®jre #mjm Sfstt.
IRBDNUSDAT MIRMG FEBRUARY 27, 1856
In our issue of the 6th iust., we published a no
tice of the arrest of a young man by the name of
Chisholm, charged with robbing the Post Office.—
We omitted to give credit to the paper from which
the article was taken, and it appears as editorial in
our paper. The article was copied from a Colum
bus paper, and the robbery was committed in the
Columbus Post Office, and notin Griffin.
Our Representative in the Legislatu re, will ac
cept our thanks for a copy of the very able and el
oquent speech of Mr. Stiles, of Chatham, on the
subject of Common School Education, delivered in
the House of Representatives, on the 29th day of
Drs. Clark & Emerson,
Dental Surgeons, tender their services to a gener
ous public, through the medium of the Press, as
may be seen by reference to their Card, to be found
in our paper. Well skilled in the theory and prac
tice of their profession, those who engage their
services, may expect good work, and reasonable
prices, to suit the hardness of the times
Look at the Advertisement of Messrs. Cleve
land & Sons, to be found iu another column. If
you want work done in this line, you will find these
gentlemen every way well qualified to execute it
with neatness and dispatch. Specimens of their
skill are abundant in this community, and their pri
ces are very reasonable, which is not a very com
mon thing with members of their profession. Try
them, prove them, and then you'll know.
Rev. Thomas L. Harris, the great apostle of Mo
dern Spiritualism, has been sojourning in onr city
for a few days, during which time, he* has deliver
ed a series of Lectures on the subject of his pecu
liar faith, to large and attentive audiences. He ap
pears, from his deportment, to be a gentleman, and
a man of devoted piety. lie is denounced by ma
ny as an enthusiast, a fanatic, or an insane man.—
If he be really obnoxious to thes charges, there is
doubtless method in his madness. lie appears to
be remarkably familiar with history, both sacred
and profane ; is a fluent speaker, and an eloquent
orator. We are not prepared to subscribe to his
views iu reference to the communication of the spi
rits of the dead, with the living in the manner set
forth by him. This doctrine, to us, is so novel and
incomprehensible, that we must have strong de
monstrative proof before we can give it our sanc
tion. It is so much out of the ordinary train of
belief in which we have been educated, that like
Thomas of old, “we must thrust our hand
into the wound, made by the Roman spear, and put
our fingers on the prints of the nails,” before we
can yield implicit faith in this strange doctrine.—
Much, however, of his lectures,.met our cordial ap
probation. His exposition of the evils and dan_
gers of sectarian bigotry, were exactly in accor
dance with the opinion we have long entertained
on this poiut. He inculcates the purest and strict
est morality, and the highest degree of Christian
piety. We have thus far been unable to discover
the dangerous tendency of his system of theology.
A number of our citizens have for years, been be
lievers in this faith, and we have seen no change in
them for the worse on account of having adopted
it. They comprise some of the most respectable
members of our community ; we have known them
long before and since they embraced
and if it has produced any visible change in their
character and conduct as citizens, and Christians,
it has been for the better. We therefore are not
prepared to make war upon Mr. Harris, or his doc
trines. We are neither his champion, advocate or
apologist, except in this : we contend, and shall
ever contend, for the freest tolcratiou to him, and
to those who believe with him, in the full exer
cise and expression of their opinions, until we dis
cover in those opinions, something that is destruc
five of the good of society. This principle, the
principle of freedom of opinion and freedom of
speech.-is secured and guaranteed to every Ameri
can citizen’ by our glorious Constitution as long
as kept within those bounds wherein the safety of
our political institutions are not endangered and
the moral sense of the community is not corrupt
ed. If this doctrine of Spiritualism „be of God,
the world cannot prevail against it ; if it be of
men, it will come to nought.” We repeat, that we
are not a follower or believer in Mr. Harris’ no
tions of spiritual communications. But at the
same time, we are not prepared to condemn it, be
cause it is beyond our comprehension. If, howev
er, light should shine upon our mind, and we should
have satisfactory evidence of its truth, we shall
embrace it, in the exercise of that glorious right
secured to us by the Constitution and Laws of our
• • ♦
Dr. Sciiven, the Senator from Chatham, was one
of the majority Committee, who reported against
the Atlanta Bank. That report was laid on the
table for the balance of the Session, by an over
whelming majority. Next day a motion was made
to reconsider the vote of the preceding day, on
which motion, an exciting debate sprung up. In
that debate, Dr. Scriven candidly and magnani
mously acknowledged that he had been led into er
ror by the want of a knowledge of ad the lacts of
the case, and retracted so far as he could, the opin
ion contained iu the majority report. Such can
dor and magnanimity is worthy of all cammenda
tion, and reflects great honor upon this able Sena
tor. Dr. Scriven is reported to have said :
“Sir, my views have, undergone much change
since the Report of the Committee. I thought at
first that I had good grounds for my opinion. It
did appear to me, from the letters of the Solicitor
General, that there had been a real bona fide viola
tion of the charter. When I signed the Report, I
had no evidence that there had been a payment of
specie; but I have since read an affidavit, sworn to
an 1 witnessed, that specie had been paid. I, there
for. \ do.not agree in my former opinion, that the
ch t ‘er should be forfeited. I deem it my duty to
say! iis as an act of justice.”
