- • ' ' ■=" , • _ />. .
M ADAM L\V ALRtTE.
Let Edinburgh, critics (FerwheTm with their praises; f
Their Madhm de Stall, and their fam’d L’Epinasse;
Like a meteor at best, proud Philosophy blazes,
And the fame of a Wit, is as brittle as glass:
But ckeering’s the beam, and unfading the splendor
Of thy torch, Wedded love! and it never-lias yet
■Shone with lustre more holy, more pure, or more tender.
Thun it shed3 on the name of the fair Lav alette.
Then fill high the wine-cup, e’en Virtue shall bless it,
And hallow the goblet which foams to her name;
The warm lip of Beauty shall piously press it,
And Hr met shall honor the pledge to her fame:
To the health of the Woman, who freedom and life too
Has risk’d for her husband, ire’ll pay the just debt,
And hail with applause the Heroine and Wife too,
The constant, the noble, the fair Lav alette.
Her foes have awarded, in impotent malice,
To their c.antive a doom, which all Europe abhors,
And turns from the stairs of the Priest-haunted palace,
While those who replaced them there, blush for their
But, in ages to come, when the blood-tarnished glory
Of Dukes and of Marshals, in darkness hath set,
Hearts shall throb, eves shall glisten, at reading the story
Of the fond self-devotion of fair Lavalette.
An Escape similar to that of Lavalette.—When Cavades,
king of Persia, was imprisoned by his subjects, in conse-
quence of the odious use he made of his authority the queen
carried him whatever he stood jn need of, but without
obtaining permission to see him. The officer, by whom
he was guarded, having conceived a passion for her, gave
her leave to write to hef husband. She then requested
that she might be allowed to visit him; but the gaoler to
this favor attached certain conditions. The queen in
formed her husband, who desired her to flatter a passion
which plight be of so much utility to them both. She at
last obtained an interview, in which Cavades learned that
a faithful friend, named Sesosis, had in readiness a body
of guards, who as soon as he should make his escape,
■would accompany him wherever he might think proper.
In consequence of this precaution, the necessary measures
being concerted, the queen dressed herself in the king’s
clothes, and the latter escaped in the dress of a female.
The queen remained a prisoner, and was treated with
severity rather than clemency.
LATEST FOREIGN NEWS.
Boston-, July 13.
By the ship Brutus, which arrived this day from Lon
don, we have received London papers to the 31st of May,
from which the following articles are extracted:
London, May 31.
The British funds continue to rise—owing to the eco
nomy displaved by government, in the recent numerous
Mr. Canning has accepted the office of president of the
board of control; and a member of parliament is to be
chosen in his stead for Liverpool.
Mr.,Brougham gave notice of a motion for the destruc
tion of the treasury records of the income tax. The
chancellor o f the exchequer said they should be destroy
ed. The object of Mr. B. is supposed to have been partly
to shew a detestation of the tax, and partly because it
was improper tor government to possess a schedule of
Lord Grenville last night, gave notice in parliament, of
a motion for the next session, tending to enforce a regis
tration of slaves in the West-Indies, and lord Bathurst
.declared government to be ready to concur in effecting
Our Paris dates are to May 27.
A son of Boissy d’Anglas has been arrested. Also
count de Thiars.
The frigate Amphitrite, and the Louvre, flute, have
sailed from France for Pondicherry, with count Dupy
and suite, govern >r of the French possessions in India.
A squadron from Guad:doupe Was to sail the beginn
ing of June.
Lady Hester Stanhope, niece and companion of the late
William Pitt, (according to the French papers) is now
at the head of the Bedouin Arabs in Egypt. She had
been an extensive traveller in company with Bruce, lately
tried at Paris, and from the feeble timid woman, has be
come a strong and courageous amazon. Her followers
look upon her as a superior being, and she declares she-
ivill never forsake them.
Miss O’Xeili has refused two thousand guineas for an
engagement of three weeks at the Birmingham theatre.
