&imts tmsr %mimd.
FRIDAY MORNING, NOV. 16. 1855.
State Ai<l to Railroads.
There is a very general disposition in the legislature
to ask and give State aid to Railroads. We will not
dispute the power or policy of giving State aid to
woiks of Internal Improvements, but it is a power
which ought to be given with very great caution. In
discrimina'o aid would impoverish the Treasury by
stimulating unnecessary and unproductive works. To
avoid this result, it is safer to refuse aid to all works
which do not come within the operation if well defined
principles. What these are, it is important to ascer
tain. (Ve hold it to be self-evident —First : That
where the work proposed to be constructed is within
the capacity of the people to build, no State aid should
be given. Secondly ; When the work proposed will
only add to the convenience of the people living along
its line it ought not to receive State aid. Thirdly; When
the proposed works will interfere with and injure th 9
prosperity of other works already in existence, no State
aid ought to be granted. The great principle upon
which the State ought to render assistance to works of
Internal Improvements is that they will develope the re
sources of a section of the State ; that they are bey
ond t>, e ability of the resident population and that witli-
OVittl h aid there is no reasonable probability that
there ever will be sufficient population in the section to
couairuct such works. These were controlling reasons
for the construction of the Western & Atlantic Rail
road by the State. There was beyond the mountains,
a large, rich and beautiful country, eapable of sup
porting a teeming population and of supply
ing the whole State with provisions, which was almost
entirely disconnected with Southern and Middle Geor
gia for the want of facilities for transportation. The
population was on this account sparse, ’ands almost val
ueless aud the work not only beyond the capacity of the
resident population,but any population that might in the
then condition of the country settle in it. The action of
the Legislature in this instance, was wise, patriotic and
Statesmanlike, and reflects the highest credit upon the
legislators who induced it. We hope to see similar no
tion at all times when a like case is made out. With
out prejudging the claims of other portions of the State,
we think southern Georgia, has as strong claims upon
the aid of the State as Cherokee had in 1836. Near
ly one half of the State of Georgia lies below the pres
ent lines of Railroad in the State. The principal pro
ductions of that part of the State are cotton, rice and
turpentine. The cost of transportation of these bulky
articles is so great as to deter settlement of these rich
lands. Greater part of them are tributary to Florida.
They are capable of‘supporting a dense population.—
With the present disadvantages to settlement, years
and years must elapse before the immense tracts of va
cant lands lying in that portiou of the State are brought
into cultivation. By reference to the proceedings of
Monday 12th,you will see that Knight of Lowndes has
introduced a bill to give State aid to the Brunswick
and Florida Railroad. We presume the Chatham del
egatioo will introduce a Bill to give aid to the Savannah
and Gulf Railroad. The conflicting interests of these
rival roads may defeat all action. The best interests of
Southern Georgia demand that a compromise be effect
ed betwen the friends of these two Roads. So far as
we can learn there is a disposition to give State aid to a
trunk road in the Southern portion of the State, and if
the rival interests of Savannah and Brunswick are har
monized, we believe this great enterprise will be car
ried to a successful completion by this Legislature.
Resolutions of the Democratic and Anti-Know
Nothing Party adopted at the meeting of that
Party in Milledgeville, on Thursday the Blli
The Southern Recorder of the 13th inst., speaking
of the above Resolutions and the Platform adopted by
the“Uniou Republicans” at their State Convention in
1853, uses the following language—“ This Resolution
[Union Republican of 1853] was drawn up by Messrs.
Toombs and Stephens, and we learn those adopted at
the meeting on Thursday night [Dem. and Anti-Know
Nothing) upon the same subject, have the same pater
A8 an aot of justice to our fellow citizen, the Hon.
