The Savannah morning news. (Savannah, Ga.) 1900-current, August 06, 1900, Page 6, Image 6

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page.

6 A TEXAS WONDER. Hall'* Great Discover*. One small bottle of Hall’s Great Dis covery cures all kidney and bladder troubles, removes gravel, cures diabetes, seminal emissions, weak and lame backs, rheumatism and all irr* gularitles of the kidneys *.nd bladder in both men and women, regulates bladder troubles in chil dren. If not sold by your druggist will be sent my mall on receipt of $1 One small bottle is two months’ treatment, and will cure any cas. j above mentioned. Dr. E. W. Hall, sole manufacturer. P. O. Box 629, S*. Louis. Mo. Send for testi monials. Sold by all druggists and Solo mons Cos., Savannah, Ga. Rend This. Dr. E. W. Hall, St. Louis. Mo.: Dear Sir—Pkase ship me three dozen Hall’s G eat Discovery by first express. I have so'd over one gross. It gives perfect sat isfaction. and I recommend it to my customers. Yours truly. H. C. GROVES. Prop. Anti-Monopoly Drug Store. Ocala. Fla., Dec. 13. . THE NEWS OF THREE STATES. HAPPENINGS IN GEORGIA, FLORIDA AND SOI Til C AROLINA. liny Accused of Poisoning; Ills Fntli er—-Sensational Case nt Statesboro. LeC onte Pears Are Selling; Well. Florida's Constitutional Amend ments—Tain in Need a More Work men—Flagler* Millions—New t or poratlons in South Carolina. Former's Wife Assaulted—New’ Cot ton Mill for Charleston. At Warrenton on Friday Hon. J. C. Jar nagin was nominated over Hon. Matachl Norris for senator from the Nineteenth district. At the Democratic primary held in Forsyth county on Friday Col. H. P. Bell was nominated without opposition for senator from the Thirty-ninth district, and George L. Heard was nominated for the Legislature. How He Announced It. Fitzgerald Enterprise: The enterprise of our business men is truly wonderful. A certain business man on Pine street desiring to announce the advent of a son and heir, removed all the merchandise from one of his store windows with the exception of a large doll carriage. In which there appeared a doll, said to weigh ton pounds and a half. We will not mention any names, “of course." A Queer Parnterslilp. Bulloch Herald: A novel partnership business is transacted by a couple of old gentlemen In a town not far from States boro. At the close of each day's work they divide the cash equally and each takes his part. One puts his silver in a shot bag and the other uses an old sock. When the collector comes around on the first of the month, each goes down in his treasury for half the amount of the bill, but not a cent more will either pay. By this method of transacting business there is no danger of defaulting cashiers, and no trouble about declaring dividends at the end of each year. Will Dnild to Dnvvson. Dawson News: The second survey of the Central Railroad from Arlington to Dawson has been completed. The route of this survey is practically the same as the first, diverging at no point more than a few hundred yards. Engineer Prendi vil of the surveying squad says that an other survey may be made before the route is permanently located, though it is probable that the new road will be built along the line of one of the surveys that have already been made. He seems to think there is no doubt of the road being built, saying “the Central is not spending this money for nothing." (cfn>ril of Parricide. Mr. John I. Tindall, who died at hi? home, at Gordon, Thursday, and who was thought to have committed suicide, was buried Friday after an investigation by a coroner's Jury. The verdict of the Jury was lo the effect that he died from strychnine poison, and that his son was guilty of putting the poison in medicine already prepared by his physician. Jusi after taking the medicine he said it was bitter and that it was not so before. Af ter breakfast he snid it was still bitter and began to complain of cramp and went into a general spasmodic Jerking of every muscle, and died in about forty minutes. It was his daughter that was shot and killed by her brother just one week ago. Pears gelling Well. Amerieus Times-Recorder: The much derided and despised Le Conte pear Is outstripping the Elberta peach just now as a shipper and most excellent seller. Re turns for shipments made by Amerieus growers Indicate a pear famine in the East, and fancy prices are the result. Mr. Kt D. Ansley, one of the largest shippers In Amerieus. has sent forward several carloads within the past week, finding an excellent market at interior points in Pennsylvania and New York state. From one orchard out near Rees Park he lias shipped nearly 2.500 bushels, and has not yet finished harvesting the crop there. The prices paid are most satisfactory, sometimes being as high as (3 per barrel, less freight and expenses. Pear blight has injured the trees here to a considerable extent, but even wilh such a backset the yield of fruit Is very large and will net the growers more money than did lire peach crop in this section of the slate. More attention will be given the partly neglected pear orchards another season. On Trlul for Poisoning:. The trial of Tom Waters and his mother, Hester Waters, charged with the prisoning of Mrs. Sallie Waters, wife of Tom Waters, which has been in progress In the County Court ai Statesboro before Judge Branart, lias caused a sensation in which the entire county Is interested. All the parlies connected with the affair are among the most prominent in this section, and the outcome of the trial, which will end to-morrow, is watched wilh interest. The evidence of Dr. Slack of LaGrange, who analysed the stomach of the young woman, to the effect that her dentil was due to poisoning, seems to establish be yond question the fact that she either committed suicide or was poisoned. Mrs. Waters died very suddenly on July 2, and the charge against her husband and mother-in-law Is that they put strychnine In plums ond apples and gave them to her with the result that she died. While the evidence against Tom Waters and his mother Is only circumstantial, the fact that they are among the most prominent people in that section has caused the mat ter to become a profound sensation, and the court room has been crowded during the trial. FLORIDA. Titusville Advocate: The seasons have been very fine so far on orange trees. Rain has come right at the nick of