f'rom the New-York Courier 1 *
SS® hundred pmofts were Aisc^e^rrotn foertvlasT ?*»*,were ttfentyitfo, nay# eieveft-majority eleven, ttef
and let those on society, without employment, and — : » k “ —* k “ "’ k ”
frail Hit with the instructions of crime. To uiese roust be
THE TOMB OF BURROWS.
X saw the gTeen turf resting’ cold
On Burrows’ hallowed grave;
No stone the inquiring patriot told
Where slept the good and brave;
Heaven’s rain and de v conspired to blot
The traces of the holy spot.
No flowrets deck’d the little mound*
That moulder’d on his breast,
Nor rural maidens, gath’ring round,
His tomb with garlands drest;
But sporting children thoughtless trod
On valor’s consecrated sod.
I mourn’d who for his country bleeds
Should be forgot so soon,
That fairest fame and brightest deeds
Should want a common boon;
But, oh! the rich have hearts of steel,
And what can pen’ry more than feel?
At length “a passing stranger”* came
Whose hand its bounties sited,
He bade the speaking marble claim
A tribute for tile dead;
And, sweetly' blending, hence shall floW
The tears of gratitude and woe.
'■Mr. Davies of New Tori’.
THF, S AUNTERER.
1 was walking on the bulk of the Susquehanna. The
fcun had sunk bemnd tne western mountains of Wyom
ing, and his last rays still lingered upon the tops of
the opposite range of iuUs. The river was c dm and
smooth—the air was stiii and clear. The swallows
Were skimming the surface of the river, and the night
dlawks sailed around the top of the hill. Nature ap
peared preparing to repose herself in the cool air of the
evening, after the oppressive neat of the sultry d»v.—
Our belies and beaus, who generally indulge themselves
upon such an evening with a Walk upon the bank of the
•fiver, w re just returningfroin their promenades. I had
.been musing on the former scenes of bloodshed and
murder which these plains have witnessed, and con Tast
ing them with tile peace and security which the society
How ertjoys; when -almost involuntarily I stepped out of
the path, and seated myself at t.ie foot of a large oak
/which the river had partly undermined,-and which lien
Stretched its venerable branches almost to the surface of
H ere I fed into a profound, reverie upon the earlv
history of Wyoming; when suddenly a venerable old
man who had unperceivediy advanced near, accosted me
in the following manner;
'“Young man, I iiave observed that you frequently
take a solitary walk, near this place; y-ou. perhaps have
had friends killed here during the troubles of Wy oming?
Hso.I shouift like knowtneir names, and perhaps to sym
pathize with y-ou!” “Why sir, have you lost friends here?”
“Yes, sir.” said the old man, se„'uiig himself beside me
—“here I lost a brother and a son. We had fought in
the battle of Wyoming—We fled among others, ciosely
pursued by the Indians, who took my youngest son a
prisoner oil the opposite bank of the river. We here
swam across; as we rose from the water they were killed
and I was severely wounded. When I recovered strength
enough to creep away from tins bank, the village was
burnt and tne savages gone. 1 buried my brother and
my' son near the root of this tree, and having recovered
-a little strength, I left my j^aiitition and returned to
New England?” “What became of your wife .nd fami
ly?” They were massacred by the savages.” “Where did
Tour plantations lie?” “ Ail that fine plain before us for
halfamileon the river.” “Andhave you since sol 1 it?”
“No, I returned no more for many years. VIv papers
Were all destroyed, and when I did return to visit it,
the heirs of the former owner were in possession: they
would not give it up. I could not contend, and I re
turned. I had a little property left on the banks of
Housatonic. That little was lately destroyed by fire. 1
am still able to gain subsistunce by making a few brooms,
and I have at last returned here, to visit the ashes of my
Tamilv and lay my bones beside them. I occasionally
cross the river to visit the spot where my' little cottage
stood on that rising ground beyond the willows. There
my Mary and me tended our little garden,-and taught
our children to play uoon that moss grown bank.—
There my William listened to the stories of my former
years—but, alas! he is no more—even his bones do not re-
.main; for the river has washed them away. And here,
.good stranger, let me entreat tiiee, when a few more days
have passed away, to laymv bones beneath the branches
of y'onder copse where once my cottage stood.” Tears
and sobs prevented the oid man from proceeding. At
length I enquired if he uad ever Heard from uis son whicii
the Indians carried away. “No; never.” “How aid was
he.” “Seven.” “What was his name?” “Henry'.” “Hen
ry!” said a man who suddenly rose from a small copse of
hazles near us—“Henry?—Is your name William?” “It.
