COLUMBUS SENTINEL AND HER ALD.
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY MOBNITfI BY
J. P. H. CAMPBELL & J. L. LEWIS.
OX BROAD STIIEET, OVER ALLEN St YOUSd’s.
TiittiVld—Subscription, three dollars per an
nmo, payable in a Ivancc, or four doll ars, (in all
cases exacted) where payment is nol made before the
expiration of the year. N o subscript ion received for
less than twelve in tilths, without payment inadvance
and no paper discontinued, except at the option of
the Editors, until all arrearages are paid.
AIJ VERIia EVi Ni B conspicuously inserted a!
ONE dollar per one hundred words, or less, for
the first insertion, and fifty certs for every subse
'f|uent c mtinuance. Those sent without a specifica
tion of tho number of ioseriions, will be published
until ordered out, and charge 1 accordingly.
2d. Yearly advertisements —For over 24, and
not exceeding 30 lines, fifty dollars per annum : for
ovr 12. and not exceeding 21 iines, thirty-five dollars
per annum ; for less than 12 lines, twenty dollars
sd. All rule an l figure work double the above piices.
Legal Advertisements published at the usual
rates, and with strict attention to the requisitions of
, the law.
All Sales regulated bylaw, must be made before
the Court House door, between the hours of 10 id the
morning and 4 in the evening—those of Land in
the county where it is situate ; those of Personal
Property, where the letters testamentary, of admin
istration or of guardianship were obtained—and are
required to be previously advertised n some public
Gazette, as follows t
BitEßiru’ Sales under regular executions for thir
ty days, on ter Mortgage ii fa3 sixty days, before
the day of sale.
Bales of Land and Negroes, bv Executors, Ad
ministrators or Guardians, for sixty days before
the dav of sale.
Bales ofPersonal Property (except Negroes) roitTY
Citations by Clerk3 of the Courts of Ordinary, upon
application for LETTEns of administration, must
be published for thirty days.
Citations upon application for dismission, by
Executors, A Iministrators or Guardians, monthly
for six months.
Orders ot Courts of Ordinary, (accompanied with a
copy of the bond or agreement) to m ake titles
to land, must be published three months.
Notices by Executors, Administrators or Guardians,
of application to the CouU. of Ordinary for leave
to sEL r the Land or Negroes of an Estate, four
Notices bv Executors or A Iministrators, to the Debt
ors and Creditors ol an Estate, for six weeks.
Sheriffs. Clerks of Court, &c., will be allowed
the usual deduction.
1C? 1 * Letters on business, must bo post paid,
to entitle them to attention.
THE undersigned takes leave to inform his friends
and tho public generally, that he will continue
the Ware-House and Commission Business, to which
his atentfon will be exclusively confined ; and by strict
attention thereto he hopes to merit a continuance of
patronage which has been so liberally bestowed upon
him. He will attend to the sale of Cotton from wa
gons or in store, and from a gener and acquaintance with
the purchasers, and true situation of the market, he be
lieves that he can, generally, more than save the com
mission in the sale of Cotton.
Liberal advances with be made on produce or mer
chandise in stare. WM. P. i’ONGE.
Columbus, Sept. 18,1838. 33y
JAMES 11. LRyiSO ,DS,
WATCH MAIL23XI ASJiD JE
2 d door north of JCivlin's Confectionary , Br'd st.
his town and country friends
v? ‘ /"“V that lie has just returned from
u ''firf.s.J New York with a very rich
gs S. addition to his stock of Goods,
Ii uiJjirjSki and ladies and gentlemen wish
jsAyyP | ing Watches or Jewelry of
iVPv'vgF superior quality, have now an
opportunity of supplying them
selves with articles that cannot be surpassed.
Rich line gold Jewelry,
Silver Ware, plated and Fancy Goods.
The following articles comprise a portion of his stock,
find he will sell on as good terms as any other establish
ment in Georgia.
Gold and silver Levers,
Anchor escapement Duplex,
Horizontal and vertical Watches, of the finest
finish—all of which he warrants first rate time
Betts of Ladies’ Earrings and Broaches,
Diamond, Ruby, Emerald, Opal, enamelled and
every description of Breast Pin3 and Finger
Gold guard and fob Chains,
Seals, Keys, Lockets and Trinkets, of all kinds,
in great variety, and most superb manufacture,
Gold and ‘silver i~ pec Lacies,
Silver Spoons, flutter Knives,
Bowie Knives, Dirk and Pen Knives,
Scissors, Thimbles, Ladies’ splendid Card Cases,
Head Bands, Combs, Belt Piacques,
Revolving silver mountea Castors,
Cloth, Hair, Crumb and Hearth Brushes,
English rille belt Pistols,
Four sided Razor Strops,
Silk Purses, Perfumery,
And every other article usually found J Jewelry
J. H. R. as heretofore, will repair and regulate
CLOCKS and WATCHES of every description, and
warrant all (that were made for time) to perform well.
Gold and silver work, and jewelry, made and repaired.
Engraving neatly executed. Cash, or goods, paid for
Ord gold and silver.
Columbus, April 13. 15y
GE O. W . W AY’S
CORNER of Oglethorpe and St. Clair street, im
mediately in the rear of the City Hotel. The
subscriber respectfully informs the public that he is
how receiving a general assortment of Carriages ot all
descriptions, to wit :
Coaches, Coachees, Chariottees, Cabriolets, dickey
eat Barouches, one and two horse extension-top Ba
juches, three seats extension-top do., B iggies, four
Wheels, for one and two horses, two wheel do., Sulkies
of every description.
The above Carriages are superior to any ever re
ceived m this market, and cannot be surpassed for ma
terials, style and durability. Any article purchased
from this establishment can be depended on.
Cali and sec. and I will sell yon bargains.
Carriages o f every description furnished to order, by
addressing the undersigned.
GEO. \V. WAY.
I have a general stock of Coach Materials, which I
will sell low. Repairing done in the very best man
lier, and bv Northern Workmen. W. W.
