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Georgia weekly opinion. (Atlanta, Ga.) 1867-1868, April 28, 1868, Image 2

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GEORGIA WEEKLY OPINION CHE WEEKLY OPINION. TUESDAY WORKING* APBIIs 88* Tub Pbospkct.—Tho election rcturiii come In tardily. Up to this writing wo have nothing very dellnltc. That the Con- stltutien has been ratllled, there seem* very little doubt, The Oubornatorlal raeo lias been much closer than was first anticipa ted ; and yet there Is scarcely a doubt but that Gordon has a majority of tho votes. We presume the majority of tho legisla ture will bo Democratic, and that very few of the members elect can take the test oath. Should this oath !w required, as wo have no doubt It will, new elections will have to be ordered in most of the counties. The snino will be true of several member* elect toCongress. lender these circumstances, wo should prepare'our minds for delay. In nny event, let no man hope that Georgia will be admitted to Immediate ropresenta tlon In Congress. The Presidential elec tion will be our stumbling block for the next six months. This Issue settled, wi may then entertain hopes of restoration The ratification of tho new Constitution will, however, throw the onus upon Con gress. Let our people manifest no undue anxiety on this matter. They have fulfilled tlielr portion of the agreement. Should Congress now fall to comply with Its own terms, as laid down In the Sherman bill, we have nothing to gain by further conces sions to the dominant party. We can man age somehow to live under Military Gov ernment until alter the Presidential elec tion. tJTWe observe that several leading Journals at the North, in the Interests of each oi the political parties, take the same view of Gen. Me Aim's order. No. (11, that this Journal did, and sustain the same upon the ground that It Is In strict accordance with the letter and the spirit of the Recon struction Act of Congress. This construction of the law may seem a hard one, but it would be difficult to ar rive at any other, when tho Law Itself Is the very embodiment of harshness and of blind passion. Congress, and not Gen. Meade, is to blame for this unnecessary exactlon and harshness; and we presume no fair minded ami well informed man Is disposed to censure the General Com manding for simply discharging an un pleasant duty under the directions of his superior officers. The morbid egotism of one or two nsplrants to small otfices In the new State Government, may have. In one or two instances, called down upon Gen. Meade and those who correctly Interpret his action, the peevish bat harmless abuse of the Ignorant; but such demonstrations arc by no means unnatural, nor do they usually exclto any feeling beyond that of commiseration. caf~lmponchment drags Its slow length along. And yet we regard the President' conviction none the less certain on account of the delay. The People seem superlative ly ludtirerent. Mr. Wade will undoubtedly be President In a few weeks, to hold his position until the 4th of March next. Then there will be another change—thus making three revolutions In the head of the Gov ernment within the brief space of four years. Meantime, trade Is stagnant; con fidence Is wanting; capital seeks retire ment; and a general feeling of apprehen sion seems to prevail all circles. How long this state of things can be protracted w 1th- out seriously impairing confidence In the success of Representative Government, or revolutionizing our whole political sys tem nnd plunging the whole country Into hopeless Anarchy, Is a question which is seriously addressing Itself to the Ameri can mind. IBS CAMPAIGN OVIK. The campaign In this State Is virtually closed. Tho facts and arguments of both sideshavo been submitted; the cose has been fully nude up; and tho bsllottlng of to-day has In all probability decided the Issue. Throe days of grace, extended for the benefit of delinquents and stragglers, aud the polls will havo been closed; and by Saturday noon we hope to be able to announce the final result. This canvass has been short, spirited and eventful. It was entered into by the mas ses with an carnostness seldom witnessed In this or any other Stato. In the heat of the contest, bitter and unseasonable words have been uttered, and, In many Instances, tike newspaper press of the State have de scended from Its proud eminence, to in dulge in those undignified flings and dis gusting personalities which so illy becomes the profession, and which is anything but creditable to tho good taste and morals of an enlightened Christian community.