(Times mu> %sxdmd.
SATURDAY EVENING, DEC. 8,1855.
The Squabble over the State Hoad Committee.
By reference to the proceedings of the Senate on
the 3d and 4th iust., our readers will find that much
time was oonsuhied and some feeling excited over
the resolutions of the House calling for a joint commit
tee of the two houses to investigate the management
of the State ltoad.
Our readers may be surprised that the resolutions
which had been adopted by the House without so rnuoh
us a discussion, should have excited so warm and pro
tracted a debate in the Senate. An explanation may
not bo uninteresting to our readers.
In the first place then, the appointment of the Com
mittee was vested in the President of the Senate, pro
tern, who was a member of the opposition and had just
been complimented by the Democratic and Anti Know
Nothing Party with an almost unanimous election to
that post when they had it in their power to confer the
honor upon some member of their own party without
difficulty, if the) had chosen to be Belfish. They there
fore, thought it in bad taste for the, so called, Ameri
can Party, to attempt to use the office they held by the
courtesy of their political opponents to foroe upon them
an unacceptable committee invested with extraordinary
powers, to review and pass upon the management of
the State Road—a subject which was made one of the
principal issues of the late canvass by the opposition.—
This purpose was indicated very clearly in the decided
opposition which was manifested to the motion of Cone
of Bulloch, to postpone the consideration of the House
Resolutions until Friday next, by which time it
was understood the President of the Senate, Bailey of
Butts, would be in his seat ; and also to the substitute
offered by Long of Glynn, conferring upon the com
mittee on Internal Improvements the power to select
a sub committee from its members to make the investi
gation, with powers quite as large as were conferred by
the Ist of thellouse Resolutions.
It may be replied that Miller of Riclunoud is too
elevated a man to abuse his trust. This we believe,
but it is a safe rule in party warfare never to place
yourself in the power of the opposition, and we entire
ly concur with those members of the Democratic and
Anti-Know Nothing Party who refused to be thus pla
ced, because the opposition were impliedly pledged not
to abuse their power. Their course is further justified
by the fact that it has been the invariable custom of the
Legislature to confer the appointment of this State
Road Committee upon the Internal Improvement Com
mittee, under every other administration.
The ohief cause of opposition to the House Resolu
tions however, originated in the character of the 2d
and 3d resolutions adopted by the House. They were
in these words:
And be it further Resolved , That all bills uow before
the House and Senate relating to the Western & At
lantic Railroad in any manner whatever, be postponed
until the report of said Committee.
Resolved further , That if, after the examination
mado by the Railroad Committee the manage
ment, and business, and books of the Road shall appea
to bo in bad condition and keeping, that they be instruo
ted and empowered to bring with them to Milledgeville
the books and other papers connected with its manage
ment which may be of service to the Legislature in the
further examination of the same.
These extraordinary provisions, we are informed,
were inserted in the House resolutions by way of de
rision, but singularly enough, were accepted and voted
through by a majority of that body. They were also
contended for with some zeal by-a portion of the oppo
sition in the Senate, but the good sense of that body de
tected the impropriety of such meddlesome and restrain
ing legislation, and they were very properly voted down
by a very decided majority, in which mingled the voices
of most of the, so called, American leaders. These
resolutions stricken out, there was nothing objectiona
ble in the resolution adopted except the fact that the
power of appointment of the committee was vested in
a member of the opposition, and a word or two of un
gracious verbiago, and for these causes alone, a portion
of the Democratic Senators voted against it. Others,
but they were very few, regarded the whole investiga
tion as a farce, and voted on principle against it. For
several successive sessions it has been the custom to
send Committees up the State Road composed of mem
bers of both parties. They enjoy the pleasure of a ride
to Chattanooga at the expense of the State, and come
hack and report all’s well. No good has ever come of
such pleasure jaunts heretofore, and there is no likeli
hood that any good will ever come of them. Is it not
time to abolish the faroe ?
