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the morning news
r<;hllhl l*M. * - Incorporated ISS*
J H. ESTII.I* Presldrßl
GROVER’S WAR CRY
( ÜbVGbAND Minin* * RJOLVIXG
OLD PRINCIPLES STILL GOOD.
imrti m% i'oixowr.n rnutoD
(iOUS I.OMi KMUdH.
j, ( . HMlrwa Hie Error* an<l llrfraii
<•( ibr I'arl) aud Their
, mitra—b Time *‘ ,r Thonslil,
'loirrani l.anuanr and b ral. ri.nl
i oia ti nr In—THr •••iiliirr I* I'ull of
lipportMl —Glee Ibr Until. and
I ilr a i liuorr.
tdclphta. [)’. I.—former Prraldrtil.
i .r Cleveland, contrltiutwi to thl.
.t a Inrue of the Saturday Evening
1 i of Philadelphia an eilandel article
... ihr piiaht of the Democracy and the
r mady. Mr. Cleveland heslne by ravlear-
I ;l- the hlntory of the party, and he dla
, , It* defect* elnco I*** In detail. In
t > n* tip the question of the preaarait eon
(on of the Democratic l*rty h aaya
t . the aucceee of the party In 1*92 wan
, , ,|,.-trite and overwhelming that a lon*
~ I nuance of Ita supremacy waa antll
j-died. Then come "the fallacy of free
t iver and Populism."
Mr. Cleveland proceeds an fol *>■:
The co.mtnniton of Democratic woe
V if ached When IU compact with there
Democratic force* wan complele, and
v -it onr runk and file were summoned
i. .to laittle under hannern which bore
i ini*e eymbolr, and were held alofl In
1. ' imlltar hand*. The renult of nuch u
t 'trayal Ttas foreiloonenl. Thin übaiidoi)-
n nt of the principle* of true Democracy,
i . • , ontempitWMM dlnohedletfoe of l:a tra
il ill*, nnd thin deliberate violation of
• ■ law of If* strength and visor, were
Ii decree tu. Inexorjb.e as tltoee of (at•,
f..,lowed by the Inevitable punishment of
i limit, et.iKitenne defeat.
I'll.. .ll*.inter of 1*72. Invited by similar
i, denture, was quickly followed by a re
pirn to the profession* anil practice* ol
i Democracy. Pul the extent an.l per
i tv yof our wanderings in lSSfi Is lllun
t at..! iii a most astounding way by the
i rninarvl. Innuml on the duy of our route
ev I disc omfit me. that u second battle
, Id be fouaht on Ihe same field, with
t =anu (nine war cries and Ihe same
I. adernblp lhat had broiMtht us to the
. rounding doom of defeat."
Again he say:
Thus In 1900 the lesson of IS9S was con
i' piuotisly reje. ted, and every hope of
l noc.ra.ito success was wilfully cas.
n d' Again our long suffering rank and
i ■ whose loyalty and obedience deserved
better things, aver* sacrificed In a cause
t eirs only In name; and again It was
. rncnstioted. but more clearly than ever
I fore, that the only forces lhat can win
Democratic success are adherence to rec-
I- I igid Democratic principles and reliance
tjjwiti Democrallc councils, and leadership.
Why should we not return to these
mil In their name nguln achieve victories
i > |e*w glorious and renowneil than were
ii. In the ilays of courngemis a.lvoeaey
of our lime-honored faith? Are our prln
entire renovation, or their displacement by
others more fashionable” There is not an
I- licet Democrat In this broad land that
will concede these things, nor I* there one
who would not hall the prcs'.emutlon of
I. • old faith with that fighting enthusiasm
that foretokens Democrallc triumph
As new condition arise, our principles
it Ibe applied lo them; but In the creed
ftt.it has guided us trough a rentury of
1 itiy exit cnee we shall find the kejt li>
• very such application; nor shall we need
tii' lexicon of Populism to aid us In Inter
preting this creed.”
Mr. Cleveland touches In turn on free
silver and Ihe federal courts, and believe*
that true Democrats arc against condemn
ing "the general government for proieel
iag Itself in the exercise of Its function
■•gainst violent obstruction within a
Further on he declare*:
! believe no Democrat wIH have the
hi nil hotel to deny that we have fought
cur laet two campaign* In alliance with
tihilemocmtic force*, and that thl* aill
• w,t Immensely costly In defeat. I*
* t no: Rood reason 1o suppose that
• • n In succee* such an alliance would
I ive proved unprofitable a tel dangerous?"
Itetnrn to the ttltl Faith.
lie preaches the return of Democracy to
It old fattb, saying:
Mincer* Democrat* of every condition
find In every part of the land realise that
the situation of the party needs repair.
Reorganisation Is not necessary; hut a re
' ■rn from one wandering Is absolutely
-ential. latt us be frank with ourselves
and candidly acknowledge the futility of
attempting 1o gain Democratic victories
except in the Democratic cause and
through Democratic methods. Reorgani
sation Is worse thaa useless; and the ar
rogatlon of superior .party virtue will
breed only mischief. This Is a time for
sober thought, tolerant language ami
fraternal eounsele. We are dealing with
t ie condition of a party that cannot be
destroyed hy external foea; and since Its
ruin can be wrought only from within,
i* should be Imperishable. Above all
things, them ahoukl be a manly renun
ciation and avoidance of ufuhtc sectional
control. Democracy will not operate effi
"tly on sectional llnea.