Alfred Iverson, we state that the Recorder is in error
as to the “paternity’’ of the Resolutions adopted at the
Democratic and Anti Know Nothing meeting at Mill
edgeville, on the oeoasion alluded to. A portion of the
Resolutions were taken from the series of Resolutions
adopted by the Democratic Convention of the sth of
dune Inst, as will be seen by comparing them. The
other Resolutions adopted at Milledgeville on the 8;h
inst., were drawn up by Judge Iverson, before he left
Columbus for Milledgeville. They were, it is true, sub
mitted to Messrs. Toombs and Stephens, and other
members of the Party.before they were presented tothe
Committee and the meeting. With slight amendments,
they were approved, presented to the Committee of
21, by Judge Iverson, their chairman, agreed to by the
Committee, reported to the meeting and adopted. If
any credit therefore, is due to the “paternity” of the
Resolutions, as we think there is, it belongs to Judge
Iverson. It is also but an act of justice to say that
the most important portions of the platform adopted by
the Democratic Convention of the sth of June last,
and were re-adopted at Milledgeville, were copied from
the series of Resolutions, drawn up and reported by
Judge Iverson, at the meeting of the Muscogee De
mocracy on the 23d of May last.
Secretaries in Executive Department.
55 e are pleased to understand that the following gen
tleman have been re appointed by Gov. Johnson, his
Secretaries in the Executive Department: Capt. 5Vm.
Steele, of Baldwin, Lucilius fl. Briscoe, Esq., of Walton,
and Boswell B. DeGralTtnried, Esq., of Muscogee.
The Blind Boy.
In company with many others, we listened with sur
prise, the other uigot, to the performances of the little
negro boy, whose extraordinary capacity for music has
b >en noticed by the Columbus press His knowledge of
music seems intuitive, lie sings and plays with ease and
Skill the most difficult pieces, mid his actions indicate the
deepest emotion during his own performances, and in
listening to those of others. — Milledgeville Recorder
Death from Suffocation. - A white woman by the
name of Finnigan , living in the upper part of the city
became slightly intoxicated on Monday night, and retired
to bed, by herself, there i eing no other petson in the house.
She looked the doors, as mud, and the neighbors not
seeing her house open the next day, suspicioned that all
was not right, and broke ope n the door on Tuesday even
ing. The woman was found dead, with her head resting
on the fi >or and her feet on the bed. The supposition is.
t.i it site attempted to rise and fell in the position she oc
cupied, the tall stunning her so that, unable to rise, she
was gradually euaUated.—Co/. Enquirer, 15 th.
Milledgeville, Nov. 12, 1855.
The two Houses re-assembled at 10 o’clock. After the
transaction of some unimportant business, the Senate re
paired to the Hall of Representatives and proceeded to the
election of State House officers The Democratic paity
had veiy wisely met in Convention and nominated their
candidates, and we are happy to announce that they car
ried their nominees through in every instance upon the first
ballot. The following is the result:
For Comptroller General, Peterson Thweatt, of Musco
gee, received 132 votes; E. S. Candler, of Baldwin, 93
votes; M. D. McComb, of Baldwin, 10 votes; Blank, 5
votes. Mr. Thweatt having received a majority of the
whole vote cast, was declared duly elected.
For Surveyor General, James A. Greene, of Floyd, re
ceived 112 votes; P. M. Compton, of Baldwin, 95 votes ;I
Blank, 1 vote. Last Legislature Mr. Greene was defeated
by Mr. Compton, though he received the nomination ot the
Democratic party. Justice has now been done him.
For Treasurer, John B. Trippe, the efficient and faithful
incumbent, was elected without opposition.
For Secretary ol State, a like compliment was paid to
E.P. Watkins. In both cases the compliment was richly
The elections over, the Senate repaired to their chamber
and the two Houses spent the morning principally in read
ing bills for time.
The case of Jacob Mercer, of the county of Stewart, was
made the special order lor Tuesday, the 13th inst. The
case ol John T. Boyd, of Muscogee county, was made the
special order for Thursday, the 15th inst. They are both
under sentence of death and aro applying to the Legislature
McMillan, ofHabersham, introduced a bill to make sen
tence for life to penitentiary imprisonment, work divorce of
the marriage relation.
Knight, of Lowndes, introduced a bill to give State aid
to the Brunswick and Florida Railroad. The provisions
of the bill are in brief that the company shall first complete
twenty miles of Road and thereafter receive bonds of the
State for sß©o dollars a mile for every ten miles thereafter
completed. We give our views upon this subject in another
Wales, of Muscogee, introduced a bill to incorporate the
Hydrant Water Company of Columbus, and also a bill to
repeal the act of last Session, in relation to weighing
Many other local bills were introduced.
