BY RUGGLES & HOWARD.
ATLANTA AND MARIETTA, GEORGIA, FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 22, 1855.
VOL. VII. NO. <
better from Rob. Robert Toombt oo |
Boston, Mass., June 6th, 1855.
Dear Sir:—More than three weeks ago, [
SATURDAY, JUNE 16.
TH E ATLANTA INTELLIGENCER
Pall) . Trl-Weekly and Weekly.
BY RrGliLES A HOWARD.
W. B HUGGLES,l dUork
I . C. HOWARD, >
W. U III NT. Associate Editor.
terms of subscription. . - ., • . , , , . , . . *» .
. - inteiueenrer i>et annum, in advance. $6.00 D it should yet come to hand, 1 wish you to situation has mental superiority a more de-
r Wcet, 4 00 ! P ubl l 6 h »*» as »* was muc . h . fullc J an<r m ? re ! cided influence than in our Legislative
•„ kl , •• 2.00 1 earefully prepared exposition of my opin-!, „ , . _ . _ .
ions than this letter can be. I shall embark : halls. The histones of such assemblies re-
to-day for Liverpool, and, for want of time, cord numerous victories, which skillful
Members of Congrei*.
_ . As the South is numerically weaker in
in compliance with my promise, I wrote to i tbe National Congress, it becomes us to
KJfs;—.«• ***■.. ?■,
“ Know Nothings,” or the American party, j ^7 0ld y can we hope to maintain a balance
1 did not learn until I reached Augusta, on j of power, and in this way it can be, in a
my way here, that you had not received it. j great measure, doubtless, effected. In no
»/., l. —-* '“Ayo " 1 ' - . .
RATES OF ADVERTISING
r will be
ring rate, per square of ten '
in the Daily Intelligencer will be must'eonfino myself to a very brief state- i minorities have obtained over their more
0 ete. j On
51 00 j Two “
1 25 I Three “
1 50 I Four -
t 75 | Six
■’ 00 , One year.
»ill be made for yearly adver-
z h luarter. half or whole c*>l-
ment, rather than an argument on the sub- ( numerous, but yet weaker, adversaries.—
$5 oo j jeet. . ; Unon somewhat the same principle that a
9 oo My first objection to the new party is one " v, , f.
10 00 ' independent of its principles. I am oppos- j 6raall band of well disciplined soldiers com-
[From the West Point Beacon, Extra, loth inst.]
Democratic Convention of the 4th Con-
Newnan, Ga., June 12,1855.
This body assembled in the Court House
to-day at 10 o’clock, A. M. On motion of
Dr. H. S. Wimbish, of Merriwetber, Col.
J. D. Stell, of Fayette, was called to the
Chair, who, upon taking his seat, addressed
the Convention in a very able and impres
sive manner, tendering his thanks for the
honor conferred—when, on motion of Sam
uel Freeman, of Coweta, U. B. Wilkinson,
of Coweta, and J. T. Whitman, of Troup,
were appointed Secretaries of the Conven
tion. The counties composing the 4th Con
gressional District were tk¥n called, and
the delegates in attendance reported their
names to the Secretaries. The following
delegates were enrolled as members of the
Convention from the counties to which their
nan.- are attached:
of keen instincts and thorough parliamen- j j 0 ^°(|ha8ttLin^' ^ 00re ' " * McMullen and
i-ciueot- frvjn tran.-iem persons
i-imeiit published at tbe usual
i notice- exceeding ten lines eharg-
neutr. Announcing candidates for
i be paid in advance.
-. incnlr are ordered in all the is-
Daily, Tri-Weekly nnd Weekly,
II be added to the above rates.
■ of yearly advertisers is strictly
•wii immediate and regular busi-
!'.irds not exceeding six lines. $15
its not -pecified as to time will be
dered out, and charged at regular
12 0o c j to it because it is a secret political socie- j bat successfully against a raw and unorgan-
*5 00 U'- ‘"Society has a right to know the men, i j ze( j rabble, in legislative bodies a few men
wht) seek to direct its affairs and control its j 0 f jj e g n instincts and thorough parliamen-
destiny. Publicity is the life-blood of a ' , . , 1
representative Republic. Without it, public j knowledge are enab ed first to opposed i Campbell-A. AusteU, W. G. Garrett, W.
liberty must soon perish, and no necessity, j finally subdue a weak and uneducated i p, Devine, L. B. Watts, T. J. Camp, S. H.
short of that which would justify revolution, , majority. As Southerners we have much I Neil, B. B. Dykes, James May, N. Harri-
can justify the surrender of this great se- j to congratulate ourselves on in this matter, j 80 _ n > W. B. Swan, W. A. J. Beavers, J. H.
curity of popular government. All party ; an d a8 Georgians we have just cause for • ^ inyard and B. T. Watkins^ _ _ __
associations are constantly liable to be used - wbllo in tin. «tr>rm nfi Coweta.—W. H. Elder, J. E. Stallings,
by the cunning, the unprincipled and enter-! ® P ' , , , , H. G. Tench, O. T. M. Nimons, J. J McLen-
nrising members for the promotion of per- i fanaticism North, tlR most vehement brawl- • don, J. (j. Stewart, O. C. Cavender, A. B.
sonal objects rather than the public interests, j ers have brought themselves into node*, | Brown, J. Harkins, Samuel Freeman, J.
and it needs no argument to prove that se- j and men of mediocre talent have been elevated ' T. Brown, W. J. Ransom, James II. Gra
te inserted in
reed at former rate?.
worthy ends. Secrecy is uic uutuiai vu»w i r ., • i —v>** »» *»wa.
ing of fraud, the natural ally of error and ; situation, are preparing for the coming , Ander80 n, W. P. Ward, W. B. Dennis, and
the enemy of truth. The patriots who j emergency by sending men thoroughly | fra. Bullard.
formed our constitution gave it a fatal blow, j qualified, to perform the duties of repreeen- j De Kalb.—Thomas Akin, G. Henderson,
the Weekly paper bv provisions which secure the freedom of ■ tatives, and to sustain the rights of their I and E. A. Davis.
-1 •’■SS* **.*. ' iber ‘? ° f -‘ be K, derive. ! «" — “ s “P h “ 8 -1 B TiKeSa 'sUxSH
* . •> .... 1 wnnwnnnnt via in tlin 1 -w •» m tv ii t T t „ .
