IHE AU6USIA HERAIi)
711 Broad St., Augusta, Ga.
Published Every Afternoon During tht
Waek and on Sunday Mcrninq by
TH6 HIRALD PUBLISHING CJ.
fnttrad at tha Augusta Pos.offics a*
Mall Matter of tha Second Class.
Dally and Bunday, 1 year *6 u
Daily and Sunday. 6 months 3-0 u
Daily and Sunday, 3 months I.sx
Dally and Sunday. 1 month SO
Dally and Sunday, 1 week ~ 1J
Sundfcy Herald, 1 year. ..... 1.0
Weakly Herald. 1 year SO
Business Office 257
City Editor ?V9
No oommunlcatlon will be published *n
The Herald unless the name of the writ*
la signed to the article
NEW YORK OFFlCE—Vreeland Hen
In min Agency, Hrunewick Hu tiding*
Fifth AretiAie. Ifew Tortr City
min Agency W H Kentnor, Mr . 11°*
Hoyoe Building. Chicago. 111.
The Herald Is the official advert lain*
medium of the flty o' Augunta and I
the County of Richmond for all legui i»o
tloee and advertising
Address * - unloatlorte cr,
THt AUGUSTA HIRALD.
73 Broad St., Augusta, Oa.
“IF YOU WANT TUB NEWS
YOU NEED THE HERALD.*
Augusts. Os.. Sunday, Sept. 13, 1904
Circulation of Iho Herald
for 7 Months. 1908
May ~ 243.866
For 7 months 7.648
For Align** 7.846
There Is no belter way to reach .
the home* of the prosperous peo
ple of thl* city end •eetloti than
through the column* of Thu Her
ald Dully and Sunday.
Parties leaving Auguat* e»n have
Th* Herald sent them by map each
day. Phone 297, Clreul*t>on Depart
nient, If you leave Augusta, »o that
Tha Herald can reach you each day.
Mr Bryan put th. Axing** on Uncle
Joe Cannon nil light, didn’t ho?
A* a trilKl buster Priuldent Uastrn
ECeni: a much greater success than
our man with th<> Big stir*,.
Taft hae a (Inorgla cook, hut It la
the Georgians at large who will cook
hi* goose for him.
\i waa aald of the clißrge of the
].ig)|i Brigade after It waa over, no
II tfust he aald of the i xtrn none lon
"HdSielindy ha* blundered "
Mr Dele, say* that hla meal*, while
out on 111* campaign lour, coat him
only IH centa | , day. 11,. do. a not,
however, alnte who para th„ balance.
Tfce people are Atiniiclhg th,, tm
t lona I democratic campaign, and ao
far they hav a not made a howling sue
ceaa of It.
The aevere defeat of John Oaiy
Kvsna In Hotith Carolina I* lull an
other pointer to ahow that the |>eopln
everyWhem want a new deal.
The Honaton Poat atatea that n
Texas iad ar nllow, d a collar button
and It canaod hla death. Hut that
Isn't atrunge, aince In Texa* they
wear bra** collar button*.
Captain John Hhlpp. who awnm
down Kill* *lreet during the recent
flood fa*f enough to overtake and
lateh a big flab. 1* a nhlp that i» well
To Jud*e by the sensational shake
atorlea aent out from Valdosta the et
pres* company muat be doing a good
buslnea* In that town through It* Jug
Jf our atnt,. legislator! war,, paid
by the piece for all the work they
do, they would have finished the work
that called them together In extra
session long ago.
But whv should (he Kansas City
paragrapher who spoke of "Kansas'
a mailing corn crop" b,. given the wa
ter cure, a* the Atlanta Georgian de
mandt? It seems that the corn cure
would be moat appropriate.
At least there I* some comfort In
the thought that Teir babbling extra
session cannot, like the habbilng
brook, go ob forever If will expire
by the statute of limitation, If It can't
For all that I* being said about the
young Turk* In Turkey It will pmb
ably be found that by thanksglv Ing
da' they are not as numerous her,' as
ao much untie* of them enexmragext
us to believe.