If anything is wrong on the State Road, there must
be sombody wronged. It would be very easy for the
opposition to get their affidavits and found a oharge of
mismanagement upon them. This, it seems to us, is
the honest, fair and manly way to make an issue with
Governor Johnson. A Committee would then be
proper and every member of the Administration would
vote for one. No such affidavits have been procured—
probably no such affidavit can be obtained. Why, then,
send a Committee of the two Houses to the borders of
Tennessee in a wild hunt after them ? It is not treating
the Executive of the State, nor the Superintendent of
the Railroad with becoming respect. We were surpri
sed at the professed zeal some of the opposition mani
fested for the good name of Governor Johnson. One
of them thought it was importaut to his character for
the two Houses to clear him of the charge of removing
a switch at Howard’s Lime Kiln ! Another that he
should be cleared of the charge of wasting the publio
money in printing for the Road ! By the way, we
are told that the printing for the Road is a little over
$3,000, while it has run up as high as $7,000 under
Wo are very sorry for the trouble the members of
the American Party give themselves for the good name
aod fair fame of the Governor, whom they did all they
could to damn, not three months ago, by circulating
broadcast through the land, these very charges front
which they are now so anxious to relieve him. They
were diocussed fully during the late canvass before a
much more imposing tribunal than that of the General
Assembly ; we are content to abide that verdict.
Governor Johnson, himself, adopted a much more
practical mode of ferreting <>ut abuses on the State Road
than that suggested by the General Assembly. Heap
pointed a special committee, composed of three able and
honest citizens, to go the entire length of that Road, at
their leisure, and examine thoroughly into its manage
ment. That committee reported favorably and their re
port is accessible to the Legislature.
The objection to the whole batch of resolutions adopt
ed by the House, is that they presuppose guilt, where
no man has the nerve to stand up and charge it home,
either on the Governor or Superintendent. Why in
struct the coin up lice in their examination of “the rates
of freight,” to enquire whether they are “equ'.l or un
equal, partial or impartial!” “Why give special instruc
tions to the committee to “bring with them to Milledge
ville all the books and other papers connected with its
management,” if “the books of tho road appear to be in
bad condition and keeping?” The very terms imply
doubt as to whether the freights are impartial and the
books are in good condition.
W e think both tho Senate and House blundered in
appointing a committee under resolutions so ungra
ciously worded, but the greatest blame falls to the House.
No doubt it is necessary to keep a watch over publio
servants, and the more vigilant the watch, tho better for
them, and the better for the public ; but in all investi
gations into their conduct, they should be treated with
tho tenderest regard to their honor, at least until a
presumption of guilt is raised, if not out of respect to
them as individuals, certainly out of respect to the peo
ple who honored them with their suffrages. But we
have said enough, probably too much on this iritatiug
theme. Now that the committee is raised, we hope they
will at once proceed to the discharge of their duties and
make a thorough investigation of every charge that
floated on the popular breath during the late canvass.
Let us have done with these odious themes once and
Pardon of JJoyd.
It will be seen by reference to the proceedings of the
Legislature on tbe 6th inst., as given by our attentive
Milledgeville correspondent, that the bill for the pardon
of John T. Boyd came up in the House on that day,
for final disposal, and was passed by a vote of yeas 80—
nays 43. Tbe bill having already passed the Senate by
a large majority, it has been signed by tho Governor,
and John T. Boyd is now set free.
Election of Slate Printer.
Wo are informed by our Milledgeville correspondent
that, by a joint agreement between the two Houses of
the General Assembly, the election of Printer came off
on Friday last, and resulted in the choice of Col. Ten
uent Lomax, of the Times & Sentinel, over his com
petitor, Col. R. M. Orme, of the Southern Recorder.
The former received 143 votes at the first concurrent
, balloting, and the latter 77—scattering 8.
For the Times & Sentinel.
