Newspaper Page Text
DEATH or E. T.
hterr of Hfa Hr*<l lUtail Fr*l*
VrbMva. 0.. Oci New* waa rwftr'i
ftere to-day of thr death .and Z T ls*s*l* I
Adams- county, wln*rf hr war horn. la*—l*
■OI Into th" hood broker*** hurim*,
vhllr cvndurtlnx a rmatl pin itr bnk 111
tl.l* elty. Ho dIKOnUnU"! >< ".l opened
■ n ofllor it) Pttytem. O wi • ■ nu*ht
c,amiv mi l nvinir4>:il b n-le. itpulwl in*
mJwmv .. ihot the> i-hiKiJ.l 1" "i lb •*,rm| hlc
Monk.* wfiloh he w.ui >1 furn.eh. II a via*
Secured flu- original* " fl lM I'**#** du*
pllcatea of the *ame ' minor it I di nomi
nations- lo nn\ • xient h- W(-h*d I hi*
oeUun.'lr fit- miul'l ft!* hut ih* foi*d
l>on*l ho would ii'• no . <>llateral recuilt,
for lot* .*. It ’ iMlnumJ tl>o'
,t ih. time of hi. .xporuro
lot hod out U-twooti anti W*i n f' °f
forgo.l l.it.ilt • . ..llateral for loon. II"
oocurvd tbaae I • ■ from >ank. financial
toon and Itu-uranre comiuuileis a.l over ’he
count,. laiTO 10..na having toon aecured
In lloot i
[, vvi, i- tt*l detection In hi. pecula
tion* b> I'ttyln* Intoro.t on hi. loin* and
then oh prang the rmu.m- no 'h<- forgotl
bond, a-hl-h ho would prs-'ersd to collect.
In thl. nay ho prevented two .*t. of cotn
|mnt> Itrlng prirented for i urn lit ll
vai* iwrdor* I from th** iifrlti'niiHf y ti a .
AUHTfIU.% All) IT % I*A %**L\T.
If !• YH Itrridril .! V) hut ••*
Third 4 !•■ Mmn.
Berlin. Or SI —A high *>fh il of th© ,
German for*ign ofli *• -*©rt*l to-nUht j
that AtHtr-Hun:: iry I I* i.y have *x
pr*©d their f-<rm.il ulhrni. • i< th© An
The Vo>*-i he V. itung referr’nff to th**
report fhat tr.e Unl(©d Ktatew before giv
ing a flrwil answer, wlnh* German\ nnd
(kMt Britain to explain whit i* meant I
by eiaur*- hr©* . tbit I©. whether If •)-
otber Power eelxi* territory, they mten-l
to rem’ip th*mn-Ivee by annexations,
nnri whether they Intent! to prevent neU
un by force, wjr:
"The answer *o mirh a auntinn will
prohuMy l*e that Germany and Great Bri
tain have not ve* rerrhwi u itcliloti on
that (Ktri, but Intaid to drcld© onlv after
a eelaurr ©trail hav*- or* -urrvd, einre the
rierlelon muet defend upon tho Interests
MAllVf 'I OF rtYIM. •‘IT.KI).
Ylrttiah Slil|iewiier Reltirtanl to
London. Oct. 24 —The Imlly Telegraph
pubhehes an arilria from It a Liverpool
oorriponri<nt wWh referenra to the ques
tion of awl ft t ran*-At lan tic liners. .The
"fthlp owners grt little or no encourage
men* fr\>rn the governtnent to build fast
llnarp No sooti**r is an hnprove<| vesse
batH that* a rrulaer suheiily Is withdrawn
from one of the older a tea mere and given
to the new one. Increases! speed
meane larm lv IncTiaees! co-| consumption
find working experts, nnd speaking icrenr
ally. British shipowTwrw are disposed fo
think that the maximum of paying speed
bar been about r .'illxrd nnd they are re
lurtart to rfn|ate for a greater speed
unless quite certain thnt It will pay."
PI HI.IC HBttTII 49WN I ATIOY.
lafereaflag Hretlng Being Held at
Indianapolis. Oot. 23 —The flrst session of
the convention of the American Publk*
Health Association assembk*<i here to
day. President Pater H Bryce. M. D..
Toronto. Ont., called the meeting to or
der. Among the large number of dele
gates present were several men of Inter
national prominence In the field of sani
tary and im-fHcal science. A discussion
of aanltary questions and the election of
olllcers oi*ctn*l*fl the morning sessions
At the afternoon session President
Bryce delivered Mh annual address, arul
In the evening ex President Harrison wel
cofTMKi the <!<-legat’S.
I)r. Hordbeck of Charleston. P C.. read
the report of th* committee on "The Kti
ology of Yellow Fever.”
Klrherd'a Vtacing 'in eras.
Auguat.i, (h*. 23.—Auguatans are re-
Jokir k In the great aucerss of Mr O. L.
Rtobordj. known as "Judge.” In racing
circles at thw North. Mr. Rlcherds lived
In Augusta for mny years utid Is the
owaer of the horse. Pharemua. which
bnuke the world s record for a mile ami
n quarter at the Yonkers track Monday
This is the second champion nicer that
has been fwnai by an Augustan. Burch,
owned by the list** George Kerncglain >f
thia city, was the first horse to lower
Ten Broeck's record for a mile.