Pretty women kissed Hlsgcn re
cently when he made a speech Now.
If they would treat Tour Watson as
well he would at le**t get something
ntc* out of hla rar,. for Ute presi
Will all who believe the Btory In the
Marxru Telegraph and other papers
to the effect that Jo*. Brown Intends
to stump the state In the Interest of
Bryan, please rise and stand until
they are counted *
IT-- ' ' *—* •>• Sill
The Aoierlcu* Time* Recorder say*
that there are really only two parties
In Georgia tn this light, the deruocrau
and the postmaster* That , would
mahe it the sstne old fight between
the out* and the tna.
MAKING THE DOLLAR DO MORE WORK IN AUGUSTA THAN EVER
Can we not make the dollar (lo raor,. work In Augusta next week
than ever before? Every one of our citizens ls loyally, patriotically
and earnestly giving his time and energy and means to the work In
hand Why not apply the same rule to the dollar In our midst?
Put the Idle dollars to work Just as we have put the Idle men to
work A dollar has no more right to sit around these days and snooze
and lake life easy than any one else.
There's plenty of work here for every idle dollar In the community,
and one of the best things to start with Is to pay your bills. If a
1,000 people Monday will start out their Idle dollars In paying bills,
we ll have men and money both ut work In Augusta, and It’s a strong
WHY NOT BE PROSPEROUS?
Rather a suggestive sentence and yet It means just what It says as
applied to the people of the country as a whole or to the people of
The people of this country hSve too many natural advantages, too
many resources, to be affected by io-called trade depression unless they
want to be Splendid crops are being harvested, manufacturing Is being
resumed new markets pre being opened.
As the Saturday Evening Post says: “Depression Is the unreason
able state. The United States enjoying a period of trade depression
looks like a man with a house full of corn, oil, wine and honey, who
Bits down to munch a ham sandwich because his banker spoke unkind
ly to him ■'
Augusta has made up Its mind lo do business this year and she
Is doing it,
THE FALL FAIR IN AUGUSTA. *
Augusta* Fall Knlr ran and will be made the best ever given by
the Georgia Carolina Fair Association.
The backbone of the fair is of course the splendid farmers’ clubs
association among the farmers 1 n this section of the two states, and
which Is especially strong In South Carolina Under the auspices of
the farmers' club's movement, splendid agricultural exhibits will be
made "second to none In the Soiftb.
A fair would not be a fair unless there was a midway and races
and balloon ascension and air ships, and of these there will be a
A poultry show and a pet stock show are also Included. The
Herald feels assured that Augusta's fall fair this year will he the big
gest and best ever.
——- - - ... . ~ - ■ -—■■■—■ ■—» ■ ■■■■■-
NO LETUP IN THE WORK.
There Is and ran be no let up In the work of rapidly rehabilitating
and renovating the city. A vast amount of work has already been done—
a vast amount still remains to he done.
With th ( . same energy continued and Intelligently directed the re
maining work will soon be finished. But the splendid record that Au
gusta has already mnde should be maintained until every bit of flood
damage has been repaired
Let there be no let up In the work still to be done either by the city
or the Individual citizens,
TRADE AND BUSINESS ARE GOOD IN AUGUSTA.
Augusta hi* n trade renter, aa a business renter, hns no right to
complain Trade Is good and Is going to be hotter. As The Herald
stated otn,. weeks ago, If you am not getting your share, It la beeausa
y eit ar.. not In position to hnndb- It, or because th,. people do not know
that you have the goods and can render thp service.
Well, from now on, with cotton coming Into town In larger quant!
ties there i- no reason why Augusta should not make tills year's busi
ness a record one.
THOROUGH WORK OF THE BOARD OF HEALTH.
All of the city departments, as well ns the Individual citizens and
properly holders, have done splendid work In repairing and wiping out
the flood damages.
But In the nature of she ease tho brunt of this work has fallen upon
the Health Department of the city, and Dr. Eugene Murphey and his
Inspectors and Mr. Harry Heaver, superintendent of the scavenger ser
vle,. and Ihe men tinder him, have done a splendid public service In
th, prom [it and efllelent way In grblch this work has been done.
