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THE BAR ASSOCIATION MEETS.
I'RESIUEXrs ADDRESS SHOWED
CHAXOES I \ STATITE LAW.
MertiuK I" Hh* Twenty-tbirl \ 111111:1).
Ex-Senator Maurternon Hefcrrt and to
the Death of Prominent Member*
of tle AsMOCiatlon—A Great In.
erratic in the Kuniber of State Ilor
.%SKOclntioiiM Reported Figure*
Given by the Treasurer.
Saratoga, N. Y., Aug. 20.—The opening
session of the twenty-third annual meet
ing of the American Bar Association was
held here to-day. The president’s address
was delivered by ex-Senator Charles F.
Manderson of Omaha, Neb., communicat
ing the moft noteworthy changes in stat
ute law on points of general interest made
in several states and by Congress during
the preceding year. Mr. Manderson’s ad
dress was, in part, as follows:
“The high purpose and lofty aim of the
founders is well-expressed in its consti
tution. It declared the object to be ‘to ad
vance the science of jurisprudence, pro
mote the administration of justice and
uniformity of legislation throughout the
Union, uphold the honor of the profession
of law, and encourage social intercourse
among the members of the American
“It has justified its existence by its ac
complishments. The persistent industry
and acknowledged ability of its members,
whether exerted in private capacity, on
its committees, or at its annual meetings,
has accomplished many of the ends in
view and been productive of good to the
“The Association has not rested content
with mere theorizing. It has profited by
the teachings of the leaders of thought
and brought about many of the reforms
so ably advocated.
“The section of legal education has dis
played an activity and persistence that
has brought about a more thorough sys
tem of instruction, a higher standard in
cur law schools, a mote careful scrutiny
< r the capacity of applicants for admis
sion, the creation of state boards of ex
am’tiers and a near Approach to uniform
ity of ’be statutes governirg those who
would enroll thferrselves as lawyers. Mr.
Choate says that the result has* chal
lenged thf admiration of Jurists every
where and dec’ares ‘that this develop
ment of professional education and train
ing Is thm best fruit yet borne from the
careful studies and labors of the asso
‘ Much has be-fn said of the advisabil
ity and (he many benefits derivable from
uniformity of statutes among the states.
AVe cannot overestimate the importance
of uniform laws upon matters incident
to commercial law. such as acts relat
ing to nego iable instruments and bills
of exchange, concern ng days of grace
and the collecti* n of and b'. If the laws
relating to deeds, wills and descent, were
alike the country over, the best legis
lation surviving, how much of needless,
expensive and trouble ome litigation
would be saved.”
After referring to the death of promi
nent members—Edwaid John Phelps, Wil
liam Crowninshield Endicott. Sherman
Skinner Rogers and also Lord Russell,
he noted a cons ant increase in the num
ber of state bar associations, nearly three
hundred having reported to the secretary.
He expressed the hope that every mem
ber of the association wou’d actively aid
in a fitting ce’fbation of John Marshall
Day, Feb. 4. 1901.
The evil of over-legislation, of the pas
sion for law-making, he said, continues
with unabated force in the states, bring
ing In its train the ills of paternalism,
dead-letter statutes, with disregard and
even contempt for law. Luckily there
nr* some constitutional limitations upon
bgi-l.itive power, and those who have
framed organic acts have sought in some
degree to check the avaricious appetite of
th<- annual and biennial legislators. That
In the minds of the people there is a
growing distrust of legislative bodies, and
fear of the course of their leaders. Is
shown by the actions of the later con
stitutional conventions in curtailing the
1' n.gth of sessions, ihe substitutions of
biennial meutings the prohibition of spe
cial laws, the forbidding of the grant of
exclusive privileges to any corporation or
association, the requirement that the sub
ject of every act shall be clearly ex
pressed in Its title, that there shall be a
separate act for each subject and that
the several readings of hills shall be upon
different days. Few realize that there
were enacted in 1899 4.834 general and 9.325
local, special or private laws, making a
total (hardly entitled to be called a grand
total) of 14.159 laws in the states alone. The
proportion is as large in 1900. the only re
lief being that fewer states held legisla
tive .sessions. “Gentlemen of the American
Bar Association, you can do much to bring
about a better condition by vigorous ef
forts inculcating in the public mind the
well-recognized doctrine that ‘that gov
ernment is best which governs the least.’’’
In commenting upon the trouble in Ken
tucky, the president said, “quiet reigns
in Warsaw.” Kentucky apparently is qui
escent, but the seeds of trouble remain
in her legislation, ready to sprout and
bring as the harvest, more trouble and
gi eater tragedies, unless the correct!ce
A striking instance that the power to
tax is the power to destroy, is shown by
the action of the Governor of New' Jersey,
by virtue of statutes of the state passed
in 1896, providing that when corporations
neglected to pay state taxes for two years,
their charters should be declared void
and all powers thereunder inoperative.
