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Chronicle & sentinel. (Augusta, Ga.) 1864-1866, December 14, 1864, Image 2

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<;O.\F£U;;it,VTK STATE • CO.TUnESg. SENATE —NOV. 28. ffhe follow.ng j .elusions were si'loots'.l: ! 't hat the Financ.* Committee inquire into the • xpediency t>f dire sting money collectors to '.■iiie up rec<-ip‘s ia IT:-: band ; of produce; s who to.re, in gin j i ’ .. . i.-h ignorance, pdd their lex iu kino to unac-h 2*l that tho Military Aquire Into the expe diency of tdlowtag transportation to office* : travelling v. y, . a-uce; that the Mil j ar7 Commit tee inq-iire. into the expediency • f providia.? by law ior the promotion of adju- i rants of to tho rank of captains ; j ’ hat the I iiiance Committee inquire into the •■xpedieney of extending.' tbe time wherein may fee exchanged for new issue, oid issue notes he'd by citizens or soldiers who are, or •‘Util recently have been prisoners in the hands A the enemy; that the President be requested n> inform the i-enali; whether not the aims ?tot)3o of the city of Richmond, heretofore oc < opted as ;» hospital for -H; and wounded officers of the army, ’ ecu diverted from nch use, and if *o .. vns therefor, and whet ter adeqm. ij: via- has been made tor the comfortable .i_modution of such of ticerfi ; that the Judiciary Committee inquire into the expediency of eatab’isbihr: a Confed-i •'Cite court for that part of Louisiana cast of the fifitrfi: sippi liver dming the war, '1 he bill to firovid dies for the army vr-.dpr lb - the !■:. impressments, re ported b:*--k fr a < iiciary Committee vith amendments, red to be printed. . The bid toexem na exp.ort and import i.'•trictiona cargo. •: vessels owned by tbe Mute;:, reported ba<: with amendments from iiie Committee on Comm*. rcc, war ordered to on printed * iiouso i ' it re-elution- of theta to Gen-i •■tal-N. 15. Forrest iv considered and passed. ! The following were referred : A bill to pro- ! hiblt express t tfingaip.% ;i: ociriiorre orindi- i viduais, from c.iTrving letters, nypere. etc., ; union authorized t>y tho l>-• L office Depart ment; memorials of the adjutants of the regi ments «:f Colqoiu'ri Bi-fiptae, ashing that the rank of adjutants be rui-yd to that of captain of intau-iv, nii i that they be placed iu the line of promotion, or that they be included in tho bill organizing a qoaer-d staff, with tbe rank et captain c-t cavalry. • house —so v. 23. A rcnolullow-of inquiry as to the propriety of permuting s-ri-.iierh in active service who ; -ive attained tho arm of forty-five years to be tram furred to t'..* u -.tv-; force.-, wt their respeo -1 i/e Kiittes. Adopted. A resolution as to *l-n expediency of allow- j iog.transportation homo and back to officers ■ rid Rold'ct-j wh > arc travailing on. furioagas o! indulgence. Agreed <O. The follmvic" ivi-.v referred: A bill to create nyiidpe advocate-general for the Confodi-raie' erinv . to ( slut it: ruri amend tiro impress t.i p-inn in !' an-ny : joint resolutions for the . mi oiling of in.; ,i. bonds given for tiro exemp lion of. ove:..' or • 1-*. persons who had pro- Troasui) for tho t :iino puipose. The folio tv tag wore-referred : A bill to :d - j Ton- co ntent'.lion and allowance* to naval ston hre l- I- ; to atuimd the set to increase I tie efficiency oi iso r ,iy h" tue employment of The Finance Committoq were discharged from tiio fm:her consideration m the resolution relative to old : .-me notes m the bandit of pris oners, the iiiA'ijvel: Irsiug already provide 1 for by bill.- The Finaueo C'.iiamUb-e reported a bill da •.laving that tho value of the i.rx on kind, in case of disagreement between the assessor end tax-payer, shill b<- determined by disinterested rest revs of die v icinage. The lull was ordered to bo printed. ‘1 he Judicial y Cimumitro reported a substl t uts for the bill t-.» preveiU Inwleesne.'Sj and to punish lawlessne.-. 'J h.- substitule, wflich was j ■ u-derid to bo printed, requires tho President! to strike from the roils and. cause to be can scribed, any army officer who shall in violation of law, either impress any propeity or mjuiio it to m done. A bill providing that four per,'cent, bonds and certificates- ther«l'qr shall bo receivable in payment of the tax on iiuu mo sud profit for viia year and the t-ix on salnriv.l for said year except tho tux acrucing under tho -act to raise money to ,net cane tlm pay of the sol— dieW was coni'idered and pavsod. Joint resolutions, fining tho position of the Conloiloiftte * amt droiuriiijf tho dett-rmi nation ot tlie (Jougrces sum tbo people thereof lo prosecute tho war unlit their independence is acknowledged, was taken up and discux>c>l. Uflferridto F.miniit!-. - on I- ncign lk-laiions. HOUSE—NOV. 20. Nothing ol special iulcrcst in open session in the lloti’O- A motion was made t a go iut < ■ •-•cret session, and to test tho T*a'-l : , to- ycaa .and nays acre ordered, a*d iciiio.'d > ll 1 ' ' This was r-jnsiduri o I'Oincwh.'.t in the bunt of a test, veto ou (tic baled ß corpus luii now pending in ; covet so ■ ion. Smite ‘•oven or eight j who voted for Mr-vl res-ion wib, it w s..id, | vole against the bill. The following were referred :A bill provid- i irg ih at the compensation and mileage of members of Cor.jivc? fur the second year of tbo Second Congress shall be tho same as are now allowed by lav. ior the first year of laid Congress; to amend the nverulacts now in iorce on the subject of impressment.*, and to define what is ‘ju t compensation.” The bill bo rides repealing tlie present law, provides for vicinage ftppratsouiont, and urciarts that mar ker- value is ‘ just comp' usatlon.” i bill > regulate im ir< -s - enis and puuish lawlessness, ntaelkor with another ffca ata bill on the subject fit impressments, was postponed till Monday. House joint resolution proposing a joint committee oi tho two Houses ol Congress res pecting the exemption of state officers from j the military seyvice el the Contcdeiai* States j wan Liken up read, after some remarks was laid on tiie table. - HOUSE-DKC. 1. Tho House took up and passed a bill re reported from the Committee on the Judiciary, to increase the : ulnae.- < fall the district judges of the Confcdeiale States to s6.Out) per annum, nnd that vrher# tlie re v shall now .exceed ihut sum it shall not be diminished. Tbo Judicary Committee reported back tho bill to compel those persons who are liable to" military duty, aim have hit tue Oontederate Htkloe to avoid the same, to return to I'ue Cou- Tederacji Ordered to bo printed and made rbe order of the day for .Saturday next. 6*1," ATE—DEC. The following \yo o referred : a bill ioamend the act to increase the t iiic eucy of Iho army by the employ mailt of bee to groesand .avos in certain capacities; raemoiial praying that the rank of Adjutant of regiineics mav be raised to that of Captain of Imautry, and that they 'pe placed in the line of promotion ; resolution in relation to the exemption of State cf&jere. Various comf.iucta? wort di.-e ;od iroia far ther consultration of several biJla. The Senate biil providing for tho relief of post masters who have received counterfeit money in payment for stamps and-post tiliac dues, was rejected. The bill to regulate the compensation and milage of members of tho present Congress . was passed. 