— This Impropriety has been confined exclu sively to neither side, and we are well aware that this Journal has not been an exception to the rule; but that we, too, arc obnoxious to the charge to which other* are vulnerable. We, however, feel U due ourselves to say that, whilst we inay have betrayed warmth and earnestness, and In some Instances Indulged In re partee more caustle and pointed than dignified or charitable, It lias, never theless*, been our constant aim to eschew mere personalities, and combat alone for Principles. If, In doing this we have been forced to step aside occasionally from those courtesies of debate which should ever ob tain In an enlightened community, we have yielded to what seemed an Inexorable ne cessity, and not voluntarily as a matter of taste, or In obedlenoe to mere privilege. We, therefore, come out of this canvass with malice and personal 111-fcellng toward noonc. Differing honestly In opinion with many whose personal friendship we esteem, we concede to them the same honesty of purpose which we claim for ourselves; nnd field ami store will lie our rcwaid’. are willing, now that the Issues which have And more than this, so soon us our pro- divided us politically have been fairly sub- ducts are carried Into the market* or the mlttcdtothe People, to abide the result, country In any considerable qua.itics, wo and join In upholding and enforcing that w ill be respected for the wealth decision, whatever it may be. The whole giving to mankind, and the speediest sub- theory of self-government Is predicated [substantial reconstruction will follow. In upon the assumption that the masses of stead, then, of asking money with which electors are sufficiently Intelligent and vlr- to hire laborers, let each mitt, go to work tuous to abide the decision of the lawful himself, and but few years will havcelapscd majority; and when this decision shall until the capitalists of the country will Ire have been proclaimed, every good citizen begging the products or the labor in cx- or whatever political creed or party, who j change form mey;and with the Increasing honestly desires the perpetuity of free gov-• wealth and respectability of labor, will ernment, will cheerfully acquiesce In and come a tide of immigration that w ill "give LABOB AND CAPITAL. When C.iiSAii was asked by tho Roman Senate, '‘which 1m would rather have, men or money, to successfully carry'tSn n war,*' he said: “Give mo men and I will get money—but I much prefer you w ould give money, aud I can easier get inch.” The question with the people of Hie South now' Is, which, In the abscnco of tho-other, Is most essential to public prosperity, men, working men, or capital. The answer to the question Is fbtind In asking another, wliloh Is first obtained ? To this question there Is but one answer, aikm. What we need Is working men, those who wllldlg the wealth out of the ground with the plow nnd the hoc. This kind of wealth when once In the markets of tho country, brings money, nnd places It In the hands of those who produce the real wealth out of the ground. • But man*say, “the planters are too poor to employ labor, they Imre not tho means to hire nnd pay men." such an answer Is In itself contemptible, Lot every man rich or poor, go to work, cultivate the soil, even If only ten acres cue!,; so that all the land Is cultivated, nnd they will find that they are not poor. To be rich we must be a working ireoplo. Our groat landholders must lease or sell tliclrjvast estates, so that the working men can get an interest In what is produced, and so that every foot of the land may lie tilled, kdwr must be respected, nnd a few year* will find us rich people. The great mass of our non-prndueers must go to work; must produce something If they expect this country to be rich, The time has now passed when we can expect the negro to do all of the agricultural la bor. The white man must put Ids hand to the axe and plow; brains must eo-opernte with muscle; every baud must be busy. If we arc to become substantially rich. Let the people strive not only to restore tho past prus;rerity of our agriculture, but to far exceed the past, and “hanl times'' will be driven from our homes, nnd plenty in Ui'Old parties nrc dead and buried. The animosities nnd hatreds w hich they engendered sleep In acommon grave. We have awakened to behold new scenes, to dis cuss new Issues; aud are called upon to take part In a contest wholly different from any ever heretofore contemplated In this country. In such a contest ns that now presented, there should be no differences among the bona Jblc citizens of Georgia. They should rtscabovc past differences nnd old prejudices, and act In concert in a com mon cause. “Stop Mv r*p*B."