WiiniN IMmlr Hucknl,
Oct. 34.—The Pally Mull thN
moruinif dwotm an ctfltorml to the lc
rufviacinn of the aiHhorltie* for “cn
courdfUur ami protecting" Mr Dowle
*'lf fh** Hturfent* !)-• M*r'**♦•,led |n <tuf king
• hi* fraud. ** It *ay*. "no gi.m harm
would have don* He l* able to
raly on the wbo4*' atrenath of the poiftr#
tor no rth*r purpow. except to fleece the
jmblt'• Hi* meeunaa *houll be ntoppal.
He dnif-rvfii no more oonnkleration thun
tha ‘weleher’ of the ra< •* roun®."
Trlrirnm from the Pultun.
Berlin. Oct 23 Km;*ror William ha*
recHve| teh-gnim from Ab*lul Hamid.
Mprrpflnt; a hop** for the re.'overy of
Dowager Kmpreg* Fr*Pri*k and assur
ing the Kaleer of hie mvehak'n frleml
ehfp A r* ply rKH'ho| In the a irmcnt
forma aw i*-nt l*y Km|eror William
Ito 4 l* n*c • ’I oMiirrt I nlte<l l,ni
Berlin. Oet. 23 -fount von fluelaw, the
Imperial Chancellor, authorlx**! the utatt
mont that hla cc*‘**lnn to th chancel-
Jorahlp win rr.in no ch in*e 1i O* rmnny'n
friendly attitude toward the I’nltod Hfat-*#.
either politically or financially.
—Mra Henrietta Chaw of Danbury,
Crmn.. dk-d recently, leaving quite little
property to varloua To AUrnmn
Chan®, who was auppoaed to he her favor
ite tiffjitw ahe bcfiuaurthed ‘my ret of
falae teeth, whk h will he found In the up
pr rlirbt h;*nl drawer of my bureau "
The young man at once concluded that hla
aunt muvt have concealed wane diamond*
or other precious Mon*** in th* ret of
teeth. Aroordlvmly ama#hecl up hli
baqueat. hut fourul no Jewels. He will now
contest the will.
!• your breath bad? Then your
beat friends turn their heads aside.
A bad breath means a bad liver.
Ayer’s Pills are liver fills. They cure
sick headache. 25c. All druggists.
Want fuf ii>mit*cti *ir hrird * i**uUfut
®fwji ot rich Mm>|( f 1 h*t. •!•**
' J °™ ~ "■
%PPtJ\DH IT I* AIPOaH >l.
IKictora IliaMgree In m I’ntertalnlng,
if \it Inatrurtlvp, Wanner.
From the Ok vrlud lx a.lor.
Thr "Appendicitis Bymi^sium'" of the
Cuyahoga founty al Society a’ the
Me llc.*l Library Building last evening wa
►o r-ntortalnifig that It will he resumed two
w >k* hrr- •. when the (tapers for which
there w.m not time last eiening will be
presented and the spicy dlseui-‘**n cot
On the of appendicitis, on th'
ady’laabillty of cutting .*p n taople wh
have the dis* •>. on the u,-. of opium for
It. and even on the prontm latloo of the
word the doctors disagreed The young
doctors made fun of the old one?* aid the
old on mad*' fun of the young Some of
them pronounced the word as though it
were spelled ”Appendlecetls/* ami other*
A j*i*endes!g hti*
I*apers were read by Drs. Guy H F’itx
gera Id. t'hhrle* B Parker, Charles G
Foote. L. 11. Til* k* rman and Joseph \
Kofroti Dr. Parker told how lo tell
whether a |**r .*n has a ppe mile It la. saying
that the patient'* stomach usually had
a "hoard-like" feeling when felt Ir
Foote said tha some ta*tents got well
anyway, whither any thing was done for
them rr not. ami tht sme died, no mat
ter h>w nsueh n* lom* He thought the
pat tents's chances were letter if there
were *n operation.
Dr Tuckerman said people had amen
dtefttia >ears Iwfore the dDense was "dis
covered." and named appendlclts. and
they got well of it before all the rn sler
discoveries were dreamed of He thought
there had been an increase in th disease
since the grippe epidemics. He said he gave
camomile, tartar emetic and opium for I?
*m! his patients got well wl’hont te! ig
cut up. although he realised that If a doc
tor refused to operat** on a cs< |t would
usually go to some other doctor who
Dr. Kofpon said per cent of the rases
of apiendicitls were in children between
4 am! lii years obi. und fhat 70 per cent,
of them were boys.
Dr. E. F. Cushing told of the discov
eries of a French doctor that showed th it
all that has been raid urnl written alsxit
the cause of the disease Is wrong, and
that the disease Is mused y germs that
are present In all healthy insld*s. hut
which are made virulent and lamed tnt%>
dangerous appendicitis btfgs when th*
appendix geie twisted or Stopped up so
that the bugs in It are Isolated.
