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CONTRADICTED THE DEFENSE.
STRONG TESTIMONY AGAINST POW
WJ incase* Who Said They Saw Pow
ers With the Mountain Crowd on
Jan. 21V—Powers Claimed to Hare
Been 111 on That Day Denied
There Wa* Any Talk of Mob Vio
lence on the Day of the Shoot inn.
Georgetown, Ky„ Aug. 11.-A larga
number of witnesses In rebu tal for the
prosecution were heard to-day in the trial
of former Secrotary of State Caleb Pow
ers, on trial for alleged complicity in the
Goebel shooting. Some of thtm were
strong in their contradictions of wi nesses
for the defense.
The prosecution laid much store by the
testimony of two witnesses who testified
to see.ng Caleb Powers with other lead
ers of the mountain crowd on the even
ing of Jan. 25. The defendant had testi
fied that he was ill In his room all of that
af:ernoon. Several other witnesses will be
introduced Monday to further contradict
Powers on this point.
A number of Frankfort business men
and citizens testified that the talk of mob
violence after the assassination of Gov.
Goebel existed only in the minds of those
in the executive building and that there
was no need of the militia Among those
who so testified was Sheriff Suter, who
said he swore in a posse of a dozen citi
zens and that it would have been equal
to the occasion had it not been blocked
by the actlor s of Adjutant General Collier,
who made the civil officer subservient to
W. F. Grayout. assistant state auditor,
produced the books of the state auditor
in response to the subpoena duces tecum
to show what portion of the SIOO,OOO re
ward appropriated by the Legislature had
been expended in the search for and pros
ecution of those accused of the crime.
The record showed that in all $6,000 had
Mr. Grayout produced the record show
ing that W. H. Culton was paid his full
salary as a clerk in the auditor's office
for December and part of the month of
January. This contradicted ex-Auditor
Stone, who charged Culton with stealing
SI,OOO and stated that he dismissed Culton
and caused Auditor Sweeney to refuse to
give him a clerkship.
Still After Stamper.
Hon. John G. Cantrlll further contra
dicted the testimony of Rev. John Stam
per. w'ho on yesterday had denied several
statements alleged to have been made by
him in regard to the truth of the confes
sion of his brother-in-law, Wharton Gold
en. Mr. Cantrlll said Stamper did say
that Golden had told the truth, a.nd also
said in substance the other things attrib
uted to him.
Isaac Golden, brother of Wharton Gold
en, denied that Wharton Golden ever said
that there was a “hundred-ihousand-dol
lar reward fund afloat, and that he had
got a part of It.”
Judge Sims, of the defense, attacked the
standing of the witness, by asking him
how many times he had been indioted.
The witness studied a moment, and said
he guessed he had been indicted at least
a dozen times. He had been indicted in
the state courts for carrying concealed
weapons and for shooting and wounding,
end in the federal court for impersonat
ing an officer.
“What became of these indictments?”
asked the lawyer.
“I beat them all,” said the witness.
Commanwealth's Attorney Franklin
made a statement, in which he said the
prosecution had hoped to conclude its re
buttal testimony to-day, but that some
minor new' features had been injected into
the case upon which the. state desired to
introduce mere proof, and he asked an ad
journment until Monday for that purpose.
He said the evidence for the state would
all be in by noon Monday.
BUTLER IS I\ HARMONY.
TnlU of Hi* Allenution Hm Been
Lincoln, Neb., Aug. 11.—Secretary Ed
gerton, of the Populist National Commit
tee, returned from Chicago to-day. He
said. In reference to a statement, that
Chairman Butler will bolt the ticket:
"Senator Butler, chairman of the Na
tional Committee, will maintain on office
at Washington, I presume. By the way,
the talk of lack of harmony between Mr.
Butler and the remainder of the commit
tee has been very much exaggerated. I
have received a letter from Mr. Butler in
which he expresses himself in accord with
the manner in which the committee has
operated. Mr. Butler intends to support
the ticket as he would have done in any
event. As far as the committee is con
cerned. with the exception of a very lit
tle difference in regard to policy, every
thing is harmonious.”
KlllAtSl REBELS DEFEATED.
They Have Been Given Severe Les
son and More AVIII Follow.
Bakwnl, Aug. 11.—A column of 700 men,
under Col. Burroughs, has returned from
Kumassi, having reinforced and re-ralion
ed the forts for two months.
The force attacked and destroyed three
old stockades after a desperate bayonet
charge, in which four officers and thirty
four native soldiers were wounded and
On the night of Aug. 7, Col. Burroughs
attacked an Ashanti war camp near Ku
macsl, surprising the camp amt bayonet
ting the enemy. Great numbers were
slain without a gun being fired. A lieu
tenant was killed and two men wounded.
Other flying columns are going out, and
tt Is believed that the punishment Inflict
ed will not soon be forgotten, though sev
eral defeats are still needed to clear the
country south of Kumassi pf the rebels.
DUEL TO THE 111/OODY DEATH.
Two Clllcngonns Will Fight With
Sword* on Tliur*dny.
Chicago, Aug. 11.—Unless the long and
unromantlc arm of the law stretches forth
and takes the weapons from their hands,
Hermann Dames and Charles Dux, citi
zens of Chicago, will fight a duel to the
bloody death next Thursday at sunrise.
They both mean business and aver they
will puncture each other's skins in several
places. They are both pronounced
swordsmen, having held commissions In
the German army. To-djiy they selected
their seconds and the place of the meet
ing will be arranged later. Dames Is a
saloon keeper. Dux Is a cornice manu
SHAH'S OFFICIAL VISIT ENDS.