—There is a certain class ol newspaper readers who imagine, or who affect to believe, that their Indi vidual subscriptions aud good opinions are essential to the existence of a public Jour nal. Consequently they demand, os a con dition precedent to their “patronage,” that Its editor accept as valid their individual opinions, and make his columns a mere re flex of their political sentiments. If the editor falls to do this, and manifests any disposition to think and act Independently of their views, they bring up the old penal ty of “Stop my paper.” Now a public Journal, If successfully conducted, can have but one editor; and that editor Is an ass whenever he attempts to conform the tone of bis Journal to the mental chrotekets of any one or more of bis subscribers. lie Is a fool If he Imag ines that the flattery of Jones or Jhc good opinion of Smith will make his journal self-sustaining. And whenever he allows himself to be In the least degree influenced by the * Stop my paper ’’ class of subscri bers, tho sooner he seeks other fields of em ployment, the more fortunate will it be for himself, and profitable to the community of which he is a member. That public Journal which is the mere echo of a clique, the organ ofa faction,or the pliant tool of a partisan organization, D not only without influence with the masses, but is a positive nuisance in any community. uphold that decision, however averse It inny be to the settled convictions of the defeated party. That Nash will Buiko them Dowx. The statement of the Radical papers that If their man is elected, Congress will re move his disabilities at once, reminds us ol a story that we once beard, of a young bands to cultivate all of our soil, and build up new cities anil internal Improve ments until we w ill revel in the supera bundance of riches which our og'n hands have produced. “Industry is the mother of wealth.” BoxxKit and rue Grants.—Mr. Bonner, of the New York Ledger, sup rstiously boastful fellow who had removed from | says: “General Grant had nothing what- Nortli Carolina to North Georgia, when [ ever to do with the writing or the publl- he boasted that he bad out run, w hipped,: cation of the sketch of Ids early life wrlt- and thrown down all tho best men In the | ten for the Ledger by ids father. The former State, lie was repeating his boast ] sketch was begun nnd finished before Gen. one day In the hearing of an old soldier of Grant knew anything about it. nnd it ap peared in the Ledger In fulkjust ns itramc the war of 12, and who was highly in censed at the Impudence of the young fellow. Said the old soldier: “You may have done all that yon brag of, but you never fit for ycr country, “Well, if I didn’t, I had my namo put down to light the Injuns In Canada.” said the young fellow. “Yea, I knowed you never fit,” retorted the old man. T would have fit, but daddy took me down to Wilmington, an* the Doctor said I wasn't able to go." “1 knowed you never fit,” shouted the old soldier, glad that he had cornered him so easily. Welt,” said the youngster, “If I didn't fight, they took thp paper along that had mv name writ on It, and every time they called mv name at roll-call, twelve InJIns fell dead In their tracks.' All the Radicals have to do is to call out Uullock'a name in the Capitol at Washing ton, and Congress will fall down dead In Its tracks. ^ ^ Mu. Lincoln's Opinion or Gen. Lee.— Mr. Beecher hat been heavily aasalled because at a public meeting In this city some time since be spoke well of the per sonal character ef Gen. Lee. What will these assailants say, (aayi the New Y'ork Times) about the opinion of Mr. Lincoln upon Lee, nnd especially when they get that opinion from a source they must cred it bo nnqueitlonably, via, a colored woman. Mrs. Krckley. the colored iervant of Mr. Lincoln'! family, say* that on the very morning of the assassination. President Lincoln took up a portrait of Gen. Lee. scanned the Ihce thoughtfully, and said: “It Is a good lace; It la the face ofa noble, noble, brave man. I am glad that the war la over at last.” Looking up at his son Robert, be continued: “Well, my non, you have returned aafely from the front. The war te now cloeed, and wa will soon live In peace with the breve men that have been lighting against us. I trust thst the era of good feeling hat returned with the cloae of the war, and that henceforth we shall live In peace'.” Were Prceldcnt Lin coln not deed, he would, for euch sayings snd thoughts as these, be denounced at a first-class, double-dyed traitor by those who now have the hypocrisy to pretend reverence for hie memory. Vieoinia.