@|i Ucpttblican $ Discipline.
REPUBLICAN & BISCIPLINE.
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY,
BY AT M. EDDLBMAN & CO.
Wbki.l Ukitiu.ioan & Discipline $2 00
Special contracts will lie made for yearly ad
fertisements occupying a quarter, half or whole
Business or Professional Cards will be in
serted under the head of “ Business Directory,”
at #6 per annum when confined to a mere an
nouncement, and not included in the space occu
jiied by yearly advertisers.
Advertisements conspicuously inserted at $1
per square for the first insertion, and 50 cents
per square for each subsequent insertion. Those
sent without a specification of the number of in
sertions, will be published until ordered out, and
Sales of Lands and Negroes, by Administrators.
Executors, or Guardians, are required by law to
beheld on the first Tuesday in the month, be
tween the hours of ten in the forenoon and three
5n the afternoon, at the Court-house in the coun
ty is which the property is situate. Notices of
these sales must be given in a public Gazette
forty date previous to the day sale.
Notices for the sale of Personal Property must
be given at least ten days previous to the pay
Notice to Debtors and Creditors of an Estate
must be published forty days.
Notice that application will tie made to the
Court of Ordinary for leave to sell Laud or Ne
groes, must be published weekly for two months.
Citations for Letters of Administration must
he published thirty days —for Dismission from
Administration, monthly six months —for Dis
mission from Guardianship, forty days.
Rules for Foreclosure of Mortgage must he
published monthly fur four months —for estab
lishing Lost Papers, for the full space of three
months compelling titles from Administrators
•or Executors, where a bond has been given by the
■deceased, the full spare of three months..
Publications will always ho continued accord
ing to these, the legal requirements, unless oth
Eowes, IIYATT a CO..
Whole,salt* Healer* in TihnU. Shoo*, ami Leather. 53
Warren aivi 53*1.1 it ay .Streets, .Way Vork. Order*,
respectfully solicited Arid promptly filled.
March 2S. 1856.-1 y.
WILScIn & OLIVER,—Thy
If sieian- and Surgeon*. Atlanta. Ceorcia.
’ f OFFICE—In Maj. Wee's New Brick, Building, sec
•nd story—on I/>yd Street. March 28, 1856.-1 y.
HP* IE JOHNSON HOUSE. - Whiter
f, Hal! Street, Atlanta, Georgia. Board per
d;(y. #1.25-. J. R. BO3WORTH.
Alabama St\ ----- Atlanta, Ga,
BY i>m v D. L. GORDJX.
aug. 29 i 6 ts
(Ib-ios.'l.) _ .
i’OARD, per day . .?! 2.>
I'«)AUD, per week 5
T. S. KILPATRICK. Agent,
nov 555-wtf Macon, Georgia.
rjnilTS well known and popular establishment
si formerly the City Hotel, at the corner of
L yd and Decatur streets, is now open for the
i„- option of visitors. A long experience in the
1 u. incss, tile undersigned flatters himself, will
< n ilile him to cuter successfully to the wants of
ul who may givehiin a call.
lan Ik 55 ts J()iIN F. ARNOLD
Sumlivvs :t, 1 nn.t Murray Street,
SECOND DOOR FROM BROADWAY.
iVpnsitc the Park JYKIV YORK.
HUGGINS it FLI NG, Proprietors.
N. Itu(joins, late of Pearl street House, Ros
f.i i; 11. C. Fi.ino, late of Lovejoy's Hotel, New
\ irk. ]y March 8
MERCHANTS’ 1 tOTEL,
Worth Fourth Street, Philadelphia.
M KtBUIN & SON, PROPRIETORS
act 27’55 d.svvly.
McKlerov & II rad ford,
j lENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
* T No. 48 Carondclet Street, New Orleans.—
<' ir business is kept up through the entire year,
a 1 all orders addressed to us receive prompt
an 1 careful attention. June 21 55 ts
Or rt re 11 At, Glenn,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Atlanta, Georgia,
will attend the Courts in the Counties ot
1- n ton, DeKalb, Fayette, Campbell. Meriwether,
o r. Coweta, Carroll, Henry, Troupe, Heard, Cobb
n ii Spalding.
f !< .US J. OARTRELL, I.UTIIER J. GLENN
b jimerly of Washing-) j Formely of Mc
ton, Ga. f j Donough, Ga.
<'dice. —Fronting the Rail Road, on White
-11 a'. Street. December 21 5 12 12mo
Micltael J. Ivy,
l t'TORNEV AT LAW, Atlanta, Georgia.—
f\ February 22, 1855. ly
I'/.zaid & Collier,
V 'TORNEVS AT LAW, Atlanta, Georgia,
having united themselves in the practice, will
n to and to business intrusted to their care in the
t Hi wing counties, viz: Fulton, DeKalb, New
g n, -lenry, Fayette, Coweta, Campbell, Carroll.
1 u ling, Cass and Cobb.
ri *y will also practice in the District Court of
1 * , nited States at Marietta and the Supreme
t ‘ill of Georgia.
O ee in the Atlanta Bank Building. 2d floor.
H\ ,LI \M EZZARD. JOHN COLLIER.
Jan 18 tf_
C. C. llowrll,
i T.ORNEY AT LAW. Atlanta. Georgia, will
X raetice in the Superior Courts of Fulton
eid a jacetr counties. Also, in the Supreme
« ourt at Atlanta and Macon.
dec 27 55 wly
T. U. RIDLEY,
OEVLER IN CHINA CROCKERY AND
( LASS WARE. Atlanta, Georgia, has just
i ceiv and a few barrels of Winter Sperm
tfliale, and Lar«l Oil. For sale low.
t erms cash.
dec7 5 10 ts.
