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THE MORNING NEWS. I
Established 1850. .- - Incorporated 1888 f \' 1"A l I A I,'' I>l rr Q~O
J. H. ESTILL, President. 1 I I.fSM.
FROM THE CROWD
ASSAILED MRS. CHADWICK
WHEN SHE REACHED CLEVELAND,
WHERE SHE IS SOW IS JAIL.
Home Coining of tlie Feminine Fi
nancier Who Has Startled tlie
World Was Sot Triumphal—Great
Crowd Had Gathered, and Hisses
and Jeers Were Her Greeting.
Placed in the Mean Jail In City
Where She Had Resided.
Cleveland, 0., Dec. 14.—Five times
indicted by the United States govern
ment at the exact minute that her
train rolled into the station, Mrs. Cas
sie L. Chadwick came home to Cleve
land this afternoon.
She was greeted with jeers, hoots
and hisses by the crowds that gather
ed in the depot when her train arriv
ed, and howled at by hundreds gath
ered in front of the federal building.
The last sound that reached her from
the outside world, as she passed into
the stuffy, ill-smelling office of Sheriff
Barry in the county jail, was the hoot
of derision from the people massed in
front of the doorway.
She made no attempt to give bail,
and after a brief stop in the office of
the clerk of the United States Court,
was taken to jail. She is held to
night in cell 14 in the woman’s de
partment of the jail and her palatial
residence on Euclid avenue, of which
the furnishings alone are valued at
$200,000 is occupied by her maid.
Fell in a Dead Faint.
Her courage held to the last, but
her body failed her, and when she had
mounted the three flights of stairs
leading to the tier of cells where she
is to remain, she collapsed utterly and
fell in a dead faint. But for the aid
of Deputy United States Marshal Kel
ker, who held her up and almost car
ried her along, as she mounted the
stairs, she never would have been able
to reach her cell.
Breathless, pale and staggering, she
was barelv able to reach a chair as
the steel door of the woman’s corridor
swung open to receive her. She sank
feebly Into a chair, her head fell back
ward and but for the marshals she
would have rolled to the floor. Water
naa quickly brought to her, and in a
few seconds she revived, and was
again a woman of business.
Her first request was that Jier law
yer, Sheldon Q. Kerrnish, be sent for,
and she was soon engaged in a confer
ence with him concerning her defense.
Little Chance for Hail.
There is small chance that she will
be able to leave the jail before her
trial. There are now seven indict
ments against her, five additional
charges having been laid her
In the federal court this afternoon.
It would require surety to the amount
of at least SIOO,OOO to give her free
dom, and there is nobody in Cleveland
who will furnish that amount for her.
She has herself no idea of giving bail,
and will remain in jail. She has the
best cell in the place, but it is not
a nice ceil, nor is the county jail of
Cuyahoga county a nice jail even as
jails go, but it is the best there is
and there she must remain.
Mrs. Chadwick’s train was scheduled
to arrive at 11:10 o’clock In the morn
ing, but it was three hours later be
fore it reached Cleveland. The delay
of the train served but one purpose,
that of Increasing the crowd of curious
at the depot. When It finally rolled
into the station there was a rush
from the further end of the iron fence
that kept the crowd of curious from
Broke Through the Police.
This mob had broken through the
police, swarmed over the fence and
through the gate, and upon the tracks,
so that when the train came to a
standstill there were about 1,000 per
sons about the cars.
As the train drew out of Ashtabula
Mrs. Chadwick said: ‘‘The next stop
■will be home.” During the run into
Cleveland she conversed with her son
and an Associated Press correspond
ent. She was remarkably calm and
In discussing her affairs said the peo
ple of the country would soon learn
that she had been more sinned against
Emil Hoover, who joined the party
at Ashtabula, was the bearer of a let
ter to his mother from her step
daughter. Miss Mary Chadwick. The
letter, which was couched in the most
endearing terms, was written on the
paper of the Hotel Continental, Paris,
and was dated Nov. 30. It com
menced. ‘‘My dear mother.” and was
signed, “Tour loving daughter, Mary.”
Showed Great Devotion.