time In every Instance, and the oranges are hold ing to the trees well. If the August and September gales are not severe the crop will be usually large. The gales are the only dinger that can now confront the grower*. Demand for Workmen. Tim pa Tribune: The demand for work men In Tempt H now so great thit con tractors are finding It necessary to ad vertise In other cities for men. As an Instance, Edenfleld and Jetton are adver , rising In Jacksonville, Savannah and other ! Southern cities, for fifty first-class car penters. needed for the construction work a-. Mullet Key. They Like Carson. Miami Metropolis: Senator C. A. Car son will be returned to the Senate from Orange and Osceola counties, notwith standing the fact that it was Orange county’s time to name the senator. The people of both counties were satisfied wi'h Mr. Carson's work during this past term, and that is sufficient. Brevard is acting in the same wise manner by asking Senator Dlmmlck be nominated to suc ceed himself, and it will be done. Shipping; to Baltimore. Gainesville Sun: The hardwood factory at Fairfield is now doing a large business in the matter of crate manufacture, and Is filled up with orders for parties in the peach section of Maryland. During the past month these people have shipped up wards of 35 carloads of crate material to the above state. It Is said that they make as line a crate as can be found anywhere, and their prices are certainly low, or they would not be getting orders from places so far off. New Military C ompany. The Lake Worth Rifles Is the name of anew military company organized at West Palm Beach lost week, officers as follows: J. E. Chambers, captain; H. B. Yarborough, first lieutenant; Ed. A. Gra ham. second lieutenant. The com{*any numbers thirty-five. The atrocities of the Chinese Boxers may be responsible for this sudden uprising, though it is possi ble that the state encampment. Just closed at St. Augustine, may have quickened the military spirit. Cos n* lit nt ional Amendment*. The voters of Florida are to vote on several proposed amendments to the state constitution at the election in November. The proposed amendments are for the changing of the boundaries of certain sen atorial districts, for the change in the de sign of the state flag and seal, for the incorporation of useful companies and as sociations and providing for the election of county commissioners by direct vote of the people. The official notice of these proposed amendments, from the Secretary of State, has been issued. Will Spend More Million*. Gainesville Sun: Mr. Flagler has ex pended millions of dollars in developing interests in Florida, and if reports aro true, he will spend millions more. He is doing more than any other citizen of the state to develop its resources. It is cer tain that he has not yet been reimbursed for the large sums invested. He has exhibited the strongest possible evidence that he has faith in the future growth of Florida. Let us hope that his brightest anticipations may be fully realized. In many respects Mr. Flagler has been a benefactor to the people of this state. If Florida hed a few more such citizens in a few years this state would be trans formed int<* a paradise. Capital Removal. The Executive Committee of the Capi tal Removal Association of Ocala held a very enthusiastic meeting Friday. Secre tary Williams read the reply of the com mittee to the Jacksonville Association's letter, in which that body seemed to fail to understand Ocala's proposition. An an swer from St. Augustine’s association said they \yfre willing to meet representatives of the Ocala Capital Removal Association and discuss the project of holding a pri mary to determine the strongest place east of the Suwannee. Messrs. Thagard, Miller. Sistrunk. Harry Eagleton and Nu gent were added to the Finance Commit tee, and Mr. Flshel made chairman of the committee, vice D. E. Mclver, resigned. Gen. Bullock was called before the com mittee and detailed the action of the State Executive Committee at their late meet ing in Jacksonville, which was nil. SOUTH CAROLINA. The flag of the heavy battery serving on Sullivan's Island during the war with Spain has been sent to the Adjutant Gen eral to be placed in the state library. Ac companying the banner is o large gilt frame, in which it is to be placed, along with photographs showing the command on parade, its officers, etc. It Is elegant ly got up. The Senator's “Bocks." Greenville News: Senator Tillman heaves one of hie “rocks" which he is so fond of throwing at the preachers in their pulpits. It falls harmless, but is in their way, and they do not like its looks onyhow; and they roll it back upon the Senator's head. Instantly he sets up a cry against preachers' "coming down out of their pulpits to engage in poli tics." They haven't come down: ihey have only rolled his rock back upon him. I.ftt h tiling',, Work Kntnt. Friday afternoon, at 2 o’clock, during a thunder storm, lightning struck the Baptist parsonage at Westminster, In stantly killing H. M. Simpson, a deacon, and shocking J. M. Hull, M. A. Terrell and William Bibb, and three other dea cons. A series of meeting is In progress in the Baptist Church, and the Rev. N. G. Christopher, the pastor, had invited his five deacons. H. M. Simpson, C. C. O. Mitchell, W. M. Bibb, J. M. Hull and M. A. Terrell, to dine with him. Messrs, Terrell and Bibb soon recovered from the shock. Equipment for Military. • It Is not unlikely that Adjt. Gen. Floyd will soon make a trip to Washington to see if he cannot persuade the War De partment to furnish the South Carolina Military Academy with anew supply of rifles and cartridges. The academy has not bad anew equipment for about fif teen yeors and the guns are utterly unfit for service. Atteniion has been called to the matter before, hut though efforts have been made, nothing has yet been accom plished. Gen. Floyd thinks If the matter is pronerly presented the authorities In Washington will see the necessity for pro viding the equipment. Carolina Trust Company. The Carolina Trust Company Is anew financial organization, which Is soon to open for business in Columbia. It is a home enterprise and home money will back it. The capital stock Is to be SIOO,- 000 and the corporators are JSdwtn W. Robertson, T. H. Wannamaker and Will iam D. Melton of Columbia. The com pany proposes