HEW ECHOTA, THURSDAY MARCH -20, 18
EDITED BY ELIAS B0UDIN0TT.
PRINTED WEEKLY 1!Y
ISAAC H. HARRIS,
FOR THE CHEROKEE NATION.
At $2 50 if paid in advance, $3 in six
months, or $3 50 if paid at the end of the
To subscribers who can read only the
Cherokee language the price will he $2,00
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50" All letters addressed to the Editor*
post paid, will receive due attention,
•G\vy jif ad ii & 3 e c* cs rt.
Y>0AtX65rt TUP U*W JIufBAJt I*465rt.
BOrtE rthC5Iirt65y KTA D.J5P O’OJBrt
any person or persons, citizens of the
Nation, shall receive and bring into
the Nation, spirituous liquors for dis
posal, and the same or any part there
of, be found to be the property of any
personor persons not citizens of the na
tion, and satisfactory proof be made of
the fact, he or they shall forfeit & pay
the sum of one hundred dollars, and
the whiskey be subject to confiscation
as aforesaid, and this decree to take
effect from and after the first day of
January, ope thousand eight hundred
and twenty, and to be strictly enforc
ed; Provided nevertheless, That noth
ing shall be so construed in this de
cree, as to tax any persons bringing su
gar, coffee, salt, iron, & steel, into the
Cherokee Nation for sale; but no per
manent establishment for the dispo
sal of such articles, can he admitted
to any person' or persons not citizens of
JNO. ROSS, Prcs’t N. Commmittec.
PATH * KILLER,
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Unanimously agreed, That school -
[masters, blacksmiths, millers, salt pe-
tre and gun powder manufacturers,
Jferrymen and turnpike keepers, and
[mechanics, are hereby privileged to
!reside in the Cherokee Nation under
the following conditions; viz:—Their
employers procuring a permit from
[the National Committee and Council
for them, and becoming responsible for
heir good conduct and behaviour, and
jjsubjcct to removal for misdemeanor;
band further agree, that blacksmiths,
Ifnillers, ferrymen and turnpike keep
ers, are privileged to improve and
’cultivate twelve acres of ground for
the support of thenfiselves and fami
lies should they please to do so.
JNO. ROSS, Prcs’t N. Committed.
I A. M' COY, Clerk N. Committee.
’5 In Committee, New Town, Oct, 26,1819.
A. Me.COY, Sec’y to the Council.
New Town, October 28, 1819.
This day decreed by the Rational
Committee and Council, That all citi
zens of the Cherokee Nation, estah
lishing a store or stores for the pur
pose of vending merchandize, shall ob
tain license for that purpose from the
elerk of the Notional Council, for
which each and every person so licens
ed shall pay a tax of twenty-five dol
lars per annum, and that no other but
citizens of the Cherokee Nation, shall
bo allowed to establish a permanent
store within the Nat ion. And it is al-
eo decreed, that no pedlar or pedlars,
not citizens of the nation, shall he per
mitted tqf vend merchandize in the
Nation, without first obtaining license,
from the agent of the United States
(or the Cherokee Nation, agreeably
o the laws of the United States; and
:ach and every one so licensed, shall
pay eighty dollars to the treasury of
he Cherokee Nation per annum, and
all such person or persons, so licensed,
[•shall obtain a receipt on the back of
;his or their license IVom the treasurer
for the sum so paid; and in case any
erson or persons violate this decree,
e or they shall forfeit and pay a fine
f two hundred dollars to the Na-
ionnl treasury, and it shall be the du
y of the Regulators or Lighthorse to
ollect the same—and any person dis
severing and giving information of the
lame shall be entitled to the sum of
wenty-five dollars. And it is also
lereby further decreed, that no per-
ton or persons, not citizens of the Na
son, shall bring into the Nation and
lell spirituous liquors, and all such
>ersons so offending, shall forfeit the
vhole of the snirituous liquoi 4 that
n: y he found in his or their uosses-
ion, and the same shall he a maed
if for the benefit of the Nation; 1 if
it 1 Committee, Acid Town, Cherokee
Nation, October 30th, 1819.