Feb. 1.” 52 v
ax’zsa st pricsitt,
Oglethorpe Strt t, North of Calhoun's Hotel,
HAVE just received anew assortment of good
CARRIAGES selected from some of the best
manufactories at the N >rth. They having taken par
ticular pains to have them made to suit this, country,
and to insure satisfaction to purchasers, they wiii war
rant them for one year with fair u-age. AH kind of
Carriages made to order. Carriage and llarne-s’ re
pairing done in very neat.style by go id X.a thorn work
men. Also, a *(W.I assortment of Carriage materials,
all of which they will sei! low tor cash or approved
Feb. 16. 7 v
NEW SPH XG GOODS.
The subscriber has just received, a fresh
supply of FAXC YAN D ST \PLE DR Y
GOODS, oPthe latest ftsiii is audio)portatton*.
READY MADE CLOTHING. HATS, BON
NETS AND SHOES.
He would invite his customers and the public
generally toeal! and examine his stock before pur
chasing elsewhere, as they no doubt will be suit
ed with the qu fiity and price, lie is determined
to sell low ibr cash.
Country merchants will be suppi, .*d atre iuced
prices. NULL McNAIR*
BS. HAWLEY, wholesale and retail Drug
-9 gist, at Apalachicola and St. Joseph, Finrtda.
Nov U 1837, ‘ 24tf
RAYMOND & ALLISON, wholesale Grocers
and commission Merchants,Apatachicoia, Flor.
At’F- 11. * S: f
. GOLSTKD B,
COMMISSION & FORWARDING MER
CHANT. Apalachicola. Flor. June 21 20if
riiOIIASTOX LIME FOR SALE
ENQUIRE of WM. R JON BS, mu- door above
G. B. Terry, Esq. Columbus. July 23. 25'f
JB. STARR, Commission Merchant St. Jo
• seph, Florida. March stf
COLUMBUS WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
A: the sign of the Golden Saddle, a few doors be
low D. Hungerford ic Co’s, and nearly
opposite Ujquhhrt & Ware.
W. WADE & CO.
... .< Have now on hand a complete as
'. ,'y,. j sort merit of articles appertaining to
Uiiiif heir line of business :
/ —AMONG which are—
ft s!il Spanish, Quilted, Overlaid arid Shaf
xli'lliiifllar R’d Baddies,
Plain. Boys’, Race, Attakapas, and
* Large and Extra Large do
Ladies’ Saddles, of every quality and size.
BRIDLES OF ALL KINDS.
Some good for fifty Cents: Saddle Bags, Carpel Bags;
Va!ices; Stirrup Leathers; Sircingles and Girths.
HARNESS—Coach. Gig. and Dearborn, from the
cheapest to the best. TRUNKS, of every descrip
The above articles are of their own manufacture,
made under their own immediate inspection, of the
best materials, and by superior workmen. Also, on
ENGLISH SADDLES, BRIDLES AND MARTINGALES.
Coach. Gig, Tandem, Sportsmen, and Waggon
Whips; S'irrups, Bits, Spurs. Buckles, Humes. Col
lars, Cut Tacks, Trunk Locks, Horse Brushes and
Curry Combs, Trace and Halter Chains.
ALSO—A good assortment of Coach and Gig Har
ni s Trimming.-; Plated, Brass and Japan’d do.
ALSO—A good assortment of Skining, Harness,
and Bridle Leather: black, Foe. rod, yellow, green,
and c ..incai Morocco Skins; Buffalo Robes and Bear
N. B. Traders who may buy to sell again, will be
furnished on as good terms as can be bought either in
New York or Newark. Country merchants are re
spectfully invited to c ill and examine our goods and
prices, and satisfy themselves.
C 'ZP* REPAIRING done on the most reasonable
April 29, 1837 31 y
CABINET AND UPHOLSTERY WARE
CO*?Z33I/WIAM & ANDERSON
MOST respectfully inform the citizens of Colum
bus, and its vicinity that they have removed
from their former stand, to the store lately occupied by
AlcArn, in Broad-street, nearly opposite the Insurance
They have now on hand an elegant assortment of
FURNITURE of their own. manufacture.
Paper Hangings of the latest patterns with suitable
Bordering, Ornaments, and other materials for Cur
Adverse to puffing, they would only solicit a call
which would enable Ladies and Gentlemen td judge for
themselves by examining the articles.
All orders will he executed with promptitude. Cur
tains put up in the most fashionable style. Rooms
neatly papered. In short, any thing in their line will
be punctually attended to.
Aug. 25. 36y
JOHN E. BACON & Cos.
AGENTS for the sale of the
HAVE just received affresh supply of this valuable
remedy for the cure of Rheumatism, Scrofula or
King’s Evil, Gout, Sciatica or Hip Gout, Incipient
Cancers, Salt Rheum, Siphilitic and Mercurial dis
eases, particularly Ulcers and painful affections of the
bones. Ulcerated Throat and Nostrils, Ulcers of
every description, Fever Sores, and Internal Abscess
es, Fistulas, Piles, Scald Head, Scurvy, Biles, Chro
nic Sore Eyes, Erysipelis Blotches, and every variety
of Cutaneous Affection, Chronic Catarrh, Headaci.e,
proceeding from vitiation; Affections of the Liver;
Chronic inflammation ofthe Kidneys and General De
bility, caused by a torpid action off the vessels of the
skin. It is singularly efficacious in renovating those
constitutions which have been broken down by injudi
cious treatment, or juvenile irregularities. In general
terms, it is recommended in all tho.a diseases which
arise from impurities of the blood, or vitiation of the
humors, of whatever name or kind.
Some of tho above complaints may require some
assistant applications, which the circumstances of the
case will dictate ; but for a general remedy or Purifi
cator to remove ike cause. The Indian’s Panacea will
generally be found sufficient.
The following certificates, out of hundreds similar
which might, be procured, are given to show the effect
of the In,liati’s Panacea, in the various complaints
therein mentioned ; and also to exhibit in the most sa
tisfactory manner its superiority over the syrups in
Charleston, Nov. 15, 1831.
During the last winter and spring, I was afflicted
with a very severe and distressing Rheumatism, occa
sioned by exposure in had weather. I now take great
pleasure in stating, that six bottles of Indian Pana
cea, restored me to perfect health, and I confidently
recommend it to ail similarly afflicted.