A resolution to bring on the election of a Judge of tl e
Supreme Court on Wednesday, the 14th inst., offered by
Mclntosh, of Elbert, was lost. So also was a resolution
offered by Guerry, of Randolph, to bring on the election of
a Director of the State Bank on the same day.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Among the more important bills introduced, are the fol
Terhune, of Floyd : A fblll to incorporate a Bank in
Rome, Ga., to be called the Empire Slate, with a capital
of one hundred thousand dollars.
Harris, of Fulton: A bill to endow Atlanta Medical
Lewis, of Greene: A bill to restrain the pardoning
Phillips, of Habersham: A bill to authorize the Treas
urer to make advances to the members of the Legislature.
A message was received from the Governor,, asking for
the appropriation of S9OOO in payment of fi fas in favor of
B. G. Gibs*n vs. Central Bank.
1 hornton, of Muscogee : A bill authorizing the Gover
nor to issue his warrant for the same.
The bill for the pardon of Jacob Mercer was read the
second time and made the special order for Wednesday,
The bill to authorize the county of Dougherty to levy
taxea to aid in building a Railroad lrom Americus to Alba
ny, was read the 2d time.
Bills Referred. —The bill to create anew Judicial Cir
cuit, to be called the Brunswick Circuit.
The bill to increase the salary of the Judges of the Su
preme Court to S4OOO.
The bill to alter the rules of evidence so as to allow’ par
ties to actions to testify.
The bill to allow garnishments to issue against citizens
of certain States which refuse to surrender fugitive slaves.
This bill was introduced by Jones, of Muscogee.
The bill to lay out and organize the county of Colquitt.
The bill to organize a general school system.
Milledgeville, Nov. 13.
The Senate met at 10 o’clock A. M. President Bailey
in chair. The following bills were introduced :
Buchanan, of Coweta: A bill to regulate the collection
ol jury fees, Coweta county. Also a bill to incorporate
the Macedonian Academy of Coweta county.
Lawton, ot Dougherty: A bill to incorporate the Petit
Jurors of Dougherty, Lee, Worth and Calhoun counties.
Calhoun, of Fulton : A bill to define the liabilities of
Railroad companies—a very stringent bill.
The special order ot the day was callied up—the bill for
the pardon of Jacob Mercer—but upon the suggestion that
the published testimony differed from the record, the con
sideration of the bill was postponed until Friday next.
Dabney, of Gordon, called up the resolution fixing sVed
nesday as the day for the election of aDirectoroftheßankof
the State of Georgia. On motion of Pope, of Wilkes, the
resolution was amended by adding, “and also a Judge of
the Supreme Court.” On motion of Scriven, of Chatham,
sVednesday was stricken out and Friday inserted, and
the resolution as amended was passed.
Nichole, of Clinch, chairman of the special committee,
to whom it was referred, reported in favor of the bill or
ganizing anew Judicial District to be called the Brunswick
Circuit. It is composed of counties now belonging to the
Nothing of interest occurred in the Senate except a de
bate on the amendment of Pope, of Wilkes, to bring on
the election of a Judge of the Supreme Court. The
amend meni-was advocated by Pope, of Wilkes, Dunnegan,
of Hall, and Murphey„.of DeKalb, and was opposed by
Buchanan, cf Covveta, Cone, of Greene, Peebles, of Clarke.
The chief arguments in favor of the postponement of the
election were, that the salary was too low to command the
best talent, and the organization of the Court defective.—
Tne arguments in favor of bringing on the election were,
that the present salary had commanded the best talent in
the State and there were now candidates of equal talent to
any that could be procured by an increase of salary. This
argument was the more forcible, as some of the advocates
oi postponement suggested that if the salary were raised they ‘
would vote tor a re-election of the present incumbents if j
they would resign, and Murphy, of DeKalb, well said, that!
the proposition befote the Legislature was not to bid for I
tter tbealents by an increase of salary, but to raise the pay
of the present incumbents. Cone, of Greene, however, ex
plained the tactics of his party by avowing his preference
for a distinguished Democrat, rot a candidate before the
Legislature, for the office. We wmuld not detract from
the high character of the distinguished gentleman referred
to by the Senator from Greene. He has long been our file
leader and we are for him against the world, for any offioe
he aspires to ; but think it questionable policy to shape leg
islation to mest the case of any individual. If the salary
is too low, it ought to be raised; if it is high enough, it
ought not to be raised. This is simply a question of fact
very easily solved by reference to the class of men who
hold and aspire to the honors of the ermine. If the Court
were located, we incline to think $3603 would be a read
able compensation. The great defect of the organization
of the Court is that it is perambulatory.
