(Chronicle & Sentinel.
fiiinui attirne, xitixi
The f'onslHutloiir) Amendment.
In view of the mighty efforts which are
now being made by the Northern press
and politicians, to induce the ratification of
these odious measures by the Southern
States, we take pleasure in laying before
our readers the following able article on
this subject, which we take from that ster
ling Conservative journal, the National
Intelligencer. The views presented against
it are to our mind complete and unanswer
“ The advocates of the article to amend
the Constitution of the United .States claim
that it is perfectly fair and just, ignoring
the fact that it is punitive in its character,
and «post Jacto in one of its most offensive
provisions, despite the express prohibition
of the Constitution itself and the universal
testimony of mankind against retroactive \
enactments. They now seek to bring about j
its adoption bv threats of the worse penal
ties which will follow its rejection. And !
perhaps no two papers are more conspicu
ous for this than the York Time* and \
Evening Pont. When you have a man in
your power, to insist on his doing what is
extremely obnoxious to him by threatening j
him with something more galling does not ;
strike us as a very manly or acceptable !
method of arguing, especially to one of
spirit and character. Nominally, at least,
this is a free country, and men should lie
left some choice ; but these journals scoff
and threaten by turns, in a way that strikes
at all possible choice. The question is to
Ik: argued, not forced, else the programme
of the editor of the Chronicle may as well
be adopted at once, and three-fourths of ]
the States now represented he claimed as ,
the three-foun hs meant by the Constitu
tion, and the farce of sending it to
the Southern Legislatures be recalled. But
let us examine its provisions more in detail,
and see whether it is the righteous and de
sirable proposition it is claimed to be.
“The objection which strikes one at the
first glance is, that it is unfair, in that it
compels a man to accept several dissimilar
propositions as a whole, though he might
favor one and be opposed to all the rest, or
inclined to support all save one, which he
considers obnoxious. That may be a stroke
of partisan policy, but it is not just.
* But the fundamental insuperable objec
tion is, that it revolutionises the Govern
ment by altering it in one of its most essen
tial features. Hitherto each State has
controlled its own electoral system, and
prescribed the conditions of suffrage. But
the firstsection of the amendment proposed, j
virtually takes the power from the State j
and vests it in Cougiess. The first clause |
of the first section defines who are ci izens j
—all persons born or naturalized in the |
United States. This, without any dis
tinction of sex , color , or capacity. The
very next clause declares that “no State
shall make or enforce any law which shall
abridge the privileges and immunities of
citizens; while the fifth section empowers
Congress to enforce the provisions of this
article by appropriate legislation. Now,
what are the privileges and immunities of
citizens? Are voting and office-holding
not included? Is not a woman a citizen
under this article as much as any man?
Has not Congress the power to do away
with all State regulations about length of
residence, tax-paying, &c., now imposed
by the several States? Hoes not this arti
cle take the entire suffrage question out of
the hands of the people of the States and
put it in the power of Congress to enact
not only negro, but woman suffrage, under
whatsoever conditions a majority may de
termine? Now, when it is remembered
that ten States control a majority of the
vote of the House of Representatives, and
consequently of the electoral college, it is
easy to be seen that by playing upon the
ambitious hopes of a few Senators they
may entirely override the State legislation
of the remaining twenty-six.
“But the first section is revolutionary in
this, that on tho pretence that State
coc 's and State •••• , interfere with
t : oil- liberty, or ,'r i of the citizen,
Congress may I'onsutut.' wi tie/ extend the
jurisdiction of the Ivd'T.b i arts so as to
bring all descriptions « before Fed
eral judges How long would the State
judiuiaiy survive such encroachments, and
wliat becomes of our boasted system of
local government and local courts for each
community ? The centralizing power thus
conferred on the Federal courts would
gradually absorb the rights, the dignity,
and the independence of the State.
“Now, wo do not believe that the people
mean to clothe Congress with any such
powers. We donot believe that the Ilad
cals of Pennsylvania and of Massachusetts
intended by their votes to express their
desire that the right of their respective
States to control the conditions of suffrage
should be transferred to Washington, or
that the Federal courts should ever bo put
in a position where they might cripple their
own State courts by exercising functions
not now possible for Congress to confer
“As Pennsylvanians and Massachusetts
men, they are not prepared, even for at
taining the most desirable objects, to give
to people outside of Pennsylvania and
Massachusetts the right of saying that
women shall vote in the old Keystone or
iu the Bay State. In our view no object
can justify such sweeping abdica ion of
State rights, and though we might approve
every other provision of this article, our
objections to this would be invincible.
“The second sectiou alters the represen
tative apportionment. As this is now, it
tests upon population. The section pro
poses not to count any class of population
whose male inhabitants, being citizens, are
excluded from voting. It therefore com
pels the South either to the loss of a large
representative population, and the conse
quent curtailment of political power, or the
adoption ot negro suffrage entire. It
must lose strength in the House of Rep
resentatives 01 embrace an ignorant consti
tuency en rntisse. South Carolina, for
instance, must forfeit three members of the
House or allow the negro vote to control
the State, as the white population is les
than the colored. This Massachusetts
calls just: but there is not a fraction of its
people but what would denounce it if the
negro popu’atioo was in excess. The ad
mission of intelligent negroes to vote does
not meet the requirement ; the exclusion i
of any male citizens throws out of the
count of population a number proportion
ate to the relation of such excluded males j
to the whole number of men in the State.
“ There is no more disgusting clap trap
talked of, upon any political question, than
has been thru't upon unthinking men by
the special pleading of those urgiug this
section. 1 Are you wiling.' they cry,
4 that one vote in South Carolina shall
have three times the political power of
one in New York or in Massachusetts ?
Yet. if you allow the negroes to be counted
as population when they do uot vote, you
give three times the power to every white
voter there that he has in the Nq§ih,
But iu our State-divided government po
litical power doe* not depend on numbers.
As we have shown repeatedly, a voter in
the First District of Illinois, where thirty
two thousand votes are cast, has but hall
the power of one in the Oneida District.
New \ork, where but sixteen thousand
are polled, fourteen thousand voters in
a Massachusetts district wield as much
power as thirty-seven thousand in Cali
iornia. Nay, the diserepany is still more
glaring. Rhode Island polled 19,951
votes —call it 20,009—in 1860. It ha
two Representatives—one for every 10,000
voters. It has four votes in the electoral
college, containing three hundred and
thirteen votes. So that five thousand
voters in Rhode Island cast a vote for
President. ButN'. Y. polled 675,156 votes,
with thirty-three in the electoral college,
making a little over twenty thousand voters
for eacn elector. So that in the election ot
President one 'tuan in Rhode Island i?
equal to four in New York. Again, twen
ty thousand voters in Rhode Island count
one in amending the Constitution of the
United States, but six hundred and seven
ty-five thousand count but one in New
York. So that for amending the Consti
tution the power of one man in Rhode
j Island is thirty-three times greater than
that of a citizen of New York. Yet a
I.Lode Islander talks himself hoarse about
the inequality of the political power of the
I North and South. This is an unwise
: question to be raising. The South has
more than half of the now settled territory.
It is made up of large States. Its soil is
fertile, its resources unbounded. It will
contain at no distant day a vast population.
If political power is to be guaged by the
rule of three, the -mailer States will soon
be shorn of their State rights.
“The third section prohibits from office
all who have ever taken an oath to support
the Constitution of the United States who
subsequently engaged in the rebellion. To
this there are two serious objections : First,
it deprives the South of the services of
many of its be-t men. We say this ad
visedly. Some of the best men of the
South honestly held to the secession theo
ry. They fought manfully to make it good.
Failing, they submit entirely, and have
taken the oath of allegiance in good faith,
and will observe it manfully in letter and
in spirit. Besides, it strikes down great
numbers of aged persons who had no
lot originally in the rehel'ion. The provis
ion does not reach those who evaded mili
tary service, but are now the most defiant
in speech as they were the most unreliable
in action. A sturdy foe honestly conciliat
ed can better be trusted than a halfheart
ed friend. The other objection is, that it
demoralizes the South. Whether right-
fully or not, it is regarded as a degrada- j
tion. We respect the sentiment. This i
nation has nothing to gain by disregarding j
it. Every humiliation put upon the South I
is so much substracted from the manhood
of th 3 country. No matter whether the
imposition aimed at is in itself humiliating
\ or merely so believed, that belief gives it
i all the damaging force of the actual fact, j
| and the degradation, as they think it, of j
lice, of Davis, cf Beauregard, and Steph- |
I ens will embitter and demoralise them,
] while it will intensify the feeling of devo-
I tion to the leaders of a “lost cause”—a
I feeling which it is our true policy to weak
; “But the first part of the fourth section
iis to our national discredit. It is a useless
guard against a danger of which we ought
not to tolerate a suspicion. No constitu
tional pact can bind this nation to pay its
debts; only the national sense of obligation.
Let that be lost, and all the laws am l con
stitutional provisions would avail nothing.
