PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY,
BY A. M, EDDLKMAN & CO.
VVbbkly Uf.ITUM- .•,n & DISCIPLINE |jjt2 00
Special contracts will be made for yearly a<l
v ertiseineats occupying a quarter, half or whole
Business or Professional Cards will be in
serted under the head of 4i Business Directory, }}
at $5 per annum when confined to a more an
uouncement, and not included in the space occu
pied by yearly advertisers.
Advertisements conspicuously inserted at $1
per square for the first insertion, and 50 cents
per square for each subsequent insertion. Those
sent without a specification of the number of in
sertions, will be published until ordered out, and
. Sal Lands and Negroes, by Administrators.
ISxeci or Guardians, are required by law to
beheld on the first Tuesday in the month, be
tween the hours of ten in the forenoon and three
in the afternoon, at the Court-house in the coun
ty in which the property is situate. Notices of
these sales must lie given in a public Gazette
'Forty days previous to the day sale.
Notices for the sale of Personal Property must
be given at least ten days previous to the pav
Notice to Debtors and Creditors of an Estate
must be published forty days.
Notice that application will he made to the
Court of Ordinary for leave to sell Land or Ne
groes, must be published weekly for two months.
Citations for Letters of Administration must
be published, thirty days —for Dismission from
Administration, month)y six months— for Dis
mission from Guardianship, forty days.
Pules for Foreclosure of Mortgage must be
published onthly for four months —for estab
*ish: 'g L* Pap 'is, for the full space of three,
months —compelling titles from Administrators
or Executors, whtre a bond has been given by the
deceased, the full space of three months..
Publications wi.* always be continued accord
ing to,these, the legal requirements, unless oth
business Pirn tone
Howes, Tiy att’&T eo. ;
Wholesale Dealers in Boots, Shoes, and Leather, 55
- Warren and o'i Murray Streets, New York. Orders
resjjeetfully solicited and promptly filled.
March 28, 1856-ly.
WILSON & OLIVER,—’Phy
’ » —ln >.Hj. Ricoh} NewWi<*k*B*i!M!lig. se
load story—on Loyd Street. March 28, ISoO.-ly.
ITUIE JOHNSON HOUSER—
I Whitehall-Street', Atlanta, Georgia. Board per day
-JL Dec. 21—tf.‘ .L 11. Boswoiini. ‘
|1 Street; Atlanta. Georgia,Lv
S-- :s—<«*. r.K. I). TANARUS„ GORDON.
r LiiNOIH .Ulorney at
TANARUS; V,‘ TON HALL,'—Hi;
KitjLXTHiVdv!' Aw > nL tL ' ?
. 0 .-,. Macon. Georgia'S
A I loirs r. .. .;
v U » run and pnpalar ostabii.-Timgai
■ ; !v Wic Civ lint I. al the cirmr oi
■ 1 Ducatur streets, is now open I'or the
iol visitors. A. lonyswp irivuco in tito
V: uud Tegm'd flatters hirilzeU, will
si i lo oai.f si,t'V'lally to the wants of
n i:i Vv sti vrilii'.t a call.
!• ■'» t.f JOUN F. ARNOLD
II iiihattiui Hotel,
i> ■ , .1, 1 a-.nl ;> Jliir.uy Sfrcct,
SNCOND 1)001'. FROM EKO.VTIW.tr.
• ••//" Hie Par!; YE IE YORK.
-U.RUN'S & FLING, Proprietors.
V. Huggins. late of Pearl street House. Bos
> : it. 0. Fi.ixu. late of Lovejoy's Hotel. New
t >rk. ly March S
M KID 'll A NTS’ HOTEL.
Vurtll Pill ill Su-Hl, l-filladelpflin.
v, KUSBIN & SON, PROPRIETORS
oct27 '-V) iltwly.
MeKlew & Bradford,
«• UCNERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
f No. 48 Garomlclot .Sir,- I, New Orleans. —
f- :r business is kept up through the entire year,
a 1 all on!ts ad tressed to us v •ceive prompt
a ■ 1 careful attention. June 21 55 ts
(iarticll & (ilriin,
4 TTORXEYK AT LAW. Atlanta, Georgia,
yy will attend the Courts in the Counties of
I r ton, ReKalb, Fayette, Campbell, Meriwether,
rr. S ita, Carroll, Henry, Troupe, Heard, Cobh
a i, Riling.
r ft .03 J. GARTREIX, LUTHER .1. GLENN
F j;-.ncrly of Washing-) j Formoly of Mc
ton, Ga. j" | Donotigli, Ga.
( fliee.—Fronting the Rail Road, on White-
Id a’ iStreet. December 21 6 12 I2mo
Micitael J. Ivy,
4 CTORNEY AT LAW, Atlanta, Georgia.—
A February 22, 1855. ly
Kzzard & Collier,
i r'TORNEYS AT LAW, Atlanta, Georgia,
i V having united themselvesin the practice, will
a' to and to business intrusted to their care in the
t( Hi wing counties, viz: Fulton, DelCalb, New
4, a, .lenrv, Fayette, Coweta, Campbell, Carroll,
I lit ling. Cass and Cobb.
n >y will also practice in the District Court of
t sf nited States at Marietta and the Supreme
( om . of Georgia.
Oil ce the Atlanta Bank Building, 2d floor.
It ITi IK '.ZAIiD. JOHN COLLIER.
