COLUMBUS, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1858.
Slate Aid In the Legislature
In our issue of yesterday, we presented our rea
ders with speeches on the above subject, from
Messrs. Irwin, of Wilkes, Howard, of Muscogee,
and Kenan of Baldwin, in opposition, and Messrs.
Walker, of Henry, and Hardeman of Bibb, in fa
vor of the policy of State Aid. To-day . our repor
ter, has furnished the speeches of Messrs. Gordon,
of Chatham, and Colquitt of Baker, on the one
side, and Mr. Harris, of Glynn, on the other.—
Messrs. Hardeman and Harris, are the most pi em
inent champions of the measure. The former is a
gentleman of undoubted talents, and makes a skil
ful and energetic debater. The latter has won
considerable reputation by his eloquence, and
has, at least, captivated the reporters.
Their opponents, however, are fully equal to
them in abilitity and have the immense advan
tage of being on the right side ot the question.
The remarks of Mr. Irwin, which appeared in our
paper, yesterday, were forcible and unanswerable.
He comprehended the material points embraced in
the question, and presented them with clearness
and vigor, without auy of the confusing concomi
tants, impertinent adjuncts of rhetorical nonsense.
He was followed on the next day by Messrs Gor
don A Colquitt, both, gentlemen of ability and
earnestness, whoso sound views and impressive
utterance must have contributed largely to induce
the House to review its previous action. We are
truly gratified that such has been the result ol the
discussion. Not that we are unfriendly to the in
terests of Macon or Brunswick. On tho contrary,
if we could be brought to sanction the principle
and approve the policy of State aid, wo are free to
say that wo should profertosee that road, above
any other of which mention has been made,reap the
benefit of its application. But we are gratified,
because a system, which we believe to be wrong
in principle and dangerous in practice, and which
we feared had already won its way to favor, had
thus received the seal of reprobation from the rep
resentatives of the people.
Milledgeviele, Nov. 10.
The question being a motion to reconsider the
action of tho House in relation to the Macon A
Brunswick Railroad Bill, Mr. Gordon, of Chatham
obtained tho floor and said :
He had forborne speaking upon this or any
other question which had been defeated at the
last'session of this Legislature from the convic
tion that the people never intended us to consume
the time in the discussion of issues already voted
upon. The language of the constitution admits
the legality of our present organization bv the use
of the word sess ion. This is a different session
but the same Legislature, It was never intended
that we should come to Millcdgeville, remain for
ty days, draw mileage and pay, discuss and de
feat important measures, and then one year after
wards return, draw pay and consume the entire
term in discussing the identical measures of the
year before. But t his House has acted upon a
different principle, and were doing little less than
fighting over the fights of the last session. In
view of the fact that the bill now before us had
been lost at the last session, it became the duty of
every man whose opposition to the Bill was found
ed upon principle, to give a reason for the faith
that was in him. His opposition was based upon
principle, and therefore, he asked the indulgence
of the House fora few moments. The gentleman
from Bibb, (Mr. Hardeman,) had argued with
great vehemence the utter inability of the City of
Savannah to meet the demands of the trade which
poured in upon her, and pointed to the Cotton
now lying in her Streets, unable to be shipped for
want of commercial facilities. He could show the
fallacy of this position before ho sat down, buthe
wished to call attention, to the inconsistency of the
gentleman who had asserted in the House, that
the Macon A Brunswick road would benefit Sa
vannah. Mr. Gordon argued this latter proposi
tion. Macon was as near Savannah by that road
as she was to Brunswick. With tho capital and
advanced ago of the former, he had no doubt the
building of that road would enure to her benefit.
But he asked, if Savannah could not now ship off
her produce, how could he advocate a road which,
by his owu showing, would increase receipts at
Savannah. There was au inconsistency some
For himself, (Mr. G,) was glad to show by his
vote, that notwithstanding his constituents might
secure a portion of the beuelits of this donation,
he and his people were governed by principles of
right and justice. He was glad to shew that he
was governed by conscientious convictions of
right. He said that the restrictions of tho Bill
which were supposed to make the State secure,
amounted to nothing. The bill was cunningly
and adroitly drawn; it had a dozen doors by
which Stockholders might escape. The sinking
fund of 2 per cent was $20,000 per annum ; it would
take fifty years to make up the amount of endorse
ment. The bonds fell due in twenty years ; who
was to pay the State ? The friends of the Bill
profess to have put in all conditions required by
the Message of Gov. Brown. Not so. The Gov
ernor said expressly, the system must bo univer
sal to meet his approval, ami he called upon the
friends of the Bill to go back into Committee and
amend their bill to that effect. But, grant that
the restrictions are perfect one of two things is
true. Either the Stockholders are able to build
without aid, or the Bill is a deception. Any per
sons whp will take stock under such restrictions
can build the entire road. Tho gentleman from
Glynn said that the counties along the line of the
road pay l-10th of the tax of Georgia. If so. they
do not need help. Mr. Gordon entered into a his
tory of said Roads in Georgia, and showed at
what cost the men of “30 had instituted a system,
now perfect. The people of Middle and Southern
Georgia then agreed to tax themselves to build
the State road, and to build branch roads to the
Georgia terminus. They did both. The ques
tion now was simply, whether, after individual
enterprise had built a costly road, the State
would step in and give one million dollars
to this road. This is the question and the princi
ple. The Central R. 1L had been built with
out a dollar of State aid. The Brunswick Road
will be its direct rival. If the latter can be built,
bo it so: but let the Stockholders, and not the
State, build it. If this Bill is passed, what prin
ciple do you publish to the youth of Georgia ? In
effect, you say, the day of labor is over, bare not
your arm to work, trust not to industry, enter
prise and honest effort as your fathers’ did, but
educate yourselves to the science of log rolling,
train yourselves to the profession of begging, and
trust to the State Treasury and not to yourselves.