is,” said the old man. “I am your Henry! my father! Oh!
aided the convicts returned from Ho tuny Bay. Mr. Col-
quhoun stated, that he never knew an instance in which
: person returned from Botany Bay did not pursue the
a .me course as before his transportation. He (Mr. Ben-
net) was not surprised at all at this, when he considered
die regulations of our police, the seveimy and consequent
uncertainty of our law, the expence bf prosecution, and
the state of our gaois, in which the new comer couiu
only spend his hours m listening to and hearing applaud
ed the anecdotes of successful crimes. With this machi
nery, and with the addition of the hulks a id Botany B-y,
all in active employ for the creation of vice, no oilier re
sult could be expected than that which we found so dis
tressing;^ In looking at tile papers before the house, he
saw that there were convicted (if we heard right) in lo./?,
1070 individuals; in 1808, 1810; in 1809, 1243; in Idle,
1207; in 1811, 1216; in 1-612, 1475; in 1813, 142u.—
During the last year were committed to Cald Bath fields
1800; to Tothiil fields 60O; to Newgate 380; and of
tuese eighty were oniy from eight to fifteen ve.,rs of age
There were in Newgate, last Saturday, thirty-five under
sentence of transportation, and twelve under sentence ol
death; one boy there, of twelve years old, stated that he
had been deserted by' ids family at six years old, and that
since that time lie had been frequently in custody; that
he went down, with thirteen others, to Porusdown fair,
for the purpose of depredation—a distance of seventy
miles! This child Was now under sentence of death; but
he (Mr. Bennett) ir isted that some me..ns might be
found of restoring hirn to society, if it were possible to
effect hi.-, reform, lie was aw alt; that it would not be pos
sible for that house ail at once to find a remedy for these
enormous evils; but he Was sure that, much might be
done by following up tin me. sures recommended by a
former committee, by ex..mining whether die police were
well administered or u i; by ascertaining whether a ge
neral bo rd might i d be cst hli-.iie<l, and communica
tions kept up T> :*a t‘ c ioc.u police, so that some check
might be given ..o .is sys cm of juvenile depravity.—
At present there were'up less than nine thousand chil
dren upon the town, living by depreciation or mendicity,
lie should therefore move, that a commit!ee be appoint
ed to inquire into tne state of the police of the metropo
From Cobbett's Weekly Register of May 4.
< O ORRESPONDENTS.
The gentlemen, who Have written to me on the
ject of taking out manuscript :o A.nerici, shall receive a
notification i i next week’s Register, if not sooner, written
to by post. . It is impossible for me to answer all the let
ters m vvriling. In answer to one gentleman who asks
ne wucthcr b' la wful to take out printing types, I have
b la wful to Like out printing types, I I
to observe that types may be exporud to America like
any other merchandize. The duty in America is, I be
lieve, about tiurty per centum on the value. There are
verv good tvpe
i mderies in the United States; but, if a
printer has . n office completely furnished, it m..y be
worth his while to lake it out with him. In answer to
tiie question of a correspondent, w'iio is a mason, vv nether
there be any' d.-ngm- in ins going our of the country, or
whether any one cun stop him, I nave to observ e, that it
is impossible for me to s.;j' what may be dune to any one;
bug that, according to the la-w, as ir. now stands, such ;
person may go out of the country -when and him lie plea
ses, without bung liable to any questions from any body.
