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I'KAIK SK ITLEM £ Vl' liF THE ULEHIUX
THE I tit UG.
Soms months since we slated that n decisive
victory of one of the contending parties over
the other, in the great struggle that now
shakes this continent, was not to be looked for.
We did not suppose that the North could con
quer the South. The South did not propose to
conquer the North. A great battle in Europe .
sometimes settles (he fate of a dynasty. '1 he
territory of an empire has been won or lost
upon a single field.
Waterloo was the spot vrhero the throne of
Napoleou was crushed, never again to he raised
up in his day. When the Emperor saw in the
gleam of the setting sun the Old Guard recoil,
he drove liis golden spurs Into the 11 inks of the
good horse that bore him, and would have
plunged into the broken columns that had
never failed him before, to rally them for one
mure desperate charge. A faithful officer
cauglit tVe reins, and prevailed on him to quit
the held. All was lost. Tho eye that saw the
sun of Austerlitz rise upon tho field where two
Emperors faced Napoleoh in battle, had seen
the last beams of the day-goJ gild the helmets
of Wellington's Guards as they came sweeping
over the Hying columnasof the best troops of
France. The reign of Napoleon had closed
For him there was the rock and the vulture.
For France there was a restored Bourbon and
peace. The war raging between the rent
Mates so recently united under ona govern
ment, can have no such termination. The ar
mies of tho North beaten and destroyed, rise
again and renew the coullict. The South is
struggling for existence, and will not yield.
Two great peoples, spread over the continent
of North America, speaking the same language,
witdi tho same religion, l,.ws, and tradi
tions ; are not separated by any great stream
like the Danube,, or tho Rhine ; nor by a moun
tain range like tho Alps, or tho Pyrenees. The
contest might ho interminable if left to the ar
bitrament of the ordinary laws of war. Tho
populous North with all Europe to recruit from,
might renew tho struggle after the loss of every
campaign. Tho heroic South, planting itself
in tho moral Thermopylt* where it lifts its
banners to duy, asserting its right to govern
Itself, and staking everything upon the i»3ue ;
resolved to achieve its indcpsndeuce, or to per
ish, is absolutely unconquerable.
How then shall this gigantic war, which has
now raged for more than three years, bo
brought to a close 1 Wo asserted long ago that
this was to be accomplished bv a political rev
olution at the North. By the overthrow of
the Black Republican administration. By tho
triumph of the conservative men of that section.
By bringing into power that paity which for so
many years maintained au unequal struggle
against overwhelming numbers for tho suprem
acy of tho constitution. This idea*Eo earnestly
pressed by us upon the country, last winter, is
now receiving the assent of a largo part of the
Southern people. The importance of tho great
struggle between parties in the United States
begins to bo appreciated. It is high time.—
Fortunately a periodical revolution is provided
for. Every tour years tho dynasty may bo
changed. The actual policy of the government
may be modified—reversed. Every one con
nected with the Executive Department may be
dismissed from power. Someone will, within
the present month, he brought forward as a can
didate for that high place which Mr. Lincoln
lias degraded ; someone pledged to anew pol
icy ; someone committed ton settlement of the
great quarrel between the North and the
South. Everything is hopeful. The failure of
Grant's campaign lias spread dismay through
out the ranks of the Administration party.—
Sherman is in a critical situation. Defeated,
driven out of Georgia, this would seal the fate
of that odious party that rose to power in the
United States upon the ruins of the republic.
The great political triumph in November would
begin to to throw its inspiriting light over the
dark waters of strife. If armies still kept the
field they would rest on their arms. They would
await tho issue. They would luish the thun'ders
ot artillery, and the rattle of musketry, to
witness the result of that civic triumph which
the friends of constitutional liberty were about
to achieve over the man who had .homo the
very impersonation of faction to the had emi
nence from which be has for four years direct
ed all the energies of the government to the
overthrow of right, of law, and of Freedom.
There would be a cessation of hostilities. The
defeated columns of the Black Republican
Administration would scatter. The incoming
party would at once begin to mature their plan
This is (be great question that rises before us
in all its vast proportions. How shall peace
be brought about ? What shall be the terms of
settlement.’ No question affecting tbe rights
of mankind of greater magnitude than this
has ever been discussed. Os course a settle
ment with the present administration of the
United States Government, is out of the ques
tion. The ground assumed by Mr. Lincon in
his last extraordinary proclamation “to whom
it may concern, ’’ is intended to shut the door
upon any set dement. It amounts to nothing
more than a demand for an unconditional sur
render on our pait, and an abandonment of
our slave property. Such a plan will never
be considered. It is not intended that it should
The position assumed by the President of
the Confederate States on the other hand, is
one of simple independence. It demands a re
cognition of our Government, absolutely and
unconditionally, without terms of any sort.—
Os course that is the object of the struggle.—
The United States Government must disband
its armies, and renounce the right to coerce any
State. That monstrous pretension must be
abandoned. But suppose our independence
conceded; our Government recognized. There
are other questions to be settled. What are
to be our boundaries ? The North might con
sent to recognize our independence and settle
upon the basis of uti possidetis. This of course
ts inadmissible. Other questions of equal mo
ment are to be oonsidered and disposed of. The
relations of the two peoples to each other
commercial arrangement*—the frevdom of cer
AUGUSTA, GA., WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 31, 1864.
! tain streams. And very rainy matters of the
largest interest. How shall these be disposed of?
Can diplomacy grasp them ’ Are they suscep
tibie of settlement by the Confederate Govern
ment, representing the States? We propose to
give our views of this subject in some future
articles. We rejoice in the hope that the day is
not distant when the terms of pacification must
be considered: an 1 when ths voice of the High
and Mighty Ruler of the Universe will say to
the tumultuous billows of human passion
which dash their wild surges over this lair land
—“Peace, be still ”
1 HE TAEL Ail iSSKE.
It is a fortunate circumstance for the country
that almost sirnultanousiy with tho destruction
of the Alabama, another Confederate wa>- ves
sel has appeared on the horizon and his
commenqed its exploits on the ocean with a
zeal which bids fair even to eclipse the achieve
ments of the steamer which has been so long
the terror of New York and Boston. Great was
the exultation in these cities when it was un
derstood that lh r - Xearsage had done the woik
which they had for a long time essayed in vain.
Great too. it must bo confessed, was the de.
pression in the Confederacy when it was ascer
tained that the gallant Sernmos, more gallant
in this instance than discreet, had been over
powered by a larger crew and a larger vessel.
