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Savannah daily herald. (Savannah, Ga.) 1865-1866, February 04, 1865, Image 4

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'WAR! by jo*l bates bw*tt. War! war! war! Blood-red stained is its fiery car, A Juggernaut of a ponderous weight, Bmsiung beneath it the life of state; toward it goes, with thundering tone, While up to heaven ascends the moan •f Many a victim and nation’s groan * Beneath its burden of sin and wrong, As the cry of conflict is borne along— War! _ War! war! war! Shrieks go up from the plain afar; And shouts of triumph are mingled, too, w hue gaudy banners, of gold and blue, And crimson colors are brought in sight, With ceremonies sf pomp and might, Which partially serve to mask the blight That’s caused by sinning—by heinous wrong, While the ary of conflict is borne along— * ' War!, , . War! war! war » Laying a track for its ftaneral car, Leading it on with an armed tread, Loading it down with the mangled«dead, Flooding the nation with bitter tears, Wasting the hoarding of peaceful years, Wittering beauty by doubts and fears; *Tte all the fruit of some wicked wrong, And tte cry of conflict goes borne along— War! War I.war! war! *Tte a locust plague, as H spreads afar— A lava flame, but a recompense For outraged men; and it drivbs from hence •Hie knotted scourge and the clanking main, And many a fearful cry of pain, That long hath swelled in the fertile plain, Is silenced, and in-its place thesong Os Freedom’B triumph is borne along - —— War I DAMAjSCtS BLADES. While so much attention is directed to JJic manufacture of new weapons of war, It is somewhat curious to note the fact that the method of making the best swords is a lost art, ard all the skill of modern times is insufficient to recover itj While we have been making great discoveries and improvements in the manufacture of steel, it is remarkable that neither England nor any other country can produce an article equal to gie Damascus tftade which are so cele rated in history, nor has Damascus it self been able for several centuries past to make even a- poor imitation of the work for which it was once so celebra ted. These blades are no fnyth, as some per sons have imagined. They still exist, numerous and highly prized, in the hands of the descendants of Saracen chieftains, and Eastern princes, and notunfrequent ly are shown in European collections.— We have a specimen lying before us, a abort blade, rather a long knife than a sword, of that peculiar steeljwhich mod ern art catfnot produce 1 The peculiarity of the Damascus weapons is not only the beautiful surface, showing myriads of waving audzig-rzag lines,running through the metal; but the elasticity and temper of the steel surpass all other kinds, and show such a union of sharp 'edge "With great elasticity as no modem art can equal. The point of a sword could ® e hent to touch the hilt, and spring back to its straight line, and the same sword would cut through an ordinary steel wea -oou without harming its keen edge, or would pass with astounding facility through a silk shawl, or handkerchief thrown into the air, severing it with a swift sharp cut, Scott’s story of Salad in’s sword, in the Talisman, is net an in vention of tne romancer. Very many and expensive experiments have been made to recover the lost art of making these blades, but without suc cess, except in the one instance of the experiments of General Anosoff, a Rus sian officer es great ability, who really aeemed to succeed in reproducing the old Damascus steel. But even he was tmable to do it with sufficient certainty and regularity to leave his discoveries behind him in such a shape as to be of practical value to the world. For since his death, in ISSI, the Siberian works, which he superintended, have failed wholly to produce the required article and the manufacture of such blades has entirely ceased. The theories of different persons bad toeeivthat the peculiar lines and veins in the Damascus weapons were produced toy some intermixture of other m°*als with the steel. General Anosoff, after careful examination, came to the con clusion that they were but the marks the crystalization, .or the lines of carbon Among the lines of steel crystals. He invented a system of carbonization, which produced steel with tiie lines visi ble, and -then washing the blade with acid he brought out more distinctly these marks of the peculiar manufactures.