to do a general trust, guar antee and security business, to negotiate loans on cotton, act as guardian and ad ministrator. issue surety bonds for offi cials and other employees. An applica tion for a chagter hos # been made and the company will lie organized as soon as CASTOR IA For Infants and Children. The Kind You Have Always Bought Signature of VV.F.HA >IILTON, Artesian Weil Contractor, OCALA. t'U. Am prepared to drill wella up to an* depth. We uae flnt-claas machinery, can do work on *urt nolle* sod guarantee aatlßfactlon, THE MORNING NEWS: MONDAY, AUGUST 6, 1000. THE JOYS OF VIGOROUS MANHOOD. A.ronndltic Sucre*, of Or. Hathaway In Restoring the Shattered Nerve. Of Men to Their Original Healthy Conditioo. His Treatments for Other Weak nesses of Men. Dr. Hathaway's treatment for that terrl i ble condition of mental and bodily weak ness, brought about by youthful igno rance and folly, tor by excesses unlike all oth as most others are, simply a stimulant which acts for a few days and then leaves the poor, deluded patlentt ,in worse condi tion than be j* fore. Dr. Hath away’s treat ment cures; it J.Newton Hathaway,M.D. ac,s on eveiy weakened por- The Longest Established t j on 0 ( the Specialist In the South, tody. It builds up nerve, tLsue and muscular strength, and revitalizes the whole body. The hitherto miserable victim becomes fitted for a husband ar.d a father. This is what Dr. Hathaway's treatment does, and it doe' It invariably in every case, never mind how serious the condi tion of th' patient. Dr. Hathaway aiso treats, with the same guarantee of success. Varicocele withoue operation, Stricture (by a pain less home treatment). Specific Blood Pois oning and other chronic diseases of men, including all Urinary and Sexual ders Absolutely private and confidential con sultation wilheut any cost can be had in Dr. Hathaway’s office, if you live out of town, or cannot for any reason visit the office, he will send you free his latest book and self-examination blanks. J. NEWTON HATHAWAY, M. D., , Ur. Hutlinvvay A Cos., 25A Bryan street. Savannah. Ga. Office Hours—9 to 12 m.; 2 to 5 and 7 to 9 p. m. Sundays. 10 a. m. to 1 p. m. possible. It will have offices In the Ken dall building. Former's Wife Asannlted. Mrs. Haley R. Brown, wife of one of the most prominent farmers around Green ville, is reported in a dying condition as the result of a brutal attempt made to assault her Friday morning about day light by an unknown person, believed to be a negro. Farmer Brown lives about two miles from Greenville. He whs not at home when the assailant visited the house. The man entered the house by breaking a lock, it is presumed. He was in the bedrocm occupied by Mrs. Brown before any one knew of his presence. In attempting to strike a match Mrs. Brown was awakened by the intruder. She screamed and attempted to rush from the room. He caught her and choked her un til she was black in the face. He then struck her two fearful blows with his fist in her face. She fell back on the bed. unconscious. Mrs. Brown is in a criti cal condition, suffering from nervous prostration. Because of her delicate health, and the great shock, the attending physician does not believe she will re cover. Charters and Commissions. Several new enterprises were commis sioned or chartered at Columbia Wednes day. Among them is a $150,000 cotton mill at Marion. Corporators: J. C. Man, E. A. Gasque, W. G. Mullins, Henry Buck, B. R. Mullins, all of Marion. The mill is to be known as the Ashby Cotton Mills. The Spartanburg Warehouse Company was chartered. Capital stock. $15,000. W. A. Law, president; J. W. Nash, secre tary. A commission for a charter of a somewhat unusual character in the slate has been applied for. The Woodward- Warren Theatrical Company asks for a charier. Greenville people are backing the enterprise, some of them being own ers of the proposed new opera house to be erected in that city. The company is well known in the state, having played In the principal cities of the state for several seasons. The capital stock is SI,OOO. W. P. Mcßee is president; R. C. Foster, vice president; Wilbur Atkinson, secretary. The Camden Lumber Com pany of Camden, with a capital stock of $2,500. and the Cash Grocery Store, of Sumter, with a capital of $4,000, received charters. A New Cotton Mill. Charleston News and Courier: A meet ing was held at the office of the Royal Bag Manufacturing Company, in Hayne street, yesterday and anew company was organized for the manufacture of cotton goods. This new company, while com posed chiefly of men Interested in the Royal Bag Company, will be, wheiT regu larly chartered, a separate and distinct corporation, which proposes to erect a cotton mill in Charleston. The full de tails of the matter were not fixed upon at Ihe meeting yesterday, but will be de termined at a subsequent meeting. Enough of the generni plan was made public to show that this new enterprise will mean a great deal for Charleston. A suitable location will be sought, after which a fully equipped cotton mill will be erected. While some of the signers for stock In this company are large owners in the cotton mill now in operation here, tire new mill will not in any way be con nected with the old one, and the proprie tors assert that Ihey Intend to prove that a modern mill can be successfully operat ed by white labor in Charleston. Nearly all of the stock was subscribed at the preliminary meeting, those present having been quite ready to take it all if the amounts had not been limited by resolu tion. CHOPS IN PI IN AM COUNTY. Are in Good Condllton In Spite of Contrary Reports. Eatonton, Ga., Aug. s.—The account of crop conditions in Putnam, as given in the Atlanta Constitution a few days ago, is misleading, to say the least. Asa matter of fact, Ihe prospect has not been more favorable in a decade than it is to day in this county. The Atlanta paper said that the crops had suffered first from a deficiency of rain and then from a sur feit. With the exception of the heavy rains in June the seasons have been pro pitious and the planter who hasn’t good crops must lay the blame to other sources than the rainfall. The cotton crop will have matured by Aug. 15, and if no unto ward circumstance arises the crop will be a large one. Col. R. 11. Thomason of the Third Reg iment of state troops will inspect the Put nam Rifles of this place next Wednesday. Negro llftilly Cat up. Eatonton, Ga., Aug. s.