Newspaper Page Text
THE MORNING NEWS. J
Established 1850. - Incorporated 1888 > VT’ArPl? rr O'T'T
J. H. ESTILL. President. * 1> 1 -ill linli I i.tsil.
OF THE FIGHTING
REPORT TO THE EMPEROR.
DETAILS THAT FROM NOV. 25 TO
DEC. 4 AT FORT ARTHUR.
On Deo. 4 the Japanese Were Finally
Successful in Their Attack Upon
the Hill ContinniiilinK the Harbor.
It Hull Hern Heroically Defended
by the Russians—Stoessel Singles
Out Offlcern to Praise for Their
St. Petersburg, Dec. 18.—Gen. Stoes
sel’s dispatches to the Emperor, which
were received Friday night, were given
out to-day. The first is dated Nov. 25,
and is as follows:
■ I am happy to Inform your ma
jesty that on Nov. 20, after an in
creased bombardment, the Japanese at
tacked one of the forts on the north
eastern front and leaped with a por
tion of their forces on the parapet.
They were annihilated by rifle fire and
the bayonet and thrown back into the
trenches. Their reserves were scatter
ed by shrapnel.
•‘From Nov. 21 to Nov. 23, the enemy
violently bombarded the fort, and, in
spite of great losses, effected by their
perseverance a passage between the
two forts on the northeastern front.
“At 5:30 p. m., Nov. 23, after heavy
firing, the Japanese suddenly hurled
themselves against several works on
this front and seized a portion of the
trenches, but they were thrown back
by the reserve after a fierce bayonet
struggle. They returned to the 'assault
at midnight and again occupied a part
of the trenches, but were annihilated
by our bayonets. At 2 o’clock in the
morning all was over and your majes
ty’s heroic troops were able to rest and
start repairing the damage caused by
Troops Behaved as Heroes.
“From the 20th to the 24th, the Jap
anese lost more than f 2, 000 men. All
of our troops behaved as heroes. The
following especially distinguished
themselves: Gens. Kondratenko, Niki
tin, (commander of the artillery), and
Gorbatowsky and Lieut. Col. Naoum
ko. (A dozen other officers in lower
grades are also mentioned in the dis
“Bombardment of the town and har
bor continues daily. A number of
buildings have been destroyed, and the
harbor has sustained some damage.
The garrisons are in excellent spirits.’’
In another dispatch, dated Nov. 29,
Gen. Stoessel says:
“The 26th and 27th were the bloodiest
days in the assaults on Port Arthur.
The attacks began on the night of
the 25th, against our left flank, near
Pigeon Bay. The first was repulsed
with great loss to the Japanese. The
same night the enemy attacked a de
tachment on Panlung mountain, but
were repulsed as also was their attack
cm Vlsokaia (203 Meter hill).
At Point of Bayonet.
“On the 26th, the Japanese began to
bombard and attack fiercely the forts
on the northeastern front, and the ad
vanced trenches. The trenches re
peatedly changed hands. Nevertheless,
on the night of the 26th we threw back
the Japanese at the point of the bayo
net. The enemy succeeded In blowing
up the parapet of one of the forts and
began building parallels there. At an
other fort on the same night they laid
sacks along the Tampart, but our ar
tillery dispersed them. Toward 10
o’clock in the evening the Japanese
attacked a battery on our left flank
In considerable strength and at first
obtained possession of a portion of the
works, but our heroes brought bayo
nets Into use and the Japanese retired,
leaving a heap of their men. Along
the whole front, the Japanese reopened
a violent fire agUinst the Interior of
the fortress, keeping it up until 5
o'clock on the morning of Nov. 27.
“The help which God sent us on the
birthday of our mother, the Czarina,
gave further victory.”
The message mentions the same four
officers as given in the preceding dis
patch, together with several others
who specially distinguished them
Repulsed Assaults Upon the Hill.
A further dispatch from Gen. Stoes-
Bcl dated Nov. 30. says:
“Since Nov. 27 the Japanese have
been carrying on a violent bombard
ment and making Incessant assaults
In considerable force against Vlsokaia
(203 Meter hill). Their assaults were
On Dec. 12 (Dec. 2?) Gen. Stoessel
reports as follows:
“Tiie twelve da vs’ assault which com
menced on Nov. 20, was definitely re
pulsed last night. I am happy to say
that your majesty’s heroic troops
alone could have been capable of doing
this. There has never been such a
fierce assault. The following contrib
uted principally to its repulse: Gens.