But the appearance ot the Tallahassee dealing
death and destruction, powerful guns,
and capturing several splenSd prizes, has effec
tually revived our depression whilst it has noti
fied our enemies to moderate the transports in
which they have so recently indulged.
It is a remarkable fact that on an element
where we expected, at the beginning of this
revolution, to accomplish hut little we have
'dealt blows to the entmy far more damaging,
in proportion to the force employed, than those
which he lias suffered from us from any ojhsr
quarter. We have not spoken extravagantly
when we have said that one single vessel has
born the tenor of the largest commercial cities
of the North. All sorts of expedients were de
vised for the capture or destruction of the Ala
bama. Repeated extraordinary meetings of their
Board of Trade were called to consider ho w this
very desirable object could be secure#; embas
sies were sent to Washington s«king that special
details might be made to gearch the seas for
the troublesome 1 ‘pirates,”—private vessels
were dispatched in quest of the offender, aud
to stimulate all concerned, large rewards were
promised to tho man who should destroy the
These unusual efforts showed that tho Ala
bama had struck the commercial interests of
the enemy at a very vita! point. They had
good reason for being afraid of a man of war
which has been largely instrumental in trans
ferring nearly three fourths of their carrying
trade to foreign bottoms, in compelling the
sale at reduced prices to French and English
parties of .costly American ships and steamers,
in increasing the cost of insurance by American
transportation to a figure so high as to leave
many ships unemployed, and in destroying the
peztige which the 11 ig of the United States
had so long enjoyed lor security aud despatch
Should tho war close to day, we do not believe
that thirty years would suffice to repair the
damage which our cruisers have inflicted on
commercial interests of the enemy—tore
store them to that relative superiority of which
they boasted—and with good reason too—
prior to the election of Abraham Lincoln.
We are glad then that blows which have here
tofore proved so ineffectual are not to bo in
termitted. We believe that if our Govern
ment Rid afloat to-day ten or twelve war steam,
ers, under effective commanders, it would turn
the thoughts of our enemies towards peace
quito as dec’dodiy as the successes which have
been achieved by Gen. Lee, or which may he
effected by Gen. llood. The wealth ot the
North consists largely in its commerce, and
they regrad with .much concern vhatovtr
threatens this interest.
Our efforts to compete with tho enemy in
the matter of rams has thus far proved unsuc
cessful. We have not the material, nor the
machinery, nor the labor which they can com
mand. Though we have had some successes
of n marked character, the recent disasters hi
Mobile Bay in connection with what we have
■suffeied at Savannah and other points,, show
that we have not the means of constructing
iron clads which can contend successfully with
the formidable antagonists-which they bring to
bear against us. Had the millions which we have
sunk in building mailed boats been invested
in sush enterpvises as the Tallahassee, we should
have had a representative ol our Government
in every principalsea; and each ono wool l
have been a peace maker, speaking for'the
termination of the war more eloquently than
was recently done by the gentlemen in Canada
who sought a conference with the Federal
l’resident. Such a fleet would give ample
employment to scores of vessels which are
now hovering around our coast ready to. seize
our merchant ships whenever they appear.
Ax Important Decision rott Marylanders
—On Friday, Judge Ilallyburfon, of the Con
federate States District Court, at ltichmond,
delivered his decision in the ca'e of Robert F.
Hobbs, who snod out for exemption from
military service on the ground that he is a
Marylander and has been exiled from his home
in consequence of sentiments entertained by
him adverse to the prosecution of the war by
the United States Government. Judge Haly
burton sustained the grounds which were
arjJTied by the petitioner's counsel, General
Humphrey Marshall, and discharged him from
custody. He took the position that in all cases
in history where poisons were exiled from
heme on account of their political sentiments,
they could not be legally required to jake up
arms in defence of a country which was at war
with the nation from which they had fled ; and
the application of Mr. Hobbs being based up
on this ground, he had no other recourse than
to set him at liberty. Judge Halyburton’s de
cision was made orally. It is a very important
one, from the fact that it will effect the status
of all Marylanders, or other refugees from the
enemy's territory, who may claim exemption
from the Confederate service on the same
From Gen. Morgans Command.— A gentle
man in this city who has just received a letter
from an officer in Morgan’s command, dated
Saltville, Vi., has furnished us with the an
uexed news : Gen. Morgan’s command has
moved down into East Tennessee. He had a
fight both at Greenville and Jonesboro. Col
Lillard, of the third Tennessee was killed.
You need not be surprised at any time to hear
that Knoxville and Loudon are in our posses
Provost Marshal.— Lieut. W. R. McLaws,
we are pleased to learn has been appointed
Provost Marshal of inis post This appoint
ment is a most acceptable one to the public,
and we have no doubt but that general satis
faction will hi given by the new incumbent.
LETTER FROM HOY 4. W. WALL, OF
A HAY JERSEY.
Burlington, N. J., June 30, 18C4.
Hon Elijah F. Purdy, Grand Sachem ; D. Del
av'ao, Nicholson, Cooper, Bell, and others,
I-have but this moment receiv
ed your kiiHfcmtation to attend the celebra*
tion by the venerable Tammany Society of the
anniversary of our National Independence.
Owing to a pre-existingengagemeat it will not
be in my power to accept.
Recognizing the sincerity of your patriotic
efforts and desires, I must confess that I am not
animated by the -same hope that appears to
glow in the bosoms of the sachems ot old Tam
many upon the subject of a restored Union.
1 lully appreciate the spirit that induced the
patriotic Jackson to utter the famous watch
ivoid, “The Union must aud shall be pre
served,” you have placed so prominently at the
bead of your card of invitation ; but it is clear
to the most ordinary comprehension that he
meant only in the constitutional way, and not
through tho coercive military agencies of the
Government. lie distinctly declares in Lis
Farewell Addre s : “ If such a struggle is once
begun, and the citizens of one section of the
country arrayed against those of aiibther, iet
the battle go as it may, there will be an end of
the Union.” .
He believed with Washington, and so assert
ed “that the foundation of mo Union must be
laid iu the affectious of the people,” and there
fore could never have acquired the illogical
idea, that the strength of the superstructure
could be increased, or its permanency secured
by means tending directly to undermine these
Rely upon it, the only hope now if, indeed
there is any hope left, is in immediate cessa
tion of the hellish slaughter, and a speedy
rieacc, and even then, the restoration of the
Union will have to be the work ot the healing
hand of tiitne, that must obliterate the fierce
savage mi mories that this fraternal strife will
have evoked. The man who looks for the old
Union to arise beautified and glorified from
the yet warm ashes of desolated Southern
homes, from the blood of kindred, shed in civ
il strife, from the fierce hate that the dying
shall breathe forth as a legacy to those who
survive them, most surely inagino a va ! n thiDg.