Tk!c nLionfinn fn tha now
whether his judgment approves them or not. 0 f and we are happv to see that a sense 0 f j Whatlv, A. B. Mitchell, D. B. May, and
If this bo true, it is a surrender of the dear- : i rtanceofth ; 8ediBti i8hedmenis ;J.C. Bra S sell.
cst rights of freemen, and is a crime against F . ,, Fulton.—Dr. T. M. Darnall, J. 1 >\hit-
soC i ct y. thoroughly appreciated by all parties m this ; aker and Xhoinas A . Cannady.
My next objection to the American party State; in fact, it seems to be doubtful ■ Henry.—R. M. Stell, P. Z. Ward, J. M.
is, that it proposes, in some way to invade whether any solid organization will be op- ■ Hambrick, and Abner Camp,
the rights of conscience, or to call men in D08ed t 0 them. The spirit which for paltry | „ ,?• ''y r *g^t, J. B. M are, R.
question for the free exercise thereof. I am : ^ sureg or pe rsona i rnque, would attempt j £.. W ° 0 fl/p \ ^ ^ L '
opposed to all religious tests of every sort, , . . ” j 1 , „ , ., ; Grimes and F. M. Scroggm.
and for every purpose. Our constitution f° deprive the country of such powerful aid : Meriicether.—J. L. Render, John P. At-
f*ni, tlmt a great many good j, ro te C ts us against the putting of such tests in the coming struggle, must be aD unpat- i kinson, Robert B. Dark, John Snelson, J.
FRIDAY, JUNE 15.
«i pr r I w in unit Foreign Pauper*).
Hi»*re lia- bu*en no more prolific theme for
w Nothing writers and orators than this
l reign Pauperism. We have bad the
.try «•' overran with these puapers, and
_ \ crriuiciit so burdened with taxation
The Canvass in Tennessee,
erame seriouly alarmed for on the statute book, but the principle is 1 r j 0 tic one indeed,
uc-es. Yet. with all the terrible : founded on truth and justice, and ought to
•inoinv lorehodintrs we have i he the rule of the individual actiou, as well . ■ «,
_ m\ ™ ‘ a8 of the pubiic conduct of every citizen.- They are having some fun m Tennessee,
r ' vUl t,!( P 1,c > 01 tllut Centuries of unavailing persecution taught about this time. One would think that the
singularly in the dark as to the our fathers the folly, as well as the wicked- : law of libel had been suspended for awhile,
•t-i mining to this matter. ucss of attempting to control men s con- and that both parties had good humoredlv
the balderdash and clap- sciences by nenal statutes or civil d j.8abUi- ^ toabuge eachother . TheDemocrats
constitute al-ut all that has : ties; they, therefore, put the sting of dtsa- * Know Nothin^ Tem-
,hi. Mibjeot, let ,. h look for a ,J ility into the tempesttodisgraee ; 0_ur 8 ta- say that Gentry, the Know Noth.n a lem
ie figures that have been afford-
| J. Hus>y, J. F. A. Peebles, B. Loverett, T.
T. Duncan, T. Y. Gill, James Leays D. C.
Grisham, B. B. Ector, H. S. Wimbish, J.
Patterson and M. Almon.
Troup.—J. D. Newcome, John W. Mc-
Gehee, P. O. Harper, J. T. Whitman, Frank
Ward, Wilson Hubbard, H. O. Stanley, W.
II. Norwood, W. A. Speer, James A. Nor
wood, Henry Brooks and Shirley Sledge.
Mr. Anderson, of Coweta, introduced the
MONDAY, JUNE 18.
appointed by the Chair to notify the Hon. !
Hiram Warner of his unanimous nomina- j
tion as the Democratic candidate for Con- j Cxthoilo Clergy,
gress in the 4th Congressional District, and ! Nothing can be more amusing than to see
solicit his acceeptance of the same ■ where- j the efforts made, on the part of sundry wise
£ t Tvi, err j position of political influence. We are
On motion of J. G. Pittman of Heard, i » ,7, n .. ..
Resolved, That the proceedings of ’^ ! g^ely told that the Catholic Clergy con-
Convention be signed by the President and ; the entire Catholic vote/ and that
Secretaries, and published in the West Point! Archbishop Hughes is, perhaps, the most
Beacon, Atlanta Intdigencer, Cherokee Ad- j powerful man in the nation. The Arch-
cocate, Atlanta Examiner and Georgia Ban- j bi8hop on the other hand, respectfully de-
ner, and all other Democratic papers in the ! , , , . , , ,
State be requested to copy the sine. > chnes suc . h den,es that he ev « r voted
On motion of P. O. Harper, Esq. hut once iaAidffife, or ever influenced any-
Resolved, That the thanks of this Con- j one else, aim savs that the Catholics as such,
vention be tendered to the President for the- have no politics* Now the matter begins to
able and dignified manner in which he has ,. „ .. , .
presided ovw its deliberations; also to the i gusbnfe when it is asserted that
Secretaries for their promptness aud atten- Archbishop Hughes and the entire Catholic
After which the Convention was addressed
by Messrs. Freeman, Harper and Whittaker
in able and convincing speeches.
On motion the Convention adjourned sine
die. J. D. STELL, Pres.
U. B. Wilkinson, ) & .
J. T. Whitman, } Seentanee.
Clergy are liars ; that it is their sworn duty
to advance the interests of their church in
any manner; that they owe to the Pope an
allegiance superior to that due to the State,
and that they are under no obligation to
keep faith with heretics. Such opinions wo
see daily delivered with an air of confident
knowledge by men who never read, saw, nor
understood one single canon of the Catholic
tute"book with this sort of legislation. We 1 peranco candidate for Governor, is a mar- : following resolutions which were adopted:
will defeat their noble objects in part at ; vclous judge of good liquor, and can proba- > Resolved, That each county be entitled to
*'■ ' ' Osus. 1 lie entire lor- [east, by enacting a different rule in the ex- b ]y drink as much of it as any other one ] three votes for each Militia District in the
; m-ii in tin. United States on the ercisc of our political rights. man And it Js charRed) m0 re^vcr, that he county.
