Union recorder. (Milledgeville, Ga.) 1886-current, April 20, 1886, Image 1

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Ga., April 20.. 1886. Number 41 T. L. McCOMB k C0 T S. r over •tav away' Embracing all that is New, Desirable It will pay you to call! Don’t sleep You may lose something if you thin a is fresh and new! ’We are again to the front with that we have ever shown i •‘The Flowers that bloom in the Spring, and Grand! 1 your opportunities! Come early while every- Published "Weekly In Milledgeville, Ga., BY BARNES & MOORE. Terms.—One dollar and fifty cents a year In advance. Six months for seventy-five cents.— Two dollars a year If not paid in advance. The services of Col. Jamks M. SMYTHK,are en gaged as General Assistant. Tne “FEDERAL UNION’’and the“SOUTHERN RECORDER” were consolidated, August l6t, 1K72, the Union being in its Forty-Third Volume and "‘he Recorderin Its Fifty-Third Volume. TUI Q DA PCD may be found on’flle at Geo. I III O I M r L i \ P. Rowell & Co’s Newspa per Advertising Bureau (10 Spruce St.), where advertising contracts may be made for it IN NEW YORK. THE OLD CAPITAL. ds one of the i this citv. handsomest stocks of Tra La. Have nothing to do with the case.' 1 Slut ff*e Saif 'This: Let others quote their prices.—We tell you if they quote Calicoes one cent per yard, we will sell you better Calico at same price. r)0j* if they quote you Shoes at 10c per pair, we will sell you better Shoes for 10c per pair. And so it goes throughout our whole stock. WE HAVE THE CAPITAL To do business on, and CHALLENGE (mark the word) Competition. We have determined to do the “Lion’s Share” Of the Dry (roods Business in this City, BECtAKDLESS of consequences. Our stock is strictly First-Class in all its various departments. We carry Dry Goods, Clothing- 9 Shoes, Gents’ Furnishing Goods, •Mattings, fyc., fye. To all we extend a cordial welcome. Remember we Guarantee Prices, and you shall have polite attention. T. L. McCOMB Jl r aync Street. A Day in Miliedgeville County. THE OLD and Baldwin & co„ Xo. 8 and 10 So Don't Forget the Number. Miliedgeville, Ga., April 16th, 1886. 40 1m. OUR PRESIDENTS. George Washington, our first Presi dent. served from the 30tli of April, 1789, to the 4th of March, 1797 ; John Adams, our second President, served from the 4th of March, 1797, to the 4th of March, 1801; Thomas Jefferson, our third President, served from the 4th of March, 1801, to the 4th of March, ‘ v 09: James Madison, our fourth Pres cient, served from the 4th of March, ‘809. to the 4tli of March, 1817 ; J ames Monroe, our fifth President from the 4th of March, 1817, to the 4th of March, 1825; John Quincy Adams, our sixth President, served from tlie 4th of March, 1825 to the4thof March, 1829: Andrew Jackson, our seventh President, served from the 4th of March, 1829, to the 4th of March, 1837; Martin Van Buren, our eighth Presi dent, served from the 4th of March, 1837, to the 4th of March, 1841; Wil iam Henry Harrison, our ninth Pres ident, was inaugurated on the 4th of March 1841, and died in thirty days. John Tyler, the Vice President, filled out his term; James K. Polk, our eleventh President, including Tyler, served from the 4th of March, 1845, to March 4th, 1849; Zachary Taylor, our twelfth President, served from the 4th of March, 1849, to the 10th of July, 1S50. when he died. Millard Fillmore, the Vice President, filled out his term; Franklin Pierce, our fourteenth Pres ident, including Fillmore, served from the 4th of March, 1853, to the 4th of March, 1857; James Buchanan, our fifteenth President, served from the 4th of March, 1857, to the 4th of March, 1801; Abraham Lincoln, our sixteenth President, served from the 4th °f March, 1861, to the night of the >tli of April, 1865, when he was as- by Wilkes Booth in Ford’s lneater. Andrew Johnson, the Vice -resident, filled out his term; Ulysses errant, our eighteenth President, in- ciudmg Johnson, served from the 4th to the 4thof March, ■ ' ' ‘ B. Haves, our nine- .eenth President, served from the 4tli of March, 18,7, to the 4th of March, k 4: . J a, ‘ ies Barfield, our twentieth President, served from the 4th of March 1881, to Lie 2d of July, \ m •heh lie was shot by Quit earn linger ed a few months and died. Chester Arthur, the Vice President, filled his term. out .An ounce-of discretion is better than a pound of knowledge. Why