Newspaper Page Text
THE MORNING news.
Established ISSO. - Incorporated ISSS
J. H. ESTII ' President.
OFFICIALS ARE QUIET
RELATE NOTHING OF DIPLOMATIC
NO NEWS OF OPERATIONS.
CHINESE SITUATION SHOWED BUT
Military and Naval Feature* Yield
to the Diplomatic—Herney Sent In
formation Indicating HiiNnia’s Ak
(tuniptiou of a. I*>Mition Threaten
ing to Harmony United State*
].'Ut Under Snapiciou of
tinliition* Design* Upon China.
"Washington, Aug. 25.—The diplomatic
feature of the Chinese situation to-day
tuck precedence over both the naval and
in.diary features. The officials of this
g Timient were, af anything, more un
ijc.inunicative than heretofore as to the
it Jut ions between the Powers and China.
It was stated authoritatively that no
rrv.s of operation® had been received and
that the diplomatic negotiations could not
be made public.
Tv most unsatisfactory development of
tv day. so far as the pacific programme
ci this government goes, was the receipt
c>f a ; patch from Admiral Remey, con
\ rig the reports which had reached him
cf a disagreement between the com
cnandcr of the Russian forces in Pekin
and the other internationals. The text
s dispatch was not made public, but
it v. ■ said on good authority to contain
v Mtement that the Russian com
ma: r had forbidden communication
with ihe Chinese on the ground that Rus
sia was technically, as well as practically,
at war with China.
I- may he sai 1 that this information
was not conveyed by Admiral Remey as
cfii.ial news, but merely as a report from
re'.iable sourc s which he considered this
gov* rament should pcss ss for its own
ir! :tn ition. Assuming Admiral Remey’s
r; om to be correct, this move on the
pan • f Russia strike* the first note of
(] • id in the heretofore haimonious Con
or of the Powers. The possibilities cf
11l • ccmplications that it opens up are
el r o t infinite and would be serious to a
< . :*e. It may be siiid, however, that
i ws is not taken very seriously by
ti.s government and certainly will not
Lffr t our couise in any way until it has
pen officially confirmed.
1’ was explan and that the situation
in? out of the joint occupation of
J -m ly the Poweis was delicate, a’.-
W f .. ugh not nece sarily to be described
■a serious. The Interests of all the Pow-
Kcr. ti er* 1 r- t resented were at least com-
H>eiiii\e if not antagonistic, and an 111-
Kron-i ee l move on the part cf any one
||l i.t might easily email and sagr e
m n iuences in which al would be
Hi,•■r" or l. ss invdv and. At the same time,
\ u ext.laired that a l of the govern-
Hr t ' " ,>:•< sented in China were anxious
Ht i rt any open clash, if* this could
H- w their, sacrificing what they
H iMder and tli ir rights in the premises.
Hln this situation the United States occu-
Hfi'l the position held all through
■th*' disturbance, namely of being the
■or.' Power least under suspicion by
■t- others of selfish and ulterior motives.
■Th < government is exceedingly anxious
■ t<> maintain this vantage ground and re
■u. n the confidence of the other Towers,
■t- that it is now more than ever vau
lt -as to the next step to be taken.
R ;<• decision <o address Instructions to
■t i Tnited States representatives at the
■ courts of the various Towers was reaeh-
I* i yesterday after the most mature de
ll■■ r ( t on. It would hove been a satis-
I i con to this government if the actio®
I* l i have been taken without exciting
I l • ■ ic comment on any sort. Owing to
Ii fact that this communication w*as not
I j iressed directly to the other govern-
I t its and that it contained merely in-
I tion? for the guidance of our diplo-
I t : representatives abroad, it was de-
I 1 * i not to make public either the text
I or the substance of the instructions, lest
• ir premature publication should defeat
T very object for which they were de
t i . <l, namely, ascertaining the temper
I of the various governments interested
v a view of determining what form of
} ‘dure is most likely to meet with
general appropbation among them and
1 to a speedy solution of the problem.
SO REPORT FROM CHAFFEE.
Hi* Silence Attributed to Wires Har
ing Been Cat.
Washington, Aug. 25.—The war depart
•ut has not yet received from Gen.
i<’ ffie the report requested of him a few
days ago upon conditions in Pekin. In
t, several recent cabegrams of inquiry
addressed to Gen. Chaffee have not been
answered. It is supposed that the un
certainty of communication between Pe
kin and Tien Tsin is responsible for Gen.
Chaffee’s silence. The wires have been
between the capital and Tien Tsin,
j dit is probable that the messages were
6f nt by courier to Pekin.
The war department has been advised
M 1 the (table companies that they have
had difficulty in tracing messages which
l ive been sent United States officials in
Thina and are endeavoring also to have
I t e dispatches of Gen. Chaffee, which ar-
I rived here in an unintelligible state, re-
I fra ted.
It is stated the difficulty arises in China
r| f, n account of the interruptions that oc-
I l ur from time to time on the land line
I fr orn Shanghai to Che Foo, which ie un-
I dor the control of the Chinese authorities.