Without reference to the belligerent articles recent
ly published in the London Times against our govern
ment and its institutions, or to Mr. Crampton’s viola
tion of our neutrality laws, or to the bombastic bully
ism of tho Abolition papers North, with all their soorn
at our threats of secession or disunion, I wish, for the
satisfaction of those interested, to enquire what the
Kansas Emigration Aid Society of Muscogee has done,
and what they are likely to do? Wo made a great parade
at Temperance Hall, organized a Society, appointed
a standing Committee to solicit and receive contribu
tions for the purpose of sending to Kansas men, who
are unable to take themselves there. About S9OO was
subscribed at the last meeting, and that is the last the
publio has heard of it. A great sensation was made
throughout the State, and letters by the bag full have
been received by our citizens in relation to it ; hundreds
wishing to enlist in the!cause of making Kansas apply
for admission as a State, with slavery recognized in her
It is to be hoped that the Executive Committee is
not dead, but sleepeth and that the clarion note al
ready beard, and the first of a prospective civil war,
will arouse them from their lethargy, and awaken new
born zeal in them in taking the first step towards pre
serving our rights in the Union, or out of it ; and that
their efforts will be aided by our eitizens who feel a
patriotism, based upon our righ‘s first, and tbe
Uniou secondary in importance.
1 otter this, Mr. Editor, hoping that tbe strong men
of the country will take hold of the matter, and aid
those who are willing to protect their rights. This is
the time or never to strike—in tbe Union.
Steamer Empire Sunk.
Mobile, Dee. 4.
The Steamboat Empire has run upon the wreck of
the Steamer Aberdeen, about 90 miles above the city,
and sunk. She bad on board a full load of cotton, and
was partially insured.
White Slavery on Staten Island.
Factoryville, S. 1., Monday, Dee. 3, 1555.
To the Editor of the New York Daily Neu)s :
I wish to call your attention, or rather the attention
of thoso of the North who are continually clamoring
about the dreadful condition of the negroes of the
South, and the horrible black slavery there, to the fol
lowing fact concerning white slavery in the North, and
if the South can produce its equal, I stand willing to
A certain establishment employs some twj or three
hundred men, women and children on this Island, and
pays them each from twenty-five cents to one dollar per
day, giving thorn about half work, so that the highest
amount received by one seldom exceeds more than sls
per month —to support and educate a large or small
family, as the case may be, and to make provision
against sickness, &c.
These humane masters, not content with this, have
adopted another plan now to reduee this sls to a less
amount, by the meanest and most contemptible contri
vance I think you ever heard of. For the last 6ix
months, ns they say, they have had a man watching the
employees coming to, and going from work, who is pro
vided with a book, in which the lost time is kept; and
if a person is a minute behind time two minutes are de
ducted, so that a person who may have lost three and a
half days is deducted seven, while having done all the
work required of him—the Company not having been
put to any additional expense in hiring men to make up
this alleged loss to them.
The Company have selected the present month, the
beginning of Winter, to enforce this outrage, feeling
confident that the employees, many of whom have large
families to support, would not dare to resist this injus
tice—fearing a discharge and starvation, which the mis
erablo pittance they uow receive just enables them to
escape. Fours, &e. B. D.
Washington Sews —Kansas War.
Washington, Dec. 4.
The Senate met and elected a Chaplain, and swore in
members. Senator Broudhead. of Penn., gave notice that
lie would at an early day, introduce bill giving right of
way to Pacific Rail Road.
The House had nine ballots for Speaker with nearly
the same result every time. Fuller, Whig, of Penn., is
the most prominent candidate for to-morrow’s ballotiugs.
A despatch confirms the report of the existence of hos
tilities in Kansas between the Slave State and Free Soil
parties. An attack by the latter on the City of Atelrson,
was anticipated. The inhabitants had sent to Weston,
Mo., for armed men.
Washington, Dec. 5.
In the Senate, to-dav, Mr. Adams gave notice that he
wuuid introduce to hi!! a amend the naturalization laws.
The House is stiil without organization. Six ballots
were had to day for Speaker but without effect. The last
ballet stood for Campbell, 80; Richardson, 74; Banks,
8; and Fuller, 19; after which the House adjourned.
Washington, Dec. 6.
The proceedings in the Senate to day arc unimportant.