The emergency work has been done and done well, and we feel
ear,. that the rest that remains to h e done will h,» as steadily pursued.
Th,, rltL in- ran rest assured that Augusta Is clean and sanitary onre
more and will stay so.
MR HEAR3T AND THE INDEPENDENCE LEAGUE CANDIDATES
SHOULD VISIT AUGUSTA.
Last Friday evening In Allants Col John Temple Graves was offi
rlally notified of his nomination for the vice presidency by ihe Indepen
dence party. This was the last of the offlelal notifications, and it was
Ihe most pleasant and significant of all.
Although Uol Graves Is not 1 at the present time a resident of this
State, he Is as he will ever remain, a Georgian, and It was most fitting
that the notlfleatlon ceremony should have been held in the capital of
the stale It Is there where he did his great work In the two news
paper* he established and It Is Atlanta with which his name must al
ways be most closely connected, no matter how high the honors the
future may have in store for him, or so what city they may call him.
The meeting was a great ovation to Uol. Graves, and to his running
males and the executive h"*d of the patty as well. But this was no
surprise to the well Informed, to those who have looked beneath the
surface of present political nondttt >us iu this state. John Temple Graves
Is of ad Georgians in public life today the most admired. There are
other Georgians as great as he. there are others as prominent, or who
have done as much. But there Isn't one of Georgia's public- men who
hss been as active a* he. and Is held In such general esteem. All
others have enemies: John Temple Graves hss none. Hq Is the one
Georgian In public life today whom all Georgians love, and against
whom no one harbors an unkind thought.
There have been those who have made light of the Independence
parly movement In this state. They did this because it conflicted with
their plan* or notions, and because it was a now thing under she Bouth
ern sun The great and enthusiastic meeting In Atlanta demonstrated
that, so far as Atlanta Is concerned, this notion was erroneous There
are people iu Atlanta who look vith favor upon the movement, and
there can be no doubt that now. Ince they have seen the party lead
era fare to face and have heard them speak. It will grow in favor. And
this applies to other cttles and other parts of the state as well
It has been stated that this distinguished party of Independence
league leaders proposes to visit other cities In Georgia Thev should
hv all mean* Include Augusta In the eltle* they will vdslt. The people
of Augusta love Uol Graves They know little of Mr Hlsgen -h
--head of tue ticket, but they must admire him for the gallant fight he
has made against the Rtaudard Oil octopus They would like to «•
Captain Yancey Carter, the tndc|>endem-e party candidate for govern
or, who Is not without friend* here as has been shown by a nubile
endorsement of his candidacy recently made. And. above all thev
would like to meet face to face Mr, Ilearst, the founder of th,. par
the Man of Mystery.'' as Lincoln Stefflns called him. the man who U
so bitterly vilified by those who fear him, bu' who without question H
one of the most ts»wetful men In the Interest he wields tn the countr
today. Few Augustan* have seen him, hut many would be greatlv
pleased to meet him
The Ilearst party should by all means visit Augusta. They would
get a reception hete equal to that given them In Atlanta And August*
1« a greet city, tfc. capital of the famous tenth district, the metropolis
of eastern Georgia and western Carolina 1» woult( be a mistake of the
party managers ft In their Uluerary of tne state they fa.i to Include
THE AUGUSTA HERALD
THE EFFORT TO PLAY POLITICS
IN THE PRESENT EMERGENCY
A few days ago tha Chronicle pub-
Ished a sensational story with scare
headlines and set the local politlc.il
pot to boiling again In Its charges
against the city administration of
discrimination in the emplovm nt O',
men needed for emergency wotl: on
the streets of the city. As a result
of these charges, we find the follow
ing clipping In the Ttmes-llecorder
Municipal politics In Augusta
seems to be a pretty dirty sort of
business. The charge is openly
made that worthy men, with fam
ilies dependent upon them, were
J denied work on repairs and cann
ing up, because they were "not
right " politically. The gulltv pol
Itteians ought to be tarred and
feathered and run out of the city
on a rail. A tuzzard would be
Tills 1? putting Augusta In a bad
and unfair light and at bad time be
fore the people of the whole state,
and ph the statements of the various
elty officials have shown.ln an un
true light as well. Is it a proper
thing to do to attempt to make po
litical capital out of the present sit
uation to divide again the people of
the etty Into warring factions, when
Augusta needs the help and assist
ance of every one of its citizens?