Overtoy & Hleetolev,
\ TTORNEY At LAW, Atlanta, Georgia.—
A. O ce on Marietta street- [4-15tf.
Harris & Wilson,
A TTORNEY'S AT LAW, Atlanta Georgia.—
A O • ce under Intelligencer Printing Office,
nov l 5 sits
H.X. URINE. I. W. WELLS. RICH ‘.RD CURI)
CRANE. WELLS & CO.,
j 10TT0N AND PRODUCE FACTORS, FOR
\ ) WARDING AND COMMISSION MER
CHANTS, No. 82 Bay street, Savannah, Georgia.
\ TERi IHANT TAILOR. No.
iVI 48. White-Hall street, At
tanta. Georgia, is ready (and pjlfjHp
willing) to put up Clothing in jrji
the latest and best style, and to tjT\ mg]
lurnishall the necessary " fixing” WPvA SST I
Is show off the outer mau to the |l I j ■ J
ti*st advantage. Also Masonic
Regalia and Tailors’ prerequi
rites for sal* on reasonable terms.
Jus* !», * *8 M
W. KINO, SR. M’LEOD KINO. W. KINO, Jit
_ W. KING & SONS,
TRACTORS & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
I and FORWARDING AGENTS, Savannah,
References: —J. Norcross. Atlanta; E. E.
Pinchan, Marietta; W. W. Clayton, Kingston;
N. J. Bayard and R. T. McCay, Rome.
nov 3 55 wly
•Jno. W. Goss,
CONTINUES the WARE-HOUSE and COM
MISSION business, at Augusta, Georgia,
sept. 12, 1 7 Cm
J. Os RUPERT. | M. S.CASSDTY. I J. T. HARDIE.
JOHN T. HARDIE & CO,,
COM MIS SlO N ME It CII ANT S,
IVumber 83 Grnvicr Street,
NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA.
Refer to E. T. Jones, Albany, Ga.; James A.
Nisbit, Macon, Ga.; Judge J. 11. Lumpkin. Ath
ens, Ga.; Col. John Banks, Columbus, Ga.; j.
J. Deupree, Lexington, Ga.; Jas. & John Mann.
Madison, Ga. (imos. ' Sept. 27, 1855.
T. STKNHOrSE. .1. M. AI.I.EN. c. N. AVERII I
STUN HOUSE, ALLEN k CO.,
FORW VHDINCi «|t COMMISSION
MERCH A N T F ,
No. 7 llayne St Charleston, S. C.
J6S“ Particular attention given to the sale of
CORN, FLOUR, and COUNTRY ItPODUCE
generally. Aug. 16, 1855—1 y.
J IS. WILLIAMS J RHEA, Q. WM. M. WILLIAMS
J. E. Williams & Cos.
(Successors to J. E. Williams )
General commission merchants,
and particularly for the sale of Biu/m. Lard
j Grain, Ac. Ac. Athenaeum building, Decatur
street, near the Trout House, Atlanta. Ga. lam
I truly thankful for the very liberal patronage
I have received for the past-three years, and re
| spectfu Ily solicit a continuance of the same to
the new firm. ' J. E. WILLIAMS.
March 8 55 ts
DANIEL II INI). ,1. H, WILCOX
HftriTi), WILCOX & CO.,
TV iIOLE SA L E GROC ER S ,
! OUGAR, COFFEE, MOLASSES. BAGGING.
! O ROPE, NAILS, and every article kept in the
j business, except Liquors'.
j OKI). W. WILLIAMS. A. ORATES.
j Sept. 27, 1855, Gmos.
T. A. Warwick, (Former ly of Atlanta,)
T J. RICHARDS A Cos., -Keep a wholesale
•I. and Retail Cheap Cash, Book, Music and
Fancy Store, on White-llall Street. Atlanta, Ga.
Orders.per Mail promptly attended to. Estab
lished November Ist 1855
WM. DILWORTII, SAM. BRANSON
DSSAYORTIi, It 11 ANSON & CO.,
73 MARKET STREET, PHILADELPHI A.
HENRY l>. LAUDIS. JAMES M. VA VCE.
0c127, "55 (liwiy.
\ PiCntTEOT AND BUILDER, White-Hall
cY St"e l. Atlanta. Georgia.
Oct. 21, 1855. dsw-tf.
Watches and Jewelry,
A\F THE LATEST __
\jr- ST 5' i, E S. and
Veri (lest Quail
ty, always-mi baud and
LAWSHE & BROTHER.
Who are always pivpar-*
(*(I to have Watch Repuiritig (ione’up-.U* the finest
style anti warranted,
sept 10 3 ,50 ts
MRS. E. 0. COLLINS,
id’]R in Fashionable BONNETS,
CARS. FLOWERS, RIBBONS.
EMBROIDERIES. M., So. 253 Broad
street, opposite United States Hotel, Augusta,
Ga. All ordcis tilled with dispatclt.
nov 3 55 diwly
Dealer in faints, oils and glass,
No. 11 Hayne-Street, Charleston, S. C. keeps
constantly for sale, a general assortment of
Faints, and Oils of all kinds, Varnishes, Win
dow Glass and Sashes, Spirits Turpentine. Spirit
Gas, Cotton Foot-Gin Fixtures, Glue and Brush
es of various kinds
oct2 5 1 ts
Atlanta Machine Works.