—Terrell Mtlllrons and Wash Clemens, two negroes living near Meda, Ga., a station on the Central Road, three miles south of Eatonton, had a difficulty Friday afternoon, which will no doubt result seriously. It seems that Terrel had been at outs wilh Wash for some time on account of remarks made by Wash, which reflected on Terrel's sis ter. and numerous threats had been made by both parties, and the natural reault fol lowed when they met. Wash struck Ter rall with a rock, after which Terrel be came enraged and proceeded to carve up hit antagonist in great shape. Wash was llterall cut to pieces, from his waistband up. He was brought to town at once and the doctors thought at first examination that he was In s dying condition, but af ter probing the wounds It was thought that he might pull through. Terrell has left for parts unknown. THE FARM AND THE GARDEN. MATTERS OF INTEREST TO AORI OLTIRIST AND HOI SEWIFE. Flrnn Growing; in Florid* Pho phorSc Arid and Potash—Advant age* of Sub-Soiling—'The Coming of Alfalfa—Some Point* on Rape f ulfnre The Japanese Grn*e*. Angora Goat*—Scrap*. S. G. McK.. Dutton, Fla., writes: “Will you please give me your opinion of grow ing paper-shell pecans In the South fy profit and especially in Middle Florida. "At what age do the trees begin to bear and how fast do they increase when the trees are well cared for? What kind of soil is best suited to the pecan?” You understand, oi course, that pecan planting is chiefly for posterity, except when the planting is made by the young. The possibilities and probabilities have been greatly exaggerated by many, es pecially by those who sell seeds or trees. The facts, how-ever, are the paper-shell or any other pecan will grow in Middle Florida, and. according to the nature of the soil, will bear good crops of nuts in the course of years. On rich soil, such as grow the hickory or other hard woods, the trees will begin to bear fair crops in about fifteen years, perhaps* a year or two earlier under very favorable conditions of fertilizing and cultivating for several years after parting. It will be a waste of time and money to plant the trees or seeds on poor sandy soil; soil that has been cultivated for years in cotton until all the humus has been ex hausted. Moist cotton land is best suited to the pecan and such land, we presume, is rather scarce in your section. Whatever good land may be devoted to pecans will still allow of certain crops be ing grown on it for several years and to the advantage of the pecan trees. Setting the pecan trees 35x40 or 40x40 feet a nearly full orchard of peach or plum trees can be grown on the same land, and can oc cupy it for ten or fifteen years when they may be destroyed if they do not die out in that time. It is a good thing to plant for posterity, and it may not be a bad thing fbr one to establish pecan trees wherever there is a fair opportunity to do it, hut. as remarked, it is useless to attempt it on worn-out land. On even medium land it will be necesasry to grow some crops on it like peas, or clover, or beggar weed to supply the humus that is essential for the best growth of the trees as they ex tend their roots from year to year. Phosphoric Acid and Potash Both Essential. That eminent chemist, Justus von Lie big, among other elementary laws, laid down the following: A soil can be termed fertile only when it contains all the ma terials necessary for the nutrition of plants, tn the required quantity, in the proper form. An excess of nny one of tile) leading elements of fertility, let that excess be of nitrogen or phosphoric acid, or of potash, does not constitute fertility, and by no means conduces to productive ness. In order to constitute a really fer tile soil, these elementary substances must each and all be present, but they must be present in the iequiied quantity, duly pro portioned and properly balanced. One sided fertility Is neither a profitable nor desirable condition for soil to be in, and the same may be said of one-sided fer tilization, It Is ne'ther profitable nor sat isfactory. We ourselves are the fortunate posses sor of some lands that contain an excess of nitrogen. This excess works an actual Injury to each and every crop planted thereon. We have found it profitable to balance this excess by liberal applica tions of phosphates and potash, on this class of soils the two last named sub stances form a complete fertilizer, and It woulei be utter folly to make nny further application of nitrogen to these soils, it would likewise bea waste of both time and money and could not fail to actually de crease the yield. Now, if we eou’d find soils that were rich in potash and nitrogen, and deficient in phosphoric acid, then in that case phosphates alone would form a complete fertilizer, nothing more would he neces sary. So also, if we could plant crops that would abstract from the soil phos phoric acid alone, leaving the nitrogen and potash behind, intact In the soil, and the original supply of these substances undimirdshed, then In that case, the use of phosphates nlone, to the utter exclu sion of potash and nitrogen wouid be Juoii fiabie, but not otherwise. We ore pretty intimately acquainted with southern soils, in their virgin state, and after they have been denuded of their fertility by continuous cultivation in cot ton, corn and other clean-hoed crops, I fee] entirely safe in saying we have never found soils of above character, nor crops that were obliging enough to do ail their feeding on a single article of diet, let that article consist of nitrogen, phos. phoric add or potash. We don't believe we ever will, and we also don’t believe any one else has either. Take, the single southern product—cot ton—and we see that there Is an annual production of over 4,000,000 tons of seed, to say nothing of the lint. This seed re moves from the soil 125,000 tons of nitro gen, worth as fertilizer $37,000,000. It also removes from the soil 46,800 tons of potash wortlj as fertil izer. $3,744,000. Who has the hardihood, the utter disregard for veracity and lack of self-respect, to assert that the application of phosphates alone will be found all-suf ficient, or that it can be made, even in th<- most remote degree, to supersede or take the place of the other leading elements of