In orucr to save trouble I may as well state here -.that the
law is, upon the subject of emigration. If any person
contract with any .r.ifcerisn -wool, iron, steel, bruss, or oth
er mend, elode makers, match makers and other artificer
or manufacturers, to go out of the king’s dominions, or
entire them to go, suen person is liab.c to a fine oflUU
pounds, ..nd to three mon hs’ imprisonment. The punish
uient has since be*. n rais. i o 50 0 pounds and a years’ im
prisonment, ana, f or the second offence, lOoo pounds and
two years’ impnsoumen'. Besides which, thereare heavy
penalties on masters of sin >s assisting m such seduction,
•lut, as the .iHificvr, or niaunl cturer, himself, the law in
flicts no punishment, other tliau that which may arise from
being niade an alien. Thus: if an artificer, or manufac
turer be seen inane foreign-country, in America, for in
stance, by an English amb: ssador or consul, and the am
bassador or cousin warn him to return home, and he do
not return home m six months from the time of be
ing so warned, tn. n the said artificer, or manufacturer,
is uis. bledto ho.i.; lands in this kingdom by descent or
Uv will, he is incap-.ble of t: king any legacy here, and is
IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS.
POLICE OF TUB CITT OF*LOUDON”.
Mr. Bennett rose to move for a select committee to en
quire into the state of the police of the metropolis. The
■question, he said, had been often before considered, in
1772, in 1794, and in 1812; but the labors of the last
-committee, as far as any beneficial result might have been
looked for, amounted to nothing at all. Much curious
matter might be found in the papers; such as, regulations
in the time of Edw .rd I, orders of lord Burleigh, and
-other matter of the same description, but no practical be
nefits ensued. He should first state, that he considered
the system of giving 40?. on conviction for offences of
magnitude, a very bad one: the money was technically
called blood money; and t' consequence was, that of
fenders were allowed to escape, till, by the progress of
crime, they increased in value. The giving of money in
the way of reward's, had also been found very pernicious
on the same “principle. There were uo less than one
hundred and twenty-eight fash houses between Westmin
ster hail and Temple bar. To these the profligate of all
descriptions repaired as regularly us a merchant to his
shop; and he felt a sort of repugnancy tn:it the police of
ficers should associate in all tliis low debauchery, and
laugh at the same board with the offender, till his blood
became worth the price fixed on it. He conceived the
cause of all this great increase of crime to be, the un
certainty of our laws, and the chance that an offender al
ways had of escape. If the punishments were less se
vere but always certain, the number of offences would
immediately diminish. Jit present there were six thou
sand seven hundred penal offences m the English law, and
Blackstone hiin«:lf admitted that this formidable list of
punishments, so far from lessening, increased the fre
quency of crime. Whetherfrom compassion in the pro
secutor, unwillingness in the witness, or a leaning to
wards mercy in the jury and judges, because they
thought the punishment disproportioned to the offence,
the runtiber that escaped greatly exceeded that of those
who were executed; while hardened offenders, looking
not to those who suffered, but to those who escaped, per
severed the more in their iniquitous courses.