—Information bee been re ceived at Artny'Hendqnarten, eaye the Weahlngton Star, of the 18th, Inducing the belief that the Constitution will be adopted WTho New Jersey Legislature ad- T Joumed “<* on the 17tb, after passing' In Virginia, which baa hitherto been con •Ight hundred and thirteen bills. ' Idered one of the most doubtful States from the General’s father, without the cur tailment of a single word." You bet 1 The Soutukrx Exckess Cowanv.—The case of Meyers, stockholder, against the Southern Kxprcs* Company, of which Con federate General Johnston was President, came up liefore Hie .Supreme Court ol New York on the lstli. The plaintiff seeks to enjoin the Company from Incurring debts and collcitingassessments from stockhold ers. The Court reserves its decision. Reuisthar or DeKalb County ix a Tight.—It is charged, niton good author ity, that Hie Registrar for DeKalb county, whilst discharging Hie duties of bis office, used threatening language to the ne groes to deter llictii from voting for Got- don. Hk .Smells Better.—Wc make the' fol lowing Interesting extract from Hie Eu- faula News of the lstli. Our friend over there Is evidently fixing up in Ids latter days: To Ur! Rich, of the firm of Asli & Rich, we must return our thanks for a bottle of perfume and a jar of hair oil. Thus armed we think we can stand another -order” from headquarters without falling. IST Tbe Memphis Bulletin says: “ It ap pears probable that most people In tills State who arc In want of a situation will run for Congressman for the State at large." Dublix. April 18.—Tbe Prince of Wale* was installed Knight of St. Patrick, to-day. Cable Dispatch. Wouldn't It have been more appropriate to have Installed him as a Knight of Kill- Patrlbk, taking In view the recent Fenian executions. WMrs. Mary A. Russell blew down her negro cabins and barns, killing one negro, who was In a cabin and seven head of cat- tUulint were In the barns.—Dqfuuhj Asiw, Mrs. R. must be one of those Interesting females who are said to frequently “get up a breeze.” c schooner Lewis, advertised from Philadelphia to Savannah, was sunk In the river below the latter city—by running opon the sunken gunboat Georgia. The cargo will probably bo saved, No llvoe **Chief Justice Chase stated to Theo dore Tilton, a day or two tlnee, that he had never read the article attributed to him In tho Washington Intelligencer, end knew nothing of it-untll hts attention was called to It. TBE CLOSE OF THE ELECTION, An issue which has been long discussed, and which lias alternately awakened th, hopes nnd fears of tho people of Georgia during tho past twelve months, lias been decided to-day; the election is over, and there van be but little doubt that the lies' Constitution lias been ratified. The quo*- lion now Is, Are wo Reconstructed? arc we an active, living portion of tho United States ? The people of Georgia havo done their part, havo fulfilled their role In tho work proposed by Congress—will that body now fulfil it* part of the agreement P will the State lie admitted to tlio rights and privileges uf the Union, In aecordance with Hie letter and spirit of the Recon struction Act and Its Supplements ? Acting upon Hie hypothesis that Con gress would keep its faith in this all Im portant point, this journal and the largo and respectable class of Georgians whom It represent*, lias persistently advocated aud given their Influence to the new Con stitution. Our portion of the work Is done, ami we anxiously await tbe result. Whilst wc hope for the best, wc must con fess, frankly, that wc have some misgivings for the future. Had we the positive as suraiice that tlic Constitution, dictated by the dominant sectional party, and framed by their plastic tools for the people of Georgia, was not a pretext for delaying our restoration, we might feel that Its rat ification la one step forward to that posi tion wherein centers the future hopes of Hie true friends of free government in this country. We do not doubt the suc cess of the candidate we have advocated. Wc feel confident llmt lie lias re- reoelved a majority of the votes cast. Wc believe, further, that, under the Recon struction Act of Congress, he Is clearly el- igibletotbe office of Governor, and that he will scrupulously and honestly support tho new Constitution, aud faithfully exe cute all laws made lit accordance there with. But wc do fear that those who have sought and still seek to subvert two of the three co-ordinate brunches of the Govern ment, will not unloose tho shaekle* which bind ns, merely because our people have, in this election, acted us became tlic de- scendcnts of American freemen, and elect ed to the highest office of State the man of tlielr choice. Still we should not despond. Tills revo lution must have an ending. Madness and corruption will sooner or later expend It self. Reason