Newspaper Page Text
ODDITIES OF LIFE IN CHINA.
Mtcr.n cr atoms. Tium> %m> m%w
NKRA l\ IHi; CITY or I’KKIK.
I'u udn nieatitl INflrrrnrfa Hftffrrn
ihr Krilov* and White
.Hprrlmrn ConveraiiCinna I lilnrai*
Wrddlßia-U hat John I lilnnumn
l>or W hen He lln* a Pnln— %m r|-
<*n* Well l.lknl There—Remarli
able l*ateat Metllelae Alrertle
lurntx—'The Atnirlrnn Hunker and
Hl* C htarae Tlaltor— Wamlerlnu
TrndranirnThe Habit of
neta-RrllahlJltp of the 4’hlnatnnn.
I reliihl anti PHiarnirr TrnfVle In
U herlbarron - An I nlmrnlhr
(By Prof lx*®r Taylor lle.idlird of th#
C'hatr of Mental and Moral Phlto*Of>hy
In tha University of Peking.)
(Copyright 10 by 1 T Headland )
In all the walk* of life the t'htneman
l always widely diff<i<nt. often exactly
antithetical to ua The divergence In
customs Is this surface Indication of es
sential and vital disparities of type I have
set down hera In random paragraphs,
gome every day matters. Intended to throw
a little light on life as 1 have seen It In
and around Peking
To attempt to get a Ch.namsn to as-
Hor* ready for Shoeing.
■ten a reason for anything I* futile. One
day while riding a donkey through the
country west of Pekin I noticed that the
women of the country villages, mosily
farmers' wives and daughters, did not
bind their feel. 1 said to the dunkey
driver who was running along beside me.
“The country women do not bind their
feet, do they?"
"They do not bind th*lr feet."
"Why Is It that the Chinese women blno
"They bintf their feet."
"Hut why do they do It?"
"That Is Ihelr custom."
"But why Is It their custom?"
"There Is no why—no teason whatever."
Ask a child:
"Why did your brother not come to
■'My brother did not come to school to
Or Inquire of a man:
"Why Is It that the Chinese build a
pagoda thirteen stories high?" and he
will most probably answer, "That Is the
Open *lr aeamstres*. * The Btreet Barber.
way to build a pagoda."
The Faille Aorhlngs of Oriental Con
The Chinaman Is very sociable but at
the same time conosrvatlve and non-com
mittal. When two Chinese meet on the
street, neither of them woplrt think of
passing the other by without stopping and
holding a little social chat. It I* purely
■octal, however, for neither tell* the other
ai.y thing about himself. The conversation
will probably ba something after the fol
"Are you well?"
"Well. Are you well?"
"Well. Where are you going’"
"Down street. Where are you going?"
"Up street. Where have you been?"
"Just up there. Where have you been?"
"I have been down there. Good-day.”
Marriage Is a Battery In China.
When th* Chinaman wishes to marry
the flrst requisite Is to secure a middle
man lo transact Ihe business. Of all un
reliable people ths most unreliable Is the
middle man- who Is usually a woman. In
case the young man dfslre* lo see the
bride before marrying, he bribe# the mid
dle men to find out at what time he can
stand on some street rornor and see her go
by In a cart. If she hapt>ens to he beautiful
aha Is allowed to go. If homely. lieautlful
girl I* substituted for her. and the young
man goes home satlatled and happy, the
middle man In the meantime pocketing
tha money. When the wedding day ar
rive*. the girl It put in a dosed chair,
end carried about tor an hour or two with
a great retinue of beggms hearing mottoes
or lanterns In for# her until time to take
her to th# bridegroom’s home. She Is
brought up to his door, a red clwth put
upon the ground or floor, and ahe step*
out of the chair Into Ida hopie and by
this act is married. One of the Fokin
University students one dsy In conversa
tion with the writer said that their tthe
students) method of getting a wife was
better than either the Chinese or the tor
dun method. "Because.” said h*. "the
Chinese cannot see hi# wife before he
marries her. and Ihe foreigner h* to get
his own wife, while we can see Ihe girl
In church every Sunday, and as they have
brothers In th# University and we have
Bisters In the girls’ high school, wc ran
learn all about her. nnd thin we have
mw one to go and get her for us."
I insixt'-d that oura Is Ihe hotter method
bemuse we ran g*i belter aiiwalnt-d.
"But," said he. "does II not make you
awiullt angry If you ask a girl lo marry
you and she refuaea?"
h Social t •>lom.
-*i- •-■ - ■
always given flr.t, a* In all Chines*
non* iHdaftir* Although Ihla la rmitrary
to our ruatntn. It la more reasonable. We
•ay John Kmitli—they say. Smith. John.
It la tha Smith that la raally important
rind itcccaaaty 10 know. The John la
When two Chinamen meri on the
itnti they stand at a respectful distance
mill each gravely shake* hie imii hantl II
you tried to ahake a Chinaman by the
hand he would probably regard tl as .*•
eanll and battery. To lift one'* hoi lo
an acquaintance. man or woman, would
be an Insult,
White l the Chinese hue of mourning
ll tloaa not atay while long, however, ai
the more eol til and dilapidated a Cblm ■■
mourner l"Oks. the greater In the rme l
Irhplletl lo (he dead, For Ihla reoon ihe
altllcud orn s leave th'lr heads unshaven
until they attain a remarkable degree of
Siime lllaeaaea and tllmenli,
Smallpox la almost unlver.nl. No pre.
csullona are taken against Ita spread
\t kei a child ls taken 111 with Ihe dis
ease. he Is carefully tended until he bus
"bloggomrd nui,*' as the Chinese term is,
when he Is allow.d lo go mi In the street
and i lay with Ihe other children, ll Is
taken ter granted that every one man
have smallfox: the a toner, the lielier.