— His works at Zlataoust became celebra ted as the Birmingham and Sheffield of the Oural country, and the steel blades, arms, razors and cutlery of various kinds there made were unquestionably the best products of the modern world. The General was accustomed to ex hibit to his visitors the exquisite perfec tion ol his work by performing the feat of cutting through a gauze veil in the air witto one of his swords—a feat which no British steel could be made to perform ; and he would also hew nails, bones, and other hard substances, with the same sword, without turning or nicking the edge. The highest authorities, speaking °f Anosoff’s steel, say that the result ot his discoveries was “to impress on cast steel the elastic properties of a softer material.” Capt. Abbott, a British offi cer highly competent to judge on this subject, said “ the general fault of Eu ropean blades is that, beiug forged of sheer steel for the sake of they are scarcely susceptible of the keen which cast steel will assume. “The genius of Ano?off has triumphed over this objection, not in hardening the soft steel, but in giving elasticity to the hard, and it may be doubted whether any fabric in the world can compete with that hi Zlataoust in the production ol weapons combining an equal degree of edge and elasticity.” Capt. Abbott also states that he saw several of the rejected blades submitted to the breaking engine, to be recast, and that they were “bent double, and back again, several times before they could be divided.” The death of Anosoff seems to have committed this art again to oblivion. His processes are well known, and his blades are prized in Russia afkl among the Eastern princes as fully equal, both in beauty and in temper, to the most celebrated of the Damascus blades. But the ait does not obey the will of the successors of Anosoff, and for the pre sent we have nowhere in the world a manufacturer of Damascus blades. tteadquartepsu, s. forces, XX District ol‘Savannah, Feb. 3. ISoS. General Orders, ) * No. ID. i L Paragraph 1, of General Order No. 2, from these Headquarters are hereby revoked. 11. Lt. Col. Al'ried Neafie, New York Volun teers, is heroby detached from the regiment, and 18 detailed as Relief Commissioner of Savannah. Lt. John 11. Chariot, 15fth New York Volun teers, is announced as Assistant Relief Com missioner, and will report to Lt. Coi. Neafie for instructions. 11l Capt C. B Bradshaw, 24th lowa Vols. is, hereby detached from his Regiment, and will es tablish and take command of the Camp of Dis tiibution. He will report to these Headquarters for orders. . x m By command of ? cv ’ t Ma J- Gen GROVER. Edward G. Dike, A. A. G. WAR DEPARTMENT. Office of Dirtotor and General Manager Military ad, U S n . T ~ e Savannah, Jan, 21. 1866. Col. J. Condit Smith : Colonel—Yon are hereby appointed Superin tendent in chare* of United States Miltary Rail roads, terminating at Savannah. Ga. Respect* oily. Your obedient servant. D. C. M’CALLUM, , Brevet Brig. Gen. Director and General Manager M. It R . U S Official: • J. Condtt Smith, fenperintu ntU. S. Military R. R. Offioe of Tin; Home Insurance Company, .. Savannah, January 2Sth, 1865. As from the occupation of the Federal armies, *° Baraace l*«ued by this Company til Q? f f noett^twlt^, i ,t the stamp o{ a persons, holding the !!& s! thlfi a *e hereby notified that - hcm ari - v c,Him npon this Com pany, said Policies must be issued with a United States stamp attached to the Policv All Poli S Jsfi« i bef ° re Decembf r 21st ' 1864, being M - A - COIIEN, Janße ~ 3 Secretary. IpOR SALE A COW AND CAIF. For sale a Milch Cow with her calf. 12 days Fphrnnr-»° tb ? t W , ill talve about the first of February. The animals can be seen at the res idence of Daniel Clark, Battle Row lan 31 s> fc M. J. BROWN—RESPECTFULLY IN formß the citizens of Savannah that she is now ready to resume her business of MAKING Sj£S*s ino hoop SKI « T “ JttheSSS or Jones & Mouigomery Sts. Feb. 4.—1 Advertising, We respectfully call the attention of buei ness men to the value of the * SAVANNAH DAILY HERALD as an Advertising Medium. Our connections are such that we are sure of large editions each day. We have agents at all important points, and all arrangements completed for an extensive general circulation. The limited space we accord to advertisements renders its use especially valuable, and we Re lieve our terms to be very reasonable, compared with the high prices which rule in other lines of business. To ADVERTISE LIBERALLY. Is the true policy of business men, and we be lieve that they cannot find a better medium for this city and army, or the Department of the South, than the SAVANNAH DAILY HERALD TTEABQUARTERS U, S. FORCES, XI District of Savannah, Ga., Feb. 2, ISQS. General Order,) * No. 5 j In order to affect a thorough vaccination in parts of the city heretofore neglected in this re spect, the following method will be adopted ; A sufficient number of Surgeons and assistants, under the immediate supervision of Surgeon Morgan, Health Officer of the Post, and Surgeon Provost,Medical Director 2d Div.l9thArmy Corpp. will take immediate charge of the vaccination of those requiring it in the District west of West Broad street, and east of East Broad Street. The City Government is requested to cause those to be vaccinated who require it, in that portion of the city lying between East and West Broad Streets. Vaccine matter will be furnished, and any assistance loaned by the Health Officer of the Post, if required. By Command of Brv’t Maj.