Privileges and Elections. —Murphy, Wynn, Robinson,
Patterson and Colbert.
Petitions. — Whitaker, McDonald, Poole, How’ell, Dix
Journals. —Camden, Marshall, Harris, Riley, Allred.
Printing. —Baxter, Shropshire, Brown, Sapp, Ashe,
Turner, Hamilton, Long, Sweney, Sumner, Rudisil, Cau
Deaf and Dumb Asylum. —Moreland, Harris, Beasley,
Mathews, Gibson, Newton, Paulk, McGuire, Peebles.
Institution for the Blind.— Moore, Smith, Cone, Cum
ming, Hardeman, Spaulding, Wales, Hale, Ware.
Penitentiary. —Dunegan, Charlton, Brice, Hines, Jeter,
Murray, Pharr, White, Bludworth, Gordon, Reddish.
Lunatic Asylum.— Landrum, Beasley, Avery, Ragan,
Adams, Giiffin, Head, Moody, Rudisil, Rodenbury,
Brown, of Calhoun.
Military. —Cone, of Bullock, Smith. Coffee,
Jamison, Renfroe, Studsill, Moore, Hill, Gray, Hays,
Internal Improvements. —Screven, Peebles, Grant,Knight,
Scott, Lawton, Hardeman, Long, Pope, Moore, of Cobb,
Education and Free Schools. —McMillan,, Moor* of
Lincoln, Grant, Peebles, Wingfield, Cone of Greene, At
kinson, Patterson, Guerry.
Banks. —Miller, Screven, Chastain, Dupree, Beall, Cal
houn, Buchanan, Maddux, McGuire.
Enrollment. —Guerry, Hardeman, Landrum, Cannon,
State of the Republic. —Lawson, Miller, Spalding, Bil
lups, Wingfield, McMillan, Sims, Dabney, Atkinson.
Judiciary.— Gibson, Cone, of Greene, Pope, Baxter,
Buchanan, Wales, Nichols,Cumming, Murphy, Sttickland.
Finance. —Lawton, Calhoun,Ponder, Mclntosh, Fam
brough, Morris, King, Brown, Lawson, Lott.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The bill to fix the line betweeu the counties of Camdett
The bill to authorize the Inferior Court, upon a vote of
a majority of the voters, levy a tax upon the citizens of
Dougherty county for the purpose of building a Railrocd
from Americus to Albany.
The bill to incorporate the Greenville Masonic Female
The bill to authorize the Inferior Court of Washington
County to draw a list of Grand and Petit Jurors.
The bill for the relief of Mary W. Gresham.
The bill to locate the county site of Wayne county, and
to erect the public buildings.
Banks. —Lewis, Irwin, Phinizy, Lawton, Williams,
Kirkpatrick, Owen, Harris, of Dougherty, Harris, ol Fulton,
Stamper, Calloway, Dozier, Johnston.
Finance. —Phillips, Jones, Harris,” of Merriwether*
Brown, of Camden, Haynie, Lewis, of Greon, Harrison,
Taylor, Carlton, McLean, Cannon, Smith, of Hancock,
Fields, Durden, Watts.
Public Education. —Thornton, Ward, Lewis, of Han
cock, Warthen, Johnson, of Cass, Pickett, Harris, ofMor
riwether, Haynie, Anderson, Guyton, Porter, Jones, of
Warren, Sapp, Murphy, Wimberly.
Manufactures. —Dawson, Reid, Henderson, Felton,
Maynor, Carter, Hudson, ol Harris, Brown, of Burke,
Watts, Lowe, Julian, Whitworth, Shannon, Downing.
State of the Republic. —Crook,lrwin, Jones, of Musco
gee, Lawton, Lewis, of Hancock, Harrison, Smith, of Un
ion, Dawson, Jones, of Lowndes, Bartlett, Caldwell, of
Walker, Barron, Solomons, Ward, Headen.
