Newspaper Page Text
AMERICA’S STOCK OF GOLD.
SOME CORRECTIONS TO RB MADE
IN THE ESTIMATE.
The EHtlmafe for May 1 W More
Thau i Million Dollnru. lint Mr.
Mahlcmnn of the New York Snb
treamry Calcnlaten That TM la
Perhaps Too High.
Hi* Researches Are Likely to Lead
to a Blgr Correction.
Washington. Aug. 3.—Mr. Roberts, the
director of the mint, in speaking to-day
of the probable modification of the pres
ent estimate of the stock of gold in the
“Some modification of the present esti
mate doubtless will be made as the result
of an extended inquiry that is being made
by this bureau, and by Mr. Muhleman
of the New York eub-treasury, but the
reduction will be small as compared wHh
the stock. The original basis of the
treasury estimate is a computation made
by Dr. Lindcrman, director of the mint
in 1873. Gold was then at o premium,
and not in general circulation. He took
the amount in the treasury and in nation
al banks, and added $20,000,000 for the cir
culation on the Pacific coast, and $30,000,-
000 for the holding of other banks and
hoards, in all $135,000,000.
“To this has been added each year the
coinage and the imports of domestic
coins, and subtracted the recoinage, thg
exports and an estima'ed sum for con
sumption in the arte. The result is the
“The gold in the treasury end in the
national banks comprises the only part
of the stock that con be actually counted.
At the date of the last reported state
ment by the national banks, April 26. 1900,
their holdings were $195,769,872. The treas
ury holdings May 1. were $426,989,371, the
two items aggregating $622,759,243. The
eetimate for May 1 was $1,043,525,117, which
left $420,000,000 to be accounted for as held
by fate and private banks, trust com
panies and in safes, tills, pockets and
hoards. This is the sum subject to mod
Carried OJT by Tourists.
“No account has b* en taken in the past
of geld carri and out of the country on the
persons of travelers, it being assumed
tnat there was little of it and that all
but an inappreciable amount was return
ed by incoming travelers. This year the
bureau has made a systematic effort to
]ern what this movement amounted to.
The replies indicated that gold thus car
ried out finOs its way through bankers to
the principal banks of issue in the sev
eral countries. About $75,000,000 per annum
Is melted at Geneva and in all a net loss
of $600,000 to SBOO,OOO is indicated. At the
latter rate in twenty-five years the total
would be $20,000,000, a sum that should be
taken account of.
“An effort has been made to arrive at
the prfsent consumption of coin by manu
facturers, jewelers, d* ntists and others in
the industrial arts. Inquiries have been
addressed to about 45,0 0 firms and indi
viduals and renlies have been received
from about 70 per cent, of them. The re
turns indicate a total consumption of
about $3,:00.000 in coin per year. Prior to
1893 the bureau’s est mate was never less
than this amount, but frem 1893 it has
been placed at $1,500,000. The reduction
seems to have be n an error. An addition
al allowance of $.\000,000 per year for sev
en years would require a correction of
Mahleninn Makes Corrections.
“Mr. Muhleman, of the New York sub
treasury. reports that owing chiefly to
errors made prior to 1885 the estimate has
been too large by perhaps $100,000,000. He
attacks Dr. Dinderman’s original estimate
and argues that it was $29,000,000 too
hight, and he has recently made an ex
haustive investigation of imports and ex
ports of coin and bullion since 1873. By
checking from these from other sources
of information he is led to believe that
at time* bullion and foreign coin have
been reported as domestic coin, which
would carry error into the estimates of
gold stock. He thinks these errors In re
ported exports and imports may have in
creased th*> estimates by as much as $45,-
000,000. Mr. Muhleman's tables are very
elaborate and will require considerable
time for review. Some of his corrections,
doubtless. will be accepted, and the
amount finally deducted from the previous
estimates, as a result of the revision,
probably will be between $50,000,000 and
EXOOI’S OF NEGROES.
Many of Them to Leave North Geor
gia for the Heat.
Athens, Ga.. Aug. 3.—Responsible ne
groes are authority for the statement that
there Is soon to be a wholesale exodus of
negroes from this section of the state to
farm lauds in Arkansas.
Agents have been at work for many
months in organising the movement. Some
of the negroes are to go by rail, but the
majority of them, so the report says, will
travel through the country in wagons.
In Oglethorpe county the movement is
said to bo especially active, and the em
igration fever is raging. A large number
of negroes from Clarke 1s scheduled to
The informants state that there will be
from 1.000 to 1,500 emigrants in the party;
that the negroes are selling their house
hold goods, and endeavoring to buy vehi
cles and mules; that at an appointed date
the emigration Is to begin and that it will
exceed anything of the kind ever before
known in this section.
Information is hard to secure, as the ne
groes are extremely reticent on the ques
tion and the agents here used the utmost
secrecy in their movements.
It is generally agreed that Arkansas is
to be the objective point. Whether or not
“Pegleg’’ Williams is interested cannot be
FATS LET THE LEANS WIN.
An luterefttliiK Game of TlaMcbnll
Played in Brunswick.
Brunswick. Ga.. Aug. 3.-This afternoon,
in the presence of on immense crowd, the
Fats and the Leons played baseball for
the benefit of the Brunswick Library. The
two teams as lined up on the diamond
were composed of Brunswick’s most se
date professional and business men, and
they kept the crowd in on uproar by their
Judge Symmcg for the leans caught with
the aid of a hand satchel a brilliant fly.
and Pap Ooldsmi-th of the Fats disabled
Ed. Munday, first basement of the Leons,
by falling on him In the third inning.
