The Atlanta weekly intelligencer and Cherokee advocate. (Atlanta and Marietta, Ga.) 1855-18??, July 20, 1855, Image 1

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Atlanta; AND CHEROKEE ADVOCATE. BY RUGGLES & HOWARD. ATLANTA AND MARIETTA, GEORGIA, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 20, 1855. VOL. Vll. NO. 8. TUE ATLANTA INTELLIGENCER Daily. Trl-Weekly ind Weekly. BY BFGGLE8 & HOWARD. W. B. RUGGLBS,1 M ' -Editor* T. *HOWARD. I W. H. HUNT, A—oclole Editor [For the Atlanta Dally Intelligencer.] The Capitol. IS M1LLZDCEVILLE THE PROPER LOCATION? This question arose in 1804, the Capitol being then at Louisville, in the county of Jefferson. It was decided by the Legisla lure in the affirmative. The public offices, archives, Ac., were accordingly removed to terms op subscription. 1 Milledgeville in 1807, the interim being oc- _ 3»:ir intriUfoocer per annum, in advance. *6.00 copied in preparing suitable buildings at ®* jn o wart ^ small duel through which it Tn-Weekir. 7‘ 4.00 , ~ n , " ; was hoped the process would go on. But it “ «• 2 00 the new Seat of Government. „ ; did noU-the sick city languished still.- RATES OF ADVERTISING Again the question is presented in 1855, Afterwards, theUordon Branch was exrend- Alvertiaing in the Daily Intelligencer will he *? lf , R centur y late /’ and this time the , ed to Eat.mton, but it gave little or no reliet ih^rtitd at the fallowing ratOP por square t*f ten * €OplC ftre R-ppOftiGG to for «i decision, j AllllCu^CVillO, D6C3.USC sno was. is, find W1 mt ought their decision to be ? In endeavoring to determine this, it is proper thntall local considerations should be places thus cast in the shade ? She was the growth of Stage-coach times, and flourished fir many years. Her decline commenced when Railroads were constructed, and when the great currents of life no longer circula ted through Hacks and Coaches. An at tempt was made to give her new vitality, by a sort of transfusion from that large artery, the Central Railroad. The Mil ledgeville and Gordon Branch, 17 miles SiBvi: One ioicrtion Two nutt. •• Foa: ’•0 cu. Cue month. $5 00 ' *1 00 Two “ S 00 I 1 25 Three “ 10 00 1 1 50 Four “ 12 00 | 1 75 Six 15 00 j 2 00 One yo«r, 25 00 Milledgeville, ‘ ever mufit be, out of the way. She occupies ' a point in space too remote from the great lines on the earth along which men pass, in these days of steam ; lines marked out not Fr»in the Sar-muah J ainal nnd Courier. Mr. Stephens nnd the Democratic P»r*v. The following eloquent extract is shea from the published speech recently de>. er- ed by the Hon. A. II. Stephens, at Sparta. It is gratifying to see a life long Georgia Whig even at this day willing to do justice to the patriotism of the Northern Democra cy. Others, like him have at last bad *helr eyes opened. But we fear it is too lata! Time was when, had Mr. Stephens and tue Southern Whigs united with Southern Dem ocrats in holding up the hands and strength- eng the hearts of the few faithfal among the Northern Democracy, in their conflict with the allied forces of Wbiggery and Free-soil ism, the result of the conflict might have been different—the present political aspect and outlook how infinitely different! But SfHsrinl <*on tract* will bo made for yearly adver- t -etaeola occupy ing a quarter, half or whole col- i u an. j '4f“ Advertisements from a ; si be paid is advance. L*'«l Advertisements published ai the usuh) ri - . Obituary uotices exceeding ton liner ebarg- • a-a ivertmetcenU. Announcing candidate* for a See, $5 00. to be paid in advance. unfortunately such was not their destiny „ and our good fortune. Year after year this town or that town, this section or that J giu, but by the Railroad system of the Union, t Democrats went into the fight for our rights, ! section should be entirely ignored ; and that I The most noticeable result that has followed 1 1 1 l, “ 1 _ “ 1 in regions beyond Mason and Dixon, with tho subject he viewed in a light broad ! all her efforts to keep herself iu position j g ' tlie ^ ras ^’ I ’o. c,, nsciousne-.s ^at if smitten i cl-c-■, down by their Whig and Abolition foes . enough to reflect its hearings upon the State j that a traveller leaving the Capitol of the Em- traneieut persona J ]apge . As just stated, Milledgeville was made the Seat of Government in 1804. Georgia J was not then what she is now: scarcely, in- Whrn atverti.-cio< ni“ arc ordered iu all the in- ; deed, did she resemble her present self in i- , ‘' >ncluding D iil_v. Tri-Wccuiy and Weekly, j <me i m p. )rta nt.feature. Her population S> per cent, will r>o added to I lie above ratio.. J ' * " per The privilege limited to i heir pire Stale of the South, must buy two tickets at the depot to carry him to Macon—a dis tance of only thirty-seven miles. We intend no d srespect to Milledgeville or her citizens. It is not her fault or theirs, :hat science and enterprise, and the pro now, 900,185, was then hut 200,000; her gressive spirit of the ago, have changed this cn .nties, numbering now 112, then mini | m,hie State as they have done. She was bered only £9 ; and the area ..f her occupied j , nce fit to »>e the Capitol, and if she is not territory, which is now 03,397 square miles, j s( , now< j t i s solely because of her unf.u-tu- wus then less than 25,000. The Ocinulgee | nate location. Could she he transplanted formed for some distance the western houn- j like a tree, to a letter spot, she might soon dary of her settlements, the country beyond | lake a new growth, and become a Metropolis being a wilderness. That river flows now j worthy of the State. through the heart of her civilization and] We speak of her decline not to insult her wealth. West, and northwest of its hanks J in lier fal | en condition, but to direct atten- aro several incorporated cities, besides a rion more parrioulary to the causes which multitude of towns and villages, surrounded j produced it. Whoever will contemplate these on every hand by plantations, farm-, j ,. au ses impartially will concede she is no churches and school houses, and a popula- | lunger the place for the capitol. Indeed, it ti.mas thrifty, industrious and intelligeutas j inay (, e questioned if even one man could any in the land. j |, e f,,urul, who if the capitol was not already It is a striking fact that upon that por- j ilt . Miledgeville, would designate that as any thin of our territory which has been organ- i thing like an eligible location. Would not izeil into counties, and settled up since the ; there he one unanimous voice against it? location of the Capitol at Milledgeville, there ! And will not all agree that a location which of yearly ad vert! Here is Htric.tlv i v*n immediate and regular hu«i- j ae*s. ! ProfMjional Curtin not exceeding gix line?