Mr. Watson, of Baldwin, laid before the
House, a resolution for the enlargement of the
Statc-llouse, together with apian of the same,
and also to appropriate money for the same.
To authorise Springer Gibson of Upson
county to build a M 11-dara across Flint river,
one end on Fraction No 25, H)ih district Hous
ton, oiirt the other to the Western bank of
Flint liver, on the newly acquired territory.
To alter and amend an act, entitled an act,
tosher and amend the road laws of this State,
assented to the l8:b Dec. 1818.
Mr. Mills from the Joint committee on the
Penitentiary, presented a report upon the pre
sent condition of the institution, &.c. which was
Mr. MU!" from the same committee, also
reported a bill to define the mode ot proving
accounts due the Penitentiary—which was read
tire first time.
Friday, December 8.
The following bills wore passed :
To" amend an act for the better protection
of orphans and their estates, passed in 1799.
To define the liability of Securites on ap
peals, and stay of execution, and for the pro
tection and benlit of bail on recognizance and
securities on contracts.
To after and fix the time of holding the Su
perior courts in die Southern Circuit.
To alter and amend the 12th sec. of an act
to protect the estates of orphans and to make
permanent provision for the puor, assented to
To alter and amend an act passed 2-lth Dec
1825, establishing Battalion district elections
in the county of Bui he.
Saturday, Dec. 9.
The b'll passed to reduce the salary of the
Principal Keeper and attending Physician o!
The remainder of the day was taken uji
with tho consideration of private and local mat
Monday, December 11.
Tho house took up the report of the commit
tee of the whole on the bill to compensate petit
Mr. Ft otherslon moved to lay it on the table
for the balance of ihe session, which was nega
tived, yeas 53, nays 59.
After several motions had been made, and
some discussions, the bill was recommitted to a
committee of eleven.
On motion of Mr. Murray, the house took
up the report of the committee of he whole,
on the bill appropriating money /or the support
of Government during the year1827.
On the following section being read, viz:
“The secretaries of the governor not exceed
ing three, one thousand dollars each per an
Mr. Watson of Baldwin moved to strike our
“one thousand dollars,” which prevailed, yeas
58, nays .19.
Mr. Martin of F ranklln moved to reduce
tho pay of the members of the General Assem
bly, from four to three dollars per day, which
was lost, yeas 21, nays 90.
On motion of Mr. Hilt, the sura of twelve
hundred dollars was substituted for six hundred
so as to allow the comptroller general to ern-
pley two clerks instead of one.
After several motions and amendments had
been made, the report was ordered to lio on
Tuesday, November 12.
Mr. Thomas, from the joint judiciary commit-
nfttee, to whom referred the communication of
the comptroller general, in relation to tho case
of Thomas F. Wells, esq. attorney general—
reported, that they find the attorney general
in arrears to the state, about twenty-seven hun
dred and fifty two dollars and eighty-seven
cents, and offered tho following resolution by
way of address to the governor:
Resolved, That his excellency tho governor
be, and he is hereby, authorised und required
(two-thirds of each branch of tho legislature
concurring) to remove from office tho said
Thomas F. Wells, attorney general of the
stale, on tho first day of March next, unless the
aaid attorney general shall, before first day of
March next, pay over to tho proper officer,
all monies heretofore collected by him, for the
state, with the interest now required of him by
luw, which shall be found due and in his hands,
after allowing him such fees and commissions
as shall be reasonable and just; or shall give,
by that time, good and sufficient security to
tho governor and his successors in office, for
tho payment thereof, on or before tho first day
of January, 1828, with interest at the rate of
eight per cent, from tho time such security
shall be given, until paid, or show good cause
to the contrary.
Which report was unanimously accepted.
The bill to improve the navigation of the
Savannah river, was read the third time and
On motion of Mr. Myers, tho house took
up the resolution recommending General Jack-
son to the next presidency, and the same be
ing read, was, after considerable discussion, and
after several amendments had been premised,
passed in the affirmative, yeas 100, nays 9.
On motion of Mr. Wilson of Baldwin, the
house took up und agreed to the following re
solution, to wit:
Resolved by the Senate and House of Re-
f resentatives t i general assemby met, That the
'rincipal Engineer be directed forthwith to
make a survey of that section of the Oconee
river, lying between the mouth of Fishing creek
and the present Boat Landing, and report to
the legislature, as soon ns practicable the cost of
rendering navigable the said section, and the
manner of executing said object.