Office of the JY F. Commercial Advertiser,
Alow lay, July 15—.Yoon.
From our very attentive and obliging correspondent in
"London, we have this morning (by the way of Boston)
received the London New Price Current of the 28th of
’May, Lloyd’s List, of the same date, and London papers
of the 27th and 30th. Extracts from each will be found
in the Commercial Advertiser this evening.
Mr. Canning and suite, from Lisbon, via. Bordeaux, ar
rived at Plymouth, in the frigate Granicus, on the 26th
London, fa ay 27.
Since our last we have received the Paris papers of
Wedncsdav, Thursday and Friday. Arrests of the dis
affected still continue in various purls < f France. A ge
neral Chartran has been shot at Lisle, in pursuance of
his sentence, for joining Bonaparte. This miserable vic
tim of the times wouldhave been pardoned, we presume,
but for the recent disturbances at Grenobie.
Courier Ertvaordinary of Friday morning-.
Several small detachments of convalescent foreign sol
diers daily leave Paris to join their respective regiments.
Sunday last, at 3 p. w. the police arrested, near the
Rotunda of Vil-tte, on the left of the Basin of that name,
five criminals who had escaped from the galleys.
The arrest of Didier was owing to the care of two of
his accomplices, who hoped to obtain their pardon at
this price. Some papers were found upon him, which
were seized, but sixty-three francs only in money were
found on him.
P i tus, May 24.
Travellers from various pars of France agree in say
ing, that never did the fields exhibit such luxuriant
On the 6th of May, there arrived at Perpignon under
the guard of gend’armie, a Spanish general, who was
first supposed to be the famous Mina, but who turns out
to be Vasco. He was shut up irt the military prison of
Castiiiet, from which he was sent into Spain under a
good escort, on the 8th.
Grenoble, May 18.
Itis already known that a reward of 20,000 francs has
been offered for the capture of Didier; rewards of 3000
francs have also been ordered for the capture of Audre
Brim, called the dromedary, ex-colonel; and Boillet, a
retired chief of battalion, his accomplices; other rewards
of leas amount are offered for the capture of Charvet,
usher an Vizille; Burif, ex-major ofVanjaury and Du-
frenes and Guillot, two officers on half pay, residing in
the commune of La Mure.
The disarming continues with success throughout the
whole of the (department. It is carried into effect bv
cor imissaries7 _ who are accompanied by a detachment of
Loops of the line.
David, one of the persons condemned by the prevotai
court, was executed on the 16th, in pursuance of the or
der of government.
Venice, May 12.
The audacity of certain malcontents here appears to
make a mock of the measures which the police take
against them. Almost every morning placards inviting
to resistance are found stuck up in the public squares,
especially those of St. Mark and the Arsenal. One of
these placards stated that the association of Unitarians
has become European. It is thus that some agitators
think to connect the political affairs of Europe with their
A mail from Holland also arrived this forenoon, with
Dutch papers to the 26th. They - are chiefly occupied
with details respecting the late disturbances at Greno
ble, but the accounts are less recent than have already
been before our readers. Several inhabitants of Conde
have been summoned to Paris as witnesses upon the tri
al of general Bonnaire for the murder of colonel Gor
don. Several French officers who lately quitted France,
crown prince of Sweden.
The following is abstract of a private letter, dateii
Paris, May 11. *
“Among the criminals who hare been arrested fieri
is one who has confessed that he had the commission tc
assassinate a great personage. These wretches called
the crime which they had planned, “the stroke of five,’
alluding to the number of the members of a great femili. •
A son of Boissy d’Anglas, peer of Prance, is arrested.—h
1’his young man was formerly sous-inspector under Bo
naparte, after the 20th March. His father was at thai
time sent as extraordinary commissioner from the usur
per to the departments. Among the arrested is also the
count de Thiars, lately one of Bonaparte’s chamberlains,
who formerly Commanded in Dresden. The public tran
quility has not been disturbed in Paris for a moment by
these events. The plan of the conspirators was a very
Foolish one: it was their idea to get England on their
side, by leaving it to the prince regent to decide on the
new dynasty to be placed on the French throne. It is
remarkable enough that this plan was simultaneous with
the attempt to surprise Grenoble.