Dr Quirk thought the statistics as fo
the (importton of cases nrmaig mm ami
women were all wrong because the worm n
went to gfnaeeologin- with their appen
dicitis cases, and these specialists were
not InduAtd In th** count of the number
of rases treated.
Dr. Chrl*(i J Aldrich. the president of
•he so letv, said ho would like 10 bc-ir
what fflr rtf the older dooiom *ll*l before
the a p pond lei 1 1 * and the operation tor It
Dr A 8, Hurl sold he hart treated th*
rtl**a* tor years before the nam<* an*l
operation wrrr Invent*l; that he h*l nev
er noon a case In whirl* he thought H
necessary tht there should he an opera
tion, and that he hint never lost a rare.
Then It settled down into n fight be
tween the mnrttelne doctor* anrt the sur
geon*. Dr P. H Bjlytl', u ... b>. k**l
about as ol<l ui I>r. Hart, ealrt he hart
treated lota of the ca**** hefor** the new
rangled mine anrt operation were rtlscov
erert. hut that now he was afrai.l to hnn
rtle a serious rate without advising an
.•(•oration "I used to give . amor oil anrt
opium, anrt all the other thing* ntrt-ttme
rto. lor* gave, hut now 1 think nppenrtlcl
tl m a surgl.ol disease." he ealrt.
Hr. F. J Morton asked Dr Parker If It
were isisstlilc that the l>oard like feeling
of the ah*t .men might be absent In i raae
of api'endl* Hl* Dr Parker replied. "Any
thing I* possible In medicine " Itr Ft K
Hager ealrt; "I do not think It I* right to
try to scare the young doctor*, of whom
a grew! many are present. Into thinking
that they must turn every case of appen
dicitis over to a surgeon Farts of them
grt well without an operation."
hr Frol Herrick told of a rase of ap
pendlcltts that hart the closest attention
of a number of prominent physicians, and
then turned out to he Jaundice. Hr. Ro
laml R Hkcel so 1.1 he thought the cases
the other doctor* hod been telling about
having cured In twenty-four hour* with
out operations never hail been appendi
citis. He sail he was a surgeon and med
icine doctor Itoth and belle VI *1 in nitra
tions I>r T-eo Heich told of a Kurop* an
doctor who cured .ip|s*ndl* Ills with noth
tng but opium *
"It ts unfair to the surgeon for the doc.
tor to wait until the case I* almost dead
and then call t surgeon and put the re
sponsibility of the iwith tit's life on him."
said Dr G W. Crile, who Is a surgeon
' I think that the m.-rttcal practitioner of
experience has lust as mucFi right to
Judge when an operation should he per
formed ns a young upstart of a surgeon
has." said l'r o Ft Campbell "| have
bundled a few cases of appendicitis anrt
operated on a few, and perhai .** I hav*
had as many case* of appendicitis ns Dr
"1 have operate*! on 2k' cases of appen
dicitis," said Dr t'rllr quietly, "and had
a great mor.y others tn which I 11*1 rot
operate All I have in *a\ Is that 1 be
lieve that the surgeon should he called
ini.> a-nnsultatlnn In the early stage of the
e*e so that he may have a v *l. * In rto
cldlng whether there should he an ottera
taon an*! when t! should be performed. In
stead of being given the ••**■ when the
(■atlcnt Is taretty nearly dead, as some
times happens "
Dr W D Porter of Cincinnati, who
was present as guest, had some oil
which he poured on the waters that were
he*-omlng quite troubleal.
"It m tn * tome," herald, "that for the
sake of the- lattlenl and the profession,
the medical practitioner and the surgeon
should work together There Is no doubt
• Hut In mam case* the surgeon Is not rall
*d until the patient ts atmut dead, and
then the burden Is thrown tii>nn the sur
geon of not saving the patient. This has
a had •(feet on the paihlt. l mln.l They all
know nbout the neigh Isa hood that the pa
tient l very 111. The* watch the doctor
come day after day arad ►.* that the |*a-
Ih-nt gfows worse Then they re.- the
surgeon mfiaa* l*rrhr|is the* -urg-<n ha*
an assistant with him Then the under
taker comes. In this way people get the
Idea that am ..|* ration is a very much
more dangerous thing lhnn It need he,
and wlaeia they should Fae Of.erat.-1 aapon
they refuse to <or.sent. I rl. uld to lie
surprised If In time the surgeon* wall re
fuse to take cases In which the doctor
has not coiled them as s-sin as he should,
refusing for the sake of their own repu
tations and for the rcpaitaiion of their
One of the young doctors .naked: "If
the appendix la statslilve and painful when
THE MOKNINO NEWS: WKIINKSDAY. UCTOHKK 24, 1900.
palliated. Is it a lgn of apfiemlk'ltls **"
"It k rot." * old Dr. Tuckerman. ”!
have u aensttiv** ippendlx rnyseif and I
never ha*l apiiemlbltl** "
KAHId M bHo MIMTHBIA.
bditln Forrest nnd Joseph Jefferson
Appeared in Hurnt 4 ark.
