GRIFFIN, / GEORGIA,
Wednesday Aug. 6th, 1556.
for president: •
for vice president :
J. C. BRECKENRIDGE.
Democratic Electoral Ticket.
FOR THE STATE AT LARGE.
WM. H. STILES, Hbnry G. Lamar.
IVERSON L. HARRIS. A. R.Wright.
Ist Dist. Thomas M. Foreman W M Nichols.
2d “ Samuel Hall, J A Tucker.
3d “ J N Ramsey, E J McGehke.
4th “ I. J Gartrell, •• J F Johnson.
ath *• John W Lewis, L W Crook.
6th “ J P Simmons R McMillan.
7th “ TP Saffold, J S Hook.
Bth “ A C Walker .’
JB3TR G BYARS is oar authorized Agent for the county
■a.” i... : : ■ =
Job Printing, &€.
Having recently received a, new addition to our
already large assortment of Job material, we are
now well prepared to execute every description of
Job Work, at the shortest notice Our friends
will bear in mind when they want work in our line,
that we are always ready and willing to do it.—
None need go elsewhere to get what can be done
just as well at home ! Call and sec us.
Col. J. N. Ramsey
Will address the people of Pike county, in Zeb
ulon, on Thursday, 7th inst. Go friends and give
him a hearing.
“Junior Whig” is declined for the reason, that
his piece requires more corrections in its phrase
ology, spelling and grammar, than we have time
to make. His sentiments are sound. Several
communications crowded out this week.
We refer our readers to an article over the above
signature, to be found on our fourth page.
On Friday, the Ist instant, Benj. IT. Hill, the
great champion of the Fillmore Party, and candi
date Tor Elector on that ticket for the State at
large, made his appearance in our city for the pur
pose of addressing the people on the political top
ics of the day. Much pains had been taken by
the Know Nothings to get up a crowd for the oc
casion, and in this respect they succeeded pretty
well. Several hundred persons from Spalding,
Pike and Henry, were convened on the occasion.
By special request of the Democratic Party, Mr.
Hill consented to meet Col. Ramsey the Democrat
ic candidate for Elector of the 3rd Congressional
District, in debate. Col. A R. Moore, on the
part of the Know Nothings, and Hon. William
Moseley, on the part of the Democrats, were se
lected to preside over the meeting. Mr. Hill led
off in a speech of an hour and three quarters,
which was mostly confined to a criticism on the
public life and character of Mr. Buchanan, whom
he denounced in the most unmeasured terms as un
sound upon all questions of public policy. He
dwelt at great length upon the stale charge of “ten
cents a day for labor,” which by much circumlo
cution, he proved (as he supposed ) to be true.—
He made a desperate effort to show that Mr. Buch
anan and his party had abandoned the Cincinnati
Platform —his object in this being to create the
impression that though the Platform was sound
and strong, which he could not deny, yet our party
was not disposed to stand upon it. lie spoke long
and loud of Squatter Sovereignty, that great bug
bear which is so much talked of, but little under
stood by the people of the country. These were
the main topics on which Mr. Hill descanted. His
speech bore upon its face the semblance of plausi
bility, but. his arguments, though ingenious, were
unfair, unsound, and very deceptive. He has great
tact in drawing improper and incorrect conclusions
froiri premises that are true, and great adroitness
in evading the main issue in a controversy. In his
speech on the occasion under consideration, he oc
cupied the most of his time in discussing collateral
issues, and saying but litt e of the great questions
of the day, which is the question of slavary. He
made an argument against the Kansas and Nebras
ka Bill, and an argument in its favor, leaving the
audience in the dark as to his true position on that
question. lie would uot say categorically that he
or his party were on the Philadelphia Platform of
February last ; but undertook to explain and apol
ogise for the striking out of the 12th section of
the Philadelphia Platform of last year, which we
think he failed to do to the satisfaction of any can
did man in the assembly. Mr. Hill has much rep
utation as a stump-speaker, but the weakness of
the cause he now advocates, destroys most of the
force and effect of his zealous efforts. Having no
solid arguments to offer, he resorts to nods and
winks, and ridicule, to create mirth in the crowd,
and the Know Nothings call this oratory of a high
order l Having consumed his hour and three
quarters in a sort of guerilla warfare against
Buchanan and Democracy, he yielded the stand to
Col. Ramsey, who occupied the two hours and a
half allotted to him, in the vindication of the prin
ciples of the Democratic Party, the merits ot Mr.