•• l.vlt), has been estimated at 50,-, It i«. charged that the Roman Catholic reeent iv showed a remarkable Dredilec- Resolved, That two thirds of the votes
neb number 36 916 were natives i« cruel, mtolerant and despotic.— ^ . , T •* xv of this Convention be necessary to a nomi-
!' u ' " um,x ' r ''J’' 1 were, natives, ^ chargo ig uofc wholly un f oun ded. If it | tion for foreigners and Jesuits. We are I - J
I he annual iur i true, it is greatly to bo condemned and ! somewhat prepared to believe this latter
‘‘ ,5 " ur 1 h:iH been placed at j deplored, and, above all things, we should j cbarg e, after seeing so many men in our
These arc the facts based upon , avoid imitating their vices and the eb ^ who threc yeara ag0 weu t in-
■ Native American Party have ; subjecting ourselvesthis great condemna- ! u,
tion. AVo cun neither conquer nor eradi-
On motion of Mr. Freeman, of Coweta,
Resolved, That the Chair appoint ^ com
mittee of one from each county to report
business for the action of this Convention.
The following named gentlemen were ap-
r strangest possible argument uon - ,v 0 cun , “ 31U,UI vuuqum x.u* o™**- | to ® uch ecstacies, over the fine Irish brogue Tne 10 uowing namea gentlemen wi
r 1 c U, , cate thc vict<g Qf Romanism, whatever they j and sweet German accent, and who now ex- pointed bythe Chair that committee:
> ' <>ne unac- ■ ay bo, by imitating them, or by porsecu- j pend all their spare time in cursing them. J Samuel Freemau, of Coweta; Col. J. D.
unite! ot pauperism. , t ; on The world lias tried those remedies i Johnson, the Now Nothing organs sav, is a i Newsome, of Troup; Dr. H. S. Wimbish, of
lsider that tins in almost all : for centuries past, aud tried them in vain 1 - —- - - —
ms been one of the most seri- ! Lot us rather oppose '
. r. ,...in.. ,.nr <nm nr.iirlinxm i nest; , her intolerance , ..
• • attraction accompa- ' 0 n ““hstaneo as well as form) her despo- j We understand that a Know Nothing of FuIton L ’ B . Watts, of Campbell; T. h!
uusiacuon, aotoinpa , tism with freedom, and then we may rea- ; meeting, held yesterday in the City Hall, . 5i 00 re of Cobb,
hng ol derision lor these ; sonably look for different anu better results. ( ra tified the nomination of Judge Warner. The Convention theu adjourned until two
f I’l... ............. thnf fl.a cimn a rnl Blihlimp ... — —
j ... ‘— *. :— ; ouuusuu, me ixiuw iiuiumg uigauo nai, a, : Newsome, oi iroup; ur. ii. c3. tv mioisn, OI
id tried them in \ain. j catholic, an infidel,and a Devil generally. Meriwether; B. II. Wright, of Heard; V.
hor cruelty mlhbnd ; - - --------- ' j A.O»still.of Fayette; P.Z.Wurd, of Henry;
, Thomas Akia, aWalb ; J. I. Whimker,
have been endeavoring to ex- The moment that the simple, yet sublime
nerican people a feeling of truth, got itself acknowledged by our Go-
subject. The total public ex- vernniont, that thecitizou is responsible to
, ' • j i . , ; the State for his civil conduct, but to God
11 ^ ; only for liisrcligious faith, the unholy bands
u ' year IhIp, amounted to w lncli unite the church to the State were
li -aid on good authority that j broken, persecution for conscience sake be-
iHHi t 000 persons in England came impossible here, and religious tolera-
n kej.t from starvation by re-1 tion entered upon its career of universal do-
cos. Thc! miniou
made by the Democratic Convention recent- j o’clock, P. M.
ly held at Newnan. This speaks well of;
them. We begin to have some hopes of a ;
portion of the Know Nothings, and the
fact that their meeting was held in the
City Hall, and in broad open daylight, leads
[From the Nebraska City News of May 19.]
Great Eexelteiuent In Nebraska City,
The question of slavery or ao slavery has Church. An intelligent reader would need
at last beenraisedin regard to the Southern ; no other confutatlon of 8Uch a - m0 nstroui
portion of Nebrask. We have with us many .. ........ ,
Missourians and Virginians—some of them t h eo p . than the faet that it implies that
have their slaves already here, who are muc ‘ l the largest portion of the Christian
among our most enterprising and popular world, and all prior to the Reformation,
citizens, and we are well aware that though were either fools or villains, an absurdity
they say but little in regard to the matter, : which would shock the intelligence of an
they are bent upon establishing the “peculiar £diot
institution” in Southern Nebraska, if it can
be done by a majority vote. Emigrants from well may tho English Catholic divines
Southern States are moving here South of : sa y» 1 ‘Cursed be all Catholics who teach or
the Platte, faster, perhaps, than any other believe that infamous doctrine called Popery,
style of settlers- Emigrants from Northern ftg Protestants understand it; aud cursed
States are scarce at present, in proportion to we b if wo d o not detest all those
those from the South, and as South as the . ,r. . .. .... ...
Platte River is already thc most populous • hellish practices and doctrines winch they
portion of the Territory, and as it is acknowl- ! force upon us.