JOHN FERGUSON, King st.
Charleston. July 12, 1831.
T was afflicted fair years with an ulcer in the leg,
occasionally accompanied with erysipelatious incarna
tion and an excessive pain in the leg and ancle joint.
Several eminent Physicians exerted their skill upon it,
luit without permanent benefit. In this ease, five bot
tles of the Indian Panacea made a perfect cure.
MARGARET A. WEST, Market st. 121.
July sth, 1837. sly
THE subscriber respectfully informs the citizens
of this place, that he will take charge of PIANO
FORTES by the year. It is well known that fre
quet tuning alone can save an instrument from early
deterioration ; and that playing on a bad tuned Piano
F ‘rie destroys or vitiates the ear of the performer.—
To obviate those difficulties the subscriber proposes to
tune an instrument, which shall be given to his charge,
six times a vear, (once very two months.) His terms
will be $lO per annum, five payable at the first and
five at the fourth tuning. Application to be made at
Messrs. Plant & Norton’s Book Store.
A. IVERSEN, Professor of Music.
Columbus, Sept. 26, 1838. 34 6t
FROM COLUMBUS TO WEST POTNT.
THL public are informed that s line of STAGES
has been put on the route from Columbus to
West Point via Whitesville, leaving Whiteside’s
Tavern every Monday and Friday at 4 o’clock A. M.,
and arr vutg at West Point the same day at 5 o’clock
P. M.; leaving West Point eve Tuesday, Thursday
an 1 Saturday at 4 o’clock A. M., and arriving at Co
lumbus a f 5 o’clock P. M. the same day.
WHITESIDE, DUNCAN & BtSSELL.
May 28, 1838. 17tf
N. B. A Hack will he in readiness at West Point
to convey u xssen rers to La Grange or Lafayette.
PACKETS FROM ST. JOSEPH TO
THE following substantial ana fast sailing
vessel- will run as regular Packets between
Bt. Joseph and New York, and wiii take freight
and passengers low.
Brig ll VIITI FY, Ryder, master.
“ CUMBERLAND, Darling, master.
“ SADI. Vincent, * “
Also, tiio new and splendid ship SPRING.
For Freight or Passage apply to
E. J. WOOD & CO, A gents,
St. Joseph, Fior.
Nov, 1, 1837 24v
G. C. BAILEY,
_ (LATE OF THE THEATRE.)
5 N FOR MS his friends, an 1 the public, that he has
taken the house on Crawford street, next door to
! -’y Ooiumhus Hotel, formerly known as LANB
- BERG’S establishment. His intention is to keep a
j genteel House ot Refreshment for his friends, and,
j P 1 edging his untiring exertions to please, solicits a
share oi public patronage. His bar will be kept sup
o ied we - a’oil and complete assortment, of Wines,
• Liquors C or-iuls. o•• C choice selections.
, jre i. errrh ■ -is to please—every thing good—prices
low CA> 1 down upon the counter all lot t e
j benefit of BAFLI-.V —.vho is determined, in this new
| • line of bu in.'ss,’ to have a t -od house.’
j August 9. 27 :f
HOUSE AND SIGN PAIN*TING.
THE subscriber respectfully informs the. public
generally, that he i- rcadv to execute all orders
i in the anove line, of business, in the nea-est manner
I and on the most reasonable terms. He has also for
sale, a splen lid assortment of window sashes, of vari
| ous sizes, made ot the best mat’ Hals, which are far stt
j ■eertor t ■ any offered tor sale in a Southern market,
i ih? shoo is one door below Kivfin’s Sans Souci.
I June 28 21v STATES LEWIS.
FOR SALE, bv the subscribers,
150 boxes Pittsburgh Glass,
100 do Bedford Crown Glass,
50 do Boston do do
assorted sizes, cheap for cash.
TANARUS.& M. F.YANS,
April 12. lOtf Oglethorpe st.
‘WE HOLD THESE TRUTHS TO BE SELF-EVIDENT, THAT ALL MEN ARE BORN EQUAL.’
COLUMBUS, GEORGIA, THURSDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 11, 1838.
DRY GOODS. GROCERIES, ETC.
JUST RECEIVED, and now opening, a full
and complete stock of Goods, well assorted
for the country trade, selected by a competeir
judge, and bought on terms to enable the sub
scribers to afford great bargains to their friend?
and customers. The stock comprizes:
Broadcloths, blue, black, and fancy colors
Ready made Clothing
Negro Clothes and Blankets
Domestics, brown, bleached and plaid
Sheeting. Irish and Russia
Linen, Irish, Diaper and table
Flannels, red, white and yellow
Muslins, Cambric, Swiss and Jaconet
Calicoes, Ginghams, Dimities
Painted and figured Muslins
Gloves, Ladies’ and Gents
Hosiery of every description
Silks, black and fancy colors
Black Lustring, Grosde Naples, &c.
Edgings and Insertings, blonde and muslin
Fancy Ball Dresses
Superb Laces of till kinds
Boots, Shoes, and Hats, fir men, women and
Silk and Cotton Umbrellas and Parasols
Artificial wreaths of flowers
Jewelry of every description.
Sugar—New Orleans. Havana & Muscovado
“ Loaf aud Lump
Coffee—Havana, St. Domingo, Rio, &c.
Teas—Gunpowder, Imperial,aud Young Hy
Wines—Madeira, Champagne and Claret
Liquors —Cost Brandy, Holland Gin. Old Irish
Scotch, and Monongahela Whiskey
Jamaica,Antigua, St. Croix, n’ O and NE Rum,
Peach Brandy and old Apple Jack
Cordials, in barrels and boxes
Porter, Pale Ale and Cider
Sarsaparilla, Lemon, and Strawberry Syrup
Spanislx, American, and Florida Cigars
Pepper, Allspice, Nutmegs
Soap, Starch, Candles
Sperm and Linseed Oil
Flour, Butter. Laid
Cheese, Pork, Beef Tongues
Codfish, Salmon, Mackerel
Herring and Haliibuts Fins
Bale llope and Bagging
Harness and Saddlery
Buckets, Tubs. Baskets
Hay and Shorts, Brooms, &c.
