•■ Kn. ully .ms rpasard iti An>t>rira; mitlal 1 i
,i.M Mflf A<t iT' 1 Alt *' ~il ' ' ’ A PRIZF PIANO E't* of a genarnua friend of 1 ,
' jillJißniUM H,isisawo.thueunl.lolUri
1 *l**l.t A livl I'tnno .•' <m* (..• s'ati'lest lUMSK al prize ever offered i
' '\e - 1,1 A y "n ' ••'lid I 'l4 •*• past term all Spar* was ft | led Ywitng ,
. 1 1 ndditotlMi m September
■"■■■"■■ I. ■■■ ■ 11l 1 ■■■■■■ Write President Siimuon* f.r a catalogue, which will be sent free p. stpaltl
ORDER BLANK BOOKS FROM THE MORNING NEWS. SAVANNAH
Mrs. Wm. King. Editor,
480 Courtiund avenue,
Atlanta. Ga.. April 26, IMO.
Columbia Drug Cos., Savannah, Ga.:
Gcnilemen—lt gives me pleasure to
heartily recommend infants’ Friend
Powder, and to give to you a singu
lar little coincident connected with It.
During the Cotton States and In
ternational Exposition I whs presen
ted with a little box of this powder,
and was ro pleased with it that I
was exceedingly onxlaus to get more,
but on looking at the box I found
nothing but Savannah, Ga., no other
address. I have often wished I knew
where to get it. This morning’s
mull brpught your .Ircular with en
closed sample I immediately re
ferred to my box, and found it was
the Infants’ Friend Powder. It is
without doubt the best powder I have
ever ueed. Respectfully,
MRS. WM. KINO.