'it.' bill tho exempt to a cargoes of vessels owned by tho S;,tie, trotn restrictions on im-1 porta and exports vr..s taken up and discussed j at length. Fos'polled till Mono iy. HOUSE—DKC. 2. A motion to lay th e peace reso'utions of MY. Foote, el Teun. on the tuolo, prevailed—yoas < A nays Id Tho following were referred : a bill to in crease tho pay of officers e and members of Con gress fifty per cent.; to woie olleßtuaUy pro ject the Coatee*rate CiutJa i t the payment if •■(aims; to regulate the business of conscrip liou. Tho following resolutions were adopted: Thaw inquiry bo made into tho expediency of :e-:rlcW ! *k u ' r - ; ot ta:c iicg onievrs. so mat they may . noi voir:-in ■ over s.\ months in any one district; !° sl;uuiiv5 I; uuiiv into the propriety of«.x- ! « ranting from tu '-p's duty daring the cent n os the i i .eiitiarc- who iutv cw ton foie rate F ates :to inquire into UsO C!f P “ iioct T of me moratLir.g the Governors a:.* Legidatures o ; I'.e different- States to i;x a ui3»J luulß prie ■ rqon »H agrieulUiral and Eiechastical article-; that a committee be appointed to Inquire ! into tlie cause of the irregularity and delay in paying the soldiers, their suffering for cloth ing, blankets, Ac sknits —dec The Senate was not in session to day. „ HOCBB —DKO. 3 The principal business of ihe House in open session was spent in discussing the bili “to provide for sequestrating the property ot per sons liable to military service, who have de parted, or shall depart from the Confederate States without permission. - ’ Postponed till SENATE —DEC. 0. The following were referred: A bill to au thoxizr ihe ie-ae of duplicates of lost drafts; memorial of adjutants o? Pickett's division, asking to be given the rank of captain of in fantry and put on the line of promotion; to raise the pay or to promote assistant paymas ters of the navy. The following resolutions were-adopted: That the Military Committee inquire whether the daily rations issued to the men of the army is sufficient , &c.; that the President be requested to inform tbe 'Senate whether any and what rest' lotions have been imposed upon the cont use rof the Confederate States; that tbe Fi nance Committee inquire into the expediency ot remitting the penalties incurred by the non delivery ot tithes of bacon due on or prior to March 1, 1804, upon paymentof she tithe act ually due. A bill giving the Surgeon General the pay, £cc., of u colonel of cavalry, was passed and sent to the [louse. house —dec '1 be following resolutions were adopted : That the Military Committee be instructed to take under consideration tho subject of txempt tions, with a view to ascertain how far the pres: at exemption laws may be repealed, tbe number <>f exemptions curtailed, &c.; that in quire be made whether preference has been shown in the distribution of clothing to the army ; that Hie Military Committee inquire v.luit amendments can be made to the law sup fm-Hring drunkenness in the army, so as to more effectually suppress that vice ; in rela tion to abuses in the commissary department. Tim following were referred: A bill to ex tent the jurisdiction of tbe military courts of tue Confederate States; to amend the acts heretolore passed for the sequestration of property of alien enemies; to provide for the issue ot duplicate bonds and certificates of rock in certain cases; for the relief of tax payers in certain cases: to increase the coin pem aticui of collectors of taxes in certain cases; to amend the act to regulate impressments; to suspend tho collection of taxes in certain cases; j to amend tbo act levying taxes for tlie support of the Government; imposing certain restric tion?. <¥* f' ie commerce of the Confederate State.; to amend tho law so as to allow com mutation la tho Kohlers who have received no furlough during tlie war; to provide for taking testimony on claims for tho service of .'lave* impresrofl by the Government; to allow [ iit iks and employees in the various depart- In: r.t.; at- Richmond to puchase rations; to }n j n.cso tho salaries cf district attorneys of the | Confederate States; to provide for the trial of | officers and men of the militia and reserve j forces by court martial. A bili to amend an act relating to tho pre pay meat, of postage in certain canes was passed, it gives members of Congress the privilege of transmitting nil mail matter through tiie mails on the same looting as are their letters. I.tO.’d TUAN'S--VHSitISsTPPJ. The Mobile Advertiser gives us the annexed .de re.vs from the Trans-Mississippi Depart ment : t * There is no reasonable doubt that by this time Fort Smith is in our possession, leaving in the far western portion cf tho Department no Yankee tpreos except about 1,000 men at Fort Gibson, in the Cherokee country, which cm be easily overpowered, if necessary, but j dues not interfere with our movements. Stand i Wiitio rules that country, having captured nu merous trains since his big haul in September, j The Choctaws, Oherokees, Creeks and Semi j note?, have upwards of 7 000 men in arms, and i are i'-nulv united in tho Southern cause. About a oh:i GneruKeeS and Creelts went off to tlie Vajikees with lioss, but it is the opinion of Stand Wade that not more than 400 or 500 of them are left. Air. Houdiaot confirms the report of Col 1 hooks’ capture of a train of CO or (10 wagons lielv/con Fayetteville and the Missouri lino, ju-i.r. previous to tho capture of Fayetteville. Tlie Yankee:; still hold I.iitlo Ibick on suffer ance. ALigiuder could capture the place, but it would not pay. At the latest news from Gen. Price, previ ous to the capture of Fayetteville, he was at Pane Hill with 33,000 men, a portion of whom ore iu need of arms. He hed great trouble in getting out of Missouri, with his immense spoiis, being hard pressed by the enemy, but lined no disaster except nt the capture of ■U irtnaduke and Cabell, on which occasion lie !o:ri -about three hundred men. All the other Vaiikee stories of their success over him me ! fables. At latest accounts his train, nuinber i lug 1,280 to 1,300 wagons, was crossing the Aiitanaas between Fort Smith and Fort Gib son. All the Western people, especially tlie Mis sourians, ij.ro well satisfied with tho results, and (fen. Parsons says, ‘-Tell my Missouri friends that tho Missouri expedition lias been a com plete success/' The obiect of tlie return of the expedition was us has Leon declared by a high authority in those matters, io secure she spoils of tbe campaign, and place arms in tlie hands of ihe 'numerous recruits. General Buckner, oil the other side of tbe river lias captured Denaldsonville, with $30,000 worth of military stores. Donaldsonville is on the right bank of the Mississippi, between Baton Rouge end New Orleans. It is'Mated that Gen. Buckner has been pro niotevl to the rank of Lieutenant-General. • L ite accounts from Geu Price’s army state that he ou the Kansas line with a Urge jinny, and ihe Yankees dread a hostile demonstration in the direction ol Little Rock. The Confederate General Slaughter, at Brownsville, Texas, bad been reinforced by three thousand men and twelve pieces of ar tilui.y, hi anticipation of an attack from the United States troops. Buckner lias ten thousand troops at Alexan dria, La. The House of Representatives oi tho Louis ”■ ■ g’d dure has authorized the issuance of bonds to the amount ot two and a half millions s os dollars for the purpose of carrying on the State Government- Till-: Cukuokeb Country.