Hints for the guidance of farmers’
clubs may prove of great advantage to
agriculturist#. These primary organiza
tions, inexpensive, social, and formal,
should bring out much of individuality,
variety, and originality, and prove to be
of great local utility. Asa contribution
to the general fund of interest in these
organizations, the following facts con
cerning a farmers’ club, are copied from
the proceedings of one reported in the
agricultural reports for June and July:
At a recent meeting a committee of
six members was chosen to visit eigh
teen farms belonging to members of the
club, examine buildings, cattle, and
other animals, note the general manage
ments pertaining to the farm, and report
upon the sAme at some future meeting
of the club. The following subjects for
discussion were also agreed upon:
1. Pasture lands—how improved;
how much per acre will it do to lay out
for improvements; comparative con
dition now and twenty-five years ago.
2. Ought we to set out apple and
pear trees? What is the general con
dition of the trees, the prospects, etc.?
3. Does it pay to raise root crops
largely for stock ? What is the cost,
the value, and which are the best varie
4. Does it pay to raise hogs for mar
ket? What is the cost of pork, with
corn at one dollar and twenty-five cents
per bushel ?
5. Ought farmers to make a specialty
of any one crop ?
G. Can the farmer afford to hire help ?
How much can he afford to pay for
ordinary help? How much can a man
earn in cultivating hoed crops, setting
aside cost of land ? Comparative earn
ings of farmers and mechanics.
7. Can one afford to hire money to
buy land, or to make improvements on
8. Has chemistry been any help to
the farmer ? Can he afford to use
manufactured fertilizers ?
9. What birds are beneficial to the
farmer, and what injurious?
10. Treatment of domestic animals,
including feeding, etc.
Giving the drench is a simple opera
tion, with most horses at least. The
best method is by using a long-necked
bottle, holding about, a quart. Fill the
bottle with the drench, always warm if
it can be made so, and insert the neck
of the bottle into the mouth, upon the
right side of it, and just in front of the
jaw teeth, or grinders. Stand in an
elevated position; for instance, upon a
bench or box. Lift the head carefully
with the left hand, and, with the bottle
in the right, turn out a gill into the
horse’s mouth and throat. If he swal
lows it, as he will be likely to do, drop
his head, and let him work his jaws and
the muscles of his throat for a minute
or so. In this manner continue until
the whole drench is disposed of.
A few simple directions in regard to
preparing the drench may be of value
to some. The liquid must contain no
powders, lump, or sediment of any kind;
for these may cause strangulation, and
do serious injury. When any medicine
is to be administered that is in powder
or lumps, give it in some other way,
and not in a drench. The great ad
vantage of drenching consists in the
greater rapidity with which remedies
act than when given in any other way.
The pill is a much easier method of
medication, but the drench will usually
have done its work before the pill is
Hiving Bees under Difficul
* Natural swarms will some times
alight in nearly inaccessible places, as
in a dense hedge, or in a gooseberry or
currant bush. When this is the case,
take an empty straw or box hive, with
its bottom board, and place the latter as
near as possible to the cluster, so pres
sing it in the soil that the bees cannot
get under it. Then with a long-hand
led spoon or dipper scoop up a parcel of
bees from the cluster, transfer them to
the bottom hoard, and immediately in
vert the hive over them, with the en
trance toward the cluster. Transfer
some more of them to the front of the
hive, and the bees will immediately
commence fanuiug and humming
If the cluster cannot he reached with
a spoon or dipper, take a long spoon or
paddle, besmear one end of it with honey
or syrup, insert it in the cluster, let the
bees gather on it, and shake them off
on the bottom board or in front of the
hive. Now take a fumigator and blow
smoke gently on the cluster, from above
to alarm the bees, which, hearing the
humming, and finding their lodging
getting uncomfortable, will soon descend
to the ground, travel to the hive in re
gular troup, and take possession without
hesitation. Let them enter without
further annoyance of smoke ; wait till
yon are sure the queen is with them, if
you have not seen her travelling along
in the crowd. If they remain quiet
and content for half an hour, remove
them to your apiary and transfer them
to a movable comb. — Am. Bee Journal.