not spend twenty-five cents for a bot- de of Red Star Cough Cure, and save a large doctor's bill? Personal and General. The Griffin News is anxious for Con gressman Hammond to enter the race for governor. Rev. Dr. Young J. Allen is on his way from China to pay a visit to his son in Emory College. Mrs. Senator A. H. Colquitt and daughter, and Mrs. Colonel T. C. Howard, left Atlanta for Washington City on the 12tli. It is stated that Rev. Sam Jones has taken to chewing gum and that he finds it helpful in enabling him to get along without tobacco. Artemus Ward commenced a lec ture once thusly: Ladies and gentle men, I possess a gigantic intellect, but I haven’t it with me on this oc casion. The Irish patriots should not be discouraged. Married men have strug gled for home rule for twenty centu ries, and have not yet succeeded in getting it. Judge Arthur Hood, of Cuthbert, is dead. Judge Hood was one of the most prominent gentlemen of South west Georgia, and no man stood high er in public esteem. Governor H. D. McDaniel passed Macon yesterday on his way to Mill- edgeville, where he will be the guest of Dr. T. (). Powell, superintendent of the Lunatic Asylum.—Telegraph, 15th. Judge O. A. Loclirane and wife, and Elgin Loclirane have joined the First Baptist church in Atlanta. Mrs. Loch- rane has been a member of the Meth odist church for twenty years, but de sired to be with her husband. The committee of arrangements of the Ladies’ Memorial association is making preparations for the 2Gth. Col. W. D. Ellis has been selected as orator of the day, and Rev. C. W. Beckwith as chaplain.—Atlanta Jour nal. It is doubtful,” said the Rev. W. F. Cook, “if anv village in this coun try 1ms produced so many distinguish ed men as Colloden, in this state. Ex- Governor Smith, ex-United States Senator Norwood, Judge Trippe, Con gressman Hammond, Dr. E. W. Speer, and Judge Speer, are among the most notable. To these may be add ed a long list of men, and not less useful, though hardly so illustrious. “Isthere any special reason for this/ “Yes. From the day the village was founded it has never had a bar room. Liquor selling was prohibited in its, charter, and it has produced statesman rather than drunkards. CITY, INFUSED WITH NEW BLOOD AND THE ENERGY OF YOUTH, SHAKES OFF THE LETHARGY OF FORMER DAYS AND ENTERS UPON A SEASON OF COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY AND PROGRESS. From the Augusta Chronicle. Milledgeville, Ga., April 10.— [Staff Correspondence.]—I am agree ably surprised with Milledgeville. I had an idea it was one of the dead towns of Georgia and had been omit ted from Col. Jones’ book only be cause his State pride would not per mit him to consign to his municipal cemetery a city that had so recently been the capital of the commonwealth. But instead of a defunct township I find a growing city full of youthful vim and enterprise, with its business men well organized for concerted ac tion, and all pulling together for the common good. When the capital was moved tb Atlanta it was a terri ble blow to Milledgeville and many of the business men became constitu tional croakers and saw nothing but failure and ruin in the future. They had nothing good to say of the town and as a matter of course the busi ness went down until a season of com mercial stagnation settled upon Mil ledgeville. The old fogies were in the majority and suggestions from the young luen were frowned down or ridiculed. But in the natural order of things the number of young men increased as the older ones decreased and it came to pass that the young blood and energy of the town acquir ed the ascendancy. New policies 1 were adopted, MORE MODERN METHODS were introduced in business circles and public feeling began to improve. Then the Milledgeville Business Union was formed and the business men combined their forces to pull togeth er for the city’s good. This Business Union is a sort of board of trade and has sixty odd members. In it origi nates nearly all public measures look ing to muncipal growth and advance ment, and its recommendations to the City Conncil receive prompt attention and are usually adopted. Since its organization it has caused the names of the streets to be posted at the cor ners and the houses to be numbered, the sheds extending across the side walks to be torn down, a fire alarm bell tower to be built, and