' There Is much for us to do: and the
future I* full of Democratic duty and op
port unity. Our fighting force* will respond
listlessly and falleringly If summoned lo
a third defeat In a strange cauae; but If
they hear the rallying call of true Demo
cracy they will gather for bailie with
o'd-tlme Democratic enthusiasm and
"If I should attempt to apltomli* what
1 hav* written, by suggesttn* • plan for
*h rehabilitation and restoration of true
Democracy, I should embody It In these
words: ‘Olvs tba rank and Ala a
Sdtnimuil] iUornino Mctos.
THE RULES OF WAR.
He Arthur Nollln Filipino* Thn(
Thry Mim.l • nmply Ntrlfll)
" Ith The*© l.an.
Manila. lec. 19—To-morrow Gen. Ma
Arthur Mill liu* a proclamation warning
th Inhabitants of the art ldp .ago lhat
hereafter atrlct f with the law*
of war will iw required of rvon-<xxnt*Lanls
• well a* combatant*. The proclamation
will set forth ih prlncl|Nil lawn of war.
It will refer to ru ent proclamation* to
•tjfd by Insurgent totnmander* threaten-
Ina tuulvrw in ho ar.* friendly to the Atmrl
<’au forces and h!io to the orders Isrunl
lo ihvtr Rifii to kidnap and HHMiMilnate
resident* of town* occupied by Americans.
Tle luaurKem leader* will lie notified that
■uch practice* If continued will put an end
to the possibility rf their resuming normm
civic relations and will make them fugi
Resident* of place* occupied by Amerl
the demand* of ihe enemy will create a
presumption that such acta are voluntary
and vnalldou*. They will alxo be notified
thru pita* of Intimidation will rarely Iw*
a < epte l and that where secret commit
tee* are |r milted to exist In behalf of the
Insurgents, even well disposed persons will
l*e *xio*ed to the danger of being tiled
The proclamation will say that In*
%\arnlng* and requirement* are to apply
with speci.il force to Manila, the "ren
d* xvoua of the cmlsnurles of insurrte-
Newspapers will be warned against
publishing sedition not the proclamation
wl.l declare that the rebels, who are no l
pari of an organised force, are not en
titled to tne prtvtteg*© of prisoners of
war. adding that the fact that they have
not hitherto been held responsible Is "evi
dence of the solicitude of the I’nlted
iifHtee to avoid t:*‘ appearance of harsh
The prorl.mmtion will clearly disavow
any recognition of technical belligereno
The T.itt ('ommisslon la still at work
on the tariff Other* here consider that
the return of the volunteer* will necessi
tate lltt.e .than l.u.nient of station*, and
that Congress will provide an immediate
Increase in the number of regular*. It
I* lielteved th: many volunteer* will re
enllat here if bonuses are o(tere*l. th*'
amount to Is* equivalent to the ex pen*-'
oi equliqung and bringing; out a recruit.
THE SITUATION OMINOUS.
Inxadinit lloer© Receive !.<cnl .As
sistance In * si*** I oluny mid
HrMAsh Forces liisnltlclenl.
Indon. I)e<\ 2b.—Tho. War Office last
evening could give no information regard
Ing the reports of a Boer Invasion of Cape
Colony. The oflldiils expressed the optrv.
ion. however, that the newspaper accounts
were exaggerated an*! that probably th©
ti4>op* who hav© been employed In chasing
<4©n. D© Wei W'UI be diverted to deal with
the Invaders. Having regard to th© cus
tomary methods of the War office, ihls
can only be Interpreted as confirming the
l*ord Kitchener, in the meantime, keeps
i tight relit over the news, which in
creases the public disquietude. There Is
a liersistent rumor that he hna demand©*l
According io th© Dally .Mall, private
telegram* received in London yesterday
depict th© situation In Cape Colony ax
somewhat ominous. It wem* that the In
vading Boers ir* receiving i*on©ldemb!©
assistance from the 10l Dutch and that
the troops al th* disposal of the British
authorltiag are not to ('oi*© with
any serious si>rea*l of the military ojwr-
It I* believed that the government Lias st
last aw likened to the seriousness of theslt
uatlon flii*i i nDiking t utmost efforts to
pro* .•!*■ LoAl Kltchenar with horses and
CiKV DE 11‘KT 9KII*A AAA AY.
AAiley Hoer Lender Again Evndea
lo>n*lon. Dec. 19 —lt la reported this af
temoon that Gen Knox has been forced to
abandon th© pursuit of Gen DeWet owing
to the situation create*! In (*a|ie Colony
by the Boers crossing the Orange river.
It Is said that I.Otn Hepuhllcans have en
tered <*upV Colony and a similar number
have reached Phllipstown. The reisyrt
a*lds that DeWet with about 4JOO men Is
northeast of Ladybraad and that an at
tack on Win burg L momentarily expect
A Pitched Hattie Imminent.
Krugersdorpi Transvaal. Sunday, Dec.
!.—A pitched battle is imminent between
the Brttish under Oen. Clements, who ha*
been reinforced, and the Boers under Oen.
Itrltlsli l.ttsae* Were Heavy.
Ixmdon. Dec. SO.—The British losses at
Nooltgedacht. according to the official
account*. were K killed and wounded,
with 41 misting and still unac.-mmte l for
Tllttl IMHSHtI. KiI.I.KD.
Ureal F.aeltement In Mississippi
Town and l, aching Probable.