edged by all to be by far the best agricultu-j Lafayette, Rochambeau, Pulaski, De-
ral part of Nebraska, it is a matter of im- Grasse, Louis XVI., aud a majority of the
Estate ,tbeR ° r a | Pennsylvania line, these kepi faith with
Wo do not arffim, as many unacquainted ! heretics, and these were Catholics. The
with our settlers do and will, that there is I Catholic soldiers, who, in thc war with
no possibility of Southern Nebraska ever Mexico, sustained our arms against a nation
becoming a slave State, on the contrary, eminently Catholic, refuted the baso calum-
£ ; »/■ 'Vkat shall we think of these English
State emigrants for her population, South j Catholics who, m the time ot Elizabeth,
Platte Nebraska should not eventually be- i assisted to sustain British Independence
come a powerful supporter of slavery.' against a Spanish King, an ally of the
Northern men who take the ground that p 0 p e whose declared object was to re-estab-
every man born South of Mason and Dix- i ,, . ... , * . „
on’s lino is born indolent and without am- ! their leligion, or Low shall we veeog-
bitiou, are silly-pated, foolish men, and they j n ' ze the fact that all Catholics owe a supo-
reckon without their host. We have seen ; rior temporal allegiance to the Pope, with
as much enterprise in Nebraska, which orig- ; the numerous instances which history af-
inated in Southern heads hurried along by ; fords U8> w hen Catholic princes and Catho-
Southern hands, as we have of Northern 1, . , ... ,,
undertakings. It is no more a truth that ! hc subjects have carried on war with the
all Southern men are indolent and imbecile, j sovereign of Romo, or the moro recent one,
as some fanatics confidently assert, than is j where hc lias been driven from his do-
that all Northern men are*industrious and j minion by his orthodox subjects. IIow can
injenious, which everybody knows isn’t ox- j these men speak of the intolerance of the
a fbe cry las gone up from Abolition I ( J atholic Church proving their own at
throats, “slavery shall not enter Nebraska.” j same, time . Do they not remember
It is the same yell of fanaticism that shrieked , that Maryland was thc first, and for a long
in Kansas, and called the Missourians thero ; time the only colony where free religious
toumkc that territory a slave territory. It j worship was allowed. Have they learned
history sufficient to know that the bishops of
us much to hope that they are beginning to
Its first great triumph was to strike j secede from their old party. But come,
aud private .oureos. lnc j ^ fetWrs j- rom tbe consciences of the Irish j gentlemen, no half way measures; go the
r*-mmI ]ier»ons i\lio arc thus | Jk, man Catholics. It lias begun a similar ! entire ticket, Johnson as well as Warner.
.. e, amount annually to 450,-; g0 od work for thc Protestants in Spain and I
lierlmuL. with a population ! Sardinia, and for the Greek in Turkey, and j The Locomotive Electric Telegraph*
umiurts 1 ->14 055 nauners i il will go on “conquering and to conquer,” j The complete success of the locomotive
! i • i • until tbe i) enJon of persecution—blind, deaf ' electric telegraph is now firmly established.
1 1 and 6tupid—shall have no moro abiding 1 The Genoa correspondent of the Newark
Two o'clock, p m.
On motion of J. F. Johnson, of Fayette,
Resolved, That this Convention now pro
ceed to nominote a candidate for Congress ■
for the 4th Congressional District—which
Whereupon the Convention proceeded to
ballot as follows:
ippurts i,‘zi4,u;>o paupers
icriean people, who estimate
iy,!>87,571, free citizens, arc
ruin by 13,437 foreign pau-
Daily Advertises' writes:
Bonelli's locomotive electric telegraph
, place upon the face of tho earth
„ w . The Naturalization laws arc greatly com- _ _
more interesting still, j plained of by the American party. I think i is at length demonstrated. The problem
o ouv own State On them founded on just principles, and are i was solved under the patronage of the Sar
in thc most wise and good laws. To natu- j dinian government on the railway between
L. J. Gartrell,
R. J. Cowart,
J. I. Whitaker,
L. J. Glenn,
T. M. Jones,
Mr. Whitaker here rose and stated that
he was not a candidate and not seek or de-
" l-t'. the entire pauper ral i zc an j ntc Ui g ent foreigner of good mor-! Turin and Montcaliore—a distance of six i «h-e the nomination, but that he felt truly
t!u State of Georgia amount-1 a j cbaractor and attached to free govern-: miles—on the afternoon of the 4th inst., ; grateful to those fnends who had voted for
■i which number 825 were natives, 1 nient and the principles of our Constitution, ! when, for the first time, a locomotive run-
•n-iiMiei--. I he numlier that received ! and who has resided among us long enough j ning at full speed repeatedly exchanged
to tost these qualifications, is a great benefit j messages whence it started. The questions
ending as above.
ives aud 18 foreigners, at a cost : rcce ; ve8 tbe b j gb pr ; v ilogo. These i ing numerous trips, without a.single fault,
■i the S ate of 827,820. The \ ar0 tbo conditions and the safeguards which j and the inventor finally announced hiscom-
c.vpenditure for the support of I our laws seek to throw around the right of plete success to the Minister of Public
•rtion, will be funnel to amount * eitizonehip. These laws are, no doubt, fro- | .Works at Turin for a car running at the
, MJU1 , lbout | quently violated; they are doubtless imper- ; rate of a mile in two minutes. The ordina-
M . ~ , feet, and do not fully effect the objects in-! ry wire-line is thus superseded by this
. iacon , tcn( j e d b y them. Let all proper additions j demonstration of the practicability
amendments, nocessary to carry out 1 the common iron railway track, <
to the State, as well as to tho individual and answers were varied aud repeated dur-
as a con-!
him for this manifestation of their confidence
Dr. Darnall, of Fulton, here rose and
stated to the Convention that he was au
thorized by Col. Gartrell to say, that his
name was withdrawn to secure the harmony
■of the party, which to him was more im-
tee 1 Tli
Augusta Constitutionalist of
uorning presents us with a com
letters, extracted from vtirious
.mining accounts of the crops iu
f South Can
these objects, be made, and then let the law ; doctor of ereetrietty generated by a porta- j portant than his nomination could be
1 j be faithfully administered, and these things : mnchino third ballot.
' ! can be done without the aid of secret socie-
“But this sitaple and ingenious invention .
of Italian genius has a still more important j Nelson,
bearing. By means of it not only may run- j Ulenn,
— - . .„ , There is another objection to this party, , „ „ „
lina. Georgia and ! which should put it under the ban of South- i ning trains be instantly arrested by commu-
-ippi. r.‘ a population reduced, as j opinion Ve have had a great strug-; mentions from the stations, at whatever dis- j earner,
1 1 ’ I gle, for the last six years, upon an intensely tance; not only may the central and way- Gienn,
ms been, almost t- the verge of suf- eX citing sectional issue. This issue has side stationary agents hold intercourse with j Nelson,
tin- information hero trivon must bo
been settled bv tho wisdom of the represen- them at will, at any point of the route, or ] Judge W arner having received move than
tatives of the people. This issue found its in any stage of their progress, but the oppo- j * w0 thirds of the ballots cast, was declared
.i,' : solution in the legislation of 1850 and 1854. site trains may communicate at any moment j Lv the Chair duly nominated, and on motion
‘ — an d safety of thc Republic de- without regard to distance or rapidity of °* "• Stell. of Ilenry, he was nominated by
is the same voice that reverberated in the
halls of our national Congress, that hissed
in the negro-saving mobs of Boston and Chi
cago, and that now calls slavery to this ter
ritory by a regular challenge. Kansas is a
slave state. Who hastened to make it so ?
