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The Georgia constitutionalist. (Augusta, Ga.) 1832-184?, March 26, 1833, Image 2

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: g^lvsrtTtiTl«XAMSr l ~ CS 1* P. C. GrVMEU* the eenu-weekly published every Tuesday and Friday morning, $5 per annum and for the weekly 83, all payable in “ dvanC *- - ADVERTISEMENTS ore inserted vveekly for 82. per *m^****?**f*- grat, and 4:1 3-4 cents for eacl. subsequent «W, and montWs-fe, 8 1, 00 per n«er„on. For yearly advertisements prirate arranpen,. ms .re to be made. A deduction is ttdv.rtueu ments of public office rs. OT Postage most be paid cm 'Z- ~ | ■ / JSy Authority. IXXTS OF THE UNITED STATES PASSED AT THE SECOND SESSION OF THE 22(1 CONGRESS. [Public, No. 18 ] AN ACT to thy t*t* of the 14th of July, cne thousand eight hundred and thirty.l Wo, and all otner acts imposing duties on import. • Be it enacted htj [fie Senate and’- House of Represen. tatires of the UnilMM**of A tuetjea in Congress as semb'ed, That, from and alt»r tlte thirty-first day ot De cember, one thousand eight hutidVCd and thirty-three, in all cases where duGos-iiru imposed on foreign imports by the act of the -fourteenth .day of July, ope thousand emht hundred eh tit led “An act to alter and amend the several acts imposingduties on imports, or by any other act, shall exceed twenty per centum on the value thereof, one tenth part ot such excess shall be deducted ; from and after tire thirtby-first day ot De cember, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-five, an other tenth part thereof shall be deducted; Irom and after the thirty-fit# .day. of December, one thousand cirrht hundred-aiid ihtrty-seven, muMher tenth part there ofshall be deducted;from and alter the .thirty-first day of December, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine, another tenth part thereof shall be deducted ; and Iron, and alter the thirty r srst day--of December, one thousand eight hundred and forty-one, one'halt ot the residue ot such excess sdraH be-eknlucted; and from and alter the the thirtieth day ol Junfc, *-*onc thousand hundred and forty-two, the other.'half thereof shall be de • ducted. ,w. , v. . , , , Sec. 2. Ami-bcdl further enacted, That so much o( the second section of the act of the fourteenth of July aforesaid, as lixWth-e rale of duty on all nulled and full cd cloth, kno>vn by thq name of plains, kerseys, or ken. dal cottons, of which wool is the only material, the value whereof docs not exceed thirty-five cents a square yard, at five per cCntpm, ad valorem, shall be and the same is hereby, rep&fleftr* Whd -the said articles shall be sub ject to the sanjc duty of fifty per centum, as is provided by the said section for oilier manufactures o woo l; which duty shall be liable to the same deduction! as are prescribed -by the first section ol th.s act. Sec. 3. And he if further enacted, That, until the thirtieth day of June, ,thousand eight hundred ant forty. tw’o, the duyes imposed by existing laws, as modi fied by ibis act, shaft remain and continue to be collect ed. And from arid" lifter Hie 'day last aforesaid, all du ties upon shall* be collected in ready moneys and all credits now law, in the payment ol duties, apd arc abolished ; 'and such du -ties shall he laid for the purpose of raising such r eve nue as to an economical administra tion ol the government; and from and alter the day last aforesaid, tjie duties requin paid by law on goods, wares, and morcharVdi7.e[[sh;ill be assessed upon the value thereof at #h£ port# were the same shall be entered, under such regulations as may be prescribed by law. . Sec. 4. *Andbe it further enacted, That in addition to the articles now exempt by the act of the fourteenth of July, yifjit.kundred and thirty-two, and the existing laws, from the payment of duties, the fol lowing articles imported from and after the thirty-first day of December, one.thousand eight hundred and thir ty-threc, and until.4h§ Thirtieth day of June, one thou sand eighttWadrefl pnd fprty-two,-shall also (be) admit ted to entry, free from duty, to wit: bleached and un bleached linens, table linens,, linen napkins, and linen cambricks, and worsted stuff goods, shawls, and other manufactures oUalli.and.worsted, manufactures of silk, or of which silk the component material of chief value, coming from tIiUA-side of tire. Gape of Good Hope, except sewing silk. Bec. 5. And be it furl her enacted. That from and after the said thirtieth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and forty-two, the following articles shall be ad. mitted to entry, free from duty, to wit: indigo, quick silver, sulphur, crude saltpetre,' grind-stones, refined bo rax, emory, opium, tin in plates and sheets, gum Arabic, gum Senegal, lac dye, madder, madder root, nuts and berries dying, .saffron.- tumeric, woad or pastel, aloes, andqqr-gruii Burgundy pitch, cochineal, camomile flowers, coriander seed, .catsup, chalk, coculus indicus, hom plates for lanterns, ox horns and tips, India rubber, ivory, juifiper berries, musk, nuts of ail kinds, oil of juniper, unmanufactured rattans and reeds, tortoise shell, tin fail, shellac, vegetables used used principally in dying and composing dyes, weld, and all articles employed chiefly tor dying, except allum, co.p peras, Inch ornate, of potash, prussiate of potash, chro mate of potash,* and hitfate of lead, aqua fortis, and tartaric acids. Aiql all imports on which the first section ot this act may operate, and all articles now admitted ; to entry from duty, or paying a less rate of duty than twenty per centtim ad valorem, before the said thirtieth day of June, one-thousand eight hundred and forty-two, from and after that day may be admitted to entry subject to such duty, twenty per centum advalo. rem, as shall be provided for by law. Sec. (3. And be it further enacted , That so much of the act of the fourteenth day of July,one thousand eight hundred.apd Ah jrty-tvvo, or of any other act as is incon. sistent (hi§ pet,' shall be, and the same is hereby, repealed': Provided* That nothing herein contained shall be so construed as' to prevent the passage, prior or subsequent to the said thirtieth day of June, one thou sand eight hundred and forty-two, of any act or acts, from time to time, that maybe necessary to detect, pre vent, or punish evasions of the duties on imports impos. ed bylaw, nor to prevent the-passage of any act, prior to the thir^edj)(dby : of June, one thousand eight hunderd and fortvMiw/in the- contingency either of excess or deficiency of revenue, altering the rates of duties on ar ticles which, by the aforesaid act of fourteenth day of Ju ly, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two, are sub joct to a. less rate of duty'than twenty per centum ad va. lorcm. i*t.