Buchanan, and in exposing the blackness of Mil
lard Fillmore’s political record. He produced the
evidence that Fillmore’s political associations had
been of the worst character, that on all occasions
while a mornber of Congress, he invariably voted
against the interests of the South, and by his let
ters, speeches and acts had shown himself totally
unsound and unsafe on the great question of slave
ry. Col. Ramsey’s mode of speaking is altogether
different from that of Mr. Hill. Ramsey speaks
with foFce, en ergy, earnestness ; he reasons, cogent
ly and logically, without any of that clap-trap ad
capitandum slang which seemed to be the forte of
his adversary on this occasion. Ramsey speaks to
convince—he addresses the understanding and the
judgment; Hill speaks to tickle the fancy, to ex
cite the risibility, to raise the laugh, and turn the
grin upon his opponent.
Mr. Hill, having the conclusion, occupied three
quarters of an hour in a Jame effort to meet the
charges preferred against his candidate: some of
these he tried to explain away, others he disposed
of very summarily, by saying Mr. Fillmore had
seen the error of his ways, and had repented o f
those abominable political sins which rendered him
so odious to the South. Repentance is a great
virtue, and very convenient for Mr. Fillmore in
this particular juncture; and Mr. Hill uses it very
freely in his efforts to bolster up the rickety polit
ical character of the “model President.” This is
but a brief and imperfect sketch of the debate,
which we have reason to believe resnlted somewhat
and ifferfent from what our Know Nothing, friends
had anticipated. They had overrated the strength
of their champion, and underrated that of his ad
versary, and hence, what they predicted would be
a great triumph, turned out to be something else.
Very few of the Democrats had ever heard Col.
Ramsey on the stump, and from the vaporings of
the Know Nothings about Mr. Hill’s vast powers
a9 a stump orator, rather dreaded the result of the
conflict. But they were very agreeably disappoint
ed in finding our champion a full match for theirs,
aud capable of upholding the Democratic banner
in any field of battle. Os one thing we feel assur
ed, the cause of Fillmore isn’t set ahead in these
parts by Mr, Hill’s late visit to Griffin.
Griffin Female College.
This Institution commcnnl its Fall Session on Monday
last, with about the usual number of Pupils in attendance.
If energy and perseverance are elements of success, this
College must prosper. President at his own expense,
has during vacation, procured apparatus to explain the prin
ciples of Natural Philosophy and Chemistry, in such a man
ner that the Pupils may clearly understand the object of
these Sciences. Successful instruction cannot be imparted
in these branches without such help.
The largest item of capital, upon which the
Know Nothing party has to trade, in the present
canvass, is Squatter Sovereignty. This doctrine
is understood as variously as the crude notions of
upstart politicians are disposed to represent it to
suit their purposes. They have impressed the ig
norant with the idea that it is something very bad
which the Democratic party is trying to put upon
the country. We attach very little importance to
to this abstraction, for such we consider it, in the
present state of things. Squatter Sovereignty is
defined to be the power residing in the Territorial
Legislature, to pass laws for the establishment or
rejection of slavery, while the people are in a Ter
ritorial condition; and the advocacy of this princi
ple is endeavored to be forced upon Mr. Buchanan
and the Democratic party, by our opponents. —
Nothing, however, is farther from the truth than
this charge. The Platform of the party, or the
written opinions of Mr. Buchanan, do not author
ise any such assumption. The Democratic party
maintains, that the people of a territory, when as
sembled in Convention, to trame a Constitution
preparatory to admission into the Union as a State
have the right to decide for themselves, the charac
ter of their domestic institutions, to determine
whether slavery shall or shall not exist among
them. This is Mr. Buchanan’s doctrine, this is
the doctrine of the Cincinnati platform, this is our
doctrine. That Gen. Cass, and a few individual
members of the party entertain views differing
somewhat from these, we will not deny. It is a
matter of but very little importance practically, in
the present contest. We can’t conceive how the
decision of this question can materially affect the
present contest; and till our adversaries give us
the opinions of their immaculate candidate, and of
their party, upon this subject, it ill beeomes them
to be passing judgement upon tha correctness of
our views in reference to this abstraction. By
request we have transferred to our columns, from
the Macon Telegraph, an article on this subject
signed Publius. Differing as we do from the wri
ter in some of his views, still wc are willing that
he should have an opportunity of laying his opini
on before the public. We know him upon all car
dinal practical doctrines, to be a Democrat, sound
to the core, and altogether able and competent to
take care of himself in a political controversy.