Abolition politicians. Who desired it to be
come a slave State more than all other living
men? The opposers of the Nebraska bill in or
der that their predictions might prove true;
that they might be written down prophets;
excite a Northern war on Southern States ;
sever the Union or allow each one of them
to be President of the United States as early
If there is one thing more than any other
that gives vitality to slavery—that propa
gates it—that spreads it like an infection;
that one thing is the frothing, boiling, ram
pant abolitionism of the Northern States.—
Had it never existed, slavery would have
died years ago, and the inscription upon its
tombstone would have recorded a natural
death; bat verging towards its dissolution,
the galvanic action of abolition opposition
was applied, and it revived to fight and in
crease in strength as the battle lengthened,
until now it has grown a foe to those who
first threw down the glove and the gauntlet.
And now slavery is here in a small way,
a few negroes, twenty or so, and its sup
porters are coming faster and faster. What
sends them here ? A beautiful country is
not all that they seek, but a slavery victory
over those who had challenged them. They
seok to drown that hypocritical voice that
cried “slavery shall not enter Nebraska,”
and prove it false: they seek to conquer
those who have taunted them, by making
south of the Platte river a slave State.
France—themselves Catholics—voted in fa
vor of granting equal rights to tlieir Pro
testant follow subjects, consented, moreover,
to a general taxation on Catholics and Pro
testants/ to support the Protestant clergy,
and in several instances, yielded to their
use churches which had been built by Cath
olic money, for Catholic worship? What
do they say to numerous Protestant places
of worship being established all over Italy ?
But why enumerate farther ? they answer
to all of these the Massacre of Saint
Bartholomew and the Spanish Inquisition ;
they attribute to an institution what be
longed to an age of political darkness ; they
forget the Scottish Parliament passed a law
ordaining “that all Papists and Priests bo
punished with manifold civil and eclosiasti-
cal pains;” the ravages of Ireland by
English Protestant persecution, and the
horrible butcheries of John Ziska ; they ig
nore everything but old tales, generated in
the fanaticism of the earlier Puritans, and
transmitted during generations to us.—
There iu England, where they had their
birth they are almost forgotten. We are to
resuscitate them; hold opinions and pass
laws which disgraced the darker ages of our
To give a more correct view ou tbe sub
ject of a Catholic’s relation to the govern
ment under which he lives, we will close
The men who started this excitement live j this article by transcribing the answers of
in Boston and other eastern cities, and send j various Catholic universities to certain que-
now and then a handful of deluded mortals r j e s propounded to them by William Pitt.
tempting to govern all men in and after tho
illv I art:*
_ I The peace auu mucij m iuh »«r|nni**v ■ ■ .*■*--* * -o— — —-—— —- — j —
;ive- an account oi an man( j tbat th ; g i eg j s i a ti 0 u should not only movement, with each other, before or be-
i. in a most prosperous i bc undisturbed, but vigorously upheld by hind. Thus, through communications be-
ition. In the neighborhood of Brad- j tjje nation. The American Party, in the tween themselves, and with the stationary
Springs, Sumpter District. S. O.. there i north, whenever it has had power, has . agencies on the route, collisions may be ef-
licen much more corn and much less ! shown the most vigorous hostility to this factually prevented, and warnings be given
: legislation. The Know Nothings of Massa- of obstructions or derangements on the road
After which the committee of one from
each county, to report business for the action
of the Convention, made the following re
port, which was unanimously adopted:
Impressed with the importance of secur-
* mi planted than in any year previous.- I ^g^teTave^attempted'to ^'ZijHfy"YC and It would'seem i'mpossibTe" todesire anything j »ng hirmony and concert of action in the
:n MurMn. Mi-., there has been about j ) iavc gbown a total disregard of their public more for the security of passengers; andyou ; Democratic party of the State, and ot unit-
-tittli more land -ceded in t orn than usu- i oaths, and, therefore, are wholly incapable of the United States know better than any ] °“ r strength in support of the Constitu-
u.d one-third more in wheat; the latter 1 of giving any pledge, open or secret, that a ■ other people how to appreciate such a secu- j rt° n *“e United States and the rights of
just been harvested and promises a i mail of honesty ought to accept. Political rity. This plan of converting railways into the States, under that Constitution, and
ier yield ,vc- l*f„ re to™. i„ i «!*». «-• «■ i JTS | ^ t pKtt
■ “ - 1 -•— — J to proclaim the principles and policy they
1. Resolved, That we cordially approve
of, and adopt as our own, the platform of
principles submitted to the people of Geor
gia by the State Democratic Convention,
^ held at Milledgeville on the 5th inst., and
A farmer of Western New ! that we commend it to the Democratic party
:hat cniioiry, while the
icnted Hi being very prcrai
1 igeechee, Seri ten county, the correspond-
nee of the .Savannah Morning Kt.ir* repre-
-•lit- the corn crops iu thc most flourishing
ind prosperous condition, with a much
-eater quantity planted than usual. In
1 plicitv with their crimes.
. L l * The true policy of the South ia to
i-IUg. r rotn 1 -I .-rl■<It mrlr itavfainn • Vtliffll
unite; vent of the locomotive, opens new and
to lay aside all party division; Whigs, Dem- boundless prospects of usefulness for both,
oorats and Know Nothings should como while it serves to indicate that no limits can
together, and combine for their common be assigned to the progress of human skill
safety. If we are wise enough to do this, , and science.”
| to present one unbroken column of fifteen ——
! States united for the preservation of their The Rochester Union is accountable for
own rights, the Constitution and the Union. fbHmrimr •
lant yield. The correspondent of the
Savannah Gmrgian, from Whitfield couu-
'y. represents the wheat crop as being
thc be-t over neen in that country. Fine
rains have fallen and corn crops aregencral-
I v doing well. ■
Rowdyism Severely Punished.—A fellow i
ailed Bill Martin, said to be one of the i
greatest rowdies in New Orleans, recently
proceeded to a house of an old colored man
>n the McDonough estate, and threw him-
iolf on tho bed. When gently remonstrated
with, he drew forth a knife aud plunged it
into the old servant, and came near killing
him. 1-ast week Martin was tried for an
issault with intent to kill, found guilty, and
-entenced to the Penitentiary to hard labor
for twenty om years.