Another objection to the present system was the great
expense of prosecution. It had been said, that the Eng
lish law was open to every one, and so was the London
> tavern. But it was the expense that hindered us from
hunting down offenders, and chasing them from society
a3 soon as they appeared. The expence of the different
prosecutions last year amounted to 40,000?. or 50,000?.—
Besides this, there were many provinces in, England in
which the gaols were no more than schools for vice and
depravation. In Newgate, the Cold Bath Fields, Tothiil
fields and other prisons of this metropolis, there was no
classification whatever of offences: the eye of the pub
lic was removed, and innocent and guilty, young and
old, novices and hardened offenders, were all thrown
together; so that when they were discharged or acquit
ted, they were turned on society with lost characters at
least, if not with vicious acquirements. Within these
* few daws he had himself visited Newgate, and never was
there a scene so distressing. Boys of twelve and fifteen
were found there, herding with the most hardened and
abandoned characters. The hulks wee, in the same
manner, another grea school of deavprityr, and a means
of Hkicmyy nating- vice and misery. No less tjgw sevep
deemed an alien. So that if any artificer or m anufacturer
be in hopes of having a landed estate by inheritance or by
will, or be in hopes of having a legacy, he runs a risk of
losing them by emigrating to America. That is the only
punisniiii nt tne law inflicts on him. Indeed, it is impos
sible to inflict any other; for, until the man be in the fo
reign country, He cannot have committed the offence.—
Tne only persons which the law punishes, ..re the sedu
cers.. nd tile masters of ships: and, as I have no relish for
fine aii-1 imprisonment, I must beg leave to decline any
interview witii any artificer or manufacturer upon the
subject of going to America, and mast beg to be excus
ed from writing to any such person on the same subject
I will-never, as l have said two or three times before, ad
vise any one to go to America; but I will from time to
time give to my readers the best, the most useful and most
corrtct information I can obtain relative to that country,
the prosperity and iiappiness of which is without a paral
lel in die history of nations. Bread does not drop down
from the clouds into people’s mouths in America. Roast
ed pigs, with knives and forks stuck in their back, do
not run about the streets squeaking “come eat me/” But
1 assert that any able and sober and industrious common
labourer may, bv common labour, in the cities, earn
hundred pounds sterling in a year: and 1 also assert, that
all articles of food are at a lower price in America than
in England. I assert that such a labouring man may, if he
chooses, have plenty of meat, butter, and cheese' every
working- day in the vv eek, and a goose, a turkey, or a pair
of fowls on Sunday. I;• ssert that any such labourer may
live thus, and save besides thirty pounds sterling a year.
But, the fact is, that, iu a very few years, every such la
bourer ceases to be- a common labourer. A few vears
puts hi n in possession at property, the just reward of abil
ity to labour, sobriety,'and industry. The stupid, the fee
ble, and the decrepid, are badly off in America as weii
as here; and the idle, tile drunken, and the squandering,
..re, and ought to be, miserable in every country
following are the names cf the members who voted on
tills question—those of ttys federal gentierten in Italic.
House or Representatives.—Yeas—Messrs. Alexan
der. Atherton, 7ladies, Betts, Birdsall, Bradbury, Brecken-
idge, Brown, Calhoun, Champion, Chappell, Chipman,
..■lark, 5. o. Clark, Ky. Clayton, Clendenmn, Condit, Con
ner, Cooper, Creighton, Culpepper, Davenport, Gold,
Grosvenor, Harden, Henderson, llopkins, JlulUrt, Irving,
. v. Jackson, Jewett, Johnson, Ky. Kent, Kerr, Va. Bing,
Ms. King, x. c. Law, Lovett, Marsh, Mayrant, M'Lean,
\v. M'Lean, O. Middleton, Milner, Moore, Mosely, Mei-
Ms. Newton, Mo yes, Ormsby, Parris, Pickens, Pick-
■ ing, Pitkin, Randolph, Heed, Robertson, Sargeant, Sa-
«• ,gc, Sharp, Sheffey, Smith, Pa. Smith, Md. Steurns, Star- f
yes, Taggart, Tall mug;, Tait, I'aul, Taylor, 3. c. I horn-
-,s. Throop, Ward, Ms.'Ward, ts. r. Webster, Wendover,
Wheaton, Thomas Wilson, Woodward, Wright, Yates—
Nays—Messrs. Adgate, Baer, Barbour, Bassett, Batt-
nan, Bennett, Bioilnt, Bose, Burnside, Cannon, Gilley,
Clopton, Comstock, Crawford, Crocheron, Cutnbert, Dar
lington, Desha, Edwards, Form.}, Forsyth, Gaston, Glas-
gow, Goldsborongh, Co.idvvyn, Gridin, Hide, Hail, Hani-
nonu, Hawes, Herbert, Huger, Hungerford, Ingham,
•ohlison, Va. Lang don, Lewis, Love, Low imes, Lumpkin,
Lyie, Lyon, M.iclay, Mason, M-Coy, Piper, Root, Ross,
Sinitn, Va. Southard, Salford, Strong, Taj lor. n. y. Te:-
ur, Townsend, Tucker, Vose, Wallace, VV aril, v. j.