The Governor took such action by procla
mation dated. May 2. 1899. as to 656 corpo
rations. and on (he second day of May,
19<X>, ns to 657 more, thus at tw’o “fell
swoops" wiping out the life of over 1.300
corporate combinations covering every
conceivable branch of manufacture and
The report of the treasurer, Francis
Rawle of Philadelphia, gave the receipts
as $11,691, and the disbursements at SB,-
234, leaving a balance of $3,456.
Xflilrim in tlie Connell.
A general council was elected of one
members from each state. Among those
chosen are: Alamaba, Joseph J. VVlilb't*.
Anniston; Florida, R. W. Williams, Tal
lahassee; George, P. W. Meldrim, Savan
nah; Louisiana, William Wirt Howe. New
Orleans; North Carolina. J. C. Biggs. Dur
ham; South Carolina. Charles A. Woods,
Marlon; Tennessee, H. H. Ingersoll, Knox
vlll; Texas. F. C. Dillard, Sherman; Vir
ginia, W. A. Glasgow', Jr., Dounoke.
WHITNEY ENJOYED HIMSELF.
Hut the Statement Wn All That
Could He Got From Him.
New York. Aug. 29.—William C. Whit
ney was a passenger on the While Star
Lii-.tr Oceanic, which arrival this morn
li.g. He went abroad Just before fhe
Democratic National Convention. When
qjebtloned about national j>olitlcM this
morning, lie refused to expresa an opin
ion. “| have been away for pleasure and
have had a good time,’' he said
Mii|reilte i ourf Judge.
Richmond, Vo . Aug 29. -A Christians
burg special say* Hot) Archer A Fhle
gar of that pa< • ha* a epted the Ku*
pt erne Court Judgeship, triad* vacant uy
1! * dr* ■lh of Jod** Kelley.
Frolislib Meet Ylr*lls.
LmcoMl, Neb , Aug ft —II i* probable
tt a* after making hi* l#tfe r Jay aprr h
to < M*ogo W J Pr an will uak a
t'Gtff uur of Wit* Viigln a.
THK RACE in charleston.
Result* Shown by the Heated Rattle
Charleston, S. C., Aug. 29.-The race for
sheriff in Charleston county is yet in some
doubt, though the chances are greatly in
ia\or of Capt. Martin having won by a
majority of about 175. One box in which
he leads is contested and on the face of
•he other returns he has a majority of 92
5\ . H. Dunkin has been elected clerk of
court by nearly 800 majority over F. C.
Pishburn, the incumbent.
The legislative ticket will be made up
of E. H. Moffett, R. S. Whaley, R. T. Lo
gan. E. M. Seabrook, T. W. Bacot, F. H.
Me Master, J. Cosgrove, R. M. Lofton and
; Huger Sinkler. I*. H. Gadsden, who had
bt-tn a member of the House for years,
was beaten. He is one of the leaders of
me regular party.
Vaughan and Perrine will have to make
a second race for. coroner.
Thomas carries home cgunty by over
1,000 majority for solicitor, but Hildebrand
of Orangeburg will carry the district and
win by a safe majority.
The vote for Governor is as follows:
Hoyt, 579; McSweeney, 2.917; Patterson,
403; Gary, 167, and Whitman, 9.
THE ELECTION AT BEAUFORT.
Successful ( andidntcM in the County
Beaufort, S. C., Aug. 29.—At the Dem
ocratic primary election here yesterday,
an unusually heavy vote was polled. Dr.
T. G. White was elected magistrate for
Beaufort township, over Mr. James M.
Rhett, the present incumbent. Returns
from Port Royal indicate that Mr. S. H.
Rodgers was elected magistrate there,
over Risher, his opponent. Returns from
five pie incts. Port Royal, Coosaw, Shel
don, Hardeeville and Grahamville. give
Mr. R. E. Jenkins a good plurality over
Mr. Daniel Mann for county sheriff. The
re-elec lion of County Auditor H. C. Po
leitzer appears from the returns In to be
assured. He was opposed by two can
didates. Block and Burton, and has a plu
rality over them in six precincts of ninety
votes. Mr. N. E. H. Dopson of Beaufort,
appears to have been defeated for county
superintendent of education by Mr. Frank
T. Hardee of Hardeeville, the present
incumbent. Two more precincts are to
be heard from, Bluff ton and Barrel Land
ABOUT RAILROAD RATES.
Comm inni on era of tlie Sonthcru
State* Hold h Conference.
Chattanooga, Tenn., Aug. 29.—The rail
road commissioners of the Southern
States met to-day at Lookout Inn for a
conference as to railroad rates and classi
fications. A number of representatives of
Eastern and Western trade and trans
portation bodies were present. Several
railroad officials were also present, but
not participating. Chairman Mclnnis said:
“Between any two Southern states rail
road rates are almost prohibitory, for
the simple reason that the rates of con
tiguous states have never been properly
He called attention to the four princi
pal matters to come before the meetings,
1. Shall the organization indorse the
"Cullom amendment” to the Interstate
2. Uniform classification for all the
3. Rates that do not discriminate
against nearby states.