a commit tee from the Union is now canvassing the town to organize a company to light the streets and houses with gas, while another has been appointed to goto Atlanta and set forth Milledge- ville’s claim to have the new road to the coast pass through that city. Other enterprises, such as a cotton compress, a cotton seed oil mill, a canal and water works, are in con templation by the Union, which has boldly taken the future of the town upon its shoulders, and means to work out for it success and prosperity. The President of the Business Union is Mr. W. T. Conn, the leading whole sale merchant of the place, and the Secretary and Treasurer is Mr. T. E. White, of White & Treanor, an ener getic, enthusiastic, and intelligent representative of the young business men of the town. Milledgeville has 4,000 inhabitants, and is visited daily by drummers from all points. The Oconee House, run by Mr. S. B. Marshall, for the past six years, furnishes accommodation for strangers, and is a weU kept house. Electric call bells run into all the rooms and guests receive polite attention. Two hack lines run be tween the hotel and the depots, a mile distant. The Macon and Augus ta railroad and the Central railroad furnish ample facilities for freight and passengers. THE BUSINESS OF MILLEDGEVILLE is steadily growing and all branches of trade are represented. She has one house doing an exclusive whole sale business, and several others that combine wholesale departments with their retail business. The largest business in the town is carried on by Messrs. W. T. Conn A Co., who do an exclusive wholesale grocery business, and keep two men constantly on the road, ami a third who makes special trips. The following houses are also in this line, doing a retail business: P. M. Compton A Son, C. H. Wright Hendrix, Perry A Den- Co., Peter J. Cline & Co., Adolph Jo seph, H. Adler, Havgood & Caraker, Skinner & Co., and ft. L. Holloway & •Co’s 10 cents store; in shoes and leath er Fred Haug; in drags Messrs. John M. Clark, C. L. Case, T. H. Kenan; in furniture, wagons and buggies W. & J. Caraker and L. W. Davidson; ware house, fertilizers, wagons, buggies and machinery H. Turner; hardware (wholesale) Joseph Staley, T. T. Windsor; wheel wright and wagon maker Cox A Gardner, M. A. Collins and William Payne; cotton and com mission brokers, C. G. Wilson and Moore & Jeffers; livery and sale sta bles. G. T. Whilden and M. R. Bell; brick and wood contractors and build ers McMillan A Ailing; photography T. J. Fairfield. The business of the town is in good condition, and there is but a single house for rent in the corpor ate limits; that is one of the old ante bellum residences with 20 large rooms and too extensive for the average household of the present day. The paint brush has brightened up the appearance of the town in many lo calities. THE CHURCHES AND SCHOOLS. The religious denominations are all represented in Milledgeville, with res ident pasters and church buildings, and a new $10,000 Baptist church is soon to be erected. The city is prom inent in t\ie State as an educational evenings as a band stand by the Mil ledgeville brass band, composed of popular young men of the town. Milledgeville is on the Oconee river, but is on a high hill and suffered no damage from the recent high water in this stream. Three miles from the town, shoals in the river furnish as fine water power as oan be had in the state, which could be made available by a canal through the city. SOMETHING ABOUT BALDWIN COUNTY. Baldwin county, of which Milledge ville is the county seat, is one of the Middle Georgia counties, and is finely adapted to the cultivation of cotton, corn, oats, wheat and the staple state products. I am informed that consid erable improvement has been devel oped in the system of agriculture in the county growing out of Furman's plan of intensive farming—putting a small portion of land at time in a high state of cultivation. It is said that nearly every planter in the coun ty has some brag patch that lie is bringing to the highest point of devel opment. Mr. Furman’s widow is still carrying out his system of farming i and is succeeding well. A prominent I officer of the county says that cotton 1 is raised almost to the exclusion of food products, and he thinks the far- i mers are in a worse condition than they were a few years ago. They lost