A repudiating people will simply instruct
their representatives to neglect to provide
the means to pay the interest, and the
national debt is hopelessly invalidated, with
or without the constitutional provision.
As it stands, it is simply an unnecessary
announcement of an honorable purpose.
Nay, it is like a husband’s formal procla
mation of the virtue of his wife. That fact
is itself an attaint. It were just as appro
priate to declare in the Constitution that
we will keep our treaty obligations, thatwe
will not plunder our neighbors’ commerce,
or uuuuly tax alien inhabitants. So, too,
the latter portion is an agreement not to
pay another for robbing him. No Congress
would dare attempt to validate the rebel
debt. If it, did, it would be sunk out of
public sight, under a uselessly assumed
load of popular infamy.
“We cannot, therefore, resist the con
clusion that the first section is too revolu
tionary and too reckless of State rights to
justify its adoption; that the second, with
its alternative of letting every one vote,
thus adding an immense volume to the
voting ignorance of the country, or of los
ing political power, is inexpedient and un
just, while the third is both impolitic and
demoralizing, and the fourth totally un
necessary. Moreover, this amendment is
proffered to ten Legislatures whose Sena
tors are excluded from Congress though
by that very proffer their right to admis
sion is conceded. This, of itself, is enough
to insure its rejection, even though it were
the moderate and beneficient measure
which it is proclaimed by its advocates.
“Added to this is the consideration, that
cannot be winked out of sight in the North,
that if the constitutional amendment were
to be adopted and carried out in the
South to the extent of giving general ne
gro suffrage, as desired by the lvadicals,
then the representation of it would be
greater in Congress than it now is under
the Constitution, and four millions of
blacks would balance a like number of
the whites—the superior class —in the
Northern States. The New York Tribune
assserts that the old masters would con
trol the votes of the negro element. If this
were to be so, then a fearful oligarchy
would be established.”
Waynesboro’, November 23, 1866.
Chronicle if Sentinel:
The Superior Court met again this
morning, having adjourned on Tuesday
evening on account of the indisposition of
some member .of Judge Hook’s family.
The criminal docket was taken up to-day,
and quite a number of cases of a petty
character against freedmen were called and
disposed of. Two plead guilty—one for
the offense of larceny from the house, and
the other, I believe, for liog-stealing.
There are quite a number of these cases
on the docket, and it will require ail of to
day, and perhaps to-morrow also, to dis
pose ox them Most of the lawyers from
abroad have left, and the business of the
Court drags heavily and very slowly.
TIIE CASE OF DR. CARTER
is set down for trial on Monday next, both
parties having announced that they would
be ready on that day. It is thought that
there will be great difficulty in obtaining a
jury in this county competent to try the
case. At all events, muoh time will be re
quired in getting the requisite number of
jurymen present who can go through the
ordeal prescribed by law, for obtaining im
partial and perpendicular juries. The
standing, social influence, and family con
nexions of both the accused and the de
ceased conspire to lend an interest to the
approaching trial which has not been wit
nessed in this county for many years.
Doubtless a large crowd will be in attend
ante upon the Court throughout the trial,
which will last for several days.
THE FUBLIC MEETING,
which was to have been held on Tuesday
last, to adopt measures to secure for the
county a supply of corn for the next year,
was postponed for some cause which I
have not learned. The movement was a
good one, and the people who are so
deeply interested in it should not let the
matter drop. There can be no doubt but
that, by combined and associated effort
and capital, corn can be bought in the
\Y est and brought here at a cost far below
the ruling prices in our Southern cities.
It is to be hoped that the men of means
and influence in this aud the adjoining
counties will take the matter in hand, and
insure success to the project. Among the
many old friends and familiar faces, which
1 ha\e met here this week, I was pleased i
COLONEL M. D. JONES,
formerly one of the leading members of the
bar in this county. Col. Jones commanded
a regiment of cavalry during the war.
which was conspicuous for eourage and
brilliant daring, in the ever to be remem
bered corps of the chivalrie Hampton,
in the army of Northern Virginia. Col.
Jones is now engaged in planting on a
large scale in this county, and is one of
the few gentlemcu whom I have met
who are making a fair crop of cotton this
year. He informs me that the corn crop is
in his section, as elsewhere throughout the
State, a hopeless failure. Col. Jones ex
pects to leave for the West early in Janu
ary. for the purpose of making purchases
of corn for his own and the supply of hi?
immediate neighbors and friends. He has
had and is now in correspondence with
parties there, in relation to the object of
his trip and feels satisfied that he can pur
chase aud lay down corn at any depot on
the Central or Augusta A Savannan Rail
road, at or below $1 10 cents per bushel.
He kindiy offers to make pure rases for any
of his planting friends urithout commissions.
who may desire him to do so, and author
izes me to say that he will take pleasure in
serving all who may desire to avail them
selves of his generous offer. The character
of Col. Jones is a sufficient guarantee that
whatever amount* ®ayb*«ntru*t«d to him i
1 will be judiciously expended for the use of (
those for whom he acts. This is an oppor
tunity for proeuringeheap corn, which our
planting friends will do well to take advan
tage of. by opening a correspondence with
Col. Jones at once. His address is Mid
villc, Burke county, Ga.. where any letters
of inquiry will reach him, and which he j
will take pleasure in attending to.
A SINGULAR CASE
of attempted interference with the civil au
thorities of the State, I learn, occurred j
here this week. The facts are as follows: |
Some weeks since a man who has been
living in this village for about a year past,
was arrested upon a charge of arson, and ;
upon failure to give bail, was committed
to prison to await his trial at this Term of j
the Court. His character since he has ;
been here has not been good, and he has )
been suspected for some time past of corn- ;
plicity in several acts which have been \
committed in the town, in violation of the
criminal laws of the State. Since the
opening of Court, Capt. Martin, command
ing a squad of Federal soldiers in the vil- j
luge, has demanded from the Sheriff the ‘
custody of the prisoner, on the ground that j
he is a deserter from the Federal army.
The Sheriff has refused to give up the I
man, and it is said that Capt. Martin has
now made a demand upon Judge Hook for
the delivery to the military authorities of
this so-called deserter. Judge Hook, I
learn, refuses to give up tho man, unless
upon the request of General Tillson, and
only then upon the pledge of the General
that he seeks his custody with the view !
to his trial for desertion ; and further, that |
he will pledge himself to re-deliver the pris- j
oner into the custody of the Sheriffin case he |
is acquitted by the Court Martial. The j
universal belief here is that tho prisoner
was never in the army, and that it is a
mere ruse on his part and that of Captain
I Martin to get him from the penalty at
! tacked to the crime with which he is
I charged. It is very singular that the only
; evidence which they have of his being a
deserter is his own confessions made since
his arrest, and it seems very strange that
| to avoid the consequences of a crime whose
\ punishment is only imprisonment for a few
years, that he should confess his guilt of a
crime the punishment for which is death.
I believe the whole matter is in abeyance
until General Tillson can be heard from.
The recent order from Gen. Grant declar
ing thaithe President’s peace proclamation
has aunulled General Order No. 44, which
permitted military interference in some in
stances with the civil authorities, seems
; not to be regarded by this Captain Martin,
j He evidently holds himself superior to Gen.
| Grant and the President, judging from his
unauthorized interference in this case. It
is not believed here that Gen. Tillson will
sustain Capt, Martin, but a good deal of
indignation is felt towards the latter on ac
count of his action in the matter. W.
The South As It Is.
The following truthful statement of the
condition of affairs in this State is from a
highly intelligent gentleman—a Northern
man who is thoroughly familiar with all
parts of the Union. Wc hope all fair and
candid papers at the North will aid us in
giving it a wide circulation, so that misap
prehension and prejudice, which is being
disseminated, and prevails generally at the
North, may be removed.
Editors of Chronicle cf Sentinel. —An
extensive correspondence with Northern
men and Europeans, who are desirous of
emigrating to the South, having convinced
me that the greatest misapprehensions pre
vai! among them in reference to the present
condition of the country and the disposi
tion of the resident population towards
those who may come here to settle. I wish
to set the matter in its true light before
my correspondents and all others whom I
may be able to reach through the medium
of your widely circulated journal.
STATE OF THE COUNTRY.
Having established myself among the
Pine hills of Georgia, in a most .advantage
ous position for observation, and within
reach of the best sources of information, I
can speak with perfect confidence on this
subject. I will confine my remarks to
Georgia, though I have no doubt they
might be applied with little modification to
the other Southern States.
I can state, without fear of contradiction,
that no part of the United States is more
quiet, peaceable and safe at the present
time, than tha State of Georgia. I find
tho people here earnestly engaged in at
tending to their own affairs , endeavoring,
with a good sense, whioh cannot be too
much commended, to build up their shat
tered fortunes, and restore prosperity to
their beautiful and naturally opulent coun
The political excitements which so agi
tate the North are scarcely felt here, and
do not disturb, to any great extent, the
regular current of business. No condition
can be more favorable to the peaceful pur
suits of industry on to the enjoyments of
social and domestic life.
are doing not merely as well as could
reasonably bo expected, (considering the
sudden and radical change which has taken
place in their condition,) but a great deal
better. They are generally peaceable, re
spectful, well-disposed toward their em
ployers, and, where properly managed, as
industrious and efficient as their natural
indolence and lack of intelligent skill per
mit them to be anywhere ; so that, while
there will be room for steady, industrious
white laborers in various branches, I be
lieve that we shall rely mainly on the
freedmen for field work, and that they will
not, in the end, disappoint any reasonable
DISPOSITION OF THE PEOPLE.