*, $15 , per annum. A lv«*riiH«?»nt*nf •* not specified hh to time will he ! p iMished till ordered out, and charged at regular j rate?. A IvortiserncntH inserted in the Weekly paper ! onlr will *i« charged uf former raten. THE WEEKLY INTELLIGENCER. PCBUsHEn EVERY FRIDAY MORNING. Trim*— $2 00 fit r annum, invariably in advance, : SATUK VY Y JULY 14. _ _____ An Avalanche of Bread. Yesterday, the e were one hundred cars J luaded with wheat at Chattanooga, ready i to move, and the depot crammed to its ut most capacity. Two trains a day arrive at ! Chattanooga, by the Nashville R iad, and it I was estimated yesterday that there were! - , . • lt , rn « . a _, i r ,, , , . ... „ . , i- . , , , . re.-ided in 1850, faxe hundred and fifty-four i would be thus rejected if we of to-day had stored in that town 30,000 bushels of wheat | . , , , , , ~ c > . . . , J . ... J . thousand, three bundled and seventy-four i the original question to decide, is none the of our people, being more than one-half of j less improper because of a decision made all those in the State, and almost treble the ! fifty years ago. Tlie Legislators of that day population of the whole Stive in 1804. Ol the.-e 355,490 were xvliites, a number so vast thai 02,189 dwellings were required for their accommodation. Subdivided into seventy counties, this new Territory embraces within its limits the exclusive of that in store hv our Road. From Chattanooga down to Etowah, the de pots are all full to bursting. On the 9th, there were received at Calhoun 2,000 bushels, and the hands could not knock off their loading till 11 o’clock at night. Maj. Young, the Agent, of Calhoun, thinks that from his depot alone, he will ship 100,000 bushels during the season. To-day, firr full traius will be doivn, and we suppose each car will contain 130 sacks. The rush of this description of freight has been unprecedented, caused, as we learn, by the offers of New York Millers to give $1.25 for all wheat delivered at Depot by ;he 10th, and at Charleston and Savannah by the 15th of this month. We fear, in view of this stAto of things, that much liti one moiety of the very people for whose in terest they were battling would rejoice at their fall. The result of a struggle main tained for years under such disheartening circumstances is now liefore the world.— Another and another and another faithful Northern Dem >crat has been smitten down, never to rise again. O hers, disgusted, have made terms with the foe, and joined our enemies. Had they been su-tained in and out of Congress, by a united Southern peo ple, this organization might still be coin- MONDAY, JULY 16. A Sample •t that “ Strang American Feeling.” We were told, a few days ago, that a pa per was circulating among our city subscri bers for the signatures of those who desired to cripple the Intelligencer by a withdrawal of their support. From what we heard of this portentious display of “Americanism," and the formidable length of that bit of pa per, we had prepared our minds for the worst and had made arrangements to re trench our expenses and thereby be better prepared for the shock. The suspense in which we were kept was cruel, for we were not allowed to know what the verdict in our case was to he, for three whole days, and besides we were debarred the American privilege of being present at our own trial, as well as a sight of the bill of indictment. Yesterday the “lifted thunder" fell and to-day we mourn the loss of three whole subscriptions to our “ valuable ” Daily and three more to that crack sheet, the Weekly Intelligencer. We make the erasures more in sorrow than in anger, for we judge our departed friends read mighty little of any thing that is safe for them to see but what they gathered from our labors. They lose more than we do by the operation, we are sure, for while their six subscriptions were were wi e and patriotic men, but they had ; in t | )e p r |, ic ipi e pact and resistiess: there might still he ' a great deal to them, we have, through the •vliat c mfessedly-d .es nor now exist, a par- . . & ty strong enough to maintain the Union, ' S e,,eros,t y of a g oud f«end m our need, the Constitution and the rights of all the I wade arrangements to go on with the pub- States. j lication of the Intelligencer. And xvo would Mr. Stephens is for reorganizing such a j take occasion to sav to the public that all party Most heartily do «e sympathise ! report3 t0 the contrary are without founda- with his patriotic purpose, and wish for it6 T . vr j - , success. But how much'better and easier I , M,,nda - V ,u g ht we addressed in it would have been to have sustained and j Gns P 9 Athenaeum, the good people of this preserved that party liefore its virtualdisso- i city, upon the pending political issues.— lution. lhis might have been done by the i The offence for which we are now about to co-operation of hi,ns if and the Whigs of j do penance . w:w occasioned by an illus- the south. For the superiority of the I J Northern Democrats over N .rrhern Whigs : traUo “ we S ave ol the tendency ana neces- was not more manifest in the Nebraska vote ! sar J e “ ect t*‘ e principle of the K. N. ex- than on every other rest question which has elusion of foreigners. We adverted to the argument as developed last Saturday by their candidate for Congress in this dis trict. Mr. Hill had said that the inbred love of one’s natal soil was ineradicable, and indeed, paramount to any attachment that could ever be implanted by the mere influence of location in an adopted country. This is in deed and truth the meaning of N. Platforms on the citizen-hip of ..unting both "sound and j f^eign-born residentsamong us. We asked [For the Uhmta Daily Intelligencer.] Political Dhcnislou. The political discussion in the City Hall on Wednesday last, we deem, sirs, should not pass without a notice ; for we truly be lieve it to have been a model one. The time allotted to each precluded the possibility of an elaborate argument; bu* this was more than compensated for by the (r<irr‘“*i«'n<lencp of Ilia Atlanta I ally lutPlligencpr.J Slew York Affairs. New York, July 10, 1855. •‘To tlio hills, to the hills away." I could not ! endure the thought of suffering here in a pandi- Wesleyan Female College. Macon, July 13, 1855. The iisttu! Bacalaureate Sermon was > preached on Sabbath last at the M. E. Church, in this city, in the piesenee of the j mon i um 0 f gunpoxvder, heated bricks and dusty pupil- and graduating class of the Wesleyan i 3treet8 during the anniversary of the birth-day of Female Lollege, bv the Rev. Bishop Pierce, liberty, so immediately after writing you last week and on the following Monday and Tuesday, ■ I took steam and hurried away to the Catskills.