Judiciary.— lrwin, Lawton, Thornton, Terhune, Har
ris, of Merriwether, Caldwell, Dawson, Tharpe, Stamper,
Mil ledge, Henderson, McConnell, of’Catoosa, Johnston.
Military Affairs. —Milledge, Irwin, Phillips, Jones, of
Muscogee, Bradford, Carlton, Hughes, Brown, of Burke,
Johnson, of Cass, King, Hilliard, Parris, Richards.
Enrollment. —Terhune, Fields, Smith, of Bryan, Rumph,
Hoyle, Walton, Pruett, Graham, Graybell, Mobley, Wood,
Smith, of Tatnall, Johnson, of Carroll.
Public Printing.— Pickett, Walton, Griffith, Pofford,
Brantly, Murphy, Moore, McLelland, Hill, Kitchens,
Wood, King, of Fayette.
Deaf and Dumb Asylum.— Johnson, of Cass, Haynie,
Myers, Boykin, Calloway, Caldwell, of Walker, Mathews,
Wiggins, Luke, Cotton, Davis, Amiss, Reid, McCants,
Lunatic Asylum.— Barron, Phillips, Thornton, Lawton,
Iloyle, Guyton, Carter, Bryce, Smith, of Tatnall, Coopor,
Cunningham, Boykin, McLary, Bird.
Penitentiary.— Smith, of Union, Dozier, Causey, Kil
gore, Simmons,’"Davis, Daniel, Stephens, Wynn, Boykin,
Johnson, of Carroll, Cobb, Brown, of Talbot, Avery,
Agriculture and Internal, Improvements.— Lawton,
Crook, Lewis, of Hancock, Browning, Harris, of Dough
erty, Milledge, Hughes, Burnett, Jones, of Muscogee,
Graves, Headen, Sapp, Porter, Battle, Caldwell, of Pike.
Journals. —Fields, Smith, of Union, Hudson, of Gwin
nett, Butts, Faulk, Taylor, Roberts, Burnett, Lowe, King,
Petitions.— Pickett, McConnell, Johnson, of Henry,
Parks, Slocum, Harrell, Smith, of Clinch, Sinqucfield,
Spinks, Gordon, of Harris, Powell, Beall, Ship, Thompson,
Patterson, Tatum, Cornwell.
Milledgeville, Nov. 14, 1855.
The following bills were introduced:
Jemison of Union: A bill to organize anew county out
of Union to be called Knox.
Shropshire of Chattooga: A hill to alter the usury laws.
Cone of Greene: A bill to amend the law of Garnish
Screven of Chatham: A bill to protect planters of oys
* McMillan of Habersham: A bill to regulate the practice
in the Supreme Court; also a bill to organize anew coun
ty out of Clarke County.
Jeter of Marion: A bill to organize a ’new county out
of Macon, Marion and Sumter counties, to be called Col
Gibson of Pike: A bill to alter the provisions of the con
stitution in relation to the Supreme Court; and also a bill
changing the times and places of holding the Supreme
Buchanan of Coweta: A bill to raise the fees of Solici
tors General in certain cases.
Nichols 6f Clinch: A bill repealing the act requiring
railroad* to whistle on crossing publio highways.
Local bills were also introduced by Long Os Glynn,
Murray, of Catoosa, MeMillan of Habersham, McDon
ald oi Ware, Murphy sos |DeKalb, Dabney of Gordon
Camden of Cherokee, and Peebles of Clarke.
Lawton of Dougherty called up the Dougherty county
Railroad bill, and upon a motion to substitute the House
bill a very interesting discussion sprung up.
Mr. Lawton was acting, he said, under instructions from
the people of His county. The principle of the bill was
sanctioned by the State,in the construction of the State
Road, and in various bills allowing the cities to make sub
scriptions to Railroads. The construction of the Road
would benefit alike the resident and non-resident, and all
ought to bear the burthen of the tax imposed.
Mr. Hardeman of Bibb, moved to ;strike out the third
saction of the bill. He was not opposed to pledging the
taxes of the county for the payment of the bonds the
couniy might issue tor the construction of the proposed
Railroad; but the third section created a lien upon the
lands and aegrces of the citizens.