He objected to the method of this loan. If the
loan is to be made do it like men ; put your bands
into the coffers of the State note, tax yourselves
note, lie had witnessed many hard struggles by
the fathers of this State to lay up competences for
their children, Ac. But never before had lie wit
nessed sueh a spectacle as that before him, where
a congregation of fathers, nay, the guardians of
the State, were solemnly striving to saddle upon
their posterity a ruinous and onerous burden. Our
children were to tax themselves to pay this debt.
For one, he could not approve the measure. He
concluded, by invoking the spirit of justice to
temper aud restrain the wild, schemes of mistaken
Mr. Pickett of Gilmer, should iudulge in no
fancy sketches. Mr. P. made a few remarks in
frvor of State aid, but preferred to hear from the
gentleman from Glynn. The rules were suspend
ed ; the house adjourned to 3. P. M. ~
Mr. Glass of Newton, opened the discussion of
the afternoon. Mr. G. was opposed to State aid
in a Speech which did him credit, lie said, that
had he believed Mr Hill to be in favor of State aid,
as much as lie respected and loved him, he
would have voted against him, if he had been the
only man in Georgia who did it.
Mr. Smith of Towns, went into the details of the
bill, and as bis Speech covered substantially the
same grounds as others in favor of it, we omit
the remarks, not meaning, however, by this, to do
any injustice to Mr. S., who always speaks well
and to the point.
Mr. COLQUITT said:
Were he to consulthis personal interests or be
governed by bis sympathies, he would be content
that the bill on the table should be transmitted to
the Seriate with the announcement that it had
passed the House; but the instincts of self inter
crest, and the promptings of sympathy, though
safe as guides in business and social life, are un
safe when admitted into public counsels. He had
no particular animosity to this measure. If it
stood alone he would remain silent, but in its
track were following an innumerable company of
like measures. Should we not resist the first and
all. In all our legislation, we should act upon
an enlarged principle, the principle ot equal jus
tice. If we subscribe to this undertaking, where
shall we stop? What company shall we deny?—
What work shall we refuse to aid? Will you aid
every road of equal extent? every road liO miles
in length? one hundred miles long? sixty? thirty?
twenty? If we do not shall we not be justly
chargeable with injustice? Pass this bill, aud no
man can calculate the number of similar appli
cations we shall have at this and the ensuing ses
sion. Will we stop with railroads and corpora
tions alone? Will we extend aid to companies
who are strong by reason of their union, and re
fuse individuals who arc weak and unable to do
but little? Is it not rather the duty of govern
ment, if it aids at all, to aid the weak? Could we
opposo such applications? There is below this
city an immense swamp, which if drained and
saved from tho inundations of the river, would,
lam told, equal in fertility the richest bottoms of
the Mississippi. At present it is worthless and
pays nothing by way of tax into the Treasury.
Why not lend the aid of the State to the proprie
tors that they may bring it into cultivation, aug
ment their property, increase the Tax, and to that
extent develop tho resources of the State? There
were many of his acquaintances who would hear
with satisfaction that the State had become a
money lender and that without usury. Hero is
one who owns 5000 acres of piue land —unclear-
ed and uncultivated it is worth only one dollar
an acre. He proposes to clear it and make a
farm upon it, which will increase its value to ten
dollars; he will put upon it. one hundred negroes
brought from Virginia, and increase the wealth of
the State that much —he will erect a steam mill,
furnish lumber tohis neighbors and the county,by
which they make improvements and increase their
taxable property; and to effect all these desirable
j objects, all he wishes is the bonds of the State
■ payable at twenty years, with interest, and if
ho fails to pay interest and principal, lie will turn
over land and negroes to the State. Will you fa
vor his application? This is said to be an ex
treme case, and that wo should limit the principle
by exercising a wise discretion. Do the support
ers of this measure and others of a kindred cha
racter, impose such a limit upon themselves? Are
not the friends of this bill the friends of every
similar bill? Is there a Representative who will
vote for aid to this road that will not vote for aid
to any other road? I ask for a reply. No re
sponse. What do wo sec here? When a proposi
tion of this kind is before us, is not an appeal
made to the friends of the system to “come up, for
if the system fails, they will fail to get aid for
their particular section?’’ and if there should be
an impracticable section, whose votes and infla
encc are needed, bow easy is it to run a little road
out there aud hush all disturbance? By such ar
rangements and combinations,- each project,
though weak iu itself, is strong by reason of its
union with others, and receives its pass-port by
the company it keeps. There was not a member
who would not repel the influence of local inter
ests and sectional feelings, but such arc the de
ceipts of the human heart that Ihcy insensibly in
fluence us. AVc should discard such feelings, we
should scrutinize our motives lest the tempting
baits that are held out to our cupidity may lead
us from the discharge of our duty. There was a
moral and keen insight into human nature in that
saying of the man of Pellh; that “an ass laden
with gold will find his way through the gates of
the strongest city.”