— the examination of the young ladies in j The trip has been described so many times it U variety of speakers and the perfect urbanity j the difTerenr departments * of study, took ««* my intention to bore you with my «delight- and good humor which characterized th® I place in the College Chapel. The Hall, as ful experiences,” hut I only mention it apologeti- entire proceedings. Whatever difference of aaual on such occasions, was crowded to , 0ll,l y as a sort of excnse for m - v i,lnbillt - v t0 s P oak opinion may have been held by the audience I overflow5ng with citizens of this, and other of Ncw y° rk * inc « ** 1 ^ as to the merits of the discussion, none Southern States and it was extremely erati- ■ 5tlUwaikm S arm,na am0D S tbo c!om1 *' 1,1 !1 vcr ? . k. ,1 • ! t,OUthern &tates ’ and 11 waseXtremely &mtl 1 rare atmosphere, listening dreamilv to the music could be displeased x.ith the manner m fyin „ to w ; tne3S the proficiency of the young i of wa ter-fall8 and gathering Alpine flowers, with which it was conducted. It is not our pur- i a( ji es ; u their various studies. an immense panorama of ever-changing xvood pose, within the limits of this short article, j From their prompt and correct answers, laud, dale and stream spread out at my feet, not- to review tho arguments presented on this | we were a i mogt | e d to the opinion that their j withstanding I hax*o left tho elevated couch whero occasion, much less to attempt a refutation ' proficiency has excelled (if it could bo) their Uoar >’ Ri P Vttu Winkle took his somewhat lengthy of those from which we may differ. predecessors.on like former occasions. The 11 ab ’ umn - v hours away ’ The first speaker who claimed our atten- j correct rehearsals of their studies in thedif- I Tke 4th ^ f ™ «P««- turn Mr. Stone, courteously relieved us of fepent depart ments, reflect great praise on t U f " “S*' . 1 ’ , f ol poor widows have been torced to mourn the those, m whom has been confided the man- come up in Congre s during the last ten years. But we forbear—and give place to the adniigtble passage to which xve have re ferred : “But. sir, justice as well as duty requires me to sav to the gentleman that bad as the i National Democracy is, it is not quite as bad I as the National American Council, even up- j On the pas- would be constructed, thousands principal part of nine judicial Circuits, fixe . he scattered over the length and breadth of Congressional Districts, nine Militia Divi- j her Indian Territory, and that other points trine of the party in their platform. No one replied or excepted to our statement of sinus, and eighteen Brigades. The number of its civil officers cannot be estimated at less than 3 238, nor that of its military at less than 7,G07. It has 420 Postoffices, and its Courts of Justice, including Magistrates Courts, are opened about 7,840 times in a year. In the last Legislature, it was repre sented by 134 members, and its inhabitants gatioit and loss must he met by some par- j pa i d taxes in 1852, on property valued at ties. The crop, under the strong induce- i 8219,190,499. Their investment in farms ments ot this favorable state of tho market, j alone, amounts to 857,484,695 ; and in xvas reaped at its earliest stage of ripeness, ■ farming implements and machinery, to and then in a wet spell, got out and pressed 83,348,774. These farms embrace 12,116,- lorward in large bulks into Depot. This : 850 acres, of which 3,370,042 acres are in will iuevi ably heat, and to a great extent j actual cultivation, the rest being unimproved, suffer deterioration. Then, we have no ; Five years ago, the annual production of doubt, as the State Road is looked upon as ; cotton was 282,206 bales ; of xvheat 720,300 fair game for all the world to hawk at, that! bushels; of oats, 2,443,967 bushels ; and of thousands of dollars in tho way of reclama- j corn, 12,116,866 bushels, besides immense tion will be brought against it to make good j quantities of beans, peas, potatoes and -his damage. We learn that already the , other important crops. Tennesseeans are threatening to sue for j Such is the marvelous transformation losses growing out of the detention of their \ which a period of fifty years has worked out grain for a few days, and experience warns ! iu Northern, Western, Southwestern and a us that what a Tennesseean demauds of our 1 portion of Southern Ge irgiu. Road he will get. j Blessed with a fertile soil, a healthy cli- The next Legislature will, xve doubt not, i mate, mineral treasures of untold value, and be forced to take measures against the a full 6haro of all the advantages, natural hardships and vexatious impositions which and artificial, which Georgia can boast of, our Road is constantly exposed to in its these fresh and growing regions of the State transactions with our neighbor. In the \ appear destined fir even a more rapid ad- case, for instance, of carrying forward the i vancement than that already inado. We present, crop of grain, we hold that the : are far from intimating anything to the dis- State R iad should nut ho held to account paragement of the older counties. They tor the loss of shippers by the failure to have run a noble raco, and no doubt, are yet send off ns fast as delivered the immense ! to make honorable and useful progress, incoming crop, when the rolling stock now They cradled our prosperity in its infancy, on tho R ind is fairly adequate to any ordi- aud in its riper years have always put forth na'-y demand, and all due dilligence is used a hand to help it. by the road officers of the Road in employ ing that stock to the best advantage. Yet we look for nothing else but to hear that Tennessee shippers have made largo de mands upon us for damage to wheat which , , , f proportion. , to acton the facts and prospects before j sage of the Kansas Nebraska Bill there xvere Ln K them. Had they foreseen that our State j 87 Northern Democrats in the IL>u<e of 1 a would become what she is, that railroads ! Representatives _ that hundreds 0 f | uns °und. good and had. Out of tlie-e 87 ; '- n our remarks to he set right by any mem- r , . ,, ! present, 44 voted for the bill, and 43 against her of the Order if we misstated the di four population would so soon , , t< a ma j., rity „f that organization at the North voted for it. If this great Southern question then had .been submitted to the , , T - - „„ , , Northern Democrats present in the House ! the K A P° SItIon * 1 Len we ca,led U 1" )U xvheti the vote was taken—and to them only that large audience tolisten well toourdeduc- —without another vote for or against it, j tions from these narrow, bigoted premises, either from the North or South, the Bill We demanded to know how it was, if the would have passed. What would hateheen ; , its late, or your majority platform, if left to « enerai P^P'^ition was true, that no man the Northern delegation*? j could love another man's soil as he did his These 44 men I know. I was with them j own—if this drawback in the in the contact for Kansas for days and nights i taehments of an Irishman’s together—without sleep or rest—and I will n the State xvould become infinitely more accessible than Milledgeville to most of our people, would they have made the selection they did with any expectation of its being permanent? If then the location they fixed upon he inappropriate to our condition in 1855, why should we hesitate about removal? The State is not bound for all time bv an act of the necessity of answering his speech by answering it himself; and when he at length sat down, it rested a matter of doubt in our minds what xvere his opinions on the subject of immigration, or whether he wag in favor of religious iibercy or intolerance. We haxe but one fault to find with Mr. Stone’s speech, and that is to ho attributed to a long and successful practice at the bar, and but a limited acquaintance with politi cal discussions. His speech was essentially that of a lawyer's—to ignore one portion J the testimony while ho elucidated the oth er—xvas the main effort of a discussion of forty-five minutes. The resolution oi the Philadelphia Platform in favor u religious liberty was heralded forth with ample com ments, whiie a resolution of the same Plat form, proscribing Catholics was suffered to lie uunotieed. Perhaps had the gentleman been allo.xed to finish his argument we xvould have heard something of it. The speech of Col. Howard xve honestly think completely established the unconsti- tutiunality, on the Catholic test, of the Know Nothing platform, and dissipated in to thin air the spocious pretext so often set up, that upon the same principle that a par- tizan in politics opposes our holding differ ent opinions on governmental policy, a Protestant may legally withold his vote from a Catholic. The speaker’s treatment, of this question did not rest here, but embraced a thorough pu ^jj ( . and complete vindication of the Catholics j ! against the imputed charge of owing civil agement and training of the young ladies in their collegiate course. The Commencement Exercises began on Thursday forenoon, and Wednesday tho young ladies finished reading their compo sitions, after which, the Degrees wore con ferred by Rev. Mr. Myers, and a very ap propriate address, delivered on “ Female Education.” by L. Q. C. Lamar, Esq., of his city. The address was decidedly a lite rary treat, eloquent and argumentative, strong, stirring and persuasive, and well worthy of the man. and of the occasion. We would here take occasion to speak more of his address, but as xve learn it xvill be placed before Mie public in pamphlet form, we will leave for others a more extended comment. It is due to the graduates to say, they ac quitted theuiselx’es with decided ability, and ! ped uu iku folks below as xve listened attentively at the reading of | over-ripe fruit.) Girdin 1 shattered limbs of their patriotic young sons, whose labor they trustingly looked forward to for support in their declining years. About the usual number of blight young eye? were extinguished and almost at many faces burnt as in days gone by. There was not quite so much drunkenness and rowdyism as there is xvont to bo, probably ow ing to the moral influence of tho temperance law. which was not enforced nr all. In short, a veteran citizen could scarcely distinguish “the. 1th" o! : 55 from “ the -4th of '54, except that he might have ft twinge or two more of rheumatism, while , the people had uniformed policemen and no c works in tho Park. The ubsouce of this latter aim qua. non of r- ! celebration closed the day unduly , s„ in order that tho tax payor’s money might be spent in a go d cause, the city authorities arranged to burn it up last night, and I xvas “there to see”—that is, n- muclt as could be seen through the dense foliage ol the Park tress, which xvere laden likewise with » heavy crop of urchins, (who now and thou drop f the branch-full like up my loins [ wedged the compositions, wo were at a loss to define which of the class gained for herself the i distinguished degree of “first best," aud ! each composition was written in a chaste and polished stxle, and delivered in a clear 1 and audible tune of voice. But our object is not to present an elaborate view of the ; exercises on this occasion, hut to direct the i attention of• the Faculty, to tho system (or rather the error) heretofore pursued, in the 1 prominent exhibition of young ladies to the uivself through the crowd in every direction: now toxvards Tammany—now- fountainward, and in thedireetiou of Broadway—hoping all thetimi- ! to find a point d’ Ujjpui from which an uninter rupted view of one, just one. piece could be obtain i ed, but all in vain. Now, I am fond of fireworks, ; yes, I may say passionately fond of them; but I like to see them. If you cau't -ee the lirexvork- there is not so much interest attached—it is all | smoke. So thought nine-tenths of the vast crowd ! in the Park, every individual of whom was like mysolf, drifting around indiscriminately without ,, o ,. , . - rudder, iu search of a vista, which the low aze, for the purpose of readtng their branches and the pyramidical piles of men, women compositions. Modesty on the part of those , and children, built up architecturally on the fence who are just emerging, as it were, into so- chains, continually interrupted. The taste of Al- .i e 0 i«ince to any otliei p. «xvei beyond the ( c ; ety> forbids the further use of an error dermanic arrangements is proverbial, and we went State o pv ic t ley weie citizen... ut by j \ V hi c h has been so lung in vogue, as to be- * lume satisfied, stoutly insisting with ourself, how- tar tho most effect,xe port, n ot Col IIoxx- : ^ )llmost an established custonlr and ; t ; 8 j that * tb * one of the avenues had aids speech was m defence of hmi eli and ! . . . . - , , . ; boon chosen instead of the Hail stepi, full * ! rmnnil t uH. thr* bn<»nftv nnn rmisc* ititovf**!-. t a 1 i . , , 1on , ... defend them and stand by them as long as the Legislature passed in 1804. lhat act like j lhey stand , iy the Constitution, by my rights others, should remain in force only so long and . ri llts j dl , not care wi » a * as it is adapted to our circumstances. It rv »i 1A _ J - p has already stood tot, long : and its repeal superior at- love for Ire land, made him untrustworthy as a citizen of Georgia, how was it possible for aUeor- gia Know Nothing to stop short in the appli- ty name they are called : they are good and ; cation of his platform to men from other re urge,dy demanded by-the interest anti i ” iiTX’E'liS 1 gi ° nS ? Here * ** Wa8 Ma88achuw5tte convenience of Unpeople ; and by the pos.