will return ultimately, and with It good government, and a reverence for those fundamental principle* of Constl- j the next Presidential election. A Demo- tiitlonal Liberty bequeathed us by a noble jeratlc victory in any one of these States, ancestry. Above all things would wc ex* i W *R R® equivalent to a majority against liort tbe people of our unfortunate Com- i Reconstruction, so far as its participation mon w ealth to patience anil fortitude. Nov-tl* 1 the ooxt Presidential election Is con- er give up the hope of one day returnhig ®®rncd. ®centhough they ratify the Cun- to the folds of that Union which was rent: Stitutlons pre-i-nD-d tn them by their Con- In madness, and in which alone centres the ventions. 1 ii«-ref-,re, the people of these hope* of every intelligent American, of t'tntoa should stand lion-committed n j win whatever section. ! the Presidential question until after their „ ... j Representatives shall have been admitted PEOPLE WITHOUT A OOVSKNMEBT., to Congress, and their States restored to Yes. a people without* government, ami * !! ,e * r ^ relations w iih the General they ore the American People. Conceal i ”‘ ,nilmi, L the fact as we may. deny It as w« wi.l,de- Reconstruction is a work in which nil ccive ourselves as wc can, we have no gov- j l “ rtl ” , ln \ he * uu,, ‘ ' ,m " M bu ln- ernment. We are In a state of anarchy, a ! " ,ht ' rc nro •«? '*''»•''»* *“ '»« something worse than a despotism, without THE SOUTH AHD IMPEACHMENT. Glancing backward over the' pages of history, wc find no parallel for tho quiet intllfl’ercncc exhibited by our people lu tho Impeachment trial and Us results, even though It should culminate in the removal of Mr. Jounrok. The [icoplo of the exclu ded States havo ceased to look upon tho National Government ns nny portion of tbelr concern, because that Government has long slnco practically discarded them— lienee tbelr Imllfi'eronce ns to who occupies the chair of tho Chief Executive. To them It Is a matter of tiro least conse quence who occupies tho office of Chief Magistrate, for they have learned that the Legislative Department lias assumed tbe power nnd control of tho entire affairs of tlm Nation, Including both, the Executive aud Judiciary; and with tlm Reconstruc tion precedent, it cannot now he doubted but that body feels that every power of the Government Is vested In it, and no matter who is elected President, until the strong political power of Congress Is broken by another election, tbe President must how to their mandates, or bo removed from office, or have every ]tower legislated away from him. Therefore, no matter bow par tial lie might he to the old Constitution nnd Republican Liberty, be would lxi power less to nid the people of tbe South, or those ol nny other portion of the country. Tis a sad spectacle indeed, when a Re publican Government so little rcapocts one third of Its people that they are totally In different who fills the office of Chief Hitlor, from the fact that they know lie would be powerless to extend tbe lull protection of tile law to them, orto make tbelr condition worse. And for this very reason It will be not only useless, but absolute folly, for the people of the nnn-reconstructcd States to take any position upon the Presidential Is sue now pending. They must bear In inlntl that the sending of delegates to at tend the Xational Nominating Convention will only make them the laughing stock of the [lowers that control without consulting tlmm. They have no voice In National af fair*. nnd they would certainly lie not n lit tle presumptuous in presenting themsclvei without invitation to those council* that have the work of selecting who shall draw the pay of President aud lie the tool of the party electing him. Of this one thing the people of the un reconstructed States inay rest assured, that unless they elect the Radical ticket hi oue, they will have no voice at the [Mills in a chock against itself, without tbe capacity to benefit Itself or Its people; ami tlm people destitute of power, and void of de sire to aid themselves—bankrupt In pride as a Republic, embittered towards eseli other from the great strife through which we have passed, each striving to oppress the other and secure some position of power, regardless of the means employed to accomplish thp object—all combined, makes ours tliu weakest and most con temptible pretense of a government that ever disgraced Hie c.,rth, Time was when the United flutes was government of the people; a republic un der a written Constitution which was re garded and respected a* the supreme law of the laud. That tiino trit*. but Is not now. The document known a* tho Coniti- tiiilnti of the United Stales, has