One of the gravest delusions iuan agrf üboun
ing with them is that which urm
1 ‘To sacrifice the las‘ ’ ’
a blind idoiilary / s
I have as slrong a
high an appreciati
origin; and it, ithi-triov.
nay, more than this; I wu.
it, when these modern path.,
so much in love with it, were --w,
blide,” aye denouncing it, as “league v»
and a covanant with death.”
I am not, however, lanatreal enough to pe.,
mit a mere sentiment, to blind me to iacts, ana
deaden my sensibilities' to tho existence of
higher aud more momentous issues. 1 will al
ways put Liberty before Union. The preser
vatiou and the sovereignity of the States, are
of infiutiely more importance to me than mere
bredth of territory woiclr must be occupied by
white slaves; more important than Federal
power; if that power is to ba wielded by a
usurper and a tyrant. Liberty we must and
will have; its possession is essential to the life
of every Iree born American ; the Union is not
necessary unless associated with tho first.
Ot' what value is Union to the citizen who
finds all his guaranteed lights iu the amend
ment to the constitution entirely gone? His
right to free thought, free speech aud a free
press gone, or swaUowed up iu the maelstrom
of a grand consolidated military despotism?
A Union is a very good thing to have and to
bold ; but if in order to secure that Union I
must bo content to see that constitution over
thrown, the reserved rights of the States and
the people annihilated, the war power one-of
the attributes of the Executive. anil myself
gazing at it through the barred and boltech
windows of Lincoln's bastiles ; then I would
trade off a thousand such Unions for one littlo
San Marino among barren rocks, where the
rights secured by MaguaCliarta were respected,
and where oppression and usurpations are un
But supposing the Union could be restored,
how long, surrounded by the memorials of the
past, struggle here at the North would it endui-e?
Certainly every- thoughtful man must admit
that the statesmanship which suggested in
scribing on the regimental colors, symbols
commemoraiivo of (beir having been borne
triumphant in our bloody fraternal conflicts;
or of erecting monuments as memorials of our
bloodv struggles, could never have contempla
ted a permanently restored Union.
The memories of these fraternal conflicts
must be buried in oblivion before a permanent
ly restored Union can be secured. The heath
en rulers and statesmen understood this princi
ple in human nature, apparently much better
than the professedly enlightened Christians of
this noon of the nineteenth century. It was
Tiberius who, when the Roman Senate pro
posed erecting an altar to vengeance to com
memorate the death of Biso replied, “public
monuments should commemorate foreign con
quests, not domestic calamities.” C»sar, on
Ids return from his African campaigns after
iris great victory at Thapsus, upon celebrating
his Four Triumphs, wisely and carefully avoid
ed all allusions, by banners or otherwise, to
what, perhnps, were the most brilliant'of his
achievement!;—his victories over his own coun
trymen. In Spain and Thessaly he had routed
(he disciplined legions of the Romans; “but
their defeat,” he most truly said, “brought no
accessions of honor to the Republic. 'The
glory it reflected on the victors was but du
bious and barren. This Christian nation should
have learn and wisdom from the example of
keathenrulers and statesmen.
If tire settlement of this quesiiou reduces it
self to separation or Southern subjugation, then
l.am for separation a thousand times, because
the demoralzing iullccnces and usurped powers
that- must be evoked to execute such a fiend
ish judgment would establish at the North a
despotic power worse than Ghengbis Khan or
Tamerlane ever controlled. Such results as
subjugation and annihilation have been accom
plished where he will of the despot was the
supreme law, in such .devastating war as the
Timours and Attilas of the world have waged,
where tho grass never grows where the hoofs
of their chargers pressed, and the smoke of
the country went up behind them “like the
smoke of a furnace”—never, surely, by a re
public whose chief corner-stone is “the consent
of the governed,” and tne avowed objects of
whose Constitution was “to establish justice
and insure domestic tranquility.”
James W. Wall.
The Water Approaches to Mcuile. —Th
following facts and figures from ihe U. S
Coast Survey, 1856, will prove interesting at
To proceed up to Mobile is only practicable
for vessels drawing not more than Bft. water.
When opposite Alabama City steer N. 24 deg.
W, for Stewart's Pavillion, nearly a mile west
of Choctaw Light; when the Lower Stoke
4»ear« N. 70 deg. E steer for it, passing it close
aboard on your porthand. Thence to the Up
per and Wreck stakes steer N, 18} (leg. E.,
keeping; them also close aboard on your port
hand. From Wreck Stake steer N. l}deg, E.
for Turn Stake; and when it and Fowler’s are
on renge steer N. 58 deg. W., keeping this
range astern until you get near the Choctaw
Point shore at the* entrance of Mobile river,
then haul up to the Northward, keeping the
Mobile side of the river close aboard.
Vessels drawing more than 12 ft. must anchor
in the Lower fleet; vessels of 12 ft. may pro
ceed to the anchorage of the Upper fleet,
crossing the Middle Ground in not less than 15
ft., passing Point Clear, 3 miles distant, on the
starboard hand, aud anchoring off Alabama City,
midway between the Eeast and West shores of
the Bay, in 15} ft. water, blue mud.
Dog River Bar. on the chart, is about four
and a half miles from the centre of the city.
The nearest point of the Upper fleet nearly
nine miles. The depth from Dog Kiver Bar
up to the city eight feet and under.
—« » • -
Another lankee Expeditos “Come to Grief
—An officer who arrived in Montgomery on
Sunday from below, states that our forces suc
ceeded in capturing four hundred of the Yankee
expedition that crossed the Perdido river a few
days age, on their way to Mobile Bay. The
negro who piloted them was also captured,
aad was executed.
The Last Raid on tbe Macon and Atlanta
Railroad.— The uncertainty and confusion re
garding the fa.ts of the recent raid from th«
Yankee lines around the left of our army, up
on the Macon & Western Railroad, having
cleared away, we are enabled to present a
tolerably conect account ol it from its start to
its termination, though we are not yet sufficien
tly in position of particulars to go lully into
The vigilance of our authorities at the front
had several days ago discovered that a raid
was in contempiati n, and it had hardly left
their lines before the information was com
municated to points liable to attack, and pro
vision made to repel the raiders.
