this subject, and on others connected with his Dc-1
partment in the report of the Secretary of W ar.
The appropriations for the support of the army
xluring the current fiscal year ending 30th Jon-- i
next, wm reduced far below the estimate submit- j
ted by the’Departraent The conscqucnceof this |
is a considerable deficiency, to which Jl
The expenditures of that Department, for the j
year coding 30th June last, were #9,060,263 58.
The estimates for the year commencing Ist July
next rind ending June 30,1853, are #7,898,775 :
83; allowing a reduction of $1,161,402 75.
The Board of Commissioners, to whom the man- j
agemeut of the affairs of the Military Asylum cre
ated by the act of 3d March last was entrusted,
have selected a site for the establishment of an
Asylum in the vicinity of this city, which has been
approved by me, subject to the production of a
The report of the Secretary of the Navy will
exhibit the condition of the public service under
the supervision of that Department. * Our naval
force afloat during the present year has been ac
tively and usefttliy employed in giving protection
to our widely-extended and increasing commerce
and interests in the various quarters of the globe,
and our flag has everywhere afforded the security
and received the respect inspired by the justice
and Ijheralitv of our intercourse, and the dignity
The expedition commanded by Lieut. Della
yen, despatched in search of the British comman
der, Sir John Franklin, and his companions in the
Arctic Seas, returned to New York in the month
of October, after having undergone great peril and
Ruffering from an unknown and dangerous navi
gation and tho rigors of a Northern climate, with
out any satisfactory information of the objects of
their search, but with new contributions to sci
ence and navigation from the unfrequented polar
regious. The officers and men of tho expedition
having been all volunteers for this service, and
having no conducted it as to meet tho entire ap
probation of the Government, it is suggested, as
an act of grace and generosity, that the same al
lowance of extra pay and emoluments be extend
ed to them that were made to the officers and men
of like ratiug in the late exnloring expedition to
the South Sea*.
I earnestly recommend to your attention flic
necessity of reorganizing the Naval Establishment, i
apportioning and fixing the number of officers in
each grade, providing some mode of promotion to
the higher grades of the navy, having reference to
merit and capacity, rather than seniority or date
of entry in the service, ami for. retiring from the
effective list upon reduced pay, those who may be
incompetent to the performance of active duty.—
Asa measure of economy as well as of efficiency j
in this arm of the service, the provision last men
tioned is eininedtly Worthy of your consideration,
Tho determination of the questions of relative
rank betivoeu sea officers and civil officers of the
navy, and between officers of the army and navy,
in the various grades of each, will also* merit yoiir
attention. The failure to provide anv substitute,
when cor|>onil punishment was,abolished for offen
ces in the navy, has occasioned the convening of
numerous courts-martial upon the arrival of the
vessel in port, and it is believed to have had an
injurious effect upon the discipline, and efficiency
of the service. To moderate punishment from one
jftadc- to another is among the humane reforms of
flssiiiijffcJ by tho JLiMyislnturo
iw aspect to any other class of men. It so hoped
tint Congress, in the ample opportunity afforded
hrjlw present session, will thoroughly ihvestimite
tins important subject, and such gradations of
punishment ns are consistent with humanity and
the personal rights of individuals, and at tlie'satne
time shall ensure tho most energetic h ,hl c-tiioieiit
performance of duty and the suppression 6f crime
in our ships of war.
Jllc ridvantages of science in bautical affairs J
have rarely been more strikingly illustrated than in ‘
the tact stated in tho report of the Navy Depart- f
incut, that, by means of the.wind till'd current 1
charts, projected and prepared by Lieutenant Man- ‘
ry, tlm Superintendent of the Naval (thaervatory ‘
the passage from tho Atlantic to the Pacific ports f
ot our country has been shortened by about forty s
days. • ‘i
The estimates for the support of the Navv and
■Mamie Corps the ensuing fiscal year will bo found
to be $5,850,472 10, tho estimates for the cur
rent year being $5,000,621.
The estimates for special objects under the con
trol ot tins Department amount to $2,084 220 90
against #2,240,980 for tho present year, the in
crease being occasioned by the additional mail scr
vice on the Pacific coast and the construction of
tho dock pi California, authorized at tho last ses
sion of Congress, and some slight additions under
the head of improvements anA s in „
yards, buildings and machinery.
