The West Point observer. (West Point, Ga.) 1866-18??, March 22, 1867, Image 2

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£{jf ms\ guild <f)bsrrbtr. A. D. STARNES Proprietor. Kt-liluv Morttln* .March U'i. IHO7. AGENTS. f'.ilmriny nr#- inrhnrt«< and agent for th# *' *' * J K. HIIKCTT AtUnUO# MI NT WM»*#rUV !f*rrU C\. tin I* '* ni.»' KMOV VontifUn Rltl. Il.irrl* fi». ()«. * «• MoMYoffTII. .. I)if|»tun Talti|ion«i r« . All »» * nvH A I*. T * T , Vtllromt. Ala. * . 'IIF IN ( Ala., r .\N Ats OTT »,ap,>ka. Cos. Ala POSTMASTERS * *n(hnrl«al to ra-flT* •uk#rrlpiitta fur Iho «»fVM tIV Kl< lanportnnt C omm. ifhil Derision. \ decision i#n if»*pf•*tjtrtt to Northern m*difor% •/S.*uf«*ru r|r!»tor* ( unys flic A*- 1 >• ' i InftfUx'hrrr, lnm j*»«t been rer»<!oro<l I v Judge Pm* , of ih* Western District o! I« xha. Nuriliftii creditor*, in many in * ■ iiirrs, find l!»**ir niailh tii debtor* willing f * par the prim iyvil i»f drl-t# due before the « •r, t*ut unwillb g so j.*r ih# intercut nr t ruing during flu* war. Tlip point At i**ne that all <* ifi)Micuv;a! intercourse be fwt on tlm belli gi : \\ H-, Rll*|HMnl«l.l illl ri i fin war, ntt! I lie paymciit of debt* (!ro fr. >in tvsi-li-nta in bcll’ijflreftt sfr t" residents if ilii'oilier was pruliilii *" '■ Ibe |wtimi ii* of i li<> priuripnl lic-inp | iobd.iiefl, die .|f.., | « asjo^nlinti-ll>e iu *rr'»l ilniiiij; • lit* prulilbiliiili. Judge Ibi 'al -if <■ ;-li*i| fin iitiiuct-'-saful i ll* rt OH 1 put "f (•iirliiii Staii-i of tills Union, or h ninjorily of lln people romprising 'On. so of.| ri'l of ibeir cnuaritutlunttl ob boaiinn* end rrn I a hi-pn nl« and indepen* ■"t I, altlionoli it rr-Ntillvl in " Hr . 1 1**T not cron'o j rendition of attain ai. .oils to ll oio cx-ilino in war belacon iwodi-iim t naiiiNia. If tbe war doe* not | rew-nt llie rolln-li oi of the principal of 1 be debt* duo lo people „f ilia United State* le.'iding in »Inti are known ns luvnl Stale*, ib, o lo' # i. m i os> i,i know why intercut °nld not l„, allowed 11 ;n opinion is, 'bat lb,- » ir lately -Cstiug bclwoon (lie Iwo Hectioim of lbe I oiled State* did not ati>|> the runninir i>f in lens t on contracts nulisisiinjj between ilie people of llie'e sec lions prior to iw*r. lo Ai Jot bs.—Then* arc indications s tbe Atlanta fit/f//tyriir*r t that (lon H ri '*s will ailj Him in a sliorl lime. A laic date from Wjiv!,i t ,jef. , n says all attempts t" new business in tin- met by serious op; am) it i* lelicred tbit in ibc eiisniiitr week st farthest an adjoini nici.t will eerlainly oecttr—pet-lisps * itif'l |)i* cn»b#r. Si|< || Nil ov«>nf, fck.susMvi it takes place, w 11 be a great relief lo the , -uiitiy. \\ o dip from (ho Hirfinwiui K;nminrr tbe following peace which Ins no parallel in ibe annals us lii»|,,ry. The dead libels vbo now sleep in their cold and silent grave* in a bciiiilfnl emeterj near Hock t. Wake t'oiintv, N. (’. are ordered born their restine places, ami to give up their rohl couches to their enemies. We have read tint at thcTast day the great 1 am; would cniiimiiml die lvnlli and die S.-a so gi\r up their dead; but bad little tliongbt that tin Federal (luvernnient;ever mu'd attempt lo assume that Authority and Legislate lor the dead. Have their malicious prejudices become so black, so wick. ! that they an- not willing to let the us in 8 of the brave sons of the South who bare fallen in tin- late war rest in peace!— or e.'-n it Is- that they are so pnltroonic and have acted so base the ghosts of tl i OfW* l fair soMiris li.nuit ilicin in tl»«*ir <lr<*iiniH. <«n r.ioiA! I hiring 11»« % wnr u n*«• ( i iih-Ii ry w. : «t ••.»r»lih.>ln»,| Ko» V < Mian v. W tk- N »rtli <'urolitifi, mul 1»< t«c.Mi ci'Jii )ittti*lr«*.| mi l a tlioimaiiil “h’lm’U an«*n* ilmro I»u! lli« i<*l»fl ifinHci v, uiifor tunatfly'. « 1 u .iT'l i*t l iia l>(Mul ? ful j. a. c, NiH |»Hhsinjj it. .ij»n»oj*ii iteii(*fts Jin it** jiurpimr any l«»ca l»* li in t 1m? * mu* »<• •»!Jniflioik]; ami tliO iit’ivfiifttiiriKMK .i| (iovenimcnt * d’-f it**.*y**s jlhmc .n f au.{ was gruoi«*u}ily |» f»a c<| toilt, lar* that sip |» n j»lare wa* en tm l v 100 lor <’• n'f.lcratf ?. that lot lilt* loyal should ctij«>v Aiioll rli^i- Ido A ’ «m public ni>- ti« «- has 1m *mi % *««». t-i nn .• mm> fr. nil thr* pajinrH. t• * ih%t ;i uir rfU*U to re ""‘V' fi*'*in I heir o>M !>- i*s, h•. • 1 make way f"r li •• r Miw’iiiiuH, m ltd c-K.iiot, even in *!<• nii allow them r#-«f. i ii** Sentinel ol Shliii«l;i\ rontainu an .