London, May 30.
The public papers, and our private letters received
this morning, from those parts of the country which con
stitute the scene of the late riots, are satisfactory. A
disposition to riot, however, nad manifested itself among
the pitmen on the Wear; and apprehensions of _ distur
bances were entertained at Wisbech: hut we'rejoice to
find, that the provincial papers wmch announce these
new cases, at the same time remove ail anxiety for the
result The following are extracts:
Newcastle-upos-Tvne, May 28.
“We are concerned to state, that serious disturbances
have broken out amongst the pitmen and otlir workmen
connected with the collieries upon the Wear. Several
hundreds of them are off work, upon the ostensible
ground of their present wages being inadequate to their
support, while tne price of bread corn continues so very
much higher than it has been. We can readily believe
that the distress amongst them is very great: but that dis
tress appears to us to arise from a Want or dimunition of
employment, than from the present wages ot labor, as
compared with the advanced price of corn.”
[Here follow some observations upon the com bill, in
which that measure is represented as impolitic and de
trimental to the commerce of the Tyne and Wear.]
The article concludes thus:—In concluding tins arti
cle we are liappv to have it in our power to state, that the
pitmen and other misguided workmen upon the Wear,
have, through the prompt and, vigorous exertions of the
magistrates, aided by two troops of cavalry from New
castle, been induced to return to their work. We under
stand eight of the ringleaders were taken into custody
on Saturday and committed to Durham gaol. No dis
position of joining’them was at any time evinced by the
pitmen upon the Ti ne.”—Tyne Mercury.
ISLE OF ELY RIOTERS.
Elt, May 29.
Several of the riotous prisoners who had fled, have
been brought in, in the course of the last two days;
three or four of them are delegates, who had been ac
tive to raise the different parts of the island, to join the
Littlcport body. Lord Francis Osborne, who has acted
as vice-lieutenant for Cambridgeshire, in the absence of
iiieeari of Hardwicke, joined the bench of magistrates
yesterday. Tlu examinations are continuing.
The following persons have been fufiy committed, as
number of others will be, to be tried before a special
commission, expected soon to issue, liz. John Dennis,
Tiiom.iSSmith, Joseph, alias l ade Easy, Jes-
sop, Cheviile, Robert Cr.fi>, Jefferson, Robert
Salmon, W. Benius, jun. James Cambell, Richard Rutttr,
fee. fee. Seven more persons remain in custody, charg
ed with capital offences, and about twent;--four have been
liberated on their recognizance, who appear to have been
pressed into this desperate service.
The magistrates, finding that they could now dispense
with further military assistance, directed that the first re
giment of dragoon guards, under colonel Acklum, should
fail back to Cambridge, and that the artillery should pro
ceed to Newmarket. That long swivel pieces, wild fowl
guns, and other arms, about sixty in number, are now
placing on the ivall of the military depot. The pub
lic peace is now happily restored throughout the island.
We hear that lieutenant-general the earl of Dalhousie,
is appointed governor of Nova Scotia, and commander
of the forces in that province.—Edinburgh. Courant.
From Saturday Alight's Gazette.
Whitehall, May 25.'
Whereas it has been humbly represented to his royal
highness the prince regent, that a great number of per
sons have for some time past unlawfully assembled them
selves together in divers parts of the counties of Nor
folk, Suffolk, Huntington and Cambridge, and have cir
culated threatening letters and incendiary handbills, held
nightly meeting;, and set fire to several dwelling houses,
barns, outbuildings, and sacks of corn, and have destroy
ed cattle, corn, thrashing machines, and other instru
ments of husbandry.