The Rev. C. W. Key, Pastor of the Methodist
Church in this place, preached a sermon on this
subject, on Sunday, the 17th inst., which accorded
more fully with our views than anything we have
heard from the pulpit in many years. He defined
Charity, in a scriptural sense, to mean, not merely
the giving of alms, as many suppose, but love,
true, genuine, unalloyed love for our fellow man.
This great principle of love, underlies the whole
fabric of the Christian Religion. Without this ac
five principle to govern and direct the professor of
the Christian faith, all his external manifestations
of piety, are “as sounding brass and a tinkling sym
bol. Mr. K. in his discourse, dwelt at length up*
on the fruits which grow out of this Ilcavcu-born
principle, and the consequences resulting from a
want of it. The former are manifested in acts of
kindness, generosity and forbearance towards our
fellow beings ; the latter, in those of enmity, slan
der, vituperations, criminations and recriminations,
envy, strife, aud social, political and religious dis
cord. This discourse was quite opportune to the
place and the occasion on which it was delivered.
A politicul tornado has for several months past
been sweeping over the country, prostrating, in its
maddening course, the benevolent and religious in
stitutions in our land, and producing moral and re
ligious death in the community. No place within
the range of our acquaintance, has suffered more
from its effects than Griffin. We shall not stop to
enquire who has been most to blame in bringing
these evils upon our people. Such an investiga
tion would only tend to open again the fountains
of strife, and set the bitter waters to flowing afresh.
Let the dark waves of oblivion roll over scenes of
the past, aud cover them up forever, and let all
unite in “the noble and glorious work” of rebuild
ing the waste places of Zion. The principle so
strongly and eloquently inculcated by Mr. K., in
his sermon, if duly appreciated and properly culti
vated, will be the most effectual remedy for the ac
complishment of the desired object ; to bring to*
get her the broken fragments of society, restore con
fidence among its members and unite them together
in the bonds of a loving fraternity. Could this
principle of Love universally prevail, nine-tenths
of the evils and calamities with which our race is
cursed, would be removed. We should have no
quarrels, no wars, no strife,no actions for slander,
none of those petty annoyances which the tongue
of the tat'er is constantly creating. Peace and
Harmony would pervade all communities—benev
olence would supplant avarice—the hand of Chari
ty would hush the orphan’s cry, and the tongue of
kindness would carry consolation to every widow
ed heart. Every man would become a friend and
benefactor to his neighbor, and benevolence be lost
m universal philanthropy. We should be .glad it
this sermon could be preached from every pulpit
through all these lands, every sabbath for the next
twelve months. It would inaugurate anew era in
the history of Christendom, and be productive of
more substantial good to society generally, than
all the sermons which could be preached on creeds
and confessions of faith, for the next half a century.-
lion. Uisam Harneiv
This gentleman spent the day in our city, on
Tnursday last, en route to Washington Pity, from
his home in Meriwether county. He appears in
fine health and spirits, and returns to his post at
Washington, to fight the enemies of the Demo
cratic Party and of the country, whether they pre
sent themselves in the form of Black Republicans,
Anti-Nebraskaites or under the disguise of Know
Courts in Butts and MeriwetS&er.
The Legislature has passed an act to change the
time of holding the Superior Court of Butts coun
ty, from the 2nd Monday in March and September,
to the Ist Monday in June and December. Con
sequently there will be no Court on the 2nd Mon
day in March, next ensuing, in Butts county. Al
so an act to change the time of holding the Supe
rior Court of Meriwether county, from the 4th
Monday in February and August, to the 3rd Mon
day in those months, and the Court to continue
two weeks, if necessary. This act does not take
effect till the Ist of April next.
Sound Northern Democrats.
Below will be found the names of the sixteen
Northern Democrats who voted for Gov. Aiken ;
of South Carolina, for Speaker, in opposition to
Banks, the Black Republican. We hope to be ex
cused for omiting the names of the Northern Know
Nothings who voted for the Southern candidate.