Kondratenko. Nikitin and Gorbatow
sky and Cols. Irrmann and Eretlakoff
end Lieut. Cols. Naoumenko and Gan
dourlne. It Is. thanks to them, and
the heroic officers and naval sharp
shooters and tlie urtlllerynien, that
Boit Arthur succeeded again in re
sisting. The Japanese, according to
prisoners and Chinese, lost at least 20,-
"We request your prayers and those
Of the mother empresses, which are
manifestly shielding us.
“As general aide de camp to your
majesty, I have expressed your maj
esty’s thanks to the garrison.”
This Attack aicvtiaful.
On Dec. 5 Gen. Stoessel reports:
"At 7 o’clock yesterday morning the
Japanese having concentrated all their
forces, began an assault on Vlsokaia
hill, bombarding It simultaneously with
eleven-inch and slxtcen-Inch shells. A
fierce fight raged all day. We repelled
Towards evening the Japanese suc
ceeded In obtaining poaaesalon of the
crest of the hill and Immediately got
two machine guns Into position there
"Among the wounded are Oen. Taer
plnaky and Lieut. Col Houtonasoff of
the Frontier Guards. Col. Irrman per
formed prodigies of valor ”
Gen. Nioesaei s last dispatch Is dated
D*e, 10 and sags:
Since the capture of Vlsoltsis hill
our ships in the barker have keen suf
f*rtng from eleven-inch Japanese
Gen, Teetpir.etty succumbed k bis
BURNED TO DEATH.
London, Dec. 19.—A special dispatch
from Tokio reports that the Japanese
naval bombardment on Saturday sank
a Russian torpedo boat at Port Ar
According to the Dally Telegraph’s
Che Foo messenger from the Japanese
lines at Port Arthur, the Russians had
prepared around the fort at Panlung
a moat 600 yards long and thirty feet
wide, which they filled with petroleum
to a depth of several feet, then covered
it with wood and straw.
In the course of attack upon the
fort early in December the Japanese
storming party bank into this morass,
which the Russians fired with an elec
tric fuse. The fierce conflagration
lasted all night and day, and hundreds
of Japanese were burned to death, but
the second night the trench had dried
up and the Japanese advanced in small
detachments, protected by large wood
en shields and engaged in a savage
The Japanese, the report continues,
captured the position, and made prison
ers of 152 Russians.
Mukden, Dec. 18.—Artillery fire still
continues along the front of the Rus
sian army. It was particularly severe
on Dec. 15, when the Japanese made
a demonstration against Russian ad
vanced positions on the railway.
The Russian camps present a pic
turesque appearance. The sides of the
hills and the fields around the villages
are dotted with ir.ud huts and lit
tle chimneys of dug-outs, from which
smoke is rising. These habitations of
the common soldiers are more com
fortable than the officers’ quarters In
The transport service is working well
as the roads are hard frozen and in
The rouble has depreciated in value
as the result of the stoppage in the
shipment of silver.
The weather is clear and cold.
BOTH FUEL AND WOOD.
Headquarters of the Japanese Second
Army, via Fusan, Dec. 18, noon.—
There is a probability that there will
be a shortage of fuel and food among
the Chinese this winter. Firewood is
quoted at $4O per ton, and food is
selling at three times its normal value,
with the end of the supply in sight.
The Japanese are paying Chinese la
borers treble their ordinary wages and
also are paying market prices foj all
the fuel and supplies they purchase.
The cold weather continues. The
military situation is unchanged.
TWO TORPEDO BOATS
LOST BY THE JAPANESE.
Tokio, Dec. 19, 10 a. m.—The Jap
anese have lost two torpedo boats dur
ing all the operations against the bat
tleship Sevastopol, which was report
ed yesterday in advices from Port Ar
thur to he completely disabled.
Put Generals In Command.
Mukden. Dec. 18. —Gen. Kuropatkin
on Dec. 17, at a parade of all the
available troops, formally Invested
Gens. Grlpenberg, Linevlteh and Kaul
bars with the command of their re
Hurrying Work on Ships.
Libau, Dec. 18.—Work is being hur
ried upon the vessels of the prospective
Third Pacific sqifadron. All of the
ships are being stripped and their ma
chinery overhauled in preparation for
a long voyage. At present there Is a
shortage of workmen, but this, it is ex
pected, will soon be remedied.
Promotion for Boris.
St. Petersburg, Dec. 19.—The promo
tion of Grand Duke Boris to be second
captain has been gazetted. The Grand
Duke has also been presented with a
golden sword for bravery.
PATIENT DIED WHEN”
It Became Necessary to More All
Who Were Within.
* Mobile, Ala.. Dec. 18.—The Inge-
Bondurant Infirmary was destroyed by
fire this morning.