Telegraphic dispatches from Headquarters
announced on Friday morning that it had star
ted around the left of our army, and our car
airy was already ia pursuit. In addition a
brigade of intantry was sent down the load.
On Friday evening, Gen. Ross, who had beaten
the enemy to Jonesboro with his.cavalry, was
attacked by them at that place, but being un
able to contend successfully with the superior
force of the enemy, fell back, and the enemy
occupied Jonesbmo that night. They perpo
trated the nsual barbarities and acts of van
dalism, burning live pti' r 'encuj aud the
freight depot, and t '■ a r!icst of the
iuciosureß about to /tones*. It
is also reported ti . the Court
House, but this is co * needs confir
mation, f I Au
Ia the meantime \ .tmmenl of abont
three hundred freui; force had struck
the railroad about/ near Bear
Creek, and capturi AstrucUon train on
its way. down fr ; pita. Os course the
train was <b .slrr ro box cars alone es
caping i'gt ih'r.iTru'n. Tho raiders, howev
er, appear to ha"-- '' 'Older a big scare, and
aside 1. i the '-'“TRsu-ain, and the
cuttiu; o. True, accomplished
The r* dy of the enemy
which- forced him out
of J- is attached by
Am urday morn
ing »e direction
of 1 countered
< r desu %
have been iosm-cu.
was admirable, and only .
their retreat'saved them. -v
Taken altogether, this monster ram turneu
out to'be'.the most oompjptg and total failure
yet attempted by tho enemy.
P. S. Since writing the above we learn from
a gentleman who had a conversation with Gen.
Armstrong yesterday, at Jonesboro, that the
General left two brigades lighting the enemy
near McDonough yesterday, with great suc
cess. Gen. A. had returned to the railroad for
the purpose of looking attor the party he had
driven the’day before towards Fayetteville,
fearing they might .return. —Origin Rebel.
The Late Raid.—When the Yankee raiding 5
party made its appearance at Jonetboro, the
ordnance train that was standing there made
its. escape. They tore up about one mile of
tiio track at .tiffs adace sod retired without a
fight. ’ V *
After their departure Gen. Reynolds made
preparations to move farther down the road,
in anticipation of their re appearance at some
other point. Sending an eugine and two cars
attached, he dispatched a sma 1 party down the
road to act As skirmishers, vtith instructions to
the engineer to tali back to tho main train on
the first appearance of the'enemy.
The raiders, as it afterwards turned out,
onceuled themselves so well in a piece of
woods near Lovejoy’s station, that the first
party passed without discovering them. This
was no doubt intended for a pretty good trick,
the first train was considered “bagged,” and
ail remained quiet until the approach of the
larger train,"which they no doubt supposed
contained sick and wounded soldiers, wiien
they rui-hed out piling rails on the track and
firing into the train. This extraordinary sum
mons to halt was promptly responded to Ly
General Reynolds’ Arkansians, who iimnedi
ly formed a line of battle and advanced upon
They gave way immediately ; our men driv
ing them back on to a portion of '©tit' cavalry
who had coma up and formed in their rear.
Seeing their situation, they made a desperate
charge, breaking our cavalry lines and escaping
in tie direction ot McDonough. Our cavalay
consisting of “Red” Jackson’s, Armstrong’s and
Fulkerson's command, all were in pursuit.
Several men were brought iu badly wounded
in the head by Yankee sabres.
Geu. Reynolds estimates the enemy’s force
at 3000. —Macon leler/rajilt.
Gov. Waits and the Aliens. — Gov Watts of
Alabama, lias issued tho annexed proclama
tion in regard to the Aliens in that State:
Executive Department of Alabama, [
August 13, 1804 j
All persons of foreign birth, able to bear
arms, whether naturalized or otherwise, who
have come here with no present intention of
leaving the State, are liable to perform mili
tia duty; and tho militia officers will bo dili
gent in seeing that they pertoim tie duty
they owe to the country of their adoption.—
Coming here and entering into business, proves
the intent to remain, and makes this State
their domicil. All papers attempting to shield
them from service are worthies- 1 , uud must
be disregarded. I shall hold the command
ants ofcount : e3 to a strict accountability lor
their action not puly in ref erence to foreign
ers, but os to all others liable to do duty in
tbe militia. Men who do not obey tho order
to assemble at the places appointed, are liable
and punishment. A failure to dis
charge duty promptly by officers or men, will
be punished to the extent of the law.
Foreign ere capable of- bearing arms, within
the State of Alabama, who refuse to defend
the State, cannot be permitted to remain with
in her borders. T. H.Watis,
Governor of Alabama.
A Compliment to Georgia. —The Richmond
Whig in speaking of the military affairs in this
State, pays Georgia, and her citizens, the an
nexed compliment: ,
The war scarcely furnishes an instance in
which the press and the people of a State have
displayed more patriotic devotion io the cause
than boih are now doing in Georgia. The mi
litia are responding to Gen, Hood's call for re
inforcements en ..asee, and with an alacrity
that shows they arc teribly in earnest, while the
papers of every shade of opinion are calling
upon absentees and skulkers from the regular
army to return to their post. We thus behold
the energy of a persevering and gallant com
mander, backed by the practical patriotism ot
an unconquerable people. Can Sherman, by
strategy or brnte force, ever overcome such a
The damage done to railroads in varrious
quarters of the State by the Yankee raiders is,
we k-arn from Georgia, being repaired with
a rapidity characteristic of “the Empire State,’’
More Tistimoxt of Official Ixcompetesct.—
A correspondent of the Selma Reporter, writing
from Clinton, La , speaks thus of the bad man
agement of Post Offiiee matters:
Th* mails here are in a most dreadful and
annoying condition, and stand much in need
of the attention of Mr. Reagan. It is an un
gracious if not a dangerous task to censure a
public functionary, since they will not want
persons to impute this censure to some sinister
design or slumbering feeling of disloyalty ; but
in the teeth of all this, I must say Mr. Reagan
is a vet y “alow coach” indeed, and needs stir
-1 ring up.
Tbe heat at Washington " City aod further
North has been intense the past few weeks.
VOL. LXXVIIL—-NEW SERIES VOL. XXVIII. NO. 35.