New fUrteans. Dec. 1* A special lo the
Picayune from Hull Port, Mtsa.. aaya:
This evestf’tg about 5 o'clock Albert
Lewis. a negro, became Involved In a
quarrel with Marshal W. K. Riehnndson
over tile arrest of his nephew. During
the altercation the nephew shot and killed
Richardson Instantly. Three shots in all
were Ore l, the first shot striking the mar
shal* hack, ranging to the front through
the heart. After firing thre shot* Lewis
and his nephew and son ran westward
along the railroad. Blood Inland* from Bi
loxi were given the trail. About two hun
dred men are following the dog*. Orsat
excitement *l*'* and a lyn< hlng I*
thought Inevitable If the negroes are
riOMTIMI IY t M>MIII A.
Illoody Victory for the tiovernmrm
With IHMt Killed.
Washington. Dec. I#.—The Slate Depart
ment has received a cablegram from
Culled Stales Charge d'Afalres Deaupre.
st Bogota, stating that a great battle ha*
been fought at Oirardot Point. Magdabn*
river. Colombia, which tested two days
ar,d resulted In a decisive victory for the
government. It ts reported that MO were
killed and many hundreds wounded.
Other vtetorlee by the government foreee
of the utmost Importance have been an
nounced. The government le celebrating
the victories and eonelders Itself greatly
ggrengthvned by the suocee* of its arms.
SAVANNAH. GA., THL’KSDAY. DEC'EMBEK *JO. I‘.mh>.
THE NEW ARMY BILL
MUMIt M *TItK\GTI OF OHfiIM
f.ATIUN TO m: IM\4HNI MKl#
A COMPLETE REORGANIZATION
SEW ITR COMMITTKE 0\ Mll.lTttt\
API AIIIN AlHirtbli HHIMtHT.
The mil ••ro%lle for Fifteen Iteal
menta of ( alrr. Twelve H gl
menfa of Arlillery. anil Thirty
H* ailment* of lnfntr>— Fillpln
to He tirsnnlsetl mm Troopt-Brer
to He hold t Canteen*.
VYoahltigton. Doc. ll.—The full Ben ate
Committee on Military AfT Ur* lia adopt
ed the army reorgania.tion hnl
by ita auH-<,*oinmUee this afternoon Tne
miixlmum strength of the army I* to be
140.000 m*n. The bill 1* >• complete sub
stitute for the Mouse hill, and walk* much
of the language |* the SMtir a* ttwt Of
the House meatmie. there are numerous
cjiatigo* The bl.i wlljjbe refiorted to the
Senate to-morrow. W
Probably the most important change nf
feeta the artillery arm. The sub-commit
tee recommends the retention of the pres
ent reglmefttal organisation of the artil
lery. and do‘a not give It* assent to th
corpw’ organisation ptq>o*c4| by Hecretary
Hoot h I*l accept*n| by the House. In the
matter of ap|>ointm<-nt of staff otfl. en tl
Mil follows largely the line* of the recom
mendations made by Secretary Hoot, but
make* some change* from flu- H ►*■ hdl
The House cm tec a provision wi
amereled ao a* to permit the sale of be< r
at th* canteens. Thlw exception w. nuid •
by omittiiHC the won) ''beer’* In the |>ro
Aft tmc|*i't the paragraph mull ah fol
"The sal* of. or dealing In wine or any
distilled spirits by any person in any army
poet. exchntig** or canteen or army irons,
port or upon any premia#** need for mili
tary iur|H.<** by the I’nlted State* is
hereby (irohiNiHi Th# MrHry of oar
in hereby directed io carry the provision#
of thla section Into full force and effort.”
The provision of the bill regarding
the K‘nera|f organisation and *■-ope of the
array Is os follows That from and after
the approval of thin hi.l the army of Hm*
United Btate.4 Including the exUtli.g or
ganisation*. sh ill consist of fifteen regi
ment* of cavalry, twelve regiment* of
artillery, thirty regiments of Infantry, ora*
lieutenant general, six major generals,
fifteen brigadier general*, and adjutant
general's department. an Inspector gen
eral's department, a judge advocate gen
eral's defiart merit. a quartermaster's de
partment. h subsistence department. o
m Ileal department, a pay deportment, a
cort** of engineers, an ordnance deport*
ment. a signal corps. the offi
cer* of the and pension office,
the chaplains, the officers and enlisted
men of Che army on the retired list; the
profesoor*. corps of ca-lets. the army eer
v and bond at the United
States Military Academy; Ir.dlnn *tiu4s
a* now authortged by law, and such other
officers and enlisted men a* may herein
after be provided for: Provided, that when
a vacancy shall occur through death, re
tirement or of her separation from active
service m the office of storekeeper, now
provided for by law In the Quartermas
ter's Deportment and Or Inane* Deport
ment. respectively, said office ahull cease
The cavalry regimental organisation to
consist of a colonel, o lieutenant colonel,
three majors, fifteen captains and fifteen
each of first and second lieutenants. Two
veterinarians or** allowed for each cav
alry regiment. Of these officer*, the cap
tains and lieutenants not reoqlred for
duty with the troops are to be available
for detail as regimental and squadron
staff officers and olso other details under
the low. The President Is authorised to
Increase the number of privates In each
troop of cavalry to 76. "but,” the provi
sion continues. *‘th# total number of en
listed men authorised for the whole army
shall not at any time be exceeded.”
All the House provisions In regard to
the artillery ar* stricken out and a pro
vision substituted continuing the present
'regimental system and giving each regi
ment a colonel, a lieutenant colonel, three
majors, we van teen daptalns and the same
I number of first and second lieutenants.
Twelve companies of ‘foot artillery are
allowed to each regiment of artillery, and
three battalions are provided for. The
President la authorised to Increase the
privates In these companies to ft& and
those in field batteries to 135. but not by
o doing to Increase the site of the army.