£«uh.manner as nutto exceed that rate, and so as to adjust ths revenue -to either of the said contingen cies. .;• t A. STEVENSON, Sjimkcr of the House of Representatives. tiU. L. WHITE, ~. President of the Senate pro tempore. Approved* .March 2d, 1533. ; AN DREW JACKSON. I** * ' [Public, No. 19.] AN ACT making appropriation: for the Indian Depart, nierjt. JoV the year one thousand eight hundred and thnf)--tfirce._ Be enacted hy the Senate and House of Re present a tires rs Ae Vnited Slates of America in Congress as. semhlefc'ffni} the following sums be, and they are here by appropriated to be paid out of any money in the Treasu ry nos otherwise appropriated, lor the Indian Depart ment for tlic year one thousand eight hundred and thirty, ty-three, viz.. # For the* salary of the commissioner of Indian affairs, three thousand dollars. For the pay of the supcrinfe'ndent of Indian affairs at St. LogjSj qnd the several Indian agents, as established by 1 aty,’ t wjipfffsi xmotisand dollars. Fot| he pay" of sub-agents, a? established by law, seven, teen tliousand dbllars. Fo}: jirpjents to. Indians, as authorizea by the act of one t[jou£juil eight hundred and two, fittecn thousand dollawj ,•"][*.*- of Indian interpreters and translators em. ployed in the Several spperintendencies and agencies, twenty -IlnTbsand dollars. For.fhe.pny of gunsmiths, and their assistants, employ, ed within 'Several superintendencies and agencies, undwr treaty provisions, and the orders of the War De partment; si»teen thousand dollars. For iron,-Steel, coal, and other expenses, attending the gunsmiths’ gqd blacksmiths’ shops ;' five thousand dol lars. For expenses of transportation and distribution of In dian annuities, nine thousand five hundred dollars. Tor expenses of provisions for Indians at the distri •wioa of xanuitias, while on visits of business with the ■ different superintendents and agents, arid when assem bled on public business, eleven thougihd' eight hundred dollars. _ For expense of building houses fbr ‘lndian agents, blacksmiths’ shops, and for repaifs of the same, when required, in the several agencies, two thousand dollars. . For contingencies of the Indian Department, twenty thousand dollars. For supplying the deficiency in the appropriation for the compensation of Commissioners, and other expenses --attending the adjustment of boundaries under the Treaty 'of Butte drs Morts, contained in the act of twentieth May* one’thousand eight hundred and thiVty, making appropriations to carry into effect the said'treaty, five hundred and fourteen dollars and sixty two cents. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted. That the following sums being unexpended balances of former appropria tions, be, and the same are hereby re-appropriated to the several objects of the original appropriation, respectively, to be paid out of any money ’Vn'the ! Treasury not otherwise appropriated, viz: for 'the exchange of land with the Indians, and for thdr fe rrtoval west of the Mississippi, by act of twenty eighth May, one thousand eight hundred and tf-irty, two hundred and eighty dollars and six cents. For defraying the expenses of an expecition fitted out, consisting of the Militia of'Georgia and Florida, for the suppression of the aggressions of the In dians on their frontiers, three thousand eight hun dred and thirty-nine dollars and eighty six certs. For carrying into effect the Treaty with the Win nebagoes, by act of twenty fifth March, one thou * sand eight hundred and thirty, the following sums, viz; For payment of ‘Clrrirffs provided for br fourth Sr. tide, one hundred and fifty-eight dollars andseventy-two , cents. For expense of surveying the boundaries, nine hun dred and forty five dollars and forty-six cents For carrying into effect the treaty of twcnty.nihih July, ope thousand eight hundred and twenty-nmc, with the Chippeways. Otto Ways, and Potfawatamies, by act . of twenty fifth March, one thousand eight hundred and thiity, for the expense of surveying the boundaries, six j hundred and seventeen dollars and ten cents. For carrying into effect 1 a treaty with the Choctaw In \ dians of.eleventh October, one thoustond eight hundred and twenty, by act of second Mrlrch/one thousand eight ] hundred anil twenty-seveo, the oalarice reappropriateu thirtieth April, one thousand hundred and thirty, sixteen thousand and three dollars and forty'-three cents. j For defraying the expenses Os holding a treaty with j the Cherokees for the purpose of eitmguishing their claim to as much land as will be necessary for a canal to j- connect the flighwassee and Canasaga with each other, by act of second March, one thousand eight hundred and ’ twentylseven, the balances reappropriated thirtieth April, one thousand eight hundred and'thirty, two thou sand four hundred and fifty-nine dollars and nineteen cents. 1 Approved. March 2, 1833. [Correspondence of the. Charleston Courier .] r SOUTH-CAROHNA CONVENTION. ' COLUMBIA, MARCH 18. The Convention met, pursuant to adjournment, and praver was offered by the Rev. Mr. Tradewell. e The committee on accounts reported that they had Cx [ amined the accounts of the Convention, together with the g pay roll of its members, and found them correct, in eve ( ry particular. Os the sum of ten thousand dollars, ap-, j preprinted by the Legislature for the use of fhs'Cdnven jC tion, eight thousand three hundred and eighty-five dol -18 lars and fifty three cents, had been disbursed, leaving a balance of-one'thousand'six hundred and fourteen dol c lars and forty-seven cents, to its credit. The commit j tee recommended the adoption of a resolution, author j izing the President to issue his warrants on the Treasu t'« ry for ten thousand dollars, if so much be necessary, j.. which was agreed to. The amendment of Mr. Barnwell,, to strike out the three last sections of the Ordinance, to nullify the bill , cf Mr. Wilkins, and prescribing the declaration and oath , of allegiance, being undct'considcration, Mr. J. L. Wil son moved the following amendment: j We further ordain, that every person who shall be , hereafter elected or appointed, or who has been hereto -8 fore elected