; On nil sides one comes across blind
I eop’e lllludriess Is mainly Ihe result
of smallpox and la so common as hardly
,lo be regarded as an affliction No pro
tlrion Is made for Ihe blind In the shape
of homes or ho.pltal* Many of them
wwader at out as traveling, musicians.
sciK't mes singly, wunrtlmr* In small
Baldness Is fully a* common In China
as In America. The Chinese call It Huang
T'ou, "Shiny Fate Women suit r most
ftom 11. Thl* is partly b < aits, .of Ihe
greasy hair dressing used, and still more
one to the fashion of drawing the hnli
so light on framework that It Is slowly
but surely dtagged out by Ihe root*. When
the center of a Chinese woman’s head Is
as bare as a billard ball, and only a thin
fringe of hair encircles lh“ lower part,
she paste* a large piece of black cloth
on her scalp, to which to fasten ihr rem
nants, and blacks In the remaining optn
spaces with China Ink .
Deafness and dumbness are less common
than baldness and Mintin'p-, perhaps lie
cause Iheie I* neither style nor disease
to produce them Th* Chln“e believe
that If wax from Ihe ear touches Ihe Ups.
dumbness ensu>*. Another belief current
In Peking Is that blow upon the soft
spot of an Infant'* skull will cause dumb
8> meone once asked me If the Chinese
have the toothache They have every-
thing. Now that the foreigners are In
Pekin, the owner of an afflicted tnolar,
If he ha* any foreign acquaintances, ap
peal* to them to pull the tooth If he
burn'!, he must Just grin and bear 11.
There are no Chlnrse dentist*. It would
ho hard to find n raee with poorer teeth
Some t tilnesr Hcmcdlc*.
Headache I* also very prevalent, hut
for this 'hey have a r nudv, cr what they
allege to be one. They take the skin of
the temple, or that of the forehead or
bridge of the nose, and pinch It between
the thumb and linger until It Is black and
blue * Still another temedy Is lo tussle a
Chinese freight ear and loromotlve.
large black plaster or the leaf of some
tree or plant over the epul.
For sore throat they pinch the neck Ihe
same as for headache, the Idea of course,
veins to produce counter Irritation.
Whether It eure* or not I cannot say.
Nor do I know whether ihelr treatment
for sk'n disease and wounds I* efficacious.
The almost universal lenmi' i- a plaster,
nt what composition I do not know nt?
Chinese understand the u-e of laxatives,
nnd of certain forbidden drugs and many
poisons, hut their treatment of open sore*
don no; seem to be attended with good
Patent Medicine Advertisement*.
Th# translation Of yellow posters past
ed upon the walls of court* or houses
along every e'reet and alley of a Chin* *
village or city would make an latere it.llj
pieca of llteratuie. but would not he ao
nanteit bv tnv — f>- -l u hi* oiibltesl 'an ce
THE MORNING NEWS: SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER3O. 1000.
reael by any respectable people. There
are many of 'hem. however, lhai are uni
que One large | - .ter that meets you on
every side is “Foreign methods of re -
[ailing the teeth," Yang Fa pu ya yen.
HUH another ! a poster ndverllslng “Bl
rycle Mils.” Tie using eh'e Tan. which
guarantee boy children to the family that
use them In eiilhclenl quantities. Httll
others, ami there are many of them, pro
mts. succor lo Ihe unfortunate girls with
out danger lo * tthcr their health or life
Avery imi prop rtlon ads* rtlae Ihe
. urea ttuit may Ire expected by taking I*ll -
grim,age- lo certain temples and drinking
water from tli, springs connected there
wlih, but ’he moW ■ • inmon of all temples
advertin' merits Is “Ask and It will be
answered.“ Yu chlu pi >l* ; g b n °t * n "
Irvqucnt y hap, ens that Ihe wall of the
city In certain I ■ tittles Is coy-red with
strips of < loth one fool by two. Indicating
that lie sick have receive! answers lo
llielr pray, rs by Ihe worship of the got!
In that pn e. who In many cases I* a fox.
I'rlrndly lerllnu foe Anierlenns.
I p lo ihe beg.nnlng of the present
iron •!'-* It ini l.teu a somewhat remark
aid. i that no American el’lxen, travel
tr, bus m • man, d'ldema*. or missionary.
Ia ever teen murd- red in China by Ihe
Chin.'.. Th can be ssld of Ihe clllxen#
nf non.- of tin oilier great |xiwrr* which
have laid cnistanl and lons-continued In
ti i our- with the Hast. This Is not a
mere collltrlde n' e or accident. The
Chinese like American•. t if course Ihls
statement Is made with the reservation
that they do ud like any foreigner as a
resident of China, but as lOnipared with
lb. p ople of ih<- gfeat European powers,
they like the Americans Whenever they
ask a man of what nationality he Is. and
his answer Is that lie Is an American, they
at cnee tk. .aim. “We ate friends
Many trades which with us are stallon
ar\ are per i |'U lel Ic in China The black
smith pack* Ids shop on a wheel-barrow
Two hexes that limit like che.se boxes
contain the ouitlt'of the shoemaker, who
does his work oti the ddewalk, in the lee
cf some wall Ho dees the chiropodist He
l much In demand, as the Chtnese suffer
severely from corns, despite llielr cloth
time- All but the higher classes are
shaved by petlpatstlc barbers who wander
about advertising themselves with gong*,
or iw*egers which they ring like tuning
forks. They are gteat gossips.