lung since become ubsolete and fallen Into disuse, or rather, has been superceded by platforms and manifestos of political parties, the thc- luine ot knaves and the ex|iedienu of dema gogues. What was considered arepub! lean government a few years ago. is now laugh ed nt as the silly theory of a convention of “Old Fogles.” Old catablitltwj forms and Ideas have been swallowed up In the whirl pools ur Avarice. Envy and Ambition; and in their places we have Corruption and Dishonesty of every couecivableshadeand character. The old government has passed away, nnd In It* plnco wc have Hie dictation ol an unreasoning mob, the reign ofahungry rabble, which runs first one way and then another, all Intent upon haring down nnd destroying, none wishing or caring to build up. The handi of this mob hare torn down Hie very pillars of the Republic for their personal uggriindlzcDicnk and they are how digging away at the founda tion stone* wherewith to bnlld Ugh places for themselves; while other* In tbelr turn are stealing tlm unio for a like pur pose. Tho would-he leader of yester day is pulled down to-day to make plaee for others who havo but one object before them: Self—Self. Shame upon our fallen estate! When will the reign of madness cease? Axotuir Colorep Politician Ar- RESTip.—Ben Duncan, a colored politician of Rome, wax arrested by tho Military au thorities yesterday, for threatening y|o- Icncc to a negro who voted the Gordon ticket, l# 'Thorn are said to be over One hun dred men In Georgia who are In expecta tion of Ikt appointments, to soon as Mr. Wade la installed In the White House. derived from a place in Ike CullIB. all should strive to get in |*,»Uiuu to enjoy them. It not. It Is more than folly for us to waste our time in trying to make our voices heard in the great emteiis wherein utir wants will not beconsidered oreur coy,,11- Hon improved. We had better hold our selves ready to embrace that party, wlileh- eviritmay he, that will aid us most after It is in [lower. Dbatii op Bishop Hawks.—The Right Reverend C. S. Ilawks I). I>. Mob.,died In St. I-ouls on Sunday evening. Hie lath, aged fifty-six years. For more than twenty year* he had filled the office of Bishop of tlm Rpisconnl Church for tbu diocese of Missouri. Dur ing n largo portion of that |»-rlod he was the active Pastor ot Christ Church. St. fouls, lie was counted among the most eloquent divines In a church which has been served by many accomplished pulpH orators. The Bishop was born it: NewNiro. North Carolina, on the 20,t), of May, ISM; he was the youngest of nine ehlldred, all of whom are now dead with the exception of the eldest Sister. Urs.Phebe Anilcron, widow of lion. Walker Anderson, fora lung period Judge of the Supremo In Florida. Four of the fetidly have died wllhlu the P'*t two years, the last previous to the Bishop being llev. Frauds L. Hawks, D. V, In the fall of 18U0, in New York. C*"lt will turn out that every member ol the Legislature will hHve to tako the Test Oath, unless It should ho satlstai to- rily demonstrat -d that the Radicals havo * majority. In that eront, the Test Oath may ho dispensed with, os was tlm ease with the members of tlm Constitutional Convention. In cither event Joseph E. Brown way bo United Stale* Senator. Bully Asrestep,—Tho Macon Tele graph of yesterday say*: “A Radical no- gro was heard to threaten another yestera day who hail voted the Democratic tloket. beln * »®M. took possession of the bully* corpus, and at Inst account* he was enjoying the sweets of solitude In tho guard house." Dieo Out.—The Murfreesboro Watch man, a Radical paper, ha. TUspendoil pub lication. The Baltimore Post, t Radical paper, ha* hoeu suspended for want of patronage. Governor Brownlowr will be one ol the harmonious elements of the Chicago Convention. HTTbc National Division of tho Sons of ■ Temperance convenes In Nnslivlllc, May 0. choose the Radical party. WHAT ABE THE ISSUES BETWEEN THE TWO POLITICAL PARTIES? Just at this time there nrc many who nrc making the Inquiry at the head or this ar- tlole, but wo havo not us yet heard any definite answer except in oue Instance when it was said “that the Issue is, wheth er or not the doctrines or principles ndvo- ted by tbe Confederacy should be estab lished or not.” The author of the expres sion Is cither a fool or n knave, nnd we are Inclined to think that lie is nfillcted with a largo share of both. The issues for which the Confederacy fought, died with the sur render of tho Confederate armies. When tlic rebellion ended, every one of Its sup porters abandoned 1:1s adherence to tho doctrines of slavery anil secession, nnd sat down to await tho action of the Federal Government, to which ho had given Ids