I Copies of all messages passing over these
I JitM s are sent by steamer to insure de-
I livery, even if delayed. This line was
I evidently open yesterday or the day be-
I fore, for a dispatch, dated Tien Tsin, Aug,
I -3, was received by the war department.
U HI At; on THE WAY.
I It Is Relieved lie Hum Started for Pe
kin or Tien 'lnin.
Washington, Aug. 25—Chinese officials
expresned a belief to-day that Li Hung
I l hai.,c, the Chinese peace envoy, had
started for Pekin or Tien Tsin. While
I there are said to be no official advices
to this effect, ye< it 1m so In accordance
<ne expectation of China's course
n*t the officials accept it as a fact. If
tni# proves to bt correct, it may bring
about early opportunity for personal ex
changes between Earl LI and the com-
I rniir (lers of the alliea and the ministers
I i f the respective Powers.
1 h** Chinese government has been en
| 1 ***** diem since the capture of Pekin.
I excel* in the two communications from
Id Hung Chang, and up to <he present
time Minister Wit has received no word
responsive to the American answer sent
to him by Mr. A dee last Wednesday.
CONSULS GOING HACK.
They Must Return to Their Stations
Washington, Aug. 25.—The State Depart
ment is taking steps to have oil of the
American consuls in China return to their
several posts as soon os immediate danger
from anti-foreign outbreaks is passed.
The attention of the department has
been called to statements emanating from
various consuls to the effect that they
left their posts at the direction of the de
partment. The officials, say this is not
correct, that the consuls merely were per
mitted by the department to leave their
posts on their own responsibility if they
considered their lives were in danger. Now
that the danger is passing, the department
i.*' getting ready to have them go back
•to their posts and take up their routine
BOXERS ARE STILL IN PEKIN.
S< a Russian Dispatch lla. It—lnter
national Conference HrKiiriled
by Germany a. Premature.
London, Aug-. 26, 3:15 a. m.—The only
nows of the night from China comes by
way of Berlin, where official dispatches
have been received, dated Taku, Aug.
23, reporting on authority that an undated
Ilussian-Pekin telegram, received on Wed
nesday last, says that large masses of
Boxers are still in the southern part of
the capital, and that a force of troops
under Prince Ching Is in the Imperial
According to a special dispatch from
Berlin, Germany, has not received any
proposals or suggestions from the United
States for an international conference.
The foreign office considers the idea of
such a conference as premature, and de
sires the allied commanders to exercise
control in Pekin, and the occupied parts
of China until Field Marshal Count von
Waldersee shall have assumed command,
and had time to report on the situation.
The generally well-informed Viedomosti
of St. Petersburg, says it is the opinion
in diplomatic quarters there, that the
withdrawal of the allies from Pekin, now
that the foreigners have been rescued,
would facilitate peace negotiations.
THEY HUB STHEET FIGHTS.
It Is Found That Allies Cannot Prop
erly Police Pekin,
London, Aug. 26—Street fighting
breaks out intermittently in Pekin, ac
cording to the dispatches from Shanghai,
the allies net having sufficient forces to
police the vast city. As small parties of
lh@ troops penetrate into new districts
they have to engage half-armed mobs.
A Shanghai ctspatch repeats the re
port that the Japanese troops pursued
the Empress Dowager and the court and
overtook them eighty miles southwest of
Pekin. The Emperor, it is said, thrrw hint
seif on the protection of his captors. The
prisoners have not yet reached Pekin.
Jn the engagement at Tien Tsin, 1001
Americans, British and Japanese routed
3 090 Chinese and killed 300 of them.
The foreign residents of Shanghai are
alarmed at the arrival of he extraordin
ary number of warships and are fearful
of European complications, but they have
been assured by some of the naval com
manders that the gathering was acci
The Viceroy of Sze Chuen is reported
nt Shanghai to be sending troops to the
Tonquin frontier and to be intending to
tight the French at Meng Tse.
The bulk of the German fleet recently
at Shanghai has gone to Taku as an es
cort to the new German minister. Dr.
Mumm von Schwarzensteln, who is bound
Clan fights are of daily occurencte In
the Hung Shan district.
TRANSPORTS AT TAKU.
Foreign Troops Are lining Unloaded
nt Thnt Port.
(Copyright, 1900, by the Associated Press.)
Taku, Friday, Aug. 24.—Transports are
pouring into Taku. Three large German
vessels have arrived and are unloading.
One regiment that has disembarked is on
its wny to Pekin, and another is bound
for Tien Tsin. Three Russian vessels are
also in the harbor. The Fifteenth Infan
try. the Third Artillery and 500 marines
are camped at Tien Tsin awaiting orders.
Rations for forty days are being for
warded to the Pekin Contingent by boat.
A hundred civilians have left Pekin, in
cluding the customs force, and are on
their way down the river.
The foreigners here desire that an ex
pedition shall be sent against Pao Ting
Fu to destroy the city and avenge the
Massacres ot foreigners which occurred
DEPENDS l POX CHINA.