The people here are almost universally
well-disposed toward those who come here
to settle among them, whether from the
North or from Europe. If there are ex
ceptions, public sentiment prevents any
unpleasant manifestation of opposition.
In fact, the people of Georgia seem to be
not only willing but anxious that Northern
people should come here with their
capital, skill, and habits of thrift, and
thereby help to restore plenty aud pros
perity to their country. lam here on the
ground, and speak from personal know
ledge. You will not only be safe here in
person and property, hut, if you come in a
friendly and conciliatory spirit, you will
be cordially welcomed and generously en
couraged. The editor of the August a
Chronicle & Sentinel, in an article headed
44 Is it safe for Northern people to come
South'? " lately said:
“ HV solemnly believe that Northern men
are as safe anywhere in Georgia to-day as
they are in any district in Neu- England. If
they come here to engage in farming,
manufacturing, or trade, they will every
where be treated with respeetand civility."
I can fully endorse the statement. No
fear can be more groundless than that of
any personal danger or unpleasant hostility
from the people among whom you un
THE POLITICAL SITUATION,
though somewhat unfavorable, does not
greatly effect the condition and prospects
of the country. The politicians, thank
God, can not blight our crops. Cotton
aud corn will thrive under skillful culture,
whoever rules at Washington; and our
peaches, apples, grapes, figs, and strawber
ries will command a ready sale and good
prices, whether we are in the Union or out
oi it. The political situation is far from
being the formidable drawback, it seems to
?ome who look at it from a distance ; and
besides the ferment now going on will soon
subside and things work smoothie attain.
SOIL AND CLIMATE.
In respect to soil and climate, nature has
dealt most beneficially with the South, and
; particularly with the State of Georgia. It
needs but intelligent industry to make
these lands wonderfully productive : and
the variety of their productions is greater
perhaps than that of any otner part of the
world, and may be indefinitely increased.
The climate is fine beyond description, and
so genial and generous that it allows the
farmer or planter to pursue his labors at
all seasons, and rewards him in many cases,
if his skill and industry deserve it with two
crops or more a year from the same ground.
NOW IS THE TIME 10 INVEST.
Land is astonishingly cheap here at pres
ent —cheaper, considering its intrinsic
value and the condition of the State as a
lettlod and improved country than any
where else in the world. * It cannot long
remain at the present low prices, and those
who desire to settle here and yet neglect
to secure a foot-holi at this favorable
juncture, will deeply regret if, when a year
or two hence real estate shall have risen
(as it inevitably will,) to twice its present
market value. No better investment can
be made to-day than in Georgia lands, as
I will convince any reasonable person who
will come out here and see for himself.
Those who have the foresight to secure
farms here now will have incalculable ad
vantage over those who shall come later.
They connot come too soon.
Persons desiring information in regard
to lands for sale, and some of the bast
locations for settlement, may address me at
Belair, Georgia Ilailroad, Ga.
D. 11. Jacques.
The Fine mils of (ieorgia-letler from
The letter of Judgt Stances, which we
publish in to-day's issue, we clip from the
November number of the American Farm
er, published in Baltimore. We make no
apology for the space it occupies. It is a
timely, well written and exceedingly inter
esting production. ISuch letters are calcu
lated to do the South more good, in her
present anomalous, and impoverished eon
-dition, than scores of political essays or
We respectfully invite the “fair, courte
ous and honest” Cincinnati Gazette to copy
his letter for the benefit of such of its
readers as may entertain a notion of coming
South. For the benefit of that press, and
its Northern and Western cotemporaries,
we desire to state that Judge Starnes is
one of our most distinguished, intelligent
and experienced citizens. He has held the
office of Circuit Judge of our State Courts,
and served for several years on the bench
of our Supreme Court, which latter posi
tion he resigned on account of ill-health.
Judge S. has never held a political office,
nor has he ever taken any prominent or
active part in the politics of liis time. Such
being his record and standing at home, we
think his opinions will have much weight
with the Northern and Western people
We hope that the Northern press will give
the South the benefit of a free circulation
of this letter.
James S. Daniels, an old citizen of Ilaw
kinsville, died on Sunday last.
The infant child of James S. Spinner was
burned to death at Covington last Sunday.
The British ship Favorite has made
three voyages to Savannah, from Liverpool
and London, within the last year.
The ship Admiral , which has been
ashore near Jokeyl Island, has arrived at
Brunswick, Ga. She is only slightly in
Five hundred and thirty-five persons
have registered their names in Columbus,
as entitled to vote at the approaching mu
nicipal election, being an increase of eleven
over last year.
Mr. David Reid, one of the oldest citizens
of Macon, died on Monday. Mr. R. used
to trade with tho Indians when Macon was
a settlement of but a few houses, and lias
seen it grow up to its present prosperity.
The ladies of Griffin have organized a
Memorial Association for the purpose of
protecting and ornamenting the graves of
our Confederate dead, and thereby per
petuating their memory.
The Hawkinsville Dispatch says that
two negroes, Dennis and Nelson, criminals
from this county, confined, the one for
murder and the other for highway robbery,
were burned up with the jail in Abbeville,
Wilcox county, a lew days ago.
Beware of tiie Swindler.—The
West Georgia Gazette of Tulbotton, cau
tions the public against trading with one
G. P. Lethbridge, Agent and dealer in
coal oil burning fluid, &e., at 135, Maiden
Lane, New York, and pronounces said
Lethbridge a swindler.
The United States District Court. —
This Court, Hon. Judge Erskine presiding,
met at 10 o’clock yesterday. No business
of importance was transacted. The Grand
Jury having iu charge the matters submit
ted to them by United States Attorney
Fitch, met at 4 o’clock P. M., and will con
tinue their sessions from day to day. To
day being a legal holiday, no business will
be transacted. — Sav. Rep., 'Fid.
The Bainbridge Georgian of tho 15th
inst.,says: We understand that the City
Council of Bainbridge, at their last meet
ing, appointed a committee of nine of our
citizens to make renewed efforts for increas
ing the subscription of our city to the capi
tal stock of the Atlantic and Gulf Railroad
Company, and to that end a meeting of the
citizens of Bainbridge is called for this
evening in the Court House, at 7 o’clock.
More Emigrants.—A train of seven
or eight wagons ; from Cherokee county,
Georgia, passed through this city yesterday,
en route for Franklin county. The im
migrants seem to be of a better class than
any that we have seen passing heretofore
and possessed of more of this worlds’ goods.
Their stock was in splendid condition and
we have no doubt, they will prove a desira
ble acquisition to the community among
whom they may locate. — Chattanooga
Gazette, Nov.. 22.
The Macon Telegraph says that Mr. Jas.
Pope, a well knowu and highly respectable
citizen of Macon, came to his death yester
dry from an over dose of aquanite, taken
through mistake. The unfortunate gen
tleman had been suffering for some time
from neuralgia and rheumatism combined,
and the medicine was prescribed by his
regular physician—a dose being two drops.
On going home yesterday lie requested a
negro waiting about the house to give him
a dose, hut it is thought the liquid must
have run down the side of the vial and en
tered the glass. After taking it, he com
plained of feeling badly, laydown, and in
a short time expired. It is thought lie
mustjjhave swallowed forty drops.
Death of Col. Washington.—Our
respected fellow citizen, Col. Janies H. E.
Washington is no more ! He departed this
life, this morning, at eight o’clock, at his
residence, near the College. For some
months the health of Mr. Arash
ington has been feeble, but he was able to
be at church on last Sabbath, twice during
the dry. For manyyears he was Agent in
this city of the Bank of the State of
Georgia, was Mayor of the city several
terms, and latterly he has tilled the posi
tion of Postmaster of Macon. A more
high minded and honorable man never lived
than he. His age was about fifty-seven.
He leaves a wife and family and man}'
friends to mourn their loss. Peace to his
ashes. — Macon Citizen, 22 d
Suspicious'Character. A man whose
name it is perhaps proper to withhold for
the present, presented himself yesterday
morning at the Livery Stables of 0. 11.
Jones, Esq., and made application for a
horse and buggy to go as far as Marietta.
Mr. Jones could not understand why a 1
man should wish to adopt that mode of
reaching Marietta in this fast railroad age.
naturally concluded that something was
wrong, and sent for Captain Lanier, of the
Police Department, who placed the stran
ger under arrest. Upon being closely
questioned, lie admits having kilic-d a ne
gro, either in South or North Carolina,
and is endeavoring to make his escape.