Wc do so for the best of reasons —there was not
one to be found. And was there not one righteous
Lot to be found in this modern Sodom ? No, not
one.’ The name of the sixteen Northern Demo
crats, are Allen, of Illinois, Cndwalader, of
Penn., English, of Indiana, Florence, of Penn.,
Fuller, of Maine, Hall, of lowa, Harris, of
Illinois, Jones, of Penn., Kelly, of New York,
Marshall, of Illinois, Miller, of Indiana, Peck, of
Michigan, Yail, of New* Jersey, Wells, of Wiscon
sin, Wheeler, of New York, and Williams, of New
York. Mr. Richardson was denied the privilege
of voting for Mr. Aiken, on account of having pair
ed off with a Banks man, who had gone borne and
did not return till after the final vote. Mr. Rich
ardson declared publicly, at the time, his great de
sire to vote for Aiken, but could not honorably do
so on account of the arrangement above mentioned.
Our news from Washington is, in a great mea
sure, uninteresting. Congress, since the organiza
tion of the House, has done nothing of general
interest. The President, through Mr. Marcy, Sec
retary of State, has authorized Gov. Shannon, of
Kansas Territory, to call on the commanding Offi
cers of the United States Troops, in that vicinity,
for aid in sustaining the supremacy of the law, and
maintaining good order among the people of that
territory. Gen. Davis. Secretary of War,has issued
his orders to those Officers, to hold their commands
in readiness to respond 10 Gov. Shannon's calf
should an emergency arise demanding it. This
may prove effectual iu preventing outrage in that
territory, but serious apprehensions are entertained
by many in regard to the controversy now pending
between the two contending parties in Kansas. —
The political sky looks dark and lowering. For
the first time in the history of our country, Abo
litionism has control of one branch of the Nation
al Legislature. This doubtless gives great encour
agement to the enemies of the South to persevere
in their efforts for our destruction. We can con
ceive of but one remedy for the threatened evils
now impending over our section of’ the country
That remedy is, for the whole South to unite with
the few sound Democrats at the North, and make
common cause against a common enemy. Let the
Black Republicans fight the Catholics and For
eigners to their heart's content, (they give us little
or no trouble at the South,) and let the Southern
Know Nothings come in and heip the Democrats,
fight for the rights of the South. Will our South
American friends do this ? We shall see.
Main Tru-k D. ail road.
The Bi 1 lor Chartering this Road, was lost on !
its third reading in the House, and reconsidered.
It was taken up on Thursday last, and being ‘
amended by a proviso, that no iron or superstruc
ture should be put on the Road, until the Bruns
wick or. Savannah and Gulf Railroad should be
completed to the Eastern terminus of the Main
Trunk Road, was passed by yeas 78, nays 50 It
was further amended before its passage, by lipiiting
the State’s subscription to 81,000,000. It will,
no doubt, pass the Senate, and be a source of great
joy to the people of Southern and South-Western
Sale of the State Hoad.
We perceive that the Senate has passed a bill
forthe sale of the Western & Atlantic Railroad.—
We have been opposed to this measure in any form
in which it might be presented, and the plan pro
posed,is, in our opinion,highly objectionable in sev
eral of its details. The bill provides that no indi
vidual or corporation out of the State, shall be al
lowed to purchase any of ihc slock. If there was any
good reason why the Road i hould be sold.it was that
something might be added to the actual capital of
the State. Under this restriction, nothing is
gained, because the means to be used for the pur
chase of the Road, must be abstracted from other
interests in our State, and those interests must
therefore suffer. The Road, under the present
plan, will probably fall into the hands of the Geor
gia or Central Railroads, and thus defiat or.e of
the grand objects for which it was built,to dispense
its benefits to all the connecting lines of Railroads
without distinction. Besides this the Road is just
arrived at a point, where it begins to pay a profit,
and wc think it bad policy to dispose of property
likely to become very valuable in a short time,
many reasons might be urged against this measure,
but want of space forbids that we should say more.
We trust the bill will be defeated in the House of
Represen t a t i ves.
The House of Representatives have passed a Bill
giving to Judges of the Superior Courts, power to
commute the puinshment for capital offences, lrorn
death to imprisonment for life in the Penitentiary,
should the Jury recommend the prisoner to the
mercy of the Court. Yeas 72, Nays 25.
The Senate have passed the following Bills :
Bill to form anew county from Baker and Early,
to be called “Miller,” in honor of Andrew J. Mil
Bill to form anew county from Franklin, to be
called “Cleveland,” in honor of an officer of the
Revolution, who fell at the battle ol King’s Moun
Bill giving the owners of Livery Stables the
same lien as is now granted Tavern Keepers—
Bill authorizing heirs at law. to settle estates
among themselves, when they become of age—
Post Oalice Defalcations.