Iho report of the Postmaster General, herewith
communicated, presents an interesting view of the
progress, operations, and condition of his Depart
At the close of tho last fiscal year, the fonth of
mail routes within the United States was 190,202
nriies; the annual transportation thereon 53,272 -
250 miles; aud the annual cost of such transpor
tation #3,421,754. 1
The whole number of post offices in the United
v tates, on the 30th day of June last* was 10 TOO
There were 1,098 post offices Mnblishod, and 256”
discontinued, during the rear.
The gross revenues of the Department for the
fisca year, including the appropriations for the
hscal year, including the foreign postages, collect--
cd for and payable to, the British post office, a
mounted to #6,427,800 78.
The expenditures for the same period fexclu
dmg #20,699 40, paid under an award of the Au
ditor in pursuance of a resolution of the last Con
gress. tor mad'service on the Ohio and Mississippi
nven ~, 1882 and } 833. and the amount paid to
the British post office for foreign postages collec
payable that office) amounted to $6-
024,j60 79; leaving a balance of revenue over
the proper expenditures of the year of #703,299-
The receipts for postage during the year (ex
cluding the foreign postages collected ‘for and
, ? r,tlsh P** l office ) amounted to
W4>,345,<47 21,beniganincreiiseof#997,6l0 79,
or 1805-100")w?r ceut, over the like receipts for the
The reduction of postage, under the act of
March last, did not tako effect until the com
mencement of the present fiscal year. The amounts
for the first quarter, under the operation of the re
duced rates, wU not lx, sealed before January next
* nd no reliable estimate of the receipts for the
-present year eau yet be made. It is believed,
h ewevor, that they will fall far short of those of
the last year The surplus of the revenues now.
on band is, howgver, is large that no further ap- 1
propriation from the treasury, in aid of the rev*W(
uos of the Department, is required for the current ,
fiscal year, but an additional appropriation®
the vear endiug June 30, 1853, will probaßy
! found necessary when the receipt* of the finijM
;i)Uaitcrs of the fiscal year are fully
In his last annual report the
jeral recommended a reduction of postage to which
I he deemed as low as could be jirudeolly adopted,
I unless Congress was prepared to appropriate from
| the treasury, for the support of the Department, a
‘sum more than equivalent to the mail services
! performed by it for the Government The re
jcommendations, of the Postmaster General, in j
! respect to letter possage, except on letters from and i
for California and Oregon, wore substantially ad- j
opted by the last Congress, lie now recommends j
adherence to the present letter rates, and advises
against a further reduction until justified by the
revenue of the Department.
He also recommends that the rates of postage
on printed matter lie so revised ns to render them
more simple, and more uniform in their operation
upon all classes of printed matter. I submit the
recommendations of the report to your favorable
CODIFICATION OF TIIE LAWS OF TIIF U. S.
[The President recommends that provisions
be made by law for the appointment of a Com
| States,"’arranging tjiem in order, supplying defi-
I ciencics,-correcting incongruities, simplifying their
langitogc, and reporting them to Congress for it’s
The work of enlarging the capital at Washing
ton is advancing with commendable rapidity, un
der direction of an experienced and competent ar
chitect. Commends the interest of the DfctricVf
Columbia, to the favorable regard of Congress.
Recommends again the appointment of aeom
mision to settle private claims against the United
The President concludes his message in the fol
lowing declarations of adherence to the compromise
J Measures of the last Congress, which we are sure
will be eminently satisfactory to the patriotic peo
ple of the whole country,]
It is deeply to be regretted that in several in
stances officers of the Government, in attempting
to execute the law for the return of fugitives from
j labor, have been openly resisted, and their efforts
frustrated aud defeated by lawless and violent
mobs; that in one case such resistance resulted
in the death of an estimable citizen, and in others
serious injuries ensued to those officers and to in
dividuals who were using their endeavors to sus
tain the laws. Prosecutions have been instituted
against the alleged offenders, so far as they could
bo identified, and are still pending, I have re
garded it as my duty, in these eases, to give all
aid legally in tuy power to tiro enforcement of
the laws, and I shall continue to do so wherever
and whenever their execution may be resisted.
The act of Congress for the return of fugi
tives from labor is one required and demanded by
the express words of the Constitution.