- of the heated f urnace unscathed, and without prospects of the the smell of fire upon their garments; and I give it to voa my countrymen, you may heed it or not, as my deliberate opinion, that those men at the North constitute the only nucleus around xvhich a sound, nation al party, based upon the maintenance of the Union and our Constitutional rights under tion, pride and future State. Alabama, a State admitted into the Un ion long since 1804, has found it necessa ry to remove her capital—a necessity created by the introduction of railroads, and by other important changes in her condition. c . „ n . , , . , , . , I it, ever can be formed ! It is true, they all Slhall Georg,a, who claims to be ,n ad- . ca „ the m*elves Democrats. Not a Whi- or yance of all her Southern sisters, content j ~ Know Nothing” from the entire North hersdf with a location so lar out of place. eame to our ie (:ue in thfl h( , ur of danger.— and with a dilapidated b.ate House that | And ifa , )f these n „ w are disp0sed S , 0 (ay citizens of Tennessee and Alabama xvould j d(JtCll their armsagainst w „ U X we not smile at ,f they compared it with the,r own | requ i re then, to lay down the same arms beautiful structures in Nashville and Mont ; a g a i lis t our friends at the North, before we Rtionists—do they not, many of them, stay gomery Fortunately for the honor ol the j ta ke them into our alliance? Would it not j here abolitionists—and when like bees that “Empire state, the unsightly rum to which 1 ho ... _ . , , she gives the name of State House is hid- IL ' - f_ S ; have laden themselves with honey gathered den on a spot so remote and solitary that to-day, out of this Union by her contumacy and her contempt for the Constitution—out of it by her nullification of a law made for our behoof—for our salvation. She sends her people here, and have the men of Mas sachusetts no love for their natal soil—have they no prejudices that are decided—have they no bias in favor of their State ? Aye, have they no committals against us, and have they not given us good cause to know that their wretched spite would glory in our ruin ? Do not, we said, many of the men Jrom this State come here, and come as abo fexv opportunities comparison. occur for making this SUMTER. tho most suicidal policy for us now to ioin . j ^ ® , c u J - V. here, do not many of them fly awav, as they any party; one of whose main objects is to: J J cause the disgrace and overthrow of these i come ’ “Abolitionists, to their Northern The Redan and the Malakoff. These now famous towers, that may be ; Void'd do'lt grace and ox-erthrow of these , our friends ? Sooner should my tongue : hive. Carry out the K. N. principle of ex cleave to the roof of my mouth, and this ! elusion of men from our soil, because not right arm fall from its socket, before I “Demagogues and small men” was not in a tit state to throw into hulk as well as for any change in tho price of grain which may not he in their favor before their freights reach market. This will result in a great loss t<> the State and xve think all fair minds xvill say is unreasonable and unjust. A Prlvat* Pnrly. A gouty black bottle stood upon our ta ble as we entered the den editorial yester day morning, and boldly confronted us. It had planted it-elf firmly upon a glorious union platform—of luscious Bride’s Cake —and a kind take by way of inscrip tion fair this goodly structure, prudently *earned our Junior against alloxring himself to get too happy because tho world was now going as “ merry as a mar riage bell " with the happy donor. We took your advice, dear Colonel, and con cluded. a- wc had been nil day Wednesday among the Prohibitionists at Marietta, it would not he seemly to drink a whole quart of Maderio, so we called in all hands, toasted you and yours, and with three times three hoped " you might both live one thousand years and your shadows might never be Jess.” CO Hit r NIC ATE D. Frr* Barliaiat. To be given on the 26th July inst., at Providence, twelve miles south-east of Can ton. in Cherokee co. The undersigned having been appointed a Committee of Invitation, do hereby invite public diacussion on the question noxv agi tating the country, and earnestly request the speakers of both parties to meet us on that dav urn! p’iva «w _ _ i_ mer number of counties, circuits, districts, divisions Ac., are not the only important changes that have taken place since 1804. If it be true that Georgia is tho Empire State of the South, her railroads have had no small share *n elevating her to that dis tinction. Iudeed, it is impossible to trace her pre-eminence to any other source, as the most thorough analysis of her many el ements of prosperity would fail to account for it, if her railroad enterprise; xvere left out of viexv. Nature, although munificent to her in an exalted degree, has lavished upon her no exclusive favors; none in which many of her Southern sisters have not been admitted to a full participation. The same born here, and say for that sin, they are not said to guard the of Sebastopol are I charge me^Ut ha^Tng'turned Demo-1 10 1)8 r ® Iie< ! oa * and what, we naked, will already celebrated for deeds of valor, on the j ciat> f „ r thus de f en ding men whoare Demo- 1 not th,s P rincl P le demalld >’* respect .’.T? ‘ ,f) I t t .| bPb, ?f er ' i a,,d , l,e ; , ^ ed ’ that j crats, but whoare, nevertheless your friends, of the Northern population among us? .t.nios in m e oilier te so, ,e ore t le put it makes no difference with me. By i Here is the great offenco we have committed, xralls ol li-oy, 'housandsof long years since, j l_ ,i .• , , J : , . ", , . , . The first of these towers, the Redan, is a 'th 1 i L r ! n ^ nd ^ r 1 7" ur j a,,d u ?eem8 that t,ieir own boasted plat- ”" hl ® a _ “J ” n » ^ w *^ stand or fall, as | f or m on foreigners when shown up as it de serves to be, is so distasteful that we are to be persecuted for it. Now take this compendious argument of party vo eu for principles, not men, contend ed the speaker, and it was this which had preserved it intact and victorious through so long a course of time. He voted n.u for Johnson or for P.erceas orivate individuals. i honed that the Faculty, and those interest ed, will, in future, give this subject that due consideration which it requires and justly demands. * * [For the Atlanta Daily IntelJigneer.l A Silglit Mistake. , Now Howard—Give your friend Hammond but he yielded his vote to the exponent of j fail . p i av . he was fa5v> frank and courteous the Democratic principles. The establish ment of wiat he believed to be the correct policy of the government, it became him as a patriot to advance over all personal pre dilections and prix'ate friendships. We have rarely, if ever, seen a better stump speaker than Col. Hoxvard. Ilia fluent address and gentlemanly bearing can on no occasion fail to command the deepest attention, but noxv when warmed up in vindication of the °nc only enjoyed that luxury at it wa.