Nich individuals have no business in a
world to which they are of uo possible
benefit. The longer they arc confined away
from it. the better.
the tempest of fanaticism, folly and treason : Among other freaks, she bad, whenever
which has assailed them, we shall succeed, crossed in any of her little conceits, a de-
We shall then have conquered a peace which cided penchant for suicide—at least, she
will be enduring, and by means which will 1 often hinted at this as a long contemplated
not invite further aggression. ^ 1 remedy for the oft-recurring ills of married
I am, very respectfully, your ob’t serv’t, b f e . Taking offence, on a time, at some
. COOMBS, i auppoggd indignity, she donned her very
Col. T. Domax, Editor Times i Sentinel, best rig, and seeking a convenient place for
Columbus, Ga. the experiment, supped her neck into a
aownlug H1U Nnn.ry. u008e ar F a “e ed conveniently for the pur-
Mr Wm. Thurmond, of this place, has g 0 **: and * \ hu9 suspended awaited further
„ ... , , .. .’ , . v , ,. developments. As expected, her husband
furnished us with a dish of cherries from his , goon ma d e b i 8 appearance near the terrible
Downing Hill Nursery, which we unhesitatr scene, and was neither long or ceremonious
ingly pronounce the finest fruit we have eat in relieving his beloved from great peril.—
this season. The best praise we can bestow j She was not so far gone, however, as to be
upon them will be expressed in saying that speechless, and exclaimed, rather spitefully:
, rn, ./ - e ‘ Stephen, Stephen J don’t muss my raffles
we are too full to wnte any more. s0 , fo K r tbere will be a great many ii to see
To CoRREsroNDENTs.—The answers to a me to-morrow.’ ”
number of letters of our correspondents j The Boston Pwt says that after the game
have been unavoidably delayed in conse- recently played by Neal Dow, perhaps it
quence of the illness of the •Tumor Editor, i would ne as well to let some one else Deal
during tbe past week. 1 Now.
form broad enough for all the true friends
of the Constitution and the South to stand
upon and do battle for their principles, and
we inv>te all such to rally with ns to its sup
3. Resolved, That we approve of the
nomination made by said Convention, and
that the Hon. Herschel V. Johnson, its
nominee for Governor of this State, merits
and shall receive our cordial support, and
that we shall use every honorable means in
oar power to secure his election.
4. Resolved, That we tender our thanks,
in the name of the Democratic party of this
District, to the Hon. Wm. B. W. Dent, our
distinguished Representative in the last
Congress, for the "ability and faithfulness
with which he has discharged the duties of
the trust reposed in him by bis fellow-citi
zens, and that we sympathize with him in
his severe affliction, and trust that, through
the mercy of Divine Providence, he may
soon be restored to health and usefulness.
On motion of P. O. Harper, Esq.
Resolved. Tbat a oommiteee of tbrw be
manner of doctrines taught by Seward,
Weddell Phillips, Theodore Parker et id
omne genus. And so we have some excite
ment in Nebraska city in the way of street
debates, door-step discussions; and the
question is—'‘shall Nebraska, south of the
Piaffe river, be a slave State."
any civil authority within the realm of
England ? 2d. Can the Pope or cardinals
or any individuals of the Church of Rome
dispense his Majesty's subjects from their
oath of allegiance whatever ? 3d. Is there
any principle in the tenets of the Catholic
faith by which Catholics arc justified in not
keeping faith with heretics, in any trans*
Leaving the Lodges.
The editor of tho Milledgeville Union says ! action, either of a public or private eharac
To these the University at Salamanca an
To tbe first question it is answered, That
neither Pope, nor cardinals, nor any assem
bly or any individual of the Catholic church
have any civil authority, power or jsrisdic-
tion or pre-eminence in the kingdom of Eng
To tho second it is answered, That neither
he has, within a few days, seen several men
who were once members of the Know Noth
ing fraternity, but who have withdrawn
from tbe Order. The Union says :
Our readers will see from a publication
in our columns this week, that many* have
left them in Harris county. We are as
sured that many have come out in Taylor
county, and we know that several have
left them in Hancock. One of those that
have left them assured us, within a few
days, that they were leaving by dozens and 1 Pope, nor cardinals, nor any assembly or
hy Mores. I individual of the Catholic Church can ab-
Morality of New York.—The Tribune solve the subjects of Great Britain from
closes an account of a vile outrage upon a ■ their oaths of obedience, or dispense with
young German girl, recently arrived in the j their obligations.
city, with tbe following startling adrnis- j To the third it is answered, that it is no
sion :— i article of the Catholic faith, that Catholics
It is stated on good authority that scarce- ; are justified in not keeping faith with heret-
ly a lair-looking German girl arrives in thc j ics, or with persons of any other description
port of New York, daring a whole year, ‘ wbo disseut from them in matters of relig-
reputable houses, and sought to he in-' swers the university at Paris, Douay,
veigled into vile dens and their ruin accom-! Louvain, Alcala and Valladolid.
P li8hed - i Peru.
*®*By reference to his card in this morn-: Tho slaves in Peru have all been set free,
mg's paper, it will be seen that Macallis tor’s ! The consequence is that the lands are now
entertainment at the Athenaeum has been j lying waste, and the Government sunk into
delayed until this evening. The lovers of! a state of deplorable anarchy, from which
amusement may expect a rich treat. ■ there is but little hope of extrication.
Hotel Changes in New York.—Several, The stories about Mrs. Sinclair, at San
of the first class hotels in New York, having j Francisco, if true, will greatly shake the
found the late advance in the price of board I confidence of the public in the justice of the
■ V.., . . " , . ; verdict rendered iu the celebrated divorce
charged by them a loossing speculation, I 8U ^ the narrative being of intimacy with a
have returned to the old rates of $2.50. young man residing at San Francisco and
l&'The war editor of the New York In-! rivalry with a woman of notoriously bad
bune thinks that “at any rate the drowsy j character^
style of warfare pursued since the arrival! President Pierce.—A paper published
of the allies before Sebastopol is drawing to ‘ at St. Catherines, Canada, states that Mr.
a close; and more stiringevents and opera- , Stevenson, of the Mineral Springs, has been
tions of real military interest may now, he I notified to have rooms ready for President j
looked for.” Pierce and family in July. *
[Correspondence of tbe Atlanta Daily Intelligencer .J
Hew York Affair.;
New York, June 12,1855.