The Constitution declares, “That no [®k>n
‘held to service or labor in one State, tindcTtlic
•laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in cons
■sequence of any law or regulation therein, bo dis
‘chiirged from such service or labor, but shall be
‘delivered up on claim of the party to whom such
•service or taboj may lie .due.” This Constitu
tional provision is equally obligatory iijioii the”
“of tire*t?iiited l l3tl^Bß' | rii'o -and Judicial Ifonart-
Congres*, however,'must, from necessity, first
act upon the subject, by prescribing the proceed
ings necessary to ascertain that the person is a fu
gitive, and the means best to bo used for his re
storation to the claimant. This was done bv an
act passed during the first term of President
. * , . b jE®tpn, which was amended by that enacted
i-y the last Congress, and it now remains for the
Executive and Judicial Departments to take care
t hat these laws be faithfully executed. Thisjn
junction ot the Constitution is as peremptory ami
as binding as any other, it stands exactly on the
same foundation as that clauso which provides
lor the return of fugitives from justice, or that
which declares that no hill of attainder or ex -post
tueto law shall bo passed, or that which provides
tor an equality of taxation, according to the cen
sus or the clause declaring that all duties shall be
Uniterm throughout the United States, or the im
porUiit provisions that the. trial of all thosecriincs
shall bo by jury,. These several articles and clauses
of the Constitution, all resting on the same au
thority, must stand or fall together.
, In my last annual message, 1 stated that I con
. suleryd tlie series of measures, which had been
. adopted at the previous session, in reference to tho
r agitation growing out of the Territorial and slave
ry questions, as a final settlement in principle
and substance of the dangerous and cxciSnw sub
jeets which they embraced; and recommended ad
herence to the Adjustment established by those
measures, until time aud experience should de
monstrate the necessity of further legislation to
guard against evasion or abuse. I was not induced
to make this recommendation because I thought
those measures perfect For no human legisla
tmn can be prefect. Wide differences and iarrino
I opinions can only bo reconciled by yielding
something on all sides, and this result had
■ been • .idled after an angry conflict of manv
months, in which one part of the country was ar
rayed against another, and violent convulsion
i seemed to bo imminent Looking at the interests
of ibe whole-cofoMry, 1 foft it’ to be my duty to
seize upon tins Compromise as the best that
could, he obtained amid the conflicting interest
and to insist upon it as a final settlement, to be
adhered to by all who value the peace and wel
fore of the country. A year has now elapsed since
that recommendation was made. To that recom
mendation I stilt adhere, and I congratulate you .
and the country upon the general acquiescence in
these measure* of peace, which has been exhibit
ed in all parts of the Republic. And not only is
there this general acquiescence in these measures i
but the spirit of conciliation which has been mam ,
i fee ted m regard to them in all parts of the cotin- .
try, has removed doubts and uncertainties in the
minds of thousands of good men concerning the t
durability of our popular institutions, and given
renewed assurance that our Liberty and our Un
ion may subsist together for the’ benefit of this
and all succeeding generations.
w rs MILUKD FILLMORE.
H xsiiiNQTOv, December 2,1851. a
.Mnauurn U S. Sf.nator.-Wo are inform
ed sajs tho X icksburg True Issue—how correctly
wo do not pretend to say-that Governor Whit
field tendered to the Hon. Jefferson Davis the U.
8. Seiitorship, which office was vaoated by Col”
, the uomlnee of the “Commit,.
tee of Nino, for Governor of the State. Col IH ‘
vis, it is said declined to accept. It is now “sup, I
poted that the apjxautnient will be tendered Geo.
K. Clayton, Esq.
- “ - - ;; *’
v . t \■ ■ t jh’■“;rv v
• Introduced. 1
Mr. FiSja^^Ko'provide for Jhe more speedy
ami aecPWflißmngtit and settlement iff sundry
The SeEpe resumed the >utethe Wo
man’s BiliTaud on the passive Sthe bill, the yeas
were 18—nays It). So ttojjjis,was hist. .
Bills Introduced, t %
\ Mr. Calhoun, a bill t“give tiie owners of Saw
Mills in this State a lien on the building for the
payment of lumber. *
Mr. Hardeman, a bilUo regulate
ing of Clerks, Sheriffs, and other Statq ami Coun-
and for otheßurficsos. A %
’ Mr. Harris, a bill tojbliange the linevbctween
the counties of Lee and ijjimterf A .
Mr. Reed, a bill an ;“t entitled an
act to protect tiie estates of%i]>hans, and to make
permanent pro- isions for the poor..
The hill as amended, to incorporate a Savings
pmiK-iimuwcuj „t Augusta.
The bill to amend the eighth sectio* of the 4th
division of the Penal Code.
Mr. Welborn, a bill to INrtlf the ien of judg
ments rendered in any court of the Slate.
Mr. Calhoun, a bill to limit the time for taking
out grants—to the States hall, and the informers
half of any lot of land fraudulently drawn in any
of the land and gold lotteries of this State, <fec.