If such be the extent to which this principle
will be carried, ought we not to pause before we
adopt it? Mr. Calhoun once observed that the
points of resistance in the animal and vegetable
kingdoms, lay upon the surface; and he instanced
the skin of animals and the bark of trees—once
penetrated and the heart was soon reached. The
same is true of moral and political questions—a
principle once infracted, it is almost impossible to
repair the breach.
We have had glowing descriptions of the value
of Railroads. They advance the value of lands—
diminish the price of transportation—disseminate
wealth and intelligence—build up towns —popu-
late cities and in the poetic language of the Repre
sentative from Glynn (Mr. Harris) fill the tranquil
Sleeping waters of our sea-ports with teeming fleets.
This was the splendid illusion which charms and
captivates. The beauty of the picture deludes
our judgments. Pleasure has ever been portray
ed by poets and painters as clothed with smiles
and adorned with jewels ; but those who are se
duced by her blandishments enter tho snare of the
fowler and become a ruin ere they arc aware of it.
Mr. C. was not unfriendly to Railroads. He could
behold with as much delight as the advocates of
this measure, mountains levelled and valleys filled
up; but the question was, how and by whom.
The proposition of this bill and others was that
the several companies upon completion of a certain
number of miles of railway should mortgage the
same to the state and receive bonds at the rate of
seven thousand dollars per mile. The projectors say
with this aid they will build their roads. That is
questionable. There may be accidents, failure
and misfortunes. The funds may fall short.—
The stock-holders may become alarmed aud aban
don the enterprise. Many of the projects stimu
lated into existence by the hope of aid will be wild
add visionary and will fail of themselves. What
M ill be the result ? Incomplete roads will be
thrown upon the State at a dead loss—or if com
pleted it will be done by direct appropriations.—
Should the roads be constructed the State will is
sue her bonds at S7OOO per mile. There being five
hundred miles or thereabout of rail-wayyiow iu con
templatiou as will be seen by the bills introduced
here, bonds will be issued for three million five
hundred thousand dollars payable twenty years
hence and bearing interest from date. The compa
nies say they will pay the interest as it becomes
due. Will they do it ? How ? From the nett
earnings of the road? Muchas had been said
about the profits of rail-roads in Georgia there is
not one known to him that had paid au average of
7 per cent from the date of its construction.
The Central Railroad, that great monopoly which
in the figurative language used here had usurped
the power aud commerce of the State had not paid
six percent. The State road running through a
region rich in minerals and agriculture and bear
ing oft'on its track not only the ore of the moun
tains and the products of the soil that lie on its
line but supported by a country as rich beyond,
had not paid one per cent on the cost of its con
How many of the roads to be built under the
system proposed will do any better? If they do
not pay the interest, at the expiration of twenty
years, u-e shall have an indebtedness of 10 or 12
millions of dollars exclusive of the present debt.
AA ill you visit such a burden upon our children
aud those who follow us ? If, however, contrary
to the experience of every road in Georgia they
should be able to meet the installments of inter
est as they become due—the principal sum of three
millions five hundred thousand dollars will re
main to be paid they will not have a dollar to
meet it. The State then must pay it For reim
bursement the roads will be sold by the Sheriff at
public outcry, or be taken by the State as her
property. A\ hat they will bring at a forced sale
no man can tell. They will go at an immense
sacrifice eter\ body knows. If the State takes
them they will beau expense rather than a pay
ment of her bonds. Iu any event the State los
es. There were those who looked with indiffer
ence on a large public debtand avowed that taxes
were important to preserve the allegiance of the
people. He claimed no sympathy with any such
doctrine. A\ r ho of the Representatives here did
not hail with gratification the announcement made
in the Governor’s Message that the credit of Geor
gia stood prdeminent among her sister States.—
AVill you destroy it? AVill you break it down by
flooding every market, tOM-n and city with her
bonds ? Let us preserve her character. Let us
present to the world for once the rare spectacle of
a State vast in resources, boundled in wealth, and
without a dollar of debt ! Mr. C. referred to the
injustice that would be done to the Central rail
road if the States hould unite in building a compe
ting road. C. R. R. was built at great expense at a
time M'hen rail roads were an experiment, and
when there Mas no outlet to the sea. A feM T en
terprising men embarked their all in it, life, labor,
capital were spent in its construction. AA T ill you
lay the strong arm of the government upon it?