, Wednesday, December 13.
Tho house took up the report of tho com
mittee of the whole on the bill to appropriate
monies for the year 1827; after several amend-
- ments of tho report, the bill was read tho third
time and passed.
The house took up the bill to amend tho Pe
nal Code, so far as relates to the punishment
of voluntary manslaughter; which was read the
third time and passed.
On motion of Mr. Bunuide,
Resolved by the Senate and House of Re
presentatives, That the governor be, and lie is
Hereby,- required to cause a sufficient number
of copies of ihe act of the legislature, passed
at this session, to extend the timo for giving in
for draws in the contemplated land lottery to
be printed, to furnish the justices of the. Inferi
or Court of the several counties of this State
with one copy each, and the clerks of the In
ferior and Superior Courts with one copy tacli,
and also to cause the same to be published
forthwith in the several Gazettes of Milledge-
Monday, December 11.
The hill to provide for the compilation ol a
civil code of the laws of this state, and
The bill further to support and encourage
education in this state, and for the relief ofabo
Were read the second time and ordered for
commitiee of the whole.
The senate went into a committee of the
whole on the bill to raise a tax for the support
of government for the year 1827, Mr. Powell
of M'lntosh in the chair. Mr. Rowell report
ed the hill with aniendinetii.
The senate took up tho report, and on mo
tion of Mr. Jones to strike out the paragraph in
these words—“and Lc it further *narr®H •>>»«
all houses aud lots, in cities, towns and villages,
occupied by the owners thereof as dwelling
houses, shall not ho taxed as heretofore, the
sum of thirty-one and a fourth cents on every
hundred dollars of their value,”—it was deter
mined in the affirmative, yeas 35, nays 27.
Mr. Clayton of Clark ofl'ered an additional
“And be it further enacted that the present
general tax of the stale on all subjects ot taxa
tion, he reduced twenty-five per centum.”
On the motion to agree thereto, it was deci
ded in the affirmative, yeas 38, nays 34.
The report treing amended and agreed to,
the bill was read the third time and passed.
The senate tool; up by paragraphs, the bill
from tho house, to organizo the territory lately
acquired from tho Creek nation.
On motion of Mr. Iiluir to strike out in the
first section, second paragraph, the word “Mas-
cogee,” and insert Campbell, the yeas were
29, nays 34. So the motion was lost.
The fourth paragraph of the first section be
ing read, Mr. Tennille moved to strike out
Coweta, and insert Newnan, which was decid
ed in the negative, ayes 30, nays 33.
Several amendments were offered and reject
ed, and tho report was finally agreed to, and
the hill passed, yeas 45, nays IS.
Thursday, December 12-
Mr. Allen, -from tho committee on internal
improvement, to whom was referred the re
port of the commissioners of the southern riv
That they have had the same under consid
eration and cannot withhold tho expression of
heir approbation of the conduct of the com
From the report, it appears that of the fifty
thousand dollars, appropriated to their order,
one thousand two hundred and forty-two dol
lars thirty-three cents remain unexpended.—
The great advantages of steam power applied
to the removal of sunken and buried logs, and
trees from tho beds of our rivers, have long
since been known and understood, by the sieam
boat company. Tho last legislature mado an
appropriation for the application of that power
to remove obstructions, in tho Altamaha river.
The success which has resulted, has been fully
equal to the expectations of its friends, and cer
tainly authorising a further appropriation for
similar purposes, upon a more extensive, and
consequently more useful, and it is believed
more economical scale. The commissioners
suggest the propriety of the state's purchasing
a steamboat to be employed when tho condi
tion of the river will permit, in removing oh
structions, from their beds, and at other times
in towing freight boats to and from Darien.—
On the propriety of this proposition your coin-
mitteo have great confidence, and consequent
ly submit the following resolution:
Resolved, That tho sum of fourteen thou
sand dollats should bo appropriated for the
purchase of a steamboat to be used according
to circumstances in removing obstructions from
iho beds of the Altamaha, Ocmulgee, nnd O-
conee rivers, or in transporting freight, and
that tho sum of throe thousand dollars should
ho appropriated to defray the expenses of said
Resolved, That S. C. Dunning, Thomas
Wilcox, and be and they are
hereby created and constituted commissioners
to carry the foregoing resolution into effect.
section of tho constitution of this state, so far
as to authorize a reduction of the members of
the senate and house of representatives, and to
be apportioned thereafter upon the principles
if population alone, and in order to ascertain
.he sentiments of the voters on this subject,
those who aro in favor of a convention, will
please endorse on their ticket the word “Con
vention,” and those who are against it will en
dorse the words “no Convention.”