or appointed, to any office, civil or military, within this State, (members of the Legislature alone ex ' ceptcd) be required to take the following oath of allegi ance : “I declare myself a citizen of the free and -sovereign ™ state of South Carolina; I declare that my allegiance is due to the said state, and hereby renounce and abjure all other allegiance incompatible therewith, and I will ,[ be true and faithful to the said Slat©, so long as I con tinue a citizen thereof; So help me God.” The officers heretofore elected and commissioned to ;] take the oath of allegiance in days from the ratifi. cation of this Ordinance, and in default thereof, the office ' of such person refusing or neglecting to take the same, to be vacated, as if such person were dead or had resigm r ed, and the office be filled up as the law directs; and alt J officers hereafter to be elected as aforesaid, to take the i said oath of allegiance, at such time, and in such man-- ’ ner as such other oath or oaths are now required to be j .taken by such officer, and in default of such officer tak- j ing the oath of allegiance aforesaid, the said office to be ■ vacant, and appointment be made thereto by the Govern, or for the unexpired term for which such officer was elected, except in the case of Judges before excepted. And be it further ordained, that each and every elect or who may hereafter offer to exercise the elective fran. chise, in addition to the oath or oaths of qualification now required, shall take the aforesaid oath of allegi ance, upon being required so to do by the managers of election, or any elector entitled to vote at the poll, when such voter presents his vote for acceptance, and upon his refusing to take the oath aforesaid, such person shall not be allowed to vote. Mr. C. J. Colcock rose, and after some explanatory remarks, in relation to his own opinion, as to the legality and constitutionality of the action of the Convention, on the business under consideration, which he did not doubt, observed that his only doubt was, to the time xchen the allegiance should be demanded; and as he did not understand gentlemen on the other side of the house, in regard exactly to some points stated, desired an expla natiom Mr, UNcale explained, briefly repeating some argu ments in relation to the bill of Mr. AVilkins, and stating the only cause of difference to be, the oath before the Convention, which, if dispensed with, he knew not why the two parties should not meet as friends, as the Tariff was adjusted. He believed the enforcing bill would be a dead letter. In the present posture of affairs, it could not be acted on. The President had too often fought the battles of the country, and defended its liberties, to be suspected of needlessly enforcing the bill. Mr. Perry then addressed the Convention, and urged the impolicy of introducing a new oath to the people; said it would act as fuel to the flame now enkindled; would not subserve the interests ot the State, but hazard the peace of a large portion of his fellow cit zcns. He had been highly gratified, on entering that body, to no tice the cordiality existing between the members who composed it; he should regret to return home, and bear with him the intelligence, which would be calculated to cause any further bitter feelings. He earnestly request ed the amendment would not be adopted. Mr. J. L. Wilson followed, in opposition, and sup. ported his amendment, in a very severe speech against the whole Union party; he repeated, with a view to ex citement, all the stale stories which have been hatched up against the Union party—such as commissions hav ing been sent them—and that their Brigadier General was well known in Charleston—that they had a military organization, which he believed better than that of his own party—and said, he had been told that, on Friday ■ last, a full regiment, ot 900 men, mustered in Chester district, and volunteered their services to the United States. If the oath brought civil war, let it come ; and his closing remark was indicative ot the tenor ot those i which preceded; for, said he, emphatically, “if this amendment is not sustained, or some one which will amount thereto, be passed, he would go away the most disappointed rruin in that Convention.” At this stage of the business, (12 o’clock) an excite ment seems to be gathering. Mr. R. M. Barnwell moved a recess until four o’clock, which passed almost unanimously, and the Convention accordingly adjourned. After recess, the Convention assembled, and Mr. i Wilson moved the yeas and nays, which were ordered. Mr. Johnson moved to lay the Ordinance and amendment 5 on the table, which were lost. The question recurring on Mr. Wilson’s amendment, the yeas and nays were ta ken, and are as follows—yeas 30 —nays 118. -Mr. Johnson now moved an amendment, which de - fined the allegiance, which the citizens of this State owe , thereto, but. left the form and manner of the oath to the Legislature, if it should choose to act thereon. This amendment proposed to strike out the three last sections of the Ordinance, in relation to the oath, and was intend > cd as a substitute; Mr. Barnwell’s motion was for striking out also, but did not offer any thing in lieu thereof. Mr. Colcock then offered an amendment, to leave the matter > to the Legislature, under the provisions of the Constitu - .tion; which, on being put by the President, was lost without a count. The question now was on the amendment of Mr. Johnson, ahd the yeas and nays being demanded, they were—yeas9o—nays 61, . Mr. 8. D. Miller moved now to strike out all, a'ter the word 11 thereof," on the 13th line, which, in effect, was - to destroy the amendment of Mr. Johnson, and a little j more of the Ordinance. A motion waa made to adjourn, but was loat. The yeas and nays were called for by Mr. Johnson, and the question being on Mr. S. D„'Miller’s amendment, they were—yeas 73—nays 79. The question now recurred on Mr. Johnson’s amend, ment, and on putting it to the Convention, it was carried. The Ordinance, as now amended, and the nullifying clauses therein, having been read by the President, the question was on the passage of the whole, when Mr. Turnbull moved to insert the words, “ commonly called the Force Bill ;” and Mr. Wilson moved, in addition, the words, “ Bloody Bill.” Mr. R. \V. Barnwell rose, and said, he trusted that Mr. Turnbull would withdraw his amendment, which was accordingly done, and the ques tion was on the passage of the Ordinance »s amended— the yeas and nays were ordered, and afc—yeas 132 nays 19— Mr. John L. Wilson voting in the negative. The Ordinance was then ordered for ehgrossment. The Report on Mr. Wilkins’ Bill was how called up, aftd Having been read, was adopted. v Phe President read a letter from the’llon. J. S. Rich ardson, resigning his seat in the Convention, which was ordered to lie on the table. Mr. Smith called up his resolution, for continuing the military preparations, &,c. and as Mr. Hamilton’s in re ference to the future action of the State, in certain e tents, had precedence, they braving, in that manner, been printed and ordered’; some debate ensued, and on r the question to consider, they were ordered to lie on the fable. 