The complaints-against the Post. Office depart
merit for various causes, have become matters of ev
ery day occurrence. In addition to frequent fail
ures of the mails, this vehicle for the transmission
of money, chec ks, Ac., has b come very unsafe and
unreliable. We suggest to our liicnds and sub
scribers, the indispcnsible precaution of havPiig ail
letters containing remittances to ns, registered by
the Post Master at the offices where they are mail
ed There is a“s crew loose” in the Department
somewhere between Griffin and Augusta, as letters
from the North containing money, have been traced
to Augusta, and never heard ol this side of that of
fice. The same is true of valuable letters going
hence for New York and elsewhere. It has been
ascertained that several (and registered letters too)
have never reached the Augusta Post Office. Too
much money and time is lost —the latter in looking
after the former—than can well be afforded, or is
at all necessay, if the clerks and agents in the Post
Offices did their duty. Some of our “ exchanges ,”
too, are very irregular in their appearance, and oth
ers never reach us at all ; yet we are positively as
sured from the private statement of the editors, that
the papers were duly and regularly mailed. Can
Post Masters tell us what becomes of them ? Cu
riosity, if no deeper motive, should solve this ques
Death of 3lrs. Caroline Eee Ilentz.
The Savannah Georgian says : “Wc are pained
to learn that this gifted Authoress, this amiable and
accomplished lady, is no more ! She died of Pneu
monia, at Talahassee, Fla., a few days since.”
For tlie Empire State.
Mr. Editor : Did you ever see or know the like?
But this is a free country, and our Legislature most
potent and sovereign, and Georgia the Empire
Stats, South, therefore can do anything it likes, im
perial and sovereign, in legislation. Just think of
it, the present Legislature has chartered three more
Female Colleges, as it has done before here and
there and every where. Surely they intend that
the daughters of Georgia shall all become learned
Aspasias, teachers and lecturers, strong-minded wo
men, defenders of woman’s rights, and none left to
preside at home as the house-hold divinities. There
are something now like twenty Female Colleges,
not two-thirds of them supplied with the necessary
appliances of such institutions. They have no
philosophical apparat us or libraries for experiment
al science, nothing more is taught in them than is
taught in our log school houses, but they all charge
College prices for tuition. This thing of Colleges
has become truly a farce, almost as ridiculous as
farces acted in theatres. Why not at once char
ter all the Schools and Academies in town or coun
try as Colleges, and lie done with it, and call com
mon schools Academies, academies Colleges, and
colleges Universities ? Then the thing would be
done up brown ; confer degress for scholarship in
common reading, writing, spelling and Arithmetic,
including the A B C's, and ab, abs, and set on a
bench. There should have been but one University
established, as was at first intended by the State,
all other institutions established by public- authori
ty to come under its jurisdiction, and the text
books and course of studies prescribed by it, and
all under the general superintendence of the “Scna
tus Academicus.” This body itself lias become a
solemn biennial l'aree. As matters now stand, pri
vate schools, with some exceptions, have become
the most efficient in useful and practical education,
education for the boys and girls of Georgia. The
great and pre-eminent iut crest of public education
will never be accomplished, till some men of com
prehensive and inventive minds work out in the
Legislature a practical system of common schools,
in which the rich and the poor shall be placed on
the same foundation, and enjoy equal literary ad
vantages in the useful and necessary departments
of education. Other Mates have su- ceeded in this
measure, and why cannot our beautiful Georgia ?
But 1 know all this is “Old Fogyism,” which, if it
have no other virtue, is conservative. O. D. F.
Al’l OINTMENT BY T. E Go\ EKNOR. —JalllCS H.
Hall, of Meriwether has been appointed Aid De
Camp, by bus Excellency, Gov. Johnson, with the
rank of Colonel.
Death of a Meber of the Legislature.
Mi\ Cuniungham, one of the Representatives of FoivytU |
couuty, died in Milledgeville, a lew dliys since. His re j
mains were taken charge of by a joint Committee ot both
Housgs, anil conveyed to his residence for interment.
For the Empire State.
Middle Ground Hail iioad.
Mr. Editor. —i notice in your issue of the 20th
instant the announcement oi the passage of the bill
incorporating the Middle Ground Kail ltoad,
providing for the construction of a lioad from
Covington via McDonough, Griffin,Greeuviim, Mid
Hamilton, to Columbus Ga. The advantages in
prospect resulting *V> the respective Counties
through which the road is to pass, are too obvious
to need demonstroicn. There lias been no for
mer project affording the same facilities to the
parties interested as the one under consideration,
it is adapted to every conceivable purpose con
nected with liail-lioad facilities. Whnst it opens
a communication to the Atlantic Forts for the
transportation of the Staple, it also places them in
direct communication with New Orleans for their
Grocery supplies. The utility ol the road being
conceded, how is it to be built? Are the citizens
of the counties interested, as sagacious, and
enterprising as others, who have secured • similar
advantages? If so, then a speedy construction of
the Middle Ground Rail-Road is no longer
problematical. There is no section of the State
better able to build a road than the counties here
interested. As an incipient stop, I would sug
gest the propriety of a convention at Griffin,
represented by all the counties concerned, at an
early day to be fixed by a meeting of the citizens of
Spalding. ’ MERIWETHER.