Restor Coleman, the umpire, was mobbed
in the fourth inning, and the game ended
11 to 10 in favor of the Leans. The um
pire left town to-night to escape the
wrangle, and the game will have to be
played over to decide the winner. A keg
of beer, placed on third bese, is alleged
to have been drunk, and as the Fats
patronized the keg more liberally than the
Leans they lay their defeat to it. The
teams were composed as follows;
Leans: Ed. Munday, Bolling Whitfield,
James Q. Bailey, H. M. Branham. C. L.
Caroler, William A. Way, Horace Dart,
Courtiand Bvmmes, J. T. Gibson.
The Fats were; Pap Goldsmith. Harry
Baker, W. R. Townsend, Jack Gardner,
F. Joeger, James Tankersly, J. B. Davis,
O. W. Cole, H. 8. McCrary,
—The dome of the Court House in Chip
pewa Falls, Wli., has been struck three
times by lightning, and the people of the
town are discouraged in their belief In
the old assertion that lightning never
even twice in the same place.
PRICES ARB DECLINING.
Veverthelens Encouraging Trade
Symptoms Are Noted.
New York. Ang. 3.—R. G. Dun & Co.’s
weekly review of trade will say to-mor
It is often hard to read encouraging
symptoms of general business in declin
ing prices of commodities, but Just now it
is reasonable to look for them. Some raw
materials, and some manufactured pro
ducts, one stage removed from the raw.
are selling at lower prices than at any
time since last year's advance set in;
but there is confidence among buyers
that the downward swing is nearly over,
while sellers are adopting a cautious pol
icy, w'hich until recently characterized
the altitude of buyers.
Iron and steel markets wire startled by
rrports of sales of steel bars at 1*) cents
per 100 pounds, but business at the same
time was the largest in months at ChUag >
on a basis of about $1.23. Increasing de
mand for brr iron from makers of agri
cul ural imphnums and car builders, was
a feature, contracts pi iced te ng esdma -
ed at 110.000 tons in bars and plates. The
trade believes that orders will increase
as the season advances and that total
needs of iron consumers will compare well
with last year. Heavy bids appear for
foundry iron, buyers being uneasy, with
output reducing and selling pr.ces of many
descriptions approximating; cost. Expoi t
orders increase and makers do not fitl y
accept reports of purchases of foreign
rails for delivery in the South.
Shipments of boots and shoe* from Bos
ton were 72.34S cases, against 68,308 last
week, but a year ago were 108.015. The
present increased movement is more in
specialties and trade in staples lines re
While prices of woolens are above the
3899 opening, they are materially below
figures reached later last season. Wide
sheetings are reduced 15 to 20 per cent.,
but the decline attracts more business.
Failures for the week w-ere 288 in the
United S'ates, against 182 last year.
BOAT FOR THE BATTALION.
Klennfort Nnva! Militia Have a Fine
Beaufort, S. C., Aug. 3—A cutter for
the use of the Third Division of the South
Carolna Battalon has arrved here from
the Boston navy yard, wher eshe was con
structed. The craft is a beautiful speci
men of marine architecture, and is thirty
feet long with about six feet beam. The
division will use this boat for practice, and
to familiarize themselves with the rowing
and handling of a ship’s cutter. She is
moo;< 1 in front of the Sea Island Hotel,
and is much admired, especially by “those
who go down to the sea in ships.’’
A dance was given by the Rlbault Club
io their hall here last night and. ns usual,
the event proved a source of atiraction to
the young society folks of the town. The
club was organized in 3890. its purpose be
ing, to promote social intercourse, and it
was named in honor of Jean Ribault, the
F'rench Huguenot navigator, who discover
ed Port Royal in 1562.
Race* at Brighton Beach.
New York. Aug. 3.—Favorites had the
reigns at Brighton Beach to-day, four out
of six getting first under the wire. Fin
ishes were close and the racing spirited.
First Race—Five furlor#,s. Termless. 7
to 5 won, with Agnes D, 8 to 1 and 3 to 1.
second, and Rochampton, 8 to 1, third.
Second Race—Steeplechase, about two
miles. Charagrace, 11 to 10. won. with
Dave S., 7 to 2 and even, second, and Gov.
Budd, 20 to 1. third. Time 4:30 2-5.
Third Race—Selling, one mile. Gold Fox,
8 to 5, won. with Flax Spinner. 6 to 1 and
5 io 2, second, and Sir FUzhugh, 12 to 1,
third. Time 1:41 1-5.
Fourth Race —One mile and one-six
teenth. Kamara, 11 to 5, won, with Her
bert, 4 to 1 and 6 to 5, second, and Gen.
Mart Gary, 5 to 2, third. Time 1:46.
Fifth Race—Selling, five furlongs.
Bowen, 12 to 1, won, with Kid Cox, 9 to 2
and ti to 5. second, with Marothen, 7 to 1,
third. Time 1:00 3-6.
Sixth Race—Selling, six furlongs. Mid
night Chimes. 8 to 1, won, with Sir Christo
pher, 6 to 1 and 2 to 1, second, with Tinge,
10 to L third. Time- 104 2-5.
Grand Circuit Races* Closed.
Columbus, 0., Aug. 3.—The grand circuit
meeting closed to-day. The Admiral, a
prohibitive favorite on account of his
showing in the 2:16 pace, won, the 2:19
pace to-day in straight heats. The 2:13
race was the 1 est rice of the day. It
was won by Bonnie Direct. Summaries:
2:19 class, pacing purse $1,500. The Ad
miral won three straights and the race,
and Ibraden second, and Daisy J. third.
Time 2 01V*.