'Mr. Wilson, from the committee on Engrossment, re perted the Ordinance ns ready for ratification. The Pre- S sident and Clerk then signed it, in the presence of the Convention, and a crowded assembly of spectators. After a motion to print the proceedings of the Conven tion, and the manner in which they were to be distribut ed, i\lr. ITamilton moved that the Convention should re solve itself info a committee of the whole.—Mr. Turn bull was called to the Chair, and Mr. Warren offered a resolution highly complimentary to the President, tendering him the thanks bf the Convention for the dig nified and impartial Planner in which he had presided, over its deliberations. The President resuming the Chair, and the Chairman of the committee <>f the whole, having reported the resolution, the President returned his acknowledgmcntsjn a short, but spirited reply. On motion of Mr. Turnbull, that the Convention do adjourn, and be dissolved, after a prayer offered by the Rev. Mr. Ray, a member, the Convention was so ad journed and dissolved, by the presiding officer. The following is the new Ordinance of Nullification, as it finally passed the Convention. an Ordinance. To Nullify an Act of the Congress of the United States, entitled “ an adt further to provide for the collection of dudes'on imports,” commonly called the Force Bill. We, the people of the State of S.C.ihGorivention as. sertibled, do declare and Ordain that the Act of the Con gress of the U. S., entitled “an Act further to provide for the collection of duties on imports/’ approved the 2d day of March, 1833, is unauthorized by the Constitution of the U. S., subversive of that Cbrrstitulinn, and destruc. live of public liberty, and that the same is and shall be deemed null and void within the limits of this State ; and it shall be the duty of the ! Legislature, at such time as they may deem expedient, to adopt such measures and pass such acts as miiv be necessary to prevent the en forcement thereof,"sinuto inflict proper penalties on any person who shtitl do any act in execution or enforcement of the same within the limits of this State. We do further Ordain and declare, that the allegiance of she citizens of this State, while they cofUinue such, is due to the said State, and that obedience only, and not allegiance, is due by them to any other power or authori ty, to whom a controul over them has been, or may be delegated by the State : and the General Assembly of the said State is hereby empowered, from time to time, when they may deem it proper, to provide for the ad ministration to the citizens and officers of the State, or such of the said •fficers as they may thinK fit, of suitable oaths or affirmations, binding them to the observance of such allegiance, and abjuring all other allegiance, and also to define what shall amount to a violation of their allegiance, and to provide the proper punishment for such violation. Done at Columbia, the eighteenth day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred andthir ty-threc, and in the fifty-seventh year of the Sovereign, ty and Independence of the U. States of America. ROBERT Y.HAYNfe, Delegate from the Parishes of St. Philips and St. Mi chaels, President of the Convention. ISAAC W. HAYNE, Clark. _ AUGUSTA: TncsAny Morning, Marcli 26, 1833. rr We shall issue a supplement to-morrow, contain - - ing the Speech of Mr. Webster, entire, in reply to Mr. Calhoun. - The last MilledgCville Journal and Recorder, contain i the Speech of Mr. Foster, one of our representatives in Congress, on the Enforcing Bill. That this Speech : should have found its way to Milledgcville, from Wash ; ington City, before ft Reached here, is 4n evidence of the irregularity of the mails, for we have not, as yet, re ceived the Washington paper which contained the 're port of that Speech, nOr the papers containing the Speeches of Messrs. Forsyth, Wilde and Clayton. We ■ shall publish in out next paper the Speech of Mr. Fos ter; and when we receive tho Speeches of Messrs. Wilde, Clayton, and Forsyth, they shall also be pub lished. SOITII-CAROLIXA CONVENTION-. We insert in this day’s paper, the closing scent; of the South Carolina Convention. Our readers have had the whole of the proceedings before them, and the Ordinan. ces adopted by that body. We have transferred those proceedings to our paper for future reference, should oc casion require it. CHEROKEE CIRCUIT. We have given the names of the officers elected in the counties of Cherokee, Cass, Paulding Lumpkin, Gilmer and Floyd. Below we give the names of the officers e lectcd for the counties of Cobb, Union and Murray-, 'the county of Forsyth is to be heard irom. COBB. Wm. Morris, Clerk Superior Court ; R. B. Harris, Clerk Inferior Court: T. K. Martin, Sheriff; Thomas Tanner, Tax Collector; John Mullins, Receiver of fax Ret urns. UNION. James Crow, Sheriff; Arthur Gilbert,Clerk Superior Court; Joseph Jackson, Clerk of Inferior Court; Lewis Gladdis, Tax Collector; Alex. W. Greer, Receiver of Tax Returns. MURRAY. Nelson Dickerson, Clerk Superior Court; John Sloan, Clerk Inferior Court; James C. Barnett, Sheriff; Moses W. Johnson, Tax Collector; William Gillehon, Receiv er of Tax Returns, CHOLERA. A gentleman of this city received a letter from Havana, in the Island of Cuba, dated March 12, in which it is stated that “the Cholera had made its appearance in that city,& was making dreadful ravages among all classes of pco. pie. The deaths were among the Americans from 10 to 20, and among the natives from 100 to 150 daily.” FOREIGN. We have received London dates to the 23d January, and Liverpool to the 24th. It seems that further measures of Reform will be de manded of the British Parliament. A great public meet ing had been held in London, at which