Be it hereby resolved, That no per
son or persons whatsoever, shall be
permitted to cut out any road or roads
leading from any main road now in ex
istence, so as to intersect the same
again and to the injury of the interest
of any person or persons residing on
said road, without first getting an or
der from the National Council for the
opening of said roads; & any person or
persons violating this decree, contain
ed in the foregoing resolution, shall be
subject to such punishment and fine as
the National Council and Committee
may hereafter decide and inflict, on
any such case as may be brought be
fore them for trial.
JNO. ROSS, Pres’t N. Committee,
Approved—PATH * KILLER,
A. M’COY, Clerk.
New Town, Cherokee N. Nov. 1,1819.
Resolved by the National Committee,
that no contract or bargain entered in
to with any slave or slaves, without
the approbation of their masters shall
be binding on them.
JNO. 110SS, Pres’t N. Com,
PATH X KILLER,
A. M’COY, Clerk.
New Town, Cherokee N. Nov. 1, 1819.
Resolved by the National Committee
and Council, That any person or per
sons employing or instigating any per
son or persons whatsoever, to steal
the property of another, and such per
son or persons being tried and convict
ed upon satisfactory proofs, shall for
feit and pay the value of the property
so stolen, and he punished alike with
the person or persons so employed to
steal agreeably to the sentence of such
By order.—JNO. ROSS., Pres’t. N. Com.
Approved.-PATH X KILLER,
A. M’COY, Clerk.
Resolved by the National Committee
and Council, That in case any person
or persons, citizens of the nation, not
enrolled for the Arkansas country who
has or may take possession of, and oc
cupy any improvement or place where
Arkansas emigrants had left before any
privileged emigrants to continue in this
nation, shall retake possession of such
place or places aforesaid, shall be en
titled to an exclusive right of the
JNO. ROSS, Pres’t N.
Approved.-PATH X KILLER,
A. M’COY, Clerk.
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WASHINGTON '.NO THE CHER-
It hashe*>n comnv’n oflair- da*-'?, amongst
the great men of the United States, to say
much on th<* subject of Indian civilization,
and do hut very little, towards accomplish
ing this desirable thin s'. Many plans have
been recommended, but as yet they have
existed only in declamations. The fact is,
that mere theory will never civilize an In
dian, or any other man; it will require ac
tive, unremitting and persevering exertions
—with these, and correct theory, the rov.
ing Indian may be turned to an industrious
and respectable citizen, Among those
who properly understood th" subject of In
dian civilization, Gen. Goo. Washington,
that truly great and illustrious man, de
serves a particular notice. Under his ad
ministration, originated this liberal and
kind policy, which the United States have
exercised towards the Indians, and under
which ihe Cherokees have made laudable
improvement, in agriculture and civiliza
tion; thereby shewing the practicability of
the measures of Washington to enlighten
the Indians. The following talk will ex
hibit to the reader, the plan of improve
ment which he recommended to the Ghero-
kees, and it may net be amiss to stair, that
their present situation proves beyond a
doubt, that this plan was not mere declama
tion. The happy effects of it are now to
be seen in almost everv house.
Of the President ofthe United States to
his beloved men of thcdierol.ee Nation.
Many years have passed since the
White people first came to Ameiiea.
In that long space of time many good
men have considered how the condi
tion of the Indian nat ives of the coun
try might be improved; and many at
tempts have been made to effect it.
But, as we see at this day, all these
attempts have been nearly fruitless.
I also have thought much on this sub
ject, and anxiously wished that the va
rious Indian tribes, as well as their
neighbours, the White people, might
enjoy in abundance all the good things
which make life comfortable and
happy. I have considered how this
could be done; and, have discovered
but one path that could lead them to
that desirable situation. In this path
1 wish all the Indian nations to walk.