Water for Bees. —A writer in the
Western Promologist, says : “There is
no insect more fond of water than the
honey bee. In fact, water is believed
to be absolutely indispensable to the suc
cessful operations of the hive. Water
should at all times be near the bee stand,
where it may be easy accessible, and at
the same time not to endanger the lives
of the bees by drowning, as in open
troughs, tubs or pails. Take either of
the vessels mentioned, fill up with water,
cover with a piece of coarse canvass,
such as comes around bales of sheeting,
and you have a most perfect watering
place for bees. The canvass should be
made to rest upon the surface of the wa
ter. The water oozes up through the
canvass, upon which the bees may light
without danger of being drowned, as in
If a man is honest and truthful, there
is little need of saying much about it.
Turning Out Horses to Grass.
A correspondent of the “Times” writes
as follows on this subject: “When hor
ses have suffered in their work for any
thing of the nature of strain of the sin
ews or their ligaments, or when their
legs are very much the worse for wear,
they should be allowed no exercise but
such as they can get in a loose box; they
should be treated as a man would be
who had sprained his ankle and must be
confined to a sofa. On the other hand,
I have seen horses which were good on
their legs, but stale, groggy, and tucked
up from hard work, and dry and exci
ting food, improve as if by magic, when
turned out to grass, on the following
plan : I have housed them during the
day time in a well ventilated dwelling,
darkened so as to exclude the sun and
flies, giving them about half a peck of
grain daily, with bran and clover chaff;
they have then been turned out at night
in a pasture in which there was an abun
dance of grass. Under these circum
stances, they are never tormented by
flies; when they are out all is cool and
quiet, the long grass saturated with dew
supplies an admirable cool, refrigerating
poultice to their legs and feet, and the
grass they get, combined with their daily
grain, seems to plump up their bodies
without much interfering with their con
dition for work. I have taken horses
treated in this way as late as September,
and had them in very fair order for work
by the commencement of the hunting
season. lam aware that this system
will not suit all horses; small barrelled
washy horses are too much purged by
green food, they arc also, in general,'
restless and irritable, galloping about
and teasing their companions, and so are
better at home. This may possibly be
the case, but with valuable horses we
must not grudge a little trouble.
Sweet Potatoes. —By .carefully
opening the rows, some of the largest
roots may be removed for use, and the
others allowed to grow. It is necessary
to dig the crop at the first touch of frost,
otherwise the potatoes will not keep.
[From the Albany News.]
The War at Home.
"NY ar is the theme of the day. We
turn from the phastly battle-fields of
Gravelotte, of Metz, and of Rezonville,
heart-sick and sad. Corpses strew the
ground, and streams run red with blood!
History will record these terrible con
flicts and terrific carnage, and its pages
will glow with Prussian victories and
But there is another war waged in
our very midst, which does not extort a
comment. It is a strange war; one
where the victorious sword is wreathed
with flowers—one Avhere the captive
hugs his chains and yields to death with
out a struggle. So insidious is the foe,
that it lures its victim on, like the rep
tile—charmes the little bird, which,
with pleased content, hovers around its
destroyer—drawn nearer and nearer by
irresistable fascination, until with bosom
quickly panting, it folds its little wings
and drops into the fangs of death. Not
only is the enemy insidious but it is in
vincible, and its thirst for victories in
satiable. Unsatisfied with these already
achieved, it goes on mowdng down
thousands year by year, and because
cause these victories are bloodless, the
Press sounds no note of warning, and
utters no battle-cry. Other Kings have
“fretted their hour upon the stage,”
have slain their scores, and have passed
away.. King Alcohol’s subjects are to
day as the sands of the sea shore for
multitude, and yet, unimpaired by the
lapse of years, he is mighty and strong.
A more wily diplomatist than Prussia
can boast upholds his throne, for it is
none other than the Arch Fiend himself
w T ho instigates and aids in every on
slaught. Who are his aids-de-campe in
this warfare ? The distiller and vender
of ardent spirits, and sometimes woman
herself. These wear no victor’s wreath
es ; no trumpet blast proclaims their
triumphs, but verily their reward will
come. “And their works do follow
them,” so declares the sacred penman.