Our traveling restaurants have been
on lelpated many rears by the Chinese
purveyor of food, who carries his table
on one end of a Pols, balanced by his
stove and CO kit g utensils on the other
With his dough, hi* hashed vegetables
and a II tie oil and salt, he toasts, fr a*,
hake*, hr,ll* or b asis quite a surprising
numbe. of dishes and their taste would
h. more - irprl-lng than fhelr number o
Even the*. nfecllonr I* a wanderer
He carries a howl or Jar of mixed taffy
and a numb* rof straw* in a box He
wind- U|> a little of the liquid taffy on
the end of straw and b ows It after Ihe
si vie of a glass blower Inti the shapes
ul birds and animals.
Inrdllrleney of I hlnese ArMsnnsblp.
There Un i a native Iron worker In
China who can make a nail that can he
driven without a hoi- In mg bored for It.
With >ut outside Instruction there would
n't be a Chinese nail m id- I.o*o years from
now . The Chinaman makes no Iroprove
If .he Chinaman fall- lo see Ihe im
mediate utility Of a think, he gets rid
of It promptly for what It will bring
At the bealnnliig of ih. Chlneee-Japaii
ese war parts of tli latge gun* of the
Taku forts were In rhe pawnshop*, laivln*
bsen pawned a- old bras*. Half a gun
he nk n somewhat Inefficient Implement
of warfare, the Chinese gunners Inbored
under considerable handicap In this re
-1 All 111* stud tits In a Chinese school
study aloud Ti e din would drive an
American school-boy or n American
t.scher !•> ihe vet* cf and stractlon. Never
theless. by this met hod the Chinese school
children learn a gteot deal —such as It Is.
Visiting Without I.UBKoae.
Ojicc a Chinese gove ment representative
who was new to this country and Its
ways, came to the house of an smlnent
New York bank.r for a week's visit. It
was winter, but he came without luggage
and yet ev.ry flay he appeared ai dinner
w ith g change of garments His body was
hi* punk: lie put his trunk In hi* clothe*
Instead of hi* clothe* In hi* trunk Ills
c'oth* * were like the |eal of an onion, eg
i-tpt that any lav. r might le worn out
side Many of hla *.irm*nt* were silk
. lollies lined with fur, or fur garments
lined with silk, depending upon which aide
wa < out He was a pussle lo hi* host un
til he explained hi- method.
Tim Chinaman doe- n't black hi* bool*,
but whitens them on the edge of the sole
llim Fhlaeae Women Keir.
Sewing Is usually done out of doors by
the Chinese women When a seamstress
sib. down lo sew she pins Ihe work lo
her bosom and I egins sow ing from her
In-tead of pinning It lo her knee and sew.
Ing toward* her as our women do The
American woman weir* her Ihlmble on
Ibe end of her Unger and often pushes
her needle with the end of her Ihlmble
The Chinese woman wear* her Ihlmble
between the llrst and second Joint and
In this way got* * much better pressure
on her needle. ha a more comfortable
place for her Ihlmble and can wear a ring
•when not at work.
aliasing Without Plimlsg.
Plowing Is done with a forked slick, one
fork of which I* tipped w-llh Iron. On
one rc.aslon a* I was passing along Ihe
rmd Is .tv n man plowing his field with
two animals, hi - wile, woo had bound feet,
an.l hi* son Both were hitched lo the
I I .sc w hile he was pushing with all hi*
strength. On another occasion I saw a
bound-footed woman with her plow on
her hou'der, with a tingle donkey—a
small donkey loo— going to plow her field
Woman lake the place of Ihe donkey on
ll if farm of the man who owns no don
••hot Far Oat."
All Chinese artisan work on an ancient
and flttnly established principle, expressed
In their language by Ihe words "Ch'a pu
to." that I*, "not far out." If n thing Is
"ch'a pu to" you are Mipthsed to be satls
iv l with It. Exactness Is too much to
usk of n Chinaman.
The eht eing of lioraes I* a very different
process from that hy an Amerlean black
smith. The Chinese lead* Ihe horse up to
a framework < ompesed of two posts and
•i h rlxontal beam, then with a long rope
attached to the animal's head hr run* -
ound the other p * and thus hind* him
tHtwxn the two. The r- pe I* then brought
>•■ nd the body and over the beam to
wh oh both body and head are llrmly #*-
i cured, and the horse Is thus unable to
move sideways or lie down. The smith
then puis a small * 8)1 'nd*T the foot and
driver the* rhoe.
Bookseller* are among 'he common
huckster* of the M Idle Kingdom Nol
however. Ilk* our book a** - "'* J
Chinese lake* hi* carl or wheelbarrow,
toad* ll up with a I kinds of books. It may
b* food book* or t* wm> b* book*! which
contain ih<* moat common and vulgar
fttretf aonicr Thl# esui or barrow he hiIV
ex from place to |>lte#. nnd it hr uc • M ' *
In Aelltnc fifteen to twenty worth
lr day he ns.xkra a *oo l living.