The language of the House provision
for th# Increase of the artillery la re
tained. A veterinary Is to b* allow#*! to
each artillery regiment. The Infantry
regiments are allowed the same general
officer* as the other branches of the ser
vice, and the provision Is made for detail
In all cases The President Is allowed to
Increase the number of privates In In
fantry comjainles to 127. but the same re
strictions a* In other cases la put on him
as to the liKdreas# of the total strength
of she army.
The enlisted force of the corps of en
gineers ts to consist of a hand of three
battalions of engineer*. The appoint
ment* of chaplain* hy the President is
authorizes! at the rate of one for each
regiment. Including the artillery rervtoe
Poet ehaplalna are ahgllshed The new
hill continue# the rank of major general
to Oen Corbin so long a* he may serve
as adjutant general, hut reduces the rank
afterward to brigadier general.
Provision J* also made for assistant* In
the adjutant general's office and for the
Inspector general*, the Judge advocate
general's, the quartermaster general's, the
surgeon general's and the subsistence de
There are to be flve assistant adjutant
general* with the rank of colonel, seven
with the rank of lieutenant colonel, and
fifteen with the rank of major.
Vacancies In the grade of eaten In In the
subsistence dopsriment nrr to be tlll<* t
by the President from officer* of the vol
unteer army. . ,
A female nurse corps Is provided In con
nection with the surgeon general'* office
The House provision for a separate vet
erinary eorp* I* stricken out.
In th* quartermaster general's office
there are to be six Instead or seven quar
termasters with the rank of colonel, nine
Instead of eleven with the rnk of lieu
tenant colonel, eighteen instead of twen
ty-eight With the rank of major, and
fifty-four Instead of seventy-two. with
the rank of captain, mounted
In the subsistence department the num
ber of commissary sergeant* Is made the
same as under the existing law Instead of
ICO. ae in the House bill.
There sre to be three Instead of four
paymaster* with th# rank of colonel, four
instead of flve with the rank of lieutenant
colonel, nine instead of twenty-nine with
on Fifth Paged
COLUMBIA’S HEAVY LOSS.
Jerome Hotel *ud Several kt are*
Destroyed It 9 Kirr—lou About
(By Associated Press.l
Columbia. 8 C., Ik*c. 14—To-nlfht Co
lumlka wiui visited by the mo*f il*4*triW*
tire In twenty >*etr*. The Jerome Hotel
ami three large net. ant tie establishments
on Main *tr**i ami four smaller ones on
Assembly street were destroyed. The to
tal estimated loss la 1142.0U0, Insurance
The fli* started at ft o'clock in the rear
of YanMater's futnlturo store, a i.tmp
bovlng exploded A livery stsbie and hay
warehouse adjoining caught In almost a
art-ond's time and the tire *t.irtsl to burn
ing through to M.iin ami A--iui>iy •iraets,
ckurlng * verything until stopped by an al
ky dividing the square.
The Jerome ha* been political headquar
ter* for the state for years. The build
ing and furniture were valued at $7
insurance fjOther lue*** are J. M
Van Meter, two store building* 11a.400.
stotk tfurnlturei Uu.uuu; Insurance sJo.*iOi>.
M. McCrany. stock of groceries and iiouse
h*dl effects, D‘WO; Insurance H.UUO. King
raeket store, stork. I* *s>; in*ur.mgs |A,out.
V *ya slaides, contents, II.UU). Insured.
B. F. P Leap hurt, two brick store build
ings, h.'O); Wl.liam 11. Lyles, store build
ing*. Insutance The tire wa*
under control at midnight.
In the aggregate of kiwuci*. ColumMu
suffered *;ie ha* not don* wlr.re the
city was burned by Sherman’s army. The
chief lots I* In the destruction of the
Hotel Jerome, one of th* newest aud be*;
hoatelrte* in the city. Although there
woe no wind blowing, the firemen aeetned
unable to make any Impression, the flame*
working east and weft, rating Into the
hotel one side, and the carriage factory of
Vand) Myeraon on the other, gom*
through from Mdn street to Assembly
YOUNG CUDAHY MISSING.
Htlllonaire l'si , krr'i ©on IMsnppenra
nnd Is Hellexed to llae Item
H I*l nn tied.
Omaha. Neb.. Dec. i‘ Edward Cudahy.
Jr.. 15-year-old son of Edward A. <‘u.lhy,
millionaire pa* k*.*r and h ad of the (*uda
hy Packing C'omisiny in Omaha, Is miss
l* g from his hm In (his city and his pa
rents b**lleve he itm* b**en kt(lna|e<l.
The enire police aiul detective fore# of
the city and half a hundred men employ
ed by Mr Cudahy have been scouring the
city ar*l country throu#rhou< the day In
hopes of locating the toy or securing a
clew which would bad to a knowledge of
his whereHhouts, tun without success.
Business at Mr. Cudahy's packing plant
In 8ou(h Omaha was practically suspend
ed to-day. nearly the entr# force there
joining In the search. The boy's parents
are detract'd at his die ipearun**e and
the f.ither has offered lo pay a substan
tial reward and no quest lons ak©d If his
son shall L* returned to hi* home An
anonymous letter has been received at
the Cudahy home suhetanttatlng the fears
of the family that he has hern kidnaped
Young <*udahy left home at 8 o'clock
lust night to take soma books to the resi
dence of t'spt. ftusrin. about two blocks
dMam and that wan the last seen of him
As midnight arrived aml he .lid not re
turn. the police were violifled. end two
detective© were detailed to work on th©
dase. It was not until nearly 9 o'clock
this morning, however, that ih© matter
began to assume n really serious nape t.