4. A system of joint freight tariffs be
tween the different states.
The convention adopted resolutions, ask
ing Congress to pass laws to enable rail
road commissions to better regulate rail
COTTON MEN ARRIVED.
They Met WitJi Philadelphian* to
Philadelphia, Pa.. Aug. 29.—A commit
tee of cotion mill owners, representing
the Southern Cotton Spinners’ Associa
tion, arrived here to-day, their purpose
being to consult local members of the
Yarn Manufacturers’ Association relative
to the condition of the market.
A meeting was held this afternoon, at
which ihe decrease in the price of cotton
was discussed. It is conceded that the
reduction is due to over-production, and
methods looking to the removal of this
condition were discussed.
The committee will remain here for sev
eral days and will be in constant consul
tation with local commission men.
MADE A II AI L OF $5,000.
Prnfe**innal Cracksmen Touched the
St. Joseph Poatoffice.
St. Joseph, Mich.. Aug. 29.—Over $5,000 in
cash, stamps and postal cards was stolen
from the postoffice last night by profes
The robbers entered the federal build
ing through a skylight, lowered them
selves down the elevator shaft to the sec
ond story and cut through the fl**or below.
A hole was bored into the vault and the
combination lock was forced. They clean
ed the vault out completely, and for sev
eral hours to-day there was a stamp fam
ine in the city. There Is no clue.
WILL HE A BRIGADIER.
Chaffee Will Get Promotion When
Washington, Aug. 29.—There is no doubt
that Gen. Chaffe€> will be appointed brig
adier general in the regular army upon
the retirement of Gen. Joseph Wheeler.
It is stated by the war department that
the distinguishes services which Gen.
Chaffee has rendered in China entitle him
to this consideration. Gen. Wheeler will
retire on Sept. 3.
Gen. Chaffee will continue to hold the
rank of major general of volunteers while
in command of the troops in China.
Germany Miort of Coal.
Berlin. Aug. 29.—The coal famine in
Germany has becAyne very serious, the
Prussian cabinet having resolved to grant
a modified railroad tariff for foreign coal
In order to facilitate the Importation of
coal from England and the United States.
■ fc . ft.nmic. r-fr*hin B
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THE MORNING NEWS; THURSDAY, AUGUST 30, 1000.
An Expensive “ Tip”
is the one which you cut off and
throw away every time that you
smoke a Five Cent cigar. There is
nearly as much labor in making this
end as all the rest of the cigar, and
yet every man who buys a cigar cuts
it off and throws it away. You get
all you pay for when you smoke
Old V lrginia Cheroots
Three hundred million Old Virginia Cheroots smoked this
year. Ask your own dealer. Price, 3 for 5 cents. 7
NO CHANGE IN MEMORIAL DAY.
SHAW’S SUGGESTION TO THE G. \.
It. W AS NOT APPROVED.
Yesterday Wn* Taken Up With
Grand Army HuMine**—Report of
the Pension Committee Contained
no Wui'in Statement*, as Expected.
Claimed That Veterans Are Not
Given Preference in Politieal Posi
tion*—A3l Always Given by Presi
Chicago, Aug. 29.—This was. for the G.
A. R. as an organization, strictly a day of
business. From morning until night the
convention labored at its work, listening
to numerous reports from officers and
committees, while the vast majority' of the
old soldiers went to the parks and took
The oj>enlhg session of the convention
was entirely of a social character, con
sisting of addresses of welcome and re
sponses, and was open to the public. The
afternoon was of an executive character.
In the afternoon the first thing taken up
was the report of the Pension Committee.
This would contain, it was generally
thought, some warm statements, but there
were none. There was not in the report
a specific declaration or recommendation
upon the subject.
The committee, at the outset, went at
length into the history of the work done
by G. A. R. commutes in obtaining frorr\
the last Congress increases in certain
classes of pensions. It th*n discussed the
differences of opinion existing between
the. pension office and those members of
the G. A. R. who hold the opinion that
old soldiers have not received sufficient
consider tion. The report argued at length
against the statements that have been
made by the pension office in reply to
the origiral criticisms made by members
of the Grand Army, but offered no sug
gestions as to a direct line of policy to
be pursued. It will come up to-morrow.
The Commie tee on Legislation for vet
erans In public service made a long re
port, declaring that veterans* were not
given a preference in the public service,
and that political pull counted for more
than honorable military rervice. Com
plaints, especially, were made of “petty
bosses,” who Ignored veterans. It con
tained (his paragraph:
“During the year the chairman ot your
committee has had many times occasion
to go to our comrade, William McKinley,
President of the United States, in the in
terest of other comrades who needed help
or protection, and never in vain.’’