His royal highness seeing the mischievous conse
quences which must inevitably ensue, as well to the
peace of the kingdom, as to the lives and property of his
m ijesty’s subjects, from such illegal and dangerous pro
ceeding’s, if not speedily suppressed, and being firmlv
resolved to cause the laws to be put into execution for
the punishment of such as offend against them, is hereby
pleased, in the name and on the behalf of his majesty, to
promise and declare, that any person or persons who
shall discover and apprehend, the authors, abettors or
perpetrators of any of the felonies or outrages above-
mentio > , so that they, or any of them may be duly con
victed ti.vi-eof; shall be entitled to the sum of 100/. for
each and every person who shall be convicted of any of
the aforesaid felonies.
And his royal highness is further pleased, in the name
and on the behalf of his majesty to promise his most
gracious pardon t any person or persons concerned in
the violent and illegal proceedings in question, upon
making such discovery as aforesaid, except any person
who shall have been a principal in the commission of any
of the felonious offences hovementioned.
The said reward of luO/ to be paid by the lords com
missioners of his majesty’s treasury. * Stbmovth.
[This gazette contains an account of the ceremonial of
the investiture of the prince Leopold of Saxe Cobourg
and sir J. Aberoromby with the insignia of knights
grand crosses of the Bath, on Thursday. It alsojiotifies,
that the prince regent has appointed the duke of Glou
cester and prince Leopold, field marshals and the earl of
Clanc rty, ambassador to Holland: and that he has per
mitted lieutenant Colonels Mieheal M'Creagh and Wil
liam Worre, to accept the Portuguese order of the tower
and sword, and captains C. M. Carrol and E. T. Poe,
the Spanish order of Charles III.]
The Paris papers of Monday arrived tlii3 morning.—
The following are extracts:
Paris, May 27.
It is said the king will go, on the 12A .Tune, to Fon-
tainbleau, where her royal highness the duchess of Bern
will arrive on the 15th, and that the marriage will be cel
ebrated on the 17th, in the metropolitan cliurch of Paris.
A German journal states, thatM. Fouche, duke of Ot
ranto, continues to occupy himself with writing his polit
ical memoirs. He proposes to publish them in the form
The latest letters from London confirm the news that
Savary and general Lallemand have obtained permission
to leave Malta, and have embarked for the United States.
Extract from a letter, dated Genoa, May 12.
“ A great number of French and Spanish ships have
arrived in our ports, which is blocked up with ship
ping. The merchants bejjpn to engage in speculations,
to which the guarantees of peace give prosperity. We
have sent off great quantities of goods to the Levant, Ger
many and a i the ports of Italy.”
Fresh prohibitations have been issued against the meet
ings of persons under prescribed denominations, such
as charcoal-burnes, Philadelphia, free Italians, Scotch,
friends of union, fee. The police lias been ordered to re
double its vigilance, and to seize wherever they may be
found, those symbols which sCrve for a rallying point in
the ceremonies on meetings of those societies. The
freemasons are strictly watched as well as others. Pub
lic security is worth some Sacrifice. The wise measures
of the government are applauded,
Brussels papers to the 27th arrived this morning. A
contagious distemper has broken out on the coast of Nor
way, to the north of Bergen, which appears to have ex
cited considerable alarm. Migration to America, from
the protestant cantons of Switzerland, pj«e vails to a great
TT^JSfnfl present session, have left town since Tues
day. It will therefore, probably, close about the end of
.^une. It has been a very sharp and ustfull session.—
Never did resistance to the ministers display itself in a
more constitutional form, with more honor to itself, with
nore usefulness to the country.
• Paris, May 25.