From the Daily San.
A Letter on Kansas.
We are indebted to a gantlcman of this city for
permission to copy the following letter addressed to
him by a former eilizen of a Southern State, now
residing on the borders of Kansas We regard it
as the most definite and satisfactory description of
tlie lands of that territory, their character and pre
sent facilities for settlement, that we have seen ;
and the tone of the letter indicates that the politi
cal speculations of the writer are backed by shrewd
observation and sound judgment. The letter is
Lexington, Fayette county. Mo., )
January 21, 1856- )
In reference to the lands in Kansas, T can speak
from personal observation of those lying south of
Kansas River, and by report of those north. I
consider that what is known as the Shawnee Re
serve, as by far the best portion that is to settle
south of Kansas River. This Reserve commences
at. the month of said river, and runs up it 30 miles',
thence south 24 miles, containing about 480,000
acres, of which 200.000 is reserved for the Indians,
to be selected by them adjoining their present lo
cations, so soon as the survey of the same shall be
returned. The rest will be open for white settle
merits. Those surveys are now in progress, and it
is thought will be completed by June. These
lands are very desirable, are dry. beautifully undu
lating. and there is plenty of building rock and
clear wafer. Along up the Kansas Rirer there is
a belt of timber some 4 miles wide. In this tim
ber, the Indians will mostly select their lands, with
a view of selling timber to the whites. The rest is
mostly prairie of very fine quality It is proposed
to settle 1 all of this part of the country with pro
slavery men, and there is now an organization for
that purpose, the members of which lav,’ md ci
ted their claims in a definite manner. There is
plenty j r et left.
On the north of Kansas River, the country is
fine anywhere for a distance from the Missouri Ri
ver, and I should suppose that anywhere at a dis
tance of not over 20 or 30 miles from tlie last nam
ed river would be desirable, when unoccupied land
could not be found ; but this portion il tolerably
well settled already. There is a tract of country
some 18 miles from Lawrence, called Hickory
Point, that is represented to be highly desirable.
It is settled with a mixture of pro-slavery men and I
Abolitionists, the latter outnumber the former.— j
At this place the settlements are numerous, and I j
have just been informed that the Abolitionists wish j
generally to leave it, end are offering to sell their
improvements very low, say half at what they held
them six months ago.
As to the security of negro property, that will
depend upon the aid we get from Southern States.
Thus far it is secure ; and I only express the opin
ion I have on several occasions heard expressed by
intelligent men, to wit: that 500 or 1000 at most
pro-slavery men, who would move to Kansas with
their slaves, would settle the matter beyond ques
tion in the future. There are a great many slaves
already there ; and.whenever these Abolitionists
are brought into actual contact with slavery as it
is, if it does not convert them, it so far modifies
their opinions as to render them harm’ess. The
views of many, however, are entirely changed, and
they now desire to own our negroes. There is
another class of persons in Kansas from the free
States, who have gone there for the express pur
pose of settling where slave property was recog
nized, in order that they might purchase. They
say that white labor in the free States west is so
unreliable that a farmer cannot depend on it, to
secure his crops.
I have no doubt but that, with moderate aid
from the Southern States, Kansas can be made
thoroughly pro-slavery. To the attainment of
this, the whole South in common with ns, is
prompted to action by every motive that can influ
ence human conduct. In my judgment, should the
disparity in the United States Senate in the num
ber of Senators from the slaveholding and free
States be much further increased, disunion or civil
war will be the inevitable result, unles-’ more tem
perate councils should prevail at the North —a con
tingency more to be hoped for than expected.
Should your friends come, I should be pleased if
they would call upon me here, and I will give them
all the aid in my power. Throughout all western
Missouri, they will be received with a warm wel
come. F- A. lv.
The ‘ Masonic Grip.” —At \lte festival of
the Provincial rand Lodge, at Glasgow, A.
Alison mentioned that during the assault o
the ttedau, a small party of soldiers led up to
one ot the guns placed a recess were received
by ft body of Russians, and the English officei
wa- about ta be bayoneted, when, clmneing to
catch the hand ol the Rusian officer, he had
presence of mud enough to give him a masonic
grip. The Rusian in a mono nt strut k- up tin
bayonet of his soldier, led his newly found
brother to the rear, and treated him with all
the kindness of a mason !
[From the Savannah Georgian.]
Mille gevili.e, Tuesday, Feb. 19.
Upon the reading of the Journal, Mr Jones
of Muscogee moved to reconsider th act on
of the House upon the Atlantic and Gulf rail
\ essrs Jones, Harris of Fulton, Lawton,
Smith, of Union, Wood of Fannin, and Ter
hune, supported the motion; and Messrs Phil
lips. Cannon and Pickett opposed.
