sd by authority of the
t One Dollar & Fifty Cle. per Year
loanee Two dollars, if not paid
, Those terms tyill be positively
iw he mot paid, charged and de
a Advertisements not having the number n f
insertion, marked on th*m. will he published til 1
ordered out, and charged for accotdingly.
r NOTICE TO ADVRRTTSERB.
* E p Std , ,U,yd n a t T t °”’’' ~and Gunrdian *’ Ba,w, "“ ,M
c!*%?2ZZSr\*V*7*’ “•*•• T>elrr nd
P'mf*ion from Guardianship, forty davg
s wri f 5, r .’. e ' vew
F^ a DlZi a Lnr U ' !r * o i‘/^ n , ,,n,nratlon ’ hirty day.
months * from • /,dtnin,Btra Hon, monthly, for six
Bof Mortgage, monthly for four
Papers, three month..
e mlinwd until settled for
FtbT 13, 18547
-Our musical friends
for the non-appearance
c this week. Circum
r control prevented its
eretofore neglected to
[nation of Judge Iver
intment of Martin J.
to fill the vacancy on
R3F THE VOLUME.
number closes the second
E Organ. Our paper is
foundation, although not
ould desire, nor yet as it
were the fiiends of the
ke that part in its welfare,
lemen, they are bound tc
necessarily, be done.
t but paid expenses, with*
out any remuneration to the
for bs services. This should not be !
■Uaboier is worthy his hire and if
■ervices of your Superintendent are of
vantage to the members of the
•ntion or the cause of Sacred Mu*
|y withhold your support and influ s
B hi* behalf. Many who are mem*
■that body, do not take the paper,
jy others have, as yet, not paid
■ outset. But
PT any tiling sol -
but the moie
■ter Hfc tumult.
Hie only paper established
■tales for the advocacy of
H? system, it should not
■ ( i> hut mil sustained, nnd
Han enviable position with
Rations of ihe dav. Kv
■sectarian party consider
End to support the paper
Hs their cause, because
a Hbe their duty to do so ;
* 1 ■members of Ihe Conven
Hund, by the same ties, to
•upport a work of their own creating?
Had our patrons and friends redeemed
(heir obligations to us,* we would have
lelt in duty bound to enlarged the paper,
n improvement much nerded—and one
that must eventually be done, in order to
insure success. The lailure to enlarge
is attributable only to the lukewarmness
of thpse concerned and the remissness ol
those indebted in forwarding their dues.
We would suggest to the men.hers of the
Convention the propriety of making a
little exertion for the accomplishment ol
this object; it would require but a few
dollars. A Press is all that is needed ;
-the-ld one con be sold to pay one half
the cost of a larger. There is a sufficien
cy of Type to print a paper four times as
large as the Organ , It is with you to
make the effort, — on yu all depends—
and rightfully should , it is enough for
the Superintendent to lose his labor, with
out drawing his purse. He has already
sacrificed a great deal, and it would be
ungenerous to ask more. Make one bold
effort and see what can be done; —let
the Teachers take up a collection in all
‘ their Schools, end set apart the amount
collected, tor that object—and that only
Do not wait, one iot another to take the
.lead, but let every man consider himself
the leader, and work accordingly
* We have had much to contend with
iruring our short career, but have attempt.
*d to act feailess and with justice towards
all—and shall continue to do so. How
far we have succeeded in accomplishing
this object, is not 4or us to say; but if vie
have erred, if, was an*erwr of the head
: ' n d not of the heart. If offence has been
given in any instance, it was unintention
al —the offended parties should not have
put themselves in the way—and as we
are a poor hand at making an apology,
we shaH it.