A singular report circulates her relative to the Dutch
ess de Str.'Lleu. It is said, that the authors of the late
conspiracy being in want of money to carry it into effect,
.pplied to that iadv. for assistance, confiding to bier their
plans, which, of course, held out to her and her family
the most brilliant prospects; that the dutchess, after ap
parently entering into iheir view's, to become more tho
roughly acquainted with them, wrote to M. de Cozes, who
was formerly attached to her person, when queen of Hol
land, over whom she is known to have preserved much
influence, to inform him, that She had communications to
make to him of the highest moment to the State and that
the kind treatment she had experienced from the king,
prescribed it as a duty to her, to give notice of designs
in agitation against his life and his throne; that M. de Cazes
immediately sent her passports, with which she secretly
came to Baris, and disclosed to the minister all the par
ticulars of the conspiracy. This report, such as I give it.
came from the court, where they cannot but be well inform
ed on the subj ect; but from the very circumstance of its pro
ceeding from that source, it may be considered as a fable,
contrived to throw distrust amongst the opposite party.
Some people even go so far as to affirm, that there never
existed any conspiracy at all, save the pubiic opinion,
which is a secret to no one, and that M. de. Cazes seeing
his influence on the decline, invented this conspiracy
himself, that the service rendered by its supposed discove
ry, might strengthen him in his ministerial scat.
The ministry, notwithstanding its recent modification,
is still divided. One part would pursue a moderate, the
other a rash system; which division throws embarrasment
and inconsistency into the proceedings of government.
This circumstance, his majesty, in truth, does not much
lament; because this ministry is by no means to his mind,
or in any way that of liis choice. He said but the other
day, “my ministers were complained of last year, but
those of the-present, are they much wiser; or, do they
not cause the\ former to be regretted?” To those who
understand the king, this means, AT. dr Blacas is superi
or to them all. The fact is, that the king has a peculiar
predilection for this personage. From the embassy of
Naples, M. de Blacas passes to that of Rome. He comes
in time to put his signature to, and to take to himself all
the honors of the new concordate prepared with much
labor by the bishop of St. MaTo. The return of the min
ister is one day announced, and the next contradicted;
all for the purpose offceling and preparing the public
miud on the subject. It will be seen that the latent and
fondest wish of his majesty is to form a new ministry, in
which M. de Blacas will take the lead, and that event
will take place on the first convenient opportunity. A
ciT nge is at this moment spoken of, with a view to restore
harmony in the cabinet. It is proposed to throw out
the Ultras. Clarke, the mos* ’conspicuous of them,
would, in that c se, be replaced by Marinont.
Both the affair of Grenoble, and that of Nismes are
now represented as not being the result of a conspiracy,
but as having originated in accident. The first of these
is attributed to the arrest of a highly respected individual
in the neighborhood of Grenoble, whom the prefect hud
ordered to be secretly arrested by the mayor; the latter
having refused. the prefect desired him to invite the indi
vidual in question to the prefecture, for the purpose of
mere explanation, promising he should not be arrested.
This promise was, however, broken, and the peasants of
the neighborhood, informed of the circumstance, present
ed themselves varioulv armed to the number of 12 or
1500, before Grenoble, for the purpose of demanding
his release. They were fired upon, and hence arose the
disturbance in that quarter.
The massacre of Nismes began at the celebration of a
Protestant wedding. The parties were grossly insulted
by some catholics—blows ensued. The bridegroom fell
in the affray, and in the result upwards of one hundred
and sixty persons, men, women and children were massa
cred. They also set fire to the house of the prote3tants
in question, by means of which, several adjoining houses
London, May 30.
For the information of the shipping interest.
Danish Consulate, London May 20, 1816.
The repairs of the light house of Skaga or Skaw, on
the northern points of Jutland, in Denmark, will on that
account, be extinguished on that day, and will continue
so till the close of the month of August. After having
undergone the necessary repairs, the light will have the
same elevation as before, but like the light on the is
land of Anholt, it will be enclosed in a lantern, where
by the effect of the wind will be avoided, and it will be
seen from all sides burning with a steady flame.
Tils Danish majesty's consul-general.