'Thirty-seven patients, the majority
of whom were unable to assist them
selves, were removed before the fire
drove the doctors and nurses from the
building*. One patient, who had un
dergone an operation for appendicitis,
died during the removal.
Capt. Thomas A. Doyle of the-fire
department, was hurt by falling wood
The loss will be about $85,000, the
principal Item being valuable surgical
and electrical Instruments.
SISTERS WERE BRAVE.
They Savnl Children When fit. Vin
cent’s Asylum Took Fire.
Providence. R. 1., Dec. 18.—Four
persons were Injured during a fire that
caused $20,000 damage to the St. Vin
cent Infant Asylum to-day.
Through a splendid exhibit of bravery
on the part of tho sisters, who conduct
the asvlum, and firemen, every one of
the 170 children in the home was res
cued uninjured. Some of the rescuers,
howev.jr, were severely burned. The
most seriously burned were Sisters
Lultgard. Mary Phul and Saeharla and
Watchman John H. Henderson.
The asylum Is a Catholic Institution.
GIRL’S BODY FOUND.
Features Had Been Marred to Pre.
Colorado Springs, Col., Doc. ll.—The
dead body of a white girl, apparently
shout II years old, has been found on
Mount Cutler by two surveyors. An
attempt to destroy tho festuros, sup
posedly to prevent identification, had
aeon made. Detective# have been un
able to establish tho girl’s identity, hut
advance too theory that ah* was a
tout Ist from tba Meat Tho girl bad
hoen dead a week or ton dots when
the bodjr wa found.
FOR THE CANAL
THE CHIEF ENGINEER HAS
MADE A REPORT TO THE HOUSE
Engineer Wallace Sets Forth the
Different Plans That Are Regard
ed as Practicable and Discusses
the Advantages of Each—Cnlehra
Cat Offers tlie Great Problem of
the Pnnuntn Canal Work—Esti
mates of Cost.
Washington, Dec. 18.—John F. Wal
lace, chief engineer of the Isthmian Ca
nal Commission, has given the House
Committee on Interstate and Foreign
Commerce, the benefit of hts investi
gation, so far as made, regarding the
engineering tasks to be performed in
the construction of the Panama canal.
The testimony was taken aboard the
army transport Sumner in Colon har
bor on the occasion of the recent visit
of the committee to the canal zone. It
Is to be printed for the use of Con
Before taking up in detail the four
distinct canal propositions which are
being considered by him, and on which
he is to report to the Canal Commis
sion, Mr. Wallace made this explana
tion of the general problem:
‘‘The isthmus is transversed by a
mountain range, the summit of which
is approximately twelve miles from the
Pacific and thirty-five miles from the
Caribbean. Originally a gorge evi
dently existed from the Caribbean near
Colon to the vicinity of Gamboa and
extended beyond that point in an east
erly direction, forming the upper basin
of the Chagres river.
“After filling this gorge with an al
luvial deposit, the Chagres has swung
itself from one side of the valley to
the other. The result is that the
thread of the original gorge cannot be
followed or found from surface indi
cations, and it is only by drilling to
bed rock that exact information In re
gard to any particular locality can be
obtained. The presence of boulders in
this alluvial deposit also explains the
reason why engineers, not taking time
to go into the rock far enough to de
termine its actual character, have
been misled into thinking they had
struck bed rock. To determine the
most feasible plan for the construction
of the canal will require A most care
ful and comprehensive examination not
only of surface conditions, but the sub
surface must be explored.
Culeltrn the Lowest Crossing.
‘‘After following the valley of the
Chagres to Gamboa, the line of the
canal follows a tributary, called the
Obispo, up to the summit of Culebra
and thence follows down the valley
of the Rio Grande Into the bay of
Panama. The summit of Culebra was
originally about 300 feet above the sea
level and Is the lowest point in the
divide along the entire length of the
Isthmus of Panama.
“The plan of the former commission
provided for a dam of practically 100
feet In hight, above sea level, at Bo
hio, with a water level of ninety feet
above sea level.
"This place was selected on account
of the fact that at that point the hills
on either side of the Chagres come
comparatively close together, being
about 1,500 feet apart, and from the
surface indications it seemed a favor
able place for the construction of a
dam. But the Indications are that this
locality will be an unfavorable and ex
pensive one for the construction of a
"The instructions to the chief engi
neer by the present commission were
to make full and thorough examina
tions of the canal route, the manner
of doing the work and the various
plans which might suggest themselves,
and lay before the commission the re
sult of this examination with his final
Great Dam at Botalo,
“The first plan to be considered, the
one estimated upon by the former
commission, Is the possibility , and
practicability of a high dam, or proper
foundation for ‘a high dam, at Bohio,
upon which depends the advisability
of constructing a high level canal,
with the surface of the water ninety
feet above sea level.