He now remains in custody to await fur
ther examination.— -Atlanta Intelligencer
A Man Drowned.—On Monday after
noon last, at three o’clock, as the steamer
Charles S. Hardee was passing Black's
Landing, on the Savannah river (bound
up,) she was hailed by two men, named
Geo. R. Hood and G. I. Morris, both of
Augusta, who were in a small boat, and
anxious to get on board the steamer, which
was accordingly stopped to afford them the
opportunity. In endeavoring to get on
board the boat was capsized by colliding
with a flat in tow of the Hardee, and they
were both precipitated into the water.
One of them (Mr. Hood) was saved by the
efforts of Capt. Daniels, but notwithstand
ing every exertion was made to rescue Mr.
Morris, he sank before assistance could
reach him—a boat being promptly launch
ed from the steamer, but just as it reached
him he went down for the last time.
Mr. Morris leaves a wife and family in
Augusta to mourn his loss.— Savannah
The Cable Tariff.—By the revised
tariff for messages through the Atlantic
cable, telegrams of twenty words or less,
including the address of the sender and
receiver, and not exceeding one hundred let
ters, are charged £SO in gold, and each addi
tional five letters are charged $2.50 in gold.
Mr. Cyrus W. Field has announced that
the company contemplates a further reduc
tion of the cable tariff to oae-half the above
__ Maryland a Mediator Between the
North and South.—A Washington ietter
says that "for many reasons a plan is being
considered in Maryland bearing upon the
constitutional amendment question, in
which that State is to figure as a mediator
between the North and the South. The
Baltimore delegation to the Legislature
have had private meetings and passed res
olutions requesting the Governor to call an
extra session of the Legislature to take ac
tion on this question.
Several little iron steamers are being
built at Norfolk for fishing purposes. The
Day Book says they are Being well built
and when finished will be models of beauty
and a credit te the builder.
GEORGIA LEGISL.UI S
, r»« trccr«p.'t4 'tif f'"
Monda' M«. tb* 19.
8 fix AT
The Senate -< y.
_ Mr. Strozier introduori bill to allow
Court contracts to exte: >v a eriod of ,
three years. m . !
l lie rest of the after \ ■ spent in
reading House bills afi a Did - emd time. j
Ttnsgr November 20. !
.AftcrjßKiyer and r< ; , .’the journal,
Mr. McDaniel! move. .r.sider the]
kill i pxs:sid on veste ’ia * the relief
of the people. Tho r lost.
Mr. Mims, introdu el a I providing
J salary for the et s ; J • ce.
ihe bill to exempt >' and sale j
certain property of r . btor in the |
btatej waspfesod. xempts 160!
acres of land, or 4ai -s ' y. town or
village, provided tl not worth
more than $5,009. ;■ s 2 horses or .
mules, 3 cows or ca - ■ and yoke of j
oxen, together with pplvofcorn. i
bacon or pork. A • • ional books, :
agricultural iraplen '.a Ac. |
Mr. Griffin, int bill 'o allow i
trustees of propert act* the same on !
Mr. Mims, A inge the line '
between Scriven a
Mr, Patterson. . u allow county ,
Solicitors a fee of .j s » sos conviction !
Mr. Strozier. \ make a misde- j
meanorthe main:; >. sand other do
Tlieifcill prov e. ... the sale by the :
State at SIO,OOO. its , , igin‘ iuterest in
the land known mth on lleser o, to
the City Council o 31 , was passed by
a vote of 25 to 1 .
The Senate tl . f nod.
It Will bo see: 1 eports of yester
day and to-day. ta Senate has passed
two of the m ; riant bills of the
session, viz: n•• -ion of the Stay,
law, and the > m or Homestead
bill; but, as b iare obnoxious to
the constituti .. ciples of Governor
Jenkins, they : pass that station,”
if they pass th< i so. and the battles
will be to fight ov gain, as they were
Stay laws, % t y members, arc net
only of dou > Rationality, but of
doubtful poii : lie masses ard clam
orous for ri ‘ and a- this is the only
manner in , ; a r iof can bo afforded,
they say “th. gveau , good of the greatest
number” r. . th the Stay law and
the Homest- . ■:
But credi >,> ... i word to say in these
matters. T . debtors arc not the
only unfor; : nes whose interests
should belo: •: •. My own opinion is
that comp i ■ ■■■ < Ijustment, and a readi
ness of bot ii aid creditors to appre
ciate eact it her : circumstances, is the
only mean nent which will effect
ually relic - : i . .ntry. The operations
of the Sta; .>• bring about such ar
range men 1 - these two antagonistic
classes oi : sand may we not hope
that by . meeting of the General
Assembly n c fur Relief may come up
from any ’ , It is the duty of the
Press, of L islature, and of public
opinion g 4 to counsel compromise,
conciliatio . -,i: icut. Let not an army
of sheriffs loose upon our impov
erished p ; . sell them out of house
and hon : t the debtor, shielding
himself ' » ay laws, laugh at the
unfortuii r, but go to work hon
estly, e» ul energetically, pay
what he e . r sen he can, and but few
creditors - ind who will not so fear
public op:. he will distress him.
UOl >: *! ! ERNOON SESSION.
The H i -pent its entire session in
reading ri a 1 House bills first and
second tin. .
Tuesday, November 20.
Dil : • ON THEIR PASSAGE.
For roli • J. Anderson. He was
an emp . ... the State Road in 1859,
and wa. Messrs. Phillips, I)u-
Bosc, I :d Moses spoke in favor
of it. Mr. Tgs in opposition. Bill
To repeal law requiring a Superintendent
of public roads to be elected in Wilkes and
Lincoln counties. Passed.
To authorize the Empire State Iron and
Coal Mining Company to establish an office
at Chattanooga or some other place.
To allow defendants to be witnesses in
To ‘ protect Sheriffs in certain cases. If
Sheriffs are required to make levies during
the existence o( the stay law, they may re
quire an indemnity bond from the person
requiring them to levy. Passed.
For relief of Mila E. Turk. Passed.
To regulate continuances. Passed.
To aid in the construction of the Savan
nah, Griffin, aril North Alabama Bailroad,
made special order for next Tuesday.
To allow persons to convey water over
intervening lands for mining purposes.
To grant StaF Aid to Air Line Railroad,
made special order for Friday next.
To amend act for the relief of maimed
soldiers. This amendment makes benefi
ciaries of all soldiers, &e. Recommitted.
To enforce observance of the Lord’s day.
Prohibits running of steamboats and rail
road cars on the Sabbath. Lost.
To legalize certain acts of the Fulton
Loan and Building Association, and of the
Stonewall Building and Loan Association.
To incorporate Sylvania. Passed.
To make feme soles of Mrs. Shea and
Mrs. Harriet McLendon. Referred.
To appropriate dollars for the
burial of the Confederate dead at Resaca.
On motion, to fill the blank with SIO,OOO
Messrs. Snead, of Richmond, Russell, of
Muscogee, Glenn, Moses and Shard, ad
dressed the House in a most feeling and
eloquent manner. The length of these
speeches, which were istened to by a large
audience in the gallery and by the members
with the most profound silence in all parts
of the House, precludes the possibility of
The blank in the original bill was filled
with $5,000, and the bill passed by a vote
of" yeas 107 nays 7.
This being a donation the vote had to be
taken by yeas and nays. L. C.
Wednesday, Nov. 21.
The Senate met at 10 o’clock A. M.
Prayer by the Rev. Mr. Yarborough.
Mr, Grisham introduced a bill to provide
for the redemption of the bonds of the
State that fall due in the years 1868, 1869
Mr. Paris : A bill to require legal sales
to be advertised twelve months.
Mr. Simmons: A bill for the relief of
Martha A. Britt, of Crawford county.
Mr. Thornton: A bill to change the
place of holding the Sheriff’s sales of Mus
Mr. Strozier: A bill to pro' ide for the
payment of jury fees in Worth county.
Mr. Brown: A bill to incorporate the
town of White Plains, in Greene county
On motion of Mr. J. A. W. Johnson,
the Finance Committee were instructed to
inquire into the expediency of raising the
salaries of the officers of the W. & A. 11. R.
and to report by bill or otherwise.
Mr. Strozier: A bill to remove liens from
judgments was lost,
' Seats on the floor were tendered to J. I.
W hitakcr. and A. J. Ifansell.
The bill to extend to the Macon & Bruns
wick Road State aid, was made the order
for r riday next.
Bill to regulate the labor of convicts.
Bill to provide for the education of indi
gent maimed soldiers in any of the Colleges
of the State. Passed. " I
Bill.to allow merchants to sell drugs and
medicines without license. Lost.
Bill to change the line between Cherokee
am! Milton counties. Passed.
Bill to provide a system of common
school education in Georgia. Made the
order of the day for Monday next.
Bill for the relief of Benson Roberts.
Bill to abolish imprisonment for debt.
Bill to make it a misdemeanor for any
father to willfully abandon his child.
Biil to prevent persons from bathine
near roads leading to a place of religious
worship on the Sabbath day.
