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COLUMBUS, GEORGIA. ~
WEDNESDAY MORNING, DEC, 12.
At the municipal election held on Saturday last, Bth
lost., the following gentlemen were chosen city officers
for the ‘ensuing year:
Mayor.-—F. G. Wilkins.
Marshal. — fV T m. MahafFey.
Deputy Marshal.—ll. P. Robinson.
City Treasurer.—lsaac Mitchell.
Clerk of Couucil.—Calvin Stratton.
Aldermen Ist Ward —Jere. Slade,
“ “ W. Y. Barden.
- 2d “ H.T. Hall,
** “ Wm. F. Plane.
“ 3d “ J. W. Pease,
“ “ Foster Chapman.
** 4th ** James Hughes,
- 44 R. H. Harris.
” sth “ D. B. Thompson,
44 44 Joseph J. Jones.
44 6th “ J. E. Mershon,
44 “ John Hunley.
Abstract of the Itemurks made by liill of liar
n, in support of bis amendment to extend
tbe provisions of the bill to give State Aid to
the Brunswick & Florida Railroad, to the Co
lumbus and Hamilton Railroad.
Columbus is the natural market of Western Geor
gia. By the construction of the Columbus and HaraiK
ton Road, Cherokee would be placed in direct commu
nication with the South-western purt of Georgia, and
South-eastern Alabama—a section of country remark
able for the production of cotton, but deficient in the sup
plies of which Cherokee has a surplus. It is now
necessary to ship supplies round by Macon, over the
Muscogee Road, or else through Alabama, over the
Montgomery & West Point Railroad. There is also a
Road now in construction from Columbus to Mobile,
which has already opened up a country of remarkable
resources, with whioh this Road would bring Northern
Georgia in connection, and thereby add not only to the
wealth of the State, but baild up upon our western
borders a grocery market superior to any in the State.
The section of oountry through whioh the Colum
bus and Hamilton Road passes, is unsurpassed in many
respects by any other portion of the State. The soil
is remarkably fertile, and the natural scenery, without
being grand, is picturesque and beautiful. It is inter
sected by the Piue Mountain—an elevated Ridge which
rises several hundred feet above the surrounding coun
try, and runs in a North-western direction from the
Flint to the Chattahooohee Rivers, and is the natural
summer resort of the inhabitants of the immense tract
of low, level, and unhealthy plain which stretohci from
its base to the Gulf of Mexioo. This mountain abounds
in mineral waters of every quality and of remarkable
curative properties. Tbe most celebrated of these
Springs are the White Sulphur, the Warm and tbe
Chalybeate. They are in the bands of enterprising
citizens and are now the resort of hundreds of visitors
every summer. With Railroad facilities to get to them,
it is impossible to estimate their value to the people of
Georgia. It is the opinion of gentlemen familiar with
the most celebrated watering places in the world, that
none of them are superior to those of Merriwether
But while the Pine Mountain adds so muoh to the
beauty and healthfulness of the country it intersects, it
oflers an iusuperabfo obstacle to the oornpletiou of the
Columbus and Hamilton Railroad by private enterprise.
If the policy of granting State aid to Railroads is adop
ted ; ke himself was opposed to it; but if it was adop
ted, the section of country whioh he in part had the
honor to represent, presented as strong claims as any
other in the State. Middle and Western Georgia had
borne the burthen of taxation which was imposed to de
velops the resources of other sections of the State, but
had never received, and up to this time, had never ask*
ed one dollar to build her own liues of railways j uor
would she ask for it now, if Providence had not inter
posed a rocky barrier in the way of one of her most
important routes. The people of Western Georgia are
competent to build the Road to the foot of the Moun
tain—all that they ask is for State aid to out through
The Address oi’ Professor Jfnrtin.