Then tears, heart aches, groans, cries of
heart-broken widows, wails and shrieks
of starving orphans, and the ever ascend
ing smoke of torment of lost souls will
be their never ending rewards. If “no
drunkard” shall inherit the kingdom of
heaven, shall he who made the drunkard
enter ? No, never. His cup of woe
will be full, it will be pressed down,
shaken together, heaped up and running
Physician, beware, lest you unwil
lingly aid the foe. It is yours to brace
enfeebled systems, and bind up shattered
nerves. To what do you resort? In
the name of weeping widows and wailing
orphans, in the name of all that woman
holds dear, let me ask, is there nothing
beneath the broad, blue heaven, nothing
that grows under the sun, nothing that
the hand of skill can compound, that can
infuse strength into a wasting gynstitm
tion. but the consuming, baneful, exe
crable beverage of hell ? If this is the
only remedy, then let death come. All
honor to him who suffers because he will
not drink—all honor to the man who
refuses health upon such disastrous
terms. Physician, beware! Not only
do you hold lives, but you hold souls in
To-day, even now, the conflict rages.
Behind many a screen in our cities King
Alcohol’s clans are gathered. The
bacchanalian song, the maudlin jest, the
inebriate’s laugh sounds often in our
streets. Shall we fold our arms in cool
indifference, and let this stealthy war
fare go on ? Can we complacently see
husbands, brothers and sons reel beneath
the pleasurable delirium of the wine
cup ? Where are the heroes of a loved
but “ lost cause ?” Sons of Georgia, to
you we appeal. Shout aloud the battle
cry fly to the rescue. A Malvern Hill
is before you —will you falter now ? A
few Knights are ready for the fray, who
will join them in the glorious struggle ?
History may never recount your vic
tories, but while a woman’s lips can
bless, your name shall live. No trophies
of war may enrich your stores, no trium
phal arch proclaim you conqueror, yet
far over our sunny land their praise will
ring—King Alchohol has slain his
thousands but you have saved ten thous
and hearts, ten thousand times ten
thousand pangs. Temperance.
A Day in the Woods.
How welcome the day that reveals to the sight,
The Sunday School picnic, the children’s delight
As free as the air, or the bird on the wing,
We lift jp our banner and merrily sing,
Cho. — A day in the woods for me,
A day in the woods for me,
Where flowrets are blushing and streamlets are
A day in the woods for me.
The goodness of God, and his wisdom snd power
We rest ia the wild wood, the field and the flower
The charms that surround us, the glories above,
Declare his compassion, forbearance and love.
We pity the young, who would happiness win
Where revelry reigns in the temples of sin ;
Who pleasure put bus at the banquet or ball,
But turn from the works of the maker of all.
Then march to the woods where the banquet is
A beautiful banner waves over your bead ;
The Sunday School army’s recruiting to day,
Then fall in the ranks, for we’re marching away
As Flows the Rapid River.
As flows the rapid river,
With channel broad and free,
Its waters rippling eve r ,
And hast’ning to the sea,
So lilt is onward flowing,
And days of offered peace
And man is swiftly going,
Where calls of mercy cease.
As moons are ever waning,’
As hastes the sun away;
as stormy winds complaining,
Bring on the wintry day ;
So, last the night comes o’et us—
Th» darkness of the grave ;
Grim death is just before us ;
God takes the life he gave.
Say, hath thy heart its treasure,
Laid up iu worlds above ?
Say, is it all thy pleasure,
Thy God to serve and love F
Beware, lest death’s dark river,
Its billows o’er thee roll,
List thou lament for ever
The ruin ot thy soul.
Programme of the Southern
The Committee of the Southern Com
mercial Convention, to be held in Cin
cinnati, October 4th, have agreed on the
following topics for discussion :
1. Direct trade between the Southern
Atlantic cities and Europe.
2. The Southern Pacific railroad.
3. The obstruction to navigation by
the narrow span bridge piers.
4. A continuous water line communi
cation between the Mississippi and the
5. The removal of obstructions from
the mouth of the Mississippi river.
6. The construction of permanent le
vees on the Mississippi river.
7. To abolish all toll on navigable riv
8. The enlargement of the more im
portant lines of canals in the United
States, and render them navigable by
9. Finance and taxation.
10. A settled policy on the public in
terest in regard to the disposition of gov
11. Charges on freight by rail and
12. To abolish throughout the coun
try all licenses imposed on commercial
13. The removal of the National Cap
14. For making all rajlyoad viaducts
over navigable rivers highways for all
railroads that will pa y jir-o rata rates of
toll on the same.