The House bad six more ballotings lor Speaker without an
election. It is thought there will probably be no election
this week. Some of the members are writing home for in
structions. The President’s Message will be printed as soon
as the House is organized, but will not lie read until the next
day ; copies will be mailed to the press a few hours its ad
vance of the reading.
“Auburn Gazette.” —We invite the attention of
merchants and others to the card of Messrs. Holifield
& Slaughter, proprietors of the above paper, in which
its facilities as an advertising and news medium are
prominently set forth.
Convention ol the Democratic and Anti-Know
At a meeting of the Democratic and Anti-Know
Nothing members of the Legislature, held in the Senate
chamber on the night of tho sth inst., the following
resolution was unanimously adopted :
Resolved , That the Democratic and Anti Know
Nothing party of the several counties of the State of
Georgia, are requested to send as many delegates to
Milledgeville as they are entitled to members of the
Legislature, to a Convention of the party to be held on
the 15th day of January next, for the purpose of ap
pointing delegates to the National Convention at Cin
cinnati, and take such other steps as may be necessa
ry to prepare for the Presidential contest of 185 G.
Resolved , That the several Democratic and Anti-
Know Nothing papers in the State be requested to give
public notice of the action of this meeting.
W T ESLEY SHROPSHIRE, President.
P. 11. Colquitt, ) _
. c > Secretaries.
A. M. Speer,
(LT We hope the members of the party in the
several counties in the State will promptly respond to
the foregoing oall for a Convention. The call is made
by requesting of the General Convention which assem
bled in Millodgeville during the first week of the ses
sion. It is exceedingly important that the Convention
should be composed of the most reliable men in the
several counties ; as the action of the Convention will
tell upon the fortunes of the party for years to oome.
Georgia has taken a bold and firm position in defense of
Southern Rights, in which she will be sustained by all
reliable and true mou in the North, if she is true to her
Where it is inconvenient to send delegates fresh
from the people, it will bo well to elect the members of
the General Assembly delegates to tho Convention.—
Those counties which aro represent! and in the Legisla
ture by members of the American party, will of course
send up delegates to the Convention.
Milledgeville, Dec. 6.
The Senate met at 10 o’clock A. M. Miller of Rich
mond, in the chair. The journal of yesterday was read
Hill ol Harris, moved to reconsider tho action of the Sen
ate on the bill to repeal the act of the last session of the
Legislature, requiring cotton to be marked when weighed,
and forbidding weighers from making any deduction for
wet. The motion to reconsider, was advocated by Hill of
Harris, and Renfroe ot Chattahoochee, and opposed by
Dunnegan of Hall. Upon a call of the yeas and nays, the
motion to reconsider prevailed by a vote of yeas 48, nays
37. Miller of Richmond, moved to reconsider the action
of the Senate on yesterday, on the bill defining the liability
of Railroad companies for injuries to passengers and agents.
His objections to the bill were, first, that it denied to Rail
road companies ihe privilege of prescribing the mode of
traveling on the cars, such as forbidding passengers from
standing on the platforms, and second, that it gave to agents
in the employ of the companies tbe right of action for inju
ries received in the service, contrary to the laws of all tho
States and the settled principles of the common law. The
reconsideration was advocated further by Gibson of Pike,
Peebles of Clarke, and opposed by Cone of Greene, and
Calhoun of Fulton. The Senate refused to reconsider, by
a vote of yeas 30, nays 61.
The Speciail committee to whom was referred the bill
providing for the sale of the Western & Atlantic Railroad,
reported it back to the Senate with amendments, and recoin-,
mended its passage. The bill as amended, was ordered to
be printed, and made the special order for Tuesday, 11th
The committee on the Penitentiary, reported favorably
to the conduct of the officers of the institution ;but decided
ly against further expenditure upon the old Rookery at Mil*
ledgeville ; and recommend its removal to Stone Moun
tain ; also, a total remodeling of the whole system. Ami
noriiy report was made, recommending an enlargement of
the present prison, and its permanent location at Milledge
ville. The consideration of the report occupied the atten
tion of the Senate for some time. Dunnegan of Hall, ad
dressed the Senate in favor of the minority report and ut
terly exterminated all the arguments adduced in favor of
The report of the majority w r as amended and adopted by
yoas 65, nays 21. This by no means commits the Senate
to removal of the Penitentiary.