Bill to authorize suits to be brought
against Railroads and Express Companies
in any county in which such Companies
may have an agent or office. Passed.
_ Bill to donate Okefenokee Swamp to the
Georgia Orphan’s Home. Passed.
The Senate adjourned till 3 o clock this
Wednesday, Nov. 21.
Mr. Brock moved to reconsider bill (lost
yesterday) for relief of J, J. Anderson,
Mr. McWhorter moved to reconsider
bill (lost yesterday ! to make it a mi?de_
meanor to cut off ears of hogs wheti
■ slaughtering them, for purpose of coneeal
t ing the mark.
Mr. McLendon moved to reconsider the
i bill (lost yesterday ; to repeal the Ist sec
non of an act to appoint vendue masters.
Mr. Dußose moved to reconsider biil
(lost yesterday; to enforce the observance
of the Lord’s Day- Carried.
INTRODUCTION OF HILLS.
Mr. Picket: For relief of E B. Loyless.
Mr. Runp’n : To amend 4,452d section ol
Also, to amend 1,670 th paragraph of the
Mr. Cameron: To aenne liabilities of
securities and principals in criminal prose
cutions. „ „
Mr. WilKs: To allow Ordinary of Tal
bot county to appoint a general adminis
tiator for said county.
Mr. Snead :To amend 1,971 and 1,975 th
sec tion* of Cod*,
Mr. Kibbee : To amend 954 and 971st ;
sections of Code.
Mr. Dodds: To incorporate Van Wert
Mr. Ragsdale: A resolution requesting
the Governor to pardon Pinckney A.
Lewis, now in the Penitentiary.
Mr. Oats': To pay Dr. Anderson for j
treating sinaii-pox in Murray county.
Mr. Bush: To amend the act authoriz
ing Court contracts.
Mr. Alexander : To allow Houston Fac
tory to issue change bills.
Mr. Phillips: To authorize W. J.
Pickles to peddle without license.
Mr. Morell: For Relief of R. G. Nor
Mr. Swc-ariugen: To make legal the
sale of Bainbridge Academy lot.
Mr. Powell : To regulate fees of Justices
of the Peace.
Mr. Staiiiugs : To incorporate the town
Also: To regulate lines on personal and
Also: A petition of Thos. W. Balton, of
Coweta, for relief.
Mr Gartrell: To furnish Cobband Paul
ding counties with certain books —amend-
ed by adding other counties, where th.ese
books were destroyed during the war a ltd
Mr. Sharp: For relief of G. W. Puckett.
Also : To reduce per dime pay of Gener
Mr. Dodson: To authorize suits to be
brought against W. k A. R. R.
Also: To change line between Catoosa
Mr. Weaver: To change time of holding
County Court of Clay county.
Mr. Williams: To empower Sheriffs and
Jailors to discharge criminals in certain
Mr. Brinson : For relief, of J. S. Pente
Also: To change line between Carroll
Mr. Robertson : To remit county tax of
Appling county' for 1866 and ’67.
Mr. Simms: To authorize Superinten
dent W. &A. R. R. to pay for wood and
Mr. Pottle: In relation to Militia Laws
of this State.
Mr. Reese: For relief of husbands and
wives who have been separated 1 5 years.
Also : For the relief of A. H. Kendrick.
Also: For the relief of Mrs. Turner, of
Also: For the relief of Dr. W. A.
Mr. Howard: To incorporate Georgia
Company. . *
Mr. Fraser: To punish persons who kill
stock on lands under cultivation, without a
BILLS ON PASSAGE.
To amend sections 204 and 206 of the
To authorize City Council of Thotnasville
to issue bonds for subscription to S. (iu. &
Florida Railroad. Passed.
To authorize sale of certain of the Com
mons of city of Columbus. Passed.
To punish persons who hunt and fish on
lands of others without permission. Post
To compel persons to pay taxes on lands
in the county where the lands lie. Lost.
The committee to provde for preaching
in the Hall of the House on 22d instant,
gave notice that they had selected Rev.
Mr. Warren, of Macon, who had accepted
the invitation, and would preach on the
SENARE BILLS ON PASSAGE.
To repeal an Act regulating sale of
spiritous iiquors in Stuart county'. Pass
To amend charter of Albany. Passsed.
To repeal Section 940 of the Code.
For the relief of those who have failed
to give in their taxes. Passed.
To repeal an Act to compensate jurors
in Tattnall county.
To amend charter of Elberton. Passed.
To amend Act incorporating the Central
Railroad and Canal Company. Passed.
HOUSE BILLS ON PASSAGE.
To protect factors and commission mer
chants who supply bacon, corn, etc., to
farmers —(gives a lien on growing crops to
consignees, factors and landlords renting
lands.) Indefinitely postponed.
Adjourned till 3 o’clock this afternoon.
I enclose you the speech in full of Mr.
Snead on the bill passed yesterday, to aid
in beautifying, &c\, the Confederate ceme
tery at Rcsaca. L. C.
Mr. Snead, of Richmond, said :
Mr. Speaker: The bill upon your table
seeks to make an appropriation for the
purpose of gathering together and interring
the gallant dead who fell in our defence in
the late war. It shall have the poor
sanction of my cordial approval. With
me it is no question of dollars and cents —
it is not a question of filthy lucre, except
so far as involves the amount which may
be necessary to carry out the patriotic ob
ject sought to bo accomplished.
But it isaquestion of feeling—ofdutyand
of gratitude which soars far above and be
yond all such paltry considerations. If, at
the present time, we cannot make large ex
penditures of money —if we cannot do all
that should be done —il we cannot build
monuments and cenotaphs to commemo
rate the memories of these noble men, or
erect towering obelisks with which to mark
the spot where our patriot soldiers sleep—
we are not so poor but that we may ap
propriate a sufficient amount to gather
together and decently inter their bones.
In doing this much, we but partially dis
charge a debt of gratitude which no time
can bar—which no money can ever pay.
In doing this much, we honor the heroic
dead, and in honoring them, we but honor
_ Why should we not honor them ? They
yielded up their lives a willing sacrifice to
the cause which they and we alike believed
to be a just and righteous cause. They
were the very flower of our youth that we
sent forth to meet the shock of battle.
At the bidding of our State, they enlisted
beneath her banner, and cheerfully threw
themselves into the awful shock of death,
carrying with them their greathearts, every
impulse of the soul and all the energies of
They are gone! They have laid down
their lives for us, and “no greater love hath
inan than this, that he layeth down his
life for his friends;” hut it is a pleasing
reflection—it is a proud and happy conso
lation, that they have left behind a record
of which we need not be ashamed—a re
cord that displays ail thatis noble and chiv
alric in man—a record that will live when
monumental brass shall fade and sculptured
marble crumble away—a record so glorious
“Even the meanest rill, the mightiest river
Flows mingling with their tame forever!”
lam content with that record. I leave
them in their glory.
But with a record so bright, is it not a
shame that their bones should lie in mourn
ful neglect in the very rallies and on the
hill-sides rendered historic by their deeds of
noble daring. Ah ! had they left you in
the hour of danger and in the time of trial,
and enlisted beneath another flag and
fought against you instead of for you, what
would be the result? Instead of lying neg
lected and almost forgotten in their rude
resting places, some monumental shaft, lift
ing its proud head on high, would tell of
their fidelity and of their matchless cour
age. Is their fidelity of so doub ful a
character as to merit such a late ?
Days of romance are filled with incidents,
where knights have performed “deeds of
surprise,” or crossed lances beneath the
smiles of some lady-love, who stood with
wreath in hand to deck the victor’s brow,_
while, with no less of the romantic, but pi
more of the terrible, the ardent and impe
tuous Napoleon, seizing his country’s
standard, threw himself upon the bridge at
Lodi. Ambition was the incentive—honors
the reward. But where on earth’s green
surface can be found a brighter spectacle
of fidelity and of devotion to patriotic duty,
than that of the Confederate soldier, who
in many instances without the chances of
promotion or honors of office, moved on
ward with a sheet of fire blazing in his
face, keeping only in view the honor of the
glorious arm}’ to he was attached,
and the liberties of his suffering country.
Such fidelity not only deserves your praise,
but merits that of even Angels and ol God.
Though their brave hearts beat no more,
though their lips are forever closed, yet
there comes up from the rustic gray es of these
gallant dead a silent but thrilling appeal
for a decent resting-place in the bosoru of
that State they so fondly loved and for
which they so nobly died. Shall their ap
peal be in vain ?
The noble women of Cherokee Georgia,
animated by the same spirit which sus
tained them amid the heat and smoke of
cattle, and the desolation of their homes,
second the appeal not for compensation,,
but ask only for a sufficient amount so en
able them to discharge this high and holy
duty. It is an appeal, Mr. Speaker,
which reaches the heart, and which, 1
trust, will touch a responsive chord in
every bosom in this hall. I feel —and iam
proud to feel—that in nty feeble, advocacy
if this bill, I but reflect the sentiments of
he people of Georgia, and that I shall re
ceive the approbation of the generous con
-tituoncy which I have the honor to
represent upon this floor.