A negro deserter, the first that, has reached
our lines, came in aJew days ago, having de
serted from the Thirty-seventh regiment of
United States colored troops, with Grant's irniv
in front of Petersburg. His name is John!Thom
as Butcher, free mulatto, ond before his cap
ture by the enemy, on the 11th May hist, was a
fireman on the Richmond and Petersburg rail
' rond. His wife and childmr five in Ilinwiddie
county. On last Wednesday he was on cuter
picket near Fort Clifton, and gave a brother
black picket a bribe to let him go lice, which
ho did. Butcher lashed several rails together
with hiskuapsack straps, aud plung-edinto tbe
Appomattox, swam across and cams into our
pickets. Tbe negro is most intelligent and
keen, and gives account of how he was put in
to service. Massa, one of dsm jus took a peu
and piece of paper aud make a cross mark so.
Den he say, “Can you make a mark like that'/’
Told.him certain, sure, 1 could, and 1 went
ami done it. Then he said, “You’re a soldier
—a corporal, here be your clothes.” Butcher
has been committed to Castle Thunder for the
It is now thought that Gen. Chambliss, re
ported killed, is wounded ia the hands ot the
The reported death of Gen. Wade Hampton
is not credited in official quarters.
Deserters say that Grant has lately been re
moving his troojis with great rapidity, and that,
he. has now left in front of Petersburg only
about one full corps.
The quiet on the lines in front of Petersburg
still remains unbroken, and public attention is
almost solely directed to operations on the
north side of the James
Soldiers state that in the late fight at Charles
City, at least seven hundred negroes were
We are still without autheutic intelligence
from the Valley. The report that Sheridan
has commenced withdrawing towards the Poto
mac is renewed.
It is stated that the unfortunate citizens of
Prince George county, now within the Yankee
lines, have been treated worse, if possible,
than others placed in similar cir r uinst<inic3-
I hey have net ouly been subjected to personal
insult and abuse, but have bad their property
destroyed and provisions stolen, and left in an
,almost starving condition.
The editor of the Lynchburg Virginian has
srned from a visit on the Viigfnia and
ffiessee Railroad ns far as Little Otter River.
- v e will be completed so that the trains’
war it, this week. The last gap in
yiil rkeu he tided, and the cars will
fits entire extent. The depots have
-<=en rebuilt. Their absence wilt not in
fere with the use of the rood. Only one is
anding between I.yuchlurg and Wytheville
/-that at Big Spring where the Yankees did
not go. The bridge over Little Otter River is
"25 feet in lcDglh; and the height between
jiuety and one hundred feet.
Brig. G<jn. Chambliss’ death is confirmed. His
JOdy has been sent into our lines by the Yan
On Wednesday, the enemy occupied Sigual
liill, a position about two miles and a ball’ be
low Ohaffin's Bluff, and commenced fortifying.
They were however driven off by'our troops
en the same day.
The enemy has possession of Newmarket or
Jcuuing’s Hill, at the intersection of tho New
market and Long Bridge roads.
Prisoners report that tho Yankee General
Ferfero, dancing master ar.d commander of
negro troops, was killed iu Tuesday’s light.
Officers who were engaged in the light on
Tuesday represent that the slaughter of Yan
kees exceeded that of the 30th oi July in front
1 Notwithstanding the fact that a large num
ber of the enemy’s troops have been with
drawn, a heavy force stiil remains in front of
..Petersburg, ami the indications are that they
have no intention of abandoning that line of
operations. Their guns arc yet mounted as
before, except, perhaps, iu some positions on
the left, and their boas.led mortars me still in
place. Their lino of battle, though somewhat
withdrawn at points, is stiil unimpaired, and
their pickets tire as active as ever.
The sickness iu Grant’s army is reported to
be on the increase, and hospitals have been
erected at intervals on all the roads leading to
For about five weeks past the Confederate
forces iu the vicinity of Fredericksburg, con
sisting mainly of engineers, irave been mining.
The first day they started tins enterprise they
struck a paying vein, aud have worked it ener
getically ever since. It seems that a number
of neatly arranged graves attracted their at
tention, and, upon examining the headboards,
it was found that they were all in commemora
tion of “officers.” The proportion of officers
to men, slumbering upon that particular field,
awakened su.-picion, and the Confederates
thought they would try a resurrection experi
ment. The result was they discovered under
neath the sod so sacred, numerous boxes of
muskets, lead, and other materials of war.
They extended their labors, and have suc
ceeded in exhuming several thousand excellent
weapons, and a very large quantity of lead, all
of which have h en sent to Richmond.
Col John S Mcsby attacked a Yankee wagon
train, near Aldio, in Loudon county, on Wed
nesday, August 7, captured and burned forty
wagons leaded with supplies for Sheridan’s
army, and took one bundled and ninety two
prisoners, including one Major, two Captains
and five Lieutenants. He secured at tho same
time four hundred mules and horses, ail, of
which were brought off safely. In one af the
wagons was a Paymaster’s chest containing
several Hundred thousand dollars in green
backs, which were burned, our men being in
ignorance of the presence of such a prize until
they were consumed, when the Yankee pris
oners tauntingly told them of it. During the
meleo some fifteen or twenty of tho Yankees
were killed aad a considerable number wound
ed. Mosby lost four or five wounded, none
A deserter who came into the lines at Peters
borg on Tuesday night, states positively and
witii a color of truthlulness, that Grant is still
burrowing, and that one of his mines will be
finished, ail ready for “blowing up,” in a few
It is reported that the Yankees have again
got possession of Signal Hill, three miles below
Chaffins Bluff. fc
A gentleman who left General Early’s com
mand on Thursday, Aug 18rh, makesto glo.veng
report of the condition of the troops ; says thac
they are in fine health and the best spirits.—
The horses, which were somewhat fagged by
the long and continued marches, were replen
ished in Maryland. The soldiers procured
clothing and shoes in the same State, and are
getting an abundance of good food in theirjire
sent quarters. lie further states that our loss
in the surprise at Moorfield will not exceed two
hundred men, and will probably fall under that
number. We lost four pieces of artillery, two
belonging to the Baltimore Light Artillery, one
to Jackson’s Artillery and one to McLanahan.
It is stated that General Ransom has applied
to be relieved of the command of the cavalry
in the Valiey. Brigadier-General John Pegrarn
is in command of the divison of General liam
seur, who has been ordered to Richmond. ‘
An official dispatch received here yesterday
states that a portion of our force in the Valley
crossed the Shenandoah, at Front Royal, on
the 16th, and drove the enemy's cavalry,
which retreated towards Winchester, burning
the hay and wheat stacks on their route. Oa
the 17th, Sheridan began to retire from his po
sition, was pursued, and two divisions of the
6th corps, with a large force of cavalry, over
taken at Winchester, and driven through the
town, losing over two hundred prisoners. Th?.
enemy fell back towards Harpers Ferry.