AT this Establishment may be found the most
extensive and varied assortment of PAT
TERNS for Merchant and Custom Mills in the
State, embracing the latest improvements for
Mill Gearing found anywhere. The experience
of the Superintendent (J. L. Dunning) has been
equal to any one of his age in Mill Building,
and from this fact can advise those who want
To Lumbermen I would say if you want a Saw
Mill at all, get a Circular Mill. There is no mis
take about their advantage—notany. We make
them on short notice, and so do others; but we
mean to have those of our build good enough, it
not the best yet made.
Terms cash; or, in oilier words, pay and be
paid. ' JAS. L. DUNNING,
Superintendent Atlanta Machine Cos.
June 21 55 ts
< . F. BARTH,
PIANO FORTE RE-PAIRER AND TUNER,
will attend to any calls in his line of busi
ness, such as regulating of action, covering of
hammers, (felted or buffed,) laying of new
Strings by the Octave, whole,or single. Tuning
by the year done at reduced prices. Orders any
where from the country addressed to C. F.
BARTH, Atlanta, Georgia, will meet with
prompt attention nov.2 ts.
ATTOR.M Y AT L. AW, after fifteen
years’ practice, has permanently located
in Augusta. Cla ; will attend to all business en
trusted him in the counties of Richmond, War
ren, Columbia, Burke, Jefferson and Lincoln.
I Office on the corner of Washington and Ellis
| Streets. Feb. 8, 1856. 6m
WOU LI) respect! illy inform the citizens
of Atlanta and vicinity, that he has open
ed a shop on Whi tell all street, next door to L.
j Lawshe's Tailoring establishment, where he may
always be found ready to make to order
BOOTS AND SHOES,
Os the best Stock and Workmanship. All work
warranted. Patronage solicited. Terms cash,
and prices reasonable. Feb. 8, 1856,
F. fl. TIIURM.IA, 1.11., B. D. S.
Has located in Atlanta, Geo. Office No. 38,
White Hall Street.
AL C. Simpson,
TTORNEY AT LAW, Atlanta. Georgia.—
ov. 14 7 ts
! SLOAN & OATMAN,
TVEALEItS in Italian, Egyptian and American
iJ STATUARY and East Tennessee MAR
BLE, MONUMENTS. TOMBS, URNS and VAS
ES. MARBLE MANTELS and FURNISHING
MARBLE. All orders promptly filled.
Ware rooms opposite Georgia Rail Road
I JJftpot-, Atlanta, Georgia. oct 26 der‘'.
ATLANTA, GEORGIA, FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 18, 1856.
MONDAY, APRIL 14, 1856.
Mount Vernon —Is it Possible ?
A lady in Spartanburg, S. 0., lias addressed
a letter to Mr. Joiix A. Washington, the
present proprietor of Mount Vernon, and re
ceived the following reply :
Mount Vf-bnon, March 14, 1850.
To Mrs. Maria S. Wofford :
Madam — l have received your letter of
March 6th, respecting the purchase of Mount
Vernon, by the ladies of different parts of the
Uniten States. In reply, I respectfully inform
yon that Mount Vernon is not for sale. I am,
most respectfully, vour obedient servant,
JOHN A. WASHINGTON.
Thus wo see that the immense labors, and
the largo sums of money collected by the la
dies of the South to secure an 1 embellish the
home and tomb of Washington arc at last de
feated. But as a counterpart to these patriot
ic movements, on the part of American ladies,
we take the following from the regular Wash
ington correspondent of the New Y ork Her
ald of' the 6th.
" Mr. Washington, the present incumbent of
• Mcnnt Yernoh, stated a short time since that
I the place was not for sale. The reason of this,
it is understood, is that negotiations are now
going on with certain Catholic clergymen to
purchase it for a mmneiy.
We have no further comments to make than
to ask, is it possible? f !
Pensacola in the Future. —The Pensacola
Gazette is jubilant over the future prospects ot
that city. Property which last year was in
market for the smallest possible price, is now
so valuable that it can hardly be bought, and
property which was valuable before has now
risen to be beyond purchase. Two lots were
sold on the 22d for $1,025. This favorable
state of things is in consequence of the certain
success of the Pensacola and Montgomerty rail
road, the surveys of which are rapidly progress
A Slippery Creditor.— The Jackson Mis
sissippian says Mississippi “owes a debt to the j
Pierce Administration,'’ and Prentice wants to
know whether that State means to issue bonds j
to secure its payment, and if so, what will pro- j
babty be their market value. 1
The Maine Liquor Law.— The lower House
of the Maine Legislature has passed a bill to
be engrossej, repealing the prooibitory clause
of the Liquor Law, by a vote of IS to 68. It
had previously passed the Senate.
In Augusta,the 1 Directors of the Mechanic’s
Bank and the Directors of the Union Bank,
have each declared a semi-annual dividend of
live dollars per share.