various addition, al requirements, of Reforms, were demanded. Among them are shorter terms of Parliament, the vote by ballot, and the repeal of sundry taxes. With regard to the Belgian question, the London cor. respondent of the New York Journal of Commerce, un der date of January 21, states, that this question is far from being settled; on the contrary, it appears surround ed with new and increasing difficulties. On the other hand, the correspondent of the Commercial Advertiser, under date of the 22nd, says, that the interest in foreign politics has been a good deal on the decline, and the few doubts which are raised respecting the mode in which the Dutch question is finally to be disposed of, excite little attention. Ireland continues in a dreadful state. Outrages of the most shocking character were daily committed. The London papers appeared to think that a civil war was actually waging in the United States. Under our commercial head will be found the state ol the Liverpool marketon the 24th January. Mexico —The latest advices from that country, state that the affairs of the Mexican Republic were approach, ing to a permanent condition of peace and order, under the late conciliatory arrangements effected between the contending parties. POLITICAL COMBINATIONS. The overthrow of nullification, and the discomfiture of those who expected to rise into power by the means of that pernicious doctrine, have saved the country from disunion and civil war, but, we fear, have not taken from the partizans of Mr. Calhoun, the means of keeping the Southern section of the Union in a state of excitement, with the view of producing a reaction in his favor, and of rendering his chance to attain the presidency less hopeless th&h it is at the present time. If this excite ment wasedfefehued, ah l d to be felt, bnly in South Caroli na, though ”tve would certainly "sympathize with the friends of petme, good order, dnd (he Union, in'that State, yet we c'culd not interfere, with propriety, in their local concerns ; but the partizans of Mr. Calhoun have succeeded in enlisting under his banner a few of oifr; public men, and in converting them from opponents they were before, and for nnny years, to zealous, devoted, and servile partizans. The injury Georgia has suffered hy the enmity of -Mr. Calhoun, has been forgotten ; his opposition to any measure adopted for the removal of the Indians from the territory of the State, has been for gotten ; his latitudinarian principles have been forgotten ; his successful opposition to the election of the republi can candidate for the Presidency in 1825, has been for gotten ; and his duplicity in relation to the Seminole war has been forgotten. All this has been forgotten by a few citizens of Georgia, and with them Mr. Cal. houn stands regenerated,- a friend to State rights, a strict constructitnist, an opponent to extravagant appro priations and to a splendid government ; in short, he stands with them as a radical of the old school I ! And for him, the good old republican principles of Georgia are to be trampled under foot; a new party is to be or ganized ; new leaders are to take the command ; and men of doubtful character, of no established principles, of no weight among their fellow-citizens, possessing no political virtue, and no poliiical consistency, are to dic tate to the people their duty, and to govdrn the State, as they please, and as will best suit their athhitioh and the ambition of their friends. In the short space of a few month's, a complete revo lution has been effected in certain men’s minds, as’re gards principles and men. In that short space 6f tithe, principles which had been acknowledged as sound and democratic, and followed as suclt for thirty years, have been abandoned'; and in that short space of time, men, who for twenty years and more, had been steadfast to those principles, who adhered to them, when in the mi nority, and prospered with them, when in the mrjority, have been discarded and vilified, and their admoni tions treated with contempt. In that short space of time, men, who, for a series of years have constantly evinced a marked enmity to Georgia and her most dis tinguished citizens; who abused and ridiculed the de mocratic principles she always maintained ; who al ways pursued a policy which in more instances than one thwarted the view's of the republican party in Georgia : Such men have been taken up by Georgians, and re commended to the people, as upright and high-minded citizens, as pure and disinterested patriots, and as warm and devoted friends to Georgia ! And we, the people, are to believe whatfhe few Georgians in question tell us! We are to lay aside did friends and old public servitnts, who have faithfully discharged their duties, becaitse a few ambitious and designing men, disappointed in their views of political advancement, have formed a coalition with old enemies, expecting thereby to accomplish what they eould not afccomplish otherwise ! The question then follows, what reasons do these few Georgians give for such a sudden change, and for such a coalition? What reasons canthey give since JVullifi cation has been ptostrated, and the attempt to form a Southern Confederacy paralyzed? Nothing more not less than the ’speculative principles advanced by President Jackson in his Proclamation, and the bill adopted nt the last session of Congress, fur! her to provide for the collec tion of duties on imports. Yes, the speculative princi ples of President Jackson, and a bill further to provide for the collection of duties on imports, have wrought such a wonderful change in the minds of certain men, that old established principles must be overthrown, faithful pub lic servante put down, and a new set of politicians placed in Office and power. But these men calculate without their host; the people will not sanction the change they wish to effect, and the revolution they wish tO operate. Have they public opinion on their side? Can they enlist under their tiew banner, a majority of the pcOple of Gedrgia ? We presume to say no. There is too much virtue in the Country, to sanction the nefarious barter Os principles for men. There is too much independence id the peOpie of Georgia, for them lobe led astray by a few aspiring citi. *ens, who disappointed in one Quarter, shift to another quarter, more accessible, they believe, and where they expect to find allies and mercenaries as they are them, selves, ready to undertake for office and power, any and