-.•rnost icqttml lo the men of Raleigh to e mn firwaril ami help at to remove Hose p..or hones f«i Mr me humbler plme, "hieh will not e\< i;«j the envy of tiieir in/»A torn! A t'oi.fnh raie, who rnir.e out <»f t!io war to nma len him! witout mf.m v, setth.l twenty live miles from M. tiij.hin, with a VN I ft* and se-i rsl i liildieu lie tiolig'lil Ids land on cridit, 1, light p:g. ,n eredil, and leoight stock 0,1 credit. Tile hog* multi plied ;u,d faloni-d on ■! *• n::i-t in die woods, the e.lilts grew and ilno.-d on thu wild < :ine, ail,; now th s , n,- e-g-red man has pil'd a!' Ins del, Is, I,h* l-iiih as. hool house, ne.-l aided lo build n cloircli, Icis a coinlbr |ai-l« home, three l,c::di', and ;r iei of land, .iventy-sevuii head -f cailh-, mill a number of h gs, and has siill a litllo money in his IKjckct.— Mobile Tiiiia. A I'aria stairs that there are 2,200,000 propri- tors of vineyards in Frailer, 1,000 vark-iira of *ino rultivatod, 6,405,000 acres of land devoted to vine yards; and ill 1834 the crop was 1,320 000, 000 gallon* of wine, worth SIOOOOO,OOO. Kr<>» flic Ba’tiinore Csarltr. BALTIMORE TurwiAY, March, I*2. —The Constitution t f tlie I7n»tc<l lutes, which we will pre* j Kiim# in i’*»£Mni«<t by the ami the ; Jitd|»* k of the SuprtMiie Court an the law of the lain], provides that “the citizens of each State nhail lm entitled to “all privi lege* ami imrntinilisa of citizen* in “the •rveia! State-?.'* Hv tlie abolition of (ho State government# in tho »Sonth and the i-i*tal>lij*hmerit of a military deap uinin there th# of MarvlnnJ »a a State of the Union nml the p-iviJegea of her citizens have been foully and plainly violated. A# a State paying heavy axsemnrionts into the Federal Treasury aho \h vitally injured hy the ilniial of representation* to ten States which «r# t*ms r#l«M##*l from any constitu tional obligation to pay direct taxes, while her citizens owning property or transacting businesa in the South ar# aggrieved hy being placed outside of the protection of the civil law*. Under these circumstances ih# State has a light to make complaint, and if *he can sustain her case before die lawful tribunniH of the country, to invoke tlu? amy of the Executive to uphold her light*. The iii.hlm hy which she may pro c##d is pointed out in the Constitution and the decisions of the court* furnish many precedents for her guidance. The Conatl* 1111 ion says that in ca«es “in wl ich a State shall be a party the “Supieme Court shall ha\# original jurimliction.” States ami in -1 dividuaU have* more than one# made suc cessful application for writ* which should compcll Federal officials to do some lawful or abstain from some unlawful act, and Mary lii nd has an umjue*tionable right to demand that the Supremo Court shall en join ti c Secretary of War or any one el*#, against enforcing any measure which it may pronounce to he uncoiislitulioiiahie and void. In our judgement this undenia hle privilege it has now Iwcoino her high duty to exercise. We should like to sew her I.egis’ature promptly authorize the employ ment of cottUHel in her b#half who should l»c charged with (lie duty «>f making imme diate application to the Court for tin* writ refer#d to. The arguments of influential and aide men like Judge Curtia, of Mas** chusetts, or Mr. Kvnrts, of New York, would, whatever might be the r* suit of th# appli c-itiofi, pn e ir# a profound conviction of lie truth of our cause upon many minds throughout the North ar.d perhaps startle the country into an appreciation of the ap palling peril of its present situation. Th# Court would l*o compelled to decide that tin* Military bill is wh »l 1 v unconstitntioiin). and Mr. Johnson could not then execute it without th# most deliberate violation of his oath of office. W know it will he said that the course here Riigge.sfc I will be productive of no practical good It certainly may fail to arrest at on-e the headlong current of revo lution which is hearing us on to anarchy and ruin, nevertheless it is not improbable that roiih* good or o»her would spring from it sooner or later. Hut is anything nave disgrace and distraction to come from apathy and silence? hid a people ever re deem its liberties by m#»*klv accepting the summons to Kiiriemlei it># last Kttongimt«t« of civil freedom and constitutional govern ment? (’an a nation !i«pe to restore repub lican institution* hv acquiescing in a mili -1 try despotism? hr