Senate adjourned to 3 o’clock P. M.
The bill from the committee on Internal Improvements
giving State aid to the Brunswick and Florida Railroad,
was taken up. Screven of Chatham, moved to amend by
giving State aid on the same terms to the Savannah, Alba
ny and Gulf Railroad. Buchanan of Coweta, moved to
amend by giving State aid to the Griffin and Decatur, Ala.,
Much time was consumed in the discussion of the subject
by Gibson ot Pike, Buchanan of Coweta, Hardeman of
Bibb, Long of Glynn, Knight of Lowndes, and Peebles of
Clarke. The amendment of Buchanan, was voted down.
The Senate adjourned to 10 o’clock to morrow morning
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Milledgeville, Dec. 6.
The House met at 9* o’clock A. M. Milledge of Rich
mond in the chair.
The special order of tho day, being the Senate’s bill Ibr
the pardon of John T. Boyd, was taken up. Messrs. Jones
and Thornton addressed the House against, and Harris of
Merriwether, in favor of the bill. The bill passed by yeas
80, nays 43.
The bill appropriating 25,000 dollars to the Georgia Mili
tary Institute, and 5,( 00 dollars per annum hereafter, was
and scussed at length by Messrs. Phillips of Habersham, Jones
of Muscogee, Irwin of Wilkes, Ward of Butts, Harris of
Fulton, and Lawton of Chatham, in favor of, and Terhune
of Floyd, in opposition to the bill, and passed by yeas 81,
On motion of Lewis of Hancock, a resolution was adopt
ed referring to the committee on Internal Improvements
the action of the South Carolina Agricultural Association,
on the subject ol a Geological survey of the State, with in
struction? to report a bill to effect this object.
The following bill? were passed :
The bill compelling the payments of jail fees in advance.
The bill fixing the liability of husbands for the debts ol
their wives contracted before marriage to the amount ol
their property and exempting from liability the property ol
the wife for debts of the husband contracted before marri
age. Yeas 99, nays 21.
The following bills were lost:
The bill to compel owners lands to give them in for tax
ation by number and district.
Davis of Polk, introduced a resolution instructing the Ju
diciary committee to inquire into and report the necessity
of employing an attorney for the State Road, and what was
reasonable compensation for his services.
The bill exempting the heirs of slaves from all liability
for heir of slaves when they die or run away, was discussed
at length by Jones of Muscogee, and Dawson and Lewis ol
Greene, and without taking action thereon, the House ad
journed to 9? o’clock to-morrow morning.
Mjlledgevjlle, Dec. 7.
The Senate met at 10 o’clock, A. M. Miller, ol Rich
mond, in the Chair.
The resolution of Cone, of Greene, calling upon the
Governor for the returns made by the Bank of the Interior,
at Griffin, and the Bank of LaGrange, WB9 agreed to.
Upon a call of counties, the following bills were intro
duced and read the first time.
Beall, of Werren: A bill to form anew county out ol
part9ol the counties of Warren and Jefferson.
Beasley, of Troup : A bill to incorporate the Farmers’
Bank of Georgia, to be located at LaGrange, with a capi
tal stock of $200,000.
Cone, ol Greene: A bill to regulate the granting of licen
ces to retail spirituous liquors. The bill gives to the Justi
ces of the Interior Courts power to grant or withhold licen
ces : requires bonds of retailers ; and forbids the sale of
liquor on election days ; and also, to minors, free negroes
Cumming, of Wilkinson : A bill to facilitate the collec
tion of Intestates’ estates in certain cases.
Gibson, of Pike: A bill to alter and amend, so as to
make more general, the oath administered to witnesses
sworn before Grand Juries.
Murray, of Catoosa: A bill to incorporate the North
western Bank of Ga., to be located at Ringgold, with a
capital stock of $200,000.