The letter said that the first Intima
tion Miss Chadwick and her father
had of the troubles of Mrs. Chadwick
was gained from a New York dispatch
In the London Dally Chronicle of Nov.
30, a clipping of which was enclosed,
nd Miss Chadwick continued that she
believed the charges against her moth
er to toe monstrous, and that "No one
who knows you as I do will believe
such awful things.”
The girl gave her step-mother as
surances of the greatest love and re
spect, and bade her to be of good
< beer, as she was certain the matter
would be settled In a manner satis
factory to sll concerned.
She begged to be informed If she or
her father could be of any aeslstance.
end said that If they could help in the
"lightest degree they would return Im
Mrs, Chadwick'S eyes filled with
tears as the correspondent read the
teller aloud. "Ms ry Is the sweeiost
•‘i* Mt Uis world," shu sobbed, ‘‘sad 1
could not love her more If she were
my own child."
Mrs. Chadwick reiterated her former
statements that as her husband and
step-daughter couid be of no assist
ance to her here, she wished them to
remain abroad, that they might be
spared the humiliation attendant upon
their presence in Cleveland.
Shrank from the Crowd.
As the train neared its destination
Mrs. Chadwick donned her outer gar
ments, a tong fur-trimmed coat, a
brown hat and heavy veil to match.
She expressed her appreciation of the
courtesies extended to her by the As
sociated Press and a few minutes later
said she would like to say good bye
to the newspaper men who had accom
panied her party from New' York. The
correspondents, went in, one by one,
and to each she gave a warm hand
grasp and said a hearty, "God bless
When the train drew in the station
at Cleveland. Mrs. Chadwick caught a
glimpse of the great crowds which
swarmed about the train shed and
was grouped on vantage points on the
bights surrounding the station. She
instinctively shrank back into a corner
of the drawing room and said: “I
cannot see why all those people should
With Hoots and Jeers.
After the train had been emptied of
its passengers. United States Marshal
Chandler of Ohio stepped aboard her
car, the “Aida,” and made his way
to the drawing room, where he was
introduced to Mrs. Chadwick. She ask
ed that she be taken out as speedily
as possible, and preceded by Emil
Hoover and Freda , Swanstrom, the
nurse, the party made its way to the
platform and thence through the dense
crowds to a carriage in waiting.
Although in her own city no friendly
face greeted her at the car and Mrs.
Chadwick stepped into her carriage as
if she had been an entire stranger to
The crowd had become impatient
with the delay of Mrs. Chadwick’s ar
rival and began to jeer and whistle.
As soon as Mrs. Chadwick's son, Emil,
and her faithful nurse, Fred Swan
strom, appeared on the car platform
and stepped to the station, Mrs. Chad
wick was recognized by the crowd and
there was a spontaneous outburst of
jeers, whistles and shouts of coarse
Shouts of “Here’re the notes” and
“Where’s the money?” greeted Mrs.
Chadwick upon her appearance, and
as the viciousness of the mob dawned
upon her, she seemed to grow faint
and wavered as though about to fall.
It seemed that but for the deputy
marshals’ support of her she must ut
Cameras Trained Upon Her.
The arrival of the woman was most
spectacular in every respect and In
marked contrast to her previous ar
rivals in her home city. As soon as the
police could clear arvay and bring about
some semblance of order about the
depot platform, the officers led their
prisoner toward the gate and out
through the entrance. There the street
was almost blocked and well nigh im
passible to the carriages and teams.
The camera fiend w*as there in all his
glory, despite the overcast sky and
dark day, and through this battery
passed Mrs. Chadwick, Marshal Can
dler and his two deputies into their
carriage. They were immediately driv
en away to the federal building.
All the time the crowd kept hooting
and jeering, and as the carriages roll
ed away from the station they were fol
lowed by some of the crowd. The
shouts and cries were taken up,, and
passed along, all the way to the federal
building through the busiest part of
Kept Up Tlielr Halting.