Let private enterprise build a competing road if it
will, but the State should take no part. He re
gretted to hear insinuations that members acted
here under Savannah influence. He was indiffer
ent as to the motives ascribed to him. He would
not be worthy of a seat on the floor, or the respect
of gentlemen if he could be driven from the con
scientious discharge of duty by the fear of such a
suspicion. Of Savannah he knew but little, of her
citizens be knew but little, he had no doubt they
were generous and hospitable. It was a city of Geor
gia and he was proud to say that there was no city
North or South, of the same population and wealth
that in building roads, opening communication in
the outlay of capital and enterprise had done so
Allusions had been made to this measure in
connection u’ith the rights of the South. The
gentlemen from Glynn advocated it as a Southern
Rights measure—The gentlemen from Lumpkin
rallied the Union men to the cry. It was a proud
day for Georgia when on a measure purporting to
have for one of its objects, the defence of her honor
and interests past feuds are forgotten—past ani
mosities, and,,Southern Rights and Union men
shall lock their shields in a common cause. A/any
think the day not distant when we shall be com
pelled to seek under our State Government a ref
uge from the usnr-,aiions and wrongs of a federal
Legislature. 1; we u'ould prepare for the emer
gency—if we v. ould be ready when the day comes,
let us husband our resources —let us gather up our
scattered en< rgies—that, when the devouring de
mon walks abroad, clothed with the mantle and
armed with the sceptre,ofpporerM r er and stimulated
by tho insatiable spirit of fauatacism, we may
arise like the Eagle renewed in his strength aud
drive him back howling from our borders.
Mr. Harris, of Glynn, This is an unequal con
test—we have had to meet distinguished lawyers,
m c now have to meet an ex-member of Congress.
He never deluded any man, upon the hustings, or
Who does not know that in 1833, we passed
through a trying ordeal ? Then M e had entered on
no great system ofintcrnal improvement. Then the
principle of internal improvement received its first
impulse. He read from the message of Governor
Lumpkin. He Mould try the gentleman from
Baldwin by bis own record. He read from the
Journal of 1834.
Mr. Kenan rose to explain.
Mr Harris bad no objection to the position of the
gentleman in 1834. Though” he was right then
M’rong now. lie read from the journal of the
House in 1835. Georgia’s geographical position
makes her the empire State of the South, the key
stone of the arch. He intended to shoM r that the
gentleman from Baldwin had voted for State Aid.
He read from the journal of 1835. Is this anew
doctrine? He read from the journal of 1836. He
read from the journals of several previous Legis
latures, sliOM'ing that the State aided in numerous
railroad enterprises. These were days, when no
pigmies sat on this floor, He was accused to-day,
of traveling out of his m t ay to cull flowers to be
deck the brow of H A r Johnson—he needed no in
cense of his, on his altar. His monument is in the
hearts of his countrymen. He spoke of Messrs
Toombs and Stephens iu highly complimentary
He was a representative from the first congress
ional District. He knew he represented that Dis
trict, M'hen lie asked for State Aid: he came here to
represent the whole State of Georgia. He M r as too
good a brother in law to the Methodistjchurch to
misstate a fact. He read from the Message of
Gov. Johnson. We ask you this day to lend us
your aid to make the very connection Gov. J.
recommends. As the gentleman from Henry said,
lie would now produce a “battering ram.” He
read from Gov. Brown’s Message. This bill was
framed in accordance with his recommendations.
AVhy is it that these objections were blown away
from the great minds of the Representatives of the
Bth Congressional District, and your Senator in
Where does this opposition come from ? the Cen
tral Railroad: must the interest of iO,OOO voters
be sacrificed to this juggernaut of the Central Rail
road. The building of the Main Trunk has in
creased the facilities of that portion of the State.
He spoke of the Road from Ch irleston to Savan
nah. He spoke of the connection of the Railroads
at Columbus and Augusta carrying our exports
AVe tried to follou'the train of Mr. Harris’ re
marks, till forced by his eloquence and the late
ness of the hour, dark coming on, we sat so en
tranced that we forgot our business. AA r e reiter
ate our remarks of Saturday, with the additional
one, that in our judgment, ho has more popular
oratory than any man in the House.
Mr. Irwin of Wilkes, explained his position
this morning—asked gentleman not to be carried
away by the oratory of the gentleman from
Glynn. He Mr. 1., had not argued the principle
of State Aid —he had only spoken of this partic
ular bill. He stated in his place on Saturday, and
again this morning, that the security placed upon
the bill was not worth the paper upon which it
was written—pass this bill and it will take Gov
ernor Brown and all the men who M ill follow him,
to hunt down these broken stockholders. In the
name of all the patriots you have invoked, M'e beg
you to reconsider this bill ’and let the proper re
strictions be put upon it, Ac., Ac.
Mr. Irwin sat down, and cries of the question
were heard from all quarters. Such a moment of
suspense: M-e have seldom seen. Friends and op
ponents alike afraid of the result.
The yeas were 74 —nays 03. So the motion to
The House adjourned to 10 o’clock to-morrow
In closing our report of these debates we beg to
say that if we have misstated any member we
shall be glad and ready to correct the error. If
we have not given as full synopsis of their speech
es as would have been desirable we beg them to
attribute that, to the “fault of our head and not
our heart.” The debates were long and stormy
and it is generally conceded that the speeches of
yesterday, Mere on the whole the best delivered
in the House since the days of those great men,
Colquitt, Cooper aud Black. R G.