Augusta, (Ga.) The Mayor of Augusta in his
farewell message to the City Council, says that |
by the report of the Finance Committe, it will
be seen that the city is in a prosperous condi
tion, and her resources ample to meet all her j
It. has come to light, in recent debates in the
British Parliament, that immediately alter the
battle of Inkerinan (which was heralded to the
trorid as a great and glorious triumph of, the
Allied arms and a most damaging blow to Rus
sia,) some of the British officers advised a re
treat from (lie Crimea and abandonment of the
siege of Sebastopol. Sir De Lacy Evans ad- ]
mits that he urged this course upon Lord Rag
A school-boy’s pocket, especially towards the
close of the week, is a fit subject for the inves
tigation and study of a philosopher. It is a
sort of “omnium gatherum,” a general deposi
tory ot everything pocketable. A friend, who
took the pains to examine one, last Saturday
night, gives the following inventory of its con
tents: If any youngster doubts it, let him turn
out his pocket and count.
1 spool, 1 marble, 1 piece of India-rubber,
6 slate pencils, 2 small pieces of buckskin, 1
slate-rag somewhat damp, one 8 penny nail, 1
piece of striped calico. 1 yard of carpet bind
ing, 1 piece of aluin, 1 piece of an old jews
liarp, 1 piece oi easinett, 1 barlow knife, 1 red
handkerchief, f> dominoes, 1 button, 3 pieces of
soap-stone and 11 yards different kinds of
Startling Statistics.— An interesting re
port of Pauperism in the State of New York
has just been presented to the Legislature. It
embodies *he following result: County paupers,
84,934; town paupers, 18.412. Total number
received and supported. 204,161; temporarily'
relieved. 1 79.002. Expenses of county poor;
houses, 8889,694,80; expenses of temporary re
lief. $480,264.71; making a total expenses to
the State, for the year ending Ist December,
1859,0f $1,379,959. 51. The nativity of the
paupers is given as follows.' Americans, 80.324;
Not stated, 4,230; Foreigners. 119,697.
Is the Prince of Algiers heir to the
French Empire?— That an heir to the house
of the present Enperor of France is born, is
known by this time throughout the civilized j
world, but the question will be asked, is lie heir
to the throne of France? .Most of our readers j
have probably forgotten, that the three most j
considerable of the continental powers of Eu-1
rope, exclusive of France, some time since set
tled that question for themselves. They deter- j
mined four years ago, that no male descendant ;
of Louis Napoleon should be regarded as the
heir apparent of his crown. The empire, ac-j
cording to this arrangement was to be Louis
Napoleon’s only for life; when he died, Russia, j
Austria and Prussia pledged their word to each
other ‘to restore the legitimate heir of the j
throne, and to recognize no other.
The treaty in which this declaration was em
bodied and these pledges made, was signed at
Warsaw in March, 1852, by Austria, Prussia
and Russia.—A r . Y. Evening Post.
Glorious American Yictorr in Louisville. ,
—An election for corporation and other local
officers was held in Louisville on Saturday last,
which resulted in the election of the entire
American ticket in each ward and district of
the city. Not a grease spot was left of Sag
• For the Republican k Discipline.
To one I Love.
; Oh! why reject such love as miuc,
And dwell from me apart;
Oh, thou hast wronged me bitterly,
And wounded my sad heart,
| X would that we had never met,
For hope can ne’er be mine;
Earth hath no happiness fur me,
But in those eyes of thine.
Oli! I have tried, in vain, to tear,
Thine image from my breast;
But every effort gives me pain,
My bosSra’s loveliest guest.
Ob 1 must my soul still cherish thee—
Without one distant ray?
Must TANARUS, my pure devoted love,
Thus lightly cast away ?
Ob ! no, return to me again,
If l ut to call me friend;
And 1 will be to thee the same,
And love thee to the end.
j Atlanta. April 6th ISSG.
! ‘ Here is the best piece ever written by George
D. Prentice, one of the greatest poets of Amer
IVame in the Sand.
Alone I walked on the ocean strand,
A pearly shell was in ray hand.
1 stopped and wrote upon the sand
My name, the year, and day;
As onward from the spot I passed,
One lingering look behind I cast.
A wave came rolling high and fast,
And washed my lines away.
And so methought, ’twill quickly be
With every mark on earth from me!
A wave of dark oblivion’s sea,
Will sweep across the place
Where I have trod the sandy shore
Os time, and been to me.no more;
Os me, my day. the name t bore,
To leave no track or trace.
And yet witli Him who counts the sands,
And holds the water in his bands,
1 know a lasting record stands,
inscribed against my name
Os all Ibis mortal part has wrought.
Os all this thinking soul has thought.
And from these fleeting moments caught,
For glory or for shame.
f.corgia Railroad Company.
At a meeting of the Directors, on Tuesday,
j a dividend of four dollars per share was decla
| AYe have been permitted to make the follow
ing condensed statement of the business of the
Company, for the past year, which exhibits its
affairs m a most prosperous and satisfactory
condition, equally gratifying to the stockholders
and the public :
j Gross earnings of the Road $,1,069,312 00
| “ “ of Bank 74,791 32
Dividends received on stocks own
ed by the Company 33,660 50
Gross Income so" 12 months 1,177,763 82
Road Expenses and
payments on ac
count. of Road $710,227 53
Bank Expenses, viz:
Salaries at Bank
in Augusta, and
Agency in Atlan
ta, Agents Corn
missions, Ac. 27.553 14
Interest paid on fun
ded debt of the
Company 41,875 21
Net profit for the year 398,107 93
Add balance at credit of profit
and loss 108,675 27
Deduct dividend this day declared 166,240 00
Surplus 340,543 20
The surplus exceeds eight dollars per share on
the stock of the Company, which will enable
the public to appreciate its value without any
comment from us. No higher praise could lie
bestowed on the management of the Company
than this exhibit affords.— Chron. ly Sent.