2:27 class, trotting, purse $1,500. Lord
Derby won first, third and fifth heats and
race. Grace Onward second, Annie Burns
thirl. Grace Onward won fourth heat on t
Annie Burns second. Time 2:11V4. 2:12*6,
2.139>, 2:l4V*. 2:16.
2:13 class pacing, purse $1,500. Bonnie
Direct won third, fourth and fifth heats
and race. Johnny Agan second. Lady
Pipes third. Johnny Agan won first and
second heats. Time 2:06*4, 2:10*4, 2:07*4,
At Kansas City—Kansas City, 14; Buf
At Minneapolis—Minneapolis, 10; Cleve
At Milwaukee—lndianapolis, 4; Milwau
At Rochester—Rochester, 2; Hartford, 7.‘
At Montreal—Montreal, 5; Providence,’Tl.
At Toronto—Toronto. 4; Springfield, 2.
At Syracuse—Syracuse, 12; Worcester, 3.
To Hunt Down Anarchists.
Chicago. Aug. 3—Police Captain Her
man Sohuettier, who helped suppress the
anarchists in this city in 1886. is traveling
in Germany and word was received here
to-day that he had been requested by of
ficials of the foreign governments to as
sist in breaking dowq the activity of Eu
ropean anarchist organizations and to
hunt down the conspirators against
and other rulers.
The Only Ones Who Know.—“How*
does he happen to know so much about
China? He never was there.”
“Of course. no; but he’s a professional
politicion."—Chicago Evening Post.
Foanil Oat llnvv to Feed Herself.
Many schoou teachers, at the end of
thetr year’s work, feel thoroughly ex
hausted and worn out, physically and men
tally. The demand upon the nerves and
brain of a teacher Is unusual and unless
they are well fed and fed upon properly
selected food, It Is natural that they should
A little woman teacher at Goblevllle,
Mich., who has been leaching regularly
for a number of years, has always found
herself thoroughly exhausted at the end
of the session, until within the last year,
she has made use of Grape-Nuts Food
with the result that she closed the year
as a robust, healthy, strong, vigorous wo
man, having gained In weight from 80
pounds to 126; her nerves strong, face
bright and cheery, and really a wonder to
all her friends, who constantly comment
on her color and strength. She knows ex
actly to w hat the change Is attributed, for
In the years past, living on ordinary food,
she has almost broken down before "he
school year closed, whereas since using
Grape-Nuts, this change has been brought
about; evidence prlma facie of the value
of Grape-Nuts Food for rebuilding the
brain and nerve centers.
The name of the teacher can be given
by Postiun Cereal Battle Creek,
THE MORNING NEWS: SATURDAY, AUGUST 4,1900.
lr of El or
If you suffer with pain—any kind of pain—keep in
mind that pain is but a symptom, not a disease; that
what you must fight is not the pain hut its cause; that
liniments and oik for external application are almost
worse than useless. To overcome the cause of pain,
internal treatment is necessary.
Pains, whether in muscles, joints, head or elsewhere
will disappear when you purify and enrich the blood
and strengthen the nerves.
There is one remedy that has been successfully em
ployed in thousands of cases —
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
for Pale People
Rheumatism is a disease of the blood; Neuralgia
is the prayer of a nerve for food; Sciatica is but rheu
matism under another name. Dr. Williams' Pink
Pilk for Pale People can be used with the greatest'
success in any of these troubles because they attack
the disease in the blood and drive it out. Proofs as to
the efficacy of these pilk are found in thousands of
testimonials from grateful people who have been cured.
At druggists or direct from Dr. Williams Medicine Cos., Schenectady,
N. Y., postpaid on receipt of price 60 cents per box ; 6 boxes, $2.60.
PYTHONS’ HEARTY MEAL.
Satisfies Them for Tv*o Weeks at a
From the Philadelphia Record.
The big pythons at the Zoo eat once or
twice a month, early In the morning,
while the snake house is still empty of
spectators. It is interesting to watch
them. They swallow, slowly and labori
ously. whole rabbits, ducks and chickens.
Afterwards they swell up, and for a week
lie motionless, digesting.
Last Sunday their keeper saw that they
were getting hungry. They were restless,
quarreled with one another a little and,
when he passed them, followed him with
their small shoe-button eyes languidly.
In their glass case these three big pythons
lie usually in one inert coll; their lengths
are Indlstinguishably mingled; the three
flat brainless heads sleep side by side.
The keeper w'ent down town to market
on Monday, and on Tuesday he prepared
to feed the snakes.
He entered the snake house with a huge
covered market basket on his left arm
and a long screw-driver in his left hand.
The basket jumped oddly, for there was
live freight struggling inside It. From it
too the solemn protest of a duck came
muffled. He set down the basket in front
of the pythons’ case.
Close together the three small heads
looked at It through the glass, and the six
stupid shoe-button eyes brightened ti lit
tle. The great forty-foot coll began to
move. This way and that the convolu
tions glided smoothly. Now there were
three pythons going with beautiful, pow
erful undulations up and dwon the case,
protruding three or four Inches of black]
thick tongue spilt at the end, and togefn.]
er setting their small snouts against the
glass and staring at the basket.
The keeper had gone out again. He re
turned with seme rabbits. He took the
screw-driver, and holding a rabbit by the
ears, he hit It lightly with the edge of
-the blade in the back of the nock. The
little an mal at or.ee stopped squawking:
its eyes rolled upward; for awhile its hind
legs kicked togethr swiftly a? though
running and then stopped. The rabbit sti.l
lived, but it could not now either move or
feel. It lay on the floor and flies began to
light on Its open, upturned eyes.
Tidbits for the Ileal.
