Savannah daily herald. (Savannah, Ga.) 1865-1866, August 05, 1865, Image 2
The Savannah Daily Herald. a. W. M tso.v A Cos., PROPRIETORS. Sauoil W. Mason, Editor. SAVANNAH. SATURDAY, AUGUST 6, 1966. FOR LOCAL HATTERS SEE THIRD FACE. TUB ENGLISH JUDICIARY. It is dow upwards of three centuries siuce the Judiciary of England has received the slightest t&rni9h. In the long catalogue of able Judges which has adorned the bench in England, there has not been one that has, like Bacon, soiled his palm with gold. A more incorruptible body of magistrates can not be found in the administration of justice in any part of the world. A lord Chancellor of tyrannical inclination disposed to strech the royal prerogative beyond its constitutional limits—a Mansfield, an Eldon, a Thurlow, an Ellenborougb, a Kenyon, will occasional ly cross our path, but the ermine was never soiled by which their shoulders were adorn ed. But the world was startled recently by the charge of Nepotism against one of those who have been entrusted with the great seal. Lord Westbury whose judicial attainments are of the first order, and who had reached his late eminence by the usual gradations— has been compelled, despite ministerial sup port, to resign his position as Lord Chancel lor. It was found that he had abused the pationage of his office by procuring a retiring pension for an unfaithful public officer on condition of bis resigning his office in favo r of his son. There is no positive proof of the fact, but there is strong presumptive evidence of a corrupt bargain. So decided was the ex pression of opinion in the House of Com mons, that there had beeu at least collusion between the parties, that the Chancellor was compelled to bend to the storm and resign. In England so jealous are they of the reputa tion of their public men—so high is their standard of political morality, that like Cascr's wife they must be above suspicion. The large amount of patronage with which the Lori Chance llor in Englandis clothed must be inimical to the purity of that office. He has the appointment to a large number of church livings, besides to raauy subordinate offi ces in chancery. This presents a tempta tion too strong to be resisted in the dispen sation of that patronage. The judicial office should be removed beyond the sphere of such temptation. We associate the idea of the administration of justice, in its utmost puri ty, with more elevated conceptions than dis pensing the emoluments of office. The office of Lord Chancellor in England is an anomaly. He exercises a variety of functions that cannot be reconciled to any abstract notions of propriety. He is a privy councillor as well as a judicial magistrate, thus blending political with judicial func tions. As keeper of the Kings con science it is part of his duty to advise him, who on his advice may pursue or withhold a measure indispensable to the wel fare and prosperity of the kingdom. It is well known that Lord Eldon prevented George the Third from conceeding the Cath olic claims, and that Lords Thurlow and El lenborough were the advisers of every meas ure for strengthening the prerogative. The Chancellors form part of every ad ministration. They retire with the ministry on every resignation, a custom adverse to the stability of justice, although none of the judges are removable except ou the address of both Houses of Parliament—custom and law thus conflicting The establishment of a political connection between this branch of the Euglish judiciary and the government tends still further to impair the usefulness of that branch. Combined with the patronage it enjoys, it is calculated so to unite and blend the different departments—the judi cial, the legislative and executive—as to con found that line of demarcation between them, the object of every just theory of the divi sion of power In the construction of govern ment. It, however, could scarcely have been otherwise under the British system. It was not the result of formal convention, as was the Constitution of the United States and of many of the States, but of accident and of gradual formation. , Some of the auomalies by which It la char acterized were unavoidable, but that patron age which places the duty of the highest legal officer of the Crown in opposition to his interest might and should have been avoided. WOK UNTO THEE, SAVANNAH. A Boston paper says, “The social condi tion of Savannah is represented as deplora ble.'' A letter in the Augusta Transcript, written from Savannah, has the following : We have a strange society now—all races, and people ot all opinions, mingling in new relationship. Sin is in the ascendant; Zion in the dust. It would appear