Renfroe, of Chattahoochee: A bill to increase thejuiis
diction of Justices of the Peace from 30 to 50 dollars.
Winn, of Liberty: A bill to manumit a slave therein
On motion of Peebles of Clark, the Senate took up and
passed the bill, to provide for the disposal of the property
of corporations after the dissolution of the same.
Election of Public Printer for 1857, 1858.
A message was received from the House, announcing
that they were ready to receive the Senate in their Hall, for
the purpose of electing a State Printer, for 1857 and 1858.
The Clerk read a notice from Mer-rs. Broughton, Nisbet
and Barnes, of the Federal Union, that they were not can
didates, nor interested with any party that was a candidate.
The names of Tennent Lomax, of the Times Senti
nel, and of Richard M. Orme, of the Southern Recorder,
were announced as candidates.
Upon counting out the ballots, it was ascertained that
Tennent Lomax had received 143 votes, Richard M. Orme
77 votes, scattering 8. Mr. Lomax was declared duly elec
ted State Printer. The Senate, then, on motion, returned
to their Chamber.
Brunswick Rail Road Company.
The Senate took up, as the unfinished business of yester
day, the bill to give State aid to the Brunswick and Florida
Rail Read Company.
Guerry, of Randolph, moved to amend by requiring the
company to extend their Albany branch to the East Bank
of the Chattahoochee River, opposite Eufanla, Ala., which
was accepted by the mover of the bill.
Patterson, of Gilmer, moved to amend by extending
State aid to the Elejav and Ducktown Rail Road Compa
Dabney, of Gordon, moved to postpone the bill indefi
The motion was lost by ayes 37, nays 57.
Speeches were made in favor of the bill by Peebles,
Long, and Scriven, and against it by Wellborn, Dabney and
The evening was consumed in the consideration of amend
ments to the bill, giving State aid to the Brunswick and
Florida Rail Road Company. The most important to your
readers was that of HilJ, of Harris, extending lire benefits
of the bill to the Columbus and Hamilton Rail Road. He
supported bis amendment in a speech of much ability, but
it was voted down by a considerable majority.
Gibson, of Pike, offered an amendment, requiring addi
tional security to the State.
Without coming to any definite action on the bill, the
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
After the reading of the Journal, Hudson, ofHarris, mo
ved to reconsider the action of the House of yesterday, on
the bill to give 25,000 dollars, with an annual appropriation
hereafter of 5,000 dollars a year, to the Georgia Military
Institute. He was willing to make liberal appropriations
for educational purposes, but was opposed to the purchase
of a Military School. Phillips, of Habersham, opposed the
reconsideration. The property was woith quite as much
as was asked for it. The best interests of the State de
manded, that a sufficient number of young men to command
our Armies and Navies, should we be forced into a hostile
attitude with any other power, should be educated in the ait
of war. Terhune, of Floyd, favored the reconsideration.
As the bill now stood, it confined the munificence of the
State to a select few. He had not much faith in Military
’ Education, without camp training. Lewis, of Hancock,
opposed a reconsideration. He was followed by .tones, of
Muscogee, Crook, of Chattooga, Wood, of Fannin, Smith,
of Union, Milledge of Richmond, and Pickett, of Gilmer,
in pointed addresses; at the close of which, the House sus
tained a call for the previous question made by Phillips, of
Habersham, and refused to reconsider by a vole of yeas
62, nays 68.
We have neglected too long to notice the enviable posi
tion occupied in the House, by the members from Musco
gee. They stand among the foremost of the orators of the
opposition, and are foemen worthy of the steel of the Dem
ocratic leaders. We are very happy to add that in all ques
tions, not involving party politics, they are always on the
right side, and contend in generous rivalry with the best
men of the House, as to who shall be foremost in the ad
vocacy of wise and statesmanlike reforms.
The unfinished business of yesterday, being the bill to
relieve heirs of slaves from liability in case of death, &c ,
was resumed, and after much discussion, indefinitely post
The report of the minority of the committee on the Peni
tentiary, was presented by Dorminy, of Irwin. It recom
mends an extension of the present buildings, and a classi
fication of convicts, according to their crimes, and a pre
vention of all intercourse between them.