A* to Whether the War I* To Be
Berlin, Aug. 23.—The foreign office offi
cials informed the Associated. Press cor
respondent this afternoon that they had
not received any direct .news from Pekin
since Thursday and expressed apprehen
sion that the communications were in
terrupted. They say it depends entirely
upon China whether the war will be con
tinued. Referring to the status of the
Chinese ambassador here, a foreign of
fice official said:
"The ambassador is still received at the
foreign office whenever he has anything
to communicate. But the foreign office
does not regard him as qualified now to
carry out serious political negotiations."
The foreign office has no news from
Baron von Ketteler's widow.
DRIVEN FROM AEL POINTS.
Nowhere Were Boxers Able to Stnnil
Before the Allies.
Paris, Ang. 25.—Gen. Frey, commanding
the French forces at Pekin, telegraphs
from there, under date of Aug. 20:
"The allies have driven the Boxers from
all the points they occupied. The allies
are camped outside the Imperial palace,
which was occupied by some soldiers of
the regular Chinese army. The generals
decided to march the International forces
through the pslace doors, which were af
.Amerleune Leaving Pekin.
London, Aug S3.—A apeclal d!i| gtch
from Pekin -Ant'd Aug 18, eaya:
••Forty Americans, with sn escort cf
United mates tract*. start for The Tsin
to •*■ rrow.
SAVANNAH, GA., SUNDAY, AUGUST 2(5, 1900.
GERMANY ADHERES TO HER ORIG
CARRY OUT THE PROGRAMME.
CLAIMED OTHER POWERS STICK
TO THE CHINA AGREEMENT.
Many German Paper* Continue to
Exprenn OlMrast of Some of the
Powers, Notably Great Britain and
France—Von Wnltlernee Will Prob
ably Find Plenty To >o— A Chinese
Diplomat** Expression* KvKarilliiK
the Situation in His Country.
Special Berlin Cable Letter.—Copyright,
1900, the Associated Press.
Berlin, Aug. 25.—Official circles here em
phasize the statement that Germany, aft
er the taking of Pekin and Field Mar
shal Count von Waldersec’s appointment
to the command of the allied forces in
China, stands precisely in the same atti
tude as before. Germany, it is added,
still insists on carrying out the pro
gramme which the minister of foreign
affairs. Count von Buclow, published in
his circular of July 3, and which was ap
proved here and abroad. It is also offi
cially claimed that all the other Powers
interested still adhere to that programme,
Ol which there now remain two most
important features, viz.: Adequate redress
for Chinese crimes against international
rights, and the re-establishment of an
oiderly state of affairs, and the installa
tion of a government willing and able to
give guarantees against the recurrence of
the recent outrages.
Many papers, however, continue to ex
press distrust of the intentions of several
of the Powers, especially Great Brita n
and France, claiming they have separate
plans regarding the Yang Tse valley and
the southern provinces. So far as Rus
sia is concerned, the German press is not
exercised, because it has been officially ad
mitted by Germany that Germany docs
not oppose any Russian plans affecting
the northern provinces, as not touching
Germany's political or commercial inter
The belief is generally held here by both
the government and the press, that Count
von Waldersee will find plenty to do
after his arrival in China, even if his
oommand is restricted to the province of
Pe Chi Li. The leading Centrist organ,
the Cologne Volks Zeitung. forms an ex
ception to the rule, sounding a warning
against von Waldersee overstepping the
bounds drawn by Count von Buelow.
The Lokel Anzeiger publishes an inter
view with a Chinese diplomat here, who
is quoted as saying: "Neither the Em
peror nor the Empress Dowager will re
turn to the capital until the foreign troops
are withdrawn. Therefore, the allies had
better appoint either a provisional gov
ernment or a regent, proposing for the
latter Prince Ching.” The Chinese di
plomat also advises concluding peace and
accepting the offer of Li Hung Chang who
“assuredly is empowered by the Tsung-li-
Yamen, the Emperor or the Empress." He
further remarked that the war was cer
tainly over, “sinde China has neither
generals, soldiers nor material left." The
only danger of a renewal of hostilities,
he declared, was in the event harm were
done the Empress or Emperor.
The foreign office published a letter
from the Tao Tai of Amoy to the Ger
man consul there, expressing his deep re
gret at the death of Baron von Ketteler,
the late German minister at Pekin.
The naval maneuvers this week were
interesting in demonstrating the fact that
torpedo boats are powerless to attack big
vessels at night if proper vigilance Is ob
Some One of Weight to Negotiate
With the Powers—Policy of the
United States Endorsed by
Special Paris Cable Letter.—Copyright,
3900, the Associated Press.
Paris, Aug. 25.—The viceroys of the
various provinces of China may be con
voked to choose someone of weight in
the empire, to deal with the Powers in
establishing such a government as will
assure the fulfillment of whatever terms
the Powers shall dictate In settlement of
their claims arising out of the recent
outrages, and one who will give satisfac
tory guarantees of a complete change of
Chinese policy towards the outside world.