From II * iV’iiludHphlo Haturday Evening
A limit thirty or forty years ago. when
Edwin Forrest was In the heyday of his
p>V'ilartt\. he went into a Western town,
th*- x.*' t ;>. itiun of which 1 do not rt*fli,
aid |4ayal to such large atMilonccs dur
ing Ids May that on the morning lie was
to hove h** remarked to the manager that
he was sur|*rlse<! to find su h a cultured
town and that It could furnish such large
audien* > for Bhakcs|iejrean p.a>s
"Tht minstrels are here,” reidled the
VVh.it has that got to do wdth it?" ask
<l the tragclian.
"Why. fh*- minstrels play in the
noon ami the am* Into town to
••• them, then, having nothing to do In
the evening, they come here."
Porhajm the manager was attempting to
b** funny m:d ♦ xngg* rated mutters But
ther** Is a foundation for the story. * one
whose memory goes hack thirty or forty
year> will ..dtint
Negro min*f!>Hy tCMlay has settlel into
u regusir thing, |*eoplc go to .i shw. n*
Joy It. n>*morn, the "gag*, work them
off with an tiru'on.'K'knjs and suontaneou?*
lr *n less fortunate friends and then
w*ait for the return of the show to lay in
u new supply. But (here was a time when
inlnMrfkty had a tiegintilng, Just Ilk* the
north uod Adam ami Eve. and It was n
neginning with a boom, an*! everything
else gave way before It.
There is s*rne. disagreement as to which
was the first minstrel organisation, bus
undoubtedly it was Christy's minstrels
that first spr*-.d the fan*** of the organ
ised troupe ami made an Impression on
the courier)' Ami as for its ttnpreesion
on the Old World, where the ban*! made
Its bom*' for several years, Thackeray
himself stands wit nee* Christy became
.ynai> m*>iiH with the word minstrel, as
my own x|**rt*n< v e well attests.
A rninstiel m this country ha- the satis
faction of knowing that he 1* working
hi n kin I of amusement that is the gt-nye
Ine product of America. I suppose, how
ever. tfust ririake-iM are put th first ne
gro on the slug* (a M***r to him was a
negro), but Othello was not a rnim-trel.
he played a heavier lln** of business. From
airnoM the U'glnnlng of American stag*
history there were negroes of th** min
strel variety impersonated on tlte .-tags,
though it was not until about the that
they were organised into bund*. Sonv
of the greatest actors of later days had
• heir ex|erlence as minstrels, anvmg them
Joe Jefferson and kklwin Forrest.
Forrest was given a negro "song.ami
dance act" to do when he was very young,
and after he had studied It up he asked
where was the "old negro Indy" that was
to act as his .resistant In th.* piece. The
management trl .1 several of the women
who w. re memliers of the company, hill
none of them would consent to blacken up
and. In fad, they were very Indignant
over the |Moposltlon. The actor, however.
Wits hot easily discouraged, an.l on the
night of the first performance he hlick
ened up and went around the corner to
un old negro woman who did his washing
"Hello, Dinah," he- said on entering
"Flow you l er Delin' dis Fiery fine ela-n-
"Hello. yoV replied the African lady.
" 'Fears to me yo' em er tiery fresh nig
“I'se ro nigger." answered Forrest, and
then, lime Ulng rather short, he a-sum
*d his natural voice and told Dinah, much
to her surprise, that he w is Forrest, the
actor .and that he wanted her to go on
the stage with him that night and laugh
loudly ui frequent intervals—which was
I the f* niale part cal;. I for. The two
made a great hit, and were kept on for
some line which g.es lo show that For
rest might have h* en a good minstrel Ftart
he been of an ambitious nature.
The imint I* that when the mlnstral
hands w< r. lakli g on rharaeter and -imp
Ing themselves for the future the worn* it
refused to t.ik<- twin, which, without le-tng
ungallant, I think was Just as well.
The minstrel organisation as It F* known
to-day was brought ulsiut by the wonder
ful success that certain m. n made as In
dividuals. Mead of these men are hut
dimly remembered to-day. fine of them,
curious to relate, was John It. dough,
afterward famous as a temperance ora
tor. Another was the famous Thomas D
lltee, whose Jim Crow holongs to the his
tory of nations. How Jim Crow found hi*
way on the stage Is an Interesting part of
the story of minstrelsy.
In lma. while Klee was doing a small ne.
gro tat the Igiulsvllle Theater, h** hap
pened to look out of the hack window,
which factd a stable kept hy an old and
broken-down negro called Jim Crow. One
of Crow's shoulders was much lower than
the ocher, his left leg wns stiff and crook
ed al the kttee. ro that when he walked
h. went up in-1 down In a most ludicrous
This day he was standing In the yard
humming a peculiar lurtc to himself, the
words of which were his own. When he
had finished a verse he would give a
Jumping step, which has sln.-e become fa
mous ns "rockin' de heel." The refrain of
Ids song war:
Wheel about, turn about.
Do Jes* so.
Ac.' cliery time I wheel about
I Jump Jim Crow.