every thing. And there is too much intelligence in the people, to be deceived by the shalfow artifice, and ab surd sophif try, constantly resorted to by the discipleS of the Calhoun school. MACON BRIDGE. the Macon Messenger, of last Thursday, gives us the information, that a part of the Bridge had been carried away. At about one o’clock, P. M. a large boat, partly filled with water, broke loose above the bridge, and struck the centre arch, with great force, carrying it away, to gether with an adjoining one, leaving the bridge a perfect wreck. The river became then impassable, but the City Council were making active exertions to establish a ferry as soon as practicable. Miscellaneous Hems. Letters received in Charleston from Havana, dated on the 13th insl. state that the Cholera was raging with great fury, whilst others, dated on the 14th, state that it had abated considerably, and that confidence was some what restored, no new cases having occurred within 48 hours. The Intendant of Charleston, in the absence of the Governor, has issued his proclamation ordering all ves sels from the West Indies to be brought to and undergo quarantine. 500 shares U. S. Bank Stock were sold at New. York on the 13th inst, at 108, and 250 at 108i;and on the 14th 100 shares at 107}, and 150 do, at 108. Exchange on London 8 per cent prem. The Election for members to Congress from New. Hampshire took place on the 12th inst. The following gentlemen are undoubtedly elected, as there was no op position ticket, viz: Henry Hubbard and Joseph M. Har per, of the last Congress, and Benning M. Bean, 1 rank lin Pierce, and Robert Burns, new members, in place of John Broadhead, Thomas Chandler, Joseph Hammons, and John W. Weeks. This State loses one member un der the new ratio of representation. The Boston Atlas states that Mr. Choate of Salem, consents to be a candidate for re-election. At a late meeting of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Charleston, which was well attended by both sexes, the following Essays were read—“On the migra tion of the Birds of North America,” by the Rev. Mr. Bachman ; “On the Phenomena of Life,” by Dr. S. H. Dickson, and “On Society—its subserviency to the pur poses of Romance,” by Wm. Gilmore Simms. A new Locomotive Engine, for the South Carolina Rail Road has been received by the company. " Fire. —A cotton Factory, belonging to Messrs. E. P. Smith &. Sons, situated in Swanzey, Mass, was des troyed by fire on Wednesday morning. §>sooo were in suredon the establishment at the Washington office in Providence. It was valued at §IO,OOO. There is now apparently, says the Baltimore Chroni cle, a fair prospect of compromising the differences be tween the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road Companies; an object of great im portance not only to the individual stockholders, but to tbs citizens of the State at large. INDI British Magazines —Messrs. Allen A Ticknor, of Bos ton, have commenced the republication of Blackwood’s and the New Monthly Magazines. The January num. hers of each has been issued from the press by them in a neat style of execution. Commodore Samuel Tucker, well known for his re volutionary services, died on 10th inst. Caution. —Counterfeit ten dollar bills, of the U. States Bank, are in circulation —they are signed George New. ton, President, and Jos. S. Roberts, C ashier, and are made payable at the Bank in Norfolk. They have been received in three or four different places. Another ineffectual attempt to elect a U. S. Senator took place in the Pennsylvania Legislature on the 12th inst. when the subject was again postponed until that day 'three weeks. Fhe ship Pagoda, which arrived at Boston on the 11th inst. from Ports in the Pacific, had §43,957 in specie, one package of silver and one of gold. An arrangement was made on the 7th Jan. at Lisbon, by which American Rice is admitted into Portugal, at the saffie rate as that from Brazil, and if a reduction is hereafter made oh the latter, American is to be reduced in like manner. The Supreme Court of the 'United States terminated its annual session, in Washington City, on the 15th inst. In the Senate of Maryland, the bill authorising a sub scription on the part of the state of §500,OOi) to aid in the construction of a Rail Road from Baltimore to Washing ton, which had previously passed the Houne of dele gates, has been passed without a dissenting voice. A Saxon gentleman named Schwaschenhaycnklcistcf aeixestern, is about becoming a citizen of the U. States. The population of Charleston is a little over 30,000, yet six daily papers are published in that city, at a sub scription price of ten dollars. | Drafting of the Gold Lottery to the 23 rd March, inclusive. , BURKE. Fortunate Drawers. Capts. Dist. No. Dist. Sec. Abel Lewise, 69th 811 1 4 Edw. Luke, 71st 176 18 3 Wm. H. C. Mills, 70th 1105 19 2 Hardy V. Wooten, Roe’s 446 15 2 > Reason Lindsey, 72d 363 14 1 I Henry S. Jones, 75th 396 15 2 . Uriah Skinner, sen. Roe’s 748 1 4 Mourning Moore, wid. Bush’s 530 18 3 ’ .Tohh P. Leverctt, Paris’s 1058 17 3 * Elizabeth T. Wanton, tvid. 69th ,781 1 4 Wm. Burke, Beli’s 332 15 2 Charles M. Hi11,,75th 663 1 4 David Hall, Griffin’s 500 1 4 Thotfias Cates, Roger’s f 691 1 4 Asa Gaskin’s, 75th , .238 4 ,3 Turner Scarborough, 73rd, > 518 12 1 I'll art ha Godfrey, wid. Griffin's 577 17 2 jbb Gresham, 6§th £Ol 20 3 Si hi ford Marsh, Roe’s 593 1 3 Joseph Spence. 7Sd 802 19 3 ! Daniel M. Farrow, 70th 4185 19 3 : Gedrge Grumbles, Bush’s 991 3 1 John Naves, Griffin’s .835 3 1 j Jbhh B. Sanderford, Roe’s 323 15 2 , COLUMBIA . T’hofftas Napier, Adam’s 131 5 1 Jfdhh B. Tindall, Culbreath’s 990 4 1 jbhn Ayres, Murphey’s 889 1 • Ichiibod Phillips, Adam’s 5 188 20 3 i Wm. FankersJ.ey, Hutchinson’s 417 17 2 r Samuel Hix, 'Grubb’s . 831 4 3 Ann E. Mullafy, wid. Culbreath’s 64 15 2 Mary F. Davis, wid. Harris’s 924 3 1 1 John B. Moore, do. 872 5 1 Robert D. Ware, Grubb’s 531 12 1 r James Bradberry, Adam’s 1240 2 3 1 James Langston, jun. Harris’s 1319 21 3 Ephraim Finch, Dozier’s 720 16 2 Thomas W. Olive, Culbreath’s 132 3 3 8 Charles A. Beall, Walker’s 326 2 1 s Geo. Hill’s orphs. Grubb’s 455 3 3 t JEFFERSON. e Shadrack Stephens, Y'oung’s 31 5 1 Jonas Haslip, Alexander’s 461 16 2 Rebecca Bryant, wid. Carswell’s 167 2 4 Thomas H. Newsom, Christie’s 782 3 2 5 Wm. J. Cooper, Lamp’s 501 -1 3 1 Maurice Raiford, Wood’s 1151 12 1 1 John Parsons, Fleming’s 894 1 4 Wtrr. Gay, Young’s 1296 2 4 , Frances Phillip’s, wid. Alexander’s 453 13 1 N Wm. Coleman, Christie’s 350 3 3 r Elijah Harrcl, Alexander’s 961 2 3 t Aquilla Matthews, Gunn’s 621 19 2 • James Dcurozearix, Wood’s 616 21 3 r Thos. Stephenson, drph. Flcthming’s 666 17 2 Thomas Wren, Yoftng’s 1114 17 3 Benj. Sherrod, W hod's 51 17 3 8 David Hudson, orph. Hannah’s 521 17 2 r RICHMOND. f James M. Pittman, 600th 1141 3 2 . Michael Wagner, 122 d 246 19 2 r Wm. F. Pemberton, 119th 361 2 3 r James E. Cashin, 121st , 336 13 1 S Martha A. Combs, orphs-. 