Millard Fillmore in 1838.
An Abolition Society in Erie county, NewYork,
in 1838, among other questions, propounded to
Mr. Fillmore the following, “Are you in favor of
immediate legislation for the abolition of Slavery
in the District of Columbia?” which Mr. Fillmore
answered in the affirmative. About the time this
transpired, the District of Columbia was the main
point of attack by the Abolitionists. Petitions
were daily pouring into Congress, praying the Ab
lition of Slavery in that District. This was the enter
ing wedge to a grand scheme of measures by which
Slavery was ultimately to be extirpated step by step
from the country. To be in favor of this initiative
in those days, was considered the strongest test of
Abolitionism. It was resisted with might and
main by every Southern patriot, and to have ac
cused a Georgian of favoring the pretensions of
any politician who advocated this measure, would
have been considered a grand insult, and if Fill
more s name had been then proposed as a candid
ate for President, it would scarcely have found a
supporter in Georgia. But lo ! what a change a
few years can work I Mr. Fillmore is now the
idol of thousands even in this same State of Geor
gia. with all his former political sins hanging
about him. We suppose his friend and advocate,
Mr. B. Hill, would plead “repentance,” for this
as well as other political sins, but we should like
to know the time when, or the place where, he ever
renounced the odious principle contained in his
answer to the Erie Society. Echo answers when
Valuable Public Document.
The Hon. Hiram Warner has laid us under ad
ditional obligations, for a copy of Commodore
Perry’s Expidition to Japan. It is a large vol
umn, tastefully bound, neatly printed, beautifully
embellished by 89 Lithographs and 78 Wood cuts,
and is certainly the finest Congressional Docu
ment we have ever seen. Judge Warner is cer
tainly entitled to our warmest thanks, for this, as
well as many, very many favors previously receiv
ed from him. lie has, in this respect, well suppli
ed the place of the Representative from our own
District, to whom wo are not indebted for one sin
gle favor, nor do we regret it.
We are indebted to xiur friend Tandy Ti Johnson
for the present ofa very nice watermelon, for which
he will please accept our grateful acknowledge
ments. We wish him much comfort and happiness
at his bachelor home, and trust that before long
his solitary habitation may be cheered by the pre
sence and the smiles of a sweet, beautiful, bouncing
Rev. James C. Patterson.
At the late Commencement of Oglethorpe Uni
versity, the Degree of Doctor of Divinity was con.
ferred on the Rev. James C. Patterson, President
of the Faculty of Griffin Synodical Female Col
Perrin M. Brown—A vile Trick.
The Know Nothing presses, have given much
notiriety to a celebrated individual, bearing the
above cognomen. This Perria M. Brown, some
weeks since is said to have addressed a circular,
purporting to eminate from the Post Office depart
ment at Washington, calling on every Post Mas
ter to constitute an amount prepotioned to the fees
of his office, towards defraying the expenses of
printing and circulating documents, to promote
the election of Mr. Buchamin. The K. N. papers
getting hold of this precious d&cament, published
it to the world as an evidence of the foulest offi
cial corruption, and sonie of"tile least scrupulous
of these still continue to publish it, even after it
has been exposed as a base & palpatable fraud. —
It turns out that no such man as Perrin M Brown
has any connection with the department at Wash
ington, and the presumption is that he is some vil
lainous Know Nothing who resorted to this base
expedient, to put money in bis pocket, and make
capital for his party. Such is the fairness with
which the campaign is being conducted by the op
The following letter from the Post Master Gen
eral, fully exposes the contemptible fraud :
Post Office Department, 1
July 12th, 1856. J
Dear Sir: —Your letter of the 10th inst., has
just been received, for which I am much indebted.
The circular signed “Perrin M. Brown,” address
ed to the Post Master of Lansingburgh, and for
warded by you, is an infamous fraud. There is no
person of that name in this city; but some individ
ual assuming it, engaged a box at the Post Office
here with a view to aid him in Carrying out his
dishenest purpose, and but for the timely exposure
which has been made of it, would no doubt have
succeeded, to some extent, at least. As soon as
the matter was brought to my knowledge, I gave
instructions for his arrest; but he has not since
venturned to call for his letters.
If any are received, they will go to the Dead
Letter office, and any money they may contain will
be returned to the writers.
I am respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
For the Empire State.
A Trip to Brunswick.