Together with a fine assortment of Hardware
and Cutleryi as
Mill and Cross Cut Saws
Traca,Chains, Hoes, Axes
Shot Guns, Rifles, Pistols
Bowie Knives, Arkansas Tooth Picks, &c.
Per brigs Hartley, Cumberland, Sadi, &c. —
The assortment will be kept full by the regular
line of Packets. The above goods will be sold
low. Terms Cash. E. J. WOOD & CO.
St. Joseph, Flor.
Nov. 1. 1837 24y
IS now receiving his fail supply of Groceries,
from brig Rhine, from New York, and brig
Alto, BrovvTi, Baltimore.
130 barrels superfine FLOUR
120 “ Baltimore rectified Whiskey
250 kegs assorted Liquors
140 barrels Bread and Crackers
20,000 lbs. Bacon, in bams and middlings
30 boxes Tobacco, all brands
150 barrels Mackerel
40 “ corn. Gin
10 “ best Holland, do
60 “ Rum, N. E.
20 “ Monongahela Whiskey
30 “ Peach Brandy
511 qr. casks Wine, all kinds
200 boxes, do
50 baskets Champagne
k*3o boxes Sperm Candles
5 half pipes segnt. Cognac Brandy
50 bags Havana Coffee
30 “ Rio do
50 bbls. and 20 lids. Sugar, St. Croix and
Also, Bagging, Rope, Crockery, Glass and
China Ware. Negro Shoes, tyc.
500 sacks Salt, by the brig Cumberland, which
will be in market by tlffi 20th instant.
And is prepared to pay cash or advance on
Cotton, on shipment to his friends in New York,
Baltimore, Charleston, or New Orleans.
JNO. T. MYRICK.
Apalachicola, Oct 10, 1837 23
COLUMBUS COTTON FACTORY.
THE owners of the Columbus Factory respect
fully inform the public that it is now in operation.
They have on hand a general assortment of YARNS,
which may be had at all times at the must reduced
Their Wool Carding Machine is also in operation,
and any thing in that line will be done at the shortest
|. _jP A number of boys and girls wanted to work
at the Factory for which the most liberal prices will bo
given by the week or month. Apply to
STEWART & FONTAINE, or
S. K. HODGES & CO.
Columbus, Feb. 8 6tf
DitS. HOLT AND PERSONS
ARE uniied in the practice of Medicine Their
Offices are on Broad street, just below the City
Hall, and on Randolph street, m the upper tenement
of Calhoun’s Granite Building.
Besides the usual branches ofthe practice of Medi
cine, Drs. H. and P. tender their services as Surgeons
of some experience in the higher operations—such as
operations for a!) diseases of the eyes, for Hernia, Li
thotomy, Sic, &c.
Marsh 23. 12v
MILLEDGBYILLEB COURSE, GA.
TAiIE annual JOCKY CI.UB fall meeting will
. commence on Monday, the 12th of NOVEM
BER next, and continue six days. The folio wine
purses will b given :
Ist d;iv—a post stake, four mile heats—entrance
five hundred dollars, two hundred and fifty forfeit;
three or more to make a race : to close Ist’October,
and name at the stand.
Iverson & Bonner, 1
2d day—Mile heats for a fine silver Pitcher and
Cup, worth $200; for cols and fillies two or three
years o.d, §25 entrance; three or more to make a
fid day—Two mile heats*, free for all—purse, £3OO
Pit day—Three mile heats, free for ail—purse, 500
sth day—Four mile heals, free for all—purse, 1000
6lh day —One mile heats—best 3 hi s—purse, 400
H. F. YOUNG Si Cos., Proprietors.
July 30, 1838. Sir
6SO ACRES OF LAND FOR SAbiß.
THE subscriber having determined to settle in
Macon, Ga will selLhis 1 mis in Russell county,
Alabama, (contaming six hundred and eighty acres,
but will sell one half of the laud to suit purchasers.)
ten miles from Columbus, between the big and little
Uchee creeks. On the lam l is a comfortable dwelling
house and out houses, arid good stables. &c.\viih up
wards of one hundreu acres in cultivation, with good
water and several sprigs. Also is situated in a
neighborhood of good society, and within one mile of a
good school and church. Possession will be given at
anytime aLer the fir -1 of October. The purchaser
will have the privilege of purchasing a!; my stock of
eattle and hogs, also corn and sod h-r. and many things
of convenience, all ot which I will sell a’ a reasonable
price. Indulgence will be given to suit the purchasers.
Reference: Dr. Pleasast Phillips, Russell co.
Russel co- Sep. 6. 1838. 3ltf
A GUEAF BARGAIN!
T A N YARD FOR SALE.
THE subscriber offers his TAN YARD, to
gether with the ii uses and outhouses, and
twentv- ive acres of good land, all under good enclo
sures Jor sale low for cash or approved paper, on short
time, together with all the tools and implements be
longing i” the said Tan V ard. ThereHs also an e.v
celienTwell of water and an extra Bark Mill on the
Persons wishing to obtain this property cheap,
would do well to make immediate applica-ion to
E. EZEKIEL. *
or to A. Levison. Esq., in Columbus, Ga.
Columbu . Aug. 23. F33. 30 13t
TONGB & ELLIS
CONTINUE to receive and offer for sale all kinds
ofSrapie and fancy Dry Goods. Boots, Shoes.
Hats,Saddlery, Hardware. &c. together with a good
supply of Groceries,all of which will be sold on the most
favorah’e terms .
Feb. Ist 1833. 52 y
DH. EDWARD DSLOICT,
Otfice on Bhoad Street, nearly opposite the
Post Office. April 12, 18S8, lOlf
A FRAGMENT OF THE PESTILENCE.
by major calder campeell.
‘ Bring forih the dvad!’—and the w >rds came fast
From the haggard lips of these men aghast—
‘ Bring forth the dead ! We wait not now
For priestly prayer or virgin’s vow !’