W EDNESDAY, November 21.
The Senate met at 3 o’clock, p. a.. and
on calling the roll and ascertaining that a
quorum was not present, adjourned in re
spect to the State Fast Day, till the 23d.
Friday, November 23.
The Senate met at 10 o’clock, a. at.
Prayer by fiev. Mr. Yarborough.
Mr. J. F. Johnson to reconsider
the bill passed on Wednesday tor the re
lief of insolvent debtors. Lost
Mr. Moore moved to reconsider the bill
passed for the relief of Benson Egberts.
Mr. Thornton moved to reconsider the
bill passed to allow railroads and express
companies to be sued in any county in
which such companies may have an office
or an ag.nt doing business Carried.
House bill to make advances to members !
and officers of the Legislature was amend
ed by including an advance of $5,009 to the
State Printer, was passed. .!
The special order was taken up—the bill
to extend the aid of the State to the
Macon A' Brunswick railroad.
Mr. Owens offered an amendment, which
was lost, that the State endorsement be
extended to oiilv that portion of the road
which is at- present unfinished, and on
condition that bona ride solvent subscrip
tions be obtained*for grading, bridging and
culverting the whole extent of the line of
Mr. Owens also offered an amendment
providing that the bonds endorsed by the
State shall not be regotiated at a greater
discount than 10 per cent., and that the
bonds shall be used solely for the purchase
of iron, chairs and spikes.
The amendment was lost by a vote of
10 to 24.
Mr. Owens also offered an amendment ;
providing that the officers of the road
shall not~eugage in speculations in real
estate along the line of trie road until that
portion of the road shall have been com
Mr. Blount called the previous question.
The cal! was sustained. '
The bill was then passed.
Mr. Butler offered a resolution providing
for the appointment of a special committee
to devise some plan by which the State
shall extend aid to railroads hereafter to be
The Senate adjourned.
HOUSE —AFTERNOON SESSION.
Wednesday, November 21.
The House -spent the whole afternoon,
reading bills a second time.
Friday, November 23.
Mr. Gartrell, moved to reconsider the
bill passed on Wednesday to authorize sale
of certain of the Commons of Columbus —•
Mr. McWhorter, moved to reconsider
bill, lost Saturday, for protection of (fac
tors, consignees and commission merchants
Mr. Candler. A resolution requesting
the establishment of a pay office;
Also: To incorporate V ilia llioa Mining
Mr. Johnson : To change time of hold
ing the County Court in Forsyth county.
Mr. llusseli: To point out the mode
of paying county Judges and other officers
of the County Court.
Mr. Swearingen : To incorporate the
National Insurance Company in Bain
Mr. Adams: To amend charter of Fire
company No I, of Athens.
Mr. Hill: A Resolution of thanks to
Bev. E. W. Warren, for his appropriate
and impressive sermon yesterday. Adopt
Also, to_ incorporate the Atlantic
Manufacturing and Mining Company.
Mr. Maddox: To extend the time for
building the Air Line Railroad, and allow
said road to consolidate with other roads.
Mr. Hill: To incorporate Fulton Savings
Mr. Maddox: To incorporate the Atlanta
Mr. Morris: To give landlords a lien
upon the growing crops of tenants.
Mr. Brock: To change time of holding
County Courts in Polk, Carroll, Paulding
Mr. Mcßae: To change section 4,370
of the Code.
Mr. Stapleton : To remit 50 per cent, of
the State tax in Jefferson county.
Mr. Frazer: To authorize J. Debarrow
to peddle without license.
Mr. Baker : To issue bonds by Lowndes
county to build Court House and Jail.
Mr. llagsdale: To abolish the County
Mr. Dozier: To change line between
Stewart and Quitman counties.
On motion of Mr. Glenn, a seat on the
floor was tendered to Col. J. I. Whitaker.
Mr. Green: To legalize marriages be
tween freedmen and treedwomen.
Mr. Du Bose: To define the law of simple
Mr. Gartrell: To transfer to the State
the charter of the State Quarry Railroad.
BILLS ON THEIR PASSAGE.
To incorporate Hancock Iron Company
To extend State Aid to the Air Line
Mr. Dorsey': The member from Hall,
who by the way, is a man of considerable
talent, spoke in favor of the bill, as did also
Mr. Shaw, the poetical member from
Stewart, Mr. Dußose of Hancock, who by
the way, is one of the most conservative
members of the II juse, spoke against the
bill. Mr Adams of Clark, also, spoke in
favor of the bill. Mr. A. is a gentleman of
groat financial ability, chairman of the Fi
nance Committee, and when it is known
that the immediate constituents of this
gentleman are not interested in this Rail
road, and are opposed as. a principle to
State Aid, the counties, through which the
Hoad will run, will not fail to remember
Mr. A. for his advocacy of this bill. Mr.
Boynton spoke in his usually forcible style
in opposition to the bill, and Mr. Moses of
Muscogee, who never fails by his eloquence
to attract the undivided attention of the
House, spoke in favor of the bill. Mr. Pot
tle of Warren, a very forcible speaker
closed the debate and was opposed to the
bill. The previous question was called on
agreeing to the report of the committee,
which was adverse to the passage of the
bill, and resulted in j'eas 67, nays 64, so
the bill was lost.
SENATE BILL PASSED.
To authorize ana require the Judge of
the Superior Court in Circuit to
dismiss the case of A. Glenn, who is charg
ed with homicide. Passed.
Senate amendments to the House bill to
make certain advances to the officers and
members of the General Assembly, when
the House adjourned till 9£ o’clock to-mor
row morning. L. C.
South Carolina Items.
Arrival of Messrs. Keys, Stowers
and Byrum. —Our citizens, and the people
of the State generally, will be gratified to
learn that the gentlemen above named, who
for so many months have lingered in prison,
and, while-in Charleston, were under sen
tenee of death, have arrived in Columbia
on their way to Anderson, their home.
They leave for home this morning, looking
well, and in as good spirits as might be
expected under the circumstances of their
narrow escape. —Columbia Carolinian, 22 d.
Westward llo!—Every day the stream
of emigration flows through our town to
the Great West. While we are rejoiced
to see our citizens bettering their condition,
of course they would not leave home, old
associations, &c., unless they were doing
so, still it pains us to see so many leaving.
This country will never rise to its highest
prosperity till a farmer’s cottage is upon
every hill, and in every valley, till we have
a dense white population, when every foot
of soil shall blossom as a garden, and
every stream send forth the busy hum from
mills and manufactories. We’ must en
courage white immigration. It is the. only
salvation of the South.— Laurcnsville. S.
(1, Herald, 16 th. ,
Homicide. —We learn that Mr. George
Meyer, recently appointed Assistant United
States _ Assessor of Internal Revenue at
Blackville, S. C., was shot and mortally
wounded, on Monday last, near that place,
by two young men of this city, named
George and Henry Sanders, brothers. Six
shots, all of which took effect, were fired at
Meyers, who was riding in a buggy at the
time of the occurrence. He lingered noth
Wednesday morning, when lie expired.
The deceased was formerly in the employ
of C. D. Ahrens A Cos., of this city. The
brothers. Sarders, surrendered themselves,
and were brought to this city last evening
by Sheriff Williamson, of'Bamwell District.
The affair grew out of difficulties of a pri
vate nature, the particulars of which wc
refrain from giving until an official investi
gation takes place. —Charleston Courier,
t Masonic Proceedings. —The Annual
Communication of the Grand Lodge of
Ancient Free Masons, of South Carolina,
for the year of light, 5866, commenced its
session yesterday, at Masonic Hall, in this
city. I'lost Worshipful Grand Master,
James L. Orr, presiding. There is a very
full attendance of officers and delegates
from most of the State Lodges, and the
utmost harmony prevails. vVe understand
that there has never been a period in South
Carolina when the Lodges were more pros
perous and the fraternity more numerous,
vi e had the pleasure of meeting with a very
large number of our country friends, mem
bers of. and delegates to, the Grand Lodge,
all of whom we found cheerful, hopeful of
the future? and exhibiting their elasticity
of mood and temper, which is the truest
guaranty for our general recuperation as a
people. The Masonic fraternity of the
North, by the way, are reported to have
shown themselves much more observant of
the charities, humanities and sympathies of
Christianity, than most of the Northern
churches; and, while the latter seem to
invoke Moloch only, the former have
drawn freely on the treasuries of Mammon
for the benefit of their Southern brethren.
[Charleston Mercury, A ov. 21st.
The Richmond journals contain accounts
of a settlement of Polish exiles, on a tract
df land purchased for them in Spcttsylva
nia county, Virginia, by General Tochman.
one of their countrymen. The new settlers
have held a meeting, naming their tract of
land “New Poland,” and presenting good
will and greeting to the people of Virginia
and the United States. The Poles are a
valuable accession to any population, and
will find warm friends in their new home.