There has been plenty of politics In
.""itsta for the future, enough to
cult even the most politically inclin
ed of our citizens, of either political
faction. We think that even the
Chronicle with its tncreasng desire
to run tho politics of the city will ,
find plenty here to amuse itself for
But the point that The Herald j
makes is that this Is no time for the j
Chronicle or any of our citizens to j
attempt to make political capital out j
of Augusta's present emergency and
distress, or to publish to the world
distorted and untrue situations If they
ran be made to appear to reflect upon
the present city administration which
Is struggling bravely and energetical
ly and loyally with the situation that
confronts our entire people.
■ «■» ■
THE PATHOS OF A YOUNG EDI
The Thomson Free Lance came
this week with its editorial head rules
reversed, in token of mourning. The
cause was the death of Its editor and
| principal owner, Col. James W.
There was a peeuliar pathos tn this
because this mourning issue was only
its second number. Col. Green was
] a Virginian, who had made Thomson
his home. He was still comparative-
I ly a young man, a lawyer, and a man
nt sterling worth, who had rapidly
i made friends in his adopted home.
In his earlier years Col. Greene had
been a newspaper man, and the old
I love remained with him sufficiently
strong to lead him to think of start
trig a paper in Thomson. That little
‘city already had two papers, both of
i hem fully up to the average of week
ly papers, and to start another one
[under these circumstances was a bold
i undertaking. But this Col. Green de
| elded to do, believing that a well
edited, progressive paper would not
only be a paying Investment, but a
strong factor in the upbuilding of the
So the press and printing plant
were provided and Installed. While
this was being done Col. Green was
taken 111 Hut he prepared the copy,
and front his sick bed directed the
printing of the first issue. It was
printed and the first copy brought
to him. a newspaper such as any edi
tor would have Juat reason to be
proud of, well printed and typographi
cally as neat as a paper could be
made, with an excellent news serv
ice and a strong editorial page. And
the next day he died; other hands got
out the second Issue of the paper,
of which the hading article on the
editorial page whs the story of the
editor's life and death, written by a
Death ls always sad, but sometimes
It Is glorious. Wolfe, dying on the
plains of Abraham with the shouts
of victory raised by his soldiers ring
ing In his ears, died a glorious death.
The man who dies In the hour of sig
nal success over a legion of adverse
circumstances dies a glorious death.
Such was ihe death of Col. Green.
He had succeeded In the worthy ob-
Jcoi he had undertaken. He had
cause to feel joy in the success h“
had won and he died before the long
struggle for maintenance had begun,
which would weary and perhaps turn
all present joy to bitter disappoint
In his death the press of the state
has . >st a star that had Just risen
and whoso flrsi appearance gave
promise of a brilliant course
When Every Oay Shall Be Sunday.
An Indiana paper aava that Sunday
and Day are the names of two fann
er* near Martlnton. Sunday has five
sons and Day five daughter*. Three
of the Suudar boys already mar
rted Day girl* With she other two
brother* courting the remaining sis
ter* It look* a* thoug'' every *“»>
| »"«ld b* Suudar hr and bye.—Griffin
RETURNING HOME AGAIN.
A great many of the people of Augusta were away on their vacations
and holidays and so missed the flood and freshet scenes, but most of
them lost no time In returning hom e by train or boat when they heard
of Augusta’s loss.
But today it ls saf e to say that most of Augusta’s population are all
home again and hard at work. Hundreds who generally stay longer have
returned earlier, and Augusta’s army of energy has been largely in
All told, we Imagine that Augusta at the present time has more of
her population at home and at work than ever before.
KEEP THE PUMPS GOING.