Jail 18 _»
V. C. llotvell,
4 T I'ORNEY AT LAW. Atlanta, Georgia, will
Y I ractice in the Superior Courts of Fulton
n .id a jacen: counties. Also, iu thp Supreme
t ourl at Atlanta and Macon.
dec 27 55 wly
T. n. RIPJLEY,
Dealer in china crockery and
GLASS WARE, Atlanta, Georgia, has just
l ,’ceiv. and a few barrels of Winter Sperm
Whale, and Lard Oil. For sale low.
dcc7 5 JO ts
Overby & lUecklev,
* TTORNEY AT LAW, Atlanta,Georgia.—
A O lice on Marietta street' [-J—lstf.
Harris & Wilson,
A TTORNKY’S AT LAW, Atlanta Georg’s -
A O - ce under Intelligencer Printing Office.
nGvl 5 6 ts
11 . A. CR IXU. 1.. W. WELLS. 111011 '.UD CURD
CRANE, WELLS & CO.,
10TT0N AND PRODUCE FACTORS, FOR-
I ./ WARDING and commission mer
t. HANTS, N0.82 Bay street, Savannah, Georgia.
li c v .15 5 _
»,R'VVS i7aVv a HE,
••'1 “is. WhitedlaU Street. At
iffuta.-.Gooi-gia, fe ready (and
latest and best style, and to
Piivsli all the necessary •* fixins” jh\\ I
show off the outer man to the if) / |
■ •si advantage. Also Masonic til II
tegalia and Tailors’ prerccmi
sites for sale on reasonable terras.
June 2, 5 4»o8 tt 1
W. KIXC, Sit. M'LEOD KING. W. KING. JB
W XING & SOUS,
TRACTORS & COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
1 and FORWARDING AGENTS, Savannah,
References: —J. Norcross, Atlanta; .K. E.
Pinchan, Marietta ; \V. W. Clayton, Kingston;
N. J. Bayard and It. T. AfcCuy, Rome
nov 3 55 wly
J. C. ItUPERT. | M. S. CASSDTY. | J. T* IIABDIE.
JOHN TANARUS, HA.RDIE & CO.,
COM MISSION MERCHANTS,
Nhuilk i- 85 GraTler Street,
NEW ORLEANS LOUISIANA.
Refer to Tv. T. Jones, Albany, Gn.; James A.
Nisbit, Macon, Ga.; Judge J. 11. Lumpkin, Ath
ens, Ga.; Cos!. John Banks, Columbus, Ga.; J.
J. Detiprce, Lexington, Ga.; Jas. & John Mann,
Madison, Ga. times. Sept. 27, 1855.
T. STEXIIOUSE. j. M. AI.I.KX. X. AVERII.T,
ST EX HOUSE, ALLEN & CO.,
FORWAHIMVO Hi COHJIISSKIv
M E II C II A N T r ,
No. 7llayneSt Chaulbstox, S. C.
Particular attention given to the sale of
CORN, FLO UP. and COUNTRY RPODUCE
generally. Aug. IC, 1855—1 y.
J E. WILLIAMS. RHEA, Q. W.M. M. WILLIAMS
J. E. Williams K Cos.
(Successors to J. E. Williams)
General commission merchants,
and particularly for the sale of Bacon. Lard
Grain, Ac. &c. Atlionaium building, Decatur
street, near the Trout House, .Atlanta, Ga. lam
truly thankful for the very liLoral patronage
I havereceived fer the past throe years, and re
spectfully solicit a continuance oi' the same.to
the new firm. J. E. WILLI.7MS.
March 8 55 ts
DANIEL ITAXD. D. 11. WILCOX
HAND, WILCOX & CO.,
WHOLE SA L E O 110 CEII S ,
QUGAR. COFFEE, MOLASSES, BAGGING,
O ROPE, NAILS, and every article kept in the
business, except Liquors.
GEO. W. WILLIAMS. A. QKAVKS.
Sept. 27, 1855. 6mos.
J. F. WOtmiil RY, Atlanta, Georgia,
/GENERAL DEALER in DRUGS and MEDI
VJ CINES, CHEMICALS, PAINTS, OILS.
DYE-STUFFS, VARNISHES and BRUSHES,
GLASS, PERFUMEY, FANCY ARTICLES, Ac.
Goods selected with cure and warranted as
represented. nov 9 dswly
I J. RICHARDS & C0.,~-ICeep a wholesale
J. and Retail Cheap Cash, Book. Music and
Fancy Store, on White-Hall Street, Atlanta. Ga.
Orders per Mail promptly attended to. Estab
lished November Ist 1855
Wit. MLWOKTH. SAM. DKAXSOX
uiLWoanr, kkamson & co.,
73 MARKET STREET, PHILADELPHIA.
HENRY P. LAMMS, JAMILS M. VANCE.
oct27, : 55 rli-wly.
CoSuitilMis llhk ios,
\ RCniT-EHT AND BUILDER. While-Hull
lA St’’e r. Atlanta. Georgia.
. Oct. 21, 1855. dav. -ts.
( V"' TilE LATEST
V / S T 1’ r, E S. and rUu.5
Very SU-.t Q SI si - _
• y. ala ays on hull i a .1
| for sale by J If <
i»t\\VSi!i: k l.iiOTiil'l!. fgfV. ..
! Who arc always proper- '
j <‘d to have Watch Kcpairi'ig done up ! : IV- .
| stylo and warranted.
I ± 60
MRS. E. Q. COLL IS
I UJV» DEALER In Fashion -Me R . ■;is.