On Saturday afternoon, the Bth inst., Professor Martin,
of the Lunatic College, Griffin, Ga., addressed a meeting,
composed of Executive officers, members of the Logisla*
ture, and others, who still fill the lobbies of the Legisla
ture, upon the subject of Agricuitural Education. His ad
dress was listened to with patient attention, and was receiv
ed with favor by his audience. He holds that existing edu
cational establishments do not meet the wants of the age;
that they are not competent to instruct the youth of Geor
gia in the great pursuit of agriculture, in which most of
them will be engaged, aud cannot be reformed so as to meet
this pressiug want of the age. He therefore proposes to
establish, with State aid, an Agricultural College, the ob
jeet of which will be to train our youth up in a scientific
practical knowledge of agriculture, while at the same time
ample instruction will be given in the usual studies pursued
in Literary establishments.
The zeal of Professor Martin is worthy of ail praise, and
hia design is a most noble one ; but whether it is better to
add to the Terrell foundation, or raise up another opposiug
instituiion, we are not so dear. We decidedly incline to
the opinion, that the best interests of the State will be pro
moted by concentrating all our separate establishments at
Athens, and thus make Frankliu College what it was de
signed to be—the University of Georgia.
The Govetuox’s JL.evec.
On Thursday last, 6th iust., the Governor opened
the doors ot the Executive Mansion to the great world.
The spacious Halls were crowded with tbe intellect,
beauty aud fashion of the State. It was a delightful
ro-uuiou. Masic and dance lent their charm to the oc
The honors of the parlor were done with accustomed
grace by his Excellency aud his accomplished lady aud
daughter. It would gratify your correspondent to point
out acme of the most lovely ot the daughters of Geor
gia who graced the assembly, out were he to do this,
your would not hold ‘‘the things that ought to be
The Mtvunuah Journal.
The Savannah I>ai!y Journal has put * n anew and
hands me dress, is sightly enlarged, and has modified
its uauie, all iuuicawug mat our ooutempmary is pross
The Georgia Telegraph has passed into the hands
of Joseph Clisby. P. Traoy, Esq., tho retiring Editor,
takes leave of his friends in a bold and manly valedio
tory, and in doing ao, doubtless carries with him their
warmest wishes for his success and happiness. Few
young men in our State have been more efficient in their
labors for the success of Demooratio measures and the
rights of tho South. We extend to him a hearty God
speed in bis retirement, and confidently aDtioipate for
him that high professional and publio position which his
ability and courage so eminently foreshadow.
Washington, Dec. 7.
In the Senate, Mr. Weller gave notioe that ho would
introduce a bill providing for the construction of a rail
way and telegraph to the Pacific.
In the House, six ballots were had for Speaker. Af
ter the second ballot, Campbell withdrew. On the last
ballot, Richardson received 73, Banks 49, Fuller 28,
There is no prospeot of an election unless the Northern
and Southern Americans unite.
Washington, Dec. 8.
Proceedings in the Senate to-day were unimportant.
In the House there were six ballots for Speaker.—
The lest stood as follows : Richardson 73 ; Banks 100 j
A meeting of the Anti-Nebraska members is to bo
held to-night to consult on measures to guide their
eourse during the election Monday.
Robbery in Washington.
Washington, Deo. 2. — The new Secretary of the Rus.
sian Legation was robbed yesterday of SI,BOO in Holland
Private Secretary to the Governor. —The Mobile
Register says: “John D. Catlin, Jr., Esq., of Wilcox
county, has been appointed to the post of Private Score
tary to bis Excellency, Gov. Winston. It is a merited
The Mississippi closed at St. Paul. —At St.
Paul, Minnesota, the Mississippi was considered dosed
on the 22d of November, the mercury having fallen 10
degrees above zero.
O” The deficit in tho Post Office Department for
the present year will be about two millions and a half
of dollars, or some three quarters of a million more
than last year. There has been added during the
year some 3,700 miles of Road service to the operations
of the Department.
Judge of the Supreme Court. —Ex-Chancellor A.
J. Walker, ofTafiadega, was yesterday elected, by the
Legislature, to the Supreme Court Bench, to fill the
vacancy occasioned by the resignation of the Hon. W.