Wednesday, December 13.
Mr Powell, from the committee on banks,
nvide a report highly favorable to the condition
of the Augusta Bank, and recommended the
Resolved, That the ability and fidelity with
which the affairs of the Augusta Bank, have
been conducted meet ihe approbation ol the
general assembly, and entitle the Bank to the
fullest confidence of the public;
Which was read and agreed to.
Mr. Powell, from the same committee, also
reported on the condition of die Bank ol the
State of Georgia, whicli they represented as
prosperous and nourishing; which report was
The senate took up the bill to provide for
the completion of a Civil Code of the laws of
this state; which was read the third time and
The senate took up tho bill the further to o-
mend an act to incorporate a bank to be called
the Bank of die State of Georgia, passed the
16th December, 1815; winch was read the
third time and passed.
Which was read aud ordered to lie on the
Tho senate took up the report of tho com
mittee of the whole on the bill to alter the sev
enth section of tho first article of the constitu
tion, so as to reduce the number of members of
tho house of representatives; when, after much
discussion, the bill was lost, yeas 29, nays 31
Mr. Daniell had leave to report a bill in
stanter, to provide for a convention to amend
and alter the constitution of this state, which was
rend the first time.
The senate took up and passed the bill to
separate and divorce Zebulon Rudolph from
Eliza Rudolph, his wife.
Mr. Clayton of Clarke laid on the table the
Whereas both branches of the general as
sembly are too numerous, creating great ex
pense and delay in the despatch of public bu
siness, and is according to the population in
the respective counties very unequi
And whereas also, from the increasing num
ber of members in both branches of the gencr-
ala ssembly, tho house set apart for their usu
al deliberations, will not bo sufficiently large
for that purpose and will consequently be re
quired to be enlarged at very great expense—
'Therefore be it resolved, That at the next
gcnoral election, for the members of tho gene
ral assembly, the voters be requested to signi
fy to the ensuing legislature whether they wish
a Convention for tho special and exclusive pur-
LATEST FROM ENGLAND.
CHAisiqisTON, December 9
We recived, last evening, by the British
ship Commerce, Lindsey, a Portsmouth paper
of die 30:h October, containing London dates
of the* 28th of the same month. Extracts fol
London, October 25
The German papers, wli.ch arrived this
morning, contain timber accounts of the naval
coullict between the Greeks and Turks near
Mitylene, but they are of a contradictory cha
racier, and it is impossible to say, which is cn-
tiiled to the most credit. It is st tied in an ar
ticle from Constantinople, that Mi. Stratford
Canning has addressed another note to the
Porte, urging it to enter into negociations with
A letter from Marseilles states, that lord
Cochrane, on his way from Malta, dropped
anchor on the 15th of September, about half a
league from the port of Marseilles. He was in
galliot, which belongs to him, nnd had on
board a crew of fourteen men and ten passen-
An aerolite fell on the estate of Madame Ser-
binoit, in the government of Ijikaterinoslnw,
and in the district of Poulogrod, on the 19th
May; the stone weighs two pounds: its color
is a very dark blue, approaching to black.
Toe Tides.—At tho spring tides in the ap
proaching winter, the muon will be alternately
near its least and greatest distance from the
earth, which may be known from the semi-di
ameters being then about the greatest and
least alternately. On this account the spring
tides w.U be alternately higher and lower than
usual. At Brest the diffeience is about two
and a half feet.