fertility? Echo answers, "Who." As tsome of our phosphate-stricken friends seem to have phosphates on the brain and can see no virtue in anything else, nor no neces sity for anything else, and who, we sup pose, are In blissful ignorance of the fact that there was a soil that contained an actual exeess of phosphoric acid; and furthermore, that this same excess of phosphoric acid, instead of causing tha; self-same soil to be immensely productive, rendered It absolutely sterile, barren and unproductive, we subjoin two tables, one of fertile and productive soil, and another of a sterile and unproductive soil, for com parison: Fertile Soil- Nitrogen 16,000 pounds I'hosphoric acid 4.000 pounds Potash 8,000 pounds Sterile Soil- Nitrogen 1,750 pounds Phosphoric acid 5,555 pounds Potash 3,045 pounds Lime 2,275 pounds Above amounts of fertility were found stored up in the surface foot of an acre of ground; In the fertile soil by Prof. Roberts, and in the sterile soil by Prof. Hllgard. Now, if phosphoric acid is the panacea for all the ills \f a poverty-stricken or semi-exhausted soli, as would seem to he the case from its over-zealous, though of tentimes mistaken advocacy', by its-of course, disinterested (?)—friends, then the tables should have been turned, ;he sterile soil should have been by far Ihe more productive and fruitful of the two for the reason that It contained 1.535 pounds more phosphoric acid than did tile fertile soil. Comment on this would seem to be Idle, superfluous snd time wssted, but It will, at least, furnish food for thought, and that is all we hope to accomplish by the pres ent article: let the eoll tiller do hie own thinking, each for hlmaelf, and not truat too lmpllclty on th* other fellow's knowl edge box; If he does, he le liable to get left, and wtlh the bag to hold, and the bill to foot. We are perfectly willing, and even glad .10 accord to phosphoric acid all that 1* its due. but no more. We Use it and use it freely, but not to the exclusion of other plant foods that are equally important, equally indispensable, and equally valu able. G. H. Turner. Strawberry Culture—Miilanmmer. O. W. Blacknall. Kittrell, N. C.: There are two vital points in strawberry cul ture at this season—the prompt destruc tion of weeds and grass and the conserva tion of moisture. Fortunately both of these can be achieved by one and the same means—two birds killed by one stone, as it were. Frequent and shallow culture are the means. This we accomplish by means of a small, five-tooth horse cultivator and light hand hoes. The cultivator Is run down the middle once or twice as may be necessary to stir the soil well within a reasonable distance of the plants. Up to about July 15 we plow within six inches of the plants, using a small tooth one inch wide on the side of the cultivator next to the plants. This small tooth cuts not over an inch and a half inch deep and throws no dirt on plants. Later, as the plants get older and larger, we drop back a little farther with the plow. The strip around the plants that the cultivator does not reach we stir with hand hoes, cultivating very shallow Just around the plants and a little deeper far ther off. We make it a rule to cultivate this way every two weeks. Timely done, such cul tivation is rapid and inexpensive. It is when cultivation Is delayed and grass and weeds intrench themselves that arduous and expensive work is necessary. In my callow days I have hod crab grass get such dominion over a field of matted rows that it cost nearly as much to subdue ir as it should have cost to hoe thot field all summer. The time to kill grass is be fore it comes. Crab grass, the great foe of the Southern strawberry grower, has the lives of a cat, once that it bunches well. There is a saying among North Carolina farmers that you can’t kill crab grass in August. This is in the main true. This grass bunches if allowed to get its growth, which It does in August, till it resembles a crab, hence the reason. In August the sun power weakens, heavy dews increase and showers are heavier, or at least, more lasting in their effects than earlier summer. Under these conditions crab grass is almost invulnera ble to any force that perspiring agricul ture can bring against it. I have in my time witnessed some ex ceedingly humorous battles of behind hand growlers against this invincible foe. First would come one or two desperate attempts to smother, by means of a turn ing plow, the huge bunches as they waxed and grew among the berries. This fail ing an onslaught with hoes would follow, In which the bunches were dug, chopped, belabored and shaken without mercy but without avail. Harrowing was arrayed but simply to pile the grass draw earth on it and give it a fresh start. Then comes another charge and belaboring with the hoes. Thus varying his modes of ons’.ought the helpless grower kept up the battle till driven to surrender and to leave the plants to their fate. Nowr and then I have known a plucky, irate fellow to finally lug the grass bodily from the field and leave It to grow in the road and along the fence corners. One-tenth of the labor done or time would have killed the grass before it came. And, as before intimated, all this culti vation is worth all it costs as a conserver of moisture. In fact weeds and grass, in that they force us to give the culture, are really blessings in disguise. The JapancMe Grasses. Japan continues to supply us with won derful products of its gardens, which through centuries of culture, they have brought to the present high state of per fection, sa>*s an exchange. Japanese plums, morning glories and lawn grasses are now quite common in every orchard or garden, and they are not excelled by anything that the Western nations have been able to produce. The Japanese grasses have only been introduced in this country a few years, but wherever plant ed they receive more than common notice. For ornamental grouping on the lawn there is no palm or plant that quite equal* them, no* even excepting the celebrated pampas plumes. When once planted these grasses flourish so abundantly that it i3 a question whether they may not have a commercial value as w r ell as an ornamen tal one. In Japan, they are dried and woven into mats, and if one cares to imitate the Orientals in this respect, dura ble home mats can easily be manufac tured. The Japanese