-;. These are gad days for dogs indeed. The.lone- ly wanderers whom xve meet in peregrinations, xvith close muzzles on their cold noses, seem to havo lost their canine character entirely. Ni longer do wo aeo them hurrying with My tho and agile step from heap to heap of garbage to smell out the dainty morsel, or rushing with headlong to you, and you ought to have corrected i intrepidity between the legs of hoi pedestrians “Cuius,” in vour paper of the 14th before j towards tho savory doors of cook shops. „r licking you endorsed it by suffering it inserted > the faces of prostrate infants as a sort of apoWv without comment. Why did not “Cains tell | tor having upset them. Oh no, they pass you by your 2,000 subscribers what your friend drooping tail and upturned eye of shumo as if they Nelson said about secretorganizations, Cuba, !e,t thc muzz!o 011 their hearts. They seem to ask treason and Pierce’s opinion on that subject: y<> ^ * n Hn “ b J cet > deprecating way to pick them up • .i i i v i Rnd take them to tho pc*ud-—thev ratlin* in other words, why did not your Cams tell ! .. t 1 ' I, j j j r •* p • t. i • » i die, they would it they could, out prusnu? ncid att truly? Is it fair to pretend to give the , .J . But the increase of population, the occo-1 i )U g 6 semicircular earthwork, forming, >•» j the case mavlie ’ 1 pation of an immense tract of vacant terri- , fact, part of the main fortifications on the ! ia „ , , tory and the consequent addition to the for- j land side of the city, just outside the walls, j Vo | ta ; r ,« ay ma^Tnetr j It was originally of stone, but since the in-, ...j „ .. .T.lV .7 J vestment of the city by the French and Eng- ; . ' h : •[ ,, . K l t V , . ia ^ eve, 7 ma [' , • —e> - _ lish, immense earthworks have beet, added : . l th : n !. T 1 n' d that there , ,s . such °. urs ’ P re>ented ,n the ®<>n,pass of a lady'; to it. i d>0 - - as vve !L n* personal integ- ring, and let any man, if he can, shew tht The Malakoff Tower is next north and ^ p^Vathlr'E ! riaw in if ' Nt >« gentlemen of the Knox- east ,.f the Redan ; between them are the ; ^ ther than And P this I intend to ! 0,-hakoo ravine anil earthworks. The Mai- ; ulainra5ll even unto death, whether political akoff Mauds upon low ground near the head . -.i,11 on.- r -’ , c f . .. . . „ . of the Ca eening Bay. but on the south- j ’Llfr ^ L 1 L ,""" a » d Southern ! gltng—hence the spasmodic ant,es you are „ o...t „ A.m ti.„ m i I r, K ,,t! * can be preserved only on the princi- kickin Nothing party, the argument is perfectly unanswerable, and in its grip youarestran ern and western side. The Mamelon stands more commanding position, and when it xvas taken by the French, the Russ up. Any way, we are going ahead 400 yards in front of it in a | Relations ofTsaT' T, uphold !a^d enforce I f th ° Ur dlU - V ’ and we knuw that by^tlie ’French’ the Ru-ian” ! ^" se P ri,,ci I ,le ^ a «««* organiza- i lwa f our I ,ath a rttrai S ht «> ad - And * ships out of the In as ' T,on inUHt * ,e f**>*n*ed, boxed upon them.— J° u n,,w * if our list falls off for talkin^ th.-v xvere evn,,-e,lro the wnna of ! Suuh an organization must look not to the ; to you like a true and brave-hearted Ameri- climate and character of soil, thc ^nie | , je considered as forming a part of the mail, mineral wealth, the same • r superior natu- j defence of the city; whilst the Mamelon, al- ral facilities for internal communication . ‘’ lve me | oven is denied them, and suicide—the noxv-a-day- . , ^ history of a discussion, and withhold what great privilege of their masters—is prohibited.— Democratic party he stood forth the orator ■ t he anti-American Orators said, which ought j Many a noble Newfoundland and St. Bernard has b t . indeed. not to have been said, and which they did ! glm to “dwindle, peak and pint-, - ' and hut fortht Col. Hammond is a Whig. No mutations j not UPr can sustain,—charge upon the!“ pridow ! l!cbhumble3not --” : mdth,-philosoph;- of time or circumstances will ever make him i Speakers on behalf of the American ! Ca ' r30eetion tbat “dog-days” wme only once « anything else. The last of the rear guard i party what they did not say, instead of sta- j y ° !ir ’ Woul ? saek the rivuy or tbe ruilroad. They of the Whig army will bo his glorious epi- j ting what was said, and so fairly and for- i T/ob”. 6 e f lt ’“ !!te h ” 3we ^ ° r dog. catching taph. He may have lost hope in the revival j eibly sustained j * , el U1J ex en?l ' e s, ’ a e ni ‘' t0 ' VIU r ?;iw tb *' ri J , . | ciuiy ousiameu. other day a huge long xvagou with hi-'b oratin^ of his party; but ne has determined to This communication reminds me of thc j drawn by four mules, holding the first” dozen vn, avenge its fall. Know Nothingism is op- ; quarrel of txx’o preachers who were very j grant canines which had beon gaihored during t’m- posed to Democracy, and therefore, Col. j abusive to each other, when at last one of i early evening. A burly negro on either sidewalk. Hammond is in favor of Know Nothingism. thorn said, “Well, Brother, let us get down ; with sIeev0B rolle d up and a pouch containing The defeat of Johnson is the magnum bo,mm, j on our knees and pray.” But the other said j aundry onticing ,t ‘ orsolri of live r, etc., to coax the and to accomplish this he has set himself I “No, sir: I will not placo myself in your dWitWn h “ rcacb ’ marclieti slowl . v onwar d, cooly and resuJuteiy to work. If Andrews ; power, unless you will pledge your word j a saimge-Tove” I^rcmbhn^vlske^Tvseb fl.S can t do it, Overby can The united force and honor as a gentleman that you will not j question, where do they all to? what i- their «,f both must be exerted for this purpose.— abuse me where i can’t be heard in reply.” ! ultimate destination? Let Johnson and the Democratic party be: If you don’t correct this man Caius in : Well! Mayor Wood hab^-odaced another grand beat at all events. Col. Hammond xvill par- j your paper on or before Monday next, I shall \ reformatory instintution. He hae re-organizen don us for correcting two historical errors ! claim to be heard in your columns. Ham- I tbe surgical department of tho police, the exist- into which he unwittingly fell, lie said ; mond cares nothing about it. SUIAC. ! enco of wbicb not having been suspected before that all the Democrats, and a considerable \ h, V Vo are ham.v i ^ T' citizenf ’ they are curiousl >' inquiring hot, e e nappy , ae has re-organised it. No matter, the Mayo , Good Nexvs from Beloxv. here transposed the terms Democrats and us candles to people at any thev mav ' • * ,,V J “.M« oc esseimiu elements | “ —„ the success - ■*’ 1 j n any such organization as I speak of.