Such a solution ha® lieen suggested in
diplomatic circles, but with most of the
corps absent on vacation and President
Loubet and M. Delcasse, minister of for
eign affairs, out of town, the idea has
not assumed a crystallzed form. Hope
stiil exists that a strong central power
will be formed in Pekin, which will con
stitute the bet guarantee for the future,
the best means of securing reparation for
the wrongs suffered by Europeans, and
the best safeguard against division among
the I'owers themselves.
Now that the allied forces have entered
the Forbidden City, the necessity for the
maintenance of concord among the Pow
ers is most pressing. Yet fears are In
creasing that the strain of conflicting in
terests and ambitions may cause dissen
sion among tile nations Interested. Tills
danger has been demonstrated already by
the individual action of Russ.a In seizing
the present opportunity to extend her
frontier into Manchuria, and the recent
incident regarding the landing of British
troops at Shanghai. While no official
statement is forthcoming as to the posi
tion of France, In the absence from Paris
of those in control of her foreign policy,
the following, emanating from on official
associated with the French government,
expresses the view of the foreign office
at the present Juncture:
"We have no revenge to seek In Chinn,
and we have no Intention to demand such
recompenses In the shape of indemnities
us will create resentment against foreign,
cte. Our policy will tie one of liberal edu
cation, an effort to teach this gie.it mass
of people to trust and regard European*
favorably. In the end thix mny result In
th advancement ot civilization lot the
one and commercial prosperity for the
others. Those who ihlrtk thet a < hange
of government will change me character
of tho Chinese prop's heve r.ot a bmsd un
derstanding of the deep-seated Ideas which
centuries have bred in them. To make •
radical upheaval of ibalr form of govern
ment Just at this time would do mors
harm than good.
"We shall attempt to And a suitable
peraon of liberal ideas toward foreigners
who will sMimit tha rains of government
spur position follows lb* llnaa of Uts
United States in nearly every instance.
Commercially, we wish the broadest in
ternational construction to be placed upon
foreign privileges, and it is a fact that
had not your country declared an ‘open
door' at the time U did, France herself
would have done so. The reply made by
the United States to Earl Li Hung
Chang's request for the appointment of
an emissary to act with a view' to tt set
tlement and the establishment of peace
receives general approval here. France
will take a similar position, Tor w r e must
be assured that we are negotlaiing with
a concrete body and not with a shadow’.
While we have special commercial in
terests in Yan Nan and Sze Chuen, our
desire to develop that region would be
defeated should we act on selfish, narrow
The small anti-governmental papers are
still harking over Field Marshal Count
von Waldersee’s acceptance of the chief
command of the allied forces In China and
the sincerity of Russia's friendship is
impugned, ns these papers say it was
Russia that suggested Count von Walder
see as the commander-in-chicf. M. Paul
de Cassagnac, editor of L'Autorite,
‘‘l fear a Russian alliance will lose pres
tige and popularity after such an act.
Russia sacrifices France to Germany. She
needs 10 improve her relations with Ger
many and uses us as a pledge of her
The Gaulois calls attention to the fact
that at a conference presided over by
Prince Bismarck, when outside of Paris,
in a discussion as to whether Paris
should be taken by assauK, Count von
Waldersee expressed the wish to "see this
Babel entirely destroyed.”
VICEROY WILL RESIST.
Report From Shanghai Say* Tuan
\Vi* Not Captured.
London, Aug. 25.—A special dispatch
received here from Shanghai, dated Aug.
25, Ch ing Chih Tung, Viceroy of Han
kow declares that he will resist any at
tempt to extort territory, or to interfere
with the armies of the various viceroys.
Tre dispatch adds:
**lt is etated here that it was Prince
Turn and not Prince Tuan who was cap
tured by the Japanese.”
War R nmured Declared.
Che Foo, Friday, Aug. 24.—1 t is rumor
ed on good authority that Russia, Ger
many and Japan have declared war on
China and invited England and the Unit
ed States to retire.
Maine Has Arrived.
London, Aug. 25.—Advices from Hong
Kong report that the American hospital
ship Maine, which sailed from Southamp
ton for China. July 12, arrived there.
PISHING HIS CAMPAIGN.
Mr. Itrjnn Mnde Two Speeches Yes
terday In Omaha.
Omaha, Neb., Aug. 25.—Mr. Bryan made
two speeches here to-day, one of them
In the afternoon and the other in the
evening. He spoke on both occasions nt
Syndicate Park, under the auspices of the
Jackson Club of this city. There was a
large attendance upon both occasions, and
applause was frequent nnd enthusiastic.
At the afternoon meeting Mr. Bryan
was preceded by Webster Davis and J. R.
Soveriegn. He was not heard until after
4 o'clock, and he spoke brelfly. He de
voted himself to a considerable extent to
state politics, urging Ihe fusion forces ot
the state to make sure of the success,
not only of Ihe electoral ticket, but of the
members of Congress, United States sena
tors and the state ticket.
After urging the people to carefully
study the questions at issue, that they
may vote with a clear understanding, Mr.