Whiteside, Wilcox, Wilde, Wilkin, Williams, Willough
by, William Wilson, Yancey—67.
Senate.—Yeas—Messrs. Barry, Bibb, Brown, Camp
bell, Condit, l)aggart, Dana, Gaidard, Gore, Harper,
Horsey, Howell, Hunter, !-acock, Mason, n. fi. Morrow,
Roberts, Talbot, Tdit, Thompson, II ells, W ilii. ins—22.
Nays—Messrs. Chase, Goldsborongh, King, Macon, Rug-
g*es, Sandford, Taylor, Tichenor, Turner, Varnum, Wil
DISSECTION AND DISTRIBUTION.
There were present on this vote—
In the house of representatives, one- hundred and forty-
eight members, viz. ninety-two republicans and sixty-six
federalists; forty-one republicans and forty federalists
(81) voted for; and fifty-two republicans and fifteen fe
deralists (67) voted against the bill—majority fourteen.
In the senate, thirty-three members—viz. twenty-one
republicans and twelve federalists: thirteen republicans
and nine federalists (22) for, and eight republicans and
three federalists (11) against the bill.
In the two houses—one hundred and fourteen republi
cans, and sixty-seven federalists—total one hundred and
hty-one members; of whom fifty-four republicans and
forty-nine federalists (1j3) voted for, and sixty’ republi
cans and eighteen federalists (78) voted against the bill.
M. jority m the two houses, twenty-five.
More than one half of the republican members, and
more than a fourth of the federal members, voted against,
the bill. In regard to the strength of parties in• both
houses, tlie republicans in the negative have a proportion
to the federalists who voted on ti.e same side, (nearly) as
two is to one. If the federalists had voted, in either
house, against the Pill in the same proportion to their
numercial force that the republicans did—it could not
nave been carried in either house.
But as a party question it cannot come before the peo
ple, thanks to the practice of recording the yeas and
iiais; for either party, acting with utility, might have de
feated it, in either branch of the legislature.
For eight ye-rs, l..st past, it is stated that congress has
been'in session one thousand three hundred and twenty-
two flays, on an average of one hundred and sixty-five
and a quarter days per annum.
165( days, at 6 dollars,
■ ’fha* thiedispjorition manifested during the late
of congress, to bestow large portions of the faublic .
nev in nevl- salaries to the officers of government
compensation had been greatly increased beyond
was originally deemed amply Sufficient is calculated't*
render that government expensive and burthensome t
the country; and is wholly inconsistent w th tlie ecoti °
iny of oiir republican institutions, and their just aD "
prehensions of extravagant salaries, pensions and all im"
necessary expences were well known to their represc-ii"
fatives in congress; and yet have been slighted and
regarde'd, by a majority of those representatives, in the
measures complained of.
And it is further the opinion of this general assemV.v
that it is an extraordinary and highly improper rr,( ;. s /
for legislators to convert themselves into salary ofi, ct , ^
—and that it is inconsistent with the dignity of the i,
sentative character, inasmuch as it renders it equr.
whether the representative of the people accepts ) lls pj
from motives of duty and patriotism, or is allured toy
by tlie emoluments of the office.
It is therefore further resolved, that the senators ,
representatives of this state in congress, be request. ,
exert their utmost influence at the next session ft' ,
gress, to obtain a repeal of the fcet grant.ng Salaries
New York.—Auburn, June 4, 1816.—Sir—The r . y
of tlie late election for -members of congress in this
trict, furnishes evidence that niy S> rvfces as a repre-s i
tive have not met with the approbation of nsv cor-a-
ents. Haying received that office by their fret cl
founded po doubt upon tile belief that 1 should disr;
its duties according to their wishts, I Cannot rtci w
to my feelings, or sense of duty, to withhold fro-:
the power o r choosing an agent who it better qu; nr,,
execute the- important duties of that station. I ?: ,
resign mV seat ns representative in congee ss. 1 hai
honor to be, See. E. T. T.iutu
His excellency D. D. Tompkins.