make many ornamental wicker-work articles with the stems of the Eulalias, and if they are properly dried in season, they will prove very stiff and strong. The Eulalia japonica variegata Is a va riety that greatly resembles the old-fash ioned ribbon grass, but it Is prettier and taller. The green leaves are brightly variegated with white and yellow, which colors do not disappear as the season advances, but remain on the foliage un til frost kills the plants. There are infinite uses to which these tall slender grasses may be put. They are not a tough as the Japanese bamboo, but for light work they answer almost the same purpose. We cannot raise the bsml>oo in this country, but the Eulalias will flourish and we might endeavor to employ them about the house in useful and ornamental ways. Advantage* of Salllnu. Feeds! uffs grown on the farm fall Into two general classes, one being the con centrates, or grain crops, and the other the coarser feed, such as pasturage, hay and other crops grown as "roughness,” says a Western journal. These latter crops are handled in a variety of ways. They may be pastured off, which is the easiest, but most extravagant' way, so far as the returns from a given area are concerned. The crops may also be cut and cured for hay or coarse fodder for winter keep. A third method, and one which gives the largest amount of returns from a given amount of land, is soiling By this method the crop is cut from day to day ns needed and fed green. It in volves the largest amount of labor, but secures the largest use of land. It is consequently in the direction of intensive farming as opposed to extensive. Very little complete soiling has hitherto been done ui the West, for the reason that here land has been cheaper than labor. A good many farmers, however, and es pecially those engaged in dairying, have practiced partial soiling with good re sults. The motive for the practice has usually been, not so much a desire to economize land and find employment for the labor of the farm, as to bridge over the dry midsummer period when the pas tures are short and burned down and when stock does not thrive if | relies upon grazing only. While the absence of thrift, due to dry pastures, affects all kinds of live stock, it is more keenly and more immediately felt by the owners of dulry herds whose cows shrink in milk production when subsisting upon midsum mer pasture, and who find It difficult, if not impossible, to bring the yield hack to what it should be when shrinkage has once been permitted. It is for this rea son that partial soiling has been prac ticed principally by dairymen, although the losses by other kinds of live stock, due to short pastures, have not been In considerable. Soiling Is quite common In the East, where land is expensive, and as Eastern conditions creep westward soiling to meet ihe conditions extends in the ssme direc tion. It Is. of course, adapted to small farms rather than large ones, and to lo calities where population Is dense and markets srs close at hand. But these are conditions that are coming westward as the states become more thickly settled and their industries grow to be more di versified. For these reasons we may ex pect from this time on. In the no-dlstant future, to find the number of those who can advantageously practice soiling In crease from year to year. Prof. Shaw, who has given a good deal of attention to the subject, thus states some of the more important advantages of the soil ing system: “The more important benefits resulting from growing soiling crops are that food supplies are Increased in a marked de gree; in various ways the waste in feed ing is lessened; animals are sustained in better form than where soiling is not practiced; injury to the land through poaching is prevented; a salutary influ ence is exercised on weed eradication; a saving in land is affected; a saving in fertility is effected; a saving is also ef fected in the item of fencing; animal pro duction is greatly Increased, and the cost of keeping the family cow is lessened.” These being the advantages, the prac tice of soiling will extend as the import ance of securing its advantages becomes more urgently felt by the individual farm er. There are large wastes of forage now in the way the corn fodder crop is managed, and the excuse for the waste is the amount of labor necessary to save it. Of course, the same objection appl 4o soiling:. As long as labor is scarce, as compared with land, the fact will have a controling influence on the exten4 of the adoption of this or any other of the more intensive methods of farming; but in this respect there is a gradual change in prog ress, and land is gradually becoming dear enough to render it important tha< the most should be made out of it. Recently published experiments at the Kansas Kxperiment Station in soiling cows last year are not wllhout interest in this connection. Twenty-one cows were divided into two lots, giving a practi cally equal yield of milk and an equal average test. One lot was pastured on prairie and mixed grasses, the season be ing an exceptionally good one for pas tures. The other lot was soiled on alfalfa, oats, corn, cane and Kaffir corn. Some of the results are rvorth noting: It required 0.71 of an acre to support a cow on soil ing crops for 144 days. During the same period it required 5.63 acres to keep a cow on pasture. Practically one acre soiled did the work of five acres that were pas tured. The returns showed thnt the pas ture brought tn products $123 an acre. Calculated on the same basis, the alfalfa brought $25.26 an acre, the oats $6.81 per acre, corn $22.79 per acre, cane $15.60 per acre and Kaffir corn $13.83 per acre, the average of the several soiling crops being S!B.OS per aere. These are large returns, probobly greater than most crops bring, and yet they do not mean that soiling al ways pays. It will all depend upon the cost of labor, the amount of land one has that is suitable for pasturing only, and other like considerations. Still the re sults are valuable to those who feel in clined to Investigate the subject of spil ing. for they show what may be done by this method where a limited supply of land is relied upon to keep a large amount of stock. Angora Goat Breeding. As civilization advances it is always ac companied by closer settlements, and a tendency towards