— -We hava Reer. within the past few days many wagons bom Forsyth, Milton, Gwinnett, "Cobb and even Bartow counties, coming to this market to ex dinr gu produce tor salt and other supplies. We are pleassd to learn that the condition cf the people in that section Is much better than we hod supposed. Although the destruc tion cf giahi mid meat was complete wherever the vandals passed, they could not go everywhere, nail largo districts hml escaped utii'c Hi: .1. A gentleman from Bartow in -1 .'rmeil rs the o-her day. that if let alone in I future, the people of the Cherokee country can | subsist themselves until another crop can he made. This is gratifying intelligence—much better than wo Looked for from that quarter. The Mrrnu. —In response to Gov. Brown's en masse tali, the militia are pouting in from every direction. We have not learned what numbers have reported here, but from She n: uy familiar faces we have met from the up per counties, we infer that everybody not al ready soon will be. A-nos™ the troops which have reported here is id i... l-iitbor's battalion, from Habersham ,;vtd Franklin. Gin'. Glenn's BfiidADE—' We are pleased to -it a ib.-t vcral commands coastituling Gen. (v'no - I’.'igade are tilling up rapidly and I bavo been riporting promptly at this place. - ; - :NG Railroads. —Hands are at work | tb . r '*-- roads destroyed by the enemy, l.i •! i!i >. -■' rji\l, will in a short time, have Ahem again n Tunning order.— Athens Watch Silu'i. A pi ue-niaa iu Main- has just walked four comt-e;: ,ve days aud ni. hie, with but twentv m; i.-.? k. t each day. Lie performed the feat ac .mg r me,, twenty minutes, though at last Lo was ut-iircus. A tlr - r:: 1 apers say no fears are entertained oi ite invasi. n info Kentucky, GEN. JOiUSrOJI AND THE GEORGIA C AM PAIGN. We publish below an article on the cam paign in Georgia conducted by Geu*v.l Joseph E. Johnston, taken from the Mobile Army Crisis and Argus. We cordially agree with the high eulogium passed upon that General s skill and ability. The retreat from FT'ten to Atlanta wa3 one of the mest successful in his* toiy. Accepting the figures of the Crisis as correct, the preponderance of the Yankee over the Confederate loss was a most remarkable and pregnant fact. Even moie powerful was ♦he preservation of the high morale of the Confederate army. They testify to tho bril liant genius, accomplished strategy and sleep less vigilance of the Confederte General, and they show that magnetic power over men which it ia only given to greatness tq wield. — Gen. Johnston’s fame might safely be rested up on thi3 achievement were he never permitted to do any thing more—on account of the bitter and vindictive feeling which exieta against him at Richmond. Here is the article referred to above ; Our sole object in tl*e subjoined statement and reflections is to deal honestly w ith the tacts of history, not to praise nor to censue any one. ’1 he ingratitude of Republics was a theme ror Roman comment; but tmr convic tion is that the great majority of any enlight ened people, well informed on the subsidence of passion, will delight to do exact and umple justice to those who have served, or sought to serve them. Our confidence in tho ultimate popular verdict is exceeded only by our abso lute! submission to tho decrees of mortal jus -1 tice ; and hence the latin maxim—Vox populi vox Dei—is, in our judgment, something' more tiian mere rhetoric. A man who hui preconceived and expressed an erroneous or an unjust opinion, partially informed, or mainly misinformed a? to tlie facts, will, on having his misapprehensions corrected, exhibit a liobie ingenuousness* of character by retracting errors, end endorsing the truth. If any portion ot'our people have pronounced upon the Georgia campaign, un favorably to the Commander-in Chief of the army of Tennessee, we respectfully invite them to a conference. Come, and let us together re survey the field, re examine the facts, and see if we can reach the same conclusion. The Georgia campaign began on the Oth cf May. Geu. Johnston commanded there-uni ted, reorganized, revivified fragments of ao army defeated and driven back from Missiona ry Ridge, under Gen. llragg. Bettor material; better soldieis, never breathed the breath o life than those composing the Army of Ten nessee; but that army hud baeri steadily driven back from Murfreesboro’ to North Georgia. The Federal Government had gathered up its whole strength for one decisive struggle, it was inevitably decisive against the suprema cy of that vindictive power:) and hod concen trated at two points, east, and one west of the Mississippi. Os the two former points, both might be said, in an important sense, to be vi tal to us. Our defences n ere conducicd re spectively by Gen. Lee and Gen. Johnston. If the Federais could bear down Lee’s army and capture Kicbnwnd, pushing cur fragmentary forces back into North Carolina, it would be, for us, iflost, disastrous, and perhaps necessi tate a war for generations, or subjection. If, while Lee was pressed by weight of num bers, Johnson could be defeated and his array destroyed, then Augusta, Savannah and Charleston might fait, and no defence ih Vir ginia would save us from theatened ruin. This state of things rendered necessary (ho greatest human foresight and the utmost possi ble caution. A blunder—a false movement afailu-eot the nmltitudinoes and difficult combinations of either General Lee or Gener al Johnson, as far as human reason compre hends the facts, might havo involved the loss of our countr y and the blight of ail patriotic hope3. . Both Generals, therefore, acted strictly on the defensive. Johnstlcn. rill bo was loSiovoU, and Lee to the present hour. Gen. Johnston-was confronted on the O h of May by the dost Federal troops ever Font to battle —North Western men, mainly, and vet erans iu arms, outnumbering our forces under Johnston, two and a half to one. Wo now have Sherman’s official report of Lis numbers, certainly not overstated, and our people are well apprised of our strength when the light began at Dalton. Mow, wLfi-t was best to be douG If Johnston, acting on the onousivo, brought on, or accept ed a general engagement, with nearly three to one against him, and was beaten, it would amount practically to the destruction of his army; and that would have involved, proba bly, tbe destruction of the country. Under these difficult and trying circum stances, we again ia quire, what course would now suggest itself as the wisest and safest? Every mind capable of comprehending the facts, and reasoning justly upon them, must answer, the army of Tennessee ought to have gradually fallen back; maintaining base line; taking advantage of every incau tious movement of the foe; striking him where he was fairly exposed; economizing the lives of our'soldiers; and diminishing the strengtli of the enemy, leading him farther and farther from his strongholds; and thus equalizing the rpiatlyOsUength of the opposing aimies, until a heavy decisive annihilating blow could bo dealt for the destruction of tho Federal army ia tbe Southwest. This was precisely the course adopled and pursued by General Johnston. When tho campaign began, the Federal strength was nearly throe times that of tbe Confederates. After seventy two days, (when : Johns;ton was relieved) from all acknowledged and re.fable sources of information, Sbermwi having lost 50,000 men, and Johnston 10,000, the reiatiye strength of the two armies stood as about one arid a half to one. Bkuiman had advanced at the rate3 of 1| miles per day, 72 days- HO miles; and had lost 081 men per day, in round numbers—so,ooo. Now at pre cisely this rate of advance and loss, supposing Atlanta to have been evacuated, withimi dis tance of iOU iniioo move, and a period of eh.ri>- ty-Ecvcn days more, Sherman's army would have ceased to exist utterly—not one man would have remained to tvll that BhenaanV arrnv ever existed ! U'ifkia the same distance and the same time Johnston would have loot (138 man per day). 