Mr. Lawton, of Dougherty, waa willing to amend the
objectionable language of the third section of the bill to
meet the views of the Senator from Bibb.
Gibson,of Pike, moved to lay the substitute on the table.
He was opposed to the principle of the bill. It was car
rying the principle that a majority shall govern too far to
allow them to impose taxes, to build railroads, upon the
Atkinson, of Camden, was in favor of the bill. The
lands in the lower part of the State were owned in large
bodies;by non-residents, part of whom resided at the
North and part in Europe. These Railroads would ap
preciate the value of these lands, and it waa right and pro
per that the owners of them should aid in their construc
The debate was continued by Dunnegao of Hall, and
Peebles of Clark, but the bill was, on motion, laid on the
table for the present. Senate adjourned at 12i P, M.
The Senate re-assembled at 3 P. M., and spent tiro even
ing in reading bills the second time.
Wingfield, of Putnam, introduced a bill to prevent ordi
naries from practicing law. Senate adjourned.|
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Mill/EDgbvillb, Nov. li.
Irwin of Wilkes, Chairman of the Judiciary Commit
tee, reported back to the House and recommended the pas
sage of the bill for the relief of Haddock} also the bill raw
ing the salaries of Judges of the Supreme Court} also the
bill altering the 7th section of the 2d article of the consti
tution defining and restricting the pardoning power.
Thornton of Muscogee, as chahmau of the Committee
to whom was referred the documents accompanying the
Governor's Message, reported in favor of paMishiog the
The bill for the pardon of Jacob Mercer waa made the
special order for Tuesday 20ib inet.
The rule 9 were suspended to take ap the bill for the in
crease of the salaries of the Judges of the Supreme Court.
Lewis of Hancock, moved to strike out S4OOO &Bd insert
$3,500; lost. Terhune moved to strike oat and insert s3,*
800; lost. Dawsoo of Greene, moved to strike out and in
sert $3000; carried by a vote pf yeas nays S7. The bill
as amended was passed by. a TWte of 02 yeast* 41 trays-
The bill for tha relief of Haddock waa taken ap and pass
The bill limiting the pardoning’power wastakaa tip and
lost by a vote of yeas 67 nays 7L.
The bill making advances to of the General
Assembly was taken up and passed.
The following Bills were introduced and read a first time.
Lawton of Chatham: A bill to incorporate Oglethorpe
Medical College of the city of Savannah,
Pratt of Franklin: A bill to organize anew County out
of the County of Franklin.
Harris of Fulton: A bill to allow judgments to be taken
at the appearance Terra in certain cases.
Pickett of Gilmer: A biil to give State aid la Railroads
ander certain circumstances.
Phillips of Habersham: A bill to lay out anew county
out of Habersham, Hall and Lumpkin counties.
Local bills were introduced by Messts. Mobley McCou
nell, Powell, Porter, Terhuae, Barrett, Whitworth and
Browning of Thomas: A bill to sell the lands in the
Okefenoke Swamp and to provide for draining the same.
Hilliard ol Ware: A bill to appropriate SSOOO to remove
obstructions from Satilla River.
Rumph of Wayne. A bill to compel non-resident land
holders to pay taxes in ths county where the land lies.
Thornton of Muscogee: A bill to abolish imprisonment
for debt; also a memorial in favor of incorporation of the
Bank of Columbus with a capital stock of $250,000, with
power to increase it to $500,000.
New Post Office* in Georgia*
Stephen*, Oglethorpe county—N, L, Collins, posN
Mill Stone, Oglethorp* county —Samuel Lindsey,
Anew Post Offiee has Ween established Sn Upson
oounty at “Thundering Springs.” W. P. Bethea, Pest
Anew Post Office has been established at Yellow
Stone, Pike county, end John Rowe appointed Post
Fir* in Marietta.
We learn from a gentleman just from Marietta, that a
disastrous fire occurred there about 4 o’clock Sunday
m rning. It originated in the kitchen tt iohed to the
Marietta Hotel, owned by H. G. Cole, both of which were
consumed. From the Hotel the fire extended along the
south side of the Square, all the houses oo which, some
fifteen in number, were destroyed.
Among the sufferers ere Drs Connel and Cleland.aad
Drs. Hardy snd Bass, whose offices were burnt. Mr. J.