P. Chilton. lie bad no opposition. This selection will
give almost, if not entire, satisfaction. His qualifica
tions as a lawyer are undisputed and indisputable ; and
as a gentleman, in all the relations of life, he is es
teemed by all who know him. — Advertiser cj- Gazette ,
Georgia is nearly ohequered by Railroads, and yet
she Btands before the world with a debt of only two
millions six hundred and forty-four thousand, two hun
dred and twenty-two dollars against her on the balance
sheet. No other State in the Union oau point to the
sams amount of works of internal improvement, and
at the same time show so small an indebtedness.
Mobile Ohio Railroad. —We learn from tbe Mo*
bile Register, of the 30th ult., says tho Columbus
(Miss.) Eagle, that the oars would run to the Lauder
dale Springs on the sth inst., 153 miles from Mobile.—
These Springs are about 40 miles below Maeou, and
the latter place is 30 miles below Columbus ; bo it will
be seen, that over two-thirds of the distance between
our city and Mobile has been overcome, and it only
remaius to finish the other third, to place us in connec
tion by Railroad with the seaboard.
Help for Kansas.
The Rome Southerner publishes, in its last issue, a
communication from Capt. Charles A. Hamilton, of
Adairsville, Ga., aud well known throughout tho State
as a man of enterprise and high moral worth, on the sub
ject of colonizing Kansas with emigrants from the South.
Under auy circumstances interesting, it becomes doubly
so at tbe present time, when the friouda of the South,
Bettled in the Territory, are so loudly calling for aid. —
Capt. Hamilton'B proposition is, to remove to Kansas
himself, with his family and a part of his servants, and
100 Emigrants from Georgia, provided $25,000 will be
contributed to the objeot by the oitiz-ms of the State
which will be about $230 to each member of the Emi
This proposition of Capt. Hamilton, we conceive emi
nently worthy of encouragement. His well known
character is ample security for the faithful execution of
his trust, and the causa in whioh he has enlisted, has the
sympathy of every friend of the South. Individuals
wishing to contribute material aid, can address him at
Adairsvill®.— Sav. Georgian.
Latest from Kansas-
St. Louis, Deo. 4.
Accounts received here from Kansas, state that an
officer of the Free State organization bad been captured
at Atehison, with written orders upon his person for the
burning of the town —through revenge for the murder
of MoLaughlin. As most of the male oitizens of the
plooe had gone to Leoompton, at the request of Governor
Shannon, a request was sent to Weston, Mo., for assis
tance, and a party left there for Atchison last night.
St. Louis, Deo. 4.
A despatch from JeffersoD says (here will be no elec
tion of a United States Senator this session.
The Know Nothing ticket for Mayor and Aldermen
was elected in Macon, on Saturday laßt, by nbout one
The first shad of the season was caught in Savannah
river, on the 7th, aud was sold for forljKfive dollars and j
served up in South Carolina.
The largest cargo ever carried to New Oder ns on a
steamboat, arrived there last Sunday, on b>a and o: the
John Si moods. She had 5347 bales of cotton and 1500
nags of wheat.
JT The Alabama annual Conference of the Meth
odist Church convened at Eu.aw, on the sth inst„
Bishop Paine presiding. An unusual amount of busi.
uess is before tha Conference ; and there is an unusual
ly large Dumber of min sters ia attendance, most of
whom arc young men.
Milledgeville, Dec. 8.
The Senate met at 10 o'clock A. M., President Bailey in
the Chair. The journal ol’yesterday was read and appro
The bill to incorporate the Canton Miuing Company, was
The unfinished business of yesterday, being the bill to
give State aid to tho Brunswick aud Florida Rail Road,
was taken up. *
Cone, of Greene, made an unsuccessful effort to amend
tko bill, by requiring that, before State aid should be given,
there should be four millions of stock taken by solvent cit
izens of Georgia; that the President and Diiectois of the
company shall be also resident citizens; that 20 miles of
the Road should be completed and in running order; and
that the property of the Stockholders should be pledged to
the redemption of the bonds issued by the State. This
amendment was supported by Cone, of Greene, and Buch
anan, of Coweta, and opposed by Calhoun, of Fulton, and
Hardeman, of Bibb. It was lost by a very small majority.
Hardeman, of Bibb, succeeded in canying through an
amendment, m&k : ug the private property of the stockhold
er liable for the redemption of the bonds issued by the
State. Other amendments of mmor importance, were
propo. xl and adopted.