12,000 men, and would have entirely relieved the Southwest of the pre/encc of an invading foe! Johnston’s army was bandied with con summate skill. He slaughtered the enemy when attacked from the front; and when out flanked, in the immediate presence oi superior numbers, he quietly, noiselessly, retired his command without the loss of a prisoner a wA»oa -& bucket; and his ranks drooped into ! anew and strong position But Gee. Johnston - was relieved—that is, ofliciady disgraced, for i having thus conducted this campaign, ntipar- I allelc-tl in the history of the present war ’ for - the exhibition highest qua ivies of a j Field Marshal, a he did not act upon i the offensive ! AY’as he ever ordered to assume ! the offensive General Hood did assume the j offensive. Within a few days he had lost more than fifteen tbuosand men! “And, the foremost of these were the best of ! his band ” Within a few days he lost Atlanta, together j with immense stores of war; and helpless and broken, he fried to hold his position at Jonesboro, and held it only by the retirement of a victorious foe back upon Atlanta. If we did not believe that gll events—all results, (uot human purposes or arte of Jvolitiou,) are either permitted or ordered by Divine wisdom, and for reasons infinitely just and good, we should pronounce the removal of Jolmstcn, and the appointment of flood, a fatal blun der —a suicidalSniscor.ceptien But as-it was wise, and ultimately turn, ti id, for the Confed erates to be beateD, pacriticed, humiiitating; and Atlanta to be spoiled and gutted, and as these results could not be accomplished with out the interposition, of supernatural causes, while our army was commanded and wielded by such a splendid genius as Joseph E. .John- ■ j ston. Lis r> moval Lucerne ueeessaiy, aud the j agents were at hand to accomplish the designs ot Provideroe. The Fediral army in Georgia was relatively ■ stronger than the Fodeial army iu Virginia,; and of superior materiel. Lee and Johnston pursn and the sains defensive policy: and had j Richmond, like Atlanta, been situated in the midst of *a plain, the probability is. Grant would hays jcmpelled its evacuation long ago. Had Gen. Johnston been permitted to work out his own'plane, there are those competent to judge, who believe, whether Atlanta had been occupied by Sherman or not, that Sher man’s army would now tie among the things that were. With ail his stores, with nearly all his army, with an enthusiastic confidence and attachment on the part of the army, Johnston making the 'West Point road ajaeuity, couid have struck the Georgia State road at Vining’s Station, and swept every garrison from that point to Nashville , leaving bis <liscomfit«it adversary to starve, or puisne, < r - riband, according ro Ms | fancy, lire present flank movement of the j army of 'under Gen. Beauregard, ■ was no Concepcion of Gea. Hood’s and has j been onlytxl&t'cllvelyA executed by him. We j admire amLlovtiUen. Hood for his gallantry, 1 and devofffn' to our capse, demonstrated on many bloCdy fields’. Go-1 bless him and his | army. BSeGwo fove truth —we esteem justice i above all price. If Hood has suffered in our i cause, hois" often has' Johnston bled! And j now, not hoi the first time, he sutlers with she j noblest rc=iguatiou. fnr having by his unrival j led geniqT adopted the wisest and best means j to safe tlrstountry. * History .will present all these facta in their proper connection and true bearing. Gen. Johnston has nothing to apprehend from the records©!’ history and the, final verdict of his countrymen. One day we think we shall .know wly Gen. Johnston was felieved for the conduct of a campaign that would have done honor to Wellington, and which equal led the skirl of Moreau in his passage ot the Black Forest. . , NORTH CAROLINA DEACE RESOLCTSONSS. The following Peaoe Resolutions have been introduced"' into the North Carolina Legisla ture : Resolved, That, five commissioners be elect ed by this (rvn-.ral Assembly, to net with com missioners from ihe other States of the Con federacy. asa medium lor negotiating a peace with the United States. . Rusolvedj, That each of tho other States of the Confederacy be respectfully requested to create awianhn- commission, with us little de lay as practicable, nod to co operate with North Carolina in requesting of President Da vis, in the name of thoso sovereign States, that he tender ko the United States a conference for negotiating a peace througbjtbe medium of these commjssioiieis. Resolved,- That th« Governor make known to each of the other States of the Confederacy this action of the General Assembly of North Carolina, and endeavor to secure their co-cper atiou. .. Resolved,-That whenever any five of the States shall, have responded by the appoint ment of cooi.ini3.-,ior.ere, the Governor commu nicate the proceeding officially, to President Davis, and request his piornpt action upon the proposition.. Tiro Raleigh Progress in commenting upon the above resolutions;nukes some very truth ful remarksf and shows up in true colors the hoilow-hearted hypocrisy of our leading men, who while they profess'to be in favor of peace, never appear to be willing to take any steps or adopt any' measures winch will bring about a peace. Tlie remarks of the Progress are se vere, but they are just also. Here they are: It is with pleasure wo hail the introduction, in the Senate,.of Mr. Pool’s resolutions intended to initiate negotiations for peace. The people desire pence—they are tired of this “cruel war,’’ and while all bur authorities, State and National, have ait the time professed and now prefers, to be desirous ot peace, their actions have not conformed to theirprofessious. It is certain thac'aotbtng can lie accomplished un lit it is commenced. The man who says he desires a house built, or any thing else done, and yet turns no hand towards even the com mencement of it. subjects himself to the suspi cion of insincerity. These resolutions are cal culated to test the sincerity of many. It is a fact, no less rcma-kable than true, that tinder tho pioa nt necessity" OUT constitution4as been violated and the plighted fai*h of ourgovernmen't broken repeatedly.— The dangerous and paradoxical doctrine that we mud. yield our constitutional lights in or der to preserve them, and must surrender our liberties ia order to secure them, has been pro mulgated and submitted to long enough.