are we truly only ab ject slaves who fear to offend our masters j l»v < <infesting their right to clm n us down? Not as hiw as t!iia wo trust have tin* people of Maryland fallen The position in which this State stands lenders it especially obligatory on her to assume this task. The Southern Slate* arc about to be subjected m the domination ol the sword and the bay. net and the North ern States are apparently i different to this frightful wrong. There in none to apeak for I he South and for the country, to plead for American freedom, to defend republican principle* save Maryland. Upon her then devolves the high and noble duty of lilting up her voice in the temple of justice and of protesting in clear and solemn tones against the usurpations and tyranny which have already and strayed the heritajo our fathers so proudly left us and threaten to work infinite woe upon ten millions ot our suffering brethren. If theie can be any 2 oo<l reason which should restrain this State from claiming in the Supreme Court her constitutional rights ami protesting in •hat last sanctuary of the law against the total abrogation of nil law, then indeed has the hour come when we may abandon our solve# to bitter and final dispair. The Confederate Debt. The National Rfmblicu.i , of yesterday, ha* Jin editorial to prove that, if the South ern Stales are, according to Stevens’ theory and abortion, “coiupjered provinces,” the l nited States, as tho conqueror, is hound, by the law of nations, to pay the entire I Confederate debt. The Rc»mbliean Sut/s: i Hut it has been su .gested that this point | lias been guarded by having ih« late rebels repudiate those Confederate debts. Avery little reflection, however, will snow that | repudiation d«*en not remove n;;r cancel tlm | liability, at 1< for the debt* held in Europe. We must extend our views ac ross i the At Untie for the data for i (-solving this point. l ake the case of Admiral Wallace and bis associates, who hold millions of Confederate bonds, as an example. They me subjects of Great Hritain, and by the law# of nations are entitled to call upon their Government to protect and enforce thetr Irgal rights as against the United State*. Suppose ilie British Government shall entertain their appeal and demand the payment of those bonds on the ground I that they were created by a dt faetoGov ! eminent and issued to Britsli subjects, and that the l nited States merely occupies the ' position of conqueror of that Government, what at.swer Can we make to the demand ? I* it not obvious that wc can make no sub ‘ stnulial answer whatever if tho Stolen*’ theory be sound? Baltimore has contributed about $350- ; 000 for So ii them relief. Thousands of Southern merchants go through Baltimore to buy their goods in cities which have contributed nothing for Southern relief. And yet there it said to be no cheaper or better market thuu Baltimore.— Rc>j. and Adr. Frcm llk* U<>tuo Courier. * Hill Arp on (he Situation. Rome, Big Sliaiity Tarritory, N'o. 3, ) March 8, 1867. j Mk. Editor: My Intention *n« to have remained in dignified ohacuritv the small remnant of my miserable days, bat fri.nih Rob Hide, Sam MeCr;»i-ki-n. Ti;>j4fl .>tln■ r r,-s|,ii-talih- p-ntlen "f.dl^^H." and bolli rolora, aee;n to be dishevled the .iitue and inaiat on my view* aUmt the inoioi-ntoua state of our sufferinj-coun try. 'Hie jfixs! peoplo in Atlanta hare got. shaky in the Vnt-oe, and it is thednty of ev ery good eitizoii to keep the disease from Spreadin if he Can. I hav’n*. bi-on to Wash injfton, nor have been j day in sentinel on a watch toner, but my observation convin ces me there is a power of fuss on hand about Politics look squally and nlarinin. Kill Fliorinnn overrun the country and destroyed and carried aw-av our property, nnd row his brother John is flnishinf; up the job by robbin us of the rights and liberties our forefather* won (tenoralTltoinas isplayin rantotin with his 21 orders —putting harmless boys in tin barrack* fir tnldennin with an old rebel li-ig—accosin us of nil the crimes in the decalogue; such as murd-r, larceny, rape, arson, burglary, bigamy, perjury, and vide, throwin tip in our teeth the mil;/ oj our eonqutrnrx, as In-in our safetr valve from death and Beelzebub. Good gracious! what an awful people so are. And now comes Joseph, the sentinel, with his long-winded message of consolation, teilili us how wo may flee from the wrath t i come skeerin the people to death, and gettin everythieg in a stow. What made him in such a hurry! why didnt Ini keep silonce for a few days, until the veto was signed, an I the bill was pasß#.l? Wlivj .lid’i.t b# give Mr. Jenkins a chance? 