The committee which had taken the an
nual message of Commander-in-Chief
Shaw under consideration reported ap
proval of all his suggestions, with the ex
ception of that relating to the change of
the date of Memorial Day from May 30 to
the last Sunday in May. On this the
committee reports adversely, and their re
port was adopted by the convention.
It is expected now that the work of the
encampment will be over by to-morrow
noon, unless there should be a protracted
debate over the report of the Pension
Committee, and this Is not considered
probable. No opposition has developed to
Judge Bassieur of iSt. Louis for comman
Denver and Salt Lake are candidates
f'-'r the next encampmeht.
ELECTION BILLS INTRODUCED.
noth Vfouae* of the Kentucky Legis
lature Received Them.
Frankfort, Ky.. Aug. 29.—1n both houses
of the Legislature *o-day bills were intro
duced to repeal and to amend the Goebel
election law. There are dozens of other
similar bills to be introduced, but is is
not likely that any measure will receive
favorable consideration until after some
election system has been agreed upon at
the Democratic Joint caucus.
Ex-Governor James B. McCreary, who
is chairman of the Democratic State
Committee, Congressman Wheeler and
others arc here conferring with the Dem
ocratic members. The Republican mem
bers, who are in the minority, are await
ing the action of the Democratic confer
ence, when they will hold a caucus.
BEMOCTI %TS SPLIT.
Two Convention* and Two Candi
date* in nn Alabama Dintrlet.
Montgomery, Ala , Aug. 29.—Democrats
of the Fifth Alabama District met at
Goodwater to-day. The contest has been
bitter and personal. The result to-day
was two conventions and two candidates,
Congressman Brewer and C W. Thomp
son w'ere nominated by the respective
TIN PLATE WAGE SCALE.
Seem* a Settlement Will He Reached
Plstsburr. Pa, Aug. 29.-The final con
ference on the tin plate wage scale will
be he and In this city on Friday, and there
*i m* to be no doubt now that a settle
ment will reached and all the tin
plate plants in the country smarted at an
Rerun*** of It* Date.
Washington. Aug 29-A routine raid*,
gram was received at the state depart
ment to-day from United States Consul
Fowler at Che Koo, which waa important
because of llfc date, Aug. 29 This date
evtablifthtd the fact that any delay In the
sending and the r < eipt of communica
tion* lM*tw ti Washington and Pekin was
beyond Che Koo aisl on the overland
Unc, crossing *he ne. k of land between
Che Foo and Shanghai, the ruble term!
j hi* point* to h* probability mat the
de,* w re rsporlenc*d •** the military j
line between Taku and I # kin Till* delay
ib attributed t* email marauding partlea -
of Borr* ©pefttlti# on lha l'f>* of com- i
liiutd* ation vf ife* P km campaign fvres.
LtM'HIXG FOLLOWED MI'RDBR.
Mol Wreaked Itr Yeuureance for a
New Orleans, Aug. 29 A special to the
Picayune from Cheneyville, 1.a., says:
A most dastardly assassination was per
petrate 1 at BennetviUe on Bayou Bouof,
five miles be’.cw this place, last night, at
Alanson <J. Jackson, who had charge
of the store, attended a rUnee at Che
neyvil'e. Later ho returned to the store,
and just before getting to the steps which
lfd to a gallery in the rear part of the
bui tfir.g he w.is fired upon with a dou
hle-bai relied gun at a distance of 30 feet,
both loaded with buckshot and
both taking effect. One charge went
through from the &!de of the head, the
ether striking him in the forehead and
The assassin then threw our the shells
and put in fresh ones, loaded with bird
shot, after which he approached his vic
tim. who was lying dead, and putting the
gun in close proximity to the body of
Jackson, fired both barrels into the lower
limbs. The assassin was Thomas J.
After killing Jackson the murderer went
to the home of his father, who lived a
mile from the store and remained there
until arrested. The prisoner was taken
beck to the store and questioned by those
present. When he made a full confession
After the confession he was taken to a
convenient tree, and, while preparations
were being made for a hanging bee,
“Tie your rope over a limb and I’ll slip
my head in the noose, climb the tree,
jump off, and show you how a man cun
die.” He also invited J he crowd to shoot
into his body.
In less than an hour the incident was
closed, the coroner was notified and the
body of Thomas Ames was left swinging
in the early morning breeze as a warning
to law-breakers, and tnose who are evilly
AGAINST THE HISTORIES.
Grand Army Dlftn Up an Old Com
plaint Ago 1 lint the South.
Chicago, Aug. 29—School histories used
in the public schools of the Southern
states were denounced to-day by the
Grand Army of the Republic. The official
dfc’araticn was made that the histories
have been written with the purpose of
perpetuating in the. minds ot Southern
children the sectional prejudice of the
days rf 61.