parol of honor not to take up arms against Its authority. All recognized tlio fact that slavery was forever a thing of tho past In this country, and that henceforth they most, If they remained within Its jurisdic tion. give their whole, unqualified allegi ance to the government of the United State*. They did not even claim the priv- llorcsof citizenship. But tho Government illil not sec fit to allow them to remain In Hint [wsltlon. In May, 1804 :1m Congress of tlm United States enacted n law authorizing Hie Pres ident of the United States, to grant special pardon nnd general amnesty whenever lie saw fit, to those engaged In tlio rebellion; nnd In many Instances Mr. Lincoln did tills, and by so doing lind restored the par ties to all the rights and privileges of full citizenship; and so well did Hie Congress understand this to be tile case that they au thorized Hie organizing of »lx regiments of United States volunteers to be coin|ioscd of persons who had received Hie benefits of this law, and the regiments were recruited and did good service on the frontier. On the Util of April, ISO.-,, Mr. Lincoln w-as assassinated, null Mr. Joiiksox ascend ed to tlm Presidency. Tlio Law of Con gress was still In force. Congress did not assemble until December, 1805. Between the 14th of April and tlm first Monday in December. 1805. Mr. Johnson, acting.,lider the authority hy act or Congress, bad Issued Ills proclamation of General Amnesty, with ccrtnlii exception *. which exceptions allowed those embraced to receive the benefits of Special pardon. By tlm first of December, 1805, there was less Umn one thousand persons who Imd not been restored to citizenship, by tlic <li reet authority of the Radical Congr-es, of the Inited State*. The people of tj,* South, desired to enjoy the right* ami privileges, of citizens, lienee they embrace,, tlm offer made them by tlm Government to return to tlielr allegiance. seliizens lhe people ofthoSomh,iiii- l ll f t,0n t>“.' Frank of the l nl.ed States, proceeded to start lu mo- tlon again the nmehliiery or their State, governments which had been suspend., t hj the rebellion, mid In starting then the, ■ incorporated In iimir tbustlr„tWn* 7» -lause declaring slavery forever tOollsheir, ml their allegiance to the Nullum; Gov ernment perpetual. This settled by their ,11 a.-t the issues for wbk'h the war Imd he. " fought, and -bowed their eomplct i acquiescence to the verdict of tho high Court of arms. h But Hie Radical party was still in power., tuny were quarreling among themselv s , almutthe division of the “public plunder."' anil their lenders saw that unless uttc illoi-i could lie drawn to other and richer fields, afapnll, they, us a party, must go dou u. There was hut one course left, cither tl f people of the South must again he Ur^atiut to a violation or tin• laws of tho cuo*tr- or they to violate tliu Oinstltu,)*,. tlmni- Tliesoii."..,-,, peopU. * s "l»remelnw, h,„ Radical: is ju'.t, !rp^r" r 'r e iw ant..Kami Of the coll- skli'^r, ,he J' t'Uneteii what * ”f .econstniotlun Law.” tmc.I"',77 ^ ’ ,IVtllc <»»>■•' be- I Political parties. Thel'rln- i Iplcs of the Radical parry are, “Tlm uti- eon*t i tnt | 01" | l assumption, hy themselves, f 111 the co-ordinate powers of the Fcd- ‘ral Government; Ignoring entirely tlio ,,7' ra 1 l Owtltntlon hy setting aside at the [mint of the bayonet, l„ lime «/ grace, 8t * ,e Roverniuents; by taking from those States, J n violation of the ex pros., provisions o,- tlio fundamental law, the • control of the elective franchise; and with- out a shadow of authority. . disfranchising Hum-nnds of citizens wile - have never been even charged, before the. courts ot tlm country, with the coiuniUi- slou of any crime.” Tlm Principle* of the Oppos',,,, Wrty ■e : “The restoration of these ten State* to their r , g, | , ,ul lllun , n Honor*ih*t !£?* ■' ,,r Co„*tltu- aneaHun he - of the suffrage tiif* i v» u. *1*° provided for by fliii J- D 4 ' Uul ' n " 11,0 country; and tho tallest liberty and protection hy law to nil e«'r«j V, 18 l mnl »l"»ent of all criminals i™»-1° i VU “""f* of the country, and the impartial execution of all the constltu- tlonal laws of tliu land." These are the leading Issues between the two parties, and between them the people of the country have to choose. The appeal I 7®? to *• reMon ol tho people than • to tlielr honesty. If they favor free gov ernment under the old Constitution, the honest administration of tlm laws, nnd protection of rich and poor, high nnd low itlikc, tln»y will choose iho Conservative party. If they fHVor and desire oppres sion ; are opposed to tree government un- dar» ropablicnn form, tupporting a vast hen! of thieves and knaves, they will