1 tin* time* was so perilous, whv didnt In* g and see Mr. .b nkins, and give him liisopin ion in private and save all this excitement Mr. JenkdiM is the Govern, r; lie is the sen tinel on tho watch towe**; lie’s tlie pilot of theoKt whip; he’s the people’s efioic#. Ib* can sell H»e I legislature when it’s i ec****n rv. If h<* is in doubt about it, he ran con willt with Lntnkin and Col h, and Hill an.l Cooper, and Hardeman and Gibson, and liroini, mid decide what ought »o be doive and tin? |H?oplc will be satisfied. |',ut while the ship i* in ji storm let all the* deck hands keep silenc*. d'he word will coiuo from the Captain soon enough. May be tliat Joseph feed* sorter reap >nsil»| v i for th# lix he’s got ns in. May bo he's repentin for tho didos lie cut lip, and the seed* of diacord he sowed dm in the war; but I doubt it. I don’t think bin ambition ob his van it y k##k anything but his own intj>or| tone# It looks like* he thought theca pi-j ta I was moved to Atlanta, and he was (JovJ ernor fit ill. Il#’s afraid the people will think he’i dead, and just, as kik> j as a big thing happens, and little before, he es the iK*e.;»sioM — the opportunity,S| deliver# hi# message, stirs up the people]: seta the ( iate City in a ferment, gets name in tho Herald and the tribune. Jodi Brown, a whale, big leader, couspiciony fame, history, Mr. Jenkins now where, Mil n .is'fyiilo ~j. t., a< ,|.i, i.' rti Is tiin machine, in Atlanta! Well, I don’t know what is at the bottom, of all this, but I am afraid that while Jo 4 soph wa# in Washington somebody carried him onto a high mountain, a*»d showed him a Kingdom or two, and In* fell .lows and worshipped. These little kingdoms that 7. an sometimes sees from the top of a mountain are miglitv demoralizing. But i notice that all this fuss which .Joseph has kicked up is confined in the towns and cit*es, where a heap of folKi live, who havent got much of anything to do. The farmers don't know much about 4 and (tare less —the whole concern is a g#d| send to some folks. I know an old worn out politician who has been paking it round for six months, try in to revive the l)emo* ciatic party for a livin, and now lie’s in Ins element. Parties are formin, and the olj hack is in his glory. He’s sorter like the New llra t as yet —he wont take a side, h* wont join issue, he wont commit himso'.v- 4 lie’# keepin an open r*ar as the Kra says (d --wish that paper would takejnii asti ingent .r But my friend# wa’vc got nothing to l^ v ashamed of.—. Since the war our pursuits* have been peaceful and honorable. We needent humiliate ourselves through fear* of what humankind can do to us. If the KadicuU intend to confiscate us, they wfß do it, and no acceptance of Shennan’s hilU will prevent it. If they want our cabbages, they aregoiu to have ’em. If they will ride over one law, they will over another.. If they disregard Mr. Johnson’s great ar juli ment, they’ll disregard anything. I don't know how it is generally, but there aint an unpardened reUd in this county, and if tlipy conliscaie they have got to declare the pir dons all void. Nolnxly knows what they won’t do, or when they will quit doing jp, and my advice is to naffer and be xtronrj. .in duce evrytiling au I accept nothing AlHjy lost save honor, hold up your maiHHk don’t lick the hand that’# raised to the blow. Joe Brown’s banner says “alFis lo*t Have honor, and that is only tolenrdo I thank you, it grow# puny and weak.* — lie says \'o can have representation* in Congress. Who by? A man who can take the T*st oath, and can control the nigger vole.— Who wants such a representation? llow long before he *otild ji»»e the Kadi cals and go in for Confiscation? If he controlled the nigger vote he’d promise ’em land or fny tlng else. Demagogues have always con trolled the ignorant whites, demagogue* will control the ignorant blacks. Who control# tlie nigger influence in Tennessee? why, Brownlow and his party. Tennessee has done just what Joe Brown wants tut to do, and now look sit her and weep!