Baxter, of Hancock, moved to amend by adding an ad
ditional t setionto the bill providing tor a submission of the
question of State aid, to the people at the next general elec
tion, which was lost, by yeas 37, nays 46. Tho reading of
the bill having been gone through with, the bill reported by
the committee on Internal Improvements, as amended, was
substituted for the original bill.
Without taking a final vote on tbe bill, the Senate ad
journed to 10 o’clock, Monday morning.
This is the great measure of the session. The indica
tions at present, are decidedly in favor of its passage. If
the State is secured against ultimate loss, we incline to be
lieve the people will sanction this great measure of justice
to Southern Georgia. The aid propos’ and will secure the
spe ?dy completion of two groat lmes of Rail Road through
Southern Georgia, which will double tho cotton receipts of
Savannah, and add untold millions to the wealth of Geor
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Milledgeville, Dec. 8.
Tho Ilou&e met at SI o’clock A. M., Milledge,of Rich*
mond, in the Chair.
On motion of Phillips, of Habersham, a committee con
sisting of Phillips, of Habersham, Smith, of Union, and
Johnson, of Ca?*, was appointed to examine and report up
on the feasibility of removing the Penitentiary to Stone
Mountain or some other location up the country.
Harrell, of Pulaski: A bill providing, that hereafter elec
tion shall be held at each of the Justices Court Houses in
Harris, of Dougherty: A bill to add a portion of Worth
to the county of Dougherty.
Paflord, of Coffee: A bill to change the line between
the counties of Coflae and Appling.
Wiggins, of Marion: A bill to allow as much as 10 per
coot, interest on bonds and notes to be collected, when the
amount of interest charged is expressed in the contract.
Myers, of Hart: A bill to reduce tbe bonds of the sheriffs
of Halt county, to $5,000.
Rozier, of Burke: A bill prohibiting Rail Road compa
nies from charging passengers a higher rate of fare per mile,
for short than for greater distances.
Murphy, of Monroe: A bill to compensate certain teach
era of poor children.
Williams, of Bibb: A bill for the relief of A. P. Powers.
Terhune, of Floyd: A memorial from citizens of Floyd
county, in relation to an appropriation to clean out Coosa
Johnson, of Caes, from the committee on the Asylum
ior the Deaf and Dumb, reported a bill, making an appro
priation ol $8,600 for tho benefit of the Asylum.
Fhinizy, ol Oglethorpe : A bill to tax Banking compa
nies at the same rate a3 other persons.
Lawton, of Chatham : A bill to incorporate the Ameri
can Mining Cos., to he located in Cherokee County ; Also,
A bill to altei the charter of tho Bank of Savannah.
Aliiledge, of Richmond: A bill to incorporate the Au
gusta Savings Bank ; stockholders limited to fifteen ; capi
tal stock $30,003 with the privilege of increasing it to SICO,-
Wood, of tannin : A bill to change the organization of
the Inferior Courts, The bill proposes to have one Judge
in place of five, aud to pay him a salary of $250 per annum.
Walton, ol Stewart: A bill providing for a revision of
Jury boxes, when they are destroyed by fire or other causes.
A communication was received from tno Governor,-sub
mitting plans for the enlargement of the capital, and ask
ing for an appropriation of $97,813 89, for that purpose.
The lithographic plans exhibited by the Governor of the
renovated capitol, present a charming picture, at which the
members took as much pleasure in looking at aschildren ;
and a motion was actually made, but lost, to suspend busi
ness for the purpose of allowing them opportunity to in
BILLS PASSED AND LOST.
Davis, of Polk, moved to take up the biil, lost but recon
sidered, to form anew county out of parts of Polk and
Carroll counties. The motion prevailed, and some time
consumed in the consideration es the bill. The repoit Os
committee was agreed to, and upon a call of the yoas aod
nays, the bill was passed by a vote ®f yea 9 68, nays 50.
On motion of Terhune, ol Floyd, ihe bill to amend the
act of incorporation of th© city of Rome, was taken up
’I he bill to organize anew county out of parts of Hous
ton, Crawford aud Macon counties, was lost.