Klee saw that here was something new
He studied the old mart, made the tune a
little l>lt more lively, wrote a number of
new verses, and copying the original very
closely In mak- -up appeared as Jim ('row
at the l.oulsvilh- Theater. Fie w as recall
ed mere than ewenty times the first night,
and always after was known as Jim Crow
in ISS3 when Joe Jefferson was only 4
year* of age, Rice appeared at a liencflt
al the Jefr.-rson Theater in Washington,
an.l carried the little fellow on the *****
In a hag. costumed and blackened exactly
Ilk.- the Jim ('row Klee. As Klee sham
bled on the stage he sing th* couplet:
I-a.l!. sand gentlemen, l*d have you for to
l’se got a little darky here to Jump Jim
Whereupon he emptied the bag. and
those who were present say that little
Joe Immediately assumed the attitude of
the elder Jim Crow, and danced and
mimicked Rice in a way that caused the
audience to cheer.
ho there was a great minstrel lost to
—compulsory Proportions,—"You're n >t
half so etout as you were. FFtlly." "No.
we've moved Into a flat, and Justi hod to
get thin.”—lndianapolis Journal.
MOST OLICATE OF SCALES.
I nil) TO DO DOVER ft HimT WF.lbll-
IM. AT 11 %s|||Vl, l OV.
Even fbe Ileal of the Body Affects
the Instruments ttul the AAelghtng
Is l*ne I ram Afar—The Standard
K lla* raiinnc nnd Helrr <Hli*r
Stiinilsrds I rgentl) Aeeiled.
From the New York Aun
In the window less has* m* nt rorm. origi
nal: built for u coal vault, of an old
mansion near the National Capitol In
Washington Is moont*d the most delicate
pair of a ales In the Fnltcd S* tes To
these scales is Intrusted th# w-rk **f do
ing the government's weighing. They are
part of the equipment of the Treasury l>e-
I'-irtrn* nt s |lur* iu of Weight and Meas
ures which Is at recited to fh* coast ur
%e>, though why this should be so nobody
ha** * ver mlequately explained
So delicate are these scale that they
will weigh accurately a ten*millionth part
of a gram They are so sensitive that the
warmth given off by the body of a per
ron approaching them near enough to
open the glass case ur to shift the weights
would expand the balance arms and pro
liic m appreciable error in the results.
Th#*refort* they have la*cn so < onstructed
that they may be operated at a distance
of twenty feet It is n t necessary to open
the * ae or to go n**r the machine even
to shift the weights. Thr** long brass
rod l extend from the base of the ca***
containing the scabs, and at the extrem
ity of each Is a wh**#*|, an*) by turning
these wheels the weights may be shifted
from one pan tj another, or any other nts
effwry operations conduct# l The read
ings are ma#l* through a small telescope
mounted where the i iMTutor stand*.
Too late It was discovered that the es
tablishment of the Instrument In a corner
of th** room was a mistake The fact that
n r wall is three feet away and th*- *>pfo
site one nine fe*t. has a mork**d effect on
the scalea. On th** aide where the wall Is
c*os* the pmpratur** is different from the
other side, nnd whenever the instrument
Is us*d It has been found necessary to sur
round It with iorg* heels of asbeshm
paper. Besides this. th. attraction of the
wail for th** metnl in the scale beam* has
to be tak* n into account.
Tliwn* are only ft few of fhe thing* which
have to be allowed for In iloidk a fine Joi*
of weighing. Large corrections have to
he nwi*' for the temperature. humidity
arul density of the air With each weigh
ing ther* nuet he a reading of the ther
mometer. barometer and hydrometer and
corrections to > orrespond to the condition*
existing at the time. In Germany there
ore ao.dea so bulk that the weighing can
le conducted in a vacuum, but thie gov
ernment owns no such upiMmtus.
Incredible as It may seem ;he difference
of an Inch or two from the center of the
earth, thouanruk* of miles away, causes
an irtr I‘iaMe variation in the weight • f
the objects This is Illustrat'd by plac
ing two equal weimta sfrle by side in
each jan. when the beam no varia
tion. But place one of the weights on
top of the other in one pan. leaving the
other pair side by sWIe In the other pan.
and the Uttar*, will be disturbed. The
weights used in this experiment are
scarcely two Inches In hlght. so thot the
difference In distance from the earth's
enter, considered In comparison to the
• listan* c itself, is inflniteslm il
A still further allowance Is *|emanded hy
scientific accuracy Even In a flfteen
hundred-dolkir ituphrecht Instrument,
ilke the one owned by the government
bureau, it te not pretended that the taro
arms of the halan e are of the warne
ie ;i h Official Verifier Frank A Wolff
says that no scales w. re ever buMt :n
which the arms were of exactly the same
length. Tne only thing to do therefore
i* to cheek up the error by weighing al
t* rmitely on one side an l the other, and
then fiveraging the results.
