THE ATLANTA INTELLIGENCER.
Dally, Trl-W»«kly anHWeekly.
W. B. B700UBS, Editor and Proprietor.
D,tlr laltUigoneor per annum, la advance, $6.00
Tri-Wee kljr, “ " 400
Weekly, “ “
RATES OP ADVBRTHIHO"
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tisements occupying a quarter, half or whole col
jptr Advertisements from transient person*
mast be paid in advance.
Logal advertisements published at _ the usual
rates. Obituary notices exceeding ten lines charg
ed as advertisements. Announcing candidates for
office, $5 00, to be paid in advance.
When advertisements are ordered in all the is
sues, including Daily, Tri-Woekly and Weekly,
25 per cent- will be added to the above rates.
The privilege of yearly advertisers is strictly
limited to their own immediate and regular busi
Professional Cards not excoeding six lines, $15
Advertisements not specified as to time will be
published till ordered out, and charged at regular
AJvortisomonU inserted in the Weekly paper
only will bo charged at former rates.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY MORNING.
TuRMh*.—Two Pollcx* peronuum, invariably In advance.
M3.VD.Ylf, NOVEMBER 6.
• Wo have recoivod the Nov. No. of
the Southern Cultivator. Its pages are
euriched with its usual variety of well
written and valuable articles on agricultural
subjects. Published by Wm. S. Jones, Au
gusta, Ga„ at one dollar per annum.
The State Road Again.
In our remarks in Tuesday morning’s pa
per on the recent report of the Superinten
dent of the Stato Road, we stated that the
unusually large profit from the business of
tho past year, as was made to appear from
t ho report, was illusory in its character, re
sulting. in a groat degree, from the neglect
of necessary expenditures ou tho part of
tho pre-ent Superintendent, and expressed
the opinion that the surplus §50,000 which
was paid into the state treasury, (as we
think, for political effect) should properly
have boon expended for necessary repairs
and re-construction, or in liquidation of the
debts of the Road, on which, of course, in-
taroU is continually accruing. We find
that our positions are fully borne out by the
reports and estimates of former superinten
In Mr. Yonge’s roport, of October 1853,
admitted to be tho ablest and lnostelabora'e
report which has yet emanated from the
State Road office, so full}’ was ho impress-cd
with the necessity of furthor heavy outlays
for repairs, equipment, re-construction and
the liquidation of the debts of the Road,
that in his accurate and skillful prospective
estimate of tho earnings and expendituie-
of the Itond ho did not contemplate, with a
doe legard for tho interests of the Road,
ihe payment of anything into tho treasury
until the year 185G. And his calculation
of the prospective increase of business was
fully up to the reality for tho past year.
For the year just closed Mr. Yonge esti
mated the nett profits, togothor with avail
able assets on hand at the commencement of
the year, and cn«h available by sale of old
flat bar rail, at $408,433 and he pointed out
in detail noccisary uu'lavs to consume the
whole of this amount.
Among these necessary expenditures par
ticularly specified by Mr, Yonge, is the sum
of $95,108 32 duo to tho the Georgia Rail
lload. This amount lias not been paid f
Mr. Cooper’s policy being to let this deb.
stand against the Road, continually drawing
interest, while with a grand flourish oi
trumpets he pays his surplus §50.000 into
tho stato treasury.
But there is a still moro important item,
considered absolutely indlspeusible by for
mer superintendents, which the present su
perintendent has neglected—an item requir
ing rn expenditure, nceordingto Mr. Yonge’e
report, of §110.000. Wo refer to the relay
ing, with good, substantial iron, of the sec
tion of the Road between Resaea and Dalton
on which the old, light flange rail is still
As far back as October 1852 Mr. Wadley,
in his roport of that date, alluded to the ne
cessity of having tho old flat rail on this sec
tion of the Road taken up and a good article
laid down in its place. lie hoped to have
had it doue during his own administration.
In Mr. Wadley’s estimatoofnecessary expen
ditures during the ensuingyear, ending30th
September 1853, he includes this item, and
rel'ering to tho leavy expenditures required
and recommended by him, says:
•• Startling as there figures appear, there
is no work or equipment contemplated that
is not actually necessary to complete tho
Road, so as to enable it to perform its ra
pidly increasing business.”
Further on in the same report, Mr. Wad-
ley says, icforing to the same items:
“ The necessity that exists for the prompt
execution of all tho work I have enumerated j
is such, that 1 should feel I haduotdischarg-!
ed my full duly were! to fail to urge its j
prosecution with all possible dispatch.” j
Coming down to tho date of Mr. Tonge's J
if it could Tie said that heavy expenditure* i
might here properly cease, and .the nett
earnings of tbe Road tie returned to the
Treasury; but the uitcrests -of the Rood will
require further appropriation of its profits in
: is re-consf ruction.”
It will thus be seen that Mr. Cooper’s
dan of neglecting the necessary expend!*
ures, demanded by the true interests of the
R-md, is a plan directly at variance with tbe
views and recommendations of bis two able
predecessors, Mr. Wadley and Mr. Yqnge,
ilthough it has enabled him to make a show
of large profits and to pay the little surplus
of $50,000 into the State treasury.
But what has been the result, in other
respects, of this neglect of the necessary
works of repair and re-construction 7 A
very natural result indeed. The condition
of the Road is daily growing worse and hea
vily increased outlays will soon be impera
tively demanded to keep the Road in opera
tion. What say the papers in the upper
part of the state along the line of the Road?
The North Georgia Times, published at Dal
ton, does not give a very cheering account of
the condition of things along tho neglected
section. The Times, says:
“The rail road track from Resaea to
Chattanooga, a distance of 54 miles, is not in
condition to do tho heavy winter's business,
being laid with tho light flange bar iron
considerably worn ; and the superstructures
and bridges' decayed and rotten—important
j improvements abandoned, and contractors in-
' iured, together with a failure of six months
to pay for stock killed and other just de-
mads against tho road.”
The Chattanooga (Tenn.) Advertiser says
that “emerpriees that were commenced un
der former superintendents have, under Mr.
Cooper, been wholly stopped, and are now
left to decay.”
Such, then, are 6ome of the natural re
sults of Mr. Cooper’s system of manage
ment of this great State work, and thus it
is that ho has been able to report an appar
ently large profit from the business of the
Road during hie term of office and to turn
550,000 into tho State treasury.