Mr. Editor : Having recently paid a visit to the
long neglected City of Brunswick, which lies on
the south-eastern coast of Georgia. 1 have thought
proper to give a brief sketch of my limited obser
vations whilst there, as it may prove of some in
terest to the man of enterprise. . I had often heard
of the beauty of its location, and’the surrounding
vicinity described by others, -which has long since
awakened a lively imagination in my mind's eye of
a spot and a place worthy of admiration.
On the morning of the 27th of July last, my
fancy was more than realized as I was safely borne
into port by the beautiful steamer Wellaka, com
manded by the gentlemanly and urbane Captain
King. The city is situated on the eastern side of
Oglethorpe Bay, about 13 miles from the bar.
The scenery is fine, and the atmosphere is balmy
and delightful. From my own observations, and
the report of others, I am constrained to believe
that there is no place on the southern coast which
presents a finer scenery, or has a safer harbor for
commerce than Brunswick. To use the language
of Georgia’s historian, “the site of the town is a
beautiful bluff of close sand, the soil is perfectly
dry and very eligible for a large city, being elevat
ed from 8 to 12 feet above high water, and extend
ing itself up and down the Bay for upwards of 2
miles, offering a delightful situation for a town of
the largest extent. The beauty of its location, the
splendid river, and circumjacent Islands, make it
altogether the handsomest site we have seen on our
coast for the erection of a commercial emporium
and naval depot.”
The health of the place cannot be doubted, as I
wub informed by the citizens that there have but
two deaths occurred in the city for the past two
years, and has always been exempt from the ma
lignant epidemics of cholera and yellow fever,
whilst the neighboring cities on the coast were vic
tims to the ravages of these terrible diseases—na
ture having formed its location within an aquatic
crescent of pure salt water, gives it a pre-eminence
over every other southern seaport north of Galves
ton. The present prospects of improvement are
now flattering. The purchasers of City Lots at
the late sale, are now erecting and preparing to
erect business houses for the coming cotton season.
One fine steam saw mill is noW fn operation, and
another soon to commence near by. The city is
also favored with a permanently’ established print
ing press, “The Brunswick Herald,” edited by our
public spirited and enterprising old friend and fel.
low-citizen, B. F. Griffin, formerly of Macon, Ga.
who we hope will reap the full fruition of a merit
ed reward from the labors of his enterprise, for
few r men do more to promote the prosperity of a city
than a good and worthy editor of a newspaper.—
The Brunswick Railroad is also progressing very
rapidly, and is now in operation about 28 miles,
and will soon form a rapid aod easy facility thro’
the most fertile cotton region of Georgia, uniting
the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico in the lucrative
bands both of an inland and foreign commerce.—
Brunswick is a place comparatively in contempla
tion now, but it is destined to-be a city that will
yet, in mv opinion, if proper direction is given to
the capital already invested, rival the ancient mag
nificence of the “Alexandria of the Nile, or the
hundred gated r J hebes of olden time.” Her en
terprising people are not behind in educational
pursuits. They now have a flourishing Academy
patronized by over one hundred pupils, beside the
Legislature of Georgia has endowed her Literary
Institutions with valuable real estate that will be
an inexhaustible fund for the county of Glynn.—
With all the combination of advantages which sur
round that promising city in the forms of her nav
igation, railroads, canals, schools, health, and the
luxuries of the water, and the beautiful and attrac.
tive scenery, it cannot fail to enjoy the rapid
growth to a wealthy aud influential city ; and ere
long, and in my humble judgment, the time is not
lar distant when the din of her busy commerce
shall break the morning slumbers of her hundred
thousands who will awake but to give renewed en
ergy and vitality to the great southern artery of
commerce, and if Congress will but do the South
justice in the establishment of a Southern Navy
Yard, Oglethorpe Buy will be the first waters to
baptise the proudest batitle-s&pe of the American
Navy- F, W. A. DOYLE.
Mr. Fillmore’s opposition to the Ann
exation of Texas.
In 1844, Mr. Filmorewas an ardent opposer
of Texas annexation,
A t a mass meeting in the State of New York,
in 1844, Air. Filmore made a speech from a
booth reared under a bauuer on which were
painted, in ridicule, Gen. Jackson and James!
iOPolk, the latter mounted by a negro! who car-.
ried a small flag bearing Mie name of T&gs. i
For the Empire State.