He Left Purl* Yesterday and Started
Paris, Aug. 11.—The official visit ot the
Shah of Persia to Paris ended this morn-
Ing. Accompanied by President Loubet
end M. Delcasae. the minister of foreign
affairs, Hie Majesty rode to the railroad
station, surrounded by an escort of cav
alry, and started for Ostend.
Ex-Congressman Clark Dead.
Keokuk, la., Aug. 11.—Samuel M Clark
died her# to-night. He was a member of
the Fifty-fourth and Fifty-fifth Con
gresses and from the First lowa District;
was United Bia'e* Commissioner of Edu
cation the Paris Exposition of 18*9; was
prominent as educator and politician and
wrote many lowa Republican platforms.
Mr. Clark was a native lowan and was
born in 1842.
CAySED CONCERN IN LONDON.
Continued from First Page.
till relieved, is the subject of much com- j
ment in London, where supposed Russian
designs are closely scrutinized.
A special dispatch from St. Petersburg
attributes to Russia the Intention to fill
Manchuria wdth troops and not to let go
°f ||fiat territory when ihe present ebul
lition is over. The Russian war office ex
pects to have 142.000 men and 242 guns
in Siberia by end of September.
Shanghai has received no news from
Che Foo or Tien Tsin to-day, but a dis
patch boat from Taku is expected at Che
ON THE SIBERIAN FRONTIER.
Chinese Have Evacunted Country
St. Petersburg. Aug. 11.—Official dis
patches report further small Russian suc
cesses on the Silurian frontier. The Chi
nese have evacuated the country around
Kharbln as far as Sintehempa, Ashekho
and Chulantehen. The capture of Khar
hin was v*ry timely, the situation being
still grave, as owing to the rei>eoted at
tacks which had to be repelled there was
danger of the ammunition becoming ex
hausted. Gen. Saharoff has ordered the
fortification of Kharbln.
MANY MISSIONS DESTROYED.
Mandarin* Said to Me Doing; %11 Poi
alhle to Protect Thera.
Pari?, Aug. 11.—The Frene*h consul at
Tschung King, wiring under date of Aug.
“Many missions have been destroyed and
some Christians killed, but the mtaeion
aries ere .safe and sound. All is calm at
Tschung King. The mandarins are doing
all possible to repress troubles, and I be
lieve they will succeed. 1 om negotiating
with Viceroy Tche Li relative to the pro
tection of missionaries, who, instead of
assembling at one place from Tcheng Ton,
Tschung King and Soni Fou, should re
tire to the walled cities of their respective
A PRECAUTIONARY ME A SIRE*.
Renson Given for Landing- of Rrltfah
Troops at Shanghai.
London, Aug. 11.—A special dispatch
from Shanghai dated Friday Aug. 10 says
the British consul general, replying to
protests of Chinese merchants gainst the
landing of troops, explains that this is
merely a precautionary measure due to the
fact that the disturbances north are
spreading and coming daily nearer to
He says also Kiang Su is already in a
state of revolt and that at Ta Tung there
has been serious rioting, the telegraph
station being burned.
JAPAN HAS ACQUIESCED.
Willing; to Plnoe Her Troop* Under
Count Von Wnlderaee.
Berlin, Aug. 11.—The Koelnische Zeitung
at Cologne is authority for the statement
that the Mikado has wired Emperor Will
iam, expressing a willingness to place the
Japanese troops under the command of
Count von Waldersee.
The Fremdenblatt of Hamburg states
that Capt Karl Wojcik of the Austrian
general staff, has been attached to Count
von Waldersee’s staff.
NASHVILLE TO NEW CHWANG.
Gnnhoat Goes There on Acoonot of
Washington, Aug. 11.—The r.avy depart
ment has been informed that the gunboat
Nashville has sailed from Taku for New
C'hwang. New Chwang is at the head of
the Liao Tung gulf, about 275 miles north
east of Taku. The district around New
Chwang is repotted to be in a disturbed
condl'ion and there have taen several re
ports of collisions between the Russians
and Chinese In that vicinity.
HIVE FLED OR BEEN KILLED.
There Are No White Men Left tn the
Interior of China.
San Francisco, Aug. 11.—The steamer
Gaelic, which arrived from the Orient io
night, had on board a number of refugees
from China. Among (hem were Rev. C.
W. Pruitt and Rev. George Worth, with
their wives* and families. Mr. Pruitt was
in Shan Tung, when he was summoned
by an urgent warning on July 3, sent by
Consul Fowler from Che Foo. The mis
sionary and family started at once, and
they were on the way none too soon.
"There Is not a white man left In the
interior of China alive, said Mr. Pruitt.
All have fled to Japan, to the coast ports
where the Powers ere in control, or have
left the Far East altogether.”
D!*|>atchea Sent l*lelion.
Paris, Aug. 11.—M. Peleasse, the Minis
ter of Foreign Affairs, has forwarded two
cipher messages to M. Plchon, the
French minister at Pekin, felicitating him
on his attitude and asking him to expe
dite any unreceived messages.
Rome Hears From Pekin.
Rome, Aug. 11—The government has re
ceived a dispatch from Marquis Raggl at
Pekin, identical with the dispatches re
cently received from the representatives at
Pekin of France, the United States, and
the other Powers.
Returned to Tien Tsin.
Berlin, Aug. 11.—A Tien Tsin dispatch,
dated Aug. 7, received here to-day, says
that after the capture of Pel Tsang the
German, Austrian and Italian forces re
turned to Tien Tsin.