Wo understand that Gov. Johnson was
here yesterday and had an employee in one
uf the unimportant offices discharged on ac
count of his political opinions; but If Gov.
Johnson would answer the just expectations
of the people of Georgia, in his connection
with the State Road, he must look higher
than the office of a book keeper. If he ex
pects the Slaic Road ultimately not to be a
mill-stone about his own neck, he must com
mence tho work of expurgation with the Su
perintendent himrelf. The people care very
little about book keepers or assistant book
keepers. What they want is a Superintendent
who shall administer the affairs of the Road
wisely, economically, justly—with a con
stant jegaid for the true interests of the
Stn’c —who can place the prosperity of the
Road and the welfare of tho State high
aliove nis schemes of telf pi elerment.
Orand badge •ffieufta.
trom a private letter from Macon we
learn that the Annual Communication of hand ve<ierdav. Ah the SouthCaml'ma
tbe Gland Lodge of Georgia, opened in Ma
con on Tuesday the 31-it all., M. W. G. M„
Win C. Dawson, residing. An unusually
large numberof members were in attendance.
On Wednesday the following Grand officers
W, C. Dawson, G. M:
Simon Holt, D. G. M.
A. A. Gaulding, D. G. M.
G. D. Rice, D. G. M.
D. E. Butler, S. G. W.
L. C. Simpson, J. G. W.
J. E. Wells, G. Treasury.
S. Row, G. Secretarer.
The election of other officers had not been
completed when our correspondent’s letter
ThCea^tern mails'hgaih failed fn c>me to
Railroad- Company has utterly refused to
transport the mail®, until the Watters at is
sue between them and the Postmaster Gen-
We understand that rheGrand Lodge of
Georgia, during its session in Macon, ap
propriated the sum of two thousand dollars
for enlarging the facilities of education in
the Southern Masonic Female College, at
may expect the present disarrangement to
continue for some time. The mail thus ob
structed is one of the mo3t important in the
country, and great busines and commercial
irercsts will be made to suffer seriously by
this difficulty. The points * of difference
between thedepartment aid the company
may bo brefly stated. The Postmaster Gen
eral requires an acceleration of the great
mail, it arrives at Augusta in the evening
and remains uniil the morning train. He
claims that under the contract, he has a
era! have been satisfactorily adjusted, we . Covington, and also ordered the. Grand
. L ^— * —' Master Col. Wm. C. Dawson, to select one,
and the four Deputy Grand Masters each
to select one, making fire beneficiaries, to
be placed in the College at the expense of
the . Grand Lodge, so far as regards board,
books clothing Ac., the president of the
College proposing to remit tuition foes.
The Graham Trial.
The New York Evening Post says the
verdict of manslaughter in the case-of Gra
ham for the killing of Loring, has given
great and general satisfaction;but adds that
- - . it is certain to be set aside, and without a
to require the mail to proceed immediately J momeat ’ 6 hesitation by the Court above, to
by a night train. They deny his right to , whkh Giaham . 8 co QIlge l has carried the
right to direct a change in the schedule, and
Female Soldiers.—Tbe “Fairy Light
Guard,” it is stated, has actually made its -. , , . , , ,
appearance in the streets of New York.- ^^em to run a night tram. andshow j case;
Twenty well dressed young women marched
through tho 6treet, two abreast, in military
order, preceded by a male drummer, who
beat time vigorously. They giggled like so
many girls just let loose from school, and
were followed by a largo crowd.
Health of Augusta.
We can only repeat, says the Chronicle &
Sentinel of yesterday, that the abatement in
the ditoase continues. We heard of two
new cases yesterday and no death occurred.
The prospect is more and more cheering J to
that it will create the necessity of running | « The withdrawal of a juror during the
two trains, and they demand an increased j trial, though done with the consent of the
compensation, for the increased cost. We j parties or their counsel, in our judgement
, quote from recollection, but we believe we^ cleajly-vitiated the verdict. In fact, a rea-
I are correct in stating that- they ask 1 enable doubt can hardly be entertianed
! eonA i- * •_ i that a lawful verdict cannot be rendered by
■ $300 per mile for the service as requir- ^ than tlrcIve men , ic a ori minal case.-
, ed, instead of §-31 oO. what they now re-, pjj 0 gnding of a less number is only an ar-
! ceive. The Postmaster General denies their j bitration.
j right, under the contract, to additional, j The Post proceeds to argue that a jury
j compensation ; he offers them, ex gratia : consist of twelve men, that number bo
i §250 per mile which they have peremp-! i ng established by the common law as ne-
torily declined, and he premtnraily re-; C03sar j to form such a body. Trials by a
~ield any further. The whole number 0 f man, popularly termed juries.
TUESDAY, NOV. 7.
e\ery day and every day the number of j q Uest i on ; s complicated by various construe- : b _ consent lawfully be had in civil ca
people and the busines are increasing.- J ons of amea< £ d contl Lts, and altered
The weather too was cooler yesterday than j schedule 0 , and constructions of law, until it ; ; e rativelv demands “tun/” trial and
for reveral days, which cheered many with j lavery difficult to understand what is the “the dUnd/ Tt con-
dute*Tthe hone that it Jotld 8 c3 e tSs " sh .\ an<i wh . iuh * h<5 ^ tt6r ; ; eludes therefore that a new trial will be
dulged tbe hope that it would come this | But ms certain we think, that the railroad ; ^ which ^ ive Graham tbe chance of
company have the right to throw up their ; & monj Terdict ^ ^ &
I contract, although we are not quite so sure :
i , , , /? . J . . severer one.
! that they have the right to refuse to trans-*
port the mails as freight. > [ From tho Orleans Picayune, 1st.]
]From the Savannah Republican Oct- 2nd.]
To Our Absentees.
It gives us pleasure to lay before you the j
following resolutions pas-ed at the meeting i ‘ _ ————- IndianFlfhtin Texas
of the Savannah Benevolent Association,} Mobile and Gibakd Railroad.—Fifty We this morning received the annexed in-
and of the Board of Health. Webave been j four bales of Cotton were received at theGi- teresting letter from an officer of the army
waiting asanxionsly to beable to advise you rar d denot from Ft Mitchell Ala on the in Texas, to whom we tenderouracknowl-
to COME HOME.as you have been to know ! 31 / ’ edgements for his courtesy. It will be
when you could. Feeiingoursolvcs now fully j * _ti seen that the gallant Mounted Riflemen
authorized by the announcement of the n<.n } -Another Bank Swindle.—The New have been giving the Indians a touch of
existence of epidemic among u-. we gladly i York Tribune states that there has been *-heir quality—a specimen of what may be
say to vonall, ‘COME HOME! COMfi i „„„ expected from them in any contest:
iTfWfi? L- L.,1 .i _ . ■ o 1 another case ot overilratt dipcovoro i in one i * _ m ^ _ - _
HOME! Many have had tho start of you, : " Fort Clarke. Texas, Oct. 18, 1854.