As the carriages neared the building
the crowds on the sidewalks broke into
the street, and many began to run be
side the carriages, expecting to see
Mrs. Chadwick as she entered the
building by the main entrance. In this
the crowd was disappointed, for the
carriage with the prisoner was driven
into an alley in the rear of the build
ing. As the crowd was being cleared
from the alley, eager, peering faces
were thrust into the carriage windows
and vulgar expressions hurled at the
Mrs. Chadwick was taken to the fifth
floor on the freight elevator. The po
lice continued to heat back the crowd,
and out of the next carriage the nurse,
Freda, was assisted and taken up to
join her mistress. Emil did not leave
While Mrs. Chadwick with her nurse
was in the federal building Emil in the
carriage outside was subjected to the
scrutiny of the mob, and was forced
to listen to anathemas and maledic
tions, as well as sarcastic and bitter
references to “notes," "diamonds,” “se
curities,” and the like. Even the clerks
in the postoffloe, working on the ground
floor of the building, flocked to a rear
door, located next to the one entered
by Mrs. Chadwick and laughingly
shouted, “Let’s see the securities,” re
ferring to baggage of Mrs. Chadwick
and Freda, which they saw through
the carriage doors.
Through Another Ordeal.
Mrs. Chadwick had a long confer
ence with her attorney. Sheldon Q.
Kerrnish. She said she did not care
to plead to the Indictments just found
against her, and was taken to the Jail.
When she was about to leave the
federal building the excitement was
greater, if possible, than before. The
carriage, after a few delays, forced a
passage and, once out of the alley,
Mrs. Chadwick was hurried away to
the jail. She passed through streets
with thronged curbs only to run the
gauntlet of another mob that had been
gathering for hours. Into the Jail the
prisoner was hurried to the accom
paniment of more shouts and jeers and
the clicking of photographers' cameras.
The son, Emil, following in another
carriage, soon Joined his mother and
not until then did the crowd, that for
five hours had been increasing, begin
to decrease. Freda remained with
Mrs. Chadwick about half an hour,
and when she came out entered a car
riage and was driven to the Chadwick
residence at 1824 Euclid avenue. Emil
remained with his mother for nearly
an hour, when he took his departure.
tins llone lolhlns Wrong.
While aboard the train en goute here
Mrs. Chadwick summoned the Asso
ciated F ress representative and to him
dictated a “statement to the people of
Ohio,” as follows:
“Bearing on my side of the story,
all has been told the people of Ohio.
It ought to be sufficient proof to you
of rny good faith to face my creditor*
and ac users. I have lived In Cleve
land for many years and outside of
negotiating some large loarta, which
have all been paid back, in Cleveland
and some things that 1 may have done
which may not be considered good
business, I do not think any one who
knows me wilt attempt to io'iim me
of any wrong. I ask the people of
Ohio to suspend Judgment until the
esse has hod a full fcegrtng.
Adiguedj “Coasts Id. Chadwick.”
VICTIMS, TOO, ARE
TO ACCOUNT FOR IT
BOTH BECKWITH AND SPEAR
AS WELL AS MRS. CHADWICK ARE
Five Indictment* Returned by the
Federal Grand Jury Asratnat tlie
Woman, and Four Eaeh Against
President Beckwith and Cashier
Spear of the Bank Mrs. Cliadwtck
Broke—Statement of Beckwith
Was Submitted to the Grand Jury.
Cleveland, 0., Dee. 14. —The federal
grand jury returned five indictments
against Mrs. Chadwick, three of which
charge her with aiding and abetting
officers of a national bank to defraud
the institution, and two charge her
with conspiring against the United
Four indictments were returned
against President Beckwith of the
Oberlin Bank, two charging him with
misapplication of the funds of a na
tional 'bank; one with conspiracy to
commit an offense against the United
States and one with certifying checks
when no funds were on hand.
Indictments were returned also
against Cashier Spear. They are the
same as those against President Beck
Statement of Beckwith.
The first witness before the grand
jury was United States Marshal Chan
dler, who presented to the jury the
sworn statement of President Beck
with. This is the document which has
been called the “confession” of Beck
with. It sets forth in effect that there
were two notes of $500,000 each, both
signed in the name of Andrew Carnegie,
and Mrs. Chadwick declared positively,
both to him and Cashier Spear, thfat
she personally saw Mr. Carnegie sign
his name to both notes.