Then the keeper stunned a pair of big
white thicks some chickens and some oth
er rabbits. All around the case they ley,
and the three, sma l reptilian heads behind
the glass regarded them fixedly.
The keeper opened one of the doors of
the case, and held a rabbit two or three
feet al'-ove the head of the middle py
thon The snake, with its neck drawn
back In the graceful, spirited arch one
sex.s in swans, looked at the rabbit, and,
to simulate life In the animal, the keeper
began to jig it up and down. For a long
time (he motionless python, its tongue
making lightning vibrations before it. re
garded the rabbit dancing in mid air. Th>n
suddenly It sprang forward with tner.d -
ble speed; It seiztd in its mouth the little
animal s head, threw a swift coil around
it. and, settling back, lay motionless,
slowly tightening the coil, smothering the
rabbit to death.
When the rabbit was quile dead the
snake proceeded to swallow it. V.ry tmull
its mouth seemed for this task. But,
though small, the mouth was made of
the most elastic tissues, and It unhinged
fut thermorc—that phrase Is the most ex
pressive one—at the junction of the jaws
aril in the middle of the lower lip. The
m uth. orenirg wider and wli, r as it
slipped ov,r the rabbit, stretchnl enor
mously, Great quantities of saliva gath
ered In It. too, und hung In ropes from
the lips—thick, ttansiarent ropes. The
snake the rabbit with saliva, and
ihis coating made the rabbit slimy and
slippery, as though greased. The snake,
swallowing, advanced its throat, and
slowly the rabbit disappeared.
The keeper climbed Imo the case and
carried the smallest python in his arms
to u corner by itself. "You’ll be better
oIT there, old man,” he said. He gave
it a chicken, and offered to the largest
python a duck.
Coltl Affected Her Appetite.
The largest python had a cold and re
fused to eat at lirst. He is n male, 17
feet long, 22 Inches around the middle
ar.d 70 years old. The two other pyth
ons are respectively 30 and 40 years old,
and their lengths ore 12 and 10 feet. They
are young, and It is thought that they
The old python looked at the duck,
feebly Interested for the moment; then
he turned away. "He has a cold,” the
keeper repeated, and he slapped the pyth
on In the face and banged It over the
body with the duck.
The snake took heart suddenly, and soon
a quarter of the fowl was down Its
throat. The case now presented a strange
sight. Here was one snake with the yel
low legs of a chicken sticking out of Its
mouth; here was another about to finish
the hind feet and fluffy white tall of a
rabbit, and here was a third going to at
tempt the seemingly Impossible task of
swallowing a duck.
The duck was very much bigger than
the snake’s mouth, but slowly and
smoothly, ns a glove slides on a hand,
the snake's dilating mouth slid over and
encompassed It. And, as the webbed
feet disappeared, the bill of a second duck
was pushed into the old python’s mouth
by the keeper.
The old python nte a chicken, two
ducks and three rabbits Afterward he
measured thirty Inches. The middle pyth
on ate three rabbits. The little one ate
two rabbits. When they were done pools
iof viscous saliva lay everywhere, and
the snakes were circling swiftly about
to get the food down to their stomachs.
They glided to and fro an hour. Then
they drank deep—two or three quarts of
water apiece. Afterward they lay in a
corner in one coil, a coil three feet
in diameter and two feet in thickness,
and their chins rested together on a
parts of their eelves, and with their small
heads side by side they slept with wide
open eyes, for a python’s eyes never
Grew in Size as They Slept.
As they slept they distended. In two
days they were more than twice their
normal girth. They slept on. deaf and
blind to that and all other things, and
time passed. It was Saturday when they
awoke, alert and cheerful, but not hun
gry. It will be a week before they want
another meal, and maybe it will be over
a week. There is an anaconda at the
Zoo who once went for twenty-two months
John F. Thompson is the keeper of
the snake house, an enthusiast. When a
little child this man had a collection
of live snakes, and he has lived now
among reptiles for twenty years. He
makes and colors plaster casts of vipers
and constrictors that are accurate, life
like and terrifying.
“A python’s teeth ere like needle
points.” he said, “only they bend back
ward. The old python there sprang at
a rabbit one day and got the tip of my
thumb. There was nothing for me to do
but pull, but the harder I pulled the deep
er the python’s little teeth sank in. It
was like pulling against a fishhook. I
got my thumb out at last—part of it.
that is. Hehe is the scar.”
Some of Keeper Thompson’s snakes are
cannibals. The smooth rat, a little black
fellow, is one of these, and on Tuesday
morning a garter snake was dropped into
The smooth rat chased the garter up
and down, cornered it, and catching it
by the throat, coiled about it and squeez
ed it hard for a time. Then it began
slowly to swallow the still living garter
snake. One was no bigger than the other,
but in five or six minutes the garter
tnake hod entirely disappeared somewhere
within the smooth rat.
A GOLFER’S EORTITI DE.
IS ml a Hole Knocked in Her Sknll
With a flab.
From the Philadelph a Ledger.
Winsfed. Conn . July 23.—Golfers at Nor
folk Downs are rejoicing with Miss Ida
Clark over her marve’ous escape from
death In making a cl ek shot on the links
Haven, drove the iron foot of the club
into the head of Miss Clark, who stood
behind him. and made a hole the size of
a quarter of a dollar in the young wo
man’s skull. She bore her frightful injury
with great bravery.
Miss Clark is 26 years old, and the
daughter of D. H. Clark, of Stamford.
Fiaring that the shock might kill her
father, Miss Clark insisted that no news
of the accident should be sent.
She was taken in haste to the office of
Er. Irving L. Harrant, who informed hi*
patient hat she had a compound fracture
of the skull .and that a difficult operation
would be necessary to save her life.