—a nig ger candidate for Governor. But suppose we had representation^nnd had e!e led all good men, fair men, iu#t men, what could they do for us ? •.Just nothing at all. With the present Helical majority, all our votes would’nt undo any thing that Tuts been done, and with a Ka.l ical President they could do as much nioro a# they pleased. Just let ’em all alone’ give ’em rope, more rope ; history is repeat ing itself, the crisis will come some time, ty ranny nnd oppression must run its course, Joe Brown*# programme won't atop it. One iflba resolution* mado my Item) swim. I i<Tt like taking chloroform, lie would Imi tlie whole Yankee nation believe we ijped ’em like brother*, and wanted ’em lo tfea; out .South,- and let ua hug ’em. Well, '■L that suitof stuff i»played out. There fti lit üßAldred men in the State that ha* any for a radical than a hyena, Hot Brown known it. Hut the good Kd know* our heart*, and how loudly VtAing to those moderate men of the HpLty North who would save us from the | r, . notion that awaits us. Let a kind ord be spoken to a subjugated reb, nnd j S' warm blood quickens in the veins. But. hen-, are the Union Leagues, some-! ody say*, wiiat are they going to do with i s 1 Never mind my friends, the Union .ungues ain’t goin to hurt nobody. They re made of flesh and blood like we sre, ml they are citizens, and their fat* will be ur fate. They are as much dispos ed at herman’s hill as any body. They are or neighbors and our friends, and if there i some had men among ’em, there i* iiougli of tin; good lo make 'em do right, o kesp qtliot and lie easy, and the Union .angles are not going to trouble you. If hoy want to save their own, il don't follow hat they want lo stoifl yours. I But Joseph is afraid we cant stand a kjhliiurr government. Well, 1 know its JHtilinting, withering, crushing, hut we jKonood H, and can try it awhile longer. IVje can do it till we can do better. Mili tary Guvestnineiit ain’t the oau -e of our poverty and distress. Its a government higher than Thomas, or Sheridan, or Slier man. Its the loss of crops, the want of rai". The military never slopped the corn from growin' and there’s just a* much rain in ode plat for in as another. If the good Lord will only bless as w lit abundant har vest, everything will go on smooth enough with the humble honest people who drive the pi iw and line the corn. If they pros per, everybody else will too, if they mind |their own hu-iuess. We will have to quit talking s > much, and quillwriting altogeth er tmr/.-zled lips and gagged press. I’ve (thme look wartiin myself and quit. Had j inv life ensured in the Kuiekei bicker, and the policy won’t allow me to expose my »ell, to jump into unnecessary petit. 1 In; miht.ry can outwriie us anyhow, hoiks sav the pen is in ghlier than the sword, hut you put 'em both together, and they flank a man 0.1 of In* liberty, and may l e li's life, in double quick. Ike Moor of ill s town had a little b w ih t,.m o and Tlioma* the other dav, and on!'' comes out .second best, though it wuseut an open tl--Id nor a fair light. I til .tight myself til *t 21 order most be a hoax, gut up by I! irk j I’omerov, or Hooedi-idy, aid was I lor kite tieneral to come out in a card th nyin of'l, hut 1 soon tound that it was u genu inc Ikds'Sperean document. [ still think his posterity will deny it some 20 years | hence. Well, I was mighty mad. I would have given a hundred dollars to have played Vautoun with him one hour, just tgMhave been turned loose ill the papers, | no gag, no jail, liarrauk*, n i btiyonels, no : guards. 1 would have got such a gtiu on him for the next six in .nliis as would have fioarte every I toiiy .■xc ■ tjt Lt qick I’omeroy forget that I least Butler stole spoons.— “Livin on, their magnanimity !’’ 1 tell you that got mo, that burnt me, when I knew tthere w.iscnl enough magnanimity in a ship load of all such to support a poor Kelt j tweiit •fmr hours. Magnanimity I My i opinion is they've Inst the seed, and don’, know what the comoderty is. 1 was as full of epitaph as Browulow is of prison. Language come lo me spontaneous; re gular hideUflers, that would have peeled the bark from a man’s carcass like skinnin an alligator. But you see I was in the ! cautious sia'u, and had to smother my feel- I ing*. I think I should have gore up wiih ! spontaneous combustion if my wife liadmit i lumko the spell with her eomick scenes.— ■ j She is an amtisin and interestiu woman, hut much given to inuaic in these days of j 1 numerous and lively offspring, but just ns soon as order '2l come out she hunted up the “gray jacket' nun the • c'lii/uerei! banner” I and just such a solo »oirce as 1 h ve 21 i tbnos a week, was never heal'd in Big Shall- . !tv beforeff She teems to take a delight in 1 ! leltin the rebel flag on the title page “see] ] the light,” and “flaunts it aqoilt” in my face because l call mvself a Union man.