Altho* “charity for Ood’s sake”—in other words,
alms-asking—has not among us, as in olden trans-
Atlantic cities, reached the perfection of a science,
it has nevertheless advanced to a point which ren
ders it difficult to distinguish worthy from unde
serving objects of it. The true and simulated are
so blended tbat the donpg fumbles his pockets for
an^Eleemosynary shilling with a perplexing uncer
tainty as to whether it will go to relieve a real or
a fictitious woe. An apparent cripple limps pain
fully into your office and whiningly implores a
trifle to aid in the purchase of a cork leg, which
shall enable him to lesume his. former industrious
habits, when you cannot tell but the minus limb
is snugly tucked up iu his ample breeches, short
ened at the knee and that should you follow him
to his accustomed nocturnal haunt in a cellar in
Cherry street, he would be tripping on two stal
wart legs to the sound of a cracked fiddle and
“ bnuainy ” with his “ pal ” on poisoned whiskey
bought with your beuofaetion. An emaciated fe
male leads into your presence a longer train of off
spring than pertained to John Rogers of blessed
memory. Yon wonder by what dreadful visitation
such manifold deformities could have como upon
one family. No two of the children resemble
each other. There docs not seem to be a proper
observance of time in. the order of their birth.—
They are all deformed. One carries a miniature
Bunker Hill upon his shoulders. Tbe sternum of
another projects from his shirt front, curiously
curved and piteously purple. A third started in
life without eyes, and so is led by a fourth with
oyes. but a cancerous nose. A fifth has a withered
baud and the sixth is dropsical. But without-
looking farther let us steel our yielding hearts,
and learn that the patients of this peripatetic
hospital have been hired at so much per head hy
tho dame in charge, and that to-night each will
return with thc earnings of the day to its parents,
who make a stock in trade of their children's de
formity. Cases have come to light where moth
ers have maimed their children to fit them for
begging. I know of one in which a fiend in fe
male form bound n living spider for several hours
each day upon one of the eyes of her little daugh
ter, that its inflamed appearance, as she sat by
Trinity Church, might move the pity of passers-
by. A friend of mine only last Sunday had an
experience which I think worth recording. He
had gone to Hoboken to “ snuff the invigorating
breezes,’’ when he met a mutilated remnant of hu
manity about wliom a crowd was gathered. His
compassion was excited—he drew near and heard
from his mouth (iiis lips were gone) how, some years
ago he wont to Cutskill to be married. While there his
brother’s house took fire and he rushed in through
flames and falling timbers to rescue a life dearer to
him than his own, and came forth with his hands
burned to mere stubs and his face likewise con
sumed. “ I would not soe any one burn,” said
he, pathetically; “my heart,” laying one his
stubs upon that organ, “ would not allow me. I
brought my brother and he died iu my arms, and the
dear true girl whom I was to wed loved me all the
same, but I would not tie her brilliant prospects
to such a cripple. I gave her up. She married
another. May she be happy.” My friend was
touched. He knew most forms of city distress,
and was expert at unmasking shams; but these
real scars, this sell' sacrifice, tinged with romance,
appealed too powerfully to be resisted. Nor was
ho alone affected. A sympathiser of the Job
Trotter sort, a pock-marked face, seedy white
head and yellow trowsere, seemed particularly
wrung, aud appealed to my friend to relieve such
crying misfortune “ i will,” oxclaiined the yol-
low-trowsered Job, •• give as much as you, sir,
to relieve this man’s wants, although you seem
richer than I.” Tbe pride of my friend was
touched—that noble pride of generous •mutation
whioh prompts to face tbe cannon and give munif
icently to public churities. Burning with this
holy flame, ho pressed upon the scorched hand of
the mendicant a dollar bill, which found its way
with a mysterious agility into his deepest pocket.
But when my friend, with a face which glowed
with an honest consciousness of having done a
action, challenged the yellow-trowsered Job to du
plicate his gift, that gentleman’s face looked on a
mirthful cast, aud laying the thumb of his dexter
hand upon his nose, with many a gyration, hc fa
cetiously inquired if my friend had recently “come
down,” aud whether ho should return without
seeing’Barnum, and offering to sell him a second
hand ticket of admission to the Park, after which
he walked coolly away. My friend choked down
his just indignation at such duplicity and strode
away for the homeward ferry, not, however, be
fore he had thc satisfaction of seeing his stubby
hero and yellow trowsers busy in dividing the
haul. His satisfaction was further heightened by
hearing a “ looped and windowed ” urchin re
mark to his companion^ while they crossed the
river: “Say, Bill, that’s the Mister what old
Stubbs got- ou a line.” My friend has taken a sol
emn oath never ugain to “yearn ” to any form of
Once again is the world indebted to the perse
vering investigations and practical scientific ob
servations of an American experimenter for one
of the most valuable discoveries of this prolific
ago. The millions of tons of refuse clay and
clinkor which yearly accumulates at our iron
mines from the smelting furnaces—an unsightly
worse than useless incumbrance—is no longer to
be carted away as rubbish and dumped into gaping
chasms and bottomless pools. It is now trans
formed, by a simple process into the most beauti
ful building stone, made to imitate according to
fancy any of tho rarer and most durable rocks—
cast into moulds of any size or shape, copable of
receiving thc highest polish, scarcely effected by
weather or time, substantial, ornamental and cheap.
We can barely appreciate at first glance the full
value of this important discovery. Already all tbe
othor extraneous products of manufacture which
for years has been held as worthless, wc knew
were now turned to some account in the economy
of tho age, but that the miserable little uncouth
clay,"which drops from the iron ore should be ta
ken into tho decoration of the magnifioent palaces
of upper tendom, we never suspected. But as it
is tho stone cutters chisel will soon be relieved of
much of its labor. Already has a company with
heavy capital been formed for the purpose of of
fering to the world the benefits of tbe invention.