Bryan said: “If Republican policies ate
right, then those who represent the opin
ions held by Democrats, Populists and Sil
ver Republicans ought to be overwelnilng
ly defeattd, for there is a difference be
tween Republican policies and ours In
their terms as wide as the gulf that sep
arated Lazarus in Abraham's bosom
from Dives. The policies for which our
people stand are directly antagonistic to
the policies for which the Republican par
ty siands, and both cannot be right.”
He referred to the Republican policy in
the newly-acquired possessions, saying
among other things on this point: "The
Republicans say we want a fifty-eent dol
lar;’they have given us an 85 per cent, cit
izen in Porto Rico.”
Referring to the election of United States
senators, Mr. Bryan said:
"I want a senate that will be In harmony
with the Congress and the President if we
win this fall. If we had had a Democrat
or a Populist in the Senate in the place of
John M. Thurston, there would be to-day
no war In tbe Philippines because that
one vote would have been sufficient to have
carried llte Becan resolution, and I do not
believe that the administration would
have carried on a war against the major
ity Of the Senate.”
Mr. Bryan talked to-night at Syndicate
Park to one of the largest crowds he
has addressed during the campaign. In
deed, there were many more persons pres
ent than could hear him. He was among
friend® and neighbors and he manifested
his confidence by his freedom of manner
and scope of treatment. The speech cov
ered much of the ground which has been
gone over before, but the language was
generally fresh and the Illustrations new.
Defining some of her personal views and
speaking of civilization in the abstract
and as applied to politics, Mr. Bryan
“I have my Idea of what clvilizalion
should mean. 1 want to see if it Is your
idea. Some people say that we Demo
crats are enemies of property. It is not
true. I have a home. I hope I may
eymeUme hove a better one. I would that
every head of a family had a home, and
the better the home the happier would I
be. I want property to be the reward of
industry, and I want every citizen to be
secure In the enjoyment of the proceeds
of his toll. 1 do not envy the rich. I urn
not desirous of pulling them down. I
want a civilization that makes every
tsxir man hope to tie better off nnd relieve
the rich man of the fear (hat his children
will be trampled on if they ever become
”1 want a civilization that embrace*
within its t(gneflts every deserving mem
ber of society. I do not want u civiliza
tion that will prevent a man from tilling
In a earring*, but I warn a civilization
that gives hope to the driver of the car
riage an well as to the man vho rides
In It. (Applause.) I wont a civilization
that rives hope to the girl who work*
l.i the kitchen as well as to the one who
sits in th* parlor. (Great applause ) I
want a riviltzntlon that makes life worth
living '0 every human being And when
I speak thus, I am not an untelflth man
I am aeiflsh. I do not know whet may
be my Ufa in tha yeara to come. Ido not
krow what will be th# lot of my children,
and If I dared to favor a ayatem the* help
ed the fen at the expene* of the many, my
children may b* among th# many who
will suffer rather then among ihe few
who will profit by tin law.” Appieus* )
DEDUCED BY DEPEW.
lIOW HE FIGURES THE UNITED
STATES’ Al)\ ANTAGES.
HIS OBSERVATIONS ABROAD.
FOREIGN CABINETS RECOGNIZE
Excellence of American Good* Ex
citing Wonder ami European Na
tions Fear for Their Trade—Him*
In Prices of Coni in England Of
fer* Great Opportunities to Amer
ican Producer* of tlir Fuel—Pros
pect for the 1 nited State* I* Start
New York, Aug. 25.—Tanned Just
enough to look the picture of health,
Cauncey M. Depevv returned home to-day
on the American Line steamship New
York. He had left here on June 27 on his
yearly vacation. He said in an interview
that he would at once place himself In
touch with the Republican National Com
mittee and arrange for speeches in the
campaign. He asked many questions
about what had been going on in politics
since he went away. In recounting Ills
experiences this year Mr. Depevv said:
“Nineteen hundred is a very gratifying
year for America abroad. One of the
phenomena of the close of the nineteenth
and the opening of the twentieth century
is the position our country has taken m
two years. Before 1898 no ruler or minis
ter in Europe was interested in American
opinion or action.
“Now the sltua ion is the revere*
Every cabinet reckons the attitud. of the
United States in formulating plans. Every
European nation finds its production
enormously in excess of its consumption
of manufactured articles. Asia end Afri
ca are the markets. The possession of
or access to them is the sum of the
old world diplomacy, operations and arm
aments. The excellence, ad in many
cases the superiority of our goods, the
encigy of our traders, and the cheapness
of our transpjrtati n aie exciting won
"The Towers arc so nicely balanced that
our position on Eastern questions is of
vital import a me. The one question is
wliat will the United States do in China,
and afterward in the Orient? There is t o
disposition to prevent forcibly our en
trance on an equal footing into China
and the East, tut tremendous anxiety
for us not to press the subject and, es
pecially, not to push our products in‘Com
petition with theirs among thei people of
“The coal famine threaten® serious
times for Great Britain. The govern
ment promised to impose an export duty,
but Parliament adjourned without enact
ing the law. Coal has gone up in price
in England in the last six months $2 per
ton. Coal for railway and manufactur
ing purposes is now $6.73 a ton delivered.