Resolutions were adopted calling on the
public, in ihe name of the Grand Army,
to banish the books from the schools of
the country, and a committee was ap
p in.tfd to carry out the protest. The aid
of publishers and historical writers will
MOSQUITOES AT MT. VERNON.
Million* of the Insect* Attacked Man
and liennt Alike.
From the New York Journal.
McsquitOiS, large, aggressive and poign
ant, alighted on Westchester county, most
thickly in the vicinity of Mount Vernon,
yesterday ar.d suing it.
They appeared in myriads in the wake
of the afternoon’s thunderstorm. They
drove yachts to sea, broke up golf games
exhausted the county’s stock of ammonia
and are stinging yet.
Westchester is neither a part of Jersey
or Staten Island. Its many real estate
dealers have never forgotten to advertise
This may have been one of the reasons
why the mosquitoes of yesterday were in
such a vengeful mood. Apparently they
swarmed with the object of making their
pres nee felt, and they succeeded.
The victims ins’st that they were stung
by no ordinary mosquitoes. They were
not of the lazy, comfortable sort who
feed on the malaria germs of the Roman
Campagr.e. The kind that came to West
chester were small and looked hungry.
They did not rest long on the necks and
noses of their choice, they alighted blithe
ly and flung hastily and deep, until
all Westchester smarted and scratched.
The Intense heat of the morning drove
an unusually large number of small
yachts and sweltering yachtsmen Into the
Sound. With the squall which accompan
ied the shower they took refuge in the
harbors of the Hound. Looking seaward
the. mosquitoes caught glimpses of white
duck trousers and brass buttons, for
which they seemed to have an especial
liking. Without the aid of yawl boats
they went aboard by thousands.
They stung everything in sight, from
top-mast pennant to the owner’s face.
At meetings held las’ night the boards
of governors of four yacht * dubs adopted
resolutions stropgly urging members n
future to carry large supplies of ammonia
and camphor on all cruises to Larch'
mont and New Rochelle. Uahln doors had
to be battened down to keep mosquitoes
Golf players on the Westchester riub
links who had aimost acquired the Var
don swing found It impossible lo bring
their lofters through the air with re
quisite velocity, so and nse was the swarm
of mosquitoes that hover'd their
Ho gr at a hazard were th° mcsqulto* s
tha' golfers w*re driven from the links
and ran slapping to the emb house.
The mosquitoes who hovered over the
boulevard through Pelham Bay Bark
made it a point to * ing every horse
which his own* r had l#*ft for a moment
wthout,t>ing The result wn a number
cf runaways and broken buggies
The rain disarranged ihe trolley sys
tem of the Hucklaberry road and stalled
lot g lines of c ars n *ur Mount Vernon
The cars were crowd'd with Hunda> ex
nirslor 1 ts From every and reel lon Hie
mootjtt’ftoes flew Into the cars and bit tha
passengers, who e temper had sliegdy
been sorely tried by the daJoy.
!'•**•<?< rs *nod no close to each otb* r
that thr* was lift Is i vom for the eger
eis of killing moaquiU/a*, and they baJ
to covar up thtir It* ads.
CABINET IN LONG SESSION.
Continued from First Page.
this country. Officials famtiiir with it
c erllne to indicate its nature.
ENGLAND HOLDS HER STAND.
No Ronnon to Depart From Original
t ll a a Policy—The (liinene \ew
Received in London.
London, Aug. 30, 3:15 a. m.—Amid the
growing difficulties of the Chinese im
broglio, Mr. B rod rick’s emphatic decla
ration at Thorn com be nst evening, proves
that the British government docs not ye:
see any cause to depart from the line of
policy originally decided upon, namely to
take no responsibility for the administra
tion of China.
Mr. Brodrick said he hoped it would
not be supposed that the government wa<*
pusillanimous in this respect. Its ob
ject was to maintain British interests.
It was quite ready to take its share of
the white man’s burden, but could not
admit that the nature of that burden
should be dictated to it by the yellow
“Here,” the Morning Post observes, “is
where the difficulty of selecting a |>oliey
e< m*s in. We cannot decamp and leave
ih*-. Powers to settle the matter among
The Chinese minister in London asserts
tha the is in constant communication with
Li Hung Chang, who is still in Shanhai.
Dispatches received this tuurning bring
no later Pekin news. A Shanghai tele
gram says that Li Hung Chang has sent
a memorial, begging the Empress Dowa
ger to appoint Prince Chlng, Gen. Yung
Lu and the Yang Tse viceroys as jont
peacemakers with himself.
There are conflicting rumors of a great
battle in which 1,509 Boxers' and Prime
Tuan were killed.
The reform party, under Kang Yu Wei.
Is said to be actively preparing for re
It Is reported from Hankow that twen
ty-five reformers have been executed,
their heads being exposed.