* • • j of the hanks m that city to an amount ex-
and none have regretted their rotnrn.
Savannah Benevolent Association.
At a meeting of the Savannah Benevo
lent Association hold at the Exchange on
ceoding $100,000. The namo of
has not become public.
, -.“Eds. Pic.—We have just in, an express
* >an * ! from Gen. Smith, who was, on the 10th
Advertising.—In these modern times of
Steam and Electricity—of enterprise and
competition—when the Advertising colums
of newspapers have come to be regarded as
general business directories, tho following
propositions of a cotemporary may be con
“ That he who advertises most is most
successful in his business!
" That he who advertises has more custo
mers than he who does not, and consequent
ly does business cheaper.
“ That if you want to save, part of your
money, you must patronize those who ad
In connection with the above we would
recommend city and country buyers to keep
ait eye on the advertising columns of the In
Tbe Tyont House.
We take pleasure in stating that tbe above
House, being now finished, and elegantly
furnished throughout, will be opened for the
reception of the public on Monday next. '
inst., at the Limpia; the place selected by
him as a post to be occupied by the 8th In-
_ Go Nr to Russian.—Capt. Oliver Byrne, fantry. Capt. Walker, with a party of the
Tue day evening at G o’clock, the following | military and civil engineer, lately a resei- • Mounted Rifles, who went as-an escort to
preamble and resoluUons were offeied by dent New York ha9 gon(> tfl Russ i abyin . the General, had a fight with the Indians,
Tho steamship City of Manchester, Capt.
Wylie, arriied at Liverpool, 13th inst., at
8 A. M., having crossed the Atlantic in 12
days and 10J hours, which is the shortest
trip on record from Philadelphia.
$6F“From tl.e New Orleans Delta, of the
24th, we take an extinct from a letter of a
correspondent, who has been lately wander- home.
Capt. J. W. Anderson, and unanimously i ua " s ° Il ° l ” kiUed ten of them andfost one man, besides
passed; ! station of the Czar, to occupy a position in Lieut . Carr r0C eiving an arrow wound in
“ Whereas no death from Yellow fever has I the Russian army. j the stomach.
occured for the past four days, and as far as| -—— , “ On the 11th the Lipans drove off all
this Association can ascertain the.e is not j S@“ hdward L. O. Judson, alias -'♦1 tbe an imal8 from the camp on Live Oak
a case of the scourge in the city. > Buntlinc,” who was arrested a few days Creek, temporarily occupied by one compu-
Be it therefore Resolved, That we _ believe 1 since for shooting a colored man named . ny of the 1st Infantry, under command of
it safe and prudent, and wo advise our Freeman, has been acquitted, on the ground Cant Artlfur. The soldiers killed two In-
abs^ntfellowcitizens to return to their Home ). tll „ r hn th „ n/> , ; n dfifnn «,. dians.
and their business.
C. S. Arnold, Sect’ry. Wo see it sta ei
Savannah 31st Oct. 1854.
that he committed the act in self defence,
Board of Healtn.
safe for our absent fellow-citizens to return
Fuller Accounts of tbe Railroad Colli*
slon in Canada—Fifty Persons Killed.
The Detroit Tribune of Friday gives the
following thrilling particulars of the awful
collision on the Great Western Railroad of
Building Association.—At the monthly Canada, of which we published a telegraph-
sale of the Building Association of Nashville ic account in the Aetrs of Tuesday last:
Through the kindness of W. O. Ruggles.
ing in Mississippi. He writes as follows
from Gallatin :
In my travels I have kept an eye to the
crops, and tfco.o is no exaggeration in the
eports going forward, of the damage done
by the worm and rot. You and your reader*
may rely upon it, that very groat injury
lias been done by both, and the vield must
fall behind that of last year 20 per cent.
A breaking up of Barnum’s menagerie
and circus, at New Y’ork, has taken place
with a sale of all the stock aud appurtenan
ces. One hundred and twenty horses were
sold at auction at the New York Tatteraals.
Many fine luftses wero sold at a low figure.
The owners of the stock were P. T. Bar-
num, of the American Museum, Seth B.
Ilowes, late of Franconi’s Hippodrome, and
Sherwood E. Stratton, father of the celebra
ted Tom Thumb. These gentlemen have
been in partnership four years, and their
menagerie and circus, together with the
outfits, cost them §900.000.
Tue Western Pork Trade.—Tho Louis
ville Journal says the crop of hogs will be
Uppers that the fare on the steamers between
that city and New York, for cabin passage
At the regular weekly meeting of the * ia9 ^ een re ^ ucet * t0 _ _
Savannah Board of Health, held yesterday. :
the following resolutions were adopted:
Resolved, That as uo epidemic prevails in j _ .
this city at this time, it will bo perfectly! on n ®' a «, C c/in tT PUt P i we are able to give the particulars of'the
| and sold for *18.200. Ihe bids averaged i M hoart . ren | ing and terrible railroad
! 52 5-10c and -v fraction. ] disaster that ever occurred in America. He
ft be University j 8a J® : few minutes after 2 P. M., yester-
Resolved, That the Editors of our city
papers bo diiceled to discontinue the publi
cation of the resolutions adopted by this
Board on the lltli Oct., just pa*t.
Resolved, That tho foregoing rseolutions
bo published in the city papers.
M*. J. Buckner.
Ch’n. Board Health.
S. A. T. Lawrence, Sec.
Savannah, Nov. 2, 1854.
The Medical Department........ j , . . „
t i tm i oiwa day. we left Niagara Falls with the first-
of Nashville opened on Thursday 20 h inst., . ^ ftnd ^ R | ccnd ^ laS3 passenger car8 ,
with abuut 100 fttudentp, fifty more than ap- onc express and one baggage car. After
peared at the commencement of the Course . leaving Hamilton we were detained about
last year. j midnight, between Hamilton and Loudon,
by a freight engine being off the track.—
Incoming Cotton Crop.