Essay on Tobacco, by a Small
Boy —Tobacco grows something like
cabbages; but I never saw none of it
boiled, altogether I have eaten cabbage
and vinegar on it, and I have heard men
say that cigars that was given to them on
election days for nothing was cabbage
leaves. Tobacco stores are mostly kept
by wooden Injuns, who stand at the
door and try to fool little boys by offer
ing them a bunch of cigars which is
glued into Injun’s hands and is made of
wood also. Hogs do not like tobacco;
neither do I. Tobacco was invented by
a man name Walter Raleigh. When
the people first saw him smoking they
thought he was a steamboat, and as they
had never seen a steamboat, they were
frightened. My sister Nancy is a girl.
I don’t know whether she likes tobacco
or not. There is a young man by the
name of Leroy who comes to see her. I
guess she likes Leroy. He was stand
ing on the steps one night, and he had
a cigar in his mouth, and he said he
didn’t know as she would like it, and
she said, “Leroy, the perfume is agreea
ble.” But next morning, when my big
brother Tom lighted his pipe, Nancy
said, “Get out of the house, yon horrid
creature, the smell of tobacco makes me
sick.” Snuff is Injun meal made out of
tobacco, I took a little snuff once, and
then I sneezed.
James L. Orr. —Our hxchanges will
do well to give publicity to the follow
ing which we glean from the Richmond
Dispatch , one of the very best papers
published in Virginia, so that every gen
tleman can know what is thought of the
Hon. James L. Orr, the would-be Sena
tor of South Carolina. Read and pass
Candid. —We admire the candor of
Hon. James L. Orr, of South Carolina,
who, without circumlocution, avows that
he intends to act with the Republican
party because it is so strong that it will in
evitably rule that State for years to
come ! There are a number of patriots
of this sort iu Virginia as well as in each
of the other States. They are acting,
and will continue for a time to act, with
the Republican party, because it controls
all the federal offices; but let the Demo
crats come into power, and these same
slippery knaves will be among the bit
terest enemies of Radicalism to be found
in the ranks of the successful party.
Judge Orr, too, will of course resume
his Democratic principles whenever he
shall see a prospect of the Democracy
ruling South Carolina for a number of
Two centenarians have resulted from
the census in Caroline county, Maryland :
Jane Hutson, aged 116, and Anne Mur
ray, aged 110.
DRUG STORE !
DR. D. C. HUNT.
PAINTS, OILS, LAMPS,
TOILET . .
Also. Agent for the
GREAT SUMTER BITTERS,
Corner of Railroad and Court House streets,
My splendid Soda Fount is now in full
blast, with pure Syrups to suit the taste
of all. Aug 11 I— ts
Groceries at Atlanta Prices!
PITTS & JOHNSON,
Wholesale and Retail
And dealers in
And North Georgia and Tennessee Produce
Our facilities for Buying are unsurpassed,
and we are enabled to furnish
Country Merchants and Planters,
of this section with
GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS
AT ATLANTA PRICES.
We pay the Highest Market Prices 111
Greenbacks, for Wheat.
A trial is only necessary to convince
the people that we
Mean Wliat we Bay.
and See its, on South side of
Court House Street.
Calhoun, August 11, 1870. ts
T. M. ELLIS. W. M. COLBUKN.
ELLIS & COLBURN,
Manufacturers and Dealers in
SADDLES and BRIDLES,
FINE FRENCH CALF BOOTS
AND all kinds of work usually done in a
First Class Boot and Shoe Shop.
We keep constantly on hand and for sale,
Harness and Sole Leather,
Also, a good stock of SHOES and SHOE
FINDINGS, which we will sell
Cheap for Cash.
Boots and Shoes made to order at Short
Notice. In this department we employ the
best of workmen, and guarantee satisfac
We pay cash for all GOOD HTDES.
ELLIS & COLBURN.
Calhoun. August 11, 1870.
WAGON AND BUGGY
Z. T. GRAY,
Respectfully announces to the people of
Gordon and surrounding counties that hie
Wagon and Buggy Manufactory at
is now in full blast. He is prepared to fur
nish any style buggy or wagon at
AND A T
PRICES TO DEFY COMPETITION.
My work is well known to many of the
people of North Georgia, and speaks for itself.
REPAIRING OF ALL KINDS,
DONE AT SHORT NOTICE.
In connection with my establishment is a
blacksmith shop, where all work in that line
is promptly attended to.
The best of Workmen
are employed in every department, and en
tire satisfaction always given.
Aug 11 1 ts
New Prices !
Just Arrived and Arriving
From IV e w Y ork !