DEMOCRATS OF MeINTOSH.
Sena tor In I Committee Cliose All Smi
Darien. Ga., Aug.ll.—Two Democratic
executive committees met in Darlctv to
day. The CountyCommlttee met at noon
and the Senatorial Committee at 2 o'clock
this afternoon. There was considerable
Interest in both meetings, as county and
district politics are both warming up.
The County Executive Committee was
elected for a term of two years at a mass
meeting last Saturday. To-day's meeting
was the first the committee has held, snd
it was mainly for the purpose of organ
izing. The otganization was perfected by
the election of Col. R. H. Knox chairman
and James K. Clarke. Jr., secretary. A
committee was appointed to confer with
the nominees for the offices of sheriff and
member of the Legislature, receive their
acceptance and report to the general com
The Senatorial Executive Committee met
at 2 o'clock and adjourned s few minutes
later. The Senatorial Convention was call
ed to meet at Hlnesvllle on the 31st In
stant, at 10 o'clock a. m. It is now con
ceded lhat Col. Bmlley will he nominated
on the first ballot, as he has a clear
majority In his favor.
The delegates lo the convention from
this county, who are ail enthusiastic Smi
ley men, met to-day and elected Mr. T.
K. Dunham chnlrmon of the delegation
Sitenmalilp Firemen tn Strike.
Marseilles. Aug. 11.—The flremtn of the
trans-Atlantic Steamship Company have
de 'bled to strike, beginning to-morrow. It
is feared the movement will spread to
THE MORNING NEWS: SUNDAY, AUGUST 12. 1909.
BRYAN’S PUNS ARE CHANGED.
IT IS NOW UNDERSTOOD HE WILL
MAKE MANY SPEECHES.
Mn> Make a Campaign Tour Similar
to That Made in lHtHi— After New
York He W 111 Go to Maryland.
Then to the State* of the Middle
\YeM—ln New York litate He Will
’•ipenk Only in the Larger Cities.
Chicago, Aug. 11.—W. J. Bryan's visit
to Chicago has practically resulted in an
understanding that he will travel almost
us much during the present campaign as
he did in 1896.
The first inclination on his part was to
avoid the making of many speeches this
year, but there has been such general
pressure that it is understood he is now
inclined to yield and to visit many parts
of the country.
No positive promises for participation
in the campaign have been made for
other states than New York, but the prob
abilities are that he will go from that
state to Maryland, where there appears
to be great anxiety for his appearance.
After that ime he is likely to make a
genera! tour of the North Missis
sippi valley states, including Ohio, Indi
ana, Illinois. Minnesota,.etc. No author
ized statement has been given out to this
effect, but there is no doubt that this is
the present tendency—that. Indeed, the
plan is practically decided upon. In New
York it Is expected that Mr. Bryan wMI
speak only in rhe larger cities.
The Silver Republicans originally ex
pected to notify Mr. Bryan of their nomi
nation of him for the presidency at the
same time that the Populists make their
notification at Topeka. Kan.. Aug. 23, but
this purpose has been changed. Their no
tification will come later, and the proba
bilities are that it will be made at St.
Paul or Minneapolis.
Hon. T. M. Patterson of Denver will
make the speech notifying Mr. Bryan of
the Populist nomination at Topeka. There
will be no notification to a vice presiden
tial candidate, as in view of Mr. Towne's
declaration the Populists at present have
no candidate for that office.
Bryan to Apeak at a Plcnlr.
Chicago, Aug. 11.—Mr. Bryan said to
day that he will probably remain in Chi
cago until after next Wednesday He
probably will make a brief speech at the
picnic of the Irish societies, to be given
on that date.
GOV. ROOSEVELT’S CAMPAIGN.
R< publican Candidate Will Try . to
Ilrenk All Record*.
Chicago, Aug. 11.—Perry S. Heath, sec
retary of the Republican National Com
mittee, resumed his duties to-day at head
quarters after a week’s tour East and
South. Secretary Heath saw Gov. Roose
velt at the New York headquarters, w'here
the Governor's itinerary was arranged.
According to Mr. Heath the campaign
ing tour planned for Gov. Roosevelt will
break all records in the annals of presi
“Gov. Roosevelt will come to Chicago
Labor Day,” said Mr. Heath. From Chi
cago he will pass through Wisconsin. Min
nesota. North and South Dakota. Mon
tana, Idaho, Washington. Oregon, Califor
nia. Utah. Wyoming. Colorado, Kansas.
Nebraska. lowa and Missouri, in the or
der named. No attention will be paid by
Gov. Roosevelt to the Eastern States out
side of New York, and, unless conditions
change materially, he will not go into New
England at all.”
All the month of October will be occu
pied in hatft campaigning in the state* of
Illinois, Indiana, Michigan and Ohio, with
the exception of a few days in West Vir
ginia, which the Republican managers
express strong hopes of carrying.
JONES WANTS POSTPONEMENT.
Convention of Democratic Clubs to
Be Held Oct. 3.
New York, Aug. 11.—'William R. Hearts,
president of the National Association of
Democratic Clubs, has received a tele
gram from Senator J. K. Jones, chair
man of the Natoinal Democratic Commit
tee, favoring the postponement of the as
sociation's convention until Oct. 3. The
telegram Is as follows;
"I favor a postponement of the con
vention until Oct. 3, for the reason that
Democratic clubs are rapidly' being form
ed all over the country, and I think it
well to allow' time for all to be represent
ed at the Indianapolis Convention.