Kansas News —Favorable Eeports from the
Gold Mines, &c.—Leavenworth Tuesday Nov 9:—
Per United States Express to Booneville , Novem
ber 12. —Favorable accounts continue to arrive
from the gold regions. Seven men, of Georgia
Company, took out SSOO in five days. Upwards
of six hundred wagons, bound to the mines, were
met last week between Fort Kearney aud the
crossing of the Platte.
Arrivals from Utah report six inches of snow
on the Sweet AA’ater, and icc an inch thick. •.
Twelve hundred Indian lodges were erected in the j
vicinity. On the military road between this point
and Fort Laramie, the Indians are peaceable. i
Seward’s Revolutionary Speech.—The New
York Tribune thus eharcterizes the revolutionary I
speech of Seward:
“With the instinct of a statesman, the speaker
discards all minor, temporary and delusive issues, j
aud treats only of n-hat is final and essential.—
Clear, calm, sagacious, profound ami impregnable,
showing masterly comprehension of the present as- j
pects and future prospects ol jthe great question j
which now engrosses our politics, this speech will
be pondered by every thoughtful man in the land,
and confirm the eminence so long maintained by
Cincinnati, Nov. 15.— The Steamer Fulton
has been sunk near Buffington Island. The boat
and baggage are lost; and twelve steerage pas
REPORTED FOR THE COLUMBUS TIMES,
FURTHER DECLINE IN COTTON.
Halifax, Nov 17th.—The steamship Niagara
has arrived with Liverpool dates to the 6th inst.
Liverpool Cotton Market. —Sales of the
week 47000 bales. Cotton had declined 14 and.
caused by steamer's news from the U. S.
The following are the quotations :
Fair Orleans, - - - 7 %
Middling, - - - 6 %
Fair Mobiles, 7 %
Middling, “ 6 13-16
Fair Uplands, - - 7
Middling u - 6 %
Breadstuffs and Provisions declining.
Consols have declined and are quoted at 97%.
Havre Nov. 3.—( Per Vanderbilt.) —The Cotton
market to-day was dull, with sales of 300 bales,
and with a downward tendency. There are hol
ders of New Orleans Middlings at 100/rancs with
Savannah, Nov. 10, —The steamships Augusta
and Huntsville, from New York, and the City of
Norfolk, from Baltimore, armed to-dav.
New Orleans, Nov. lo.— News from Mexico has
been received, announcing that the City of Mexi
co had been attacked by the Liberals, andf our
hundred of the Zuloaga forces were killed.
The Liberals were in possesion of the whole
country, except the Capital.
Mobile, Nov. 16.—The United States sloop-of
war Plymouth, arrived here yesterday with the
Hon. John Forsyth on board. Orders were forth
with issued to the squadron to enforce the anti
Legislation and the Currency. —The Jour
nal of Commerce in reviewing the discussions and
proceedings of a meeting of the “ friends of a sounci
currency” in New York, remarks :
We have had far too niHch legislative tinkering
of the currency already, and we have little faith
in the benefit of arbitrary enactments. The laws
of trade will better regulate these matters if we
leave the subjeet entirely to them, and not inter
pose so many legal interruptions. If we are to
have special legislative privileges on one side, we
create it necessity for special restraints on the other;
but free trade, like the truth, needs less careful
watching. If possible, therefore, let the reform take
the direction of enlarged freedom, instead of fresh
restraints. To remove the more common temptation
to reckless banking, and to provide a more sub
stantial basis for the credit superstructure we can
not yet afford to demolish, why not take a step in
the direction of freedom, and abolish the odious
Usury Laws? It is the operation of these tyran
nical regulations, left us as a legacy from the bar
barous ages, which render so many other legisla
Wo forbid the legitimate loaning of money at
over seven per cent., aud then create, by law, a
class of institutions which are enabled to declare
eight and ten per cent, dividends, by the very
practices we arc now exhausting our wisdom to
prevent. We increase the competition in banking
without increasing capital, by refusing the same
profit to money employed in more natural chan
nels; and after stimulating this strife by every
conceivable legislative artifice, until the fever thus
created leads to all sorts of wild excesses, we set
to work, on the homoeopathic principle, to cool off
the excitement and restrain the madness by a
farther exhibition of the same process. It would
be refreshing, for once, to see a step taken in the
opposite direction. Let us leave off the hot house
system, and see if the currency will not have a
sounder growth by a little less nursing. And when
legislation is proposod, let it be in a removal of
somo of thoso stimulantr to banking which have
rendered artificial props necessary. Here is work
for a reform-league, which, if well performed, will
have no doubtful issue, and will result in a per
manent good to all classes of the community.
DARBY’S PROPHYLACTIC FLUID.
A llows no Rival in * Americ A !
R emoves every bad Odo R !
B ursts into contagion like a bom 15 !
Y ields to nothing in supremac Y !
’8 tands unrivallpd in its merit’ 8 !
P oisoris elude, its gras P !
R emoves rancidity irom butte R !
O ffers ernes for sores and burns als O !
P urlfiestho breath on beauty’s li P !
IF ighly benefits and preserves teet H !
\ ou ought to have it for your famil Y !
Li ets no malaria ‘escape its contro L !
A cts with certainty on all miasm A !
C uts short the necessity *for physi C !