At that hour a man on horseback rod©
rapidly by the Cudahy mansion, and as
he |m-©ed the front gate threw a latter
Into (he yard. In suhstanc© reading:
"Mr. E A. Cudahy* Your son Is safe.
We have hltn and will take good car* of
him and will return him to voti In con
sideration of the payment of IK.fIOO Wo
mum business "Jack."
Th** remainder of the note th© |*>llr©
refuse at present to disclose as they xay
It relates to th© plac© where the mon* y
Is to b© left and where the kidnapers ar©
to leave the hoy In rase Mr Cudahy com
plies with their terms. The servant who
saw the matt on horseback was able to
give a good description of him and thL
Is ih© clew vpon which the pollc© are
working st present.
FOR THE OCONEE RIVER.
Citterns of Dublin In \t sahlngtqn.
Other Htiuth Georgian* In
Washington. Dee. 19 —A delegation of
prominent ettisen* of Dublin, consisting
of Representative Stubbs. Dr. R. It. High
tower, and Mr. Simona, a prominent cot
tdn buyer, are In the city, and to-dev had
a talk with Chairman Burton of the River
and Harbor Committee about the Oconee
river Improvements. They went over
briefly, the advantage* to be gained by
the liberal expenditure of money In per
fecting the < tconee as a water way lo
commerce, and had the satisfaction of
knowing they made a very favorable Im
pression upon the Chairman.
H |s piohably 100 late to bring about any
Changes In the bill a* I) will be reported
to the House, but they believe that thetr
talk with Die Chairman will result In
future frlendllmw* toward their project.
The committee has given the Oconee
jl.ynnn which I* there than It has ever had
In the |si at. ami Senator Clay hopes to
is- i Sic to secure ar. Irdn •*<■ up to the
limit of the engineers' t J|rrm. which la
kniOO when the bill 1* before the Senate
Commerce Committee, of which he la a
Hon. <J. W. Jourdan. Jr., of Pulaakl Is
In the city on a pbwsurs trip. He came
up with hi* friend. Hon. L B. Rtubb*. of
Montgomery county. Another well-known
tieorgtan In tip city Is Kdltor Morgan of
Hoganavtlle. who Is here with business
before the postoffli-e Department.
Congressman Livingston was busy to
.lay getting In shape the papers in the
Atlanta Postoffio* matter, he having been
assured by Chairman Mercer, of the Com
mittee on Building* and Grounds, that
the Atlanta bill will be given a hearing
immediately after the holiday*.
Wade P. Calhoun was to-day appointed
Post Master at Dong Pond. Montgom-ry
oounty. In the place of C. W. Holmes,
who has resigned.
Moslems Killing Christians.
Dondon, Doc. *O-A dlspslclt to tbs
Dslly Express from Vienna report* recent
Moslem ex asses against rhe Christian
population In th* central province* of
Turkey, where two hundred Christians
hav* boon Uliod
MR. GAGE ON FINANCE
SPF.KI II AT \F.%V \UHk IIANKF.IIV
IM \ > lilt I* AVI Mt.ltl’e
NOTE OF WARNING SOUNOED.
AILYKH. I I III4FAt A AMI Till VI
m KfriO.Al TUI t llKit PtIA.
Currency Byatem lint Faintly llelntrd
111 \rrj* of I OMaißHltt-AsW t on*
tr||*t In Price of llond* In AAnII
Strret—Awair I iibm lalaHor % Nc
ult of Ihe Present Kyulfm-t nton
Hel%* een Industrial Idfe nnd I'nli-
I•* Flunnee* Kntlrrly lon ( liur,
New York. Dec 1 Th** annual dinner
of Oroup VIII of ihe N* w York Htate
Bankers’ Association, comprising all the
leadittg tsanks oml hanking houses of >i*ft
New York City, was held at the \N*id*rf~
Astoria this evening S*mir i;* memlter*
and gu*ts attende*! Col. Alfr.sl C
Marne*, preshlent of the Ar:or Place Hank
and * hairtnau of the gt Hip. presale.l Al
tu* right *st Lyman J <Sage. H-. retarv
of tho Treasury. r*tary Long, of the
Navy, won to have attended hut was
obliged t decline.
Secretary Gage's *ldres reviewed
briefly the history of question* rclaiing
to puidti' rinarx'CH since the close of the
Civil War. Many of th* -** quMi*>i* must
yet M* considered a* unsettled Particu
lar attention was dlre-Ve*l to th* great
intimacy now apparent between the af
fair* of the treasury and the general !►-
eratton* of the huslnes.- which dll not ex
ist ot the close of thot war
”\\* have or %vli| -mm have suhMantl
ally six hunlii>i tuition of silver or paper
representative* of stiver whoso parity with
gold value tho government la under obil
garlon to maintain. The ulniiMite m*a
sum of this obligation Is the difference l>e.