The Judiciary committee reported against the bill to give
the Magistrates ol the city of Augusta, jurisdiction over
civil suits where the amount in controversy does not exceed
SSO. Milledge, of Richmond, advocated the bill with
much enthusiasm. He had received a number of letters
from Attorneys against the bill. He did not come here to
represent that class of community, but the whole people.
His constituents were very anxious for the passage of the
bill, and as it was local in its character, he hoped the House
would pass it.
Haynie, of Floyd, would be willing for th.B bill, if I
it would not interfere with constitutional provisions.
Lawton, of Chatham, did not believe there was any con-
! siitutional objection to the bill. The committee reported
| against the hill simply because it was lo6al in its character
and interfered with the general system in the State.
Harris, of Meriwether, moved to amend, by extending
the provisions of the act to Meriwether county. With
Thornton of Muscogee,moved to refer the bill and amend
ments back *o the judiciary committee, with instructions
to report a bill abolishing t!i>* civil jurisdiction of Justices
ot the Peace, and compelling parties litigant, when tho
amount in controversy i3 under S3J, to refer the matter to
Crook,of Chattooga,was opposed to local legislation,
bat so long as the policy of local legislation was pursued,
he .'was unwilling to make Augusta an exception.
Thornton, of Muscogee, was opposed to magistrate’s
court. It was one of the old institutions of England
which had long ago been abolished there. It was difficult
to get good men to serve as Justices. Constables’ bonds
were generally worthless. The Court was au unnecessary
tax upon the people. Small suits ought to be settled by
arbitrators, without costs.
The bill finally passed without amendments.
The bill to amend the acts relating to the Savannah,
Albany and Guif Railroad Cos., so as to allow that Com
pany to cross the track* of the Brunswick Railroad
at any point they may select west of the .Mtamaha, was
The bill to allow practicing attorneys to hold the office
of Justice of th? Peace in the county of Troup, and to
give them jurisdiction over all civil suits when the ’amount
in controversy does not exceed SSO, was taken up. Ter
hune, of Floyd, moved to strike out the eection increasing
jurisdiction. Lost. The bill was passed.
Tho bill to give to tinners, gas-fitters and plumbers, the
same lien on buildings on which they work, as is now giv
en to masons and carpenters, was reported against by the
judiciary committee and lost.
Tho biil to facilitate appeals to the Supremo Court was
The bill to pay Hardy Smith of the county of Laurens
S3OO for fees paid in tho prosecution of a thief who stole
money belonging to the State, was lost.
The joint committee of the two houses made a very able
report upon the Lunatic Asylum, in which they commend,
in very gratifying teims of eulogy, the management of the
charity by Dr. Green, and introduced a bill appropriating
$50,000 for 1856, and $50,000 for 1857, for the completion
of the noble buildings now in process of construction.
Milledgeville, Dec. 10.
The Senate met at 10 o’clock A. M.
After thejournal of Saturday wasread,Dimnegan,'ol Hall,
moved to reconsider the action of the Senate on Saturday,
rejecting the amendment of Baxter, of Hancock, referring
to the people, the subject of State aid to the Brunswick Rail
The motion to reconsider was supported by Dunnegan,
of Hall, Spalding of Mclntosh, Landrum, of Oglethorpe,
Wellborn, of Whitfield, Baxter, of Hancock, and was op
posed by McMillan, of Habersham, Peebles of Clarke,and
Hardeman, of Bibb, and lost, by yeas 42, nays 51.
The rules were suspended, on motion of Gibson of Pike,
and tho bill taken up, altering the time and reducing the
number of places of holding the Supreme Court. With
out taking any definite action on the bill, the Senate ad
journed to 3 o’clock, P. M.
The Senate resumed tho consideration of the Supreme
Court bill. The bill provides lor holding the Court at five
places, to-wit., Savannah, Macon, Atlanta, Athens and
Milledgeville. It was opposed by Swinney of Kinchafoo
na, and Murphy, of DeKalb, and supported by Cone, of
Greene. The bill passed by yeas 59, nays 34.