The bill was reconsidered on a vote of ayes
74, nays 53, and referred back to the joint
State aid in any shape will not, I think, be
extended to any single project. A combina
tion of entcrests nmy succeed, but even this is
doubtful The small, but firm and unpur
chasuble squad, chiefly old line democrats,
who swear by ‘old Hickory,’ who are opposed
to the State taki g any part in internal im
provement, is growing larger and stronger
They are becoming tired of the contiim.il
squabble among l> e frit nds of State aid, : ml
take courage from the repeated failure of ucli
bib. However a combiuath'n may sue eed,
and it is the only form in which aid can be
BILLS OX THEIR PASSAG 1 -'.
Bill f r the relelief ofW II Clark of Cam
den county. Passed
Bill providing for the payment of the dele
gates sent by authority of the State to the
Nashville Convention i:i 1850 Passed
Bill repeal'll g ?<> mucin f the law in refer
ence to ‘change biil.S as requires the Judges
of the Superior Courts to give the act of Dec
lOtli 1041 in special charges to the grand ju
ry. Pass and.
Bill aulhoiizmg the Governor and Comp
troller General to correct mist: kis < f Receiv
ers or Collectors of taxes or of any tax j aver,
whereby more money is pad into the
Treasury than the law requires, to refund the
same, and for other purposes. Passed
The committee on the State of the Repub
| lie reported to day a lull autkori/.ii g the Gov
j ernor to call a Cos., volition of the pe- pie up- n
I the happct.ii'gof ;ny <4 the < cut m (ne : cs
| enumerate 1 in the eolckroft'dToi rth r< sol- t on’
! ofthe Geirciu Pintfoim. ICO <• > ics of the re
i port- and bill were ordered to be printed. A
i similar bill was also iutrocl.cecl in the Senate
SEN A TE.
Mr. Spalding, of Mclntosh, moved the re
| consideration ofthe bill providing for ihe sale
iof the Western and Atlantic 11 ilroud. He
j and cl so fi r -!.c | r.r ose of n plying f-. the argu
j meats of the gentleman [.Mr. L'uc!i:um:i] from
| At iho close of ids very able speech yestcr
| day against the bill. hr. Ftidmuan threw
j down the gv.mulct to the friends and advocates
!of sale. -Bat whet Ft t’ ey were willing and
| able to reply could n<4 be seen yesterday, for
I one of then staves* called the “picvh us ques
! t'iOn,’ thus cutting off all fur her debate.
| ‘I his I tuk to l-c n (boiled comp! incut to
] Mr. Bud am i upon hi- s; ec> h. A few more
j of sue!: trunch'-on blows,ami the wide selu me
j would be seal tcrod to the Winds. Taev fV-lr
j tin's, fin re was a decided veakmss in their
•knees, and they stopped the Coming disaster to
: their !. pe.- by thee ilof ihe ‘previous qtus
| tioad thus stifling discussion
Mossis Buehnn;-n, Dab ey, McMillan and
I ilborn advocated n commit ration, and Mes
srs. P( epics and March man opposed. The
! motion was lost. Ayes 44 nays 55.
E11.1.S ON TIIHI! PASSAGE.
B 11 to form anew c unty from Lowndes,
Irwin and’Crawford. Passed.
Bid to form anew count\ from Thomas and
j Low ndes Paso (1.
Bill to i; co porato the ‘Bank of Hamilton,’
[at Hamilton in Harris county. P ssed.
Bill to define more effectually the duty of
|Br gadier Generals of the Millitia of the
j State. Passed.
B II incorporating the Apalachicola Mining
| Company. Pissed
1 Bill defining the liabilities of the Railroad
Compai ics of the State. Lost.
Bill to facilitate the collection of certain
Bill forming anew county from Early and
Bill authorizing suit in the same action
with the principal or maker to lie brought
against the endoiscv or promisn y note- and
other paper negotiable at a y chartered ba k
for collection. Passed.
Letter from Hon. \Y. W. Boyce.
House of Representatives,
Felvuary 7, 1856.
My Dear Sir : I received your letter in
which you ask my opinion in reference to
Sou tin rn immigration to Kansas. The pres
sure of business dt.es not permit me, at this
time, to go into tiie subject very extensively.
It is impossible to exaggeiat tlie importance
of Kansas to the South. If we lose Kansas,
we louse Missouri, being freesoil to the bor
ders of Arkansas and Tcnnssee, and will have
to struggle for the Indian Country behind
Arkansas. Kansas is emphatically the key
to the future, and if we would command the
future, we must command Kansas.