/ 'Jy DRESS CAPS. FLOWERS ; ; . .
j EMBROIDERIES Ac.. „.U Hr-ml
* street, opposite United St il.-s Hot •]. a.._;
Ga. ordeis tilled with dispatch,
nov 3 55 daw ly
Joseph H hiideitj
Dealer in taints. oils and glass,
No. 11 Hayne-Street. Charleston,3. C. keeps
constantly Cor sale, a general assortment of
Taints, and Oils of all kinds, Varnishes, Win
dow Glass and Sashes, Spirits Turpentine. Spirit
Gas, Cotton Foot-Gin Fixtures, Glue and Brash
es of various kinds
oct2 5 1 ts
Atlanta Machine Works.
4 r l’ this Establishment may be found the most
_£jl extensive, and varied assortment of PAT
TERNS for Merchant and Custom Mills in the
State, embracing the latest improvements for
Mill Gearing found anywhere. The experience
of the Superintendent (J. L. Dunning) has been
equal to any one of his age in Miil Building,
and from this fact can advise those who want
To Lumbermen I would say if you want a Saw
Mill at all. get a Circular Mill. There is no mis
take about their advantage—notany. We make
them on short notice, and so do others : but we
mean to have : -se of our build good enough, it
not the best y. made.
Terms cash; or, in other words, pay and be
paid. JAS. L. DUNNING,
Superintendent Atlanta Machine Cos.
June 21 55 ts
o 7 fTbauthT
PIANO FORTE RETATRER AND TUNER,
will attend to any calls in his lino of busi
ness, such as regulating of action, covering of
hammers, (felted or buffed,) laying of new
Strings by the Octave, whole, or single. Tuning
by the year done at reduced prices. Orders any
where from the country addressed to C. F.
BARTII, Atlanta, Georgia, will meet with
prompt attention nov.2 ts.
ATTORNiIV AT LAW, after fifteen
years’ practice, lias permanently located
in Augusta, Ga; will attend to all business en
trusted him in the counties of Richmond, War
ren, Columbia, Burke, Jefferson and Lincoln.
Office on the corner of Washington and Ellis
Streets. Feb. 8, 1850. Gm
WOUlvli respectfully inform the citizens ;
of Atlanta and vicinity, that he has open
ed a shop on Whitehall street, next door to L.
Lawshe’s Tailoring establishment, where he may
always be found ready to make to order
BOOTS AND SHOES,
Os the best Stock nnrl Workmanship. All work
warranted. Patronage solicited. Terms cash,
and prices reasonable. Feb. 8, 1856,
f. and. Tiinunx, if. n., 11. and. s.
SURGEON E N TIS T ANARUS,
lias located in Atlanta, Geo. Office No. 3S,
White Hall Street.
Ali C. Simpson,
TTORNEY AT LAW, Atlanta, Georgia.—
ov. U f 7 t'
SL.OAN & OATH AN,
DEALERS In Italian, Egyptian and American
STATUARY and East Tennessee MAR
BLE, MONUMENTS. TOMBS. URNS and VAS- ;
E3, MARBLE MANTELS- and FURNISHING
MARBLE. All orders promptly filled.
*3" Ware rooms opposite Georgia Rail Road
Depot. Atlanta, Georgia. oct 25-dvwt*.
ATLANTA, GEORGIA, FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 13, 1856.
Atlan'a II Morin Conrrn'ion.
We find the following article respecting the
j Heform Medical Convention, which met in this
city on the 14th ult„ in the June No. of the
I Southern .Medical Reformer & Review. It is
to lie regretted that so respectable a body of
gentle lien, ns well as the audience, should have
been insulted by the conduct of some unknown
individuals who had less brains than manners—
perhaps very little of either :
This body assembled according to appoint
ment, anil organized by calling Prof. L. Bank
ston, ot Georgia, to the Chair and appointing
Prof. I. N. Loomis, of Georgia, and Dr. L. 1).
Shelton, of Kentucky, to act us Secretaries.
It assembled in the Athemcuin, a largo and
commodious I lull, though the City Hall had
been cheerfully granted to us for that purpose,
by the Mayor of the city. In deference how
ever to the Atlanta Medical College, which de
livered its lectures in that building, it was
thought best to rent a room, and subsequent
events proved the wisdom of our course.
This was the largest and most respectable
body of Reformers that has ever assembled in
the United States for the last ten years. Sev
en Southern States were represented, viz:
South Carolina. Georgia, Alabama, Florida,
Maryland, Tennessee and Kentucky; and the
number of the profession present was between
fifty and sixty.
the amount of talent and experience pres
ent was also greater than at any similar body
which we have ever attended.
After some preliminary motions and discus
sions, the body proceeded, through a Commit
tee, to repori a Constitution more thoroughly
organizing it into the Southern Reform Medi
cal Association, and alter slight amendments
the Constitution as reported was unanimously
adopted ; and also the Baltimore platform of
principles, leaving off the preamble.
We have never seen more harmony prevail
in any body, of the same numbers. Where ev
ery one could not think precisely alike, there
was a courteous disposition to acquiesce in
whatever policy a majority thought best calcu
lated to promote the interest ot the profession.
'Tiiis was indeed, praiseworthy and no doubt
challenged the admiration of every one pres
i lie association urged upon ou*’ profession
South the importance of organization in every
State. And this is a point which cannot be
urged too Strongly, lor it is only through of
ganization that our collective strength and in
fluence can be impressed upon the country.—
We do hope our profession will see aiid feel its
importance, and at once set about this great
object. How cheering it would be to meet
delegates, appointed by State associations, front
every State in the South, at our next annual
meeting. We know of no event that would
mere clearly indicate the early success of our
cause, and the downfall of the errors of Allo
Resolutions were passed' expressive of their
high satisfaction at the condition of the Reform
M. dical College, and also of the Journal,
The animal address was delivered by Prof.