Th standard from which measures of
kngth and mas* are derive*! are stored In
the same building near the (ViMioi The
standar*! of mass is a cylltvlrlcal-ahape*]
piece or whitish metal shout the site of
h tennis ball. The standard of hnvth Is
a bar of the aims sllver-ltke nv ml about
three feet long and a little less than an
Inch square Each face Is deeply groove l
and In on** of the grooves at either end Is
a polished spot on which three iel! ate
hair lines are marked. The middle one *f
these lines determines the *nd of the bar
The bar is a standard metre, and the
cylindrical weight Is the x an lari k 1 •
gramme. The nut* rial fiom which they
are made is a mixture of pla'ilnum and
iridium, h** latter being added to give ad
ditional hardness to the metal which
above all others Is recognis'd u* the most
durable. The value of th* metal alone in
hl* standard meter Is $1,500. but it has a
much greater value from the UUvr ex
pended In tn.iking it perftet y aura e
The kilogramme end metre standard*
are the result of fifteen years’ labor by i
joint congress of scientist**, supported by
seventeen of the lending civilised nation*.
Th*- International Metric Convention wua
organised In 18TS. an*! on June 2 l*t\ the
President of the I’nlird Htates broke the
seal of th** rtandard kilogramme and
metre which fell to the share of this coun
try. anti In the present* of the secretary
of the treasury and a number of Invit'd
guests, assembled In the cabinet room of
the executive mansion, dec.and them
These originals have Ken used but once
slme. This was when i very accurate
copy was made from each lor practical
use by the government bureau tn regulat
ing the standar.l weights and measure*
of the country. The original knogramme
was then pin e*l under two glass hell Jan*
which were locked and sealed. No human
hand has touche*! the kilogramme since
it P*ft the makers in Paris; what little
handling has Ken necessary has hern
done with a pair of special forceps cov
ered with soft •hamol* skin. Thia is to
prevent Increase of we.gh* bv the ad
hesion of rnlnute quantities of foreign sub
stances. or deems# of weight by nn abra
It has not been found necessary to ex
ercise an equal degree of care In preserv
ing th- standard meter, a little moisture
or dirt would not lengthen or shorten the
metallic bar Nevertheless it is kept In
a case of velvet surrounded with wo s1
and protected on the out aide by a heavy
Nature’s Health Drink
No need o Journey to Saratoga Springs in search of health. Saratoga
Arondack Water, the great health drink, is now bottled and brought to
you. The benefit to stomach, nerve* and kidneys are immediate,
great and lasting. Arondack Water is prescribed by leading physi
cians everywhere. It is the purefl alkaline water known.
For sale by grocers and druggists. '* - „
Junes M. Dixon & Cos., Wholesale Agents. .
iron cylinder with a screw cap It ia re
moved only on apeclal occasions
July 3N !***- t ongraas (>assed an *ant
making the metric system lawful through
out die United Btata and defining the
weights and measures In common use in
t'-rms of the units of this a>strm The
government mint however, has a sys
tem of lia own. By • special set of Gon -
grc*> |r 182* the Troy pound wrws
made (he standard for weighing the gov
ernment bullion, and a trototype obtained
ihe previous year from IstmUm and made
by Gallatin, wit declared standard.
Although there has been no adequate
I* gislatton on the subject, the government
attempts In a haphazard sort of wav to
s lpfdy the states with accurate standards
of the ordinary pound, bushel and gallon
used In every day commercial transac
tions Earh state u supposed to have a
full set of the government prototypes,and
the bureau at Washington Is now engaged
In making two sets, for recently admitted
states of the Far Wear. Each state is *up
|4s*d to have an official sealer of weights
and measures with a corps of inspector*
under him; and then each municipality or
township Is *uppo*+d to have its duly
appointed authorities who have their
working copies of the standard measure*
and h*** flat tradesmen do not employ
false scales in dealing out their wares
to the people
Thnt is the theory of it; the wav It
worki out in practice la very different
The carefully woiked out standards which
sic furnished by the governmsnt are us
ually stored In cellars or unused vaults
and th#ir very existence forgotten In on**
**f the Eastern state-* It was discovered
recently thtit the gold-plated half-hushel
standard measure was being used to feed
the horse belonging to the assistant chief
of the fire department; the standard pound
wight was busy holding a door open, the
gallon measure found Its sphere of useful
re ss a* a cuspidor and the smaller proto
types all bad Jobs as paper weights. In
another state the custodiwn bored a hole
In the standard of liquid measure and fit
ted it with i spigot in order to facilitate
the measuring operation*
BomeMmes the state officials begin to
suspect that tbetr measures are in n*ed
of polishing up and they send them to
Washington for renewal Thus weights
which never should be handled except
with specially devised instruments come
ir. battered and bruised and corroded tin
til they have not a suggestion of accuracy
There t* no doubt that the public Is
cheated daily In a thousand small ways
by falso wGghts and measures. There is
.i certain style of scales in common use
which th© government experts say should
be absolutely forbidden This is the scale
which has two pons supported on up
right* which rise from a horteontnl bar
balanced In the middle on a pivot. The
balance may be perfect and the weights
up fo standard, and yet the customer may
have abort weight given to him by the
simple device of placing the weight on
the outskle of the pan and the m**rr<in
disc on the side nearest the p4%*ot. Thus
one arm of the balanco !f lengthened and
The advent of electricity and the general
advancement of science ha* brought new
work to the Bureau of Weights and
Measures. It has alto emphasised the
need of adequate legislation under the
constitutional power to provide the coun
try with uniform standards All over
the land people ore paying for electric
light; and yet they have no standard by
which to measure It or to gauge the size
of their hills except the say-so of the
company which furnishes ft. There 1* no
legal standard of measure and the ohm.