The crimson- cross of the pest v, as o’er
The sculptured arch of that lofty door,
B it no menial Irani unbarr’d the gate—
No sound was heard from these halls of state,
Save, aye and anon, lit howl of a hound
That moaned as if struck with a mortal wound ;
And it was the only liviii i thing
’Neath the roof that had wont with joy to ring !
But the cry passed on—‘ Bring out your dead!’
And a tardy footfall’s solemn tread,
And a low. faint. \ ail was heard to come
From :he desolate gloom of that humble home,
A little babe ! And its mother, there,
Kissed the loved orse, in her mad despair !
Why should she weep iri .t it first should rest,
Since the purple spot is on her breast?
Why should she seek such leprous kiss ?
To morrow will see her a thing like this !
‘ Bring out your dead !’—and the buryers stand
Uqder the porch of a hostel grand ;
And transe, wild sounds from that gorgeous hall
Their hardened courage <>f heart appal.
Oh ! dread is the echo of laughter heard
In the chamber where •!;-. !• he- nswlv been !
Like a tranquil lake that is here-iy stirred
By the monstrous wings of a fiend obscene.
And ribald sftonts t f riot loud,
And ‘.he jests and the oaths of a drunken crowd ;
And the rrash of the gl ss and the goblet there,
Mingle wi'h songs in the sickening air.
‘ Off! and away, ye fetid crew,
Whose badge is the boil and the plague-spot blue !
Off! and away ! We are merry here,
Leave us to-night t our wassail cheer,
To morrow, perchance, you may find us fit
For a loathsome shroud and a yawning pit.
More wine! fill high ! A way from hence !
Here's a health to the speckled pestilence !’
And thus, through many a scene of woe,
Do these gloomy buryers swiftly go ;
While their solemn cry sounds overhead,
Like the mock of a demon, 1 Bring ‘orlh the dead !’
From the Boston Quarterly Review.
THE SUB-TREASURY BILL.
The principle of the Sub-Treasury Bill is
simply that of providing fur, collecting, sale
keeping, and disbursing the public revenues
without recourse to banks. We shall not
trouble ourselves or our readers with the de
tails of the Bill. They ate, we presume, in
the main, satisfactory; for we have heard
little or nothing said agurnst them. The
principle of the Bill is .all that we feel much
interest in; it is all the friends of the Bill are
very tenacious of, and all its enemies very
strenuously oppose. To Ihe principle of the
Bill, as we have slated it, shall we therefore
confine the greater portion of the remarks we
have to offer.
ft may be assumed in the outset, that the
government has the right to collect, keep and
disburse its revenues, by means ofits own of
ficers, without any recourse to bank agency.
It may also be assumed that the banks have
no natural claim on ihe government to be em
ployed as its fiscal agents, and that they will
have no injustice to complain of, if they are
not so employed. Moreover, it may be as
sumed again, that the government can, if ii
choose, manage its fiscal concerns without
any connection with banks or banking insti
tutions. Banks are a contrivance of yester
day; but governments are older than history.
older even than tradition ; and there can be
no doubl that they had fiscal concerns which
they managed, in some instances very well
too, a considerable time before banks were
dreamed of. What has been done, may be
done. The question, then, on the side we are
now viewing it, is one of expediency. Is it
expedient fur the go • *riirm*nt <>* dispense
wiih banks, and all bank agency, in the man
agement of its fiscal concerns?
Our government, in its measures and prac
tical character, should conform as strictly as
possible to the ideal or theory of our institu
tions. Nobody, we trust, is prepared for a
revolution; nobody, we also trust, is bold
enough to avow a wish to depart very wide
ly from the fundamental principles of our in
stitutions; and every body will admit that
tire statesman should study I** preserve those
institutions in their simplicity and integrity,
and should seek, in every law and measure he
proposes, merely to bring out their particular
worth, and secure the ends lor which they
were established. Their spirit should dictate
every legislative enactment, every judicial
decision, and every executive measure. Any
law not in harmony with J heir genius, any
measure which would be likely to disturb the
nicely adjusted balance of their respective
powers, or that would give them, in their
practical operation, a character essentially
different from the one they were originally
intended to have, should be discountenanced,
and never for a single moment entertained.
We would not be understood to be abso
lutely opposed to all innovations or changes,
whatever their character. It. is true, we can
never consent to disturb the settled order of a
State, without strong and urgent reasons; but
we can conceive of cases in which we should
deem it our duty to demand a revolution. —
When a government has outlived its idea, and
the institutions of a country no longer bear
any relation to the prevailing habits, thoughts
and sentiments of the people, and have be
come a mere dead carcass, an encumbrance,
an offence, we can call loudly for a revolution,
and behold with comparative coolness its ter
rible doings. But such a case does not as yet
present itself here. Our institutions are all
young, full of life and the future. Here, we
cannot be revolutionists. H ere, we can tole
rate no innovation, no changes which touch
fundamental laws. None are admissible but
such as are needed to preserve our institu
tions in their original character, to bring out
their concealed beamy, to clear the field for
their free operation, and to give more direct
ness and force to their legitimate activity.—
Every measure must be in harmony with
them, grow as it were out of them, and he hut
a developement ot’ their fundamental laws.
Tbegovernment of the United States is a
congress rather than a government. It is not
instituted lor the ordinary purpose of govern
ment, but for few and comparatively a very
few, special purposes. The ordinary rules
ibr interpreting the powers of government
can be applied to it only to a limited extent,
and even then with great caution. The
principal governments of die country, accor
ding to the theory of American institutions,
are the Slate governments. These were in
tended to be the governments for the people
in ail their civil, municipal, domestic, and in- i
dividual interests and relations. Th 6 federal
government was designed merely to take
charge of the externa! relations of the con
federated Stales with foreign nations, and to
a certain extent, with one another. It was
never intended to be a government affecting
the private interests of the people, r.s indivi
dual citizens. It in fact repudiates every
measure which would make it a great central
government, giving law to the States, or
which tends to give it a direct or indirect con
trol over tlie private fortunes and affairs of
the people; and it can own only such mea
sures as tend to keep it within its province,
to preserve its original idea, and enable it to
discharge its legitimate functions.