Mr. Bethune, a bill to amend an act to extend
to the several counties of this State the provisions
of an act to give Masons and Carpenters an incum
brance for debts due on account of work done, Ac.,
so far is to grant like privileges to painters.
Mr. Connelly, a hill to lay out anew cuunty
from the counties of Burke and Emanuel.
The bill as amended, to lay off and organize a
new conuty from the counties of Paulding and
„ December 5.
Bills Introduced ’
Mr. McCune, a bill to alter and amend tho
twenty-seventh section of the tenth division of the
The bill of House making it the duty of the
Governor when ho thinks pro]ter, r to dvposite the
assets of tho Central Bank iu tiie Treasury.
The bill to alter the time of holding the Supe
rior Courts in Marion county.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Mr. Harris of Clark, a bill to amend an act to
permit all the specie [laying solvent Banks of this
State to issue Bills of a denomination less than
Five Dollars. Also a bill to idler and amend the
7th Section of the second article of the Constitu
Mr. Robinson of Macon, a bill to amend the
IStb igctfon of the 9th divisiofi of the penal Code,
Mr. Floyd founlfo
Ml a hill to appropriate money for the support of
Government, for the political years 1852 and ’53.
Mr. McDotigald, a bill to igolong and extend
tho charter of the Bank of St. Mart’s. Also a hill
to authorize and require tiif Governor of this
State to lease rent, or farm out the Western A At
lantic Rail Road, the Depots thereof and all the
appurtenauces thereto belonging.
• December 2.
lmprovome7d®JMßß>Tl,for the Government
mid management JF Western <fc Atlantic Rail
Hie House took lip tho bill for tho pardon of
Garland Cornett of Morgan- county for the
crime of murder. The hill after,considerable dis
Mission was passced by a voA of 63 yeas to 38
nays. ‘ *
Mr. Bartow, a bill to provide for the education
of certain number of State -Citilets in the “Geor
gia Military Institute.”
Mr. Bellenger, tel give to the owners of Saw
mills in this ‘State a lien oh the building for the
payment of lumber.
Mr. Cobb of Dooly, a bill to compensate the
Grand and Petit jurors of Dooly county. Also a
bill to separate the offices of fax Collector and
Receiver of Tux Returns of tho county of Dooly.
Mr. Culler, a bill to provide for a Registry of
births, death, and marriages in this State 3
Mr. Holland, a hill to authorize the Justices of
Inferior Courts to graut private ways on certain
Mr. Walker of Richmond, a bill to prevent
slaves attempted to be emancipated from remain
ing in this State. Also a bill to make penal the
enticing away of certain birds and domestic ani
Mr. Lowe, a bill to lay out and organise anew
county from the counties of Warren, Jefferson and
Mr. Clark of Stewart, a bill In relation to the
issuing of change bills and private Banking and
punish for a violation of the'same.
B ills passed.
The hill to alter and amend the third section of
the third article of the Constitution.
The bill supplemental to an act making it the
doty of the Governor whenever the public interest
shall require it to cause the assets of the Central
Bank to be deposited in tho Treasury of the State
a _ December 4.
The morning and evening of this day Was spent
in the consideration of the substitute offered by
the Committed oil the Judiary in lieu of the ori
ginal “Bill to prohibit tho importation or intro
duction hereafter of any negro slave or slaves into
this States, <fcc.”
Mr. Moreland, a bill to establish lost papers in
tho Justices’Courts of this State.
Mr, Thurmond, a bill tq ame)i;l an a$ entitled
an act to alter and amend the several acts in rela
tion to itinerant traders, and prescribe tho mode
of obtaining license.
Mr. Robinson of Macon, a bill to alter and j
change the line between the'CoufltiS of Macon and !
Mr. bVjal, a bill to preset* the manner in !
twhichpthS&vs of this State shall be printed and
Mr. Dawson qf Putnam, a bill.to regulate elec
tions for the General Assembly. Also
a bill to of the
Senate and Clerk of the Ilouse of Representatives.;
Mr. Seward, a bill to repeal an act to regulate
the licenseship of Physicians in this State.
A Mr. Hill, a bill to* amend the several acts au-
the eoirtts of ordinary to appoint their
administratotse.in certain eases. Also a;
alter and amend the Cth section of
of the Constitution of the State of
J Re-Oistrietiug the Slate.