On motion of Phillips, of Habersham, the report of the
majority of the committee was road and adopted. It is
similar to that noticed yesterday, as having been made in
Thornton, of Muscogee, hv leave, introduced a bill to
incorporate the Hightower Mining Company.
Harris, of Fulton: A bill to incorporate a College of
Science and Agriculture.
Graham, of Lumpkin: A bill to alter the poor school
laws of the State so far as Lumpkin county is concerned.
Lewis, of Greene: A bill to incorporate the village of
Smith, of Bryan: A local bill ; also a bill extending
the time allowed the Sheriff of Bryan for serving proceas <fcc.
Rozier, of Burke: A bill to incorporate Summerville
Academy, in Emanuel county.
The bill of Lewis, of Hancock, providing for a general
system of common schools, was made the special order
for Wednesday next.
At the municipal election held in Milledgeville on the Ist
ins', the whole Know Nothing ticket was successful. Mr.
Hawkins re-elected Mayor.
Inter eating Discovery. —A gentleman residing in Tal
ladega county, whose well had gone drv, while engaged
recently in digging it deeper, discovered, at the depth of
85 feet, a singular looking mineral, which, on analytical
examina ,: on, proved to be a rich vein of native Arsenic.—
Some cattle, together wiih other animals, which drank of
the water that wasstanding about the well in vessels, died
almost instantly—this fact leading to the investigation sta
ted above. —Louina (Ala ) Eagle.
The Express, Know Nothing organ of Cleveland Ohio,
ha° the following pieceot Know Nothing impnder.ee:
“The colored population generally voted lor the Know
Nothing ticket day before yeHerday. in thi* they showed
good judgment, and they will have no occasion to regret
their action. They rejoice with us in Sam’s triumph over
a weak, coirnpt Administration. The colored people are
Natives, and much better citizens than the hordes of Catho
lic Irish who arc yearly floating to our shores.”
LATER FROM EUROPE.
ARRIVAL OF T,,li
Rumors of Peace —Cotton and .Breadstuff's Declined.
New York, Nov. 5.
The Africa has arrived at Halifax with Liverpool dates
to tho 21th ult.
Cotton is dul', fair grades have declined 4to 1. Mid*
dling and lower grades The sales for the week are
35,000, including 6400 on speculation by exporters. Fair
Orleans is quoted at 6§. Middling at ss. Pair Upland
at s§. Middling at ss. The stock of American on hand
lis 20,000 bales. is dull,'.and has declined 6d.—
Wheat has declined 2d. Canal Hour i6 selling at 425. Gd.
to 435. Mixed Corn is quoted at 465. 3d. Market closed
duU. Provisions are unchanged.
Money m tighter, but Consols have advanced to (5)
owing to the rumors of peace.
It is stated, butjs doubtful, that General Canrobert has
concluded a treaty with Sweden to join the Western
Powers in the spring, on the condition that Finland
be restored to Sweden. There are rumors that Denmark
will also joiu the allies.
The London Post says that the Prussian envoy saw the
Czar at Nieolaieff, and qbtained permission for Prussia to
inform the Western Powers that Russia was willing 1o
There is no news from the Crimea, except that the al
lies intend to bombard the north side of Sebastopol.
The difficulty betwen Greece and the United States is
ARRIVAL OF THE ST. LOUIS.
New York, Dec. 6.
The St. Louis has arrived, bringing intelligence from
Europe to tho 21st ult., not so late by two days as that
brought by the Africa.
The magazines belonging to the French Artillery had ex
ploded near Inkerman, killing seventy and wounding one
hundred soldiers, including two officers. An immense
quantity of ammunition was lost.
The Czar had dismissed Menschik off’from his'stafT.
A great fire had occurred in Paris, which destroyed gov
ernment stores amounting to 30,000 quintals (3,3G0,0C0 lbs)
of Corn, besides a large amount of Flour and biscuit.