Anecdote of Jackson.
The Western Christain Advocate records the
following interesting anecdote of Jackson. The
sconce of it was in the Tennessee Annual Con
ference held at Nashville, and to which he had
been invited by a vote of the brethren that
they mihgt have the pleasure of an introduc
tion to him:
“The committee was appointed, and the Gen
eral fixed the time for 9 o’cluck on Monday
morning. The Conference room being too small |
toaccoinmodate the hundreds who wished to
witness the introduction, one of the churches
was substituted, and an hour before the time
filled to overflowing. Front seats were reserv
ed for the members of the Conference, wliiel*
was called to order by the Bishop, seated in a
large chair in the altar, just before the pulpit.
After prayers the committee retired, and a
minute afterward entered, conducting the man
whom all delighted to honor. They led him to
the Bishop’s chair, which was nutde vacant for
him, the Bishop mean while occupying another
place within the alter.
“The Secretary was directed to call the
names of the members of Conference, which he
did in alphabetical order, each coming forward
and receiving from the Bishop a personal intro
duction to the ex-President, and immediately
retiring to give place to the next. The cere
mony had nearly been completed, when the
Secretary read the name of Rev. James T——;
an elderly gentleman, with a weather-beaten j
face, clad in a suit of jeans, arose and came for
ward. Few seemed to know hint. He had al
ways been on acireuit, on the frontier; and
though always at Conference, he never troub ed
j it with long speeches, but kept his seat, and
• said but little—that little, however, was always
|to the-purpose. Mr. T. came forward, and
j was introduced to General Jackson. He turn
ed his face towards the General, who said. .It
: seems to me that we have met before.’ The
preacher, apparently embarrased, said: ‘I was
• with you through the Creek campaign—one of
! your bodyguard at the battle of Horse Shoe—
| and fought, under your command at New Or
leans.’ 'The General arose slowly from his seat,
and throwing his long, withered, bony arms
around the preacher’s neck, exclaimed: ‘AYe'll
soon meet where there’s no war—where the
smoke of battle never rolls up its sulphurous
“Never before, or since, have I seen so ma
ny tears shed as then flowed forth from the eyes
of that vast assembly. Every eye was moist
“Eleven years have passed away since that
day. The old hero has been more than ten in
bis silent and narrow home. Tbo voice that
cheered the drooping fight, and thundered in the
rear of routed armies is silent forever. The
old preacher, too, has fought, his last battle, laid
his armor by, and gone home to his eternal
War in the Drmorrntit Banks.
One of the Democratic organs at Washing
ton, the Sentinel, raises its voice agai ist the
re-nomination of President Pierce in the sub
joined fierce and volcanic strains :
From the Washington Sentinel. March 13.
President Pierce \ni> Territorial Leg
islation.—The nornillation of Franklin Pierce
was the m rest accident of modern times. The
honor was conferred, not as a reward lor emi
nent services, not as a tribute to intellect, but
by virtue of a temporary necessity—one of
those necessities which, in the course of politi
cal events, must occasionally arise. Men ol
mark, men of giant mind, tnen identified with
the history and the glory of the country, had
been unsuccessfully supported in the conven
tion. It becoming evident, finally, that no
distinguished statesman could, under the critical
circumstances of the hour, receive the nomina
tion of the party, it was, by almost unanimous
consent, given to the present incumbent. It
was the belief of every unprejudiced, politician
of the land that General Pierce would, if elec
ted, serve a single term, return his thanks to
his party, and retire into private life, lie was
nominated because lie was thought to lie in no
body's way. Polities, indeed, makes strange
bed-fellows' What man, born of woman, and
endowed with ordinary intelligence, could have
imagined, for an instant, that this same Frank
lin Pierce would a jt c end oi the term lor which
he was elected. 'comiTforward and attempt to
override the claims and pretensions of every
statesman that has honored the Democratic
party 1 Yet such is the tact before us; a mail
noted only for imbecility and political treachery
: —one that lias done more to damage the Dem
ocratic party than any other man that has liv
ed during the last thirty years—has the audac
ity to sit in the White House ami promise his
support to a hutidre.l prominent statesmen ;
merely so, the purpose of fastening himself for
four years more upon the .American people. j
Now, what is the course for the patty to
pursue? Tlie majority of the voters of the
country are Democrats, and the election of the
Democratic candidate is certain if he lie a
bold patriotic lender. We nitist not calculate,;
however, upon the absolute invincibility of De
mocracy, we are not strong enough to carry
weights. Franklin I’ierde is the weakest man
whose name will be before the convention .;: his
name would be the signal note of defeat. Ib
is absolutely odious to a large portion of the
Democracy of the country, iiis lidmiristra
tion will be referred to in future ns a political
abortion. But for a single measure, into the
support o:' which it was absolutely forced, it
Would have sunk ere this beyond the reach of
resurrection. It will bean eternal warning to
the party. No future political mariner need
be in doubt as to the course he should pursue.
He has only to do what Franklin Fierce lias
neglected to do, and to leave undone the things
he has done, and lie will sail in the clear waters
No greater evidence could be furnished of
the strength of the Democratic sentiment of
the nation than the fact that we have been able
to survive the shock of the last .three years;
but we must not absolutely outrage the com
mon sense of the people. The world is look
ing to us for a bold and decisive stroke; shall
we shame our pretensions to patriotism and 1
tair-dealing by asking a m ajority of the voters
of this great Republic to come up and support ,
a man who has struck down the nest statesmen i
of the laud and all bit i demoralized the only
true national party in the United States? j
it is time to look this matter in the face.— !