We extract the following from Talcott
and Brother’s Circular, forwarded to Liver
pool on the 28th by the Baltic:
With dates from New Orleans of 24th
injtant, by telegraph, we have as yet no ac
counts of killing frost. Our correspondents
at New Orleans write under date of 17th
inst. as follows:
“Cotton crop accounts are bettor this
week; the fine weather improves the pros
pects and checks tbe complaints. Wo have
beautiful weather, with no indications yet
of early frost. The popular estimate of the
crop here is 3,000,000 bales, which will
not be large enough unless we have an early
frost. Our present impression about the
crop is that if frost keeps off eight or ten
larger in Kentuekv than was some time i , w ’ e p hall adopt your figures of
since supposed, and adds:
Packers, under prerent circumstances,
with a tight money market, and large
stocks and great depression in prices of last
year’s product, are loth to enter the market
at the rates now demanded. Some arc of
fering §4 nett, but this is, we think, a lit
tle too low. We are confident, however,
that no sales could at present be affected at
over §4.50 nett.
The Alton Telegraph says:
Wo hear it rumored that fivo thousand
hogs have been contracted for at Spring-
field, 111., at §3.50. The represented seller
is a packor of that place.
The St. Louis Intelligencer says:
Here packers talk of §4, and so far as we
have heard an expression of opinion, none
calcularo that less than this will bo' paid at
any time during tho season. A drover was
in ihe city yesteroav, offering to contract
1,000 or 1,500 head at §5, but found no
At Cincinnati §4 nett is offered.
3.100.000 bales; and if it keeps off two or
three weeks longer, we don’t know how
mnch higher we shall set our mark.”
Our estimate of 3,100,000, which we be
lieve will be realized, was based as wo ad
vised, “on a fair average season, with kill
ing froBts the last week in October.” if
frost holds off until the 12th or 15th Novem
ber, we shall feel ourselves justified in rais
ing your figures; but at all events are satis
fied that the short crop estimates recently
indulged in at the South, ranging from 2,-
700.000 to 2,930,000 bales must soon be
Sevastopol and Cronstadt.—A London
correspondent of the New York Courier and
Enquirer, writing about the attack on Sevas
From the highest in the metropolis to the
humblest in rank, tho breasts of all throb
with uncertainty as to tbe fate of Sevastopol.
Most of men incline to think it will betaken;
but it is natural for mankind to believe what
: they wish. The last letter I received froma
IIenrt A. Wise.—This gentleman is out j young engineering officer of some authority
in a long letter against the Know-Nothings, and recently considerable experience in the
Ho dues not think that tl.e present state of 1 “»«ere, indine me to think that it will.
, . oc „ . , . i Unless, however, Russia be the most gigantic
report, 30th September 1853, we find that j affaire m uns country is such as to justify ( hubblo ot - mode rn times and the Czar has
t.ns section had not yet been relaid, as re- ! the formation, by the people, of secret j been swindled by contractors intheconstruc-
political society. j tion of his fortresses there, as he was at
Bomarsund, and is said to have been in oth-
Mr. Edwin William 0 , an attachee of ^f ter a delay of an hour we started, and
the New York Urnld, died in that city on i reached London about six hours behind
Saturday from cholera, after an illness of time. About three miles west of London
only twenty hours. He will be remembered ■ the evlindor head of our engine bursted,
as ihe compiler of Wiliams’ Register, the I J^ich de ayed us two hours. Me backed
0 , „ ? ,, down to London, took a new engine and
ed.tor of the Statesman s Manual, and by : 8tartfid agaln for Windsor about one o’clock,
those who knew him, as the best statistician j and about 13 miles west of Chatham, on the
in the State of New York.
_ _ j an hour, we came in collision with a gravei
n r . | ■ ’ , . • i train of 15 cars backing east. The colli-
By reference to a card in outadvertising eion was f rigb tful in the extreme. Our lo-
. [i -o«;«qxjmlenct'’ of tbe DaHy lutellfgenccr. J
The Weather sM Crop* In Sonth West
Starkvillf. Gs. Nov.‘2nd 1854.
Friend Rugplesi The weather for some
time past has been very dry and dusty, in
.consequence of which we have yet had no
fipst. The cotton crop is turning out much
better than was anticipated as a great deal
of the .late erop, which would have been, cut
off and almost entirely distroyed by an early
frost has now matured. As far as I can
learn, a foir average cotton crop wilt be
made throughout South western Qeorgia.
In some sections the corn crop is abundant
while in others it was injured by drought.
South western Georgia, the miasmas of
whose frog-ponds yon fancy you can snuffin
your mountain homo, has been remarkably
healthy this year. And during tbe past
summer when our cities and almost every
other portion of the State was groaning with
disease and death, with u’s sickness was al
most unknown. For these "blessings we
should be gratified to the wise Ruler of the
destinies of mankind..
Yours, &c„ HAYDN.
Are Ton Going to the Fancy Ball S
Is emphatically the question oF the day.
The gay, the fashionable, the bright and
beautiful, are all alive to this interrogatory.
From the letters of enquiry and the inter
est manifested by visitors, the managers an
ticipate a brilliant fete on the approaching
17th. As many strangers are expected, it
is hoped our city belles and bonnie lassies
will be finely represented. Let our young
gallants remember that from them much is
It is time all were preparing costume'.—
Let us not bo outrivaled; we have beauty,
with grace and elegance in our midst.—
Who of out fair ones will personate “ Por
tia,” tho “White Lady of Avarell,” the
“Grecian Lady,” “Diana, the Goddess of j coming to hand with somo degree of regu-
the Woods,” “Cleopatra,” the “Spanish j larity.
Lady,” Ac.? Who of our bright-eyed miss-! — ~^~T ~77T“. _ ,
ess will personate the “Gipsey Girl,” 1 8^ The Boston Five Cenr Savings Bank
“Shepherdess,” “Evening Star/’ “Canary ! “ ay !“** 1 ^ deposit over
Bird,” “Spring,” “Flora,” “Flower Girl,” | 5200,000 from o,380 depositors.