T akes pain from the bite of an insec T !
Invites the notice of Literal I !
C omesup to the idea of Prophylacti C !
F lings contagious diseases entirely of F!
L ets nothingjiave color so beautifu L I
U se it freely and you’ll find thisFi U !
Id more wonderful than feats of Mag I !
DARBY’S PROPHYLACTIC FLUID
Manufactured only in the Laboratory of
From which, or [Jarre!l, Risley J* Kitchen, No.
76 Barclay street N. Y. it may be ordered.
FOR SALE IN COLUMBUS BY
BKO >KS &. • H PAUJt,
J. S. PKMHKRI'OX &CO.
DANFoKTH, NAGEL. & CO.
sror John Derby is so will known as a scien
™ fle gent.enrian throughout the South, that it is only
n ctessar) io know that he is the peparer of thi-
Flu id, to .’eel assured there is uo quackery about it.
Holloway’s Pills —Emaciation and Prema
ture decay , slew and life destroying fever, and the
chronic consequences of neglected symptoms of
disease, may be expelled even at the eleventh
hour, by a few doses of this sterling medicine. It
acts as an alterative as well as a purifier of the
blood, and may be safely taken by females as well
as by children of all ages.
at the manufactory, No. SO Maiden
Lane, New York, and by all Druggists, at 25c.,
63c., and $1 per Box. novl2dwlw
WOOD’S HAIR RESTORATIVE.
Almost every body has heard of Wood's Hair
Restorative. That the word Restorative in this
case is no misnomer, we have the testimony of
individuals whose elevated position in the country
as well as their acknowledged and honorable cha
racter as gentlemen, render whatever they publicly
asssert in the last degree reliable. Several of
these have tested, personally, the hair preparation
we are now speaking of. and certify to its amazing
efficacy in the most public manner possible. Their
certificates can be seen at the proprietor’s depot,
312 Broadway, New Y~ork, and once seen and
properly appreciated, we have no hesitation in
saying they will impress conviction on the most
skeptical mind. Wood’s Hair Restorative is,
doubtless, the best article of its kind ever yet pro
i does not dye, but gives life, health and
I beauty to the decaying, falling and dead, restoring
j as if by magic, that which was supposed to bo ir
! recoverably lost. Heads nearly bald, and other.-
| nearly white, are daily being changed to tbcii
j pristine beauty, and faces covered with pimples art
! rendered as smooth as an infant’s, and blushing
as a rose, all by the use of Prof. \V oocl’s llair Re
storative. For sale at 114 Market Street, aud by
all Druggists.— Chicago Democrat.
Sold by all Druggists in this city, and by deal
ers and druggists generally throughout the United
States and Canadas. oct27 —wd2w.
WHAT IT IS DOING FOR THE SICK.
1 Wm. Shuchman, Esq., the well known Litho
“l have frequently used Bcerhave's Holland
I Bitters, and find it invariably relieves indiges
tion and debility.”
Rev. Samuel Babcock, says: “I found special
relief from its use, for a severe headache, with
which I had suffored.”
J. W. Woodwell, Esq., says: “I have used Boer
haves Holland Bitters myself and recommended it
to others, knowing it to be just what it is repre
Alderman Jonathan Neely; of Lower St. Clair,
says “I have derived great benefit from its use for
weakness of tko stomach aud indigestion.”
James M. Murphy, says: “After several physi
cians had failed, Boerhave’s Holland Bitters re
moved pain from my heart and side, arising from
j See Advertisement. novl2—lwdw.
By ELLIS & MATHIS,
Auction Sale of
VALUBLE OIL PAINTINGS
We will sell at our Auction Room
ON WEDNESDAY NIGHT, NOV. 24
A large and handsome lot of OIL PAINT
| INGS, a large portion of which were purchased
j by a gentleman of this city for his own use, ma
j king the finest lot of painrings ever sold here at
| auction. Catalogues will be read)'’ a few days
| previous to the sale.
I novlS—did ELLIS, Auctioneer.
* THE subscribers take pleasure in informing
t their customers and all interested in the purchase
of Drugs, Mrdicim-s, v* hitc Lead,
Oils, <Kcc., to their large and varied assort
ment of articles usually sold by Druggists, which they
are now offering on as reasonable terms, as can be
found in this city; and to those who.prefer buying for
cash we would say, call, and they will find it to their
interest to purchase from us. Every article sold by us
warranted to be as represented.
DAN FORTH, NAGLE & CO.,
Wholesale and Retail Druggists,
Sign of the Golden .Mortar, No. 107, Broad St.
Columbus, Gu. Nov. 18, 1858. dwtf
is the trade-mark of the Kerosene Oil
V. Company, and all persons are cautioned against
using the said trade-mark for other Oils.
Notice This.—We are the Sole Agents for the Ker
osene Oil Company for the saie of the Kerosene Illumi
nating Oil in this city, and persons purchasing else
where would do well to inquire of the dealers if they
are selling them the genuine Kerosene Oil.
At present we do not believe there is one gallon of
the genuine Kerosene Oil for sale in this city, as the
company for a few weeks past has been overstocked
with orders, but we expect to receive a fresh supply in
a few r days direct from Head-quarters.