L. Bankston, oil Wednesday evening at 8 o’-
clock, and followed by an able speech from
I'rol. L \. Loomis.
L was di 'enuinid that the future meetings
■I i ia- assoeiutioii should be held niternauily at
M lop'iia T im., and Macon, Ga.. an 1 .■
•o' rtg is to l«* held at Memphis.. ■ ■ , -
■i I day of March, sous to b- pro-
C O'. • ex* i cisi-s of 11,.- Menu,:,
'.i'-- l (let-rein - ' , ■ .
Af , vc e re J
. tw. nil ,• .. . ~eu nil ll
*U ■ . . uiidther the 'a , . .....
nob v and genet'oiis y tender and were returned.
! "and a ivsohliioll Stlbsequ ' t v adopted. I' -quest
jin.- Di - edito.s and the Southern M dicul Ro
i rin-u' and Review to issue a Prospectus for
The only matter for regret, which occurred
during the session of the Convention; and which
marred for a moment the*pleasant proceedings,
was a low bred vulgar puerile attempt of some
oi the Students at the Atlanta College. We
say some young gentlemen of that, school spurn
ed the proceedings and sought seats among
gentlemen elsewhere, to interrupt the speakers
by themselves, and by affording mi example of
their own filthy folly endeavor to annoy the
audience. Boor silly creatures, you may learn
the art of Paracelsus to make by the agency ol
Chemistry. Zibeta Oceidentalis. No doubt
from the exhibition made and the indications
given, the occupation would suit you. We on
ly hope when you grow older and acquire this
art, you will have sense (enough manners we
do not hope for) to keep your preparations,
where a kindred sympathy will render them ap
preciated—and if such tilings delight you, go
at once to the Mountains of Helicon,
•• E.st etiiim in magnis Iloliconis montibus arbus
Floris odoro hominem retro consueta neeare,”
and doubtless your appetites will be fully sat
In days of old, as Ilerodutus tells us, an ar
my of Scythians run when they heard ail ass
bray. Animals of that kind have become go
plenty, of late, that they create much less un
easiness than in the days of Herodotus. This
fact we state for the benefit of learned Histo
rians, who may hereafter contrast the present
age with the past. 'There are many more his
torical reminiscences which wc will take occa
sion to dot down for this purpose, hereafter.
Wild Cotton of Nicaragua. —The New
Orleans Delta of the 30th ult.. states: We were
shown a spccimcnof cotton yesterday, by Mr.
Dunwell, who is just from Nicaragua, which lie
found in the finest, while hunting on the banks
of the San Juan river, in Nicaragua. The
stalk on which it grew was about six feet high,
growing straight, and branching but little,
The staple is long and fine, and the seed have
the peculiarity of being quite naked, or yield
ing the down from them without retaining tile
white fibrous coating which is seen on the seed j
of the ordinary cotton cultivated in the South- 1
era States. This would seem to give it an ad-'
vantage over other cotton in ginning, and to!
save much cotton which is now lost by adher
ing to the seed.-
“Did you know,” said a cunning Yankee to
a Jew, “that they hang Jews and jacknsses to
uether in Portland?'’ “Indeed! then it is well
that you and I are not there,” returned the
SoSfitTiitxs New. —It is proposed to light
the streets in a village not a thousand miles
from Syracuse, with red-headed girls! If we
lived there we'd play tipsy every night, and
i hug the lamp post,
Bright.—A young man who thinks ail dem
ocrats arc “ furriners,” said, “ I was born in
Ameriky, but I am afurrtner in principle!" I
For the Rof.ubttcAP & Discipline.
The Value of Cooks.
1 do not mean for you my friendly I'cuilr to
suppose, from the caption of this article that.
1 assume tile capability of estimating the value
of books, in either silver, gold, or precious
stones. Neither can it be done. When I say
the value of books, 1 wish to impress your mind
with the idea of their superlatively great value.
They are not to be compared with silver and
gold, or any corrosive wealth. Who is is, that
lias any education and knowledge of hooks,
that will not testify to the above fact?
Book's are the great source, and foundation
of Knowledge. The man who is entirely desti
tute of education, and an inquiring mind, looks
upon books with interest and regard ; but,
with a careless indifference, That man is not
conscious of their value; and lie lOuks upon
them as though they were so many shapely
blocks of stones, and as being almos’ worthless.
If he can be induced to open their iids, and
turn their pages it is only to search out and
adm rc (as auy child would do,) those embel
lished plates, and highly colored pi tmvs, which
speak to his understanding, in theuamisinkable
language of nature. While those great ideas,
connected with them in print, and even their
names entirely escape his ken. After this cur
sory perusal of their superficial contents, they
cease to entertain him any longer, appearing to
become a burden to bis fingers ; and he casts
them aside as unwelcome guests, and, as til
ing unworthy of his further notice; to occupy
their dusty places, either on the stand or in the
library. Such a man as this is to tie pitied,
under ail considerations. He 13 deprived of
much innocent pleasure and enjoyment, to be
obtained by reading ; from tld want of a prop
per knowledge of letters. Nat only this, but
he is also living and acting tlje part of an ig
noramus in this enlightened , age ; while sur
rounded by all the hoarded knowledge of past
A man of this cast is incapable and unquali
fied to entertain his frieuds, either by interest
ing conversation, of by reading to them from
books. He is a stranger to refinement; and
and, it he is a man of fortune and leisure ; he
is found, not unfrequently. lounging about,
spending his time and money in pursuit of mo
mentary and fleeting pleasures. And often, at
night-fall, instead of occupying his seat in the
quiet family circle around the lovely fireside,
and reading from the pages of some historical
or poetical book, thereby entertaining himself
land those around him intellectually, he is to be
found, away from home, at some precinct of
vice, there engaged iu disgraceful orgies in the.
courts of Bacchus. Although i have wander
ed STinewliat front my subject. 1 have done so
i l order to show I,n« TEea ana appreciates
■looks, who is ignorant < their coni, i.ts.