It was also set forth in the state
ment that a New York attorney, who
claimed to be a representative of
Andrew Carnegie, had declared to
Beckwith in Oberlin that the notes were
The endorsement of the notes by
Beckwith and Spear was admitted, but
the statement declared neither of them
had any idea that they were to be
used in the rrfanner in which Mrs.
Chadwick handled them.
Relied on Reynolds, Toe.
Mr. Beckwith’s statement declared
that they received from Iri Reynolds
information to the effect that “every
thing was all right” and that a large
amount of securities belonging to Mrs.
Chadwick were held by the Wade Park
Bank. This encouraged him to make
loans to Mrs. Chadwick.
Mr. Beckwith’s statement set forth
the fact that Mrs. Chadwick had se
cured large loans from other bankers
and had met them promptly. There
was no reason to believe that she
would not treat loans made by the
Oberlin bank in the same manner.
Several other witnesses were heard.
District Attorney Sullivan handed in
the documents, which he had previous
ly prepared, and in five minutes there
after Mrs. Chadwick, Beckwith and
Spear had been indicted.
CAN GO TO FLORIDA.
BUT NOT TO CLEVELAND.
Carnegie Explains He Is Really 111,
anal That's His Only Henson.
New York. I>eo. 14.—That Andrew
Carnegie is willing to appear against
Mrs. Chadwick when his health has
sufficiently improved was made clear
in a statement given out to-day at Mr.
Carnegie's residence by his secretary.
“Mr. Carnegie's only reason for not
going to Cleveland at this time has
already been given,” said the secre
tary. "His health will not admit of
his taken the trip, wave at considerable
risk, as his physician has already said
he is suffering from lumbago.
“He has been willing to make a de
position at his home, and later, on his
return from Florida, he will lend his
assistance and be present to testify at
any subsequent proceeding, such as a
trial, whenever his testimony is needed.
His one and only reason for not going
to Cleveland now is that he is unable
to stand the journey in this weather.”
BACON SAID CLYATT
DID NOT FORCE THEM.
Argument Before the Supreme t'onrt
In the Peonage Cam.
Washington, Dec. 14.—The argument
in the peonage ease of Clyatt vs. the
United States was continued in the
Supreme Court to-day by Attorney
Oeneral Moody for the government and
Senator Bacon for Clyatt.
Senator Bacon contended that the
record in the case showed that the
negro men whom Clyatt is accused cf
holding in peonage went to his place
of their own accord and argued that
if there had been any peonage at all
it had been voluntary and was not
punishable under the law.
The attorney general contended that
Involuntary peonage comprehends and
Includes voluntary peonage and that
cither species of the practice Is In con
travention of the law, and the federal
constitution and opposed to the spirit
of our Institutions.
Judgment for lira. Ferris.
Fort Kdwsrd, N. Y., Doc. I4.~dur
rugate Frasier handed down a deejojon
to-day in favor of Kate I. Ferris of
Aiiania, <J*.. awarding her the real*
due of she estate of Charles Ferris,
Isle of dandy JiiU, M. X,, amounting
SAVANNAH. GA.. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1904.
THINKS JAPS MISSED
Should Have Struck at Kuropntkln
Some Tin|e Ago.
St. Petersburg, Dec. 14.—The general
staff apparently is entirely f 'tied
with the military situation in ..lan
churla, being convinced that the Japa
nese have reached their high tide. A
high officer said to the Associated
"The Japanese army Is unique in
military history -end probably the
strongest in the world, Combining t'he
strength of barbarism with civiliza
tion, drawing from the former fanati
cal bravery and scorn of death and
from the latter the latest knowledge
of the science of war. We have been
fighting them under heavy handicaps,
but have at last definitely stopped
them. They have missed the psycho
logical moment. They are not strong
enough to attempt to turn Mukden
now, and will not be, even if Port Ar
thur fails and 50,000 reinforcements
are sent up to join Field Marshal
“In the meantime Russian troops are
piling up behind Mukden. In Febru
ary, before the port of New Chwang
is ice free, Gen. Kuropatkin will have
close upon half a million men disposed
In three armies, amply sufficient to
turn Oyama's position at the Shakhe
river and force the Japanese back Into
Korea and the Liao Tung peninsula.”