* grue below the re-arrangement of the Con
gressional Districts proposed by the Bill reported
bv Mr. Hardeman:
Ist district. —Chatham, Effingham, Bryan,
Liberty, Mclntosh, Tatnall, Bullock, Emanuel,
Montgomery, Lowndes, Telfair, Appling, Glynn,
Camden, AVayne, Ware, Laurens, Clinch, Thomas,
2nd district. —Muscogee, Stewart, Randolph,
Early, Decatur, Baker, Lee, Dooly, Ma
con, Pulaski, Marion.
3rd district. —Harris, Talbot, Upson, Pike,
Butts. Monroe, Bibb, Houston, Crawford, Spal
4 th district. —Troup, Meriwether, Coweta,
Heard, Campbell, Fayette, Henry, De Kalb
sth district. —Dade, Walker, Murray, Gilmer,
Chattooga, Floyd, Gordon, Cass, Cherokee,
. 6 th district. —Union, Lumpkin. Kalian, Haber
sham. Hall, Forsyth, Gwinnett, Walton, Clark,
Jackson. Madison, Flanklin.
7th district. —Newton, Morgan, Greene. Jas
per, Putnam, Jones, Baldwin, Ilanekcock, Wasli
i iiigton, AVilkinson, Twiggs.
Bth district. —Elbert, Oglethorpe; Lincoln,
Wilks, Taliferro, Warren, Columbia, Richmond,
Burke, Jefferson, Screven.
The Jlexicaii Revolution.
CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN GEN. CARAVAJAL AND
THE FOREIGN CONSULS.
The following correspondence passed between
GeneraljCaravajal jthe commander of the insurgent
forces of Mexico, and the foreign Consuls at Mata
moras, before the attack on that city:
Headquarters Liberating Armv of the “j
Camp at Rucias, Oct. 18, 1851. )
Sir: —A'oii are no doubt aware that the t\ ran
nical conduct of the troojis employed by the gene
ral government of the republic has caused the jieo
jile of this frontier to rise in arms, and to demand
redress for their grievances.
I am now liefore this city with an armed and
organized force, and without delay, I intend to at
tack the troops of the government of General Aris
ta, who now occupy it, and, as I desire to protect
the persons and property of all peaceable citizens,
and particularly those of the nations who are at
peaco with the Mexican people, I desire that
you will immediately take the necessary steps to
place the persons and property of your country
men in safety. I have the honor to tender you
my best respects and consideration.
God and Liberty.
JOBE M. J. CARAVAJAL.
JoskM. Gonzales, Adjutant and Secretary.
Matamoras, Oct. 19, 1851.
Sir:- -The undersigned, Consul of the United
States of America, and V ire Consul of France, of
her Britanic Majesty and of her Catholic Majesty,
communication which, under date of yesterday
you Were phased to address to each of in. and in’
which you give us the assurance ofvour desire to
j protect particularly the property of‘the citizens of
; those nations between whom and Mexico friendly
| relations exist m case you attacked this city with
i tlie forces under your command.
In conformity with general usage, we have hois
- I'. “ il S s of respective nations we represent
and, m communicating to you this fact, avail our
selves of the opportunity to assure you that we
have never entertained a doubt that the rules of
civihzeu warfare would lx, strictly obsrved by the
forces under your command.
W e tender you, sir, our respect and considera
J. F. WADDELL, U.S. Consul.
STO Vice de France.
A. I nut, 11. li. M’s Vice Consul.
DIMAS J>E TORRES, Vice Consul de Spain.
A letter has been addressed to President Fill
more by a Mr. Ilord, complaining of the United
j Mates Consul of Matamoras, and asking his recall
Jon the ground of his opposition to the'revolution!
The Editors’ IStii.toKossiith.
Die Committee having charge of the banquet to
, £ lvon to Kossuth by tiie members of the Press
held a meeting on Wednesday, at Jollie’s music
store, and passed the annexed Resolutions:
Resolved lhat persons connected with the city
Press shall have the first right to purchase tickets
and that each purchaser’s name, and journal or
periodical, shall be registered, and that no tickets
shall be sold to persons not connected with the
Jiesovled, That no complimentary or invitation
tickets be issued, except to official personages or
persons m the immediate suite of Kossuthrin’all
not to exceed twenty in number.
The tickets are now selling very rapidly, and
persons excluded from this privilege of purchasing
on account of nothing in the editorial ranks
hate oftered *IOO tor a single ticket, but without
success. Invitations will be external to the Presi
• lont ami Cabinet, the Governor of the State, Gen.