The Senate resumed the consideration of tho bill to give
State aid to the Brunswick, Florida and Albany branch
After some discussion, the bill was passed by yeas 50,
The passage of the bill was hailed by applause. Look
out for a reconsideration to-morrow.
As this is a most important bill, it may not be improper
to give a orief synopsis of its more important leatures.
Tho Governor is authorised to issue bonds of the State
to the President of said Road, at the rate of $6,000 per
mile lor every ten miles of Road completed and put m ruu
ning order, not exceeding $1,000,000, bearing 6 per cent
interest, and payable in 20 years lrom date ol issuance of
the same, provided,
Ist. That subscriptions are made by solvent citizens or
corporations equal in amount to the bonds issued by the
2d. That the President and Directors of the company
are citizens of Georgia.
3d. That 20 miles of said Road are first completed and
put in running order, with freight and passenger cars, and
iron weighing 50 pounds per yard.
4th. That there is no prior liens of any kind on the Road.
sth. That the names of stockholders, amounts subscrib
ed and paid by each are filed in the Comptroller General’s
office. No transfer of stock releases the lien of the State
until after 12 months.
6. Property of stockholders liable in proportion to rtock.
7. Company to pay all expenses o issuing bonds, pro
vide for the payment of interest; if not met, execution -to
ue against company, and if no property be lound then
against the property of stockholders.
8. The same aid is given to the Savannuli, Albany and
Gulf Rail Road, and upon the foregoing conditions.
After this very important measure was disposed of, the
Senate adjourned to 10 o’clock to-morrow morning.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Milledgeville, Dec. 10.
The House met at 10 o’clock A. M.
The Speaker, Stiles, of Chatham, alter an absence ol a
week from indisposition, resumed his seat. The journal
was read and approved.
Dozier, of Clay: A bill to compel tax payers to give in
the uumbers and districts of land to tax receivers.
King of Fayette : A bill to authorise ordinaaeera to issue
executions for cost against admini. .rators, executors and
guardians, who are in delimit in making their annual re
Milledge, of Richmond: A bill to amend the act in
corporating the Columbia Mining Company, so as to allow
them to hold meetings in Augusta.
Cottle, of Sumter: A bill lor the relief of certain con
tractois, to furnish woodwork for the Lunatic Asylum.
Tho woodwork was ready for delivery and accidentally
destroyed by fire. The loss is estimated at $1,300.
Haynie, of Floyd: A bill authorizing the Governor to
make a contract for the copying of books in the Executive
office, which are in bad order, and to draw his warrant for
$4,000 to meet the expenses of the same.
Several local bills and unimportant resolutions were in
The general appropriation bill for the years 1856 and
1857, as reported bv Phillips, of Habersham, Chairman of
the committee on Finance, was passed, it is characterized
by the wisdom, liberality and just economy which mark all
the legislative acts or the just and good man who has so
long and faithfully served bis country on this very impor
The Senate’s bill, which had already passed the Legisla
ture once, amending the first section of the third article of
the Constitution by striking out the words “being a seaport
town or port of ent.y.” These words prevented tho estab
lishment ol criminal Courts iu towns and cities in the up
country. It is hoped that this amendment of the Constitu
tion, will be followed by the establishment of a criminal
Court in Atlanta, Macon, Columbus and Augusta. The
pressure upon the Superior Courts of these cities is so gieat
as to amount in many cases to a repeal of the criminal laws.
The biil to change the time of holding the Superior
and Inferior Courts of Jbloya eouuty.
The bill to amend the 11th section of the Judiciary act,
o as to allow suits to be brought against joint contractors
who Jive in different counties m either county the plaintiff
may choose, and to issue branch processes to the other de
Tne bill for the relief of Wakefield & Cos., of Clay co.
from excessive tax paid by them.