from these paragraphs that this city stiuketh, at the present time, in the nostrils of the nations ; that Sodom and Gomorrah are likely to be comparatively de sirable locations for residence “in that day,” and that it were better for a large proportion of Savaonakaus it they had never been born. But we shall take the liberty of resenting any design toward hanging a millstone about our neck and casting us into the sea, until wo learu what it is all about. We will not in stitute any captious inquiry as to what cir cles the (doubtless) veracious authors of the paragraphs quoted above frequent in Savan nah ; but we think that such serious impu- talions should -be put In a less vague and sweeping style. Against wbat class or class es is the charge of corruption made—citizen or military; men, women or youth ? Per haps ten rig! teous persons may be found in Savanoab. Shall we not have the chance of defending them ? If not, we shall take refuge without further concern in "Honi toil qui mat y pe*»el" FOREIGN EMIGRATION TO THE SOUTH We see it stated that North Carolina has sent a commission to Europe to make known ; the inducements to emigration to that State. This i9 a step in the right direction, and we hope it will be imitated by other Southern States. The wonderful advancement of those sections of our country heretofore open to European emigration, has demonstrated the great benefits accruing from the intro duction of a thrifty laboring, agricultural and artisan population from the European coun tries, whose redundant numbers have been driven to seek a borne in the New World. There are some who, in the belief that our republican institutions were endangered by too large an infusion of the foreign “subject” element, uneducated as it is in the principles of popular sovereignty and self government, have regarded with apprehension the im mense influx of European emigration. But this distrust we have always regarded as a reflection upon our republican institutions. Adopting the maxims of the declaration of in dependence in their true meaning, that all men beariug the same relation to Govern ment are equals, and that the powers of Gov ernment are justly derived from the consent of the governed, we have considered it sur render of our boasted superiority over the monarchical systems of Europe to admit that our free government is in danger from men of our own race and blood to whom it guarantees equal rights, equal protection, and eligibility to the highest prefetment. If our republican sys tem affords the largest rational liberty, with the highest personal enfranchisement that man is capable of enjoying, with security and order, then it has nothing to fear from the largest aggregation of an assimila tive race. If not, if our government is only a republic in name, if there is nothing in our governmental system to commend it to the love, veneration and loyal support of those who seek our shores as an asylum from the wrong and oppression, which drove our an cestors from their homes, then we should welcome any reforms which may be inaug erated by “the people” resolved only in se curing those ‘inalienable rights’the great end of popular government—“life liberty and the pursuit of happiness.” To oppose emigration and adopted citizenship, un der proper regulations and qualifications, is then to repudiate our much boasted repub lican institutions, and to admits doubt at least of the ability of our race for self govern ment. _ > j There formerly existed obstacles in the way of an equal distribution of the foreign emi gration to the Southern States. But recent events, which have produced great political and social changes, have removed these ob stacles, and the South, no longer closed against foreign emigration, is now beyond doubt the most invitmg field for those who desire to cast their lot in the great American Republic. Georgia ''specially with her vast agricultural and mineral resources, fertile 9oil, cheap lands, salubrious climate, abun dant water power and great need of capital and Industrial energy, offers inducements at the .present time superior to those of any other It should there fore be among the first objects of ottr "State Government, when reorganized, tb invite emigration and capital to come among ns, to promote which competent agents should be sent abroad and prompt measures taken to give the fullest information of the advantages offered by our State to almost all classes of emigrants. To the agriculturalist the cheap and fertile lands of the interior are open; the enterprising capitalist will find in the devel opment of our vast mineral and manufactur ing resources an inviting field, while labor may be sure