Messrs. James Crawford Thc-yes, Robert
Elisha Byrem and Francis
Gaines Stawers, having been released from
Fort Delaware Upon a writ of habeas corpus
by Judge Hail, of ‘Wilmington Delaware,
hive arrived home.
Tlie Pine Hills of Georgia, j
Summerville, near Augusta. Gn.. 1 !
September 13th, 1866. j
D. 11. Jacques, Esq , 389 Broadway, New
Sir:—l have seen your communication
to the American Farmer , announcing your
intention to make a home in that part < f
the State of Georgia where I live, ana i
though not personally known to you, I have
learned enough of your character and auto- j
cedents to make me desirous that you, and
those whom you propose to bring with you,
should receive a welcome to our State. I
therefore have determined to write ion a
few lines to this effect; and propose to en
hance this welcome by adding something
to the information which vcitr communica
tion imparts in relation to* the Piue Hills,
which you seek as a home, and in which,
or the neighborhood of which, 1 have found
a home for fifty odd years.
You have said that the higher portions
o' this belt of country were not very fertile. I
Lett to their own resources, after a few
years cultivation, this is true of them.
But, it is also true, that the industrious
hand of man can produce from them re
suits, which are, perhaps, more remuner
ative than similar exertions can produce in
other latitudes. In the soil of nearly all
this region the energies of production are
stimulated in a remarkable degree by deep
ploughing, sub-soiling and manuring. Pe
ruvian guano, applied in connection with
such effective upturning of the soil, pro
duces, what it is not extravagant to call,
wonderful results. Influences of soil and
climate are such here as rapidly to effect
disintegration where deep ploughing is
used, and afford a matrix in which manures
quickly and powerfully serve the generative
forces of nature. 1 could mention some
surprising results which have been effected
in this region by certain of our large corn
and cotton planters in past, yea'rs; but it
will be more satisfactory and useful, per
haps, for me, in this communication, to
show what can be done among us by* care
ful agriculture upon a smaller scale. One
or two illustrations only have I room to
A thrifty farmer, who is my neighbor, is
engaged in the butchering business, and
iucidentlv cultivates, chiefly with his own
hands, about three acres of what may be
called poor pine land; which, however, as
does most of the laud in this section, pos
sesses a good sub-soil of clay. This land
lie ploughs and harrows thoroughly, and
applies to it broadcast, stable manure in
moderate measure. The present summer
has been the most unseasonable by far,
that i have over known ; yet in June, from
! about three acres of this land, this man
reaped nearly fifty bushels of wheat. He
immediately put the ground, without other
application of manure, in late Indian corn
and cow peas. His corn is now (September
13th) in the silk, and will probably average
for him about twenty-five bushels to the
acre. His crop of peas, and pea fodder,
grown on the same ground with the corn,
will be nearly, if not quite, equal in value
to the corn. If he were to apply no other
manure to this land for several years, w ith
deep ploughing good crops of corn could be
grown upon it, or more than a bale of cot
ton of five hundred pounds to cite acre.
But if, on the contrary, he continues to ap
ply manure in moderate quantities, its pro
ductive energies will become very great. A
nart of this ground would probably yield
him five hundred bushels of sweet potatoes
to the acre.
In my own garden, notwithstanding the
unpropitious season, I have made, on the
same square of ground, two crops of corn
for the table; the second being now nearly
fit for use. I have done this often; one
year for the sake of the experiment, letting
the first crop of common Indian corn (not
the six weeks’, or Sugar corn,) harden and
dry, so as to be fit for the mill. Then I
planted the same piece of ground from it,
and had another crop before frost. In that
garden I have had a ripe cantelope in the
last days of May. I have frequently had
tomatoes, green peppers, and egg plant,
until Christmas day, and once I had green
peas in January. This garden is on the
sandy slope of one of the picturesque hills
to which you refer, elevated some two hun
died and fifty feet above the plain of the
Savannah river. It is due to this eleva
tion, and the dryness of the air, that frosts
are slower to effect vegetation than in the
p'ains, and that we have vegetables and
fruits, earlier and later, than in some fer
It is easy to see, front these facts, that
though our lands may not be so fertile as
in some other portions of our country, yet
that to the small farmer, who employs care
ful and thrifty tillage, perhaps, as much, if
not more, may be gained by double crops,
without injury to the land, but rather add
ing to its fertility, as in more fertile soils,
where only one crop can be made, on the
same ground in the same season.
It should be remembered, also, that in
our land thus cultivated, there is a mine of
riches in its cotton-producing capacity, to
which the farmer, by way of variety in his
agriculture, can appeal, and from which he
can derive a staple of quality only surpass
ed by the cotton of the Sea Islands. And
the seed from his cotton will afford the finest
sort of manure for his corn. In past years
many of our planters manured all their
corn with their.co.tton seed.
It is true that all the finer grasses of the
North, clover, &c., do not flourish well
with us, though some of them do very well.
We have grasses, however, which afford
fine pasturage, and by careful tillage,
abundant and profitable crops of hay.
Sometimes, crops of hay are thus reaped
from the ground after another crop has
been removed, and frequently good yields
of crow-foot, crab-grass, and pea vines are
obtained from the corn field, which have
their growth after the corn is made, and
without additional cultivation. But the
pea vine is the clover of our fields, and is
very prolific in yielding fine and nutricious
hay. This vine, deriving much of its nu
triment, as it docs, front the atmosphere,
does not exhaust the land, and may be very
profitably employed in soiling for other
Crops of turnips are very heavy on our
properly cultivated lands, and afford food
for man and beast during the whole winter ;
continuing to grow until about December,
and remaining in the ground all winter.
Cabbages can also be cultivated successful
ly in the same way, and sweet potatoes in
proportion—often from one hundred' to
live hundred bushels to the acre.
Then, as to fruits, you know that peach
es, figs, and melons of the most delieious
varieties, grow here in the greatest abun
dance, and when a little pains is taken,
from June until November. Large and
profitable crops of peaches and'melons are
made for the market, and many go yearly
to the Northorn cities. _ And what has
been done by negro labor is slight indeed,
compared with what can be done by some
of your friends among the intelligent and
industrious farmers of the North. Our
people, in former years, did not give much
attention lo the improved varieties of ap
ples, pears and grapes; but a change, in
this respect, has been gradually going on,
with which my neighbor, Dr. Berckmans,
that excellent gentleman, his son, Mr, P.
C. Berckmans, to whom you refer, arid
your friend, the intelligent and energetic
Mr. Redmond, have had much to do, and
now we have some fine orchards.
Our trees are not so productive, perhaps,
as in other soils; but the long continuance
of a fruit maturing season gives us great
advantages. By careful planting, the va
rieties may be so cultivated as to afford. a
supply of fruit for a longer season than in
most countries. On the 31st day of May
last, I pulled a ripe pear from one of the
trees (the Maddin ") iu my small orchard ;
we have had pear.-; of other varieties all
through the summer, anu will continue to
have-some for weeks tomome, though the
drought, which prevailed a part of the
months of July and August, Las injured
much fruit and some trees. Vi hen my
Lawrence, and Easter Beurre trees shall
be a year or two older, I may hope also for
a winter supply.
Usually an abundant grape crop can be
produced on our lands, though the Cataw
ba, upon which we at first mainly relied tor
wine, has, failed to a great extent. If we
coOld continue to cultivate this grape sue
cessfuily, (and perhaps treatment by some
of your skillful Northern vine dressers
might succeed with it here) a very delight
ful wine can be made from it in this section.
There is much more of sugar in this grape,
when grown in our climate, than at thj
North or West. The wine, therefore, has
more of what is called body, is less acid,
and keeps well; indeed, it seems to mellow
with age. 1 have this wine, of the vinta
ges of' 1860 and 1861, on my farm, which
persons of taste cultivated in Europe, have
pronounced fully equal to some of the best
light wines in the Rhine countries. My
neighbor, 3lr. Berckmans, makes wine
from several varieties of'grape, and is quite
successful with the Oiinton grape, which
yields an excellent wine, similar in charac
ter to the Claret or Bordeaux wines.
The foreign varieties of grape, so far.
have not succeeded with u*,’ though some
times we get a yield from some of them for
the table ; but the vines soon die out, and
require renewing, in order to have a regu
lar succession of crops, unless they can be
more or less sheltered by glass from alter
nations of heat and moisture. But some
hybrids from these varieties, crosses upon
the native varieties, among which are some
very fine grapes, succeed very well with us.
The delieious little Delaware Grape does
very' weilon our hills, both as a table and
wine grape; is not subject to rot, and is
moderately prolific. If I had time and
space I wouidmention others, which I either
have tried or known tried sufficiently to say
that they can be cultivated with profit. I ;
should not omit to say, that the Scupper
nong grape grows here in tho greatest lux
uriance, one vine frequently covering many
square rods of space, and yielding very
many bushels of fruit, from which F have
known a wine made which, after five years'
age, resembled a sood and somewhat mel
low Madeira. Wild grapes, as you have
said, (some of which, with the aid of sugar,
make a palatable wine,) abound in our
woods, as do nuts and wild fruits of many
As to tlimat» ; what you have said is veiy
tiue. The heat is by no means sevei*.