-Gen. GROVER. Edward O, Dike, A. A. A. Gen’l feb.Stf Headq’rs U. S. Forces. Savannah, Ga., January 25, ISGS. General Orders, \ No. 5. ( I. Hereafter authorized dealers of goods im ported from the North and retailed to citizens of this city, officers and soldiers, will be allowed to sell at an advance of fifty per cent, upon the cost price of the same or similar goods in New York City, and in no case w ill any dealer be al lowed to sell at a greater profit. Vegetables, game, fish, oysters and wood, brought from outside the lines aud not imported from the North, will not be exposed for sale at a greater profit than 200 per cent, above the retail price of the same before the rebellion. 11. Authorized hotel and b'fai diug-honse keep ers will be allowed to charge not upwards of lho per cent, advance upon the'established prices be fore the rebellion. 111. Officers, soldiers and citizens are invited to report any violation of the foregoing para graphs to the Provost Marshal, who will, upon Mich report, arrest the offender, close his place of business—if he has one—and turn the case over to the Provost Judge for adjudication. IV, Retail wine and liquor shops, and sales of wine and liquor to soldiers, are prohibited V. Until further orders, no letters will be de livered at the Post Office to citizens net actually within the lines of the defences of Savannah, and until the census can be taken, and the names of citizens present registered, no letters will be de livered without satisfactory evidence of identity. No written communications will be permitted to pass outside of the lines into any district in re bellion, except such as are directly authorized from these headqnartere. By command of Bv’t. Maj. Gen. C. GROVER. Edward G. Dire, A. A. A. G. jan2G II KAI.QU ARTKRS U. S. FORCES, Savannah. Georgia, January 24, 1865. GENERAL ORDERS,) % No. 4. j I ALL OFFICERS OF THE ARMY ON dutv at this Post, those connected with de pots excepted, and all citizens within the lines, are required to report immediately any case of contagious disease which may come to their knowledge to Surgeon J. 0. Morgan. U. 8. Vols., Health Officer of the Post, unless the same has been so reported before, Any neglect or failure on the part of any citizen to comply promptly with this require ment, w ill be considered a misdemeanor, and sent before the Provost Judge for adjudication. H. Commanding officers of troops iij quarters will be held responsible that the quarters of their troops are at all times in a thorough state of police. By command of Brv’t Maj. Gen. GROVER. Edward G. D ilk, A. A. A. "Gen’l. - HeaixjuartkbsU. 8. Forofs, Savannah, Ga., Jan. 2Sth, ISG,>. General Order,) No, 8. / . an Act Congress, approved March 12.1803, all abandoned property referred to in said Act, which may he found within the limits of this command, and which does “not include anv kind or description which has been used,or which was intended to be used, (or waging or carrying on war against the United States, such as K ordnance, i-hips, steamboats or other water cruft! and furniture, forage, military supplies, or muni tions of war.” is hereby turned over to the dnlv authorized agent of the Treasury Department/or Savannah, therein provided for to be disposed of in accordance wi}h the requirements thereof By command of Bv’t, Maj.-Gen. GROVER Edward G. Dike, A. A, a. G. j an Headquarters U. S. Forces. Y~ .OnmAL <W,> Kava,mah ’ Jan ' «#./ No. C. f No further applications for trade or traffic will b^mmf;ro n r' Wered ' «“ fcwu. G. P ttE , iT l A% ae °- GK °S OTHERS DESIRING advance as practicable. ? 1 S. W. MASON & CO. llkadq’k’s Mil. Div. of the Mississippi In the Field, Savannah, Ga., Jan 14 irp- Special Field Oedees,) ‘ °° 0 - No. 12. / IT being represented that the Confe<W«* Rimy and armed bands of robbers professedly under the authority of the Contes g rate Government, are harassing the peonte Georgia aud endeavoring to intimidate tW, *L r the efforts they are making to secure toX? selves provisions, clothing, security tolifp «„A' property, and the restoration of law and government in the State, it is hereby orderedW made public: ana Ist. That the farmers of Georgia may bri»« into Savannah. Fernandina or Jacks?,nvUkf Florida, marketing, sucb as beef, pork, mutW vegetables of any kind, fish, & c ’., Z ton m small quantities, and sell the same in ot*n market, except the cotton, which must be sold bv or through the Treasury Agents, and may invest the proceeds in family stores, such as bacon and flour, m any reasonable quantities, gK nes, shoes and clothing, and articles not contS band of war, and carry the same back to th£ families. No trade store will b e attempted £ the interior, or stocks of goods sold’ for them but families may club together for mutual assiw ance and protection in coining and going. 