ACTION AT PORT ARTHUR.
Bombardment Aimed at the Arsenal
and Torpedo Depot.
Washington. Dec. 14.—The Japanese
legation has received the following ca
blegram from Toklo:
“Commander of naval artillery re
ports that bombardment on the 13th
was principally aimed at arsenal and
torpedo depot at Tiger Tail and at
steamboats in its vicinity. Torpedo
depot ablaze one hour. Three ships
were destroyed and one was sunk, be
side building greatly damaged.
Indirect bombardment upon Sevasto
pol staying outside harbor was sus
pended, owing to bad weather, which
prevented observation. Togo reports
torpedo boat flotillas attacked twice
Sevastopol on the night of 12th and
thrice on the night of the 13th. The
result is uncertain. Each time they
met enemy’s fierce fire and one of our
torpedo boats was disabled, but towed
back, while three received one shot
each. Our total casualties, only three
FROM 203 METRE HILL
Headquarters of the Third Japanese
Army, via Fusan. Dec. 14.—Every part
of the city and harbor of Port Arthur
is visible from Two Hundred and Three
The streets of the city are deserted,
and but few soldiers are doing patrol
duty. Many buildings have been burn
ed and others shattered. The shelter
of the harbor present a strange ap
pearance with turrets, masts and fun
nels of warships showing Just above
the water. There is not a vessel afloat
In the harbor. The docks and build
ings on the water front are torn and
burned. The Japanese shells read)
every part of the city and harbor.
BODIES WERE TORN
BY HAND GRENADES.
Before Port Arthur, With the Third
Japanese Army, via Fusan, Dec. 14.
The effect of dynamite used as an of*
fenslve weapon in the form of hand
grenades la Instanced In an appalling
manner by the condition of the iM4
bodies, which ate torn and unrecognl*.
able maeaee of tleeh and boo**, Frag,
menta of hundred* of killed unearthed
from tlo- filled-in Huae.an tren b>-
presented a seen# of awful horror The
heavy timber# and steel plated of the
Continued M Fifth Fag*.
' —New York Herald.
NO PRESENT TRIAL
OF JUDGE SWAYNE
EVIDENTLY NO HURRY
ABOUT HIS IMPEACHMENT IN’ THE
Ilf May Not Be Tried Defare Next
March—ln Fact, It Is Possible That
Not Until the Next Conaress la
Convened Will He Be Called Be
fore the Bar of tlie Senate—Notice
of the ilunar'a Purpose to Impeifeh
Received In Due and Solemn Form.
Washington, Dec. 14.—The Senate,
which under the constitution is made
the trial court in impeachment cases,
to-day received official notice of the
determination of tlie House of Repre
sentatives to present Impeachment
charges against Charles Swayne, fed
eral judge in the Northern District of
Florida. The matter was brought to
the Senate’s attention by a House
committee and the Senate appointed a
committee to prepare the details of
the proposed investigation.
When, a few minutes before the
hour of the Senate’s meeting, tlie
House Committee appeared at the
Vice President’s room to confer with
President Pro Tempore Frye, there
was a general scurrying about on the
part of the officials to find precedents
and to make preparation for the cere
mony, the like of which had not been
witnessed in the Senate chamber since
the proceedings of 1876 against Sec*
Conferred With the Committee.
While these details were being ar
ranged, Senator Frye was engaged in
conference with the House committee,
consisting of Messrs. Palmer, Jenkins,
Gillett, Clayton and Smith of Ken
tucky. Their official action consisted
in a mere notification to Mr. Frye of the
committee's desire to bring the action
of the House in the Swayne case to
the attention of the Senate at ‘as early
an hour fts possible to-day, and Mr.
Frye’s reply that the Senate would be
prepared to receive the committee at
any time that It might arrive.