"I believe it will be an extremely In
teresting meeting. A gathering of all
the representatives of the clubs will at
tract the attention of the entire country,
and serve to stimulate action In our ranks.
I look for great results from this meet
ing and believe that |t will be Immensely
influential Jn the cause of good govern
GOES HACK TO REPUBLICANS.
Stevenson of Colorado Hob Deserted
Hl* Silver Follower*.
Denver, Aug. 11.—A. M. Stevenson,
who, as a delegate at large from Colorado,
with Senator Teller and others, walked
out of the National Republican Conven
tion at St. Louis, and who. afterward as
sisted In organizing the Silver Republi
can parly, to-day resigned the chairman
ship of the party in this state, and an
nounced his return to the Republican
party. He made public a letter In which
he declares the silver question is no long
er a paramount isaue, and will not be for
years to come.
GALA DAY FOR BRUNSWICK.
Fat and Lean Ball Game Will Be One
of the Feutnres.
Rrunswlck, Oa.. Aug. 11.—Several days
ago Capt. Tobias Newman secured tome
local talent from among the business and
professional men of Brunsw:ck and under
the names and weight* of the Fats and
the L ans a game of basebai was played
at the park The success of this game wag
rip-roaring, and the spectators enjoyed
every moment of it. The large attendance
end fun produced has encouraged Capt.
Newman to arrange a ga'a day for ntxt
week, and he is now getting up a pro
gramme which will prove vtry at trac
tive for all the stay-at-homes. This pro
gramme will include a baseball game by
the Fats and the Leans, horn- races, foot
rscee, greasy pole contests, buck and wing
dancing, quartette singing and other
foims of amusement such as serve to
rare the time away pleasantly. The mer
chant* of Biunswics will be asked to give
their c>rka and employes a half holiday
and the attendance at the grounds is ex
pected to be large Proceeds from the
day w.Il be devoted to liquidating some
of the deb • cf the a-soc ation.
Will Shoot at May cross.
Brunswick, Ga , Aug. 11.-Ths Bruns
wick Riflemen under command of Capt.
Frank A. Dunn will leave here next
Thursday for Waycros* where they will
participate In a rifle shoot on the magic
city range. Th Rifleman have a good
company and under command of Capt.
Dunn have Increased wonderfully in
Strength snd Inures' during the past few
months. Not having It en rear a range
where they could practice the hoys may
not show up so well for the first time at
a shoot, but they will be largely .In evi
dence from point of numbers and interest
BRI NSWICK’N B ALL TENM.
Itinerary Changed on Account of
Horae Team Dlahandlutt.
Brunswick, Ga-, Aug. 11.—News com?>
from Atlanta to the effect that the Rome
Baseball Club has been disbanded for the
season, and this has necessitated a change
In the itinerary of the Irunsw'ick baae
ball team. Instead of playing in Rome
i.ext week tha boys will to Selma and
play the crack team of that city six con
secutive games. From Selma the team
will probably return to Atlanta and play
throe games, then coming home for a day
or two to practice and going from here
to Savannah, wher they will ploy the Fer
nanda na team a series of three games,
the winner of the series to take a purse
of SI,OOO. An interesting ot of gossip has
cropped out of the recent visit of Fer
nandina to Brunswick, dining which Fer
nandina won the iwo games played. As
previously announced In *hese dispatches,
these games were merely for the
purpose of allowing tie two teams
to size one another up. prepara
tory to the thousan 1-dollar rles
in Savannah. When Femandln von
the two gntme Manager Borden appr* 1 ;ch
ed Manager Hirsch of th* Brunswick ag
gregation and asked that the SIOO forfeit
placed for the Savannah series be pulled
down and the games declured off. Mana
ger Hirsch declined to pull down, and
Manager Borden then agreed to play the
games. Local sports say that Manager
Borden was under the impression that
Brunswick threw the two games here to
his team, and that he believed Brunswick
hod a better loi of players than Fernan
Another side of the ?tory is that Man
ager Borden claims that the SIOO forfeit
was placed by a Fernandiia man without
his knowledge or consent, and that his
team did not want to play Brunswick un
der such a deal. However. Manager Bor
den is a game one. and lie lias decided that
the series will be played in Savannah.
Brunswick Is winning along, hav
inc captured the three games in Atlanta
and local sports are banking heavily on
Brunswick winning the Savannah series
THE TEHUANTEPEC RAILROAD.
Contract Made for n Gigantlo Enter
prise in Mexico.
Washington, Aug. 11.—Mr. MeCreerv,
secretary of the legation at Mexico, has
furnished the state department with a
copy of the contract between the Mexican
government and Pearson & Son, of Lon
don, relating to the Tehuantepec Railroad
and ports of coal cos and Salim
This transcontinental railroad, says the
secretary, crossing the isthmus of Te
huantepec, promises to become a most
important means of transportation when
the improvements on. the line are made,
and the port works ore completed.
The company, as the representatives of
the government, shall, within three
and a half years improve
the railroad, and shall admlnls
ster in partnership with the government
the railroad and the ports of Coatzacoalcos
and Salina <Tuz. At least two train* shall
run weekly from each of these terminal
stations, the Journey for passengers not
to exceed fourteen hours. The company
shall have the earnings of the railroad and
ports, except the part that belongs to the
government. The latter will also pay
$5,000,000 in monthly installment* of $300.-
out>, the first In three months after pro
mulgation of the contract.
The capital of the company is $5,000,000.
CURED AT HOLY JHRINE.
Wheeled There in a Chair, Mrs. Me.-
Cormlek Walked Home.
From the Philadelphia Press.