Neott, Captain Long, of the Mississippi, and the 1
Mayor of this city, besides Kossuth and three or
tour of his most intimate attaches. — dV. Y Ex- •
press. ’ ’ |
lIoMictDE. Our city was thrown into great ex
Atement on Monday, on account of the murder of
,- V O. Hnlburn, by his brother-in-law, Elijah
Ibrtb Ihe wound was by a common pocket ktiife
inflicted in the neck, cutting the artery. Os the
facts of the ease, we are not informed, and forbear
to speak, as the matter is undergoing judicial in
vestigation. The defendant has” employed L C
Simpson, Col. Collier, J. W. Manning, as his Ate
torneys—who are now investigating the matter
before justice Shaw and Corry. The State is rep
resented by N. Mangum and J. A. Puckett, Esqrs.
—Atlanta Republican . 1
Railroad Connection in Macon.-—lt gives
much pleasure: to.announce that this longtalk
ed-of connection been so far finished that
twelve ears loaded with cotton passed from the
! Macon A Western to the Central Road this morn-’
jmg. Cars are now loaded at the Central Railroad
| and will leave .to-morrow morning for
Rome direct- Cars can no tv pass f-om the Au
gusta and Waynesboro, the Milledgeville; and
the Central Roads to Oglethorpe “and Rome
Georgia, and to Chattanooga and Charleston in.
Tennessee. We feel that we are now united to
Cherokee Georgia and Tennessee by iron bands,
SATURDAY, : : : i , : : DECEMBER 13, 1851.
ft* OR -PRESIDES TANARUS,
JOHN M. MASON, f
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
C. J. MCDONALD, of Borgia.
A Journeyman Printer competent to take j
charge of the Mechanical Department of a paper
can obtain jiermaneut employment by applying
immediately at this office.
jfgtelt will be seen by reference to the card of
Dr. Hornady, which will be found in our adverti
sing columns, that he has removed to Buena Vis
ta, Marion county, where he will always lie happy
to wait on those who may require his professional
services. AVe recommend him to the citizens of
Buena Vista and the surrounding country as a
skilfuil and scientific Dentist.
The President’s Message.
• Owing to the extreme length ol the President's
Message, we are induced to publish a synopsis on
lv of the unimportant parts, but give the impor
tant parts in the President's own language. Not
withstanding vve have condensed it as much as
v.e could consistently, it occupies a large space in
onr columns to-day, to the exclusion of much oth
er interesting matter.
Complaints continue to flow in, from all quar
ters of the irregularity of our papers reaching their
res|x’etive destinations. AVe repeat the assurance
that the fault is not ours. The Southern Demo
cart is regularly deposited in the Post Office in
this city, on the day of publication, and we have
every reason to believe that our present worthy
and enegetic Post Master gives immediate direc
tion to them. The blame must rest somewhere
on the line. AVe have our eye upon three Post
Masters, who we have reasons to Ix-lieve have
stopped our paper several times on the route. —
AV'e shall spare no pains in trying to detect all
such rascality, and in exposing it, if it can be pro
ven. The complaints against the mails are very
general. The only remedy, we can suggest, as at
.all likely to correct the evils complained of, is the
election of a Democratic President. The wliigs,
have got the wheels of Government out of gear,
and thev will remain so, as long as they are in
power. Republican Machinery does not perform
well when ] repelled hv Federal Steam.
The trade of Oglethorpe is rapidly increasing,
and the number ot wagons, carts, Ac., with which
our streets, are daily thronged, reminds us of what
Macon once was, before her wagon trade was cut
ofl‘. There lias been a heavy trade done at Ogle
thorpe, all the while, hut it has increased and is
still increasing beyond onr most sanguine anticipa
tions. The streets are continually crowded, and
the Merchants a great portion of their time are
overrun with business. The prices p.’id for cotton
here are such that Farmers cannot ship to profit.
The merchants ami buyers are determined to,sus
tain the cotton maikct here, and so far, tie v have
in from the hanks of the Chattahoochee, and the
farmers are not only selling their Cotton here, hut
are well satisfied as to the honest intentions of our
merchants to do the “fair thing.”
Below we subjoin a statement of Cotton Re
ceipts and shipments to date.
Rec'd at Oglethorpe for the week
ending Dee. 11th 3.094 hales,
lotal Rec’t’s up to date 15.240 “
Total Shipments 9,235 “
lotal Balance on hand 5 920 “
Tin- ColliiiKxvorllt Institute.
This Institution located at Talbotton, we are
happy to learn lias been thoroughly repaired and
newly furnished, and will soon bo open for die re
ception of students, under the direction of Rev.