Chine nr ihievra are required to !>♦. ani
are, organis'd Into a guild. Thi* lx re
quired In order that the gov rmrnt may
keep tontrol of them. Ilxvlrtg th m thua
<rxaiilx*'l she gorvrrment l able so hold
the king of th* guild rmponxlblc* for all
stealing done. Thl® x not a bad j lan. a*
♦h* lollop ing in' Idem Will fhow A friend
of ih* writer wax one day golna through
ora of the gatex of Pekin on horseback,
hi* m*'*klnto*h fumened to hlx aaddlr be
hind him. In the crowd thlx w atolen.
lie rode to the police station at once,
rationed the long and g*ive the i*oll‘-e two
days to find the booty. They called up
the king of thtrvea. lhreaten<*d him that
they would have the government on his
head, and when ny friend called two days
latter the garment waa th?re. It should
be stalled that the thieves are compelled
to divide with the |>oh>’e.
t'hlneer begunrx. like thieve*, are or
ganized Into a guild. Thlx lx partly for
aolf-protectlon and partly for eelf-heip.
Evtry business house In the city lx b*-
■iegfd at Mtafeel intervals, unless the pro
prietor "buy* thm off " Thlx he does by
paying tlw* king of Iteegars a stipulated
aulti, when small red slip of paper M
pasted up on the side of the door whlvli
ta recognized by all the beggars. In case
a beggar lx badly treated by any firm, n
dozen or twenty of them band together
arid besiege the house, whirl) In unable to
rid Itxelf of diem until they have received
a sufficient recompense. When thlx lx
done the beggar* withdraw and ho.ise
lx left In peace until time for the next
beggar to come. Their .*xpreasion when
begging i "The more you give, ihe more
you‘ll have." Yueh K*l. yueh yu.
< hlnear Are Itellnlile lu Haxlneax
Despite his Incffb lettcy nx an artisan
aid workman the Uhlrraman ax a buxi
pexx tn.n hax *haracter. Indeed he lx *he
buxineex man of the East. He Is reliable
and honest. There lx not a big European
buxines* firm In the East in which China
men do not hold responsible positions.
Every' one of the Institutions of the Mwng
Kong and Shanghai Banking Cos. has a
t’hltiese cashier; even those in Japan The
Chinaman, In a position of trust lx trust
The I nlrrraxl W hedbxrrow.
The Chinese early discovered that there
lx less friction caused by one wheel than
two. and that a one wheeled cart runs ea
sier on a bad roul than a two wheeled
vehicle, and on this account the wheH
bartow *ame Into requisition, and lx now
universal. In Sliunghal the wheelbarrow
la used to carry people. The wheel Is In
the center, the passenger on one side and
his baggage on the other. In fcMiangtung
a xail Is attached to thi barrow to get
the benefit of the wind In Pekin one
often x*e a donkey or two, or a mule
or two. or a donkey, mule and horre hit
ched b> a wheelbarrow Sometime* they
have four mules hitched to it. with two
men In front at the side* to drive and
help balance It. and a man assist In bal
ancing It. The wheel lx wpboul Hrc or If
It ha* a tire It lx put on In aectton* a foot
or more In lengtn.
\ Vrootleal Race. Not lelfSlUi'.
The Chinese are eminently a practical
■ hough In no sense scientific people. Every
thing that we can do. they can do. though
In a very primitive style They have an
* xpresslon "hslang la l*u. ' which. In
English, would me.tn that we think
out some method for bringing about a
certain end. The European Invents a ma
chine which, when tl 1* set going, accom
plishes ih* work. The Oremal has nol
yet arrlve.l at that condition of Intellec
tual development He can do nothing
more than think out a plan by which he
can do Ihe work himself. In other word*,
while the Chinese are the "najet practical
leopl* In the world.- they lack the mental
power to save muscle.
trunnion Sense llnles That Will In
sure Fine, I.tt*urlnnl Plants All
Nlne-eenths of the window* used for
window gardening are too crowded for
the plants to look well or lo well. Turn
anew leaf right now by throwing away
every poor or Insignificant growth. Better
to buy new stock in the spring than to
turn your precious wlndosWspace Into a
hoepiial ward for alckly plant*.
Keep the foliage Immaculately clean
Wash the leaves onee or twice every
week. A plant’s lungs sre It# leaves.
Showering the follsge wsshes Ihe dut
out of the pores, refreshes the plant and
Impart* vigor. Beside* this, clean plants
.lo' not harbor Insect*, the greatest foe of
the Indoor garden, and the hardest to
Ixxisen the crusted earth at the top of
the pot*. The root* need air, and In soft,
pliable earth they get It by capillary
transmission. A hard top crust ee ils the
soil up a* though In a Jug Neither atr
nor water find free entrance through it.
Plant* In hard aoll often suffer from
lack of mols'ure at the root*,, though wa
ter ha* been given every day.
Slide the shade* up to the top of the up
per sash: take down the curtains nt the
plant window*, nnd let Hod's Invigorating
sun shine In. Sunshine to a plant I* what
gold Is to n Klondike nvner.