The bill to allow Attorneys at law to act as Justices of
•he Peace iu Troup county, and to increase their jurisdic
tion in civil ca-es to §SO, was amended, on motion of Har
ris, of Meriwether, *o as to extend its provisions to all the
counties in the State, and passed, by a vote of yeas 84, nays
The bill was advocated by Wood, of Fannin, Ward, of
Butts, Harris, of Meriwether, Harris of Fulton, and Hiil, of
Troup, and opposed by Messrs. Thornton and Jones, of
Muscogee, Johiisou, ol Cass, Turhuue ot Fioyd, and Crook,
The bill io appropriate 814 58, for relief of Robert Mc-
Intyre, of the county of Chatham, for excessive taxes paid
The bill to compel itinerant traders to take out licenses
in each county m which they peddle, and to pay §SO for
The bill to appropriate $*2,000, or so much as may be
necessary to construct a road over the mountains, so as to
connect iie Cato.ua Valley with Rome, was under con -
sun-ration, when the Hou-.e adjourned to 9 o’clock 10-rnor
, A Large Eagle.
TV*. 11. Owens, Esq., on Monday last, sent to our offioo
a Gray Eagle, measuring seven eet and one inch from
tip to tip of its wings when spread. This monster of
birds,wr<s killed by Mr. Owens, about four miles frurn this
place.— Albany Patriot.
The Washington Union —This able Democratic
jourual will hereafter be conducted by A. O. P. Nichol
son and J. TV. Forney. These genilemeu are well
and favorably known as efficient and talented champi
ons in the cause of Democracy, and will do noble ser
vice in the approaching campaign.
0“ The Louisville Journal eoncludes an article of
two and a half columns on tho subject of slavery as
“But what will be the condition of the South if slaver
ry be wiped from the Republic ? They are stripped of
3,000,000 of slaves, worth S6OO each, and their planta
tions must be laid waste. The black race in the South
will outnumber the white, the North will cut receive
them, and the South cannot support them as freemen ;
the white man is ruined in the South, and the black man
who displaces him relapses into barbarism.”
Fire in New York.
New York, Dec. 7.
A fire occurred here last night, which partially destroyed
the building occupied by Messrs. Nevitt, Lathrop & Rogers,
of Savannah, and Bancroft, Betts and Marshall, of Char
leston. Three hundred bales of Cotton, which had just
been discharged from the Black Warrior, were burnt.
Business of the Central Bail Road-
The receipts of cotton in Savannah by the Central Rail-
Road for tho year ending on the 30th of November, amount
ed to 290,000 bales, and the gross earnings of the Road du
ring the same poriod were 5i,428,000.
During the present week, large quantities of hogs have
passed through this city, en route to our more Southern
markets. We have never seen finer hogs than are being
shipped this year, brought from any country. We under
stand that they are very scarce in Tennessee this season,
and the most of the shipments made are from Kentucky.
Those who profess to know, say that the number of hogs
is far short of what it was last year, but the snperiority in
size will make up for the delicieucy in number. — Dalton
Expositor, Dec. 5.
Fencing Railroads. —This subject is engaging the atten
tion of Railroad Companies in various sections of the coun
try. Tho Georgia Railroad Company, some months ago,
adopted a resolution to fence in tho entire line of their road
from Augusta to Atlanta, and the work has made consider
able progress at tho lower end ol the line.
A correspondent of the Washington Union, who sub
scribes himself “An Old Whig,” says:
Let not the Whigs be humbled because their party has
been swallowed. The whale swallowed Jonah ; Jonah
was heard of afterwards, the whale never.
Every-Day Facts in Science. —ls a tallow candle he
placed in a gun, and shot at a door, it will go through with
out sustaining any injury ; and if a musket ball be fired in
to water, it will not only rebound, but be tiatlened, as if fired
against a hard substance. A musket ball may be fired
through a pane of glass,making the hole the size of the
ball, without cracking the glass ; if the glass lie suspended
by a thread, it will make no difference, and the thread
will not oven vibrate. In the Arctic regions, when the
thermometer is below zero, persons can converse more
than a mile distant. Dr. Jamieson asserts that he heard
every word ol a sermon at the distance of two miles.
Early Alabama.— By the favor of C. M. Godbold,
Esq , says the Mobile Tribune, we have had an opportunL
ty ol seeing one ol the firct specimens of printing in Ala
bama. It is entitled “Journal ol the Legislative Council
of the Alabama Territory, at the First Session of the First
General Assembly, m the Forty-third Year of American
Independence. St. Stephens: Printed by Thomas Eastin,
Printer to the Alabama Territory, 1818.” William W.