Vermont.:—The grand jury for the county ofChittoi.
den, in the state of Vermont, after having closed tla ir,--
quiry into the offences that came w itliin their kiiowitbrt
took occasion to remark—
“That before we separate we beg leave to expr ss ou?
disapprobation of a late act of congress, raising, In s.,i;.
ry, the pay of its members about tiir. c fold its font ;
establishment; and that at a time when the public bur.
dens hung heavy on the farming interest, who are rhe
nerves of the community; and when the frowns ot He;,
ven hung dark over our heads, threatening our land wrj
scarcity and famine.
Travelling charges at an average of
The annual salary is
Travelling expences as before
Difference in favor of members, per ann.
“Under these solemn impressions, we have direc
that tliis communication be signed by our foreman
-- — ‘D “.i xitNiiuui, ai., ,-7
that lie request the same to be published in tlie Nor hey
Centinel, w ith the ayes and nays taken in congress on •
subject of said act, for the useful information of the pu
lie. “Signed by direction, “Elias Buki i ’
‘Foreman of saidjor.
Kf.vttckt.—Stephen Ormsby', esq. member of t_
gress from the eighth congressional district of this sq
in an address to the citizens, says:
“In heart and principle a democratic republican, L-
conscious it is no less m\’ inclination than my dutvo
consult your will, and faithfully to represenfc.it; or, hit.
ing mistaken it, to be always ready to comet sm ,-rrc:
into which misapprehension, has led me.” Thtrifort !
have no hesitation to declare that my endeavors Shall be
used at the ensuing session of congress to effect art, !
of the present (compensation) law, and restore the a
law, or to make such provision for the compensation
members as my best judgment shall dictate, and n, r
conformable to your wishes.”,
Ohio—Mr. Mr Lean has published a very' aim
of his vote in favor of the law. It occupic-, fire
and a half of a closely printed iicwsp. per, L i
long for us, and we are fe rful of attempting an
of it, least we might not do it justice.*
From Miles’ Weekly Register.
THE COMPENSATION BILL.
STATISTICAL and political.
The bill passed at the last session of congress, to “change
the mode of compensation to the members,” ”.-.c. as it is
entitled, has excited no little animation among the peo
ple, and we have thought it might be useful and conve
nient to collect together the principal things belonging to
us statistical and political character.
An act to change the mode of compensation to the mem
bers of the senate and the house of representatives, and
the delegates from territories.
Be it enacted by the senate and house of representatives
of the United Slates of America, in cong-ess, assembled,
That instead of the daily compensation now allowed bv
law, there shall be paid annually to the senators, repre
sentatives and delegates from territories, of this and every
future congress of tlie United States, the following sums
respectively: that is to say, to tiie president of the se
nate pro-tempore, w'here there is no vice-president, and
to the speaker of the house of representatives, three
thousand dollars each—to each senator, member of the
house of representative*, other than the speaker, and de
legate, the sum of fifteen hundred dollars: Provided, ne
vertheless, that in case any senator, representative or de
legate, shall not attend in his place at the day on which
congress shall convene, or .shall absent himself before tlie
close of the session, a deduction shall be made from the
sum which would otherwise be allowed to him, in pro
portion to the time of his absence, saving to the cases of
sickness the same provisions as are established by the
existing laws. And the aforesaid allowance shall be cer
tified and paid in the same manner as the daily compen
sation to members of congress has heretofore been.
Speaker of the house of representatives.
President of the senate, pro tempore.
_ TEAS AJTD NATS—POLITICALLY DESIGNATED.