“All right, Doctor,” said M s.* Clark,
cheerfully; “I am ready when you are.”
Twelve pieces of bone were removed
from the center of Mi?s Clark s forehead
wh re the unsightly hole was. and
throughout the ordeal the pati nt was per
fectly conscious, aid aoqul ted herself
with great fortitude. A port! n of the
brain was left exposed through an aper
ture thre -quarters cf an inch in diame
:cr. The physicians say that their pation;
has passed a comfortable day, and that
her recovery is almost certain.
Mefllertiou* of a Bachelor.
From the New York Press.
Love gets sick as easily as babies.
It’s a pity people will decorate their love
with so many hideous baubles.
Nature intended men and women to live
together, but Fate did all it knew how to
make it impossible.
When a woman begins to change the
color of her hair at 35 it’s time for men to
begin to change the color of their opin
ions about her.
The average woman doesn’t know the
difference—or care—between the attention
of a thick-skulled idiot who makes love to
her about the same way he brushes his
teeth, und the devotion of a big-souied man
who loves her with respect.
Politic:* In Coffee.
Dougins, Ga., Aug. 3.—At a meeting of
the Democratic Executive Committee for
Coffee county on July 27. F. Willis Dart
was re-elected chairman and Melvin Tan
ner secretary of the new committee.
It was ordered that primaries be held on
Aug. 25 at each voting precinct for five del
egates from each district in the county
who will assemble at the Court House on
Aug. 28. and proceed to nominate a rcpie
eentalive and thq county officers.
Fine Crop* of Corn.
Thomasville, Ga., Aug. 3.—There are
good many corn crops made by the farm
ers of Thomas county this year, although
in come places the corn was drowned
out by the frequent rains and little ©r no
crops made. C. T. Gaudy, who has a
form near this city, has one of the finest
fields of corn in the county. Those who
have seen Mr. Gaudy’s corn say he will
guther sixty bushels to the acre,
SAFETY IN THE WATER.
MANY VICTIMS OF THE SEA MIGHT
HAVE AVOIDED THEIR FATE.
The Secret of Floating—Moat of the
Dangers That Threaten Swimmer*
May- He Averted by the I'te of a
Tittle Pretence of Mind.
From the New York Sun.
According to an expert swimmer, most
people who are drowned while in bath
ing owe their deaths primarily to fright,
losing presence of mind when really they
are not in danger.
The thing that drowns a man, says this
authority, is his inability to get his
mouth or nostrils above the surface of
the water long enough or often enough to
breathe regularly. The two things that
usually sink his mouth below the water
so that he cannot get hia breath are his
own stupidity In wasting his strength
in the eftSrt to keep the back of his head
up as if he breathed through the parting
in his hair, and his getting so excited
that he tries to take in air while his
mouth is under water.
I'nlese a man gets his lungs full of wa
ter he can never drown. His stomach will
hold n quart or two without troubling
him very much, and as long os he can
keep the air space in his lungs clear of
water he can live for hours in the rough
est sea that ever raged.
The greatest safeguard in the water is
the ability to float, not to swim. Any
person can float in salt water the first
time he tries it, and any one can float
in fresh water after a little practice. The
only reason a person cannot float in salt
water is because he will not do
as he is told—put the back of the head
clear under water and leave nothing above
the surface but the mouth and nose. All
good swimmers lie on the side and stick
the head well down into the tvater, and
many of them bury it altogether, expell
ing the breath while under water and
lifting their mouth only enough to inhale
Any person who will lie upon his back
and raise his chin sufficiently to put the
forehead under water almost to the eyes,
will immediately float in salt water, no
matter what he does with his hands and
feet. The most dangerous thing that can
happen to any one in the water is to
faint, but the expert swimmer who feels
any tendency to faintness, as he may
from sudden Injury in the water, will im
mediately assume this position and throw
the arms straight out beyond the head,
the hands slightly apart. In this position
he will breathe freely until he recovers,
unless the water is so rough that it
washes completely over him.
Cramps do not add an ounce to the
weight of the body and can therefore have
nothing to do with sinking it. The only
cramp thar could possibly drown a good
swimmer would be one in the neck, which
would draw the head down on the chest.
In salt water unless In a rush of foam
or scum, thick enough to smother, one can
float and breath indefinitely, and a per
s-n of determinat on would finally die of
hunger and thirst, but would never drown.
Cramps are never of long duration, and
can usually be kicked out in a few' min
utes if in the legs. If in one leg only, a
good swimmer can easily get along with
the other and his arms. The great trou
ble with so many alleged experts is, that
they cannot float. In salt water, the spe
cific gravity of the water is enough to
float the human body Instantly, but in
fresh water it is necessary to acquire
what is called the "balance,” before one
can float easily. The first time you try
to float in fresh water you will And that
offer you have thrown yourself on your
tack ycur mouih and eyes will sink Just
'i little below the surface. Instead of
waiting a second or two for them to come
up again, you immediately duck your chin
down on your chest, in the effort to get
your head out of the water again.
Instead of ducking your chin in this
manner, the moment you find yourself ap
parently sinking. Just hold the full breath
you have taken, and In a few seconds
you will fird that the mouth and nose
come up again. Take another quick, full
breath and you are floating. You may os
cillate up and down a little, but you will
not go under again, and can now float
all day. After a little practice, you will
find that this rising and sinking process
which inconvenienced you so at the be
ginning will disappear and you can get
your body balanced in the water at the
first attempt. There is a sort of trick
about it, Just like riding a bicycle, which
consists in getting th breath just right
arid extending the body calmly and 'atly,
so that ihere is nothing to start the up
and down motion which makes you feel
a if you were sinking.