The following officers, recently exchanged
by way of Charleston, liave been ordered to
report for duty as follows :
Major General Arqher, ordered to report to
Headquarters of the Army of Northern Vii -
ginia. Major General Edward Johnson, order
ed to report to the headquarters at Atlanta.
Brig. Gen. Jeff Thompson, ordered tr> report
to Lt. Gen. E.- Kirby Smith.
We learn that the battles for the Weldon
Railroad was renewed on Saturday, and that
our troops succeeded in capturing thirteen hun
dred more of the enemy. T his performance is
said to have cost comparatively iit'.ie, having
been effected by strategy chiefly. The fre
quent rain prevented any very extensive oper
ations, although cannonading was kept up all
along the lines. Various other reports, of a less
consistent nature, reached us, but it is scarcely
Worth while to repeat them.
On Sunday morning our forces renewed £he
attack upon the encruy, and, alter a considera-
b!e fight, drove them from the railroad. The
tiring ceased about cos o’clock in the after
; noon, and only shots v. .re atlor
the reports which reached us con-,
corning this engagement is one which L ;rs
that during its progress Gen. Aluhonc ar-d his
;staff became separated from their command,
and were, for about ttwtcmty minutes, iu the
bauds of the enemy. Our men charged the
enemy and rescuedqhe General and liOaff ,"
' aud at the same time, pushing -ibsward, cut <ui
two of the hosti-'e brigades irom tbffii- i ..
b'idy.and succeeded In killing, wounding and
capturing the whole of them.’
• FROM THE IYU.It II WHS?.
Parties, known to be reliable, in tho secret
service of the Confederate Government, says
the Columbus Sun, were iu this city a few days
since. They left St. Louis, Missouri, about
the fust of August and brought through with
them St. Louis papas of the Ist.
A state of anarchy, worse perhaps tb.nu
that oi Mexico and the western die ifctS' of
South America, prevails in the once great and
prosperous commonwlma'.th of Mi., , ri. Tim
country is full of guerrillas an<i-ba:-hivh:-xk;.s;
no man’s life is case while passing along ui
highways from place to - place; commerce of
every description is measurably sitspetu'
and the papers contain the official, am . m
meat of the railroad officials that owing to
the .unsettled state pf, tho country aud Jie
perils attending traueportaSon uo trains wonid
be run to or from Be. Louis. .A iitp.uniie-ri
hpd not hiade a lauding at that wliaa m a
fornight, and even iu the heart-of tne city
there seemed to be littlo secijjity ia Lie er
In Southern Illinois the sfato of affairs we,-'
very little better'. Bauds of armed, men, rep
resenting the iu tercet of bulb seeiioun, ini. h'd
the remote districts, and murder and highway
robbery was of daily cccurrtmco. The Prosi
deht and Directors cf tho Alton aml 'i’e.u-o
Haute Railroad had notified tho' Gov#:ament
Agents that their Road e.-uid ho used no- louv
er lhr the transportation of munition, of war.
Peace meetings were numerous, but were not
uufrequently Drokcp up and dispersed by mobs.
Iu retaliation, prominent war men bed been
murdered ; and iu one instance, a L ain loaded
with army supp'd shad been intercepted turd
destroyed by guerrillas. .
The Sun remarks editorially cu (In's state of
things tipis : . j.
No wonder tho agriculturists of the North-
West want peace, ’liiieyhave a tor-da:-to of
what must ijievltably follow a prolongation C-f
civil war for the establishment cf a powerLe
struciive of the State Governments. New ia 'the
time for prudence, ingenuity, and diplomatic
skill in the Southern Cabinet. Let not this
opportunity pass unimproved, as , a fernter
ono. \Ve are glad to see that our authorities
appreciate tho magnitude of the present crisis.
A member of Gen. Price’s staff ’.who left
Camden Ark.,.JWy 23, say;; that Price Is still
at Camden with his infa’-iry, that Iris iun-.0-cavalry
cavalry force is operating on the M:
Arkansas and White livers, dr.-lie -;- i .
bee boats and stores, and that S-.-’olc'is Mil)
cooped up ia Littlo Rock, where he is very
strongly fortified. Price does not -I to
light Steele in hisehtrenclnaonts. but \ ii; s:- n
•compel him to survouder tho place or come
.out, and fight him.
Our guerrillas are having everything their
own way. in Missouri.
By way of tit. Louis, it is announced that
IJ-irOy Smith was w-pr-ose-I to : a .: c-mp'.’irg to
cross to the east sitiq-of the Mi i
what point w-as either not known oris net men
tioned. Martnadukc, i.owov- c;v--.iiu.-;
ilia zaen, in small -so u-.a ,iu is i:; ffiffior-hood
of James Landing. On the 10 Ii mi. Shelby
who, with iris command, was at riesrey, be
tween Little Rock an l BateSvi 1 !:', c.si; ’•;! one
hundred and eighty of the Tenth a. . i-.ois eas
ily. Gen. Carr was in command of th 3 Fede
ral troops at Littlo Rock, whilst lb ns. L :o m- i
Gordon, from. Louisiana, wer
White River with rointWcetne, is for -Con.
From late orders issued from Headquarters
Department Trans-Mffi.Lffjipi, wo l«v.n that
General Buckner succeeds Gen. Walk. , in
command of Western Louisiana; M.:;,;.?.d«r
takes the Department ol Arkim and WaiLor
commands the Department of Texas.
Gen. Maxey attacked a camp cf EL:/; 5.
troops within six miles of Fort Kmitb. He
ports the capture of 150 prisoner,:— 8.:. : Kan
sas Cavalry—and small arms an<l*46o -
shooters. He has: pushed Gens. Gano . .
Standwatie towards Kansas.
Gen. Joe Shelby is playing sad havoc .with
tho Yankees on the Missouri border. He re
ports over 3000 recruits since hi,; advance. .
Brownsville, Texas, has been evacuated by
the Federals. This takes the last Yankee foot
from Texas soil.
The enemy, after having completely burnt
the town of Baldwin, leit in the direction of
Gainesville. Capt. Dickerson, who v/att. toon
at the latter place, heating of their advance,
proceeded immediately'!') meet them, and in
tended bringing on a fight at Waldo, but the
enemy having, no doubt, heard of his inten
tion, made a flank movement and got into
Gainesville before the return, of Or.pt. Dicker
son, at which latter place an engagement oc-'
curred, which resulted in the defeat of the en
emy and tlto capture of 140 prisoners.' 'j he
enemy were dispersed, a party going in l’ • di
lection of Newnansville, who were met’ . Apt.