An article from Stockholm corroborates the accounts
to which we have more than once a lluded, of there be
ing a disposition somewhere to restore the ancient dy
nasty of Sweden, and reduce the present crown prince
to a private station. Several of the state dignitaries have
been degraded, but the nature of their offence is not de
clared. Bernadette is endeavoring to strengthen himself
by a foreign alliance, and a daughter of Prussia is solicit
ed for his son Oscar. We do not think that this match
will ensue, especially as a coldness towards Bernadotteis
perceptible in many quarters.
Several farmers who lately occupied about four thou
sand acres of Lnd in Lincolnshire, have recently emi
grated to America, after having sold their live and dead
stock. They were accompanied by the curate of the
On Tuesday next, the Belvidere frigate is to be drag
ged up from the water, by main force, upon the slip,
from which the Palias was lately launched, there to be
repaired, instead of taken into dock; this ive believe is an
experiment that has never been tried here with a larger
vessel than the commissioner’s yatch, and will he a no
vel and interesting sight.
A house of considerable consequence in the linen trade,
stopped payment on Thursday, in consequence of the
almost general stagnation in the commercial world.
From the Evening Star and Morning Herald.
A Paris (newspaper) article, dated 24th May, says—
“During the short duration of the mad rebellion at Gren
oble, Didier, (who instigated the rebellion at Grenoble,
and was taken upon the Piedmontese territory) had assu
med the title of intendant general of the Army of Inde
pendence; a man named Couchon, called himself Marshal
Grouchy; and a schoolmaster of La Mure called himself
count Bertrand. These wretches had also cloathed a
peasant in a dress covered with gold and decorations,
and they always appeared before him with their hats off”
A private fetter from Paris, of 22d May, after an
nouncing the arrest of of Caulaincourt, (Bonaparte’s
duke of Vicenza) says—“M. Manuel, so distinguished for
his patriotism and eloquence in the house of Representa
tives, has been also arrested, togerher with 54 persons of
less note. While with a view to quiet the Thuilleries,
Paris is kept in this state of perturbation, the religious
and political fanaticism of the South has broken out^with
“We learnj from good authority, that in the course of
last week a general rising took place at Nismes, which
terminated in the massacre of a. great number of the Pro
testants, and in the destruction of their dwellings. It is
confidently stated, that at least one half of the city lias
fallen a prey to the flames.
“Government had received notice, it appears, of Van-
damme’s being in the vicinity of Paris. Searches were
inconsequence made in every quarter, and in one instance
a detachment of gend’armes was ordered to surround an
inn at Versailles, where he was supposed to be secreted,
these men closely examined every person found in the
house, and being disappointed in'their principal object,
they, to justify their inquisitorial proceedings, carried off,
as suspicious characters, three individuals who happened
to be unprovided with passports.
“Private letters from Lyons describe the pretended en
thusiasm for royalty in very different terms from the
statements which have lately appeared in the papers.
“I he national guard, instead of spontaneously offering
to march against their fellow citizens at Grenoble, were
compelled by the menacing interference of gendar
merie and royal guard, to proceed in separate detachments
upon the road to that city. But no sooner did night
come on, than, escaping from the gendarmes, who con
ducted or rather escorted them, they disbanded and re
turned to their homes, from which it has been found im
possible to tear then a second time. The stratagem em.
lecting them in smalTl pbtiei in its neighbourhood
the pretence of exercising and reviewing them
thus onee collected, they were marched, some by f n
and others by persuasion, towards their destination ^
. Ffvm.the ATorning Post, of May 28.
The chancellor of the exchequer brought forward l
night the budget of the year. The supplies of the t-H*
1816, amount to 25,140,186/. The ways and means e r
mated at 27,305,271/. The soap, regulations are e v D ,',
ed to produce 200,000/; the taxes already laid on Luti *'
and cheese 100,000/. On the first year, of the peace Ct
year always signalized by .a heavy loan, he announce
tint there would be a reduction to the amount of r
3,000,000/. arl /
From the Fritish Press, of May 31.