There are one or two bugaboos which
are supposed to drown a great many peo
ple every year. One of the most famous
of these is the undertow. The sea pousse
and the undertow are similar in many
ways. The undertow is usually the re
turn water from the s e urf running along a
beach on which the sagd is loose or mixed
with dirt, something like a quicksand.
When a bather steps on this moving sand
his feet sink into it and are apparently
pulled from under him by what he cails
the undertow. If he can swim all he nead
do Is to lift his feet off the treacherous
bottom, extend himself on the still wa
ter at the surface and swim back to the
shallows. If he cannot swim and does
not know how to float he will probably
throw up his hands, shriek for help and
A sea pousse Is a soft of undertow com
bined with an overflow, because In the
sea pousse the whole current of water,
from the surface to the bottom, sets In
n certain direction. When you find your
self In a sea pousse. or in any current
which sets strongly from the shore, re
member that the water which supplied
that current from the shore must go to
wards the shore first. Let yourself float
until you see the direction of the current,
and then go out of it sideways; never at
tempt to fight against It. In a minute or
(wo you will find yourself In calm water,
or In a current running in the opposite
There is only one rbal danger to the
really expert swimmer and that Is some
thing that Is rarely mentioned by the
newspapers. The writer came across It
in a rough sea at Cape May some years
ago. In swimming upon the breast with
the mouth open to Inhale, a single drop
of water was either blown or splashed
into the mouth in such a manner that it
struck right Into the epiglottis. The Im
mediate effect of this was a violent fit of
choking and coughing, ithich so paralyzed
the ordinary powers of the limbs that no
attempt at swimming was possible. Even
immediate turning on the back and float-
tells a story that
f= c thousands of
S I women will rc
cognize a story
fering just be
fore and during menstruation—a
story of aches, darting pains, torture
in back, head, limbs and abdomen.
will cure these sufferers—regulate
their menses and drive out all "fe
male troubles." Druggists sell It
for $1 a bottle.
THX BKAbmEU) REGULATOR 00.. AtUsta. Os
i There is no end of
; Old V irginia Cheroots
I to waste, as there is no finished end to
[ cut off and throw away. When you
\ buy three Old Virginia Cheroots for
J five cents, you have more to smoke,
J and of better quality, than you have
> when you pay fifteen cents for three
) Five Cent cigars.
| Three hundred million Old Virginia Cheroots smoked this
, year. Ask your own dealer. Price, 3 for 5 cents. *
ing did not prevent swallowing a quan
tity of water, and only the greatest pres
ence of mind prevented another name be
ing added to the long list of the expert
swimmers who ore supposed to have been
drowned with cramps.
Pet* Hogs ol a Queen.
From the Chicago News.
Of all kinds of animals there have never
been any so favored by Queen Vlotoria
as the dog. Wherever she stays she Is
surrounded by her pets and her favorites
are always moved from place to place
wdth her. She has an unconquerable
aversion to cats. She does not care es
pecially for horses or birds, bat devotes
herself to her canine friends. At Wind
sor the kennels contain upward of 100
These buildings are of brick with tiled
floors and are model dog houses. Her
Majesty in former years was decidedly
fond of oollie dogs, but though sho has
some fine specimens of this breed her
taste has greatly changed. Her special
favorite to-day It Ayah, a magnificent
pug. More than any other of the dogs
he spends his time in the Queen’s sitting
room. After Ayah come Sasha and
Waldman. Sasha is a white Pomeranian,
with beautiful silky haiir, and was a pres
ent to the Queen from Princess Aribert
Waldmian is a dashohund given the
Queen by Princess Beatrice. He is a Very
loving animal and will sit for hours, quiet
and sedate, 1 watching his owner, Jock
is the clown dog of the kennels and
everybody’s pet. He Is a fox terrier and
hls antics are so comical the Queen al
ways asks for him when she comes to
W’indsor. He usually trots around with
one ear up, the other down.
Snowball is a pure W’hite collie, who Is
a great beauty. The Queen is also fond
of Rona 11, a Skye so intelligent, ft is
said, to understand everything staid to
It. Pomeranians are great favorites of
the Queen, and she sends the puppies
to all her friends and relatives. She does
not miss a visit each week to the ken
nels and always keeps one or two or hef
favorites at the castle.
Pimples and Freckles on Face.
Your druggist will refund your money if
Pazo Ointment fails to cure you. 50 cts.
—lnvalid (to sympathizing caller)—My
dear, I have lost nearly all my hair.
Literal Child—l know where it is, ifiam
ma; I saw It In your dressing-table draw
PETITION FOR INCORPORATION.
NOTICE OF INTENTION TO APPLY
FOR RAILROAD CHARTER.
After four weeks’ notice by publication,
pursuant to the act of the General Assem
bly of the State of Georgia, approved Dec.
20, A. D.. 1892, and the amendments there
of, the undersigned will file in the office
of the secretary of state, a petition tor
the Incorporation of a railroad corpora
tion, of which the following is a copy;
State of Georgia, Chatham County. To
the Honorable, the Secretary of State,
for the State of Georgia:
The petition of Cecil Gabbett, William
W. Mackall, J Randolph Anderson, W.
S. Chisholm. William L. Clay, W. B.
Denham. J. Moultrie I,ee, W. V. Davis.
C. L. Heller and T. S. Tutwiler, all of
Savannah, Georgia, respectfully shows:
1. That they desire to form a railroad
corporation pursuant to the provisions of
the act of the General Assembly of Geor
gia, approved Dec. 20, 1892, and the amend
2. That the name of the company they
desire to have incorporated, Is to be "SA
VANNAH UNION STATION COM
PANY,” the same not being the name of
any existing railway corporation in the
state of Georgia.