DANFORTH, NAGEL <fc CO.
Sole agents for the sale of Kerosene Oil in Columbus.
November 18, 1858.—dwtf.
20 Casks Canvassed Hams,
ON CONSIGNMENT AND FOR SALE AT
HUSHES, DANIEL & GO’S.
November 17, 1858.—dlw.
r r* HE undersigned invites proposals until the 15tli
S December next, for the building of a BABTIST
CHURCH in ibis city. Plan and specifications can
be seen by bidders, at ihe office of Thomas J. Nuckolls
in Jones’ Building. For any information on the sub
ject, address N. NUCKOLLS, Cli’n.
Columbus, Nov. IG, 1858—dim.
EXECUTOR’S SALE.—W’ill be sold on Monday
the 29th instant, at 12 o’clock, in front of Harri
son Pitts’ Auction Room, the House and Lot in the
city of Columbus, belonging to the late Mrs. E. R.
Crook. This house is delightfully situated on Bryan
Street, and is. on part of lot No. 343, with eight la'rge
rooms; halls above and below, and collonaded on all
sides. Sale positive. Terms: Credit of one and two
years, with 7 per cent, interest.
Nov. 16, 1858—d12 wit M. J. CRAWFORD, Ex’r.
MA [DESIRABLE RESIDENCE in
Wynnton. Apply to
Nov. 16—dtf. EDW. T. SHEPHERD.
FRUIT & CONFECTIONERY
(No. 88 Broad st.—opposite Redd <fc Johnson’s.)
W ISIIES to announce that he
H as just received a fresh supply of Candies,
H avvana Oranges, Lemons, Banannas, Northern
Cabbage and Apples,
P reserves, Jellies, Fruits, Vegetables, and Baltimore
Cove Oysters in
H crmetically sealed cans and jars;)
E nglish Walnuts, Pecans, S. S. Almonds, Brazil and
L aver and Bunch Raisins, Prunes, Currants, Cit
P ickles, Fresh Lobsters, Sardines, Pine Apple, E.
W. and State Cheese;
Superior Cigars of various brands, and fine Chewing
and Smoking Tobaaco.
TERMS CASH. No memoranda kept.
STOVES, MORE STOVES!
JUST received and for sale, another large lot of
Cooking,* flict & Panor toves.
I invite public attention to the following choice patterns
IRON WIZZARD (for wood) MELODEON (wood.)
GOLDEN COOK, “ VIOLET, “ 1
EASTERN PREM. “ OPAL,
PATRIOT, “ WROUGHT Iron “
RELIEF, “ TIIEBAN,
DOUBLE OVEN, (for Coal) Cottage Parlor, “
PERUVIAN, for wood, | New Cottage Parlor.
Also, Sheet Iron Office Stoves, different patterns.
Box Stoves for Stores, &l c. “ “
Together with a full assortment of House Furnish
ing Goods. My terms are reasonable, and all goods
sold bv me are warranted to give satisfactionornosale
nov!l3—dtf It. M. ALDWORTH.
IYTEW Hulled Buckwheat,
Family Flour—A Choice Article;
JIIRAM SMITH FLOUR,
Choice Goshen Butler,
English Diary Cheese,
Best State Cheese,
Pine Apple Cheese,
Cranberries. White Beans.
Large Hominy, Potatoes. Onions,
Pickled Beef, Pickled Pork, Sn.oked
Beef, Smoked Tongues,
100 Bushels Sweet Potatoes,
Just received by VAN MARCUS.
Colnmbus, Ga. Nov. 6, 1858.—dtf
Candy Manufacturer & Conreclionei
and retial DEALER IX
GREEN & DRY FRUITS.
IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC CIGARS.
No 20 Broad st, Columbus, Georgi
ORNAMENTED PARTY CAKES—Count,’
orders will meet with prompt attention.
Nov. 3, 1858. dl3m.
AT THEONEPttKE <74 SI!
DRY GOODS STORE.
140 Broad Stieet—Masonic Euilding
li A Mi’TBjIUJPS
Has just opened a magnificent assortment of
SILKS, SIIAW LS and
FANCY DltlSS GOODS.
purchased at recent New York Auction Sales for Cash
at an immense sacrifice:
5,000 yards Fancy Dress Silks at 50c. worth SI
5,000 “ Black Silks —all widths;
50 pieces Printed all wool Delaines of the very
best quality, at 50 cents per yard;
50 pieces French Merinos—all shades;
20 “ Union Marino Plaids, splendid quality
100 Rich French Robes a’Les—beautiful Goods ’
50 Rich French Valencias and Poplin Robes—ven
Alarga Assortment cf
FANCY DRESS GOODS,
Bought at a reduction of 25 per cent., on the price usu
ail paid for such goods:
25 Pieces ARABIAN CROSS OVERS—
Heavy quality and beautiful colorings;
30 pieces POILE deCHE VRE, high colors—
New and choice designs.
15 pieces VALENCIAS—very handsome.
20 pieces COLUMBIAS BAYADERE—
Of highest lustre
5 pieces ELVIRAS—a new and beautiful article.
10 pieces Plaid LASTINGS CHENE—
Superior quality and coloring.