The duel in high life between the chivalrio
members of tho Shakspcare club continues to oc
cupy a place in the conversations of the people,
although more has beon said about it already than
it deserves; the lovers of law and ordor are clam
orous for the most energetic measures to bc taken
to bring all thc parties to justice, instancing the
determined course which was pursued in the case
of Baker, whose conduct they judge on the same
general principle as that of duelists. As yet all
parties have succeeded in eluding the police, most
of them being supposed to be secreted in the city.
Four Days Later from Europe.
. ARRIVAL OF THE
HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM
SKAT OF WAR !
Oar ed ■ • rial ubiquity has been put sorely
to the te :, this morning. . Truth has tri
umphed, and wo are prepared to confess
that wo did not see the “wonder” on Wed
nesday night. We have been vainly at
tempting for the last half-hour to patch np
from borrowed accounts a tale to that
effect, but we have been forced at length to
relinquish it: nobody can give ns an accu
rate description of this phenomenon which
everybody unites in calling strange and
fearful, except that it had the appearanco
of a pillow of smoke. Was it black? Did
it appear in the direction of Philadelphia ?
Perhaps it was incense from the altar of
Know Nothingism ; it may be that Vesu
vius has burst himself; or are the desci-
ples of Miller about to be gratified at- last?
who will solve the question ?
Success or the Allies ! 11
Eight Thousand Killed!
New York, June 13, M.—The mail steam
ship Atlantic has arrived, bringing news
from Europe to the 2d inst. Her news is,
by far, the most important since the battle
The Allies had captured Kersch in the
i Sea of Azof, after a prolonged resistance;
| had also carried tho Russian camp at
! Tchernaya, and gained several successes be-
j fore Sebastopol.
j The news comprises the accounts of the
j three several successes of the Allied ar
Firstly, of the French troops who were
| completely victorious in a sanguinary co n
I flict lasting through the whole of the 22d
and 23d of May. Daring this battle the
French took an important position of defence
or place d’Armes before Sebastopol which
they still retain. No fewer than 8,000 men
were killed or wounded, mostly in hand to
hand encounters ^with the bayonet.
1 The second success was in a brilliant and
i rapid advance on Tchernaya, in which they
j succeed in seizing and retaining the Russian
i lines without sustaining much loss. The
! Russians abandoned their camp and retreat-
I cd to the hills.
The third success was the secret expedi-
i tion of the Allies directed to the Sea of
i Azof. The expedition obtained possession
j of thc fortress of Kertsch and command the
! Sea in which there arc fourteen of the Allie®
Tho Russians, on approach of the enemy,
blew up thc forts and set fire to four steam
ers, thirty transports and half a million
sacks of breadstuffs, to prevent them falling
into the hands of the Allies.
France and England have decisively de-
| dined any further conferences at Vienna.
Latest News.—Belgium is about joining
! Breadstuffs dull and unchanged. Provi-
j sions advanced. Cotton active.
The French have established a camp at
It is now certain that Belgium will fur
nish 20,000 nion to aid the Allies.
Some hopes of peace are said to prevail
in consequence of the recent Russian re
ADDITIONAL BY THE ATLANTIC
New York, June 13.
Cotton.—There was an active speculative
demand, and prices had advanced half-pen
ny. The salos of the week reach 152,500
bales, which 81,500 bales were on specula
tion, and 5000 for exportation. The sales
on Friday were 20,000 bales, half of which
were to the trade. The market closed
steady at the following quotations):
Fair Orleans. 7|d.
Middling Orleans. 6 ll-16d.
Fair Uplands. 6gd.
Middling Uplands. 6 7-16d.
The stock in port was 529,000 hales, in
cluding 332,000 American.
Breadstuffs, generally, were unchanged,
aud closed dull. Provisions were steady at
a slight advance. Naval stores active, un
changed. Money was easier. Consols had
advanced to 92$. American stocks active
and slightly advanced.
It was rumored at Paris that Pelissier
had attacked and routed Liprandi, and that
Caurobert and other French generals were
The allies have completed the fourth par
allel, and the British were mouuting heavy
guns upon it.
The Vienna Conference has not been
It was rumored that England and France
had refused the proposition of Austria.
Reinforcements were daily arriving at
Constantinople. The Sardinia Contingent
landed in excellent condition and well sup
plied with’the material of war.
Large convoys had entered Sebastopol.
The Russians were vigorously erecting
defences on the north side of the Baltic.
It was reported at Dantzic that the first
division of Russian gun boats had moved in
the direction of Riga.
The French squadron had sailed from
Keil. The English squadron was last re
ported at Nargin.
A British Steamer boarded an American
ship, and found by her hills of lading tbftt
she had just discharged thirty thousand
rifles aad ten thousand revolvers in a Rus
It is rumored that the Grand Duke Con
stantine had resigned the command of the
Russian Navy, and that the peace party of
St. Petersburg is in the ascendent.
The British East India Fleet would ren
dezvous in Japan, and then proceed to the
Russian settlements northwaid. It is said
that Belgium wouldfurnishtwenty-thousand
China.—The Shanghai insurgents are
making such advances in the interior as to
load to the belief that it might affect the
export trade with Shanghai. Cauton was
threatened with famine.
Bombay letters state that a formidable .English
expedition was about to commence offensive opera
tions against the Shay of Persia.
Sailing of the Pacific.—Tbe Pacific sailed
to-day with over a million and a half in specie.
New Hampthirc U. S. Senator.—The Know
Nothing Caucus at Concord have nominated Bell
for the long, and Hale for the short, term to the
United States Senate. The election takes place
Later from Mexico.
New Orleans, June 12.—The steamer Orizaba
has arrived with advices from Mexico to the 2d
Santa Anna had takon possesion of Sonoria,
which the insurrectionists left on his approach.—
The fugitives were pursued and routed, and 2,000
Santa Anna returned to Morelia on the 21st,
and left on the 23d for Bio Comfort with 2500
men. Several smaller bands ofrevolutionists have
been routed by Government troops.
>£&„ Dr. James P. Screven. President of
the Savannah, Albany, and Gulf Railroad,
left on Wednesday for Europe, to make con
tracts for iron for that road.