In extremely cold wearier stay the wa
tering pot Plants need little water dur
ing severe weather, and" they chill or
freexe twice as quickly after a fresh
drenching If watering become* alwn
luloly necesasry, hove luthe temperature
of the room, nnd give only In the morning
Watering In the evening during u cold
snap I* to Invite a visit from Jack Frost.
Pet your plants. Turn them, train them
Into shape a they grow, pick off every
dead leaf or faded flower. Haphazard care
doe* not pay with house plants.
Bora S I-a Mance.
Cures Dandruff, Falling Hair,
Brittle Hair and all Scalp
Troubles, such as Itching, Eczema,
Eruptions, etc. Purely Vegetable,
harmless and reliable.
etvti offer oil nthrr remedies haw /MM
A CMICACO MAM WffITCSI
61 Parnell Aes .CMceeo. M*r IS.W*
1 oMwt "(Ink* tlAnilrnlf Cure'* for tmldnee* and MW
tow*auin*tiuihslrb*#*n teems, Is*ls* ef H
**k* mi tawt wsemiesrsd with h*tr Al** Mat ai
leneht er of ths <enr*< raolJuJi-.lj I Mfigftjfe r
For Sale by all DruggM* and Barber*. Trea
tise on hair and Sc.il pTrouhle* free on requent
t a MlliaHtiO.. - Chicago
Beware of imitation*.
The only hair preparation admitted to
tbe Farts Exposition.
For sals by Llppman Bros.. Columbia
Drag Cos. and Knlgbl’a Pharmacy, Savan
THE NATION’S CUBAN FOE.
It AURHIIfg IHCRBAME IY THE
PRE tUKIJ gOI HUE Ilf HAt AY A.
Inhss Hostility 40 Saaltarr Mei
ures—few Cabans Pie of Ihe Fes-er
Wf.l.-h Is Considered by Them n
Minor Disease The Tharonah
Work of (hr Plalafrrtlag Corps
and Ita t niiopulnrtty Amona Ihr
Cabans—The Sewers of flatana
litre Forth the Infection, and This
Year t llninlle 4 nndltlnaa and I tu
rn lu ration Front Infreted Fart*
flare t anaed Ihe Epidemic—Kglcf
ent ( ultnn Fhyalelans.
Washington. Sept. 2*—The actual san
itary condition* now egisilng In Ihe clsy
of Havana are Hill* comprehended In Ihla
country. Still less, perhaps. I* It under
stood that yellow fever ha* attained the
propot uons of an epidemic there this
summer. II I* a trtllnrf fact that up to
Ihe Fh day of August Ihe death rate
from lhi* plague had heen exactly eleven
times as great a* la*t year, tha number
of death* betr.g seven!y-even, agilnst
seven. A few days In'er La Animas Hos
pital and Military HoapHal No 1 were
crowded 10 Ihe limit of their capacity.
ptiysK ians. nurses and even Ihe disin
fecting corps were worked night and day.
and Ihe sanitary department had cabled
to New York for more nurses. By the
middle of the month Ihe record was
broken for th* year, with forty-seven new
(*■•< and thirty-six “*upecls." From
that lime on the situation became exceed
ingly serious, and the American authori
ties wi Havana ore having a light which
will i-ontlnue (or m.tnv weeks.
The tight against yellow fever began
with tiie first day* of Ihe American oc
cupation, with tlen. I-udlow ns military
governor of the city. With the Immediate
organization of the sanitary department
aod the engineering corps heroic effort*
were made I#* clean the city, and put it
In decent living condition. The success
which crowned these effort* has long been
a matter of record, and I; may he slat'd
ai once that the prlucliwl reasons for this
year's virulent outbreak are. first, a heavy
immigration; second, favorable climatic
conditions. The actual and primary rea
son. however. Is that the earth bed of
the city of Havana Is a permanent reser
voir of Infection, which Is freely permit
ted to I wss through Ihe city from one
end to the other through the sewera.
hewer* a Vast t'Mltiire-Proeeaa ol
Thl* earth bed contains untold millions
of yellow fever germs which arc constant
ly escaping from the open newer trap*,
and ihtjiigh the crannies of the at>oml
nably paved streets. There I* absolutely
no hope for a total extermination of yel
low fever In Havana until Ihr city is
properly sewered and paved with an her
mell Wily sealed inivlng Then, with due
restrletlon* on Immigration from fever-in
fected parts, chiefly Fanams and Mouth
America, ami with a continuance of Ihe
stringent sanitary precautions now en
forced by our authorities. Havana and
other Cuban clllev may become safe resi
dence* for Americans and other foreign
ers. and the danger of Importing Ihe fev
er thence Info our own country will be
removal The work Iwgun under Gen
Ludlow has been continued under Gen.
Woo.!, and there Is a splendidly organized
Sanitary department which Is now work
ing night and day to save lives and check
ihe spread of Ihe disease. MaJ. Havard.
the chief surgeon of the Island, has gener
erm supervision of everything; ihe imme.
dlate work I* under the charge of MaJ W.
O. (lorgas. assld-d by Dr Theodore C
Ltster. Dr. Shocker and a complete of
fice and hospital staff There is also what
I* known as a yellow fever lioard, con
’lM ng of Dr* (lulteras. Finley and Al
bertina. iind MaJ 1 lorgas. who I* a sur
geon and physician; the duties of Ihls
board being to Inspect and give a rteds
on on all reported suspects. The regu
lar fever commission sent here to study
the disease and report upon It Is mad*
up of Dr*. Carroll, 1-azar and Reed.