Yesterday, in both houses of parliament, the prince *»
gent’s message, relative to the revision of the coi n J!'
was taken into consideration. It is proposed bv govtm
ment to make gold the standard value in the kingdom"
and to prevent silver from competing with it in the mV
ket, the value of the shilling will be reduced six Ll
cent. The pound troyes of silver, which used to be df
vided into sixty-two shillings, will, for the future, be dj'
vided into sixty-six, of which four will be reserved :s ’
seigniorage. The new coinage will, it is thought, be.ready 1
in,Seven, lfiotltbs, to supercede, by an almost instamane.
ous operation, the present disgraceful currency, v. nici, jj
depreciated thirty per cent.
The Frankfort Journal contains the following relatj 0 „ ri
of a curious stratagem and recourse to impose o tl ^ if
credulity of the inhabitants of Alsace:—A peasant H
going’ on Easter Sunday to church at Bloxheim. Oil. >
way he met a man on horseback, who cubed to him-—<1^
you know,” Said he, shew ing him a piece of gold,
face?” “It is the king’s”—“and this?” “It is the cn.pt.
r’s!” “Do you know the emperor?” “No, 1 ntvtr
saw him.” “Well then, I am he. All measures arc t,*
ken that I may soon remount my throne.” So saying t. t
clapped spurs to his horse- and disappeared The Dta. [
sant came to Bloxheim, told the story in confidence to
few persons, but it spread rapidly, and in two dais it
was generally reported that Bonaparte was. come back
again. The police discovered the source' of tills new-
and caused several persons to be arrested.”
Extract from a letter from captain Duckett, of the ship C:\t-
titude, dated Trieste, AFy 16.
“It would give me much pleasure, gentlemen, could I *
inform you of a beneficial freight, being even in vi- # t 0 "
England or any part, but really here business of every
kind is exceedingly dull; there are at present ten English
vessels in this port, sonieof which have been three mouths,
and yet nothing offered. The Laura, capt. McDonald, now
on the birth for London, is about one-third full, which
has occupied about four weeks, without anv pros ier*,
whatever of filling up. For the ports in the Mediterrarc-
an the}’ off er, for example , three hundred and fifty dollars
to go to Messina, loaded half way up to the rigging with,
deals, five hundred for Tunis, leaving the same prospec:
before you when there as here; such freights as tliosy
none but the foreign vessels under English colors, c, :
accept. They from the cheap method of victualing an;
paying their people, can make it, with much econoim
answer, but even to them it is very little profit. I wi]i)
sincerely it was none, for they are completely the ruin of
fail- English traders. While in the gulf, 1 was one dav
with very little wind near a large slap. She showed
an English ensign, which I answered. At length one
wi.th much difficulty, answered with a foreign accent'
Alexandria. I have mentioned the circumstance to five I
a more clear proof how much the flag is abused. The
merchants even tell you it is not your ships they want
but the flag. His majesty the emperor of Austriaj is now j
here on a visit, intends stopping six or seven days, which 1
is the chief ami nearly the only topic of conversation on
ch.nge; as to business its the last consideration.
TORTURE AT MADRID.
Vicente Ricliurd, a despicable enthusiast, suspected of
plotting to produce a countre-revolution in Spa-, «-a»
seized and imprisoned in Madrid on the 19th of VYpr
arv. On the rack, he accused as his accomplices ikti. ,
general Re-novales, Don Ramon Calalrava, Dor. ,)> ci
O’Donoju and Juan Antonio Yandiola. Calatrava and I
Renovates fled, but Vandiolaand O’Donoju, unsuspicious
of an accusation so completely groundless, were arrestei
and thrown into dungeons. They were then pu* to tie
torture, to extort confessions from them. O’Donoju hat
the nails of his hands and feet torn off by the roots. Hu
life is despaired of. \antliola was chained to the ground
and an enormous weight placed on his breast for fortv-
eight hours. They both presisted in their innocence to
the last. Yandiola was not liberated from torture until
he had become speechless and gone into com clsions.—
He now lies dangerously ill.