•>' ■ ' I. riao.J. 1 la'-i. cat-.-linan is almost
i Is wtHi wheat lw .Mights ».» have
| mis ■ I'-’y •v. r v.-io.tmo in his li
j ' - in- and with the toils
■ ■ • p-raisyst lust .mis
- ' ■ ito delights to
! I ? ai s: .. ~ . , ~ re,**..-, and there
I "'ito nooks, lie lium hoiiis them up before his
view and opens their lids, and admires at first,
(as does the ui’leUitvd man) those bountiful
j plates and embellishments, which seem to over
hang. ns a curtain, those great ideas within.—
But not content with this, he is curious to
kliow what is within the vail So he gently
j raises the curtain, as it were, and enters the
literary theatre, as a spectator, ill search <f
something novel aiid iiiteiesiifig. He is there
saluted nod entertained, as if face to face, by
these great authors, who have been conspicuous
actors iu the grand drama of time ; but some
of which have, long since, vanished from tiie
stage of action. The educated man makes
books his companions, guides, and instructors.
If he is perplexed with the cares and troubles
of the world, or forsaken by friends; rather
than seek the inebriating howl to dispell his
gloomy feelings ; be can retire from those scenes
to some place of quietude, and there, with book
in hand, hold sweet coloquy with some pleasant
author, intellectual entertainments disengage
liis mind from the cares of life. A man, that
will do this, is seldomly seen spending his leisure
hours m irksome idleness. When the day clo ;
ses, and lie retires from the business of life, to
his stately mansion, or humble cottage, as the
case may be, instead of spending his evening
hours in dosing stupidity, or drunken revelry,
he spends them with books, in pleasant nocturn
Books are the archives of knowledge. They
are the great repository, where all the authors
of past ages, have recorded whatever they
knew concerning matters and things. What
would be the condition, of the now enlightened
portion of the inhabitants of the world, if they
were entirely destitute of hooks or the knowl
edge of them ? This question may be easily
answered by you, if you will only take a clear
view of the most savage nation now upon the
globe, which is nothing more than a fair repre
sentation of the condition of the enlightened
nations, if they had never been blessed with
the light and knowledge shed upon them by
books. Like those savages, they would know
nothing of their history, or of past events, ex
cept ffirottgh the Very imperfect medium of le
gendary tradition, and he living in heathenism
and darkness. So far from this, we see the
knowledge, greatness, and happiness, of the en
lightened nations, and their great superiority
over others ; all of which, we must acknowl
edge, is derived from hooks.
I make these reflections in order to show the
inestimable value of books.
Books and educations (for the; are insepar
able,) are objects of great importance in this
age, belli nationally and individually, among
the more enlightened nations of the earth.—
The time is at hand, in my opinion, when every
person, both old and young, mole and female,
wi'bin tbe bonds of Christendom, should en
courage and advance the cause of education, I
through the medium of good books. The
young should search them dilligently, in the
acquisition of knowledge—and the old, espe
cially all the heads of families, should convert
the parlors of their domicils (if not already)
into, athenaeums for the benefit of their own
offspring—and also the rising generation
I cannot speak thus highly of the value of
books without expressing my own love and at
tachment for them. They are my friends, with
whom I hold daily intercourse—and the pleas
ant companions of my solitary hours. And
often in my meditation 1 feel that—
If I were doomed to exile lire,
On some lone island in the sea,
It then would be my greatest strife,
To have good books to take with me.
Atlanta, Georgia, May, 1856.
The citizens of Nashville Tenn., lately held
a meeting to endorse the cause Gen. Walker
2nd Nicaragua. One of their resolutions de
reared and educated in our midst he,
(vvalker) has ever uni stained the diameter
el an honest and honorable mail. A graduate
ol she L Diversity of Nashville, and for several
years a student at Paris, when lie devoted him
self to the acquisition of knowledge, his intel
lectual endowments, his literary attainments
and varied knowledge, his nice sense of honor
his distinguished gallantry and his republican
principles eminently qualify him for the (ask of
regenerating a people cursed with all the evils
o! a bad government, and conferring upon them
the blessings of freedom and security under the
operations of wise and beneficent laws. He
left his home and native land without a spot or
blemish upon his character, and we. whd know
him well, feci sure that whatever may be his
future career, he will do nothing to tarnish ids
Stuck up Folks;
“ I don'tlike those people, they are so dread
fully stuck up,” was tlie remark we heard the
other day. What are “stuck up” people,
thought we, and we have been looking about
to see if we could find any.
Do you see that young man over yonder,
leaning against the post of that hotel piaza.
twirling a shadow walking stick, now and then
coaxing the hair on his lip and watching every
lady that passes, not that he cares to see them,
but is anxious to know whether they are ob
serving him ; lie belongs to the‘‘Stuck" up folks.”