H. 11. McQueen, Principal, and a regular Faculty
of Teachers. The rates of Tuition are indeed low: :
twenty, thirty and forty dollars per year. The i
Steward’s Department will lie under the supervi
sion of Mr. James Callier and Lady. This is an
excellent arrangement, and from a’ personal ac
quaintance with Mr. Callier, we doubt whether a
bet ter selection for that important Department
could have been made. Board can be had at the
Steward’s Hall for *9 00 per month. No extra
charge except for lights. A\ e recommend the In
stitution to the patronage of the public. Mr. Mc-
Queen having purchased the Institution bases its
success upon its merits.
r Fine Knives.
s For the information of those who wish to pocket
. a fine knife, wo advise them to call in at Messrs.
Carson, Greer A Co’s store on the Corner of Sum
-1 ter and Cuyler streets, opposite the “Spinkaskins
Hotel’ and they can be accommodated in price
I and quality. They have a large am] splendid
stock of goods of all kinds, and in the knife line
they are well posted up. AVe were a few days
sinee presented by them with anew style of pocket
knives, the “Sountlicrn Rights Knife,” with the
appropriate motto engraved “on the blade “equal
rights—equal laws—and equal justice to all.” j
V\ e like the motto, and the Knife, and we re- ‘
commend those who wish to carry “Southern I
Rights” in their putkets, as well as in their heads
and hearts, to call and buy. The one presented
to us is superior in quality and metal, to any we
have ever before used. They also have some
them 1 “"= kmves > but we can,t recommend
Reorgauixution of (lie Democratic
The following paragraph, extracted from a bu
siness letter, to the editor of this paper, by an es
teemed friend, though not designed for publication, !
so perfectly coincides with our own views, we shall’ j
take the liberty of giving publicity to it. It is ,
from the pen of an old, experienced, long tried,
true and faithful Democrat, and an able and in-’
* * * * * 1
Well, I see our Southern Rights friends are re
solved upon a reorganization of the Democratic j
Party upon old lines, which may in time receive
my reluctant assent, for there will be no use in oc
cupying an isolated position. But, I feel consid- ‘
‘-ruble repugnance to a coalition with men who
have decided onr federal government to be one of
unlimited powers, and that the States are not sov
ereign. For this in my opinion was the real issue i
More the people and they have decided that this
is no longer a Union existing by consent, but by
force. lou will perhaps have to lower.your presi
deiitial flag; but I would suggest that it be kept
flying until after the Baltimore Convention,
I see your friend of the gold speech,
com, lias been well nigh thrown into **
iJefl of a re-union of the Democratic L n * “Jf
tnoftification would afford one of tbestre/’
guments in favor of it with me. UutaJl
on Democrats will never return to us. yi* .
bv the recent democratic movements tk„
will lie forestalled. They wish us td^? m . ■ **
tional party Jurd- they no doubt believed
and tlKqjJfcgro.U °%°til
Conventions were.oxer, and th,.i, thruVv„u 1
their allies—which clloic^WflldTplll. t ’ u *e
upon'Webster and will
thing that may be coustrued into a pledge
A'ottr paper does not come very regularly <
ly ever on the day it is due. * b"**-
nr Sumter Slrect Cotcmp ora , T
Tbehopcfu! editor of that three pennv cham ’
published on Sumter Street, must excuse us lT*
returning compliments last week, and r , e „te. M
to notice his “decidedly kind, becoming, qntl”
li/and called for” production of then'wAU
AVe plead our absence as an apology f,„ J,;*’’
ting to return the compliments of “the sen***
due time, and but for the very “kind,
gentlemanly and catted for” manner ’which !l
j young hopeful larrups 11s, few ’‘interfering
i says) with the private affairs of fits “
j should not have noticed him this eX'j3
i artful innuendo of our neighbor to imprest
: readers, with the conviction that he is v rj j c
I mored,” artful ‘inventive,’ ‘judgmatic.’ airi wi
ed,’ and that we are “harsh, rude, insolent
creet” mcdlesome and overbearing; is indeedtte
richest item of editorial gossip, which it
j our good fortune to read for many a long dar-
It well deserves to be deposited araow'A
| archives of the literary curiosities of the ag- )v i
may with still greater propriety be placed„„
; the records of violated obligations. ‘
He complains of our retort, to his “gor<l k,
j tnored political hit,” (as lie calls it.) and da
ns with “pouncing upon a private inditiduli
using him as a hobby to ride rough shod m
| the Georgian.” AA’e have only to sav in mk(
so puerile and contemptible an insinuation tlj;
| “that private individuals, head was as destitabi
I brains, as his own, the ostensible object fornk
! his editorial was written (to stir up strife bet.
j friends) might have succeeded.