It is less than half that for the same
purposes in tile United Stutes. Coal is
the life of industrial nations. It has en
abled Great Britain to support 6,000,000
people in far greater comfort than 3,000,000
before the discovery of its use as fuel.
We certainly do not want to prosper be
cause of the misfortune of others, but.
If fresh sources of coal supply cannot be
found iik Europe, there are incalculable
possibilities for our product in the mar
kets of the world.
"The opening for the sale of American
coal is very great. If the ocean carriage
was arranged, the market could be seized
at once and lines established for perma
nent occupancy and growth. The en
hanced cct of coal has increased house
hold expenses for the wage earners and
caused much distress. It is leading to a
universal demand for higher wages. This
again will increase the cost of production.
But with coal at less than half the price
a ton for our manufactures and transpor
tation lines than it is in Europe, the d
-vantagfH in competition in railway indus
try are so enormously on our side as to
upset every calculation based on previ
ous conditions. The prospect is as start
ling In its possibilities of development an 1
prosperity for the United States, as in
the anxiety it is already causing our
friends across the Atlantic.”
THE ENCAMPMENT OPENED.
Vctv Col I sea in l>e<l lea teil—Chorus of
1,000 Voice* Represented tt Liv
ing Fing—<'rowila Gathering.
Chicago, Aug. 23.—The national encamp
ment of the Grand Army of the Republic
was opened to-night by the dedication of
(he new Coliseum, In which all the Joint
camp fires, the reunion, the war-song
concerts for the veterans and the relig
ious and Other exercises for the public,
Incidental to the encampment, will be
A chorus of 1,000, costumed to represent
a living flag, occupied an Immense jilat
form at one end of the building, and
close by them was the great band of 100
pieces that will render the concerts dur
ing the coming week of Ihe encampment.
Jules Lombard, the famous singer of war
times, was there, and sang the "Star-
Spangled Banner” from the original man
The members of the Grand Army, and
their friends have been pouting Into the
city ail day lorg on ngular trains tin I
Innumerable el ecla s fiom all parts rf
the country. It Is exllmited that *O,OOO
of them arrived to-day, and many timfs
ihat number are expected to arrive to
morrow aid Monday. The chief arrival
to day wts thnt of the Spanish minister,
the Due D' Areas, with the Countess D'-
Arcos. They were met at the Like Shore
dc|s)t by a committee repp stinting the
Gran I Army and another representing th ■
city of Chicago and escorted to toe audi
torium Annex, wlare aieirimeiits hud
been provided for tip m. Tito escort, on
the way from the and pot to the hotel. w<n
beaded by the Dcnvir Fife and Drum
( o: | *• '
Cl BAN* OFF Folt HOME.
Tb Traelirrs Sailed From I’hlladel
plila Aboard Four Transports.
Philadelphia. Aug 2*.—Tha United flutes
transports Cook, McPherson, Rawlins and
Bsdgwh'k. having on board Ih* 1.399 Cuban
school teacher#, who eprci two day* ir,
seeing the night* of this illy, nailed for
Havana ul k o'clock this mottling.
BULLER WENT INTO A TRAP.
Lord Robert* Reported Serloti* I<o*a
cn—Liverpool Regiment Suffer
ed Severely—Tlic* < n*unltic*.
London, Aug. 25.—Lord Roberts has left
Pretoria and has fixed his headquarters
at Wonderfontein, the second station west
of Machadodorp, where the bulk of the
Boers in arms are supposed to be. Wir
ing from there, Aug. 24, he says:
"Buller reports the Boers laid a for
his cavalry, Aug. 23, opening with sev
eral guns at fairly short range. The
English silenced the Boers, but, when
the tiring ceased and the pickets were
being placed for the night, by some mis
take. two companies of the Liverpool Reg
iment advanced 1,500 yards into a hollow,
out of sight of the main body, where
they were surrounded by the Boers, and
The Liverpool lost ten men killed and
Capt. Tlomer and forty-five men wound
ed. In addition they had thirty -4 wo men
missing. Gen. Buller*s other casualties,
Aug. 23, were twenty men killed, wounded
Lord Roberts also wires that Gen. Pole-
Carew occupied Belfast, Aug. 24, without
The dispatch of the British commander
in-chief in South Africa also says: ‘‘There
is a welcome green over the veldt, which
I hope means that our riding and trans
port animals will get grazing shortly.
They have fared badly of late.”
SUMMONED TO SI It RENDER.
DoWot Took Advantage of the Hn*e
and t' i'omni'il tlic River.
Krugersdorp, Aug. 25.—Commandant De
larey ap|M*ared yesterday before Bank
Station with a large force and summoned
the garrison, commanded by Lord Alber
marlc, to surrender, which the garrison
refused to do. In tho meantime DeWet
took advantage of this ruse and crossed
the tiver towards the Orange River Col
CORDIIA DIED BRAVELY.