"The second plan under considera
tion Is a summit level of sixty feet
above sea level. Constructing a canal
of tils plan admits of two different
methods of treatment: first, the con
struction of a dam sixty feet above
sea level at Bohio, with two locks of
thirty feet, there being two locks on
the western slope: second, the con
struction of a dam sixty feet above
sea level at (7atun, eight miles from
Colon, with two thirty-foot locks in
the same vicinity.
Would Need a Reservoir.
"The adoption of a sixty-foot level
also will render it necessary to con
struct a dam at Gamboa in order to
provide a reservoir to accumulate
water enough during the wet season
to furnish water for the summit level
of the canal. The construction of a
dam at Gamboa In this connection
would also control the Chagres river,
except that it would be necessary to
provide a safety spillway by the con
struction of a tunnel some eight miles
in length through the divide, discharg
ing the surplus waters of the Chagres
Into the headwaters of the Juan Diaz,
or the alternative plan of constructing
a tunnel fAur miles long through the
divide separating the Chagres basin
from the headwaters of the Gatun
olllo, a stream which enters Into the
Chagres valley at Gatun. Should this
latter course be adopted, It would he
necessary to construct an auxiliary
channel for the Chagres from Gatun
to the sen. In order to divert Its flood
waters Into the bay eastward of Colon.
Twenty-Foot and Sea Level Flans.
"The third general plan under con
sideration would be the construction
of a canal with a twenty-foot, or thir
ty-foot, level above the sea, with a
single lork ut Mlraflorea, and a single
lock at Bohio or In the Immediate vi
cinity; the construction of the Own*
boa dam to be required In thla In
stance the same as in the alaty-foot
"The fourth plan would be the con
struction of a sea level cartel with a
tidal lock at Mlrefioree In this con
nection It le necessary to explain that
while the mean sea level of the Pa
cific and the Caribbean fire the asm*,
high tide In the bay of Panama rises
fivnUaued b Mhlb Pa#*
SAVANNAH. GA.. MONDAY. DECEMBER 10. 1004.
MANY BLOWN ASHORE.
Schooners Wrecked at Vineyard
Haven By Storm.
New Tork, Dee. 18,.—The snowstorm
and gale which struck the coast yes
terday afternoon and continued until
the early hours this morning was the
most violent tWat has occurred for
several years. Reports from the New
Jersey and New England coast and
from in-coming steamers, tell of furious
gales and many disasters.
At Vineyard Haven over fifteen
schooners, anchored in the harbor, were
blown ‘ashore early to-day and several
others were damaged lit collisions. Off
the Bayhead, N. J., life saving sta
tion the schooner Lizzie H. Brayton,
bound for Providence from Baltimore,
went ’ashore, the crew being rescued
by the life savers.
The Cunarder Umbria and the Amer
ican liner St. Paul, both of which ar
rived to-day, reported heavy weather
and adverse gales during the whole
passage. The Anchor line steamer
Astoria, bound for Glasgow, went
ashore to-day In the lower Way, but
was later floated without Injury and
Most of the sound steamers were late
in arriving at their piers.
In the river and harbor the traffic
was for a while during the worst of
the storm almost at a standstill.
No accidents of any moment were re
ported. In the city the snow which be
gan yesterday afternoon fell almost
without intermission until early this
morning, by which time eight inches
had fallen. There was little interrup
tion of traffic, 13,000 snow shovelers and
4,000 teams being set to work as soon
as the snow oc'ased falling to clean
the principal thoroughfares. In the
afternoon the weather cleared, and
with the coming of bright sunshine,
Central Park and the speedway were
thronged with sleighs.
Along Connecticut; Const.
Boston, Dec. 18, —A storm which
nearly reached the proportions of a
hurricane swept over Southeastern
New England to-day. The snowfall,
especially along the coast from New
London, Conn., to Cape Cod, was un
usually heavy, while a wind velocity
of sixty miles an hour was reached
at Block Island, R. I.
News from Cape Cod, the scene of
so many marine disasters, came by
train to-night for the first time since
1888, Every wire east and south of
Wareham was prostrated or disabled
by the gale.
The snowfall reached nearly three
feet on the Southern New England
coast, and street railway lines were
Blizzard at Newport.
Newport, R. 1., Dec. 18.—As a re
sult of the worst blizzard that has vis
ited this city in many years, all local
traffic is practically-4it a standstill.
The storm began at midnight last
night and abated at noon to-day.