of remunerative employment, with the certain prospect of ultimate pros perity and independence. —Four words a minute are got out of the Atlantic Cable before being sunk. Every word of five letters is five dollars telegraph charges, or a dollar a letter. The expecta tions are that this speed will be increased when the cable is in the water. Experience does not warrant this belief, for the causes of disturbance of the electric current In the wire are greater in the water than out of it. If the cable,2ooo miles long, will work at ail in the water, four words a minute at the con templated prices, will yield a very large in come on the cost, as the cable will work both night and day. —A story is told of two Vermont captains in the war, betweeu whom was a generous rivalry, ralating to their own gallantry ana that of their companies. Both were danger ously wounded at the Wilderness. Capt. B. was insensible for two days, but on the third opened his eyes and inquired if Capt. W. was alive, and on being told be was do ing well, said energetically, “Well, If W. can live, I’ll be d—d if I'll die,” and he didn’t. —The English Earl of Nottingham recent ly rode in a railway carriage and persisted in smoking, though it was against the rules of the company. He was summoned to appear before a magistrate, but refused to attend claiming that as a peer he had a right to smoke where be pieascs, and that it is a breach of privilege to ask for a warrant against him. The Archbishop of Baltimore has re quested Father Walter to cease his contro versy relative to Mrs. Surratt's innocence. LINES TO AMELIA S. Amelia, do not say farewell, Tho’ we are doomed to sever ; Tis’ like a solemn parting knell. Os pleasures gone forever. Oh: find a gentle r Utn guage pray, The mournful truth to toll; Say parting friends must met one day, But do not say, farewell. ft tells of pleasures passed away, Os pleasant rides. Oh I sorrow l That summer’s smiles of yesterday, Will blackness be to-morrow. .** ¥ Ik * No more the gentle milk white hone, Shall feel thy soft caress ; No more galloping ’neath the moss, Thy presence cheer and Ueas. Around the heart it seems to throw A melancholy spell, Os mingle 1 sorrow and of woe; Oh l do not say farewell. LS.H.IL Savannah, Ang. 4,1866. English Hotels and Waiters. —l went to a second class one, and knew nothing of the Adelphi or Washington houses, but mine al ways impressed me with awe, and I never entered it without feeling as if I was going to church. Everything is in perfect order and quietness. The lowest tones of voice we al ways used, and ladies attend at the office. The coffee room is still a wonder to me, for wherever Igoit is the same. This one was finely carpeted, bung with pictures, and dra pery curtains, furnished with arm-chairs, sofas, and three tables. In one corner stood two devout individuals with white neck-ties, and broadcloth suits, looking like penitent sinners. One of them immediately began to hop towards me on tip-toe with his hands under his coat tails, giving him the appear ance of a very solemn bird. He received my order, motioned me to a table and very quietly proceeded to fulfil it. Let us sup pose it is a lamb chop. 1 sit at one of the tables, and presently it appears in a covered dish. One by one the side dishes are brought in, and one by one the covers are removed without so much as a tinkle. In the centre of a white napkin, garnished with mint, lies the little crisped chop; three potatoes are ar ranged like a pyramid on one side and there is a mould of squash on the other. The but ter is garnished with mint and brought on the table in moulds, while the water is in bottles, the lower part of which are frozen, and which are used instead of ice-pitchers. Pastry is rarely used, the English taking cheese and porter instead, which is supposed to aid digestion. Every waiter wears a broad cloth suit with white neck tie, and always approaches you as if he were about to whis per some fearful secret. It is the same in Ireland and is possitively distressing. Tou feel awed in the presence of so magnificent an individual. You invest bim with all man ner of secret mystery, and half suspect that he has beard some report about you which he will spread and ruin your reputation. If he would only make a noise, or break some thing, or fall down stairs ; but no, be is al ways impassive except when you give him & penny and he touches his hair. A Belgian Scandal.