“Rod Riding Hood,” “Nymphs,” “Fairies,” I <l uonco of thl8 8ucce3 *’ tho directors have
“Rose Bud,” “Violets,” and any ether of just resolved to increase the rate of interest,
the poetic creations ? j allo ' ved depositors, from 4 to 5 per cent, per
Then who of our young gallants will per- j annum -
sonate the “Prince of Denmark.” “Duke j Hollow Axles for Railroad Cars.—The
of Alba,” “Turkish Grenadier,” “French” 1 Reading (Pa.) Steam Forge is making hol-
and. “Swiss Peasant,” “Grand Sultan,” i low axio3 for railroad caT8) the first
“Brigand, “Filibuster,” “Young Ameri- : turned out on the coniineQt .
1 t* ln ^’> .. 1 ,* 6 „ ,7a i been scientifically tested, are not liable to
Boy,” “Real Yankee” “Dandy,” “R ob I ^ure c an sustarn more weight, and last
Roy,” “Returned Californian.” “Sanguine 1 lon S er than ***** axl °'
Minor,” “Militia Officer,” “Georgia Ma-
LATER FROM EUROPE.
Cotton fell off at the close, prices much de
pressed. Sales of the week forty-six thousand.
Middling Orleans 5}d.; Uplands 5fd. Spec
ulators took from exporters five thousand
Flour has largely advanced: Canal thir
ty nino, Ohio forty-two shillings. Wheat
advanced one shilling. Corn advanced two
shillings: white aud yellow thirty-nine shil
Trade in Manchester had declined. Rice
advanced to twenty-six shillings.
Consols declined to 94f. The Bullion
in tho Bank declined seventy thousand
The bombardment of Sevastopol commen
ced on the 13th, from two pieces and heavy
Omar Pacha has gone to the Crimea to at
tend tho Conncil of War. It is believed hi§
forces will ho transferred there. Menecha-
koff is partiaily reinforced.
By reference to the correspondence in an- ! Pari? and Lcndoftha?Sebastopol h^fab
other column, between tho Charleston Post- ! len, but the reports were not credited
Master and the President,of the South Car-! though large stock operations had taken
olina Railroad, it will be seen that the diffi
culties which wero about to cause a very
serious interruption in the transportation
of the great Southern mail, have fortunately
been adjusted, at least temporarily. We
seriously trust that by the time the present
ten days’ contract runs out somo permanent
arrangement will have "been affected whore-
by the moils will again resumo thoir wont
ed regularity. After the derangement of
the mails on account of the yellow fever in
Augusta, and the subsequent misunder
standing between the Post-Master General
and the South Carolina Railroad, it will
be quite a treat to have the mails again
Supreme Court at Gainesville.
jor,” “Wild Indian,” “Highland Laddie,” j . . We ^re present during the first week of
• •. ,,t, , ,, , , . . ’ 1 this court at Gainesville, where we were ed-
“ Exquisite, “City Buck aud a host of other ; ified bv the able arguments of such men as
characters that readily suggest thomselves 1 Messrs. McDonald, Cobb, Underwood, Hull,
to the minds of tho humorous. j Aikin, Peeples and Hutchings. It is a
The names of the managers is a sufficient great treat to witness the discussion of im-
guarantoo that every effort will be made to P° rtant ca ^f s such eminent members of
... ~ ..... , ,. ; the bar. Our Supreme Court since its or-
render this one ot tho most brilliant as well 10 is „ , .
ganizntion in 184o has done much to ex-
ns agreeable affairs of the season. Tho j pound and make uniform the laws of our
music will ho enlivening—well calculated j State. Tire rights of persons and property
to woo the yo ung to ite IIn.ll of Terpsi- no longer rest with the discretion of the
chore. * A CHARACTER. | different circuit judges of the State, as it
once did, when each one construed the law
piaco on the strength of the rumors.
Lmploiecs of the English Government
say that serious intelligence is looked forba-
foie tho begining of November.
Canrobert: notified the French government
that the position of the Allies was impreg-
nablo, that ho can contend against 200,000
Commercial affairs look very gloomy.
NEW ORLEANS MARKET.
Thursdat, Nov, 2—Cottou is dull since
the arrival of the Pacific’s news.
Friday, Nov. 3.—Cotton is active at pre
vious rates. The sales to-day have compris
ed 10,000 bales making the total during the
weok 29,000 bales.
Tho Banking House of Horace Bean &
Co., of New Orleans has failed. Their lia
bilities are estimated at $100,000.
The Cahawba has arrived at New Orlerns
bringing dates from Havana to the 30th
In eonse- ! ult. She made rhe quickest run on record.
LATEST BY THE ARABIA.
The latest intelligence from Sevastopol
says tho fortress cannot hold oat more than
The tenor of the German press indicates
that a rupture is about to occur betwen Aus
tria and Prussia. Great anxiety prevail af-
FROM ST. JOHNS.
At the latest dato3 from St. Johns nothing
furthor had been heard of the Arctic’s pas
TERRIBLE R AILROAD ACCIDENT.
Chicago, Nov. 3.—The train which left
hereon Wednesday Night for Rorck Island,
broke an axle near Neall when the Engine
ran off the track, killing thirty or forty first
class passengers, and fatally scalding a do
The Charleston Courier of Saturday savs:
The public will be gratified to perceive
from the subjoined correspondence, that the
difficulties under which the commercial
community and the public generally have
j different from the other.— Cassville Stand-
j The paper from which the foregoing is
) extracted, corrects, probably on the author-
I ity of Gov. Cobb himself, the error into
been subjected fur the past two days, by the i which tho press has fallen as to the author-
interruption of the usual mail facilities are j ship of tho letter on tho African Slave
—at least tor the pi orent—satisfactorily ad-j Yrade, lately published over the signature
justed. The President of the Railroad tele- > r .. it » th. c
graphed last evening to the different points : of H °^ L C , 0BB ' . Tde writ ° r of u
un the road, to his officers, to receive the • ( sa 3 r ® Standard) is Howell Cobb, of
mails as usual: 1 Houston county, editor of “ Cobb’s Analy-
“Postofficr, Charleston, S. C., Nov, 3, ’54 ! sie and Forms,” and a lawyer of reputation,
“President and Directors S. C. R. C>.: j but in no way related to the ExrGcvernor.
. . . . “Gentlemen—I consider myself fully au- ; Montgomery.—The Montgomery Journal
I Ba P tlst Crsek F!ats - ab ° u * 20 miles thorised to protect tho public interest, by j of Ye3 terday, says that there is no moro sick'
* fin nnnr wp mida in nnllinmn trifh ft. ftrtiroi n t ui« * *■
commended by his predecessor, as other out
lays, ossoutial to the interests of the Road,
had absorbed tho whole of tho increased
profits during his administration. Mr.