What does it all mean 1
Mr. Editor : By perusing your papers and oth
ers, I find a number of Examinations of different
Schools set forth, and the great improvement made
in the Schools ; and I have been made to ask is
all right ? (as is said in Scripture, is all well ?) —
Mr. Editor, when my children are out of my sight,
and when I put them under the care of others, it
is my duty as a Christian to know what kind of in
fluences are thrown around them. Job, when his
children went the rounds of feasting with one
another, there h.e would offer sacrifices to the Lord,
lest they had sinned against God.’ We are also
told to bring up our children in the nurture and
admonition of the Lord ; and when we put our
children under pious men, we expect in some good
degree, the influences of Christianity to be thrown
around, them ; and when their examinations come
on, we hope to see something like thfe fear of God
before them, and that the instruction has had some
good effect upon their minds, and that to some
good degree we may see that those influences have
been tlyown around them, that we ourselves would
have approbated. But what has been the course
pursued by our teachers ? Has it not been for
show ? Surely it has been show and wicked show’ !
I have no objection to teachers trying to excel in
learning their pupils that that is of benefit to them,
and to please their patrons, is surely right so far
as morality and religion is concerned ; but no mat
ter how wicked some men may be, and care not
for morality or religion for the good of society, if
nothing else, teachers ought to throw’ around their
pupils every thing that w’ould be a benefit to socie
ty ; and never should a teacher place any thing,
or teach any thing, or bring to bear on their minds
that that w'ould be disgusting to any of their pat
rons, especially those teachers who profess to be
teachers of good things, of the gospel of Christ.
But what have I seen ? Some time past, going to
LaGrange, I saw tents of different sorts spread
abroad in the valley. I was truly surprised, and
could not for a while, conjecture in my mind what
it could be for ; but after a w’liile I remembered
that the Examination of one of the Schools w'as
going on, and upon enquiry, found that there were
companies from different places to make out the
show. I was made to reflect, and in my mind to
ask, why was it necessary to mix the firing of can
non, beating of drums, fiddling and dancing nearly
all night, and then to crown the w’liole, was a
shooting match by the companies, to see which was
the best marksman, and bear off the largest prize,
and as an additional crown to the whole, Ministers
of the Gospel attending the scene, and laugh at the
sport! Surely such things w’ould erase from the
mind any good impressions made by the examina
tions ; and truly w r e, as Ministers an.d members of
Christ’s Kingdom, and moral men and women, do
say by such conduct, that we approve of dancing
and shooting matches ; and if no harm in those
things, w’here is the harm in a horse race, game at
billiards, at cards, dancing in families, checks, or
any other game that we may choose to play at.—-
We know that men differ in their amusements —
some are fond of one thing and some of another.—
Now if show is what we w’ant, and to gather the
people together is our object, let me suggest a
course to the teachers of Schools in our towns and
cities and villages. As we have professors and ak
so preachers for teachers, they will understand my
suggestion, and can accommodate the masses. In
the first place, let the musicians be invited, and at
the close of the Examination of one Class (and let
Classes be small) let there be music and dancing,
let all be prepared for it, that no time be lost ; and
after the first reel, let that be closed by a very ac
tive, lively jig, as it is some times called ; then pro.
ceed with the second Class. At the close of that
Class, let there be a game of cards, and a billiard
table convenient, so that they that prefer standing
may amuse themselves in that way, and let the mu
sic still go on ; but the old people will get very
tired sitting by the turn of the day, then let there
be a horse-race next, and every thing be in readi
ness as soon as the people can get to ground, and
fixed on the stand made for that purpose, let the
horses stand, by the time there is a lew rounds run
the people will be ready for a barhacue,and be sure
to have it ready for the people to sit down and rest,
and eat, and talk of tho fine performances they had
seen and heard ; and if really necessary, let the
teacher furnish a little of the ‘over-joyful,’as there
are some who cannot enjoy themselves without it,
and he ought not to be partial—he ought to give
a general invitation, and furnish accordingly ; and
as chicken-fighting and gander-pulling is favorites
with some, let them not be slighted, and be sure to
mix it in such a manner as to give no offence at
the show, for you will soon want more scholars,
and it stands all the teachers in hand to do well for
themselves; and be sure to appoint agents (as it is
the custom of the day to have agents for every
thing.) to solicit more scholars. Thus acting, you
will be sure to get the praise of men, whether you
do ol God or not, and perhaps that is not so very
material at present, as you have put on a profession
of religion, you intend all shall be right at last,
and you need not look at that Scripture for a while,
uutil you have accomplished your desire, then you
may turn to the 10th chapter of Ist Corinthians,
and read 31st verse as follows : “Whether, there
fore, ye eat or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all
to the glory of God.” And again in the 3rd chap
ter of Colossians and 17th verse, read as follows :
“And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in
the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God
and the Father by him.” Then read the 16 ver
ses. Also read Ephesians 5,17,18, 19, 20.