their oats by the freeze and are now centre, and its advantages in this line k l P hig Western corn. a^e looked to as an inducement to greatly increase population now that the sale of liquor has been prohibited. The Middle Georgia Military arid Ag ricultural College was established in January, 18yo, in accordance with an act of the General Assembly creating a department of the State Uniuersity at Milledgeville. Five thousand dol lars was appropriated to repair the buildings and fit them up for school purposes, and the college is conducted in the old Capitol. A magnificent eampus surounds the buildings and affords arn^le room for the drilling of the cadets and for recreation. The school is a mixed school, and boys and girls are carried through seven classes after completing the primary grade. In the male department the four high er classes are required to uniform, and conform to the military regulations of the institution unless exempted by physical disability. A matriculation fee of $10 is charged, after which the tuition is free, the amount raised from this source, together with $2,000 from the State land scrip fund and $2,000 from a special city tax defraying the expenses of the institution. The number of the faculty is eleven, with Gen. D. II. Hill as President and K. G. Matheson commandant of cadets, and instructor in military science. There are 423 students in attendance on uh iAfi'ge 'I:'<>.> Baldwin and neighboring counties. Besides this institution there are several private schools for white and colored children in different parts of the city. The Eddy School is the largest colored in stitution in the place, and is one of the best arranged schools. It was built by the United States Govern ment during the reign of the Freed man's Bureau. It averages about 300 in attendance, and is a free school during three months of the year. Un der the public school system there are 47 schools in the county, of which 25 are colored. These employ 60 teach ers with an average attendance of 2.400 pupils. LOCAL POINTS OF INTEREST. The old Gubernatorial Mansion is now kept by Mrs. M. E. Taylor as a boarding house for the studentsof the college, and is under the supervision of the college faculty. The State lunatic asylum is located here, but I must devote a special let ter to this nobie charity with its fine government and 1,600 inmates and employes. The Milledgeville cemetery is one of the most attractive and best cared for of any in the State. A new $25,000 court house is being erected, and will be ready for court in July. It will be one of the handsom est and best arranged buildings in the State, the ordinary Hon. D. B. San ford, having profited by the conven iences and short-comings of other court houses in the State in the plan ning of this one. On the lower floor, all of which will be handsome tiling, will be the libraries and the offices of the county officers. Each of these is perfectly fire proof in construction, with iron vault doors and combina tion locks. In the second story will be the court room, which, with the colored gallery, will have a seating capacity of about 500. A handsome dome surmounts the building, in which will be placed a city clock with four dials. The building, is of brick, with steps, window* sills and other trimmings of oolitic limestone. The Union and Recorder, a sterling and popular weekly, is the official or gan of the county,* and a good news paper, well edited. In this connection it just occurs to me that I omitted to mention the press in mv letters from Warrenton and Sparta. In the former town the War- renton Clipper, under the manage ment of Editor -Patillo, wields a strong influence in county affairs, and is de servedly popular, while at Sparta The Ishniaelite, in the hands of the Lewis Brothers and Mr. Roberts, has caryed State nara- The county is about twenty-five miles across each way and is situated right on the belt which divides the oak and pine country, half of the county being timbered with oak and hickory and the other half with pine. The county has a population of 15,000 with a voting strength of about 2,300. In the recent prohibition election 1,955 voters registered in the county, the negroes being in the proportion of three to one, The tax digest of last year footed up $1,359,111, of which $78,978 was returned by colored peo ple. Ordinary Sanford thinks