The President has descended into the arena, ;
and is employing all his energies to secure a j
renominatiou in June, lie has said boldly I
that no man in the North can succeed but him- >
self, and he has told the -South that no South
ern man can succeed without his influence: lie
talks of transferring the Democracy of the
land as though every Democrat were absolute
ly his serf. What a spectacle would we pre
sent with Mr. Bierce as our standard-bearer in
What is Mr. Pierce's record, that he should
impudently call in question the p.triotism or
nationality of distinguished statesmen ? What
is his organ in New Hampshire, and his mouth
piece in Washington, that they should dare to
read every mau out of the Democratic ranks
who honestly believes the nomination' of the
present incumbent would insure us ignominous
Who does not know that the New Hamp
shire Patriot —Mr. Pierce’s sworn organ in
New England—was formerly the open and
avowed champion of the Wilmot Proviso?
Who does not know that the Wushigton Union
—a paper which is now trying to lash the Dem
ocratic delegates to the Cincinnati, Convention
into the support of Mr. Pierce—came out in
opposition to the doctrine of non-intervention,
and only came to the support of Mr. Douglas’s
bill when it iound the general current of tin
country Setting in favor of it ? Who docs not
know that the President, in a large number of
instances, lias turned national and conservative
men out of office, for the purpose of supplying
their places with Abolitionists am] Dismnon
We have no real fears that Mr. Pierce will
be re-nominated ; we believe the day for weak
and truckling political operators is^insr.; we
have been the victims of one accident, which
the American people will uevar forget; never
theless, if we could counteract the influence of
governmental patronage, and secure an honest
expression of Democratic sentiment in Cincin
nati, we should at once let the light of day
shine in upon the machinations of an Admin
istration thfe most corrupt, and a Chief Execu
tive the most imbecile, that the annals of this
nation can furnish. For the sake of our coun
try’s honor, for the sake of our party's .credit,
for the sake of everything that is dear to us as
a people, we trust a death-blow will be struck
in the approaching convention to the miserable
pretensions of the who e race afidouble-dealing,
scheming political wire-workers; who have
done more in four years than the opposi
tion could do in twenty, to debase the standard
of Democratic virtue, and retard the onward
march of liberal principles.
We regret to speak thus severely of men elect
ed to prominent stations by the votes of out
own party, but when we see Southern states
men, in many instances endorsing the policy of
an administration like the present, we cannot
refqain from telling what we believe to be the
truth. The South cannot afford to hazard the
defeat of the Democratic candidate for the
Presidency in 1856. If Mr. Pierce shall In
nominated, his defeat is certain; the whole
Northwest—a portion of the Union which has
been faithful to the South, even in the darkest
hours —will drop him as a dead cock in the pit
The sound Democracy of the Midd.e States
have unanswerable reasons for regarding him
as the uncompromising enemy of their dearest
interests. Let us have a strong mail, a bold
man, a Democrat of the Jefferson school, and he
will ride into power by a more triumphant ma
jority than has been given fora Democratic
candidate during this century.
A good tale badly told, is a bad one.
Jurisdiction of Justice Court.
We have been furnished with a certified copy
of the law of the last Legislature raising the
Jurisdiction of Justices of the Peace in civil
suits.,. The Act will he interesting, we presume,
to onr readers generally, and especcially to that
portion of the officers of the judiciary depart
ment whose duty it will be to attend more par
ticularly to the alteration which it makes.—
i Here is the Act:— Columbus Rug.
An Act to raise the Jurisdiction of Justices of
Sec. 1. Be it enacted. Syc.. That from and af
ter the first day of March next, the jurisdiction
jof Justices of the Peace shall extend to the
amount of fifty Dollars principal, with inter
i Sec. 2 That it shall and may be lawful for
all promissory notes, accounts, and all other ev
idence of debts that do not exceed filly dollars,
to be sued before a Justice of the Peace in a
Justice Court, in the same itibnner as is now
prescribed by law, and when any person shall
be sued in a Justice Court, on n sum that c.x
■eo S- thirty dollar- an ! a ji dg nent, obtained
against the party deicndhn’t, the defendant with
in four days after lhe ijdjonDiment of said
Court upon paying all coStCthat may have ac
crued. and given good and sufficient security
! for principal and interest involved in the case,
shall have the right to stay the Execution six-
I ty days, and on at judgement! .obtained in a
, Justice Court wltei’c the amount is thirty dol
! lars or tinder, the slay of Execution shall be
the same time as is now prescribed by law.
Approved March sth, 1856. ,
The t nited States and (treat Si italn,
The correspondence on the Enlistment tjnes
tion submitted to the Senate of the United
States a few weeks ago, calls forth the follow- j
ing reply from the London Times of the loth I
of March : I
“ The correspondence on the alleged violation !
of American severe,gnty by enlistment on the !
I’erritory of the United States adds nothing of I
importance cither to the tacts or tlie argument '
;ol the question. It only exeludes-some of the)
| surmises with which the controversy had been
! industriously aided, as fust ns it. was otherwise j
lapsing into the rank .of bygone affairs. It !
j does not appear, nor is it even alleged, that I
Air. Crumpton was ever knowingly violating;
the law of the United States, or that he ever j
; persisted .in any proceeding whatever after it
• had been objected to by those authorities. Mr.