Undoubtedly the federal government may
take such measures, though they affect the
private fortunes and relations of individual
citizens, as are necessary to the exercise of
its delegated powers. But they must be ne
-1 cessary, not merely converiienL The rule al
ways to be observed is, the Federal Govern
ment must touch'lie individual citizen as sel
dinn and os lightly as possible, consistently
wiih the faithful discharge of its constitutional
duties. Should two measures he proposed for
accomplishing a constitutional end, one of
winch has very lit tie bearing on individual cit
izens, leaving them almost entire freedom, the
other connecting the miverument intiinaielv
with all the business of tiie country, ami
bringing it into a close relation with every
individual citizen, the first oughLto be adopt-:
ed instead of the last, although the iast might
ha the more feasible of tiie two, and likely to
be attended with more beneficial results. —
\\ hat may be consulted openly and done di
rectly, must never he consulted covertly* and
Vi e muM avoid ns far ns practicable, all
incidental action of the government —and
that too, when it promises to he useful as well
as when it threatens to be injurious,
i Fltese principles, we believe, are sound. —
V\ e do not mean to say that some person
may not he found who will controvert them ;
for there are persons to be found who do not
very well comprehend the relations which
were originally established between the Fed
eral and ihe Slate governments, and who
have a strong desire to make the federal
government, the supreme government of the
country. But they are’ the only principles we
can adopt, if we mean to avoid the charge of
being revolutionists, and to preserve our in
stitutions in their real character; if we mean
to preserve to States, as we ought, the main
business of government, and to restrict tiie
federal government in its action to the special
purposes for which it was originally instituted.
Yet these principles ha-*e been departed
from. The federal government, in point of
fact, has become the supreme government of
the land. It is no longer a congress for reg
ulating our relations with foreigners, for ad
justing the intercourse of the States with one
another,, and providing for the general de
fence ; but it has become a grand central go
vernment, affecting, by its measures, indivi
dual interests and relations more powerfully
than the action of the State governments
themselves. The people, at least a large and
influential portion of them, have come to re
gard it as the supreme government. They
think of it as such ; speak of it as such ; con
demn it as such. All eves turn towards it.—
Do capitalists want to clrange their mode of
investment, Congress must provide for the
change; do their profits turn out to be less
than their wishes, Congress must raise the
tariff of duties to make them greater. Is
there distress in tiie money market, commer
cial embarrassment, Ihe federal government
has caused it; are our factories closed, ships
hauled up to rot, industry paralyzed, and the
laborer seeking in vain for employment, the
federal government is in fault, and Congress
must afford relief.
Federal politics, too, absorb State politics.
State legislators vote on a bill for the organi
zation of a primary school, or for construct
ing or repairing a bridge, according to their
opinions on a bill before Congress, or the fit
ness or unfitness of this or that man to fill the
Presidential chair. A federal warrant must
lie obtained before one feels himself authoriz
ed to support a measure of State policy; and
the merits or demerits of any given measure
will be determined by the fact, that it b or is
not opposed by the federal administration.
Federal politics, therefore, decideevery thing,
and reduce Stale politics to insignificance.
Is this the order of things demanded by the
genius t)f our institutions? Dues this com
port with tiie Divine idea with wit ch our fa
thers were inspired ? Was the federal go
vernment llauied to be the supreme govern
ment, and intended to invade by its acts even
our domestic fireside ? Does the theory of
our institutions make the State governments
mere prefectures, dependent on and account
able to the federal government? Most assu
redly not. Widely then have we departed
from the theory, and fearfully rapid has b#en
our progress towards centralization, which is
only another name for despotism. Without
delay, then, should we hasien to retrace out
steps, and return to the special purposes for
which the government was instituted, and
beyond “which it should never have strayed.
Fite people are honest, and they mean to
preserve their democratic institutions. They
never would have suffered thisdeparture from
first principles, had they clearly perceived the
precise nature of the federal government. —
Our system of government, though exceed
ingly simple, has nevertheless the appearance
of being exceedingly complex. Foreigners
rarely if ever comprehend its tea! character.
They regard the federal government as the
supreme government, the State governments
as inferior and Subordinate. Their view of
it presupposes the federal government to have
possessed in the outset all the powers of go
vernment, and to retain in its possession now
all not conceded to ihe States. Many of our
own citizens seem to fall into the same error.
They appear to regard the constitution of the
United Slates as a limitation, rather titan as
an enumeration, of the powers ofthe federal
government. They seern to forget that the
sovereignly exercised by the federal govern
ment is, after all, vested in the States, and is
exercised by the federal government, only be
cause the States have, by mutual compact,
ag-eed that that portion of their sovereignty
shall he so exercised. They have, therefore,
felt that the federal goveanment, instead of
being at liberty to do only what it has the
express leave to do, is at liberty to do what
ever it is not forbidden to do; that where it
has not the power to act directly, it may act
indirectly; and while in the pursuit of a con
stitutional end, it may accomplish, incidental
ly, any object it can, provided that object
promises to be of general utility. They have,
therefore, been able to see, without alarm, 1
the government touching more interests arid 1
exerting almost infinitely greater control in j
cidentativ, than it can directly, in the plain,!
straight-forward exercise ofits constitutional!
powers. They have, a'so, in consequence
of adopting this principle of interpretation,!
been able to solicit, without compunction, a
continual extension of this incidental action,
and to allege such pretexts for so extending
it, as to bring it home jo every man’s ‘ bo
som and business.’ Had they clearly per
ceived the true character of the federal go
vernment, ihev had not seen this without
lively alarm, nor done it without poignant re
In consequence of adopting the rule, that
the government may do incidentally what it
mav not do directly, and what is not necessa
ry to the discharge of its constitutional func
tions, three systems of policy have grown up,
which not only create obstacles to a retrrn of
the government to its legitimate province,
hut also perpetual inducements for it to de
part further an.! still further from it. These
are the sys’em of internal improvements, the
American sy-tem, as it is called, and the con
nexion of the government with hanking.—
Therp is no constitutional gmnt of power to
the federal government, in favor of any one
of these. Congress has the right to establish
post offices and post roads, and to provide
for the general welfare; therefore, it has heen
contended that it may intersect the whole
country with great roads, and undertake any
work of internal improvement that promises
to be generally useful. It has no right to lay
a protective tariff ; hut inasmuch as it uas the
right to lay imposts for the purpose of reven
ue, it may lay them to double the amount
needed Ibr revenue, and so lay them as to
tax one portion ofthe community to enhance
the profits of another,aud in point of fact so
us to affect alt the businessol the whole coun
try. Under the grant of power to regulate
commerce, to coin money and fix the value
thereof, it is contended that it has the richl to
be connected with lite banks and the whole
business ol hanking. By means of its con
nexion with the banks and banking business
it is brought into tiie closest connexion with
every man, woman,and child in these twenty
six confederated Slates.