From the best information I can get upon
the subject, I am satisfied the current is set
tling against us in Kansas, and that it will
certainly be lost to us, unless the South puts
forth all her energies. ‘1 o acquire Ivau.-as,
it will not do to rely on a mere Southern
sentiment, inducing ardent men to go there
through devotion to their section. You must
combine the idea with another, the bettering
of their condition, in other words, making
money. The North understands this great
idea perfectly, hence their Emigrant Aid
Societies, which combine fanaticism and money
making. If we intend to struggle for Kan
sas, wo must likewise combine these ideas, we
must form joint stock companies, for the pur
pose of colonizing Kansas from the r-outli.
The money thus raised will be expended in
aiding colonists to get to Kansas at theehepest
rates, and buying land there. The si ares
should lie put at a small price, so that tin
entire Sou h may go into tlie matter. Thus
all may Southeinize Kansas and make money
at the same time, for the lands which can be
bought at $1,25 per acre, wifi in a lew \ears
se 1 from $5 to $26 per u< re,
I have noi inne to do m re than to indicate
the course which should be pursued by the
I rdently hope that the entire South may
be thoroughly aroused upon this great ques
tion of empire
I shall lie very willing to contrbute to the
extent of my abilities in promoting this move
I am very glad inde and to see that the pub
lic mind in our State -eems to be arousing
its If to the importance of the i sue, one far
more important, to my mind, than who may
be the next Ptesident Yours, sincerely,
W, W. BOYCE.
M. W W Herbert.
Tiie Speaker announced the following com
mittees. in pursuance of a raesolution passed
some time ago authorising him to appoint the
standing comini'tees of the House :
Committee of Elections. —Messrs. Wash,
burn, of Maine, Stephens, Watson, Spinner,
Oliver, of Missouri. Hickmali, Colfax, Smith,
of Uabarna, and Bingham.
Committee of Ways and Means.—Messrs.
Campbell, of Ohio, llov ard, Cobb, of Georgia,
Jones, [excused by request from serving] of
ronm-ssee, D v,s, of Maryland, Sage, Phelps,
Campbell, of Pcnnsi Ivanin, arid DeWitt.
Committee of Claims- Messrs. Ghidings,
Letcher, Bishop, Jones, of Pennsylvania,
• bin", of Indium. Kuowlton, Taylor, Gilbert
and Marshall, of Illinois
Committee on Commerce.—Messrs Wash
bm n, Oi !]no s, U une, Million, .McQueen,
!V""> Emu t- 1 '!. Felton, Commies. and Kristis.
Commit ft e■ .. Pel v ic Lands.—Messrs. Bea
ne t, of N W V- I k, Harlan, Bobb of Alabama,
Uim.iei, Cullen, W abridge, Brenton, Maxwell,
and ‘l’m rit gt-m.
C> uimi’.He on Post Office and Post Rhods.
--Messrs. Mace, Norton, Fiagler, Barclay,
Day, Powell, Walker, Mood, and Herbert.
Committee on the District if Columbia.—
Messrs. Mcacham, Dodd, (inode, Cumback,
Dick, Harris, es Maryland, Bennett, of Mis
sissippi, i rafton, and Bell.
C-. intuit tec on the Judiciary’—Messrs.
Simmons, 11. Marshall of Kentucky, Barbour,
Ca.-kic, Galloway, Harris, of Alabama, Leake,
Wakemaii, aid Tuppnn.
Commit ice on Revolutionary Claims.—
Messrs. Ritchie, Murray, Smith, of Virginia,
English, Fuller of Maine, Aden, Clawson,
Crugin, and Finrie.
Committee on Publ'c Expend,:tures.—Messrs
De.m. ( ovode, Kelly, Mott, Pearce, Vail,
Ellin*, Waldron, and Branch.
JCmt Committee on Printing.- Messrs
Nichols (. ragin, and Fiagler.
< ommdtee on Private Land Chums —Mes
srs. Fortir, Ilorion <f Ohio, Tnoringtori,
Etheridge, Bowie, Sudidge. Herbert, Robin
son, and H’ rit u, < f New Yoik.
(4 nn mi tt co on Mnntifac'urcs—Messrs.
1 Clink* l of Curnertieuf, Knight, Crawford,
Bliss, Dm fee, lv 1 wards, Dowdell, Campbell,
of Kcutm ky, ami !Rea ud-.
C mmiitee on Agriculture.— M essrs. Hol
lowly, Be.ad.y, Grow, Bel, Campbell of Ohio,
Morgan, >;• Li *i, Cullen, and McUallen.
Commiitee on Hulun adairs. Messrs.
Pringle, Orr, Billnghurst, Greenwood, ‘.either,
il ‘ll • f Mussaci.iGctis, Todd, Can. tilers, anil
ilei bin t.
Committee on Ton\U Ties—Messrs. Grow,.