What is the occasion? Well, he happens to
havea rich father, and a foolish, vain mother,
who has fought liitn that he isn’t “common
folks,” and that poverty is almost the same as
vulgarity ami meanness, and so he has become
-stuck up,” he doesn’t take pains to learn any
thing. for hedoes not feel the need of knowing
any more; he does not work, for lie has never
required it. and lie is so extensively “stuck up,”
that lie hasn’t the least, idea tti.it lie will ever
come dow n—hedoesen't know however.
“There goes a young woman—lady she calls
herself—with the most condescending air to
nobody in particular, and an all pervading con
j scnuisness that she has not earned the salt she
I eats, knows a little, of a good many things.
: and nothing thoroughly of anything; is most
j j> izzlid lest she should be puzzled to make a
selection out of some fifty young men, all of
j w hom are dying for her. she supposes: she is one
| of the "stuck up folks” and that is about all
j h is. That old gentleman over the way bar
! Headed with half a yard of shirt collar, guur
! Jed by agi 11 headed cane, with pompous pat
ronizing air—do yotl See him? Well he is one
of the-stuck up” too. He has been so about
ti n years, since he got off his leather apron,
and began to speculate successfully in real es
tate. There are other fools of this clitss, some
■•stuck up” by having at some time been con
stable, justice of the peace, and alderman, and
in various other ways they get “stuck up” no
tions. They are not proud people, for they do
not. rise to the dignity of pride ; they are not
distinguished folks, fi r they have not the abili
ty or character enough to make them so ; these
are just what they seem to be, “struck up”—
let them stick.
A Cure for AboliiionFiu.
Not many years since, in one of the ‘Platte
countries,'lived a wealthy and hospitable gen
Reman. IDs house being on one of the public
highways, he frequently had to entertain trav
elers. One evening just as the sun was setting
u young, well-dressed traveler, mounted on a
fine horse, rode up, and ni a rather important
maimer, informed “.he Major’ that he wanted to
stay all night. He was courteously invited to
alight, mid a negro man was called to attend
to his horse.
From the peculiar accent he gave the word
‘down,’ tvlien ordering the man to be, careful
and have his horse well rubbed deoiiii. ihe Ma
jor Knew lie was from the infected district. At
supper, the disease began to develop itself, and
the deomi east gent commenced a regular iec
tnre upon the sin of slavery—that negroes were
the equals of the white men, and he should in
justice set his free and recognise them as equals.
The Major humored the matter by discussing
it with his deoun east guest till bed time, when,
upon being desired to show him his bed, quiet
ly called Jack, his negro man, and ordered him
to take the gentleman to the kitchen and give
him part of his bed. Perfectly thunderstruck,
the abolition gent finally found breath to ask
what the Major meant I mean,’said the Ma
jor, raising his tall, portly form to its height,
and looking sternly at the Yankee, 'to make yon
reduce your theory to practice.' The aboli
tionist implored, but the Major was inexorable,
and off Jack took him to his own lied, know
ing from his master’s eye that lie must be obey
ed to the letter. After some two hours laps
ed. the Major went out and ca led to his new
crest fallen guest to get up. and he might sleep
the rest of the night in the house.’ Early in
the morning the Yankee called him up, and af
ter apologizing for his rudeness in preaching his
abolition doctrines the night before informed
the Major that upon testing his principles, he
(b ind they would not work satisf.ict nily. And
that he was no longer an abolitionist.— Squat
Gf.okgia Made Locomotives.—The Rome
(Ga.) Southerner, in an article upon the rising
fortunes of that place, says : At the shop of
the enterprising Messrs. Noble, may be seen a 1
locomotive of their own construction, which
will Soon be completed and placed upon the !
Rome Railroad. When it is considered that j
in no other place South of the Potomac arc:
locomotives manufactured. Rome may surely i
claim at least one “speciality,” and boast that j
while others are preaching, she is practising
home industry to some purpose.”
Good. —An Irishman in A , Ga,,
sah 1 , ■■ be jabbers, if I bad wanted to be ruled.
by a d——rl Irishman; I would have stayed in ,
ou'.d Ireland, sure.” Sensible man, he. j
Turxitg kkom Errok to Troth. —The fol
lowing interesting case of the conversion of a
Roman Catholic Priest is reported in the north
of England newspapers t
The Rev. Tobias de Rome Bolton, a Romish
Priest in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, waited upon
the Rev. G. T. Fox, last Sunday evening, in
order to renounce in his presence the errors of
Popery. He produced his letters of Priest’s
orders, and also a letter of good character up
to the present time, signed by bis Bishop—so
that whatever attempts may be made to black
en his character, it is evident that he is of good
Studding and unblemished deputation with his
own denomination, up to the time of his re-nun
ciation, He stated, likewise, that it was liis
intention immediately to marry a lady who had
been brought up in the Romish faith, but. like
himself, had had her eyes open to see the er
rors of the systsm. This event took place on
Tuesday, when Mr. Bolton was married by
the Vicar of Newcastle, to Miss Stokoe, niece
of the Coroner for that town. Mr. Bolton
stated that it was the immorality of the sys
tem. especially as displayed in the disgusting
details of the confessoiiial, which first opened
his eyes to the unscriptural character cd the
Church of Rome.
Modern System of Naturalization.
Just before the recent election in Philadel
phia, where aliens were naturalized in the
grandest sort of style, some queer scenes occur
red in the Court of Common Pleas. The
Philadelphia Times gives us some specimens
of the manner of making citizens in that city.