He Showed No Fear When Heforc the
FI ring Squad.
London, Aug. 25.—A special dispatch
from Pretoria, dated Aug. 24, gives full
details of the execution, on Friday of
Lieut. Cordua of the Transvaal Artillery,
cqnvlcted Ty a court-marital of breaking
his parole in plotting to nixluct Lord
Roberts and kill British officers.
Cordua walked fearlessly to the. garden
behind the jail. At fils own request ho
was not hound, and sat In chair with
folded arms. He told Copt. Barchard.
commanding the firing party, that he was
ready rtnd ten bullets struck him. The
body was buried near the spot where the
FITZ CHALLENGES JEFFRIES^
To Fight on Aug, 31, or Admit He I*
Afraid—Jeffrie* Bay He Want*
Time to Train.
New York. Aug. 25.—80 b Fitzsimmons
has challenged Jim Jeffries for a fight, to
bo held Aug. 31, and has posted $2,500 as
a forfeit. Fitzsimmons says that Jef
fries must meet him on that date or ad
mit he 1h afraid of him.
Jeffries, who was at Derby, Conn., dur
ing the day, was seen there, and said, rel
ative to the challenge: “X have defeated
Fitzsimmons decisively once and think I
can do it again, but I think It would be
poor business policy to fight right away,
for the fight-going public needs a rear.
Still, I shall allow no engagements to in
terfere with my championship battles, blit
1 reserve tho right to set aide time to
TO FORTIFY GUAM.
Navy department line t'nken the Ini
Washington, Aug. 25. —The navy depart
ment has taken he initial steps in the
preparation for the complete and com
prehensive system of fortifications and
harbor Improvements by which it is in
tended to mnke the island of Guam a
thoroughly-protected base for our naval
verselrt in he Western Pacific. The au
thority for the preliminary work tn this
line was granted under the act of June
6 of this year, in the appropriation for
river and harbor improvements.
Tho navy department has been at pains
to ascertain Just what harbor facilities
other nations have Jn this part of the
world, aiVJ the maps already prepared
show that, southward from Guam, we are
flanked for 2,300 miles by a chain of Islands
containing thirteen tine harbors, all of
them potential bases of hostile power®,
some of them being equipped and forti
In view of these facts, it has been de
termined to make Guam a great naval
base,thoroughly equipped with supplies for
squadrons and (is nearly impregnable as
liossibie ngainst a hostile fleet. A mixed
commission of one army and two naval
officers has been assigned to the work of
the preliminary survey.
GEN. ALEXANDER BACK.
f'loee Snrvey of flic Line of the Pro
posed (anal Canard.
New York, Aug. 23.—Gen. E. P. Alex
ander, who was appointed by President
Cleveland, arbitrator in the boundary dis
pute between Nicaragua and Costa Rico,
has Just returned from those countries on
ihe completion of hl mission.
An interesting feature of Gen. Alex
ander's work lay in the fact that hU
labors on the boundary questions were the
cause of a close survey of the line of
the proposed Nicaragua canal. He said
thnt he did not think the commission,
now preparing a report, would advise a
While disclaiming definlie knowledge on
the subject, he was Inclined to think
that a proposition from Ihe .Vlearaguait
government to ours had already been
najlf. He believed that, rather than not
have the canal built, the Nicaraguan gov
ernment would accede to utmost any terms
made by the Fnittsl Htntes.
TROOP* STILL AT AKRON,
1 hey Will He Held There Inti] Alf
Dimti’i' Hits Passed.
Cleveland. 0., Aug. 25.—00 v. Naah fesre
there msy be further rioting at Akron.
For that reaeon troops will b* held thet*
until Monday at lead.
This decision was raachad to-day at a
conference har* between th# Governor and
Assistant Adjutant Genera! Adams Gov.
Nash ask! he should keep tha troops on
•lut> until be was ebetriitlejy satisfied chat
th* lawless altnuml would make no fur
ther trouble. r
DAILY. $8 A YEAR.
5 CENTS A COPY.
WEEKLY 2-TIMES-A-WEEK.3I A YEAR
BALLYHOO BEY WON.
••TDD** SLOW RODE WHITNEY'S
COLT IN THE FUTI RITY.
PULLED DOWN A RICH STAKE.
OLYMPIAN % LENGTH AND A HALF
HE HIM) THE WINNER.
•Sloan Came From England to Ride
in the Itnee at Slieopsliend Hay-
Gathered in for ill* Em
ployer Denplte Apprehension*,
the Track N\n* Good for Running.
How the Field Got Away and the
Story of the Race.
New York, Aug. 23. After a journey of
3,000 miles to ride ex-£e*retary of the
Navy Wil iam C. Whitney's colt Bally
Hoo Bey, "Tod” Sloan, the whilom
American Jockey, wl o has done all of Ms
r.ding in England for the last two years,
succeeded in sending his mount first past
the wire in the rich Fu urity stakis at
She* p-hcad Bay to-day and gathered tn
$33 8.10 for his employer. Hie favorite,
Olymp an, was second, and Tammy At
kins, from the same stabl>, landed in
third place with the others trailing. The
w.nner was rfdd* n cut.