— 'There may be tv necessity for peace—honora ble peace—paramount to any military necessi ty; a peace necessary for tire re-acquisition of that Freedom and of these coostitutioal rights, which military necessity luu wrested from us. We call upon the thinking, reflecting, com mon souse portion of our people to note with what facility our authorities have violated tho Constitution, usurped or encroached upon, our rights, and violated their own plighted faith under the plea-of “military necessity,’’ and in order to prosecute the war; white these same authorities are sticklers “after the strsitest sect’ : for ttie very strictest and most stringent eo: stmctioiihn tue very letter of tbe Constitu tion lo regawto the mude of making pence and the power by waieli iFis to be made. Ver ily they tlisrege.nl the-spirit ot that instill ment, which muketh ttiivep but adhere to the letter which ktlicUi. The people of North Carolina are proverb ial for their honesty mul love -of liberty. They were t lib-first to raise their voice against British tyranny in 1775, and they have been among the foremOst and most efficient in pros ccutihg tlie present war, add while they are .willing to mtike every sacrifice to overthrow dopolistn abroad, they are not- willing to sub mit to an equal despotism at home. The do mnmi:i of President Davis for increased power, step by step, have been’ acquiesced in, not withstanding the raisgiviEgs that they from time to time, have excited; but in his last message he has laid aside all mincing, ail half way demands, and has n-Ired unlimited powers. Tho dissatisfaction of our people heretofore has been based mwn fetus q! an unwarranted tiseof ektraoidiu'aiy powors; but the (jemand for greater and more extraordinary powers, on tho part of the Ptesidentj has now aroused a feeling deeper, .stronger aud more potent than fear—a feeling ot resistance. Dow long has it been slurp tha man who raised bis voice against the exorcise of arbitra ry power by our authorities was branded as a traitc-r aud threatened with the horrors of Cas tle Thunder? How Jong since he cn whose itna the word . ‘‘peace’' was found, was de nounei das disb/yai V Thank God that time is passing away, and the voice of such patriots ns Stephens, Brown, Boyce, ffooh and many others", beginning to ba heard. Are these men traitors ? Are they disloyal ? Every throb of (he great heart of the Southern peo ple answers, ia. thunder tones ‘ No’ Our government, through Us constituted au thorities, lead cveT expressed K desire for peace, but nothing has been doaeg-or at least noth ing eifect’.ye done—to even ''initiate nje&snrsa ter the accomplishment of an end they profess so strongly to desire; and whenever it has been intimated that the Sovereign States in their sovereign capacity, should, interfere even t.s advisers to. ; tbeir Bervante Jwv6 rebelled against tneir infteters and creators, and charged treason upon and then. have asked for more and morepowef toteuabih th, m to quell that feelmg of rebellion, ami silence ‘that Indtx!r^ a nd « gD r a ° n ’ aKaicsk *-be assumption fwf l n unwarranted power. Now the 1 resident bolojv auks to have placed in his boedorn of the people, and an unlimi.ed sway over the press, the pulpit and every engine of liberty, w e aro ‘YJ number of those who believe that any man vvho would desire to be clothed with ‘ such pone, would abase it; and we are unwilling to enrußtit to nay oLe. ® t ’; e Mr. Pool afford no p.ctex on tue part ot onr national or other au.nontiea to cry out that powers vested in them by the Courtitution are to be infringed they merely pr. pose North Carolina, as a sov ereign . .ate, shaiUtxetcise her sovereign pow er and as* the co-operation of other sovar c-u ..fates, to aid, by a combined effort the constitutional treaty-making power, in brieg mg about a peace. . la there anything danger ous i? this - fa there anything derogatory to the character of our governmental authorities' is ibereaghost of tieason or -disloyalty in such a movement dear to frtemen, and formi dable io tyrants only ? , i: . r ; Hayisteniy desires p ace let him bail wnn delight this movement on the part ci the It.ites to aid h m in the accompliMr— mentof to desirable cn end. Let him cease to bore the people with the appohatment of days ol pasting, humiliation and prayer for peace, while he takes no action, uses uo means to procure what he wait* the people to fast and pray tor. God works by means. The days of miracles are past. IT * helps those who strive to help themselves. We may stand with the sword in our hand, recking with blood, and with vengeance in our hearts and the tires of war burning in our souls, and cry “Lord, Lord,” but .we will not be heard, and no peace will come. - Letteh cf Kir. Thknhoi.m.— The tallowing letter, from Secretary Treuholm, in elucida tion of one of tbe recommendation!) of bis re port, though addressed to ihe Committee on Finance, Is of general Interest: i, Treasury Depat.tu ent, C S. A.. I Richmond, Nov. 21, lt>Jl. j Hon. F. S Lyon, Chairman of riio Committee ou Ways and Means, Confederate States House of Representatives : • Sir—The doubts expressed as to the equali ty of limiting the tux in kind for the support of the currency to three articles only, have had my attentive consideration, and my con victions have not undergone any change. Assuming tho sum of notes to bo redeemed at $400,000,000, and the proportion of North Carolina, for example, at one-tenth, or $lO,- 000,000. the tax in kind for that State would be, iu c orn, 20,000 W 0 bushels : and it ap pears to me that the burthen of the tax is in no degree affected by the [mode cf payment. Being one-tenth of the agricultural income, if paid in kind, it would take from the farmer 20,000,000 bushels of corn; and if paid in money, the value ol that quantity. Conse quently. the State of Virginia, though not taxed in kind on the tobacco crop, if taxed one-tenth of the value iu money, would sell that proportion of the crop, ami paying the money into the Treasury, contribute thereby her equal share to the common burthen. To extend the tax to all the present subjects of tho tax iu kind would ol largo (ho spiking fund and allay the apprehension of possible inequality; but there is something wanting be sides a sinking fund; we want ii measure of valuo a!eo. Could we commence the immedi ate redemption of the notes in specie, and give to all the assurance of receiving payment on demand the currency would rise at once to specie value. Could wo enter immediately upon too redemption, in corn, at one dollar per bushel, with the assurance of an adequate sup ply to meet all demands, tiie appreciation, I think, would be nearly as rapid, and the res toration oi tho value almost complete. My iuipjes3ion3 are that it would be quite com plcte, if the privilege of exportation could be given to she purchaser. The uniformity "of quality that Belongs to this staple; its character is an article of food; its universal use; and its simplicity as an article of ceinmerce, combine to give it a value more uniform and stable, and more extensively known iu our country than that of any other commodity except goUI •and silver. For this reason, had the siqqSy of corn been equal to Ibo redemption of the notes within a reasona ble time, nod tiie immediate funding at a huge proportion apt been ot such great importance, it would have inclined strongly to the n?e of corn alone. To encourage immediate funding, and secure adequate nu-urs lor the early re xemption cf the whole, cotton and wheat were added, but