Ogdensburg, N. Y., Aug. 9.—A sensation
has been created at the shrine of Our Lady
of Victory on the lawn of Sacred Heart
Convent in this city, by the miraculous
and sudden cure of Mrs. James McCor
mick, wife of Capt. McCormick, of the
lake tug Seymour. For over a yeer'Vhe
has been an invalid suffering severest pain
from acute rheumatism. Believing she
would be benefitted by worshiping at the
shrine, she was wheeled there in her chair,
and pushing up close to the foot of the
statue begin reciting the litany.
Suddenly with a cry of Joy she arose
from her chair going among the worship
ers and walking to her home some dis
tance away, letting her chair behind.
Hundreds are carting at her home to learn
of her cure.
BEES BROKE UP A FUNERAL.
Henrse Horses Rnn Assy and Cof
fin Whs Thrown Into Rood.
From the Philadelphia Press.
Jeffersonlown, Ky., Aug 9.—As the
hearse containing the body of Andrew
Bracken entered the cemetery near here
to-day one of the horses trod on a huge
nest of bumblebees. The bees attacked
the horses, causing them to run away.
The driver was thrown from hla seat, and
the body of Bracken was some time later
picked up half a mile down the road.
The entire funeral party armed them
selves with paddh- sand brush, heat oft
the bees, went on a aearch for the body,
carried It back to the cemetery and pro
ceeded with the interment.
The Hug; In War.
From the New York Press.
The hog caused the biggest mutiny ever
known in the history of the, world, and
was responsible for men being blown from
the muzzle* of cannon. When Great Bri
tain shipped cartridges to Indin for the
native troops she reckoned without her
host, for the ammunition was greased with
lard, which so offended the religious scru
ple# of the Sepoys that they arose as one
man in rebellion. The American hog near
ly caused war between Germany and the
United States, and only the diplomacy of
Mr. Whltelaw Reid obtained for the ani
mal admission Into France.
Moses and Mahomet were opposed to
the hog because, while It divides the hoof
end is cloven-hoofed, yet? it chews not the
cud. The camel Is not eaten for opposite
reasons—it chews the cud, but'is not clov
en-footed. The hare is also unclean, be
cause while it chews the cud It divide*
not the hoof. All civilized nation* have
passed and repassed laws governing whet
a man shall eat and how much It shall
co*t him, but the only sumptuary measure
that ever stood the test of time Is the tw
of Moses concerning the hog. It has been
on the statute hook for 3,390 years.
Phil Armour has packed more pork and
beef than all other men in the world put
together. He raid some time ago: "The
fierceness of competlon may force the
packing house of twenty-five years hence
to Include a tannery, a boot and shoe fac
tory. a woolen mill and a mammoth tailor
Distinguished Educator Dead.
Richmond, Va., Aug. 11.—Prof. Charle*
Venable, for many years professor and
for the pasi five year* professor etnerbus
of mathematics a the University of Vir
ginia, died to-day at his home. In Char
lottesville He was one of the moi dis
ttngulshed educators In <h* South, the au
thor of several text book* and during the
war between the stales served with dis
tinction on the ataff of Gen. R K. Lee.
Fn*t Horse Break* Down.
Chicago, Aug 11.— Orlmar, owned by J
T Stewart ard ranked at th> fas rst
horse on Western tracks, ha* broken
down ard will be r t‘rd for the season
He won fame st fhe close of the Washing
ton Park meeting here by equalliriit the
world's record of 1:94 for a mile on a cir
cular track made thla season by Voter at
SOME POLITICAL SHIFTERS.
LITTLE FAITH IN THOSE NY HO
(HANGS r ARTIES.
Gorman Say* a* a Rale Men Do No*
Change Their Politic* More Read
ily Than They Do Their Religion.
Palmer Goes to Republican*—Web
ster Dnvl*’ Ahnnrd >ll*tke—Gre
sham. Wellington. lignum and Tel
ler Taken a* Consptcnous Ex
Washington. Aug. 11.—Both political
parties are now engaged in magnifying
the new converts they are capturing from
each other in the pending campaign In
political circles these men, who suddenly
change their political position, are usual
ly referred to as "turncoats” or “rene
Former Senator Gorman of Maryland,
in discussing politic* and politicians, re
cently gave utterance to this sage re
"Asa general rule men do not change
their politics more readily than they do
He was prompted to make this asser
tion In discussing certain men, who have
heretofore occupied positions of honor
and trust in the Democratic pa.ty, who
are now about to ensf their votes against
the regular Democratic candidates for
the presidency. He claims that the over
age American citizen is reared upon some
fixed religious faith, and, although he may
waver in his allegiance to his original
faith, it is very unusual for him to be
drown away from the religious principles
taught him at his mother’s knee.
On the same theory, the avenge Amer
ican inherits from his father certain po
litical principles. Time and condition?
sometime* bring about honorable and ex
cusable changes of views on great national
questions, hut among the rank
and file of the great political
parties, men do not often abandon the
political doctrines handed down to them
by their sires, except under extraordinary
conditions. These conditions sometimes
are the, result of personal dieappointmenr,
personal jealousies, false pride, and a re
Frw lleii4‘ftnleN Snccensfnl.
in looking owr the political history of
the paat fifty years. Mr. Gorman ventures
the assertion that hut few political rene
gades of either party have been successful
In convincing the world that they were
right, while the vast majority who differed
with them, were wrong. The man who
pulls away from his party isai goes over
to the enemy may receive afT enthusiastic
"glad hand" under the Influence of a high
pressure of enthusiasm which is always
on draught on rhe eve of a great national
contest, hut as a rule sitch men are looked
upon with suspicion by their new' allies
and are despised hy their former asso
ciates. The political renegade Rometimes
flourishes and reaches high position among
hi* new-found friends, but in the long
run, he is handed down to posterity as a
traitor to his party, without the love, re
spect or confidence of his fellow men.