On a level the snow Is more than two
feet in depth, while. v a strong wind has
piled up drifts that block the streets.
adams losing Totes.
Ills Plurality tn Colorado Is Bring
Denver, Col., Dec. 18.—Alva Adams,
Democratic candidate for Governor In
the late election, has lost 1,182 of his
plurality of 5,275 in this county by the
action of the Supreme Court in order
ing tlie election commission to elimin
ate five precincts from the returns.
His plurality in the state, however,
still stands at about 10,000.
By the Supreme Court's orders the
Democrats lose their senators, who
were apparently elected In this city,
aiid the Republicans gain control of
both branches of the Legislature with
a majority of thirty on joint ballot.
They are planning to submit to the
Legislature evidence of frauds in Den
ver and ask that body to declare Gov.
The Supreme Court Is to be reorgan
ized April 4 next by consolidation
with the appellate court and will con
sist of seven judges, two of whom aro
to be appointed by the Governor.
H. M. Hamma, an expert, has ex
amined the .ballots of precinct 3. ward
4, submitted to him yesterday by the
Supreme Court and will report to-mor
row that 240 of the 371 ballots found
in the box are apparently fraudulent.
William J. Kindel, Supreme Court
watcher, has testified that City De
tective Green, one of the four men on
trial for contempt of court in the pre
cinct, instructed repeaters, many of
them women, but did not in any man
ner interfere with the watchers or
voters In general.
WILL BE SEARCHED.
Divers Are to Seek the Dead Bodies
In the Vessel,
New Tork, Dec. 18.—Early this
morning the wreck of the ill-fated Glpn
Island was found with only the smoke
stack visible, near Hempstead Harbor,
The general manager of the Starln
Transportation Line has sent divers to
the wreck, and will spare no efTort to
find the bodies of the seven members
of the crew and two passengers who
perished In the burning steamer.
WAS PULLED OFF.
Charleston, 8. C., Dec. 18—The British
steamship Daventry, Capt. Bailey,
which ran aground about three miles
off St. Heleifa bar Saturday afternoon,
was pulled off the bank this morning
by the combined efforts of live tugs,
and proceeded to this port. The Da
ventry sailed from Huelva, Nov. 22,
with a cargo of pyrites for Charles
ton. The accident Is understood to
have occurred during a fog. The Da
ventry Is now at qum’intlne and suf
fered no material damage from her
HOLD 10,000 BALES.
Macon, Dec. ll.—Farmers of Twiggs,
Wilkinson, Laurens and Pulaski coun
ties have, at a monster mass meeting,
derided to hold 10,000 bales of cotton,
which they now have In hand, until
It will bring $0 cents per pound In the
■eeafial fa • cardinal.
Mexico City. Dee. II —Mgr garsflnl.
apostolic delegate to title country, will.
It l* as Id In <l*rtraj rtrriaa, be made a
sardine) M tba seal soustaiorg*.
PLANS TO AID
LOWER CLASS IN RUSSIA
MAT AT LAST HAVE THEIR CONDI
Conrlnslnn* Reached by Witte, After
Must Searching Investigation, Re
ceived the Sanction of the Caar
nn<l the Minister of the Interior.
Dlserlmlnattona Against the Peas
antry Mny He Removed It Plans
Are Curried Out.
St. Petersburg, Dec. 18.—M. Witte,
president of the ministerial council, to
whom as chairman of the special com
mittee appointed in 1902 to investigate
the question of the betterment of the
conditions of rural enterprise and gen
eral revision of the peasant laws, was
confided the task of sifting the enor
mous mass of evidence collected, in
cluding the opinions of 11,000 of the
best qualified peasants, landlords,
merchants and manufacturers, which
filled several thousand volumes, has
completed the gigantic task.
His conclusions, which have Just been
published, are in line with the most
enlightened opinion for ameliorating
the peasants’ condition. These con
clusions, which are understood to have
the indorsement of Emperor Nicholas
and Minister of the Interior Sviato
polk-Mirsky, are expected to be adopt
ed by the commission as the basis of
Shelves Plan Von Plehve Formed,
The press halls the memorandum not
only as a signal victory in the direction
of real national progress, but as mark
ing a definite shelving of the plan
developed by the late Minister of the
Interior, Von Plehve, for extending
the powers of local officials over the
peasants and increasing, rather than
decreasing, the tutelage exercised over
them. Von Plehve's purpose was to
rush through a law before the com
mission could complete Its labors.
In all points M. Witte's recommenda
tions’ aim is for the completion of the
emancipation act of 1861, by ending the
treatment of peasants as a class apart,
giving them a method of enabling
them to free themselves forever from
the soil and placing themselves on an
equality with all other classes of the
population, and removing the restric
tions upon initiative enterprise, which
have heretofore crushed out all ambi
Will Abolish Whole System.