M, Edge’s lew office, and Mr. Anderson’s grocery store,
were also consumed, together with a number of small
wooden houses, the occupants sod owner® of which are
unknown to ns. The entire southern side of the square
is swept away.
Mr. Cole hod 8n insurance upon the Hotel in the South
ern Mutual office, for $5,000, which wii! about ©over his
lo 8. Mo'it of the furniture was saved. We are not in*
fo-rr.ed whether the other buildings were insured.
The Outrages by the Central American*—A Georgian
The foT wiDg !s the list of passengers killed snd wound
ed in front of the Steamship Company’s office at Virgin
Bay, on the night of the 19th Oetebef, by a party of
Killed. —John Boyd, Wayne county, Indiana, body
robbed of $700; Wm, Howard, Lexington, Missouri,
robbed of several thousands •, Henry B. Davis, Vernon
Ohio, robbed of over $2,000 ; two reported unknown.
W ©onbed at Virgin Bat. —Wm. Fitts, Tryon facto
ry, Chattooga county, Georgia, left shoulder fractured
horn the effect of which he died on board the Star of the
West, on her pr.ssage to New York.
The Legislature, of both Houses—judging from the
lobbies—has a dignified, intellg.nl look ; perhaps more
to than on some former occasions. Jt appears like a
working body, in which it is to be trusted their constitu
ents will not be disappointed.— Jgqrml,
From the Savtnnah Georgian, 13th.
Latest from the Seat of War.
The lest foreign mails came to hand yesterday and
from them we condense all important nev.s. h will b
remembered date* are to tbe 27th ult.
At tbe last accounts Major Delafield, Maj. Murdooh
jr., and Captaia MoLeliao, of the American Commis
sion to the Crimea were in the Allied camp. A Brit-*
isb general provides them rations during their stay in
Tbe land strength of the Allies in the Crimea, inclu
ding the siok, is officially reported at 210,000 men.
The Russian stores foundia Sevastopol ate estimated at
a million shot and cartridges and |half a million pounds
A St. Petersburg letter of the 15th says tho Allied
successes had caused despondency, yet every thing in
dicates the intention of Russia to continue the war.—
Preparations were making for a fourteenth levy and
enrollment of the local militia. Prayers were offered
for tko Emperor’s safe return from the Crimea.
The Generals Sir DeLaoy, Evans, Codrington; Mark
ham, Collin Campbell,‘and others,are mentioned as the
soacessors of Gen. Simpson, who, it i* believed, Las
sent in bis resignation.
Ad important disoussion has been held in the Liver
pool Chamber ts Commerce on the p-esent British
monetary affairs. Resolutions were adopted that, al
though there is no cause for immediate alarm, the Gov
ernment should anticipate and prevent aoy breakdown
of publio confidence by suspending the operation of tha
Bank Act of 1844, as during tbe crisis of 1847. The
London Times opposes this expedient.
The Allies continued to threaten the Russian flank
on the Belbek, and tbe French outposts, it is stated,
were within nine miles of Baktcbisstroi. It is again
supposed that the Russians are failing back on Perekop,
but theaotivity of their fire from ihe north forts would
indicate otherwise. Tbe whole Russian militia has been
ordered to xnaroh southward, under Gen. Luders.
Latest from Europe.
A despatch from Berlin in the London Advertiser
states, that an order of the day from Gortschakoff, da
ted Oct. 15, declares that ho will not evacuate the coun-*
try confided to his defence ; neither will he retreat be
fore the invader, but will defend tbe Crimea at nil
The last London News says, the announcement that
the British fleet in the American waters was to be re
inforced, baa excited considerable discussion.
g}A Sheeting Affair.— -On yesterday afternoon, a man
lamed Hamilton Raiford, armed, with a gun, went to
the house of Michael Wall, and shot him dead, the
contents of the gun taking effect in his left side, in the
region of tbe heart. The |diffi cully had its origin in
Wall’s cutting a road through some land belonging to
Raiford. Wall had no family, but we learn has a brother
residing il thiseity.— Sav Neu>e 13/A.