Just now the Republicans are trying to
work up some enthusiasm over the fact
that the venerable Gen. Palmer of Illinois
has deserted the Democratic party and re
turned to the Republican fold where he
was formerly located many years ago.
Gen. Palmer is an excellent type of that
class of men who seriously believe that
the.y are doing the country an inestimable
favor hy continuously dodging bgk and
forth from one party to the other when
ever something occurs which does not suit
their individual fancy. Gen. Palmer has
been a memlrer of almost every party that
has existed within the last half a century
and it Is estimated that his immediate fol
lowing might be counted on the fingers of
a man’s hands.
IVehster Davis* Flop,
On *the other hand, some Democrats are
trying to magnify the Importance of Web
ster Davis’ flop from the Republican pie
counter into the Democratic fold. Mr.
Davis is a florid and impressive orator and
might have proved effective on the Dem
ocratic stump had It not been for a ridic
ulous blunder he made at the recent Kan
sas City Convention when he was given
an opportunity, as anew convert, to sec
ond the nomination of Mr. Bryan. What
ever effect his speech was intended to
have, was totally lost by his miscalling
fhe candidate’s name. With a great burst
of eloquence. In e powerful tone of voice,
he called upon the Democratic hosts of
the* land to rally around that "peerless
leader, William Jennings Brennan.” A
shout of derisive laughter followed Mr.
Davis' unaccountable blunder and his re
marks which followed were entirely lost
upon the convention and the country at
large. His usefulness as a campaigner
was no longer regarded as one of the val
uable assets of the Democratic parly.
Nome Conspicuous I.in tuples.
There might be a long list of this type
of politicians given to emphasize the
points above made, but the mention of
a few conspicuous characters will be suf
ficient at this time.
There is the late Walter Q. Gresham of
Indiana who, after year* of earnest work
In the Republican parly and being award
ed the governorship and a seat at the Re
publican President's cabinet table, sudden
ly shifted his politics to the Democratic
side of the House and out of pure resent
ment and a spirit of revenge ag-alnst Ben
jamin Harrison, he assumed a Democratic
mask. He wa rewarded by a place in the
cabinet during the early part of Cleve
land's second administration. His history
is too well kQpwn to be reviewed here. In
spite of all he could say or do he was de
spised by Republican# and never fully
trusted by the Democrats.
Another conspicuous figure in this class
is Senator Wellington of Maryland. Hav
ing by a series of political and personal er
rors, placed himself in antagonism to the
member* of the Republican party and hav
ing blighted his sphere of influence :.nd
standing in that party, he now seeks to be
revenged by deserting to the Democratic
camp. He has no following in the Senate,
has lost his Influence at home, and he la
apt to be a handicap rather than a help
to the Democratic party In the pending
Bynum and roller.
Mr. Bynum of Indiana Is another sam
ple of the shifting politician. He was rnce
regarded ns one of the most conspicuous
and trust'd leaders of the Democratic
I arty In Congress. Reverses at horn
aroused within him a feeling of revenge
so that he 1* now a supplicant at th- feet
of the Republican parly for aid and com
Senator Teller of Colorado occupies a
most pathetic attitude In this doleful pic.
ture. At one time loved, respected and
favored hy all who knew him In spite of
the fact that he was an ardent and de
voted believer In the doctrines and prin
i Iplrs of the Republican party, hr- was
universally regarded as one of the pure* .
ablest ard heat models of a consolertloua
and upright party man His Judgment war
seldom doubted and his utterances were
generally wise, profound and Invariably
furnished abundant food for serious re
flection of those to whom his remarks
were addret**d. Highly favorsd by the
Republican party, he suddenly discover
ed that he could not subscribe to certain
features of the finanCal policy of the Re
publican party. While still claiming to be
a member of the "Grand Old party,” he
has drifted far from heme, snd I* an
nounced as one of the members of the
Advisory Committee In charge of' the
Hryan campaign Without quea lor Ing his
sincerity, honesty of ntirpose. or god in
i tsntlons. It 1* g nerally conceded that the
} great power and Influence he once wield
'd In national affairs has dwindled Into
I comparative lns'gnlflcsnca
From Maine to Florida Feruna’s Fame
Mr. Gottfried Hemmerich, Palmer, Fla.
Gottfried Hemmerich of Palmer, Fla.,
says the following in regard to Peruna
for catarrh of the stomach:
"My trouhle was catarrh of the stom
ach, and your medicine has performed a
miracle in my case, as the doctor I con
sulted said 1 could not live if 1 stayed in
Florida. He wanted to send me to a hos
pital in Knoxville, Tenn. If 1 had done
this 1 would surely hove died. 1 took
Peruna and now again l have life and
energy, and new flesh and blood has re
placed what I lost."
The Vt afsenic Lottery l the Moat Ex
tensive tint! Elaborate Gome of
From Pearson’* Weekly.
Every one knows that the Chinese are
Inveterate gamblers, but few Cauca
sians have any deflntte Ideas as to the
modes of playing, except,
perhaps, with regard to fan tan and pot.
The most extensive and elaborate form of
Chinese gambling is the walseng lotttery.
It Is Indigenous to Canton, and vast sums
are paid to the officials for the privilege
of farming this lottery.