— j of the K. N. party is the success of revolu- Whigs, giving a meaning entirely different from the facts, and from what he intended. Again he alleged that the Puritans were driven to this county by Catholic persecu tion ; this is so far from being the case that they were driven in company xvith Catholics from Protestant persecution. Capt. Nelson was the last speaker who engaged our attention, and he did engage it °S on with a most masterly defence of the Dem- till our prof- j ocratie party North. If the Union is to be the city wheu they are ailing and should liuxe the county has beon disbanded. A reliable i f) estof medical auvico xvithout charge, and so he authority reports that every Democrat in \ P ro P oses t0 select a Surgeon General and seven Dougherty county who had been inveigled j underiiugs from medical rneu of the first reputation into the Councils of the Know Nothings has j * r t th ? ^ f p f icemc I n ’ T , he 3 * ation ' withdrawn. except one. We also have I ™ ! ’ 6 . u,otl as bos P ltah and to 8e pro- cheering reports from Dooly and Worth I v, ^ ecl Wlth chests, surgical instruments, counties. Tho Democratic eolum stands j < *' c ” ^ c ‘ I suppose medals to be distributed to the firm. | surgical stall' for extracting teeth skillfully nnd ^ tz v i J, ^ i trephining cracked skulls. e^“l no K. Ns have oeen deteated in Or-1 whatnoxt? Arrests and external commerce, which she enjoys, have been given to some of them; and yet how far has she outstripped them all in her progress towards the highest- destinies of a State! When thc Legislature declared Milledge ville the Seat of Government, Railroads were unknown in any part of the xv.*rld. A new era I,ns since commenced, and Georgia has profited liy it. She has now of finished and working Railroads, 985 miles, of which 520 miles traverse that portion of her surface so lately a wilderness. With throe States she is united by these ligaments of iron her enterprise is daily on nexv We u some of This American party never can lie such an | tion and civil war. though important from its commanding po- j it^enmltr^o’ 'f 'I'/' F, ’ r .’ 1,es£ Ul ; The Note of Sulae ,i.„i„.,. _ | its enmity to Foreigners as a class, and; rae note of Suite. Catholics as a class, its greatest spite, even •; ueunir to the claims our personal xx-itli the best of them North, seems to Le j friend Suiac sets up to the use of our directed against those xery men at the North to whom I allude, and to whom we siiion, was nevertheless a detached work, separate and distinct front the Russian main line of defence. It is a noteworthy fact, that the unsuc cessful assault on the part of the Allies was made on the 18th «f_June, the anniversary j ’ih£h^, fe7 JnSS^ne'S order’ of the battle of Waterloo. Possibly the purpose xvas to cement still closer the union i rr nl - - , ., . of England and France, by sinking the ^ abitie by and memories of that memorable day in the j a )Va | .•> & vv S l ' lu g them their storming and reduction of Sebastopol. A | ' ' hapj.y thought, perhaps, but terminating in j The u axtles 1n - T11E Crimea.—Since the a melancholy disappointment qiress -X. Y. Ex- time of tlie battle of Waterloo, June 18th, i 1815. to the late general attack on the Re dan and Malakoff' works, in the southern that day and give us their view, as araplle department of man’s affairs, which have ' hind buildings ; they atfirst defended them- | At^he Kmfe oTlv’a! erh H.!\YeVingmn < ’had arrangements will be made for their accom odation. Come one. come all. eli McConnell 4 LAWSON FIELDS JAMES DORRIS, ’ JOHN S. JONES, C. G. GILLISPIE, J. A. J. WAYNE. been produced by Steam in its application se Les, hut xvere forced to surrender to su- 10 inland transportation ; but it is unueces- P® r '“ r numbers. Fixe xvere killed, and one n 1 1 , , - « olncer, one surgeon and nine sailors caged, 0 "ary. For who does not know of these? of whom four xvere wounded. The boat was | W ho ie so unreflective as not to see their im- sunk, and the boat’s flag, together with sev = ; portant bearing upon the subject we are ® n guns and seven cutlasses, taken. On 5* discussing ? It is an observation heard £be following dav a frigate approached and P every day that Steam and Railroads have hours ^ @ ^ ace * ne ® 9etua Ry f° r 0 'a fW r! me , Smn £ ard ’ Atlanta Exami- j worked a complete revolution in everything The massacre at Ilango is spoken of in ner ana Lherokcc Georgian will please around us And in no case is the effect the St. Petersburg Gazette as a very suc- *°Julv 0 1855 more conspicuous than in the matter of cessful skirmish. The success of this af- y ~ —— opening the widest thoroughfares upon fair, it says, must be ascribed to the coolness Rossiters Paintings.—-We learn from ! places that were before unknown ; and con- and foresight of Ensign Eswertschow. the Manager, that Rossiter’s Wonderful i verting into comparative solitudes' many lo- The eame journal speaks of two steamers Historical Paintings of tlie Captive Israel- ! calities that once lav in the hiLhwJs „f of the ^ l!ies hapin S ,anded 200 men on the ites, will be in Atlanta, and placed on exhi- life. ' y 9 ^ h L. a \T ra V g f und ’, 1116 , inlet of the Ba y Aodniiw, ! T U“1 a mi .. of Findlaud, but the force had re-embarked onion tins evening. Ia Oot Milledgeville one of the numerous , the following day. unde.- his command about G8.0UO men; a moiety of these only were British troops.— The Prussians under Biucber, came up late in the day—they are not included in this estimate. Wellington’s total loss was less than 14,000 men, from his army of68,000. By far the heaviest portion of this fell upon the British troops uuder him on that day who were not in action. Neither the numbers of the French nor English who took part in the assault on the Redan and the Malakoff are given, hut the front of the whole _ attack was less than half a mile, and it is not at all probable that inore than 8,000 English could have taken part in it, out of which 3,700 is the smallest number given in any English paper as their loss alone, one paper estimating it from 4 to 5,000 * columns, to enforce his peculiar political opinions—neither usage nor justice make.