In order to accomplish this he pro
poses to abolish practically the whole
system of laws applicable to peasants
alone. At the same time the backward
condition of the vast majority of the
peasants and the fact that, if placed on
a complete equality in the matter of
holding and disposition of property,
they would soon become the prey of
the shrewder among them, as well as
of merchants who would like to possess
their lands and keep them in a state of
perpetual debt, is fully recognized. M.
Witte, therefore, recommends the pres
ervation of certain laws designed sole
ly for the peasants’ protection, such as
the Inalienability of communal lands
and Institutions. For the management
of the one, e.nd for tho freedom of the
other from debt, special laws will be
recommended, supplemented by meth
ods whereby peasants may leave their
communes under certain safeguarded
conditions, or delimit lands for Indi
There Is also In contemplation the or
ganization of a system of land credit,
and scheme for the settlement of the
state lands by peasants who want
300 STUDENTS WERE
ARRESTED BY COSSACKS.
Demonstratlon Resulted Disastrous
ly fur tlie Demonstrators.
Moscow, Dec. 18.—The police and
Cossacks to-day dispersed a demon
stration of 3,000 students, who had as
sembled in the principal streets and In
front of the Governor’s palace. Three
hundred of the students were arrest
ed and sixty were Injured.
The police had orders to exclude
demonstrators from the precinct of
the palace of Grand Duke Sergius, but
the demonstrators Ignored all warnings
and pushed along Tverskala street,
shouting, "down with the war!" and
singing revolutionary songs. They
stopped In front of the palace and
refused to disperse.
After a few blank cartridges had
heed fired from the revolvers of the
police the latter drew their swords and
with the assistance of gendarmes and
Cossacks, drove the demonstrators,
students of both sexes, Into the neigh
boring streets, including the Boule
vard Pushkin, where the struggle was
continued around Pushkin's statue.
The general public did not partici
pate, but appeared to disapprove of
the demonstration. The students had
counted on the co-operation of the
workingmen, but employers, by a
threat to wlthold the customary new
year gifts, induced the men to ab
The demonstration lasted from nhon
till nearly evening. Probably 6,000 peo
ple actually participated. Many per
sons were wounded and more were ar
rested. As fur as is known none of
the rioters was killed. One policeman
Is reported to have been fatally in
jured. Many on both sides were
The authorities knew In advance that
trouble was Impending, and many
houses along Tverskala street were
specially guarded and extra policemen
were on duty In the streets. Several
squadrons of mounted gendarmerie
were concealed In the court yards of
houses, ready for an emergency. The
crowds began to collect at midday in
Tverakaia street, students, young men
and women, mixing with the general
public. The thoroughfare was eortn
congested with a mass of moving hu
manity, which converged on Htraatnl
Square, where 1,000 persona aaaemtiled,
many armed with clubs and carrying
The crowd, singing, moved towarda
the pataca of Orand Duka Herglua, tbs
governor general of Moscow. The po
lice attempted to Mock the afreet,
whereupon the trouble began In sern
aet. Wtlcka and atone# were freely
used by the mob, which threatened
to again break through the cardan
The police flee 4 several blank volleys
and HHtiauled mu viuuged, using Ue
flats of their swords. The mob fought
stubbornly, but Anally broke and
sought shelter In the side streets.
Here the police were again severely
pressed. The detachments stationed at
the openings of these streets to keep
people out of Tverskala street, were
caught between the retreating mob on
one side and throngs of ourious spec
tators on the other.
Many of the demonstrators who
broke through the cordon of police pa
raded in side streets tn smaller groups,
waving (lags and singing. A crowd of
500 collected in front of the theater,
where revolutionary flags were hoisted
amid shouts of "Long live freedom!"
The police were not prepared at this
point and the crowd, gathering vol
ume, moved from the square to Neg
lina street and Koomlneatkt bridge,
the chief street In Moscow, where the
police met them. Another stubborn
fight ensued, ending as the first had
done, with three blank volleys and
OR UNDER ARREST.
St. Petersburg, Dec. 18.—The reported
disturbances to-day were confined to
Moscow. The Socialistic revolutionary
party in St. Petersburg has decided to
abstain from further demonstrations,
many of their leaders having been ar
rested or wounded on Dec. 11, and no
further trouble is likely unless mob
ilization of reserves is proclaimed for
this city or in the event of the fall
of Port Arthur. Meanwhile a group
of lawyers Is collecting evidence upon
which they purpose to institute pro
ceedings against the police for the al
leged ill-treatment of prisoners in the
affair of Dec. 11.