— The king of Bel gium has thrown his sons, the Dnke of Bra bant and Comte de Flandre, into a state of great excitement by a determination to mar ry a Madame Meyer, widow ’of an artillery officer, who has been the object of his af fections for many years, and recognizing her son under the title of Count de’Ardennes. It so happened that the Count de’Ardenues is one of the handsomest men about the Court, one of the most accomplished likewise ; and the great argument made use of by the king in justification of his marriage is the supe riority of presence as displayed by the young Count de'Ardennes over the legitimate sons of the Priucess Louise of Orleans. The af fair is hushed up as much as possible at Brussels, but it has got wind, nev ertheless. Leopold is beut on the mar riage as a means of satisfying his own sense of justice ; the Brussels public is on his side, and hostilities, which never before existed, have been declared in the family camp. —Jean Berchman, a Belgian Jesuit, who was born in 1659 and died in 1721, has lately been beatified. A pamphlet, sold under the portico of St. Peter’s, at Rome, containing a sketch of Berchman’s life, mentions a large number of miracles performed by his inter cession, among which three have been de clared authentic by the Congregation of Rites. These were instantaneous healings of maladies deemed incurable. The Western papers are in ecstacles about a young lady ou Rock Prairie, seven teen years old, who drives her father’s reap ing team, and frequently takes a load of grain fifteen miles to market and sells it.— She plays the piano, sings charmingly, does the honois of the drawing-room with dig nity, and can make a loaf of bread. —The German lager beer saloon keepers of New York, in consequence of the exorbi tant price which the brewers are charging, ($lB per barrel), propose establishing brew eries by themselves on shares, for the pur pose ot reducing the price. -=an9BCaS=S9=9B9eSS9BaaBSSaS9SS9SSB99HH« BOARD, ROOMS, Brooms to let" -7- At Hilton Stead, S. 0., THE Palmetto Herald Building having been Newly Fitted Up, now offers large and airy rooms, suita ble for Bl*epinfc Apartments or business purposes. For terms apply jo vV. S. Sampson, Jr., Box No. 26, Hilton Head Post Office, or on the premises, corner of Merchants' Bow and Palmetto Avenue, from 4 o’clock to 6 o'clock p. m. Jn22 FIinSOIVAZj. r piIERE is a Letter at our office for Mr*. J. M. X Seely. ISRAEL R. SEALY A CO., auS-3 go 7 Bay street. NOTICE. THE firm of O’MEARA A (X). having been dissolv ed by a decree of the First Provost court of Savan nah, all persons having claims against aald firm will present them forthwith to the undersigned, Jy*&-tf W O’MEARA. NOTICE. OFFICE PROVOST MARSHAL, Sue Distsjot os’ Oancuxc, Savannah, Oa., July 27, 1866, THE dtiaens of Savannah are hereby requested to report at this office all able-bodied persona, either white or colored, who are found loitering about the Street*. Market Houses, Whites, or other places within the'Units of this Command, without visible means of support, in order that they may be prompt ly arrested and put upon Government or other work. CHARLES H. COX, Capt and Provoet Marshal, Sub district of UgevvUo. _ NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. PIONEER LINE FORNEWYORK . The U. 8. Mall Steamship CHASE, Capt. Boons, will sail (hr the above P° rt oa her regular day, Thandsy, Amgast 10th, at —O’clock. For Freight or Passage, haring superior accommo dations, apply to HUNTER A GAMMBLL. ans 84 Bay street. White Sulphur Springs, FLORIDA. A Popular aad Healthful Resort# THE subscriber la preparod to accommodate Board ers at the above named Springs, situated within twelve miles of Lake City and seven miles from Wel burn Station, oh the Jacksonville and Tallahassee Railroad. Stages connect regularly with the trains to convey passengers to the Springs. The Sulphur Springs are noted for the bountiful sup ply of water and for its medicinal virtues, many case* of long standing disease having been affected by then use. Terms adapted to suit the times. aus-dl wASawSw W. A. TURNER QUOTATIONS For Southern Bank Notes. BANKING HOUSE «W MANNING & DE FOREST, 19 WALL STREET, NEW YORK. VIRGINIA. RAT*. Bank of Berkeley 70 *• Commerce. Fredericksburg 80 •• Charleston, Charleston 20 “ the Commonwealth 16 •• Ho wards villa 20 “ Old Dominion 80 “ Philippi is “ Rockbridge 20 “ Rockingham 20 “ Scottsville 20 -the Valley. so “ Virginia $0 “ Winchester 20 Central Bank of Virginia 20 Corporation of Alexandria 60 Danville Bank, Danville 20 Exchange Bank of Va., Norfolk 20 Farmers' Bank of Fincaatle.... 20 *' “ Richmond 20 Merchants' Bank, Lynchburg 20 Monticello Bank 15 Northwestern Bank at Jeffersonville 70 Southwestern Bank, Wythesvllle 20 Traders’ Bank, Richmond 20. NORTH CAROLINA. Bank of Cape Fear “ Charlotte 22 “ - Clarendon 26 “ Commetce 16 “ Fayetteville 26 “ Lexington 20 *• North Carolina 30 “ W adesborough 26 “ Washington 20 “ Wilmington.... 