Together witli other styles of Goods
ADAPTED TO A
FIRST CLASS TRADE,
A LARGE STUCK OF FINE
White and Colored Flannels,
AND HOUSE KEEPING GOODS IN GENERAL.
A Large Stock of
Calicoes and Homespuns,
Of every at very low prices.
CLOAK o, tHAV/ub £ JUD TALMAS,
In great variety.
Buyers are invited to examine, compare and judge
before making their purchases. Remember the address
J ames jN£cl 3 liiliips.
14.0 t iond Mreit.
Two Doors below J. B. Strupper’s.
ONE PRICE ON LY.
Every article markeilat the lowest.
Columbus, Ga., Nov. 10,1858. d&wtf
JiJ O 111 il VL3;
A full a sortin in ot BajouV Kid Gloves, open>
ed this morning. Jaß McFIIILUPS,
14U Broad .-tre-et, Masonic bu,,d ug.
Planters & Country Merchants.
Would call attention oi Buyers to tus large stock
of Foreign and D ntes ic
As he has a buyer residing ii New York, lie
will at a 1 times he piepared io oiler good-I<> iLe
Trade for Cash only) at ibe lowest JNevv York
Cost p ioes by the haf or package
Piatnets wd. find th* y can save nrmnev hi buy
ing their KEKBE 8. NhURU BLaNKEIS,
cYe.,from him, his slock isexiensive and fits pro
c<‘S n ueh below that ol any other store in the
Call and see his goods and prices, and thus post
vourselvebuptn what you can get u>r your mo
ney and what goods are worth. Remember the
14’J Bio.id Street,
Two doors below J. B. Stiupper.
Oct- ,o..d&w U.
W. H. SAYRE. A. 11. WHITE.
SAVES E & WHITE,
AND DEALERS IN
Pork, Bacon. Lard, Flour Butter,
CHEESE, DRIED FRUIT, &c.
Particular attention will be given to the Purchase
and Shipment of all descriptions of Western Produce,
and articles of Cincinnati Manufacture.
November 9, 1858. (Urnwfin
“THE GORDY GRAPE.
THIS delicious and valuable table Grape was first
brought to notice two years ago by Mr. L. Lord)
of this county. Those who have seen this Grape are
willing to testify in its favor. To tiiose who arc unac
quainted with it we refer the following testimonial:
Columbus, Ga., October 1858.
MR. L. GORDV—Dkak Sik:
We the undersigned have seen and eaten of your
delicious native Grape, and it affords ns much pleasure
to state, that we think vve have never seen a Grape
that would compare with it in excellence as a prolific
bearer, the size of its fruit and hunches, and their une
We hope that you may have a stock of growing vim s
of this valuable Crape sufficient to supply the huge de
mand you will have lor them.
We recommend those of our friends who wish to
raise the Grape, by ail means to purchase vines of you.
as your Grape is, in our opinion, less liable to rot, anil
ripens more uniformly than any other variety that we
have seen. [Signed by]
A. 11. Cooper, D. P. Ellis,
John A. Jones, Chailes Cicghorn,
Thomas J. Shivers, G. E. Thomas,
Jas. Kiviin, Isaac J. Moses,
John Ligon, J. W. Warren,
It. Patten, Wm. F. Plane,
T. W. Tadman, S. 11. Hill,
H. T. Hall, Wm. W. Garrard,
Chas. J. Williams, Geo. Hungerford,
Wm. A Dougiass, Wm. Beach,
A. J. Moses, Jas. M. Everett.j
L. P. Warner, J C Brewer,
Jas. Ligon, D. L. Boolier,
Joseph Kyle, I C Johnson,
B. A. Thornton, Wm. Snow,
T. A. Ethridge.
These vines will be furnished as follows—Single
Vines 82.00. Five Vines for 88.00. 10 Vines for -15
Orders with the money promptly attended 10.
Nov.9—tint w3t ELLIS &. MATHIS.
Startling Intelligence for Vox Populi!
P.CTURE ALLERY IN FULL BLAST,
I' HE undersigned announces to the citizens of Co
lumbus, and in fact to ail Georgia, that i.e is now
aking Pictures in as good style as they can be taken
n the “Empire State,*’ either by a foreign or natae ar
ist. His prices range from that much “despised sum—
• fty cents to ten dollars. And although he does U’l
retend to say that he is the best artist in tire United
States, yet he fears not the result of a comDarison with
hose whose reputation is bolstered up by long adver
■sements and purls of their own manufacture. He
refers that ladies and gentlemen should judge for
lemseives. And if those in want of a g<>< and Picture
vill call and give him a trial, he will convince them
tat he fully understands the modus ojerar.di of picture
iking. All he wants is a fair and impartial trial, and
e fears no competition from any quarter.
His Gallery is over Barnard’s Store, Broad Street,
vTiere he will be happy to receive visitors and show
item his specimens at all times.
G. T. WILLIAMS.
Nov. fi—lmd Photographic Artist.
CORDS WELL SEASONED PINE WOOD,
JyJ Appply at this office. octSO dtt
f ’ HITE AND YELLOW ONION SETTS, Jus
Vt received and for sale bv
Nov. 15—dwtf BROOKS & CHAPMA.N