it must he admitted, 1 think, that these additions impair, to sonio extent, tlie simplicity of the plan, and certainty and inva riably of the value of the notes. Three classes of certificates, in equal proportion and of dif ferent value, must now lie used in lieu of one certificate of uniform value. Tlie necessity, however, of providirg an adequate fund ren dered this concession unavoidable. But to go limber in this direction seems unnecessary. If tobacco, sugar, rice, hay, hemp, &0., were introduced, the yky of each, and the ratio it bears to the others, would have to be ascer tained. the comparative value to bo determin ed, and anolher.clase of certificates for each to be iscutd, iu the just propcrTon it bore to the others. '1 his would greatly complicate the plan and seriously endanger its successful ex ecution, ar.d at-the same time define and ex press with less Clearn-re •ir.d'nrecis cn iha val ue ct the notes. More I think would be Tost thereby,- in that part of the plan which is de signed to clothe the notes with tfie attributes and qualify them to perform the functions of money, than would be gained by enlarging the sinking fund, which is already ample.— My impressions are very strong that this view of the subject is correct, and I hope the delib erations ol the committee may bring them to the same conclusions. Speedy legislation is of tho utmost impoi tanco, and unanimity would be of great value, in inspiring confi dence anil securing tho co-operation cf the citizens and the States. The latter may con tribute greatly to tlie success of the measure, and at the same" time materially reduce (ho burthen of the tax. Take tho Slate of North Carolina ns an ex ample. Suppose tier i-tiare of tbo debt created by t he issue of Treasury notes to be $40,000,000, and this measure he not adopted, but by fund ing or otherwise the payment of the notes in money be provided-for; in that case her citizens would have $40,000,000 i-o pay in specie at a fu ture day. To raise tb*s sum after the war would require at- least 50,000,000 bushels of corn; while un-tar the proposed ptan 20,000,- 000 bushels would'suffice. It offers also other and greater advantages. If she can borrow $2,000,000 in specie and sterling exchange which her banks may in a great degree supply, she ncre, jn the ratio of 20 for l, buy no tho whole sum of STO.QDO.OGO and reduce her in debtedness from 40 .millions to 2 millions, aud relieve her citizens from tho tax of 20.000,000 bushels of corn. Or, in other words, she may purchase 50,000 000 bushels of corn at 10 cents per bushel. _ It would bo the interest of every State, I think to pursue this coumo wbethpr her citizens contributed to (he tax in kind set apart for the currency or not. ‘ If Virginia, for example, purchase hr.lf the certificate q for which North Carolina Vas to provide tiie moans of redemption, the benefit to her citizens would be ptemily tho same a3 that predicated of North Carolina. Eaob. upon the hypothesis stated, by 'bn expenditure o $ 1,000.000 in coin would arquire §20,000,000 in certificates. North Carolina woqld thereby commute a tax in kind of 10,000,000 bushels of corn, and y irgiida would levy a tax on otter States of 10,000,000 bushels-of corn. J.f the value of corn in the market ware $1 a bushel, North Carolina, by laying out $1,000,000 now, would have S10,000,000; Virginia, by tlie same means, would make' 810,000,000. and reim bursejtereself for a money tax of $10,000,000. I venture respectful? to submit these reflec tions to the eon'aideration of the committee, and remain, with sentiments of great respect, Your most ob’t serv’t, G. A. TRKSKtUVf, bcoretary of Treasury FROM fiESi. HOOD’S ARMS’. The Selma Rebel of Nov. IS, contains tho annexed news ; • Passengers on tho Meridian train, who left Cherokee, Ala., last Thursday, represent that Geti. blood was at that time iu the vicinity of Lawreoceville, Tt-nn. Gen. Forrest is reported to havo had a fight e.t Lawrencobnrg, with the Yankee cavalry, commanded by Hatch, and to havo captured tour thousand prisoners. Lawrenceburg is about forty miles north of Florence. Thomas is also reported to have concentrated his forces at Pulaski, thirty miles from Lawrenceburg. Jill the garrisons of the Federate in North Alabama havo been evaett deck Chattanooga is also reported, by a gentleman who has just arrived here from Acworth, Ga., evacuated. Annexed is a copy of Gen. Ilood’s address to his troops, read on the morning tho forward movement commenced from Florence: Headqivs Army Tk.'sessub, Florence, Ala bama, November 21, IBb4—“’Soldiers: You march to redeem by your valor and your arms one ol the fairest portions of our Confederacy. This can only be achieved by battle and vic tory. Summon np, in behalf a cons uicmaticn so glorious, aft thu elements of soldiership aud ail ihe instincts of manhood, and you will ren der tho campaign before you full of auspicious fruit lo you; country uni lasting renown to yourselves. , J. B. Hood, Gen.” The St. Louis Republican states that the; whole State of M'ssoui* is ov- run by a hostile i army, aud actual!/ desolated. The wboie State i with theexeeptioi of St. L. uis county, is i covered with blooi aud ruins, PROM UPPER GEORGIA. A correspondent of the Macon Telegraph I gives the annexed news from upper Georgia : After General noed had entirely outwitted the old flanker, and left him at Bljie Pond, be seemed to have instantly grown desperate ami crossed the Coosa river at Cedar Bluff, and struck a bco line for Atlanta with three corps of intantry, passing by Dykes’ store U Cave Springs. Here they separated— ono w corps went to Rome, while tho other two went b* Cedar Town, Vanwert and Powder Springs to | Marietta. At Cedar Town they burned the ! Court House, Jail and sixteen store heroes and private dwellings, including Willingham's Hb j tel. At Ye.uwt-r), tho Court House and some small bindings were burned; also the residence of Mat. Ware, who was a great terror- to their scouting and foraging parties, was burned by Kilpatrick’s cavalry. Every hill in the vicinity of Romo on the South_bank of the river has been divested of the beautiful groves that once covered them. Their places are now supplied with m&srdve fortificatieus The crest of every hill is gird ed with rifle pits, and i's summit capped with a redoubt-firr artillery. Fort Jackson, ou Bur well’s Ilill, is a very formidable woik, with nineteen embrasures and a largo magazine. Court nouse Hill is covered with a very substantial circle of earthwoiks, with sixteen erabrazures. These works are surrounded with an almost impassable abattis. An almost continual lino of rifle pits surround the town, immediately on the river banks. The line from Smith’s Pond to Burwell’s Hill, on tbe northwest side, is one of tho most formi dable of th§ kind that 1 have seen. Near the residence of Rev. Mr. Jones is con structed works for field artillery thrown up en barbet. surrounded with trims ditches and loops for riflemen, making an easy range for all the bills and ravines leading to the north side of the city. These works fully exemplify the tk'ill and industry of tlieir author. The new cemetery is a sad spectacle to b-:- ho'd, almost the entire yards are tom up into rifle pits, and the beautiful railing nnd marble monuments and tombstones tha* once m ilked and surrounded the resting place of loved ones are broken to pieces and included iu the fortifications. Tho pews are taken from all the churches and constituted into pontoon bridges, and the buildings used for hospitals. Before leaving tiie place they burned the railroad depot and steamboat office, Cunningham's store bouse, the foundry, idling mill, flouring mill, Coop er’s warehouse, Etowah house, Empire bank, and three stores below, also the jaii and several other houses in tho city. Two thirds of all the railing and fencing in the cby is destroyed, and the lots occupied for wagon yards, &c. The residence formerly occupied by Capt. Pepper, is burned. Shelby’s school house, with all the private residences"in the neighborhood, is torn down or burned. But amid the com mon desailatiou what lew citiz.