which I* borrowed from Germany, may
be a big or a little ohm a* It suits the
company to make It. There Is no stand
ard candle power, and there Is no way for
a customer to know whether his lamp Is
of a certain brilliance or not. The same
principle applies to the scale of electric
power for the running of machinery
The United R.ates have bought some test
ing apparatus for measuring volts and
ohms from Germany, but no effort ha*
been made to furnish standards to the
states. The appropriation for this pur
ists.- lias b'-sm entirely Inadequate
Thera Is almoat no occupation where the
need of accurate standards of come kind
Is not felt For example. It Is sail that
It Is almost Impoasthle to get on accurate
clinical thermometer. A physician hap
pens to have a high registering Instru
ment, and all the pa Kent a he * called up
on to examine show an alarming tempera
ture. A surveyor has a wrong tape and
years lotcr the error results In a lawsuit
and great loss Not long ago a disc rep
sney amounting to JWl.hno between a bkl
of lading and the goods delivered was
traced to defective hydrometer used to
gauge ilcohogc spirit*. In the customs
duty on sugar, the importations of which
amount to a hundred million dollars a
year, an error of the smallest fraction In
one of the small disks used In the tests
will cause a difference In the amount of
receipts amounting to thousands of dol
lars. The need for uniformity tn the cus
toms sits reoognlxed In 1880. when an In
vestigation showed, great discrepancies
resulting In such serious lose lo the gov
ernment that the Secretary of the Treas
ury wa* comfieliert to lake action with
out waiting for Congress
The question of establishing an Amer.
lean Standardizing Bureau will come be
fore Congress at next winter's session A
bill was Introduced Inst December and
was favorably reported by the House
Committee having U In charge. The Bon
nie Committee on Commerce has not yet
given It consideration It Is proposed to
create h bureau with authority to under
take all function* contemplated hy th*
clause In the Constitution relative to "fix-
Ing the standard of weights and meas
—The new report of the British and
Foreign Bible Society states that last year
there were Issued M2.MW Bibles, l.a&nu*
Testaments an<l 18.104.22.1682 portions of the
errlpture*. or set.XWl more copies that-,
were ever Issued In one year before Gut
of the total 2.027.. W copies In 2hn lan
guages passed through the Bible house In
—A coroner's Jury In Mississippi recently
rendered the following remarkable ver
dict: "We. the Jury, find that deceased
came to hi* death hy a stroke of an cist
hound train. No. 2t'4, on I. C. R R at
Fentress. Miss , In Choctaw county, on
the 27th day of September. lfgifi. he being
In a reasonable slate of Intoxication."
jgßtj The Straight-Front Corset
M captured the country by it, grace, health.
Br fulnca and style. Its perfection is found m
m The “ niLITANT ’’
the *‘ r “‘* b ‘- po " t style Of the famous
Mf“^‘‘Ql° ve - Fitting”
Hu * ♦tL • ' ;/ F° r * ale by all dealers in the United States.
l 21 Tmm tk*m tnt* **J let *.*■ tk*y'r* mate
tt •/ A.7 srami aranad th* lady
■HkciKl'UrAS Send to us for handsome illustrated catalogue.
*jr ‘ v CjF Geo. C. Batcbeller 4 Cos., US B-way. New York
For sale by all leading Dry Goods Stores.
Learn a Profession
Without Going I way to College or
Leaving Home or Quilting Work.
WHAT YOU NEED
for complete success In life Is one of the Ten Free Rcholnrshlps In Ttv
International <"orr*s|ion lence Schools of Ucrnnton I*a.. which the MOItN
IN(i NEWS will present to the ten person* haviiiK the most vote, by Nov.
flather all the Voting Coupons you can, nn.l win one of the Ten Free Scholar
ship* named below. Through one of them you can qualify for a GO)I> sal
aried position, and not lose a (lay front work or leave your homo wtdle study
1 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING.
I ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING.
(Including Complete Electrical Outfit.)
S ARCHITECT ERE.
4. CIVIL ENGINEERING.
5. SANITARY PH MIIISO. HEAT
ING AND VENTILATION.
HOW TO VOTE.
Cut out the attached Voting Cou
pon. and mail or bring It to the
bu*lne** office of the Morning New*,
Each Coupon must bear the name
of the person for whom you wl#h to
McDOKOIGH & bALLANTYNE, V
Iron Founders, Machinists, 08
> “r* H.rlakla Kiaaiitaa, Wrtla.l and lop Maonla,
fcra Mill., saear Mill aad l-aaa, aha las, *-all*ya, ala.
TELEPHONE NO. 123.
s.. u i Of hopi by m a 5 & rt
SUh.U l Lt.
For Isle of Hope, Mor.a<>tnery, Thunder
bolt. Cattle Dark and West End.
Dally except Sundays, ttubjeel to c.iany,
18LE Cir HOPE.