The class of men referred to are allowed to
make laws, hold office, elect officers, while
an American born citizen, twenty years, 11
tnonthS, and thirty days old. can do no such
tiling. Many who are thus naturalized can
neither write nor read, and know less of Gov
ernment than children a dozen years old. But
to the scene in the Philadelphia Courts. Here
are three claimants to American citizenship,
one of whom speaks of the Constitution of the
Lhiited States as “a Baker!”—while tlie se
cond calls it 1 a citizen.” and the third charac
terizes it as a monarchy!
“One of the vouchers, bit being r.skcd if the
candidate for citizenship was “well affected to
the Constitution of the United States,” replied
“Yaw to be sure,” but on being questioned as
to the meaning of that important phrase ad
ded, with the utmost simplicity, “yes; I know,
he is a baker! This of course was deemed con
clusive, and the case was dismissed.
Another voucher for a candidate from the
"Emerald Isle,” in reply to the same question,
answered so doubtfully in the affirmrtivc that
Judge Allison felt constrained to ask him if
he knew what the Constitution was. “Os
course I do,” replied tiie voucher, “he’s a citi
zen of the blesred United S.” The Judge en
deavored to correct the impression of the wit
ness, hut without effect, ar.d this case was
also dismissed. But the most significant illus
tration of the capacity of some of the “better
citizens” to appreciate the character and value
of cur ihstitutions, was exhibited in the answer
o' a ttiir.l voucher beftr.'o the same Judge. The
voucher promptly answered all tiie perlimina
ry questions relatvie to tiie arrival ol tiie Caud
idale for citizenship in this lar.il of liberty,
arid duly certified to liis morality and good
conduct, but when asked as to liis “affection
for the Constitution,” he seemed a little puz
zle,d and the Judge was tempted to ask him if
he knew what the Constitution happened to
be. Tbe voucher was at, a still greater loss
for an answer. When the Judge, to make him
self clearly understood, asked the voucher if he
knew what the form ol g ivernn'e it here was—
whether it was a republic or a monarchy.--
After along pause and some reflection, the
voucher replied that he belived it was a mon
Iniquities of the Pension Bureau.—A
correspondent of tiie Richmond Whig says :
“I am thoroughly convinced that the Pen
sion Office is one of the most corrupt depart
ments of the government; and it ought to form
a conspicuous point in the coming canvass.—
There are, at Washington city—and we chal
lenge its denial—a number of agents, who
liate relatives and warm friends in high posi
tions in the Pension Office, who can get any
claim passed they wish, meritorious or not, for
Minot depends solely on his clerks. If an
honest claimant fails to give one of these pecu
liar agents a fee, his claim is rejected, liis hon
or attempted to be blighted, and he mortified
by vague surmises and base insinuations, and
that under the authority of the government.—
It is common at the office for some hireling
clerk to take prejudice to a claimant because
he can’t get a fee, and charge the claimant with
fratnl.bunt him down, prosecute him. and then
pay the cost. Perhaps at no period of our coun
try’s history has such corruption and arch-ve
nom, from the causes named, been practised at
the Pension Office. It is emphatically the
seat of corruption at Washington now. A
Southern fclaiiri.ttnlesS bought through, stands
no chance there; and if you challenge an in
vestigation, it is done secretly. not honorably
or openly, but, like the midnight assasin, it is
performed in the dark, with u design to mur
Power of Mind over Body —The mysteri
ous influence exercised by the mind over the
body is well illustrated in the following case,
contained in Dr. Warren’s treatise on the
"Preservation cf Health:”
“Some time since a female presented hcrsell
to me. with a tumor or swelling of the submax
illary gland of the tie't’k. It was about the
size of an egg. had lasted two years, and was
so very hard that I considered any rffurt to
dissipate it by medicine to be vain, and advised
it. removed by ail operation. To this the pa
tient could not bring tier mind ; therefore, to
satisly her wish, some applications ot consider
able activity were directed to be made to the
part, and these she pursued for a number of
weeks without any change. After this she
callel on me, and with, some hesitation bogged
to know if an application recomm Hied to her
would, in my opinion, be safe. This consisted
in applying the hand of a dead man three times
to the diseased part. One of her neighbors
now lay dead, and she had an opportunity o'
trying the experiment, if not thought danger
ous. At first, I was disposed to divert her
from it, hut recollecting the power of the imug-!
inalion. gravely assured her that she might |
make the trial, without apprehension of serious
consequences. A while after she presented
herself once more, and with a smiling counte
nance, informed me she had used this remedy
and no other, and on examining for the tumor,
it had disappeared.”
Manveacture of Straw Bonnets. —The
manufacture of straw bonnets is carried on to
a great extent in Massachusetts. The Messrs.
Carpenter, of Foxboro,’ manufacture to the
amount of $2,1)00,000 a year. Their main
building covers several acres ; in it arc employ
ed 500 persons, and in private houses in the
adjoining towns some 3000 are employed.
Ckktrai. Railroad &, Banking Con r any.
—The Board of Directors, says the Savannah
Republican, have declared a eetr.i-aonuul divi
dend of $5 per share, being at the rate of ten
per cent, per annum, payable on and after the
15th June, instant.