TEfe bilt passed the house of representatives by a majo-'
rity of fourteen votes—^eighty-one members being for it
and sixty-seven against it| and in senate the^eaa
There are one hundred and e ightv-two representatives
and thirty-six senators—to which add the allow ance of
two members to the president of the senate, and the extra
pay allow ed to the speaker of the house, and the whole
difference to be paid by the people will be,
220 at jr,509 50 per annum. §112,090 00
And the whole cost of the legislature, independent of
the clerks and officers employed and incidental expences
for stationary, fuel, &c. will be about, §4U0,3ol 65
PROCEEDI NTS ON THE BILL.
The legislatures of .Yew-Hampshire, (rep.) and Iihode-
Tsland, (ted.) have acted upon tlie bid in expressing their
disapprobation of it, and urging its immediate repeal.
!n Vermont it is reprehended by both parties. The
members from this state who voted for the bill are fede
ralists, and it seems agreed by that they will not be
In many parts of JYew- York th® people in their public
meetings, and at the polls, have clearly expressed their
disapprobation of tlie law, and some very good men have
not been re-elected. Among them is Mr. Throop—who,
finding he was not the choice of the people, arid acting-
on the broad principle that a representative should speak
agreeably to his constituents, has resigned his seat, and
given them an opportunity of immediately filling his
place w ith a member more pleasing to them.
In Pennsylvania, South-Carolina and Ohio, certain parts
of the people have been greatly excited, and it is proba
ble thatseveral of the old members will be left out; and
one or two changes, partially on this account, may
take place in Maryland, and in several other of the
But it is in Kentucky that the law is the most warmly
opposed. It seems as if it might shake the standing even
of Mr. Speaker Clay, and tlie amiable and gallant colonel
R. M. Johnson. Mr. Ormsby has stated, that being “in
heart and principle a democratic republican,” he will
obey the voice of the people, and support such a modi
fication of the law as appears agreeable to them. We
should esteem it a misfortune indeed, if the passage of
that bill should deprive us of the services of those gentle
men, while we confess ourselves pleased with the spirit
of the people, to reject even Clay and Johnson, men they
have so much loved, for acting contrary to tlieir will.
The ground taken against the law here’ is, not so much
because it allows a great compensation to members, as on
account of its converting them into salary officers; which,
it is said, was never contemplated by the constitution.
If the toasts drank on the 4th of July can be considered
as indicative of the general sentiment of the people of
the United States, and they are sometimes so accepted,
the current of opinion is certainly against the law:—for,
as the Columbian observes, it has been “toasted until it is
black.” And tms, at least, appears agreed upon—that
the'law ought to be and will be repealed. But many
members will lose their seats in consequence of having-
voted for it. '
Rhode Island.—The following resolution disapproving
the late act of congress increasing the compensation of
the members, was adopted, almost unanimously, bv the
general assembly of Rhode Island, at their recent session:
Resolved, That this general assembly while thev dis
claim allpnterferqnce in the ordinary proceedings of the
federal government, within the sphere of tlieir constitu
tional powers, cannot avoid expressing the strong dissa
tisfaction which they feel and believe to be universallv
felt, at the late act of Congress appropriating high sala
ries to themselves out of the public monies collected into
the treasury by a course of burthensome taxes, and
which the people are led to believe, and had a right to
expect, would be strictly and prudently applied towards
relieving the country from the still uncalculated expences
occasioned by the late war.
* These eight years are said not to afford a fair state
ment of the time employed by congress, on account of
the extraordinary circumstances in which the nation was
placed; for that, in the first six years of Mr. Jefferson's ad
ministration, congress was in session only 673 days.