The work of pumping out the cellars of the city is steadily going
on. Keep the pumps going all over the city until every cellar is so dry
that it will stay dry.
A great many of the blocks have been pumped only to find water
again the next day in the cellars. This is a little discouraging to the
many makes of pump that have been so busily at work, and yet in the
nature of the case there remains nothing to be done, but to set the pumps
working again and to keep on pumping until all the cellars are dry and
can be made clean and sanitary once more.
So keep the pumps going and let the work go on.
BRITISH AND AMERICAN SYS
TEMS OF TAXATION.
The burden of national government
is a heavy one to be borne by the
people of all civilized countries. Gov
ernment functions take such a wide
range, calling for such heavy expen
ditures which must be met by col
lecting the money out of the people
under some method of taxation, that
the burden In the aggregate is bound
|to be heavy. The total annual or
| dinary expenses of our government
now exceed $600,000,000, and the gov
ernment expenses of other leading
countries are in proportion.
All this money is collected from the
! people by taxation. Under our sys
j tem of taxation nearly all of this is
derived from two sources, internal
revenue and duties on imports, th§
latter usually supplying the greater
part. Both methods are a tax upon
the consumer. The excise tax collect
ed by the government upon a gallon
of whiskey or upon a box of cigars Is
carried from the manufacturer
through the jobber and retail dealer
to the consumer, and the man who
drinks the whiskey or smokes the
1 cigar pays the lax. Likewise also
with the tariff tax. The duties col
i lected on sugar or salt are carried
from the Importer through the job
ber and retailer to the consumer, and
the family which-uses these necessi
: ties of life pays the tax.
In both systems It Is the consumer
who pays, which means that the poor
man pays, not relatively but abso
lutely, as much tax for the support of
I the national government as the rich
j man. He often pays more, for the
poor man with a large family may,
and In many cases does, consume
more of the necessaries of life on
which the taxes are laid, than the
i millionaire who may have no family
and Is of the Hetty Green order.
In other words, under our system
of taction the cost of operating the
federal government is placed princi
pally upon the poor, and the rich
escape their share of this burden.
In England It is different. Approx
imately 40 per cent of the entire re
ceipts of the British government from
taxes are derived from two sources—
death duties and the income tax.
According to the report Just issued
by the government for the fiscal year
| ending March 31 last, the gross
amount that passed at death during
the year was over $1.5i5.000,000,
which produced In death duties about
$72,500,000. In Great Britain immense
fortunes are less common than in
this country. In the year 1906, which
was notable for the number of mil
lionaires that died, of twelve estates
probated only two reached $15,000,000
and the entire twelve barely amount
ed to $100,000,000. In this country
two estates recently appraised, that
;of Russell Sage at $64,000,000, and
that of William B. Leeds at $40,-
000.000, together exceeded that suip,
and neither was subject tft a federal
The British Income tax, according
to the same government report, pro
duced $159,000,000. At the same time
only 20 persons had incomes assessed
at more than $250,000. 241 persons be
tween $50,000 and $250,000. and 517
persons between $25,000 and $50,000.
For the year 1906-7 the gross income
was nearly $4,720,000,000, and the in
come on which the /ax was collected
$3,200,000,000, the difference between
the two sum* showing In a way the
extent to which small Incomes are
This shows the difference between
the English and our system of taxa
tion. In our country the rich are
practically exempt from taxation
while In England they bear their
share. Our system Is based on con
sumption of goods; the English ays-
I tem on ability to pay. Who will
say that the English system ls not
the most equitable and just?
What we need is a federal income
and Inheritance tax. to make the rich
contribute their Just share towards
the co»t of operating the government.
Our own John Temple ls the only
i vice presidential candidate who Is
I now m the public eye, as b» is tne
t nly one who It a bigger man than
[ tue bead of bis tlckeL
MUST VOTE FOR JOE BROWN.