Yonge had uo surplus $50,000 to turn into j
the state treasury.
A irginia Tobacco.— The Petersburg, ; or places 011 the Baltic, it is difficult to be-
Inteiigencer says the warehouses in that | lieve in such a lesult. Though seemingly
; city are receiving supplies of tbe new crop ! impregnable by tea, the opinion is now en-
>f to'iacco, which is loose and of fine growth.
tertoiiied that it, as well ns Cronstadt, will
c oio.u 1 Tho , 1, .. , . ; . 1 fall before a well directed naval attack,
iu his report, h.ovever, referring to this I j he 1“igcmrer adds that the crops in- j Commercial captains who have visited both
section of the Road, Mr. Yongo says: j “ icat0 an abundant supply of a superior ar- j places especially tho northern, annually or
article. * - ~
“There is no apprehension felt in <hc
passing of our trains over this bar at shir j Appointments by tue President. Geo.
r)*cd during the coming mnler; but it is 1 L. Curry, of Oregon, to Vie governor of the
.modeled of tho utmost importance
absolutely necessary, to replace the 15 mile ^ I ^ „ S ' - , j is but rubbish, and that the edifices shake
between lte.- aca aud Dalton with heaw T 1 ' V »*• vnrm, of Oregon, to be at- 1 even ou fire of a salute. I repeat, it is diffi-
rail at an early dale. ' i torney of the United Stales for the Territo-1 cult to believe that the Cear can have been
After having given his estimate of requi- ! ry of Oregon. ! so grossly deceived.^ Still it is my duty touo-
site exj*eoditures up to Sepiember 30, 1851, j Benjamin F. Harding, of Oregon, to be
Mr. Yonge could not regard the affairs ol j secretary of the Territory of Oregon,
the Road, even then, in a proper condition |
to commence paying into the treasury, until i
another year at least had claused and fur-1 . . „ ,
ther earnings appropriated in its rereonstrue-: ^ ,n conrequenee. we presume, of the
tion. Not only did the necessities of the j difficulties Ire tween the Post Office ^Depart-
Rond itself demand, in his opinion, the cn- j *" * * "* r '~ 1 ~ n ~-'
tiro profits for the year ending September
1854, but also the profits of the year ending
September 1855. Ilis estimates only con
twice a year for nearly a quarter of acentu-
ry, and thus had- an opportunity of closely, „ — s
obi-erving tho progress of the works, affirm ' also, the ^ccoud of which will perhaps ex-
tlmt the whole interior of there fortifications ! cite a smile:
columns it will be seen that a grand Cos
tume Ball will take place on the 17th of
the pre rent month. The names embraced
in its list of managers is a sufficient guar
anty that the Costume Ball will bo a bril
liant affair. We understand that very act
ive preparations are in progress by the
managers to make it equal, if not superior,
to anything of the kind which has ever
come off in Georgia.
Knoxville Amusements.—Tho Knoxville
Register says: The bear fight to which we
alluded a weak or two since, came off on
Friday last—a large crowd was in attend
ance and a terrible battle was fought. A
couple of wolves were added to the list of
combatants at the last encounter. Wo are
unable to give the full particulars of the
contest, as wo could not, from a press of bu
siness, avail ourselves of a very polite invi
tation to be present, and assist in awarding
the laurel wreath to the most courageous
dog that entered for the fight.
Preparations for the Augusta Fair.—
We have already stated that the Fair of the
Southern Agricultural Society had been
posponed until the 22d of November. The
Southern Cultivator says:
“The Committee of arrangements will en
ter at once upon the business of preparing
the ground^, buildings, tents and other fix
ture-of tbe Society for the coming Fa>r,
and if exhibitorswill make their entries and
send their articles forward in good season,
as directed, much of the confusion heretofore
oomplained -f will lie obviated.”
The Candidate of the Darkles.
A convention has been held by negroes in
New York, at which they determined to
give their support to the Whig candidate
for Governor. The Albany Allas says:
The convention denounced the Coloniza
tion Society “ with the greatest contempt
and scorn,” and demanded an extension of
suffrage. They passed these two resolutions
Mail Difficulties.—Wo were without
our usual mail from beyond Augusta yester-
meat and tl.e South Carolina Railroad
Company, the latter having refused to
transport the mails either way.
tiee the existence of these rumors, as they
are at once significant and may be explica
tive of Sevastopol’s approaching fait,
Barnum’s Autobiography.—r-The com
mittee selected to examine the bids for tbe
publication of this work have made their
report. Twenty-ono bids front publishers
in New York and other cities were made,
die highest being that of J. S. Redfietd, oj
New York. Mr. R.’a bidwas fifty two cents
per copy, or 875,000 for tbe copyright.
Thi* result was foretold by some of the
... „ . , . J®* A Virginian has beaten the Yankees, . .. —
templated the return of money into the 1 »t their own woapons. John J, of Hollow, new^pup^ Ui New York, who pronounced
State treasury after the Road had been ploo- i Fredericksburg, Va., has invented a oia- the protended rupture between the show
ed in a a comple re unt^proper condition and • ch* n ® which will husk-- and shell corn at
its debts liquidated. Speaking of the ab*! ? ne ' r, ' ' '
sorption of the profits of tho year ending j a “ e the ^ ni ^ at ^-
ast mouth, Mr. Yonge says: I cob coming out the other end. Its capnci
“At would be a source of congratulation, j ty is about four hundred barrels per dsy.
mao end tbe publisher a simple rnse to give
^operation. The ear with husk is thrown notoriety to’ Ms fortbcorauiiug publication.
cfi?. ** ^ Verity, Bormim is the prince of humbugs’
But he never fails.
prince oF humbugs’
His book will sell like
Resolved, That among the candidates
prerented for the suffrage of the people, by
the several political organizations, for Gov
ernor, the Hon. Myron If. Clark as the fear
less advocate of ther Maine law in our State:
his avowed opposition to the Nebraska out
rage, and opjKisition- to human bondage, es
pecially American slavery, appears the
most consistent candidate for tue suffrage
of colored men.
Resolved. That wo are in favor of the
Woman’s Rights movement, and our posi
tion at prerent (vu: colored men and-
white women) being Analogous.