But I>r. 11. knows, (and so would anvonedi
with a thimble full of Drains) that our retortn
dictated with not the slightest feeling of disrs-,
’ or mikindness, towards cither himeif or theta,
cions editor of the Georgian. AVe regarded!
J ‘hit’ of the Geoigian as a sort of good
satire, and replied to it ,in the same vein,aid
it was “indiscreet” vve should have thought tk
; that “good humored,” ‘artful,’ ‘inventive,’ y
i matical,’ ‘witty,’ ‘learned’ and ‘gentlemanlr.b
of the quill, would have thrown the veil of<4
1 ty over the unintentional fault >f a ‘harsli'‘rnde’
‘ Solent’ ‘indiscreet’ and ‘meddlesome tefnn.
\ neighbor ought to remember that he shunt*
itakc jokes, should never give them. Mail*
(ever lieen the uniform policy of tiie Georgian
reeonnoiter onr camp; invite a skirmish-all
[ the first return shot, to squeal worse than a f
[of a cold windy morning. The ostensiUralji
•of which, is to enlist sympathy in its Mil
[excite prejudice against us, and in this imtoS
tq.on the crumbs of pity, instead of uul.jeM
ly demanding the reward of merit.
This is the second time that the (Imparl
1 rut mils’ honor, anil has sought to tortun.w
j torinls into an intentional disrespect tux*
: our personal and political friends, AVeiviil™
j what we h ives-iid 0:1 a farm*r“occasion"tk
! are not at alleonei rued as to the successoftbh
; gian :<i that peculiar department of itshnsia
but at the same time r-:in never consent t
[ a silent spectator to it.” AVe can infirm 1
neighbor however that “that prirntr iudieiis
1 needs no guardian in this respect, hut is re®
i tent and ready to defend himself against anti
j all personal or professional indignities,
j The most farcical thing liowerer, in the Cc
j gian’a article is the insinuation that *eemtiS|
! tronage. For what ! For its extensive circslate
j For its popularity with its party? Or fer^
I ability with which it is edited ?
i Our neighbor was certainly in the akirtnin'pji
toms, about then, and in a high state fp
piration about the seat of his breeches, and Aid
less felt much relieved when delivered of hi* la
ling. If he is sufficiently recovered, vve weuls
pleased if he or any one else would inform is,*!
there is about either his office or paper,thatca
in any manner, excite the least envious emote
Envy indeed. Our soul is not little enougil
! A\ 7 e shall forbear to mention at this times*
I tilings which will fix the charge of’metldler,
j ‘envy’ where it properly belongs. A\ r e havew
i sought a quarrel with the Georgian, or an;
I cotemporary, and have not in any instance tot)*
| ffed iu any unkindness towards our confreres.3
: eept in vindication of ourself against theirattad
But whenever the Georgian or any other pajl
j tenders the gauntlet m shall accept it it ‘■>
j same spirit in which it is tendered, and contiu
;it if necessary a whole life long. AA e arc mW
for the service, and ask no quarters from *
I source. The Georgian's use of the term ‘imp® l
manly’ would have come with a much k®
grace from some other quarter. Our ream
Later from Eorope-
The Steam Ship Pacific arrived at Nw ‘*
on the Bth inst., with later advices from
The demand for Cotton had been good and)*
had advanced 1-8 to l-4d. Middling I®®*
improved most. Fair New Orleans is qnotw
5 3-8d; Middling, sd; Fair Uplands a 1
Middling, 4 7-8.
Political news unimportant.
The Steam Ship Niagara arrived at H JI
j on the 11th inst with three days later intellig**
j The Cotton Market was animated, and **
| sequence of a reduced stock on hand, i |ll
probability that imports would be moderate.
I had been an eagerness to buy, and a
j mand. The papers state that there had
| advance of 1 -8d on Fair Cotton, and H on I< .
j dling and Ordinary, but on comparing the •
| ra’s quotations with the Pacific's, we find 1
the same, with the exception of lair G
| which is quoted l-8d advance. Sales of tiie
j amounted to 59,000 bales. The stock in
:pool is reduced to 395,000 bales, again-* 1
; OQO same time last year.
! - The excitement in Franco between the
dent and the assembly continues. The p°F J
ty of .he President is increasing.
The Virginia Election*.
The first election in A’irginia for GovcnM*
the people, came oft’ on Monday last, re