tween the n'nmwrrial value of the money
metal and the face value at which It rlr
<mlat s This difference Is not far from
"Wa have a system of hank not** cur
rency whose volume I* hut faintly r*-
Ute.| to the need* of the community which
a pro|>erfty const rue ted hank currency
m*st *x>u<jmically sarxes. It I* now **on
trolied as to \oluroc by the price of Inter
est-hearing I'nhcd Btat'*a londs In Wall
"<>ur Independent treasury ahorhs the
circulating mwtlum when active business
most requires Its use. only again to lls
burse It when felling revenues, the effect
of Industrial duoness. bring about an ex -
ce* of ex|>enlltures. Industrial activi
ty In- rear*** the puMlc revenue, but Is
checked. If no* throttled, by Ha enlara **
contrfhutions to the Idle funds In the puh
"It Is Iheae Influerxes." ssil the oar re
tary. * which have bmughl out IndustiLl
and commercial life Into a t<m> dangerttus
dep>ndency upon our public finance#
Till* marriage between th**a* two whom
Ood did not join tg-ther. ought to be put
a*under. Hut not by any hasty Honh
Dakota divorce inetliod Is the e‘pa rat km
to be a coon* dished. The children of tils
wedlock must not lie dishonored. Tim*,
attention and great care rnuwt he exer
In closing, the He** ret nr y *all
"If th* rourw of trah- with foreign na
tions which has marked the last three
or four years Is to continue, we ar.* to
iMUtn*- not long hence a nnamlal rela
tionship heretofore unknown. In the hmg
past we have been under iritMjt* of In
terest for the use of capital furnished
from abroad, the promt*** Is that we shall
a**>n become recipients of Interest chi cap
ital furnished by us for use abroad. A*
our horlson cx|iat>ds w must Iw* ready to
meet enlarging opportunities and to oc
cupy wisely and well ihe broader field
where our powers are to # be ex err toed.
‘‘H*t© at home the connolhkitlons of
capital, the centralisation of Industrie*,
excite new and serious Inquiry .t to the
‘•one* quen< e* him! effects they may carry
In their train. Ar© they the natural
and healthful unfolding of a true econoMD
movement? Will they carry beneficial
fruits which will find an equitable dis
tribution (..rough th© body |iodtlc as a
whole, or will they prove to be engines of
power by the aid of which the few can
exploit the many?
“M>* faith la strong In the first direc
tion. but the real meaning and future In*
tlners'r* iX these modern pbenomefiti
shoukl be stulle*| ami mad© dear ro the
general compwHunalui . Grave consaquen
ces dcpersl upon It Two dangers are ap
parent. On© Is that through prejudice and
Ignorance we may block the f M th of nat
ural progress The other Is that the for*-.*
and power Involve*! |i ( t e-. r*it *rrvanl
x.itiona !>* utilise*! for of*pr*sslon and
PACIFIC OBTS TAAtI
Dlatrlhallun of t'ansrraetlun of Ire
Uar A easels.
Washington. Dee. 19,-The Board on
Naval Construction to-day completed Its
report. By to-day's arrangement, which
will he submitted to Secretary Long to
morrow. the Pacific roast get* only two
ship*, both armored cruiser*, one sheath
ed, and the other unsheathed, and these
to go to the same bidder, the t'nlon Iron
Works. Cramp holds on to the numlwr
allotted to him yesterday, one sheathed
cruiser, one unsheathed cruiser and one
battleship Newport Nears also maintains
her quota at yesterday's standing, one
shea t hed cruiser, one unsheathed cruiser
and one sheathed battleship. The Fore
River Iron Work* of gulncy, Mas* . ts
scheduled for two tmehaathrd battleships,
and Bath I* set down for one sheathed
Favor l.oss Term Treaties.
Berlin. Dec. 19—The Association of
Herman Colton Yarn Consumers has ad
dressed * petition to Count von Bin-liar,
Imperial chancellor, asking for long '*rm
commercial treaties. Fourteen special tex
tile association*, representing 9to Urnu.
have signed the petition.
To Take t harge of the Strike.
Birmingham. Ola.. Dec. 19—Jntnea M.
Lynch, president of th- 1 International
Typographical Cnton, arrtvrd here to
night lo take charge of the strike now on
between several of th# leading Job office*
of th* city and th* local union.
Another < oltecior nominated.
Washington. Dee. 19—Th* President to
day cent to the Bennie the nomination of
Asa Roger* of Virginia to be collector
of Internal revenue for th* Seoul Dis
trict of Virginia.
TROUBLE IN VENEZUELA.
Flttht lletween Itlsal American At
ptialt t oiMpanle© Knamtlru a
New York. Dec 19. A cablegram receiv
ed this afternoon by Vice President A D.
Andrews of tb*- National Asphalt Com
pany, from Caracas, concerning the revo
lution which has broken out In Vee*u©la,
inserts that the situation Is extremely
desperate as regards Americans and their
pr*H*erty In the StMith American republic.
The me-sug©, which was sent hy a rep
resentative *f th* Natsmal Asphalt Com
pany. which ha* extenslva Interests In
Venetuela is urgent In It* for
Immediate action by th© l*nltel Htates
for the protection of Americans whole
|l\ #*s Mini properties are Imminently en
dangered. A general attack, the cable
gram says. Is being planned upon all
Amcrl in lnter**sts In and If
siH'cor In th** prmnpt dispatch of warships
by the l*nite*l Htates government Is not
forthcoming at one© the result a may
The cablegram soys Ihe revolution ha*
been engendered hy th© fight between the
N * local AspluiM <’ m|wny an*! lt rival*
f-*r t tie posi*. ** i noft he Mermodel asphalt
lake Tlie lake is situated twenty mile*
fr.wn the coast of Venetuela am! contain*
extensive an l rich defasdta *f •"plwlt It
has b* n In the po*s©aMon of the Na bnal
Asphalt Com|Hny. ir Its constituent com
piny, the New York and Hermudea
pany. for over twHvt years.
The company's conceoakm* i* operate
th** lake were can* * llad by ITwsldent Cas
tro ©nd his council on Dec. II The con
cession to operate the ooncoaidon known
s ’La Felh'bkul,” wss then awarded to
a rival syndleiit©. which carries the alleged
right to w©*rk a tract of l,iO acres
wliii h oomprlscH about iw< thirds of the
lak* This tract, the National A*t*halt
Company claims a© Its exclusive pnqerty.