The amount of Darnings of Road and Bank,
paid into Bank from Ist Dee., 1855 to Ist
June, 1856 is £815,263,75
Amount paid for interest, Banking
and Road expenses 381,120.10
Taid on account of RaiiroaJ (be
yond current expenses) daring the 7
Dividend declared 3d June, 1856 193,864.60
Surplus carried to Reserve Fund §1 G2,573.CS
Making the reserved protits at this
day the sum of 8102,745.00
Internal improvements—Ceiaecratit fotsSs
: There is a clause in the Democratic Nation
j a| platform Os 1852. says the Lynchburg Vir
ginian, which declares that Congress has no
power to commence und Carry on a general sys
tem of m crnul improvements. In strict con
formity to this language. Congress may, at its
pleasure, commence and carry on any number
of separate and particular .improvements : It
may commence and carry on !i system of im
provements, only taking care to make the srs
lem partial mui not geiieHih }t may eoili
mcr,-i a general system, but cannot carry it.
on; And it m y carry on a general system that
has been aha tidy commenced I
Sue.i language us that was rover used bv
.ociii. ~t or mistake, it was cunningly devised
for a purpose, and no doubt, it has cheated
many a simple man out of his vote. .Such lan
guage,in the mouths of men who are pretending
to announce principles and doctrines, lor the
edification nod comfort of the people, would
be very ridiculous if it Were not vert criminal-
Since the adoption of that gi biterish, as an ar
ticle in tiie Democratic creed, we have before
us practical proofs of its use by the Democnats
now in power. Congress passed a bill, the
main object of which was to improve the rnigh
ly Mississippi and the great Lakes of the inte
rior. President Fierce vetoed the bill, and
his party sustained him. And yet, at the same
session, Congress and the I'resident concurred
in passing acts to improve the two little rivulets
of Savannah and Cape Fear! The first was
grand, expanded, national, and looked very
like ‘ a general system,” and so it was rejectee.
The others were local, sectional, partial, and
quite small enough to be grasped by any pig
my politician ; and so, the little things were
patronized by the party, and nursed into com
The Baltimore American, in an article oh
“Constitutional Construction,”and the recent
Vetoes, very oppositely refers to the fact that
1 in the same week in which the President turn
eil Kis back on the Mississippi river, lie gave a
gracious assent to a bill granting to the State
of lowa alone over four million acres of land,
to aid in the construction of four different rail
roads, about forty miles apart, running from
the Mississippi to the missouri river, thus cross
ing the whole State four times from cast 1 1
west, and averaging nearly three hundred miles
each in length;” and concludes, that although
he may be able to reconcile it to Lis pirty
principles, that it is constitutional to give lands
ior railroad, but unconstitutional to grant mon
ey for rivers and harbors, and that it is within
the powers of the general government to im
prove one State by ai ling to construct four
railroads through its limits, but beyond those
same powers to improve and reuder navigable
an“ inland sea,” whose waters traverse nine
States; and however consistent ho may make
such principles with party orthodoxy, forbid
ding the one because it is forbidden in bis sche
dule of partisan doctrines, and permitting the
other because it is not expressly denounced
there, even though it be essentially a part of a
scheme of internal improvements, yet be can
not convince an intelligent, people that there i»
either common sense or ordinary justice in
making a distinction where no difli fence exists,
and lavishing the landed property of the gov
ernment upon every enterprise that asks it,
whilst its money is hoarded and withheld with
penurious hand from internal improvements
pressing in their importance and national in
their object.— Chronicle if Sentinel.
llAii.r.OAn to tiie Pacific. —The New Or
leans Picayune, condenses a late letter written
by Mr. Coleman, agent of the Vicksburg.
Shreveport and TcSas Railroads, addressed to
two of the Mississippi members of Congress.
Mr. Coleman thinks that if the bill of Senator
Weller were passed with some amendments it
would make a complete road across the conti
nent in a very few years, connecting it with
the Vicksburg and Shreveport Railroa L alrea
dy in progress, and with the Western Jdailroad.
chartered by Texas, and also under way.
We quote front the Picayune as follows :
The Vicksburg road is 160 miles in length
commencing on the Mississippi river opposite
to Vicksburg, running through North Lougi
atta. and terminating on the Texas line, weft
of Shreveport. The capital stock is $4,000,
000. of which there an- private subscriptions to
the amount of $900,000, and tiie State of Lou
isiana lias authorized a subscription to the
amobnt of SBOO,OOO. The whole road is un
der contract to an enterprising company, with
.urge mt-atr.--. who receive pay lor.hall the work
in stock ot the company. The road is sure t.S
be completed. At the border of,Texas it
unites with the Texas Western Railroad, which
has a grant of sixteen sections of land for ev
ery mile of road completed—a grant which id
so large and valuable as to tie considered fuiT
cirut. under good management, to build the
road. Besides, there are -calculations upon tho
improved value of the lands as the read advan
ces, and on the aid of the Get aval Government
in lands, and tiie direct aid of the State in tr.on
c.y and lands, if more is needed. The means
are thus said to be secure for the completion
of a railr -ad for nine hundred and ninety milt's,
along the lino, of 32 deg. of north latitude. If
that route were adopted at once, and provision
made for the continuance and cormdetion oftiie
line to the Pacific, the means Tor the 990 miles
would so rise in value and demand as to Ire
abundant, if not r.dandant.
From El Paso, the western terminus of the
Texas road to the Colorado in California, across
New Mexico, and the Gadsden purchase, is ac
cording to the official reports, 505 miles, and
thence across the State of California to San
Diego, on the Pacific,not over,2o miles. Fort!
this last s.'clion the S'.ate.of California is ex
pected to provide, and is able and willing.
The whole distance by this route is therefore
about 1690 miles, of what the States and citi
zens of Louisiana, Texas and California will
have provided for 1495 miles, leaving only
505 miles, through the territories of the Uni
ted States to he built entirely by tbe Govern
ment of the United States.