3. That Ibe said railroad will be located
entirely within the limits of Chatham
county. In said state, and its length as
nearly as can be estimated, will be in the
aggregate, about eight (8) miles, consist
ing of two branches, which will run from
the Union station, to be built and operated
by said company in the western portion
of the city of Savannah, the one running
In a general westerly direoilon for a dis
tance of from three to four milea, to a
connection with the crossing or present
Junction point of the' Georgia and Ala
bama, Florida Central and Peninsular,
Central of Georgia, and Charleston and
Savannah Railways; and the other run
ning in a general southerly and soutneast
erly direction for a distance of about four
miles, to a connection with the tracks of
the Savannah, Florida and 'Western Rail
way, at or near Southover Junction,
4. That the amount of proposed capital
stock of said company shall be three hun
dred thousand dollars ($300,000). divided
Into shares of one hundred dollars ($100)
each, all of said stock to be common stock
of equal dignity.
5. That petitioners desire to be Incor
porated as aforesaid for and during the
period of one hundred (100) years.
6. That the principal office of the pro
posed corporation is to be located In the
city of Savannah, Chatham county, Geor
7. That petitioners do Intend In good
faith to go forward without delay, to se
cure subscriptions to the capital stock,
construct, equip, maintain and operate
8. That petitioners have given four
weeks' notice of their intention to ap
ply for a charter by the publication of
this petition, In one of the newspapers In
which the sheriff's advertisements arc
published In said county, once a week for
four weeks, before the filing of this peii- ,
9. That your petitioners have annexed
hereto an affidavit made by three of the
persons forming said company, that the i
names subscribed hereto, are the genuine
signatures of the persons named In the
petition, as required by law.
Wherefore your petilloners pray that
they may be incorporated under the lawt
of this state, and that a certificate of In
corporation be issued to them under the
great seal of the state as provided by lan-
July 14, 1800.
WILLIAM W. MACKALL,
J. RANDOLPR ANDERSON
W. S. CHISHOLM,
WILLIAM L. CLAY,
W. B. DENHAM,
J. MOULTRIE LEJjL
W. V. DAVIS,
C. L. HELLER,
T. 8. TUTWILER.
AUCTION SALKS FITCHE DAYS.
Savannah, Florida and Western
Railway Company Inclalmed
Freight, Tnesday, Augnst 14, 1860,
at IO a. m., City Time. *
I. D. LA ROCHE, Auctioneer.
I will sell tne following unclaimed
freight on hand at Savannah, Florida and
Western Railway Depot at the above
mentioned date, day and time, at the
-Down Freight Warehouse, Savannah, Ga,,
If not claimed before time of sale,
F. B. PAPY, Agent.
H. S. & Son, 175 boxes soap; A. Cody, 1
box groceries; Eli Veruki, 2 cases liquor;
Will Cary, 1 sack S. I. cotton; J, H. Allen,
1 table; J. D. Andrews, 1 sewing machine:
Betsy Drayton, 2 boxes H. H, goods; R.
L. Foster, 1 bundle tubs; D. Guest. 1
bundle bedding, 1 bundle pots,; E. How
ard. 2 baskets and contents, 1 tub and
contents. 1 bundle pictures; Willie Law
ton, 1 box dry goods, 1 bed; Maj. Chas.
Manigault, 1 box bottle syrup; Jas. Mc-
Millans, 1 mattress, 1 box H. H. goods;
order notify F. A. Bird, 1 box glass; or
der notify S. Walker, 1 sewing machine;
order notify J. R. Martin, 2 boxes; Peag
-1 ler & Huxford, 1 box matches; Pullman
, Palace Car Cos., 1 bundle prickly ash; H.
I C. Spooner, 3 boxes soap; J. W. Teeple,
i 1 bale moss; Mrs. H. H. Small, 1 trunk.
| 1 bundle pillows; B. Weitz, 1 empty keg;
I E. P. Watson. 1 sewing machine, 1 bu-
I reau and attachments; Ellen Dugdell. 2
barrels paper; G. W. 8., 1 bundle bed
ding; Ed Leigh, 1 barrel and 1 box; W H.
Beauchamp, 1 box medicine; B. W.
Wrenn, 8 boxes pictures; C. H. Williams.
14 empty barrels; Cant'et & Cos., 1 barrel
syrup; Diamond TANARUS, 1 case baking powder;
Diamond W., 1 bundle brass rods; J.. 1
crate table tope: J. King, 1 barrel and 1
box H. H. good*; C. S. Budurant, 1 lawn
mower; W. & Cos.. 1 rim.
All of above freight consigned to Sa
Standard Oil Cos.. Thomasville, Ga., 1
can paint; Mrs. M. McCarthy, Thomas
; vllle, 1 box; Diamond F, Thomasville, t
boxes glass; M., Thomasville, 1 box gro
ceries; F. H. Munroe, Thomasville, 1 box;
J. Livingston, Thomasvlle, 1 bed; Lula
Truelock, Thomasville, 1 bed; Mrs. B. D.
Fudge, Thomasville, 1 bundle curtains;
F. H. Munroe, Thomasville, 1 bundle
shovel; Lena Jones, Thoma.svllle, 1 box H.