122 d 145 2 4 ■ Catherine A., George, and Chas. F. 1 Lyons, Orphs. 120th 1268 17 3 • John James - , 123 J 108 13 1 S Lewis Evefingham, 124th 451 l 2 i - Nicholas Murphy, 121st 1020 20 3 Zelphanah Blacliston, do; 184 2 3 John Ward, 119th 521 19 2 Payne Lovell, l2lst 328 2 2 Wm.E. Jones, 1231 64 21 2 ; Benedict White, M9th €B2 3 1 1 Samuel Tarver, 121 st 296 21 3 r Samuel G. Holt, 600th 1036 15 2 Isaac V. W. Lacj r , do. 111 3 2 Paul F. Eve, 398th 653 14 1 Sarah Adams, wid. 123 d 1026 11 1 1 John W. Wilde, 398th 1226 3 2 r John R. Watkins, 600th 143 18 2 ; John Stuckey, 308th 24 2 2 WARREN. Edw. Wade, Stewart’s 1060 15 2 Jordan D. Ransom, Lynn’s 355 4 S 1 George Underwood, Newsom’s 444 13 IS Abraham Dye, Down’s 1078 4 1 t Stith Hardaway, Perryman’s 95 17 2 Wm. T. McDonnald, do. 55 4 3 Henry Howell, Newsom’s 1047 4 3 * John Ursery, do. 809 4 1 Solomon Newsom, do. 1193 20 3 Edw. Welch, Pate’s 563 21 3 5 Hardy Hobson, Parham’s 217 3 I * John Adams, sen. Pate’s 940 16 2 > Robert Johnson’s orphs. Johneori’g 822 4 3 Micajah Ferry, FarharifS 900 11 1 Wm. Blacfe, Down’s 821 16 2 i Thomas Springer; Pate’S 500 12 1 h James Kelly Newsom’s 955 14 1 a Uriah Lockett, Grier’s 364 2 3 Frances Wynne, wid. Johnson’s 1221 3 4 Henry Williams, Peurifoy’s 466 20 3 Inman Kelley, Newsom’s 767 2 1 ; John Swint, jun. do. 705 19 2 , Williams Walker, Stewart’s 991 19 3 Henry Shirly, Camp’s 618 19 3 Col. Fwiggs received despatches on i esterday order s ing him to New-Orleans, 3 Companies Infantry to Fort , Mitchell under Major McLsrosit, 2 Companies Artillery ’ toTellico Plains, and Ito remain at the Arsenal. In parting with the gentlemen on this station, we speak the public voice when we say, they do it with regret; for independently of the pleasure derived from their gentle ’ manly conduct and social virtues, she neighborhood has felt the good effects of the strict discipline, which lias ] recently distinguished the garrison. Besides the more direct results of this discipline, evidenced by the great improvement of the Troops in military array, the ser vice has been honored by tho strict control, which it has exerted over the disorderly and dissolute soldier. While on this subject, we may notice a circumstance probably not generally known. The only two Georgians of any rank in the U. S. army. Col. Twiggs and Maj. Mclntosh, were stationed at our Arsenal, this winter an j additional evidence of that delicate regard, which the Administration has uniformly exercised towards this State;--. Courier. New Patient Screw Press, invented by Henry R- Dunham, of this city—We have been much gratified on t an inspection of the above press, being satisfied that it possesses great advantages over every other kind of screw press now used. It consists of a cast iron bed, on which are erected four iron columns with a screw on the end of each ; the head or platen is attache to , four cog wheels, which move it up and down on the coi umns—the whole being acted upon by a pinion wheel ‘ in the centre, thus moving the platen in a perfectly > straight line without the least variation, which is a great improvement on the old presses, producing a reduction [STINCT PRINT lu (good of friction, a gain of power and a aanog «i ruofinery-. ’and t The press in question can be constructed with one to-ten bags thousand tons power or more, retaining all its advanta- sold ges, and can he worked either by manual or horse pow- sold, er, or by machinery, and is peculiarly adapted to the ex- M pressing of oils, the pressing of paper, or any thing re- brae quinng a perfectly unilorm, gradual and equal motion, 25$c We are informed that one man can, with this press,. M perform in the same given time, an amount equal to that marl which requires four men with a bar and capstan pres*. our The whole ie composed of iron, and built in a substantial and workmanlike manner, requiring but one fourth part /] the space occupied by common presses.— N- Y. -4dro- j,ale cate and Journal. 12$ [From the Boston Atlas.] , j ucl Diabolical Murders. —We learn from a gentleman who (| uc; passed through Lebanon, Ncw-Hampsnire, that a scene v y e of the most inhuman and ferocious depravity was ex- the hibited in that town on Saturday morning last. Are- 13^, spectable man by the name of Annis, had been paying note attention to a young lady by the name of Fox, and about ten days ago they were married. The brother of the lady 131, was violent in his opposition to the union, from a belief van; that Mr. Annis was actuated by no other motive than to £ gain possesion of their deceased father’s, farm, and de- 1 A-J dared openly, that if the marriage took place, he would fJ»o murder then: both. On Saturday morning, Mr. Annis ~§!( and his wife, and Fox were sitting at the breakfast table Rj c when Fox made a pass at Annis, with the knife he was era using, and attempted to stab him. Annis parried the J thrust, upon which Fox sprang upon the table, and ran soh into the yard, where he seized an axe and returned to the nan house. Mrs. Annis, at the moment, screamed murder, at 2 and made her way out of doors, with a view to alarm tho bo< neighborhood, and obtain assistance. As Fox re-entered the house, he met Annis, levelled the axe at his head with all his strength, he struck him on the side of the neck, and severed the neck bone in- t l Cl stantly. He fell, and in a few minutes was dead. The , q u ferocity of the monster was not satisfied with this; he ' oqi turned and pursued his sister, who was then about fitly p a yards from the house, who, seeing hi n approach her, screeched horribly, so that her voice was heard more bn than half a mile. Her attempts to escape were futile ; , ju the snow was deep and he soon had her in ids grasp. 