A meeting of 404 under graduate
girls of the medical institute to-day
passed resolutions of sympathy with
Sasoneff, who on Dec. 13 was sen
tenced to imprisonment for life for the
murder of Minister of the Interior Von
Plehve. Another resolution adopted
demands legal reforms. The meeting
wound up with shouts of "Down with
autocracy!" and "Long live freedom!”
At a banquet of engineers to-night
resolutions similar to those adopted by
the Zemstvoists were passed.
WARNING TO EDITORS
OF MOSCOW PAPERS.
Moscow, Dec. 18.—Chief Censor Zbe
reff has issued a warning to the editors
of the local papers to insert nothing in
their papers in connection with the
doings of Zemstvos and town councils.
He has also reminded the editors that
all the censorship laws, though re
cently dormant, are still in force and
will be executed rigorously In the event
of any infringement of his order.
do noFfear ThFsuit.
Georgia Ofltclnla Think There Is no
Danger from lowa.
Atlanta, Dec. 18.—Gov. Terrell and
other state officials have no fear of
the scheme to bring suit on Georgia's
repudiated bonds, as Is disclosed In the
dispatches from Sioux City, la. H Is
not believed lowa will lend itself to
any such plan as was followed by
South Dakota in the North Carolina
Georgia officials scout the Idea of
citizens who hold repudiated bonds be
ing allowed to intervene In the suit
of one state against another, as has
been suggested, for that would be
tantamount to a citizen suing the state,
which is prohibited by the constitu
tion of the United States.
John James of Philadelphia, In a let
ter to Gov. Cummins of lowa, states
that he Is willing to donate to that
commonwealth ten bonds of 11,000 each
of a Southern state, not named, If the
state wants them.
He says he has owned them many
years; that the Interest has been re
pudiated for thirty-nine years; that a
private citizen cannot sustain suit to
collect them, but as one state can sue
another, fhe state of lowa could bring
suit and collect the amount.
He adds that the accrued Interest
amounts to 196 per cent, of the princi
It Is said the bonds referred to were
Issued by Georgia.
DiedTf hTdrophob 1 a.
Brother of the Victim Was Bitten at
the Sam* Time.
Charlotte, N. C., Dec. 18.—Horace
Hoffman, son of a wealthy citizen of
Burke county, died at his home six
miles from Morganton this morning of
Hoffman and his brother both were
bitten Nov. 8. They went to Balti
more and were given three weeks’
treatment (ft the Pasteur Institute, re
turning home a few days ago. Tester
day the symptoms of rabies developed
in the younger brother and death in
a violent form ensued to-day.
The elder brother has as yet mani
fested no signs of the disease.
FEW ATROCmES THERE.
Mrs. Sheldon Thinks King Leopold’s
Rule Is Wise.
London, Dec. 18.—Mrs. M. French
Sheldon, African explorer and author,
who has Just returned from a tour of
the Congo Free State, says that her
assertion that she had witnessed more
atrocities In London streets than she
had seen In the Congo should apply
to the rubber country as well as to
the rest of the state. She traveled,
she says, In every part of tho country.
King Leopold having accorded her
complete freedom, and she was con
vinced that the allegation of malad
ministration was groundless.
KILLED IN ACCIDENT ~
AT GRADE CROSSING.
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. IS.—William
A. Barrett, department manager for
the National Biscuit Company, was In
stantly killed, and Htuart ft. Johnson,
member of the Joseph M. Laßoaa
Company, was fatally Injured to-day
in a grade crossing accident.
Chicago. Dec. 18.—Announcement
was mads to-night by Irwin Mhspherd
of Winona, Minn., secretary at the
National Educational Association, that
the forty-fourth annual convention of
ths aaesnlgftan would be hold at As
bury Bark and Onego Grove, M. J.,
July I kf, osvl yea#.
5 CENTS A COPY.
DAILY. J 8 A YEAR.
WEEKLY 2-TTMEG- A- WEEK. $1 A YEAR
TO GET RID OF
THE DESIRE OF CONGRESS.
KNOCKOUT OF THE LETTER CAS
HIERSt AND R. F. D.
Senators null Representatives Going
Home for the Holidays—’The Late
Senator Stanford's Christmas Gift
to the Nonnte Pages— Representa
tive Lis tngston's Resolution for nn
Investigation of the Cotton Crop
By R. M. Lirner.