A brief, informal exchange of views
as to the time when the Senate should
take up the case ensued. The House
members sttfaed that it would be Im
possible for the committee to present
its articles of impeachment previous to
the holidays, and It was suggested that
the trial might be postponed until after
March 4 next or even until the next
session of Congress. *
The House impeachment committee
presented Itself at the main door of
the Senate, being preceded by Clerk
Browning of the House, who nMs an
nounced in the usual form by B. W.
Layton, assistant sergeant at arms.
Resolution Was Head.
Mr. Browning read the impeach
ment resolution passed by the House.
Mr. Layton then presented the com
mittee, saying: "I announce the com
mittee from the House of Represen
tatives, appointed in pursuance of the
resolution Just received."
The chair announced that he would
receive the committee, whereupon th*
committee was taken in charge by Col.
D. M. Hansdell. sergeant-at-arms rtf
the Henate. and all the members were
conducted down the center aisle to a
point immediately In front of the
president pro tempore'* seat. Mr. Pal
mer spoke for the committee, saying:
“Mr. President, in obedience to the
order of the House of Representatives,
we appear before you and In the name
of the House of Representatives and
of all the people of the United Htates
of America, we do Impeach Charles
■wsyrte. judge of the district court
of the United Htates for the Northern
District of Florida, of high crimes and
misdemeanors In office; and we further
Infixm the Senate that the Houee of
Representatives will In due time ex
hibit articles of impeachment against
him and make good the same. And In
their name we demand that the Sen -
ate shall taka order for the appear-
ance of the said Charles Swayne to
answer said impeachment.”
Ceremony Noon Over.
The President pro tempore said:
"Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the
Committee: The chair begs to an
nounce that the Senate will take order
in the premises, due notice of which
will be given to the House."
The committee Immediately retired.
The entire ceremony consumed less
than three minutes of time.
After the House Committee had re
tired, Mr. Platt of Connecticut pre
sented a resolution directing that “The
message of the House of Representa
tives relative to the impeachment of
Charles Swayne be refei rod to a se
lect committee to consist, of five sena
tors to be appointed by the President
The resolution was agreed to, and
the chair designated Messrs. Platt of
Connecticut, Clark of Wyoming, Fair
banks, Bacon and Pettus as members
of the committee. All the members of
the select committee are members of
the Committee on Judiciary.
COMMITTEE OF SEVEN
NAMED IN THE HOUSE.
Washington, Dec. 14.—Further action
on the impeachment proceedings
against Judge Charles Swayne of the
Northern district of Florida was taken
in the House to-day by the appoint
ment of the committee of seven, pro
vided for by a resolution adopted yes
terday, to draft the charges for presen
tation to tho Senate and by the recep
tion of the report of the committee
of five to notify the Senate of the im
Immediately after the House met
Speaker Cannon announced as the
committee of seven to prepare the
charges against Judge Charles Swayne
of t'he Northern district of Florida,
who was Impeached yesterday, the fol
lowing: Messrs. Palmer of Pennsyl
vania, Glllett of California. Parker of
New Jersey, Littlefield of Maine, Pow
ers of Massachusetts, Clayton of Ala
bama and DeArmond of Missouri
The committee of five uppolnted yes
terday to notify the Henate that the
House had Impeached Judge Swayne
■appeared in the center aisle, and Mr.
palmer, its chairman, reported as fol
“Mr. Speaker: In obedience to the
order of the House, we proceeded to
lt e hf r h f a he Ht ' nate ’ and In the name
of this body Hitd of all the people of
the United States, we as
we were directed to do Charles
Swayne judge of the District Court of
the United States for the Northern
district of Florida, of high crimes and
misdemeanors In office, and we de
manded that the Senate should take
order to make him appear before that
body to answer for the same; and an
nounced that the House would soon
present articles of impeachment and
make them good, to which the response
was, Order shall be taken.’ ”
STOCK YARDS WERE
DESTROYED BY FIRE.
Mamra Caused a I.ohm of 800,000 nt
Atlanta. Dec. 14.—Fire here to-night
destroyed T. R. Hawtell's large stock
yards. Stephens' planing mills and
three negro residences. The total loss
Is estimated at $6,000.
The firemen were hindered In their
efforts to fight the flumes by drizzling
rain and sleet and the coldest weather
of the winter.