Williams ; lie captured 14 men ai>T •' ’.t
The remainder left in the direction cf Vwb'o,
and, it was supposed, would be r by Lieut.
Col. McCormack, whose command had reeved
from St. Mary’s trestle for that purpose. 1,
supposition at Waldo was that the who!:; peaty
would be captured or annihilated.
It is supposed that the strength of the 1Y;1-
crals m Florida is about 2,500, of which 500
are or Jacksonville, 500 at Fubitka, at
Black Creek and Baldwin—the remainder,
1000, comprising the bodies of raiders, wb : ;h
have been divided, a portion going toward.;
Newnansvilie, and the rust in the direction of
The fight at Gainesville occurred in the
streets; many Yankees were -eke down and
killed in, and even under, die >•; :.
The affair was quite crediiab'e to onr troops,
and reflects honor upbn Capt. Dir. •■an, wi- sc
name has become famous for sagacity, intrep
idity and daring in pursuit of Yankees end to
ri os. If Dickerson only iv/X-it couple ci regi
ments, no Yankee would live in Florida out
side the Everglades.
The Yankees have burned a portion of Apa
lachicola, Fla., consisting of the j-id, courthouse,
Capt. Thigpen’s dwelling and several othei
dwelling houses and the gi iter portion of the
stores on tlie street fronting the river.
FBC’,I iWETH CAROLINA.
A Yankee raid composed of three regiments,
infantry, Cavalry and artillery, v: m u!e
through the counties of P.i.oir “.nk. JtVrq.u
mans. Gates and Chowan, on the week preced
ing t.ha election, in which a large amount of
cattle and many horses wye gathered up arel
taken off. They made Elizabeth City their
headquarters, and sent out raiding parties in
every direction. They remained at Elizabeth
City four days.
The late ruins in North Carolina have brought
out the upland corn, and the color ia good and
the ears ftrge and rapidly maturing. W< aie
glad to notice too that our exchange s in differ
ent’part*! of the state speak of the c op as very
good. We suppose the aggr< vita iin the
State wilt be quite large—quite cnouph wean
confident, to sustain cur soldiers in lUo field
and feed our people at home.
There is probably a smaller number of
Yankees in the Eastern part ot iMs Slate at.
this time than at any period sii:*!*; thh faR of
Newbern, there only being e .on '' rtf:; to
furnish a small garrison for each of the phu»
they b-i-id. We learn that i*. p..::on who h;
recently been v.i;hin the Yankee lines esti
mates the whole number cf t. e enemy alo: g
our coast at not more than twenty-nee hun
dred. We think it more than partible ih;<?
the pressure for u, u ’ _ .G.r.:e may force
them to evacuate eniirt y. •
A number of Yank e negro recruiting ch
eers have arrived at Newbura, N. 0.
I The National Intelligence!*, ia an extended
criticism pronounces Gen. Grant’s campaign
, thq most unsuccessful ..onur under token.
LF. V »'EB FROM. TRKASI'UER t)F UkORUII,
Treasury of Georgia, |
A-tLumoEvn.LE, August 18, 1864. J
writer in your
■ ally of ihe Kith inst, over the common aud
much abused name of Justice, seems to think
necessary to c-xcu-e liimself and the coramu
ndy generally in refusing to take the old issue
C onfederate notes bv nulling attention to uivt
mivertls meat of July 1-lth.
->k the writer for republishing my ad -
vertiseiaci’.t, and hope it will be heeded.- Tlu
Stale b.-s iro two for funds which cannot be
paid out to those whom she is indebted. An t
ihe old issue has been repeatedly—alrnsat urn
vei;;aliy—lelT el; by persons presenting war -
rants at this Department ever since tbe Con
gress and tbe i , S. Treasury dffermined to re
pudiate one third, as. nobody feels secure that
the balance v ill not bo repudiated at the next
ses. ion in spit- of the strenuous efforts of the
pr«t t- . i»>*. Sceretaiy.
For the ia.r'l three years circulars from tlr*
department to tbe tax collectors have author
ize;! them to receive, net only Confederate
bonds.and coupons, of which the last 1 liav j
a iew on hand; some of which the law requires
lob:; V: ill specie. Yet when presented X
am toil) l must take old issue at its face for all
tin filil.due preYtous to.the first of July.
Now Messrs. Editors please exfUaiu to Jus
tice that -as a public officer I have no authority
tojfriecive Unit into tho Treasury which WiU
not go out- ns . as it conics in. And eei
t-i-ialy none to take that which will not go
at all :r. y.--.yrmmt of warrants, which is the
•tpßy use tue Stot-o has-for the taxos she col-
Tectb of lav people.
John Jones, Treasurer.
. - ROM EAST TENNESSEE.
The Collirnb:a 'CaroMhiau learns that Col
Brown, with 250 men, has just returned from a.
sircc-A-fu) raid-info Fist 'Tennessee, where bo
destroyed Lie splendid railroad bridge, 78(X
t&rt-loug, over tire, Tennessee River, at-' Lou
den, capt ifri-(| 75 prisoners, -brought away 70i»
P-.-G-. of binukets iicil £OO uniforms, besides
d.vjrc.yhu; a considerable number of wagon*
and other property. Tho movement •would
h. y.e been-a snip; iso but ion the. treachery of.
some person, who revealed tho plan" to the ene
rry ahd caused them to bo <sit the alert. A
. i» :ht enr.ued in eonseqiftmco, during whicli wo
lost live ki’k-ditnd twelver thirteen wounded,
ami The Yankees fullered a loss'of about forty
killed, besides a number woundeTl. Our force*
<s>!> ed Pf soldiers recently exchanged, and
started from a point near the ,Tennessee Una.
The Const!mtioßalist has .intelligence that
Gen. Vaughn has l;gen placed ju command oi;
our forces now,advancing on Knoxville and'
Lower East TeruM-sce. The .latest news In
cates tfse.-r.t at BffilVG.ip. No, doubt the plhu a
is to CO-opi-mM.with Geo. Mireeiqr.
CV.j’faln K Carkuj, ©£ Bradford's Regiment.