H. goods; W. Howard Tlfton, 1 bureau
and 1 box glass; Diamond X, Brunswick,
1 peanut roaster; 2 packages advertising
matter, 2 bundles casting, half roll bag
ging; C. Hemold, Brunswick, 1 bundle
canvas; ( Thomasville Ice Factory, Thom
asville, Ga., i catsing, 1 bundle pipe, 1 box
pipe fittings; Sallie Htfss,- Tlfton, Ga.. 2
bundles bedding and 1 trunk; G, W. Fer
rell, Thomasville,Ga.,l wash stand, 1 bu
reau, 2 beds; J. H. Frazier. Waynesvllle,
Ga., 1 bicycle; R. Footman, Thomasville,
Ga., 1 box groceries; J. W. Randall,
Thomasville, Ga.. 2 kegs cider, 17 cases
salads and pickles, 1 crate W. stand; D.
C. Norton, Boston, Ga., 1 case mackin
toshes; Lott Bros., Willacoochee, 2 boxes
medicine; M., Waycross, 1 crate marble;
B. B. Works, Valdosta, 1 barrel and 1 box
bottles; W, H. Briggs, Valdosta, 1 box
hardware; Diamond B. Valdosta, 1 case
shoes; L. S. Shields, Valdosta, 2 bundles
advertising matter; W. P. Donnough, Val
dosta, Ga., 1 sack harness; Henry H.,
Valdosta, 1 sack clothing; Valdosta Gro.
eery Cos., 2* bundles, 4S rocking chairs;
Will Hill, BostoA, Ga., 1 bundle 2 chairs,
1 tub and contents, 1 box H. H. goods;
Diamond S, Valdosta, Ga., 2 barrels
lamps. No. 1787, Valdosta, 7 packages
plow points; D. Weathers, McDonalds
Mills, 1 bundle bedding; Corbett Bros.,
Pearson, Ga., 2 boxes crackers, 1 box
candy, 1 box mdse; B. A. Davis, Donal
sonvllle, Ga., 1 keg elder, lhalf barrel
cider, 1 box glassware; R. Q. Brantley,
Waresfcoro, Ga., 1 box coll wire; F. H.
Munroe, Thomasville, Ga., 1 box H H.
goods; Boston Boot and Shoe Cos.. Baln
bridge, Ga.. 1 case boots and shoes; E. H.
Caswell, Mclntosh, Ga., 5 empty barrels;
A. Baldwyn, Quitman, Ga., 1 bed; J F-
Linsday. Quitman, Ga., 1 package 2
chairs; Ise Y’oung, Quitman, Ga., ! box
mdse; Isa Durden, Quitman, Ga., 1 box
glnss; Dr. D. F. Wilson, Quitman. Ga..
1 box mdse; S. R. Swllley, Quitman, Ga.,
1 sack "C” stencils; Cain Holler, Quit
man, Ga., 1 barrel bottles; S. Sampson,
Thomasville, Ga., 1 sack beans; E, D. H ,
Thomasville, 1 bundle 2 chairs; Kate Nel
son. Waycross, Go., 1 box H H. goods. 1
table, 1 ironing board; Noah Garney,
Waycross, Ga., 1 box H. H. goods; Annia
Green, Waycross. Ga., 1 bundle bedding.
1 bed and 1 spring; A. Wolfe. Way
cross, Ga., 1 box; D. J. Nicholson, Way
cross, Ga., 1 bed and 1 box H. H. goods;
R. A. Smith* Waycross. Ga., 1 safe,
1 bundle two chairs; D. Welch,
Waycross, Ga., 1 box H. H. goods;
Walter Kendrick, Waycross, Ga., 1 box
clothing; O. C. Furlong, Waycross, Go..
I box advertising matter; Mrs. F. E
Dean, Waycross, Ga., 1 pot; E. F, Jef
fords, Waycross, 5 barrels; Hattie Ed
warda, Waycross, Go., 1 bed. 1 bundle 2
chairs; Willie Forclne, Waycross, Ga.. 1
bed and 1 mattress; Kate Wilson, W >v
cross, Ga., 1 bed; S. R. Swllley, Quit
man. Ga., 1 keg.
Also the following dco.-rlbed freight
5 rolls bagging, 1 bundle 6 baskets, 1
caddie tobacco. 1 case oysters, 1 package
II broom handles, 1 Iron knuckle, 1 axle,
1 stove. 1 cot, 2 beds, 8 empty barrels. 7
empty drums, 4 rims, 2 portable furnace-,
1 80-gnllon sugar pan. 4 barrels cement, 1
barrel chain, 5 boxes tank material, 13
bundles angle plates, 1 bar steel, 10 bun
dies cotton ties, 3 trunks, 1 sack collars,
1 package 7 spiders, 1 package stove fix
tures, 1 sack peanuts, 1 box roap, 1 box
liver regulator, half sack corn, sack cot
ton seed. 2 boxes. 1 crate table legs. 2
packages 12 wash boards, 1 truck, 2 boxes.
1 package packing, 1 bale batting, 6 rolls
sea Island bagging, 1 package 2 doors. 1
package 5 frying pans, 1 package 0 plow
castings, 1 box hardware. 5 sacks salt.
3 boxes fruit Jars, 1 sack meal, 2 aacks
shot, 1 barrel cement. 1 bundle plw
handles, 1 trunk cloihlng. 1 box, 1 rock
ing chair, 2 bundles bedding. 1 bag cloth
ing. 10 bales bagging, 1 roll leather, 1
box leather, 1 package 6 rims, 1 bundle
bedding, 1 bundle door rails, 1 lever. 1
package 2 ax-handles, I tub and contents,
1 box, 1 table, 1 bundle slats, 1 bundle
Iron, 1 chair. 1 bureau, 1 table, 1 bed
spring. 1 bed and 2 chairs, 1 bundle bed
OLD NEWSPAPERS. 300 tor cents, a*
business Office Morning Newa.