-us remain, are in tine spirits. Unfortunately, the countryjis infested with bauds of robbers, claiming to bo “indej cedent scouts” which are committing a great many depredations upon the persons and property of citizens. A band of tlrese fellows entered the city on tho night of the 15th ull., end robbed several houses, having no reference to ago, sex or condition, and went off loaded with money, blankets, sugar and coffee and such other ar ticles Os value as they wanted. After robbing, they shot and killed N. J. Omberg, one of she oldest and most respectable citizens of she place. It is hoped that some stops will be ta ken to*Euppresß them. The Central Railroad,— We traveled over this road fom Macon to a mile below Gris woldville to Gordon. All of the distance, ex cept but about one mile, the road is a com plete wreck. The enemy did their work of de struction on this p irt of the i oad most thorough ly. At Gordon and for miles around tho village the destruction is appalling. The Miliedge ville and Gordon road is destroyed for a die* tance of three or four miles from Gordon north, and from Miiledgeville for four miles South. Tharoail can Ivi repaired iu a short tlrco rvilh the exception .of the Bridge at Milledgcville. Wo Iqgrn that it is expected to have the road in operation from Macon to Midway, two miles from Milledgeville, in three or four weeks. Shbumax’s Army is Miixeikievillb.— On Sunday, the 20ih of November, Sloenm’s Corps of Sherman's Army, began to pour into our devoted city. The few companies of troops which composed our Local Guard, had been withdrawn Most of tho public stores had been removed and the ill t.itcd inhabitants were left to the tender mercies of the invader. Ou Monday, Sherman arrived with tiie balance of his army. Most of the men belonging to tlie city left before the enemy arrived. Those who rtayed and our noble women, bad so sub mit to all the insults, tyranny and oppression which the invaders saw fit to inflict. Robbery of every kind, end in every degree was tlie ol der of the day. Disgusting scenes of plunder and rapine were perpetrated ia the presence, end with knowledge of officers of high rani:, and when expostulated with, and asked to pro tect private property, wo were tohl that they intended that every Southern man should feel that it was very expensive to be a rebel. In deed they seemed to think that everything we bad belonged to them: and that it was a very great criu-e to hide anything from them, and hiding did very little good, for they nio tho most ejp3:iened and adroit thieves that wo ever heard of, and knew exactly where to Jock for hididen treasure. they burned two cv three private dweiii res in the vicinity, but none in ’the city. The can be easily repaired; the walls are not injured except at the gate, and the large building con fit niog the edits for the pris oners being composed of granite, brick and iron cun be easily repaired; the railroad bridge across Fishing Creek can be rebuilt In a short time, as the abutments and pier! are uninjured. The enemy remained here from Sunday evening until Friday morning, which gave them time to pillage the surrounding country for many pile*. They strolled about the country iu email parlies frequently unarmed Captured.— Cqpfc. Sam McComb, Lieut. Joe Beall, Adolphus McComb. Gus Cone, and Theodore Sanford were capturoi near tb!s place, by some of Sherman’s force-?. -Messrs Jleall and A McComb escaped at No. 11, C. R. It. on Tuesday last, and arrived hero sate on Friday lad., Capk. Bam McComb was still »: prisoner when they left. They also (date that Hon. Thop. F. Wells, our immediate State Senator, was a prisoner i.n tho enemy’s hands. We sincerely trun* that they may ’ oe sQop released from durance vile. Ourselves, —Yvhen Sherman’s army ap proached Milledgevillo on Sunday the 20th ult, we had the President’s Message in type ready for publication. The next day wo took down our press and hid it and the type of our office •“here they coaid not find it. One ol ti*. Taukeo Generals had his headqufli ters in onr office, but did it little damage. We print the presaent issue on a hand pre.-s, not yet h.iviug had time to get home our cylinder proas. Our office has literally been trodden under foot by the Gentiles, but we hope by next week to be all right again. The mails have been greatly damaged so that many of our subscribers will not get their papers this week, but we hope the mails will soou be resumed and things will go on as usual. — (Tonfedxrate Union, Macon. —The stores in town are rapidly re opening. By tho beginning of next week, Mi con will look as it did before Sherman tareat tned the city. Worthy cf Imitation. —We learn that the citizens of Dougherty county with a patriotic liberality which we trust to see universally imitated, have donated to the poor of MUedge viile, five thousand bui-hels of corn.— Macon Tdtrjray'n. Atlanta and Miiat-rfA.—Lieut*. Colonel Lu tiiur J. Glenn has been ordered to Atlanta in command of that post, and proceeds there at once. The Gste Orly is now considered safe, aud refugei-s will no doubt rapidly rttura to their homes. * Col. Mitchell goes to Marietta bb Command ant of that Lost, 'thus one by one, the towns evacuated by Sherman are taken possession of by their rightful owners.— Sicannmlt UtpMi can. An official count of the vote of C .dorado cn the State question shows a majoricy against, the proposition. OFFICIAL ORI)ER s7~*~ r ~ PUBLISHED GR ETiS ran TIIW RSN'EFIT O p THU COMMIJiMTV. Apj't akdlnrpr’ Gun's Office, ) Richmond, Va., Dec. 6, 1864. f General Orders, ) No. S6 \ I. lhe-Ch:ef of the Bureau of Conscription will continue, with all practicable despatch, to into service the twenty thousand slaves authorized J>y the act of Congress approved 1 ebruai'v 1 1 . 1&34. Enrolling officers w;ll pre pare correct fists in duplicate of the names, personal description and aeteitolsed value cf the staves. t..e county, district or parish in. which, and the urne when, each was impressed,, the name ot the owner of each and of the im- Yressing officer. One of these lists will be for warded monthly to tho commandant of Con scription in the State to which the slave longs, and the other to the .Superintendent off the Bureau, each of whom will cause them ti> be copied in seme uniform manner convenient for reference. II When fifty or 'more slaves shall havo been collected at any one station, they will bo forwarded under the charge ot discreet men de tailed from tbo reserve forces, to such point as the Superintendent of Conscription may direct, f.cd turned over to the engineer officer instruct ed to receive them, for labor in the engineer and other departments of the service. A copy ot the descriptive roll of each slave will accom pany his delivery to the engineer officer. 