Bead also the Ist chapter and 28th verse. Then
read the sth chapter of James and 13th verse.—
But I had like to have forgot one particular thing
in my suggestion. In the evening of each day have
a short discourse by some Minister from the fol
lowing text : “To every thing there is a season,
and a time to every purpose under the heaven.—
Eccl. 3rd chap. Ist verse. And if the preacher is
smart, he will perhaps set your conscience at ease,
so that you may end J’our days in peace. 1 now
suggest to the professor of religion, whoever you
be, the propriety of reading and prayerfully exam
ining the foregoing Scriptures. Adieu.
The Democracy of New York —lt affords
us sincere pleasure to -announce the cordial
union of the Democracy of New York, which
took place at Syracuse on the 30th July. This
intelligence will be gladly welcomed by the
great Democratic party of the Union. The De
mocracy of New York, when united, have al
ways been invincible.
Charleston, Juiy 28.-A meeting took place
this afternoon, near this city, between Cob
Cunningham, of the Evning News and James
L Hatch, Esq., of the Standard, Shots were
exchanged, but neither party was injurod. The
difficulty was honorably adjusted.
[For the Empire State.]
Powf.llton House, |
Newbury, July 22d, 1856. )
How difficult the task, dear Mr. “Empire
State,” to satisfy the wishes and desires, the
hopes and the feats of all for whom we idlers
write. Being a direct descendant of old St.
Anthony, and having often ridden on his nose,
I thought I might assume the right without
question of keeping you posted in reference to
the doings within his domain. But that right
is questioned; The prime young ladies are
thunderstruck at my audacity—the, gay and
light hearted ones wonder they were not even
mentioned ns Miss A., Miss B. or Miss Z.;
while the dear good manias are ready to tear
my eyes out for making no mention whatever
of babydom which exists here to perfection.
I freely acknowledge my errors, plead guilty
to all the charges, and meekly submit to such
punishment as my gentle judges and jurors may
see fit to inflict. For the sake of keeping in
the good graces of the most intelligent and de
lightful of mothers I have met at any place, I
will fire up mv own indignation in their behalf,
and \t;:; this .neglect of the juveniles intention
al, would say f v ‘url*;rsl” 4 hat none but a heart
less old bachelor, one whoso si'ni'c; r.r: com
pletely dried up and withered by selfishness, or
some “sire without a sou!,*’ could have omitted
all mention of the troup of gay, frolicksomc
children that gambol and make the welkin ring
with their merry voices, throughout the day,
and sometimes their nurses to scold throughout
the night. Ah, such angels now, giving prom-!
ise ol such manly and womanly worth, by and !
by, are sights too pleasing to be lost of forgot- !
ten. We have then pets of papas and mam-j
mas of all ages and generally of most excellent j
condition, from the l'a.t checked baby of months, j
to the girl of sweet sixteen, am! round and ro- j
sy faced boys of all sizes, and such merry muk- \
iug, and such tea parties in the grass, such i
ground and lofty tumbling of boys in the shade
of the spreading oaks, such pert little airs of
the elder ones—the chase for blue bottles, and
the wild glee in leaping for butterflies, makes a
life scene more beautiful, picturesque and heav
enly than any which art can create, or even
imagination furnish. How such scenes, Mr.
Editor, carry us back to our youthful days!
How we wish ourselves “young again !” With
what life, spirit and zest we would all fight the
great 1 nit tie of life over, and give up to pure,
innocent enjoyment, the hours and days and
years even, that each feels has now been spent,
if not idly, almost uselessly.
Two bright and particular stars have shot
from our firmament to-day, and the place which
knew them once shall know them no more for
— months. The one was as happy and joyous
in her youthful charms, as the other • was bril
liant and intellectual, and rich in the possession
of a much prized and most worthy lord and
master. The usual mirthful hilarity has for
once ceased for a moment, a calm quietness has
settled down upon all, and each is apparently
wondering whose turn it next is to say,—fare
well ! But let who will, go from hence, the
memories of the Powcllton House will long re
main. The house itself will stand as a beacon,
inviting the weary wanderer, or the tired ami
over-taxed denizens of our cities to enter its
wide portals—throw off the cares and ills of
life, and make the old halls ring again with mu
sic, mirth and gaiety, with the care-forgetting
laugh, the passion-stirring dance, or the world
ly and idle gossip of the more sober and sedate.