30 Pulling from hrs pocket a pistol loaded with shot and jv’, ball, he applied the muzzle to her head, but could not 21 discharge if. He then struck her withftlie butt end of it . ij t until it was unstocked —beat her with his fists untill she * ha dropped—and then jumped upon her body, and stamped t j c on it, until an end was put to her groans and sufferings. He dragged the mangled body into a ditch, covered it j n with snow, and fled to an adjoining barn where he hid 8( , himself in a pile of straw. He was soon found, and £ was in the custody of the civil authorities when our in- vc formant left the town. —The age of Mr. Annis was about 25—his wife somewhat younger. Fox is about 30. Another Suicide. —A jury of inquest was hoiden on l ’ ilfonday afternoon in Taunton, upon the body of Hols- " j v worthy Thompson, who was found hanging from the f, branch of a pine tree about, a mile west of the village. > There were tracks of one person leading to the tree, t . and none from it. He was a foreigner and had been in a the town six years. It is understood that he had once n been a man of considerable property in England, but t ] had failed in business, arud came to this country soon after. He had before made an attempt to commit sui- n cide. | b Netc-York Rail Roads. — It appears by a table pub. ■ lished in the New York Journal of Commerce, copied ■ v from the Annual Register about to be published in that I f city, that the number of Rail Road companies incorpo. rated by the Legislature of that State is thirty three, j| t and theirjoint capitals amount to the enormous sum of ff , 327,555,900. The charters have all been granted, with ■ , very few exceptions, within the last year or two. Fire. — We regret to learn that the Flour Mill belong- j| * ing to Mr. Sykes, about thirty miles outhe Baltimore P * and Ohio Rail Road, was consumed by fire last night, and all its contents destroyed. There were about a thousand bushels of wheat in the Mill, besides other valuable arti cles.—Balt. Gax. r Contents of the Ist number of the loth volume of the American Farmer. —Editorial ; on the commencement y of the fifteenth volume ; stocking knitting machine— J letter from T. Speed, giving an account of the compass plant, enclosing some of the seeds—the palm tree—rock marl found in Prince Edward county, Va.—starching— singular sagacity of a pony—essay on rotation of crops, by J. Hamilton Couper, read before the Union Agrtcul- h* tural Society—on summer fallows; the objections to them : answered; their use recommended, by Dan Bradley— t corn crop account —letter from Dr. C. S. Monkur, of M Baltimore, on the culture of the grape ; foreign varieties If cultivated, directions for pruning, trimming of the Suita na, A:c.—on the culture of yellow iocvist—Eaton’s nia- M nual of botany—successful method of raising ducks; best ducks for breeding; setting and hatching; to destroy fowl lice ; duck coops, food and maimer of rearing the y6ung—fences—to cure wounds on horses and cattle— level roads—prices current of country produce in the Baltimore market—advertisements. ’ DEATHS. » On Friday last, John Frederick, son of Abraham M. and Enlily \V. Woolsey, aged 7 years, 11 months, and 2 days, after 4 days illness. "*■ Near this city on Monday, the 23th inst. Mr. John * Danby, (formerly of Sheffield, England.) COMMERCIAL. LATEST DATE FROM LIVERPOOL JANUifci 2i LATF.ST DATE FROM HAVRE JANUARt 15 AUGUSTA MAKKET, MAItCU 20. i COTTON. —We cannot notice any alteration in prices since our last. The accounts from Liverpool to January 25, have caused a better feeling in the article, and hold ers are more firm. The sales for the past week were light. We continue our former quotations—say 9 a 9$ PE for good to fair; prime in demand at 10 a 10$; choice 11 cents. ■ CHARLESTON, March 21.— Cotton.— The busi ness since Monday has been light, and we have no al teration to note, in prices. Rice. —The demand for this article since our last re view, has been a little more animated than for some time past, and a fair business has been done in al! quali ties, with but little or no improvement in prices.— Cour. * * SAVANNAH, March 23.— Cotton —We have had a. moderate demand for Uplands during the week, and a- J* bout 3(j ( J 0 bales have been sold at from 9$ a 11$, chief 11 salts at 9s, 10 a 10$ cts. By the Nimrod, at Charles ton, we have Liverpool dates to 25th January, wl. are rather favourable, and the sales were at $ cent advance on previous rates. The st here for sale is quite limited, and had we a fair suj of shipping, a further advance in price would will doubt be obtained. We quote9salls. Sea Islar. is ; in fair demand at from 16$ a 19, and upwards for choicr brands. Corn— ls selling at our quotations. Flour I? dull and plentiful at our quotations. 3/.4C0-V, March 21.—Cotton is selling from 8 to 9s. M perhaps a fraction more would be paid for strictly print.;. Principal sales at 8$. —Owing to the bad stale of the A roads, occasioned by continued rains, but little is corn- mj ing in. ■ FAYETTEVILLE, N. C. March 20.—Cotton, 9 «• 10$ ; Flour, sup. fine, 4$ a 5. t J1 PHILADELPHIA, March 13.— Cotton. —We rots * m sales of 463 bales of Georgia cotton, at 11$ to 11| ts ; | 90 bales Louisiana at 12$ to 12| ; 57 bales S. Carolina,- at 10$ to 11 $ cts ; 100 bales N. Orleans, at 12 to h2-j cts. all on time. w' Coffee. —Has been in good request, we quote sahs of Rio, at 13 to 13$ cts; Laguira, 13 cts ; Cuba, 12 tc 13$ cts; St. Domingo, 111 to 12 cts. all 4 monihs credit; 1150 bags Java, at 13 to 13$ cts. 6 months. Sugar. —The transactions in sugar has been very ex tensive during the week, and upwards of GOO hhd.. Orleans has been sold since our last report. We quote sales of SO hhds. inferior to fair at 6sc. G mos ; 210 this 6 \ to 7c. 4 and 6 mos; 129 hhds. fair to good 7c. 6me s { 75 hhds. prime to choice, §7 25, 4 mos ; 153 hhd ’ .- prime, §7 75, 6 mos ; 10 hhds do. do, at 7 to, 4 r: about 1000 bags white Brazil, at 08 75 ; Cuba, in b whites, 9 62$ ; do. do. browns, 7 75. R Molasses. —Two cargoes 3 rinidad have been sold this : week, one previous to arrival. A cargo of N. Orleans, to arrive, has been sold at 30c ; 50 hhds. and 50 bbls. of fine quality were taken on landing, at 31c. 4 mos. The article is in good request. BOSTON, March 16.— Cotton —In steady demand; prices remain without change. Some Upland and New Orleans have been taken within our present range. Coffee. — There have been large movements in the market bu we are unable to notice them particularly. f k Recent advices from the West India Islands are unfa vorable to a decline, prices have advanced 20 per cent, owing to the drought, there being a very short crop. Since our last, considerable private sales ; among therrt J St. Domingo, has been taken at 11$ a 12c-.; Havana, m f