From the information received con
cerning you, my beloved Cherokees,
I am inclined to hope that you are
prepared to take this path and dispo
sed to pursue it. It inay seem a lit
tle difficult to enter; but if you make
the attempt, you will find every ob
stacle easy to he removed. Mr.
Dinsmoor, my beloved agent to your
nation, being here, I send you this talk
by him. lie will have it interpreted
to you, and particularly explain my
Beloved Cherokees—You now find
that the game with which your woods
opce abounded, are growing scarce;
and you know when yon cannot meet
a deer or other game to kill, that you
must regain hungry; you
when you can get no skins by hunting,
that the traders will give you neither’
powder nor cloathing; and you know
that without other implements for til
ling the ground than the hoc,’ yoq \\ ill.
continue to raise only scanty crops of
corn. Hence you are sometimes ex
posed to suffer much iicm hunger and
cold; and as the game ore lessening in
numbers more and more, these suf
ferings will increase. And how arc
you to provide against them? Listen
tc my words and yon will know.
My beloved Cherokees—Some a*
niong, you already experience the ad
vantage of keeping cattle and hogs:
let all keep them and ircrease their
numbers, and you will ever hav$ o
plenty of meat. To these add sheep,
and they will give you cloathing as
well as food. Ycur land a are good
and of great extent. By proper mane
agement you can raise livestock not
u ly for your own wants, but to sell to
the White people. By using the plow
you can vastly increase your crops of
*orn. You ton also grow wheat,
which makes the best 'of bread). a»
well as other useful grain. To these
you will easily add flax and cotton,
which you may dispose of to the White
peopie, or have it made up by your'
own women into cloathing for your
selves. Your wives and daughtert
can soon learn to spin and weave; upd
to make this certain, I have directed
Mr. Dinsbioor, to procure all the ne
cessary apparatus for spinning and
weaving, and to hire a woman to leach
the use of them. He will also pro
cure some plows and other implements
of husbandry, with which to begin the
improved cultivation of the ground
which 1 recommend, and employ a fit
person to shew you how they are to
be used. I have further directed him
to procure some cattle and sheep for
the most prudent and industrious pion,
who shall be willing to exert them
selves in tilling the ground and raising,
those useful animals. He is often to
talk withyou on these subjects, & give
you ail necessary information to pro
mote your success. I must therefore
desire you to listen to him; and to fol
low h’.s advice. I appointed him to
dwell among you as the Agent of the
United States, because I judged him
to be a faithful man, ready to obey,
ray instruttions and to da you /ood.
But the cares of the United States
are not confined to your single nation.
They extend to all the Indians dwt IK
ing on their borders. For which rea
son other agents are appointed; and
for the four southern nations there will
be a general or principal agent, who
will visit all of them, for the purpose!
of maintaining peace aud friendship a-
mong them and with the U. Stales
to .superintend all their affairs; and to
assist the particular agents with each
nation in doing the business assigned
them. To such general or principal
agent I must desire your careful at
tention. Me will be one of our greatly
beloved men. His whole time will
be employed in contriving how to do
you good, and you will therefore act
wisely to follow his advice- The
first general or principal agent will
be Colonel Benjamin Hawkins, a man
already known and respected by you,'
I have chosen him for this office be
cause lie is esteemed for a good manj>
bas a kno wledge of Indian customs’ and
a particular love and friendship for a}f
the Southern tribes.
Beloved Cherokees—What I have
recommended to you I am myself go
ing to do. After a few moons are
passed I shall leave the great town
and retire to my farm. There I shall,
attend to the means of increasing my
cattle, sheep and other useful animals,
to the growing qf corn, wheat, and
other grain, and to the employing of
women in spinning and weaving; all
which I have recommend to you that
you may be as comfortable am] hap
py as plenty of food, clothing and oti’j
er good things can make vcu.
Beloved Cherokees—When I have
retired to my farm I shall hear of you;
wad it will give me great jdeafiuroJ^