TAKES pleasure in informing the
Trading Public that he has on hand
A LARGE and GENERAL Stock of
SfflEß: FALL COHOS,
Which he has selected in person, with
special care to the LATEST STYLES
and CHEAPEST PRICES, for articles
combining Beauty of Finish with dur
ability of Texture.
My stock comprises everything in the
LINE, usuasly kept in this market.
Java, Laguira and Rio Coffee; Loaf,
Clarified and Brown Sugar; Bacon,
Lard, Flour, Syrup. Rice.
Teas, Liverpool JSalt, &c.
Boots, Shoes and Hats,
HARDWARE, Iron, Woodware, Oils,
Paints, Drus, Medicines, Dyestuffs, Hem-
Also, a good supply of the Athens
and Roswell Y T arn always on hand.
13 A 11 ROOM,
In the Cellar,
Is supplied with every variety of Bran
dies, Wines, Cordials, Rum, Gins, &c.
Pure Corn Whiskey,
Mellow with age, from barrels soiled
with the dust of days agone.
My entire Stock has been purchased
in the best market in the country, at
Greatly Reduced Prices, and will be
Sold for CASH
As Low as the Lowest.
COUNTRY PRODUCE, at the
highest market price, taken in exchange
Call and examine my goods before
purchasing elsew here. Nothing charged
for showing them.
Fisk’s Patent Metalic Burial Cases
For ordinary interments, Depositing in
Vaults and transportation, they have no rival.
Made of most imperishable material. A good
assortment always on hand.
R. M. YOUNG.
DYSPEPS lAdTINDI G ESTION^
hV: SOLD EVERYWHERE. Awl
D0Wtt o «» B '« navis
a WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS
IS PLEASANT to the Taste, EXHILARA
TING to the Body, imparting VIGOR and
STRENGTH to the CONSTITUTION. A
Purifier of the BLOOD, a Regulator of the
whole NERVOUS SYSTEM. DYSPEPSIA
or INDIGESTION is speedily cured by the
use of this TONIC. It is a specific as a pre
ventative of FEVER and AGUE, and restorer
of the natural powers when broken down by
continued attacks of the enervating disease.
FEMALES, whose constitutions have be
come Nervous and Debilitated through seden
tary habits and close confinement to household
or other domestic duties, will find Sumtev
Bitters the true Tonic, possessed of intrinti k
For sale by Dr. D. G. HUNT, Physician
and Druggist, Calhoun, Ga. aug26’7o-6m
DALT ON, GA.
Manufactures all Kinds of
Os the best material this country affords,
and very superior in style and w orkmanship,
which they offer to the public and the gen
eral trade, as low as can be afforded.
Chairs & Bedsteads a Speciality.
Blinds, Doors, Sash and Job Work, to or
der, on short notice.
Dr. D. G. Hunt is our Agent at Calhoun,
Ga., and keeps a good supply of Furniture
on hand. J. W. WALKER, Sup't.
L. D. Palmer, Secretary. aug26'7o-ly
T. R. RIPLEY,
Established in 1850.
Removed to Peachtree Street,
Wholesale Dealer in
"IITILL duplicate any Bills bought in any
If Market, to the amount of One Hun
dred Dollars, and upwards, adding Freight.
P. S. All Goods guaranteed as represented
from this House. Aug 19 ly
WOODEN WARES, Willow Ware, Tin and
Crockery Ware, for sale by
DuJOURNETT & SON,
Cor. Broad & Bridge sts., Rome, Ga.
TAKE YOUR HOME PAPER;
The Calhoun Times!
| FAMILY NEWSPAPER !
Literature, Agriculture, Politic^
ISTews, Education, Humor,
Art, Science, History,
A I . c : I
• I 's m-.'} >* ■ : • w ■* *
1 • iiev’ * •
Varied Interests of Cherokee Georgia.
It will be the peculiar province of the Times to fostei anti ci.
courage every project calculated to carry forward the work of -no
gress and improvement in our “ Glorious Sunny South '
The publisher is determined that in point of Excellence a.id
Variety the Times shall not he surpassed in this country.
No pains or care will be spared to make the Times a
EVERY F A M I I, Y.
One Year - - * 882.00
Six Months - - * 1.25
JOB PRINTIN G!
« ' i-:il ' i■ . .
Our Job Printing department is well furnished with Xew
and beautiful types and fixtures, enabling us to execute
ALL KINDS OF
Haim aml 3? aney Joh liiatiagf
ITV 0000 STYLE,
AT VERY LOW PRICES!