- this demand proper. But we never stickle much about such points, and having an abiding and an abounding eonfidencealways in the impregnable strength of Democratk- principles, xve are not careful to shield them from blows from any quarter. There was an erasure in our friend's communication that we regret was not quite perfect; for xxe saw by it what appears to us to be a most unkind insinuation. We doubted the good taste and the propriety even of allowing a place in our own columns to the article fur nished by Caius, a too partial friend. Whatever he may have overstated or exag gerated in his notice of our unambitious effort the other night, we are sure his in tentions were of the purest. That refined and exquisitely cultured mind has not one drop of gall in it, and we think we know him well enough to say, if he is convinced tbat he has done Suiac injustice, he will feel more pain than he has occasioned. Bating the praise he awarded to us, we now do not remember anything in Caius’ article that the cause of truth demands should be blotted. preserved by the co-operation of a Northern party, any one who listened to the speech of Capt. Nelson must believe that the Dem ocratic party are alone capable of doing it. This is the must impregnable argument which has yet arrested the course of the Know Nothing party South, and in a nee- essarily short speech it was ably handled on this occasion. Mith Capt. Nelson's speech ended the discussion, and a more pleasant one xve have never listened to. CAIUS. McLane, Den,., has been elected Delegate to Congress by 2,000 majority.— The returns as to forming a State Govern ment are incomplete, but enough has been determined that Oregon should cease to be a territory. Several valuable horses died at Sy racuse, Nexv York, on Friday, in conse quence of the heat. Dreadful Case of Hydrophobia.—We copy the following from the Cincinnati Ga zelle of the 4th: Yesterday morning our attention was di rected to a case of hydrophobia in its worst i form, at No. 44 Plank road or Gest street. In New York city the prohibitory liquor ! of law is generally evaded. All the bars have j n 0 was fastened^ cords to iSedfTnd in put up a small sign, saying that “imported hysteric tits, his eyeballs protuding from I upon every handsome lady, or her beau! tosendi liquors” only are for sale. In Albany, the j ( ,ieir sockets, and the glands of his throat, hor daguerreotype, which will be exhibited iu for intoxication are tin j marked events of the day, so far ils xve are inter- j e-itod in the temperance movement. It has grown j to lie rather dangerous for old topers to ventur. | out with a sheet in the wind. Twenty-live were ! Placed in a cool spot in the Tombs yesterday until i they had timo to recover and then were gently : fined. The city mortality has slightly increased during the past xveek, owing to various causes. Without going into thorn into detail, I believe the principal one to bo, that the doctors are now beginning to starve iu consequence of the lato extreme hcalth- fulness of the community. Tho delightful weath er which we have been fuvured with for a ,'exx days past (just liso tho soft advances of October) will not bo apt to contribute largely to tbe medical practice. Barnum has started another dodge. He offers 200 premiums, amounting to $5,000, to be present ed to tbe handsomest ladies in A -rica. He cull: Another Burrow Evacuated.—The K. N. Lodge at Wesobulgee, Randolph county, Ala., was broken up a short time ago by unanimous consent. The members said they had been inveigled intj it, their sockets, and the Carson League have commenced prosecu- ' a ( lns and ^ mbs swelled very largely.— ting the dealers. ‘ * >la J we ever be s P llred thesight ofsosbock- New York, July 10.—The steamship Ill inois, from Aspinwall, arrived this evening ay xve ever De spared tbesight ofsosbock ing a scene again ! The poor man was insensible of course, and as he plunged and snapped his teeth xve almost wished his life xvas term' 'attd. From his wife we learn ed that I iff. xx hileat work for Mr. George George, .r G ,• Plank road, about six weeks si , xvas seized by a large dog, who held on to his right arm with such tenacity „„ .. „ ,. , , | that it required the combined strength of ama on the o^th uit. Ihe U. S. ship Inde- j tW o men p, uiake the dog let go his hold, pendenc left Paio ou the loth of June for j Since then Uthoff complained of much pian Dallas, to enforce a settlement of tlie ques- j > n his arms and. shoulders, but exhibited xvith 450 passengers, and §829,613 in treas ure. Dates from California are the same as those brought by the Northern Light.— The sloop of xvar John Adnis was at Pan- tion between tbe Representative of the U. S and the Government of Lima, arising from the detention by the latter of the Captain of the American vessel John Cummings, Oceana ot Wheat. We alluded a day or two since to the large quantities of grain ready to be sent down over the State Road. Yesterday, xve learn, that eight trains arrived in this city, bringing the fisrt- instalment, amounting to 2q,000 bushels. This is a mere drop in the bucket compared with the amount yet to oome. symptoms of canine madness until Sun day last. On Sunday morning he com plained of dizziness in the head. Ilis wife brought him a bowl of water to wash him self. When he saxv the water he cried out “take that aivay," in German. His illness increased, and Dr. Roleka was sent for, who at once pronounced his case that of hydro phobia. Four other physicians were called in, all of whom concurred in this opinion, and at once they declared that he was in curable aud must dio. Every effort to al leviate bis sufferings has been made, but his recovery is L —’ ’’ Health or Charleston.—There were 22 deaths in Charleston last week. tho Museum, and from theso tho public aro to select 100 xvhich are considered tho haud- somest aud entitled to premiums. These aro to be painted life size by the best artists in the country and to make a permanent gallery of the beauties ot America. Those of the most beautiful of this hundred xvill be engraved in tho “ B’orM's book of Beauty,” to bo published in Paris. All at the expense of Barnum. It xvill be a great attraction, and attract thousands to the gallery. The Bonaparte Family.—It isT stated that nearly all the branches of the Bonaparte family will in a very short time be assem bled in Paris, round the Emperor Napoleon HI., who desires that the several persons bearing his name should form, as it were, a faiseiu near him. All the children of the Prince Canine have already arrived in Paris and taken up their residence in a hotel pur chased and fitted up for them by order of - the Emperor, at the end of the Rue de Gre- nelle St. German. This branch of the fami - ly is composed of four brothers, the princes Charles, Louis Lucien, Pierre and Antoine Bonaparte. A Natural Inference.—la ituot reasona ble to suppose that when ayoung lady uffers to hem cambric handkerchiefs for a rich bachelor, she means to sew toat she mav may reap ? '