Vaughn’s Bri/e-fle; whops gallant escape from
Andy Johnson':; I\a;~hVii!d prison we" noticed •
sol-10 wee ivsiuce, it seenuftvit-h his company,
has been watching thq lliawassee and Tennes
: o f alleys. Ho has captured a number of
\ : a keen an.: busbw.-okers, destroyed a cou
ridarablo r-mount of sutlers stores and supplies
ami a-.;. : . ;< :r several of tho East Teucssei*
ton; • lor tb .ir 'ivulni treatment of Southern
(. :? run ten - says that the crops arc in lino
-, iu lir.l section, and that so far our
hi Lit, ’..;.ve foil enough to live on. The dy
teiini'nab.on to»b? iml-'peudent of Yankee ruin
is itioi o intense ih-rn c» or.
l !ho lata bad’o in North Mississippi, the
-5 dtee i- -1 was .»i) killed. 250 wounded, ams
id 1■ ; - "s. Our ! l; was'live killed aud
t„. ..‘.y-i: • v.-oua -I.
A g : ■ v. •:•'< <n»wii tho Mississippi
All'.:; 3, Mi-, t m-, on that evening bt*
ss’.w five ; I i.vhp par* crowded with troops
p-tsxirrg down and a liv , and that two more
1 nw,. ports- uare repoti: <1 to have preceded.
'ir- in. Ho i : . • - icon . appearance of t*io
troops t’oi-U- arrangement on board and several
oi l -k lleff they were veteran troops.—-
i ; i ; also rip I dial a part of the forcr late
ly at (>xl. , went hack to Memphis
ant! were thence hipped down tbe river.
The .Macon Confederate b arns from a gen-.
tiern:ui ci: ! _• tajlumhus, Mississippi that;
the Yt.rili force on He J'aliaiiatchie amount*
to a |pTitty large army, but it is not so great a-t
hay liccii veported. .A lady who came through
the enemy’s lines reports that-they had burned
Oxford, ti.-l icavil g'many.'houses in it.
The nliiiiaare >yp' Uy assembling at Macon.
a‘;l otiitir poia;.:i ;i: ignated by the Governor*
for the purpose of fighting the enemy.
it b suppose! iuEvltimbns that the enemy
will march :;i that direction, hut Forrest sticks
.so close to t'-.’Ti, an-! hangs on the flanks and
rear no p;:;r-i t -nfcly that fkryarohesitating and
doubtii: .-; r. mt to do. But if the reports are
true tb ) ba? c '.jiinrei Mempbis, their choice
will beVi'iickly t-.ke.-r.
It is uni.b .-. ’ rust the enemy arh literally
sweeping every• bi-ig in the way of hoisro and
farming uteusials from the earth, in acour
dance with orders from (Ten. Sherman.
■ —«•:» -con—
A Desoufcion cf jiiß Tallahassee.—A
Northern paper .'-Ives tbe annexed account of
The i" v ■ :-r Tallahassee, is an ir.cn steamer
pairlm! ■ - 11 0, with two smoko stacks, twu
fc iv.-s, about 230 feet in length, 20 feet beam,
Mi.j. draws at vat nine feet of water. Her bell
rs marked • Tili -b'T-sse, of London, 1864.”
li, -rked “J. & W. Dudgeon, London.”
o .-j is lore and aft schooner rigged ; mounts
three guns—one small ono on tho topgallant
toreca ■. a long 32 pounder amidships and «.
twenty-four pou::<J r aft. Fire carries four
w ' . ! v: Her crew consists of about 120
p-. • m-, including the officers. Mon of ail
. ..mirties are represented on board, most,
of whem are said to be soldiers from Lte’^
She is raid to have run out of Wilmington
aboui ix dips a;; o, vid amt having been seen
tv any of Admiral Lee’s blockaders. She ban
quite a qua* :ity of cotton on board to protect
her boilers, and * re arc four barrels of tut
pontine*on d*’ck L.. !•<•. used in lifing vessels,
Sort' cornu ... rtrtby ’ohn Taylor .Wood,
C. S. N. 'me'- ’ • ■*', says hu
war one .el Ur* •' .•-'sneak pirates.
AMr J-i ■ i '. iha *bo ding officer. Tho
crow are dressid j, 0 and tatters. Some of
them wear their p- tied to them with Munibs
rope yarn Tl, y; r «*. hard looking set,. Thu
i hie. Engineer ! *v* that 1 e is a Boston man.
or that .io was kora aud brought uo in that
flic last, seen of tho privateer she was steer
ing southeast, ' . .. fio pilot boat James Funk
in tow as a tender.
Ail the officer.-: re ’ rrewn cf the vessels'cap
tured by th j .*; or were paroled, and
signed a docume t promising not to take up
against tuo t* hcl.--. until regularly ex
changed. The foil ,7-i:.g is a copy of the form
ox parole signed, 'iht.-o poor fellows, who
have lost every*.’ in they had, can at leash
console themselvc; • with the fact that, being
prisoners of war, they-Cfmnot be drafted.
FOR.'' OF PAROLE.
0. S. 8" - /.*"■ r Tallahassee. )
■k. August 11, 1864, r
Lut. ”1 ~ Long. 72 37 W. }
I, B F., do art •*, in c iaoratioa of being;
released as *pi* . of whs.* by Commander
John Taylor Wood, 0. S. N., not to take up
arms or s-.rve ;• rt .-the Confederate State*
of America, eUrt 7 y huid or boa. until regu
Witness— B. F.
Wm. rt:?-*:*.* ■ 0. &Surgeon.
C. L: -.*., .* . ■.*. ..
Detents or th*: Capital. —During tho pgst
we-.’:, a ! roe ot -s-j::>.o four or five hundred no
•gro*. has been - . • kr*o<l in constructing wort 4
'.ronud the city, 00 r.v.bjaitted by Col.
Fay. a very accotr.pibhod engineer; who ha*
•made tho pic;-,r : ’of fin'd examination foe
the defences a:»*.v :u -.. •..„*.*. Os the extent
or chs-.r i*.**:r o. t . a voii;a we abstain, for
pri-de.itiu. re- . ;:om gt fug information, —■_
21ulcdgevil& lies .*. •_ ;rt; v rt
It is'estisnafed that tho present population of
New Orleans ia l.v*,;**r than a! any other time in
its history at thi ’ nrisos. Small houses arw
'impossible of nmont idthough a few mom
expensive on*;S are plnoSjded for rental. Thu
citv au horitk .; estimate Mhe present Summer
population of N- -r Orleans at one Uuudrcd and t
seventy live -UKsuiacd. . /