better of cul tivation, which, of course, include* clean ing up and'improving pastures that may be overrun by weeds and brush, says the Homestead. It is natural that farmers should wish to do this cleaning up at the least possible expense, or at no expense at all, if possible, and so the Angora goat has been enlisted as a scavenger against the weeds and brush. For ourselves, we have a very kindly feeling tow-ards the Angora goat, but too much should not be expected of it. Like other workers in a good cause, the goats have their limita tions. For instance, sixty head of them eannot do the work of a hundred, nor can a hundred do the work of 500. Moreover, the brush may have grown too strong and be too far advanced for goats to work upon and effectively keep down. This is said not with the intention of discourag ing farmers from keeping a flock of goats, but with a view of emphasizing the need for helping in the scavenger work if it is to be made effective. Where the brush is large it must not be left entirely to goats. Farmers pretty generally know that a great amount of brush has to be grubbed out and trees must be cut down before shaded pasture land can be well Improved for grazing purposes. Yet when ail this is done there is still enough ten der brush left for the goat as a browser, and too much should not be required of it or it will not do the work well, although goals are good helpmates. Angora goat breeding, however, may well be placed on a higher plane than that of merely supplying farm scavengers, although incidentally the goat is a good aid in this respect. In a certain way they are more in favor with many Amer icans than sheep or common goats. They are freer from disease than the former, and not by any means as mischievous as the latter, neither are they of a very rov ing disposition. The real point in their favor, however, Is that they cost little to keep and sell readily at from $5 to $7, iheir meat being delicious and wholesome. Of course pastures where they arc kept should be fenced, and, like other live slock, they can he Improved by selection in mating for breeding purposes, and by good care and humane, liberal treatment, all of which can be provided at small ex pense. It is asserted by those who know whereof they speak that well-bred goats of this breed will shear five to seven pounds of mohair, worth from thirty-five to forty cents a pounds. The sum thus realized for their fleece so far exceeds the cost of keep that they cannot fail to be a profitable Investment wherever they- are properly looked after. At the present lime it is but natural to expect that the Angoras will gradually assume a much more prominent position in farming oper ation than they have yet done, as an American Angora Goat Breeders’ Associa tion was formed some time ago. composed of live men who have already made their mark with other breeds of live stock. The goats will undoubtedly attend to scaven ger work on the farm to a profitable ex tent. Let the association do the goats full Justice and they will do more and become still more popular. gome Points on Rupp failure. One of the marvels of the latter day husbandry Is the progress of rape culture In this country. Formerly the cultiva tion of rope was for Its seed from which an oil was expressed. But during the last five years the attention of farmers and especially sheepmen has been called to this crop as one that would practically solve the question of summer forage, says the Indiana Farmer. It is without a rival in nil the list of succulent summer and autumn foods, by furnishing more and better green food to the acre, and ut less expense. A number of difficulties relative to its culture will vanish as the farmer learns to manage it. In selecting ground for rope, some attention should be given to the character of the soil. It requires con siderable moisture and hence should be sewn on ground that retains moisture the longest. It does quite well on recleaned marshes. It will not succeed on foul ground where It would be choked out by weeds In its early growth. Rape Is a heavy feeder and requires good soil—can't be too good. To insure a paying crop against the counteracting influences of the most un favorable season of the year for a grow ing crop, should be liberally supplied with artificial plant food. We have had splendid results by using 400 pounds of fertilizer per acre containing $ per cent, available phosphoric acid, 8 per cent, potash and 3 per cent, nitrogen. Rape, like clover, enriches the ground in nitro gen to a certain extent. It therefore re quires but o small per cent, of that cot> !>' ingredient. For early summer grazing, rape should be sown about oat seeding time In April or May. but when late sum mer and fall feeding is desired, it can be sown during July or early Auguat, on ground plowed and well prepared. The beet variety of seed Is the Dwarf Essex and the amount used Is about four pounds per acta If aown broadcaat, and from two to three pounds if a drill or seed er is used If there is a desire to culti vate it, drill in rows from 26 to 30 inches apart. It is sometimes sown on stubble ground, without plowing, and harrowed in with a small tooth harrow. Asa supplemented crop, however, it is more extensively sown in corn. This is done at the last cultivation by sowing the seed ahead of the corn plow. The corn blades protect the plant during its early growth, and within six or eight weeks the lambs may be turned in for weaning! Rape in a corn field is a regular paradise for lambs, end small pigs not weaned, ri val the rape itself in immensity of growth. It was at first thought that rape was essentially a sheep food, but It had since been learned that it is valuable for cattle ond swine, especially calves. It has practically revolutionized the sheep industry in this country. It tides the sheep farmer over the last dry sea son. when the fieltts are covered only with harsh weeds and dead grass, furnishing an abundance of green and nourishing food. “ It is the feed per excellence for ewes and iambs during the nursing period and for weaning lambs is incomparable, earn - ing them from mother milk to self susl taining lambhood without stunting or shrinkage Rape is not a feed of a week or a month, but one that carries the flock in perfect “style" from spnny June to bleak December. Allow fifteen sheep to an acre. It