MUCH JEWELRY WAS
FOUND IN HIS TRUNK.
Richmond, Va., Dec. 14.—J. K.
Wright, alias W. E. Htairs, Is In j||
In Manchester, Va.. under three In
dictments charging him with house
breaking and having burglars tools In
hi* possession. In a trunk In his room
was found a collection of watches,
diamonds, ear rings, linger rings, stick
plus and other Jewelry, worth In the
aggregate, about 11.600 The mail la
wanted In Wheeling, W. V#., slid
Lynchburg. Va., on charges of burg
lary, nnd la an Id to be a fugitive
from Tennessee justice. To-night he
is connected by the Huaton police with
a diamond robbery ui Mutt city.
5 CENTS A COPY.
DAILY. *8 A YEAR.
WEEKLY 2-TIMES-A-WEEK,SI A YEAR
ONE SMALL BUG
CAUSES THIS TO-DO
HE IS “RESOLUTED” AGAINST
IX MOST VIOOHOI S MAXXF.It HA
• OTTOS UROWERS.
Plan to Eradicate (he Hotl Weevil
by Horning All Cotton Stalk* as
Soon as the Staple Haa Been
Picked—Minority of Committee
Wanted Texas and Ollier Infratea!
Region, to Skill One Year, Plant-
Ins no Cotton I util IfMMI.
Shreveport, La., Dec. 14.—After pass
ing resolutions commending the aid of
the government In efforts to extermi
nate the boll weevil and urging the
farmers of the infected districts in
Texas and Louslana to burn ail cotton
stalks in the early fall, the National
Cotton Convention adjourned late this
Prior to the adoption of the resolu
tions, a spirited fight was precipitated
on the floor of the convention by the
proffering of a majority and minority
report. The bone of contention was a
plank inserted by M. L. Johnson of
Georgia to the effect that the only way
to destroy and prevent the spread of
the boll weevil is to prevent the plant
ing of any cotton within the infected
sections of Texas or any other state
or territory, wherein Infected lands ex
ist, for the period of one year.
The minority report agreed to all the
recommendations of the majority ex
cept this plunk, which was finally voted
Tho resolutions. In part, follow:
“That we extend our sincere thanks
to the Department of Agriculture of
the United Htates for the timely as
sistance it has offered In an effort to
overcome the cotton boll weevil.
“That we think the department of
entomology, headed by Dr. W. D. Hun
ter, which Was accomplished excellent
results In educating the people regard
ing the nature and habits of the boll
weevil and other Insect pests and for
the well conceived plans and work of
experimentation along this line.
Ideas That Are Indorsed.
“That we heartily approve the meth
od* already employed as being both
scientific and practical, and that we
emphasize the Idea of thorough prep
aration of the cotton lands, a reduction
of the acreage, the rotation of crops
and extensive cultivation with more
vigorous efforts to secure early ma
turing cotton for all the boll weevil
"That the cotton planters through
out the infected districts are heretoy
urged to co-operate with the general
government in the plans for overcom
ing this devastating pest.
"That It is the sense of this con
vention that the legislatures of the cot
ton states be memorialized to enact
stringent laws for the protection of ail
Insectivorous birds, their eggs and
It was further resolved that a vigor
ous campaign of public education
should toe Inaugurated through the
farmers and oedagoglcal institutes of
the several cotton statea, the press and
through the public schools.
Hurn the (utlnn Stalks.
"Resolved, That It Is the sense of
this national cotton convention that
the early full destruction of all the
cotton stalks in the boll weevil In
fected areas of Texas and Louisiana la
an absolute necessity.
"Resolved, That we commend to the
legislative bodies of any Infected area
the urgent necceaity of taking Imme
diate steps under the supervision of
proper authorities to burn the cotton
stalks of next year systematically and
at once behind the pickers.”
A plan for organizing ail the cotton
growers of the Mouth to combat the
bill weevil was introduced toy Oswald
Wilson, statistical agent of the United
(Millet Department of Agriculture, ste
mmed at rort Worth, Teg., was recsis-
Continued on firth Page.