We feeßunder many obligations,
patrons for then liberal support of our en
terpiise, hoping they will still continue
• heir liberality, and, by so doing, place us
under duty to make such improvement*
in our little sheet as the cause and public
We have several times alluded to Mar*
riage notices being sent us without a re
sponsible author. We have one now
from Cataula over the signature ot “ A
Friend “ w hich is evidently a burlesque
If u Friend was not acting an improper
part, he would not withhold his proper
name from a marriage notice. If a friend
indeed, don your proper garb—if not, do
not act the part of * 4 a W’olf in sheep’s
clothing.’’ Ridicule your neighbors at
your own rxpense, not at ours. You may
be & true friend for aught we know, but
we fear you are like our old aunt in the
country—no d— great things, but are
what you take us to be, viz: an animal
of the species which Christ rode into Je-*
rtjsalem. We consider it a matter due
the parties, as well as the public, for all
Ministers, Judges and Justices of the
Peace, to send up the Marriages for pub
lication-, and we will insert with pleas,
ure. This much would be interesting,
to our distant subscribers, who have form,
erly resided in this county
Public attention is called so the ad
vertisement in to day’s paper of Mr. Til
man Pierce, who is prepared to do an v
work iq Ihe Carpentering line, from the
runrting gears of an ox yoke to a Meeting
House. From our own knowledge of his
workmanship and business qualifications,
we feel no hesitancy in recommending
him to the public as a man of generous
impulses, sterling business habits, and un
We aie of the samp opinion the Irish*
was w hen travelling, and discover’
ing a galfowsl exclaimed—•''sure, and
this is convanient, the proper place to
hitch a hoise is to the rack.” It is a
matter of no little surprise to us, that our
citizens will permit horses hitched to or
near the shade trees in front of their
dwellings or stores ; there is racks for
that purpose, and if people will not use
them, when you find a horse hitched to
the trees, apply a knife to the bridle—if
a sense ol justice and propriety will no’
prevent the intrusion,. It is shameful to
see the manner in which the shade trees
are mutilated by the horses; destroy the
trees, and you destroy the beauty of our
little burg. We also see the trees in
front of pur office and the Masonic Lodge, I
mutilated by knives—this has not been’
done by horses—the animals have longer
ears. We would suggest to their moth’ |
ets the propriety of taking the knives;
away from the mischievous LITTLE
fellows, and sewing up their pockets.
LADIES’ NATION \L MAGAZINE.
We have received the January and!
February numbers of Peterson’s La.-*
dies’ National Magazine for 1854.
It is one ol those rich and chaste Maga.
zines which should adorn the centre table ‘
of every lady. The reading matter is of
that high order which tends to the culti’
vation of every thing pure in the mind of
a lady, and fitting her for circles in which
a vulgar thought never dare enter. The
numbers before us are beautifully embeU
lished with the choicest steel plate en*
gravings, colored fashions for the month.
&c. Each number contains 100 large i
double column pages* and is under the
Editorial management of Mrs Ann H
Stephens end Charles J. Peterson.
Terms—s 2 per annum in advance. —
Address Charles J. Peterson, 102 Chest
nut street, Philadelphia.
We are often asked the question—
“ What foreign paper would you take if
you were me?” We invariably answer,
not from favor or prejudice, but from a
! sense of justice, 14 if you want a good lit.
| erary paper, take Scott's Weekly Taper.
or the Saturday Evening Mail , both of
which are published in Philadelphia;
Scott’s is devoted to Literature, News
Agriculture, &c. The Nail to Literature
News and Temperance, as well as a gen
eral reformation of the evils of the day.—
It you wish a good Southern News and
Commercial paper, take the New Orleans
True Delta. But, if you desire a paper
for the Georgia Home Gazette; and final
ly never pass by The Organ.” If our
friends will subscribe for either or ail of
the above papers, at the expiration oftthe
year they cannot avoid exclaiming—"*my
money has been well spent!” and will
not rest contented until they forward the
cash for another year.
v The beginning of a structure is an im
poitant matter for the.builder to consider;
he must lava solid foundation if he cal
culates to have a profitable
And another important item is, he mils’
count the cost: not of the foundation on
ly, but of the whole building, otherwise
he may occasionally hear the mortifying
expression as he passes along through
life—* this man began to build, but was
not quite able to complete the structure ’
To drop the figure, let the Teacher, first
of all, carefully consider the kind of ma
lerial of which his class or classes are
composed. 2d. The amount of time he
expects to devote to those who compose
his classes. 3d. The object he expects
to accomplish in those classes. All these
things properly considered, he is prepar.
ed to carry up the building to completion
iT he has rhade* no rbisfake in preparing
the foundation, and can flatter himself
with the hope of meeting the expecta
tion of those who have employed him.
This may make the work of the Teacher
very hard, and if he loses ight ol the
three things hinted at in laying the
foundation, he is very apt to loose his
own balance, which will still add to his
task ; especially if he forgets the kind of
material he is at work with. Among the
imporla nt duties of the Teacher, is to
lay well the rudiments ot practical stu
dies Another important task is, to pro
cure a regular attendance of his pupils;
in order lo do this, he 1 must endeavor to
get his pupils to love him ; if he does
not know how to do this, he lias not suf
ficiently studied humlTi nature, and in this
-ense is disqualified for his task and has
need of being taught the rudiments of this
important school. While the Teacher is
determined to edify, he should study to
please. Do not offended if he
speaks angrily and harsh ; let it be an ex
ception, not a rule; the pupils should
never have a right to the idea that the
Teacher is a cross teacher, but should be
taught that mildness is a virtue with both
teacher and pupil.