6 years’ salary at 1500 dollars, <S9000
673 days at 6 dollars,
Or, thirteen dollars and twenty-two cents per day—-
whereas, for tfifc eight years given, the members would
have received only nine dollars and eight cents per day
I think it jnay be fairly estimated that, peace continuing-
We have thus given what appears to us a fair >, J
partial view of the subject; bt.i r is due to k a . •.. . »o ?•
state—thiit it six dollars per da) , for the com e; -. -n 1
of a member of congress, ie;.* : ng ins home „ro’.’ I..-
ness to attend to tlie affairs cf 'lie pub.ir, was
much when the law first allowec. it, i( is a gr^at !t.l
little now; for within those two periods the nomir.-. i
rage valuis of every article of food and cloatiiiny ha-'- I
doubled-4-and certainly, 15UU dollars a year ran te,
object to a gentleman possessed of talents suffice: • ,*
represent an enlightened people in congress. '.T:.r tsa;
of suoii, most assuredly, might be more profit„b -. -l-
proved at home. There are tens upon tens of thoiisir.ci'-
of common formers and mechanics who c: n earn nr:
than this; and there are few that can consider it a r./
nev making business, though it may be convcnii.-.!r
some who- can leave their homes without niuen dri-..:.
nient of tlieir affairs. But whether the manne ■ in tie
the compensation is to be made, and the present am
fitting far the purpose, is another question. Myhun. .
opinion , is—that neither is proper, and I hope that is.
law may be repealed. I glory in that vigor of the pi opt
which so manfully opposes what displeases then : utijf
think seVeral things have been done, which might hr.
occupied their attention as profitably as the conapei::-
tion bid. Rut this is “travelling out iff my record”
Some of the members who voted for the law are se
verely handled for their opposition to the donatio, r d
land proposed to be made to the disbanded offices'
the army. Tlieir argument against tliis was, that tLs
officers entered the service on certain and known c-.-r.d-,
tions, and that they had no claim to the gratuity.
how great force does the argument appiv to the n, jE
bers themselves!—But there was this essential dilhr Jpw
in the condition of the parties—the disbanded '/-'ffelj
could not vote on their own case.'
(fj’ Just as tliis paper* was going to press, we obse?
that a stir is also making gainst tlie bill in Ge
by presentments of grand juries, &c.
*Mr. M’Lean was, during the session, appeir.'--
judge in Ohio, and of course has resigned.
From the Motional Intelligencer.,
Perhaps most of our readers are not av .re cf the '■
that congress passed a resolution, requiring th. w, - 1
to lay before tlie congress, at tlie next ses.-ioT: ,n -
stated periods thereafter, a list of all officers nf'.iK- -
eminent, tlieir names, salaries, and places of in. liri.; "•
whom this idea originated, we do not exact.i fanD-ti
it would certainly have been more complete, if the d 1 ’
these pyibiic officers had been required, their sit.;- 1 r
life, whether of married or single blessedness; the nan.e
tlieir parental and avuncular kindred; the nana-'/
number of their children, if any they have. It must V
hewn an oversight in Congress, we think, to consent ’■
requestion of tiie birth places of everv person ir
public enq.loy, from the head of a dep rtincnf to _
cierk of a deputy postmaster. We met vi itli the t
lowing circular yesterday, which it vvas no more th n
duty of (lie office therein mentioned to issue, but enibra
a species ol inquisition which- it appears to us beneatu
dignity of the government to institute. Whatever r
place of nativity, ail citizensare equal. Circulars of -
iar import, we believe, have been issued by all tlie liir--
ent officers in the government.
“General Post Office,
Sir—To enable me to comply with a resolution
congresp, I have to trouble you for anansw er
In what state or country were you bom?
If any clerks are employed in your Post Office,
their names and salaries; ahd in what country " erC
born? your’s respectfully, Return J. M‘ "
Postmaster at -
CONSTITUTION OF INDIANA.
[That our readers may have some idea of the ^ I
features of the Constitution of the new State, 1
following out lines, copied from the Indiana j
—National Intelligencer.] ^
The seat of government is fixed at Con don tor J
The constitution not subject to amendment unti m
twelve years, in any one of its provisions, and ne' ta
the same excluding involuntary slavery. -u
The executive part of the government is to , cR - 0 ;|rJ
ed of a governor, with-* salary of one thousand ^ J
per annum, to be elected by the people for three
and may be re-elected once—a lieutenant, who is t r|
in .like-manner, for a like term, and is to rece'S^ f
dollars per diem during the session of the leg 1 /- jjl
T^e legislative a house of represented*