\\ e say nothing against banks or the bank
ing system. We are now enquiring wheth
er the system be a gttod or a had one. W’hat
we are contending for, stands above and inde
pendent of any vi ws any bo.lv may enter
tain of banks or banking. The hanks are in
timately connected with all the business con
cerns of the community; they affect the pri
vate fortune of every individual; they deter
mine, to a g-ea? extent at least, the price of
every article b .-tight or soid, produced or con
sumed. rite Government, by being connect
ed with them, becomes connected with the
business concerns of every individual citizen,
and controls those concerns, just in proportion
as it is connected with the hanks or exerts a
controlling influence over their operations.
By means ol the Internal Improvement
system, of the American system, ami its con
nexion with banks, the federal government
lias become tin* supreme government of the
land. We say has become, perhaps it were
as well to say had become. Tiie tendency to
centralization was unchecked till the acces
sion of Gen. Jackson tothe Presidency. Du
ring his administration it began to be arrest
ed. Some may indeed question this fact, and
we will not insist on it so far as concerns the
Executive department of the federal govern
ment. Circumstances, not sought by Gen.
Jackson, and which we see not well how fie
could have controlled, threw into the hands
of the Executive an uncommon share of pow
er, and gave to administrative measures an
influence and an importance, which we hope
never to see possessed by the measures of any
subsequent administration. Nevertheless the
tendency—excepting always a certain proc
lamation—so far as the doctrines promulga
ted, and measures recommended were con
cerned—was arrested. The Internal Im
provement system was vetoed, the American
system was modified,compromised, and sent
on its way to to the place whence it came.—
And now, if we mean to finish the work, and
arrest completely and perhaps forever, this
dangerous tendency, we must disconnect the
government from all hanks and bank agency,
and adopt the principle of the Sub-Treasu
Now, as we have taken it for granted that
nobody amongst us is for changing the fun
damental laws of our institutions, or for dis
turbing the relations which our lathers saw
fit to establish between the federal govern
ment and the State governments, we see not
well how any man can avoid coming to the
above conclusion. There are only two cour
ses for us to take. One course is to make the
federal government, by its connection with
the banking business, and through that with
private credit, which is, in this country, the
basis ol most business transactions, the su
preme government, the government controll
ing ail the State governments, aud the one
which most vitally affects the people. We
can take'this course if we will. Revive the
Deposue system, or charter a National Bank,
and we shall have taken it. But then our
institutions are radically changed ; the wis
dom of our fathers set. at naught; and vve
ourselves afloat on the tide of anew experi
ment. We trust that we are, as a people, vet
too near the cradle of our institutions, and
that we yet feel too much of tiie joy that
thrilled our hearts, when vve were told the
young child, LIBERTY, was born, to be
prepared for this. We trust also, that we
have too much stability of character, firmness
ol purpose, and seif-respect, To disappoint at
once the hopes of the friends of freedom
throughout the world, who h ive been looking
to us for encouragement, and for a triumph
ant answer to those who alledge that society
cannot subsist without Kings, Hierarchies
The other course is to adopt the principle
of the Sub-Treasury bill, and divorce the
government from its destructive alliance with
the business of banking, it is to follow out
the policy already commenced, and as we
have abandoned the internal improvement
system, and the protective system, so now to
abandon the banking system. We mean not
by this, that the government is to wage war
against the batiks, but that it shall let them
alone. If the States have not yielded up to
the general government their right to insti
tute banks, the banks are matters wholly
within the jurisdiction of the Slates, and we
should he the first to repel any attacks the
federal government might be disposed to
make on them ; and this too, whether we ap
prove the banking system or not. The States
are competent to manage their own affairs.
We ask nothing of the federal government in
relation to banks, but to provider for the man
agement of its fiscal concerns, without mak
ing any use, directly or indirectly, of their
The adoption of this principle will be for
the federal government to witfiraw itself with
in its legitimate province, from winch we can
see nothing, very soon at least, likely to tempt
it firth again. This will leave a broader
field and weightier matters to the State go
vernments which will raise their importance
in the estimation of the people, m ike them
objects of more serious attention, enlist more
talent in their administration, and make them
altogether more practically useful. We have
no wish to underrate the federal government.
If the tendency of the times were to les
sen its importance, we would set forth its
claims in as strong terms as we do r.ovv those
of the States. Because we value the rights
of the Siates.it must not be inferred that we
do not value the Union. The Union is by
no means likely in our days to he under-esti
mated. The centripetal force is altogether
too strong lor that. Should we, however,
see the centrifugal force predominating, and
be led to apprehend any danger from a ten
dency to individuality, to disunion, dissolu
tion, we trust we should be found among the
last friends of the Union. But we are not
one of those who neg’ect the danger which
now is, to utter warnings against a .danger,
whic'.i may possibly never come. Sufficient
for the day is the evil thereof. The federal
government is indispensable, and in its sphere
it should be preserved at all hazards. But it
is after all less essential than our State go
vernments. Our external relations, our affairs
as communities, which it belongs to the fede
ral government to watch over and regulate,
are of far less consequence than of relations
as individual citizens. The former are few.
and comparatively remote, while the latter
, are many and intimate. The first affect us
I on.y occasionally, the last continually, every
l moment. Ihe federal government is also so
lar removed from ths individual r ifizm, and
permits so few to tala 1 part in its delibera
tions or administration, that it can never le
gislate for private interests, wisely, usefully,
and safely, even if it had the constitutional
right to do it. The States are therefore the
more important institutions of the two. They
should therefore claim our first attention. If
toe principle of the bill under consideration
be adopted, they will receive our first atten
tion. Political men will not he thinking per
petually then of what may he though! at
Washington. They tv ill have leisure to be
stow their best thoughts on Stale legislation,
<>n the means of removing abuses which weigh
heavily on the individual citizen, of improv
ing our systems of jurisprudence, increasing
the facilities for popular education, encour
aging literature and the arts, and elevating
the individual man. The balance between
.the State and the individual, between the
federal government ,q>;d the Shite govern
ments, may be re-adjusted, and be at liberty
to deveiopo the resources o( our noble coun
try, to avail ourselves of our commanding
position, and to prove ourselves a people
worthy to he studied and imitated.