Accident en the Central Railroad —A freight train
coming in contact with a cow, was thrown oft’ the track
Saturday morning, near the Eleven mile station, making
a complete wreck of three cars, and doing some damage
to the road *d<l engine. The angiaeer was slightly in
• iured.— Sto. Georgian, 13/A
i Maryland Election.
The American party have carried the State, electing
| their whole ticket —majorities in both branches of the
Legislature, and four of the six Congressmen. The ma
jority in the Congressional election is about three thou
Kansas Freesoil Army—Attempt at Murder.
A dispatch from St. Josephs, Mo., of the Ist inst. says
> that Samuel Collins, a member of the Kansas Secret Army,
met Mr. Pat. Laugbliu at Doniphan the previous dav, and
tried to shoot biro. Ilis gun missed fire ; he then stab
bed Laugblin in the abdomen. Laughlin then drew a
revolver, and shot him through the heart. Laughliu’s
life is despaired of.
It will be recollected that Laughlin belonged to the se
cret association of abolition adventurers in Kansas, aud
when fully possessed of their desigua, made publication of
them in the paper® at St, Josephs.
We are informed that a difficulty occurred in Stewart
county, at the House of Mr. George Henry, on the night
of the 31st ult., between Joho Sturkey and Stephen Sim
mons, in which the latter was very seriously slabbed but
at la*t accounts he vv*s in a fair way of recovery. Stur
key was immediately arrested, and after a trial before the
committing magistrates, in default of bail, he was com
muted to jail to await bis trial for the deed.—Bueno Vila
The Progress of the War.—ln France the gigantic
ettur sos the Government to carry on the war, seem to
be redoubled. Men, stores, material, surgeons, Sisters of
Charity, all iu enhanced number and amount, are pro
ceeding to the East. The national spirit is up, and the
game will be manfully played out.
Appropriate Present. —We observed yesterday in the
Jewelry Store of Lewis Owen, a beautiful drinking vessel
o* tne size and exact shape of the ordinary water gourd’
It is of heavy solid silver, and of chaste and elegant finish*.
It is designed as a present by the Blues so their hospitable
ana esteemed friend Dr. Charles Lucas, of Mt. Me>s.-
11)8 name is handsomely engraved on the front, and^a'so
a well designed and executed view of the Blues in camo
at “Old Augusta.” The affair is got up in very good
taste, and most worthily bestowed. May the shadow of
our good friend, the Doctor, never be less.— Ala. Journal.
•n^ 0 York Times fears that Forney’s influence
will be sufficient to secure the Kansas delegate’s seat in
the House of Representatives, to Gen. Whiifield, by re.
ceivmg and fifing before organization, the certificate which
Uov. Shannon will, of course, give of the election of the
a 7a* Reason.— u Cato, what do you Vpose am de reason
n g ° eS dowu ,oward de Sous in de winter ?”
e j vT d ° D, ‘ 00 Samho n unless be no staa’ de ’clemency
of de Norf, and so he aua ’bliged to go to de Sous, where
be sperienca warmer longitude.”
The Bank of Hamburg, S. C.. ha* established an agency
JBorence, Ga., BDd A. TV. Hill is Agent.
Curious RwsrAN Custom.—On Whit-Monday and the
following bunoay there is n great promenade in the sum
mer gardens, namely, the exhibition of brides. The Rus
han tradesmen, on these days, expose their marriageable
g.ye them away. Under the lime tiees of the principal
Alloe ere two long rows of gaily dressed girls nael-pd
S,T™i k( pipeS A an fieLd P “, k oh
l f maner, and the third row the moth. rs
I hrouah th double row the
spectators and wife-seeking Russians slowly walk The
L~T aoy f * Ce tha L pleasea and the match
maker belonging to it. Tne exhibition lasts till a late
State. — lhe population of Illinois, nc**
cording to the census just taken, will exceed 1.300.000.
7?® Jy? D 4tloß ln waa 851,470, end in 1830 it was
107 5 440.
domination for the Presidency — A meeting of she
friends of Hon. George M. Dallas was held in Philadel
*v*oing, recommending him as the candidate of
the Democracy for the next Presidency.
Mr. S. K. Coburn, formerly editor of the Rome (Ga.)
Courier , died gs yellow fevet s at Marks? ill*, La., ou ifiy
* 4i-fe ttlt.