The Taku correspondent of the Daily
Telegraph, wiring Aug. 26, says that the
country around Taku and Pekin is de
vastated. with the result that the Boxers
who were moving north from Shan Tung.
ar* 1 now returning hastily to their homes.
Belated dispatches and the stories of ref
ugees arriving at ('he Foo continue to de
scribe the terrible conditions in Pekin. One
of the worst incidents is the shocking des
ecration of the foreign cemetery outside
the west wall. The details are too revok
ing to be described. Hundreds of bodies or
Chinese are found in tho streets of Pekin,
supposed to be those of traitors to the
cause of the Boxers.
The Shanghai correspondent of the
Times says that a native official telegram
from Pao Ting Fu announces the arrival
of the court last Sunday at. Tai Yuen Fu.
A corerspondent nt New Chwang says
that the Russians at Hal Cheng are await
ing reinforcements, whose advance is de
layed by the impassable condition of the
roads. Meanwhile the native population
of the district is being treated with the
DISCUSSION OF POLICIES.
A German Ollleial Give* III* View*.
Japan'* Yetloii at Amoy Fol
lowed With Interent.
Berlin, Aug. 29.—With reference to the
future administration of China, a. high
official of the German foreign office said
to the correspondent of the Associated
“It is premature to talk of the form of
government that will be set up in Chinn;
but the probabilities point toward a pro
tectorate of some kind. Inasmuch as the
Powers will not trust the Chinese govern
ment to carry out the reforms that may
be agreed upon by them, it will be nec
essary to keep watch upon the Chinese
authorities in some way.
“All this, however, Is not yet the sub
ject of negotiations between the Powers.
The only subject under consideration now
refers to the, situation in Pekin and not
to the future status of the Chinese gov
Japan's action at Amoy is followed with
intense Interest by (he German govern
ment; but there is no reason to suspect
that thus far the Mikado intends a per
manent occupation of Amoy. Neverthe
less. It Is deemed advisable that Germany
should be strongly represented at Amoy,
In case the situation should thicken. The
German gunboat Tiger, which, with the
first German Ironclad division, recently
arrived at Hong Kong, has been ordered
to Amoy. The rest of the division will
be held In readiness nt Hong Kong.
Herr von Brandt, former minister of
Germany to China, who was Interviewed
to-day regarding the situation, made the
“It is an error to assume that the Chi
nese trouble is at an end with the relief
of the foreign legations Asa matter of
fart, it has but Just begun, because now
the divergent interests of the Powers are
asserting themselves. No doubt the United
States would conclude peace Immediately
and act as a mediator If, unfortunately,
Chinese duplicity were not so apparent.
“Russia wants th* Empress Dowager re
tained. Great Britain wants Emperor
Kwang Su at the head of affairs. Germany
runs the risk of being isolated or of being
compelled to confront a coalition of sev
eral Pow'ers. if, after the arrival of Count
von Waldersee, she should wish to coninue
military action, perhaps even single-hand
ed. or If, In her demands for redress, she
should go further than *he Powers princi
pally interested in China.”
Regarding the cause shat led to the
Chinese troubles. Herr von Brandt quoted
verbatim the text of a remarkable report
made to the chief of the Russo-Asiatlc
bank of Pekin, June 15 last, but not here
tofore published. The message is of the
greater* interest and is as follow’s:
“A majority of the Pekin legations have
decided to demand the creation of for
eign settlements in Pekin, like those at
the treaty harbors, immediately after the
arrival In Pekin of strong detachments
M. De Giers (Russian minister) will en
deavor to reduce this demand to the ap
pointment of foreign police commission
ers tinder command of the legations,
“Several of the legations desire a spe
cial regency over the Emperor and the
removal of the Empress Dowager from
power; but M. De Giers insi*ts upon re
taining the Powers of the Empress Dow
ager, since the above arrangement would
Induce several Powers to demand the ap
pointment of their cand da e f as mem
bers of the regency.”
This report did not rtach fit. Peters
burg until July 30 Commenting upon It.
Herr von Brandt remark'd; “This shows
how far the Pekin ministers wished to
go ven before serious difficulties began.”
lIHODIIIt K’N HTITEMENT.
Important Announcement n* to Pol
io to He Pur*uei| Hflli ( lilun.
London. Aug. 29—Mr. William Hi. John
ISrodtrUk. under neefetary of at at# for
Horsford s Acid Phosphate
A wholeaom. tonic and nerve food, im
puting vigor and .trength to tit. antirc
ayatrin Induce* rafraehing xleej,.
Oeauure Wert name Hoetroat,’* ua wtapaga.