A teacher should) never let his pupils
get the advantage of him. Children will
be almost certain to/try what sort of ma
terial their teacher is made of. and are
apt to combine for- that purpose ; in euch
case the teacher should be doubly on bis
guaid; he should put on the whole ar
mor of patience and fortitude, —and even
with this, he is apt to be driven through
the ordeal of trouble and trial; and if he
can have a sufficient amount of self-con
trol and dignity, he will prove victorious,
in all probability, once for all, as he must
do, to maintain his position; his power
and influence over his pupils from.that
time will be almost unlimited; while on
the other hand, if the pupils get the ad
vantage,: and find that they have sue.
ceeded.i.n getting their teacher in a pas
sion, and subjected to the loss of self
control, they will be ready ever after
wards ;tp take advantage of the ground
thus gained. .
Some persons conclude that by the ex*,
ercise ol arbitrary power a correct di>ci
pline can always be had; but we think,
while the temperamen t of children differ,
the exercise of power must differ ; for
power there must be. but not all of one
j sort. If arbitrary power is used, let it be
with extreme caution and as a last resort;
i it should be exercised with true dignity,
and under proper sell-control. There is
a power in kindness and manifest affec
tion, — this is the great moral lever —a
power not fully tested by a mortil being
because it is a species ol immortality ; it
spreads and inluses itself in so many
ways, and by so many different methods,
that we thick it in possible to over-estim
The teacher, in most cases, when he
commences his work in a school, has an
eye to the permanency of hii situation.
buHn th"i3 country, where the people gov.
ern changes are inevitable, and the
teachers prosprets of permanency does not
always turn on his ability or success in
teaching. Then, as the situation cannot
be claimed as permanent, and his time
be counted for one year at a
time, we then say, lay out a good year’s
work—make best of the time for one
y*ar —never forgetting the foundation
hinted at in the outset of this article.—
We give it as our opinion, partly founded
on experience, -that if the teacher will
have his school prosperous, affectionate,
vigorous and healthy, let him have vocal
music under proper discipline, cultivated
from 30 to 50 minutes every day in his
school room, and these results will be
very soon seen and lelt, and will need no
illustration to set forth their accomplish
The February number of this valuable
monthly is now on our table, and as
usual, is filled with the most entertaining
and useful literature of the day. The
present number closes the 2d volume ; all
who desire the first volume can be furn>
ished at the price of one dollar,
by addressing D. K. Whitaker, Augus
ta. Ga. We know of no woik possessing
gi eater merit than the Ecleltic, and there
fore take pride in recommencing it to the
public as a Magazine woitby the support
of every gentleman and lady. Terms—
s3 per annum in advance.
The following are the contents of the
number before us:
Electro-Biology and Mtsmerism.
Legislative Interference #ith the-Edu
cation of the People. : J|.
Memoranda by a Marine Officer: Ora
Succession of Glasses tom Lite's Phan
French Claim to the Discovery of the
Electric Telegraph. -
American Authorship, No. Vll.—Hen
ry Wadsworth Longfellow.
Usury Laws:—An Argument against
Poetry. —ln Memoriatn. Angels
They’ll Wake No More.
The Death Angel’s Visits.
Sorrow on the Sea.
Miscellaneous Reviews. —The Me
moirs, Journal and Correspondence of
Lives of the Queens of Scotland.
Doughs Jerrold and his Works.
Varieties. —A Grand Game of Chess
Miss Mitford; Eclectric Astronomy; A
valuable Book; New Arctic Expedition
Case ol Death caused by Fear; New
Chinese Almanac. To the Reader.
From Scott s Weekly Paper —Philadelphia.
ARRIVAL OF THE ARABIA.
one week later.
Brilliant Victory of the Turks—The
Battle of Citale —Four Thousand Russians
Killed —Rtreat of the Russian Reserve
The steamer Arabia arrived at Halifax
on 4th, with dates to the 21st of January.
THE TURKISH WAR.
We have further accounts of the Citale,
confirming the Turkish successes.
It appears that the Russians were con
centraiing a force at Citale, in order to
attack Kalafat, on the 13th, but on the 6th
fifteen thousand Turks marched out ol
Kalafat, and stormed Citale, had a con
flict with the Russians, in the field on
the 7th. and resumed the battle on the
Bth—ending, in the evening, with the
total discomfiture of the Russians, who
confess to 4000 killed and their generals,
Aurep and Tuinot wounded.
On the 9 h, the Turks having remained
over night on the field beyond Citale, at
tacked the reserve of Russians, and drove
them back upon Krajova. with the loss of
cannon, and immense slaughter on both
sides. On the 10th the Turks, having
razed the Russian fortifications, returned
to Kalafat The Turks were commanded
in this action by Selim Pacha, Zedlinskv.
and Mehemed Pacha, one of whom—
piobably Mehemed—is repotted killed.