When wc return again, we shall find the same
gravelled walks and green fields of grass, the
deep and dark glens through which we
have wandered time aud again, and watched
with enthusiastic delight the bold and fearless
leaps from crag to crag of the “merry maids,”
will again be sought and found. The hills
which surround us, will sing the music of the
spheres the live long Winter; but decked in
their‘green mantle of Spring, they will again
invite the weary and the worn to sit down un
der their shadow and read in their history of
greatness the evidences of a Creator. The
sons and daughters of the “Sunny South,” will
soon be wending their way to their own genial
efime, while they of the North, will seek in their
own excellent homes, those fireside enjoyments
so pleasant and profitable, and so much loved.
And if we should not all again meet to renew
the acquaintance of a Summer solstice, we shall
not soon forget the many happy hours spent
around and within the walls of “the Powelton,
or the agreeable evenings passed in its broad
balconies, watching the full rising moon as she
seemed to mount from behind those towering
heights, and resting on the very head and front
our patron saint, throw her rich glow of light
loveliness o’er a world.
[For the Empire State.]
Fillmore. — You Democrats arc supporting a
Federalist for President.
Democrat. —How sir. Is Mr. Buchanan of
that row ?
F. —Yes sir, do you not recollect his July
oration, when he belabored the conduct of the
President in getting us into a war of the ‘Dem
ocratic blood vein” story ? Now if I were you
I would never vote for a man after that
D. —But sir, do you not know that Mr.
Buchanan volunteered and fought the battles of
that war as a private soldier, and stood up for
his country. Was it not a patriot’s act ? Is
this all your objection to him, and have you
had such abhorance for such men all your
F. —l hever have nor never will vote for
such a politician.
D. —Now, my good fellow,-did you vote for
F. —Oh yes, he was the right sort. He was
J).—But let me read you his speech about
that same war, when he denounced it as “who
ly unrighteous, aud he would uot vote a cent to
carry it on, if the British battered down the
F. —Don’t read that; here are some Know
Nothings—w ould believe I have been fooling
them. • Good by, sir.
D.—Such is the folly of this age. A Know
Nothing leader objecting to a man for one thing
and applauding another for a more daring of
fence, because of liis name.
F. —ls it not a pity that w r e are not repre
sented in Congress ? then we should have jus
tice done the South. Only think of such a
great man as Brooks, of South Carolina—cast
out because he caued an Abolitionist. Just
look at the votes.
D. —l have just been looking them over, and
find that every Fillmore member, North, voted
to expel Brooks; and the only traitorous vote
from the South, was the right hand man of
Fillmore, from Maryland. While every Demo
crat North, except one from Ohio, stood up
for your rights at the South. Do you mean
you are not represented by the Democrats ?
F. —l—l—didn’t say—what—what did—l
JO. —What do you think of a President who
pardoned two negro theives out of the Peni
tentiary, for stealing seventy Negroes from
Southern widows, orphans, and owners, after
they were tried, convicted and sent to the Pen
itentiary. Would you think he would do for
the South ?
s * r - Do you take me for an ass, to
suppose I would stand up to such traitors to
the South ?
F.—l suppose not, if you were‘rightly in
formed upon the subject. Let me show you by
his official act, that Mr. Fillmore was the Pres
ident that turned those outlawed rebels loose to
steal more slaves it they choose; thus insulting
the South, and carrying the dear wish of his
1 • I s * rue s ' r ’ If it is, give me your
hand; while i pledge you a Southern heart
never to soil the land of mv birth bv voting for
such a man.
D. I know you—honest and southern, and
ail that was necessary for you to do right, was
to get at the truth, like manv hundreds in our
Bemccrat. —Du you know sir, for I under
stand that you are a good Know Nothing, that
;Mr. lilimore voted for a petition, when in Con
,gress, to “Naturalize Negroes from foreign
I COU.dries and make them citizens,” when he
j would forbid such men as LaFavette, for 21
! year.-’ ?
j A tit/ic AiUntti*. —What ? You say Mr.
! Fiiimore in favor of letting Negroes from the
j Old World becoming citizens. J knew he was
|in lbr “Americans ruling America,” amt op
posed to La-Fayctte and other patriots, from
citizenship under 21 years, when they vote. —
Good Lord ! mercy on us.