is, however, like clover liable to cause bloat, and in pasturing care must be exercised, until the stock become ao customed to eating it. D. I. Duncan. The Kingdom of Alfalfa In Coming. New and great thoughts seem now to ha agitating alike the farmer and the states man, says the Farm and Raneh. For while the politician would expand and en large his territory—would extend the sphere of his action, and would place the Filipinos and all the nations of the earth under the paternal care of his great mind and big heart. The farmer, on the other hand, is aiso reaching out; he would diver sify the products of the earth; he. ;oo i clamoring for more, something better ilian he now lias; some beautiful spot beyond the borders that he may call the oasis cf his pilgrimage, some outgrowth of the soil that may countervail the great command In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eit bread, ' some product of the vegetabia world that he may crown king. The fleecy staple, cotton, way down South in Dixie, long has been standing tip toed on his snow-white throne, crying himself hoarse, vainly proclaiming him self king. At the same time the golden sheaves of Kansas, clasping hands with the great granaries of/ the North their very walls, bursting abd falling beneath their own weight, with deafening roar are claiming the kingdom of the vegetable universe. And yet. methinks, the course of the empire is ti!l westward in its flight. Out of the arid, parched regions of the West, watered by no vernal showers nor summer rains, has come to stay the king of vegetation, under the prosaic name Lucerne, and under the Arabic and more poetic nom de plume, alfalfa, and wear ing a crown of tinted green and royal purple. exhaling fragrant perfumes and baimy cdors, alluring the prancing steed, the cattle, upon a thous and hills, and herds of swine, crying 'Come unto me all ye that labor and'are heavy laden and I tviil give you rest •• He proclaims rest for the plowshare, the noe, the self-binder and the spinning and the threshing machines. He is rescuing from slavery the little boy and girl, who in the production of alfalfa, can perform no other labor then eat and grow into vigorous man and womanhood, upon the delicious honey (nectar fit for the fabled gods), which the bees gather from its purple flowers, or drink the brimming pails of m;lk from the cows feeding upon its meadows. And he bids these littlo boys and girls exposed to the chilling blasts of winter, or sweltering beneath the burning suns of September, come out of these .otton fields to find rest in the shadow of the school room, and bathe their sun-scorched brow and quench their thirst at the fountain of learning. This majestic Western crowned king of plants has issued his proclamation of freedom of all implements, except the keen sickle blade, ever clipping the green sward from April to November, for as “ower has clipped to one ah f i/ h ? tled ' * he other wiil be ready. Alfalfa is one of nature’s choicest gifts to man. It is peculiarly adapted to a re publican government, for it smiles alike on the rich and the poor. It never dies from old age. In the place of the long horn steer, it places upon the market the sjmmetrical shorthorn at two years. Up on it the Poland-China may be marketed at six months, and upon alfalfa pastures lie disdains all other food, and he will cither answer the summons for grain with an audacious grunt, or go bounding over the purple flowers of'the alfalfa, with his tail curled in ringlets and beautiful fes toons over his back. When some Sheban Queen shall come ,h i' granaries of the North, or the cotton fields of the South to prove thia king of plants, she will exclaim, “I have neard of thy wonders and greatness, of thy roots snentiy subsoiling and enrich ng the soil, and boring and perforating er. ea ’,' h u ‘° r Water lo n ande P th of thirty teet. with an unbroken perennial growth of a hundred years, but behold, the half has never yet been told of thy prosperity so full and so free.” The Scrap Bonk. Resistance to Frost.-They are trying a peculiar experiment at the Rhode Island station. In the spring of 1899 they plant ed three varieties of beans in a hotbed, and one cold night they removed a sash so that most of the plants were killed, a few were injured, but did not die, and a few escaped wllh but little injury. From these last few they saved the seed, and made a similar test this spring. They removed the sash the night of May 10. when the weather records near by show.d a temperature of -8 degrees. The results were similar to that of the year before. Many of the plants were killed outright, nearly all lost their leaves, and one stood as if nothing hod happened. They pro pose to continue the experiment, and see If they cannot from thnt one plant, and perhaps from some of the others that only lost their leaves, develop a strain of beans that they can warrant as hardy as peas are now. We wish them success. To Dehorn Cattle.—The best way to de horn cattle Is to take them when they are calves not more than ten old. and shear the hair away from the but tons where the horn Is to appear, and with a moist cloth rub the oil off tht buttons, says the Ranch nnd Range. Do not wash a spot larger than the end of the little finger. Get from the apothecary a stick of caustic potash and moisten one and so as to dissolve It slightly, and rub the little spots of moist skin four or five times in as many minutes, moisten the potash each time. This will destroy the cuticle of the skin, and check th growth of horn. Do not use too much moisture on the potash, for If the solu tion runs out Into the hair it will leave a bare spot wherever It goes. Keep the calves In out of the rain for several days for the same reason. The operation Is simple and practically harmless to the animal. Aotlc-e. We solicit articles for this department. The name of the writer should accom pany the letter or article, not necessarily for publication, but as an evidence of good faith. Questions and communications relative to agricultural and horticultural tubjec's, If addressed to Agrl. Editor, Drawer N. Mllledgevllie, Ga . will receive immediate attention. —The Cornfed Philosopher.—"lt Is e greet comfort,” eald the Cornfed Philoso pher, “to find that the Ten Command ments read ‘Thou shalt not.' Instead of 'I shall not.’ "—lndianapolis Press,