— | Sin? says that part of the order about (Jon. Hanson’s remains was founded on scrip ture, anti so was Phil. Sheridan’s about (len, ,1. dint ton’s for Soiomun says in Kcel esiastes, “that a living dog is better than a dead lion.” My opinion is that it will be impossible to harmonize these women during this oen tury. Such orders as 21,wi1l cut oil' all hope of it. I think if (Jen. Thomas liadent been a Virginian, he wouldent have issued il. I've noticed that when a Virginian falls, ho fall- heavy and fur. lie gits further over ou the aiiio agin us than anybody. I've heard that the tieneral and Edward John son were b >lh powerful soee»h, and got mighty impatient because the Old Domin ion was so sow in movin'. The deneral said all the good officers would lie gobbled up before she seceded. Well, they say old i deneral Scott got hold of cm about this lime, and took ’em up onto a high inouu ; tain, aid showed ’em a kingdom or two, and the donernl lull down and worshipped, and Ed. John«on wouldent. I toll you toy friends, a man ought to bo careful about going up into these dangerous mountain, and this loads me to remark we ought to petithm Mr. Johnson to put over Big Shan ty a deneral who stood square to his State. Hope for the beat, u.y friends, I)on,t im agine you see punter* and injuus, because we are in a Territory, Don’t mistake a Bureau track for a bear sign. Don’t fear it will be sickly, because Florida is inched on to our diggins. Attached to your busi ness, keep off of a high mountain, and all will he well. I would say more, but my wife’s music has begun. Yours, respectfully, Biu. Ar.r. I*. S.—l date my letter from Big Shanty as I hear these here “diggins’ are to have, that name. Lies us all he thankful we know where we arc. For two years its been doubtful whether we were in or out. My opinion now is that we are nut, and I hoard a female voice say whoopee B. A, The Policy of the South. The argument of tho*# who are • tides v oring to persuade the people of the South to reorganize their State governments in accordance with the terms of the military hill is, that they will lie subject to military rule until they yield. This does not nec essarily follow The military government of the South will be found in practice to be a very expensive luxury, and it is likely that the South can stand it quite as long as tbo government can bear the outlay. But even if the argument were true, it does not amount to a reason why the South should voluntarily cover In rself with the shame which assent to the conditions of the bill would fix upon her. And, outside of the question of voluntary degradation, the choice of evil* is, in our judgement, on the side of the military rule. That must, in •he very nature of things, be temporary. The extienec and disadvantage* of keeping it up will soon weary the entire nation and cause i * withdrawal. But if the people ot the S ntii, in apprehension of the evils of the military system, adopt the programme laid down in the military hill, in what po sition do they place themselves? That hill requires that they shall place their | State government* in the hand* of their lata slaves and the few unworthy white j men who are now willing to t ome up and : swear that they never sympathised with theiebelion or gave it aid or comfort. That system once fixed upon them, will he per manent, and the large negro population will inevitably contr-.l the State govern inetil*. Certainly there is nothing suffi ciently attractive in such an alternative to justify any people in seeking to evade mil itary rule by resorting lo it. '1 he one can only be of short duration, while the other becomes an established policy which can never he shaken off. The one though lies : potie is a government of white men, as a j gereral thing intelligent, and having eliar ; in ters to maintain; while the oilier is the j government of an inferior race, ignorant, semi ha'barons, and brutal. The f cn/.v which now has possession of the northern mind will, in time, exhaust it self; the revengeful feelings which are now exhibited, must subside, and the northern people wIII discover that i( is not profitable lo give their passions slicll full sv av at the • ■xp'-nse of th"ir pockets. Common sense will then be allowed a chance, and a m<>r» g,liter.,,is *■ a eon ml ko policy wdl be ail p' ed. In tee meantime, the people of the South cait'ieiole themselves to t[p* restore ti nos tie ir f dunes and the repair of the waste of the wav. leaving politics to take ■are of itself. There is no way lo compel ilium to sign their own dcgrn latum; no power to make them suhsetihe to their own iiil'ainv; no authority to toice them to pro scribe themselves or oilier* from the exer cise of political lights in r million with oth er citizens. Tin y have, therefore, < nty to stand still, making neither demands nor concessions, and time will bring them re lief. The threat of confident ion which is held I over their heads to make them accept tin'' provisions of the military bill amount* to i not lei g. If their enemies arc disposed to: adopt this nefarious plundering scheme I they will do it, a id no concessions on tie' part if the S'ouTTieiii peopto will avert it. It would a* certainly come after the a top tion of tlie terms now offered as in the event of their rejection. There is no pledge or promise in tin* hill that the neecplauce of these terms is to bar further demands or that pains and penalties and confisicatton* will not follow; nnd cowardly submission will assuredly tend to exeite still higher the spirit of aggression. That the situation is a lamentable mil unfortunate one is very true, but II cannon be improved by the apjert and cmvardfir surrender of the cons.ilulional rights, Jw cringing and fawning at the footstool <Sf power. Dignified protest against oppres sion and refusal to assist m their own deg radation is the true policy of the South, and only thus can that aloivntroddert and per secuted ivcoplc retain their self-respect or escape the tort lies which their enemies have prepared for their humiliation.— Loti ini tie Courier, Hex alt lit Williamsburg, Ya. A correspondent of the Richmond Exam iner furnishes the following: The freednian’s bureau proteges near Williamsburg are in arms. It seems that a higlilv Inspected citizen of that neighbor hood, Stafford 'hi. Cooke, Esq., rented his plafflferion to of officers, who sublet it to the negroes, or who per haps, rented it, in the first instance, for the negroes, a large number of whom took pos session. A few days ago Mr. C. went to the bureau OrWiluot hi*'’ rqptsT Nile was referred to the negroes, and they declined to pay him anything, claiming that they hail a right lo the land. Mr. C. invoked : the aid of the bureau officer, who gave ; him a small guard, in company with which hi* agent proceeded to endeavor to make th* collection. On the arrival of the guard, they ware met by a body of nearly five hundred ne groes, armed and drawn up in line ofbat tle. They refused to disband, and repea ted their refusal to pay any rent. At last \ account* a messenger had been dispatched I to Old Point, with a request for a military force large enough to put down this sedi -1 tion. “Tiik Is kamoi'sTwo-thirds.” —Undertha above caption the New and ork World p ;b --lishea, surrounded by a heavy black bor der, the names of the Senator* and mem bers of Congress who voted to pass Sher man’s mifitary bill over the President’s veto, which measure the editor characterizes a* “a hill to annul tlie Constitution of the United States, to subvert the government of ten Staea in the Union, and to substi tute tliei efor military despotism ” After giving the names of those who “voted aye on the final passage of the bill to "organize hell ” the editor add*; “The time is com ing when every man in the above list will stand accursed in our history. Their chil dren will deny their descent from the in famous two thirds of the Thirty-ninth Congress ” Atlanta, has petitioned Congress to c* taldish a branch mint there. BY TELEGRAPH — 1 “'-l ’y ————* LATEST FROM ALL POINTS. FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC- The Market*, Ac. From tho Intelligencer. Washington, March 20.—The follow ing papers have been selected to publish the laws and treaties: New Nation, Rich mond, Hunniciit editor; Raieigh Standard, ami Henderson Pioneer, North Csrolina , Savannah Republican and Augusta Loyal’ Standard, Georgia; Mobile National and Huntsville Advocate, Alabama; Fort Smith New Era, Arkansas; Austin Intelligencer, Texas, It is semi officially announced that the remaining selections will be from the same class of journals. (ten. Spinner receives letters from the South enquiring when the short, currency will cease to he valuable. He feint tho people a*c imposed upon, nnd gives assn rani-e that all issues of fractional currency will be redeemed- Washington, March 20.