In each walseng lottery there are 1.000
tickets, and for the purpose of numbering
them the characters In the small didactic
booklet called ’’The Thousand Character
Classic" are Invariably used.
The cost of tickets and the number and
value of the (irises vary considerably, but
are. of course, fixed before any particular
lottery Is “opened."
The remilla of walseng lotteries depend
on the surnames of the successful com
petitors In one or other of the examina
tions for official appointments, which are
periodically held in the district, province
The term "walseng” refers to the hall In
which examinations ere held, and this
fact, together with the use of "The Thou
sand Character Classic," Imparts a kind
of pseudo-llterory tone to walsengs and
thus renders them highly respectable tend
The following Is an outline of the way
In which the walseng Is carried on. The
farmer, or his agent, announces by hnnd
hlll or poster, that a lottery will he alien
ed on a certain forthcoming examination,
adding foil particulars ns to date, price
of tickets and other conditions. The
would-be Maker goes to the shop Indicat
ed and hands a slip of paper, In which
he has written the twenty sumtimes he
wishes to "back," pays for his ticket and
gets In return a preliminary receipt.
When 1,000 tickets have been subscribed
for, the tickets and the "book" of the lot
tery are printed, and each wtaker gets on
application a hook and the ticket or tick
ets he has paid for.
The "book" contains 1,000 columns. At
the top of each column is printed one of
the 1,000 characters (following each other
In the order of the classic), and tinder
each character is the list of twenty sur
names ba< ked by the person whose tlck-t
bears that distinguishing character. Koch
ticket has also printed on 1f Us price, the
examination in question and the name of
the Issuing agent or Arm. hut 1< does not
contain the twenty selected surnames.
By reference to the hook the stoker ran
see h!s own selected list under the dis
tinguishing character of his ticket, os well
as the lists of surnames selected by the
other 999 stakers.
The first prize goes to the person whose
list of surnames Includes the largest num
ber of Ihe surnames of the successful
competitors, and so on as to the other
prizes. If. for example, each of the twen
ty surnames selected by a particular
sinker Is that of a successful candidate,
then the stnker has scored a “highest
possible," and, subject to the conditions
as to the amounts and distribution of
prizes, takes the first prize, or a share of
it, or a fixed sum.
The total amount of the prizes Is usual
ly not more 'thnn 69 or 79 per cent, of the
amounts staked, the remaining 30 or <0
per cent., after deducting expenses, being
the farmer's profit. It Is also usual for
Ihe farmer to reserve a considerable num
ber of tickets and to stake for himself.
When the result of The examination has
been officially declared leaflets giving the.
names of the successful candidates are
published by the farmer, and payments
paid to winners on application according
to the conditions. Sometimes payment la
not made by stakers until The printed
books and tlcketa are ready for delivery.
Before handing In his list of surnames
the careful stoker consults the lists of
successful candidates at previous exami
nations and so far as possible ascertains
the names of candidates who are favor
ites for a place on The fothcomtng list.
The latter Information ran he had from
"tipsters" for a consideration.
A staker, for Inatnnce, may learn that
a candidate bearing an uncommon sur
name and being comparatively unknown
Is likely to do well—turn out a "dark
horse,” In racing parlance. A "tip” of
this kind Is worth paying for.
It Is usual to "bar” some of the com
monest surnames (like our Smiths, Jones,
etc ); that la to say, stakers are not al
lowed to Include "barred'' names In their
list for the reason that such names are
certain to appear In the list of successful
competitors, and If not "barred” would
be Inserted In every Maker's list.
In the Straits Settlements, where these
lotteries are illegal, various devices are
resorted to In order to avoid The heavy
penalties attached to the management of
lotteries. For Instance, the tickets often
purport to give admission To a theatrical
performance, a two-dollar ticks* being for
admission to a front seat, a dollar one to
a second, nnd a SO-cent one admitting a
child "half price.'’
Such transparent devices, however, de
ceive no one acquainted with the lottery.
In recent years a large number of pro
moters of walsengs have been deposed
to China a* being In law "habitual gam
—Kveret Jansen Wendell Is a blue-hlood
ed Knickerbocker, a member of one of the
oldest New York families and rich. Me
IS known all over New York as the "best
friend of bud boys.'* He carries on a
oorr spondente with no lers than f.Ofl b>vs
who at one time most people would have
put under the category or "bad." Mr.
Winded has been Instrumental In placing
almost, all the boys with whom he corre
sponds In good homes on Western farms
or In Western villages.
Mr. H. C. Carew writes from Brockton,
Mase.. the following:
"About ten years ago I was greatly
distressed by dyspepsia and took no
comfort day or night. I tried every
thing that physicians prescribed with
out relief whatsoever. A frieu<l In
stated on my using Permiu. It work
ed wondrra nud entirely cured me
of the disngrcenhle disease. I can
not apeak too highly of Pfrunn."
Mr. James R. Hunt writes: "I have
been troubled with dyspepsia for four
teen years, My stomach was sour, my
bowels costive, had palpitation of th
heart, indigestion, torpid liver, was ner
vous. did not sleep good, my head felg
light and had specks before the eyes. I
tried patent medicines. various reme
dies. and consulted physicians in vain.
Consequently I procured a bottle of
Man&lln and have since lieen using it
continually. 1 have realized much bene
fit from its use. It keeps my bowels
regular, and I think it is the best dya*
pepsla remedy I ever saw."