O. —(Showing him the vote.) Now, rny
good fellow, what think you of your candid
A. N. —Think? Blast his Americanism.
I’ll have him expelled. Citizenship—free Ne
groes, and object to patriots. Blast him 1
F. —All sir, this Squatter doctrine of Buch
anan’s. It’s ruining the country.
D. —No sir, you are mistaken. What do
you call that doctrine? Please define what
you mean by it ?
F. —Why, sir; allowing Irish, Scotch and
Germans—-just fresh from their frec-soil homes,
to vote in Kansas without naturalization.—
That’s Squatter doctrine. That’s your iniqui
tous Kansas bill that Mr. Buchanan is going
J). —Well, my friend, you are on the wrong
track. You learn this from politicians that
are misleading you. You ought to read and
learn what Squatter Sovereignty means before
you charge so lustily on Mr. Buchanan. I sup
posed that was naturalizationisiu. And you
ought as a Know Nothing, to have learnt that
it was the right to vote or not. There was the
F. —l don’t core which way you have it, I
won’t vote for such doctrines, for such men, no
1). —Then my good neighbor, you can’t vote
for Mr. Fillmore. Here is the Washington
Territorial bill, word for word, from which the
Kansas bill was copied, approved by Mr. Fill
more under oath. What say vou to that
F. —Oh, you puzzle me. You make me tell
stories. 1 didn’t know Fillmore had done so.
I thought lie hadn’t done any thing—sir—sir
Mr. Fillmore’s Abolition Votes.
The Journal of Congress show that Mr.
Fillmore supported by his vote petitions—
1. To declare slaves free who had gone to
sea with the consent of their masters, and to
protect them in their freedom.
2. To repeal all laws and constitutional pro
visions by which the Federal Government is
bound to protect the institution of slavery.
3. Against the admission of any new State
into the Union, whose Constitution at all tole
4. Against the annexation of Texas, solely
on the ground that slavery existed there.
5. To abolish slavery in the District of Co
lumbia, though the whole people of the Dis
trict cherished the institution and never peti
tioned for its abolition.
6. To prohibit the buying and selling of
slaves in the District, and other Teritories of
7. He supported, by his vote, petitions to
Congress to repeal the act of the Territory of
Florida, to prevent the migration of free ne
groes to the Territory.
8. lie voted in favor of petitions to natural
ize and Tiuilx American citizens of Negri cs from
every quarter cf the earth !
9. lie voted in favor of a petition to receive
negro ambassadors from the 13 lack Republic of
People of Georgia; there is a picture
drawn from life. Fillmore, is now anti-
Nebraska. Read and study the above, aud
there can be no doubt as to the position a true
Georgian should take.— So. Banner.
Union of Fremont and Fiiimore.
Washington, July 10.
The Pennsylvania delegation are preparing
a call for a Union Convention of Republicans,.
Americans, and all other elements opposed to
the Administration’s policy and the Cincinnati
platform, to meet at Harrisburg on the second
Wednesday in September, for the purpose of
forming an electoral ticket which shall repre
sent these interests fairly, and concentrate all
efforts in one practical direction.
This movement finds favor gcuerully, and in
spires a confident hope of ultimate success.
The recommendation is already signed by most
of the experienced members.
The Chronicle Sentinel, a Fillmore paper in
Georgia, copies the above without comment
not one word of indignation, and
Fillmore on one Ticket. The Black Republi
cans and Know Nothings, have already a con
solidated State ticket in Pennsylvania. Geor
gians, read and think upon this union of Fill
more and nigger worshippers. Should Fill
more even have an electoral ticket in Georgia?
Never !— So Banner.
The Eleventh Commandment.
“I come, fellow citizens, from a free State
Ike your own; I never owned or expected to
own a slave. But other men, better than I am,
and as good as any who are around me, have
conscientiously held slaves. It is in vain to
attack the motives of a whole community, when
that community is one of the most civilized and
refined portions of the inhabited world [Cries
of good, good.] What do the South ask? To
be let alone. Then do uot interfere with us;
they do not want to interfere with us. All they
ask is to be let alone But we have certain
aspirants for public power and place who will
uot learn the eleventh commandment “Mind
your own buisness.’—[Laughter]”
That speech was made at a political meeting
in one of the Northern States, It would be
superfluous to add that the meeting w’as a
Democratic meeting. Remarks of this kind are
made at none others. The speaker w’as Joseph
Randall of Philadelphia. The place Tammany .
Hall—the day the Ith of July*