\Js announcing 1 , from tr.c* pulpit, z committee to look
/k, after the cleaning of the building-, called it “The
W\h\\Yi\ ear^nc Committee.” That is the kind of
ja \V\ \ I l/t\ advertising that has swelled the sales of
a Y Pearline. It’s from people who know
r•\ P car bne, and are using it, and who think
) I anc l speak of it as the one thing nec
essary in any matter of cleanliness.
have doubts about Pearline. cm
Cleanliness is next akin to Godliness.
WILL OPEN THE NEW STORE
Will close the OLD PLACE Friday at 1 o’clock tc
enable us to move to the NEW STORE. You only have
A DAY AND A HALF
IViore of the Great Sale.
We will be pleased to see you Saturday at the NEW
STORE. You will find a few carpenters and painters
working, and you will not find us looking as well as we
would like to, or will look in a few weeks, but we will be
able to supply your wants, and you will get some little
idea of what sort of a store you are going to have.
Would call particular attention to the
Furniture and Carpet Department.
P. T. FOYE
Successor to Foye & Morrison.
forelprn nlTalrs, speaking: this evening nt
Thorncomljp, said the situation In Chinn
was considerably involved, because there
was no Chinese government with which
“Great Britain,” continued the under
secretary, “while prepared to support the
loyal viceroys of South China, who have
stood aloof from
while prepared, nlso. to preserve Brltisn
trade with China, will claim some penalty
or indemnity for the damage wrought.
Nevertheless we cannot undertake to gov
ern China ourselves, nor with the assist
ance of o-ther Powers.”
TASK OP THK POItCEI
kreomiillslied. Itussln Is Snl,l to ll*--
Hovc, Willi tlie Itellef of IVI. In.
London, Aug. 2R.—A special dispatch
from St. Petersburg contains the assertion
that Russia, almost Immediately, will no
tify the Powers that she considers the re
lief of the Pekin legations as the final ac
complishment of the military task of the
allied forces. There is nothing, however,
In the afternoon papers here to conlirm
PI.OT TO 111 It \ ftHAMiH tl.
t Iktspnteli to tlerll,, Snyx It Wiim
Berlin, Aug. 21).—The Frankfurter Ze>-
(ung har, received a dispatch from Shang
hai. saying a plot has been discovered there
to burn the whole city. It is added that
the Europeans consider the streets unsafe
after nightfall, and the general situation
Is described a critical.
Foreigners Were Massacred.
Che Foo, Aug. 29.—Yu, governor of the
province of Shen 81, Is reported to have
Invited the foreigners In he province to
come to his protection. About Aug 21
fifty accepted the invitation, and all were
Hussions for Pekin.
Tien Tsln, Aug. 23, via Che Foo, Aug
29 One thousand Russians left Tien Tsln
for Pekin to-day. The country here is
fading I’|> the Yang Tse.
Parle, Aug. 29.—Admiral Courrejolles ra
bies that he Is sending a gunboat from
Shanghai to ascend the Yang-tse-Kiang.
THE HOONIKII DIAI.KCT.
Peculiarities of l.nugunge In Indiana
Hurnl Coin muni tics.
From the Indianapolis Newa.
Particularly marked Is the dissimilarity
between the folk-speech of the northern
part of the state and that of the southern
part. The settlers In the north came
mainly from New England, Pennsylvania,
New York, and Northern Ohio, and in
consequence there exists In the north a
strong Yankee twang Those In the
southern part came mainly from Virginia.
Maryland, Souchern Ohio, and Carolina*,
Kentucky, and Tennessee, and the dialect
shows the Soul hern Influence, containing
come points of similarity to the negro
and the “poor white” or “cracker” dialect.
The expression “right smart." as In the
sentence, “He has a right smart chance
of corn," Is an Illustration of the dissimi
larity. The expression Is used generally
In Central and Southern Indiana, but is
rarely met with further north. It Is worth
noticing that while “right,” In the sense
of “very.” Is so much used In the South
as to l>e considered by some writers a
Southern provincialism, It Is as well de
scended as mon English words. The
Pslams have "I myself will wake right
Not only has folk-speech never been uni
form throughout Indiana, hut exact geo
graphical bound* cannot be given to the
Hoc flier dialect. It doe not end with state
lines, but extends beyond them Into Ken
tucky, Ohio, Michigan, and iiildot*. grad
ually becoming modified and shading off
Into other dialects. Much of the same
may be xabl In regard to Ihe other dia
lects extended Into In-llana. Doubtless,
ulso, lu many state* further West there
are colonic* of transplanted Hoonier*
where the dialect I* sjiokeu In almost It*
oilglrial purhy; while all over the Pulled
Slate* exprexelon* of Rooster blrih have
The fact I*. Ii ha* always been true,
and never more no than In the** day* of
rapid communication and *hifiln* popu
lation, that lu nothing I* ihe *lu<teru of
folk-spc-e' h *o liable to error a* In aaslgn-
Ing geographical Until* ro a word or
phrase Our loral dialect*, a* w, II nu lb
local English dialect* (row which we ge.
many of our folk-wotd* and phrase*, are
pr<tiy thoroughly niiaed
Admiral Alex,sit bea t of Hi* Rusian
naval fvrcea in < him a. water*, la a man
of k year* of age H ha* a Kraal deal
•I daiiai blwvd in lua vein*
FHOVHEII PHAIHIE FIRE CM BN.