Brunswick Fever. —Since there is a probability hat
the Brunswick Railroad will be built, and that soon,
several of our cit’/.?ns have been taken with what may
properly be denominated the Brunswiok fever. One
hasuheady gone on a tour of exploration, and others
are speaking of going to return no more. We would
only say, that if the road is not built, the move will bo
disastrous in the extreme, but if it is, wo opine that it
will, ere long, be the greatest city >u Georgia.— Cen
tral Georgian .
St. John’s Church in Montgomery . —The Mail says:
The Episcopal chorvli was opemd yesterday, the 2d,
and Divine service performed therein on last Sunday
morning for the first time. The attendance was very
The service was read by Rev. Mr. Mitehell. The
Rev. Mr. Lay, of Huntsville, delivered an appropriate
sermon, The communion was administered at tho
close. The estimable Bishop of the Diocese was pres
ent on the occasion.
The now edifice proves itself all that was hoped~by
Mineral Wealth of ‘Tennessee. —We have
from the Comptroller’s office [says the Nashville Un
ion and American,] a statement of the value of real
estate iu one civil district of Polk county, in 1848, ’SO
and ’55. It is ns follows:
1848 1850 1855
Number of Tolls, 73 93 138
Acres of land ass sed, 16,038 18,197 75,981
Valuation, $10,630 $19,251 $1,129,255
Taxes, $23,17 $36,97 $1,694,17
This immense increase in vaiue is occasioned by the
large mineral wealth of the civil district in which the
land lies. A great drawback exists in the want of fa
cilities for the transportation of copper to market.
Were there a railroad in the vicinity of the mines con
necting with the roads to the sea coast, the immediate
increase on the valuation of 1855 would be enormous.
Rail Road Fair . —The ladies of Enon, Ala., intend
holding a Fair at that place, on the 12th inst., for the
benefit of the Mobile and Girard Railroad.
The public generally are invited to attend. The
houses of private citizens will be thrown open for their
The Hank of Savannah has declared the very hand
some dividend of five per oent. on the operations of the
last six mouths.
rp, „ , New Orteans, Dec. 6.
l tie i erserverance has arrived bringing advices from Gal
veston to the Ist instant.
* s e^ore Legislature of Texas proposing to Joan
#SOOO lor every mile of Railroad built in the State alter fif
ty miles are finished, the State to retain a mortgage on the
road. It is believed that the bill will pass.
Several papers in the State are urging the Legislature to
instruct Senator Houston to resign on account of his anti
Weather lavorable fur securing cotton and sugar crops.
Mcsilla Valley.—A letter in the New York Sun*
from Washington, says : “The reports from the Mesilla
Valley are exceedingly interesting, and the private notes
of the U. S. officials are worthy their public reports, twico
over. The whole country is a vast oreffield ; copper,
iron, platina, gypsum and coal, in vast beds abound iu
eveiy direction, and are in the richest quantities in the re
gion along the Pecos, and up to the 33d parallel which
had been thought the poorest section of the Rio Bravo
Slavery In Utah.
A correspondent of the St. Louis Democrat, an abo
lition sheet, writes as follows :
met a prominent citizen of Salt Lake city when at
eston. His name is \\ iliinms. He is the principal
merchant of the Latter Day Saints, and alio, I believe,
one of the twelve unholy apostles.
I heard him say that when IJtak applied for admis
sion into the L nion, she would seek to be enrolled as a
slave State. He said that he owned a slave, that all of
the Apostles did, and that Brigham Young owus several
negroes. This statement,: 1 though at variance with pre
vious accounts from LTtah, is undoubtedly true.
He told me that accounts of the famine in Utah had
been enormously exaggerated, and that there is corn
enough in their Egypt yet for two years to come.”
Presidency of S. C. College.— The Trustees of ihe
iSoutti Carolina Collo.ro haveekoted Prof. G. F. McCay
1 resident of the College.
“Duty before pleasuro.” as the man said when he kissed
bis owp wi*e befoie going out to kiss his neighbor’s.