During the summer, refreshing breez' -
re vail from she mp;, •
forests prevent rudiatfon,'ani
the empciattye tu a com Me: able extent.
1 bough this has been an uuu.-aiyiy war A
summer, 1 have not heard of the thermom
eter, m the shade,-exceeding 96' of S
reuheit, whilst at the North, in many
places, you have had 100° or more. Innu
merable sun strokes have occurred with
you, and i have nut heard of one in Geor-
p l ' ■ t L lC | u l l el ' c . nco hetwc ausas to
heat iu the longer-continuance 0 f our sum
mer or warm season, though a great por
tion of this consists of very agreeable au
tumn or mdian summer weather Our
waiters are mild. Almost am day in toe
year women and children can go out and
work wH bout ineonv enience. And u hat is
more practical, though not more satis'ke
tory, the husbandman all winter lorn' can
either put forward .the preparation of hw
land, or other of his arrangements for the
As to health : our Lilia of mortality wifi
compare favorably with any in the w tM.
lire absence of extremes in heat or cold,
partially accounts lor this re. u 9. The
dryness of the atmosphere—jics.-ii K- the
aftluvaa of pine trees and pine wood —will
account for the absence of severe colds, and
ol pulmonary affections in winter, as well
as malarious diseases in summer. The
silex of our hills affords the finest filter for
the rams, and gives rise to streams of sweet
and health preserving water. In our gentle
unuulating country, these streams are nu
merous and perennial.
hilst on this subject of the streams, I
may as well mention that they abound witli
excellent fish. They also afford to farmers
good opportunities of constructing fish
ponds, where they can combine pleasure
vith profit, and raise large supplies of
bream, red breasted perch and trout, (so
called.) all of which are delicious fish, un
surpassed, perhaps, for the table, are pro
lific, and can be bred at little expense in
great numbers. This is riot speculation on
n . l Y part, but positive evidence as to prac
As to taxation, it is a notorious fact that
the public debt <u Georgia is small. As
you know the war,has not added to it, our
Legislature having repudiated the war
debt. Our State railroad brings in a large
revenue to the treasury yearly, and relieves
the people front considerable taxation. Our
credit is such that the Governor has been
able to negotiate with Northern capitalists
such loans as we now need, and as serve to
lighten, in this crisis, the burthen of taxa
tion upon the people.
The length of what I have written ad
monishes me that 1 must not much longer
trespass on your patience. I can only say,
in addition, that our people, Mr. Jacques,
are anxious to escape as soon as possible
Iroui the desolating effects of war. They
wish their lands, now the chief sources of
their wealth, to he improved in quality,
and increased in value. They desire to
preserve their children from degenerating
in the scale of civilization. They wish to
have among them the strong preponderance
of the industrious, moral, Christian, and
educated elements of society. And they
reason these can be insured by the
execution of such plans as you propose, by
t> e settlement among them of men like
yourself, and such as you would bring with
you; and therefore, they are willing to
part with portions of the lands which pos
sess the advantages that you and l have
pointed out, on advantageous terms and at
bargains. Thus, in the simple principles
ol'an intelligent interest, you can find, if
you choose, sufficient evidence of the sin
cerity with which, for myself and friends,
I welcome you and your friends to Georgia.
Very truly, your obedient servant,
In the city of Mobile, in the rude, un
furnished sanctum ofa daily journal, sists
a man of advanced years, w’.th care and
anxiety depicted in his resolute eye,
Ms outer walks of life are strewn
with laurels culled from the dead past;
his socia| circle filled with admiring friends,
and his hearth surrounded with an estima
ble, loving family. Iu his duty to that
family, and devotion to a people, for
whose welfare he struggled heroically, 1%
assumes the responsible, thankless task of
editing a newspaper. It i not patronized.
He depends upon its successibraiivelihood,
and in the honesty and manhood of his
heartmakesan appeal to the people ; saying
that it he is not sustained in his undertak
ing, it must fail for want of means. His
name is Raphael Setnmes.
We leave him and traverse fifty miles of
Dine forest, in a direct line, bringing us to
Pensacola Bay. On its waters floats a trim
looking vessel flying the U. 8. flag and a
Commodore’s pennant. Inside, in a com
fortably fitted saloon, sits a man of ihe
same years, killing time as best lie can,
and front his easy chair, with commanding
wave of his hand, directs the movements
of the Gulf Squadron of the United States
ol America. When his monotonous life
on that bay causes him to direct his imagi
nation to his home, in the tar East, he sees
there his family com.ortabiy quart red in
a stone front residence, the gift of generous
friends, and having all the comforts of life
that well filled coffers, from a grateful,
enthusiastic people, can command. He
can want for nothing but promotion. Ilia
name is Commodore Winslow.
These characters are of 1866. In 1864
Capt. Semmes was the terror of the seas
and the wonder and admiration of the
world in his daring seamanship and heroic
exploits. No deeds of cruelty, acts of
inhumanity, or traits of dishonesty dimmed
the splendor of his renown. In a fleet,
frail, little vessel, he was hemmed in, in a
port where he had but a few hours to
remain, by a strong, well manned, well
armed, well protected vessel iu command
of Cap'.. Winslow. To put vessel against
vessel, or tg attempt to escape, were the
only alternatives. He chose the former
and had not his shell failed, the Kearsage
would now sleep with the Alabama.
Success is virtue: misfortune blame ;
and that chance which madeone man com
mander, made the other an exile. The
former turned home and met with his re
wards ; rewards which the policy of nations
makes honorable, even though merited by
chance. Success is the worldly measure
of merit. The latter, true to his cause and
people, rejoins them in the field, and when
they yielded he yielded with them, hav
i nig no acquired wealth to place him at the
envy of the true soldier with the musket on
his shoulder and no stain on his character
to impair his fame or place at the mercy of
the foe ; and to day, as a true soldier and
reliable bulwark of our Government, lie
stands so transcendently high above the
soldier with whom we compare him, that
we wonder what mariner of institution our
Government is, when we contemplate their
relative situations. In days when ruler3
understood the cementing of people, and
tiie building up of governments,. a soldier
with Raphael Semmes’s services, would
not be left a disfranchised outcast in the
new order of things'; and it is to us a di
grace that he is such now.
If we have any hope in tho future at all,
it is in a speedy healing up of the wounds
of the past, and no more effectual mode
can.be adopted than byforgetting that past,
and extending equal rights and liberties to
citizens of all the States. —Pensacola Ob
Seven-Thirty Notes.— The rapid con
version at the Treasury Department of
seven-thirty notes into five-twenty bonds is
attended with many difficulties on account
of the numbers of lost or stolen seven
thirty notes sent to the Department.
Banks and per-ons dealing in sc ten thirties
should remember that altnough the coupon
bonds ctf'lhe Govarnuu-nt are issue i paya
ble to bearer so that they will pass by de
livery. they are good although lost or stol
en. When in the hands ol a bona fide
holder the case is different with the -even
thirties, which are issued in blank, but
with the words “or order,” instead of “or
bearer,” imprinted on the lace. As
long as a seven-thirty note ret. aim,thus in
blank it passes by delivery lil o a coupon
bond, and a bona fide purelia r for value
can collect the same notwith- lauding it lias
been lost or stolen. Butin ca.-o i lie holder
of the seventy-thirty fills the blank space
with his name, the note then ; ■ ■ me.. Isis
property, payable to him or or.l and lie
cannot thereafter be deprived of his tule
by any loss or larceny of the note, any
more than the holder of a chock or draft
payable to his order ; and this is the law,
notwithstanding his name may hav e been
so skillfully extracted, by acid or otherwise,
as to leave no trace of the name. If the
holder of the note can prove clearly that
his name was once written upon the face
of the seven thirty, his title i- good, not
withstanding the era-nre, and even agaii:>t
a bona fide holder, for value, and will be
recognized by the Treasury Department;
and, upon proof, the note will lie pa and to
him. All persons dealing in Government
securities ought carefully to bear in mind
the foregoing peculiarity of seven-thirty
notes, which may, as stated, become con
vertible into negotiable securities, payable
only to order, which cannot ho the case
with any of the coupon bonds of the Gov
Raising Stock.— A correspondent of
the Utica Herald scdcL the following sen
sible hit in regard to raising .-Jock; “Every
I breeder of mules knows that a good horse
j colt cannot be expected from a marc that
I has borne mules. The common theory of
| this is that the blood of the mare becomes
j permanently affected by that of the foetus,
giving mulish characteristics to her subse
i quent progeny. Applying this to the
cow, iriit not likely that the blood of the
1 cow is permanently tainted when she is
made to bear bad blooded calves ? And
can farmers expect ever to raise good stock
from cows to which, for the purpose of
making them milkers, they have been in
the habit of using any runt of a bull they
could pick up ?’ ’
It is proposed to remove the Confederate
dead from the Fair Ground Cemetery, near
Lexington, to the Presbyterian Owoet-.-ry