From the ,Yattonal Intelligencer,
THE CHEROKEE TREATY
The animadversions against the late convention with
the Cherokees, which have recently appeared in some of
the public papers of Tennessee, are of the’most violent
character. It is broadly asserted in those papers, tr.at the
government lias ceiled a large portion of the lands ob
tained from the Creeks in 1814, to the Cherokee s. The
frequent repetition of these assertions have induced us
to examine the subject, as Eras we have been ab.e to 11-
tain the materials necessary to such an investigation --
From these it appears, that the northern and western
bounct.u-ies of the cession are left undefined in the tr-.tr
with the Creeks in 1814. To ascertain the extent h.t
cession in those directions, it becomes necessary to es
tablish the extent of the Creek title on the north amiuu
the west. The first affects the interests of the ( n- ro-
kees and Chickasaws, according to the claims which lv-e
been urged by them respectively. The second aiitets
the interests of the Chickasaws and Choctows, upon the
same principles. It is contended by some of those pa
pers, that the Creek title extended to the Tennessee riv
er, to a point where die Creek path crosses that stream,
near the angle of Madison county, upon that river, and
that it extends westwardly along the Tennessee to ts
mouth of Cauev creek, and from the head, of that creel
to tiie Cotton Gin Post on the Tombigby river, wliich
is represented to be about sixty miles south of the bend
of Tennessee. It is believed that the lines run bv gene
ral Coffee, correspond with this delineation. Others con
tend that the Creek territory intersected the Tennessee
river at Nickajack, near a hundred miles higher up, be
ing that much tb tire eastward of the point before de
scribed. In corroboration of the claim thus made, itis
asserted, that the Cherokees never owned any land to the
south of tlie Tennessee.
It is proper to observe, that the treaties of the United
States, or of the state of Georgia, with the Creek nation,
furnish no evidence of the boundaries of that tribe, except
on the Georgia side. By the treaties of 1772, concluded
with the Cherokees and with the Creeks, by the provin
cial government of Georgia, at which both tribes were
present, it appears, that the corner between those tribes
had been previously fixed at a certain point on Little
river, by those tre;—its, and run from thence along the
ridge dividing the waters falling into little river on tbe
east, and Broad river on the west, to a place then marked
by the provincial commissioners, and called the Ch-ro*
kee corner, which is within about eight miles of \thens,
the site of the university of Georgia. In the year 1783,
treaties were again entered into with those tribes, on the
part of Georgia by which the Cherokee fine W»s extt nded
to the high shoals of the Appalachee—the Cnerokees
ceding a large district of country on the west, and the
Creeks a still larger on the east of that line. Thus far
there is no obscurity in the case. The Cheerokecs L->ld
the lands immediately south westwardly of the high shoals
of the Appalachee, wliich is about a degree sou'ih of tue
southern bend of the Tennessee. How far south of the
high shoals of the Appalachee the Cherokees hold, is un
known to us. *
By a treaty held with the Cherokees in the year 17SJ,
by generals M’Intosh and Pickens, and colonei Hawkins,
on die part of the United States, the Cherokee lands
were admitted to extend westwardly to the mouth of
Duck river. Since that period, they have ceded to the
United States all their claim to the lands lying in the
bend of Tennessee west of the eastern boundary of
Madison county, with the exception of two resen’ab 011 *
in favor of persons settled upon them; and the United
States engaged to procure from the Chickasaws the re,
linquishment of their claim to these reservations. In,
the year 1806, the United States, by treaty, engaged to-
use their influence with the Chickasaws to establish, MB
the boundary between them and the Cherokees, a creel?
emptying into the Tennessee river on the south, near*
the lower end of the Muscle shoals, called Caney creek*
Mid from the hend of that creek to the Flat Rock oa Be 45