Mrs. X. K. Brown, Asheville, N. C. t
“For several years I waa troubled
, with indigestion, nn Increase of neld
I In the stomneh, headache, lons of ap
petite, dlxslness, nnd almost com
plete pnrnlysls of the left arm. My
friends ndilhed me to try Peruna#
Four bottles cored me sound nud
well, ami I have not felt a s> inptoui
of my trouble since.'*
Address Dr. Hartman, Columbus,
. for free book.
CHINA'S Cl Biot s LAWS.
Tlie Innocent I'Var Them More Tha#
Oo tlic Guilty.
From the London Mail.
China has a very complete legal system,
the growth of thousands of yearn. Th®
first Indication of law to he found In Chi
nese tradition Is the Institution of mar
riage, about the year 2825 B. C.
A remarkable difficulty which the Chi
nese government has to contend with !•
pointed out In Mr. Alabaster's standard
work on "Chinese Criminal Law'.'' Thero
are three sets of laws—Tartar, Chines®
and Mohammedan-and when the code#
clash the result Is not unaintising Ther®
may be three criminals equally guilty
of the same offense and brought for trial
to the same court at the some time, witb
the result that the criminal untenable to
Tartar law escape* with a whipping, that
Mohammedan Incurs the penalty of mili
tary service and the prisoner under Chi
nese law. besides being batnltooed, Id
transported for life.
A In England, the law prevails; mHt
tsry lnterferen<B I* not tolerated. A sor.
geant who caught n man gambling had
him flogged on the spot. For this that
sergeant recelced 109 blows with the bam
boo himself and three year# transporta
tion. The soldiers who flogged the gam
bler under the sergeant's direction receiv
ed as their share ninety blows and tw®
years’ transportation to the Chinese Bot
any bay—a district on the borders of th®
The same law sometimes finds a differ
ent expression. A corporal found a sentry
asleep oo duty, and he hit him with u.
watchman's pole so that tbs sentry died.
Now. the watchman's pole Is a civil In
strument. So the unhappy corporal re
ceived 100 blows and three years' trans
The a|thy with which Chinese will
stand by and ae offense* committed haa
often been the subject of adverse crttl
clem among foreigners. Mr. Alabaster
explains that it ia due to fear of t.hn law.
He cites a case wherein two ruffians at
tempted to abduct another ninn's wtfa.
Hearing her cries, a gallant Chinaman
went to her assistance. The real criminals
appear to have escaped, but the gallant
rescuer got several years.
Advocacy In the law courts, moreover.
Is as dangerous as chivalry. It Is record
ed that a distinguished scholar, desirous
of shining as a barrister, wag sentenced
to two years’ Imprisonment and eighty
strokes with the Chinese equivalent of th*
birch for trying to coax from the Judg®
In a criminal dase a verdict of manslaugh
ter Instead of a verdict of murder.
In a had case of murder aceesaOrles may
not be visited with the death penalty.
Thus, If half a dozen persons commit tha
crime, and It whs uncertain who struck
the blow, the first striker Is held to b
the guilty one, and he alone la executed.
Again, should ora if the accessories chanc*
to die In prison the sentence of the men
held responsible In tha first Instance i®
The law. says Mr. Alabaster, distinctly
discourages "larking,” and. Indeed, games
generally. There Is a case quoted In which
three men playing at horse managed to
tumble over in a heap on the roadway,
and one of them, falling on the brass
bound (dps in the pocket of him who lay
undermoHt, was thereby killed. The Judge
declined to allow the case to be dealt with
a* one of misadventure, and Insisted upon
the smoker being sentenced capitally.
The moat Ignominious of all penaltlea In
the Chinese code Is slicing to piece*, with
extinction of the family. The condemned
man I* tied to a droae, and by a aeries o£
i>alnfnl cuts hla body is sliced beyond
recognition, Ihe Idea being to destroy th®
future as well as the present life of th®
offender. The Chinese believe that th®
spirit of the dead man will appear as •
collection of little hits—a dreadful ignom
Chinese law Is a maze of contradictions
and complexities, but the magistrate wfia
falls to thread Ills way among them prop
erly Is severely punished. For instance,
if a magistrate pronounce* a sentence of
decapitation when It should have been
strangulation he receives a thrashing with
the bamboo, and the executioner who car
ried out the magistrate's prlglnal sentonoh
share* the punishment with him.
Hlmllur penalties await official careless
ness of all kinds, but there Is one partic
ularly amusing rod In pickle for the err
ing Judge. If an offender Is allowed to
escape the penalty due to his offense tha
unhappy magistrate must himself suffer
the full penalty which he ought to have
Constables are periodically beaten If they
fall to produce prisoners. When warrants
are Issued the policeman intrustsed with
the, warrant has thirty days tn which to
produce his man. If he falls to produc®
him, or arrests the wrong man. he incurs
a penalty one degree less heavy than that
due to the real offender. The position of
constable is not much sought after In
Chins. A certain Chinese law. having ref
erence to all manner of crimes, often per
ml's a criminal to escape punishment en
tirely. The Chinese regard the continu
ance of the succession of a family as In
finitely Important—more Important, In
deed. than the punishment of a heinous
offense. Thus, if the last survivor of a
family kills his wife, he escapes execu
tion on the ground that if he were killed
there would be no one left to worship tha
Chinese prison* sre loathsome with
filth, but as the Chinaman is accustomed
to dirt, thetr state do?s not trouble him.
Petty offenders get a pint of old rice a
day If they are without other means of
support. Ordinarily, however, friends and
relatives are expected to provide the food.
In winter they are allowed n thick Jacket,
and, If sick, they have medical treatment.
Warmed beds are provided for the aged
or Infirm criminals in winter and cooling
drinks In summer.