The late Burmese War.—Extract from
Calcutta paper of April 11: (Demi-official.)—
“Letters from Ramree of 2Sih March, report
the arrival at Acng of iho eighteenth regiment
M. N. 1. with fifty pioneers and thirty-six ele
phants. Lieuleuant Trent, of the .quarter
master's department, who had accompanied the
division, was at Ramree. The detachment
left Yundabo on the 6-h March, and reached
Aeng on the 26ih; there were but three men
sick with the detachment; and but four or five
bullocks knocked up; the rest were all in good
order. The road is reported to have proved
perfectly good throughout." The safe and
easy return of this regiment, as above describ
ed, proves the very extraordinary circumstance,
that the conductors of the late war were igno
rant of an excellent road through the Arracan
mountain to Unmerapera; w hich, if it had been
sooner known, would have enabled us to have
finished a war in a few months, which has cost
three years to accomplish, and an enormous
sacrifice of blood and treasure.
A report is in circulation that ministers in
tend to propose an imposition of five per cent
on all real and landed property, and to repeal
the assessed taxes.
Stocks are gradually advancing. Good bills
at Manchester are now discounting at four per
cent by an eminent London banker. Exchi
quer bills and Iudian bonds are in high request,
nnd have advanced in price, the former to 25s
a 26s, and the latter to 36s a 37s premium.—
The market is deluged with money, and two
and a half per cent is the highest rate of inter
est that can be obtained.
London, October 23.
The Paris papers of Friday and Saturday
are received. The Etoile contains the im
portant information, that the Turks have ac
ceded to the ultimatum of Russia; rnd asserts
that the great powers have unanimously adopt
ed a resolution to terminate the war in Greece,
Intelligence received this morning from Lis
bon, states some fresh insurrectionary move
ments had taken place in Portugtd, on the part
of the enemies of the constitutional charter.—
One regiment in tho Algarves had revolted
but the other regiments and the militia remain
ed staunch, and troops were inarching upon the
revolters with every prospect of immediately
suppressing the insurrection. An attempt to
produce insurrection in the north of Portugal
had entirely failed, and the promoters of the
nefarious enterprise had fled. The insurrec
tion seems to have been planned by the mar
quis Abrantes and count Chaves, one of them
the first mover of the revolt against the former
constitution. It was carried into effect at tho
same time in the two opposite extremities of
Portugal. Trasos Montes in the north, and
Algarves in the south; and as it has been the
last attack upon the constitutional system. Du-
ing the alarm in Lisbon, all the marines of tho
English vessels of war were landed, and ready
to co-operate in favor of the constitution.
London, October 27.
A meeting of Greek bondholders took place
on M onday, to receive the report of the com
mittee appointed to inquire into the application
of the last Greek loans. The committee de
clare that, under a system of economy and wis
dom, they think that a sum not exceeding one
hundred and fifty thousand pounds, judiciously
applied, would immediately change the aspect
of affairs in the Morea, and give renewed hope
ind prospects to the friends of Grecian eman
cipation. It was ultimately agreed to defer
further discussion until the public were afford
ed an opportunity of judging of the veracity of
tliei r report.
It appears that seven thousand five hundred
pounds were distributed among the Greek de
puties: and the Times addds, “that they shall
probably have occasion to show that the Greek
committee lmd a much larger bonus divided a-
Smyrna, September 15.—There have been
some engagements off Mitylene and fochcs,
between some Turkish ships and the Greeks.
Miaulis with twenty ships had joined the fifty-
three under Sachtury, on which the Greeks
«of>med disposed to attack the Turkish squad
ron before Mitylene, in tho night of the 9th of
September. They sent out, but without effect,
two fire-ships; one of them, as well as one of
their brigs, was considerably d.imaged, by the
fire of a large Turkish frigate. On Monday,
the 11th, the Greeks wished to attempt a coup
dc main against the ships which were repairing
at Fochcs; they launched a fire-ship without
effect; two Greek ships were sunk and several
dismasted. The Turkish ships remained in
their position, viz: part at Mitylene and part
at Foclies; the captain pacha is with the latter.
The Greeks taking their damaged vessels in
tow, retreated some to Ipsara, and some to the
harbor of Vatti, in Samos, to repair.—Journal
London, October 28.