Bibb was Governor; Gabriel Moore. Speaker ol the House;
and James Titus, President of the Legislative Council. —
The Message of the Governor is one of” the most elegant
ly written papers of the sou that wo liavo ever read. It
exhibits veiy high culture.
The Assembly nominated the following gentlemen for
recommendation to the President tor appointment as mem
bers ol the legislative council: George Philips, Joseph How
ard, Matthew Wilson, Joseph P. Kennedy, John Gayle,
and R. Ail of these gentlemen, we believe, are
dead, says the Tribune, except our distinguished towns
man, John Gayle, who was afterwards Governor, when
the Territory had become a flourishing State.
In the beginning, St. Stephens was the chief town, and
we see that steps were taken by the first council to estab
lish a Bank there, and also an Academy, lor whose bene
fit a Lottery was authorized. There was also an act pas
sed to establish a bank at Huntsville.
‘I lie pamphlet is a rude specimen of printing, in the o’ ♦
lorm ot type that had been in vogue a couple ol centuries.
it requires only a glance at this interesting little volume,
to see what immense advances Alabama has made since*
1818—a period which many of our ciiizens recollect dis
tinctly. 11 it had not been lor the pernicious banking sys
tem that was subsequently fastened on the commonwealth,
doubtless the difference between the two eras would have
been much more marked.
The Merry Heart.
’Tis well to have a merry heart,
However short we stay ;
There’s wisdom in a merry heart,
Whate’er the world may say.
Philosophy may lift its head
And find out many a flaw,
But give me the philosopher
That’s happy with a straw.
II life but brings us happiness,
it brings us, we are told,
Wnat s hard to buy, tho’ rich ones try
With ail their heaps ol gold ;
Then laugh away, let others say
Whate’er they will of mirth :
Who laughs the most may truly boast
He’s got the wealth oi earth.
There’s beauty in the merry heart,
A moral beauty, too ;
It shows the heart’s an honest heart,
Thai’s paid each man his due ;
And lent a share of what’s to spare,
Despite of wisdom K s iears, * *
And makes the cheek less sorrow speak,
The eye weep fewer tears, <
The sun may shroud itself in cloud,
The tempest wrath begin ;
It finds a spark to cheer the dark,
t Its sunlight is within ;
Then laugh away, let others say
Whate’er they will of mirth ;
*Who laughs the most may truly boast
He’s got the wealth of earth.
OmTTON STATEMENTS. i
=r & i tt i< 2 S jS K- ® £ l--~ -M* M
rr j & : 5.0 po -c - or ’
eex ir 0 | a a . 2.°- 2L&. £ this
Doc. 9, j— u r ? :■ : d“y
-r*ss - ‘i 2 '"! 3462 27624 3108(3 147 c! J 2462; 13900 !'J32I
Dec. 8, 1 | : and
1 521 6370 5561 <- 61 98~ j 1 777 13 1271 ■ j 33* >5T 318-13 1
Columbus, Dee. 11. I
COTTON I here has been ago demand and every a
thing that is offered is readily taken. Middlings 7§ to ■
tS’.rict Middlings 7|, Good Middlings 8 to Si t ents. ra
Savannah, Doc. 10. j]
COTI ON.—Sales Saturday G2ff bales ot 81 to 10*1 II
Ceuis. 3 j
New York, Dec. 8. J
is firm. Saie-t 1,500 Pales. 1 .our is tiro*
Oaio s‘j 25. Wheat is quiet and unchanged. Corn %
firm at sl. -
New Orleans, D.c. 7.
Sales of cotton to and y 15,000 biles, with a .lee’ V
se. mostly ort.iower gr tilts. Middling hi to ■-£. 9
the week 55 00 > bait *. Week’s tec.-ipu- id-,.-, tV, ) r V' :
54,.>00 same w.vk l;.st ver. The iuotea-je r
dal - amount to 52*20,000 iw,. a. kuu hunt* ’gfe c