Americans; and Dr. A Agra monte, the
Cuban specialist In yeilow fever and oth
er tropical disease* The Cuban physl
cl.ns. by the way, who have received their
education In thl* country or abroad, rank
with the heal yellow fever experts In the
world. The work of Ihe Cubans trained
In the sanitary department under Amcr-
I an methods has also heen highly effi
cient. All these, with thr American wo
men nurses who care for their stricken
countrymen, and the forces of the disin
fecting and house cleaning departments,
make up a small army. The expense of
carrying on the right against the (ever
Is about (v.fldi u month, and this Is Inad
equate and falls 10 cover certain point.
Tnr city I* dlv d>d Into leu districts,
sai-h In charge o' an Inspector, who.*
duty Is to have Ihe men of hls corps, in
spect taeniy houses within that district
ach day. and 10 send In every night to
chief office a printed blank filled out with
a report of the condition of different
hou.es, recommendations a* to what
should be done, etc. Thl# li the house
cleaning department, and ihetr surveil
lance o’ these Cuban houses, with thetr
Infe.ted and frequently filthy court*, their
Incredibly vile sanitary arrangements and
Ih* Ir general lick of decent living con
ditlon*, Is Indispensable, and I* Ihe most
valuable precautionary measure possible
Best Localities In the City Are At-
St rang* though It appear* to those up
familiar with the subject, It |* a fart
■ hat one of the chief Infected districts Is
In th* very heart of the city, lining both
silos of the Credo and Including th* In
gleteira and Tehgrapho hole’s, the I •out
re ami Sluxo cafes, the new and hand
some Delmouh'o's, the Tacon theater, the
Union dub, Havana's largest rllib. the
Dlarlo de la Marina newspaper building
and a heat of cafes and restaurants and
apartments, which are filled night and
day by ilie crowds that help to msk*
Havana picturesque and attractive. This
very summer yellow fever cases—eeveiat
of them fatal—hove been taken from Ihe
Inglotrrra. Ihe Louvre, the Sluxo and Ihe
Tacon theater, and the Dlarlo' de la Ma
rina building developed *o many cases
that Ihe sanitary department Anally or
dered II closed. Y'et. In the very face of
tho permanent condlt ons which make
such an alarming state of affairs possi
ble, it Is a fact that when some time
ago Ihe American authorities tried the
experiment of letting the Cubans have
charge of the yellow fever hospital they
neglected It to such an extent that It was
necessary to take It away from them
Even Haivndnr Cisneros, who aspires to
the presidency, took occasion recently to
cast a slur on the expenditure* made hy
Ihe military government for the preven
tion of yellow fever, and resented the
proviso of the late propos'd charter that
the United State* shoud retain control of
the sanitary department.
The disinfecting corps take* action after
a case of yellow fever Is reported In a
house. Some twenty Cubans In charge
of a captain go to the premises, and with
in the next hour the house looks a*
though It hod been through a combination
earthquake, cyclone, and washout, par
ticularly the latter, for after you are
turned out of your room and your be
longings heHtly thrown Into closes* and
trunks, the hose la turned toose with a
solution of hlchlorlde of mercury and ev
ery nook and cranny drenched. Follow
ing this process the doors and windows
are sealed, a noxile Inserted In a donr and
formalin gas pumped Into the room until
the hardiest germ must succumb. The law
forbids you to enter the room for forty
eight hours. The warning I* superfluous—
you have not the slightest Inellnatlnn to
enter It for twice forty-eight hour*, and
then you coma to grtcl, for even tha
faintest odor of formalin gas cauaes poig
nant regret The opposition of the Cuban*
to the necessarily drastic method* • on*
of the most serious obsiacle* encountered
by the sanitary aulhorllle*. I know of
one Cuban landlady who refused to allow
milk. Ice or medicine* lo be brought Into
her house 10 an American guest who hart
the fever. In her wrath against *ha
AmerL-sn* who put her to the trouble or
having her house Invaded by the author
ities. She made *uch a row at headquar
ter* that her house w* |*ul “uuder lb*
red star," which means that now only
Immune* are allowed there and that an
Inspector visit* Ihe place and qinwllon*
the boarder* weekly. In some Instance*
the Cubans deliberately eotlceal the fever
and report ll as some other Innocent dis
ease; In nil case* they re bitterly and un
alterably opposed to the work of the dis
infecting corps and the house cleaning
nd resort to various subtle Cuban dlvlces
to avert the much dreaded visitation of
either of these department*.
Sinister Altitude of Ihe Cobans.
The reason Is not far to seek: Cuban*
are by Idrth Immune, or if they have the
fsver thev have a very light attack,
usually In childhood, which they dsrad no
more than we do the A Cuban
does not die of yellow fever; ll I* chiefly
Hpaniarda and the unwelcome Amen, anos
who do that, wnd since the Americano .*
nt lews! persona non grata lo the major
ity of Ihe Cubans, why what Is the dif
ference If they do have it anyway? A
shrug of the shoulders—that significant
lattin shtug-ar.l the equally significant
and sinister Cuhon smile represent III"
attitude of Ihlo people In the matter Nor
Is there the s lghu st con ealment of sen
timent concerning This. Many of the Co
hans soy openly that s soon as Ihe un
weVom* Americanos depart from the I*l
-and Ihe Cuban flag finals over Monro,
these Idle precoutlon* will he abandoned.