The head of Ihe syndicate whbh ha* ac
quired hl property, under the title of
Fellddod." comprises th© following
C\ M Warner of Hymeun* an.l V It.
Quin.an and P Htilllvaii of Philadelphia.
Th** concession, which whs first granted
in 1*47, was appr,le*l by the National As
phalt Company ami a decision rendered
in Its favor. Thl* decision has been up
set hy President <?a*tro and his council.
"Ia Felictdad" Is said to l now Wurth
twenty times Its alleged |Nir lias© prb e
JOINT NOTE AGREED TO.
Not Mute Public* del hut an Idea
(•Iren of Terms to Which fifet
nese Hast Submit.
P#drn. Deo. ll.— At a meeting of the
foreign ministers lata this evening every
thing In regard to the terms of the join
note was agreed to. Including the Hritlsh
modifications The ministers refuse to
disclose Anything In connection with the
matter believing that the home govern
ments should give the particulars to the
It I# it rale ret oo*l the preamble to the
Joint note will not contain the word "Irre
Th** Chinese peace envoys will be given
n reasonable time within which to con
sider the detrain*ln male. and then will
follow the formal negotiations for tha
settlement of the peace terms.
Off Mala here still decline to make pub
lic the toxt of the note agreed on. but
It Is b-||rved the following pilnit cover
th* essential features of the agreement:
The punishment of the officials guilty
of th#- linger outrage.
The imyraent of Indemnity for the
wrong* Inflicted by the Movers to She
person*, cor |mh at ion* and societies which
Th#* rsvision of commercial I resile*.
Sobs reform In the Tsung II Yamen so
that the ministers having business with
the foreign ofli- n<y transact lt*mor#
exp*<litloualy and with a responsible hwl
A monument to Huron von Kettrier, the
Herman minister who was killed In Pekin,
and the appointment of n prince of the
bloo#t to proceed to Oermany to make for
mal |>oly for the crime.
The rights to keep • hgallon guard In
Pekin if this Is dendre*:.
The exclusion of candidate* for sisml
rv*lons for office for a <*rtaln number of
years In th case of thsie who may lie
guilty of anti foreign activity.
An Interdiction of importations of arms
Into China and of material to Im* used ex
clusively In th** manufacture of arms
The taking of measures to prevent fu
Nome modification. It I* halleved. was
made to the profsmed dismantling of the
forts so that hereafter there will he noth
Ing of thla character that will prevent
ready access to the legations In Pekin.
MlttKt OF THAI MKUitASg.
Many Missionaries wad < hrlstlaas
Saved b) Hasslan Troops.
Brussels, Dec. 19 —The following dis
patch. dated Vladlvoatock. Dec. I*. has
been received at the headquarters of the
Mr Aleut missions here:
"In the district of Pin* all our Inter
ests have been entirely destroyed, except
the Episcopal reeldenc*. The bishop,
nineteen Belgian niDstanari#*, four Chi
nese priest* and 3,M0 Christians were
saved hf Russian troops arriving In heat*
In flve column*.
"Commander Kletx. with a flying col
umn. arrived first. Oct. 3*. and made an
heroic defense for flve daye. During the
tertlble siege he lost In dead and wounded
one-third of hi* tare*. Although twice
wounded, he refined to leave hi* post un
til the arrival erf reinforcements "
TWO PAT ALLEY UUIADFI).
Frank IlnlMnee Deed and Ills Brother
Winston, N. C-. Dec. 19.—Prank Muffin**
anel hi* brother were shell and mortally
wounded at the Home of thetr father, near
Oak Rielge, Oullford county, about (
o'ckick ibis mesrnlng. The stunting was
done hy Deputy Sheriff* J, W. Mcmn-y
and J w Waller of KernerAvllle. They
wnr deputised to arrest the brother* on
warrants charging them with being two
of th* parties who broke Into and robbed
a barroom, near Kernersvtll*. Sunday
IVlun the officer* want to Hufflns*'
horn* they were fired upon by th* broth
ers A number of shot* were exchanged,
hut the deputies eecoped Injufy. One of
the wounded men died this afternoon and
the las* refort from the scene of tha
•hootlrg was tha other on* was dying.
DAILY. A Y FAR.
fl FKNTB A COPY
WEEKLY 2-TIMKH A-WKKK ft A TEAR
HAZING IS COMMON
BEM* TO BE (d.NHHU I V PR AC
TH RO AT AA EOT POCBT.
TESTIMONY OF THE CADETS.
1A ITAKAAKA Ml THE IH F.XI*F.HI
F.y F.A AAF.HF TOT HER Mil ft.
Four lb < lass Km Mr*|iitrel to Ita
All Sorts of Manta •> Their Sen
iors— Inkrs th- I oncett Oat nf
Them hhl Nliii©* I ll.*iu That Rich
Hen’s Moms Are No Heller Ihsa
Anyone Else—Bojrs Had a Hat
West IVHnt. N. Y De.* t< Very Intar
eettng testimony was brought *ut to-slay
hy the court of inquiry wtuch Is Investi
gating the alleged nosing of * udets at
the Military Academy here, in ament tori
with th* recent doath of former Cadet
Thirty-five cadets were exanuned. OH©
of whom was the brother of JJ*ut lUch
mond P. Il Kn of Mcrrlrnn•* fame, an
kher was ih<* son of Gen Phil lAtu rldMNt.
and third Mark Hnwik** of P*mtsvlva
nia. is a nephew of Gan lirN>ke, who Is
th© presiding officer of the court. All
thre* told of the baaing they got .turuig
the encampment of W at the time Oscar
L. iLwi was thetr cafstnair, an*t no;
one of them paid that the treatment they
received, or the things they had to do.
were either brutal or !egraling.
linhaon m worst ordeal was when h© hod
to stand on his h* *d In a hnth tub In
which there was about ten Inches of
w ater H* said he wa partial \ sir angled,
hut was all rigid In a f*w mlimtee. Ha
dl*l many foolish things 4 the bidding of
upper *lase nen. Among th©*© thtngw
wrer© climbing a tent pol©. telling funny
stories and trying to sing.