8®=- Episcopalianism is said to be making
headway against Romanism in Ireland.—
The Bishop of'Dromore reports an. increase
in hie diocere of 4,000 attendants at church,
TOO communicant*, aad .14,000 Sunday
scholars. Ills cathedral, said to have been
built by Bishop Jeremy Taylor, has lately
lieen restored atrebnsiderable expense. - 11
is proposed to orect a -monument to that
distinguished prelaw and theologian, who
U Burlki in this cathedral *
comotive was completely thrown over to
the right, the express car thrown over and
crushing the first and second class car into
mere splinters, demolishing the next, and
making a wreck of the third car, and
driving in the end of the fourth; the
passengers in the last car escaped un
hurt or with slight bruises; almost the
entire load of the second class cars were
killed or wounded, some completely cut
in two, others with mangled heads and
bodies, and without limbs.
The kcreams and groans of the mangled
was awful in the extreme. Every effort was
made by the conductor and passengers to
relieve the suffering, but notwithstanding
all superhuman effor s to relieve them, all
were not extricated until more than four
hoars after the collision. Among those
whose exertions in saving the victims, are
Thomas F. Meagher, and Junk, the baggage
man, Mr. O. A. Brownson, and others of
the passengers, neaps of the dead and
mangled were found in the rains piled to
gether in all mangled shapes.
One poor fellow wa* cut out of the ex
press car. his limbs hanging out of the side,
fifteen feet from tbe ground. One of the
strangest features of the accident is, all the
gravel cars we demolish and piled upon
each other, with tender of the engine stove
in. The conductor of tbe gravel train was
on the rear car, with his signal and a ne
gro bov at his side. The conductor saved
himself by jumping; the negro bov was
At the time of the colliekra there was a
dense fog. it being almost impossible to see
lights. TVhere the blame belongs in this,
awful catastrophe, we know not; but there
is gross and culpable negligence in tbe ope
ration of the affairs of the road. The con
ductor of the gravel trains says he was or
dered out by the superintendent of thegrav-
We ought to mention that on the third
car from the rear we had no light at the
time of the collision and was in total dark
ness. nor had we anything but pieces of
candles stuck in tubes at any time. Those
had gone out at the time of the collision.—
The dead are lying around, and being most
ly emigrants their names cannot readily
be got, bat about fifty are killed outright,
and many of the wounded must die, of
which there are about forty alive. There
was one woman buried under a mass of
ruins, and lay there over four hours before
she was extricated. She must (tie.
.^.We were 32 miles from Detroit and 13
from Chatham; the surrounding eontry for
miles a visit swamp and no aid or physi
cians at hand, which, with-the denseness of
the fog and frightful screams of-the wound
ed for help and water, rendered the most
appalling scene imaginable. It was heart
sickening. Yet *11 was done that couM be
daring the long five hoars that the misera
ble unfortunates were watting their tarn for
assistance. One matt and six friends with
him, all killed. ' There are whole families
killed mid we cannot ascertain their names.
Mr. Toms Informs us that when he left
the scene of the disaster,'it had been ascer
tained that 25 men, 11 women and 11 child
ren had been kilted, and 21 men and 20 wo
men and children badly ipjured—one-half
probably fatally. It was thought' that ns
many as 15 dead bodies were still buried in
the mins when be left
providing in the best practicable manner, , n<?8S Jn that cit now than ther0 faa? been at
against a continued stoppage ot the mails. _ , / . ,
“I propose now, either in my official or j thc same date for previous years. If there
personal capacity, as you may prefer, to . arG an J now cases of Yellow Fever to report,
contract with your Company to carry the | tho Journal has not heard of them,
mails for ten days, or until the differences
now pending between yourselves and the
Postmaster-General shall be adjusted.
I am, gentlemen, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
“Alfred Huger, P. M.”
“S. C. Rail Road, )
Charleston, Nov. 3, 1854. j
“Hon. A. Huger, P. M., Charleston, S. C.:
“Sir:—I have the honor to acknowledge
the receipt of your letter of this date. The
contract between the Post Office Department
and this Company being now annulled, and
a large sum due the Company upon that
contract, we will not make a new one of a
permanent character until the arrears of
pay are satisfactorily settled. In order to
afford the Department time to effect this
settlement, and make a new contract if they
desire it, we are willing to engage with them
through you to transport the mails for ten
days between Charleston and Augusta
and Columbia as heretofore for the sum of
“Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
“John Caldwell, President.”
“PosTorncE, Charleston, Nov. 3, 1854.
“J. Caldwell, Esq., Pres. &c., S. C. R. R. Co.
“Sir—Your note of this date, in reply to
my own, is just received, and I consider the
terms proposed to carry the mails for ten
days, for the sum of thirteen hundred and
fifty dollars, such as I am fully authorized
to accept, and I accordingly do so, with
the understanding that operations will be
resumed to-morrow, and the public be re
lieved with the least possible delay.
Very respectfully, your ob’t serv’t,
Alfred Huger, P. M.”
From the report of the Pacific Steam Ship
Company, we learn that a great improvement
has taken place in the business of tho com
pany. The receipts in 1852 were $1,622,-
000. These fell of in 1853 to $888,006. In
1854 the affairs of the company were not
more flourishing, bnt since the amicable ar
rangement and understanding between the
competing companies, the estimated recepts
are large, and it is bolieved that next year,
dividends will be again declared.
Taken Aback.—A young clerical gen
tleman relates the following anecdote of
one of his old Dutch brethren:
The old fellow was About commencing
bis spiritual exercises one.evening, when
to his being near sighted was added, the
dim light of a country church. After
. cleaning -his throat and adjusting his spec
tacles, be commenced giving out the hymn,
prefacing it with the apology—
“The light Lh- bad, wine eyes ifh dim,
• I srhareh can ree to road, dish hymns.” _
Tbe clerk, supposing it was tho first
stanza of the hymn, struck iip to the tune
of a common metre. The old fellow, taken
aback bv this turn of affairs, corrected the
mistake fey saying
•‘I didn’t mean t<j sing dish hymn,
I only meant mino eyes ifh dim.”
The clerk still thinking it a combination
of the couplet, finished in tho preceding
The old man at this waxed wroth, and
exclaimed at the top of his vo(co:
“I dinks the aebil’ab in you all
Vot wash no hymn to sing at all
Yellow Fever at Union-Point.—Tho
Madison Visitor of Saturday says that Mr.
and Mrs. Lampkin died of Yellow Fever, at
Union-Point last week. Tho Visitor says
that those eases appear to have originated at
the Point, and the people there are much
alarmed in consequence.