111. The Chief Engineer of each army or military department wili, under tiie direetiou of the Engineer Bureau, have the general supervision and control of the slaves, and will organ's; them into gangs of one hundred men each, (selecting four of the number as fore men,) over whom will be placed a manager and tivo overseers Every eight gangs will con stitute a section, tor which a superintendent wili bo selected. Three sections will compose ik force, over whie h wi'l be placed a director.— Two clerks will be employed or detailed for each director, and one for each superintend ent. IV. The directors, superintendents, man agers and overseers will lie detailed or select ed by tho Secretary of War from men qualified by experience in tho management ot slaves, and who are fitted for the positions -by their character for probity, energy and intelligence. _V. There wi>l be assigned by orders from this office, a purveyor to each force, and an assistant purveyor to -each section, who will provide subsistence,'clothing and other neces sary stores, making requisition therelor upon the Quartermaster and Commissary Depart ments. These will be bonded agents In like •manner, a m.cdffial officer will be assigned for each section, who wili obtain' supplies for tho staves from the medical department, upon s%- quisition as prescribed for surgeons and aesiet ant surgeons of the tumy. Provision returns and. requisitions, for qnartermasttr’s stores will be signed by tlie manager, and, when approved by the superintendent, the purveyor of the Section wili make the issue. VL The Engineer Bureau wili detail an offi cer ot the Engineer service for each airny or Department-, to organize, inspect and muster the gangs, sections and foicee, and to mako, details ol working parties iu such number and’ for such objects as may be ordered by the com manding General. In this manner details of slaves will be made to perform labor in other departments cf the cm vice—it being intended that all such slaves shall be under tho manage ment auii supervirion of the Engineer Depart ment. When slaves are detailed In other de partments than the Engineer Department, the manager will sen i with them descriptive lists, retaining their names, however, upon his mus ter rolls. VII. Managers will prepare a muster roll and duplicate muster and pay rolls of the slaves on tho lust day of every even month. Tho fl'-st will be transmitted to the Chief of the Engineer Bureau, the muster and pay rolls to the Quartermaster General. Each will be for warded through the Superintendents, who will be held responsible lor their correctness. Tha ascertained value ot each slave will appear upon both ti e muster rc’.l and tbo muster and pay rolls, i lie rate of pay will be determined by agreement with tho owners, or by appraise ment, as provided by law. \ D.t. The value ol tue slave will be ascer tained at tue time of impressment, after care ful metrical t xaruinutioii, under rules prescri bed by the Surgeon General by agreement be tween Hie enrolling officer uud the owner, or by appraisement under the law regulating im prcssmenls, that, iu the event of his loss white employed by the government “ by the act off Fie enemy or by escape to, or by death inflict ed by ihe enemy of by disease contracted while m any service required (if him,” his owner may receive Ins tuti value from the govern ment-. t>!aves alreidy impressed andinser-. vice will be appraised by boards of disinter reted siavehol'icrs, selected by the Engineer Bureau. Enrolling officers wili impress upon owners thei’proprieiy and advantage of having their slaves provid 'd with pile good new suit of clothing before they are turned over to tha government, the value of which will be esti mated in tho appraisement. The lo: i of a slave from either of tho caus es enumerated, ami the time iujd manner of it,.wiil be reported in triplicate by the mana ger of the gang to which ho belongs, to the tablet of tho Engineer Bureau. He will, at >ue same time, luil'j the casualiy upon tha next master roi l . i.K.. At the expiration of every six months tire Quarto; master General will semi an officer to convenient places iu each State to pay ow ners or their attorneys the hire of their slaves, or j? their appraised or agreed value. A. Every effort will be made to induce con tentment in the claves. Their discipline will be considerate and mihl ior minor offenses.— Cases ol a grave character will be forwarded for the determination anil instructions of the Giitef Engineer of the Array or Department who will, in the meantime, prepare nnd sub mit tor the approval ofliis Commanding Gen-, c.al a code ior the Government ol Managers, and others in charge of the slaves. ’ XL The Commanding General of each Ar my or Department wdl promptly remove and order to the i auks any Manager or other em ployee having the super vision of slaves, who is guilty- oi cruelty towards them, or liiiilfeas anc-o or oi malpractice, and will impose such other penalties as tbi) offefice would justify under tiie ffiffh Rub and Article of War. By order. (Sgued) -' S. Cooper, Adj’tand insp’r Geu’l. Officii';.- II L. Cj.ay, a A. General. Vice President Stephens.— We have receiv* eil a copy of the lust political address that Alicciador H. Stephens ever delivered to the public, and lay it Before our readers this morn ing. It was a fourth of July oration in 1834, when he was quite young. His record from, that time to' this has been consistent as aa tin,- coinpromisitig advocate of the rights and abso lute sovereignly of the States. It shows that ibis doctrine lias been the polo star of his political existence. This ‘‘Old Doc ument” triumphantly vindicates him from the charge which some ignorant persons have late ly made, that he is anew convert to this safe doctrine. It shows that he then, as now, fully comprehended our form cf government, is ex teheacies and defects, and the only remedy fm any ana uU difficulties that might arise umuer our Federal administration. These were the views of our forefathers.— This was the way the men who formed tho Federal government understood it. Jf their views nad been adhered to, and sacredly ob served by ali, or c-vcn of all the South, our piesent troubles would never have been upon us, and it is mortifying to find ihal tho very men who were foremost in seceding from the old Hiiion-who were-the roost active advocates ol this very State rights doctrine, and exercis it to tbo extent of separating from the Un ion, are now advocating its surrender to the Confederate Government—thegiviDg up of the very principle which we seceded to preservh _ it is lamentable, mo: tifying and alarming, but such is the fact. Xne constant tendency of republicanism is to a stronger government; and of all govern ments to grasp at, u-urp or in some way ac quire greater power, and it requires constant watching, and firmly checking the M.st insid ious efforts or approaches, to preset ve onr free dom and our fiee institutions as formed and bequeathed to us by our forefathers. “Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty.”—.SaoonnuA News . An effort has been made to bl»w up of the Long Island sound steamers.