26 “ Y.tnoeviile ....26 Commercial Bank, Wilmington ..26 Farmers’ Bank of North Carolina 26 Merchants’ Bank, Newbem 26 SOUTH CAROLINA. Bank of Camden. .10 *• Charleston 15 “ Chester .. 15 •* Geo getown 75 ♦* Hamburg “ Newbury 15 " State of South Carolina .......17 Commercial Bank. Columbia Exchange " “ • 7® Farmers’ and Exchange 72 Merchants’, Cberaw.... 12 People’s Bank so Planters' ” Planters’ and Mechanics’ Bank 16 South W. R. R. 26 State Bank 10 Union Bank 45 GEORGIA. Augusta Insurance and Banking C0mpany.........12 Bank of Augusta ....14 •' Athens £0 “ Columbus ' Commerce 12 “ Fulton 15 “ Empire State “ Middle Georgia... 50 " Savannah Bank of State of Georgia 25 Central Railroad Banking Company (Sc City Bank ot Augusta 20 Far men’and Mechanics 12 Georgii Railroad and Banking Company 15 Marine Bank Mechanics’ Bank 10 Merchants' “ _ Merchants end Planters' Bank 12 Planters'Bank Timber Cutters' Bank 15 Union •* 12 ALABAMA. Bank of Mobile . ..(& “ Montgomery “ Selma Commercial Bank 26 Central *• —, 2* Eastern Bank so Northern “ 26 Southern “ TENNESSEE. Bank of Chattanooga 18 “ Memphis is * “ Middle Tennessee *0 •' Tennessee 20 “ West Tennessee ,ie City Bank of Nashville 35 Commercial Bank 20 Merchants' *• Ococe *• 26 Planters' “ Southern “ 20 Shelbyvllle “ 20 Traders' “ 26 Union •• LODISI ANA. Bank of America 95 “ Louisiana “ New Orleans 50 Canal Bank Citizens' Bank 92 Crescent City Louisiana State Bank Mechanics’ and Traders’ Bank Merchants' •• Southern *• '9O Union •• 1 .50 New Orleans City Scrip. STATE BONDS AMD COUPONS. Virginia Bonds and Coupons 67 to 60 N Carolina “ « . ■ tb 8 Carolina “ •• “ '* 76 to 82 Tennessee “ ** 70 Memphis City “ '• M Augusta,ua. “ •• Savannah tt6 City ot Memphis Coupons .76 Memphis and Charleston Railroad Coupons 55 vi y T The above Bonds are bought with Coupons included from July, 18SL These quotations are liable to fluctuate, and cannot be relied on for any length of time. The Note* must be of the issue before the war, and not torn. We pay the above rates in United States Legal Ten der Notes, or in Gold Coin at market rates, if desired by parties. Packages of notes can be sent by Express wi ih instructions. Remittances made prompter. GROCERIES LIQUORS, Ac. JUST RECEIVER, ’ - BY - BTUART & CO., FAMILY FLOUR, In Barrels, Half Barrels and 25 pound Sacks. CLOTHES BASKETS, MARKET BASKETS, BAIR BROOMS, POPE’S HEAD BRUSHES, HAIR AND FEATHER DUSTERS, LONG HANDLED SCRUBBING BRUSHES ALSO, A Large Lot of New Potatoes and Fresh Eggs. * j STUART At CO., an 3-3 Comer Bull and Broughton streets. aXTBT ARRXVMD BY Schooner “Electric Spark” A Complete Assortment of FAMILY GROCERIES, AMD—> LIQUORS OF ALL KINDS. These goods were bought very low for cash, andean be sold AT A VERT LOT FIGURE,J AT W. A. BEARD'S, Jy29-lw 164 Congress street. STUART &CO~ Family Grooers, DEALERS IN TEAS, WINES AND LIQUORS, Corns* Bcu. and Bbooghton Streets. Special attention paid to country orders from Fami lies and for the Trade. Goods delivered to all parts of the city free of charge. L. Y. Stuart. H. M. Kelloso. Jyl9 ts PIERCE SKEHAN, Wholesale and Retail Dealer In Fine Groceries, Boots and Shoes, Clothing. Foreign and Domestic Wines, Liquors and Segars. Also, Skehan's Celebrated GOLDEN ALE AND CHAMPAGNE CIDER, in bottle and in wood. London and Dublin Brown Stout, Scotch and Eng lish Ales, Ac. Liberal deductions made to the trade. 176 BROUGHTp.V STREET, SAVANNAH. ' aiid 62 Liberty street. New York GADEN & UNCKLES, GENERAL PRODUCE amp COMS’N MERCHANTS, AND— WHOLESALE DEALERS IN GROCERIES, PRO VISIONS, Ac., Coaaas or Bat and EuUUuid Stmsts, SAVANNAH, GA. Highest market rates paid for Cotton, Wool, Htdasy Ac., and liberal cash advances made on shipments to our New York House. jyis Geo. A. Hudson, Wholesale and Retail Dealer IM Groceries, Ales, Wines, Segars, Liquors, &c. soots mi ooshsb or EAST BROAD AND BROUGHTON STREETS, savannah, Georgia. ■ ,j * Jr» im KIRUN & KIENZL.E, Wholesale and Xtetall DEALERS IN ales, hikes and lager bier* our HOUSE, W 6 BAY STREET. . to" u_ KIRUN, BURKE & BRO., WHOLESALE DEALERS IN ALES, ms 11 LIQUORS, CORNER WHITAKER STREET AND RAY LANE. ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED & DELIVERED. JyM ts mllobmi) mm, George A. Grump & Cos., 209 Bioiii Stsbxt, Austin, Ga, OAVE on hand a large and well selected stock ot r-J- Manufactured and Smoking Tobacco. Samples sent by Express when desired. 3m Ju2o Imported and Domestic WINES AND LIQUORS, At Wholesale, Iter Family Use, AT HOT BAY STREET. may944f IS * A * X * O R » A 2L, £ . LOOO bushels OATS. 1,000 do Whit a cobn, CHEAP TO GX.OU OOMSramtKHT. Jysi-tf Bay atrtst, 9 Stoddard's Building*.