I Murey does not maintain that Alt-. Crumpton
j broke the Municipal law of the States, and on
; this point he appears to- admit, that Lord Clari
; otidon's answer last July was sufficient. If the
j co respondence stopped here, or if it were con
: fined to the question ol intentions, no doubt in
; the case of most oth‘-r States—in Europe, for
example—we have the certain promises of a
pacific and friendly conclusion. But here
comes in the extraordinary feutftre of this’ cor
respondence, which we are bound (o confess we
j regard with some alarm. That feature is the
j assumption of a. certain tone on the part of
the American Government which savors not
I only of anew soil, but of anew sphere. Af
j ter reading the letters—if documents of: Such
j pretension can be so modestly entitled—of the
| American Government, one seems to understand
; rather better the preposterous Faints put forth
j by some communities on the face of the earth :
how one empire boasts celestial affinities, and
calls the rest ol the world 1 outer barbarians
how another pays divine honors to its sover-
I eigns : how others absolutely forbid the obtrn-!
j -“ion of a stranger ; and how most of the Turks
ar.- under the belief that the Sultan cpinmand
; ed the AA'estern Powers to come to his aid.
“The ground now taken by the American
| Government is. that though the British Gov
! eminent and its representatives in the States
j had no wish to break the municipal law of the
j States, and possibly did not break that law.
land though, so far, its explanations may be
1 satisfactory, yet it committed the greater crime
' <>f not respecting American sovereignty. For
this it is alleged no sufficient satisfaction lias
been offered, and such is the loftiness and vague
ness of the dignity said to be affronted that one
can scarcely venture to say What would be suf
ficient— whether hetacombs wofild expiate the
crime. This sovereignty is treated as sofne
tbiiig Wholly distinct from law. and perfectly
separable, not only in idea, but in fact. What
it Mr. Grampton observed the law? what it
Lord Clarendon gate peremptory orders that, it
should be observed? That is wholly beside
the purpose, says the American Government.
They disregarded the sovereignty of the Amer
ican people in their Own territory. To En
glishmen this style of argument is a process in
•• In this country, and in most other civilized
countries, law is the expression of sovereignty,
and sovereignty is defined by law AA’e ac
knowledge no sovereignty in our Queen or our
Government, either towards ourselves or to
wards foreigners, unless it be law. We ac
knowledge none, the violation of which will not
render us liable to prosecution, trial, and pun
ishment. AVe presume it a piece ol condescen
sion to British ideas that, when Lord Claren
don asks for proof that our representatives
have violated American sovereignty, .Air. Alar
cy sends the report of some trials for simple
offences against ti.e United States law. This
would seem to admit what Lord Clarendon
very naturally nrgtk-s, that he is clear, neither
he nor his agents have broken the law, for any
one may do in any territory that which the.
laws of that territory do not forbid. But the
President of the United States ami his Secre
tary for Foreign Affairs do not see (he neces
sity for this inference. They seem to hold that
in the United Slates at least a man may ob
serve the law to the letter, but yet be a griev- i
ons. and unpardonable offender against some-J
thing far higher than law, viz : a mysterious |
sovereignty —the Sovereignty of the people, and j
afar more jealous, irritable and implacable]
sovereignty than that of emperors and kings.;
That of the American Government is tonie
thing above law, and incapable of ordinary
expression. In its presence—if we may vest-1
lure to suppose oneself in the presence of so -
august and mysterious a personage—we feel as I
within tlie range of some terrible genii, whose '
express b bests we might observe with the '
most servile exactness, but who c add suddeitiy
dcuiand impossible satisfaction for some crime;
that no prudence, no loyalty, no prescience :
could have avoided. AVe have thrqwn the
date stone inside the wil of the well instead ol i
outside, and a grim potentate rises up font
i the abyss to avenge the innocent indignity.
I We are not aware of any offence that a foreign
] minister could he guilty of in this country ex
cept by an express violation of the law. lie;
j might, of course, make himself very disagrees- j
I hie by arrogance or rudeness, or t.y lending
] himself to faction; but that would be a purely i
j personal question, and in this case it is a pub- ]
j lie offence which Mr, Crumpton is said to have
] committed, strangely without breaking any ]
"The American journals seem generally to]
take neither the legal nor the transcendental
view of the question. They go at once into
material resources and pofitieal consequences.
The United Slates they consider to be better
prepared for war than any other people in the j
world, even though their small quantity of ship- ;
ping and stores might put them a year or two
in the arrears. They have the men, tlie wealth,
the spirit, the territory, and everything tha
gives sinews to war. On the other hand, a
successful war—and. of course, it would be
successful against this old aristoeratical country
—would wake the sleeping spirit of Democra
cy and drive England to prefer the good will
and example of America to her own ancient
“We are ready so concede that, there is nn
amount of probability in these calculations.—
AA'e believe the United States to be in most
material conditions, about the wealthiest in the
world. Nor do we think that England could
wffi-r the frequent defeat of her expeditions,
the destruction and disgrace of her armies, the
loss of her merchantmen, and the obstruction
ol' her trade without great cost ar.d loud com
plaints But t'hose are, to say the least, very
dangerous speculations. They have often been
indulged in with equal confidence, and constant
ly disappointed; AA'ar rarely does any body
any good, unless it be the few soldier adventu
rers whom it raises to tlie first rank- in societr,
and that other suiter race of men which grow
rich on its extravagance. Such a war as the
American papers seem to desire, and for which
then- statesmen tire so anxious to find cause,
would lie quite ns likely to affect the relations
of American society as those of the English.