that the recent act of the Legislature, pro viding an itemized list of personal property upon which returns are to based, will increase the next digest to two millions. The rate of taxation is high, the State and county tax being $14 on $1,000. Besides Milledgeville, there are sev eral villages in Baldwin county, the most important of which is Stevens’ Pottery, ten miles south of Milledge ville, on the Gordon and Eatonton railroad. This is a celebrated brick and piping manufactory worked by convicts, and doing about $100,000 of business annually. There are also saw mills here, and a population of about three hundred. Scottsboro has about one hundred inhabitants - , .and half a century ago I was a famous educational centre, i Midway is a suburb of Milledgeville. and has about live hundred inhabit-’ I ants. ! Brown's Crossing, ten miles nearer | Macon has about one hundred inhab- j itants, two stores, and a neat negro church. I Meriwether Station is north of Mil- ! ledgeville, on the Eatonton railroad, and has a church and one or two stores. E. B. H. The Pulpit Praises the Press. Newspapers the Great Educator of the People. EXTRACTS FROM A SERMON OF REV. DR. TALMAGE. The newspaper is the great educa tor of the nineteenth century. There is no force compared with it. It is book, pulpit, platform, forum, all in one. And there is not an interest— religious, literary, commercial, scien tific, agricultural, or mechanical— that is not within i? s grasp. All our churches, and schools, and colleges, and asylums, and art galleries feel the quaking of the printing press. ***** The first attempt at this institution in France was in 1681, bv a physician, who published the Aews for the amusement and health of his patients. The French nation understood fully how’ to appreciate this power. Napo leon with his own hand wrote articles for the press, and so early as in 1829 there were in Parris 169 journals. But in the United States the newspa per has come to unlimited sw’av. Though in 1775 there were but 37 in the whole country, the number of published journals is now' counted by thousands; and today—we may as well acknowledge it as not—the religious and secular newspaper are the great educators of the country. “Lazarus, come forth!" and to the treatmg surges of darkness, “Let there be lightl" In many of our city newspapers, professing no more than secular information, there have ai> peared during the past ten years some of the grandest appeals in be nj“ f religion, and some of the most effective interpretations of God's gov eminent among the nations. One of the great trials of this news- paper profession is the fact that they are compelled to see more of the shatc of the world thau any other profes sion. Through every newspaper of fice, day by clay, gt> the weaknesses of the world, the vanities that want to be puffed, the revenges that want to be wreaked, all the mistakes that w’ant to be corrected, all the dull speakers w ho want to be thought el oquent, all the meanness that wants; to get its wares noticed gratis in the editorial columns in order to save the tax of the advertising columns, all the- men who want to be set right who never were right, all the crack-brain ed philosophers, with story as longa,- their hair, and as gloomy as their fin ger nails, in mourning because bereft of soap; all the itinerant bores who come to stay five minutes and stop :u hour. Froui the editorial and reporto rial rooms, all the follies and shams ol the world are seen day by day. anti the temptation is to believe in neither God, man, nor woman. It is no sur prise to me that in your profession there are some skeptical men. I onl> wonder that you believe anything. Unless an editor or a reporter has in h - .- present or his early home, a model ot earnest character, or he throws liiisi self upon the upholding grace of God he must make temporal and eternal shipwreck. ***** Well, my friends, we will soon get through writing and printing, and proof-reading, ami publishing. What then? Our life is a book. Our years are the chapters. Our months are the paragraphs. Our days are the sentences. Our doubts are* the inter rogation points. Our imitation o4 others the quotation marks. Our at tempts at display a dash. Death. Sis* period. Eternity the peroration. O God, where will we spend it? Hare you heard the news, more stnrtlieqf than any found in the journals of tlm last six weeks? It is tlie tidings that man is lost. Have you heard fcL news, the gladest that was ever- an nounced, coming this day from t’.v throne of God, lightning courieta leaping from the palace gate’ Tk- news! The glorious news!. Tim: there is pardon for all guilt, and fort for trouble. Set it up in “douk le-leaded" column- and direct it to V w’hole race. A Scotch poet insane on every;hi. g but religion, wrote this beautiful y< : strange rhythm: God hath pardoned all my sin, That’s the news! That’s the nt-v, r :, I feel the witness deep within. That’s the news! That’s the new.