Shortly before I left Havana one of the
ultra Cuban pnper* published on editorial
of this tone and concluded by saying, thnl
since the Americanos did not like to have
yellow fever, the sooner they got out of
Ihe Island Ihe belter, so that the Cubans
would have no more trouble about 11.
The belief thar yellow (ever Is cpnia
glou* is. by the way. an error. Visitor*
are allowed nt the yellow fever hospital*
If thev have huelness there, though they
be non-lmmun*. and out of thirty non-
Immune nurses In las Animas not one
took the fever. Ons thing Is certain, that
efficient measures against the scourge In
Cuba will not be undertaken or continued
unless the I'nlted Htate* government firm
ly insist* upon them.
LOST lllh FRE.
fie (tend Will tarleton to an Old
Couple W ho Anna lit Divorce.
From Ihe Chicago Tribune.
While llenry King wag reading law he
helpol pay hi* ex; ensea by leaching
school In Ihe country districts around
Chicago. During otic of these experience#
he boardtd with an old farm-r and formed
a close friendship for him and his worthy
•life. They were well-to-do. and appeared
to be happy and contented In the evening
of their days, having struggled together to
acquire the comfortable farm and to rear
and edit ate their children, none of whom
remained with them, some hiving mart tel
and sought other home-, and some resting
beneath the mossy marble* of the village
graiexard. Naturally Ihe young law stu
dent won the esteem and the affection* of
the honest od couple, and these sentiments
were heartily reciprocated by him
After beginning the practice of law In
Chicago, llenry King lost sight of hi* od
friends, bin one day when he was sitting
in his office wondering how h* was going
to get business enough to pay h?s rent
■he door open#l and In wulked his old
friends. Ihe farmer and 111- wife.
•'We've hunted you up. Henry." said the
oil mac. ‘‘tie-suite we know you're an
honest man. and we want a lawyer.
"Yes. nnd you're Ihe lawyer we want,
and. what’s mote, we want you togrt us a
"But. my dear friend*—"
"Don't stop to argue the case. We've
made up our mind*. Thing* have gone
from laid lo worse, we can't agree no
how. and we're Inrun I lo have a divorce.
If yon won't get It for us. some other law
yer will, hut for old friendship's sake I'd
like to pay >ou the fee. Will you get the
divorce or won’t you? t'ome. speak out."
Hut. King wai ill. puxsied. lie sow
• hat nothing could ■ -aid by nlm whl.h
would mend milter* In the least. His
protests would simply preeipttate Hie af
fair and drive his old friends away from
him with bitterness in their hearts toward
him. lidded l<> the bitterness they already
had In Ihelr h> iris toward each other
He glanced over hi* shelf of calf-hound
law book.- and tuoked In between two fat.
yellow volumes he saw a thin book with
the glided title, "Farm Ballads, by Will
i 'arleton "
He walked thoughtfully over to hi* hook
ooee and. leaving the portly law volumes
to repose undisturbed, look down the
"Form Ballads ' and returned to hi* seat
beside the table.
"My dear old friends." said he, "here Is
a report of a case something like yours.
Shall I read It to you?”
"Certain," eald the old man, "If It shows
how we can get a divorce."
"It does do that, I can aasure you."
"Well. then, read It." raid the farmer
"Ye*, read It." echoed Ihe old lady In
a voice that trembled somewhat, but lack
ed nothing In decision.
"This b a case In which s farmer and
hi* wife resolve that the law shall grant
them o divorce. It begin* as follows:
Draw up the papers, lawyer, and make
tnem good and stout.
For things at home are crosswaya and
Beisey and 1 are out;
We who have worked together so long a*
man and wife.
Must pull In single harness the rest of
our nat'ral life,
Whal Is Ihe matter? say you. I swan It'*
hard to tell;
Most of the years behind u* we've passed
by very well;
I have no other woman, she has no other
Only we've lived together as long as we
So I have talked with Betsey and Betsey
has talked with me.
And so we've agreed together that we
can't never agree;
Not thnt we've caught each other In any
Wave been o-gatherln* this for years at
little at a time.
Here the reader pnused and glanced at
his listeners. They were evidently sur
prised and Interested The poem at the
time was comparatively new and this
Cure* without fall Indigestion, dyspepsia
flatulence, kiss of appetite. k-k heod
eache. nervousness, vertigo, biliousness
dimness of vision mid all the evil* result
ing from a weak mid disorder#l stom
ach. It build* up'from th* first dose and
Insures good vigorous health and a lone
happy life. *
WHAT A PROMINENT CITIZEN SAYS
Mr Geo W. Benson of Richmond, Va
eaya: "Accept my h'artfelt thanks for
the great amount of good your I>>*pep„u
Kevnedy has ikme for me. It |, a WolK j rr
Price W cents per large botile For
sale by druggist*. Six boitle# for t! SO or
sent hy express on receipt of i.rP.- t, v
TYNER* DYSPEPSIA REMEDY CO
MTV, 8. Forsyth st.. Atlanta. Oa.
Rend Sc to pay postage (w a sample
The Secret of Dr. Hathawav's
Hla the Knowledge Which F.nahlea
Him to rare Iwaarlahlr >" all Maw
nrr of ibrohic Diseases.