Orgu nUu tioiin Once Formed In the
Went, lint !>ol Needed low.
From the Chicago Inter Ocean.
“I reckon there are few p ople living
In this | art of the country who ever
heard of prairie fire clubs,” said a West
ern men, tho subject having been eug
gesterl by the bu:ning of a lot of rubbish
on a scow. “1 doubt if such things w*>re
ever known in the Fast. In fact, tnoy
went out of existence in the West forty
“In very many sections of what you call
Middle West timbered land of to-day was
prairie fifty y*ars ago. 1 have traveled
a half-day over one of these prairies
without seeing a farm, a house, an Indi
vidual, or a domestic animal. The towns
were few and far apart, and a census
taker could have stood in one place !n
some < f them and rra le up his 'figures.
One I have In mind stood on one of the
prarlca which rolled out to the horizon
'n every direction, with never a tree or
a shrub to break the vision. Some years
ia'cr an oak shrub was- found in ths
grass, and that constituted town talk
for several days. I remember a party go
ing cut to see it on Sunday. You may get
an Ida from this as to how nearly iso
lated from the world we were.
‘‘Not far from it while the tree was
s*l l a sip it g w re a f< w farms. They
w re not fenerd. The tillers of the soil
plowed deep ridges about the ground ih*y
cultivated. The.-e were to protect their
crops and h us* s from the encroachment
of prairie fire-. But thfr wre prairie
lire* which no furrows could urn.
"The fir* were always started In the
fall, after the grasses had dtel out. The
object was to clear away the dead grass
es, so they would not itard the growth
of spring. You have heard all your lives
of certain events or things running or
“spreading like a prairi* fire.” Any man
who evtr caw one knows what it means,
but a man who has never turned out to
fight one has no conception of the work.
And the man who has never seen a prai
rie fir/* when it was swept onward at
night by h gh wind has missed a thrilling
sight. I have lead descriptions of *nese
fires, but not one did the subject Justice.
To my mind the storm an sea is tame
compared to the storm of flame on a
waste of prairie.
'The few farmers near the village, of
which I spoke weie almost sacred 'O th©
ptojle of tie village. They were the only
farmers within seventy-five miles of the
l-lac . We relied upon th*m for our grain
and many rf the necessaries of life. One
night a prairi * fire escaped from control
aid b_/re down upon this little cluster of
farms. The attack was seen, of court©,
by the vi lege. It seemed to light th©
earth and paint the heavens. Its roar was
as distant as the breaking of a stormy
pra rn a rockbound coast.or thunder when
it strikes the h*art of a fo'-tst.
“The village was watching the sweep
of this fire, discussing what was best to
do. when the eound of hoofs of a hard
rid n hoise came nearer and more dis
tinct. In another moment—it seems like
a moment as 1 recall it—the horse cam©
to a stand in the square. The rider was
“As soon as the young woman could
do jo she told what wc already knew, ex
cept the information that she had been
s nt to the village for help, and, of cours©
we had surmis and that w:ien we heard th#
hoofs of her horse btating a charge on
In a few minutes ns many as coukl
leave went out; some on horseback, some
in wagons. Later another |>o#*e went
out. I was in the Civil War. but I never
saw a battle like the one we had that
rrlght with that prairie fire. It didn't
Inst ss long ns the fire of lead, but it was
hotter and more stubborn. Of cours.?.
you understand that there was no such
thing water with which to fight such a
fire. It had to bo threshed and beaten
back with—well, with anything that would
thresh or smother. I have known men,
having exhausted whatever they had in
hand, pull off their clothes and flgnt
prairie fires with them until th# heat
burned their flesh.
“It was nearly noon before ve had it
under control. It was the most sullen
thing I ever saw. At times It seemed
human. We saved the crops in the fields
and the house, but what s burned, scoren
i*d armv we were. Men's hair, whiskers
mi*, i eyebrows were miming, and not a
person tec aped some accident by the fiery
“Within a f*-w days the village organised
the Prairi© Fire Club, and every man and
wermtn end hoy end girl became a mem
ber. A 4#t#ll was made in pralrie-dr#
••/iron whoec duty it was to watch th#
horizon and b© prepared to rid# to tit#
i* fof the farmers. The sluh ivent out
a number of times, but th# fires were al
ways r*.tally subdued The one I have de
scribed was the terror. Whenever I see
a bins** my mlud goes he k to that night.
Th# organisation of out prairi# fir# dab
led m otnat* in outer village#, bat a#
tit# country filled up they airs a# longer