The Paris papers of Wednesday, and the
Etoile, dated Thursday, are received. They
contain an article, under date of Constantino
ple, September 29, copied from the Augsburg
Gazette, of rather a curious tendency; inas
much as it tends to intimate that the Otto
man government, in yielding to the demands
of Russia, has not done so without a strong
fueling of the arrogance which dictated her
claims. In fact, the sublime porte conceded the
question much in the same spirit as a child sub
mits; a half sulky, half angry obedience to an
authority which it cannot resist, though it would
fain do so.
Lady Cochrane having heard at Geneva,
that some delay had occurred in fitting out the
armament for her husband, sent over fourteen
hundrd pounds which she had collected, to be
applied to the furtherance of that object.
A letter from Marseilles, dated October 19,
states that lord Cochrane had landed there
from off Malta, and set off to Geneva to meet
Turkey.—A letter from Constantinople,
dated September 25, says, that the Porte per
sists in the plan of reinforcing the array with
Several persons have been arrested and ex
ecuted for having had a share in the conflagra
tion of Constantinople.
A contagious malady is making great ravages
in the barracks of Eski-Scrai.
A great many citizens have been taken up
for sedition. They are immediately tied up
in sacks and thrown into tho sea.
Dutch East Indies.—Accounts from Ba
tavia to the 25 h of June, had reached London,
giving a gloomy picturifof the affairs of that
place. The war was carried on with vigor by
the natives, and the Dutch only mustered five
hundred troops. It was said it would be im
possible to hold the island with fewer troops
than ten thousand. Every person on the island
was obliged to perform military duty. The
English residents wore withdrawing their pro
perty and removing to Singapore. The trea
sury was low, and vast debts accumulating.
A friend at Paris, under date of Oct. 5,
writes as follows.—“Gen. Lafayette, is at
present in this city, and receives daily with his
well known kindness,the children of his adopted
country. Permit me to express my mortifica
tion, when I informed you yesterday, that no
less than nine applications in a few days, had
been made by Amnricans to tho Gener
al for pecuniary assistance, and he 'gave them
all they requested. God forbid I should at
tempt to close the hand of charity, but every
American feels an interest in whatever relates
to Lafayette, and I hope some means may be
divised to ascertain who and what they are,
who thus call forth the ever ready benevolence
of our Nation’s Champion and Frionil.”
According to intelligence from Constanti
nople, a firman has been read in the mosques,
threatening all men who venturo to speak of
ublic affairs and the late fire with being hung,
guilty of tho same crimo aro to be tied
:ks and c
up in sac!
pose of altering the third section and seventh | most formidable, it is hoped that it will be the
cast in the sea.
From the Baltimore American.
Tho movements of general Paez in Vonc
zuela, which have for some timo past been
much talked of, and variously explained, may
receivo some illustration from the following
fact. The fifth article in the North American
Review, gives more particular details on the
The first efforts towards liberty in Colom
bia, as in the other Spanish provinces, though
they were simultaneous, were not made in
concert. The provincial assemblies repre
sented often no more than one or two provin
cos and sometimes a single city. Tho neces'
sity of concert led them next to a general meet'
ing of delegates from the revolted provinces,
with no othor intent, however, than to expel
the common enemy, but to maintain their so
vereignty. Several, and amongst them Vene
zuela, declared themselves independent states.
Their views of combination, therefore, looked
rather to an alliance offensive and defensive.
than to a federative government, nnd even
those who entertained an idea of the last, cob.
lemplaied only a temporary otte. The fi rs i
formal union took place on the 17th of D e ,
cember, 1819, at Angostura, when the captain
generalship of Caraccas, or Venezuela, aD( j
the vice-royalty of New Grenada united. The
provinces composing these two districts, had, |
before this time, gradually coalesced under *
their respective independencies, often without
any formal act, and taking orders from the cap.
ital of the department, as' it were from the
mere necessity of concert, and as if they had
forgotten their previous declarations of inde.