I.V iny lor I or 11. t.v Isle of Hope
I SO ant from lenui j ti uu am for Bolton
7 M ant from Tenth i m> am for Tenth
R3O am from Tenth < <|o am for Tenth
li art from Bolton , S 00 am for Tenth
10 SO am from Tenth 110 09 am for Tenth
UOD n'n from Tenth |)I at nm for Bolton
1 IS pm from BoMon ill So am for Tenth
190 pm from Tenth j 200 pm for Tenth
ISO pm from T.-nth j 2 tu pm for Boltoo
4hi pm from Tenth j Jw pm for Tenth
* pm from Tenth IN pm f..r Tenth
SO pm from Tenth | OO pm for Tenth
TSO pm from Tenth 7JO pm for Tenth
tSO pm from Tenth [ hOO pm for Tenth
SO pm from T- nth j XOO pm for Tenth
to SO pm from Tenth jlO opm for Tenth
ill 00 pm for Tenth
1.1 e|t v f*.r M.tftj T7* Montgomery
590 am from Tenth | 7 13 am for Tenth *
2 SO pm from Tenth | 1 15 pm for Tenth
*_r!L pm ,rom T " n,h I 6 041 i m tor Tenth
‘ ' ' • rairk .. Cat tie Park -
C SO am from Bolton | 7Ou am for Bolton
7 am from Holton |SOO am for Bolton
100 pm from lioltori ISO pm for Bolton
* SO pm from Holton | S 00 pm for Bolton
7 00 pm from Bolton | 7 SO r m for Bolton
*OO pm from lioltori : x so pm for Bolton
TH UN DhirtHuT/1.
Car leaves Holton street Junction 534
a. m. and every thirty minute* thereafter
until 11:S9 p. to.
Car leaves Thunderbolt at 4:0(1 * m . „ n q
every thirty minutes thereafter until
12DO midnight, for Bolton street Juno
KKiiiuHT and parcel cak ~
This car carries trailer f or pasnongcr*
on all trips and leaves west side of city
market for lel* of Hope, Thunderbolt
and all Intermediate points at u.uo u. m
IDO p. m , 6 00 p. m
Leaves Isle of Hop* for Thunderbolt.
City Mark** and all Intermediate point*
at OO a. m 11 00 a. m„ 240 p m
VS Lai END CAK.
Oar leaves weal aide of ctly market for
West End 4:40 a. m and every to minut.-s
thereafter during ths day until ll;So p. m.
Leaves West Fnd at t> 30 a. m. and ev
ery to minute* th.-re -f<.-r during the day
until 12 00 o'clock midnight.
If M T.gftov ny Mgr
* EAST INDIAN
* Caret Corns. Banions aid Warts
| Speedily sad Without Pain.
t fOfl SAli ST iu OF'JSOtSTS
> HP PM AN BBOTHERB,
k Wholosalo Druggists,
lippmaa's Block, Bavaacah. Oa.
I ••*! IJwlv liei wlne
HArf . t •!* ,! . I a.|lre.d l<ratr<H
T ‘ 1, “ H "TKK s KNIILUUI
jEk ST !3 *" •• •' J.I.SSO Hr f..*s
I*7 - fcy? l * 'Statistic.. s.d ImvS.
I / fJT Uw *' f*** *1 y** r timctMi. *f *w*4 4c. •
fjr “ 1 I Utt*>. be rw.
._ A Vlatl. Il,iiti# Tsetitgiiieli itt
ITII. f** 1 *?? *ssrs- I'Mtl-A .fl
W M. Mk(ll*l| ft Veww MMt \,g ...
OlsD N EWIPA PKRn. *o for B cola, at
Duatneat office Horning New a
7. COMMERCIAL BRANCHES.
Is MECHANICAL DRAWING.
(Including Complete Drafting Outfit )
* ARCHITECTURAL DRAWING.
(Including Complete Drafting Outfit i
10 ORNAMENTAL DESIGN.
| (Including Complete Designing Outfit
St. And No
i k mil it
Cor. Oflethorpe Ave. and Urayfon St
Will sell you Smith’s Chill
and Fever Tonic, and if it
does not cure they will
pladly refvnd the amount
you paid for it. Look for
the Red Triangle on each
What a Prominont Grocer Bny;
J H Rheorousc* A Bro..
No. MO William Hired, Savannah. Ga.
Havannah. Ga., 12. ISO-
Columbia Drug <*o.. Bnvsnnnl), U i.:
<***nclcn* ft—l am glad to inf>rfii V u
that after month* of suffering with h •
and fever, having tried many • *J
chill and fever tonics. I was P‘ ‘J
to try your Hmlth’s Chill and l
Tonic, and one single bottle of your h* •
I fesl It my ‘•uty to Inform you 01
wotidcrful euro made on m and.
you, all thos** suffering with chill* '•
fever. No remedy ever tried h* d ,w '*
me any fool except vour Bmlth's Ton*.*'.
J H. BHEAROrffF
Fruit, Produce, Grain, Etc.
aa bay stkllt. wom.
A safe and powerful remedy for iiinctioru
troubles, delay, pain, and irregularities. '•
A PI ©LINE
Successfully prescribed by
eases of Wawsrn Price 1.00 of sll Drsgg l
or bjduiL P Q- aa*i. N