Washington, Dec. 18—At the Capitol,
Postm'aster General Wynne’s crusade
against the letter Carriers’ and the rural
free delivery lobby, Is generally ap
proved by senators and representa
“It is a notorious fact.” said a veteran
congressman, discussing the subject,
yesterduy, “that every branch of the
government service sustains a well
paid lobby in Washington, to look after
legislation of special Interest to their
respective calling. If the other mem
bers of the cabinet will follow the
example of the Postmaster General,
the entire service will be benefited."
Senators and representatives resent
the constant Interference of the "walk
ing delegates,” representing the army,
the navy, the revenue marine, tho
printers and binders, the men in the
navy yards, and even the clerks in
the executive departments. Many un
successful attempts have been made to
suppress the army and navy lobby,
which is s'uid to be alt powerful In
legislation directly bearing upon the
personnel of those two very Important
arms of the service.
Have Fnitli in Lobbies.
These lobbies are sustained by regu
lar assessments made upon the em
ployes throughout the service, from
the highest to the lowest. The strange
pert of this story is that when the
persons assessed are asked why they
submit to such unjust taxation, they
boldly assert that they believe it Is to
their interest to spend their money in
that way and it is nobody's business.
Time and time again legislation Has
been enacted to improve the conditions
of certain government employes upon
the. recommendation of heads of various
departments. Members of the lobby
interested may not have had an Inkling
of what was to be done, yet the walk
ing delegates claimed all the credit for
the la vocable legislation and the poor
dupeH, who are assessed refused to
listen to any criticism of the lob
The reform has started pretty far
down, beginning with the poorest patd
members of the postal service, but
there Is a possibility that the good
work v ill go on until the high rollers In
the other branches of tlie government
are called down by executive order.
Christman nt the Capitol.
There is already an air of Christmas
cheer pervading the Capitol. During
‘he next day or two there will be a
general exodus of statesmen from
Washington for their respective homes
to spend the holiday season, which ex
tends to Jan. 6. next year. Many
senators, and a few of the wealthy rep
resentatives have permanent homes in
Washington, but the great majority
are only resident here during the ses
sions of Congress. Senator Fairbanks,
of Indiana; Foraker, of Ohio; Gorman,
of Maryland; Cockrell, of Missouri;
Knox, of Pennsylvania; Klkins, of
West Virginia; Wetmore, of Rhode Is
land; Hunsbrough, of North Dakota;
Speaker Cannon. Representative Dal
zell, Hepburn, of Iowa; and a few oth
ers maintain establishments here all
the year around.
Senator N tan ford nml (lie Fanes.
Christmas does not mean as much to
the little page boys of the Senate now
as it did when the late Senator Ice
land Stanford, of California, was a
member of that body. Senator Stan
ford assumed the role of Santa Claus,
and with the assistance of the late
Isaac Bassett, the old white haired as
sistant doorkeeper, distributed $5 gold
pieces to each of the little ‘boys who
waited upon the members of the Sen
ate. It was the custom of Capt. Bas
sett to send to the United States
mint, a few days before Christmas, and
obtain for Senator Stanford as many
bright, new $5 gold pieces as there
were boys on the Senate pay roll.
Christmas Eve the presentation was
made In the name of the Senator from
California. Senator Stewart, of Ne
vada, looks like Santa Claus, but he
has never attempted to do the Stan
ford net wtth $5 gold pieces.
Livingston nml the Cotton.
Representative Howard was com
menting upon Representative Livings
ton’s resolution to provide for nn In
vestigation of the cotton crop reports
made up and distributed by the Agri
cultural Department. He says he
never saw so much cotton piled up In
the state of Georgia ns there la at
present. All along his route to Wash
ington he saw cotton piled up In al
most every warehouse, barn and stable
The owners of cotton, says Mr. How
ard, are greatly depressed by'-the slump
In the price of cotton, and It will be
a very gloomy Christmas for many of
them. For the first time In the his
tory of cotton growing, the poorer
classes, the tenants, who grew the cot
ton, are not the sufferers by the fall
ing prices. The latter sold their cot
ton to their landlords long ago at the
rate of 9 and 944 cents per pound. By
this means some of them were enabled
to pay off debta which had been sus
pended over thetr heads for a number
Senator Clav will leave here the lat
ter part of next week to apend the
Chrlstmua season with his faintly at
Marietta. After the recess he will re
turn to Washington accompanied by
Mrs. Clay, and expects to he located
at the Cairo Plats for the remainder of
Champion Need Dlatrlhntor,
Representative Johnson of Spartan
burg. A. C., has been awarded the
champion belt as ths boas dlatrlhntor
of garden seed In ths present Congress
Home of hts colleagusa assert that by
actual oount he has sent out to In
dividual constituents. M.OOO packages
of garden seed thla session. With
es> h package he has aent a letter and
drew* of almost every person who has