2d. The people are rneet gether in peaceful assemblages to di&nssmcaT ures looking to their safety and good government and the restoration of State and National an thonty, and will he protected by the National army when so doing; and all peaceable inhahi tants who satisfy the commanding officers that they are earnestly laboring to that eutf, must not only be left undisturbed in property and Person, but must be protected as far as possible consist!, ent w ith the military operations. If any farmer or peaceable inhabitant is molested by the ene my, viz : the Confederate army or guerrillas he cause of his fiiend.-hiw to the National Govern ment, the perpetrator, if caught, wilt besuroma-' ly punished, orffiis family made to suffer for the outrage; but if the crime cannot be traced to the actual party, then retaliftticu will be made on the adherents to the cause of the Rebellion should a Union man be murdered, then a Rebel selected by lot will be shot—or if a Union family be persecuted cn account of the cause, a Rebel family* will be banished to a foreign land. In aggravated cases retaliation will extend as high as five for one. All commanding officers will act promptly in such cases, and report their action after the retaliation is done. By order of ' Major General W. T. Sherman. L. M. Dayton, A. A. G Headquarters U. S. Forces, Havana ah, Ga., Jan. 22, ISGS Generral Order) No. 2. j T IST LIEUT. JOHN 11. CHARLOTTE, R.Q, X# M., 159th N. Y. Yds., is hereby announced as Relief Cc-inmitsioncr of the City of Savan nah, and will retort in person to the Bv’t Maj. Gen. Commanding for instrnctkns. 11. Capt. M. Benedict, lCCth N. Y, Vols., A. C. M. 2d Division, is announced as Provo6t Judge of the City of Savannah, the duties o which office Ke w ill assume in addition to thos of his proper office. 111. Capt. Albeit Stearns is detached from his Regiment and is announced as Street Com missioner of Savannah, and will report in per son for instructions to the Bv’t Maj. Gen. Com manding. IV. Capt. S. S. Starr, A. Q. M. 2d Div., 19tb A. C., is detailed as Rost Quartermaster, and will, tor the present, perform the duties of that office in addition to his present duties. By command of Bv’t Maj. Gen. GROVER, Edward G. Dike, A. A. A. G jan24—<t WAR DEPARTMENT, Adjutant General’s Office Washington, February IS, 1864. General Orders,) No. G 4. f REFUGEES AND REIiEL DFSERTERS. Whenever refugees from within the Rebe lines, or deserters from the Rebel armies, pre sent themselves at U. 48. Camps cr Military Pests, they will be immediately examined by the Provost Marshal with a view to deter min e'their character, and their motive in giving themselves lip. If it appear that they are honest in their in tention of forever deserting the Rebel cause, care will be taken to explain to them that they will not be forced to serve in the U. S. Army against the Rebels, nor be kept in confinement. The President’s Proclamation of December 8, 1863, w ill be read to them, and if they so desire, the oath therein prescribed will be administered to them. They will then be questioned as to whether they desire employment from the Uni ted States; and if so, such arrangements as may be expedient will be made by the several Army Commanders fbr employing them on Govern ment works within their commands. Those who come to the Army of the Potomac will be for warded to the Military Governor of the District of Columbia, at Washington, with reports to their cases, that employment may be g ven them, if desired; or, if n(7t, that they maybe sent as fa* North as Philadelphia. By order of the Secretary of War : E. D. TOWNSEND. A Assistant Adjutant General. Official ; ' W. L. M. Burdick. Assistant Adjutan^enera Headquarters U. S. Forces,) Savannah, Ga., Jan. 28,1866. f General Order,) No. 7. / A LL pers< ns having Ammunition in their po«* -*TV. session or on the premises occupied by them will be held responsible that they report the same immediately to the Provost Marshal, who will seize the seme and turn it over to the Depot Ordnance Officer. To insure security of jroperty, any person knowing of any Oidmmce ►ecreted, are uurited to r< port it to the Provost Marshal By Command of ■ Bv’t. Major Gen. C. GROVER F. G. Dike, A A. A. G. janSD