Goldings, Pnrvinoce, il ee.ai dson, Houston,
Granger, Zoliee-fier, Merrill and Perry.
Comm Pit on Kev< lutionary Pensions.—
.Messrs. Broom, A [Light Fdmuudson, Miller,
| <-f New \oi k. Miller, < f Indiana, Craigep
j K i epn, \\ ( odruff, ami Hail, of lowa.
Commit t< c on li.vt.Lu Pensions —-Messrs.
Andrew Oliver, of New York, 1 ike, Florence,
j Fnvage, Welsh, Talbot. Dickson, Lumpkin
! and U l 1 ‘ms.
J CVr mitt; e e-n Roads and Canals. — Messrs,
j kiii'x i I tignston. Rnflm. Scot i. Peck, Moore,
l.ia: ksd.-l , Bi adsliaw and Rust.
C< mmiitcc on ivibtry Affairs—Messrs.
Quitman, Alison, ■‘•ajip, Faulkner, William?,’
Stanton, Denver, Buffington, and Washburn,
of G iscoiisin.
Committee on Militia.—Messrs. Ku kel,
Wiiituey, Harrison, Idoffnian,-Foster Parker.
Watkins, of Mississijtpi and Hall, of
Committee on Naval Affairs.—Messrs.
Benson, Slramilinn, Boceek, Haven, Winslow,
cieward, Davis, of .Massachusetts, Boyce and
M ill ward
Committee on Foreign Affairs.---Messrs.
Pfiimog(Oii,*Bay y, tll gman, Aiken, Fuller
<4 Pennsylvania, Matte on, Shenririn, Burling
ame, and i i.iirston
Committee on Patents --Messrs. Morgtwiy
Ciiaffee, miih. o! ‘I ciiiiessee, Puitie, and Eddy,
Committee on PiibHc. Buildings and Grounds.
--Mcsm-s Bali, Todd, i linear. Keitt at>l
Committee on Revisal arid Unfinished
Busities'.— Messrs Sabin, Kuowlton. Warner,
Cl at k, of New Y tk and Slower.
Committee on Accounts. Messrs. Thurston,
t aowaiader, Nichols, Buffington and Carlile
Committee on Mileage—Messrs. Nueed,
Brew k’ Kelsi y, Evans, and Wood worth.
Joint < on.m ttee on the Library.—Messrs.
Aiken, Tyson, and Betlit.
Committee on Enrolled Bills.— Messrs. Pike
Committee on Expenditures of the State
Department.--Mtssrs Brooks, Smith, of 1 en
ilessee, Parker, King, and Damrtll.
Committee on Expend tures in the Treasury
Dipartm nt.—Messrs W aldron, Wells, Alex
ander K. Marshal of Kentucky, Kitlwell, and
Committee on Expenditures in the War
Depaitmei t.— Messrs. Cragin, Talk, Jewett,
Rivers, and Covode.
Committee on E.igraving - Messrs Kelsey,
Damn'll, and Wiight of Tennessee
Committee on Exjienditurcs in the Navy
Department—Messrs. Harris of Illinois,
Wheeler, V\ asliburu of Wisconsin, Underwood,
and \\ l ight of I ciiiiessee.
Committee < n Expenditures in the Post
Office Department Messrs. Petit, Cox, Wil
liams, Burnett, aid Ready.
Committee on Expenditures on Public
Buildings.- M essrs. Me M ullen, McCarty,
Stewart Swope, and Trijipe
Return of Governor Sliaunon to Kan
sas—lnstructions from the War De
5\ ashington, Feb. IC.--Gov. Shannon will leave
here this afternoon, direct for St'. Louis, thence to
proceed to Kansas. lie will immediately remove
his office from Shawnee Mission to Lecompton.the
centre of the prevailing difficulties. Orders will
be issued from the War Department this afternoon,
and possibly be conveyed to Col Sumner by Gov.
Shannon. No doubt they will be in accordance
with the President's views expressed in his special
Kansas Message and recent Proclamation, with
the design firmly to enforce them. There are 800
troops at Fort Leavenworth, and 400 at Fort Ri-
lev, to be called out, if circumstances demand.
aiturc of Gov. f?.unman for Kansas.
Washington, Feb, 16, 1856.
As I informed you yesterday, Gov. Shannon left
this afternoon tor Kansas, lie will travel night
and day until he reaches Shawnee Mission. The
President desired lain to arrive there before the
free State Legislature assembles at Topeka, on the
4th of March nextr. He'has full power, 1 under
stand, to arrest the members ofthe Legislature, as
its meeting is decimal, by powers that be, an overt
act, mid-as such deserving of severe punishment.
If he carries out his instructions, it is thought by
;gentlemen now here who are residents ot Kansas,
that there will be a collision between the federal
authorities and the free State men. — Jtoi/y Svvai\?