Tho attendance at the big race was not
as large as had bten xpeeted, for it was
| thought that the track would b* de p in
t ie mud, and such was the case at 10
o'clock tn the morning. Nevertheless ful
• ly h>,ooo ptoplo were cn the grounds whei
ihe horses were call and to the posit just
| before 4:30 o’clock.
I* tom sunrise until the first race was
ea ed, and between the races a big gang
cf men was at work on the track, scrap
log, raking and harrowing tt, turning up
the wet s il to the d’ying heat of the
sun, and it was in good condition when
the race was called, to the g’eat sur
prise of everybody.
Made n Good Start.
Tho Futurity entries were got off
promptly to a good start. Spencer, who
was on Cap and Bells, of the Keene
string, rushed his mount inio the lead at
once, but Sloan, on Bally Hoo Bey, was
not <-alight napping end sent his horse
alongside the flying filly. Elk horn, Golden
Age and Tommy Atkins were close up,
ami they came down the chute like a line
,of cavalry. Spencer, who was plainly out
to make the running for his stable mates,
sent Cap and Bells along at her best s>,eed.
but do what he could, it wan impossible to
shake off Bally Hoo Bey, who, a neck
away, was practically helping her make
At the end of the first furlong, Henry
had brought Olympian, another of th*
Keene trio, from eighth place to third,
and was a length and a half behind Bally
Hoo Bey. while Tommy Atkins. Elkhorn
and Sweet Lavender were heads apart a
half length away, the others being &1-
| ready far out of the race.
The positions were unchanged through
the next furlong. All through the third
furlong Spencer was urging Cap and
Bells. She was running gamely and still
held a slight advantage, but it was plain
to all that she could not hold her speed.
The pace was beginning to tell, and Hen
ry. seeing this, sent Olympian along to
take issue with Bally Hoo Bey. These
three rounded the bend into the stretch
necks apart, but Cap and Bells wo9 done
and gradually dropped behind.
How They Wound Up.
Bally Hoo Bey was stil running strong
and true, and a furlong from home was
a neck in front of Olympian, with Tommy
Atkins, already under the wh+J>, closing
strong a length back. From there home
it was a hard drive. The crowd in the
grand-stand were shouting and cheering,
the hysterical shrieks of the women rising
Sloan was no longer crouched over the
I Of*<*k of his horse, but was riding desper
ately with whip and spur. Henry was
also working hard on Olympian, and for
a few strides it was hard to tell which
would stand the drive the best. Gradual
ly, however, Sloan, with all his skill and
cunning, drew away with Bally Hoo
Boy, and, amidst tho wildest enthusiasm,
sent the game little colt across the- finish
lino a length and a half before Olympian.
Tommy Atkins wns third, a length behind
his stable mate, while, five lengths away.
Sweet Lavender headed the balance of
the tired field.
WOMEN REPELLED BOXERS.
Mrs. Crum* Telle of llrr Riprrlrnrc
In Chinn—she Krrm, To Ho n
lloinnrknhlo llevolvor Shot.
Minneapolis, Minn., Aus. 23.—Mrs. Eu
gene Crane of Shanghai, China, arrived
here to-day. While visiting at Slnu, fifty
miles from Wei-Hai-Wei, Mrs. Crane was
attacked by a mob of Boxers at the resi
dence of J. T. Klliston. She had been
visiting at the house of the British con
sular agent earlier In the evening In com
pany with Mrs. Elliston.
As they started for home, about 9
o’clock, a Russian accosted them, saying
he was fearful of a Boxer uprising and
that they had better look out for them
selves. Thoroughly alarmed, the women
hastened home and had barely entered
the house before a dozen Boxers were
hammering at the door.
They tried to break down the door, but
falling In this, one of them secured en
trance through a window Mis. Crane
ran into the next room for h r revolver.
When she returned tho Chinaman was
Inside the room, helping anothfr man to
enter. She find and the man dropped.
The rne In the window hung In full view
and Mrs. Crane rushed up and placed the
levolver against his breast and fired
again. He fell back Into the crowd.
The mob started for the rear of the
house, wli n Mrs. Crane opened tire again,
dripping another. She and Mrs. Klllston
afterwards dragg and the Chinaman who
had fallen In the house out on the s'tvet,
where a half dozen o:her dead Chinamen
were found tho next morning.
f.'tfMl/MMI I .oat In Flnmea.
Now York. Au*. 23.—A tire this after
noon In the top floor of Ihe building on
Wooster street, occupied by the Btrken
feld Btraus# Company, manfacturers of
ladle*' undeiwear, cauaed a loaf of about
Mrgrora on an Excursion.
80.100, Aug. 23 —Tha delegates to tha
National Negro lluelneae league, tn ses
sion nare, went down in* heritor to-day
as th* gueeta of tha city ou the aleamer