There is no denying the fact that
the idea of Hon. Joseph M. Brown
becoming governor of Georgia is very
repugnant, to a large number of
voters. The Atlanta Journal is, with
much reason, believed to belong to
this class. Hence it is not strange,
as is really the case, that many let
ters are addressed to it on this sub
Recently it published several such
letters, in which the writers declared
themselves opposed to Joe Brown to
such a degree that they would vote
for his opponent, or seeming to seek
endorsement for or justification of
such a course. With these letters as
its text The Journal preached a
strong sermon, concluding as follows:
The Journal cannot undertake
to dictate to men of the highest
Intelligence and most approved
democratic loyalty In the past as
to what course they shall pursue.
We can only speak for ourselves,
and while we recognize the force
of the arguments which have been
brought to bear, we must main
tain the view that having gone
into the primary, we must abide
We entered the primary in
good faith; we did not contest
the result of the election and
we feel bound to abide by It. We
intend to abide by It, tn letter
and in spirit, and so far as we
can Influence others will seek to
persuade them to do likewise.
Party discipline is more effective
than unorganized warfare and our
own advice is to work out our
regeneration within the party
How the conscience of those papers
must lash them —assuming that they
have a conscience—which have been
snarling at The Journal on the as
sumption that it was antagonizing
Joe Brown and encouraging opposi
tion to him. Unequivocally and as
plain as words can express it, The
Journal announces that it intends to
abide by the primary, in letter and
in spirit, and more than that, ‘‘so
far as we can Influence others will
persuade them to do likewise.” The
most abject apology is due it by
those papers which have so viciously
and causelessly proclaimed other
wise, if in their criticisms they were
There can be no question that those
who participated in the primary are
in honor bound by its result They
may vote for Taft or Watson in the
presidential election without a breach
of faith, for the state primary was
•not in any wise connected with the
national election, but they must sup
port Joe Brown in the October elec
tion. The only thing which would
relieve them of this moral obliga
tion would be fraud in the primary
by which its result was reached.
This is claimed, and those who now
say that they will not vote for Joe
Brown in the regular election base
their right to do so on the fraud as
serted to have been perpetrated in
This reason is not a valid one. If
fraud was perpetrated, In illegal reg
istration or voting, protest should
have been made at the time and a
contest entered. This was not done.
If the assertions of fraud are true,
then the party defrauded slept over
its rights. No contest having been
entered the bare assertion that frauds
were committed cannot be allowed
to void the result, and release the
opponents of Joe Brown In the pri
mary of their moral obligation to sup
port him in the election.
As The Journal well says, having
gone Into the primary we must abide
the result. Unless we wish to kill
the primary system and again allow
the negro to be the deciding factor
In our state politics, the result of
the primary must be sustained at the
polls no matter how bitter the pill
may be to the defeated party.
Is it possible that the extra session
is prolonged becat&e that blind tiger
has returned to the capttol, and the
legislators have grown ho fond of
hint that they Just can't leave him?
* mmm> • •
i The Houston Best has quit counting
t the days that intervene between the
present and the day of Brvan a elec
j Holt. Have the Texan* quit looking
, ahead in confident anticipation to
SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 13
Have You Seen
They’re the newest feature for
Fall Clothes. But our stock is not
confined to any on e style of goods.
With ample capital we command
the choice of all productions.
COME IN NOW
FOR FALL CLOTHES.
Avoid th e rush that’s sure to
come and take first pick of our
for Men of Taste
J. W. G-iffin, practical
house raiser and mover,
can be found at 841 Broad
St., McAuliffe’s Plumb
NOW IS THE TIME TO USE THEM
SIN SANITARY FLUID.
The ideal disinfectant. True deod
erizer and germicide; a powerful anti
septic and purifier for the sanitary
purification of dwellings, schools, hos
pitals, water closets, sinks, slaughter
houses, stables, etc.
One pint 20c
One quart 35c
One gallon SI.OO
Five gallons, per gal 75c
Special prices made on Barrels.
N. L, WILLET SEED
309 JACKSON ST.
T. G. BAILIE
832 BROAD ST.
Large assortment of
Wall Paper and Compe
tent Force of Workmen
to do Prompt Work.
Big Stock of
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908 Broad Street.