pendence. From Bolivar’s speech, delivered
to the congress of Angostura, beseems to have
contemplated a government somewhat resent,
hling the one since adopted; but it was not till 9
May, 1821, ten years after the commence- if
ment of the revolutionary war, that the con- n
gress of Cucuta, generally called the constitu. (J
ent congress, assemblod, which published the i (
constitution on the 30th of the following An. U
Tho government established by this con-81
gress was, as is well known, central or consoli. B-
dated. But its members are understood to
have been divided into three parties; those in
favor of the form finally adopted,—those who
preferred a federal form- like our own,—and
lastly, those who inclined to a government
somewhat resembling that which existed in tho
United States under the articles of confcdera*
lion. The present constitution, however, was
almost unanimously preferred. But many a-
greed to it, as being necessary while the war
continued, looking nevertheless to' the return
of peace, for an opportunity of establishing a
different and more perfect form. And with
this view, a clause was introduced, directing a
convention to he called at the end of ten years
to examine or entirely reform the present con*
When it is considered, says ihe review from
which we collect these facts, that there existed
not in Colombia, as there did in this country,
separate states, with separate legislatures, that
the question was not, as among us, whether
these distinct sovereignties should confederate,
but that it would have been necessary, in fact,
first to create and then unite them; and that
the materials for state legislatures, and for their
executive office,—if they were to be found at
all, were of the rudest character; it is not to
be wnndcreB at, nor regretted that the states
men of Colombia did not attempt, during the
raging of a civil war, to create a federal govern*
ment; and the operation of tho present one
has been thus far happy and successful.
The party, however, denominated tho Fed
eralists, is numerous, and embraces some of
the most intelligent und worthy statesmen of
the republic. But they are almost unanimous
ly desirous of letting the subject rest during the
constitutional period, though some impatience
lias been manifested in Venezuela; and indeed,
the distance of ihe seat of ihe central govern*
ment from the extremities of the republic is
productive of much delay of justice, and of o*
tlier inconveniences, which nave led to the i-
dea of dividing the state into three great de
partments of sovereignties, corresponding with
the ancient vice-royalty of New Grenada, the
captain-generalship of Caraccas or Venezuela,
and the presidency of Quito. But the danger
of separation would be much increased by the
creation of three great states, so equal in popu-
lation and territory. It were better to adopt a
more minute subdivision; and so sensible are
many of the Federalists of this, that rather than
have only three great sovereignties, they
would be content that the government should
remain in its present form.
YVe should certainly regret that this statoof
things in Colombia, should seem to its people
to make it expedient to invest Bolivar witli a
temporary dictatorship. There is, we hope, a
less violent method of composing tho differen-
ces of parties. But it not, we trust, that the li
berator will not be unmindful of the glory to be
gained by a “second timo laying down the dic
From the Philadelphia Aurora and Franklin Gaulle.
INTERESTING FROM PERU.
Extract of a letter from Lima, dated July 31, received
by the Rebecca Sims, at this port,
“I am afraid that the war in this country is
not at an end Tho Peruvians are getting to
bo discontented with having so largo a Colom
bian force in the country. On tho 28th in
stant, a plot was discovered, just at the mo
ment when it was arriving at maturity, to take
tho arms from tho Colombian army, and drive
them from Peru, after killing Bolivar. For
ty or fiifty Peruvian officers have been arrest'
ed on the supposition of their having beon con'
cerned in tho conspiracy. Among these aro
three generals, ono of whom commanded tho
army at the great battle and victory at Junin;
since which ho has been toasted and caressed
on all hands. “Viva Genoral Nichochia”
was on the lips of every one. Now, what a
change! On suspicion, ho is arrested; and,
on suspicion, put into a cell in a convent, in.
double irons, und with a guard. Ho is a fino
fellow, and the people are fond of him; but
none dare say a word.
When Bolivar sent for him, ho tried to
shamo him: but he had the wrong man to deal
with. “General, said Bolivar, I am aston
ished to find a man of your stunding connect
ed with so pitiful a conspiracy as this. Som<>
thing more noblo was expected from you.’’
Nichochia answered: lam now sorry that I
did not know of this attempt to revolt. Per*
haps I could have done my country some ser
vice in it. and relieved them from theso Co
lombians, who aro taking tho bread from our
mouths. And now, as I have an oportunitv.
I tell you that you have scarce a friend in the
country, and the quicker you return tho better.’
This was language that such a man as Bolivab
could not stand. He flew into a violent rag<?«
and ordered his guard to arrest him. Nicho-
cha looked him sternly in the fhco, and observ
ed : “If I had my sword, in the presence of
your guard, I would draw some of that blacf
blood from you, and relieve tho world of
2 am afraid that this circumstance will lew