The New York Courier and Enqui
rer, in speaking of the three tickets now in
the field in New York, says that unless an
unusual departure from probabilities takes
place, Judge Bronson will receive 90,000
votes, Governor Seymour 80,000, and Mr.
Clarke 160,000. The great conceutration of
the struggle will be on these; they will draw
with them the remainder of the ticket. Tho
vote will he a large one because the Con
gressional canvass will be a very exciting
one, and will lead to the attendance at tho
polls of many who in careless times arc
The California election returns indicate
that Dr. Gwin will be elected Senator.
Whatever may be thought of Dr. G. as
a politician or a man, all must concede
that he has made a most officient Senator
for the new State.
Tunnel Under the Ohio River.—The
Louisville Journal has an article upon tho
prospects and feasibility of the construction
of- a tunnel under the Ohio river at Louis
ville Kentucky, and Jeffersonville, Indiana.
A charter for this work was granted by the
Kentucky Legislature, March 6, 1854;
and the" right of way given by the city of
Louisville, and the work forever exempied
from taxation for the city purposes, on the
27th day of May, 1854. The Fort Wayne
and Southern Railroad Company have ac
cepted the charter and the release of the
right of way; and propose making up the
stock, and if possible, to put the work un
der contract this fall or early in the spring.
The tunnel will be exclusively for railway
purposes, with a double track, adapted to
the use of all the roads of the different
guages. It will be 28 feet wide in the
clear, and 17 feet high, perpendicularly,
from the centre of each track. The arch
ing will be sixty feet less than two miles
in length. The descending grades into tho
tunnel, at either end, will lie only eighty
feet per mile on a straight line. From the
head of the grade on one side to the head
of the grade on the opposite e|de of the
river will ho two miles and a halt The
tunnel will be constructed in the river by
exeayating a channel or pit in the rook ana
arching over with the material excavated—
milestone rock of the best quality. The
work lias beon surveyed, and the cost esti
mated ai, §1,200,000. It is proposed to raise
this sum by a cash subscription, no part of
which is mado payable until tho whole sum
is subscribed. * whenever all the stock is
taken then it becomes payable in four
equal semi-annual instalments.
Immigration at Quebec.—There arrived
at Quebec, up to the 14th ult., 51,000 emi
grant passengers, which is an increase of
16,400 over last year.
The Ouirageat Worcester. Mass.—The
telegreph has already anounced that a riot
has occurred at Worcester, Mass., the heart
of the State, and the very core of abolition
ism. It seems that Mr. Asa O. Butman, an
officer attached to the department of the
United States Marshal at Boston, rendered
good service in energetically carrying out
the directions of his superior on the occa
sion of the arrest of Sims and Burns, fugi
tives from service. Mr. Butman was also
one of the officers deputed to deliver Burns
to the custody of his owner, and his con
duct elicied the approbation of the citizens
of Richmond, to which city the slave was
A dispatch to thc New York Associated
Press dated Worcester, Oct. 30, says:
“Asa O. Butman, the person who arrested
Thos. Sims and Anthony Burns, was dis
covered booked at tho American House in
this city yesterday, and was immediately
posted throughout the city. In the evening
a vigilanee committee of citizens suroundea
thc hotel and watched Butman’s move
ments. He presented a pistol at them and
threatened to use it: whereupon a warrant
was issued and he was immediately arrested,
and this forenoon brought before "the police
court, charged with carrying coneeald
weapons. Tho case wa3 postponed two
weeks, and ho was required to give bonds
for his appearance.
“A large and excited crowd gathered
around tho court room, and it becoming
evident that Butman’s life was in danger,
Mr. George F. Hoar, free-soiler, and son of
the venerable Samuel Hoar, appealed to tho
crowd to let Mr. Butman go in safety out
of the city. The crowd gave vray, and But
man, accompanied by strong guard, went
to the depot, followed by the populace,
where the colored fell upon him ana would
undoubtedly have taken his life but for
the interference of Martin Stowell, James A.
Howland, 3Ir. Hoar, Rev. T.T. V. Higginson
and Stephen S. Foster, all abolitionists.
“Butman was placed in a carriage, accom
panied by Mr. Higginson, and thus escaped
with his life. Mr. Higginson was consid
erably cut by the missiles thrown at the
carriage, and Butman was pelted with rot
ten eggs and stones, and kicked and beaten
almost to death.”
Putnam on Slavery.—Mr. G. P. Putnam
is industriously writing down his Magazine
in the South. In the last number he char
acterizes slavery in these words: “ From
its very nature it is a despotism of force, of
law, and of opinion combined—partially
mitigated in practice by humane personal
considerations, but in tneory absolute. It
is administered for the most part by the
whip ; it is sanctioned by legislation : and
it admits of no scrutiny or discussion. All
that can be said of it, m the regions where
it prevails, even by those most deeply inter
ested in its results, must ho said in its fa
vor on pain of peremptory banishment or
assassination.” If all Northern periodi
cals would speak in this spirit, there would
be some hope of Southern literature. Wo
are glad to learn from the booksellers here
that Putnam is rapidly vanishing from the
market. The void should be supplied by
tho Southern Quarterly Review, tne ablest
periodical in tho country.—Richmond En
A special despatch to tho N. Y. Tribune.
dated New Qrloaus tho £9th ult, says:
“ I learn from head-quarters that the Cu
ba expedition, which was to have left the
States under command of Gen. Quitman,
has failed, and them is no probability or fu
ture hope of succoss. I have been promised
by ono of tho “head men,” a full history of
tne present organization, the names of the
committoc here, iheamounts subscribed and
tho names of the subscribers, as also the
names of parties in our city who have been
connected with the movement. All of the
facts which are of any public interest will
bo forwarded to you for publication. The
gentleman from whom I have obtained this
information informs mo that one of the
members of the grand jury who pretended
to investigate tho truth of the rumors of
a fillibuster expedition, was the Recording
Secretary of the Cuba Committee.”
BQjf* The American Party in the Legisla
ture of Pennsylvania proves to be. stronger
than was supposed. The Harrisburgl.Ifefe.
graph says that there are over 60 members
of the next Legislature known to hafong to
the American order. ---