—A petition from Ohio women asking for suffrage, was refer red to the Judiciary Ooromktee. The hill piohibi ing Fedeial diplomats wearing uniforms unauthorizod by Con gress, was passed. The Territorial Committee reported favor ably on the bill for the admission of Color ado. The Kenato discussed Indian affairs and then adjourned. I OI'SE O•' J.Z KBENA ' VlB. 1 The Conirniitce on Foreign Relation was • instructed to report insuns for the release ot Rev. John McMahon, sentenced to impris onment for fife in Canada; also, 10 report ’ means for enfis fir.-; the claims o" citizens of the United States against Cleat Briiam, pending in 1858 an I accorded since. A resolution iiedriwiiug the Comm’tteo !on Public Lands to leporl a* to die expe j diency of providing for future bonds, grant el to the Southern in 1856, to eorn plele ccviin rail’ orris, was ofie r od, but ooi poned. A resolution instructing the Commitleo 1 on Rules, So consider tlie propriety of con stit ting a Standing on Labor, was ad opus). The House went into Committee on tho one million relief bill mid adjourned with out action. P.a Cos Martdr 2l>. —Cotton quiet at ,Itc Hour li in and higher, 11 •ward si'uet exira, s’3 .>0 to 14 25. Corn active, Wtii.e $1 12 lo 1 13. Messpoik $24, bulk shudders !)j, aides 21 to lij Was ini .•••on, March 20.—An attempt wap made to-ilny to int'*ihl lice a toll to pay South’ rn Treasury agents who could take the oath. Mr. Butler objeeied- Mv>t tiis, March 13.—A ore wdeeli oceur- I red here to-day destroyed Howard’s Rowe, I be l"ss is estimated at one hundred a: il fifty thousand dollars. New G; ~kan> Mail'll 20. —Sheridan has |,dir,l niPwjpder saying that .he e xvonh| ho no general letnoval* from office, unless circumstance 1 * required ii. It is desirable that during tlie process of re-oigamzat ion, •wo change as little a* possible lie machin aryvpl' tho provisionable government. New York, March 20, —Nine ore loads of Federal troops passe,! over tbo Hudson road yesterday, destined for Oswego, it is supposed, to opera.e against suspected Fe ii'an movements. Stocks excite,', and very active. Five Twenties of 1802,109 j. Sight exchange, o’’. Gold, C<L KVESIXG. Gold, 34'. Sock* excited and lower. Five twenties of 1363, coupons, 9.1. Flour firm and quiet. Wheat dull and unchanged. Corn dull and drooping. I’oik heavy—me- 4 *, $23 00 to $23 08Laid qui et — m barrel*, 12j to 13J. Flour active, and eilxaneed—SHo 50 |Corn quiet, and declined 2 to 3 cents.— Mixed Western $1 19 to $1 20. Mess ; Pork $23 50. 1 Cotionashodelower. Middling uplands, 32 cents, Fteights quiet. Cotton heavy, and declined \ to 1 cent. 'Sales, 1.000 hales at 51 J. J Lon 'Von, March 20.—Noon, Consols 91. ! Honor “4J. I Cinc nna' ■, March '2o.—Flour quiet; superfine $9 to $9 75 to $lO 25. Corn ir ! tegular and higher; in sacks 84 to 85c. Mess Pork less film at $2-’ 50 Bacon in | gbotl demand; sbouldets 9Jc; clear sides 12jof Larikl2jc.. L vett ■oot, March 20. —Noon, Cotton quiet at 13jd Estimated sales 8,000 bales. I. VKr.eoot., Ma'ch 20. Evening, Cotton close,l easier. Middling uplands, lojjil » 13jd ; Orleans, 13}. Sales 8,000 bales. Par's, March 19.—1 t" is officially stated that Napoleon favors a partition of Hie Pa pal debt between the Catholic powers. Cotton Shri> from Egypt. —Tho Depart ment of Agriculture, at Washington, has recently received from Alexandria, Egypt/a small quantity of the celebrated long staple Egyptian cotton seed, which will be seut out in small parcels, fur experiment, upon application to the Commissioner. The dis tribution of this seed will he confined cx clunvely to the Gulf States. — The tax on cotton, under the ltew law snacted last week, is two and a half cents a pound, instead of thiee cents as lietctO" fore. The Central Pacific Railroad is now in running order to Cisco, within twelve miles of the summit of the Sierra Nevada. Next month the road will be continued over the summit. Two large floating cisterns constructed at Cherbourg, have arrtred at llarve, oq their way to Paris. They are intended to supply the acquariums of tlie exhibition with sea wu'er, amlduring its conliutiauco will make constant trips butwen the sea and Purs.