Young Phil Hlierldan was made to rtda
a hmomatb k a long th© mniw.nys stroat
In commemoration of hts Illustrious
father** ride arw! he had to keep shouting
"Turn. boys, turn’” all the time. ll© did
not think this was humiliating, he said.
Although h* .h i not relish th© task. H**
saw nothing brutal In any exerdsee which
he was put Ihrough, only they were tire
Young Brooke said that the only man
he had heard s|s>ken f In any sense for
being religious was the president of th©
Y M <’ A . who was called "Baintly
Mitchell." Thl* was not done In dLr©-
*lect. as the wttneos said ©v©ryone ot tho
cadet* looked up to him and llk©d him.
Banwiel fYankttfVWrger of Wot VlrgUdi,
a Hebrew, teal Pied he had b©n h.xe. i
but In no harsher manner than that ex
perienced by his *dassmates and ho. too,
•aid thar© was fw >rutallty.
jt(Nx> part-tits claimed that their son
ha<l * otnpialn©*! of hriitai treaiment at
that time Frank**nlerx©r sold that If
Hoox had leen treated brutally he would
have known of It.
Iks*'* tent mate, Albert, was also a
Jew, hut Krunkettberg*’! *w<jre that AI tier t
was an unooiiipanlonatde man and was
consequently dhiik* *1 by hia classmates.
Jotm K. Herr of New Jersey, who wu
one of Hooas s**conls In his fight with
Keller, told Ihe story of tin* encounter.
In will h In* cii l
"Boo* Just kind of kdd down.”
Herr (old of how Itoog rt*f>ped down
without sufficient cause and when h felt
the last time, all hough counted out. Herr
mn! Boos was rsrt knocked out or winderl.
tin of his actiona In th© fight,
Herr aaWl floo was looked h|mv hs %
coward and nobody likted him afterVard.
Ilerr strenuously d*ru©*l that Houi was
roughly or brutally based.
<v*let Charles M. I.hy of Pennaylvsnta
gave a detnlle*! description of Ihe differ
ent mode* of tiaxlng whk*h lie had under
gone. He described "bracing." "Wooden
Willie." "footlsill.” "©Mating.” "hanging
on stretcher" and several other form# of
exercise’* which h* had xoo© through.
If© never snw a man faint from exhaus
tion during these ndeals. hut told the
court that he fdmaelf ha*l fclgnod a faint
Kty gave an exhibition of iroclag. M
which Is a* Mom pi I shed by pulling In Iha
chin and drawing back th© should©!**
while standing ©rod. H© said this wa#
an ©xaggerald form of a soldlrcly po
None of thesn ordeal* was brutal, ha
declared, and he never knew or heard of
anyone who had suffered any In conse
quence of being put through them.
In nearly every Instance the witnesses
said that all these forms of haling were
obsolete and while "bracing" waa *llll
practiced secretly, |t was against the reg
ulations. and If anyone were detected vio
lating these regulation* he would-be sum
marily dealt with and severely punDhed.
There are ahnut a score more of Boob's
classmates to be examined and as there
ar* several of the first rluss m-n to Ito
heard from, as well as some of the offi
cers. the court may not get through th*
taking of testimony until Ruturday.
Hiram M Cooper, a cadet of tha second
class from North Carolina, wtien asked If
he had been based oa a fourth class man.
•"Ye*, on one occasion I ws* In the
bathroom and waa compelled to take a
cold bath ”
"Was It In winter?" ashed Oen. Brooke.
"No elr. It was In summer.” replied th*
Cadet Herr, of New Jersey, said tha*
many fourth rtese men on their arrival
wife conceited on account of wealth, ao
rtal ft.indmg or superior Intellect awl
had to be treated In this way to show
they a.'* no better than anybody else.
Cadet Troup Miller, of Heorgia. told f
his experience aa a fourth class man In
'9l and th* hating to which he waa sub
jected. It# had to radio poetry or prose
from memory He had to do exerelaaa,
braelng sitting up. ami while he did not
enjoy doing them, they had Bo 111 effeqt
li.*hy D. Yalllant of Arkansas, said he
hid taken pari In pillow lights and a "rat
funeral " The latter woe held tn hi*
tent The body at a dead rat was placed
on top of a box and * towel takt over
It Pour lighted candles were placed on
the comers of th# bo*. The high priest
was appointed who read from tha "Black:
"What t* that?" asked Cspt- Dean.
"Tn* regulations of tha military acad
emy, sir." waa the reply.
Continuing. Vallum said flowers wees
placed arouml the body of the rat. Tbo
services lasted about half an hour. Sev
eral upper clsos men took photographs of
the proceedings, aftsr which tha rodent
Cadet Harry L. Hodges of Virginia sold
that he. as well as many fourth cloaa
men. lost weight at tha beginning of th*
(Continued on Fifth I’ags.J %