Ti.e principle of the Bill ought also to be
adopted, because it simplifies the-fiscal con
certiS of the nation, and keeps them clear of
the complicated financial systems of the Old
World. The real governments of the Old
World are at this moment on Change or the
Bourse, and the regulation of funds is the
principal business of government. Govern
ment, instituted for the social weal of the
people, becomes thus the nice instrument of
private interest, of stock jobber-', speculators
in the lunds. We do not want this state of
things here. V, e want a government, sim
ple, open, and direct in its action, performing
in the simplest and plainest manner possible
the functions assigned to it.
We have also commenced in this country
anew system of government, not in forni
only, but in spirit. We reject the maxim,
that it i3 necessary to deceive the people for
the people’s good, and adopt the maxim, that
honesty is the best policy. To carry out this
maxim, it is necessary that the government
should always tell the truth, both in its words
and in its deeds. It has a right to impose
taxes, but only for defraying the expenses
incurred in the legitimate exercise of its con
stitutional power. It may lay imposts and
collect revenues for this purpose, and for this
purpose only. It has then no right to use its
revenues, or to suffer them to be used, for
any other purpose. Now, when it deposites
its revenues in the banks, whether in a na
tional bank or in a state Lank, in general de
pnsiie, as it is contended it should, it uses its
revenues, or suffers them to-be used, for other
purposes than those of defraying its expenses.:
They are not deposited there for safe keep
ing, as the people are taught to believe, but
to be made the basis of loans to the business
part of the community. They serve the pur
pose of sustaining the credit of the banks,
and, through the banks, of the merchants
and manufacturers. This is to collect the
revenues for one purpose, and to appropriate
them to another. This is to deceive the
people, and to depart from the fundamental
maxim of our state policy. If it be necessary
to tax the community some thirty millions of
dollars annually, to sustain the credit of busi
ness men, and enable them to carry on their
extensive operations, let them be so taxed;
but let it he openly and avowedly. The
people will know then what they are taxed
for. But so long ns the revenues aie avow
edly collected for tlie pnrpo-e of defraying
the expenses of the government, they should
he sacred to that end. If in this way a por
tion of the funds of the nation be useless, it
may operate as an inducement to make the
taxes as light as possihle, which in its turn
will icheve the people, and keep the govern
ment poor ; and by keeping it poor, keep it
honest, free from corruption.
The greatest objection, or one of the great
est objections, to the deposife system, in eith
er a national bank or in state banks, is, that
it gives to the hanks the use of the govern
ment funds. Being given to the hanks, the
use of these funds is virtually given to the
business community. The business commu
nity, so long as it has the use of them, will
not be anxious to reduce the revenues. It
will prefer high taxes, and favor the accu
mulation of a surplus, because by having the
use ol the funds to sustain iis credit; it gels
back more than it is obliged to pay in taxes.
I his part of the subject, Mr. Calhoun, in his
speech of February Isth, has set in a clear
light, and his remarks deserve to be read and
pondered well by every freeman. The po
licy of our government should he to make
the taxes as light as possible, consequently to
look with distrust on sll measures, the direct
tendency ol which must he to i : crease them.
Ii may also be maintained, with eomeplau-
Sibildy at least, that it is for the true interest
of the banks themselves to have no connexion
with the fiscal concerns of the government.
Nobody, we presume, h hardy enough to
contend that the hanks should control the
government. It has never, we believe, been
the intention of the people to place the real
government of the country in the hands of the
corporations. J hov have, we believe, always
iiitenddfi that the government should maintain
its supremacy, and follow its own interest and
that of the country, regardless of the special,
interests of the .presidents and directors of
banks. In case the government maintains its
supremacy, the amount of its funds, the time,
place and extent of its appropriations, must
always be matters beyond the control of the
banks, and also matters which they may rot
always foresee or be prepared to m e*. Go
vernment will have it in its power to disturb,
whenever it chooses, their nicest business
calculations, and thwart them in their most
cherished plans. It may call upon them fur
its funds, when they are a!! loaned out, and
when they cannot be called in without great
detriment to the business operations of the
community, often not without producing a
panic, financial embarrassment, commercial
d's r s.
If there be b it one bank, or if there lie one
mammoth hank, it may, perhaps, profit by
panics, financial embarrassments, commercial
distress, but the banks generally cannot.
Their interest is one and the same with that
of the business Community ; it is he t promo
ted by sustaining credit, bv keeping die wa
ters smooth and even, Ihe timesgood an 1 ea
sy. They ought, then, to he free from all
connexion with a partner over whose opera
tions they have no control and who may
choose to withdraw his investments at ihe.
very moment when they are most in need of
them. It is altogether b Her for them to
trust to their own means, and keep to their
proper vocr. tion, than it is t > mix up their
interests with those of the government. The
hr lorv of the late deno itc hanks mav be
thought to afford some evidence of the truth
Publish your Dissolutions. —A suit was tried
io the N. \. Circuit Court, recently brought
by a Mr. BngW “gainst Corning & Spence,
to recover ti-300, the amount of” n bid of
goods sold by piaintifi’fo Spence, and charged
to the firm two months after its dissolution.
As no positive evidence was addc.c and to show
the dissolution had heen published, the jury
gave verdict for plaintiff.