-.’ And since he took my sins away. And taught me how to watch and pray I’m happy now from day to day, That's the news! That’s the new-.' «Kd H C W E^, W S' I ^ and tp iev ,«a«£ Leonard A Go., W. T. Mappm, Mas-; soy A Ennis, T. A. Caraker, W. H. i Armstrong, W. H. Roberts, W. A. I Walker, L. H. Thomas, H. E. Kreutz, j A. L. Ellison and Yoel Joel; in dry goods are Messrs. T. L. A five alarm bell tower, with brick foundation, is being erected in the central portion of the city. At an elevation of about twenty feet a plat- oei* m urv i f° n . u be erected in the tower. McComb A I which v,r ill be used during the summer Whence then, this intelligence— this capacity to talk about all tnemes, secular and religious—this acquaint ance with science and art—this power to appreciate the beautiful and grand? Next to the Bible, the newspaper— swift-winged, and everywhere present, flying over the fences, shoved under the door, tossed into the counting- house, laid on the work-bench, hawk ed through the cars! All read it: white and black, German. Irishman, Swiss, Spaniard, American, old and young, good and bad, sick and well, • before breakfast and after tea, Mon day' morning, Saturday' night, Sun day and week day. I now declare that I consider the newspaper to be the grand agency by , which the Gospel is to be preached, ignorance cast out, oppression de throned, crime extirpated, the world raised, heaven rejoiced and God glo rified. . .. In the clanking of the pri Ring press, as the sheets flv out. I hear the voice of the Lord Almighty proclaitil ing to ail the dead nations of the earth And now if anyone should say. What’s the news? What's the new*’ O tell him you've begun to pray— That’s the news! That’s the new.*’ That you’ve joined the conquering band, And now with joy at God's coalman s’.. You’re marching to the better land. That's the news! That's the new- Labor's Grasp on New Englanx* —The labor-trouble is striking deepe* in New England than i:i Texas. Thes is no collision as in rlie southwest, but there is a terrible strain. The city of Lynn. Mass., the largest shoe-making center in the world, L- simply paralyzed. Business is sus pended, and 3,000 workmen who a vet aged $15 a week have been idle fot two weeks. This stoppage of $45,0.>*. a week in wages has put an end fcu trading. Many of the leading man ufacturers have moved to small an- remote villages where they have a ru ral reserve to draw new hands from. Many of the older workmen have qut< the knights and gone with the manu facturers into their new fields. A boy-cotted manufacturer cannot buy a morsel to eat in Lynn. He cannot have a horse shod. The transfer men will not haul his baggage. He hat had to go to Boston or starve. Tin city is simply throttled, and is as help less as if it were dead. The manufae turers print detailed statements show ing that at present prices a pair of shoes they sell for 75 cents co3ts 7? cents; and a pair sold at $1.50 cost > $1.44. But labor will not loosen it.- grip and the city is being deserted l>y all who can leave it. In every town and city in New Eng land the forces are marshal ing for a bitter and prolonged confii r. Up to this time the organization lias been almost wholly with labor. Now capi tal is organizing. The lines of divi sion are deepening and the outlook is threatening.—Constitution. Rev. J. W. Lee of Atlanta will ad dress the’ State Sunday School Con vention when it assembles in Macon in May, on “Applied Christianity. He will also address the convention of the Woman’s Christian Tc-mperan*. Union. For stiffness and soreness of tb muscles and joints of the body, rhen uiatism, neuralgia—in fact an;- ache or pain of the body—nothir g equals Salvation Oil. Sold by v druggists. Price 25 cts.