J. NEWTON HATHAWAY. M. D.
The Oldest Established Specialist la
"Knowing how" la Ihe score* of uc
“Knowing how" 10 do Ihe right thing
et the right llm I* what makes grew
men In ail the different walks of life.
.Men who 'know how" do not take
chance*—they do not need to. At times
they seem to take great chanrea. but It
seems *0 only because those who are
looking on do not “know how!"
Dr. Hstliawny “Knows Mow.”
He knows how because of the long
years of experience which he he* had
in hi* one specially, that of treating
He “knows how" lo diagnose every cats
that l presented 10 him. whether the pa
tient comes to him personally or answars
the questions which he ask* In nis symp
He "know* how'-' to treat each Individ
ua! patient according 10 ihe individual
need* of that patient—what remedies to
give. end. equally Imporlrnt. what reme
dies not to give.
Hr “Knows Haw" ta Care,
because he ha* cured In so many score*
of thousands of cases of ehronl diseases
The elelght of hand performer who
take* rabbits out of ha is. rgga out of
empty bags, and carrot* oul of a mat s
nose, doesn't perform miracle*—he aim
ply "knows how."
Dr Hathaway doe* not pretend to per
form miracle*, though many of his cure*
• erlalnly do seem miraculous. He sim
ply cure* because he "Jmow* now."
There Is no qssekery.
.ihout hla method or hla treatment, no
bumhuggery of any son. The knowledge
that enables film to conduct the greatest
practice of any p*. tallat In the world,
which enable* him lo cur* a larger per
centage of case* than any other spe lglltt
In the world, to cure in leas time than anv
other specialist In the world. Is based first
upon a thorough, scientific training In tha
leading colleges, medical schools and ho*-
Idtwls of this country, combined with
twenty years of active practice confined
exclusively to one class of disease*—those
of a chronk- nature.
Amunu Those Diseases.
which Invariably yield to Dr, Hathaway’s
ircntmcnt, are; Varicocele, stricture, ner
vous diseases, weakened and inactive or
gans. blood poisoning, kidney and urinary
disease*, catarrhal, bronchial and lung
complaint*, chronic diseases peculiar to
If you are sick, you want the service*
of a specialist who “knows how." Dr.
Hnthaway “knows how." You can con
sult him confidentially, either at his office
or by letter, without any cost.
J. NEWTON HATHAWAY. M D.
Dr. Hathaway A Cos.,
25A Brvan tre*t. Favannah. O*.
Office hour*— to 12 m . 2 to Sand T to
9 p m. Sunday 10 a. m. to 1 p. m.
was Its first healing by Henry King's cli
ent*. who were not prepared for the pathos
tnd Ihe strong homely human Interest of
the story. Reeumtng his reading the
young lawyer heard a suppressed chuckle
from Ihe farmer nnd caught a swift glance
of shadowy coquetry toward the old fel
low from rh* good old lady's eyes as h#
re id the following stanza from the ballad.
In which the petitioner for divorce says
to the young lawyer:
Once when ! was young ■■ you and not
so smart, perhaps.
For me she mlttened a lawyer and several
And nil of them was flustered and felrly
And I for a time was counted the luckiest
man In town.
But soon the pathetic recital began to
affect the old people, and soon reluctant
and withered hands were clasped and
slowly the tear* gathered Id eye* that hd
been full of hostile tire. And when the
climax was reached In the touching line*
"And one thing put In the paper, that
l!r*t lo me didn't occur.
That when I'm dead at last she'll bring
me hack to her;
\nd n nu underneath maples 1 plant*!
When she and f was happy before w#
The old lady wa* crying aoftly and ths
farmer was patting her on the back, and
Saying. "There, there, don't cry !t'
all right, mother; I've been an old foe';
let'a go home and be eenstble," and the
old lady was aaying It wa# all her fault,
and the two ranvr near falling out again
In the eagerness of each to assume all
—The English adjective ''sincere." which
comes to u* from tho French, who formed
It after I-atln "alncerua." Is * word
of an etymology as doubtful. If possible.
** la Its apidlcatlon. ft I* usually ex
plained a* being a contraction of sine cars
—that Is without wox, said of the strain
ed, unmlxed honey—nnd as meaning put*
genuine, honest. The-Stone Trades Jour
nal. of London, givea It a sort of pro
fessional derivation as a warning to "J' r
rv-hullders who construct ceilings. p* rt
of which tumble Into one'* soup and (Vs-rs
which unexpectedly drop Into the cellar."
and who would not be so glib to subscribe
them'elvex "Yours, #tncrly," If
knew the origin of the phrase. "The
lent. It says, to which marble Is entering
Into ihe decoration of modem Dulld** I **
I* l ul a rep tltlm of the history of l £0 ‘
man architecture. The fact is Ihet th*
old Homan Jerry-builder* used defective
sl.ihs of marble In erecting resldeti * 10
•ell at reduced rates and i-overed up tbs
defect* with a cement of which sll
sax formed Ihe chief Ingredient. They
looked Just a* stalely as the others It" o"
exceptionally hot sun incited the ws
revaled the fraud. Hence, a perf*
huilatng was sai l to he ‘sine eera, or
‘without wax.' and a frlendhtp perfect*
by the tr.al cf adversity wa* *ld to M
without wax.' The signature 'sloe cert,
as a symbol of genuine affection a nJ
probity, ha* been used aver alnce. and '*
perpetuat'd m th English word stneer*-