The above victories are officially an
nounced to the French and British Em
There is very little news from Asia.
Letters from I’rbizonde, of the 6th De
cember, say that Schamyl had organized
a polish rifle regiment, 1200 strong. He
has plenty of provisions and ammunition,
and is organizing an army at Dagheston.
The Abassians are in alliance with him
The Hungarians and Poles, who had
been waiting at Constantinople for em
ployment, were shipped on the 2d of Jan
uary for the army in Asia.
Kalapka declined an Asian .command,
but offers to serve in Europe,
On the sth of January the whole of the
allied fleets were in the Black Sea.
England js actively- recruiting her
coast. Volunteer Artillery and coast de
fence guard : len thousand men are want*
ed. Exertions are also making to man
the navy, and two more ships are fitting
out, but apparently o land forces.
France. —Thfe Duchess of Orleans, on
thp l()th of December, published a letter
to the Duke de Nemours, refusing posi*
lively to join the recent fusion of the
Bourbon family, and holding firmly to
her sons right to the Fiench throne.
Mr. Mason, the American Minister,
had arrived at Paris.
The greatest activity prevails in the
French Navy yards. The operatives are
ordered to work on Sundays, and every
ship is to be fitted for sea immediately.
A levy had also been made of all seamen
between twenty and forty years old, and
all the Newfoundland fishermen are draft
ed into the fleet. Stores for forty thous*
and soldiers are ready for shipment at
The London Morning Chronicle pub
lishes the following:
Vienna, Jan. 16.—Advices from St.
were preliminary indications of a rups
ture with France and England, and the
recall of the Czar’s ambassadors from
London and Paris. This is authentic.
A requisition has already been made
by the Czar upon the different institu
tion? throughout the Empire, to furnish
contributions for the support of the ortho
New contracts have been completed to
supply the Russian foices in the princi
palities with provisions until the end of
The Russian Admiral in the Sea of
Azoff has sent lor aid to Sevastopool.
The presence of the allied fleetsiu the
Black Sea has prevented the shipinent of
25 000 tfoops Irom Sevastopool.
Egypt. —M Mariette. a French sa
vant, has discovered the secret entrance
into the Egyptian sphynx.
GEORGIA LEGISLATURE. j
A bill amending tlie laws for attach*’
merits and defining the manner of issu*
ing them when the party has gone with
out the State ; passed.
The bill to incorporate the Columbus
and Hamilton railroad Company was pas
The bill incorporating a raiLroad from or
between Calhoun or MariettHo the Cop*
per mines on Fightingtown Creek in Gil*
mer County ; so amended as to incorpo*
rate a railroad from West Point to Thom*
a-lon, from Thomaston to Mdledgevflle ;
ing a two thirds vote to pardon,
was passed by yeas 62 nays 20.
A bill di-qualifying any person
from being a comoetent juror who has
-cruples on the subject of capital punish*
From the N"w Orleans True Delta.
THE NEBRASKA BILL.
As this bill, introduced into the Senate
f the United States by Mr Douglas, is
likely to stir up the smouldering elements
ol fanatical agitation upon the slave ques
tion, we think ordinary prudence sug
gests the propriety of making its inten
tions more generally known to our read*
At present, all that immense extent of
territory lying between the Bonders of
Missouri and the Ricky Mountains, is
known by the Indian name of Nebraska.
The Indian title is still intact throughout
every portion of it, and white settlements
can scarcely yet be said to have an exis*
fence within its borders. Except as a
link in the great chain of civilization and
for the extension of our empire towards
the Pacific, there is nothing in Nebraska
itself to engage special public attention,
ngr any .advantage, agricultural or miner
al,’ to be found within it superior to what
is presented in many of the States of the
Union. Portions of it, however, are re
presented to be of surpassing beauty and
great fertility, and for grazing purposes, it
is nearly in its fullest extent admirably
adapted. Whether any section ol IhiV
extensive territory is capable of profita
bly employing slave labor, we will not
undertake to say, nor, indeed, do we re
gard that aspect of the case as at all af
fecting the principle involved in the
of Mr. Douglas which merely goes to (he
recognition of the right of the people of
every section of the Union to go in and
possess the land, with or without slaves,
as their interest or their feelings may
dictate. To a proposition so reasonable
and equitable it is difficult to see what
possible .objection can be made, for if it
be once understood that acquisitions of
territory, whether purchased by the blood
or the money of all the people, are to in
ure exclusively to the advantage of par
ticular sections of the Union, it requires'’
no great gilt of prophecy to predict the
day when extension of the limits of the
Republic, as now constituted, can no
longer take place. If we rightly cornpre*
•head the principles ot the compromise
acts when we supported them before
the people in our columns, they were in
tended to put an end to all misunder*