H could hardly fail to hasten the inevitable
I day when the Republic. like nil other Repub
] lies, particularly those of the New World, is
!to bloom into empire. Moreover, the losses
would not be trifling on either side. We are
better prepared for war now than we were two
years ago. and we should certainly take a great
deal of beating before we gave in’. AA'e should
fight and spend money at our usual courage
and liberality, and, even if we were beaten al
together. it is still possible—we think probable
j—that the Americans would win victory too
| dearly to make it a matter for self-gratulation.”
Paper Making from (he Bark of Cot’on
Plants—An Important Uisrovny.
PpecinieuS of the itork stripped from cotton
stalks have been exhibited to paper manufactu
rers ut the North, which is found' to be of a
fibrous character, and is considered to be well
adapted for the manufacture of go- and paper.
The best period for preparing this cotton hemp
; will be hs soon as practicable after the picking
joi cotton-has been finished. The plants should
! 'hen be pulled up and’dew-rotted like hemp or
I sm- r »hd afterwards broken up and the bark
] separated from the wood, of the stalk. The
j specimens of cleaned" bark exhibited to experi
t diced paper makers, was considered equal to
I good rags worth 6 cents per lb. or about $129
! per ton, and was pronounced the best substi
i lute I'm rags of any raw vegetable material
known to the trade. »
The practice with the planters.' hitherto, has
been after t lie cotton is gathered to collect the
j plants into heaps before preparing the ground
■ for another crop, and burn them, so that the
] hemp which may hereafter be obtained from
them will be a clear gain, and add so rr,licit 'ail
; ditior.nl to the yield of their cotton fields.
Tin; importance of an affirridant and cheap
material as a substitute for rags from which
| good and cheap paper can be made, may le
. judged of from tiie fact that the Edited pdafis
consume ns much as France and England com
• billed. There is no (lenient in the progress of
] civilization more iinportont than cheap paper.
] With a plentiful supply of cheap paper, books
] can be supplied at cheaper rates, newspapers
polished at lower prices, and correspondencfe
I conducted at less cost. For some years tie
I consumption of paper has been gaining on the
! supply of rags, ami (cars have been felt that
I the advance in their cost Would ultimately he
seriously felt in every department of literatim ,
so that, should the discovery of cotton hemp
realize the anticipations of paper makers, rt
will not only prove valuable to the .South, but
also to the civilized world.
The magnitude of the paper business rnev
he conceived when we take into 'consideration
t! a', there are 750 paper mills in the United
States, employing 3.000 engines, and which
produce annually at 10 cents per lb. $27,000,-
000 worth of paper. To manufacture this
amount of paper requires 405.000.000 lbs. of
rags, 1 1-4 lbs. of rags being necessary to pro
duce 1 lb. of paper. The value of the rags ut
the average of 4 cent.s,pcr lb amounts to $16.-
000,000, to which, if tiie cost of making them
into paper, including 1 3-4 cents to each lb.
of paper in labor, with wastage, chemicals Ac.’,
be added, would swell the cost to $23,625,000
to produce $26,000,000 of paper, leaving nett
profits on the total manufacture of $3,375,000.
For the year ending 30th June, 1855. we im
ported 40 013.516 lbs. of fort -ign rags from 26
different countries. Os this amount Tuscany,
in Italy, supplied 14,000.000 lbs. Two Sicilys
6,000,000, Austria 4 millions, Egypt 2,466,928,
England 2,591,178. she total "value of the
40.013,516 lbs. imported was $1,22."-, 150. The
manufacture of paper has outstripped the sup
ply of materials, a fid tope cuttings, lump
waste and other articles'have been resorted to,
but the supplies of all have not been sufficient (o
meet the demand, and prices have been steadily
on the advance. It is possible that the cotton
fields of the South may supply an almost inex
haustible supply of hemp, so as hereafter we
will reach the great desideratum in modern civ
ilization, an abundant and cheap supply of pa-
The Albany Statesman, the new Amer
ican paper well remarks: “What is the
reason that this new American party,
composed, as it is, of the disjointed frag
ments of all shows such vitality ?
The answer is sitnp'e—Because it is fonn
de in the popnlar heart, and leans in nn
doubtjng faith on the patriotism of the na
tion. Demanding that the Bible shall be
; in our common schools—claiming that to
the children of the soil belong, first, its re
-1 wards—seeking to arrest the tide of fore
! ign pauperism and crime that is deluging
! the land—rebuking the selfish ambitious
that would divide the Union, and assert
; ing the right of Americans to control the.
| country whose freedom was obtained at
: such a sacrifice, they appeal, a: and loudly,
! to the true and good of every party, that
the responsive “God be with void ’ comes
up like the swell of the sea, from every
j side. Strong in youth, strong in the right;
| and strong in the consciences* and hearts
| of the people, It will survive all shocks in
the future, as it basin the past. Deser
ters only commit suicide ; doubters and
trimmers ato laid aside, white opposera
are vanquished. Courage, then, Ameri
cans! Never, since your existence as a
party, have the skies looked so promis
Errors of the Press.— Reader, did yog
know that < very column of a newspaper
contained from ten to twenty thousand dis
tinct pieces of metal, the misplacing of any
one of w hich w ould cause a blunder or typ
ographical error ? With this curious fact
before you, don’t yon wonder at the geu-
I oral accuracy of newspapers: Knowing
| this to be the fact, you will be more dis
| i>osed, we hope, to excuse than magnify
I errors of the press.